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J. F- BENNETT & CO.
Southern Overland Mail and Ex. Co. A RE NOW RUNNING A rj two-horse vehicle three; times a week, from Tucson to the Kio Mimbres where they connect with coaches For All Parts of New Mexico, Texas Chihuahua and Eastern States. "Particular Attention paid to carry ing Express Matter, and comfort of Pass engers. Office at S. H. Drachman's store, Tucson. (nolStl) Maricopa "Wells Station, ON THE SOUTHERN OVERLAND Mail Route, 185 miles east of Arizona City and Fort Yuma; 100 miles west of Tucson; 50 from Camp McDowell, and 30 from Phenix, Salt River Valley, OFFERS GREAT INDUCEMENTS To the Traveling Public. Accommodations consist of Good Board and Lodging, a Store, wherein is kept goods of every kind ; a good Corral, plenty of good hay, grain and water. Also the largest Wagon and Blacksmith Shops on the entire road, where good workmen arc always ready to shoe animals, make and repair wagons, etc. Prices of everything, reasonable. JAS. A. MOORE, L. W. CARR, Maricopa "Wellr?, A. T. Proprietors TUCSON TO PEESCOTT AND SAN BERNARDINO, CAE. THE BUCKBOARD OFygfa the undersigned, carry--? ing the United States Mails, leave Tucson every Monday for CAMP GRANT, FLORENCE, PHENIX, and WICKENBERG Connecting with the Stages of the Califor nia Semi-weekly Line from that place to Prescott and Ehrehberg and San Bernar dino, California. Travelers over this route can visit the Vulture and Bradshaw mines; also, all that rich mineral section in the vicinity of Pres cott and Wickenberg, and will lind good accommodations at the stations, and much the most pleasant route to travel over to San Bernardino and Los Angeles, Califor nia. JAMES GRANT, Proprietor. Tucson, September 1, 1871. sc9-tf TEI-WEEKLY MAIL LINE, From Tucson to Yuma. T WO HORSE COACHES Monday, Wednesday and Saturday Mornings ; Depart at4 p. m. on Tues days, Thursdays & Saturdays, Until Farther Notice. Time to San Diego, Five Days. This will enable the traveling public to reach San 'Francisco in El. bill DAlb. Fare to Arizona City 50 " San Dieso. (in gold coin or its equiv alcnt,) A buckooara will leave Maricopa Wells ovrtv Mnndav moraine for Fhcmx re turning the next Dav. This is thequick - est and safest route to the Salt River set tlements. Will connect at Phenix with Grant's line for Wickenberg and Prescott MOORE & CARR, Proprietors. W. W. Williams, Agent, Tucson. Office at Lord & Williams "Connecting at Arizona City with .7. G. Capron's line oi stages xo oan .uiugu Pacific Mail Steamship Company. FOR JAPAN AND CHINA. LEAVES WHARF ON THE CORNER OF FIRST AND BRAN NAN STS., on the 1st and 16th of every month, at noon for YOKOHAMA and HONGKONG connecting at Yokohama with tho Compa ny's Branch Line for SHANGHAI, via Hiogo and Nagasaki. FOR NEW YORK VIA PANAMA. Leave at 12 o'clock noon, on tho 5th and 19th of each monthfor PANAMA, and connecting, via Panama Railroad, with ouo of the Company's steamers from AS PINWALL for NEW YORK. All steamers will call at Mazatlan and Manzanillo and connect at Acapulco, for all Central American ports, and all, oxcopt the ALASKA, call at San Diego. When the sailing date of China and Pan ama Steamers falls on Sunday tho Steamer will sail on tho preceding Saturday. FOR HONOLULU. Steamship CSTA RICA, Captain Lap idge, will leave at 3 p. m. as follows: Thursday. July 24. Returning, will leave Honolulu July 8 and August 7. FOR SANTA BARBARA. SAN PEDRO AND SAN DIEGO. The Steamer ORIZABA, Johnson, Com mander and Steamer PACIFIC, Douglass, Commander, will leave every fivo days for above i'orts. Returning will sail from San Diego for said Ports ami San Francisco every five days. Through bills of lading signed, and through tickets sold from and to all ports on the San Diego route, to and from New York, Europe, Mexico and Central America, at San Francisco tarifl rates. For further particulirs apply to C. P.TAGGBT Agent San Diego. THE CITIZEN. TUCSON, PIMA COUNTY, ARIZONA Saturday, - ej?. SO, 1873. ON MINING AND MINEs,. JjETTEB THIRD. Mining on the Pacific Coast Part, Present and Future. From the glorioua dayB of Cortoz, the inhabitants of tho present Moxi- can States of Durango, Sinaloa and Sonora, and up to the present were, for the very shirt they wore, and the plate they were eating from, depend ent on the products of their innumer able gold and silver mines. They have been their past, are their pres ent, and will be also their future re liance, even if thoy should change hands and become stars in the XJ. S. constellation and thereby the prop erty of the insatiable Yankee. These mentioned States as well as Arizona, Lower and Upper California, are es sentially mining countries, ana will remain so for hundreds of years to come. Some will oDiect ana say mat Upper California is at the present more of an agricutural than a mining country. This may be so, but whether it will remain so, is alto gether another Question. "Who dares to deny that the very toundation oi California s greatness and present prosperity was levied by mining f And what would become of agricul ture if mining ceased to-morrow ? Send our wheat and wool abroad and get that for it which is an equivalent for mines money, some will say. Well and good, say I, but will Cali fornia and its wheat remain m the same relation to the rest of the world it stands now ' Will California wheat always be wanted in the Euro pean markets : may not other com petitors sooner or later drive Califor nia wheat from that market? and the exhaustion of the California soil, by that niurderinr system of agriculture now carried on, to the detriment of nnmincr fenerations r nia it uul . l TTTJll 1L. L sell in after years, when on the same acre which now produces from 20 to 30 bushels, onlv ten can be raised r Add to that loss prices for wheat and tell me whether California will then hp. as much of an agricultural State as it is now under very favorable cir cumstances? All will goon swim mingly until the last acre is under the plow, but irom that day i .auior nia as an aerricultura State will de cline, since the soil little by little will become exhausted. Manuring on an extensive scale will become extremely expensive, while tho dry and winter- less climate greatly opposes it. We know that science can do but little more for agriculture than it does at present. Give back what you take away, is the great principle on which agriculture stands, and must stand for all time to come. With mining it is quite different. It is on the Pacific Coast but in its infancy, and who doubts but that the day will come, must soon come, when on this Pacific Coast ores can be treated on the same principles, with the same perfection, tho same expenses and results as now in the famous governmental establish ments in Germany V To do this, but two thinsrs are wanted intelligence and cheap labor. To what Califor nia'8 mining might be brought with the two intelligence and cheap labor combined with economy and honesty, Vint v(rv few can now foresee. With cheaper and more perfect machinery, new metallurgical processes yet slumbering in some inventive brain, cheap provisions and cheap labor, thousands and tens oi thousands oi crfVld-hfiarinfi- ouartz lodes can bo 0 a J. . -. , - worked to advantage. Ana as goia will cro up again in proportion to sil ver and other values, California will see. if not another '49, then at least the day when mining once more will be looked upon as its cniei resource. Tho mineral wealth ot Arizona and the Mexican States of Chihuahua, Sonora, Sinalop and Durango will also become fairly known and valued by tho world, after another race pre ponderates in these States. It is so fabulous that if told to-day, nobody would believe in it, and the arable lands beintr but limited, tho day will come when every surplus grain of California's wheat will come down here, instead of going, as it now does, to ISuropo. J. J. AL. Gov. Saffoiid appointed, Septem ber 15, S. W. Wood probate judge of Mohave county vice William Archer resigned. Mr. Wood is a young man of strict integrity and fine ability, and judged by the numerously fine peti tion for his appointment, he must be popular in that county. Gen. Butlek withdrew his application for Governor of Massachusetts and m ved the nomination of Washburn who nominated by acclamation. Administrator's Notice. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN BY the undersigned administrator of the estate of Newton U. Jblournoy, deceased, to tho creditors of, and all persons having claims against said deceased, to exhibit tho same, with tho necessary vouchers within ten months from the firBt publica tion of this notice, to the undersigned at Tuoson. Tated at Tucson, A. T Septem ber 8, 1873. SOLOMON WARN Kit, it. Administrator. Pioneer NeAvs Depot: and CIGAE STOBE. Or THE LATEST NEWSPAPERS, PERI odicals, Magazines and Novels. Also, a fine assortment of Cierars. Tobacco, Pipes, Etc.. constantly on hand. J. 8. MANSFELD, Lesinsky's block, t;ongress-st, 8tf Tucson, Arizona FtLOUE! FL0TTE! ! HAVING PUT IN FINE RUNNING order the EAGLE STEAM FLOURING MILL, In TucBon, I am prepared to fill orders for CHOICE FLOUR AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. Patronace Solicited. Please call at the Mill and Examine my make of Flour and Prices. JAMES LEE. July 19, tf. BEST SALOON. 66QHORTY," THE POPULAR kJ Mixologist, has just openea a Cosy Saloon In the Southeast Corner of the Postofiice block, formerly occupied by L.evin ot the Philadelphia .brewery aaioon. BEST of Linuora dealt out Straight or Mixed in the tastiest STYLES. WINES, BEER, ALE, &c, Of FINEST QUALITY, ever ready. CTGARS of the CHOICEST BRANDS finnctfmt.lv on rinnd. SEE "SUUHTi" ior goousaiuuu entertainment. Juiy i, u. FEED. BEETH0LD, Tr os Alamos, Arizona, Dealer in Q.EAERAL MERCHANDISE, Have constantly on hand a well seleoted stock of DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, liquors; TOBACCO, and CIGARS, Etc., Etc.. WHICH I offer for sale at lowest possible prices. I have also HAY and URAiJN on hand to supply the traveling public. Also a most excellent well of water to accom modate the public. ap5-6m M. I. JACOBS & CO., Dealers in QENERAL MERCHANDISE, OFFEB A Well Assorted Stock at lowest Cur rent Rates. Agency for Pierson's Terrenate Flour Mills. COIN, BUXMON, and EXCHANGE BOUGHT and SOLD. CASH ADVANCED ON CONSIGN MENTS. Tucson, March 8, 1873. mrl5-tf. DAVIS & KELSON, Congress Street, Tucson, IANUFAUTURERS AND DEALERS IN Tin, Brass and Sheet-iron Ware; Also Stoves of the best patterns. "Every Ie script!011 OF Tin, Sheet-iron ware and Stoves Is sold on terms to suit tnc uracn. jgf-Orders solicited and promptly filled (HONNECTED WITH THE ABOVE J establishment, is a special depart ment for the Repair and. Cleaning OF.... WATCHES, CLOCKS ETC., ETC. ,2Stencil work solicited and executed to suit customers. All work warranted as represented. 34tl TO THE PUBLIC. W E take this method of respetfully announcing to our friends and the citizens of Arizona in general, that wehavc just received, and are now open- NEW AND COMPLETE STOCK From Eastern MarketB, Consisting of DBY GOODS, CLOTHING, HARDWAKE, QTJEENSWARE GLASS WAEE, LIQUOES, BOOTS & SHOES, and PROVISIONS Also a lull stock of LEATHEB, HAENESS, SADDLES, BELDLES, CHAINS, COLLAES WHIPS, CAEEIAGE ' AXLES AND BOXING, MULE AND HOESE SHOES, And in fact everything required for OUTFITTING FREIGHTERS. OUR STOCK Having been selected with great care by one of the firm, and with special reference to this market, we are confident that we can sell our goods as CHEAP IF NOT CHEAPEE than any other House in the Territory We are therefore certain that aa to quality and adaptability to the wants of the com munity our stock is unsurpassed. For these reasons we respcctlully solicit a share of the public patronage, feelin assured that our goods and prices cannot fail to give entire satisfaction. TULLY, 0CH04 & CO. Pine Lumber! THE SANTA RITA SAW -MILL CO. are now prepared to furnish all kinds of Tl. mn. To or and. feshingles at the Lowest Prices aud of the Very Best Quality evet ouercu in tins marh.ei. Pnrtios wnriinsranv kind of lumber will please leave their orders at the store ot Messrs. E. N. Fish& Co., and they will be promptly filled. tf Notice. ANY PERSON OR PERSONS CLAIM ing tho following described goods seized near Tucson, on the premises of En Ppsmifiirfi. 31st dav of Aucusf. 1873. for violation of tho U. S. Revenue Laws, must come forward witnin twenty uays frnm ilntn nf this notice, enter their claim and file the required bond for tho same. according 10 oec. it oi an nui oi uuu6ich, Anin.t .Tulv 18. 1866. termed an Act to Prevent Smuggling and for other purposes. Failing to appear within the tirao specified .mil nnmnlvinr with the above require ments, said property will bo sold at public auction, at tne tuaiom nuusuiu iucu, on the 22d day of September, 1873. Said goods consist of 5000 Cigars; 35 gallons of Mescal, ana zvv pnunas oi iouucco. JOHN W. HOPKINS, Demity Collector. U. S. Custom House, A. T., Sept.l, '73. 2t. Application ior Patent. U.S. LAND OFFICE, 1 Florence, A. T., August 1, 1873. J NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, THAT tho Montezuma Mining Company,. whoso postotneo address is Tucson, rinia county. Arizona Territory, has made appli cation for a patent lor two thousand (a000 linear feet of the Montezuma Mine or lodo bearing copper and silver quartz ; with surface ground four hundred (400) feet in width ; situated in the Papago Mining District, Pima county, Arizona Territory -r and described in the plat and field note on file in this nflico as follows, viz: Begin -ning at a post at tho NW corner sot in a monument of stones and marked 2io, 1 (from which San Domingo Peak bears N 6125v W 87.23 chains distant; and Bear Mountain bears N 2S45 E 57.67 chains distant; ) thence S 3230 E two thousand (2000) feet to a post set in mound of stones and marked No 3 for SW corner of claim;, thenco N 5730' E four hundred (400) feet to a post in mound of stone marked No 4 ; thence N3230MV two thousand (2000 feot, to a post in a mound of stone, marked No 6 ; thence S 57 30 Y four hundred (400) feet, to place of beginning, contain 18 36-100 acres. And notice is hereby given that the Mon tezumu Mining Company has made appli cation for a patent for a mill site in con nection with the above named Montezuma Mine. The said Mill Sito is situate 1 in the Papago Mining District, Pima county, Arizona Territory and in a Northwesterly direction and adjoining tho Margarita Mine Mill Site in the Papago Mining Dis trict, and in a Northeasterly direction from tho Montezuma Mine; and is described in the field notes and plat in this office as fol lows, viz : Beginning at the NW corner of the Mill Site of tho Margarita Mine lo cated in Papaco Mining District, Pima. county, Arizoua Territory; thenco North 13 E two hundred (200) feet to a post set in mound of stones marked NE C. No. 1 ; thenco N 77 W, seven hundred and twenty-sis (726) feet to a post set in mound of stones, marked NW C. No 2; thence S 13 "W tbreo hundred (300) feet topost set in mound of stones marked bW O. No 3; thencoS 77 E seven hundred and twenty-six (726) feet to a po3t set in Mound of stones, marked SE C No 4; thenc N 13 E one hundred (100) feet to place of beginning containing five acres. Aug 9. LEVI RUQGLES, Register. Application for Patent. U. S. LAND OFFICE, ) Flohcncf, A. T., Aug. 1, 1873. J NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, THAT II. S. Stercns. Samuel Hushes. A. Lazard, Tully, Ochoa & Co., Jose Fuctez and Miguel Alverez, whoso poslothcc ad dress is Tucson, Arizo: a Territory, have mado nnnlication for a natcntfor one thou sand five hundred (1500) linear feet of tho Margarita Aline or lode ot copper ana silver bearing quartz witn sunace grounu four hundred (400) feet in width, situated in tho Papago Mining Disirict, Pima enuntv. Arizona Territory, and described in tho plat and field notes now on file ia this office as follows, viz: Beginning at a stake at the Northwest cornor marked a v C, in mound of stones; (from which Snn -nnminco Peak bears N 56 W. 116.06 chains distant; the eentre post on the SE boundary ot tho Alontezuina oiine, rapago Mining District, Pima county, Arizona Territory, bears N 77 V twenty-two and a half (22) feot distant; the SW C. of the Margarita Mine ami sue oears ia 37 34 E, 15.42 chains distant ; ) tuence 13 W fifteen hundred (1500 feet tostake set in mound of stones marked SW corner' thence S 77 E four hundred 400) feet to stake marked SE C. in mound of ot. thnn N 13 E fifteon hundred (1500) feet to a stake sot in mound of stone marked NE U.; tnenco sx u mr hundred (400) feet to place of beginning, containing thirteen and 77-100 acres. And notice is hereby given wi above named persons claiming the Marga rita Mine have made application for a pat ent for a Mill Site in connection with the above named Margarita Mine; the said Mill Site is situated in a Northeasterly di rection from the said Margarita Mine, and is described in the plats and field notes on file in this office as follows, yiz: Begin ning at the NW cornor of said Margarita Mine; thenco N 37 34' B 15.42 cha.us to SW corner of the Margarita Mine Mill Site; thence N 81 B three hundred and flixtv-three (363) feet to a post marked SE 0 No 4- thenco N 9 W six bundled (600) feet to a post marked NE C. No 1; thence South W three hundred and sixty-three (363) feet to a post marked 1. W C No 2; thenco South 9 E sis hundred (600) feet to plao of beginning, containing five acres Aug 9. LEVI RUGGLES, Register.