Newspaper Page Text
AUGUST 23. 1878.
OUU USEFUL, ARMY
The United States Army Cannot Pro
tect the United States Mailt COO
Cavalry but lV'ouo to Spare Al
ways Inconvenient or Unlawful
tot Troops to Act in an Emergency.
In another column will be found a
telegraphic request from the citizens
of Tucson to the Department Com
raander, asking him to station a few
cavalry guards along the Southern Pa
cific Stage line to protect the United
States mails.and the traveling public
from the depredations of highwaymen.
The Commanding General replies that
he has no troops to spare for such a
purpose, and even if he had he could
not send them to protect the United
States mails, as that would be contrary
to the recent act of Congress forbidding
the use of the army as a posse coinitn
Noble, brave, useful armv! At least
500 cavalry are stationed in Arizona;
we have no Indians to fight now; no
trouble in the Territory except that
caused by the wholesale operations of
liighwaynen, and yet the Gen oral
Commanding says he cannot spare
even twenty or thirty out of 500 to as
sist the citizens in protecting the mail
and in capturing robbers. Pray, what
do these 500 men do ? Docs it require
that nuinbor to guard the homes and
wait upon the officers? We had hop
ed better things of our new com
ruander, but ala3! here is the same old
story an emergency, human life in
danger, property plundered and de
stroyed, the United States mail stolen
and rifled, civil authorities and the
government defied, and yet the army
can't come that is, not just now not
enough troops. Perhaps by and by
when the trouble is over they will be
on hand. What a protection !
But again. Tie General says he
could not send troops even if he had
them as it would be contrary to law.
The United States Army cannot pro-
teot the United States mails! Nation
al Police, hired, fed and paid by the
United State's, and yet cannot protect
United Slates property ! A regiment
of cavalry with nothing to do but to
keep up a military telegraph (which
Is always down) and escort and wait
upon their olhcers, and yot none to
spare to defend our citizens agair
public and common enemies! Val-
ient, noble, useful arm! Do send us
some more troops. Won't some of our
Territorial exchanges work up another
false Indian excitement to bring back
the active(?) "Eighth?" Troops arc
bucIi a protection. It is quite the
thinq to feed and pay an armed force
to do your fighting and then when the
emergency comes wake up to find you
must defend yourself, whether prepar
ed to do so or not, as it is not conve
nient or not lawful for your mercenary
force to come to your relief. "Won't
some one please duplicate the Forty
fifth Congress and the "War Depart
ment ? We would be so safe if wc only
had a couple of regiments more. The
government will spend about $1,000,
000 to support troops in Arizona this
year. For what?
We quit right here for this time. In
fact it is necessary, wc have asked a
question and can't answer it. Perhaps
some kind friend will enlighten us
shortly and then we will continue.
Until then we commend our present
troubles and necessities and the action
of the Department Commander to
statesmen and all others interested in
the public good.
"We have private advices by Thurs
day's mail from Tucson, that David
Nemitz associated but very little with
the stage robber Brazelton, and that
little was for tho same reason that in
duced passengers to give up their
money and the drivers hand over the
mails and express box. Brazelton was
'requested to stay away from Ncmitz's
place, but he replied that he wont
where and when he pleased, and with
cocked pistol compelled more or less
compliance with his demauds. Ncmilz
had cither to abandon his home or
submit to such visits as Brazelton
chose to make. This seems to be the
true explanation of Nemit's associa
tion, which after all has been a most
fortunate one for this public aud in
fact the public in general, for by it,
the people were made acquniutcd with
tho facts which enabled them to rid
tho earth of one of the worst men.
Stage Itubhed near .Maricopa Welle.
The particulars of this robbery are
orielly as follows:
On the night of the 11th about 11:30
p m.. the westward stage was jumped
by three masked men armed with shot
guns, five miles from Maricopa Wells.
Tbey broke open the treasure box and
cut the mail sacks, but did uot take
any mail. The passengers were Dr.
McKee of Los Angeles, and three
others, all were robbed but the amounts
obtained were very small. After the
robbers had examined the Express box
they were so well satisfied with its
contents that they returned to the pas
sengers the few dollars they had taken
from them. Two more men in the
bAck ground took away one of the
leath ot the President of Vassar
FouonKiiEPSlE, N. Y., August M: ;
John n. Raymond,- President, and
Professor of Jlental and Moral Pliilo:
soph at Vassar College;, died
stage koijiji:i: niiot Di:.v.
Slirrlir .Million itntl Pin of IMnin
County, Kill Wni. or J. W. Itrnzft
toil, tllC Hf "lMVtM'IUmi wlio ltol-
IhmI tlie NfaR nrnl XnllH nl Point
.tlotui ml n Incidental Hint tor.
Tccsox, August 20. "William (or J.
W. as sometimes called) lirazclton was
shot dead last night at 8 o'clock, about
two miles south of Tucson. An inquest
was held over the body before Justice
Neugass this morning, and the jury
declared the killing justifiable. Sher
iff Shibell testified in substance that
he yesterday summoned 11. N. Leather-
wood, Chas. O. Brown, Chas. T. Etch
ells and I. O. Brokaw, a? a posse to as
sist him in the capture of deceased;
that from reliable information in his
possession, he deemed it necessary to
shoot lnin on sight and so instructed
his posse that on sight of him, his or
dcr was executed and death followed
in about five minutes. lie had upon
his person two bells full of catridges;
two revolvers and one Spencer gun;
the mask used in robberies; a pair of
earrings, gold watch, &c. C. R. Drake,
Assistant Postmaster, testified thot he
put up in a registered package these
. ii,( ,1m,. n.nnt mil force. I am notable to comply with your
same earrings, and thntthcj went "tP utntprusontcven if I had the law-
bv the same mail that was robbed the ful authority; but by Act of Congress
last da- of Jnly appoint Mountain;
and gave circumstances which could
be, if necessary, easily corroborated,
how these particular earrings were so
impressed upon his memory. The
sirrht of the body loaded down with
arms, tho mask heretofore described
by stage passengers, as well as his
size and dress, impressed every one
who looked at them in the Court-house
this morning, that the right man had
been properly killed.
The circumstances which led up to
this successful riddance of a public
enemy, arc numerous and would fill,
if fullv written, half your paper, but
the leading Ones are:
Last week, a horse was found in
possession of one David Nemitz, which
was Known to have uecn the one used
by the robber in his last robbery.
Other circumstances in this connec
tion led to the arrest of Nemitz, who
has heretofore been known here as an
industrious aud honest man, having
for a long time past worked in the
corral now owned by James Carroll.
Jot long since, Nemitz left the corral
and took up his residence just south
of James Lee's flouring mill, and it
was here Brazelton obtained supplies
of food, water, '&c. Nemitz was so
well-known by many here, that it was
believed he would tell the whole story
if protected. He was examined before
United States Court Commissioner
Neugass and held in the sum of 2500
to answer to any charge that might be
found by the next United States grand
jury. Mr. Lcathcrwood visited him in
jail, resulting in his agreement to tell
all-he knew if liberated and protected.
A bond was prepared and signed by
twelve of the most responsible men in
Tucsou, as they believed he would act
in good faith, which he has done tp
the letter and in the spirit of hjs prom
ise, lie gave such truthful informa
tion to guide the Sheriff and party,
that the robber with all his arms on
his person and his superior power of
using them, was captured as stated
without ifn opportunity of firing a
shot at his captors. Nemitz was in
his own house at the time, his bonds
men having given him liberty to act
his usual part of aiding the robber as
stated, and so faithfully has he acted
that a few points of his own story
ought to go with this account, to-wit:
BrazUou called one day and merely
asked a couple of questions and went
away; returned next day or two and
asked for a confidential conversation
which was granted. First day, Nemitz
did not recognize the man, nor did he
the second time until informed, and
then he saw before him a former fel
lowlaborcr in the corral when Mr.
Lcathcrwood owned it. Nemitz says:
"You look like a hard game," and
the reply was, "you bet I'm a hard
game," and then told all about his
robberies. Ncmilz was then in the
power of a man who placed little value
on his own or any one's life. Uc felt
obliged to ohcy the robber's com
mands. He says owing to the facts re
vealed in connection with his own ar
rest aud the search going on, he feared
Brazelton would suspect him aud kill
him. He also believed that if the
Sheriff's party failed to kill the robber,
his own death would soon follow, aud
he warned the Sheriff that the man
would uot be taken alive unless by
artful strategy, lie says no other man
could have had a stronger desire to
have Brazcltpn killed than himself,
There arc good men here who bc
liovc Ncmitz's story regarding his own
personal status in the whole affair, and
of course some do not; but he has
acted in good faith with his bondsmen,
and not only led to the killing of one
of the worst public enemies, but cvi-i
dentlv nrcvented another stacc rob
bery this evening, which Nemitz Fays
was in Brazclton's programme
Too great praise cannot be awarded
to Sheriff Shibell lor ins untiring
labor in this bohalf over since the first
robbery at Point Mountain. Tim Cm
zus, on false information doubtless,
did him an injustice in reference to
meeting aud nt t arresting a lone horse
man. No such horseman was met
hence no arrest. Sheriff Shibell has,
it is true, boon ably assisted, but he
has been energetic ulght and day, in
sunshine and storm, and promptly
acted in' accordance with his informa-
thisuipn and suspicions ns became an of-
ficcr and good citizen.
The people oQ Tucson have been
alert and liberal in their efforts to se
cure the jiuuishment of the land pi
rates. They have subscribed over 1000
to nay expenses incurred in and re
wards for their cautnrc. On hearing
of the robbery near Maricopa "Wells,
the following dispatch was sent as
Tucson, AiiRtwt 1G, 157S.-Gen. O. B. Will
cox. CommnndlnK Department of Ari
zona, ITcscott Arizona. Sir: Tho almost
dailv robberies orthe United States mnlls.
Wells Fargo A Co's Express and passen
gers bv hichwnyinen on tho Yuma ana
Tucson ro.nl, lnduco the undersigned on
bohalf of tho public, to request you to
nlnco a patrol of troops-ir within your
lawful powcr-at various stations wltn a
view to prevent such depredations, and If
possible clear the country of tho outlaws.
The citizens of Tucson have Just con
tributed over one uious.mu uuimm vj
iTDencs or pnriies now iu i'uiu
pnrtles now in pursuit ui
the robbers; mil uio lone iiuo ui
Infested ana iiKeiy iu u ," ,
them, the frequency or tho depredations
nnd their disastrous effects upon all pub
lic and private business, impel ns to ask
your more powerful aid with or without
Indian scouts disposed of according to
Slened: II. S. Steven's. Delegate; Lord
& Williams, L. M.Jacobs &uo.,uiauue
Anderson, Agenl wens. -arsotv w,J" "
Wnsson, Surveyor-Goneral; Everett 11.
Pnmmv. United State- Attorney; L. Zeck-
endorf A Co., Tally, Oclioa &. Co.
The General replied:
rr.ESCOTT, August 19. H. S. Stevens.
Lord A Williams nnd others: Your dis
patch of ICth Instant Just received. I re
gret to say In consequence oi reuueeu
fnl m nmnlov anv nart of the army a.-t a
posso comltatus or otherwise for the pur
pose or execiing tne laws, except m sucu
pjikps and under such circumstances as
mnv ho exnresslv authorized by tho cons
tltutlou or luws, nnd that the General of
the army has Issued an order setting lorin
Dir. nnsPH under tho constitution and laws
In which troops may be lawfully used,
nnrl th.it neither the cuardiug of the Unit'
ed States malls nor tho arrest of mall rob
bers is provided for In that order. Signed,
citizens of Tucson are not re-
efforts to make other
"road agents ' retire from the business.
They, are perfecting measures which
will, it is believed, induce the Papago,
Pima and Maricopa Indians, to instant
ly take the trail of the highwaymen
after a robbery. Until these laud pi-
rates are taught that their business be
tween here and Yuma is extremely
hazardous, the people of Tucson will
not cease to deviso methods and raise
means to carrv on the warfare in the
most thorough manner.
It is quite certain that this Brazelton
has been cuiltv of other stage rob-
bcrie3 in Arizona and New Mexico,
Ilis body with arms and outfit when
killed, was photographed this morning
before burial. W.
The Robberies Last Week.
Three stages of the Southern Pacific
line were robbed last week, but the
particulars came too late for last issue.
Two of the coaches were robbed on
the night of the 14th between here and
Tucson, and the third was robbed the
same night and at nearly the same hour
about five miles west of Mnricopa
Wei Is. The coach left Tucson nt 2 p. m.
on Wednesday of last week, and as usual
stopped for suppor at Desert Station.
About fourteen miles this side of the
station they struck a piece ot sandy
road and the driver fell into a little
dose. When he awoke one man was
holding the stage horses at their heads
and three othor men were about the
coach with drawn arms. The robbers
demanded an unconditional surrender
which was immediately complied with,
there being only one passenger in the
coach. The driver and passenger
alighted and were led into the bushes to
be searched, while one of Uie robbers
mounted the box and drove the stage
about one-quarter of a mile off the
road to a spot where they could con
veniently examine the mails, express
box and baggage. From the driver
they obtained a valuable silver watch
and 41.05 in nioncy. From the pas
senger, who is a California man with
mining interests near the Sonora line,
they secured 310 and a gold watch.
Both the victims were thoroughly
searched; were even compelled to pull
off their boots to satisfy the robbers
that no valuables . were secreted in
them. After the highwaymen had
completed their work they mounted
their horses, took both the stage hor
ses and the express box, aud having
told their victims that if they left the
coach before daylight they would be
killed, rode away. The express box
rattled at every jump and it was easy
to determine their course, which was
directly up the road toward the Pi-
cacho. Tho driver immediately con
cluded that thoir intention was to rob
the coach coming from Florence. So
after waiting at the plundered coach a
short time, he and his passenger start-
ed back for Desert Station, where they
arrived about 3 o'clock next morninir.
Tho robers rode till about midnight
when they met the coach from Flor-
ence on which Detective Evans was a
passenger. .Not suspecting that the
coach going into Tucson would be dis
turbed, Mr. Evans went to sleep in the
bottom of the coach. The robbers
came riding along in the road two
abreast. The driver saw them but aa
he frequently met horsemen he thought
nothing of it. As the robbers, ap
proached the stage they took the road
side, two going to the right and two to
the left. When the leader was oppo
site the driver he leveled his shot-gun
and ordered the coach stopped. The
other robbers drew their six-shooters,
which was quite unnecessary so far as
persuading the driver to stop was con
cerned. Without any apologies they
disturbed the slumbers of Detective
Evans, who awoke to find a double
barrelled shot-gun smiling at him
through the coach window. Evans
was well armed and is no doubt a
bravo man, but the robbers had tho
"drop" and he reluctantly acknowl-
odged himsalf most ohediantiy theirs.
The coach and passengers were search-1
ed and relieved of valuables right on
the spot. The driver only lost his pis
tol. Ilis watch and good clothes were
in an old sack which the robbers took
up but threw back into the coach as
worthless. Mr. Uaynes, who keeps
the station sixteen miles from Florence
was a passenger. From him the rob
bers took a watch worth about 75, a
pistol, his coat, finger rings and a few
dollars. He complained to the rob
bers that he was sick and they gave
him back his coat. From Detective
Evans they took a handsome brace of
pistols worth 75, his valuable short
shot-gun, his gold watch and chain
worth 300, all his good clotkes which
they found, in his valise, finger rings
and about C0 in money. Poor Evans,
he was hunting stage robbers and he
The spoils having been divided the
robbers drove the coach about a quar
ter of a mile off the road, unhitched
the horses, mounted their own animals
and loft for parts unknown, takinir
with them the stage horses, plunder,
little short shot-gun, nnd all, leaving
the passengers afoot twenty miles from
nowhere. The latter started forTuc
son on foot, but fortunatoly they came
upon a freight train about a mile and
a half from where they had been rob
bed. Ilere they obtained a horse and
a mule, went back, got their coach and
were at Desert Station on time in the
morning. The two horses taken from
the first coach have been recovered,
but the other two have not been heard
The robbers were Mexicans, two of
them spoke very good English. "We
understand, Detective Evans is out
with a part- after these outlaws and if
he comes up with them he will no
doubt take them or die in the attempt.
Such bold outrages on the public high
way ought to rouse every good citizen
to arms against the desperate pcrpetra
Particulars of the robbery near Mar
icopa "Wells we give in a separate item
Near Florence, August 18, Mrs. Mary E.
lewis, ugeu Jo years, l monili ana t uayi.
NEW AD VERT1SEMENTS.
r HEREBY ANNOUNCE MYSELF AS
JL a canuldato for tho ofllco of .Treasurer
of Pinal County nt the general election
in .November next.
F. P. MASSOLETTI,
Florence, August 23, IS73. 45-td
1UE UNDERSIGNED HEREBY AN
nounces himself as a canJidnto for the
ouice of Sheriff of I'inal County at tho en
suing election, November 5, 1S7S.
JJ. P. GABRIEL.
Silver King, August 23, 1S78. -16-td
Hotel and Restaurant.
MRS. CATHARINE O'HALLORAN,
Long's Block, Main Street.
Opposite Jos. Collingwood & Co.'s Store.
The Ilandsome Billiard Hall
has been Changed into an
Elegant Dining Eoom.
Best Restaurant in Florence.
BOARD AND LODGING.
Kept In tho Best and Neatest Order, and
Always Ready for tho Weary
Single Meals 50cts ; Single
A Refreshing Resort after a Tedious Jour
Tho table will be supplied with every del
icacy that the market affords.
No pains will bo spared to insure the
comfort and plcasurool gueste.
Jan IS I5-3m
G. P. Gabriel.
WILLIAMS & GABRIEL, Proprietors.
We havo opened a First-Class
nOTEL AND RESTAURANT,
And arc prepared to accommodato tho
public with meals nnd lodging or
JLJoard by the Day, V eck or
NEAT AND WELL FURNISHED
And provide for our guests every comfort
me country atrords.
An Excellent Bar Attached,
Best Brands of "Wines, Liquors
Can be obtained.
Strangers nnd travolers to nnd from
Will Qnd our Hotel the most popular and
comfortable resort in tho Pioneer
August 23 45-tf
Feed and Sale Stables.
Leatherwood's Old Stand.
I AMES CARROLL,-
Excellent Hay and Grain Al
ways on Hand.
Attentive and experienced hostlers In
J. Guindani & Co.,
WHOLESALE and RETAIL
Fancv and Staple Groceries.
'Ladies' and Gents' Hats.
Boots, Shoes and Slippers.
Cigars aud Tohaccos.
"WINES AND LIQUORS.
Crockery and Glassware.
Paints, Oils and Varnishes.
Large IiiYoices of
Wo now Offer now Inducements
TO CASH BUYERS,
They wlllInd It to thelrad vantage
To call and subject our Goods
aud Prices to a thorough
Before Purchasing Elsewhere
Wc feel confident that we can offer
Inducements which will prove
Wc Cannot he Undersold for Cash.
of Barley and TVTieat
on hand for sale
At the Lowest Market Price,
and we are ready to
Pay Cash for 'any
At a Rcasonablo Price.
"Will attend to Commissions
aud forwarding Ores, Con
Or any other Product, made
through ns will receive
the best attention of
our Agent in San
And Genuine Certificates of!
returns will he sent to
J. GUINDANI & CO,
BABBIT METAL FOR SALE AT THE
LORD & WILLIAMS,
Main and Congress Sts.,
Gold Dust and Bullion Bought
Cash Advances made on "Wool,
Hides, Metal Ores, or Coun
try Produce of any Kind.
We endoavot to keep on hand a
Full Stock of Goods, "Wares
Required In this Section of tho Country.
Wo especially Invito the
ATTENTION of MUSTBItS
to our assortment of Hardware,
Picks, Shovels, Steel, Axes,
and Handles, Crow Bars,
Powder Fuse, Sledges, Anvils,
Blacksmith and Carpenters'
tools in full assortment.
Wo have made arrangements to keep on
hand a full and corn pic to stock of
Giant and Vulcan Powders,
together with Caps, etc
these goods wo are prepared to Uellvor to
Country Merchants and Min
, at rates that will mUko It
To their interest fo Buy of ms
Instead of the Ban Francisco markit.
Our Stock of Groceries, Staple
Including canned goods,
Is Unrivaled in Arizona.
All that a Long Experience In tho local
iraao together with unequalled oppor
tunities can do, In catering to the
wants of our customers, Is done.
Liquors, Tobaccos and Cigars.
Our stock of
Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots
Is unrivalled both as to qnantlty and
quality, this side of San Francisco.
Arrangements have been made, whereby
wo will be enabled to open up a
New and Fresh Stock Twice
Every Month. -
A Member of tho firm will hereafterre-
maln In New York, so that we wilt bo
able to avail ourselves of all ad
vantages offered by fluctuations
LORD & WILLIAMS.
Car. of M!b d FIritBt. Ml Cilltirni, i,t
'Yai.ArUoa. Sa Fnajhtj, ctj.
J ames jVL". Barney.
Succnssorto the Late Firm ot
"William B. Hooper & Co.,
Continues the Business In ARIZOHa and
IMPORTER AND "VXTHOLKSALP
MTOBTER AND V V HOLESALH
Shipping Commission Merchant,
Will Carry a Full prime Stock of
DRY GOODS, DRY GOODS
DRY GOODS, DRY G00Ds
BOOTS AND SnOES,
BOOTS AND SHOES
DRUGS AND MINING MATERIALS,
DRUGS AND MINING MATERIALS,
Selected to Exactly Suit
Merchants, Station: Keepers, Miner
Ranchers and Freighters
ARIZO 3V A anci MEXICO.
Solicits Orders for Goods ax i tmute
FORWARDS FREIGHT s. i) MEE
CHAXDI to any Part of the Woild insuring It
Buys or" Make's Advances
ARIZOXA AND MEXICAN PJiOD UU
Tho SALE of ORES and MINERALS
Buys and Exchanges Gold Dust, Gold xnd
Silver Bullion, United states Treasury
Drafts, Legal Teuders, Soldiers'
Warrantpund Vouchers and
Good Commercial Bills.
Special orders will be attended to bv tho
San Francisco Brnach House with prompt
ness ana naeiuy. ,
All orders and commlsnlont should be
JAMES M. BARNEY.
L. Zbckbhdorf, Albert Stbistblb,
233 Brdwy R5, Tucson,
N. Y. A.T.
li.-Zccltendorf & Co
WHOLESALE and RETAIL
Wc take pleasuro In announcing toth-
public that wo keep constantly
on band the
Largest and Best Assorted
Stock of Merchandise
Consisting of everything ueeded.wh Ich
We Sell at the Yery Lowest Prices.
An Experience of Nearly 25yrs'
And a Buyer residing In New York,
We have defied successfully all compaH-
tion, and guarantee entire satisfaction
to those who will honor ua
with their patronage.
All we Ask is, Come and See.
We always keep
On hand Several 100,000 feci
Giant and Blasting Fowder, lfn!njard
Farming Tools, Ac, Ac.
HIghost Price paid for Gold and Silver
Bullion, and Country Produce.
November 23. 7-tf
H. S. Fitzgerald & Co.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Special Attention' given to
Commiss ion B u s i n cs ;