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mLittPf t L. XIY.-NO. 28. PRESCOTT, ARIZONA, FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 29, 1877. ESTABLISHED 186.4. BHE ARIZONA 3I1XEH. PUBLISHED EVERY r KID AY. CHAS. "W. BEAOEE, Ktlitor mill Peopriotor. 5Tlr!mimber of the WKKKLV MlNKK wa. iuedaa V 9 1S61. ant) in thU. i: thirteenth er. it .-an, A Mkf truth. olaim to be the oklet, and best ew(,per tmv i erritorv. fcul,.-riitioii 2uto ,f))MCopv, One Year H.IiJfc"' S.x. Month. 1' Three Month. 15taeCoj.s ....S5.00 .... 3.00 .... 1.75 .... S5 .. .215,00 zail w eekly.-one year, -AilvortiNim; J'ut-s. , iOlnrb f IS lutes uf thi.tyfeV in column. SXOOfnrtr ttaftkm and $1 oil (v-r inch tor .rh mldtiional in-ern.m. f AJIbera: .1 .-nint :rm ahme rate. hIH In- made to pr- xrt ader!ie irc.-ly h the -ar, halt mi or flrzufr-.toual and buiue curd. incrtel uprea,. JPerton tckd.ur; i money Jot nbeription. adt ertliiac tsfjb work may forward it by aiail, or otlierwi.e, at INMrjnwnri.V Xfat Tender .V;f' fV' per in jtaymtntjor tub MriMtcn jtlrtrUnni) and fi trl. 917 TKIiMs. in aJrttnct imrmrimUy. Alir.NTS I'Oi; Tllli MINIilt. FKANUstO (.'HAS. Y. CltANK. 4Ai Montgomery tret. YOKE. w. H. Fixms 301 North. Si.1 ..twet. ArtKonti. TiMfA ..J.MR .Mn 1NH(-m.i.i:c ... ! W!KKxrn:r.; .. ov:ii.r . . tttwr.nti. I'AKK PfMSXIV .... . tfMT PlM MX . ;lJtr.M r. Ilwwox A. Fkvnk J. II. riKMNtx , W. .M. IUwV a. i:. iai Oko. E Koui; t". II. Vkii. Jos. CoLMsnwooi. J. S. MaxkKm1 l'KKscorr post oki'ick. UltVAI. AMI lUir AKTl'KE OK 1. S. MAILS. FfMt Cal'forn'ta, Ea.tem State, and Southtfa Arizouii. KVIlllV orHUH 1AY. lilCiil.fjniia. r.nIrni Suites and Swtbra Ariwwn, k;uv onir.u Kir. o 0-( KhTe C.'iintr. Mineral Tark. Orlwt. ami Hnrilv-flie. lTea wceV'y on Sutruday 3 P.M. ami retHrBSoa t'ntUy. JP (i-o a Tttm Cam!' Verde, I.'ttle Cloralrt ntnl Nir Mextot f Monday. Thurday awl Satr.lar. Camj Venle. I.'t'le Chwad arl w Mex4ou, Tuesdavi.. 1'riday aad Sundays, To Walnut . ro e ami lradbaw, one a week. Ofnortliouv71--i A..M.toHo''lwlt P.M. Kaoey order Kice lnm 9 o"clx"k A. M. to .l o'clock r. l. KcriitratHia -lu.e. at 3 P. M., Mail dux . r1..e at IA a. . OKrehour n Sunday. SI 'oUk t lt'j o'clock a. l. Kssioaei-orders iued r Jaid on Su-idav. NT T. W. OTIS. V. M. yrrjeott. Aj ril 3nd, 1S77. I OFFICI A L I) I II ECTO It V P Tr.uuiTOuiALornri:K. Delegate Jo Conjro? Hiram S. teien. VoTeranr John I'. Ilut. Secretary.. J. J. Gui-rr. Auditor A. C. ll-liet. Tranter... I. K. Tnllr. Sorvcyor-Oeneral J.i Mn. apreaie Judges. lt I)it., Chief Ju.tUv Trench. mf " 2d " l)rtFr.t lWtr. m ' 3.1 " aA.Twed. pCUik Sajteine Court Jo; h B Atutmi. t"tt" )! Ii.Tr,.-f A,,.,n.i.- V. II. Pimur United State. Marshal Y . A.Standilcr. v..-- - - ............... . . . - Dtruty Marhal Ut lit. Win. J. .!ira. Jol!ertor Internni Heremie 1 u. l."orIi. citf r t'. S. LandOfliee. I'revHttt... W. X. Ketlv. m ' Klorece...Ii Kum-le. rr'ntr " ' " " M. I Stile.. ' " " " Presctttt Ueo. Lusot. TAVArAi eoc.vTV orncuns. rrobateJude Hatter II. Carrie.-. JsaeriC. . . . . 1VI. V. lbMrer. Cni'.er Sheriff lleo. K. Itnmn Conotv Keoirder . .Wro. Vilker.n County Treamrer.... K. J. l'H,k Diftrtct Attorney I 'aw I WVber Clerk Di.trict Court Win. Wilkeri. I A. S. HaAe'l. uprriorf .......... .......... . rtideon lln.ke. H, -iv. , . nni!. rr.Kscorr rnrctxcT. JUeei c! th Teace : II. II. Carttor, C. I". Cute awl I. Mitchell. ....J. K. Itumett anil Fmak Murrnr. VJLl.AI.K ok rin-.-iCOTT. K. .1. Cok. i I.. .1. Alter. W. . Vit-on. '" ) U. Alien and.Dan HaU. LCositstilei.. Pi ikayor .CfUDCltern.. tarhsl Irank Murray 'A!eiir. J- I - Meador. PRESCOTT LODGE No. 1, K. of P. Ilecular convention, tm Monday evenloir each r.-ek.at MaMHiic Hall, .stfiier of Montr surna and fJurtey rtr-el. Vi.itme la-rther. in cHl .ianlmr are invited to atteml. M. OOLfWATI.!!, S. O. ltAKKIt, C. C K. of I., and . IZTLAN LODGE No 177. F. & A. M 1'eeular ineetinc of this Ixiire on thela;t Saturday of each month, at 7 o'clock 1'. M. .s.iiournmr brethren are fratemallv Invited M attend. A. S HASKEM.. W . M. X. Krt.tv. Secretarv. Kxaminc Commlttrc T. S. IUTK, J. X. ItOtttN'Hl'UC d T J. Ill Tt.LIJ. h. 0. 0. F ARIZONA LODGE No. 1. (. Ienlar Mcetmp. on f:rt and tliird Sat rfBS3K.nrttavot'e.ehm'nh.at Maoiic Hall. Mem-K?H?rer..-f taeOrler. in jrin.1 utandmir, nreiu- vted'oa"'end 1". J. COOK, X.O. M. T. Hru U- c-l nc sccrcta-r- OINT OF ROCKS LIME KILNS, , S. Clouirh, i'roprietor. LlMK at wars hand in any quanf.e to unit the want lpurc.haer. . H WEAVKU. Acentu Jtontetuma Street, Precott mrttnyl f C. LABAREE, STAGE STATION ft Tvonty-livo mile, from 1'loreiico. Pi riIM.T CLASS TA1H.K AND ACCOMMODATION ar lrarelet. aim tHcmy oi n.ii.ii.i. vnv... i :EU and HAY. tnyltf THE PARK BREWERY AXl) TKLEtlRAPH SAI.OOX'. iEVTN" & BEAUN, : PROPRIETORS, MAIN STI'.r.l.T. TlXSON, AKIZOXA. iKine firmuin I.tim-hc. 1 -e-rol.t Ijiper, licit LiUor d Cipir. Ueailini; Htta,-hed. V. J' IIOAVVI2iI? I'KACTiCAI, w w M ta IMtHSCOTT. AKIZOXA. rinl-cJaw Watchword, P ae Wa ekes a id 1 .n Jew try. Ktc "cTiaIil'ion saloon Grand Re-opening ! Having renovated "aid retltted tl.e "CIIAMPI" N" in 1rt r:. Myle. I take ideaoir in mforminc my friciHli nd the j.uWic-enerally that 1 hae ope d out in the ew acdeeiIel .luarter. with the liet iuaBtity ot W I IV E S AND LIQUO R S, axi run VERY BEST BRANDS OF CIGARS. V co.ysnit ctinrorlable t'luh Koom Attncheil TO THE SALOON. P.OHUKT COXXELL. VltKV. Ariwsa. Juse 16. ltT7. 1 rilKSCOTT. J. GOLD WATER & BRO., Cor. of Cortes aud Cooriiviu Sis., JPiFtESCOTT, ARIZONA, Have just received the Host Selected, Finest and most Complete Stock of Clothing, Boots, Shoes and Slippers, A T S A ' J I Y GOODS Ac YANKEE NOTIONS I articular attention is asked to articles in be of the very best qualities, laca Shawls, Velvet Clonk?. Dress Silks. Linen Suits. ICinbroiderics, Sewing Silks, Trimmings. Underwear, Table Cov Ijiccs. Silks. Worsteds. Funs, Muttons, Corsets, Xtvk-ties, Hoisery, ers. .uibbons, Velvets. .Ion. Kid Gloves, Grenadines, Plaids, Mohairs, Cachemires, lVrcales, Merinos, Victoria Lawns, l'oplins, daconets. Towels, Lineus Sheetincs. Ktc. Our Stock of Clothing, BOOT S A.N HATS AND CAPS, AM) O'J'HKH ARTICLES FOR CEXTLKME.VS USE, Is the most complete and lest selectod over received in the Village of Proscott, and at Prices to Suit the Times. In addition to the articles here cnumerntpd, vo keep a. complete stock of all other :uticle usually sold in a country store. o First Quality aud ilet Hraiitls CVLllOIIVIV -VTS1 ARIZONA lLOTJJX,. The Attention of Epicures is called to a fresh supply of Cheese, Caviar, Dutch Herrings, Olives Sea Moss Farina, MAPI.K ANL KOCK BROMA, ISINGLASS SHELLED AND BITTER ALMONDS, BONELESS CODFISH, Citron and Lemon Peel. Chutnce. Mu.-hrooius, Salmon Bellies and MaekcrcL i5.COFFEE G-lLOTJ2srJD FRESH E"V-E3R."5T 3D AS".-ti. V. V. IICAI). I'rrcott. WHOI.KSAI.K AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE, PRESCOTT Ay i) CAMP A'KRDE, A.T., Respectfully announce to the people of Northern Arizona that they now luive on hand, and are constantly receivng the LARGEST. BEST SELECTED AND CHEAPEST STOCK OF GENERAL MERCHANDISE EVER OFFERED FOR SALE IX' THIS MARKET. Silks, Delaines, Reps. Flannels, Calicoes, Linens. Muslins, Empresses. Ginghams. Lace, Por O-eiitlciiicii : Overshirts. Overcoats, J'ants, Overalls. Rusiuess Suits, Dres Suits. Fine Underwear. 1 losierv, Picks. Shovels, Sledges, Wheelbarrows. Steel, Iron, Plows, .Mowers, I Iocs, Reapers, Rakes, Plow Steel Baling For Plane, Paints. Hatchets, Hammers, caws, ft Xnils, Xoi- "Wol - Sack Twine, Tar, Wool SaeVe, Jror X-Jot.el.s, Station lvcoptsrs Bed-room Sets, Parlor Sets, Chair. Ale and Porter. (jlasswaie. Table Furniture, Wine; Croekeiy. F"oi 5Arep.vbo(l.v : Flour, Corn Meal, Beans, Bacon, 1 lams. Lard. Cniincd bleats Svrun. Surrnr. Ti, Coffee, Rice. Spices. Soap, Candles. Cream Tartar, Vend Powders. .Mattinir, Blankets, Mattresses, Ktc, htc. LIBERAL PRICKS, L MKKCIIAXD1SH OB CURRENCY, YOK Gold Dust, Cold and Silver Bullion, Wool, Hides, and Tin: KHIU'llAXTAUM-: PKOMTTS OF THE CO I NT KY. :vr added. Prices at the Verde llou-e the Mine PRESCOTT MEAT MARKET, SOUTHEAST CORNER OF THE PLAZA.. "WE AltE NOW PUEPAKED TO FURNISH THE PKOPLE OK PRESCOTT AND VH 2IXITY V1TII Bo of, PorK, Muttoja, ES-fco. WHOLESALE AXD RETAIL, AT FAIR, LIVINXt PRKjES. C. T;. KOGJEKS & CO. Preicott, Arixtaa, Marcli 2 Js77. KT ID C A. PS, BRES GOODS. AND FANCY GOODS. the following list, which buyers will find to latest styles and iowejt price : Ladies' Hats and Huts. Linen Wrappers. Ktnbroidery Silks, 1 atterns, Tuliep. Silk IlAudkervhiefs, VeilinjT, Shawls, Curtains. Quilts, jieltcniere nippers, Liwns, Alpacas hilk Stnjo Lustres, , . . . . ... " i Delaines. Tarletnus, Nainsooks. Muslins, Ut every description. Underwear, Hoisery, D HOKS I'AN'DY JSYKVP. fi. II HAD, Camp Vcnlc. o o. KKTAIL Di" U.KKS IN tidies : L.1W115, Xansooks. 3lerinos, Pouii Poplins, Alpacas, Hosiery, Gloves. :sucs Ribbons, Shawls Shoe Jlats, Roots, Caps, etc. 3:0 u.oii5 : On; Sacks. Hope. Black Powder, Giant Powder. Giant Powder Caps, Fuse, etc. Pitch Porks. Harrows, Axes, Scythes. Ktc., Ktc. Hope, jYleoliixriics; r Butts and Screws. "Wall Paper, White Lead, Paper Border, Window Shades, Oil :uii3 'L'urpentine. Cx - iovci.s s Sheep Shears, Sulphur. Sheep Dip. :t ii cl Saloons : Whiskies. Tobacco. Brandies, Cigar. and Fruits, Dried Fruit, Soda. ; Starch, Salt, Stoves, Carpets, Oil CIo ths, as at Pix'scott, AVith additional freight BUSINESS CARDS. Ij A'WYE RS, JOHN MOWAKI), Attorney and Counselor at Law, Office South Montezuma Sr., Preacott. SA.Ml'HL HAMILTON, ATTOiHSTEl'' AT LAW, Mineral Park, Mohave County, Arizona. HIUCCS COODHICII, Attorney and Counselor at Law. Tucson, Pltnn County, Arizona. OFFICE Me.ilU Mrret. tLt.tL V. AKAVI IKANK M ( t hKI K. Ah IN ). HUl SkK. ARAM, McCUSKER & BRUNER, Attorne)!. and Counsettu at Law, I'ttKhi-nn, Amzo.s v. OiSea two doori twOtk u( t'.-urt 1 (. i .1 eiH lira in all the Uvttrti lACL .1. HOKluKT, ATTORlSrE'Y' AT X.A"W, I'HKSi'OTT. A. T. Nnh .Me uf nlf In Strvt. nMr (Iraatte. Seak I'teaeh awl SMlh ijOLtf. u. .i. wadi:, Attorney and Counselor at Law, OSk nith llnrfruT" A Monrna. CVtet itreet. Will fuetie in alt OmH ut lb TerriKwr. MlilM if THOMAS FITCH, Law, Prescott. Arizona. Will I'riu tlce In all Court, of tlic Territory. OHire with the DiHtiri Attorney, OSJoe Hvc. T..I. I)r31, Attorney and (oiutselorat Law, Preacott, Arizona, OK1MCK S.o'h Uleof 1'U.M. Ili:..l A 31 1 X jUOKC AX, ATTOHNEY AT LAW, (OOi-' with J. IV Ilarcraie, Kmj. i rioeorr, yavaiwi eorvrv. akixona. Will rriit'tlct In nil Court, ot tin- Torrltory. I articular attention Kivnt to Mitiint; Ijiu. -mii'Kif. to Hon. nicviKNrKi.ir. - - - Nan KruMeiro. " it. r. MoititixiN. Juilue Ith Dim. rourt, " Thomas rtitowN. CaslmT linukCnliforiiiu. im l wi:hi:u. Attorney anil Counselor at Law, Prescctt. Arizona. .1. P. HAIlC.KAVi:, Attorney and Counselor at Law, Prcscott, Arizona. OrnrL Katideof the l'laia. 3II:KAT 31 AST I? It SOX. ATTORNEY AT LAW Office Row, Prcscott. JOHN A. r.i w. wr.ttf A"ry I'mUu jtusn wi:lls, ATTORNEYS AT LA"W, Prescott, Yavnpnt County. Arizona Will trktly attend. taHcinf iHi.ioeM etrHted tothem iUMe.ralCourtf KemllnthTerrltry. AWtnwt at IlXIrt in .Mining IRimi nwi ivnun ac-uiiri ,'irjwrM. Pnnnjit atteBtlon iriren to cmleetHMim. ii. x. a li:xaxi)i:ij. ATTOK".vTE "2- AT 3LA"W Yuma, Arizona Territory. Will ractice in all the Court of the Territory. PHYSICIANS. A. .1. Till HOW). 31. A.. 31. D. DIt. V, ;V' ""; Cnada. l-.M. M. I)., lnnitv I niverit 1 M. K. C. Phy. and Sure. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON I'ro.riitt. Arizona. OlHi T. AM Kl -U'KNi r Jewell Umldlnc. eat of An- der. A; lliivrc'. .tore. DIL WAKKliX 12. DA V. SURGEON AND PHYSICIAN. Om n M.inteiuraa Street above OtKolwin, Pres.tl. Can te con.ulted at hi Olll-e at ull hour.: Uec'JO. .l.X. 3It:CAXI)LKSS, CriYSICIjVr jVNjd stulc&JtiUrs, East side of Mouteznma St. bet. Gtirley & Willis, 3 doors north of Head & Co. a 1)11. (). LIXCOLX. -Xo. '2, Oflicc ltow, Cortex Street, Prescott. Oflice- j:. thkili:, 31. Physician, Surgeon and Accoucheur PKKSCOTT. A. T. I (ffice and resideno ou Muntezuma Street, oi'jnwite the Mix Kit Oflice. irpPriTate entranco to consultation riwmr, from the dec'-Dtf .1. . cogswi:ll, ENTIST No. 230 Kearny St , SAX FKAXC1SCO. Pre.cott. March -, 1ST, wly. LKOX CO 11 1) 1 1211, Bulh House, .Shaving Saloon AM LADIUS' HAIK-DRI'XSEK. Kat side of Plain. febl'3 ly w. c. GAititirr, CITY- EXPRESSMAN. Residence Next to C. W. Beach's. II. II. CAKTTBK, Proliate.iudge, .lust ice of Hie Pence j And Conveyancer. County Building jay is. ki:lli:y, assayi:k, Preacott, Arizona Territory- HLAKi: S. CO., ASSA-EE-S, fJoM Dut. (Jold anil Silver Ilulll'.n and Ore. of every Uvription melted and aiyed. All aay. u uaraiiteed. OlTICF In building formerly occupied by A. A. X. M. Kxvre. Co., Preoott. j:. .i. hi:xxitt, c. i;.. Deputy lT. S. Mineral Surveyor County Surveyor of Yavajial Comity. Prescott, Arizona. All Vlndii of civil engineering and urvcyinc promptly I attended to. OlHce North ut' the Court lloiue, on Cor- e idreet. OIX). 31. WATEKS, Millwright ami Contractor, PRESCOTT, A. T. J. GOLDWATJ5K & IHtO., W1I0LESAI.K On.M.CUS, Forwarding and Commission Merchants, Ehrenberg. Arizona Territory. Te OTTO, 0 doof orth of Kelly .t Stephea. ON TIIK OUTSIDK. A Thriving Aiurrlrntt Tovwi nmt It Stir nuiiilnK. Prr.rott Mint Wlittt It Look l.lko Ancient lluln Mllir ulitt Proba-lilllllc.-Ktc. (Crtearudenee to the Kan rrnc(ri Iutt PiiHscorr, Arizona Jlay 23th. Hecently a traveler who urrived here bv stajje was overheard to say, as he alighted in tlio at tractive jilaceof this jiretty town, and looked around approvingly; Mell, I tlo hojie I fchall like Ircott now I've got here, for I Hon t want to go Imek over the roads I came." I could have almost declared that "them's my sentiments," the morning I arrived in the (.'.U'lTAl. OK AWZONA. And looking around I did approve. This feeling of jileasurc was doubly enhanced by the anpearauce on the sidewalk of a friend's pleasant face, lighted by a greeting smile. It was made more plcataut still bv the an- ' nuuiieement that nice quarters, a warm bath. hu fuiier r rncrri so agrroaoic to (lie liretl andwny-woru traveler, were all ready for me. Ni 1 quickly made myselt presentable I ami then went with friends to refresh the j inm-r man. 1 assure you it needed refresh I mg, very smlly. I he rule Irom lckcn- uurjj, iiiougii oiuy ui nines in icugiu, i found to be as exhausting as the entire 500 miles I had previouslvdone. Thanks to the many kindly references made In the press of Southern Arizona to the Post as well as to j myHflf, and the flattering kindness of per sona! friends at this oint, I found a warm , welcome and was at once made to feel at home. Prcscott is really A HOMI'.MKK ruci- would be considered so anywhere, and fftfiilta f ptlit flu loirriio iiiiiiAittalina tt atlolnj houses and the wild but picturesque uaste of arid dui-ert ami mountain, the change to this fair American town, which cotihtJintlv recalls some Aew hnglantl or I .M.m.rri, .otK ,,, ge tnuiKtng i ho ,v XV.-.I. V- "- I. ..II, f... . (.-rgernciivuv urn. t.suai, is quae reireMi - n.g. . am .et oy ute asci oi inc piacc to I montluf n little on climatic influences as applictl to home, its ( creation and surround- ; uig.. A ha soever else inaj have said, or ..hall bereaf er say about .Southern Arizona 1 tan hanllv y with truthfulness that I i aw a score of houses or places that looked ! like home living or that led up to it refin ing influences. Climate requires one either , to live in or out of doors. Here in Procott, with high altitude, cool, even raw, chill i evenings, its sub-alpine flora, and the other indications of a decidedly tcmpcnitc region, one inu-t really live in doors. In Tucson ' the reverse is almo-t true. There arc no I adobes here. I have seen a few log dwell . ings reminiscences of earlier days, but the I large majority of buildings are" of frame, j -ome business places being of brick, with a few residences also. Really, antl without flattery of any kind, Prescott is a very at : tractive town. It is ituated in a small val ley or basin, Mirronndcd on all sides by I more or less elevated mountain ranges. It ! is a decidedly picturesque location, but of ' that I -hall write further on. The center of i the town is a large plaza, now bare, but , which N to be occupied at no distant day by ! county buildings, for which .$00,000 has ab , ready been voted. j YAVAPAI COl'NTV, ' Of which PrCsCOtt IS tllC COUlltV SCilt, i-, it ,, 1p rflini'tnhori'il. not nnlv tlir l:ir"ist in area, but the best populated of the five i into which the Territory is now divided. It ' .laiiiis. I believe, about l.TOlld inhabitants. though in the reeent fat.ital disnnte. this , wa :isertetl to oe greatly cxaggcratcil. I he ! county runs clear across the Territory from ; the Rio Colorado to the western line of X'ew Mexico. Within its borders are some 1 of the lx.-t of Arizona settlements as well a 1 Mime notable evidences of a prehistoric life. I It takes in some of the most noted topo ; graphical features of this remarkab'e Tcr i ritory. After leaving Wickcnburg, which ' is on the northern line of Maricopa county, ' the traveler begins to ascend the mountain , range and pass through the elevated valleys which lonu uie westerly iremi oi inc C.llUVT COIX)U.I)0 PLATKAV. In a tornicr letter i rclerrctt to a rain i belt which passctl across the Santa Rita 1 mountains, making them aud the Santa I'ruz valley the garden spot, is to be pasto- i ml, agricultural and climatic, as well as, to i mv tinuKing, also, resources of thb , remarkable Territory. This rain belt moves ! from this point at which it enters Sononi, I on the Gulf of California, in a north by ! west direction until it strikes the Mogollon mountain mesa or plateau, it there breaks j a portion deflecting south, and the rcmain ' der of the current moving west by north along the region which is embraced in the ! Rio Verde and Agua Fria valleys, until it touches the Prescott plains, on which its ! force is wholly spent. The county of Ya- I v'd takes in, among other topographical features, the upper portion ot the .Mogollon mesa, at the base of which lies the present home of the Apache, now on the San Carlos reservation. The Rio Verde passes through east and south of Prcscott, making the op portunities for settlements, of which there are a number. So, also, the Agua Fria creek. Camp Verde, u lending military ! post, lies about l miles east of Prescott and Fot Whipple. A short distance to the northeast of Camp Verde are the lamou MONTEZUMA WEI.I.S, And the ancient ruins adjoining them. The Colorado plateau proper impinges its prongs into the northerly and easterly portions of the country, which on the west and to the south is broken up Iry smaller ranges and peaks rising to and uniting with that stu pendous primary and pivotal formation. Close around Prescott the stage road, com ing from the south, follows up what is des iirnated bv Lieutenant Wheeler, in his ad mirable rcnorts and maps, as the "Weaver .Mountains," but which I find called on the j country side TIIK ANTKAOPK UAXOK. There Is a neak of that name, hence the J common title. The freight road from the I north is not the stage route, but goes west ' of Wickcnburg, following the valley of the Hassayainpa Crock and entering the stage road where the Hassayainpa debouches from the range to the northward. The Date Creek and Kirkland mountains lie to the west bold landmarks, and rich, without question, in mining possibilities. I UK OKAXITK UANOK, A bold, elevated and plcturcsqo mountain I formation makes the western boundary of the intervale or basin in which Prcscott t perches like an eagle s nest, and the plains thereof lying to the north of Fort Whipple, j j The Black Hills, a bold metalliferous range, hounds them in to the north ami east. Tho ! Rio Verde runs at the eastern and northern 1 base of this range. Above the Black Hills, the Rio erdc flows from itsource. There is (juito a cluster of ruins on the western side of these mountains. In fact, the whole country cast of Prcscott is marked with evi dence of ancient life. I don't propose at this point in my observations and travels to go into a dissertation on the subject, or to give consecutively the ideas I am disposed to entertain ns to the character of these an cient people or what relations THE PRESENT 1N0IAN TRIIIES 31 ay bear towads them. The viciuitj of Prescott otfers ample facilities for grazing! from Prcscott there is a good deposit; also purposes, l lie lull and mountain sides, tar up to the pine aud cedar belt, arc covered with tho bunch ras the native or black gramma. I lie sou is more moist man to nuor spar mere is a ueosit near Hantyviuo the south or north. It is arid and desolate purple, white and pink. Fire clay is in both directions to some extent. Khecp do better, I am told, in the vicinity ot the Hill Williams mountains, portions of the Kio Chiiiuito Colorado, the famous San Francisco mountains anil the vicinity of Mineral Park and the Ilualpai thuu in the immediate vicinity of Prcscott. Hereabout the cattle ranges arc good and ranches are oube plenty. Timber pine in plenty, ce dar and dwarf oak to some extent is found everywhere. This portion of Arizona and north of it will be the chief source of timber supply. But the MINERAL KESOCKCES Are without question its main dependence As I have not been able to give any fair op- Krtuuity to a personal examination of its claims, I am compelled to rely largely on tho larger experience ot thoic who are justly ... .1.1 . .5 . - .1. - 1 - I . 1 ...1 untitled to the rcganl as experts, and whose means of knowledge are more extended. Karlv on my arrival I was gratified by an - , introduction to Wl.NhI.OW J. HOWAItU, One of those rare enthusiasts as scientists and investigators, who arc seldom met with, but whom to meet is always to remember. Mr. Howard pursues his vocation as a jew eler, but I fear, for his worldly interests, that more of his time is given to scientific research and inquiry than to business. He is really a fine botanist and zoologist, and his archeological knowledge is not to be de- latiI(:lY with or Acadeinr of Sciences, and ot ' that a proposition to elect him a member I . ' " - I for which Harry Edwanls, its President, stands responsible is now pending. Let me suggest to the Academicians that in recog nizing Mr. Howard they honor themselves. i . u js Imtient untirjn, mo(lCst enthusi . to ,he core in all matters of , knowlctl thnl ore cIltinuallv extending i the uroa ;)f lnformution aml t.aaWinS Uj , formuI.ltc concuivClv tho great lawl , whieh mm , j m5l, , mJorc and Uie ,niister (;( M1ri)lln(1. ings and accidents. By Mr. Howard's cour twy I am enabled to give at this point some memoranda in relation to the mineralogy of Yavapai county. THE MINKUAIXHSY Of the vicinity of Prcscott is thus indicated by Mr. Howard: My immediate observations have been con fined principally to the immediate locality of the Sierra Prieta range, in Yavapai couuty, commencing ut Granite mountain on the north and extending to the Bradshaw district on the south. The ircneral direction of the mountain ranges, quartz veins and dykes trends from northwest to southeast. The country rocks are metamorphic slates, fclds patliic granite of various tints, veins of cpi dote and hornblend, quartzitcs and white quart2 stained with oxide of iron. These last are very prominent, of great length an width, but rarely curry any precious metals T hese veins are in most instances barely out cropping uiion the tops of the rounded hills but easily traced bv the float. Owinjr to the scarcity of rain the detrital matter remain covering the hillsides with suflicicnt soil to nourish a bountiful growth of nutritious grasses, scrub oaks, "eats claws, manza nita. and a great variety of shrubbery. In ; "mw " t notour, trap rwns am . i 1 r . - . i . . ! "'ctainorp hie slate dykes arc very pronnn cut. In the vu-initv ot the slate iormations the principal metal-bearing veins are to be found, the metal veins usually running paral lel, in a few instances oulv crossing at nearly right angles. Volcanic trap rock am: scoria lie scattered over the table lands or mesas, disintegrated, then washed awav leaving the rounded foothills with their primitive characters but slightly disturbed The alluvial detritus was washed into the rallcvs, impregnated with alkalinic salts anil vegetable matter, forming a dark, rich mold and producing splendid crops. fiOI.O HAS I1KKX KOUNll i in nearly cverv locality in tins county wncrc- ever diligent search has been made, both in veins and in bars and gulches. It is noticct that the lodes when hrstopcucd carry a good percentage of gold, but at a greater depth run into or carry a large per cem. oi silver. This is the common statement among our miners. The Hassayainpa and Lynx creek mint's have produced richly in gold, and ot a very fine quality. They arc now being worked with variable success depending upon the supply ot water. Gold is found with us in the granite, feldspathic, quartzosc, horn blendic, slate anil talcosc rocks, tree am intimately mixed with various sulphides, oltcn in beautiful crystals ot the octohedral form, especially from the Vulcan mine; wire gold from the Victorinc, Hercules and others; also, in scales and nuggets of respectable size. Silver occurs, native, in various lodes, in tangled wires; arborescent filaments and in nuggets; also, as horn silver, chloride, chlo ro-bromide. as sulphide associated with lead iron, antotnonv, zinc, etc. The celebrated Black Warrior has produced beautiful speci mens of wire silver; also, the Peck, Silver Prince, Tip-Top, bilver Flake, Ivit Carson, Lone Star, Little Tiger and others. The Sunnier lode produces a new combination of ore. The principal vein matter is micaceous iron, louideot silver, gold, sulphuictsoi iron and antimony. The name Arironite has been given to it bv Mr. IT.G. Hanks of San Fran cisco. I have discovered horn silver from the Peck lode in crystals, assuming the forms of the cube, and, with corners truncated, tc- trahcdral. dodecahedral and hexagonal, and in masses weighing several pounds, and ruby silver from the Little Tiger, Black Canyon tlistrtcr, ot neauutui coior. .uanv vaiuaoic I.OUKs OK COPPER UK FOUND,- Some of the ted oxides assaying as high as eighty per cent, some producing metallic copper in nuggets and in the ticntrntic form; also, malacmtc, blue antl green carbonates and ataeamito as a muriate, as silicate, also as sulphides and oxides. Gray copper is found m Black Warrior ami many other lodes. OTHER MKTAKS. Lead is found in abundance as a sulphide and carbonate rare as a sulphate; found in crystals in the Peck lode. Chromate and phosphate in beautiful crystals from the Lone Tree lode, as molybdate and wulfcnite, from the Accidental lode Lvnx Creek district, oxide and chloride of lead abundant in many lodes, and usually carrying silver, ami some times gold. Zinc, as "a sulphide, reddish, brownish red, white antl black. It is not k . . . a 1 very abunilant as an ore. -niiuionyis loumi as a sulphite diemiiintcd through most of the galena bearing vein. X'o zinc or quick silver ores have as yet been discovered. Iron is abundant as sulphide, carbonate, hema tite, chromate antl oxide. Manganese, as an oxide, is abundant, antl also as tnanganite. Rock salt can he tound m immense, deposits, massing near Verdi, and excellent for mill ing purposes. Xo complete analysis has been made, but I judge it fully eighty per cent chloride of sodium. Other alkaline soil deposits arc found in various localities, by utilizing which sullicicui can be obtained to supply our necessities. Gypsum is quite plenty in several localities. Abut two miles beds in other localities. Kaolin gypsum anil alabastar arc plenty near Walnut Grove. Limestone is plenty in various localities. Of abundant, and of good quality. Since the great Arizona diamond excite ment of four vcars ago, but little or no in terest has been taken, and no prospecting has been done in regard to THE Olf COVKUY OK PRECIOUS STONES. Yet I cannot believe from the geological formations but that very valuable stones will yet be brought to notice, perhaps by accident, because the formations here in cer tain sections present the same characteris tics, and are almost identical with those near Balini and Jlio Petanga in Brazil. Xearthe Peck miucjzirconia, in crystals, very minute, of the cube form and m masses, hae been tound. bulhcicnt vein matter has not beca found to determine any rich deposit of fine crystals. Black and green tourmalines, peridots, muiutiful gamets of every tint, 1 . , i x. " bloodstone, jaspers and agate of actcr, fire mid white opals are ft j tain localities. cverv cnar- found in ccr- THE PECK MINK, Located in the Peck district, at the present time is the mot prominent aud the best de veloped of any mine in this county, and i one of extraordinary interest, both" from its richness in silver and in the curious charac ter of its ores. The vein is a true fissure, very wide, partaking mostly of talcosc mat ter, stained with fernc-oxides, carlwnates and chlorides of lead and copper, richly impregnated with chloride anil hum silver, presenting a great variety of tints aad forms, deeply interesting and puzzling to miners and others. Ftom other sources I learn much additional to the data I hare given from 31 r. Howard's pcu. This region was the first, and is, so far, with the excep tion of the Pioneer and Globe districts anil the JlcCrackin mine, the only mining locali ty under California influences and mining skill. Prcscott was really the first town laid out by Americans, and dates to the organization of the Territory in 1SG3. In this section there is at the present time more mining activity, exc-pt as to the UI.OIIE AND PIONEER DISTRICTS Than exists elsewhere in the Territory. I am not thereby decrying the wonderful mineral resourcus of the Arivaca and Ccrro Colorado, the Patagonia region and espe cially the famous Solero and other mines ofthe SANTA RITA MOUNTAINS. There are eight or ten mills, from a two stamp one in the Walnut Grove district, to the large aud well equipped one known a the Vulture, near Wickcnburg, now not used, but which, it is reported, is soon to be set in motion again. What is wanted, not only here but in all Arizona, is reduc tion works, mills and furnaces. There is an abundance of good prospects, but when the ore requires to be shipped cast or west from 900 to 1,300 miles, it takes all tho nrotit from the pioneer. I find myself una ble to give, having occupied so much space, those details as to Prescott itself whicli arc in justice demanded. To close, then, let me say that there are, without doubt, pav ing claims ami mines now being worked in the Peck, Lynx, Tiger. Bradshnw, Weaver antl Pine Grove districts, which are the best so far found in this section. There is a good deal of talk ofthe Zalida mine, specimens of ore from which have been assayed here and found to be very rich. 3len have been set to work and the community generally is aglow with hope. 3lorc anon." R. J. H. LKTTKn l-KOM T. ,J. It UTLKK. I thought I realized the strength of sun shine with the thermometer above a hun dred in years past, but the late heated term in this Valley has upset all my former esti mates aud given me enlarged views on tho subject of white-heat. At this place and at Reading. ;JG miles north of here, I have en dured several days with the mercury indi cating from 104 to 10(5 under the scorching influence of a north wind. To-day the breeze is from the south, tempered with the influence of the sea, the thermometer has gone down to SO c , ami we are happy. For tunately for the farmers the crops were too far advanced before the heated term lwgan, to be injured by it. and the consequence is a fair yield of wheat antl barley. This town is probably the liveliest busi ness place in the State' in proportion to its population, which is owiug to several causes. One is fair crops, antl another, the fact that this is the headquarters ofthe great "Sierra Flume antl Lumber Co.' Here are the mouths of their long flumes, one of which is more than forty miles in length, bringing millions of feet of sugar-pinu lumber from the pineries in the mountains to their pla ning mills, sash factories, etc., here, from whence it is shipped by rail to all parts of the State. Here is the longest and best bridge in the State, which spans the Sacra mento river, ami is free for all, being built at county expense. This is the great wool market ofthe State. where buyers congregate to secure northern wool, which is free from burs and a better staple than that raised in the south; conse quently, wool raisers usually secure better lrices here than the same wool will bring- in San rrancisco. During my ten dars.' stay there has been a constant stream of wagons loaded with wool pouring into the depot, some of them coming all the way from Oregon. Xearly all the school girls in short dresses that I knew here a few years ago are. now married, and some of them are the mothers ot children, which seems very queer wncn the length ot time is considered m which such change has b00n wrought, but I suppose it is only the fnltlllnient of destiny. It such things must be. so mote it be. Red Blurt; CnL, June ir,, 1ST7. A correspondent of the San Fmuciaco Post, writing from Pima county, says of an old Aztec mine recently found by Tom Rod- lie, for many years a resident of this coun ty, aud others: THE VERIT.MII.K 7.TK( S, n davs long gone by sunk the shaft, and the only work done upon it so far has been the cleaning of it out, which work, I am assured, took less than two weeks. I tried some of the ore this morning ami found it very high grade. This vein was discovered by old Tom Roddick and .lames Britton, anil the owners are T. Roddick, Warner Buck. lames Britton and L.M. Jacobs vt Co. There :ire two locations on this lode called the Jo sephine and Emma. Apropos of the latter name "Old Tom" wishes it distinctly under- tooti inai u is no relation whatever of the notorious "Emma ' ot Utah; that his is & well-behaved, virtuous mine, with which neither American nor any "blarstcd'' English speculator has had improper dealings; that his price is not $.",,000,000, as one-fiftieth of that amount will satisfy him at nresnt. here are saitl to be ovor'thirty of these old mines near by the Emma. May they all prove as rich and profitable as "she secm likely to do.