L. XIY.-NO. 28.
PRESCOTT, ARIZONA, FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 29, 1877.
BHE ARIZONA 3I1XEH.
PUBLISHED EVERY r KID AY.
CHAS. "W. BEAOEE,
Ktlitor mill Peopriotor.
5Tlr!mimber of the WKKKLV MlNKK wa. iuedaa
V 9 1S61. ant) in thU. i: thirteenth er. it .-an,
A Mkf truth. olaim to be the oklet, and best ew(,per
tmv i erritorv.
,f))MCopv, One Year
H.IiJfc"' S.x. Month.
1' Three Month.
zail w eekly.-one year,
-AilvortiNim; J'ut-s. ,
iOlnrb f IS lutes uf thi.tyfeV in column. SXOOfnrtr
ttaftkm and $1 oil (v-r inch tor .rh mldtiional in-ern.m.
f AJIbera: .1 .-nint :rm ahme rate. hIH In- made to pr-
xrt ader!ie irc.-ly h the -ar, halt mi or
flrzufr-.toual and buiue curd. incrtel
JPerton tckd.ur; i money Jot nbeription. adt ertliiac
tsfjb work may forward it by aiail, or otlierwi.e, at
Xfat Tender .V;f' fV' per in jtaymtntjor tub
MriMtcn jtlrtrUnni) and fi trl.
917 TKIiMs. in aJrttnct imrmrimUy.
Alir.NTS I'Oi; Tllli MINIilt.
FKANUstO (.'HAS. Y. CltANK.
4Ai Montgomery tret.
YOKE. w. H. Fixms
301 North. Si.1 ..twet.
! W!KKxrn:r.; ..
ov:ii.r . .
PfMSXIV .... .
tfMT PlM MX .
J. II. riKMNtx ,
W. .M. IUwV
a. i:. iai
Oko. E Koui;
t". II. Vkii.
J. S. MaxkKm1
l'KKscorr post oki'ick.
UltVAI. AMI lUir AKTl'KE OK 1. S. MAILS.
FfMt Cal'forn'ta, Ea.tem State, and Southtfa Arizouii.
KVIlllV orHUH 1AY.
lilCiil.fjniia. r.nIrni Suites and Swtbra Ariwwn,
k;uv onir.u Kir.
KhTe C.'iintr. Mineral Tark. Orlwt. ami Hnrilv-flie.
lTea wceV'y on Sutruday 3 P.M. ami retHrBSoa t'ntUy.
JP (i-o a
Tttm Cam!' Verde, I.'ttle Cloralrt ntnl Nir Mextot
f Monday. Thurday awl Satr.lar.
Camj Venle. I.'t'le Chwad arl w Mex4ou,
Tuesdavi.. 1'riday aad Sundays,
To Walnut . ro e ami lradbaw, one a week.
Ofnortliouv71--i A..M.toHo''lwlt P.M.
Kaoey order Kice lnm 9 o"clx"k A. M. to .l o'clock r. l.
KcriitratHia -lu.e. at 3 P. M., Mail dux . r1..e at IA a. .
OKrehour n Sunday. SI 'oUk t lt'j o'clock a. l.
Kssioaei-orders iued r Jaid on Su-idav.
NT T. W. OTIS. V. M.
yrrjeott. Aj ril 3nd, 1S77.
OFFICI A L I) I II ECTO It V
Delegate Jo Conjro? Hiram S. teien.
VoTeranr John I'. Ilut.
Secretary.. J. J. Gui-rr.
Auditor A. C. ll-liet.
Tranter... I. K. Tnllr.
Sorvcyor-Oeneral J.i Mn.
apreaie Judges. lt I)it., Chief Ju.tUv Trench.
mf " 2d " l)rtFr.t lWtr.
m ' 3.1 " aA.Twed.
pCUik Sajteine Court Jo; h B Atutmi.
t"tt" )! Ii.Tr,.-f A,,.,n.i.- V. II. Pimur
United State. Marshal Y . A.Standilcr.
v..-- - - ............... . . . -
Dtruty Marhal Ut lit. Win. J. .!ira.
Jol!ertor Internni Heremie 1 u. l."orIi.
citf r t'. S. LandOfliee. I'revHttt... W. X. Ketlv.
m ' Klorece...Ii Kum-le.
rr'ntr " ' " " M. I Stile..
' " " " Presctttt Ueo. Lusot.
TAVArAi eoc.vTV orncuns.
rrobateJude Hatter II. Carrie.-.
JsaeriC. . . . . 1VI. V. lbMrer.
Cni'.er Sheriff lleo. K. Itnmn
Conotv Keoirder . .Wro. Vilker.n
County Treamrer.... K. J. l'H,k
Diftrtct Attorney I 'aw I WVber
Clerk Di.trict Court Win. Wilkeri.
I A. S. HaAe'l.
uprriorf .......... .......... . rtideon lln.ke.
H, -iv. , . nni!.
JUeei c! th Teace : II. II. Carttor, C. I". Cute awl
....J. K. Itumett anil Fmak Murrnr.
VJLl.AI.K ok rin-.-iCOTT.
K. .1. Cok.
i I.. .1. Alter. W. . Vit-on.
'" ) U. Alien and.Dan HaU.
tarhsl Irank Murray
'A!eiir. J- I - Meador.
PRESCOTT LODGE No. 1, K. of P.
Ilecular convention, tm Monday evenloir
each r.-ek.at MaMHiic Hall, .stfiier of Montr
surna and fJurtey rtr-el. Vi.itme la-rther. in
cHl .ianlmr are invited to atteml.
M. OOLfWATI.!!, S. O. ltAKKIt, C. C
K. of I., and .
IZTLAN LODGE No
177. F. & A. M
1'eeular ineetinc of this Ixiire on thela;t
Saturday of each month, at 7 o'clock 1'. M.
.s.iiournmr brethren are fratemallv Invited
M attend. A. S HASKEM.. W . M.
X. Krt.tv. Secretarv.
Kxaminc Commlttrc T.
S. IUTK, J. X. ItOtttN'Hl'UC
d T J. Ill Tt.LIJ.
h. 0. 0. F ARIZONA LODGE No. 1.
(. Ienlar Mcetmp. on f:rt and tliird Sat
rfBS3K.nrttavot'e.ehm'nh.at Maoiic Hall. Mem-K?H?rer..-f
taeOrler. in jrin.1 utandmir, nreiu-
vted'oa"'end 1". J. COOK, X.O.
M. T. Hru U- c-l nc sccrcta-r-
OINT OF ROCKS LIME KILNS,
, S. Clouirh, i'roprietor.
LlMK at wars hand in any quanf.e to unit the want
lpurc.haer. . H WEAVKU. Acentu
Jtontetuma Street, Precott mrttnyl
f C. LABAREE,
ft Tvonty-livo mile, from 1'loreiico.
riIM.T CLASS TA1H.K AND ACCOMMODATION
ar lrarelet. aim tHcmy oi n.ii.ii.i. vnv... i
:EU and HAY.
THE PARK BREWERY
AXl) TKLEtlRAPH SAI.OOX'.
iEVTN" & BEAUN, : PROPRIETORS,
MAIN STI'.r.l.T. TlXSON, AKIZOXA.
iKine firmuin I.tim-hc. 1 -e-rol.t Ijiper, licit LiUor
d Cipir. Ueailini; Htta,-hed.
V. J' IIOAVVI2iI?
rinl-cJaw Watchword, P ae Wa ekes a id 1 .n Jew
Grand Re-opening !
Having renovated "aid retltted tl.e "CIIAMPI" N" in
1rt r:. Myle. I take ideaoir in mforminc my friciHli
nd the j.uWic-enerally that 1 hae ope d out in the
ew acdeeiIel .luarter. with the liet iuaBtity ot
W I IV E S AND LIQUO R S,
VERY BEST BRANDS OF CIGARS.
V co.ysnit ctinrorlable t'luh Koom Attncheil
TO THE SALOON.
VltKV. Ariwsa. Juse 16. ltT7.
J. GOLD WATER & BRO.,
Cor. of Cortes aud Cooriiviu Sis.,
Have just received the Host Selected, Finest and most Complete Stock of
Clothing, Boots, Shoes and Slippers,
A T S
' J I Y GOODS
I articular attention is asked to articles in
be of the very best qualities,
laca Shawls, Velvet Clonk?.
Dress Silks. Linen Suits.
.uibbons, Velvets. .Ion. Kid Gloves,
Grenadines, Plaids, Mohairs,
Cachemires, lVrcales, Merinos,
Victoria Lawns, l'oplins, daconets.
Our Stock of Clothing,
HATS AND CAPS, AM) O'J'HKH ARTICLES FOR CEXTLKME.VS USE,
Is the most complete and lest selectod over received in the Village of Proscott, and
at Prices to Suit the Times. In addition to the articles here cnumerntpd, vo
keep a. complete stock of all other :uticle usually sold in a country store.
First Quality aud ilet Hraiitls
CVLllOIIVIV -VTS1 ARIZONA lLOTJJX,.
The Attention of Epicures is called to a fresh supply of
Cheese, Caviar, Dutch Herrings, Olives Sea Moss Farina,
MAPI.K ANL KOCK
BROMA, ISINGLASS SHELLED AND BITTER ALMONDS, BONELESS CODFISH,
Citron and Lemon Peel. Chutnce. Mu.-hrooius, Salmon Bellies and MaekcrcL
i5.COFFEE G-lLOTJ2srJD FRESH E"V-E3R."5T 3D AS".-ti.
V. V. IICAI). I'rrcott.
PRESCOTT Ay i) CAMP A'KRDE, A.T.,
Respectfully announce to the people of Northern Arizona that they now luive on hand,
and are constantly receivng the
LARGEST. BEST SELECTED AND CHEAPEST STOCK OF GENERAL MERCHANDISE
EVER OFFERED FOR SALE IX' THIS MARKET.
Por O-eiitlciiicii :
Xoi- "Wol -
X-Jot.el.s, Station lvcoptsrs
Ale and Porter. (jlasswaie.
Table Furniture, Wine;
F"oi 5Arep.vbo(l.v :
Flour, Corn Meal, Beans, Bacon, 1 lams. Lard. Cniincd bleats
Svrun. Surrnr. Ti, Coffee, Rice. Spices. Soap, Candles.
Cream Tartar, Vend Powders.
.Mattinir, Blankets, Mattresses, Ktc, htc.
LIBERAL PRICKS, L MKKCIIAXD1SH OB CURRENCY,
Gold Dust, Cold and Silver Bullion, Wool, Hides,
KHIU'llAXTAUM-: PKOMTTS OF THE CO I NT KY.
Prices at the Verde llou-e the Mine
PRESCOTT MEAT MARKET,
SOUTHEAST CORNER OF THE PLAZA..
"WE AltE NOW PUEPAKED TO FURNISH THE PKOPLE OK PRESCOTT AND VH 2IXITY V1TII
Bo of, PorK, Muttoja, ES-fco.
WHOLESALE AXD RETAIL, AT FAIR, LIVINXt PRKjES.
C. T;. KOGJEKS & CO.
Preicott, Arixtaa, Marcli 2 Js77.
KT ID C A. PS,
AND FANCY GOODS.
the following list, which buyers will find to
latest styles and iowejt price :
Ladies' Hats and Huts.
hilk Stnjo Lustres,
, . . . . ... " i
Ut every description.
fi. II HAD, Camp Vcnlc.
KKTAIL Di" U.KKS IN
3:0 u.oii5 :
Giant Powder Caps,
Butts and Screws. "Wall Paper,
White Lead, Paper Border,
Window Shades, Oil :uii3 'L'urpentine.
Cx - iovci.s s
:t ii cl Saloons :
and Fruits, Dried Fruit,
Soda. ; Starch, Salt,
Stoves, Carpets, Oil CIo ths,
as at Pix'scott, AVith additional freight
Ij A'WYE RS,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
Office South Montezuma Sr., Preacott.
ATTOiHSTEl'' AT LAW,
Mineral Park, Mohave County, Arizona.
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
Tucson, Pltnn County, Arizona.
OFFICE Me.ilU Mrret.
tLt.tL V. AKAVI IKANK M ( t hKI K. Ah IN ). HUl SkK.
ARAM, McCUSKER & BRUNER,
Attorne)!. and Counsettu at Law,
I'ttKhi-nn, Amzo.s v.
OiSea two doori twOtk u( t'.-urt 1 (.
i .1 eiH lira in all the Uvttrti
lACL .1. HOKluKT,
ATTORlSrE'Y' AT X.A"W,
I'HKSi'OTT. A. T.
Nnh .Me uf nlf In Strvt. nMr (Iraatte.
Seak I'teaeh awl SMlh ijOLtf.
u. .i. wadi:,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
OSk nith llnrfruT" A Monrna. CVtet itreet.
Will fuetie in alt OmH ut lb TerriKwr.
Will I'riu tlce In all Court, of tlic Territory.
OHire with the DiHtiri Attorney, OSJoe Hvc.
Attorney and (oiutselorat Law,
OK1MCK S.o'h Uleof 1'U.M.
Ili:..l A 31 1 X jUOKC AX,
ATTOHNEY AT LAW,
(OOi-' with J. IV Ilarcraie, Kmj. i
rioeorr, yavaiwi eorvrv. akixona.
Will rriit'tlct In nil Court, ot tin- Torrltory.
I articular attention Kivnt to Mitiint; Ijiu.
Hon. nicviKNrKi.ir. - - - Nan KruMeiro.
" it. r. MoititixiN. Juilue Ith Dim. rourt,
" Thomas rtitowN. CaslmT linukCnliforiiiu.
im l wi:hi:u.
Attorney anil Counselor at Law,
.1. P. HAIlC.KAVi:,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
OrnrL Katideof the l'laia.
3II:KAT 31 AST I? It SOX.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Office Row, Prcscott.
r.i w. wr.ttf
ATTORNEYS AT LA"W,
Prescott, Yavnpnt County. Arizona
Will trktly attend. taHcinf iHi.ioeM etrHted tothem
iUMe.ralCourtf KemllnthTerrltry. AWtnwt
at IlXIrt in .Mining IRimi nwi ivnun ac-uiiri ,'irjwrM.
Pnnnjit atteBtlon iriren to cmleetHMim.
ii. x. a li:xaxi)i:ij.
ATTOK".vTE "2- AT 3LA"W
Yuma, Arizona Territory.
Will ractice in all the Court of the Territory.
A. .1. Till HOW). 31. A.. 31. D.
V, ;V' ""; Cnada. l-.M.
M. I)., lnnitv I niverit 1
M. K. C. Phy. and Sure.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
OlHi T. AM Kl -U'KNi r Jewell Umldlnc. eat of An-
der. A; lliivrc'. .tore.
DIL WAKKliX 12. DA V.
SURGEON AND PHYSICIAN.
Om n M.inteiuraa Street above OtKolwin, Pres.tl.
Can te con.ulted at hi Olll-e at ull hour.: Uec'JO.
CriYSICIjVr jVNjd stulc&JtiUrs,
East side of Mouteznma St. bet. Gtirley &
Willis, 3 doors north of Head & Co. a
1)11. (). LIXCOLX.
-Xo. '2, Oflicc ltow, Cortex
j:. thkili:, 31.
Physician, Surgeon and Accoucheur
PKKSCOTT. A. T.
I (ffice and resideno ou Muntezuma Street, oi'jnwite
Mix Kit Oflice.
irpPriTate entranco to consultation
riwmr, from the
No. 230 Kearny St ,
Pre.cott. March -, 1ST,
LKOX CO 11 1) 1 1211,
Bulh House, .Shaving Saloon
Kat side of Plain. febl'3 ly
w. c. GAititirr,
Residence Next to C. W. Beach's.
II. II. CAKTTBK,
Proliate.iudge, .lust ice of Hie Pence j
And Conveyancer. County Building
jay is. ki:lli:y,
Preacott, Arizona Territory-
HLAKi: S. CO.,
fJoM Dut. (Jold anil Silver Ilulll'.n and Ore. of every
Uvription melted and aiyed. All aay. u uaraiiteed.
OlTICF In building formerly occupied by A. A. X. M.
Kxvre. Co., Preoott.
j:. .i. hi:xxitt, c. i;..
Deputy lT. S. Mineral Surveyor
County Surveyor of Yavajial Comity.
All Vlndii of civil engineering and urvcyinc promptly
I attended to. OlHce North ut' the Court lloiue, on Cor-
OIX). 31. WATEKS,
Millwright ami Contractor,
PRESCOTT, A. T.
J. GOLDWATJ5K & IHtO.,
Forwarding and Commission Merchants,
Ehrenberg. Arizona Territory.
0 doof orth of Kelly .t Stephea.
ON TIIK OUTSIDK.
A Thriving Aiurrlrntt Tovwi nmt It Stir
nuiiilnK. Prr.rott Mint Wlittt It Look
l.lko Ancient lluln Mllir ulitt Proba-lilllllc.-Ktc.
(Crtearudenee to the Kan rrnc(ri Iutt
PiiHscorr, Arizona Jlay 23th. Hecently
a traveler who urrived here bv stajje was
overheard to say, as he alighted in tlio at
tractive jilaceof this jiretty town, and looked
around approvingly; Mell, I tlo hojie I
fchall like Ircott now I've got here, for I
Hon t want to go Imek over the roads I came."
I could have almost declared that "them's
my sentiments," the morning I arrived in
(.'.U'lTAl. OK AWZONA.
And looking around I did approve. This
feeling of jileasurc was doubly enhanced by
the anpearauce on the sidewalk of a friend's
pleasant face, lighted by a greeting smile.
It was made more plcataut still bv the an-
' nuuiieement that nice quarters, a warm bath.
hu fuiier r rncrri so agrroaoic to (lie liretl
andwny-woru traveler, were all ready for
me. Ni 1 quickly made myselt presentable
I ami then went with friends to refresh the
j inm-r man. 1 assure you it needed refresh
I mg, very smlly. I he rule Irom lckcn-
uurjj, iiiougii oiuy ui nines in icugiu, i
found to be as exhausting as the entire 500
miles I had previouslvdone. Thanks to the
many kindly references made In the press of
Southern Arizona to the Post as well as to
j myHflf, and the flattering kindness of per
sona! friends at this oint, I found a warm
, welcome and was at once made to feel at
home. Prcscott is really
A HOMI'.MKK ruci-
would be considered so anywhere, and
fftfiilta f ptlit flu loirriio iiiiiiAittalina tt
atlolnj houses and the wild but picturesque
uaste of arid dui-ert ami mountain, the
change to this fair American town, which
cotihtJintlv recalls some Aew hnglantl or I
.M.m.rri, .otK ,,, ge tnuiKtng i ho ,v
XV.-.I. V- "- I. ..II, f... .
(.-rgernciivuv urn. t.suai, is quae reireMi -
n.g. . am .et oy ute asci oi inc piacc to
I montluf n little on climatic influences as
applictl to home, its ( creation and surround-
; uig.. A ha soever else inaj have said, or
..hall bereaf er say about .Southern Arizona
1 tan hanllv y with truthfulness that I
i aw a score of houses or places that looked
! like home living or that led up to it refin
ing influences. Climate requires one either
, to live in or out of doors. Here in Procott,
with high altitude, cool, even raw, chill
i evenings, its sub-alpine flora, and the other
indications of a decidedly tcmpcnitc region,
one inu-t really live in doors. In Tucson
' the reverse is almo-t true. There arc no
I adobes here. I have seen a few log dwell
. ings reminiscences of earlier days, but the
I large majority of buildings are" of frame,
j -ome business places being of brick, with a
few residences also. Really, antl without
flattery of any kind, Prescott is a very at
: tractive town. It is ituated in a small val
ley or basin, Mirronndcd on all sides by
I more or less elevated mountain ranges. It
! is a decidedly picturesque location, but of
' that I -hall write further on. The center of
i the town is a large plaza, now bare, but
, which N to be occupied at no distant day by
! county buildings, for which .$00,000 has ab
, ready been voted.
j YAVAPAI COl'NTV,
' Of which PrCsCOtt IS tllC COUlltV SCilt, i-, it
,, 1p rflini'tnhori'il. not nnlv tlir l:ir"ist
in area, but the best populated of the five
i into which the Territory is now divided. It '
.laiiiis. I believe, about l.TOlld inhabitants.
though in the reeent fat.ital disnnte. this
, wa :isertetl to oe greatly cxaggcratcil. I he
! county runs clear across the Territory from
; the Rio Colorado to the western line of
X'ew Mexico. Within its borders are some
1 of the lx.-t of Arizona settlements as well a
1 Mime notable evidences of a prehistoric life.
I It takes in some of the most noted topo
; graphical features of this remarkab'e Tcr
i ritory. After leaving Wickcnburg, which
' is on the northern line of Maricopa county,
' the traveler begins to ascend the mountain
, range and pass through the elevated valleys
which lonu uie westerly iremi oi inc
C.llUVT COIX)U.I)0 PLATKAV.
tornicr letter i rclerrctt to a rain i
belt which passctl across the Santa Rita
1 mountains, making them aud the Santa
I'ruz valley the garden spot, is to be pasto-
i ml, agricultural and climatic, as well as, to
i mv tinuKing,
also, resources of thb
, remarkable Territory. This rain belt moves
! from this point at which it enters Sononi,
I on the Gulf of California, in a north by
! west direction until it strikes the Mogollon
mountain mesa or plateau, it there breaks
j a portion deflecting south, and the rcmain
' der of the current moving west by north
along the region which is embraced in the
! Rio Verde and Agua Fria valleys, until it
touches the Prescott plains, on which its
! force is wholly spent. The county of Ya-
I v'd takes in, among other topographical
features, the upper portion ot the .Mogollon
mesa, at the base of which lies the present
home of the Apache, now on the San Carlos
reservation. The Rio Verde passes through
east and south of Prcscott, making the op
portunities for settlements, of which there
are a number. So, also, the Agua Fria
creek. Camp Verde, u lending military
post, lies about l miles east of Prescott
and Fot Whipple. A short distance to
the northeast of Camp Verde are the lamou
And the ancient ruins adjoining them. The
Colorado plateau proper impinges its prongs
into the northerly and easterly portions of
the country, which on the west and to the
south is broken up Iry smaller ranges and
peaks rising to and uniting with that stu
pendous primary and pivotal formation.
Close around Prescott the stage road, com
ing from the south, follows up what is des
iirnated bv Lieutenant Wheeler, in his ad
mirable rcnorts and maps, as the "Weaver
.Mountains," but which I find called on the
j country side
TIIK ANTKAOPK UAXOK.
There Is a neak of that name, hence the
J common title. The freight road from the
I north is not the stage route, but goes west
' of Wickcnburg, following the valley of the
Hassayainpa Crock and entering the stage
road where the Hassayainpa debouches
from the range to the northward. The Date
Creek and Kirkland mountains lie to the
west bold landmarks, and rich, without
question, in mining possibilities.
I UK OKAXITK UANOK,
A bold, elevated and plcturcsqo mountain I
formation makes the western boundary of
the intervale or basin in which Prcscott
t perches like an eagle s nest, and the plains
thereof lying to the north of Fort Whipple, j
j The Black Hills, a bold metalliferous range,
hounds them in to the north ami east. Tho
! Rio Verde runs at the eastern and northern
1 base of this range. Above the Black Hills,
the Rio erdc flows from itsource. There
is (juito a cluster of ruins on the western
side of these mountains. In fact, the whole
country cast of Prcscott is marked with evi
dence of ancient life. I don't propose at
this point in my observations and travels to
go into a dissertation on the subject, or to
give consecutively the ideas I am disposed
to entertain ns to the character of these an
cient people or what relations
THE PRESENT 1N0IAN TRIIIES
31 ay bear towads them. The viciuitj of
Prescott otfers ample facilities for grazing! from Prcscott there is a good deposit; also
purposes, l lie lull and mountain sides, tar
up to the pine aud cedar belt, arc covered
with tho bunch ras the native or black
gramma. I lie sou is more moist man to nuor spar mere is a ueosit near Hantyviuo
the south or north. It is arid and desolate purple, white and pink. Fire clay is
in both directions to some extent. Khecp
do better, I am told, in the vicinity ot the
Hill Williams mountains, portions of the
Kio Chiiiuito Colorado, the famous San
Francisco mountains anil the vicinity of
Mineral Park and the Ilualpai thuu in the
immediate vicinity of Prcscott. Hereabout
the cattle ranges arc good and ranches are
oube plenty. Timber pine in plenty, ce
dar and dwarf oak to some extent is found
everywhere. This portion of Arizona and
north of it will be the chief source of timber
supply. But the
Are without question its main dependence
As I have not been able to give any fair op-
Krtuuity to a personal examination of its
claims, I am compelled to rely largely on
tho larger experience ot thoic who are justly
... .1.1 . .5 . - .1. - 1 - I . 1 ...1
untitled to the rcganl as experts, and whose
means of knowledge are more extended.
Karlv on my arrival I was gratified by an
- , introduction to
Wl.NhI.OW J. HOWAItU,
One of those rare enthusiasts as scientists
and investigators, who arc seldom met with,
but whom to meet is always to remember.
Mr. Howard pursues his vocation as a jew
eler, but I fear, for his worldly interests,
that more of his time is given to scientific
research and inquiry than to business. He
is really a fine botanist and zoologist, and
his archeological knowledge is not to be de-
latiI(:lY with or Acadeinr of Sciences, and
ot ' that a proposition to elect him a member
I . ' " - I
for which Harry Edwanls, its President,
stands responsible is now pending. Let me
suggest to the Academicians that in recog
nizing Mr. Howard they honor themselves.
u js Imtient untirjn, mo(lCst enthusi
. to ,he core in all matters of
, knowlctl thnl ore cIltinuallv extending
i the uroa ;)f lnformution aml t.aaWinS
Uj , formuI.ltc concuivClv tho great lawl
, whieh mm , j m5l,
, mJorc and Uie ,niister (;( M1ri)lln(1.
ings and accidents. By Mr. Howard's cour
twy I am enabled to give at this point some
memoranda in relation to the mineralogy of
Of the vicinity of Prcscott is thus indicated
by Mr. Howard:
My immediate observations have been con
fined principally to the immediate locality
of the Sierra Prieta range, in Yavapai couuty,
commencing ut Granite mountain on the
north and extending to the Bradshaw district
on the south. The ircneral direction of the
mountain ranges, quartz veins and dykes
trends from northwest to southeast. The
country rocks are metamorphic slates, fclds
patliic granite of various tints, veins of cpi
dote and hornblend, quartzitcs and white
quart2 stained with oxide of iron. These
last are very prominent, of great length an
width, but rarely curry any precious metals
T hese veins are in most instances barely out
cropping uiion the tops of the rounded hills
but easily traced bv the float. Owinjr to the
scarcity of rain the detrital matter remain
covering the hillsides with suflicicnt soil to
nourish a bountiful growth of nutritious
grasses, scrub oaks, "eats claws, manza
nita. and a great variety of shrubbery. In
; "mw " t notour, trap rwns am
. i 1 r . - . i . .
! "'ctainorp hie slate dykes arc very pronnn
cut. In the vu-initv ot the slate iormations
the principal metal-bearing veins are to be
found, the metal veins usually running paral
lel, in a few instances oulv crossing at
nearly right angles. Volcanic trap rock am:
scoria lie scattered over the table lands or
mesas, disintegrated, then washed awav
leaving the rounded foothills with their
primitive characters but slightly disturbed
The alluvial detritus was washed into the
rallcvs, impregnated with alkalinic salts anil
vegetable matter, forming a dark, rich mold
and producing splendid crops.
fiOI.O HAS I1KKX KOUNll
i in nearly cverv locality in tins county wncrc-
ever diligent search has been made, both in
veins and in bars and gulches. It is noticct
that the lodes when hrstopcucd carry a good
percentage of gold, but at a greater depth
run into or carry a large per cem. oi silver.
This is the common statement among our
miners. The Hassayainpa and Lynx creek
mint's have produced richly in gold, and ot
a very fine quality. They arc now being
worked with variable success depending
upon the supply ot water. Gold is found
with us in the granite, feldspathic, quartzosc,
horn blendic, slate anil talcosc rocks, tree am
intimately mixed with various sulphides,
oltcn in beautiful crystals ot the octohedral
form, especially from the Vulcan mine; wire
gold from the Victorinc, Hercules and others;
also, in scales and nuggets of respectable
Silver occurs, native, in various lodes, in
tangled wires; arborescent filaments and in
nuggets; also, as horn silver, chloride, chlo
ro-bromide. as sulphide associated with lead
iron, antotnonv, zinc, etc. The celebrated
Black Warrior has produced beautiful speci
mens of wire silver; also, the Peck, Silver
Prince, Tip-Top, bilver Flake, Ivit Carson,
Lone Star, Little Tiger and others. The
Sunnier lode produces a new combination of
ore. The principal vein matter is micaceous
iron, louideot silver, gold, sulphuictsoi iron
and antimony. The name Arironite has been
given to it bv Mr. IT.G. Hanks of San Fran
cisco. I have discovered horn silver from
the Peck lode in crystals, assuming the forms
of the cube, and, with corners truncated, tc-
trahcdral. dodecahedral and hexagonal, and
in masses weighing several pounds, and ruby
silver from the Little Tiger, Black Canyon
tlistrtcr, ot neauutui coior. .uanv vaiuaoic
I.OUKs OK COPPER UK FOUND,-
Some of the ted oxides assaying as high as
eighty per cent, some producing metallic
copper in nuggets and in the ticntrntic form;
also, malacmtc, blue antl green carbonates
and ataeamito as a muriate, as silicate, also
as sulphides and oxides. Gray copper is
found m Black Warrior ami many other lodes.
Lead is found in abundance as a sulphide
and carbonate rare as a sulphate; found in
crystals in the Peck lode. Chromate and
phosphate in beautiful crystals from the
Lone Tree lode, as molybdate and wulfcnite,
from the Accidental lode Lvnx Creek district,
oxide and chloride of lead abundant in many
lodes, and usually carrying silver, ami some
times gold. Zinc, as "a sulphide, reddish,
brownish red, white antl black. It is not
k . . . a 1
very abunilant as an ore. -niiuionyis loumi
as a sulphite diemiiintcd through most of
the galena bearing vein. X'o zinc or quick
silver ores have as yet been discovered. Iron
is abundant as sulphide, carbonate, hema
tite, chromate antl oxide. Manganese, as an
oxide, is abundant, antl also as tnanganite.
Rock salt can he tound m immense, deposits,
massing near Verdi, and excellent for mill
ing purposes. Xo complete analysis has
been made, but I judge it fully eighty per
cent chloride of sodium. Other alkaline
soil deposits arc found in various localities,
by utilizing which sullicicui can be obtained
to supply our necessities. Gypsum is quite
plenty in several localities. Abut two miles
beds in other localities. Kaolin gypsum anil
alabastar arc plenty near Walnut Grove.
Limestone is plenty in various localities. Of
abundant, and of good quality.
Since the great Arizona diamond excite
ment of four vcars ago, but little or no in
terest has been taken, and no prospecting
has been done in regard to
THE Olf COVKUY OK PRECIOUS STONES.
Yet I cannot believe from the geological
formations but that very valuable stones
will yet be brought to notice, perhaps by
accident, because the formations here in cer
tain sections present the same characteris
tics, and are almost identical with those near
Balini and Jlio Petanga in Brazil. Xearthe
Peck miucjzirconia, in crystals, very minute,
of the cube form and m masses, hae been
tound. bulhcicnt vein matter has not beca
found to determine any rich deposit of fine
crystals. Black and green tourmalines,
peridots, muiutiful gamets of every tint,
1 . , i x. "
bloodstone, jaspers and agate of
actcr, fire mid white opals are ft
j tain localities.
found in ccr-
THE PECK MINK,
Located in the Peck district, at the present
time is the mot prominent aud the best de
veloped of any mine in this county, and i
one of extraordinary interest, both" from its
richness in silver and in the curious charac
ter of its ores. The vein is a true fissure,
very wide, partaking mostly of talcosc mat
ter, stained with fernc-oxides, carlwnates
and chlorides of lead and copper, richly
impregnated with chloride anil hum silver,
presenting a great variety of tints aad
forms, deeply interesting and puzzling to
miners and others. Ftom other sources I
learn much additional to the data I hare
given from 31 r. Howard's pcu. This region
was the first, and is, so far, with the excep
tion of the Pioneer and Globe districts anil
the JlcCrackin mine, the only mining locali
ty under California influences and mining
skill. Prcscott was really the first town
laid out by Americans, and dates to the
the Territory in 1SG3. In
this section there
is at the present time
more mining activity, exc-pt as to the
UI.OIIE AND PIONEER DISTRICTS
Than exists elsewhere in the Territory. I
am not thereby decrying the wonderful
mineral resourcus of the Arivaca and Ccrro
Colorado, the Patagonia region and espe
cially the famous Solero and other mines
SANTA RITA MOUNTAINS.
There are eight or ten mills, from a two
stamp one in the Walnut Grove district, to
the large aud well equipped one known a
the Vulture, near Wickcnburg, now not
used, but which, it is reported, is soon to
be set in motion again. What is wanted,
not only here but in all Arizona, is reduc
tion works, mills and furnaces. There is
an abundance of good prospects, but when
the ore requires to be shipped cast or west
from 900 to 1,300 miles, it takes all tho
nrotit from the pioneer. I find myself una
ble to give, having occupied so much space,
those details as to Prescott itself whicli arc
in justice demanded. To close, then, let
me say that there are, without doubt, pav
ing claims ami mines now being worked in
the Peck, Lynx, Tiger. Bradshnw, Weaver
antl Pine Grove districts, which are the best
so far found in this section. There is a good
deal of talk ofthe Zalida mine, specimens
of ore from which have been assayed here
and found to be very rich. 3len have been
set to work and the community generally is
aglow with hope. 3lorc anon." R. J. H.
LKTTKn l-KOM T. ,J. It UTLKK.
I thought I realized the strength of sun
shine with the thermometer above a hun
dred in years past, but the late heated term
in this Valley has upset all my former esti
mates aud given me enlarged views on tho
subject of white-heat. At this place and at
Reading. ;JG miles north of here, I have en
dured several days with the mercury indi
cating from 104 to 10(5 under the scorching
influence of a north wind. To-day the
breeze is from the south, tempered with the
influence of the sea, the thermometer has
gone down to SO c , ami we are happy. For
tunately for the farmers the crops were too
far advanced before the heated term lwgan,
to be injured by it. and the consequence is
a fair yield of wheat antl barley.
This town is probably the liveliest busi
ness place in the State' in proportion to its
population, which is owiug to several causes.
One is fair crops, antl another, the fact that
this is the headquarters ofthe great "Sierra
Flume antl Lumber Co.' Here are the
mouths of their long flumes, one of which
is more than forty miles in length, bringing
millions of feet of sugar-pinu lumber from
the pineries in the mountains to their pla
ning mills, sash factories, etc., here, from
whence it is shipped by rail to all parts of
the State. Here is the longest and best
bridge in the State, which spans the Sacra
mento river, ami is free for all, being built
at county expense.
This is the great wool market ofthe State.
where buyers congregate to secure northern
wool, which is free from burs and a better
staple than that raised in the south; conse
quently, wool raisers usually secure better
lrices here than the same wool will bring-
in San rrancisco. During my ten dars.'
stay there has been a constant stream of
wagons loaded with wool pouring into the
depot, some of them coming all the way
Xearly all the school girls in short
dresses that I knew here a few years ago
are. now married, and some of them are the
mothers ot children, which seems very queer
wncn the length ot time is considered m
which such change has b00n wrought, but I
suppose it is only the fnltlllnient of destiny.
It such things must be. so mote it be.
Red Blurt; CnL, June ir,, 1ST7.
A correspondent of the San Fmuciaco
Post, writing from Pima county, says of an
old Aztec mine recently found by Tom Rod-
lie, for many years a resident of this coun
ty, aud others:
THE VERIT.MII.K 7.TK( S,
n davs long gone by sunk the shaft, and
the only work done upon it so far has been
the cleaning of it out, which work, I am
assured, took less than two weeks. I tried
some of the ore this morning ami found it
very high grade. This vein was discovered
by old Tom Roddick and .lames Britton, anil
the owners are T. Roddick, Warner Buck.
lames Britton and L.M. Jacobs vt Co. There
:ire two locations on this lode called the Jo
sephine and Emma. Apropos of the latter
name "Old Tom" wishes it distinctly under-
tooti inai u is no relation whatever of the
notorious "Emma ' ot Utah; that his is &
well-behaved, virtuous mine, with which
neither American nor any "blarstcd'' English
speculator has had improper dealings; that
his price is not $.",,000,000, as one-fiftieth of
that amount will satisfy him at nresnt.
here are saitl to be ovor'thirty of these old
mines near by the Emma. May they all
prove as rich and profitable as "she secm
likely to do.
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