Newspaper Page Text
PUESCOTT, ARIZONA, TIIUESDAY FMM, DECEMBER 31, IS'74,
ToL XI.Xo. 51.
$ttii.tf if it
THE ARIZONA MINER.
PUBLISHED DAILY AND WEEKLY,
Prescott, Yavapai County, Arizona,
.T-ojiac :n" ti. r.AEio :sr.
On Triilay, the WEEKLY Misnit.contaWnjrJflPtrraptilo
new to the hour of coins to wHIle furnished ifll
Daily futwcrllxT without extra cbnrffn.
AnVEBTIFIvn HATES. In either tlm Daily or Weekly :
One ineh f 12 Une of th!. tvpe). In column. 300 far firft
insertion anl 61-50 it inch for each additional lnertion.
A lilxra! dtioonnt from nlove rates will be marie to por
tion who adverttno largely by the year, half year or
IWfnlonat nnd Inwrw card Inserted upon rcasona
Person sending n mnnr for Milweription. nilrerllrttiff
nrlornvorfc. truly fomard ' it liy sarft, or -otherwi'e, at
hcirownrik. . ', "
THE WEEICTiY MliVEll.
The ffmt nnmlvr of the WfxklY MiSRR was inedon
Jfarrh 9. IfWf. and In tliU. it eleventh year. U can.
ih truth, claim to he th! oldwit, laret and best uew
jntperin tho Territory.
One Copy, One Year
" " Fix Month
" Three MontU"i
L'rol Tcrni'r .Veto falttn at par in payment for ul
tcription, nitirrtising amljnh tenrfc.
TnEMS-7rt adrancf near (ally.
Tun Daily Amzaxa Mixnrt n-m RtarfcdDceernVr It,
1?73, Immr-dfately atVrtlie viiB-iWm f Arii-ma's fir-t
telef nilli Hhp: ! jnb!UriI oo the eretflnrr f Jlon'lay.
TueoJav, Wlnedny. TLurav nud Snturday. of eaeli
Vk, and vTl always ronin Till: UUKKT. r.-T AM
wort HKl.IAii.LR xr.ir'i that ran lie procured by Tclepra j'h,
JLil, Exj)re ami nil other fir Mtenu.
One Copr, On Voar. by rnnll.......
" ' KltMoBthi. "
" " Three Month '
" One Wcffc. delivered by earriT,
Snbieribers erve.l by tho mirrrirr will Ik' ren'red to
nmVe pajtnent nt the ernl of each week. All other rates
mnt he iaid in advntiee. inrarinldy.
Addrew nil orden and letter to
"THE M1HER." PrMCO'.t, Arisosa.
The InVo (Cn!.) IadepcrVlent says that
"tlayligltt is n bn:uWngf" for that section.
Wc are glatl to hear it.
Heavy Poukbrs. A recent letter from
East Phoonix, Maricopa county, informs us
that Wni, Ti. Jlcllings & Co. had recently
hilled a great many hog? which weighed
from 400 to 4G1 pounds and had Fomu few
500 lb. fellows to kill. Not bad hoga for
Two would-be assassins, 6f Denver, Colo
rado, were caught, roccntly, spyinjc around
the house of Stanley G. Fowler, editor of
the Mirror, for the purpose, it was supposed,
of Jissassinnting that gentleman.
Judge J. M. Murphy, formerly of Mohave
UJtur,iTrthfs'i'i;rntnry, was recently elected
recorder of that1 district by a large tnnjorit)',
which satisfies us that tbe Panaminters have
a proper appreciation of the Judge's ability,
honesty and integrity. Yet, we are informed
that 'judge Murphy will soon be back in
Ubgistiiy Act. A citizen of Mohave
county has forwarded us some timely re
marks on what wo all desire, namoly: A
Registry Act. His remarks strike us as be
ing correct ; so we shall endeavor, soon, to
give them to our readers.
O.VKiA?n TitASSCwi'T This California
paper has come to us for an exchange, which
we willingly make. Tue number beforo us
thanks Mr Itobcrt Meacham. formerly of
Prescott, 'for soveral copies of the Miner,
from which the Transcript copies, liberally.
AVc wish all xVrizonans who are now out of
Territory, would do as Mr Meacham is and
has bcen.doinjr. heliinr to spread informa
tion concerning the climate and resources of
The people of Southern California, Arizo
na, New Mexico, Ivansas and Western Texas
ought to make a lsng pull and a strong pull
for daily mail service on tbe 35th Pntallel
route. A good line of stages between Santa
Fe i"-i some point in California would be an
Our Next Delkcatb as a Jtrvmax. A
recent letter from Tucson informs us that II.
S. Stevens, Arizona's next Delegate to Con
gress, had just passed two day
sitting as a juror.
and nigh ts
' Having, heretofore, called the attention of
members elect of the Legilature to some
"pint." smd measures they ought to look
into ami enact into laws, nothing more,
"worthy of our attention" has occurred, save
that a law to protect game from wholesale
slaughter would be appreciated by the game
and by all people who are afraid that hunt
ing, as a noble art, will soon boat a low ebb,
ns there may be no deer, elk, stntelojie, tur
keys, etc. to kill.
We are, however, in favor of extermina
ting such preying scoundrels as coyotes,
hawks, gophers, etc., and beg the Lcgisla
iurc to do something that wilfencourage our
people to murder the aforementioned pests.
'Semi-Tropical CAi.ironsi.," by Major
Ben. C. Truman, editor of the Daily Star,
Los Angeles, California, is one of those
books one never tires of rending. " Wc know
not to whom we are indebted for our copy,
but presume the gallant Major seat it. The
book, as its title indicates, is devoted to that
portion of California which so richly merits
the appellation, "semi-tropical." It was pub
hsbed by A. L. Bancroft & Co., San Fran
cisco, a firm that is not a whit behind lead
ing Eastern publishing firms.
Wc bope tho good people of Los Angeles,'
jii Bernardino, San Diego and the other
Eomi-tropical counties of California will give
the work a wide circulation.
Whcn an Arkansas judge ascends the
bench tbo first thing he docs is to feel under
the desk for the whisky bottle, and if the
tipstaff has forgotten to have it filled,- legal
proceedings that day don't amount to much.
I3peci2l to the Miner by U. S. Military and "W. U. Liass.
Foreign and Domestic.
Washington, Dec. 2-1 Congress has ad
journed until Jan. 5.
A careful canvass of tho Finance Commit
tee of the Senate and House of Representa
tives t-how that a bill, restoring the duty on
tea and coffee, will be passed, and that con
sequently there will be no necessity for the
proposed increase of tax on whisky.
,San Diego, Dec. 2G. It commenced show
ering last night, and continued at intervals
through the night, and this morning very
hcavv clouds with strong wind.
XJw York, Dec. 24 Whitelaw Rcid for.
warded this evening, by telegraph, to ex
Gov. Saunders, Omaha, Neb., and Gov. Os
borne, Toiieka, Kan., $43,000, being amount
of the Tribune dollar sunscnpiion ior renei
of Kansas and Nebraska sufferers.
"Washington, Dec. 24. Senator "West will
onnose the confirmation of Pardee for Judge,
vice Durell. Michigan advices still look had i
for Chandler's re-election. Samuel Bowles
writes that tho Democrats are so missing
their opportunity and shirking their respon
sibility as to open wide the door for Repub
lican re-organization and restoration.
New Orleans, Dec. 24. Tho returning
board reports representatives up to date: Re
publicans 54; Democrats 52.
New York, Dec. 24. Rate of tax here for
the coming year is likely to be o per cent.,
against 2 per cent, in lb73.
Salem, Oregon, Dec. 21 A fire to-night
on Commercial street destroyed a furniture
manufactory and communicated to a black
smith shop adjoininsr.
New York, Dec. 20. King Kalakana had
a reception at tho Windsor House to-day.
The board of trade presented to the King an
address stating that they view with great in
terest the announcement of the pending ne
gotiations for a treaty of reciprocity between
the United States and Sandwich Islands.
Tho King will reply in a few days.
New Orleans, Dec. 2G. A fight took place
yesterday between ex-Gov. A armouth and
IJverely, the manager of the Bulletin, in
which the latter was dangerously stabbed
"San Francisco, Dee. 20. Christmas day
was pleasant and the festivities of the season
Gold in New York lllf; Greenbacks in j
San Francisco &V and 90.
Washington, Dec. 2h'. It is believed here
that Gen. Sheridan has been ordered to New
Orleans, in anticipation of further trouble
on the convening of the Louisiana Legisla
ture, which takes place January fourth.
Richard R. Irwin's backwardness in giv
ing his testimony before the Ways and
Means Committee- is gaining many friends
for the Pacific Mail Company.
New York, Dec. 2S. Christmas has inter
rupted the regular current of business, and
everything but dealing in presents has been
quiet for some days. The year's business is
loMtig up nicely, and the outlook in New
York is decidedly hopeful, as the feeling is
general that the tide of business ailairs has
Gerritt Smith, t.he eminent philanthropist,
died to-day at noon, from a combined attack
of appoplexy and paralysis.
London, Dec. 23. The emigrant ship Cos
patuek has been burned at tea. Four hun
dred and sixty-live lives were lost.
San Francisco. Dec. 23. Mining stocks
are hi 'her than ever to-day, and the excitc-
meat is intense. Consolidated Virginia ad
vanced to 600 per share, and Sierra Nevada
to 28 per share.
Sacramento, Dec. 2S. The San Diego Ly
ceum of Natural Science was incorporated,
The Sacramento Union was bid off to Paul
Morrill, for 05,000. There will be no
change in its management.
San Francisco. Dec. 28 Gold in New
York, 112. Greenbacks m San Francisco,
Pittsburg, Dec. 2o. L-irc, last nignt, on
Fonith avenue destroyed property to the
value of about 25,000, partially insured.
Washington, Dee. 23. The Senate was
called to order by the chief clerk, who read
a communication from Yiee- President Wil
son stating that he will be absent from the
city upon the meeting of the Senate, and
requesting him to inform the Senate.
Anthony offered n resolution that, in the
absence'of the Vice-President, Senator Car
penter be chosen President jno tern of the
Senate. The ballot resulted, Carpenter l!o,
Thunnaii IS. On .taking the chair, Carpen
ter briefly returned thanks for the honor.
The Naval appropriation bill was received
from the House and returned to the com
mittee on Appropriations.
K Hey, of Oregon, introduced a bill pro
viding for the construction of the Oregon
Central Railroad and Telegraph Line. Re
ferred to the committee on 11 ulroads.
-Hager. introduced a bill for the relief of
banking associations issuing notes payable in
gold. Referred to the committee on Finance.
House. Bradley, from the Public Lands
committee, reported a bill for the sale of tim
ber lands in California, Oregon and the Ter
ritories, at the minimum price of 2.50 per
acre and in limited quantities, excluding
land containing gold, silver, copper or coal.
Bills to amend the act of February 17th,
1S7.5, in relation to mineral lands, and a bill
granlmg right ol way lor a toll road m kit
tle Cottonwood, L'tah, were all referred to
the committee of the whole upon the point
of order that these bills disposed of public
llerndon, from the same committee, re
ported back the -Senate bill to create an ad
ditional land district in Oregon, to be called
Dalles Land District. Passed.
Orr, from the same committee, reported a
bill granting to the Iowa Iron company the
right of way through the public lands for a
railroad and telegraph line. Same dispo
sition. Maynard desired to take from the Speakers
table the Senate finance bill. Poland ob
jected, because the civil rights bill had
precedence. Maynard tucn asked unanimous
consent to take the finance bill from the
table. Beck moved an adjournment. The
question was taken by tellers, and it was a
strict party vote, tho Democrats voting for
and the Republicans against it. lne vote
was announced as 49 to 93. No quorum
voting, Dawes called for the yeas and nays.
The yeas and nays were called and the vote
resulted, yeas 50, nays 101, being moro than
a quorum. After the vote was announced,
Maynard again asked unanimous consent to
the consideration of the finance bill. Ran
dall was about to renew his suggestion when
Dawes interposed a motion to go to the
business on the Speaker's table. This being
regarded on tbg Democratic side as an indi
cation of a purpose to force the measure in
spite of the opposition, i t was met by a re
sort to filibustering motions, the lirst of
winch was made bv Randall, to iah"e a recess
for an hour. Maynitrd made another effort to
avail the dead "lock and asked unanimous
consent to have the bill made tbe special
order in the House for the 8th of January.
Dawes desired to take up the business on
the Sneaker's table and thus reach the bill
bv Dostnoninir the civil rights bill. Beck's
postponement would give it a chance of be
ing considered and we are determined, it
shall not be considered before tho 4th of
March. , riatt.hoped his parly in the House
would have as much backbone as the Senate
had shown and sit out the bill until after,
the holidays and that when reached he would
ask unanimous consent that it remain in its
present condition. After further discussion
and the taking of the vote by yeas and nays i
it was ordered that the bill be made the spe-
for the 7th of January. Hie
Speaker announced tho appointment of a ( which they could not work. The present
select committee on Alabama affairs, as fol- i owners, gentlemen of this place, are develop
lows: Coburn, Albright, Cannon, Buckner . ingit as fast as circumstances will permit,
and Luttrell. j A tunnel has been run below the old works
Resolutions appropriating 2,500 for the land an immense deposit of decomposed
navment of the expenses of each of the So- ! ouarto. and other substances also gold bear-
lect Committee to Louisiana, Mississippi and
Alabama were adopted. Adjourned until
Cincinnatti, Dec. 25. Fire in Newport,
Ky., to-night, destroyed Robeson it Co.:s
distillery with the contents, aiso two small
buildings adjoining: loss on distillery, 30.-000-insiirance.
Territorial Dispatches. ,,nS Dec. 29,-iion. j. m. Redondo
YuttKi, Dec. 28.- Weather cool and windy I leaves fr Tucson to-morrow to attend the
and has been since Saturday. Had a slight ' Territorial Legislature,
fall of rain Saturday afternoon and night." ; The Mexican- feast, which ha3 continued
Messrs. Kelly and Goldberg, members of i jJcro since the 7:h, has at last ceased.
Assembly, Ieft for Tucson yesterday. J. M: Capt. Geo. S. Rose, for the past two years
Redondo leaves to-morrow. ; post surgeon at Fort ' Yuma, leaves for the
Steamer from the mouth of the river has j East via San Diego, to-morrow. He is sue
not arrived though hourly expected. I ceeded here by vJapt. II. M. Cronkhite, Asst.
Tho private dance held at the Court-house j Surgeon U S. A.
Friday evening was largely attended by ofii- Yorde, Dec. 29 The weather for the past
cers and their wives from Ft. Yuma and by fcw days has b"jn very unsettled raining
I most of our prominent citizens. Mr. Burke.
proprietor ot the Grand Hotel, gives a com
plimentary party, dinner and dance at his
new hotel on New Year's night.
Wickenburg, Dec. 28 J. W. Roberts, of
San Bernardino, left for Prescott and Messrs.
Brooke, O'Neil and Richards for Tucson.
Tucson. Dec. 20. In the district court,
this a. in.' Judge Dunn presiding, Win. Hall
was brought up and sentenced to tho State 1
i nrison for iife. C. Y. Moore was sentenced
j to the same institution for the term of five
l years, both for the murder of the Mexicans,
at Desert Station, last bummer.
Christmas day passed oil. quietly.. During
the morning some racing came off on the
new track, and in the afternoon and evening
the populace were entertained by bull-fighting
Yuma, Dee. 20. Weather warm and
pleasant. Christmas passed off m a very
Hon. Samuel Pardy, Jr.
left yesterday !
Wickenburg, Dec. 20. Christmas Eve
was spent witu appropriate ceremonies.
Santa Claus made his round of visits, pre
senting t.) the little ones the admiring gifts
always looked for on the occasion. Consid
ering the day. Christmas was spent in a so
cial, quiet manner. A grand rejmst or
Christina.-; dinner was given yasteiday, bv
mine host. Mr. A
Yan Dusen, to the stage j
employes and tlie citi.ens m general, me
table was furnished with the delicacies of tho
season. No drunks or fights wore reported
in the police docket, up to 12 last night. A
heavy rain set in at 11 o'clock, p. in., con
tinuing during the nigltt, ending this morn
ing at 7 o'clock. Amount of rain-fall 1.27
inches. Weather threatening and cool.
Yerde, Dec. 20. Christmas day passed off
quietly, tho soldiers having their usual
Christmas dinner and dance at night. This
a. m. heavy wind accompanied by snow
squalls and rain.
Tucson, Dec. 24. In the District Court
all the criminal cases are through and the
civil cases are being now taken up. There is
a report in town that the mountains around
Camp Graut have been snowed in to a depth j
of six feet. This being the case it will re-1
vent the procuring of timber to supply the
government saw mill at that post, which is
engaged cutting telegraph poles. This will
likely delay the construction of the Military
Telegraph Hne.to Camp Apache some time.
The town presents a busy aspect, buildings
re being hurriod forward to completion as
fast as possible. Some difficulty will be ex
perienced in getting accommodations for the
Leg slative members who assemble here about
Marioopa, Dec. 20. Messrs. Bashford and
Steven-, members ol the Louucil, together
with Mrs. Bashford, left this a. in. for Tucson.
Christmas day passe .1 off very quietly.
Phojnix, Dec. 20. Weather delightful.
This morning a fine drizzling rain set in but
it cleared off about 10 o'clock and now a
heavy wind prevails.
Christmas was celebrated here in good
style; everybody, their wives and girls as
sembled at the stage office to trip the light
fantastic. Quite anumbcr of distinguished
gentlemen from Prescott were present and
seemed to enjoy the sport.
The Prescott gentlemen were Hargrave,
Head, Moeller,Penwell, Tompkins, Campbell
and Bean. At about midnight tbe gentle
men accepted the hospitality of Mr. Flcllings
and everything that could be procured in the
shape of conveyances were brought into re
quisition to take the party to HelUngs5 Mills,
where there was also a dance going on. Our
legislators elect did not feel very bright next
morning, which fact may be attributed to the
ride in "the night air out to the mills, a dis
tance of about three miles. ihey are an
verv uleasnnt gentlemen and the citizens o4
rlicenix wish them gooci iuck ana a saie re
turn to their homes. The party left town
in a body this morning, taking with them
several of our citizens. Seven good teams
conveved thpin out of town. It is honed by
our citizens that they may spend a few days
with us on their return.
Maricopa, Dec. 29. John A. Rush and E.
S. Penwell leave here this morning for
Col. King Wolscy, Councilman from Mari
copa, and Samuel Purely, jr., of Yuma county,
expected here this evening en route to Tuc
son by private convej-ance.
Kelly and Goldberg, members from Yum
county, are on the stage due here this morn-
Weaker cloudy and'' dark; rained the
greaterpart of last night. Therm, at 10
Tucson, Dec. 29. Kerns & Mitchell, stage
me3, have shortened the regular stage time
betwccnTSun Diego and Mesilhi from oight to
uve uajs, commencing nrst trip on new
J schedule his morning. Hereafter mails will
' leave Here for California on Tuesday, Friday
j and fcunjlay.
. ColII. C. Hodge, correspondent of the
San Erapcisco Chronicle, left yesterday to
i look at some of our mines South and East of
here.. lit intends remaining in this section a
month orix weeks longer.
A report is incirculation regarding a rich
gold niacin Sonera, on the San Miguel river,
neHr-4t-e. Somrtlmnp of gold worth SCO,
which were obtained' by washing with a
wooden bowl, have been exhibited hero.
The claims cover a mountain nearly two
miles square. On the entire surface more or
Ies3 gold is found. High up on the moun-
tain a large amount of mining was done a
century ago and continued down to a point
where the vein turned to sulphurets of silver,
m:r. his been found. The location is four
miles from the river, which affords an
abundtneo. of water. Two arastras are in
operation, propelled by water power. Freight
brouglit to the mine from Guaymas at 20
per tot. . All other conditions equally favor-
jable. ft is generally believed that even
j under Jlexican rule tho mine will pay im-
and snowing at iitcrvals. This a. m. snow
fell for about Indian hour, melting as it fell.
Tho tops of thf mountains are covered
with snow. .
Wo again call the attention of mineoy;ners
to that portion of the mining law which re-'
quires that an' annual expenditure must Ik;
made upon all mining claim", until a. patent
shall have been issued. The law approved
May 10, 1872, provides that ;'On each claim
" located after the passage of this act, and
" untira patent shall have been issued therc
"fort?, not less than 100 worth of labor shall
' bo performed or improvement made during
"each year. On all claims located prior to
" the passage of this act, 10 worth of labor
u shall be performed or improvements made
!nnr. ,,nr. rrtr fi!lf.i, 100 feet in length atom
"the vein until a patent shall nave jeen
" issued therefor."
Where such claims are owned by two or
more persons, the entire expenditure may be
made upon one" claim ; and in case any one
of ihefowners fails to pay his part of the ex
penditure, those who have made tho improve-
mental may. at the expiration of the year,
give tac delinquent persou.ii huhvu u on--ing,
or notice by publication in the newspa
per published nearest the claim for at least
, - i ....it.
once a week for 90 days, and d at the expi
ration of 90 days the delinquent should fail
to pay his proportion of the expenditure, his
interfet shall become the property of those
who have made the improvements.
It .vould be well for claim owners to see
that their claims are properly staked and
that the boundaries are well defined upon
theccunty records; for the deputy surveyor,
in making surveys of claims on application
for a patent, is bound to confine himself to
ol the location found m the
If it is wrong, the locator will
be the looser. If the ground be carefully
surveyed before the record is made, no
trouble will be likely to arise from getting
their boundaries entangled with adjoining
claimants, and no extra expense wou'd re
sult, for the original survey is all that would
be required for making out the necessary pa
pers for an application for a patent.
The Scarcity ;of Greenbacks. There
is "eneral complaint throughout the Terri-
account of the scarcity, of paper
money, ltere, in rrescoii, we nave -quently
seen scores of men going from busi
ness house to business house and from man
to man vainly endeavoring to traile checks
and gold dust for greenbacks. Now, this
staffeof affiurs proves one of two facts : that
tho flurrency of the Territory is not of suf
ficient volume for business purposes, or, that
it 5s but that some of our people love tbe
said currency and stow it away where it is
i.f no 'avail for - purposes of trade aud ac
commodation between man and man. If it
is noCnflicieut, we ought to have a National
Bank or two ; or a branch U. S. Depository
in Northern Arizona. If the currency is
packed away, as some suppose it is, we urge !
the '.'packers" to bring out their rolls of pa
per money and trade them for cheeks, gold
dust, etc. By so doing tbey will tbnw the
hardness oat of times, ami enable the people
to pay their debts.
This section of Arizona offers-tempting in
ducements to a man or company of men to
start and run a bank. In was argued, some
time ago, that all Government disbursing
agents ought to pay in currency, but this
argument is not now considered good, since
business" men and nil who have' dealings witti
San-Francisco find cbeckson tbe Assistant
Treasurer of thalScity very handy when it
becomes necessary tonnv their just- debts to
! San Franciscan?,
I102IE-RULE FOIi THE dXDIANS.
(St. I.ouU Oiolw, Dec. Cd 1S7-1 J
The poor Indian is growing no richer, and
his untutored mind is gaining little Intelli
gence, except, as regards the fact that the
white man is his suporior in power, and-
that his race is doomed to destruction. Hel
was the born lord of the land, nnd he natur
ally finds it hard to give up his ancestral !
rights and privileges. He is essentially no -
",i: ...,.;,wl ;.t.47, fc mn
.t.- ;L.,... r r.,.
f . ' . I
neth not to the contrary." it is no easy tmng i
to teach an old dog new tricks, and especially 1
difficult to train a hunting hound in the ways
of a water doir. Habit and the instincts of
the animal militate against all efforts to
chance the direction of his activity. Wcare
tvW that it is. jiqucasible for. ttyt JtiQpanl ;to"-
cliange his spots, or the Ethiopian his skjn.j
When the JSthiopian amaigamaieswiin cue
white race, he ceases to be an Ethiopian, to
tho extent of the variance in color. The In
dian does not amalgamate to any noticeable
extent. He was born an Indian, and must
die an Indian.
It is only by keeping these truths before us
that we can arrive at a comprehension of the
Indian question. It is necessary to open oilr
eyes fully to tho fact that the race is rapidly
dying out, and that it must continue to die
out until the stock is extinct. At no time
in their existence have the Indians been more
speedily circumscribed, driven back, and de
prived of their accustomed persuits and their
usual mvans of subsistence, than Mticc tho
completion of the Pacific Railroads. The
change lias been so sudden, and has produced
such 'an entire overturning in their condition
and in their relations to each other and the
white man, that they cannot reconcile them
selves to it, anti only yield to force when they
discover that it is useless to resist. I lie
range of the buffalo is becoming quite limited;
it will not be long before that animal is num
bered among the things of the past; and
then where will the Indian be7 Nowhere;
unles3 Jie shall have learned some other
means of support than the chase of the buffa
lo. It is absolutely necessary, if he is to ex
ist, that he shall become at least partially
civilized, and cam bis bread, as the white
man does, by tilling the soil
"If he is to exist 1'' We have already rec
ognized the fact that be is not to exist, and
there are inanj' who deem it best to get rid
of him as .speedily as possible. There are
some who believe "that it would be a mercy
to him to put him out of his misery. But
the doctrine of euthanasia has. not yet ob
tained acceptance, and its practice is regard-
Uas immoral as well as unhiwlul. w lien
a physician has a patient who cannot live,
when death is or.!y-a Question of time, he is
not authorized to'frec li'.ni.fjrom his suiieririg
by sending him out of the woTldj but feels
it to be his duty to sustain him aslong. as it
may be possible, audio' smooth his path out
of the wu' ld. This is the extent of, our. duty
to the Indians. At least, there is nothing
else that we cay do, and the only question is,
whether we are doing this as we ought to.
There is no question that this is being done
to a considerable extent ; it is also beyond
doubt that it is not done entirely as it should
The policy of placing the Indians upon res
ervations, and supposing -them there until
they can become sufficiently Instructed -in
agriculture to be able to support themselves,
is the only policy that the government can
pursue with any" regard to its humanitarian
duties and the rights of the Indians. A great
mauv abuses have crept into this policy,
through the influence of Indian rings, through
injudicious issuing of supplies, and by means
of unauthorized white intruders aud ineffi
cient and dishonest Indian agents. To one
of these abuses the Secretary of the Interior
refers in the following language :
"In many instances we have treaty stipu
lations requiting annuities of ctwdi ami prop
erty to be paid to Indians per capita. In
some cases, the only evidence of such pay
ment consists of receipts given by the chiefs
of the tribes The improvidence and want
of intelligence which characterize most In
dians entitled to such annuities render these
pavments not merely useles, but absolutely
unprofitable; nay, 'even demoralizing. On
receipt of money" or goods, the uncivilized
Indian hastens to dispose of his portion for a
toy. a rifle, or, what may be worse, spirituous
liq'iiors, which render him tropbleeorae and
A portion of this difficulty lias been ob
viated bv General Crook, in life dealing with
the Arizona Indians. That officer has been
very successful in bis management of the
savage tribes, having persuaded to peaceful
employments the Apaches, than whom there
were no more cruel and utterly barbarous
aborigines in America. His annual report is
the most sensible document on the Indian
question that has yet appeared. In order
that issues of supplies might be properly
made, and that the reservation Indians might
be known as such", wherever they should be
found, he gave each warrior a. -uwtal check,
with his number and tbe designation of Bis
tribe stamped upon it. By these checks each
Indian secured tbe supplies that were coming
to him, and through their use he could be
held accountable for every offense committed
bv him. Thus the issuance of annuities was
neither useless nor unprofitable to the
General Crook has shown excellent sens
in applying tbe principle of home-rule to the
Indians, by permitting tueir inum if"""
..ri rn nunsh t heir own criminals. Offenses
committed off the reservations may properly
be punished by the United States; but of
those committed within the reservations, or
of cases in whic h the criminals have come
into the power of tbe Indians, it b more sat-
isfactory to them to assume jurisdiction, and j
it is claimed that they execute justice im
partially and thoroughly. They also maintain
a torce of scouts and police of their own race,
who kill off the outlaws, with the assist
ance of the military, and arrest offenders.
Justice is thus more certain, and human life
is more secure, than if the government should
undertake to introduce its laws and customs
among the tribes.
The- experience of General Crook has
abundantly proved, net only that the worst
Indians can be permanently settled on reser
vations and trained to agricultural pursuits,
but that their good behavior and prosperity j
may be depended upon, If they are jusuy
treated, and if sufficient respect is paid to
their tribal relations. It is absolutely neces
sary, in order to gain their Confidence and
encourage them in well-doing, that their res
ervations should be sacred and certain free
not only from the incursions of white settlers
but from the intrusion of avaricious traders
and other unauthorized whits men. Asfi
matter of right, they can ask no less than
this, and as a matter of justice, "we can grant
no less. When they discover that the gov
ernment is endeavoring to deal fairly by
them, neither cheating them nor allowing
them to be cheated, they will deal fairly by
tte government, and will become self-supr
PorUnS communities, instead of tohca of
zy, Uissoruie, unevinganu reutuernig vagaT
bonds. Thus, although wc may not prevent
l,n 'Insfnietmn ry ilnrnir nf till rnrH. we rrilli .
r , , J .7 ' JL
u L iunat, uuiav 1 1 , uiiu s&iw vui-m-a iai
1 T . - .
expense, as wen as no noie in some uegrec.w
justify' ourselves to our consciences,
MIXES AND MIXIXai
Hardy ville, Dec 22, 1$74?:3
Mr. Balch, the stock reporter, is here ex
amining our mines. Mr. Bateman is also?
here. Wc are being blessed with mining,
sharps. Buel- has bonded the ilcCrackin
mine for X-O,0CO. Tho Moss mine is looking
well. ' Yours truly, J. P. B.
Moiiaye Crrr, Dec 18..
To tlit Editor of the Arizona Miner: . x
Dear Sir; I left this point on a trip of a ,
few da-? to the old Moss lode, in company
with Professor Hitchins, the able superin-
j r.t ' X
lenucui. aim uuu ui tuc unucre ui uiu au
The route from this place, via Hardyvillc,i r
is excellent. At the latter point the road " -diverges,
toward the mountains, leaving tbe
Prescott and Mohave mail route. W travel
ed in am easterly direction for a distance of I
ten-miles, when wc arrived at our destination,
l'occnecectl on my arrival, to see an old log
cabin, but instcad.may be seen one of the finest-,
buildings in the Territory. It is buil; of cut
stone-from tn mine, and its estimated cost-
is about 10,030 or 12,000.
Upon proceeding to the mine which is only "t ;
a short distance from the building, we passed
tunnels and shafts running into the mine in . '
every conceivable direction. Arriving at the -mine
Mr. Brown, one of the owners, was
busily engaged with a gang of men in work- , t
ing the mine. He showed me eight or ten t
oyster cans filled with gold and crystals, be-
ing the proceeds of this day'a work, wiUi a
pocket knife. ' The precious metal can'bc
seen, with the naked eye, in all parts ot the 5 ,
lode. The lode is very prominent nnd can
be traced as far as the eye can reach.
Since the discovery of this mine in 1803
the amount of work rfonued is truly iro
tiittnso'and with very small results, but since
the present sup?rintendent has had it in hand
the work has progrogresscd rapidly and with '
good eil'cct. During my stay two prospectors . -arrived
with some ery beautiful specimens
found about one milo from this lode. No
doubt ore long this part of Arizona will sur-priscrtlTe-rraTTAes.
nnd n. guild iiuU iiuv" Ui
expected at any thtf&T
Water is plentiful about a mile from the
mine, at Silver Creek. A sufficient amount
is found in a shaft at the mine to meet pres
ent demands. Wood is scarco bnt a supply
can be had about two miles from tho mine.
There is considerable game in.thc moun
tains; mountain sheep, quail-and rabbits arc
Cerbat, Dec. 2i
To A F.tlitor of the Arizona Miner: '
Things extra quiet. Col. Buel has pur- -
chas&d the Owen and McCrackin mine, pay-
ing therefor up in the hundred thousands j ..
will give you the figures next week. Ho .
will put on all the teams he can procure,
hauling ore, etc. You can rest assured that
this great mine will not stand idle, bat tbo
Colonel will push it with his accustomed .
energy, when it will surpise some people who'
have been belittling our mineral resources.
Mr. Steen will be at, Hardyville to-night ;
and has bands already employed removing;
the old "Moss Mill," preparatory to taking it
to the Greenwood. As lively times are ex
pected down thoro the boys have been busy "
jumping mines, water nguts, xc. mis is . ,
considered an indication oi goou times every
where. On the old Moss mine, in San Francisco
district, some rich developments are being s
made, rivaling its former reputation. One '
correspondent informs me that they are tak
ing out gold, not quartz, and this has laid
there for years, notwithstanding the great
outlay of money by Charley Strong. The
work'done by this 'great' mining superintend- . t
ent is the laughing stock of every one that
W. B. Ridenout and partners arc develop-
ing their mine in the Peacock range, and aV
glorious mine it is for poor men, if the largo - ,
specimens sent in are any indication of amine-
Your able correspondent, "Kamack," is ex
pected back from Panamint in a few days.
Manv of the bovs are returning from Pana-
mint" satisfied that they have a good thing ' '
Altogether, the outTook is glorujus, and
our people are taking heart again.
Yours in haste, C. W.
A Freas of Fate. The story that comes -.
to us concerning the fate of the burglars s
who stole little Charley Ross is stranger
than fiction. It seems that the police bad
cause to suspect two notorious characters,
and were searching fer them; but that
through local jealousies the thieves had con- '-'
stanll'y escaped. Presently a burglary is at
tempted at New York, and the roan whose
house is entered shoots both the burglars.
One falls dead, and the other, mortally
wounded, lives long enough to state that he
and bis dead comerado had effected the ab-'
duciion of Charley Ross, but that the dc- J
cease alone knew his present wliereabtsj "
Thus it would seem that at the very roo
raomcnt tho authora of the abduction are
discovered, the only one who could have
given the desired information was pat bc-A-ond
the power of revelation. A recent dis
patch intimates that the death of the ab- t
ductors will probably lead to the recovery of t
thc'lost Jiild, but there seems no good rea-
son for entertaining this belief. Rather it is
probable that their death may render his
restoration more problematical than ever.
The Arizona Mixrn gives some hard
blows to Indian Agent Tonucr. We have
not the least doubt but the latter deserves
all that is said about him. An honest, de
cent, truth-telling Indian Agent is such a
rarity, that if one could ever be found ho
ought to bo sent to the Centennial for exhi
bition 1'ioche pizr.j itecora.
-tC' '- -v