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THE WEEKLY i
n -MUSHED EVERY 8ATUIIDAY MORNING.
Ar I'HMCOTT, YAVAPAI COC.NTV, ARIZONA.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
One Copy, Ono Year, ,
" Pix Months
Threo Months,. . . ,
. 4 00
.. 2 50
HATES OF ADVERTISING:
Uue square, ono time, ?!J.O0; each additional
time $1 M. Knch additional nfiiinro. name rate.
u ral discount will bo made to person con
dntuuK tbt same advertisement fbr threo, six, or
iv. lv months.
l'wlesrional or business card Inserted upon
C " 7i Tender Xottt taken at par in payment
f r subscription, advertising and job tcork.
Trrnin, Iiivitrliilit)' In nilvniirr.
Jolt It. MAIUON JJENJ. H. WKAVEIL
Publllier and I'riij'riflora.
Directory of Yavapai County.
DUtrlet Judge Wm. F. TURNER,
Proiuite JinIk JtR7r.KUll HltooKS,
I) A, t Attorney JoilK II. Hot'VTIIRF,
S fnt A. J. MtWJHK.
(..v llcrtinler John II. Hpiun,
I unty Trmnnr, WlLMAH Conr,
I ,k of Uintrlct Court, B. W. Wkixs, Jr.
TKltMS OP COURTS:
I) -r,r Court t'lrit Monday In May, anil Third Mon
Uv in October.
v. jatn ( ourt Vlrtt Mnndayi in January, April, July
noAiti) or suiT.nvisons:
f. !m Cornell. John 0. CnrapMl, V. II. WunderHh.
IUuM rwti on th Vrri MosiUy In January, April,
July ami OcU.U at Pienoutt.
JISTICKS OP THE PEACE:
Smul K. Malr, Crttge W. ltarnard.
llusincss & Professional Cards.
J. P. IIARfSRAVE,
ATTORNEY AND CQUNSELOR-AT-LAW,
Montezuma street, I'roseott, Arizona.
LTTOKMSY AND COUNSELOu-AT-LA TV.
A. E. DAVIS,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR-AT-LA'.V,
Mohavo City, Arizona Territory.
P. P. HOWARD, M. D.,
lurx-sici-AJsr lstd suiigjcon-.
Aztlan Lodge No. 177, F. & A. IT.
O llepil.tr meetings of this Lodge on
aAa the lost Saturday of each month, at 7
tp o'clock p.m. SojournltiK HreUircn aro
fraternally IiiyHoU to attend.
' EDWIN DAHUNO, W. M
James E. McCappry, Secretary.
Why is it
That the l'roacott pooplo wear butter clothe?,
smoke bettor cigars, chew better tobacco, look
handsompr and are happier than formerly! Ask
Henderson &. Co. myl6.
hy is it
That Dry Goods arc sold cheaper In I'roseott
than elsewhere this side, of San Francisco? En
quire of HKNDEHSON .t CO.
IJ10R SALE A FEW
: Appiv to
l'rcscott, Juno 12,
NO. 1. COW'S
A. G. DUNN,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
Groceries ami Provisions,
ColhLg, Dry-Good, Jioott, SItfiet, HaU, d-c,
Ci7 At the old stand formerly occupied by H
( ohti, 1, IAM Arizona. fcl5'CS.
Why is it
That the i'rescott Bars sell better Liquors
than formerly! Ask HKNDEHSON A CO.
ttlllnnk Mining anil Uultclnliu DtriU,
Spfdal nntl Ucinrriil I'otvera-or-Allorney,
ttc, for ...It t the 3Ilncr Office.
KUSTEL & HOFMANN,
METALLURGISTS AND ASSAYERS.
Uoul and Surer Hullwn Aesaytd.
MINERAL ASSAYS AND ANALYSIS MADE
Cll Commercial Street, San Francisco.
Silver and Ooi.i Okes worked In small lots up
to a hundred pounds, by Chlorlnatlon
and other methods.
San Kranclsco, Cal., Juno 37, 18C3. JylBraO
oot!s well Jlougltt, Sell Them
elves. -D. Hkxdkiiso.v, tho senior partner of
um firm, is constantly employed In San Francisco
'electing and buying goods by which means we
ro enabled to take advantage or tho fluctuations
ii prices, and purchase our.goods at lower rates
man any other House In Central Arizona.
bj30 i). Henderson' Co.
imCOTT, ARIZONA: SATURDAY MORNING,
i Letter from Tucson.
CORRESPONDENCE OF ARIZONA MtNKIll
Tucson, Arizona, July 31, 1808.
I arrived here on last Monday with the cn-
tiro live freight in good condition. We stop
ped two days nt J. W. Swilling's place on
Salt river, and Mrs. Swilling came down hero
with us. Salt River Valley will be, before
long, ono of the best places in Arizona, to
live in. Fact is I am "stuck" after it. To
sec cornstalks 18 feet high, well proportioned
and ears to match made me think of old times
when I hunted coons on the Wabash aud shot
them olF the top ear of the cornstalk. When
they get their big ditch out (which will be
done this fall, probably) they will have the
best agricultural district in Arizona by a long
odds. They had com almost ready to grind,
and were planting more. Vegetables of all
kinds wcro plenty. Salt river was up some,
but wo crossed without accident.
We laid ovor one day at Rlue Water Sta
tion, CO miles from here, waiting for coin
panvj as the Indians ure very bad about this
locality much worse than about I'rescott.
In the last twentv days ten men have been
killed in this county by Indians, and several
others wounded. Among the former was Mr.
Irwin, member of the Legislature, elect, and
among the lntter, Hon. J. W. O&bom, mem
ber ol tho Legislature from this county in
1800. I is after tho boys here, with his
sharp stickp, in earnest.
This littlo village is extremely dull at
pa-sent. There is nothing doing hore, not
even in tho principal business of the place,
gambling. Reason no money. AH are "wait
ing for the Paymaster." Tho fact isMierc is
nothing to support the town except tho mili
tary, and should the Commanding Olllccr of
this District remove headquarters to Saca
ton, or any other placoj Oio town would re
turn to its original condition a tumble-down
old Spanish pueblo. Agriculture ran never
be carried on to n sufliciunt extent to keep
up the toxrn, for tho want of water for irri
gation, and there arc no mine of consequence
nearer than 50 or CO miles. The only chance
1 see for a permanent future is the discovery
of a bad-smelling spring of water wmiewhere
near and then the natural proclivities of the
inhabitants for the games of ohanco might in
time make tho town to tho pooplo of tho Pa
cific Coast what Haden-Raden is to tho oo
plo of Etiroiw. Hero Faro is emphatically
kim:. which, taken in cnnniwtirin with the "re-
vailing hue of tho inhabitants, forces the
query: are they of Egyptian origin 7
Quite a number of houses have been erected
since the capital was jrmamtlji eMaUUhtd
here. I am told that it created quite an ex
citement in the real estate market aud that
lota went up to very hijjh figures, but like
many other excitements it brousht no per
manent prosperity and many who invested
at that time now wish they had their money
back. It would take a dozen (such capitals
as the present capital of Arizona to mako a
towuorany importance bore.
IDs hxcollency, Uovernor AlcLormick, still
resides at this town. As he cannot draw his
mileage before March 4th, it is unnocosary
for him to go East just yot. Indeed it is just
jHKsible that His Excellency will not find it
cxcdient to go at all as there is a Miit now
landing in the court that bids fair to upset
the late cloction.
Tho matter will be decided by Judge
Rackus noxt Monday and I will let vou
know tho result by the noxt mail. Speaking
of hi Excellency, the people here don't liko
him much better than the people of avapai.
1 have heanl many ol thoo who supjwrtcu
him at tho last election apply to him names
and abuse more bitter than any that orer ap-
pcard in tho columns or tho .Mini:ii, and two
thirds of them say that they voted for him
because it was " Pima npiinst Yavapai," and
that they hated the man and his wajs. Had
it not lw?cn for the sectional feeling that he
( tho Governor) had been raising and nourish
ing for years, Jlush would have beaten him in
this town easy.
It rained pretty hard-last night and parts
or the new adobe houses loll down, l am
afraid if they had some of our old fashoncd
Proscott rains the town would mult nway
liko " the basolew fabric of a vision," leaving
nothinir but a pile of mud behind.
1 have had quite a pleasant time since I
have leen here. I found a very agreeable set
of gentlemen, several of them old Prcscottor s
located in this town for a time.
I don't know Low long I shall stay here
probably longcnough to rest mysolf. I shall
then take to the road again.
Yours truly, J. T. Auur.
MoitK Citizens Com ino. Not long ago a
lot of hungry Fegoe Rilandorsi cooked and cat
fomo Amorican6camon who wore shipwrecked
on ono of the islands, and it coming "to tho
cars of our government," Boll-ringing Seward
ordered a part of the South Pacific squadron
to go forthwith and demand indemnity from
tho King, who, having no money to pay for
tho roast, toaled threo of tho islands as se
curity. He is not yet ablo to pay tho sum
fixed upon, some 50,000, and it U quite like
ly that wo will lmvo to take the islands, in
which caso the party in power will no doubt
mako citizens of tho man-eating natives.
Ross Bnow.NE, Chas. I). Poston, nnd several
scientific gents sailed from San Francisco for
China, August 3d. What a magnificent idea
it is to send geologists, mineralogists and oth
er scientists to China beforo our own countr
is half examined and roported ujon?
Cosonusfl 1ms passed an act to extend tho
jaws of tho United Sta'tca over Alaska.
Tho Chlorination Process In Mining, i
A writor in the Alia California, gives tho
following information about the Chlorination
One of tho chiof features of tho present
condition of our mining industry is tho mul
tiplication of chlorination furnaces, bringing
with it necessarily a demand for concentrat
ing machinery, for chemical knowledge, and
for tho careful study of the characteristics of
the ore in tho leading mines. Tho principlo
of chlorination is that the metallic gold is
dissolved by chlorino ga., while metallic ox
ides nro left untouched. Tho ore is first
roasted m a furnace of proper dimension, and
then enclosed in a covered vat, into which
chlorine gas is introduced until the gold is
converted into chlorine of gold; then the vat
is opened and filled with water, which dis
solves the gold as sugar is dissolved under
similnr circunistiincos. The solution is drawn
off and tho metallic gold precipitated from it
by tho introduction of tho proto-sulphate of
iron. Tho cost of the entire process does not
exceed ?o jwr ton, una in some localities,
where wood is client) and freights moderate,
it may bo worked as low as 12 per ton, of
suipnurets. Tho roasting is probably the
most difficult stop in tho entire process, and
yet every mrt must be as correctly performed.
Plattnor describes several kinds of roasting,
as oxydizing roasting, reducing roasting, chlo
ridizing roasting, evaporating roasting, etc. ;
of which oxydizing autl chlorinizing rousting
nre the only kinds we have to do with. Ox
ydizing roasting is cither to form oxydos free,
and to drivo olf in form of vapor the rcsidum
of sulphur, arsenic, etc., or if tho substance
roasted is n compound of metal and oxvgon,
to subject it to further oxydation. Air must
be freely admitted. Oxydizing roasting is
for the purpose of oxydation of such metals
as are combined with sulphur or arsenic
Chloridizing roasting is the combination of
metals with other bodies by aid of projier
admixtures, when in a roasting process, liav
ing for its object the oxydizing and deooni-
poMtion ol sulphur and arMnfc metals. Cer
tain substances are added, as for instance salt
or sulphate ot iron. In ruating for chlonn
at ion we have first to oxidize the iron, and
next, by introduction of fall, to chlondize
certain other substances which vary with the
locality from which tho ore is obtained, usu
ally cither lend, magnesia, or alumina, or all
of theee. When this is richtlv done we have
luually fanned either oxides r oxrehlcr.det
of nil the base metals in the ore treated, and
leaving gold as the only free metal ,to absorb
the chlorine gas. In order to be successful
in roaiiting the ore, attention must be given
to the comtruction of the fornace. If the
nrch over the hearth is too high, the ore will
not bo oxydized ; so also if the flue arc too
largo, or the daintier is opened too wide, as
the cscom of cold air or draft has a tendency
to cool the ore. Then again if the arch is
too low, or Hum too small, the air will fail to
yield its oxygen to dosulpburize and oxydiz
the ore. Lolii air must always How into the
furnace through the workholes, but it must
be in proper quantities, and the work-holes
must be In promotion to tho chimney flues.
In our knowledge- a furnace was erected, in
which, by the mistake of the builder, the
dues were constructed about one-half the size
intended, and the error Was not discovered
until the furnace was heated up. The result
was a failure. It was warm weather, and
there were no sides to the furnace building,
w that the prevailing winds had free circula
tion around ami through toe rurnace aervs
the hearth. Under these circumstances we
had a jiartial aaecess, but the dcsulpburiza
tion was quito irregular, depending entirely
upon tho prevalence of strong winds. Chlo
rination in the furaaco was almoL imiosible.
Even the hottest fire would avail nothing, for
it is not a hot fire which is required, but heat
combined with a current of air.
Sometimes the absence of draft into the
furnace is evidenced bv the appearance of yel
low sulphur on the nice handles. This is an
extreme case ; a more delicate test is the fact
that the gold is discolored when examined
by washing a small portion of ore in a Wedge
wood mortar. It is not impossible to work
every kind of demipyrites, but home ores re
quire a iliuerent treatment fromothors. The
most simple ores are those pyrites which are
pGncvuy lice Inmi icuu or aiKannc earths.
All alkaline earths, such as magnesia or alu
mina, which aro usually found In talc and ser
pentine, create tnoreditllculty in chlorination,
because they require tho use of rait in roast
ing. Talc and serpentine frequently occur in
tho ores as bedrock, and in strata noxt to tho
reams. When salt is required to be used in
roasting, it must bo used in proper quantity,
or it is of no avail; and it must not bo intro
duced before tho proper time, or else, than,
also, it is of no use.
"Mijaroent."-Tiik Nr.w Substitute ron
Silver '"Minargent," the now substituto
for silver, recently invonted in Paris, jiossesscs,
according to the London Mining Journal, nine
tentlis of tho whiteness, malleability, ductil
ity, tenacity, sonorousness, and density of sil
ver, whilo it has a suiwrior metallic lustre,
wears better, is less liable to be acted on by
the emanations of sulphuretted hydrogon.and
is less fusible than silver. "Minargent" may
bo used for all purposes to which silver or
other whito metals or alloys aro applicable.
It is composed of one thousand parts of pure
copper, seven hundred parts of pure nickel,
fifty parts of pure tungsten, and ten parts of
pure aluminum. Tho inventors do not, how
ever limit themselves to tho exact proportions
given. The novel features of the "minar
gent" consist in the introduction in tho alloy
of pure tungsten and pure aluminum, and
also tho considerable proportion of nickel
which they havo succeeded in alloying with
tho aluminum. Tim metal is formed into
ingots, and moulded in sand in tho ordinary
AUGUST 29, 1XC8.
Copper Mining on tho Ehine.
THE WET PIIOCESS KOIl P00II 011F.S.
The poor sulphides and the uoor oxides.
only, are worked by the wet or acid processes,
tne ncner ores are all smelted oy the old pro
cess, l irst, the poor sulphides, from to
3t per cent., arc roasted in a cupola furnace,
about ten by three feet, charged with alter
nate layers of ore and fuel, and when drawn
from the bottom and freed from sulphur arc
crushed, thrown into n masonwork basin,
about twentv feet long by five feet deep, hav
ing a fal?o bottom of horizontal layers of
basalt, supported by basalt pillars, about one
foot high. Rlcnde, slightly roasted and
crushed, is placed on the hearth of a retort
furnace, and raised to a high heat; air is
forced into the retort, to furnish oxygen to
convert the sulphur in the blende intosulphu
rous acid gas; this, passing through the
chimney, enters the vats beneath the crushed
ore, mixed on its way with steam from a toil
er, and passing through tho apparatus be
tween the horizontal basalt, penetrates the
mass of crushed ore, and coming in contact
with the oxidosof copjtcr and other metals
formed from the sulphides by roasting, the
oxygen is absorbed and soltiblo snlnbatcs arc
produce, and fall in solution to tlie bottom
of tho vats. From this the fluid is pumped
while hot into wooden tanks built firmly in
clay, containing scrap and caU iron, and the
copper precipitated as cement copper, contain
ing 34 to 40 per cent, of metal, the iron going
into solution in its stead. The zinc blende
left in the retorts is utilized; the liquor re
maining is concentrated by being passed into
shallow receivers, and clirystalized sulphate
of iron (copperas) obtained. The mother
liquorias a still further use.
The poor aide, principally malachite or
blue carbonate, which look so rich, and so
often deceive, contain only on an average one
to two per cent, of copper, which is extracted
by muriatic acid. The ores are broken, placed
large vats, and weak muriatic acid poured
over the mineral, which is allowed to remain
subject to its action ten days. The carbon
ates are converted into chlorides, and precip
itated as before described. The minerals in
Prussia are the exclusive property of the
Crown ; the royally is two jwr cent, on the
produce. The reKnsib!c officers of the
State rejiort periodically on the mines ; the
report is public proerty. Frauds are thus
avnidn) in teiDents affecting ".rcrkinr pros
pects and in returns, advantages which can
not be over estimated by foreign and distant
shareholders indeed, by all interested in
" Madam r" said a polite traveler to an cc
centric old lady. If I see fit to help myself
to this milk is there any impropriety in it 7"
" I don't know what you mean, but if you
mean to insinuate that there is anything nasty
in that milk. I'll give you to understand that
you've strucK the wrong house. I here ain't
tho first hare in it, for as soon as Dorthy told
me the rat was drowned in the milk, I went
and strained it right over!"
Ax Ex-Governor of Ohio, noted as an ad
vocate of totul ostinence, once had his sympa
thies aroused by an unfortunate inebriate
who had buried three wives. " The lord has
indeed deeply afliicted you," said the Gover
nor. Tho mourner, sobbing, replied : "Y-yes,
he has," and pausing a moment and wiping
his nose, continued, "but I don't think tho
Lord got much ahead of me, for as fast as he
took one I took another.
A Delicate Stnoxvm. A modest young
lady, llvinc in the West, recently nurtured a
repugnance for the word limbs ; said it was
vtilrar. and feaml that she miht some dav
have to ufce it, wrote to an editorial friend,
requesting hira tn mention a more delicate
synonvm. Imagine her consternation- upon
receiving the laconic reply, "Legs."
"Ooxhemn no man," savs John Weley,
"for not thlnkms as vou think. Let every
one enjoy the free liberty of thinking for
himself. It ovory man use his own Judg
ment, sine every man must give an account
of himself to God. Abhor every reproach, in
any kind of degrr-, to tlm spirit of persecu
tion. If you cannot persuade a man into the
truth, never attempt to force him into it. If
lore will not compel him to come, leave him
to God, the Judge of all."
A Cure tor Sick Headache. Take half
,a drachm of aromatic'spirits ammonia, in a lit
tle water; at the samo time apply cloths wet
in solution of muriate of ammonia (one ounce
of muriate of atnonia in nine ounces of wa
ter, and ono ounce of alcohol) to the fore
head. Gahdeninc ron Ladies. Make up your
led early in tho morning ; eu buttons on
your husband's shirts; do not rale vp any
grievances; protect the young and tender
branchtgoi your family; plant a smileof good
temper in your face, a'nd carefully root out all
angry feelings and expect it good crop of
A fellow, on being asked to write a tes
timonial on a jiatent clothes-wringer, pro
duced the following: "I am immensely pleased
with it, I bought a load of wood which
proved to 1ms green aud unfit to burn. I run
the whole load through your clothes-wringer,
and I have used the wood for kindling ever
Flowing. If we are to believe our Dem
ocratic exchanges, a great many ex-soldiers
who have heretofore acted with tho Radical
party, aro leaving them and affiliating with
the Democracy. Wo welcome these, honest
sons of Mars back to the truo fold.
Tin: Abolitionists used to say of the Con
stitution that "it was a league with hull and
a covenant with the devil." Wo think tho
"Reconstruction Acts and Negro Constitu
tions of the South" are contracts between
Congress, the nigger, the carjict-baggers and
the Old Scratch, to turn that once happy and
prosperous section into a hell for white men,
but believe that God and the Democracy will
overcome Satan and his imps.
Radicalism has about broken the back
bone of right loyal Tennessee. She squirms
under her load of debt, and her mongrel
Legislature has declared her insolvent. An
othor fruit of the war tliat might havo been
avoided had not Republican 31. O's believed
that the country needed a little bloodlet
ting." The Governor of Lower California insists
upon American miners paying an oxport duty
of 8 instead of 2 jier cent, paid by them
heretofore. They say they will see him in
Eight millions of dollars is an ungodly
sum for the Post Olfico Department to spend,
over and above receipts, during the past year.
Yet tho telegraph informs us the forthcoming
annual statement will show a deficit of this
sum. No wonder the people want a chango
The California Republican Electoral Ticket
is composed of the following-named gentle
men; 0. II. La Grange, of Alameda; John
B. Feltou, of San Francisco; James G. IIofT
man, of Santa Rartiara; Alfred Reddington,
of Sacramento; Charles Westmoreland, of
Humboldt. Alternate electors G. W. Tyler,
of San Francisco Walter Van Dyke, of San
Francl-co; Louis Schloss, of San Francisco;
C. A. Tweed, or Placer; J. H. McXabb, of
Bra royal order just promulgated in Hav
ing ncwspatens are prohibited from re-pro-iliiani
"leaden." and original articles which.
ducmir "leaders" and oripnal articles which.
have apicared in another Iaier, unless they
first obtain the coiuent of the said ajr.
The enforcement of such an order in Arizo
na would settlo the Tucson Ar'umlan.
The iron Manufacturers in Massachusetts
are making money. The Taunton papers an
nounce that two companies in that city have
just declared dividends of 20 per cent, each.!
And yet they ask for more protection, and!
would get it too, were it not that it would
injure Radicalism in the West
Utah Election. Ere this, the citizens of
Utah have held their annual election. Mr.
Hooper, the present Delegate in Congress
from Utah is, most certainly, re-elected. Th
Xevtt says there was no opposition to bis nom
ination. Home Show. Denver, Colorado, was, at
latest accounts, excited over the "Horse Fair"'
being bold there. Goldrick publishes his
Herald, daily, and it is full of horse-talk.
Our poet, Longfellow, who is now in Eng
land, is kindly spoken of by our trans-Atlantic
cousins. Indeed they act towards him as
though they admired him and his produc
tions. The Jbdletin publishes a synojwis of tho
new tax bill, which according to it, fills four
teen columns of the New York Timu. The
synopsis is devoted to "whisky aad tobacco,"
and fills two and one-half columns of the
We leant from the Rocky Mountain UeraU,
that Governor Hunt, of Colorado, and Col.
Greenwood, aro exploring for a jnss for East
ern Division Railroad, in the South Park
Facioiirand passenger trains of the Union
Pacific Railroad Company aro now running
to Brown'sville, 100 miles west of Laramie
City. So we learn from tho Frontier Index.
Is San Fanclsco, recently, a Mrs. Barry fell
from the second story of a brick building to the
pavement, a distance of 20 feet, without sustain
ing much injury.
Sieoel Is opposed to the election of Grant Ho
says Grant is not fitted for the place. Neither
is the place fitted for Grant.
Tue Examiner and OalL, of San Francisco, pro
nounce Burliogamc's Chinese treaty abominable,
and wo think so too, after a perusal or a few or
its articles. The Chinese want every privilege
enjoyed by Americans, when they come here, but
do not propose to reciprocate. Tbo pig-tailed
rat-caters deserve a drubbing for their presump
tion. Bcsiness is said to be very dull in 'Frisco. '
The Cbfl says tho "city is too large for tho coun
try." Scatter out, then, and build up tho county-
He who puts a bad construction on a good act
reveals his own wickedness of heart