Newspaper Page Text
DELAWARE GAZETTE & AMERICAN WATCHMAN.
FAITHFUL AUL FEARLESS. .Ä (X Frist. FOX. JLIX. JVO. 1941 FRIDAY* DECEMBER 14, 1832 JVEW SERIES l VOL. XIII. JTO. 1331 PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY 3. ÜEWTOÜS HUIÜEH, No. 4, Market Street Wilmington. THRIVES The Delaware Gazette & American Watchman, ii published on Tuesdays and Fridays, in each week, at g4 per annum, payable yearly in ad* vance, 84 50 payable half yearly in advance, or 85 if not paid till the end of the year. THRIVES Or AHVERTTSraa Advertisements of twelve lines or less, will be Conspicuously inserted four times for a dollar, and twenty cents for each subsequent insertion, unless it should extend to three months, when it will be five dollars, and for a^ear sixteen dollars N N ■ the Visionni ) lliv'r, eiiiKl Wild, «* Pairitulur Swc»t Idol nt the I'assi »I the Soul!' bni Mtntra THE GIPSET KING. Elegy for ihe King of the. Gipsies, Charles Lee , Who died in a tent aged 74. He in prese Lewis August 16, 1832 buried in St. Ann's Churchyard, of a tnousand spectators. Hurrah !—hurrah ! —pile up he m<-uld : The Sun will gild its sod The Sun,—for threescore >ear» and The Gipsy's idol God !— O'er field anti fen,—by waste and wild, H watcti'd its glorious r shrine To worship at that go gei The spirit ot the skies. No brick-built dwelling caged him in; No lordly roof of s High o'er his couch the vault of Heaven In star-bright splendour shone! The rustling leaves still The rambling woodbine Ü« 'Its twilight breath, exhal'd to cheer The outcast's desert bower! To him the forest's pathless depths 1 heii mossiest caves reveal'd; To him, fair Nature's hand bequeath'd Her fruits of flood and field; The flower,—the root,—the oeast,—the bird— All living things, design'd To feed the craving, or delight The gaze of human kind! The pencil'd wood-flower, fair and frail,— The squirrel's cunning nest,— The granite throne, witn lichens wild, In broidered vesture d est; — Sweet violets bedded in their leaves, The first soft pledge of spring;— Such were the gifts by Heaven's Shed on the Gipsy King! hur'd there: — hand The snow-drop glistening in the wood, the lea, Their gold and silver coin pour'd forth I o store his treasury; The springy moss by fairies spro. d, His velvet footcloth made; Ilis canopy shot up amid The lime-tree's emerald shade. i he crowsfoot Buck,—pheasant,—hare,—some lordly park Still yielded to his feast; And firing for his winter warmth, And forage for his beast. Happier than herald-bluzon'd Kings, The monarch of the He levied taxes from the rich.— They wring them from the poor! rm lamp, and incense cull'd With glow Fresh from the beanfield's breath; And matin lark,—and vesper thrush, And honey-hoarded heath ; A throne beneath the forest boughs, *d by the wild bird's wing; earth, F Of all the potentates on Hail to the Gipsey King! Tait* s Mag. atasMiuiihiiUxsrx» LIVES OF THE INDIANS—POCAIIOxNTAS. A very interesting work has recently been in corporated by tho Harpers into their Family Li brary, of which it constitutes two volumes. It is "Thacher's Indian Biography," and gives an his torical account of all who have been distinguish ed among the North American Indians, , orators, statesmen, and other remarkable char It includes biographies ol Powhatan, ' • acters. Pocahontas, Opechancanough, Nemattanow, Mas sasoit Alexander, Philip, Miantouimo, Uncas, Tecumseh, Red Jacket, Ate., and abounds with episodes of deep and thrilling interest. The whole history is one that should be familiar to the mind of every American reader; and, while it cannot fail to entertain, it must also instruct. The children of the forest are rapidly passing away from the face of the earth, and the wretched rel ics of their funner powerful tribes that are occa sionally to be met with, wandering beggars through our towns and cities, can impart to the observer no just idea of tho son of the forest in his pristine and natuial character, and befoie he was corrupted and betrayed by the arts and immoralities of the white man. A perusal of this work will give a propor idea of the true chaiacter of the Indian, as ho roamed in all his native majesty through the uncultivated forests,—will win a tear of sympathy the wretched fate of the "dwindling aho rigine," and a smile of admiration at the daring of his exploits. As a specimen of this work, wo give tho fol lowing brief account of the melancholy history of Pocahontas, familial to most readers, but interest ing even in repetition. " He sets off again, therefore, in the winter of J637-P, talcing with him a crew sufficient to man u age a bärge, and a smaller boat proper foi the nav igation of the upper streams. Ho ascended the Chickahominy with the barge as far as it could be forced up by dint of great labor in cutting away trees and clearing a passage. Then leaving it in a bioad bay or cove, out of reach of the savages on the banks, Captain Smith, with two other white mon, and two friendly Indians, proceeded higher up in the smaller boat. Those who were left meanwhile-in possession of the barge, were order ed on no account to go on shore until his return. The order was disobeyed, for he was scarcely out of sight and hearing when the whole of the crew went ashore. They were near forfeiting their lives for their rashness. The Indians, to the' number of two or three hundred, lay in wait for them among the woods on the bank of the river, under the direction of Opcchancanough, Sachem of the Pamunkie3, and reputed brother of Pow hatan. One George Cassen was taken prisoner, and the savages soon compelled him to tell them which way Smith had gone. They then put him to death in the most cruel manner and continued the pursuit. The captain, meanwhile, little dreaming of any accident, had gone twenty miles up the river, and was now among the marshes at its source. Here his pursuers came suddenly upon the two En glishmen, who had hauled up their boat, and laid down to sleep by a fire on the dry land, (while Smith himself went out some distance to kill game with his musket for a supper.) The unfor tunate wretches were shot full of airows and des patched. The savages then pressed on after Smith and at last overtook him. Finding him self beset by the multitude, he coolly bound to his arm, with his garters, the young Indian who had attended him as guide, for a buckler—(what had become of the other, does not appear)—and re ceived the enemy's onset so briskly with his fire arms, that he soon laid three of them dead upon the spot, and wounded and galled many othets so effectually that none appeared anxious to approach him. He thigh, and had many arrows sticking in his clothes; but he still kept the enemy at buy. His next movement was to endeavor to sheer off to his boat; but, taking more notice of his foe than his path, as he went he suddenly slipped up to his middle in an oozy creek. Hampered as he was in this awkward position, notan Indian dared ven ture near him, until, finding himself almost dead with cold, he threw away his £rms and surrender ed. The.n diawing him out, they carried him to the fire where his men had been slain, carefully chafed his benumbed limbs, and finally restored him to the use of them." " On his arrival in the village, Smith was de tained until the emperor, (as we shall call him for convenience) and his train could prepare them selves to receive their illustrious captive in pro per state ; and meanwhile more than two hundred of these grim courtiers gathered about him, to satisfy their curiosity with gazing. He was then introduced to the royal presence, the multitude hailing him with a tremendous shout, as he walked in. Powhatan—a majestic and finely formed sa vage, with a marked countenance, an air of haugh tiness sobered down into gravity by a life of sixty years—was seated before a fire, upon a seat some thing like a bedstead, a robe of Rarowcun skins, with all the tails hanging over him. On each side sat a young wench, sixteen or eighteen years old ; and along each wall of the house two rows of wo men in the rear, and two rows of men in front.— All had their heads and shoulders painted red. Many had their hair decked with the white down of birds. Some wore a great chain of white beads about their necks. But no one was without orna ment of some kind. Soon after Smith's entrance, a female of rank, said to be the queen of Appomattuck, was direct ed to bring him water to wash his hands ; and another brought a bunch of feathers, to answer the purpose of a towel. Having then feasted him, (as he acknowledges,) in the best barbarous man ner they could, a long and solemn consultation was held to determine his fate. The decision was against him. The conclave resumed their silent gravity ; two great stones were brought in before Powhatan ; and Smith was dragged before them, and his head laid upon them as a preparation for beating out his brains with clubs. The fatal wea pons were already raised, and the savage multitude stood silently awaiting the prisoner's last moment. But Smith was not destined thus to perish. Poca hontas, the beloved daughter of Powhatan, rushed foiward and earnestly entreated with tears, that the victim might yet be spared. The royal savage re jected her request, and the executioners stood ready for the signal of death. She knelt down, put her arms about Smith, and laid her head ovei his, de claring she would perish with him or save him. The heart of the stern Sachem was at length melted. The decree was reveised: nnd the prisoner was spared for the purpose—as the emperor explained it—of making hachets for himself, and bells and beads for his daughter. I for at 4 4 of in I to a as 1, himself wounded slightly in the it a as of of AN OTTER HUNT. 44 The old otter-killer stood beside us: the rush ing of the stream prevented us from noticing his approach. He had been examining his traps ; and, rugged, he was delayed till The old man's appearance in this place and at that hour, was picturesque. His dark dress, his long white hair falling down his shoulders, the seal-skin wallet, the fish-spear, and the rough terrier, his companion, all were in perfect keeping. 'Well, Antony what sport?' 4 Little to speak of, Master Julius'; I suspect tho trap wants oiling, for there otter's spraints (marks or traces left by the animal) every place about it. I went to the lake yonder, and while the breeze kept up the fish took well. I killed a dozen red trout.' 4 Did you meet any of the gentle-folk, fieind Antony?* 'This is just the night th^tono would expec to find them quadrilling upon some green and mossy hillock.' The old man smiled and turned to me* 4 Well, 41 well, the master won't believe in them : but if he the way wai had seen thflm as I did—And did you really them ? 4 God knows, I tell you the truth, sir.* Tl hen, resting himself on a rock, he thus continued :—'It will be but eleven years nexfmonth. I was hunt ing otters at Lough na Mucka ; tho mastei knows the place ; many a good grouse he shot beside it. I then had the two best terriers beneath the canopy; this poor crater is their son,' and he patted the dog's head affectionately. 4 Well, 1 had killed two well sized cubs, when Badger, who had been work ing in the weeds, put out the largest bitch I saw : I fired at her, but she was too far from and away she went acioss the Lough, and Badger and Vendom after her. She rose at last, Badger griped her, and down went dog and otter. They remained so long under water that I was greatly afraid the dog was drowned ; but, after a while up comes Badger. Thought was right glad to see my dog, 1 did not like to lose tho beast ; and I know from tho way that Badgei's jaws were torn that theie had been a wicked struggle at the bottom. Well I encouraged the dog; and when he had got Lis breath again he dived down nothing daunted, for he was the best terrier ever poor man was mas ter of. Long had ho been before, at the bottom, longer now. The surface bubbled, the mud rose and the water became black as ink, 4 0h! murder,' says I, 'Badger ; have I lost ye?' and 1 set to clappyig my hands foi trouble, and Vendom set up the howl as if her heart blessed be the maker of all ! up comes Badger, with the otter griped by the neck. The bitch swam over to help him, and I waded to the middle, and speared and landed the beast. Well, when I examined her, she had her mouth full of ould roots and moss ; for she had fastened on a stump at the bottom, and the poor dog was sorely put to make her break her hold. I mind it well ; I sold the skin in Galway and got a gold guinea for it.* 4 Was that the night you met the faries V 4 Stay, Master Julius ; I'm coming to that." Well, three otters were a heavy load, and I had four long miles to travel before 1 could reach Mar tern Crussagh's. The master knows the house well. The night was getting dark and it's the worst ground in Connaught. Well, I was within a mile of Mortein, when it become black as pitch ; and I had the shaking bog to cross, that you can haidly pass in day-time, where, if a man missed his way he would be swallowed up in a moment. The began ; the poor dogs were famished with cold and hunger. God ! 1 was sure I must stay there, starving, till the morning ; when on a sud den, little lights danced before me, and shewed mo tho hard tainmocks as if the sun was up. 1 was in a cruel fright; the dogs whimpered, and would not stir from iny feet. 1 was afraid to slay where I was, as I know tho gentlepeoplc were about me ; and I was unwilling to.attempt the quagh, for feai the light would leave me ; and then I would get neither back nor forwards. Well, the wind began to rase ; the rain grew worse ; I got desperate and resolved to speak to the fairies civilly. 4 Gentle men and ladies,' says I making a bow to the place where the light's were dancing, 'may'be ye would be so obliging as to light mo across the bog? In a minute there was a blaze from one on&of the quagh to the othci ; and a hundred lights were flashing over the bogs. I took heart and ventured; and whercever I put my foot the place was as bright as day ; and I crossed tho swamp as safely as if I had been walking on a gravelled road. Every inch the light tame with me till I reached the borecin (a horse path to bogs) leading in to Mor tcein Crassagh's ; then, turning about I made the fairies a low bow,— 4 Gentlemen and ladies,' says 1, 4 I'in humbly thankful for your civility, and I wish yo now a merry night of it.' God preserve us ! the words were hardly out when there was a roar of laughter above, below, and aiound me. The lights vanished, and it became at once so dark that I could scarcely make out my way. When I got fairly inside Moitei'n's kitchen, I fainted dead! and when I came too I told them what had hap pened. Many alirnc fairy candles are seen at Lough na Mucka; but sorrow mortal was ever lighted across the quagh by the gentle people but myself, and that the country knows. Well, the master is laughing at me ; hut I'll hobble to the cabin, or they'll think that the good people have carried me off at last, as they did Shamus Bollugh from Bally croy." ever broke. When From the New York Constellation. SOLID CHARMS. " What tender aighs and trickling tear, Longs for a thousand pounds a year." Butler. 44 Upon my soul," exclaimed Ned Grumpton, as he knelt before the Widow Wimple* 44 1 love the very ground you stand upon." This flattery.— It was literally true, for she happened to be stand ing on her own ground, which was part and parcel of a very valuable farm. The widow old, and prodigious homely. Ned was young and well looking. The Widow was rich, and Nod was poor. He therefore spoke the truth, when he pro fessed an affection for the Widow's land—which is no more than every lover feels himself bound to in fact no exagération pretty do. " Ah ! now you time. That's the way with you men ; when you talk of our charms, you think only of our houses, land3, goods ajid chattels." 44 J love the very ground you stand upon," said he, seizing her hand and kissing it with great zeal. 44 1 dare say it's my ground you love," said the Widow, leering kindly upon him, and graciously permitting him to devour her wrinkled hand. 44 1 swear by—" 44 Tut ! tut !" said the Widow pressing her hand upon his mouth, 44 you 44 By your blight eyes, I was going to say," said *nt swear." Ned. "Oh you flattering logue!" exclaimed tho old lady, leeging still more kindly upon the ardent lov er—"you don't mean what you say, now you don't." "Do you want me to ewear it again? By hea , Madam, you have forty thousand charms!" thinking of dollars all the money, Though the Widow said this, and believed it true in general, yet in regard to herself, she took all her young lover said to be the sincere truth and no flattery. What she asserted with her tongue, therefore, she contradicted with her eyes. 4 ' You men," she continued, " are all deceivers. You praise the charms of us poor weak women—" " But yours madam," said the lover vehemently, " are real solid charms." 44 What can be more solid," returned the Wid ow " than this ground you love so well, or the for ty thousand cnarms you speak of ?—Ah ! Mr. Grumpton, I doubt you're after all a gay deceiver." " Deceiver ! I declare upon my soul, Mrs. Wim ple, I love you sincerely. Your attractions are ineffable." Thus djd Ned Grumpton make love to the Wid wiw if deter he Widow was mined to accomplish his object, not prbof against such vigorous and well directed efforts. She permitted herself to be led, nothing loth, to the Altar of Hymen. But mark the sequel. What the old lady affected to believe the object of lier lover's affection, she soon found to be so in reality. Her loving husband contrived tho first night after their marriage, to kick her out of bed. He declared indeed, it was all an accident. He raised her from the floor, rubbed her poor old joints with spirits of camphor, and professed the deepest regret for having, though involuntarily, caused her a moment's pain, but he w«9 apt, he said, to be very restless of nights, and could not answer for his unquiet demeanour, especially in his dreams. He helped the old lady into bed again. But in a short time he was troubled with the same rest less dreams, which were followed by the same dis astrous result to the good woman as before. He helped her up a second time, attended to her brui , and all he could by kind professions and (on der apologies, to sooth and comfort her ; but as he was unfortunately, for both their sakes, of so rest less a turn, and was likely to prove so uncomfor table a sleeping partner, he modestly suggested to his affectionate wife, whether it would not be bet ter on the whole that they should thereafter sleep apatt. After the specimens sire had just had, and was likely to have, 'Mrs. Grumpton did not object ; and separate beds were provided. But the husband began to throw off the mask loo early. His wife had not yet invested him with the fee-simple of those "solid charms" which ho so fondly aimed at; and now that the cloven foot began to appear, she resolved that he should enjoy them as little as possible during her life, and have neither part nor lot in them after her death. When he fell in love with the solid charms afore said, he had calculated that the king of terrors would shortly rid him of the incumbrance of the widow; and that he should bo left to the free en joyment of the wealth he coveted. But death was not so accommodating. Finding his approach too slow, he would willingly have hastened his lagging steps ; and, among other modes of doing so, he pur chased a wild young horse, for the old lady to drive in her gig, that so peradventure, she might be up set, and get her neck broke ! But the old lady re fused to drive the colt ; and sign of her husband was frustrated. She was very much troubled with a cough, for which she was in the habit of taking paregoric.— Her husband thought it was a great pity her com plaint should not be thoroughly cured, instead of being merely palliated ; and he therefore procured some paregoric to be made of t^c strength of laud anum. 0 44 My dear," said he, as he brought it home, 44 1 think you will find it very serviceable to your cough." 44 You give yourself too much trouble, my love," said the old lady, "you are-quite too solicitous about my health. For my part, 1 am vety well sat isfied with tho old kind of paregoric." She refused to touch tho improved medicine ; so the benevolent intentions of her husband were a gain frustrated. In short,. Mrs. Grumpton, some how or other, contrived to upset all the plans of her dear spouse, for hastening hor out of the world; and declared that she would not die to pi He had taken her for bad or for worse ; and of the latter part, he should at least have his full measure. old ; and when sho died, repaid the sincerity and affection of her husband by bequeathing all her property to found an hospital for lunatics. Poor Neil Giumpton—his jaw fell six inches as the will was read to him; he indignantly dried his widowed tears, tore off his mourning weeds, and swore that the next time ho married an old wanton for hei money, ho hoped the devil would fly away with him. the benevolent dc him. She lived to be nearly a hundred y NEWS OF THE DAY. MISSOURI—Co!. Benton for six years, from tho 4th of March next, c Tho vote was for Col. Benton, 46 ; A. J. Will' Ashley, 4; D. Barton, 2 ; and 4 scattering. elected U. S. Senator, the 24th ult. , 12; Gen. well assured (says tho Augusta Chronicls of tho that the Union Party of South Carolina, have roaolv the Nullifiers, We 5th i ed to coalesce with to all assaults upon that state. The whole of tho uppor country, wo are informod, is in favor of such a movement, and many of the most distinguished Union leadors from below. and present a united front Movement of Troops —We understand that fivo companies of U. S. Troops have boon ordered to proceed from Fortress Monroe to Charleston, and that a quantity of ordnance will be place from the above mentioned Fortress Norfolk Beacon, Dec. 10. sent to the In confirmation of the above, Monroe has communicated to correspondent at Fortresa the following information, under yesterday's date. " The fine new ship Russia, of 450 tons burthen, belonging to Wa*hington, bas been chartered to transport five companies' of U. S. Troopa from this port to Charleston, (S. C.) and is md. mently expected to arrive from that City." Naval .--The U. §.«A'r. Experiment, Lt. Com. Merwine, from New Castle, (J)o!.) whence she sailed 5th in at anchored off Town Point on Saturday last— Jb. There was a fepirt at Washington, that the Fresxtaol'n Proclamation battened by despatches from Genera! Peott, in South Carolina m i-i PROCLAMATION By Andrew Jack son, President of the United States . YUS/" HEREAS, a convention assembled in the ™ * State of South Carolina, have passed an Olrd* inance by which they declare, 44 That the sever al acts and parts of acta of the Congress of the U. Stales purporting to tie laws for the impq^QAJ^C duties end ifttpowts on trie Importation of foreign commodities, and now having actual operation and effect within the United Slates, and more especial* ly," two acts for the same purposes passed on the £9th of May, 1828, and on the 14th of July, 1882, 44 are unauthorized by the Constitution of the U. States, and violate tho true meaning and intent thereof, and are null and void, and no law, binding on the citizens of that State or its officers : and by the said Ordinance, it is further declared to be unlawful for any of the constituted authorities of the State or of the United States to deforce the payment of the duties imposed by the said acts within the same State, and that it is the duty of the Legislature to pass such laws as may be ne cessary to give full effect to the said Ordinance. And wuereas, by the said Ordinance it is fur ther ordained, that in no case of law or equity, decided in the Courts of said State, wherein shall bo drawn in question the validity of the said Ordi nance, or cf the acts of the Legislature that may be passed to give it effect, or of the said laws of the United States, no appeal shall be allowed to the Supreme Court of the United Slates, nor shall any copy of the record be permitted or allowed for that purpose, and that any person attempting to take such appeal shall be punished os for a con tempt of Court ; And, finally, the said Ordinance declares, that the people of South Carolina will maintain the said Ordinance at every hazard ; and that they will consider tho passage* of any act by Congress abolishing or closing the ports of the said State, or otherwise obstructing the free ingress or egress of vessels to and from the said ports, er any other act of tho Federal Government to coerce the State, shut up her ports, destroy or harr&ss her commerce, or to enfoice the said acta otherwise than through the civil tribunals of the country, ae inconsistent with the longer continuance of South Carolina in the Union ; and that the people of the said State will thencefojtJkJlQld.U>pJR8f!yCMbagl^. ed from all further obligation to maintain or pres erve their political connection with the people of the other States, and will foithwith proceed to or ganize a separate Government, and do all other acts and things which sovereign and independent States may of right do ; And whereas, the said Ordinance prescribes to the people of South Carolina a course of con duct, in direct violation of their duty as citizens of the United States, contrary to the laws of their country, subversive of its constitution, and having for its object the destruction of the Union—that Union, which, coeval with our political existence, led our fathers, without any other ties to unite them than those of patiiorism and a common cause, through a sanguinary struggle to a glorious inde pendence—that sacred Union, hitherto inviolate, which, perfected by our happy Constitution, has brought us by the favor of Heaven to a state of prosperity at home, and high consideration abroad, rarely, if ever, equalled in the history of nations. To pieserve this bond of our political existence from destruction, to maintain inviolate this state of national honor and prosperity, and to justify the confidence my fellow-citizens have reposed in me, I Andrew Jack>on, President of the United States , have thought proper to issue this my PRO CLAMATION, stating my views of the Constitu tion and laus applicable to the measures adopted by the Convention of South Carolina and to tho reasons they have put forth to sustain them, de claiiagthe course which duty will require me to pursue, and appealing to the understanding and patriotism of the people, warn them of the conse quences that must inevitably result from an ob servance of the dictates of tho Convention. Stiict duty would require of me nothing more than the exercise of those powers with which I am now, or may hereafter be invested, for preserving the peace of the Union and for the execution of the laws. But the imposing aspect which opposi tion has assumed in this case, by clothing itself with State authority and the deep interest which the people of the United States must all feel in preventing a resort to stronger mcasuies, whilq there is a hope that any thing will be yielded to reasoning and remonstrance, perhaps demand, and will certainly justify a full exposition to South Carolina and the nation of the views I entertain of this important question, ns well as a distinct en unciation of the course which my sense of duty will require me to pursue. The Ordinance is founded, not on the indefeasi ble right of resisting acts which are plainly un constitutional and too oppressive to be endured; but on the strange position that any one State may not only declare an Act of Congress void, but prohibit its execution—that they may do this con sistently with the Constitution—that the true con struction of that instrument permits a State to re« tain its place in the Union, and yet be bound by no other of its laws than those it may choose to consider as constitutional. It is true, they add, that to justify this abrogation of a law, it must be .palpably contraiy to the Constitution ; but it if evi dent, that to give the right of resisting laws of that description, coupled with tho uucontrolled right to decide what laws deserve that character, is to give the power of reaisting all laws.—For, as by the theory, there is he appeal, the reasons al leged by rbo State, good or u 3d. must prevail. nor