Newspaper Page Text
THE PLACER HERALD. pU Ii,j S IIKD KVKUV SATI.'UDA V. AT TIIK 01 KICK, y i ii Street, Auburn, Cal., (tit the old stand,) by TAJUt TERMS: Subscriptions invariably in advance. For one ’ r #( ;,(|();six montbs $4,00; Hirer months $2,50; mouth $1,00; single copies, twenty lice cents. FOR ADVERTISING: One square of ten lines, or more than five, first insertion $3,00; each subsequent insertion. $1.50. i „r hull a square of kivk I,inks, or less, $2,00; each subsequent insertion SI,OO. JOB PRINTING. I.nrs'i additions have recently been made to the Ji..b'Office, and work of all descriptions will lie executed in a superior manner. GENERAL ADVERTISING AGENCY NO. 97 MKit*'HAN'T STREET, SAX FRANCISCO. Advertisements ami Subscriptions UECKIVEI) IIV THOMAS r.oVl'H, Aoknt, No. 97 Merchant str<•••t, ami Room No. 9. up stairs, Iron building, northeast corner of Montgom ery and Washington streets, tor (lie -PLACER HERALD." A UUU RN; • Democratic Slate Journal," Sacramento; ■ Daily Argus,” Stockton; -Sierra Citizen," Downicville; -Miners' Advocate." Diamond Springs; -Mountain Messenger." Oihsonville; “Contra Costa," t takland; “Tribune,” San Jose; “Democratic Standard." Cortland. O T. WILLIAM DUCkT" v.» \ k r.i: .ii.M, CI.ACER COUNTY. ('AUK)It.NIA. I\M NOW SELLING HOODS AT REDUCED I’RIGES, and Miners are invited to call and see my new and elegant stock w AT lIIK Ol.l» STAND. ON MAIN BTKICET. One door above Adams «V Co.’s Express Office. Goods packed for purehusi rs to any part of the Mines. WILLIAM DUCK. Yankee Jim's, Oct. 11. '54 Cm ROBERT 0. CRAVENS & €O. Till: I’KOI’LKS STOKE, r.Lvm' jjm, PLACER COUNTY. CALIFORNIA, KEEP COX.iTANTI.y ON HAM) A LAUGH AMI WELL SK LKCTLIi STOCK OK Provisions, Liquors, and Miners Supplies. MiiHTs and others wishing to purchase art* r«>- all v invited to call and examine for them selves. Goods packed to order. spill ly M. K. MILLS, r J. im.I.VhU. District Attorney, lowa Hill. Auburn. MILLS & HILLY EH, Attorneys and Counselors at Law, I’AItTM.IiS IN civil. BUSINESS OXI.V. OFFICES: AT AUBURX AND lOWA HILL. miaou my n. Fitzsimmons, Attorney and Counselor at Law, —OFFICE— IN HOLMES lIHICK UCILDINC, re STAIRS, A I'B I r RX, CAL. j<• 2111 a LANSING STOUT, Attorney and Coittisi loi at Law, , URALS' BAR. PLACER COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. jyB my PHILIP W. THOMAS, Attorney and Counselor at Law, AUB rux. CAL. at the Court House. nlmy J A MLS ANI) LIISO N, Attorney and Counselor at Law, AC BURN, CAB. jttY'OmcE, in the rear of Court llouse.iSdt in3o my li<) l M'V LAi\ I) WAUR A NTS OtITAINKI) lIV JAMES ANDERSON, Attorney at Law, AVIiURX, CAL. Wt" Office in the rear of Court House, may 19 tf DR. J. 0. HAWTHORNE, AUBURN, C9kli, m- OFFICE with M. E. MILLS, Esq., at the "art House. may2(imy ROBERT FISHER, Mouse Carpenter and Joiner. I* PREPARED to erect buildings on shout xo " t| ck. He constantly has on hand a large as -nirtmeut of SLUICE LUMBER, etc. Undertaking. All orders as Undertaker, promptly at tended to. R. J. FISHER. _[»44.v:il WELLS &. PROVOST, Pickle and Preserve Warehouse, NO. 48 FRONT STREET, Between California and Sacramento strees., SAX FRANCISCO, CAL. janeg 3iq D. PROVOST, Agent. COME AND SEE FOR YOURSELVES! ■ft ROBERT GORDON US THIS METHOD of notifying • I . Ils Ldends and the public generally, „ , Ci . lll Be found at his old stand, on ... f. tT °* Main and Commercial streets. with Hr - asBor B nul >t of nil (he-necessary articles fo ming, Farming, Hotel and Family ust , HIS BAR S 4, ‘ w *YS WELL HLITLIKI) WITH THU CHOICEST Liquors, Cigars, &c. Bis goods, which he warrants of a superior p.' J' ‘'e is determined to sell at the lowest Cash p auddelivers free of charge. t n S‘trvi'* Hit Hits from a distance promptly M ' J °' Auburn, June 23d, ’osmy THE PLACER HERALD, The Landing of the Pilgrims. TLo Pilgrims of Maryland celebrated, on the lotli May, their landing in 1634, at the ancient city of St. Mary’s, upon a river of that name. It is now more than two hun dred years since these Catholic Pilgrims landed from the “Ark” and I lie “Dove,” in which they set sail from Cowes, November 22d, 1683. The colonists, it will be recol lected, came out at the expense of the second Lord Baltimore, (Cecelius Calvert,) who had obtained from Charles 1, the patent, (intend ed for ids father, who had died before it was passed in legal form,) from the Potomac to the 40tli degree of north latitude. The emi grants were some 200 in number, and had for their Governor Leonard Calvert, the l>r< dher of Lord Mai tint ore. Having come in sight of Point Comfort on the 2411 i of Feb ruary, 1034, they stopped in Virginia till the 3d of March, when they sailed for tin; Potomac, their promised land, where they found the aborigines hostile, hut soon, hv caitn and just treatment, established confi dence among them, when the required land wits peaceably purchased. Here the first landing was effected on St. Clement’s Island (now Hlackistone’s) for the purpose of secur ing themselves against dangers by the erec tion of a fort, and where the sign of their faith, a cross, was solemnly set up, with at tending ceremonies. Subsequently, PLcatawa, on the Potomac, was visited, and treaties made, At., hut it was not till after this that Sr. Mart’s city was founded, hv the whole colony proceed ing thereto from St. Clement’s, purchasing thirty miles of territory on the main land, along the St. Mary’s river, including the Indian settlement of Vocomieo, calling it St. .Mary’s and the territory Augusta Caroline. Of this they took possession on the 27tli of March, 1034, and this is therefore considered the date of the settlement of Maryland.— Both the friendship of the Indians and the tolerant disposition of the eolotiists in religi ous as well as other matters, under the libe ral charter which had been granted, served to increase the prosperity of the colony, at tracting emigration from other colonies in tl..- New World as well as from the Old.— I’inler various phases and the trials which afterwards afflicted the colony, the city of St. Mary's continued to flourish until I lie seat of Government was removed therefrom to Annapolis, which place was “raised to the rank of a city, as the ancient capital was sinking down into a deserted v illage.” Catholic Maryland, it will he remembered, was the first of the colonies which established the rules of toleration and received exiles from persecution from Massachusetts, from which they tied to escape the relentless fury of Puritanism. l ids celebration was at tended hv three thousand persons. The fol lowing was sung upon the occasion: ODE liV MARY A. FORI). OF PHILADELPHIA. Ain- "Araby's Daughter.'' 1. St. Mary’s. St. Mary’s, awake from thy si timbers. For footsteps are crowding thy late lonely plain; Its silence is broken by music’s sweet slumbers, Aw ake thee and listen to the patriot’s strain. Ttiere rest on my bosom no ruined old towers. No relics of pride iliat have batttled with time; lint the low simple hearts which the waving grass covers, Have beautiful mem’ries of virtue sublime. I!. For hen; breathed the spirit of ardent devotion. With freedom of conscience— a priceless lieqnrst; Thy Calvert and pilgrims for this braved the ocean Then offered to others a heaven of rest— And planted the crop in its glory ontbursling The pageant that herald a colony’s birth— Beneath its blest shadows the Indian reclining Then fancied the spirit-land nearer to earth. 111. His own loved Yocomico* still smiled at even. L’nliarmed was Ids wigwam that rose by the stream; The strangers' bright faith, while it guided to Heaven, Vet gladdened the pathway of life with its beam. And still round their memory a halo is glowing, That lights with mild lustre our country’s first page. Like the beautiful waters that pass there are flow ing, Their virtues glide on to a more distant age. IV. Then, listen thee, St. Mary's—thou art not for saken, Though long years have flown o'er thy sleep by the wave. For patriot hearts have now come to awaken The glorious past from a hallowed grave. Now cities have risen, in grandeur and splendor. In the beautiful land where thy dwellings first rose; But dearer the inem'ry, more thrilling, more ten der, Of thee, on this spot of thy dreamless repose. •Youcomioo was the name of an Indian village and tribe found there by the settlers of Maryland. Protecting Corn from Birds. — lit the Country Gentleman of the 17th ult., we no tice the following remedy, given by 11. G. Foote, Esq.: . . “Take one pound of tobacco, soak it in four gallons of rain or river water a day or so; then immerse the seed in the liquid twenty-four hours, or, it the Dinner please, until the corn sprouts, and he can plant with the assurance that his corn will ho better for the process, and that whatever men do, Unix will not chew tobacco," Colza On..—This beautiful oil, which is used in all the French light-houses, and which is superior to sperm for such purposes, should arrest the attention of our oil dealers and farmers. The plants from which it is obtained, wo have no doubt, can he cultivated with success in various parts of our country, and if this can he done it should he attended to, A small lump of fresh lime, put into the pot in which watery potatoes are boiled, w ill, it is said, render them perfectly dry ami mealv. AUBURN, PLACER COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, SEPTEMBER 22, 1855, A gentleman, who during the life time of Mr. \\ riight, was one of his most intimate and confidential friends, related to us a few days ago the following incident of his life, an incident which shows clearly the high moral principle by which that great and good man was ever governed, in both private and public affairs. While a member of the Senate of New York, many years ago, there were several applications for hank charters, some of them for institutions with a large capital, and whose friends were urging the passage of the hills with vehemence, and a system of lobby ing was brought into requisition, scarcely in ferior to the present highly perfected state of the profession. On one occasion, a promi nent member of the Assembly, and either then or subsequently Speaker of the House, was walking arm-in-arm with Mr. Wright, when the following conversation, in sub stance, passed between them: Member—l am told, Mr. Wright, that you have never acquired a fortune, but are in moderate circumstances. Mr. \\ right.—You are correct. I have never found time to devote especially to making money, and besides am not peril tips so much attached to property as most men. Mem.—But you would not dislike to be rich and in prosperous circumstances! Mr. W. —No; on the contrary, it would afford me pleasure to have n competency, be lieving that I could use it prudently, and in such a manner as to benefit others as well as myself. Mem. —I think I could put you in the way of a fortune of say 850,000, if you would hut adopt my suggestions. Mr. \\.—l should feel greatly obliged to you tor any suggestion, which would enable me to acquire honestly, such an amount. Mem.—Well, then, you know that the hank bills will he up in the Senate to-mor row. \\ e have been canvassing, and find the vote likely to be very close. 1 know your opposition to them, and your determin ation to defeat them. Now, if you could manage to he unwell and to he detained from your seat when the question is taken, I have no doubt some of my friends would do some thing handsome, and rather think it would be *50,(i00. Mr. \\ . —(lndignantly dropping the arm of the member,) Sir. lam astonished. You have said enough Sir. I wish to hear no more. If my life is spared, I shall he in my seat to vote against the hills. Mr. \\ right said that such an impression was made on his mind, hv the conversation, that lie was too nervous to sleep soundly, and that one time in the night, he awoke and found himself walking about tiie room, in a state of nervous excitement. In the morn ing lie ate a very light breakfast, fearing it might cause him to be sick, and half an hour before the meeting of the Senate, he was in his seat, impatiently waiting for the oppor tunity to record his vote, as judgment and honesty dictated. Such was the principle which controlled the actions of Mr. Wright in all his public and private relations. His success is record ed in history, while the person who had the temerity, to attempt to swerve him from the : path of rectitude, although a man of fine 1 talents, and popular manners, fell a prey to dissipation, and after removing from his country residence to the city of New York, j died an inglorious death. We could give j his name, hut prefer to withhold it out of regard for the feelings of his friends. The Law of Numerical Relation between the Sexes. The Annual of Scientific Discovery con tain* the following interesting facts, concern ing the numerical relations of the sexes. It says; There is a natural law of relation between the sexes, which is found to vary at different ages, according to the different dangers to which they are exposed. This is one of the most curious of natural laws, and one of the most interesting, demonstrating the admir able economy of adaptation between the sev eral parts of the natural system. If the number of males and females born was ex actly equal, the result would he that before they reached middle age, the female sex would he reduced too low, and he inadequate to the purpose which it has to fill. In fact, the number of females horn is always great er than the males, by about four per cent. At twenty year's of age, this preponderance is entirely lost, and there are more males than females. At seventy, the sexes are about even, and the ultimate age of the hu man being is reached without any decided advantage to either sex. Both the census ot 1840 and 1850 prove the law. Beyond the age of forty years, the probabilities of loti gevity are much greater for American wo men than that of men. 'JUis contrasts sin gularly with the fact that the physique (rela tively) of American women is inferior to that of American men. That fact, as lias been shown, however, tells troiueuuoU.-iLv on wo- ! men between the ages of ten and forty, when their mortality is very great. The longevity opsonic women is very great, lltere are now 430 American women above one hun dred years of age. Another Deciiek Needed. —Somebody suggests that the American party, to render j it perfect, needs a fourth decree, under w hich the members shall pledge themselves not to seek office. The Boston Allas\s of the opin ion that there would not then be much knock i ing at that door. Lady Bath, with a very had temp®, had a good deal of wit. Lord Bath, saying to her in one of her passions, “Pray, my dear, keep your temper," she replied, "Keep my temper! I don’t like it so well! I wonder that yon should !*’ Anecdote of Silas Wright. Shall I go to California. To go, or not to go ? that’s the question in the minds of thousands of our countrymen even at this apparently late day for starting for the golden Slate. And it can he answer ed most emphatically, Yes! or No! depend ing entirely upon circumstances. If you have a family, and possc-s a competence or even a comfortable living from your farm or occupation, laying hv a little every year, with all the endearments and enjoyments that reliable friends can throw around you, just stay where you are. “Let well enough, alone.” If you have a family, and by mis fortune or otherwise, find yourself without occupation or money, and your friends are too poor to lend you aid, and you can raise money enough to get yourself and family here, and establish in some kind of business, (which you soon can he,) and you are healthy and strong, come right along. But if you have a young wife, or a girl that vou love very much, and old enough to get married, either stay at home yourself, or bring her along with you. All weak or sickly persons had better remain among their friends, un less they have money, and come to California to regain their health, hv a change of climate. Voting men desiring to act as clerks or agents, for businessmen or companies, hold on where you are? every place is tilled here, and there are ten anxious expectants for every situation likely to he vacated. But to the strong young man. possessing the determination to do or die, willing to meet and brave disappointment should it come upon him. without dependence upon friends, and can reach our State with at least one hundred dollars in pocket (not in the fix we were in, having hut just two dollars and a half, when we crossed the summit of the Sierras.) come to California. It is a Land lull of glorious promise ; a land above all others, where industry and prudence makes poor men rich. But to the poor devil of a fellow, who wants to live without work, to your regular or irregular loafer, to the gambling or sport ing gentleman, California lias lost its attrac tions. For not only Temperance, hut Mor ality, is making noble progress; and at last, even now in California, — The praying Christian lingers, At morn, at noon, and even.’ In churches, whose colossal lingers, I’oint the way to Heaven. To the unmarried lady “he she never so young." if desirous of marrying, covi:, if you can come with true friends ; But if not. he content with home and virtue, and the happiness it brings. —Placerville American. Religion of the Japanese The temples, chiefiv Buddhists, are beauti fully situated in the suburbs. The entrance to them loads genererallv through rows of elegant trees and wild camelias. Thev are largo plain structures, with high peaked roots, resembling the houses pictured on Chi nese porcelain. In the spare immediately in front is a large hell for summoning the faith ful, a stone reservoir of holy water, and seve ral roughly hewn stone idols. The doorway is ornamented with curious looking dragons, and other animals carved in wood. Upon entering, there is nothing special about the building worth noting, the naked sides and exposed ratters having a gloomv appearance. Great liberty of conscience exists. Every Japanese lias a right to profess whatever faith ho pleases, provided only it he not Christianity. Religious sects are said to he as numerous as they are in the United States. The chief among them are the Suitoo or Buddhist, the former being the old national faith of the country, and is represented by the Mikado or Spiritual Emperor, who is thought to he the lineal descendant of the guds. They have some vague notions of the immortality of the soul, and of future state of rewards and punishments, Bnddhish, the most w idely diffused religion in India, is sup posed to have been introduced about the sixth century. Its principal tenet is the metempsychosis, or transmigration of the soul. The Buddhists believe that the spirits of the departed enter into the bodies of ani mals. and there remain passing from one animal to another, until their sins on earth being purged away, they are received into the realms of everlasting happiness. Thev abstain from all animal food, and their priests are under a vow of celibacy. The great ma jority of the temples are Buddhists. In ad dition to these, there are sects of philoso phers who hold the morality of Confucius in great estimation. The whole tenor of their doctrine is to render mankind virtuous in this life. They endeavor to preserve a good conscience, inculcate felial affection, and due obedience to the law s ot their sover eign. All those different faiths have become so mingled and blended together, and their doctrines have so penetrated each other, that scarcely any religion preserves its original purity. Free from Debt. —The financial condi tion of Connecticut is enviable. The Comp troller, in his report, shows that the State is free from debt, and ow ns some BTOO,OOO of hank stock, independent of its School Fund of two millions of dollars. The Comptrol ler estimates the receipts in the Treasury for the coming year at 8108,871, and the ex penditures at 8155,000. A Salt Lake in Minnesota. A salt lake has been discovered about 150 miles west from St. Cloud, in .Minnesota, by \V. 11. Ingessoll, who was attached to the I’acific Railroad Survey. Mr. Ingersoll says that around the edges of the lake the salt can he gathered in baskets, and is of a good quality as ever ho found in any other part of the United States. Mr. fngcrsoll also says that near the lake there are large beds of coal of the first qu*l ; *y. DREADFUL RIOTS AT LOUISVILLE, Ky. Murder and Arson. The practical workings of A' now-Xothinaisrn. The City of Louisville was the scene of terri ble riots during the late State Election in Ken tucky. which took place on the (ith August. We copy the following account from the Louisville Courier. some time since a know-nothing ;nlv ocate hut now an opponent of that party. It is ailed ged that on the evening previous to the election large detachments of K. N.'s went to different wards to see that the polls were properly opened. Uy day break the polls were taken possession of by them and every stratagem used to hinder the vote of every man who disagreed with them in senti ment: “Never, perhaps, w is a greater farce, or rather, tragedy enacted. Hundreds and perlmps thou sands were deterred from voting by direct nets of intimidation, otte rs through fear of consequences, and a multitude through the lack of propi r facili ties, The city indeed was during the day in the possession of an armed mob. the base passions of which wrta- infuriated to the highest pitch by the incendiary appeal* of the newspaper organ and the pupil) ir leader- of the Know-Nothing party. On Sunday night large detachments of men were sent to the l'ir-t and Second Ward* to -"e that the polls were properly opened. These men the -American Executive Committee" supplied with requisite refreshments: and. a- may be ima gined. tin y were in very lit condition on the morn ing of election day to sec that the right- of free men were respected. Indeed limy discharged the important trust- committed to them in -ueli man ner a - to commend them forever to I lie admiration of outlaw's! They opened the poll-; they provid ed ways and ui'-ans fur their own parly to vote; they bulb'd and bullied all who could nut show the sign: they, in fact, converted th" election into a p‘ rfeet farce, w ithout one redeeming or qualify ing phase. At the Seventh Ward for three hours in the outset in the morning it was impossible for those not “posted" to vote without the givate-t difficul ty. In the Sixth Ward a party of bullies w ere masters of the polls. Two foreigners were driven from the polls, forced to run a gauntlet, heat un mercifully. stoned and stabbed. In the case of one fellow, the Hon. William Thomasson, former ly a member of Congress from this Hislrict. in terfered. and while appealing to the maddened crow d to cease their acts of discord and violence, Mr. Thomasson was struck from behind and bent. His gray hairs, his long public service, his manly presence and his thorough Americanism, availed nothing with the craved mob. Other and serious tights occurred in the Sixth Ward, of which we have no lime to make mention now. The more serious and disgraceful disturbances occurred in the upper wards. The vote cast was but a partial one, and nearly altogether on one side. No show was given to the friends of Pres ton. wbo were largely io tlie majority, but who, in the face of cannon, muskets and revolvers, could not, being an unarmed and quiet populace, confront the mad mob. So the vole was east one way, and the result stands before the public. In the morning George lierg. a carpenter living on the corner of Ninth and Market streets, was killed near Hancock street. A Herman named l itz, formerly a partner at the Galt-House, was sevi rely, if not fatally beaten. in the afternoon a general row occurred on Shelby street, extending from Main to liroadway. Some II or 15 men were shot, including Officer Williams. Joe Si Ivane and others. Two or three were kill'd, and a number of houses, chiefly Ger man coffee houses, broken into and pillaged.— About 1 o'clock, when the vast crowd, augmented by acei s-iiiii from every, part of the city, and armed with sh l-eiins. mu.-loUs and rifles, were proceeding in attack the Catholic Church on Shelby street. Mayor liarhee arrested them with a speech, and the mob returned to the First Ward Polls. Presently a large party arrived with a piece of brass ordnance, followed by a number of men and hoys with mn-kets. In an hour after wards the large brewvry on Jefliison street, near the junction of Green, was si l lire to. In the lower part of the city the disturbances w ere characterized by a greater degree of Moody work. Late in the alternnon thr'e Irishmen going down Main street, near Eleventh, were attacked and one knocked down. Then ensued a terrible scene—the Irish tiring from the w indows of tie ir houses on Mark t street repeated volleys. Mr, Rhodes, a river man, was shot and killed by one in the upper story, and a Mr. Graham ne t with a similar fate. An Irishman who discharged a pistol at the hack of a man’s head was shot and (hen hung. He however survived both punish ments. John Hudson, a carpenter, was shot dead during the fracas. Alter dusk a row of frame houses on Main street between Third and Eleventh streets, the properly of Mr. Quinn, a well-known Irishman, was set on lire. The (lames extended across the slrei t and twelve buildings were destroyed. These houses were chiefly tenanted by Irish, and upon any of the tenants venturing out to escape the flame, they w ere immediately shot dow n. No idea could he formed of the number killed. We are advised that fire turn were roasted to death —haivng been so badly wounded by gun-shot wounds that they could not escape from the burning buildings. The moh having salislied its appetite for blood, repaired to Third street, anil until midnight made demonstrations against The Timm and The lle mocrat offices. The furious crowd satisfied itself, however, with breaking a few window panes and burning the sign of J'hr /'inns office. Latkst.— Every day develops something new concerning the horrible tragedies of Monday. (>n Thursday the rubbish for the space of live feet was cleared away in the rear of Quinn's row on Main street, and a number of bones were discover ed. They were examined by Dr. G. W. Ronald, and pronounced by him to belong to the human frame. These continual developments render it impos sible even to surmise the extent of the horror en acted on the night ot the election. Eternity can alone reveal how many persons fell victims to the mob. The Coroner, Dr. White, held an inquest on Thursday over Murphy, who was killed on Mon day, near the (». K. Pork-house. The usual ver dict was rendered. "Came to his death from a gun-shot by some person unknown." Coroner White held an inquest at the Hospital on the body of William Monldry, an Irishman, who died from wounds received near the corner of Main and Chapel streets. No evidence was elicited, and the usual verdict was rendered. We leant from Coroner White that Graham was killed while pursuing some Irishmen and throw ing boulders at them. The newspapers all over the country complain, and with great justice, of the imperfect and par tial reports of the riots sent by the telegraph reporter in Louisville. Correspondence of the N. Y. Tribune. Louisviu.k, Ky.. Aug. 11, ISSS. Tin’ distorted Know-Nothing accounts received hy the Eastern journals by telegraph and from the organ of the Know-Nothing party of this city would lead almost any man to believe the Ger mans and Irish of this city in fault in the late riot here; but, Sirs, the facts in the case are by them entirely misrepresented. By an arrangement made in the councils of the dark lantern party, they were on the morning of tho 6th (election day) to in mass at the different places of voting, and prevent —by crowd in a- and healin'' if necessary—the legal foreign voters from going to the polls. How well they succeeded is shown in the votes cast in the First and Eighth Ward '. where the Anti-Know-Nothing party are acknowledged to have a majority of 1,100. The other party succeeded by majorities lin the two wards of (iOO, making a difference of : 1,700 votes against the Anti-Know-Nothing party. Eater iu the day, w hen the bullies of this darkr lantern party were influenced by liquor, they commenced indiscriminately knocking down and beating the foreigner wherever they met them, I am informed, by an ultra member of the Know- Nothing party who was present at the difficulty in the First Ward, that the cruelties ottered there to the Germans by Uks Americans were greater than he could patiently stand and submit to, and he left in disgust and ashamed of the actions ol his own party. It is generally admitted. 1 believe, that the first shot was tired by the Irish, but nut until they had been run down with bloodhound ferocity and beaten until forbearance ceased to be a virtue. Thin, atul not Hit then, did they resort to linos m the only resource to protect their irises from disgrace and their houses and property Jiorn destruction. The Know-Nothings of this city throw all the con.-nre of these riots upon the shoulders of the defunct foreigners. Nothing was said about rioting or any antici,-, pated dillii ulty until The Louisville Journal corns menced it, and it was then and there denounced in the uiost unmeasured terms by the editor of The Louisville T hus as inflammatory, calculated and intended to exasperate and excite the Know- Nothing parly to commit depredations which would disgrace our city and leave a lasting stain upon onr citizens. For two Weeks before the election The Louis ville Journal contained intlumatory pieces every morning under the disguise of peace. These ore facts, gentlemen, which no honest man of either party can or will deny. Tbe Wagon. It is evident that tin; lari' r the wheels of a vehicle are, ;o much the lighter is tin draft, until the centre of their einmimferencc becomes equal in height to the horse's breast Besides, large wheels produce less friction, because their velocity is less than small w heels, and the hitter .sink deeper in a soft road, thereby increasing the dlHculty of transportation. Tho advantage of larger wheels than those in common use w ill farther appear when we take into consideration that the fuleum is at the bottom. The average height of the fore-wheels is not commonly, over forty inches, which would only give the horses a le\er power of twenty inches over the weight; moreover tho weight is at too great a distance below the horses’ breasts* If we should increase the height of the wheel to sixty inches, it would give the team a lever power of thirty inches; still leaving the weight sufficiently low. making a difference in favor of the horses of fifty per tent. Ac can see no good reason why the hind wheels should be larger than those before. It seems to us that they should bo equal, the opinion of some w agoners to the contrary notwithstanding. Suppose, for instance* the fore-wheels should be four and tbe bind wheels six. The inclination forward of tho line of traction would tend to press the load into the earth, and consequently, increase the difficulty of drawing. If there be anv advantage in having tho wheels of different heights, why is it that the intelligent con st rue tors of steam cars have not availed themselves of ill The advantage of largo wheels is somewhat lessened, it is (rue, to the increased dillieulty of turning in a nar row compass, hut wheels being of equal height <i- >.not increase this dillieulty. As the fulcrum of the wheel is at the bot tom, it follows that its motion increases a: - , the oisteiicc from tho bottom increases, and if a horizontal line (imaginary) be drawn, passing through the centre of motion, the velocity of that part above the line will bo five times greater than (la- part below. A wagon with two inch tire will sink in the ground four times deeper than a four inch lire, all tilings else being eqiigl. The latter having double the space to sustain the load and only half tho weight, on any given space. I merely mention the four inch tire for the sake of illustration, three or. three and a half being amply sufficient. Hoping some intelligent mechanic may possibly im prove on these hints, I am, gentlemen, A Alacksmith. Ifi.f.ti.wsip/H Conservative. IViu: Buakiiy.— To those who indulge in drinking brandy, it may not bo an uninter esting piece of information to give them an idea of what they sometimes drink under tho mistaken impression they are swallowing a genuine, imported article. A day or two since, l)r. (’ox, Chemical Inspector of Liq uors for this county, had occasion to make a chemical analysis of a cask of brandy, at a, place where it was sold extensively, and found the following component elements largely preponderating: Alcohol, prussic acid, oil of pepper, and tincture of myrrh. A free in dulgence in brandy of this character would aiil materially in increasing the‘undertaking’ business. Cincinnati Enquirer. Okiciin of thk Crimea, — A learned phil ologist informs ns that the Crimea was orig inally spelt very differently. Tie says, from its beginning tho most beautiful spot that the Tartars held sway over, that it was consid ered quite tho “Cream of the Tartars,” and accordingly was so called, but that this got gradually corrupted into Creamea, Cremoa, and ultimately into Crimea. As a proof w e are further informed that'tho French phrase “La Creme tie la Crcmea ” is still current amongst some of the most barbarous hordes,- and is frequently applied by them to tho Bashi Bazouks and other equestrian aristo-. crats. We must say that these derivations | are a trifle too wordy, and far too learned for us. Teach a child there is harm in everything, however innocent, and so soon as it discov ers the cheat it will see no sin in anything. That’s the reason deacons’ sons seldom turn out well, and preachers’ daughters arc mar ried through a window. NUMBER 2. JiHIV T. 81-VCK.