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The Placer herald. [volume] (Auburn, Placer County, Calif.) 1855-1991, November 10, 1855, Image 1

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.VOLUME 4.
THE PLACER HERALD.
nPCDLtSUEU EVERY SATURDAY, AT THE OFFICE,
Kkiu Street, Auburn, Cal., (at the old stand,) by
TABB MITCHELL.
TERMS:
~ Subscriptions invariably in advance. For one
year, $0,00; six months $4,00; three months $2,50;
one mouth $1,00; single copies, twenty five cents.
4 FOR ADVERTISING:
One square of ten lines, or more than five, first
Exertion $3.00; each subsequent insertion, $1,50.
For half a square of five lines, or less, $2,00; each
subsequent insertion SI,OO.
JOB PRINTING.
Large additions have recently been made to the
Job Office, and work of all descriptions will be
Accuted iu a superior manner.
GENERAL ADVERTISING AGENCY
NO. 97 MERCHANT STREET.
SAN FRANCISCO.
Advertisements and Subscriptions
PECEIYED nv
THOMAS BOYCE, Agent,
No. 97 Merchant street, and Room No. 9, up stairs,
Iron Building, northeast corner of Montgom
ery and Washington streets, for the
"PLACER HERALD.” AUBURN;
r ‘-Democratic State Journal,” Sacramento;
‘•Daily Argus,” Stockton;
‘‘Sierra Citizen,” Dowuieville;
“Miners’ Advocate,” Diamond Springs;
“Mountain Messenger.” Gibsouville;
y “Contra Costa,” Oakland;
“Tribune,” San Jose;
“Democratic Standard.” Portland, 0 T.
H. H. WICKES, M. I). B. MOOItE
H. H. WICKES & CO.,
W7~ EEPS constantly on band at the An
«L burn Drug Store, in Holmes ’ Brick
Block, an extensive supply of Drug*, Med- *7
Itintu, Pure Liquors, Paints. Oils. Brush
Glass and Fancy Articles for the toilet, wbi
Giey offer for sale upon the most reasonable terms.
. Auburn, Sept. 15, 1855. —my.
es,
which
c. J. hillyeii,
lowa Hill.
U. E. MILLS,
' District Attorney,
Auburn.
MILLS & HILLYER,
Attorneys anil Counselors at Law,
I'AHTNEKS IN CIVIL BUSINESS ONLY.
OFFICES:
AT A UB URN AND 10 WA HILL.
m25'55 my
H. FITZSIMMONS,
Attorney ami Counselor at Law,
—OFFICE—
| IS HOLMES BRICK BUILDING, UP STAIRS,
AUBURN , CAL.
J e
.’my
LANSING STOUT,
Attorney ami Counselor at Law,
BEALS' BAR ,
PLACER COUNTY, CALIFORNIA.
JyB my
PHILIP W. THOMAS,
Attorney anil Counselor at Law,
AUBURN , CAL.
j®ST-OQ\cc at the Court House. nlmy
JAMES ANDERSON,
Attorney ami Counselor at Law,
AUBURN CAL.
jg-Omrs, in the rear of Court Honsc.'tYS
. tt.'tU my
B. P. MYRES,
Attorney and Counselor at Law’,
AUBURN , CAL.
fSS~ OFFICE—Next door to the ‘-Temple.
oct27 my
“ ROBERT FISHER,
£ House Carpenter and Joiner,
ITS PREPARED to erect buildings on shout no
■ tick. He constantly has on baud ft large as
sortment of SLUICE LUMBER, etc.
Undertaking.
All orders as Undertaker, promptly at
tended to. R.J. FISHER.
;; [n44.v3]
W. F. NORCROSS.
WATCH MAKER,
AND
MANUFACTURING JEWELER,
Sign of the Mammoth Watch,
\
MAIN STREET,
AUB URN, CA LIFO BA IA.
sept. 8 my
ALFRED ROBBINS,
Provision and Grocery Dealer,
West Side, Sacramento Street,
AUBURA ” CAL.,
(Nearly opposite tlie Methodist Church,)
AS always on hand a full assortment of ar
. tides in his line of trade at reasonable rates.
fiff- CALI . AA"D SEE. -ax
Auburn, Sept. 15, ’55 my
HENRY T. HOLMES,
DEALER IN
■ roceries, Provisions, Hardware,
and Crockery,
Fire-Proof Brick Store, Alain Street,
AUBURN, CAL.
Sept. 15, ’55 my
JAMES NOLAN,
Fashionable Tailor,
AUBURN, CALIFORNIA,
lain Street, next door to Norcross’Jewelry Store.
Auburn, Sept. 15, 1855. my.
JAMES WALSH.
HARNESS AND SHOE SHOP.
)» Main Street , Auburn, {Middle Row ,)
OPPOSITE to Gordon’s Store. Making
Boots and Shoes, Harness, &c., and re
airing promptly attended to.
Auburn, September 15, 1855. my.
J
BLANKS.
Justices’Blanks, Deeds, Ac., neatly printed at
Ije Herald office. "V
THE PLACER HERALD.
Summer is passing, is passing away,
Tlio Hush of its beauty is o'er;
Silently, softly, the touch of decay
Kails on each paling flower.
Summer is passing, is fading away,
To eternity’s measureless shore.
Sadly and mournfully through the dark wood,
Blends a low wail with the breeze,
Stirring the echoes of dim solitude,
Mocking the whispering trees;
Tolling strange tales, that mysteries brood,
Borne on the sibilant breeze.
Summer is fleeting noiselessly on—
On to her waiting bier;
Pule is her beauty, silent her song,
And her diadem faded and sere.
Chant, ye minstrels of summers bright throng.
A dirge o’er her early bier.
Summer is passing, is passing away,
Its wealth, its music are gone.
The strong oak sways in the wild wind's play,
And the birds are mute at morn;
And the pale leaves drift in their bright decay,
For summer is going—summer is gone.
What a Know-Nothing Knows.
With such a queer name, you would hardly sup
pose
How much, after all, a Know Nothing knows.
He knows (hat the country has nothing to hope.
Till we’ve banished the Papists and poisoned the
Pope;
He knows that all priests are merely the tools
Of the devil to worry Know Nothings and fools;
That “Sisters of Charity" ought to kissed;
That monks should he murdered and nuns should
be Hissed;*
That the calender saints of ancient renown
All pious “Americans ought to put down”—
Till the last of the crew is imprisoned or dead,
And even St. Nicholas yield to St. Ned! t
He knows that a “furriner” ought not to go to
The pulls, though as brave as IteKalb or l)e Soto;
Thinks good Lafayette was the vilest of caitiffs;
And knows that the “Puritans" must have been
natives!
He knows immigration’s a dreadful expense,
That does'nt admit of the slightest defence;
Can tell, to a penny, exactly how much
We lose every daj r by the pestilent Dutch;
How a pauper appears with his rags and his tat
ters on.
What it costs to feed “Pat" and to board “Mrs.
Patterson 1”
Now who from his title would ever suppose
How many queer things a Know Nothing knows?
"Hiss, the name of the virtuous committeeman
of the Massachusetts legislature, who went in
search of a nunnery, with Mrs. Patterson as a
sleeping partner.
tNed Huntlinc, (he godly founder of the sect of
Know Nothings.
Quaint Play upon a Little Word.
A. correspondent of the Albany Esprcss (Inis
curiously rings the changes upon a tiny word in
frequent use:
Now that is a word which may often be joined.
For that that may be doubled is clear to the mind;
And that that that is right is as p.ain to view
As that that that that we use is rightly used too;
And that that that that that line has in it is right,
in accordance with grammar is plain in our sight.
The Hartford Times vouches for the truth
of the following story;
‘Tat Nolan, you are fined five dollar for
assault and battery on Mike Sweeney.”
‘T have the money in my pocket, and I’ll
pay the fine if your honor will give me a
resate.”
“We give no receipts here. We just take
the money; you’ll not be called on a second
time for your fine.”
“But your honor, Fll not be wanting to
pay that same without I get a resale.”
“What do you want to do with it?”
“If yer honor will write one and give it to
me, I'll tell ye.”
“Well there’s your receipt. Now what
do you want to do with it?
“I’ll tell your honor. You see one of these
days I’ll be afther dying, and when I go to
the gate of heaven, I'll rap, and St. Peter
will say, “who’s there?” and I’ll say, “Its me,
Pat Nolan,” and he’ll say, “what do you
want?” and I’ll say, “1 want to come in,” and
he’ll say, “did you behave yourself like a da
cent boy in the other world, and pay all
your fines and such things?” and I’ll say,
“yes yer honor, I paid all of them;” and then
he’ll want to see the resale, and I’ll put me
hand in me pocket and take out mo resale
and give it to him, and I’ll not have to go
plodding all over hell to find yer honor to
get one.
The finest idea of a thunder storm is when
Wiggins came home tight, lie eame into
the room among his wife and daughters, and
just then he tumbled over the cradle and
fell whop on the floor. After a while ho
rose and said —
“Wife, are you hurt?”
“No.”
“Girls, are you hurt?”
“No.”
“Terrible clap, wasn’t it?”
“Well, Sambo, what’s yer up to now-a
days?”
“Oh, Ise a carp’ner and jinor.”
“Ilel I guess yer is. What department
do yer perform?”
“What department? why, 1 does the cir
cular work.”
“What’s dat?”
“Why, I turns de grind-stone.”
“G’way.”
Tompey, why am a bee-hive like a bad
tater?’
‘Kase it’s round.’
‘Kase it’s round! What nonsense! Guess
again.’
‘Well I wont guess ’case you so ugly; I
know well ’null' whatf it am, only 1 won’t
guess for spite.’
‘Do you gib it up?’
‘Well, yes!’
‘Well, Pompoy don’t de hive hold de bees?’
‘Yes.’
‘Well, dat makes the bee-hive a bee-hold
er, and a bee holder am a spectator, and a
spectator am a bad tator. See de inference?’
AUBURN, PLACER COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, NOVEMBER 10, 1855.
The End of the Summer.
BY QUIEN BABE.
Take a Receipt.'
The Right Spirit
We mentioned, some days since, that the
Democracy—aye, “the untorrified 1 >emocra
cy,” as their opponents have styled them, by
way of derision and reproach—of Tuolumne
county —right upon the heels of a defeat,
after one of the most stoutly contested hat
ties of the campaign—contesting, as they did,
every inch of ground, against the warfare
of a wily and secret foe, have re-organized
to do battle against the common enemy of
our 1 temocratic Republican institutions. This
is as it should be —it is right, and we honor
the bold and chivalric Democracy of Tuo
lumne, for the promptness and spirit they
have displayed in re-organizing for the con
test which already looms up in the distance.
Their example is one which we trust will be
speedily followed by the Democracy of every
county in the State. Those Democrats, se
duced by the specious protestations of design
ing demagogues, who met every argument
with the worn-out platitude, “Americans shall
rule America”—a right there is none to dis
pute —but which was used in the cry of
“Great is the Diana of the Ephesians,” in the
olden time —having seen that they have been
grossly deceived, betrayed and sold, are ready
to renounce the strange gods, setup for their
adoration by those false prophets of Dual.
They are determined to bow the knee no
longer to Juggernaut, at the beck and nod
of the Hindoo Brahmins. Lot them, then,
having purged themselves of the sin into
which they have been seduced, come back
to that ancient Democratic faith which has
stood the test of time from the foundation of
the Republic. Men die, hut the vitality of
the true Democratic principle is eternal.
We repeat the hope that the noble ex
ample of the Tuolumne Democracy in the
present crisis, will be followed at once by
their brethren of every county in the State.
An important contest is before us, and with
a proper organization, the J temocracy of
the county must and will be victorious as in
days of yore.
In order to give publicity to the spirit
which actuates our Tuolumne brethren, wo
make the following extract from (lie Address
of the Democratic Central Committee of that
county. The sentiments expressed arc con
ceived in the proper spirit and breathe the
right tone. Let the feeling they embody
animate every Democratic heart:
The value of the regular and speedy or
ganization of the Democracy was never more
apparent. Our recent defeat, and the im
portance of the succeeding struggle, point to
it as the country’s only salvation. Let no
one underrate our old and tried system of
organization. Infallibility is not claimed for
it; nor arc we prepared to say that it has
not been frequently abused, nor yet that a
better system may not bo devised; but, cer
tainly, up to this time, it has proved to be
the best that our politics have known. Com
pared to the last attempted substitute—
secret Know-Nothing Lodges—it presents
the openness of honest manhood, against the
concealed plottings of a midnight conspiracy
—a clandestine order, whose members are
bound by solemn oaths to submit to the de
cision of a majority, and that majority in
every instance composed of Whigs in senti
ment. And not only the decrees of this ma
jority to be slavishly registered, but the first
infraction of the obligation is denounced as
“perjury.” A neighbor or friend is struck
down by the political executioner, wluv,after
wards, assassin like, denies participation in
the wrong. Such is the now scheme for
nominating men for station, which Demo
crats are called upon to accept, first reject
ing that under which the country has pros
pered for so many years. It is little wonder
that the yoke is hard to bear, and that in
many of the States of (he Union, the most
violent and open revolts are taking place.
It is a judicious maxim—if “mine, enemy
cheat me once , shame on him; if he cheat me
twice , shame on me." My deception, and the
wiles of insidious politicians, men may ho
deluded for a time; but when they find the
work of proscription and persecution never
to end—when they are made the mere instru
ments of disappointed and revengeful dema
gogues, they will soon seek to return to their
old friends and old usages.
The Democratic party has ever maintained
not only the same principles, but the same
name. Its doctrines imply an abiding faith
in the capacity of the people to govern them
selves, scorning the idea of binding Ameri
cans by test oaths , to vote in obedience to
the dictates of the “higher order of intellect.”
The Democratic party has had to contend
with all the isms and factions of this and for
mer days—and notwithstanding defeat at
times has been the result, the justice and
wisdom of their principles and policy have
remained ever manifest, because they have
never “stooped to conquer.”— Sun.
Salaries or Governors. —A paragraph
lias appeared in several papers purporting to
give the salaries of the Governors of the sev
eral States, which abound in errors. The
following is correct: —
The Governor of California, $10,000; Gov
ernor of Virginia, $5,000; of New York and
Louisiana, $4,000; Maryland, $3,600; South
Carolina, $3,600; Pennsylvania, Georgia,
Mississippi, Oregon and Washington Terri
tories, $3,000; Alabama, Kentucky, Massa
chusetts, Minnesota, New Mexico, Utah, Kan
sas and Nebraska, $2,500; North Carolina,
Tennessee, Texas and Missouri, 12,000; Ar
kansas, $1,800; Maine, Florida and Illinois,
$1,500; Delaware, $1,333; Connecticut and
Rhode Island, $1,100; New Hampshire,
Michigan and lowa $1,000; Vermont, $750;
Indiana, $1,300; Wisconsin, $1,250.
Capital Punishment. —Alexander E. Hig
gins, now in the Shasta jail under sentence of
death for (he killing of D. C. Goodwin, near
Horcotown, was hung yesterday.
A Butting Darkey.
Some years since 1 was employed ns ware
house clerk in a large shipping house in New
Orleans, and while in that capacity the fol
lowing scene occurred:
One day a vessel came in consigned to the
house, having on board a large lot of cheese
from New York; during the voyage some of
them had become damaged by bilge water,
(the ship having proved leaky,) consequently
the owners refused to receive them; they were
therefore, sent to the consignees of the ship,
to he stowed until the case could ho adjust
ed. 1 discovered a few days afterward that,
us to perfume, they were decidedly too fra
grant to remain in the warehouse in the mid
dle of June, and reported the same to my
employers, from whom I received orders to
have them overhauled and send all that were
passable to Beard <fe Calhoun’s auction mart,
(then in the old Camp street Theater,) to be
disposed of for tbe benefit of the underwri
ters, and (he rest to the swamp. 1 got a
gang of black boys to work on them, and
w hen they stirred ’em up, ‘be the bones of
Moll Kelley’s quart pot! but (lie smell was
illegant intireiy.’ I kept a respectable dis
tance, believe me, for strong niggers and
strong cheese, on a hot June clay, just bangs
till common essences, includnm a certain
• a ®
‘varmint we read about.
Presently tBo boys turned out an immense
fellow, about three feet six inches ‘across the
stump,’ from which the box had rotted oil';
in (lie center a space about ten inches was
very much decayed, and appeared to bo
about the consistency of mush, of a blueish
tint, which was caused by the. bilge water.
The boys bad just set it upon its edge on a
bale of gunny-bags, when I noticed over the
way a big darkey (then on sale) from Char
leston, S. C., who was notorious for his ‘but
ting’ propensities, having given most of the
niggers in that vicinity a taste of Bis quality
in that line. I had seen him and another
fellow the night previous, practicing; they
would stand, one on each side of a hydrant
some ten yards distant, and run at each other
with their heads lowered, and clapping their
hands on the hydrant, they would butt like
veteran rams. A thought struck me that I
might cure him of his bragging and butting,
and have some sport also, so 1 told the boys
to keep dark, and I called ‘Old Jake’over.
‘They toll me you arc a great fellow for
butting, Jake.’
‘I is some .Massa, das a lac—l done butt
de wool ’tirely orf of old Pete’s head las
night, and .Massa Nichols was gwino to gib
me goss! [ can jiss bang do bead orf any
nigger in dese parts, mysef-—I kin!’
A\ ell, Jake, I've got a little job in that
line for you when you haven’t anything else
to do.’
Tse on !mn for all clem kin nb jobs, my
sef—l is.’
‘Well, you see that large cheese hack
there.’
‘I does clat! I does, mysef.’
‘Now if jjou can butt a dent in it, you shall
have it.’
‘Golly, Massa! you foolin’ dis nigger?’
‘No, I’m not, Jake—just try me.’
‘Wot? you gib me de hull of dat cheese
ef I butt a dent in um?’ *
‘Yes.’
‘De Lor! I’ll bust ’em wide open, I will
mysef. Jess stan’ back dar, you Orleans
niggers and clear de track for < )le Soulf Car
olina, ease I’se coming mysef—l is.’
And old Jake started back some fifty feet
and went at it on a good quick run, and the
next instant 1 heard a dull, heavy sound, a
kind ot squish, and old Jake’s head disap
peared from sight, with the top just visible
on the other side, as ho rose from his new
fashioned necklace, the soft rotten cheese
oozing down all around him as it settled
down, so that just his eyes were visible.
From (he center of it Jake’s voice was
scarcely audible and half smothered, as he
vainly tried to remove (he immense cheese.
‘O-o-o-o! er de Lor! Mass —look inn orf!
O-o-o-o! bross do Lor! Lit" nm up! Gor-a
mighty! I .’
Meanwhile I was nearly dead myself, hav
ing laid back on a cotton hale holding my
self together to keep from bursting, while
the boys stood round old Jake, paying him
off.
‘Do Lor! how de nigger’s href smell! You
don’t clean your teeth Old Jake!’
‘T say, you didn’t make more dan four
times dat ban, did you old boss'’
‘Well, you is a nasty nigger, das a fad’
‘Well, you is de biyyest line of Welsh
Rabbit —you is!’
‘Whar you git your liar grease?’ And
thus the boys ran Old Jake—now half smo
thered—until I took compassion on him, and
told them to take it off. Jake didn’t stay to
claim his prize, hut put out growling—
‘Gor-a-mighty! I done got sole dat time!
I’so a case of yellow fever—l is, mysef!’
Old Jake was never known to do anymore
butting in that vicinity after that.
Cor. Spirit of the Times.
The Richmond Dispatch speaks of a pam
phlet just published in that vicinity, which
estimates that within the last forty years
61,642 slaves have escaped from the South,
or 4500 annually, and the total loss is |7,-
640,800.
A Son Blast. —On Sunday morning the
sth instant, between the hours of eleven and
one o’clock, a strange blight seized all the
white thorn and gooseberry bushes which
were in an exposed and elevated position.
The whole of the trees were blackened on
the southern side, as if they had been burned
with fire, and conjecture was rife as to the
cause of so strange an occurrence. We are
informed by a gentleman competent to en
lighten us on the matter, that the cause was
h “sun blast.” Haverfordwest Telegraph.
Eights of Belligerents in the Ports of the
United States.
Our readers will recollect that during Inst
winter 11. B. M. ship President arrived in the
harbor of Sail Francisco, with the Russian
ship <S 'ilka as a prize, having several Russian
prisoners on hoard; and that during her stay
hero a writ of habeas corpus on behalf of the
prisoners was sued out of the Twelfth Dis
trict Court, which proceeding the command
er of the Sitka defeated by leaving port sum
marily with his ship and prisoners, without
the formality of making a return to the writ.
It was understood at the time that the
matter would he brought to the notice of our
Government by the gentlemen here who had
interested themselves for the Russian prison
ers. It appeiu's that the subject was prompt
ly submitted at Washington by the Secretary
of Stale (Mr. Marcy) to the Attorney Gen
eral (Mr. Cushing), for his opinion upon the
important general questions of law involved,
and also upon the propriety of making to \
the British Government a formal complaint I
against the commander of the Sitka, if Ids j
conduct should be considered an infraction
of the rights of the United States as a neu- |
tral power in the war.
In his opinion, dated in April, 1855, though
very recently published for the first time, the
Attorney General examines fully the case
and the authorities, and reviews the estab
ed doctrines of international law upon (he '
rights of neutrals and those of belligerents
in neutral ports. iI is conclusions are, we j
believe, not only so well fortified bv author- ;
ily and usage, but bv the general assent of
the profession, both in San Francisco at the
time and generally since, that wo suppose i
they may bo regarded, taken iu connection [
with their high official character, as virtually i
settling the law in this country upon the
great questions involved.
These conclusions are:
1. That IT. I!. M. S. President , together
with her prize, the Sitka, and the prisoners
on board, were lawfully in the port of San
Francisco, as a neutral port; and while there
and demeaning herself in a friendly manner,
she and her prize remained a part of the ter
ritory of her sovereign, and were of course
exempt from (ho jurisdiction of the United
States,
2. That the courts of the Slate of Cali
fornia had no jurisdiction whatever as to the
prisoners on board the Sitka: and therefore
that the commander of the Sitka was under
no obligations to obey the writ of habeas cor
pus, even if served upon him ashore, though
as a matter of courtesy to (he courts of the
Slate, he might well have made his return to
the writ. Hut his omission to do so, wher
ever served, furnishes no ground of complaint
to his government, especially as ho had the
right, (and it was his duty) if he apprehend
ed the escape or rescue of his prisoners, to
remove them elsewhere.”
On the whole, the opinion will, we think,
be accepted by the bar and country, its an
.able, and entirely satisfactory paper, which
determines upon grounds of clear law and
sound policy, the rights of the United Slates
as a neutral power in this great war, and of
the belligerents in her ports. These arc
questions of the highest magnitude and we
rejoice to have them settled thus, as well for
the sake of our national relations with the
belligerents, as of the local interests of San
Francisco, which are protected by the same
law which protects the rights of the contend
ing nations in our harbor.
State Journal.
Law Reform in England.— An intelligent
jurist of New York writes to the Evening
Post of that city, from London, ns follows:
"I cannot refrain from tolling you that a
universal opinion appears to exist in favor of
the innovation recently introduced here of
examining the parties to the suit, both plain
tiff and defendant, orally and in open court,
exactly like ordinary witnessess. The judges
and the bar all concur in saying that in the
majority of cases it simplifies and facilitates
the operation of trying the cause, and al
though it, of course, sometimes leads to the
presentation of very bad cases for perjury,
still, on the w hole, it is altogether well liked.”
Gale in tub Harbor —Early yesterday
morning a gale commenced blowing w hich
continued through the day till toward even
ing when it considerably abated. The har
bor, although not crowded with vessels, pre
sented a very lively scene, and some damage
was done by the rolling and pitching among
tlie small vesselsuud steamers at the wharves;
beyond some severe dialings of the sides and
smashing of sails and upperworks of several
vessels and steamers wo hear of no damages
of much amount. A sloop loaded with coal
and timber filled at Market street wharf and
sunk. The day was the coldest of the season.
S. F. Journal , Nov. 3d.
Editors in Luck. Messrs. McCallum,
Waite and Dosh, members of the next State
Senate, are the only editors wo believe, ever
elected to that body, although we know of
several that have tried to be. They are
three talented gentlemen and an honor to
the profession. In addition to this, McDon
ald of the Sierra Citizen, lately had a watch
presented him by citizens. Hold your horses;
editors arc so very modest!
Stale Journal.
Inteuestino Debate. —The following sub
ject is proposed for debate, at a meeting of
a society at Rochester, N. Y.: “Who have
the most to fear, the uninsured from lire, or
the insured from the bursting of insurance
companies!”
A simple friend desires to know whether
the abolition of flogging in (he navy includes
panking breezes.”
Well Answered.
( Senator Douglass having been invited to
I lecture on Slavery in Boston, thus replies: ■>
Chicago, Tuesday, Sept. 11, 18S&
Gentlemen: 1 have the honor to acknowl
edge the receipt of your polite invitation tu
deliver a lecture on the subject of Slavery At
the Tremont Temple in Boston on the 7tn of
February next, or at such time during the
next winter as my convenience will permit (
Regarding slavery as a domestic regulation;
which derives its existence and support from
the local laws of the several States where It
prevails, and with which the Federal Govern
ment nor the citizens or authorities of other
States have any right to interfere, except to
perform their constitutional obligations in
reference to the rendition of fugitives.. . J
have never deemed it my duty as a citizen of
a non-slaveholding State to discuss the sup
posed advantages or evils, with the view of
sustaining or destroying the domestic institu
tions of sister States, with which, under the
Constitution and laws of the land, I have no
right to interfere, and for the consequences
of which I am in no wise responsible. I
You will therefore permit me to say, with
all due respect, that neither my tastes mjof
my public duties will permit me to accept
your polite invitation.
1 have t lie honor to be, very respectfully,
your obedient servant. S. A. DOUGLAS,
Messrs. Dr. J. \V. Stone, and others, Com.
The Man Ape of Africa.
Professor Owen, the celebrated naturalist,
describes n new species of ape, recently dis
covered on the Western coast of Africa;
named the Gorilla species, the adults of
which attain the height of five feet five
inches, and are three foot broad across the
ciiest. Its head is doubly the size of a man’s,
and its extremities are enormously developed.
They existed in some numbers in the inti r
minahlo forests of the Gambia river. The
negroes of (ho country, in their excursions
into the forests in search of ivory, exhibited?
little fear of the lion, as it slunk away from
man; hut they dreaded the gorrilla, for when,
he saw a man advancing, he came down out
of the trees to the attack, and could strangle
a man with (ho greatest ease. The strength
of this man ape is enormous; his jaw is as
powerful as that of a lion, and his canine
teeth equally formidable.
Mrs. K. K. Smith likes the people of th»
Great West. She says, in the Rhode Island
School master:
"I he Western man has none of the vices
of thrift, lie carries on operations upon so
vast a scale that he casts out pettiness and
meanness wherever he goes. lie does net
higgle and barter in a bargain, ilcmeasuns
distance by miles, not feet. He counts mon
ey by dollars, not pennies. lie seems
ashamed to. come down to pence. Ho buys
a dress for Ids wife, and gets a few yards
extra. His own coat and Ids shoos are too
large for him. His hat slouches for the saino
reason; it, is as if (he imagination of the man
was akin to the easiness of the rivers and
prairies of the region—the soul goes outside
of the body. He must have elbow-room—
ho must breathe therefore his house is
large; the rooms huge, and sometimes un
comfortable. The bed is high and wide; the
teacup ample, heavy, and like the lakes, filled
to the brim."
Cheat Batti.k with tmk Indians, — The
St. Louis Republican says that Gun. Harney
lias fought a battle with t lie Sioux. The en
gagement took place on the 3d of September,
at tbu Sand Hills, on the North Fork of the
l’latt% The Indians were completely routed
with the loss of one hundred killed. The
war will not end here. The Indians will not
be satisfied with a single engagement, though
the result has been most disastrous to them.
It is not probable (hat they will again risk
a general engagement, but their policy will
be to annoy arid harrass our troops, by invit
ing pursuit into distant and inaccessible por
tions of the country, and there giving them
battle. But they will find Gen. Harney and 1
the troops under his command, are ready to
meet and chastise them at any point and
under all circumstances.
Statistics of Voi.c.vvo.—According to
the Ledger, the town of Volcano, in Amadof
county, now contains 242 houses. The town
proper is composed of three principal streets,
Main street, which runs nearly north and
south; Consolation street and Jackson. Main
street is long and of respectable width, and
can bo made a handsome street, and boasts
some as extensive trading houses and as
handsome and substantial tire-proof buildings
as any inland town in California.
Tno people there are agitating the question
whether or not the town shall be incorporat
ed by the next Legislature. The Ledger
favors incorporation.
The editor of the Chicago Daily Journal
says ho has had exhibited to him by Ur.
Hull, of Alton, 11!., something of the peach
variety, but of the pumpkin appoarauce. It
was in fact a poach of excellent flavor, mea
suring a foot iu circumference! The Journal:
also states that Dr. Hull had contracted to 1
furnish the nu'ukel of Chicago with 6000
baskets of this gigantic fruit the present
SOiiSOll.
McCautvsviu.k. —This is the name of a
beautiful village which lias sprung into exist
ence twelve miles west of San Jose, at the
base of the Santa Cruz mountains. It is 10-:
cated on a stream which supplies water to
drive numerous saw mills and a fine grist
mill. Town Talk.
Miss Dobbs says that the sweetest lino she,
ever read was her Simon’s name, written in
molasses on the front stoop.
Integrity, however rough, is bettor than
I smooth dissimulation.
NUMBER 9!

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