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THE PLACEU HERALD. IS PUBLISHED KVER Y SATURDAY, .Main Street, Auburn, Placer County, Cal., by CHARLES 11. MITCHELL. TERMS. (Ssucriptions invariably in advance.) orP one year $C 00 orF six months 3 00 orP three months 2 00 pS~ All subscriptions will be discontinued at the expiration of the time, subscribed for, without a continuance is ordered. RATES OF ADVERTISING. One Square of Tux Lines, (this sized typo,) First insertion $3 00 Each subsequent insertion 1 60 For half a square (five lines,) or less .... 200 Each subsequent insertion 1 00 Obituary notices, or personal advertise ments charged full rates, Notices of Marriages, Uirths or Deaths, free. y®' Liberal deductions made to monthly or yearly advertisers. Jf.““Tlic patrons of the Placer Herald are re quested to take notice of the above terms, as they will be required of every person. The Sea Shore. The wide sea stretches beneath the shy In the golden light of day, And the wild waves come with their snowy plumes, That glitter, and dance, and piny; And on they come, and on (hey come, With the lofty pomp of power, To scatter their beauty on shiny weeds. And die on the briny shore. The wild waves glitter, and glance and play, To break on the briny shore, Jlut caeli is bearing its tribute on. To add to earth’s bright store. Some may bring us the little shell, And some the store of gold, And some the sailor’s shipwrecked foi All ghastly, and stern, and cold. And the wild waves murmur in sadness round, Or thunder with m, .dial roar, As eacli rolls up with it,- given freight, And dies on the* briny shore. here's a wide, wide sea. a changing sea, The shadowy sea of life, When* the lofty billows rise and fall, In the never ceasing strife. And on. and on. and ever on, Pressed by restless power, They bear their joy or their curse to earth, And die on the sandy shore. And on they come, and on they come, Till night sweeps oe'r the scene. Am) the dun clouds lloat o'er the gloom/ sky, A<«l the stars look out between— Till far away in the orient The sun comes forth in power, And tlie secret burdens lie all revealed Upon the briny shore. 'The Russia,! Possessions in the Pacific. Very little is known of the Russian pos sessions in the I’acilic. All the knowledge that we have recently obtained in relation to them, was through the Allied Fleet in these walefe, and that is of course unsatis factory in the extreme. It will bo seen from the following, which is copied from (ho Gazette d'Au<jxhury, that, a well fortified Russian city has been built since 18b 1 ;il tho mouth of tho Arnoor River. “It is already known that Russia has lately peaceably acquired the mouth of tho River Arnoor. Two hundred years ago the Rus sians had taken possession of that territory, hu;t*&J*l>}V .years afterwards they abandoned it, and as. ibo llv-l n then appreciate the importance «f that pos sesslW,jth’e inhabitants of the country recog nizedfhe autlibrity of tho Chinese Govern ment-' Tlie Emperor Nicholas was the first to appreciate tho importance of settlements on the Northeastern coast of Asia. During his reign, the population of Kamtschatka rose to eighty thousand, and tho capital of the Province became a strong* place, of twelve thousand inhabitants. Ocbotsk, the princi pal place of the Territory of Irkutsk, came next in importance. This city numbered one thousand inhabitants, and w as 9550 versts (about 0370 miles) from St, Petersburg*. Ocbotsk was, however, 3500 versts (2330 miles) therefore, ordered, not only an exact survey of the part of Siberia situated at the East of the Sea of Ocbotsk, hut also ordered several forts to be constructed at the mouth of the Arnoor, and sent steamers to sound the river. It was in 1851 that the plans conceived about this subject began to bo put iu execution. A great number of peas ants belonging to the Crown, and from those regions beyond (ho Baikal, were in fact sent on tho Chinese frontier as military colonists. Three years afterwards 5000 could be mustered, to tlie astonishment of their Chinese neighbors. When, in 1854, all the regular troops were withdrawn from Siberia, dud the Bunates were sent to Irkutsk to suc ceed the Cossacks of tho line, a sufficient force was foft at tho capital of Kamtschatka .find on tho Arnoor. The fortifications were strengthened, the settlements were increased and the Russian Government took advantage of the embarrassment of the Emperor of China to obtain three hundred square miles of land by a treaty of rectification of the fron tiers. A well-fortified Russian city is now ni the course of construction at the mouth ot the Arnoor. When it will be strong enough to resist the attacks of the Western Powers it will become tho nucleus of rela tions which will probable take a large exten sion.” Posen.—Mrs. Snubble (to her daughter, I.aura.) “It was very wrong of you, Laura, to waltz with young Jolly. Your papa was greatly shocked, lie says he has met young -lolly in the city, in places where no decent /nan would ever be seen!” TH E PLA CE R HER A L I). Extract from the Inaugural of Jefferson DELIVERED MARCH 4111, 1810. “Equal and exact justice to all men, of whatever state or persuasion, religious or political; peace, commerce, and honest friend ship, with all nations, entangling alliance with none; the support of the stale govern ments in all their rights, as the most com petent administration for our domestic con cerns and the surest bulwarks against anti republican tendencies; the preservation of the general government in its whole constitu tional vigor, as the sheet anchor of our peace at home and safety abroad; a jealous care of the right of election by the people—a mild and safe corrective of abuses which are lop ped by the sword of revolution where peace ful remedies arc unprovided; absolute acqui escence in the decisions of the majority, the vital principle of republics, from which there is no appeal but to force, the vital principle and immediate parent of despotism; a well disciplined militia—our best reliance in peace and for the first moments of war, till regu lars may relieve them; the supremacy of the civil over (he military authority; economy in (he public expense, that labor may be lightly burdened; the honest payments of our debts and sacred preservation, of the public faith; encouragement of agriculture, and of commerce as its handmaid; the diffusion of information and arraignment of all abuses at the bar of public reason; freedom of reli gion; freedom of the press; freedom of per sons under the protection of the habeas cor pus; ami trial by juries impartially selected — these principle form the bright constellation which has gone before us, and guided our steps to an age of revolution and reforma tion. The wisdom of our sages and (lie blood of our heroes have been devoted to their attainment. They should be the creed of our political faith—the text of civil institu tion—the touchstone by which to try the services of those we trust; and should we wander from them in moments of error or alarm, let us hasten to retrace our steps and to regain the road which alone leads to peace, liberty and safety.” That the inferior animals have intelligence distinct from that instinct w hich is common to them and to man, is a notion now genc rally prevalent. An interesting illustration of this opinion was related at a meeting* of ihe Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool. The authority is such as to lean* no room for question. A pair of goldfinches had built their nests on a small branch of an olive tree; after hatching their brood, tho parents perceived that the weight of tho family was too great for the strength of the brunch which supported the nest —it had be gun to yield; the provident parents with an intelligence that, cannot be resolved into in stinct, were seen to fasten by means of a small string which they procured, the branch which supported their ilost to a stronger mid higher branch of the tree —thus redeeming, by an extraordinary effort of reason, the original error which they had committed, and guarding their parental hopes from the threatened ruin. But few men (lie of ago. Almost all die of disappointment, passional, mental or bodily toil or accident. The passions kill men some? times even suddenly. The common expres tion choked with passion, has little cxagger ation in it; for even though not suddenly fa tal, strong - passions shorten life. Strong bod ied men often die young—-weak men live longer than the strong, for the strong use their strength, and the weak have none to use. The latter take care of themselves, and the former do not. As it is with the body, so it is with the mind and temper. The strong are apt to break, or, like the candle, to run: the weak burn out. The inferior animals; which live, in general, regular and temperate lives have generally their prescribed term of years. The horses lives twenty-five years, the ox fifteen or twenty, the lion about twen ty, the dog ten to twelve, the rabbit eight, the guinea pig six to seven. Those num bers all boar a similar proportion to the ■ time the animal takes to grow to its full size. I But man of all the animals is the one that seldom comes up to his average. Ho ought to live an hundred years, according to this physiological law, for five times twenty are one hundred, hut instead of that, he scarcely reaches, on the average, four times this grow ing period; the cat six times, and (he rabbit even eight times tbu standard of measure ment. The reason is obvious—man is not the most irregular and the most temperate, but the most laborious and bard worked of all animals. Ho is also the most irritable of all animals and there is no reason to believe though wo cannot tell what an animal se cretly feels, that, more than any other, man cherishes wrath to keep it warm and con sumes himself with the fire of his own secret reflections.— Blackwoods. Important experiments for the economical extraction of gold from its matrix, have re cently been conducted in London. It ap pears that the quartz is first calcined and re duced to an impalpable powder which is then placed in a glass retort immersed in a cistern of water, kept up to boiling tempera ture; this is connected with glass tubes at tached to a regenerator, in which the chlo rine gas is produced by the decomposition of the black oxide of manganese, acted upon by hydro choleric acid. This gas passing through, and saturating every particle of gold dust, hitherto invisible, converts the the same into a soluble chloride of gold.— The sand is then well washed, the chloride consequently dissolved and a stream of car burretted hydrogen being passed through the solution, precipitates the metallic gold in the form of a deep purple powder. Intelligence of Birds. Age. AUBURN, PLACER COUNTY. CALIFORNIA. JUNE 0. 1857. AN hat is there in 11* signature of a belov ed name which makes it more precious than all the written words which precede it? — V\ hat is there that makes it more bitter when all is past and gone, to meet that name on a blank title page of a book, than to hear it spoken a thousand times in ordinary con versation, or to look over a hundred other memorials of lost happiness? Who does not pause at a name inscribed in a book, and gaze upon it as if it told the history of the years which have passed away since it was written? The hand which traced it may bo grown feeble and tremulous with age, or mav lie, cold and forgotten dust, in the grave. It may have become • “An empty sound. To which no living thing lays claim;” but its magic power remains. Two syllables on that silent page make oath to ns that a being was, with health, strength and reason; who hoped like ourselves, laughed like our selves. and breathed the air we breathe, A name! It suffices to will away broad lands and fair domains; to curse the. lifelong pover ty, or bless with prosperity and wealth. A [lower lies there which mocks the grave, and the living obey the dead. The Rev. Mr. Bellows, of New York, re cently delivered an excellent address on Mirth, in the course of which he remarked: “For my part, I say in all solemnity, 1 have become sincerely suspicions of tlie piety of those who do not love pleasure in any form. I cannot trust the man that never laughs; that, is always sedate; that has no apparent outlet for natural springs of sportiveness and gaiety that are perennial to the human soul. 1 know nature takes her revenge on such violence. 1 expect to Hud secret vices, malignant sins or horrid crimes springing up in this hot-bed of confined air and imprison ed space; and therefore, it gives mo sincere moral gratification anywhere and in am* community, to see innocent pleasures and popular amusements resisting the religious bigotry that frowns so unwisely upon them. Anything is belter than dark, dead, unhappy social life; a prov to ennui and morbid ex citement, which results from unmitigated pnritanism, whose second crop is usually unbridled license and infamous folly.” A writer in the Boston Post takes offence at a somewhat common abuse of the word “virtue,” and fears it will be wholly banished from “polite discourse.” He gives a very good illustration of the evils complained of: “Suppose the character of a woman is under discussion in court or elsewhere. “You say she is selfish, cruel, and a had mother?” “Yes, but she is virtuous.” You admit she is a termagant to her husband, and the ter ror of her household?” “7 cs —hut she is the most virtuous of women.” “A slanderer and a liar?” “Vos—but of unimpeachable vir tue.” “A drunkard and a thief?" “Yes— but virtuous —rigidly virtuous,-—rigidly, un impeachably virtuous.” Mi‘ llerenh! Here now is a woman with all tlie vices in tlie calender save one, —yet a paragon of virtue! Surely, if words could talk (on tlioir own account) tbo noblest of them all might ex claim: “To wliat base esc do we come at lust?” 11 1 stoii v ok the I’ennv. — Tho ancient English penny was the first silver coin struck in England, and the only one current among our Saxon ancestors. At the time of Ethel red it was equal in weight to oi)i* threepence Till the time of King Edward I. tbe penny was so deeply indented that it might easily be broken and parted, on occasion, into two parts —(hose were called half pence; or into four, these were called four things, or far things. it-f?" •'i.asuow, in 1550, was only (lie fourteenth town in Scotland; a hundred years ago, its population scarcely exceeded twenty live thousand souls; now in the number of its inhabitants, it is second only to the vast metropolis of the united empire. In the re cent war it gave seven thousand recruits to the army.- —Eight years ago, the Clyde could admit only a few lighters from (ireenock; now America, India, and China float their vessels into the harbor ot Glasgow. '1 lies University vies in its scope of teaching and its collection with the most renowned of the world. Authsias Wkm.s in Nkw York. —The N. V. correspondent of the San Joaquin Ji'/uih- Ucan says that nine artesian wells, have been sunk for various establishments in New York city, at an expense of *50.000, which furnish 1130 gallons of water per minute. The price of the same quantity of Croton water annually, would be *70,000. This is a great saving to manufacturers, and good argument in favor of the wells. Wasn’t Good at Conundrums. —Last summer, not a thousand miles from Wilming ton, there was held a camp-meeting. A very eloquent and popular preacher was present at it, and the thing “took.” Multitudes were brought to the anxious bench. One day a dry and absent minded, unsophisti cated old’ fellow wandered into the camp meeting, and by-and-by found himself near the preacher’s stand. Brother Stern was giving the sinners their deserts just about flint moment, and shouted with peculiar em phasis: “What shall you do to be saved?’ 7 “Yes,” cried lie, looking directly at hilly, the absent minded one, “what shall you do to be saved?” “Excuse rno,” said hilly, in a flustered, con fused way, “but I—l—am —a —not good at conundrums.” A Name. A Minister on Mirth. Virtue. Facts for Farmers. To destroy kidney worms, give hogs oc casionally a tablespoonful of a compound of three parts ashes and one of salt in their food. For costiveness, take copperas pul verized, boil it in a skillet, stirring well; then pulverize, and give same quantity, mixed with other food, to each hog. In selecting hogs, get short noses, small ears, short legs, with fine short early white hair; they fatten easy and make better meat. Manure, salt and salt peter. 224 lbs. of I equal parts of salt and salt peter, will in crease a crop of wheat from lit to 27 bushels an acre, or in that proportion. Salt (chlo rine and sodium,) and salt pet re, (potash and aquafortis) are at the very best of manures, ; distributed at the rate of 10 bushels to (ho acres. It destroys worms, gives healthy color to the foil age, collects and retains moisture, prevents the rapid secretion of plants and is a Inalthy stimulant. To prevent hogs from rooting, cut across the nose, just above the gristle of the snout, by which you will sever I lie nasal tendon, which enables them to root. Then split the gristle up and down the face, and the work is done. For the long nose tlap eared breed, cut off the nose eighteen inches above the snout. The want of lime may be seen in heavy crops of straw and light crops of grain. In root crops, it, K seen in Pips, and the roots all branches, or, as they are sometimes call ed all lingers and toes. It should never be put on at the same time with manure, as it liberates the ammonia, and allows it to es | cape. If land is too sandy, the best manure is 1 clay and leached ashes. These will puddle ;it and render it tenacious of water. If it is ' heavy clay, it requires sand to render it por ous. If it is muck it requires lime to neutra i lize, the acid, and destroy the antiseptic, or resinous quality of the soil. The roots of wheat have been (raced four feet. Farmers usually plow four inches.— Well lot the other three feet eight inches take care of itself! A man must he in small business to he fussing over a place for wheat roots to run! The fact is, they have no busi ness to run so far. German Mode of Preparing Coli’ee The most important thing is the burning, which were better done in a light, revolving cylinder. i>o not burn the coffee or let, it sweat after burning. Keep it air tight till used. A half ounce of berries is enough for two large cups of cotlce. Five half ounces enough for six persons, or twelve <-iil is. The German coffee machine has an arrangement on top, a cup wiih a very line sieve at the bottom; above tins sieve they press the ground coffee, and pour boiling water on. It drips through'"below. Allow no steam to escape, lloil it none at all.— bet it stand two or three minutes, ami then pour two parts black coffee to one part boiling milk. Sweeten to lasts, Remedy for the eruptions produced by (lie poison oak; take sulphurate of iron ten grains; laudanum, half an ounce; water, one ounce —mix and apply to (he diseased surface, constantly, by means of soft lipen, saturated with the solution. If the eruption is persis tent with sympathetic fever, take salts in aperi ent doses and of one grain of sulphate of iron internally.” California Silver Mines. “It is now sett loci bevmid much possibility of !i doubt,” says tho (State Journal , “that 11 1 <3 silver mines recently discovered about forty miles from the city of San Bernardino, in this State, arc of an immense value. Wo have personal information to that client, tor wo know of specimens of the ore from those mines being melted, which proved to ho from seventy to ninety per cent, pure silver. The process from working these mines is en tirely different than that of the gold mines. There is a good chance for tho enterprising, with capital, as there was in the gold mines in 18-10, and the probability of acquiring wealth much greater than at present in tho gold mining regions. As far as the depos its of precious metals are concerned, Califor nia has taken and will take the lead. If is hardly necessary for our people to risk their lives among tho savages of Mexico, if they wish to hunt for this material.” Smart Boys. A pedagogue liud two pupils—to one lio, was very partial, to Llio other ho was very severe. < hie morning it happened that those two were late, and were called out to ac count for it. “You must have heard the boll, hoys; why did you not comet” “Please, sir,” said his favorite, “1 was drei|min’ that 1 was goin’ to Californy, and I thought (he school hell was the boll of the steamboat I was going in!” “Very well, sir,” (glad of any pretext to excuse his favorite,) and now sir, (turning to the other,) what have you to say?” “Please, sir,” said the puzzled boy—“l—l was waiting to see Torn off.” Naturally Answered. “My dear,” said tin anxious father to his bashful daughter, “I intend that you shall be married, but I do not intend that you shall throw yourself away on any of the wild, worth less hoys of the present day. You must marry a man of sober and mature ago — one that can charm you with wisdom and good advice, rather than with personal at traction. What do you think of a fine ma tured husband of fifty.” The timid, meek, blue-eyed daughter, looked into the old man’s face, and, with the slightest possible touch of interest in her voice, answered: “I think, papa, that two of twenty five would he. hotter" False Pretenses. A man about forty years of age, with brilli antly illuminated neck-handkerchief, and the rest of his costume in a gone-to-seod condi tion, appeared at the Huttalo Police Court a short lime ago, and walked doubtfully within the bar. Some business being trails | acted, bo waited anxiously until it was fin ished, and then walked up to the desk, say i iug: ‘Judge, 1 want a warrant.’ The Justice, who was busy making out some delivery papers tor an individual w ho had just been convicted of something merely salt), ‘Mb! what?’ and went on chirograpliing his irrevoeahle edicts. After some time ‘seedy’ broke out again with, ‘Squire I want a warrant.’ ‘Well,’ said the Justice, very blandly, ‘and what do you want a warrant tor.’ ‘For false pretenses,’said seedy; ‘a man— ’ ‘Well, well, hut hold on! who is the indi v idltal vou wish to arrest?’ ‘lt was ./impson and he went and— ’ ‘Well, now, stop,’ said the Justice waxing impatient, ‘you just answer my questions, ami we will have it straight. Now what : did J impson do?’ ‘\\ al, vou sco, Judge, he comes false pre tenses on me. 1 was just, agoing to roost, j and vou see, Squire, Jimpson met me in the hall, and savs he, Lank, savs he, come into Imv room and have a little game of hlnll. ! told him I know’d nothing’ about blutl, ami said lin’d show me, and went in,’ ‘And what did you do then? said the Justice becoming interested. ‘Wnl, J impson show ed me how they bet on pars, and thorn as had the most pars look the pile, that was up. 1 won two or three pots, an 1 then Jimpson won a small one.’ ‘Well,’ said the Judge, screwing his chair nearer to the .applicant for a warrant for false pretenses. ‘Then Jimpson ho delt, and I sware of thar warnt three queens in my hand. 1 says, bank. I’ll bet ten dollars on three pars’— and Jimpson savs, he, ‘An I’ll see that nr. and I’ll go you ten dollars hotter.’ ‘\\ oil, go on,’ said the Squire, getting more interested; ‘what then?’ ‘Then I got a little skeart, hut 1 ktmdelhal three queens was a blessed good hand,’cause Jimpson said at lirst that them as had the most pars took the pot, and I went him ten dollars better.’ ‘Well, what then?’said the Justice, rising and leaning over the justice’s box. ‘Wal, Jimpson he looked at his hand again laughed, and said: i see that ar, and I’ll go you twenty dollars better—and can you heal, four kings?’ says Jimpson. That skeart me worse’n ever, as I knode three queens couldn’t, heat four kings, and so I didn’t het —and he took down the pile; and now | want a warrant on Jimpson for liaise pro tenses.’ A on cant have it,’ thundered the Justice. ■( >n what grounds do yon claim one? ‘Wal, Squire, you see J impson asked me if I could heat four kings, and 1 knode three queens—’ ‘<>ii what, grounds do you claim a warrant —yon Inst the money, didn’t yon? said the .1 nsiice. ‘Yes, hut you see, I holt three (pieons, and Jimpson asked me if 1 could heat four kings, and I knode three queens wouldn’t heat four kings, and so I throde np and he took down the pile. And he never had four kings, and consequently he obtained mv money on tiiil.su pretenses. (Jive ns a war rant, Squire.’ ‘What did J impson hold?’ asked (he Squire, ‘lie never felt nothing biff two little par.’ The complainant narrowly dodged a whack from a tremendous list, as the J nstic.o sank into an arm-chair with a sigh, while the victim went oil’ lamenting and execrating I lie law that did not allow a man to seize the pot when ho ‘licit’ three queens,and a law that permitted another fellow to pull down the pile when lip ‘licit but two paf.’ A Scrupulous Juror. During the recent trial of Fort man, at Covington, Ky., oneof the jurymen returned, was asked by the prosecution, if he had any “conscientious scruples about inflicting tho death penalty.'” “Scruples?” “Yes, sir, con scientious scruples.” The juryman scratch ed his head, and thought deeply for a mo ment,. “Yes, sir, 1 have them sera sern .” “Scruples,” suggest is 1 the attorney.” “Yes, sir, conscientious scruples.” “Will you ex plain the nature of your scruples Ip the Conrl?” said the lawyer. “My scruples,” said tho juryman, facing Ids Honor, “is that the Dutchman ought to ho hung, and I’m in for it.” Ho was ordered to “stand aside for cause.” A Sharp Boy. The Uutland (Vt.) Herald, says that on the last night of the Vermont legislative session, while the school hill was under dis cussion, a member com plained that school boys had lost their politeness and respect. Mr. Bartlett, of Lyndon, said, “I acknowledge the truth of the gentleman’s remarks. 1 was once forced to take of! my cat-skin cap to every passer by. A few years since I was riding through Ctrl,cans county in a sleigh, and overtook a hoy who had attained the ago of nine years. He stepped out of (ho road to let mo pass. There lie stood upon I lie crust —erect , hold and aspiring. lie did not propose to doff ids heaver —not he. Said I, ‘My lad, you should always take off your hat to a gentleman.’ Said ho, 'Jahoays do, sir.' ” One of the Certificates of Death, written by a “physician of large practice,” received at the City Inspector’s (tllice, reads as follows; Mrs. Karoline Johnsons dawter aged five months and ate clays, died with defisiiensy of life to day under mv attendance.” Immense Telegraphic Enterprise. We learn from a gent lonian in the way of receiving authentic intelligence on the sub ject, that a number of gentlemen of this city largely interested in telegraphic business, have a project on loot to connect New York and San Francisco direct by a lino of tele graph. The plan is not yet fully matured, but "ben (reflected it will embrace a preliminary expedition under (lie auspices and protection of the Government parly, which is soon to start, on an engineering tour for the purpose of laying out (under the recent act of Con gress) a military vend to the Pacific. The tclegrapliie party, which is to accom pany (lie military expedition, will probably consist ot some forty or fifty persons, and will be amply supplied with mules and camels for the purpose of crossing the continent with safety and dispatch. The parly will start from Omaha City in Nebraska, (to he con nected by telegraph with St. Tonis) follow the Matte river to the South Pass, and thence direct across to San Francisco. This is an immense enterprise, and one which requires a largo outlav of labor and capital. Should it prove successful, and the submarine telegraph lie laid successfully in •luly, Loudon and San Fiaiicisco will be within hailing distance with each other, and the quotations on Vhango in the metropolis ot Kurope will be bulletined in the Golden Giu within an hour.- .V. V, Mirror. Tuscan Springs I’beso springs, near lied I‘lull’s, are becom ing a lavorile |>laco ot iv^ort. In speaking ot them, the linicou of May Oth, says: I hem are a dozen or more of (hose springs situated in an area ot i wenty rods stjiiare, each differing from all tile others in temperature and all the properties of its water. We are not aware that a thorough chemical analysis of the waters has heon had, hut we are in lormed that eonniioii salt, horax, sulphur, ammonia and iron are the prevailing pro perties. Some ol the water i-- so strongly impreg nated with these properties as to leave salt, horax, etc., in eonsiderahlo ipiantities, al most pmv, in a clrystaliz.cd stale in the vici nity of the springs. 1 hey emit large ipiantities of inflamma -1)1 e gas - sulphurated hydrogen gas—wliieli, when ignited, produces a hriliiaut w Idle ligiit, not unlike the gas light used in cities. Su(R eient ipiantities of lids gas might he collect ed to light the house and heal the water used for bathing. The country around has a highly volcano appearance, the whole surface of the neigh borhood being covered with scoria;. NVe think these springs must become celebrated as a natural curiosity, lor the beauty of the scenery around Ilium and for the mcdica) virtlies of their waters. A llomu Tmirsr.—'l lie N. V. fix-pres* says; “The Abolition journals, after heartily abusing ‘the scoundrels' of the United States Supreme Court, are rapidly coming to the conclusion—that big scoundrels as they are, they have only decided that a negro is nut a citizen of the United Slates. As even in New York, we have heon deciding all that for years hv refusing to let negroes inter marry with our children—have kept them off our Juries and militias—kicked them out of railroad cars, churches, grave yards and free schools—why call judges scoundrels, for le gally carrying out, our own practical decis ions? Nevertheless, the Court will lie de nounced as bar-room politicians, and as a set of scoundrels, just as bitterly as ever.” AN ACT To prohibit Gaming. Ihr People of tin * Stale of Ca/iforniu, rrprr rrsted in Senate anil .Isseinhl i / do enact as fill lawn: Si;r. I. Every person who shall deal, play,carry on, open, or cause to be opened, or wig) shall con duct, either as owner or employee, whether for hire or md, any game of Karo, Monte,' lupiletle, JiUlisijnenet, Kongo el .Voir, or any hanking game played with cards, dice or any device, vpljether the same be played for money, checks, credit, op any representation of value, shall be guilty of felony, and on conviction thereof shall lie punish ed by imprisonment in the State's I’risen fop a tefin no! exceeding twp ) ears, gad by line not ex ceeding live thousand dollars. SMI I. 2. livery person who shall bet, havard. nr play money, checks, or anything of value against said games mentioned in the previous section, shall he deemed guilty of a (Misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction thereof, he lined nut exceed ing live hundred dollars, and imprisoned In the county jail not exceeding six months. Sec. 3. No perse n otherwise competent as a witness, shall lie disqualified from testifying as a witness, either before a grand or petty Jury, con cerning the offenses mentioned in the foregoing sections, on the ground that his testimony shall be reduced i ' anting, and no indictment or pro secution shall afterwards he brought against him for said offenses, conci riling which he lias tesliticd as a witness. Ski', -t. The iiislriet Attorneys of tin; various counties of (he State shall receive one hundred dollars for every conviction under this Act, to ho collected out of the property of the party so con victed. See. a. livery person who shall knowingly per mit any of the games mentioned in this' sec tion to be played, conducted nr dealt In any house owned by him or her, in whole or part, or rented by him or her, in whole or part, shall lie guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be lined live thousand dollars, and imprison, ed in the county jail six months. Approved April 27th. I So 7 AN ACT Fixing the time of holding the County Court irp the county of Placer. The People of the State of California, repre sented in Senate and .7, .anbly dp enaet us ful/oti't: Sec. 1. The County Court of the comity of Placer shall hold a term on the second Mondays of February, May. August and November, in each year, which shall continue until ail the business of the Court is disposed of. Sec . 2. All Acts and parts of Acts in conflict with the provisions of this act, are hereby repeal; i d. so far as they relate to the county of Placer Approved April 28th, 1857. NUMBER 39.