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The Madisonian. [volume] (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1837-1845, August 23, 1837, Image 4

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Front the Richmoud Kuquirti
A REPLY?Gouge Stkewu
Mr Editor:?Your correspondent, 44 A True Demo
cr*t," (whom I Uke to be Mr. Gouge himself.) ? right
in supposing that I had not read hie pamphlet I only
had the good fortune to read euch extracts from it, u
have appeared in the newapepers. It eeema that Mr.
Gouge'* design is. 44 not to expose all the evila of pa
per money banking, but to endeavor U* show that, even
if ,1 shall be deemed best or found necttary to continue
the *ytiem, the fiscal concema of the U- 8. ought to
be completely separated therefrom." It ia further etated,
that 44 ft doea indeed appear from a previoua publica
tion of Mr G.'a. .(the ahort History of Banking, to
which you have often referred.) that he (Mr. Gouge) ia
in favor of a course of ineaauica by which poper money
ahall be gradually supplanted by metallic ; but not in
favor of an eicluaively metallic currency, if the word
44 currency" be uaed in ao comprehensive a aenae aa to
include all kinda of commercial medium He draws a
marked line of diatinction between circulating medium,
and what he calls mtrt commercial medium : snd. while
b? inaintaina that the atandard and measures of value
in other worda, the money of a country should have
intrinsic value, he would leave traders to devise such
other auxiliary mediums, aa their business may require,
in the same way aa la done in Holland and oilier solid
money countriea. ,
0 From theae extracts it cannot be doubted, that I waa
right in supposing that Mr. Gouge's scheme of bub
treasuries, waa intended to reduce the currency to gold
and silver, cxcept what he calle commercial medium,
which I take to be billa of exchange. Hia own explana
tion of the acheine makes it precisely what I supposed
it waa intended to be The 44 hscsl concerns ol the
United Ststes ought (he says) to be completely separat
ed" from the preaent Banking Syatem ; and " be would
leave traders to devise such other auxiliary mediums ss
their business msv require." . t
If we contemplate the recklessness of this scheme,
so besutifullv gilded with gold, we will have juat cause
to wonder that it should have been the conception of
41A Hut Democrat " It has always seemed to me that
party men in power ought to do exsctly whst, sa honest
and wise men, they would have others to do, were tliey
in power snd the former out But the proneness of men
to think' themselves ssfe depositories of power, which
they would not trust in the hands of others, is the very
bsne of insny politicians, and must ever admonish the
puople tiist liberty can only be preserved by the moat
scrupulous watchfulness over their public servants, or
that thev will become mattert under any name, omce^
the publication of my first article, 1 have hem informed
that Mr. Gouge ia an officer in one of the Departments
at Wa?hingtcti?, but whether hit opinion# are identical
with those of the President. I have no mesns of knowing.
I hope they sre not. I will appeal to Mr. Gouge, and
to every democrat in Virginia, whether any one of tin in
would, in case a Whig waa now Preaident of the L. JS ,
and the Whigs in full power of the Government, con
sent that thev ahould upturn the foundations ol our
financial, banking, and commercial ayatema, as Mr.
Gouge propoaea by his scheme ' VV hatever be the ue
fecin of our financial, banking, and commercial sysicma,
(and inany, I believe, there are,) atill we have enjoyed a
degree of proapenty under thcin, entirely unknown to
any other age or country. We are a people of auch
anergy and enterpriae. ay to require a lar more abundant
circulating medium than can be procured alone Iroiu the
preciou* inetala, while we maintain any thing lika a re
ciprocity of freedom in trade with other nation* ; nor
indeed can commerce or international law be so insti
tuted, aa to anable a nation to extract from it* neigh
bora undue projiortiona of Specie without being aubjcct
to refluxes, pettiapa not much leas linachievoua than
those which occasionally occur under the improper i
management of banka. But it i* not my intention to
diacuss mere abairactiona. I have neither lime, incli
nation, nor capacity for such discussion. My object is |
merely to call the attention of the Democrats of Virgi- .
nia to the consoqueuces, which must necessarily follow
the adoption of Mr. Gouge's scheme. And while I do
not doubt the purity of Mr. G.'s motives, nor his sound
ness as a democrat, I cannot believe that the tree ho
haa planted will produce democratic fruit.
The inatitution and establishment of sub-treasuries
at all the neceasary and commercial points in the I ruled
States would cost the Government several millions ot
dollars. Strong houses with vaults, chests, bars, bolts,
and locks would be necessary, with a regular corps of
watchmen and an additional aet ol officer*. I o blind
the public, the acheine might be commenced with very
few new officers, but they would soon be increased to
any number actually necessary. For example, in a large
town or city, I suppose one sub-treasury would be sul
ficient to hold the funds of collectors, postmasters, &c ,
and that all payments to officers and contractors with
the Government in that vicinity, would be made at it :
And hence a sub-treasurer with proper clerks, would be
requisite to keep the custody of the money, and pay it
out accoidmg to the orders of the Treasury Department
at Waahington.
All payments to the Government, I take it for granted,
must be specie ; and sll transfers Irom one sub-treasury
to another to meet payments at the latter, must, in like
manner, be made in specie, or in some paper devvc or
auxiliary. The expense, risk and labor ot transporting
specie from places of collection, where excesses would
be received, to places of payment, where deficiencies
would exist, could not fail to lead to a pajicr device,
which, for convenience to myaelf, as the thing would bo
to the Treasury Depsrtineut, I will call a 'Ireasury
medium. This Treasury Medium would at once be
come receivable at the sub-treasuries in place of specie,
and then we should have nothing receivable inpayments
to the Government but specie and Treasury medium
Mr Gouge "affirms that there is an everlasting dis
tinction between the promise to pay gold or silver,
and actual payment of gold or silver ; so we should
then find an everlasting distinction between an order to
pay gold or silver, and an actual payment of gold or
silver. But the "case being altered, would alter the
case." The Banks thus being under the ban of the
nation, (bccause they are Bank*,) and their notes only
receivable by the common people and the poor mecha
nics and merchants, because they are common people and
poor mechanic* and merchants, and the " commercial
medium" being in nowise suited to the payment of pub
lic dues, the 'Treasury medium would instantly become
an article of commerce, and be sold in the market lor a
premium above the price ol gold and silver, I Ima by
discrediting the currency ol the States, and creating a
Treasury medium lor the officers and creditors ol the
United States, a distinction more odious, aristocratic
and Federal, than ever entered into the head of A'ex
ander Hamilton, when contriving his financial schemes
to accumulate Federal power, and overthrow the inde
pendency of the States by money, would be fastened,
jterha'ps irrevocably, upon the people ol this country.
But pause ! Has it come to this, th?t the officers and
creditors of the United States cannot use the. money
used by tho people ! Cannot' they subsist upon the
same kind of ineat, bread, and drink ? Arc they not
content with the same delicacies, luxuries, or even ex
travagancies ! Or, are they of an entirely supenor
"order, mtitled to more excellent moneys, meats, breads,
drinks, delicacies, luxuries snd extravagances ! How
ia it! Can the Democracy ol Virginia stand this! Or
is this a phiutom of the imagination ! No ! 1 he notes
of our State Banks will bjiv at this lime more of the
necessities, comforts and luxuries ol lile; more lands,
slaves, horses or cattle than before the suspension of
specie payments, yet we find officers and creditors ol
the Ufiited Slates taking advantage of the distresses of
the people and Specie Circular, and speculale upon the
Treasury medium, recently devised by the Secretary of
the Treasury, and making some live to ten per centum
bv selling it, for such money ss the common people
use ! ! I believe the State Banks ought to be fostered
bv the General Government, and not injured. If I could
have any doubt on that subject, the impotent reproachea
of John Quincy Adams, upon the patriotic course ol the
Legislatu es ol New York and Virginia, could not fail
to confirm mo ; but, that is in character with Ins attempt
to dig the grave of Mr. Van Uuren, by hi* bud advice.
For, indeed, every thing calculsted to injure or impair
the State lisnks, adds but to the strength of the Na
tional Bank Party ; and that is the consummation most
devoutly to be wished for by Mr Adatns. If that party
of politicians shall, by any riiismovament on the part of
the present Adinmistrstion, gain dominion over the
Democracy of this nation, fifty years will not eradicate
them ! In such event, if the" power of money, a per
petual National Bank charter, foreign influence, do
meauc treachery, corruption, and slander, ("the ugliest
whelp of sin,") can bind the Statea and the people, and
repress and reprove the spirit of Democracy " now
abroad upon the earth," all will be done, and well done,
to effect these objects Imagine a National Bank, with
a pelrpetual charter, and a capital of fifty inilliona of dol
itrs, with leave to increase it to one hundred millions,
end the power to establish branches in all the States,
?nd we have but a faint outline of what that party will
do. ahould it be the will of Providence again to give
them dominion over the Statea of this Union. 1 tiey
will not half do their work the next time They have
two leaaona indelibly written upon the pages of our his
tory. which teach, that nothing short of a perpetual
charter, with a capital aufficiently large to balance and
control the currency, commerce. Government and Peo
ple of each Stete, and of the United States, can give
perpetuity to a National Bank They want a fly-wheel
in these Governments, whose momm/wip shall be aupe
rior to the balance of the machinery, crushing down all
opposition to its mere motion, dragging every thing in
jfc onward course, with a force unchecked and nneon
trolled ev*u by lite potcer which put U iii operation
And this will be the climacteric sequel of succeee ia
National Banking, liut let uie nut forget Mr Gouge's
scheme.
For the benefit of Mr. Gouge's argument, we will
suppose the State Dank* all put down?their charters
repealed, and if you please, the Fanny Wright doctrine
carried out as far as its advocates desire?sll grants to
Isnds snnulled ; debt*, contracts, credits, and slavery
abolished ; marriages, and our obligations to morality
and religion abrogated ; and every thing we wsnt, to be
purchased or sacrified by the actual payment of gold or
ailver; and in what would we tie improved 1 But with
out giving Mr. Gouge the whole benefit of the Fanny
Wright doctrines?but only so much as to enable him
to repeal the bank charters, Nicholss Biddies end aU
the rest; and what might we then expect! Why, if the
obligation of contracts, morality, and religion, which
form the coherency of communities, should be strong
enough to keep the parts together, we should be flooded
with European and Jtwuh prieute bankert to devise a
commercial medium, and carry on business for us. These
men we know at present have the happy facility, upon a
few thousand dollars, of creating a commercial medium
to (he amount ?f many millions; and with how much
more facility they might do so under Mr. G's system,
Mr. G. himself could hardly tell. I may here reinsrk,
that commcrcisl men have ever kept in advance of
legislation, in devising schemes of credit to ensble them
to csrry t|jeir business beyond the supply of specie, bank
money, and the-capacity of tbe community to consume
their commodities. This is one of the consequences
resulting from a free Government; and in fact can only
be reatraiued by a desuotiam, where the prince may
assign employments to his sub;ects and fix the extent of
their labors. I sin well satisfied, that all the Banks in
the United States have been allowed to issue too much
paper; but to charge upon the Banks criminality in sus
pending specie payments, or of wholly producing the
causes which led to it, is as unjust ss to charge it wholly
u|>ou General Jackson or Nichohs Biddle. While
many persons liave exhausted the phrases of invective
upon Banks, (because they are Hank*,) they remember
to forget, that private bankers, brokers, and commercial
houses, doing business as bankers upon a " commercial
mediumhave in the la?t seven months, within these
1. mted States, failtd for nullioiia of dollars more than
has been lost by the failures of incor|>oratcd Bunks in
England, Scotland, Ireland and the United States, (put
them all together,) I believe, since the Revolution.
' hese are to he the bankers upon whom the merchants'
and .mechanics are to rely, while the officers and credit
ors of the United States will liave a sufficiently sound
sud convenient currency of specie slid Treasury me
dium, and the people, the real Democracy, the farmers,
and country mercltanls and mechanics, will be compel
led to do with whatever the course of a trammelled
commerce will permit to circulate among tliein The
wonted aid, which agriculture drives from the diffusion
of commerce and banking, will lie denied. Every kind
of internal improvement will be arrested. In Virginia,
our fund for internal improvement, which owns 22,-171
shares of bank stock, or $1,247,100 will be rendered
bankrupt by the loss of so much of its most profitable
stock, and a direct increase of taxes to pay interest on
the debts of the State will be necessary Our Literary
Fund, now educating twenty thousand (20,000) poor
children, the nursery of Democracy, which owns 3,778
shares of bank stock, or $377,800 of capital in the
Banks, must be cut down one-hajf; and ten thousand
(10,000) young Democrats be left a prey to ignorance,
and made the creatures of the Aristocracy. The entiFe
policy ol Virginia in regard to the sales of agricultuial
productions, aud the purchase of goods, wares and .mer
chandize will lie chanced The tobacco and grain
merchants, not being able to procure bank accommoda
tions, must purchase on credit, and pay after" making
theii sales and collections. This being the case, the
farmers will be coui|ielled to make their purchases of the
country merchants on credit also, and to relieve them
selves of the risk ol trusting their crops to the large city
dealers, while they remain in debt to the merchant at
home, they will sell directly to them, and thev to tho
city merchants. By this operation, a merchant wiil be
J introduced between the farmer and the large city mer
| chant, to whom the farmer now sells his crops for cash.
| 1 his intermediate merchant, being responsible to the
| farmer for his crops, and also to the dry goods, hard
| ware, or other city merchant for the goods sold to the
j farmer, having purchased and sold both wavs upon
credit, roust necessarily make large profits upon the
goods, aud also large profits uj?n tho crops. 1 he run
ning accounts between farmer and merchant, having a
tendency to increase much beyond the expectation of
the farmer, he never fails being in debt at the end of the
year, when the account is settled by bond, bearing in
terest. One or two bad crops will increase the debt so
| much, as to require a deed of trust upon the farm, or a
I sale of some ol the stock Aud the farmer never thinks
| of stipulating for more cash than w ill be sufficient to pay
I taxes Let a few Urge commercial houses fail, and the
mischief is immediately visited upon the heads of the
farmers. The intermediate merchants, always being
largely indebted to the city, merchants, and holding
largo balances against the farmers, a city or country
failure is but the watch-word to let loose the lawyers,
sheriff* clerks, and constables. This we know was the
case before tho introduction of Banks, and would uc
< essarily follow their abolition. W hat is the case now !
W hhiii the last seven months, failures have taken place
among dealers in the United States, to an amount some
where between FIFTY AND ONE HUNDRED
MILLIONS OF DOLLARS, if wo may believe the
reports of the officers themselves ; and the great body
of the people of Virginia, at least, are as yet but little
injured. I hey only feel, that the swelling tide of pros
perity, which was overwhelming the land with all that
the bounties of nature and the activity of art could
bestow, has rolled back for a time ; and that, if it lie
riot blighted by some unfortunate hand, and the fields but
give their usual yield, it will again roll on, and fill the
land with a thousand, thousand bi.essinus. Even
Democracy herself has flourished under our present
system, and waxed stiong in the land. May she not bo
gouged lo death by new and untried schemes.
But, Mr. Editor, we know the banks cannot be put
down for some 30 years, without a civil revolution ; and
it can baldly be expected that Mr. tiouge is the man
for that. '] ake him,upon his own plan, aud we are to
have a depreciated curruncy for'the people, or rather an
appreciated currency fur the officers and creditors of the
United States as long as the State Banks and Mr
Gogue's scheme work together. The appreciated cur
rency, or Treasury medium, would be raised in value by
the trammels, thrown round the pavmentof public dues",
without adding one cent to its intrinsic raluc. The ar
bitrary will of government would alone create this addi
tional mid fictitious value , sud in a tree government, it
could not be considered as having any abiding sanction'
farther than the interests of the few could be made tj
predominate over those of the many., The price which
the debtors of government would be compelled to pay
for the Treasury medium, would be charged like the du
ties or other debts, upon the People with whom tho
debtors of government deal Thus the people of the
United States, after being taxed several millions of dol
lars to build, perhaps, at many sub-treasuries as wc trove
forts and arsenals, and to officer and guard them per
petually at great expense, would be taxed again in tho
purchase of goods to enable the merchants to buy Treasu
ry medium to pay duties, &c After arriving at this point,
it w ould hardly require the sharpness of a Gouge, or tho
ambition of a Bonaparte, placed in the presidential chair,
to relieve the peo;>lo of some of their burdens, and grant
them commercial facilities jiever before thought of By
a simple oider from the Treasury department, directing
the sub-treasuries to receive specie on deposite, ?nd i?
sue Treasury medium, we should have the Treasury of
the United States converted into a bank of circulation
and whether it would require an act of Congress to ena
ble the treasurer and sub-treasurers to loan uut tnonev,
and do the banking business of each State, and of the U'
States, would depend upon the fact, whether in t/m! day
there would exist one spark of democracy, or whether
the lea?t vestige of nate rights would have survived the
devastating hand of Federal usurpation. Convert the
poatmasters-mto bank messengers, and the business of
the nation might be done like that of a single city ! !
I conjure the democracy of Virginia to"be more vi
gilant than ever ; to watch over the rights of the states
and the principles of our government with the most ani
ious solicitude Let not the scheme of Mr. Gouge
betray us into the hands of the national bank party, nor
into the hands of a party, who may drag us into the vor
?et of a great government banking engine, ? Recollect
Honaparte, after exhausting the bank of France of its
s|>ecic to support the armies engaged m the war with
Austria, and the hank being compiled to dimmish its
business when bankruptcies, distress, arid alarm over
shadowed the country, by an imperial decree took the
management of the affairs of the bank out of the hands
of the two hundred delegates chosen by the stockhold
ers and the fifteen directors chosen by them, and com
mitted the same to a governor and two deputy governors,
chosen bv tbe eni|.eror himself; and increased the capi
tal from forty.fiee to NfNETV MILLIONS of franca.
W ill the democracy of these United States consent to
let loose, like "dogs of war," all the tribes of Federal
ofhi-eholders, contractors, dependents, with the army
and Nary, to hunt down, degrade aid destroy tlh#1 m
solution* of the states, and make way for some Bona
parte to red ice the government of this country to a mere
banking establishment, with the power of the sw ord !
But, Mr Editor, I have already aatd mote than comes
to fhe sham of
A PntX PtHrtClUT
DAVENPORT, THE AMERICAN BLACK
SMITH?THE ELECTRO-MAG.
NETIC DISCOVERY.
Thomas Davenport, a native of Vermont
where he has resided aa a blacksmith at
Brandon, Rutland county, until within a few
months past, in July 1834, altera year's ex
periments in electro-magnetism, procured lor
the first time ever known a rotary motion,
with that power, the machinery of which is
now exhibiting in New York, and exciting
the astonishment of every individuul who has
seen its operation.
Of the origin of this wonderful discovery,
which threatens to make ?s entire a revolu
tion in the mechanical world as that of Fulton
in steam navigation, which it may ]>osbibly
entirely supersede, the public are naturally
curious to learn some particulars. We com
municatn them in a more authentic and de
tached shape than they have hitherto ap
peared.
In the first place it is necessary to pre
mise, that neither the works of Furraday and
Sturgeon of England, who have made much
advance in electrical science, nor those of
Orsted of Copenhagen, nor Molle of Sweden,
nor of Hare and Henry of America, nor of
Ampere of France, can convey any notion of
the extraordinary development and application
of electro-magnetic power discovered by our
native American mechanic, Davenport. His
name probably in a few years will stand out
upon the annals of history n* much more
prominent than Watt, Arkwright, or Fulton,
as they do now above the nio&l ordinary in
ventors
Nor let lis add can even the interesting
and well written descriptions in Silliman's
Journal, and elsewhere in our newspapers
possibly make intelligible the nature of Mr.
Davenport's discovery. . In fact, the techni
cal language of science requires an entire
new glossary to furnish words to express the
thoughts which have sprung up in this new
worlil, whose door has been burst open by the
genius of one of our citizens.
' I'p to the age of 30, Mr. 1). steadily follow
ed his profession of blacksmith. In the sum
mer of 1833, lie went us was his custom, from
Brandon to a forge at Crown I'oint on Lake
Champluin, where lie was in the habit of pur
chasing his iron. He there saw a revolving
cylinder with magnetised points, for the pur
pose of separating the particles of iron from
the pulverised ore. " How is this magnetis
ed," said Mr. D.to the owner. "By Pro
fessor Henry's horse shoe magnet, which you
see there," was the reply. It was one of a
very small description, weighing about three
pounds, and hud been purchased of Professor
Henry himself at Albany. Oil an exhibition
1 of its powers, in connection with the galvanic
battery, fMare's] Mr. D. was so struck with
| this, to him, entirely novel agent, that he im
mediately demanded the price of the whole
I apparatus and purchased the same, and went
| home absorbed with the useful purposes to
j which he immediately conjectured it might be
! applied, and loo much engrossed with lliis
1 dominant thought to remember the load of iron
he had colne in pursuit of. It is proper to say,
! that previous to this Mr. D. had become ac
| qtiainted with the nature of the permanent
magnet in his excursion with that and the
' compass among the iron regions of his native
j state. On his return, he explained to a friend
his conviction that the magnet could be made
| to procure a rotary motion. This- friend en
j gaged with hiin in a series of experiments,
which proved abortive, and Mr. D. was short
ly after abandoned as a visionary. The same
results precisely then soon followed, with two
other persons. He was thus finally and/w -
tunutely thrown upon his own resources, and
himself was the sole discoverer of tljis great
invention, and the architect of his own repu
tation.
While prosecuting his researches he read
nothing but went onward boldly, under the
strong impulses of his own native genius, till
he struck out the light which, as we believe,
will eternize his name and that of his coun
try.
In allusion to his wftnt of all preliminary
education and hook knowledge, we are con
vinced with him, that had his thoughts been
entangled and cnlramtnclled with the ideas
of other men, his niirtd never would have
been emancipated into the regions of bound
less discovery, where it has now reached."
The discovery took place in July, 1834.
He first went to Middlubury College, Ver
mont, and exhibited his production, where it
met general approbation.?Thence lie came
! to Troy and exhibited it to Professor Eaton,
to Princeton jind showed it to Prof. Henry,
who had himself, without Mr. Davenport's
knowledge, procured a short time before a
Vibratory motion up and down with his horse
shoe magnet. Mr. Davenport now made
some marked improvements in the construc
tion of his machine?principally in changing
the poles of the magnets. He then cainc to
exhibit it at Saratoga during the summer of
183ti.?There he met with Mr. Hansom
Cooke, a native of New Haven county, Con
necticut, who taking a deep interest in the
magnitude of the discovery, immediately be
came associated with Mr. Davenport in ad
vancing it to perfection and obtaining for it
the approbation of the public.
In concurrence unanimously we believe
j with all who have witnessed'the operation of
this extraordinary and simple apparatus, and
listened to the lucid and eloquent explanation
of Mr. Cooke, we confess our utter amaze
ment at the prodigious change which it mani
festly foretells in the application of an entire
new and immeasurable agent of mechanical
power; and at the same time, while we see
and admire, acknowledge ourselves for want
of language to sustain us, utterly incompetent
to impart any correct conception of this mar
vellous invention to our readers All we can
say is, " yo and be convinced.'*
Description?It we were to attempt to give
our reader some faint notion of this machine,
we would say that it consists of a wheel com
posed of two iron semicircular arcs, cut across
so as to interrupt their formation into a com
plete circle. That within these are two iron
bars or shafts, crossing at right angles, bear
ing smaller segments of circles on their ex
tremities, nearly touching, as they revolve,
the above outer circle which is fixed. The
j whole of these are horizontal and covcred
1 with silk, and then wound round closely and
spirally with copper wire, the wire itself
covered with cotton and varnished. On the
upright shaft below are two small correspond
ing semicircular arcs, cut as above. Now
these are all connected by two flat copper
wires, which lead to Hare's Galvanic Batte
ry of concentric copper and zinc plates, in a
solution of sulphate of copper. Those gener
ate the electric stream, like fuel to a lire en
gine, and it is by the two upright wires that
touch the circle below, as their ends alter
nately rub in th* rotary motion against the
inside ttl tiic iwo aeuucircuiar aria uito which
that fixed circle in divided, that the extremi
ties of the semicircular piece* above are al
ternatively made to change their positive and
negative poles by the ascending current of
gshanism?and thus the principle of- repul
sion and attraction made to act in concert on
the lour segments of the shaft* above de
scribed?keeping up by (he inauetization pro
duced a swift rotary motion, which in this
machinc raises 200lbs. one foot in a minute.
So rapid is the change of poles and the elec
tric velocity of the stream of galvanism, that
it mskt-s 32,000 revolutions urouud the wires
in a minute. It is a sublime but not wild
idea of Mr. Cooke, that a ship's bottom coher
ed with suitable plates .and the ocean lor its
bath, may drive herself along with iucredible
velocity?at the same tnne generating abund
ance of hydrogen to light her onward ou the
deep.
From the New York Time*
Wliit ought lo he the course '
Tint inquiry in Ilia mora reasonable now (hat there
? re no many hands endeavoring to aeixa the rem*
Anion# other ii?w and strange thing*. "The Wash
ington Gloha ban resinned its virulent denunciation of
the hanker* and business classe- of the city of New
York."?Ononduf/u StanJaid
'1 lie Globe haa long lieeit aaid to Le the fcxecntive or
gan at Wellington Whether th>? waa true or other
wise in tiuir past, we shall not here make any inquiry,
neither is it in any degree material We oi.lv mean lo
say that we do not believe the Globe in this matter ex
presses the views of Mr. Van liurcn We shall l>e
slow, very alow, to believe that President Van Buren
has in anv way countenanced ihe Globe in making the
denunciations alludt d to, or that lie has.lent Ins naiue
or inlluence to the doctrines which they inculcate.
It must not he overlooked, that when the banka in
the city of New Yoik atiM|>etided specie payment* on
the tenth of May last, the legislature of this Stale waa
in ?< skioii at Albany. Thst tise necessity arid propriety
j of the measures were so inanifeat to the Governor and
| legislature, ss well as to the jieoplc at large, and *o en
tirely were they convinced of its expediency, that, in
the abort period ol five day*, they passed the law sus
pcnding the jienally which would have otherwise work
ed the forfeiture of the charter* of nearly all the bank*
iniUe State, This they did, notwithstanding the radi
cal effort* tliat were made to frustrate this conservative
measure; and by doing it, they saved not the banks
only, but the country also, from the most desolating
ruin.
That these proceedings of Governor Marcv and the
State Legislature were every where approved by the
people, is manifest from the tranquil joy with which the
tiding* of them were received ill all ourcitie*. Counties,
village* and towns ; and we are happy in having the op
portunity of saying, that the conduct of Governor Marvy
on that occasion, reflects the highest honor and credit
upon bis nsnie'and station. His name stands enrolled
at tho bead of the patriots who on that solemn and i.ever
lo he forgotten crisis, cstne forward to arrest the deluge
of ruin which tadicalicm was pouring over the laud. He
came to save his falling country.
It is plain, therefore, that in the judgment of the Exe
cutive ami legislative Departments of the State Go
vernment, the bankers of the State of New York statu!
justitied before the tribunal of the people, so fur ss is re
quisite to secure the continuance of their charters and
business operations, which place them on the same
ground on which other persons stand, and is fully ade
quate for all the purposes of thia res|>oucfl.
The necessity of the proceeding proves its rectitude ;
and the cheerful acquiescence of all the orderly and ra
tional part of the people of this great city and state,
proves that they regard it in the same light as the Go
vernor and Legislature did, when they so proinpilv and
discreetly passed the suspending act, under the authori
ty of which the batik* now continue their operations.
And it is not a little remarkable, that to universal was
the opinion that the susjiension act wax unavoidable,
that gentlemen of all parties in the legislature united in
voting tor the law. Ought not the Globe to understand
| that the State, m taking this step, had set down her giant
I fool upon the neck of radicalism, and taken her stand in
favor of the " well regulated credit system."
To this it insv be added, that the immediate relief
which the country received from the suspension, which
at once staid the destructive failures which were then
desolating the laud, and the calm tranquility which di
rectly succeeded it in every department of business, af
ford a full demonstration that the measure was us neces
sary for the count iv as for the batiks themselves. It is
no matter what theoretical results, rare and visionary
? theniists may draw froin these chimerical calculations,
so long as the contrary practical business result, by its
physical demonstration, puts all such calculations to
shame, and leaves the world where it ought to be, rest
ing upon realities.
The denunciation of the bankers and business classes
of the city of New York is, therefore a sweeping de
nunciation of the whole State, its government and |>eo
plc. And it is, especially, a denunciation of the Re
publican Party, because thev arc the majority, and were
foremost in the adoption of the legislative measures to
sustain the bankers and the business classes, and through
them the whole community also, for they were all in
volved in the common danger?The less we hear of
that kind of radical denunciation therefore, the better,
and we repeat again, that we do not believe President
Van Uureu his, in any way* countenanced the at-tili
ments so put forth in the Giobe.
HANCOCK,
Front the I'ticu (A'. Y ) Observer.
Mr. Thomas Allen has issued a prospectus of a new
daily, weekly, and semi-weekly paper, to be published in
the cily of Washington, and to be culled " The Mndiso
ninn." " The enterprise," it is staled " has not l/ten un
| derlnken, without the approbation, advisement, and
j pledged sup|K>rt of many of (he leading and soundest miiuls
' in I lie ranks oil he Democratic Republican party, in the
i extreme north and in the extreme south, in the east
j and in the west. As its naine indicates, Tlie Marlisoniuti
will be devoted to the supjiort of the principles and doc
{ trines of the Democratic party as delienated by Mr. Madi
j son." The prospectus truly states, &c. A Democratic paper
j conducted on these principles, with talent, and with ndeli
' ty to the people and the great interests of the country,
| cannot fail of being well sustained, and commanding the
| public confidence,
NILKS'S REGISTER.
THK Subscribe rs to the " Hkuistkk'" are respectfully
informed, that after the tint ilay vf September nnt it
Will be published IN THK CITY OF WASHINGTON.
In transferring this work to the seat of Ihe National Go
vernment, we lire not only complying wilh the wishes of a
lar^e number ef distinguished men of U>lh parties, but
cairying into efli ct a dcstiMi lonjj entertained l>y its found
er, and obeying our own convictions of the advantages
which must r< suit tj its numerous and intelligent patrons.
For we will there have additional facilities for procuring
Ihose fuels and documents which il is one of the objecls of
the' " Register" to present to its readers, and which have
heretofore been obtained at the sacrifice of much tune and
bilior. In addition to them facilities, the " Register" bus
become so identified with our history.that it seems due to
its character thut it should avail itself of < v< ry advantage
that w ill add (o its national reputation and usefulness, and
V\ axhington City is necessarily the point at which the
most valuable and authentic intelligence of general in
terest is concentrated, thence to be circulated among the
People.
The change of local ion will not, however, produce anv
change in Ihe original character or plan of the *.?ork, which
will fie faithfully adhered to under all circumstances, and
especially arc we determined that il shall not partake of a
sectional or |>ertisan character, but present a fair and
honest record, to which ail parties in sit quarters of the
country, desiiousof ascertaining the truth, miiy refer with
confidence. In making this avowal we arc not ignorant
how dilFiHili it is lo remove prejudices from our own mind,
and to satisfy that intolerance which only sees the truth in
j its own decisions; but so far as the fallibility of human
judgment will enable ns to do justice, :t shall l?! done ; for
welinvc hud that kind of experience in editorial duties
which has thoroughly disgusted us.^wi^li the miserable
shifts to which partisans resort, even if1 our convictions of
dotv would permit a departure from strict neutrality. Yet
wr do not intend to surrender ihe rulit to sp?wk of
principles with our usual freedom, or to defend wlu?t we
deem to Iw the true |io!icy of the country ; but in so doing,
we will not be influenced by special interests or geogra
phical lines, ?!id properly respect ihe opinions of others ;
for we. too, lelieve that "truth is a victor without vio
lence," and that the freedom of discussion ami the right of
decision are among the most estimable privileges of an
intelligent People.
The period lor the contemplated removal is also pecu
liarly auspicious, for w M the enmmennment nf the extra
.?f??iurt 'J Con^ree* we uilt eominrnee the publication >?/ a
new cjlumt: sud we have already made arrangements to
lay lie fore our reader*, in sufficient detail, evcrv event
winch may transpire in that body, and to insert all docu
ments, speeches, \r, of interest. It is also our intention
lo furnish tn our subscribers, cratuthtueli/, at ihe termina
I ion of each session, a supplement containing nil Ihe hurt
ffuu/il thereat, oj general inttrmt, w ilia an analytical index.
Wc will thus render the " Register" still more valuable as
a Congressional record for popular reference: for the
reader will then not only be enabled to trace the progress
of the laws, hut will Ikj furnished with them us enacted.
Heretofore their circulation has been confined to one or
two newsjiaper* in aach State, or limit* d to copies pub
lished by 'he ord*>r of (be gvrtntnen: for the use of it* of
ficera, tuul ?ia cost, per volume, |W aqu*ls, U it due* not
exceed, the juice of our annual subscription.
Th> m Mftpiovtwenta ia our plan will involve ? lint
expenditure of moi*ev, snd trt tumlly warranted by the
general digression which prevails in every branch of pro
ductive industry, but we we induced to bcheve, from Um
steady support the " Register" baa received during the
pact most emt urrsssing year. that lliere ia an increasing
desire ainung 'he people for informalion,and that Uwv are
rttolrtd to underlined the actual cundttion of fmUic affairs.
With suck ? disposition on ibe pari of the Public, ??cu
uol doubt but that our enterprise will be duly rewarded ,
and we earnestly solicit the co-operation of our friends in
aid of our efTorU to extend our subscription list. We are
deeply scnatl le of the obligation* we owe ihtni for oust
favor*, and areee|>erially grateful (or the indulgence which
has been ex tended lo us in the diarharge of our arduous
duties, which have been prosecuted undc many disad
vantages. Their emouragrmeat baa excited us la perse
verr, and to cherish the hop* that " Miles' Register luay
still mainfaiu the hirh reputation it lias acquired in si)
quarters of the United States and in Europe. It ia now
admitted to tie (lie most valuable depository of farts and
evunts extant, and is daily quoted by ail parlies as aa au
thority that will not be disputed. 'I Ins is, indeed, an en
viable reputation, and we are determined it ahull not be
lost. /
The terins of the " Register" are fivt dollars per annum,
pay able ia advance. All letters must be post- paid, but r?
iiiittuuces tnny be amde at our risk, addressed, untd ihe
Urst of Nrjiinnbtr, to us at Baltimore, and aftrr that peri
od to VVsslbinf tun City. If we uiay be permitted lo give
advice in the matter, we would recommend new subscri
bers lo begin with the series which commenced in Septem
tier, 1830, the first volume ot which terminated m Maich
last. It contains the proceedings of the last session of
cougreas, messages, reports, Ac. the volea jtiven at the
Presidential election, all the proceedings of the reform
movement in Maryland, the letters of Mr. Van Buren,
General Harrison, and Judge White, to Sberrud Williauia,
the letters of -Messrs. Ingcrsoll and Dallas, with a mass
of oilier valuable papers of the higliest interest, 'l'he num
bers cau be forwarded by mail at the usual rates of new a
patter postage.
Many of our subscriber* have been accustomed to re
mit their subscript ions through the members of Congress
from Itieir respective districts on their aiinual visits to
Washington. As we will be permanently located in that
city at the commencement of the extra cession, this mode
of payment will be more convemtut for sll parties, and we
hoj c our friends wiil continue to avail themselves of it.
Respectfully, , WM OGDEN MILES.
Aug. 'J? 3t. ' Baltimore.
PROSPECTUS OF
THE UNITED STATES MAGAZINE
AND DEMOCRATIC REVIEW'.
ON the 1st of October, 1P37, will lie published at
Washington, District of Columbia, and delivered
Simultaneously in the principal cities of the United States,
a new Monthly Magazine, tinder the above title, devoted
lo the principles of I lie Democratic party.
It has lorn; I>een apparent to many of the reflecting mem
bers of the Democratic party of the United .States, that a
periodical for the advocacy and diffusion of their political
principles, similar to those in such active and influential
operation in Km land, is a desideratum of the highest im
poitauce to supply?a periodical which should unite with
the attractions ot a sound and vigorous literature, a poli
1 tical character capable of giving efficient support to the
I doctrine* and measures of that partv, now maintained by
j a large majority of the People. Discussing the great
; questions ot polity before the country, expounding and
advocating the Democratic doctrine through the moat able
j pens that that party can furnish, in articles of greater
j length, more condensed force", more elalorate research,
I anif more elevated tone than is possible for the newspaper
i press, a Magazine of this character heroines an inaiiu
" merit of inappreciable value for the enlightenment and
formation ol public opinion, arid lor the support of the
principles which it advocates, by these means, by thus
explaining and defending the measures of the Democratic
parly, anil by always furnishing to the public a clear and
powerful comment-.-rv upon those complex questions of
policy which so frequently distract the country , and upon
which, imperfectly understood as they often are by
friends, and misrepresented and distorted aa they never
fail to be by political opponents, it is of the utmost impor
tance that the public should Ik- fully and rightly informed,
it is ho|ied that the periodical in question may be made to
exert a beneficial, rational, and lasting influence on the
public mind.
Other considerations, which cannot be two ..pre
dated, will render the establishment success ol the
proposed Magazine of very great importance
In the mighty struggle ol antagonist principles which is
now going on in society, the Democratic party of the Uni
ted States stands committed to the woild as the deposito
ry and exemplar of those cardinal doctrines of political
lailh with which the cause of the l'eople* in every age and
country is identified. Chiefly from the want of a con
. venient means of concentrating the intellectual energies
ot its disciples,, this party has hitherto been almost wholly
unrepresented in the republic of letters, while the.views
and policy of its opposing creeds are daily advocated by
the ablest and most commanding efforts of genius and
learning. ?
In the United Stitk.s Mauazine the attempt will be
made to remove this reproach.
The present is the. tune peculiarly appropriate for the
commencement of such an undertaking. The Democratic
ls>dy of the Union, after a conflict which Jested to the ut
termost its stability and its principles, have succeeded ill
retaining possession of the executive administration of
the country, in the consequent comparative repose from
political strife, the period is auspicious for organizing and
calling to its aid anew and powerful ally of this charac
ter, interfering with none and co-operatuig with nil.
Co-ordinate w ith this main design of The United States
Maimzine, no care nor cost will lie spared to render it, 111
a literary (sunt ol view, honorable to the country, and fit
Io cope in vigor of rivalry with its European competitors.
Viewing the English language as the noble heritage and
common birthright of all who speak the tongue of Milton
and Shakspearc, it will be the uniform object of its con
ductors to present only the finest productions in the vari
ous branches of literature that can be procured, and to
diffuse tho benefit of correct models of taste and worthy
execution.
In this department the exclusivenesa of party, which is
Utaepa rallies! rom the political department of such a work,
will have no place. Here we all stand on a neutral
ground of equality and reciprocity, where those universal
principles ol taste to which we are all alike subject, will
alone be recognized as the common law. Our political
principles cannot be compromised, but our common litera
ture it will be our common pride to cherish and extend,
with a liberality of feeling unbiussed by partial or minor
views.
As the United States Magazine is founded on the
broadest basis which the means and influence of the De
mocratic party in the United States can present, it is in
tended to render it in every respect a thoroughly Nation
al \\ ork, not merely designed lor ephemeral interest and
attraction, hut to continue of permanent historical value.
W itli this view a considerable portion of euch number w ill
be appropriated to the following subjects, in addition to
the general features referred to atsive :
A general summary of Political and of Domestic Intel
ligence, digested 111 the order of the States, comprising all
the authentic impoitant facts of the preceding month.
General Literary Intelligence, Domestic and Foreign.
General Scientific Intelligence, including Agricultural
Improvements, a notice of all new Patents, <Scc.
A condensed account of new works of Internal Im
provement throughout the Union, preceded by a general
view of all now in operation or in progress.
Military and Naval News, Promotions, Changes, Move
rnt tils, &e.
Foreign Intelligence.
j Biographical obituary notices of distinguished persons.
Alter the close ol each session of Congress, an extra
or an enlarged number will be published, containing a ge
neral review and history ol its proceedings, a condensed
alistract of important official documents, and the acts of
the session.
Advantage will also be taken of the means concentrated
in ibis establishment from all quarters of the Union, to
collect and digi -t such extensive statistical observations
on all the most important interests of the country as can
not fail to prove of very great value.
This portion of I lie work will Le separately paged, so
as to admit of binding by itself, and will be furnished with
a copious index, so that the trilled Stales Muyaziue will
also constitute a Complktk Anmai. Register, 011 a
scale unalleii'pted before, anil ol very ^rcal importance to
all i his si a. not -only na affording a rum lit and combined
view, lrom month to month, of the subjects which it will
comprise, but also !..r tecord and reference through liituie
years; the value ol which will increase with the duration
of the work.
Although in its political character the United State*
Magazine addresses us claims to the support of the De
mocratic parly, it is hoped lln.t its other features referred
to abovt?independently of !ne desi table object of becom
ing acquainted with the doctrines of an opponent thus
advocated-?will recommend it to a liberal and candid
support lrom all parties and from the large class of no
party.
1 o promote the popular objects in view, and relying up
on the unHed support of the Democratic party, as well as
from others, the price of subscription is fixed at the low
rate of f, re dullart per annum; while in mechanical ar
rangement, nnd in size, ouantily of matter, Ac., the Uni
ted States Magazine w ill be placed on a par at least with
the le ad i ni! monthlies of England. The whole will foim
three large octavo volumes each year.'
ID* Tutus : *3 in advance, or f tion the delivery of the
third number. In return for a remittance of ?2t), five co
pies will lie sent; ot S?50, thirteen copies will be tent;
and of 81(H), twenty-nine copies.
I! ' All communications lo be addressed (pott paid) to
the publishers. *
TAMMANY HALL.
At a remittor meeting of the Democratic Republican Gen
eral Committee, of the city and county of New-York,
held at Tammany Hall, on Thursday evening, April 6,
1W7,
The prospectus issued by Messrs Langtree 6c. O'Sulh
van, for the publication, at the city of Washington, of a
monthly magazine, to I* entitled the United Statea Maga
zine and Democratic Review, having been presented and
read, it w as thereupon,
Kesolved unanimously, That, in the opinion of this
Committee, the work referred to in the prospectua will
prove highly useful to I he Democratic Party, and benefi
eial to the community; that the plan of the work appevt
to l>e judiciously adapted to the attainment of the impor
tant object* announced by the publishers, and we cordially
recommend it lo the support of our fellow citizcni.
An extract from the minutes.
Edward Sakdfoed Secretary.
ADVERTISEMENT*.
It la intended to reader Ums United botes Magazine *
medium for hierery and general advertising, for which it*
thorough nrrulaliun in every State o( the Liuon, and
abroad, will render it veiy advantageous.
AdvertiM-nenl* will be inaerted on the cover of the
United States Magazine on the following terms :
1 square, (its lines,) one insertion, - ? 91 00
do. do. three nines, ? r 2 50
1 column, one insertion, ? ? ? 3 00
do. three Uiuea, ? ? ? . ? 7 50
1 page, one insertion, ? ? 5 00
do. three times, ? - ? ? 10 00
1 square, per annum,- - ? ? ? 10 00
Single pages stitched in for 9? 50; 0 p*K?*. 910; 10
pages. $&>. These will be inserted only in the copies de
livered by hand in the large cities, and 3000 of each will
l<e required The oiher advertisements are published in
every copy. A Magazine lieiug generally preserved, and
retained lor perusal for months on the family table, ro
dent U a murk more desirable agent tor appropriate adver
tising than i>?ws|>ai?ers or other evanesrent periodicals.
Advertisements will he received by all the Agent*.
fW Bills intended for stitching with the cover, if deliv>
ered at the follow lug places, free of eipense, will be re
gularly forw aided Boston, and Eastern States, Otis,
Broader*, At Co., agents; New York, at the office of
Mr. O'Sullivan, No. 63 Cedar street; Philadelphia, R. P.
Destlver, Market street; Baltimore, F. Lucas, Jr. They
should be sent not later than the 10th day of the month
previous to that required for insertion
LaNGTREE At O'SULLIVAN,
Washington, D. C., March 4, 1837.
PROSPECTUS
TO THE
AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE,
ros 1?37.
rtvg dollars rica vist.
ON the first of January was published the first number of
the nuith volume of the Ameiican Monthly Magazine.
Tbia will commence the second year of " the Naw Series
of the American Monthly." One year has paased since,
by the union of the New England Magazine with this
well established periodical, the resources of a publication
which had previously alworbed those of the Amencan
Monthly Review and of the 1'uited States Magazine,
were all concentrated in the Atnericun Monthly Maga
zine ; giving at once so broad a basis to the work as to
stamp lis national character and ensure it* permanency.
The number of pages, which have each mouth exceeded
one hundred, waa at the same tune increased, to make
room for an additional supply of original matter ; slid each
number of the work throughout the year ha* been orna
mented with an engraving, executed by the first artists in
the country. How far the literary contents of the Maga
zine have kept pace with tiieae secondary improvement*,
the public are the liest judges.. The ann of the proprietor*
has been from the first to establish a periodical which
should have a tone and character of its own ; and which,
while rendered sufficiently amusing to ensure its circula
tion, should ever keen for its main object the promotion of
good taste, and sound, vigorous and fearless thinking, up
on whatever suluect it undertook to discus* ; which, in a
word, should make it* way into public favor, and establish
i its claims to consideration, rather by what should be
i found in its pages than by any eclat which the names of
popular contributors, or the ^dissemination of laudatory.
' paragraphs,* could confer. Nor has the American Monthly
? had any reason to regret having adopted and followed out
, the course prescribed to itself from the first. It has in-.
deed lost both contributor* and *ub*cnber* by the tone of
i *oioe of Us pupcrs ; but by the more enlightened who hav?
I judged of the tendency of the work in the ugirregate ai d
| not by Its occasional difference of opinion with themselves,
I "it has been sustained ? ith spirit and liberality. It ha*
I been enabled to merge from infancy and dependence upon
extrinsic circumstances; and the quickening power of
many minds, laboring successively or in unison, has in
fuced vitality into the creation while shaping it into form,
until now it has ? livinjt principle of its own. It has he
come something, it is hoped, which " the world would not
willingly let die,"
Hut though the subscription list of the American MonTi,-'?
has enlarged with the publications of every number during
the last year, it is not yet sufficiently full to justify the
publisher* in carrying into effect their plan of liberally
compensating both the rusular contributors and every w ri
ter tnat furnishes a casual paper for the week. Nor till
literary labor in every department of n periodical is ade
quately thu- rewarded, can it fully sustain or merit the
character which an occasional article from a well paid
popular pen may give.
If these views be just, there is no impertinence in ap
pealing here to the public to assist in furthering them by
promoting the prosperity of the American Monthly Maga
zine.
The work which is under the editorial chagre of C. F.
Hoofman and Park Benjamin, Esq. w ill continue to be
published simultaneously on the first of every month, in
New York, by George Dearborn fit Co., in Boston by Otis,
Broader* fi: Co., communications received at the Office,
No. 38, Gold Street, New York.
PROSPECTUS OF THE
SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER,
THOMAS W. WHITE, EDITOR AND PROPR t LTOR.
This is a monthly magazine, devoted
chiefly to literature, but occasionally finding room
for articles that fall within the scope of Science ; and not
professing an entire disdain of tasteful itlrclion*, though
it* matter haa been, as it will continue to be, in the main,
original.
Party politics and controversial theology, a* far a* pos
sible, are jealously excluded. They are sometimes so
blended with discussions in literature or in moral science,
otherwise unobjectionable, as to gain admittance for thn
sake of the more valuable matter to which they adhere :
but whenever that happens, they are incidental only ; not
primary They are dross, tolerated only because it can
not well be severed from the sterling ore wherewith it is
incorporated.
Reviews and Critical Notices occupy their due space
in the work ; and it is the editor's aim that they should
have a threefold tendency?to convey in a condensed
form, such valuable truths or interesting incidents as ar%
emlwdied in the work* reviewed.?to direct the reader'*
attention to books that deserve to be read,?and to warn
him against wasting lime and money upon that large num
ber, which merit only to lie burned. In this age of publi
cations, that by their variety and multitude distract and
overwhelm every undiscriminitting student, impartial
criticism, governed by the views just mentioned, is one of
the most inestimable and indispensable of auxiliaries, to
him who does wish to discriminate.
Essays and Tales, having in view utility or amusement,
or both,'?Histoncal Sketches,?and Reminiscence* of
events too minute for history, yet elucidating it, and height
ening its interest,?may be regarded as forming the staple
of the work. And of indigenous poetry, enough is pub
lished?sometimes of no mean strain?to manitest and to
cultivate llio growing poetical taste and talent* of our
country.
The limes appear, for several reasons, to demand such
a work?and not one alone, but many. " The public niind
is feverish and irritated still, from recent political strifes
The soft, assuasive influence of literature ia needed, 10
allay that fever, and soothe that irritation. Vice and folly
are rioting abroad : They should be driven by indignant
rebuke, or lashed by ridicule, into their fitting haunts.
Ignorance lords it over an immense proportion of our
people. Every spring should be set in motion, to arouse
the enlightened, and to increase their number ; so that lha
great enemy of popular government may no longer brood,
like a portentous cloud, over the destinies of our country.
And to accomplish all these ends, what more* powerful
agent can be employed than a periodical, on the plan of
the Messenger; if that plan be but carried out in practice
The South, peculiarly, requires such an aeent. In all
the Union, south of Washington, there are but two literary
fieriodicala ' Northw ard of thai city, there are probably at
cast twenty-five or thirty ! Is this contrast justified by4
the wealth, the leisure, the nattve talent", or the actual
literary taste of the Southern people, compared with tuoso
of the Northern T No: for in wealth, talents, and taste,
we may justly claim at le#?.t an equality with our I rs
thren; and a domestic institution exclusively our own,
beyond all doubt affords us, if we choose, twice theIcisutu
for reading and writing, which they entoy.
It was from a deep sense of this local want, that the
word Southern was engrafted on Ihe name of tins
periodical; and not with any design to nourish local me
judiccs, or to advocate supposed local interests. Fur from
any such thought, it is the editor's fervent wish to sec thn
North and South liound endearingly together forever, in
the silken bands of mutual kindness and affection Fur
from meditating hostility to the North, he has already
drawn, and he hope* hereafter to draw, much of his choicest
matter thence ; ann happy indeed w ill he deem himself,
should hi* pages, by making each region know the other
Ik:Iter, contribute in any essential degree to dispel the
lowerinr clouds that now threaten the peace of Imth, and
to brighten arid strengthen the sacred Uc* of fraternal
love.
The Southern Literary Messenger haa now reached the
fifth No. of its third volume. How far it ha* acted out the
ideas hete filtered, it is not for the editor to ssy He
believes, however, that it fall* not further short *f them
than human weakness usually makes practice fall short of
theory.
The Messenger I* issued monthly. Each number of th?
work contains 64 large super-royal pages, printed in the
very handsomest manner, on new type, and on paper
equal at least to that 011 which any other j>eriodical i*
printed in our country.
No sulnicription will be received for less than a volume,
and must commence with Ihe current one The price ia
Jf.'i per volume, which must be paid 111 all cases at the time
of subscribing. This is particularly adverted to no? to
avoid misapprehension, or' future misunderstanding?ss
no order will hereafter la; atteuded to unless accompanied
with the price of subscription.
The postage on the Messenaer is six cents on any sin
gle No. (or all distance* under 100utiles?over 100 miles,
ten cent*.
All communications or lcitera, relative to the Messen
ger, must be addressed to Thomas W \\ hitk.
Southern Literary Messenger Office, Richmond, ' ?
THE MAUI SOMAN
I* published setni-weekly and weekly?the Semi-weekly,
every Wednesday and Saturday, and the Weekly, every
Saturday,
Advertisements intended for the Wednesday paper
should be sent in early on Tuesday?and for the Saturday
edition, eaily on Friday.
Ofice, E Mtrrtt, near Ttmtk

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