Newspaper Page Text
THOMAS ALLEN, Tub Madisonian m published Tri-weekly during the sittings of Coafraaa, and Nsiui weekly during the le cew, al 15 per aunum Fur six month*, f 3. No subscription will bo takeu for a term short of six month* ; uor unlet* paid for m udnuncc FBICB or ADVBBTISINU. Twelve line*, or less, three insertions, ? 9100 Each additional insertion, ... x!> linger advertisements at proportionate ratoa. A liberal dtscouut made to those who advertise by the year. 07 Subscribers nay remit by mail, in billa of aolveut banks, poiUge paid, at our rtsk ; provided it shall ap pear by a paymaster's certificate, that such renutunce ha* been duly mailed. A liberal discount will be made to companies of fin or more transmitting their subscriptions together. Poatmasters, and others authorized, acting as our agents, will be entitled to receive a copy of the paper grtlu for every five subscribers or, at that rate per cent, on subecriptiona generally ; the terma being fulfilled. Letters and communications intended for the esta blishment will not be received unleaa the putlog ? is paid. PROSPECTUS. The Madisonian will be devoted to the support of the principles and doctrine* of the democratic party, aa delineated by Mr. Madirou, and will aim to consummate that political reform in the theory and practice of the natioual government, which has beeu repeatedly indi cated by the general sutler age, as essential to the peace and prosperity of the country, and to the perfecUou and perpetuity ef its free instil uiiuns. At this time a singu lar stale of a flairs is presented. The commercial in tcreeta of the country are overwhelmed with embarrass mint; ita monetary concerna are unuaually disordered ; every ramification of society ia invaded by distress, and the social cdifice seems threatened with disorganization; every ear is tilled with predictions of evil and the mur muring* of despondency ; tho general government ia boldly assailed by a large and respectable portion of the people, as the direct cauae of their difficulties ; open resistance to the laws is publicly encouraged, and a spirit of insubordination ia foatered, as a necessary defence to the pretended usurpaliona of the party in power; some, from whom better things were hoped, are making the "confusion worse confounded," by a head long pursuit of extreme notions and indefinite phautouis, totally incompatible with a wholesome state of the country. In the inidat of all these difficulties and em barrassment!, it is feared that many of the leas firm of the friends of the administration and supporter* of democratic principles are wavering in their confidence, and beginning, withoutjust cause, to view with diatrust those men to whom they have been long attached, and whose elevation they have laboured to promote from honest and patriotic motives. Exulting in the anticipa tion of dismay and confusion amongst tho supporters of the administration a* the consequence of these things, the opposition are consoling themselves with tho idea that Mr. Van Burcu's friends, as a nstional party, are verging to dissolution ; atld they allow no opportunity to pass unimproved to give eclat to their own doctrines. They are, indeed, maturing plans for their own future government of the country, with seeming confidence of certain success. This confidence is increased by the fact, that visionary theories, aud an unwise adherence to the plan for an exclusive metallic currency have unfortunately carried some beyond the actual aud true fiolicy of the govern ment ; aud, by impairing public confidence in the credit system, which ought to be preserved aud regulated, but not destroyed, have tended to increase the difficulties under which the country is now labouring. All these seem to indicate the necessity of a new organ at the scat of government, to lie established upon sound prin ciples, and to represent faithfully, and not to dictate, the real |?olicy of the administration, and the true sentiments, measures, and interests, of tho great body of its sup porters. The necessity also appears of the adoption of more conservative principles than the conduct of those seems to indicste who seek to remedy abuses by de stroying the institutions with which they are found con nected. Indeed some measure of contribution is deemed essential to the enhancement of our own self-res|>ect at home, and to the promotion of the honor and credit of the nation abroad. To meet these indications this undertaking has been instituted, and it is hoped that it will produce the effect of inspiring the timid with courage, the desponding with hope, and the whole country with confidence m tho administration of Us government. In this view, this journal will not seek to lead, or to follow any faction, or to advocate the views of any particular detachment of men. It will aspire to accord a just measure of sup port to each of the co-ordinate branches of the govern ment, in the lawful exercise of their constitutional prerogatives. It will address itself to the understandings of men, rather than appeal to any unworthy prejudices or evil passions. 'It will rely invariably upon the prin ciple, that the strength aud security of American insti tutions depend upon the intelligence aud virtue of the people. Thb Madisomav will not, in any event, be inadc tho instrument of arraying the north and the south, the east and the west, in (tostilo altitudes towards each other, upon any subject of either general or local interest. It will reflect only that spirit aud those principles of mutual concession, compromise, and reciprocal good-will, which so eminently characterized the inception, formation, and subsequent adoption, by the aeveral States, of the con stitution of the United States. Moreover, in the same hallowed spirit that has, at all periods since the adoption of that aacred instrument, characterized its dbfknck by thic PBOPLB, our press will hasten to its support at every emergency that shall arise, from whatever quarter, and under whatever guise of philanthropy, policy, or principle, the antagonist power may appear. If, in this responsible undertaking, it shall be our good fortune to succeed to any degree in promoting tho harmony and prosperity of the country, or in conciliating jealousies, and allaying ihe asperities of party warfare, by demeaning oursclf amicably towards all; by indulg ing porsonal animosities towards none; by conducting ourself in the belief that it is perfectly practicable to differ with others in matters of principle and of expe diency, without a mixture of personal unkindnrsa or loss of reciprocal respect; and by ?? asking nothing that is not clearly right, aud submitting to nothing that is wrong," then, and not otherwise, will the full measure of its intention be accomplished, and our primary rule for its guidance be sufficiently observed and satisfied. This enterprize has not been undertaken without the approbation, advisement, and pledged support of many of the leading and soundest minds in tho ranks of the democratic republican party, in the extreme north and in the extreme south, in the cast and in the west. An association of both political experience and talent of the highest order will render it competent to carry forward the principles by which it will bo guided, and make it useful as a political organ, and interesting as a journal of news. Arrangements also have been made to fix tho establishment upon a substantial and permanent basis. The subscriber, therefore, relies upon the public for so mucl: of their confidence and encouragement only as the fidelity of his press to their great national interests shall prove itself entitled to receive. THOMAS AI.LEN. Washington City, D. C. July, 1837. ADVICB TO YOUNO MERCHANTS. 1. Do not. like a foolish mariner, always calculate upon fair weather; but be prepared, at all times, for mercantile squalls and gales. 2. If you form a co-partnership, silent or avowed, do not advertise it until the capital is actually paid in 3. Always have articles of co-partnership written by a lawyer of integrity, and signed and sealed before you commence business. ?1 If you buy and sell on credit, it is not safe to sell more in a year than five times your actual capital [When your credit is well established, you may exceed this] ' 5. Never sell to a man when you have* reasonable doubts about his ability to pay at the lime. 6 Never sell on credit to a drunkard, horse-racer gambler; or a man not educated as a merchant. ' 7 Never sell on credit to a man who has not paid former purchases, if due. 8 Select a store, the best situated for your business, even il the rent be high, provided that it is not extrava gantly so. 9 I)o not marrv under twenty-five, and none but a well educated, prudent, noiseless woman?one that can earn as much as she spends. 10 Let not your house rent be more thsn a fifth of the amount you are willing to expend in family and per sonsl expense*. 11 Keep a regular set of books, by double-entry ; and have them posted up and examined at least every' month. 3 12 Pake an account of stock, balance vour books, ? lid settle all your accounts twice ? vcar, if practicable ? aiways once i >ear. THE MADISONIAN. VOL.1. WASHINGTON CITY, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 1 4, 1837. NO. 10. from Uu iwntM JfufMM*. J MRS. JAMES MADISON. S The parent* of Mrs. Madison, whose maid en name wu Dolly Payne, were native* of Virginia- She was however bom in North Carolina, while her mother was on a visit to some of her friends in that state. Not long alior their marriage, her parents joined the society of Friends or Quakers, manumitted their slaves, and removed to Pennsylvania, 'l'heir daughter was educated in Philadelphia in all the strictness of the sect to which the family belonged. She was, therefore, but little indebted to acquired graces and accom plishments for the admiration and regard which followed her wherever she was known. To much personal beauty, she added a warm heart and a benevolent disposition; charms and attractions which won for her not only admirers but friends. At an early age she was married to Mr. Todd, a young lawyer of Philadelphia, and also a member of the society of Friends.? This connexion was of short duration. She was soon left a widow with an iufant son.? Her father being also dead, she went to live I with her surviving parent, who bad fixed her residence in the same city. Here her beauty and engaging manners secured her many ad mirers and brought her seversl advantageous offers of marriage. Among those who sought her hand she gave preference to Mr. Madison, at that time a distinguished member of Con gress to whom she was married in 1794. From this time to the time of Mr. Madison s appointment as Secretary of State, she re sided at Montpelier on Mr. Madison's pater nal estate.* Here she entertained her numer ous friends and guests with an abundant and cordial hospitality. Her mother and sisters lived with her; and the regard and kindness with which her husband treated them, was repaid on her part by similar attentions to the happiness and comfort of his aged mother, who continued to live with her son. On Mr. Jefferson's election to the Presi dency, in 1801, Mr. Madison was appointed Secretary of State, and in April of that year removed his family to Washington. We can not better describe the manner in which she acquitted herself in the new and elevated sta tion to which she was now raised, than in the language of a memoir in the national portrait gallerv, a work of great merit. " The Presi dent's house was the seat of hospitality, where Mrs. Madison always presided in the absence of Mr. Jefferson's daughters, when there were female guests. After the President's, the house of the Secretary of State was the re sort of most company. The frank and cor dial manners of its mistress gave a peculiar charm to the frequent parties there assembled. All foreigners who visited the seat of govern ment?strangers from the different states oi the Union, the heads of departments, the diplomatic corps, senators, representatives, and citizens, mingled with an ease and free dom, a sociability and gaiety, to be met with in no other society. Even party spirit, viru lent and embittered as it then was, by her gen tleness was disarmed of its asperity. Individuals who never visited at the Presi dent's nor met at the other ministerial hou?es, could not resist the softening influences of her conciliatory disposition, and her frank and generous manners, but frequented her evening circle ; and sat at her husband's table ; a table that was covered with the profusion of Vir ginian hospitality, rather than with the ele gance and refinement of European taste. The lady of a foreign minister was once ridi culing the enormous size and number of the dishes with which the board was loaded, and observed, that it was more like a harvest home supper, than the entertainment of a Secretary of State.?Mrs. Madison heard of this and similar remarks, and only observed with a smile, that she thought abundance was pre ferable to elegance ; that circumstances form ed customs, and customs formed taste ; and as the profusion, so repugnant to foreign customs, arose from the happy circumstance of the su perabundance and prosperity "of our country, she did not hesitate to sacrifice the delicacy of European taste, for the less elegant, but more liberal fashion ol Virginia. I he many poor families daily supplied from that profused spread table, would have had reason to regret the introduction of European fashion, had Mrs. Madison been prevailed on to submit to its dictation. "During the eight years that Mr. Madison was Secretary of State, he and his family lived with the inhabitants of Washington as with fellow-citizens; receiving and recipro cating civilties in the most kind and friendly manner. The Secretary himself, being whol ly absorbed in public business, left to Mrs. Madison the discharge of the duties of social intercourse. And never was a woman better calculated for the task. Exposed, as she ne cessarily must have been in so conspicuous a situation, to envy, jealousy, and misconstruc tion, she so managed as to conciliato the good will.of all, witbc.it offending the self-love of any of the numerous competitors for her favor and attention. Every visitor left her with the pleasing impression of being an especial favorite, of having been the object of peculiar attention. She never forgot a name she had once heard, nor a face she had once seen, nor the personal circumstances connected with every individual of her acquaintance. Her quick recognition of persons ; her recurrence to their peculiar interests, produced the grati fying impression, in each and all of those who conversed with her, that they were cspecial objects of regard. '?Her house was very plainly furnished, and her dress in no way extravagant. It was on ly in hospitality and charity that her profu sion was unchecked, aad sometimes made her sensible that her income was not equal to her wishes." The amiable and engaging qualities which have been described, characterized Mrs. Madison through the whole of her husband's public life. In the midst of the bhterness of party spirit and the violence of political ani mosity, she was mild and courteous to all. The political assailants of her husband she treated with a kindness, which disarmed their hostility of its individual rancor, and some- , times even converted political enemies into personal friends, and still oftener succeeded in neutralizing the bitterness of opposition. During the last war her courage and firmness were put to a severe test. In August, 1814, the British troops landed forty miles below Washington, and approached that city. The President left the city to hold a council of war. Before his departure, he anxiously inquired whether she had courage or firmness to remain in the President's house until his return on the iporrow or preceding day. She assured hiin she had no fear but for him and the suc cess of our array. When the President reach ed Bladensburgh he unexpectedly found the two armies engaged. Manwhile terror spread over the city. All who could obtain con veyances fled to the adjoining towns. The sound of the cannon was distinctly heard, and universal dismay and confusion prevailed.? Some personal friends who remained with Mrs. Madison strongly urged her to leave the city. They had her carnage brought to the door, but could not persuade her to enter it till her husband should return and accompany her. And she did not finally depart till seve ral messengers had been despatched to bid her fly. We close this sketch in the words of the memoir from which we have quoted. " Much as she graced her public station, she has been not less admirable in domestic life. Neigh borly and companionable among her country friends, as if she had never lived in a city; delighting in the society of the young, and never ^ better pleased than when promoting every youthful pleasure by her participation ; she still proved herself the affectionate and devoted wife during the years of suffering health of her excellent husband. Without neglecting the duties of a kind hostess, a faithful friend and relative, she smoothed and enlivened, occupied and amused the languid hours of his long confinement. Hj knew, appreciated, and acknowledged the blessing which heaven had bestowed on him in giving him such a wife." From the New York Commercial Advertiser, ANIMAL MAGNETISM. We have had our time and times of laugh ing at animal magnetism. We shall laugh at it no more. There is something awfully mys terious in the principle, beyond the power of man to fathom or explain. Being in Provi dence on Saturday, Sunday and Monday, the 26th, 27th, and 28th of August, an opportuni ty was afforded us of seeing and taking part in a series of experiments, with a young liliml lady, whilo under the magnetic influence, the results of which were not only marvellous in our eyes, but absolutely astounding. The ex hibition was not public, and the parties were all people of the first respectability, profes sional and otherwise. Having heard much upon the subject, and disbelieved all, the ex periments were made before a private circle of ladies and gentlemen, at our own urgent solicitation. We have written a narrative of the circum stances, comprising some fifty or sixty pages of foolscap; and we venture to say, that no thing hitherto published upon that subject, is so wonderful by far, as the facts of which we were witness?all of which we saw and part of which we were. We shall publish our narrative, on taking it to Providcnce for exami nation, provided we can obtain permission of the parties?who have hitherto avoided publi cations, or public exhibitions. One surprising incident we will mention. On Sunday, while we were in Providence, a small package was received from Mr. Stephen Covill, of Troy, containing, as he wrote to his friend, a note, which he wished Miss B. to read, whilo under the magnetic influence, without breaking the seal, if she could. Mr. C. had been induced to try this experiment, in consequence of having heard of extraordinary performances of the kind?which, of course, he doubted. The package, or letter, was evi dently composed of several envelopes. The outer one was composed of thick blue paper. On Sunday evening, Miss B.f who, it must be borne in mind, when awake, is blind, was put into a magnetic slumber, and the letter given to her with instructions to read it. She said she would take it to bed with her, and read it before morning. On Monday morning, she gave the reading as follows : " No other than the eye of Omnipotence can read this, in this envelopment.?1837." Wre made a memorandum of this reading, ! and examined tho package containing, as she ! said, the sentence. She said then on Mon- j day morning, that there were one or two words between the word " envelopment" and ' the date, as we understood her which she could not make out. We examined the seal I with the closest scrutiny. The seal of Mr. | Covill was unbroken, and to turn the letter, or to read it without opening, was impossible. After our return to the city, viz. : on Wed nesday last, we addressed a letter to Mr. Co- 1 vill, to ascertain whether the reading of the blind somnambulist was corrcct. The fol- ; lowing is his reply : " Troy, Sept. 1, 1837. " Dear Sir?Your's of yesterday I received by tins morning's mail, and as to your inquiry relative to the package submitted to Miss li. while under the magnetic influence, I have to say, the package came to hand yes- i tcrday. The sentence had been Written by a friend, and j sealed by him at my request, and in such a manner as ! was supposed could not have been read by any human ' device, without breaking tho goal. We think tho seals | have not been broken un.til returned. The sentence as i read by Miss 1). is?' No other than the eye of Omnipo- j tenre can reail this, in this envelopment?1837.' And j as written in the original, on a card, and another card j placed on the faco of the writing, and enclosed in a thick j blue paper envelope, was?' No other than the eyt of \ Omnipotence can read this sentence in this envelope.' \ " Respectfully yours, Ac. "Stkpiikx Covill." P. S. We have just received a note from I Providence, with permission to publish our I own narrative. But as it is very long, and equally complex and wonderful, we shall first take it to Providence, for the examination of those who were present on the occasion. Our aim being scrupulous exactness. We also left a note for the blind lady to read, sealed with seven seals. We have received it this.! morning, the seals unbroken, with the answer ' written on the outside. This answer is cor- i rect, as far as it ?goes. We were in great J haste at the time of preparing the note, and having the odd title of a queer old book in our potfket, printed in a small Italic letter, we wrote a part of the note with a pencil, and stuck on two and half lines of the small Italic printing, with a Wafer. The note, written and printed, as we left it, was in these words: The follow ing is the title, equally quaint and amusing, of a book which was published in Kngland, in the time of Oliver Cromwell: " Rgi>s of Cknritif, liyrd /<?/ the Ckfk ens of the Covenant, and boiled by the water? of Di vine love. Take ye and eat ." The following is the answer, sent by Miss B., through an intimate friend : " The following ia a title, equally amazing (or amusing) and quaint, of a book published in England in the time of Oliver Cromwell; " Eggs of Charity? " Miss B. does not know whether the word is amazing or amusing. Something is writ ten after the ' Eggs of Charity,' which she cannot make out." Thus much for the present. We make no comments. What we know to be true, we fear not to declare. Facts sustained by the evidence of our own senses, we trust we shall ever have the boldness to publish. In regard to our narration, it is alike wonderful and in explicable. As Paulding's black witch in Koningsmarke, says?" I've teen what I've seen, I know what 1 know." Gamblers.?A man whs had gone over a great part of the world, returned at length from his travels: his frieuds came and re quested him to relate what he had seen. " Listen," said he. " Eleven hundred miles beyond the country of die Hurons, there are men whom I thought Very strange ; they fre quently sit at table until late in the night; there is no cloth laid, they do not wet their mouths ; lightnings might flash round them ; two armies might be engaged in battle; even the sky might threaten to crush them in its falls, they would remain unmoved on their seals, for they are deaf and dumb. Yet now and then there escapes from their lips a half broken, unconnected and unmeaning sound, and they horribly roll their eyes at the same time. 1 often stood looking at them with as tonishment, for when such sittings take place, people frequently go and witness them. Be lieve me, brethren, I shall never forget the horrible contortions which I there saw. De spair, fury, malicious joy and anguish were by turns visible in their countenances. Their rage, 1 assure you, appeared to me that of the furies?their gravity that of the judges of hell ?and anguish that of malefactors." " What was their object ?" asked his friends. " They attend, perhaps, to the welfare of the commu nity ?" "Oh, no!" "They are seeking the philosopher's stone?" "You are mistaken." " They wish to discover the quadrature of the circle ?" " No." " They do penance for old sins ?" "Nothingof all this." " Then they are mad: if they neither hear, nor speak, nor feel, nor see, what can they be doing?" " They are gambling?"?From the German of Tichtwcbr. From the Cincinnati Daily Gazette. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. Mr. Editor?There have been, since the organization of our government, 'Hiirteen Presidential Elections. The following is a correct statement of the number of votes re ceived by each principal candidate, for Pre sident and Vice President, at each of said elections; and as it will be found on exami nation to have been compiled from good au thority, it may perhaps be worthy of a place in your columns. First Election, 1788.?Number of Electors 69.- George Washington received 69 votes; John Adams 34, and John Jay 9. Washing ton was elected President, and John Adams Vice President. Second Election, 1792.?Number of Elec tors 135. George Washington received 132 votes ; John Adams 77, and George Clinton 50. Washington and Adams were both re elected. Third Election, 1796.?Number of Elec tors 136. John Adams received 71 votes; Thomas Jefferson 69 -T Thomas Pinckney 59, and Aaron Burr 30. Adams was elected Pre sident, and Jefferson Vice President. Fourth Election, 1800.?Number of Elec tors 138. Thomas Jefferson and \aron Burr received each 73 xotes ; John Adams 65, and Charles D. Pinckney 64. As there was no choice of President in the College of Elec tors, the election devolved on the House of Representatives, and after balloting 36 times, Jefferson was elected by a majority of one State. Burr was clccted Vice President. Fifth Election, 1804.?Number of Electors 176. The present plan of voting separately for President and Vice President was now adopted. Thomas Jefferson received 162 votes for President, and Charles C. Pinckney 14. Geo. Clinton received 162 votes for Vice President, and Rufus King 14. Jefferson and Clinton were elected. Sixth Election, 1808.?Number of Elec tors 176. James Madison received 122 votes for President, and Charles C. Pinckney 47. George Clinton received 113 votes for Vice President, and Itufus King47. Madisonand Clinton were elected. Seventh Election, 1812.?Number of Elec tors 217. James Madison received 128 votes for President, and De Witt Clinton 89. El bridge Gerry received 131 votes for Vice Pre sident, and Jared Ingersoll 86. Madison ajid Gerry were elected. Eighth Election, 1816.?Number of Elec tors 217. James Munroe received 183 votes for President, and Rufus King 34. Daniel 1). Tompkins received 183 votes for Vice President, and John E. Howard 22. Monroe and Tompkins were elected. Ninth Election, 1820.?Number of Elec tors 232. James Monroe received 231 votes for President, and Daniel D. Tompkins 218 for Vice President. Tenth Election, 182 4.?Number of Elec tors 261. Andpew Jackson received 99 votes for President; John Q. Adams 84; Win. II. Crawford 41, and Henry Clay 37. As nei ther 'candidate had a majority, the election was carried into the House, whore John Q. Adams having received the votes of 13 States out of 23, was elected President. John C. Calhoun received 192 electoral votes for Vice President; N. Sandford 30, and Nathaniel Macon 24. Calhoun was elec ted Vice Pre sident. Eleventh Election, 1828.?Number of Elec tors 261. Andrew Jackson received 178 votes for President, and John Q. Adams 82. John C. Calhoun received 171 votes for Vice President, and Richard Rush 83. Jatkson and Calhoun were elected. Twelfth Election, 1832.?Number of Elec tors 288. Andrew Jackson received 219 votes for President ; Henry Clay 49 ; John Floyd 11, and Wm. Wirt ?. Mnrti:i Van Huron re reived 189 votes lor Vice President; John Sargeant 49; Win. Willuns 30; Henry Lee 11, aud Amos Ellinaker 7. Jackson and Van Uuren were elected. Thirteenth Election, 1836.?Number of Electors 294, (including those of Michigan.) Martin Van bur en received 170 votes for President; William li. Harrison 73; Hugh L. White 26; Daniel Webster 14, and Willie P. Mangum 11. Richard M.Johnson receiv ed 147 votes for Vice President; Francis Granger 77; John Tyler 47, and Win. Smith 23. As neither of the candidates for Vice President received a majority of the electoral voles, aud as Kichard M. Johnson and !? rancis Granger received more votes than any other two, the Senate proceeded to elect one of these candidates Vice President. In the Se nate Richard M. Johnson received 33 votee, and Francis Granger 16. Van Huron and Johnson were elected. From lAt Cincinnati Rtfublnan. | The Currency.?This subject continues to occupy a very large share of public attention at this time ; but not more than its importance deserves, but no where have we seen it dis cussed with so much ability and lairness as in the columns of the Richmond Enquirer ; by the editor and his numerous correspond ents. The most distinguished statesmen in Virginia, as upon former occasions of emer gency, have come forward and taken up their pens, and are discussing the subject with the most praiseworthy zeal. How unlike are the .distinguished men of Virginia to the great men of some other States which it is unne cessary to name, in this respect. There, the Rives, the Harbours, the Roanes, the Garlands, and the Tazewells, like the Madi sons, the Jeffersons, and Randolphs ol other times, do not think it disparagement to con tribute for the press, when great and weighty subjects arise of State or national interest. Thus, they not only give tone and character to the press, but they set men's minds to think ing?they elicit reflection and discussion, and enable the public to comprehend subjects of vital importance to the nation, about which they were previously ignorant or had an im perfect conception. It is to be regretted, that some of our enlightened poliiicians of Ohio, of which we have a few of both parties, would not follow the example of the distin guished men of Virginia, and letting alone, for a while at least, the interest of partizan leaders, and the deplorable bitterness of party strife, come to the assistance of the Press, in discussing the great questions which are now agitating the country. In the language of an able correspondent of the Richmond Enquirer, whose article is now before us. >l 1 he time has arrived, when sensible men ought tp look above partizan feeling and personal interest? when we ought to think ol our country, and forget men altogether." " If (says this same writer) the nation could be induced to come to the consideration of this question with feelings ol this kind, how easily it could be settled, and the pros perity of the country restored! And why can we not consider it with this temper of mind ? Am 1 really guilty of an act ol moral turpi tude in the estimation of a friend, by express ing opinions differing from his own on the subject of the currency ? Ought it to be a cause of personal offence or of dislike ? Can we not let reason decide the question between . us, without exciting the angry passions ? Is not freedom of opinion the birth-right of us all ? Did not our forefathers encounter all the horrors and privations of a seven years war, that their children might enjoy it ? Most un questionably they did. And when we surren der it, we give up one of the choicest bless ings of our Republican Government." The principle point of difference among the democracy of the country, and the oppo nents of a National Bank, at this time, is with reference to the regulation of the government finances. A portion aro for collecting the revenue in specie, and paying it out to the officers of the Government, civil and military, and to other government creditors, in specie, through the agency of a Sub-1 reasury. \V bile a portion of the friends of the Administration, and we think much the most enlightened, if not the largest portion, contend that such a sys tem would be inexpedient, if not altogether impracticablc. From Iht Utica (N. Y.) Obttrvrr. THE RADICALS. The radicals of all sorts, feeling thatlhcir course was becoming desperate as well as contemptible, have been very industrious of lato in picking up the savings of emi nent men of the democratic party, and endeavoring to turn them to account in support of the doctrines of Fanny Wright and her followers. The writings of Jef ferson and other distinguished republicans, against a National Hank, aud the high-toned federal doctrines of the day, have been consulted, and by dint of quoting here and there, a passage, separated from its context, at tempts aro made to bring Mr. Jefferson s authority against State Hanks as well as against a National Insti tution. All this may be very well with those who are resolved to pull down at all events, and we should not have troubled ourselves about the matter, if we had not kindly been invited by the State Paper to " point out wherein the Argus has departed from the ptmciples of the democratic party, as established by Thomas Jeffer son and his coteinporaries." When that is done, the editor promises to "come back to the republican track. ' It might be thought presumptuous in us to decide on the political character of any paper, and it might not onlv l?e presumptuous, as it certainly would be difficult to do so, of one which holds different opinions on al ternate days ; and we should greatly prefer to have the Argus say for itself which side it is oil, and then slick to it; if it maintains the old land-marks against all the new devices of the enemy, then we have no controver sy with the Argus. But if, either from inclination or want of what the Globe calls " political courage," the Argus goes with its loving friends, the 1'laindealer, the Post, <Stc , we shall have \io difficulty in showing that it '? has departed fiom the principles of the democratic party, as established by Thomas Jefferson and his co temporaries." If our " political friend" is indeed any thing more than half and half, and if the bigger half lies on the other side, then we may perhaps be called upon to add another word on a future day. In the mean time, however, what wo proceed to say is not for the Argus, but for the downright and confessed loco focos. " Thomas Jefferson and his coteinporaries" nobly as serted and maintained " the principles of the dotnocratic party." They did many things which were esteemed grievous by the federalists; but they did not rear the structure of political power on any such foundation as that oti which modern radicals propose to build. '? 'Thomas Jefferson and his coteinporaries" were for a strict construction of the constitution of the l?. S , and maintained thai congress had no power to establish a National Hank; but neither Jefferson nor hn eotern poraries made war upon the State Hanks On the c?n i trarv, the " cotemporaries" and political friends ol >? I mas Jefferson, voted .'or and approved of the nicorpora [ lion of banks in all the States. Hostility lo t < ni is o modern growth and invention. So banks have .< < n rj peatedlv established in the V. S lemtor.es by the di ect author.'y and approval of congross. It was indeed nnlv on the third of March l ist, ('he la-1 dav of the a-! ministration of President Jackaon, one of the " rote in jtoraries" of Thomu Jeflerson,) thai be signed * bill approvuig and confirming the eatabhahiueiii of tkree bank* in the Territory of Wisconsin This was dono by Audiew Jackson?he therefore ?H not a loco fuco la this Sute, the Bank of New York was incorporat ed in 1791, the Bank of Albany in 1792, the Bank of Columbia in 1793, and the Sute Bank in 1803?all under the administration of the father of the democratic party in this Slate, George Clinton Governor George Clinton, like hie " cotem|>orary" Jelferaon, was opposed U> a National Bank on conatitutional ground, but he waa not opposed to Sute Banks He was not a loco foco ; he did not belter* with Fanny Wright, that all things should be iu common, or that a currency purely metal lic, was adequate to lite business wants of the country. Daniel D. Tompkins waa also a u coiem|?oranf" of Jefferson, and was always supposed to bo a true demo crat. Under his administration the Mohawk Bank waa incorporated in 1807; the Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank, the Bauk of Troy, the Middle Diatrict Bank, and the Bank of Newburg, iu 1811 . the Bauk of Utica and the City Bank of New York, in 1812; the Bank of Lansiugburgh, the Catskill Bank, the Ontario Bauk, and the Bauk of Orange County, in 1813 ; the Bank of Niagara and the Jefferson County Bank, in 1816 ; the Banlt of Geneva, the Bank of Auburn, thu Bank of Washington and Warreu, and the Bank of Plattsburg, iu 1817 Daniel D. Tonipkina waa not a loco foco. DewiU Clinton waa a " cotemporary" of Jefferson, and under his sdmiuistratiou several Banks were lucor porsled. Dewitt Clinton waa not a loco foco. Joaeph C. Yatea was one of the " cotemporariea" of Jefferaon, and under hia administration the Tradesmen'* and other Banks were incorporated. Governor Yates was not a loco foco. Martin Van Buren was a " cotemporary" of Jefferson. Ha recommended the renewal of all the bank chartera in 1829, and waa univeraally reputed to be the father of the aafety fund aystem, until some indiscreet friends have recently taken upon themaelves to deny that he me?nt what he aaid in relation to banks. Martin Van Buren was not a loco foco. Enos T. Throop and William L. Marcy were "co temporaries" of Jefferson, and under each of their od ininistraUoua banks have been incorporated. Neither of them is a loco foco. Our banks have not oidy been incorporated under re publican governors, but nine-tenths of the whole num ber have been voted for by republican members of the legislature, who were " coteinporariea" of Jefferson. Indeed, there never has been a time since Jefferson came to the Presidency in 1801, when the federalists had a majority in both houses. Our republican legisla tors have not therefore been loco focos. In 1814 the banks stopped apecie payment. Gov. Tompkins did not make war upon them ; the legislature did not make war upon them. Unfortunate aim deplora blc as the event was, there was aupfiosed to be an abso lute necessity for it, though the banks in New England continued to pay specie, and the misfortune was endur ed The democrats of those daya were not loco focos. But now, when the banks in all the states have sloped, and the whole commercial world is convulsed and strug gling for life, a stoppage by our banks la to be visited, not in retribution upon the bartka, but in ruin upon the whole community ! Our modern radicals are not over honest iu pretending that they stand on " the principles of the domocratic party as established by 'Ihomas Jef ferson and his coteinporariea." " Tbomak Jefferson and his cotomporaries," although aome of thein were and still are interested in banks, never sold out their slock at a high premium, and then commenced a warfare upon those who did not. They never attempted to destroy the just influence of a political friend by whis|?ering that ho was a " bank man," " unsound," or " crooked, unlesa they could point to some departure from " the principlea of the democratic party." . n The democratic editors who were " cotemporaries of Jefferson, were bold, manly, and direct in their course ; they dared to avow their real sentiments for two daya, or even for two weeks iu succession, snd in deed for all time, without reserve or equivocation. They never went out of the way to avoid the responsi bility of expressing their opinions I*oco Foco scissors men are a contrivance of modem times. The old fashioned democratic editors never followed any one man, nor even a small knot of men, to the exclusion of all others?they went with the party, not merely with a few individuals. Now if our friend of the Argus is no< a loco foco, will he be good enough to say so and stick to it ! if he is one, then having shown that he " has departed from the principles of the democratic party, as established by Thomas Jefferson and his cotomporaries," we have a right to insist that he shall fulfil his promise and come ?' back to the republican track." " We pause for a re From the Marshall (Mich.) Times. Thb Washington Globe.?In another column will bo found an article from the Onondaga Standard, on the course puisued by the government paper at \\ ashing ton, and the consequences likely to result from an ad herence to the policy which has governed that print for some time past. With most of the yiews entertained by the editor of*the Standard, we entirely concur. I'or months past, wo have not cared to quote the Globe as the organ of the republican parly ; as its evident leaning to measures too ultra for the good of tho country, has done more to dispirit our democratic friends and create disunion in their ranks, than all the wiles and strata gems of the enemy. The Globe has rendered cfhcient service in procuring the triumph of the people over the United States Bank ; and it is with pain that we obscrvo any symptoms of aberration from the republican course which it has pursued. Democrats never yet have gain ed anything by living from the straight-forward course which characterised tho early days of their party, and pursuing doubtful and ill-digested schemcs of policy ; but when, relying on the justice of their cause and the intelligence of the people to appreciate it, they have pursued such measures only as commended thomselves to the good sense of tho public, they have almost urn family been sustained. At a time like the present, when no means aie left untried by our political oppo nents, to effect the overthrow of tlie democratic princi ples, union and harmony arc all-important to insure their maintenance; and he must have a heavy account to render to his country, who contributes to the dis semination of doctrines that at best can only divide and. destroy ; or, if carried into practice by the government, would produco a sccne of universal ruin and distress. For years, the friends of an exclusive paper currency have been busily engaged in substituting their pro I,uses" for tho n-al standard of value : a reaction has now commenced in the public mind, which, if rightly directed, promises the happiest result: let us rur. to the opnosito extreme, and wo shall find ourselves buried amid the general crash that must inevitably follow. Merchants ?While some of us arc making loud complaints against the merchants, and repeating a sen timent lately advanced that thn/ deserve no favor /rem the (internment, would it not bo well to refer to tunes cone by, when the Government were beset with ene mies at home and abroad, and see whether the class wo are denouncing were not then deserving of praise. ^ ? saw it staled not long since that two merchants, of Salem Mass , contributed $10,000 each, towards build ing a frigate, soon after I ho Government went into opc ration These merchants' names were Israel 1 horndikc and William Gray. The latter gentleman we havo often heard stated when we were a boy, was one of tho chief supporters of the late war, and enabled the t.o vcrnmcni to carry it on with his funds. 1ho federalists in Boston were so enraged against the State Batik tor tiding the United States with its funds, that they were determined to crush it. and every means were resorted to to accomplish that object. And perhaps they would have succeeded had it not been for W illiam Gray ; all his available funds were put in the vaults of the State liank, which saved it from ruin. Mr. Gray was as ob noxious to the federalists as tho Bank, but they could not crush him. Here then is ono example of a merchant who aided his country at a tune when she needed friends, and wo presume there were many more who were actuated with the same laudable xeal, and contr? buted funds iu support of the war ; and should there ever come a time when the government wishes funds to defend he, rights, our " merchant Princes .willnotbo backward in giving assistance I.et no one i this class of our citizens are not deserving the favor of government! ^ Spkcib Pavmf.nts.?The movement of some New York Hanks with reference to scsum.ng specie pay mrnl(S has excited the indication of sundry whiggish r>rints like the New York kxpress <V Courier iV Ln ouiror The efforts of thoae Banks to discharge their duties to the iieople, sre denounced as an Administra tion trick ; and the Philadelphia Banks Uadtd by the ?? I nited States Bank," consider it " useless" to discuss, the subject now. It cannot be doubted that the in fluences which wer? exerted to extort a renewed charte former years, will now again I* eiercised in every possible maimer to effect that object amid the troubles of these times. This is obvious from the abuse which certain Whig prints lavish upon the Stale Banks for en deavoring to accomplish s speedy resumption of spccie payment*.? lincheMlrr Adrncale. The last Afehwdon Statesman contain* death of Col John Keller, the late Senator, from that dwtricr . Col. K was on his return from lexis, wl)rre lie >? been to purchase land.