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or more trananuttHiU Uicu .ubarnpt.on. to^r.
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Lottera and communication. ,Bl*nJa , ?
blishment will not be received unlea. the pvt**'
Thi Madi.oi.iai. will be devoted to the .upport of
the principle, and doctrine, of the democratic party, a.
delineated by Mr. M.d?o.., and will.an to conaumiii.e
that political reform in the theory and practice of the
national government, which haa been repeatedly indi
cated by the general suffetage, a. aaaential to the peace
and iirospertiv of the country, and to the perfection and
perpetuity of lU free in.titutiooa. At Una time a .ingu
lZ ?ute of affairs u preaented. Ihe commercial iu
tere.t. df the county are overwhelmed with embarraM
incnt it. monetary concern, are unusually disordered ,
firery'ram.ftcaiion of society i. Invaded by tmuwm, ami
the ?oci*l oditice aeeui. thieatencd with disorganization,
every ear i. filled with prediction, of evil and the mur
muring. of de.po?dcncy; the general government ia
boldly ...ailed by . Urge and re.pecuble jwrtion of the
people, .. the dircct c.um of their difficulties, open
resistance to the law. i. publicly encouraged, and a
.pint of in.ulwrdin.tion i. fostered, as a liecesssry
defence to the pretended usurpation, of the p.rty m
power ; some, from whom better thing, were hoped, are
in.kiax the " confusion worse confounded, by . Iiesd
long pursuit of extreme notion, .nd indefinite phantoms,
totally incompatible with a wholesome state of the
ceuatry. In the mid.t of all thews difficulties and ein
barraaainents, it is feared thst many of the lew linn o
the frieud. of the administration and supporters ol
democratic principle, are wavering in their confidence
?nd beginning, witboutjuat c.u.e, to view with distrust
those wen to whom they have been long attached, aud
whose elevation they have laboured to promote from
honest and patriotic motive.. Exulting in the anticipa
tion of dismay and confusion amongst the supporters of
the administration a. the cofwequence of these thing.,
the opposition are con.olmg themselve. with tho idea
that Mr. Van Bureu's friends, as a national party, are
veiguig to dissolution; and they allow no opportunity to
pas. unimproved to give eclat to their own doctrines.
They are, indeed, maturing plans for their own future
govertiment of the country, with seeming confidence or
This confidence is increased by the fact, that vi.ioniry
theories, and an unwise adherence to the plan for ail
excluttve metallic currency have unfortunately carried
some beyond the actual and true policy of the govern
ment ; and, by impairing public confidence in the credit
system, which ought to be preserved and regulated, but
not destroyed, have tended to increase the difficu.tica
under which the country is now labouring. AH these
seem to indicste the necessity of a new organ at the
.cat of government, to be established upon sound prin
ciples, snd to represent faithfully, sud not to dictate, the
real policy of the administration, and the true sentiments,
measures, snd interests, of the great body of it. sup
porters. The necessity also appears of the adoption of
more conservative principles than the conduct of those
seems to indicate who seek to remedy abuses by de
stroying the institutions with which they are found con
nected. Indeed some measure of contribution is deemed
essential to the enhancement of our own self-respect at
home, and to the promotion of the honor and credit of
the nation abroad.
To meet these indications this undertaking has been
instituted, and it is hoped that it will produce the effect
of inspiring tho tunid with courage, the desponding with
hope, and the whole country with confidence in the
administration of its government. In this view, this
journal will not seek to lead, or to follow any faction, or
to advocate tho views of any particular detachment of
men. It will aspire to sccord s just inessure of sup
port to each of the co-ordinate branches of the govern
ment, in the lawful exercise of their constitutional
prerogatives. It will sddress itself to the understandings
of men, rather than appeal to any unworthy prejudices
or evil passions. It will rely invariably upon the prin
ciple, that the strength and security of American insti
tutions depend upon the intelligence and virtue of the
Pt The Madisonian will not, in any event, be made the
instrument of arraying the north and the south, the east
and the west, in hostile attitudes towards each other,
upon any subject of either general or locsl interest. It
will reflect only that spirit and those principles of mutual
concession, compromise, and reciprocal good-will, which
so eminently characterised the inception, formation, and
subsequent adoption, by the several States, of the con
stitution of the United States. Moreover, in the same
hallowed spirit that has, at all periods since the adoption
of tliat sacred instrument, characterized its DKritNCB
by the people, our press will hasten to its support at
every emergency that shall arise, from whatever quarter,
and under whatever guise of philanthropy, policy, or
principle, the antagonist power may appear.
If, in this responsible undertsking, it shall be our
good fortune to succeed to any degree in promoting the
harmony and prosperity of the country, or ui conciliating
jealousies, and allaying the asperities of party warfare,
bv demeaning ourself smicably towards all; by indulg
ing personal animosities towards none; by conducting
ourself in the belief thst it is perfectly practicable to
differ with others in matters of principle snd of expe
diency, without a mixture of personsi unkindness or loss
of reciprocal respect; and by "asking nothing that is
not clearly right, and submitting to nothing that is
wrong," then, and not othorwise, will the full me.sure
of its intention be accomplished, and our primary rule
for its guidance be sufficiently observed and satisfied
This enterprixe has not been undertaken without the
approbation, advisement, and pledged support of many
of the tcsding and soundest minds in the rsnks of the
democractic republican party, in the extreme north and
in the extreme south, in the east and in the west. An
association of both political experience and talent of the
highest order will render it competent to carry forward
the principles by which it will be guided, .nd in.ke it
useful as a political organ, and interesting as a journal
of news. Arrangements also have been made to fix the
establishment upon a substantial and permanent basis.
The subscriber, therefore, relies upon the public for so
much of their confidence and encouragement only as the
fidelity of his press to their great national interests shall
prove itself entitled to receive. _
p THOMAS ALLEN.
Washinotow City, D. C. July, 1837.
THE New York and Boston Illinois Land Company
will offer at public auction at their office in the town
of Quincy, Adams County, Illinois, on Monday the 27th
day of Novemlier next, lt>0,000 acres of their Lands situ
ated in the Military Tract in said State.
Lists of the lands may be had iit the office of said Com
pany in Quincy and at 44 Wall Street, New York.
A minimum price will bo affixed to each lot at the time
it is offered.
JOHN TILLSON, Jr.
Agent for the N. Y. & B. III. L Co.
Aug. 25, 1837.
PRINTING PAPER, with or without sizing, of all
qualities, made at the Saugertios Mill, Ulster County,
New York. Order* will lie promptly attended to if ad
dressed tothe Agent, WILLIAM BHaPIOKI), No. 16
Spruce street, New York.
HENRY BARCLAY, Proprietor.
Sept. 2. 2w6
LOVES, SUSPENDERS, STOCKS, WOOLLEN
T SHIRTS, AN1) DRAW ERS ? Wo have today
30 do?. Suspenders, best kind.
SO do. superior Cloves.
50 do. Stocks, best make.
50 pieces Silk Pocket Handkerchiefs.
50 duzen Gentlemen's Ribbed Woollen Drawers. ?
50 - do. do. do. do. Shirt*,
do. Raw Silk Shirts.
50 pieces Irish Linens.
200 do. Sea Island Cotton Shirtings.
BRADLEY 6l CATLETT
Sept. 8. 3taw2w8
THE M ADI SON I AN.
VOL. I. WASHINGTON CITY, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1837. NO. 12.
STOVES! STOVES I AMD GRATES.
Ill A V K juat received from the North
. ply of Move*, Grates, and double Block Tin Ware?
Coffee Biggin*. Dresaing Uotea, 4c. 1 have Stovea of
alraoet all kinds, anitahl* for nwd or eoal. In the first
place. I have the Rotary Cooking Stoves of all the differ
enl aixe*, No. 0, I, 2, and 3. Ten Plate Stove* of all the
different sixrs, both for cooking and plain. Franklin
Stove* of all the different aiaea. 1 havw *ome very apian
did Parlor Stove* lor burning wood or luam. Coal Stove*
of all site*. I)r. Spoor'* Coal Stove*, fancy and platu
tape, from No. 1 to ft. Coal Htnvea of other kinda. Dr.
Spoor'a C-oal Stoves and the Globe Stoves are most Mil
able for Public offices, large hulls, churches, stores, and
ttenmlioata, or uny apartment where you wish a strong
heat, la fact I have Stoves that will heat any plaee, either
with wood or coal. 1 have the lateat fashion Mantle
Urates, lioth low and high fronts, very cheap?and if I
have not a |<ettern of Grate on hand that will auit, 1 can
make it at the shortest notice, to auit any fancy. 1 am
fully prepared to do any kiud of Tin, Copper, Slieet Iron,
Stove, Grate, I-end or Zinc work, at the shortest notice.
Any person or persons buying Stoves or Gratea from the
subscrihcr, or any other thing m his line, will have them |
sent home in goad order, free of any extra charge. Stoves
will be put up ready for use, free of any extra charge. j
All the aliove article* w ill lie sold very low. and all or- |
ders thankfully received and punctually attended to. with
despatch, us I shall have a number of nrst rate workmen.
Five doors East of D. Clagett'a Dry Good Store, next
door to E. Oyer's Auction Store, Penn. Av.
Sept. 9. (Intel, and Globe.) 3t8
MRS. GASSAWAY has taken thepleasaut and oooi
modioua house at the corner of Pennsylvania Ave
nue and 10th street, which she will opan for the reception
of Boarders, on the 1st of Septemhei next. Mia. G. will
take either yearly or transcient boarders.
Aug. 21. 4t7.
French lessons ?monsieur abadie has
the honor to inform the ladies and gentlemen of this
city and vicinity, that he continues to give lessons in his
own native language, at his rooms,or private families und
academies, at a moderate price.
For particulars, apply at this office, or at Mr. Jonathan
Elliot's, Pennsylvania Avenue.
Abadie's French Grammar, and a course of French
Literature, for sale at all the Bookstores.
Sept. 2. 3t7_
BANK OF WASHINGTON.
2MH*h Auoust, 1837.
AT the regular meeting of the Board thia day, present,
the President and nine of the Directors, it was una
Kttulvfd, 1st. That on and after the first of September
next the notes of this Bank Ite redeemed in specie.
2d. That all depoeite* remaining undrawn, (the same
1 having neurly all been received since the suspension of
specie payment*,) and all future depositee, other than
such as may be made in specie, and lie at the time so en
tered, he payable in note* current in the District of Co
3d. That all collections for Bank* and individuals, and
all curtails, be received in notes current as above ; and
that all sums so collected lie paid in like funds.
W. GUNTON, President.
JAS. ADAMS, Cashier. 6teod6
J LAWS, AND DEBATES?GEORGE TEM
PLEMAN has for sale at his Book and Stationary Store,
opposite the General Post Office, all the Journals of Con
gress, from 1774 to 1837. Gales and Seaton's American
State Papers in 21 folio vols., from the first to the 24th
Congress inclusive, or from 1789 to 1823.
The Regular Series of Document* in royal 8 vo. vol
umes, as publiahed each Session, from the 18th to the
24th Congress inclusive, or from 1823 to 1837. The Laws
of Congress, in 8 vols, contsining the Laws from the first
to the 22d Congress inclusive, or from 1789 to 4th of
March, 1833 ; the series is made complete to the 4th of
March, 1837, by the pamphlet Laws of the 23d and 24th
Congress. This is the edition used by Congress and the
Story's Laws of the United States, in 4 vols, from 1789
to 4th of March, 1837. The 4th vol. contains an index to
the four volumes.
The pamphlet or Session Laws of the United States
from the 5th to the 24th Conriess inclusive, or from 1797
to 1837. Any separate pamphlets can be furnished.
Gales and Seaton's Register of Debates in Congress.
All Documents on Foreign Relations; Finance, Com
merer, and Navigation ; Internal Improvement; Military
and Naval Affairs ; Indian Affairs ; Public Lands, and on
Claims of cvary description can be furnished separately
Also, for sale as aliove, a largo collection of files of
Newspapers published in Washington, and some of the
principal cities in the United Stales.
Aug. 23. ' ' tft
MRS. TAYLOR can accommodate Members of Con
gress, or other gentlemen, either with or without
families, at her house, pleasantly situated, near the north
east corner of 10th ana E street; being from ihencc su
agreeable walk to the Capital or to the public Depart
Aug. 30. t(3
FOR SALE, OR BARTER, for property
in the city of New York, or land* in Illi
nois, the following valuable property in the
village of Oswego :
JUT The rapid growth of Oswego, its un
surpassed advantage* and great prospect*, are too well
and loo generally known to require u particular descrip
IE/ A very minute description of the property i* deem
ed unnecessary as it is presumed that purchasers living
at a distance will come and see, before they conclude a
bargain. Suffice it to say, that it is among the very best
in the place.
K7 None but lands of the first quality, with n perfectly
clear title, and free of incumbrance, will be taken in ex
JXjf Letters post paid, addressed to the subscriber, at
Oswego, will meet with prompt attention. An ample de
scription of the property offered in exchange is requested.
In East Oswbco.?The Eagle Tavern and Store ad
joining, on First street, with a dwelling house and stables
on Second street, beiug original village lot no. 50, 60 feet
on First street, ninningcast 200 feet lo Second street.
The south half, or original village lot no. 44, being 33
feet on First street, running east 200 feet to Second street,
with the buildings erected thereon.
The north-east corner of First and Seneca (late Tau
ru*) street*, lieing 99 feet on First, und 100 feet on Sene
ca street*. with the buildings erected thereon?comprising
part of original village lots nos. 41 and 42.
Three lots, each with a dwelling, fronting Second *treet;
the lots are 22 feet wide by 100 deep, being part of original
village lot no. 41.
Lot, with dwelling house, [original village lot no. 20,]
lieing 00 feet on First street, running west about 250 feet,
across llie canal into tho river, so that it has four fronts.
In Wkst Osweoo.?Lot corner of Fifth and Seneca
(late Taurus) streets, opposite the public square, being on
Soneca street 143, and on Fifth street 198 feet, with dwell
ing, conch house, stabling, aud garden. The latter is well
stocked with the best and rarest fruit, ornamental shrub
bery, flowers, &c.
A lot adjoining the above, being 78 feet on Fourth street
by 58 feet in depth.
Six lots on First street, each 22 feet in
front, running east 100 feet to Water
street, with the buildings thereon.
The Wharf und Ware houses on Wa
ter street, opposite the foregoing, being
132 feet on Water street, and running
east about 110 feet to the river. [This
wharf has the deepest water in the inner
I<ot corner of Seneca and Second streets, being 24 feet
on Seneca, and 06 feet on Second streets. Five Lots ad
joining the foregoing to the east, each being 22 feet on
Seneca street, by 00 feet in depth. The above berng part
of the original village lot no. 36.
The north half of block no. 03, bein? 200 feet on Utica
[lata Libra] street, by 198 feet on Third and Fourth
On Van Bitrbn Tract.?Lot no. 1, Montcalm street,
being 200 feet deep, and running north along Montcalm
street several hundred feet into the Lake.
Lots no. 2 and 3, Montcalm street, ench 66 by 200 ft.
12 " 13 ?? ?'
13, 11, and 15,being 345 ft. on Bronson st.
210 on Van Buren ?t.
300 on Eighth st.
North 3-4tlis of lot no. 25, corner of Van Buren
and Eighth streets, being 200 feet on Van Buren, and 148
feet on Eighth streets.
Lot 82, south-west comer of Cayuga and Eighth streets,
00 by 198 feet.
Lots 83, 84, 85, 80, 87, on Cftyugn st. 06 by 198 ft.
88, s. e. corner of Cayuga and Ontario street*, 198
by 104 feet.
89, s. corner of do, 198 by 195 ft.
70, on Seneca at., 66 by 198 feet. (
68, s. w. corner of Seneca and 8th *ts., 60 by 198 ft.
50, n. e. corner of Ontario and Schuylcr streets, 198
by 101 feet.
59, on Seneca street, 66 liy 198 feet.
75, s. e. comer of Sencca and Ontario atrceta, 198
by KM feel.
76, s. w. comer of do. 198 by 130 ft.
64, n. e. corner of do. 198 by 104 ft. j
40, 47, IS, 4<(, on Schuyler st., 66 by 198 ft.
The incumbrances on the whole of this property do not
exceed sixteen thousand dollar*, which may either re
main, or if desired, can he cleared off
^ C. J. Bl'RCKLE.
Oswego. N. Y., Aug. 22, 1837. 2m6
ing the original
f village lots no.
3 and 4.
THE SUBSCRIBER wishes U? procure* Lot of
ground of about "JO or 23 mete*, intended lor *\ beat
or Rye. thin iruoii, as "??r the Capitol u possible; for
the pnnioae of exhibiting during the present .ewMOii of
Congress, hi. Patent Revolving Harrow, &e. Aa a prool
ol the suiterionty of thia implement ove r tlie common drag
harrow for puUeruung the soil, and the destruction ol
weed*, he u willing to take one half ol the field with three
good homea, to be worked abreaat by one man, against s.x
common drag borrow., each two how. and one man ; in
?Wing which, he pledge, hiiuaelf, that the earth ?h?tll be
put in a. "iUmI, if not better order in the aume .pace ot
time, which may be required with tho six common harrow.. I
After the work ia done, di.interr.ted judge, will he ?e
lected on the aiK>t to examine the aame with a four pro"!!*?,
fork or rake, to enable them to decide correctly w hich ol
the implement. I. I>e?t calculated for preparing the aoil
for the reception of the gram. And aa a lurther nrool ol
the value and auperiority of hi. Rotary Harrow, the ?raiu
will be turned in !>y it on one-half of the field and the
otter half in the uaual way bv the drag harrow. When the
grain i. reaped, thre.hed and measured, he doe. not hesi
tate to in.ure an increase in the crop of 10 per cent , over
that half which may be cultivated by the common harrow.
Where farmer, are in the habit of ploughing in their grain,
he will take 5 peck, to the acre, and produce 10 per cent,
more by Rotary Harrow, than 8 peck, turned in with the
JAMES D. WOODS1DE.
Near the West Market.
Septie Watkmgton, D. C.
OWEN & CO., MERCHANT TAILORS, j
? 7 Building., und near Fuller". Hotel, re.pectfullv
beg leave to inform their friends and the public in general,
that they have lately fitted up, and ju.t opened, the lane
store formerly occupied by Juroe. it Co., druggists, for
the accommodation of their patrons in that part of the city
where they have laid in a moat exteusive .lock of t AL.I.
and WINTER good., consisting of the following choice
assortment of srticles for gentlemen', wear:
For ooata, auperfinc piece, of broadcloths, wool-dyed
black, blue, dahlia, Adelaide, invisible green, I olish do.,
claret, and all the favorite eo'ors of the day
For pantaloon., .uperfine black caasimere, London
striped do., black ribbed do., gray mixed do., buff, > ictori. |
striped buckskin, fancy do., See. . . ?
For vest., black .ilk velvet, fancy figured do., Oenoa
do., woollen do., atripcd challu gold tiaaue, black .atin,
figured do., plain ami figured .ilk..
E. O. <St Co. have also received a large collection ol
.tocks, plain, trimmed, and emboaaed, handkerchief.,
opera tie., .ilk ?hirt? and drawera, buckskin do., patent
merino do., shoulder brace., union do., (two excellent ar
tide, for the support of tho back and expansion of the
cheat,)gum elaatic auspender., buclukin do., ulk, kid, and
buckskin glove., Ate.
Sept. 14. lml1
WASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD.?On and
after Monday next, the 11 in?tant, the car. will leave
the depot in thi. city for Baltimore at 9 o clock A. M., in
stead of 9 3-4 A. M., aa heretofore. .
The object of thia alteration is to render certain the ar
rival of the train at Baltimore early enough to afford
ample time for passengers going North to take the "team
boat, which now departa daily for Philadelphia, at half past
The "afternoon train will, a. heretofore, leave the depot
at a quarter after 5 o'clock, P. M.
S9?d6titwtf. . , . ? _ , D
(Globe, Native American, Alexandria Gaxettc, and ro
E have for sale, which we will have made up in the
, . best manner?
?JO piece, super, black Cloth..
100 do ribbed and plain Cassimeres.
20 do plain and figured velvet Vestings.
M 1" -^^^DLEv'SftiTLETT.
WE HAVE FOR SALE?
100 piece. Black Silks, .uperior make
50 do Figured Blue Black do
150 do Colored Figured Silk.
100 do Plain do
Tb. .ai ke to.. Ey catlett
THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND.
The session of the medical depart
ment of ihis Institution, will commence on the
last Monday of October next, and continue until the last
day of February.
THE FACULTY OF PHYSIC ARE,
H. Willis Baxley, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and
Hewry Howard, M. D., Professor of Obstetric., and of
the Diseases of Women and Children.
Michael A. Finley, M. D., Professor of Pathology,
and of the Practice of Medicinc.
Robert E. Dorsby, M. D., Professor of Materia Mc
dica, Therapeutic. .Hygiene, and Medical Jurispru
William R. Fisher, M. D., Professor of Chemistry
John Frederic* Mat, M. D., Professor of the Prin
ciples and Practice of Surgery.
Ellis Hughes, M.D., Demon.trator of Anatomy.
In making thi. annual announcement, the Tni.tee. re
spectfully state, that, in addition to a Medical Faculty or
great ability, having high clainjatb public confidence and
patronage, thi. Department of the University of Maryland
offers other and Deculiur advantage, to Students for the
acquisition of Medical knowledge. Placed in the most
favorable climate lor attending to disunions, and pos
sessinu commodious rooms for that purpose. the Universi
ty of Maryland commands an unequalled supply of Mate
rial for the prosecution of the study of Practical Anatoip
such, indeed, is the abundance of Subjects, that the I i J*
fessor of Surgery will afford to the Student* aa opportunity
of performing Ihenuehtet, under his direction, every Surgi
cal Operation :?a groat practical advantage, not heretofore
furnished, in any of our Medical Schools
This University has also an Anatomical Museum,
founded on the extensive collection of the cclehtated Al
len Burns, which became its property by purchase, at
great expense; and to this collection numerous additions
have been annually made :?and, of late, many very va'u*
able prepartitions have been procured from France and
Italy?which together afford ample means to make a great
variety of illustrations of healthy and diseased structure.
The Baltimore Infirmary, long and favorably known a.
an excellent scliool of practice, i. connected with the Me
dical Department, and furnishes every class of disease lor
the practical elucidation of the principles taught, by the
Professors of the Practice of Medicine and of Sureery?
who, Imsides their regular lectures, will impart t .linical
instruction, at the Infirmary, at .tatcd periods, in each
week during the Session. .... v , .u
The Chemical and Philosophical Apparatus of this
University, is of great extent and value, much of it having
been selected in Europe, by the late distinguished Pro
fessor De Butts. And to a Laboratory, provided with
every thing necessary for a Course of Chemical instruc
tion, are united the numerous and varied articles required
to illustrate the lectures on Pharmacy and Materia Me
Ncither expense nor care has been .pared to .ecure for
the University of Maryland the facilities necessary for
the acquisition of a thorough Medical Education.
TIIE EXPENSES ARE:
THE FIRST COURSE.
For attending the Lectures of six Professors,
For attending the Dissector and Demonstrator, ?
For attending Clinical Le.ctures ami instruc
tion at the Infirmary, *
THE SECOND COURSE.
For attendance on the Lectures of six Profes
Graduation and Diploma, - ? ? -
The whole being only 213 dollars.
But Students who have attended one course of Lec
ture. in another respectable Medical 8chool, may gradu
ate here after they have attended one full course in this
University?where the course of instruction is a* com
plete as that of any other Medical School?each Profes
sor being, in tin. Institution, required to lecture every
day?and where, from the facility with which SUB
JECTS are procured, Dissections can be prosecuted with
| more ease, and nt les. expense, than at any other place :
?here too, good boarding can l>e engaged, on us cheap
terms as in any other Atlantic City.
THE OFFICERS ARE,
Hi. Excellency Thomas W. Waxy, Governor of Ma
ryland, Presnlent of the Board of Trustees.
The Hon. Roger B T aney, Provost.
THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES.
Isaac McK im,
Dr. Dennis Claude,
JOSEPH B WILLIAMS, Secretary.
Baltimore, 26th August, 1837. twtlIS5
Dr. Hanson Petin,
James Wm. McCulloh,
llcnry V. Somerville,,
Dr. Samuel McCulloh,
John G. Chapman.
f\om Iks CharlotUftlU Jtgtrttmim RryMtca*
The H?us? of Representatives were occu
pied nearly three days in trying to elect a
Printer. On the lWh bullot, Mr. Thomas
Allen, the editor of the Madisonian received
113 votes, the requisite number to elect him.
Messrs. Blair and Rives the late Printers re
ceived at each ballotting from 101 to 107
votes. Since the election, the Globe en
deavors to make it appear that the election
was effected by intrigue, and that the United
States Bank will receive all the profits which
may arise from the printing of the House.
This is an assertion which is not justified by
the fact; but the way in which it is made out
is somewhat in the following manner. Mr.
Allen has but lately established himself at
Washington, and has not the necessary mate
rials to do the work, and he has made an ar
rangement with Messrs. Gsles and Seaton,
the editors of the National Intelligencer to
Eerform the work for liiin until such time as
e can procure an office with materials suf
ficient to do the work himself: and as, ac
cording to the Globe, the office of the National
IntelligenOr ?i under a deed of trust to the
U.15. Ba/ft,'therefore this enemy of the peo
ple gets all the profits arising from the print
ing and not Mr. Allen. This is a round-a-bout
way of accounting for things, and we shall
next expect to hear that each press in the
country that opposes an exclusive metallic
currency is influenced or bought up by the
U. S. Bank. And it might be reasoned in
this way?This Bank being opposed to the
exclusive metallic scheme, therefore every
press that agrees with it on that particular
point is in favor of a National Bank, and there
must be intrigue and bargain between the
conductors of the press and the U. S. Bank.
The reasoning is just as good as that by which
it is attempted to make the Madisonian se*
cretly in favor of a National Bauk, and the
Republican Members of Congres who support
that paper, to be guilty of the same intrigue
and bargain. We are not afraid of the United
States Bank, neither shall wo permit it to be
held over our heads as a bugbear to frighten
us from what we believe to be our duty iu the
opinions we may express respecting an entire
From the first announcement of the design
to establish the Madisonian, the Globe has
labored to make the impression among the
Republican party that it was a whig scheme
to gull the people into the support of a Na
tional Bank. It was denounced because the
prospectus appeared in the columns of the
National Intelligencer; but the editors of the
Glohe forgot to tell us that they also had been
requested by Mr. Allen, to insert the same
as an advertisement in their paper which they
refused, and lhat other notices which Mr. Al
lien sent to them were treated in the sape
way. I f the establishment of the Madisonian
is a whig scheme, then the Globe must have
been got up in the same way, as we have un
derstood that some of those who were origi
nally engaged in establishing the Globe to
put down the U. S. Telegraph, were among
the first to urge the necessity ol establishing
Mr. Allen, however, is elected printer to
the House of Representatives, and his damn
ing sin is that Gales and Seaton for a while
will do the work for hiin. There are, wc be
lieve, but two offices at Washington capable
of doing the public printing. What then
should Mr. Allen do ? Should he apply to
the editors of the Globe to do the work for
him, after they had evinced a hostility of a
character too malignant to suppose that they
would have been willing to assist him in any
way whatever, and who would in all proba
bility hive refused if such application had
been made?or should Mr. Allen have made
the arraagement that he has done? Let any
man be placed in similar circumstances with
Mr. Allen and we believe he will act in the
same way that Mr. Allen has.
The charge that the Madisonian is favora
ble to a National Bank and the political views
of the whigs is completely refuted by the re
marks of that paper which we have given
above, ?nd the following from our Repre
sentative Major Garland. The constituents
of Mr. G. can hardly be brought to believe
that he is capable of deceiving them in the
vote he gave for public printer ; or that he
would be guilty of intriguing or bargaining
with hie political opponents. If we thought
him capable of any action of this sort, we
would hold him up to the execration of his
constituents and the world. Wo believe Ma
jor Garland to be as honest a man as any in
Congress. And wc feel certain that wc speak
the sentiments of Major G. when we say that j
he has neither the design, nor the inclination
to separate from the Democratic party; be
cause they maintain in common some great
fundamental principles which will be over
thrown with the overthrow of ihc party, which
every republican and every patriot should de
precate ; but if a refusal to vote for the sub
treasury scheme, and an unconditional sub
mission to every requisition which may be
made by party tactics, right or wrong, be suf
ficient to produce separation, then indeed it
must come, and we feel confident that this
district will sustain the course of their repre
sentative. We are sure of this that they will
not condemn him unheard ; it is quite proba
ble that the Major will soon give us a few of
his thoughts in a Speech, when wc shall sec
?who's who and what's what.
The Globe has already the printing of the
Departments and of the Senate, and yet be
cause it is not permitted to monopolize the
whole public printing, it is called a desertion
of party to vote against its editors. Every
ipan who voted for Allen on the first ballot was.
a friend of the administration, except Mr.
Rhett of South Carolina ; and we do not doubt
the Madisonian will prove faithful to the prin
ciples of democracy; and that the country
will hayc no cause to regret that it has been
allowed a portion of the public printing.
Hostility to the sub-treasury scheme was
pure Democracy in 1834 and '5, ns maintained |
by Gen. Jackson, most of his Cabinet and the j
majority in Congress. In 1837 a new garb
has been made for it, or rather the whig dress
of 1834 has been manufactured into a garment
for the democracy to wear. W e trust that it
will not be a wolf in sheep's clothing. At
any rate we cannot pcrceive why the doc
trincs of the democratic party three years
since, are not orthodox now. Rethought
that denioctSj^- was the same at all times.
Frumlkt I'uugkkttftsu (K. I'.) Journal
Long before thin sheet reaches them, most
of our subscribers will have read the Mes
sage, and become conversant with the views
of President Van Buren. Whatever differ
ence of opinion may exist in reference to his ,
doctrines as embodied in the Message, none
will deny that the document itself is able and
explicit. There are no marks of that non
committalism, which has so often been charged
upon the President by his political opponents,
nor is there room to believe that he is desi
rous of avoiding the responsibilities of his sta
tion. Ilis positions are well taken, and ihey
are sustained in the most skilful and ingeni
ous manner. It is at once argumentative and
polished, and exhibits a degree of intellectual
power, that cannot fail to rank its author
uinong the most able of our public men. VVt
have never believed Mr. Van Buren to be other
than an accomplished statesman, and we are
proud to exhibit this evidence of his talents
and skill. We must, however, be permitted
to remark, that his reasoning, ingenious and
plausible as it is, has failed to convince us of \
the propriety of some <Jf hit suggestions. Our
readers are already aware, that we regard the
Sub-treasury scheme an incompatible with the
best interests of the people, to whom every
possible protection should be extended by the
recipients of power. We are desirous of re
taining the most intimate connection between
the governed and their iulers, between the
people and their servants. No measure cal
culated to weaken the accountability of the
latter, to give them unnecessary privileges, or
to render them independent of the people, can
meet with our approbation. If the revenues
of the government are kept down to its wants,
Mr. Van Buren supposes that ten millions of I
specie may be sufficient for its ordinary pur
poses. But can you rely on any measures
devised for graduating the revenue ? Derived
as it is, from duties on imports, and from sales
of public lands,* it must vary in amount, and
is liable to fluctuate from various causes. Cal
culations based upon the present times, must
fail for seasons that are brisk. A few months I
of over-trading would swell the revenues, and
then the Treasury overflows with specie,
which neither contributes to any useful end,
nor is essential to. the wants of government.
So much excess as lies in the Treasury is not
only withdrawn from circulation, but weakens
the. paper superstructure of the States. The
specie basis is not, and should there be a panic
or a pressure, look at the result ? The State
Banks, which furnish the currency for the
people, are crippled by the action of the go
vernment, and should they fail to redeem their
issues, the people are the sufferers; while
oflice holders, contractors and dependants of |
the government arc furnished with the specie.
So long as our revenues are derived as under
the present system, so long it will be impos
sible to graduate them to the mere wants of I
| government, and so long, of course, shall we
be exposed to accumulations that must inju
riously affect the currency of the States. At
tempts to preserve the ratio will lead to con
stant tinkering of the tariff, a result as inevi
table as it must be disastrous to the business
i interests of the Union. But we have not time
to record the many objections to a separation
of the government from the interests of the
people. The consequent increase of execu
tive dependents, with an annual addition of j
at least one hundred thousand dollars of taxes
to sustain the Sub-treasuries, will readily pre
sent themselves as barriers to the adoption of |
the plan recommended in the Message.?
These, with others that may offer, shall be
presented through our columns, that our read
ers may draw such conclusions as their judg
ments shall sanction The question of col
lecting, safe-keeping and disbursing the pub
lic revenue is a question about which the
friends of the administration may reasonably
differ. We regard it as a question of mere
expediency, and believe that Congress will
view it in a different light from the Executive.
The subject properly belongs to them, and on
them we rely for such a disposition of it as
shall be productive of the least embarrassment
and best subserve the interests of the whole.
With Mr. Van Buren, we can truly say, "the
subject is of great importance ; and one on
which we can scarcely expect to be as united
in sentiment as we are in interest. It de
serves a full and free discussion and cannot
fail to be benefitted by a dispassionate com
parison of opinions," and with him we can
"promise a reasonable co-operation" with
our friends, in sustaining suc h measures as
Congress in their wisdom may devise.
On the subject of a National Bank, the stand
taken by the President is deserving of all
praise, and we hazard nothing in saying, that
on that point, the friends of the administration
are. united and firm.
However we may have viewed the bill de
positing the surplus revenues with the States,
and however strong may have been our objec
tions to the ratio of distribution, we are con
strained to fear that a withholding of the Oc
tober instalment may be productive of serious
inconvenience. Many of the States have ap
propriated their whole apportionment, and a
step calculated to interfere with the arrange
ments of any, whose legislature is not in ses
sion, may add to existing embarrassments.
There arc however forcible reasons for with
drawing the deposite entirely, and we can hut
hope, that whatever action is had in reference
to the bill, there may be as little collision with
existing interests as the nature of the case
Of the other recommendations of the Mes
sage, we are inclined to believe that of issu
ing Treasury notes will be concurred iu by
Congress, and if adopted with proper details as
to time and amount, contribute greatly to re
lieve us from present distress.
* The import* of the last fiscal year rlid not full fur short
of ?VKK),000,000 ; while tlie ini|>ort? of the presenl, cuiling
with this month, arc estimated at Irs* than $40,000,000.
Thr fluctuation* in thn amount of receipts from sales of
pulilic lands are also very frrrat.
From thr Charlotlm-ille Jrffrrtaninn Rrjmblirnn.
Of the three plans which will be brought
forward in Congress, we should suppose that
the State Bank Deposite System will be the
most likely to succeed. The friends of a
National Bank cannot expect to effec t the ob
ject which they desire; a majority in both
houses are, we believe, opposed to such an
institution ; but if a bill for that purpose
should pass the House it could not pass the
I Senate ; and even if it could pass the Senate
Mr. Van liuren it pledged to veto any auch
bill No one, we presume, cau believe in
such an event that when returned, the bill
could pass the two houses by the requisite
majority, two-thirds, to become a law without
the signature of the President. This " mea
?ure of relief,n proponed by the whigs, cannot
in any event succeed.
The measure proposed by the President,
viz: an exclusive metallic currency and the
sub-treasury system is almost if not quite as
unpopular as a National Bank. Enough has
been seen of the disposition of the members
of the House in the election of a printer, to
show us that this remedy cannot receive the
support of this body ; allowing all those who
voted for Messrs. Blair and Rives to euter
tain the same sentiments, as the President, on
this subject, which is not the fact, there will
be a majority of 25 or 30 agaiiift the plan of
sub-treasuries as a measure of relief: we feel
confident in asserting that the sub-treasury
will not be adopted.
It seems to us, then, that the administration
party should unite upon the State Bank De
posite System, under wise and prudent re
strictions, as the best measure of relief that we
can got. We shall however soon have the
opinions of the members of Congress in their
speeches, and wo can then arrivo at some
safe conclusions what will be done by the
constitutional guardians of the people to re
lieve the present distress under which we
We commend to the attentiou of our readers
the excellent remarks of the Richmond En
quirer on the President's Message. We be
lieve they accord with the views and feelings
of a large portion of the democracy of Vir
ginia, if not of the United States; and we
trust they may have due weight upon the
members of Congress.
From the Ithaca Journal.
Of President Van Biiren to Congress, is
herewith submitted to our readers, by antici
pating our usual day of publication. It is an
able, clear, and statesman-like document, and
if it does not meet the views, it cannot fail of
commanding the respect of every unpreju
diced mind. In its suggestions, it takes the
middle ground?avoiding both extremes?and
while it gives a decided opinion against a
National Bank, in any Bhape, it very properly
avoids hostility to a judicious and restricted
credit system. The subject of dissolving all
connexion between the government and State
banks, is treated with a candor and discern
ment worthy of a Chief Magistrate of a great
and growing nation, and the discussion which
Mr. Van Buren invites on the subject, if pro
perly conducted, cannot fail of being bencficial
in guiding the course of Congress to a cor
rect conclusion, in their deliberations on the
question. The causes of existing embarrass
ments, are set forth truly, and with great per
spicuity?so much so, that all who read, can
not fail of understanding, and tracing them to
their true sources.
Printer to Congress.?On the twelfth
ballot, Thomas Allen, Editor of the Madiso
nian, a new democratic paper recently estab
lished in Washington, was elected printer to
the House of Representatives. Mr. Allen
has been considered a democrat of the old
school, and as such we have not the least ob
jection to his being elected printer to Con
gress, but we had much rather he had been
elected by his political friends than by his
professed enemies. We are well persuaded
that the opposition are ever ready to thwart
the wishes of the democratic party, and avail
themselves of every opportunity to do so, and,
therefore, as in the ease of Jefferson and Burr!
they now fell in with a small minority of
twenty to defeat the wishes and will of 104
democrats, in an attempt to destroy the Globe.
We. again say, that from our information in
respect to the politics of Mr. Allen, we object
not to his appointment, but we deeply regret
that any thing should be connected with his
appointment that should create any doubts as
to the soundness of his principles, and de
stroy the usefulness of his paper.
Thomas Allen, publisher of the new admi
nistration paper in Washington, (The Madi
sonian,) was elected printer to the House, on
the 12th ballot, on 1 hursday last. The whigs,
finding themselves unable to elect their own
men, threw nearly their whole strength for
Mr. Allen, and thus obtained what they will
doubtless consider, a " great victory " al
though Mr. A. is decidedly in favor of all de
mocratic measures, with one exception.
They go upon the plan that half a loaf is bet
ter than no bread.?H. /. Republican.
The note* of the following banks ire received in de
posite and payment of debts by different banking insti
tutions of Albany, N. Y.
All the banks in the state with the exception of
Sackett's Hsrbor, Iiockport and Buffalo Banks.
Fivet and upward.
Trenton Banking Co.
B'ki'g Si Ins. Co. Newark
State Bank, do.
State Bank, Elizabeth,
Morris Canal Co.
State B'k, N. Brunswick,
When made payable.
Norwich &. Stonington,
Tent and upward.
State B'k, Morristown,
Morris Co. Bank.
Far. 6l Me. Middletown,
Far. & Mich. Rah way.
Phenix Bank. Hartfard.
Twenties Fiftwt only.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
Fit'en and upward.
Bank of Metropolis.
When made payable. I Bank of Tunisians.
Union Bank, Louisiana, | Sute Bank, Georgia.
From the Ohio Sloe ft man.
THE BANKS?THE CURRENCY.
We hope to be excused for dwelling at length on
these exciting and deeply interesting subjects. They
involve more or less every question?they tiled every
man's purse?every man'* comment?every man's
honor and freedom.
Many of the Banks in this stale are in a sound condi
tion, and can commence tptetc payment at an early day,
tome at a moments notice There are others, however,
at bankrupt and worlhlett at prnjhuacy can make them;
they cxitt merely at the tuff ranee of others heller condi
tioned In such a state of the rase what is to be dano ?
Shall the whole continue to be jumbled up in one mass,
?s thev now are, until bankruptcy and ruin overwhelm*
the whole stale ? Or shall the good be separated from
the bad and the threatened calamity thwarted ?
We are op|>oeed to any rath act; we are opposed to
any unnecessary infliction of Legislative power on those
institutions that cau present even a plausible'account of
their stewardship. But those which on examination
prove to be rotten, worthless?bankrupt, some effective
means should be taken to prevent their flooding the
state with their pa|ier, and their cloamg doors altogether
and leave the |>eople to pocket their promises, snd
whistle tor thoir gains as in WIS. Some of the very
men who legalized the frauds of that day, and left the
people with an irredeemable and irredecmed paiier cur
rency, are at this very moment candidates on the whig
tickets for a seat sgain in the legislature, to practice once
more their tricks upon the community Let the people
every where look to it?s|*eedtly?promptly?snd ef