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THOMAS ALLEN, ' IDtTOI AM? T,,, Midhomi* i? published Tri-w.?kly during the ?25^53* ?,m, at $5 per .nnuin For .? month., ? 3. No .ub.cr.pt.oo will be t.ke.. lor a wm. .hurt of au mouth* ; nor uuUm paid for ?? ud-am*. PRICE Or ADVERTISING Twelve line*, or lew. three m?ertion., - ?1 ^ Each .dditio.ial insertion, * * * Longer advertisement. at proportion.!* rt ea. A liberal dweount wade to tho*> adiertiee by ''V^SuUcr.ber. may remit by mail. in bill. <rfMj**"' hank-. potior* r*>d- ?' ?ur n,k"' Prided ? ,hV" * mar by . ,it,u..?. r'. eert.fic.le, that .uch remittee ^SlStlS^ be made to company of /? or more trananuttHiU Uicu .ubarnpt.on. to^r. Postmasters, and other- authored. mum u our agents, will be entitled to receive a copy of ' J*1 for every five .ubwriber. or. at that rate eent' i? aub.cr.pUon. generally ; the term.tein. fuMU.U. Lottera and communication. ,Bl*nJa , ? blishment will not be received unlea. the pvt**' p*td. prospectus. Thi Madi.oi.iai. will be devoted to the .upport of the principle, and doctrine, of the democratic party, a. delineated by Mr. M.d?o.., and will.an to conaumiii.e that political reform in the theory and practice of the national government, which haa been repeatedly indi cated by the general suffetage, a. aaaential to the peace and iirospertiv of the country, and to the perfection and perpetuity of lU free in.titutiooa. At Una time a .ingu lZ ?ute of affairs u preaented. Ihe commercial iu tere.t. df the county are overwhelmed with embarraM incnt it. monetary concern, are unusually disordered , firery'ram.ftcaiion of society i. Invaded by tmuwm, ami the ?oci*l oditice aeeui. thieatencd with disorganization, every ear i. filled with prediction, of evil and the mur muring. of de.po?dcncy; the general government ia boldly ...ailed by . Urge and re.pecuble jwrtion of the people, .. the dircct c.um of their difficulties, open resistance to the law. i. publicly encouraged, and a .pint of in.ulwrdin.tion i. fostered, as a liecesssry defence to the pretended usurpation, of the p.rty m power ; some, from whom better thing, were hoped, are in.kiax the " confusion worse confounded, by . Iiesd long pursuit of extreme notion, .nd indefinite phantoms, totally incompatible with a wholesome state of the ceuatry. In the mid.t of all thews difficulties and ein barraaainents, it is feared thst many of the lew linn o the frieud. of the administration and supporters ol democratic principle, are wavering in their confidence ?nd beginning, witboutjuat c.u.e, to view with distrust those wen to whom they have been long attached, aud whose elevation they have laboured to promote from honest and patriotic motive.. Exulting in the anticipa tion of dismay and confusion amongst the supporters of the administration a. the cofwequence of these thing., the opposition are con.olmg themselve. with tho idea that Mr. Van Bureu's friends, as a national party, are veiguig to dissolution; and they allow no opportunity to pas. unimproved to give eclat to their own doctrines. They are, indeed, maturing plans for their own future govertiment of the country, with seeming confidence or certain success. This confidence is increased by the fact, that vi.ioniry theories, and an unwise adherence to the plan for ail excluttve metallic currency have unfortunately carried some beyond the actual and true policy of the govern ment ; and, by impairing public confidence in the credit system, which ought to be preserved and regulated, but not destroyed, have tended to increase the difficu.tica under which the country is now labouring. AH these seem to indicste the necessity of a new organ at the .cat of government, to be established upon sound prin ciples, snd to represent faithfully, sud not to dictate, the real policy of the administration, and the true sentiments, measures, snd interests, of the great body of it. sup porters. The necessity also appears of the adoption of more conservative principles than the conduct of those seems to indicate who seek to remedy abuses by de stroying the institutions with which they are found con nected. Indeed some measure of contribution is deemed essential to the enhancement of our own self-respect at home, and to the promotion of the honor and credit of the nation abroad. To meet these indications this undertaking has been instituted, and it is hoped that it will produce the effect of inspiring tho tunid with courage, the desponding with hope, and the whole country with confidence in the administration of its government. In this view, this journal will not seek to lead, or to follow any faction, or to advocate tho views of any particular detachment of men. It will aspire to sccord s just inessure of sup port to each of the co-ordinate branches of the govern ment, in the lawful exercise of their constitutional prerogatives. It will sddress itself to the understandings of men, rather than appeal to any unworthy prejudices or evil passions. It will rely invariably upon the prin ciple, that the strength and security of American insti tutions depend upon the intelligence and virtue of the Pt The Madisonian will not, in any event, be made the instrument of arraying the north and the south, the east and the west, in hostile attitudes towards each other, upon any subject of either general or locsl interest. It will reflect only that spirit and those principles of mutual concession, compromise, and reciprocal good-will, which so eminently characterised the inception, formation, and subsequent adoption, by the several States, of the con stitution of the United States. Moreover, in the same hallowed spirit that has, at all periods since the adoption of tliat sacred instrument, characterized its DKritNCB by the people, our press will hasten to its support at every emergency that shall arise, from whatever quarter, and under whatever guise of philanthropy, policy, or principle, the antagonist power may appear. If, in this responsible undertsking, it shall be our good fortune to succeed to any degree in promoting the harmony and prosperity of the country, or ui conciliating jealousies, and allaying the asperities of party warfare, bv demeaning ourself smicably towards all; by indulg ing personal animosities towards none; by conducting ourself in the belief thst it is perfectly practicable to differ with others in matters of principle snd of expe diency, without a mixture of personsi unkindness or loss of reciprocal respect; and by "asking nothing that is not clearly right, and submitting to nothing that is wrong," then, and not othorwise, will the full me.sure of its intention be accomplished, and our primary rule for its guidance be sufficiently observed and satisfied This enterprixe has not been undertaken without the approbation, advisement, and pledged support of many of the tcsding and soundest minds in the rsnks of the democractic republican party, in the extreme north and in the extreme south, in the east and in the west. An association of both political experience and talent of the highest order will render it competent to carry forward the principles by which it will be guided, .nd in.ke it useful as a political organ, and interesting as a journal of news. Arrangements also have been made to fix the establishment upon a substantial and permanent basis. The subscriber, therefore, relies upon the public for so much of their confidence and encouragement only as the fidelity of his press to their great national interests shall prove itself entitled to receive. _ p THOMAS ALLEN. Washinotow City, D. C. July, 1837. NOTICE. THE New York and Boston Illinois Land Company will offer at public auction at their office in the town of Quincy, Adams County, Illinois, on Monday the 27th day of Novemlier next, lt>0,000 acres of their Lands situ ated in the Military Tract in said State. Lists of the lands may be had iit the office of said Com pany in Quincy and at 44 Wall Street, New York. A minimum price will bo affixed to each lot at the time it is offered. JOHN TILLSON, Jr. Agent for the N. Y. & B. III. L Co. Aug. 25, 1837. lawtNov?8 PRINTER'S PAPER. PRINTING PAPER, with or without sizing, of all qualities, made at the Saugertios Mill, Ulster County, New York. Order* will lie promptly attended to if ad dressed tothe Agent, WILLIAM BHaPIOKI), No. 16 Spruce street, New York. HENRY BARCLAY, Proprietor. Sept. 2. 2w6 LOVES, SUSPENDERS, STOCKS, WOOLLEN T SHIRTS, AN1) DRAW ERS ? Wo have today opened? 30 do?. Suspenders, best kind. SO do. superior Cloves. 50 do. Stocks, best make. 50 pieces Silk Pocket Handkerchiefs. 50 duzen Gentlemen's Ribbed Woollen Drawers. ? 50 - do. do. do. do. Shirt*, do. Raw Silk Shirts. Ai.so, 50 pieces Irish Linens. 200 do. Sea Island Cotton Shirtings. BRADLEY 6l CATLETT Sept. 8. 3taw2w8 THE M ADI SON I AN. VOL. I. WASHINGTON CITY, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1837. NO. 12. STOVES! STOVES I AMD GRATES. Ill A V K juat received from the North ? Tf7 lam Mp . ply of Move*, Grates, and double Block Tin Ware? Coffee Biggin*. Dresaing Uotea, 4c. 1 have Stovea of alraoet all kinds, anitahl* for nwd or eoal. In the first place. I have the Rotary Cooking Stoves of all the differ enl aixe*, No. 0, I, 2, and 3. Ten Plate Stove* of all the different sixrs, both for cooking and plain. Franklin Stove* of all the different aiaea. 1 havw *ome very apian did Parlor Stove* lor burning wood or luam. Coal Stove* of all site*. I)r. Spoor'* Coal Stove*, fancy and platu tape, from No. 1 to ft. Coal Htnvea of other kinda. Dr. Spoor'a C-oal Stoves and the Globe Stoves are most Mil able for Public offices, large hulls, churches, stores, and ttenmlioata, or uny apartment where you wish a strong heat, la fact I have Stoves that will heat any plaee, either with wood or coal. 1 have the lateat fashion Mantle Urates, lioth low and high fronts, very cheap?and if I have not a |<ettern of Grate on hand that will auit, 1 can make it at the shortest notice, to auit any fancy. 1 am fully prepared to do any kiud of Tin, Copper, Slieet Iron, Stove, Grate, I-end or Zinc work, at the shortest notice. Any person or persons buying Stoves or Gratea from the subscrihcr, or any other thing m his line, will have them | sent home in goad order, free of any extra charge. Stoves will be put up ready for use, free of any extra charge. j All the aliove article* w ill lie sold very low. and all or- | ders thankfully received and punctually attended to. with despatch, us I shall have a number of nrst rate workmen. Five doors East of D. Clagett'a Dry Good Store, next door to E. Oyer's Auction Store, Penn. Av. CLEMENT WOODWARD. Sept. 9. (Intel, and Globe.) 3t8 MRS. GASSAWAY has taken thepleasaut and oooi modioua house at the corner of Pennsylvania Ave nue and 10th street, which she will opan for the reception of Boarders, on the 1st of Septemhei next. Mia. G. will take either yearly or transcient boarders. Aug. 21. 4t7. French lessons ?monsieur abadie has the honor to inform the ladies and gentlemen of this city and vicinity, that he continues to give lessons in his own native language, at his rooms,or private families und academies, at a moderate price. For particulars, apply at this office, or at Mr. Jonathan Elliot's, Pennsylvania Avenue. Abadie's French Grammar, and a course of French Literature, for sale at all the Bookstores. Sept. 2. 3t7_ BANK OF WASHINGTON. 2MH*h Auoust, 1837. AT the regular meeting of the Board thia day, present, the President and nine of the Directors, it was una nimously Kttulvfd, 1st. That on and after the first of September next the notes of this Bank Ite redeemed in specie. 2d. That all depoeite* remaining undrawn, (the same 1 having neurly all been received since the suspension of specie payment*,) and all future depositee, other than such as may be made in specie, and lie at the time so en tered, he payable in note* current in the District of Co lumbia. 3d. That all collections for Bank* and individuals, and all curtails, be received in notes current as above ; and that all sums so collected lie paid in like funds. W. GUNTON, President. JAS. ADAMS, Cashier. 6teod6 0NGREs?lONALD()CUMENTS, JOURNALS, J LAWS, AND DEBATES?GEORGE TEM PLEMAN has for sale at his Book and Stationary Store, opposite the General Post Office, all the Journals of Con gress, from 1774 to 1837. Gales and Seaton's American State Papers in 21 folio vols., from the first to the 24th Congress inclusive, or from 1789 to 1823. The Regular Series of Document* in royal 8 vo. vol umes, as publiahed each Session, from the 18th to the 24th Congress inclusive, or from 1823 to 1837. The Laws of Congress, in 8 vols, contsining the Laws from the first to the 22d Congress inclusive, or from 1789 to 4th of March, 1833 ; the series is made complete to the 4th of March, 1837, by the pamphlet Laws of the 23d and 24th Congress. This is the edition used by Congress and the Public Offices. Story's Laws of the United States, in 4 vols, from 1789 to 4th of March, 1837. The 4th vol. contains an index to the four volumes. The pamphlet or Session Laws of the United States from the 5th to the 24th Conriess inclusive, or from 1797 to 1837. Any separate pamphlets can be furnished. Gales and Seaton's Register of Debates in Congress. All Documents on Foreign Relations; Finance, Com merer, and Navigation ; Internal Improvement; Military and Naval Affairs ; Indian Affairs ; Public Lands, and on Claims of cvary description can be furnished separately in sheets. Also, for sale as aliove, a largo collection of files of Newspapers published in Washington, and some of the principal cities in the United Stales. Aug. 23. ' ' tft BOARDING HOUSE. MRS. TAYLOR can accommodate Members of Con gress, or other gentlemen, either with or without families, at her house, pleasantly situated, near the north east corner of 10th ana E street; being from ihencc su agreeable walk to the Capital or to the public Depart ment*. Aug. 30. t(3 H FOR SALE, OR BARTER, for property in the city of New York, or land* in Illi nois, the following valuable property in the village of Oswego : JUT The rapid growth of Oswego, its un surpassed advantage* and great prospect*, are too well and loo generally known to require u particular descrip tion. IE/ A very minute description of the property i* deem ed unnecessary as it is presumed that purchasers living at a distance will come and see, before they conclude a bargain. Suffice it to say, that it is among the very best in the place. K7 None but lands of the first quality, with n perfectly clear title, and free of incumbrance, will be taken in ex change. JXjf Letters post paid, addressed to the subscriber, at Oswego, will meet with prompt attention. An ample de scription of the property offered in exchange is requested. In East Oswbco.?The Eagle Tavern and Store ad joining, on First street, with a dwelling house and stables on Second street, beiug original village lot no. 50, 60 feet on First street, ninningcast 200 feet lo Second street. The south half, or original village lot no. 44, being 33 feet on First street, running east 200 feet to Second street, with the buildings erected thereon. The north-east corner of First and Seneca (late Tau ru*) street*, lieing 99 feet on First, und 100 feet on Sene ca street*. with the buildings erected thereon?comprising part of original village lots nos. 41 and 42. Three lots, each with a dwelling, fronting Second *treet; the lots are 22 feet wide by 100 deep, being part of original village lot no. 41. Lot, with dwelling house, [original village lot no. 20,] lieing 00 feet on First street, running west about 250 feet, across llie canal into tho river, so that it has four fronts. In Wkst Osweoo.?Lot corner of Fifth and Seneca (late Taurus) streets, opposite the public square, being on Soneca street 143, and on Fifth street 198 feet, with dwell ing, conch house, stabling, aud garden. The latter is well stocked with the best and rarest fruit, ornamental shrub bery, flowers, &c. A lot adjoining the above, being 78 feet on Fourth street by 58 feet in depth. Six lots on First street, each 22 feet in front, running east 100 feet to Water street, with the buildings thereon. The Wharf und Ware houses on Wa ter street, opposite the foregoing, being 132 feet on Water street, and running east about 110 feet to the river. [This wharf has the deepest water in the inner harbor.] , I<ot corner of Seneca and Second streets, being 24 feet on Seneca, and 06 feet on Second streets. Five Lots ad joining the foregoing to the east, each being 22 feet on Seneca street, by 00 feet in depth. The above berng part of the original village lot no. 36. The north half of block no. 03, bein? 200 feet on Utica [lata Libra] street, by 198 feet on Third and Fourth streets. On Van Bitrbn Tract.?Lot no. 1, Montcalm street, being 200 feet deep, and running north along Montcalm street several hundred feet into the Lake. Lots no. 2 and 3, Montcalm street, ench 66 by 200 ft. 12 " 13 ?? ?' 13, 11, and 15,being 345 ft. on Bronson st. 210 on Van Buren ?t. 300 on Eighth st. North 3-4tlis of lot no. 25, corner of Van Buren and Eighth streets, being 200 feet on Van Buren, and 148 feet on Eighth streets. Lot 82, south-west comer of Cayuga and Eighth streets, 00 by 198 feet. Lots 83, 84, 85, 80, 87, on Cftyugn st. 06 by 198 ft. 88, s. e. corner of Cayuga and Ontario street*, 198 by 104 feet. 89, s. corner of do, 198 by 195 ft. 70, on Seneca at., 66 by 198 feet. ( 68, s. w. corner of Seneca and 8th *ts., 60 by 198 ft. 50, n. e. corner of Ontario and Schuylcr streets, 198 by 101 feet. 59, on Seneca street, 66 liy 198 feet. 75, s. e. comer of Sencca and Ontario atrceta, 198 by KM feel. 76, s. w. comer of do. 198 by 130 ft. 64, n. e. corner of do. 198 by 104 ft. j 40, 47, IS, 4<(, on Schuyler st., 66 by 198 ft. The incumbrances on the whole of this property do not exceed sixteen thousand dollar*, which may either re main, or if desired, can he cleared off ^ C. J. Bl'RCKLE. Oswego. N. Y., Aug. 22, 1837. 2m6 It/* Compris ing the original f village lots no. 3 and 4. NOTICE. THE SUBSCRIBER wishes U? procure* Lot of ground of about "JO or 23 mete*, intended lor *\ beat or Rye. thin iruoii, as "??r the Capitol u possible; for the pnnioae of exhibiting during the present .ewMOii of Congress, hi. Patent Revolving Harrow, &e. Aa a prool ol the suiterionty of thia implement ove r tlie common drag harrow for puUeruung the soil, and the destruction ol weed*, he u willing to take one half ol the field with three good homea, to be worked abreaat by one man, against s.x common drag borrow., each two how. and one man ; in ?Wing which, he pledge, hiiuaelf, that the earth ?h?tll be put in a. "iUmI, if not better order in the aume .pace ot time, which may be required with tho six common harrow.. I After the work ia done, di.interr.ted judge, will he ?e lected on the aiK>t to examine the aame with a four pro"!!*?, fork or rake, to enable them to decide correctly w hich ol the implement. I. I>e?t calculated for preparing the aoil for the reception of the gram. And aa a lurther nrool ol the value and auperiority of hi. Rotary Harrow, the ?raiu will be turned in !>y it on one-half of the field and the otter half in the uaual way bv the drag harrow. When the grain i. reaped, thre.hed and measured, he doe. not hesi tate to in.ure an increase in the crop of 10 per cent , over that half which may be cultivated by the common harrow. Where farmer, are in the habit of ploughing in their grain, he will take 5 peck, to the acre, and produce 10 per cent, more by Rotary Harrow, than 8 peck, turned in with the JAMES D. WOODS1DE. Near the West Market. Septie Watkmgton, D. C. OWEN & CO., MERCHANT TAILORS, j ? 7 Building., und near Fuller". Hotel, re.pectfullv beg leave to inform their friends and the public in general, that they have lately fitted up, and ju.t opened, the lane store formerly occupied by Juroe. it Co., druggists, for the accommodation of their patrons in that part of the city where they have laid in a moat exteusive .lock of t AL.I. and WINTER good., consisting of the following choice assortment of srticles for gentlemen', wear: For ooata, auperfinc piece, of broadcloths, wool-dyed black, blue, dahlia, Adelaide, invisible green, I olish do., claret, and all the favorite eo'ors of the day For pantaloon., .uperfine black caasimere, London striped do., black ribbed do., gray mixed do., buff, > ictori. | striped buckskin, fancy do., See. . . ? For vest., black .ilk velvet, fancy figured do., Oenoa do., woollen do., atripcd challu gold tiaaue, black .atin, figured do., plain ami figured .ilk.. E. O. <St Co. have also received a large collection ol .tocks, plain, trimmed, and emboaaed, handkerchief., opera tie., .ilk ?hirt? and drawera, buckskin do., patent merino do., shoulder brace., union do., (two excellent ar tide, for the support of tho back and expansion of the cheat,)gum elaatic auspender., buclukin do., ulk, kid, and buckskin glove., Ate. Sept. 14. lml1 W WASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD.?On and after Monday next, the 11 in?tant, the car. will leave the depot in thi. city for Baltimore at 9 o clock A. M., in stead of 9 3-4 A. M., aa heretofore. . The object of thia alteration is to render certain the ar rival of the train at Baltimore early enough to afford ample time for passengers going North to take the "team boat, which now departa daily for Philadelphia, at half past The "afternoon train will, a. heretofore, leave the depot at a quarter after 5 o'clock, P. M. S9?d6titwtf. . , . ? _ , D (Globe, Native American, Alexandria Gaxettc, and ro tomac Advocate.) E have for sale, which we will have made up in the , . best manner? ?JO piece, super, black Cloth.. 100 do ribbed and plain Cassimeres. 20 do plain and figured velvet Vestings. M 1" -^^^DLEv'SftiTLETT. Sep 9?3tw2w8 WE HAVE FOR SALE? 100 piece. Black Silks, .uperior make 50 do Figured Blue Black do 150 do Colored Figured Silk. 100 do Plain do Tb. .ai ke to.. Ey catlett S9?3taw3w (Globe.) THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND. The session of the medical depart ment of ihis Institution, will commence on the last Monday of October next, and continue until the last day of February. THE FACULTY OF PHYSIC ARE, H. Willis Baxley, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Physiology. Hewry Howard, M. D., Professor of Obstetric., and of the Diseases of Women and Children. Michael A. Finley, M. D., Professor of Pathology, and of the Practice of Medicinc. Robert E. Dorsby, M. D., Professor of Materia Mc dica, Therapeutic. .Hygiene, and Medical Jurispru dence. William R. Fisher, M. D., Professor of Chemistry and Pharmacy. John Frederic* Mat, M. D., Professor of the Prin ciples and Practice of Surgery. Ellis Hughes, M.D., Demon.trator of Anatomy. In making thi. annual announcement, the Tni.tee. re spectfully state, that, in addition to a Medical Faculty or great ability, having high clainjatb public confidence and patronage, thi. Department of the University of Maryland offers other and Deculiur advantage, to Students for the acquisition of Medical knowledge. Placed in the most favorable climate lor attending to disunions, and pos sessinu commodious rooms for that purpose. the Universi ty of Maryland commands an unequalled supply of Mate rial for the prosecution of the study of Practical Anatoip such, indeed, is the abundance of Subjects, that the I i J* fessor of Surgery will afford to the Student* aa opportunity of performing Ihenuehtet, under his direction, every Surgi cal Operation :?a groat practical advantage, not heretofore furnished, in any of our Medical Schools This University has also an Anatomical Museum, founded on the extensive collection of the cclehtated Al len Burns, which became its property by purchase, at great expense; and to this collection numerous additions have been annually made :?and, of late, many very va'u* able prepartitions have been procured from France and Italy?which together afford ample means to make a great variety of illustrations of healthy and diseased structure. The Baltimore Infirmary, long and favorably known a. an excellent scliool of practice, i. connected with the Me dical Department, and furnishes every class of disease lor the practical elucidation of the principles taught, by the Professors of the Practice of Medicine and of Sureery? who, Imsides their regular lectures, will impart t .linical instruction, at the Infirmary, at .tatcd periods, in each week during the Session. .... v , .u The Chemical and Philosophical Apparatus of this University, is of great extent and value, much of it having been selected in Europe, by the late distinguished Pro fessor De Butts. And to a Laboratory, provided with every thing necessary for a Course of Chemical instruc tion, are united the numerous and varied articles required to illustrate the lectures on Pharmacy and Materia Me Ncither expense nor care has been .pared to .ecure for the University of Maryland the facilities necessary for the acquisition of a thorough Medical Education. TIIE EXPENSES ARE: THE FIRST COURSE. For attending the Lectures of six Professors, each ?15 For attending the Dissector and Demonstrator, ? For attending Clinical Le.ctures ami instruc tion at the Infirmary, * 8103 THE SECOND COURSE. For attendance on the Lectures of six Profes snr*, *9" Graduation and Diploma, - ? ? - 9110 The whole being only 213 dollars. But Students who have attended one course of Lec ture. in another respectable Medical 8chool, may gradu ate here after they have attended one full course in this University?where the course of instruction is a* com plete as that of any other Medical School?each Profes sor being, in tin. Institution, required to lecture every day?and where, from the facility with which SUB JECTS are procured, Dissections can be prosecuted with | more ease, and nt les. expense, than at any other place : ?here too, good boarding can l>e engaged, on us cheap terms as in any other Atlantic City. THE OFFICERS ARE, Hi. Excellency Thomas W. Waxy, Governor of Ma ryland, Presnlent of the Board of Trustees. The Hon. Roger B T aney, Provost. THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES. Nathaniel Williams, Vice President. John Nelson, Solomon Etting, Isaac McK im, Dr. Dennis Claude, James Cox, Bv order, JOSEPH B WILLIAMS, Secretary. Baltimore, 26th August, 1837. twtlIS5 William Gwynn, Dr. Hanson Petin, James Wm. McCulloh, llcnry V. Somerville,, Dr. Samuel McCulloh, and John G. Chapman. f\om Iks CharlotUftlU Jtgtrttmim RryMtca* PUBLIC PRINTER. The H?us? of Representatives were occu pied nearly three days in trying to elect a Printer. On the lWh bullot, Mr. Thomas Allen, the editor of the Madisonian received 113 votes, the requisite number to elect him. Messrs. Blair and Rives the late Printers re ceived at each ballotting from 101 to 107 votes. Since the election, the Globe en deavors to make it appear that the election was effected by intrigue, and that the United States Bank will receive all the profits which may arise from the printing of the House. This is an assertion which is not justified by the fact; but the way in which it is made out is somewhat in the following manner. Mr. Allen has but lately established himself at Washington, and has not the necessary mate rials to do the work, and he has made an ar rangement with Messrs. Gsles and Seaton, the editors of the National Intelligencer to Eerform the work for liiin until such time as e can procure an office with materials suf ficient to do the work himself: and as, ac cording to the Globe, the office of the National IntelligenOr ?i under a deed of trust to the U.15. Ba/ft,'therefore this enemy of the peo ple gets all the profits arising from the print ing and not Mr. Allen. This is a round-a-bout way of accounting for things, and we shall next expect to hear that each press in the country that opposes an exclusive metallic currency is influenced or bought up by the U. S. Bank. And it might be reasoned in this way?This Bank being opposed to the exclusive metallic scheme, therefore every press that agrees with it on that particular point is in favor of a National Bank, and there must be intrigue and bargain between the conductors of the press and the U. S. Bank. The reasoning is just as good as that by which it is attempted to make the Madisonian se* cretly in favor of a National Bauk, and the Republican Members of Congres who support that paper, to be guilty of the same intrigue and bargain. We are not afraid of the United States Bank, neither shall wo permit it to be held over our heads as a bugbear to frighten us from what we believe to be our duty iu the opinions we may express respecting an entire specie currency. From the first announcement of the design to establish the Madisonian, the Globe has labored to make the impression among the Republican party that it was a whig scheme to gull the people into the support of a Na tional Bank. It was denounced because the prospectus appeared in the columns of the National Intelligencer; but the editors of the Glohe forgot to tell us that they also had been requested by Mr. Allen, to insert the same as an advertisement in their paper which they refused, and lhat other notices which Mr. Al lien sent to them were treated in the sape way. I f the establishment of the Madisonian is a whig scheme, then the Globe must have been got up in the same way, as we have un derstood that some of those who were origi nally engaged in establishing the Globe to put down the U. S. Telegraph, were among the first to urge the necessity ol establishing the Madisonian. Mr. Allen, however, is elected printer to the House of Representatives, and his damn ing sin is that Gales and Seaton for a while will do the work for hiin. There are, wc be lieve, but two offices at Washington capable of doing the public printing. What then should Mr. Allen do ? Should he apply to the editors of the Globe to do the work for him, after they had evinced a hostility of a character too malignant to suppose that they would have been willing to assist him in any way whatever, and who would in all proba bility hive refused if such application had been made?or should Mr. Allen have made the arraagement that he has done? Let any man be placed in similar circumstances with Mr. Allen and we believe he will act in the same way that Mr. Allen has. The charge that the Madisonian is favora ble to a National Bank and the political views of the whigs is completely refuted by the re marks of that paper which we have given above, ?nd the following from our Repre sentative Major Garland. The constituents of Mr. G. can hardly be brought to believe that he is capable of deceiving them in the vote he gave for public printer ; or that he would be guilty of intriguing or bargaining with hie political opponents. If we thought him capable of any action of this sort, we would hold him up to the execration of his constituents and the world. Wo believe Ma jor Garland to be as honest a man as any in Congress. And wc feel certain that wc speak the sentiments of Major G. when we say that j he has neither the design, nor the inclination to separate from the Democratic party; be cause they maintain in common some great fundamental principles which will be over thrown with the overthrow of ihc party, which every republican and every patriot should de precate ; but if a refusal to vote for the sub treasury scheme, and an unconditional sub mission to every requisition which may be made by party tactics, right or wrong, be suf ficient to produce separation, then indeed it must come, and we feel confident that this district will sustain the course of their repre sentative. We are sure of this that they will not condemn him unheard ; it is quite proba ble that the Major will soon give us a few of his thoughts in a Speech, when wc shall sec ?who's who and what's what. The Globe has already the printing of the Departments and of the Senate, and yet be cause it is not permitted to monopolize the whole public printing, it is called a desertion of party to vote against its editors. Every ipan who voted for Allen on the first ballot was. a friend of the administration, except Mr. Rhett of South Carolina ; and we do not doubt the Madisonian will prove faithful to the prin ciples of democracy; and that the country will hayc no cause to regret that it has been allowed a portion of the public printing. Hostility to the sub-treasury scheme was pure Democracy in 1834 and '5, ns maintained | by Gen. Jackson, most of his Cabinet and the j majority in Congress. In 1837 a new garb has been made for it, or rather the whig dress of 1834 has been manufactured into a garment for the democracy to wear. W e trust that it will not be a wolf in sheep's clothing. At any rate we cannot pcrceive why the doc trincs of the democratic party three years since, are not orthodox now. Rethought that denioctSj^- was the same at all times. Frumlkt I'uugkkttftsu (K. I'.) Journal PRESIDENTS MESSAGE Long before thin sheet reaches them, most of our subscribers will have read the Mes sage, and become conversant with the views of President Van Buren. Whatever differ ence of opinion may exist in reference to his , doctrines as embodied in the Message, none will deny that the document itself is able and explicit. There are no marks of that non committalism, which has so often been charged upon the President by his political opponents, nor is there room to believe that he is desi rous of avoiding the responsibilities of his sta tion. Ilis positions are well taken, and ihey are sustained in the most skilful and ingeni ous manner. It is at once argumentative and polished, and exhibits a degree of intellectual power, that cannot fail to rank its author uinong the most able of our public men. VVt have never believed Mr. Van Buren to be other than an accomplished statesman, and we are proud to exhibit this evidence of his talents and skill. We must, however, be permitted to remark, that his reasoning, ingenious and plausible as it is, has failed to convince us of \ the propriety of some <Jf hit suggestions. Our readers are already aware, that we regard the Sub-treasury scheme an incompatible with the best interests of the people, to whom every possible protection should be extended by the recipients of power. We are desirous of re taining the most intimate connection between the governed and their iulers, between the people and their servants. No measure cal culated to weaken the accountability of the latter, to give them unnecessary privileges, or to render them independent of the people, can meet with our approbation. If the revenues of the government are kept down to its wants, Mr. Van Buren supposes that ten millions of I specie may be sufficient for its ordinary pur poses. But can you rely on any measures devised for graduating the revenue ? Derived as it is, from duties on imports, and from sales of public lands,* it must vary in amount, and is liable to fluctuate from various causes. Cal culations based upon the present times, must fail for seasons that are brisk. A few months I of over-trading would swell the revenues, and then the Treasury overflows with specie, which neither contributes to any useful end, nor is essential to. the wants of government. So much excess as lies in the Treasury is not only withdrawn from circulation, but weakens the. paper superstructure of the States. The specie basis is not, and should there be a panic or a pressure, look at the result ? The State Banks, which furnish the currency for the people, are crippled by the action of the go vernment, and should they fail to redeem their issues, the people are the sufferers; while oflice holders, contractors and dependants of | the government arc furnished with the specie. So long as our revenues are derived as under the present system, so long it will be impos sible to graduate them to the mere wants of I | government, and so long, of course, shall we be exposed to accumulations that must inju riously affect the currency of the States. At tempts to preserve the ratio will lead to con stant tinkering of the tariff, a result as inevi table as it must be disastrous to the business i interests of the Union. But we have not time to record the many objections to a separation of the government from the interests of the people. The consequent increase of execu tive dependents, with an annual addition of j at least one hundred thousand dollars of taxes to sustain the Sub-treasuries, will readily pre sent themselves as barriers to the adoption of | the plan recommended in the Message.? These, with others that may offer, shall be presented through our columns, that our read ers may draw such conclusions as their judg ments shall sanction The question of col lecting, safe-keeping and disbursing the pub lic revenue is a question about which the friends of the administration may reasonably differ. We regard it as a question of mere expediency, and believe that Congress will view it in a different light from the Executive. The subject properly belongs to them, and on them we rely for such a disposition of it as shall be productive of the least embarrassment and best subserve the interests of the whole. With Mr. Van Buren, we can truly say, "the subject is of great importance ; and one on which we can scarcely expect to be as united in sentiment as we are in interest. It de serves a full and free discussion and cannot fail to be benefitted by a dispassionate com parison of opinions," and with him we can "promise a reasonable co-operation" with our friends, in sustaining suc h measures as Congress in their wisdom may devise. On the subject of a National Bank, the stand taken by the President is deserving of all praise, and we hazard nothing in saying, that on that point, the friends of the administration are. united and firm. However we may have viewed the bill de positing the surplus revenues with the States, and however strong may have been our objec tions to the ratio of distribution, we are con strained to fear that a withholding of the Oc tober instalment may be productive of serious inconvenience. Many of the States have ap propriated their whole apportionment, and a step calculated to interfere with the arrange ments of any, whose legislature is not in ses sion, may add to existing embarrassments. There arc however forcible reasons for with drawing the deposite entirely, and we can hut hope, that whatever action is had in reference to the bill, there may be as little collision with existing interests as the nature of the case will permit. Of the other recommendations of the Mes sage, we are inclined to believe that of issu ing Treasury notes will be concurred iu by Congress, and if adopted with proper details as to time and amount, contribute greatly to re lieve us from present distress. * The import* of the last fiscal year rlid not full fur short of ?VKK),000,000 ; while tlie ini|>ort? of the presenl, cuiling with this month, arc estimated at Irs* than $40,000,000. Thr fluctuation* in thn amount of receipts from sales of pulilic lands are also very frrrat. From thr Charlotlm-ille Jrffrrtaninn Rrjmblirnn. Of the three plans which will be brought forward in Congress, we should suppose that the State Bank Deposite System will be the most likely to succeed. The friends of a National Bank cannot expect to effec t the ob ject which they desire; a majority in both houses are, we believe, opposed to such an institution ; but if a bill for that purpose should pass the House it could not pass the I Senate ; and even if it could pass the Senate Mr. Van liuren it pledged to veto any auch bill No one, we presume, cau believe in such an event that when returned, the bill could pass the two houses by the requisite majority, two-thirds, to become a law without the signature of the President. This " mea ?ure of relief,n proponed by the whigs, cannot in any event succeed. The measure proposed by the President, viz: an exclusive metallic currency and the sub-treasury system is almost if not quite as unpopular as a National Bank. Enough has been seen of the disposition of the members of the House in the election of a printer, to show us that this remedy cannot receive the support of this body ; allowing all those who voted for Messrs. Blair and Rives to euter tain the same sentiments, as the President, on this subject, which is not the fact, there will be a majority of 25 or 30 agaiiift the plan of sub-treasuries as a measure of relief: we feel confident in asserting that the sub-treasury will not be adopted. It seems to us, then, that the administration party should unite upon the State Bank De posite System, under wise and prudent re strictions, as the best measure of relief that we can got. We shall however soon have the opinions of the members of Congress in their speeches, and wo can then arrivo at some safe conclusions what will be done by the constitutional guardians of the people to re lieve the present distress under which we labor. We commend to the attentiou of our readers the excellent remarks of the Richmond En quirer on the President's Message. We be lieve they accord with the views and feelings of a large portion of the democracy of Vir ginia, if not of the United States; and we trust they may have due weight upon the members of Congress. From the Ithaca Journal. THE MESSAGE, Of President Van Biiren to Congress, is herewith submitted to our readers, by antici pating our usual day of publication. It is an able, clear, and statesman-like document, and if it does not meet the views, it cannot fail of commanding the respect of every unpreju diced mind. In its suggestions, it takes the middle ground?avoiding both extremes?and while it gives a decided opinion against a National Bank, in any Bhape, it very properly avoids hostility to a judicious and restricted credit system. The subject of dissolving all connexion between the government and State banks, is treated with a candor and discern ment worthy of a Chief Magistrate of a great and growing nation, and the discussion which Mr. Van Buren invites on the subject, if pro perly conducted, cannot fail of being bencficial in guiding the course of Congress to a cor rect conclusion, in their deliberations on the question. The causes of existing embarrass ments, are set forth truly, and with great per spicuity?so much so, that all who read, can not fail of understanding, and tracing them to their true sources. Printer to Congress.?On the twelfth ballot, Thomas Allen, Editor of the Madiso nian, a new democratic paper recently estab lished in Washington, was elected printer to the House of Representatives. Mr. Allen has been considered a democrat of the old school, and as such we have not the least ob jection to his being elected printer to Con gress, but we had much rather he had been elected by his political friends than by his professed enemies. We are well persuaded that the opposition are ever ready to thwart the wishes of the democratic party, and avail themselves of every opportunity to do so, and, therefore, as in the ease of Jefferson and Burr! they now fell in with a small minority of twenty to defeat the wishes and will of 104 democrats, in an attempt to destroy the Globe. We. again say, that from our information in respect to the politics of Mr. Allen, we object not to his appointment, but we deeply regret that any thing should be connected with his appointment that should create any doubts as to the soundness of his principles, and de stroy the usefulness of his paper. Thomas Allen, publisher of the new admi nistration paper in Washington, (The Madi sonian,) was elected printer to the House, on the 12th ballot, on 1 hursday last. The whigs, finding themselves unable to elect their own men, threw nearly their whole strength for Mr. Allen, and thus obtained what they will doubtless consider, a " great victory " al though Mr. A. is decidedly in favor of all de mocratic measures, with one exception. They go upon the plan that half a loaf is bet ter than no bread.?H. /. Republican. The note* of the following banks ire received in de posite and payment of debts by different banking insti tutions of Albany, N. Y. NEW YORK. All the banks in the state with the exception of Sackett's Hsrbor, Iiockport and Buffalo Banks. NEW JERSEY. Fivet and upward. Trenton Banking Co. B'ki'g Si Ins. Co. Newark State Bank, do. Mechanics', do. State Bank, Elizabeth, Morris Canal Co. State B'k, N. Brunswick, When made payable. Norwich &. Stonington, Middletown Bank. CONNECTICUT. Tent and upward. State B'k, Morristown, Morris Co. Bank. Far. 6l Me. Middletown, Sussex Co. Belvidere, Commercial, Amboy. Far. & Mich. Rah way. Phenix Bank. Hartfard. Twenties Fiftwt only. Stamford Bank. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. Fit'en and upward. Bank of Metropolis. MISCELLANEOUS. When made payable. I Bank of Tunisians. Union Bank, Louisiana, | Sute Bank, Georgia. From the Ohio Sloe ft man. THE BANKS?THE CURRENCY. We hope to be excused for dwelling at length on these exciting and deeply interesting subjects. They involve more or less every question?they tiled every man's purse?every man'* comment?every man's honor and freedom. Many of the Banks in this stale are in a sound condi tion, and can commence tptetc payment at an early day, tome at a moments notice There are others, however, at bankrupt and worlhlett at prnjhuacy can make them; they cxitt merely at the tuff ranee of others heller condi tioned In such a state of the rase what is to be dano ? Shall the whole continue to be jumbled up in one mass, ?s thev now are, until bankruptcy and ruin overwhelm* the whole stale ? Or shall the good be separated from the bad and the threatened calamity thwarted ? We are op|>oeed to any rath act; we are opposed to any unnecessary infliction of Legislative power on those institutions that cau present even a plausible'account of their stewardship. But those which on examination prove to be rotten, worthless?bankrupt, some effective means should be taken to prevent their flooding the state with their pa|ier, and their cloamg doors altogether and leave the |>eople to pocket their promises, snd whistle tor thoir gains as in WIS. Some of the very men who legalized the frauds of that day, and left the people with an irredeemable and irredecmed paiier cur rency, are at this very moment candidates on the whig tickets for a seat sgain in the legislature, to practice once more their tricks upon the community Let the people every where look to it?s|*eedtly?promptly?snd ef fectually.