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ir by a poatmaator's eortificale, that auch remittance
i bun duly mailed. . , .
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Postmasters, and others authorised, acting as our
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Letters and communicstiooe intended for tbe csts
blishmcnt will not be received unless the "
Tub Madisoni an will be devoted to the support of
the principles aud doctrines of the democratic perty, as #
delineated by Mr. Maduon. and will aim to consummate
that political reform in the theory and practice of the
national government, which has been repeatedly indi
cated by the general eufferage, assssentwl to the peace
and prosperity of the country, and to the perfection and
tMiroeiuuy of its free institutions. At this time s singu
lar sUte of sflairs is presented The commercial in
terests of the country sre overwhelmed with e.nbarrase
mcnt: its monetsry concerns are uuusually disordered ;
every rsmihcation of society is invaded by distress, and
the social odilice seems threatened with disorgaiuxation;
every esr is filled with predictions of evil sod the mur
raurings of despondency ; tho general government is
boldly asssiled by s Urge and resi^cuWe portion of the
oeoole, ss the direct cauae of their difficulties , open
resistance to the laws is publicly encouraged, sml a
spirit of insubordination is fostered, a., a necessary
defence to the pretended usurpations of lbs party in
?tower ; some, from whom better things were hoped, are
uitkiuii the " confuaion worse confounded, by a nesa
lonir pursuit of extreme notions snd indefinite |>hsiit?uts,
totally incompatible with a wholesome state of tho
country. lu the midst of all those difficulties snd em
barrassments, it is fesred thst msny of the loss hnn of
the friends of the sdministrstion snd sup|>orlers ol
de.nocrstic principles sre wsvermg in their conhdeiice,
and beginning, without just cauae. to view with distrust
tliose men to whom they liave l??eii long atuched. anil
whose elevation they liave laboured to promote from
honest and patriotic motives. Exulting in the anticipa
tion of dismay and confusion smongst the supporters or
the sdministrstion aa the consequence of these things,
tlie opposition are consoling themselves with the luea
that Mr. Van Buren's friends, as ,a national party, are
veiling to dissolution ; and they allow no opportunity to
pass unimproved to give eclat to their own doctrines.
They are, indeed, maturing plans for their own future
government of the country, with seaming couMonee of
This confidence is increased by thp fact, thst visionary
theories, and an unwise adherence 10 the plan for an
exclusive metallic currency have unfortunately earned
some beyond the actual and true policy of the govern
ment ; and, by impairing public confidence in the credit
system, which ought to be preserved and regulated, but
not destroyed, have tended to increase the difficulties
under which the country is now labouring. All these
seem to indicste the necessity of a new organ at the
seat of government, to be eatabliahcd upon sound prin
ciples, and to represent fsithfully, snd not to dictate, the
real policy of the administration, and the true sentnncnts,
measures, and interests, of the grest body of its sup
porters The necessity also appears of the adoption of
more conservative principles than ibe conduct of those
seems to indicate who seek to remedy abuses by de
straying tbe institutions with/ihich they are found con
nected. Indeed some measure of contribution is deemed
essential to tho enhancement of our own self-respect at
home, and to the promotion of the honor and credit of
the nation abroad. '' .
To meet these indicstions this undertaking has been
instituted, and it is hoped that it will produce the effect
of inspiring the timid with courage, the desponding with
hope, and the whole country with confidence in the
sdministrstion of its government. In this view, this
journal will not seek to lesd, or to follow any faction, or
to advocate the views of any particular detachment of
men. , It will aspire to accord a just measure of sup
port to each of tho co-ordiuate branches of the govern
ment, in the lawful exercise of their constitutional
prerogatives. It will sddress itself to the understandings
of men, rather than appeal to any unworthy prejudices
or evil passions. It will rely invariably upon the prin
ciple, that the strength and security ol American i"sti
tutions depend upon the intelligence and virtue of the
Madisohum witl not, in any event, be made the
instrument of arraying the north and the south, the east
and the west, in hostilo attitudes towards each other,
upon any subject of either general or locsl interest. It
will reflect only that apirit and those principles of mutual
concession, compromise, aud reciprocal goodrwill, which
so eminently chsracterited the inception, formation, aiwl
subsequent adoption, by the several Slates, of the con
stitution of the United States. Moreover, in the same
hallowed spirit that has, at all periods since the adoption
of that sacred instrument, characterized its nsruNCB
* by tmk PUOPLE, our press will hasten to ita support at
every emergency that ahall arise, from whatever quarter,
and under whatever guise of philanthropy, policy, or
principle, the antagonist power may appear.
If, in this responsible undertaking, it shall be our
good fortune to succeed to any degree in promoting the
harmony and prosperity of the country, or in conciliating
jealousies, and allaying the asperities of party warfare,
by demeaning ourself amiably towards all; by indulg
ing personal animosities towards none ; by conducting
ourself in the belief that it is perfectly practicable to
differ wMh others in matters of principle and of expe
' diency, without a mixture of personal uiikmdness or loss
of reciprocal respect; and by "asking nothing that is
not clearly right, and submitting to nothing that is
wrong," then, and not otherwise, will the full mcssure
of its intention be accomplished, snd our primary rule
for its guidance be sufficiehtly observed and satisfied.
This enterprixe liss not been undertaken without the
approtmiion, advisement, and pledged support of many
of the leading and soundest minds in the rsnks of the
deinocractic republican party, in the extreme north and
in tho extreme south, in the east and in the west. An
association of both political experience and talent of the
highest order will render it competent to carry forward
the principles by which it will be guided, and make it
useful as a political organ, and interesting as a journal
of news. Arrangements also have been made to fix the
establishment upon a substantial and permanent basis.
Tho subscriber, therefore, relics upon the public for so
much of their confidence snd encouragement only as the
fidelity of his press to their great national interests shall
prove itself entitled to receive.
1 THOMAS ALLEN.
Washington Citv, D. C. July, 1837
THE New York and Boston Illinois Land Company
will offer at public auction at their office in the town
of Quincv, Adams County, Illinois, on Monday the 27th
tiny of Novrmlwr next, 100,000 acres of their Lanni situ
ated in the Military Tract in said State.
Lists of the lands may be had at the office of said Com
pany in Quincy and at 44 Wall Street, New 'N ork.
A,minimum price will be affixed to each lot at the time
it is offered.
JOHN TILLSON, Jr.
Agent for the N. Y. & B. 111. L Co.
Aug. 25, 1837.
PRINTING PAPER, with or without sizing, of all
qualities, made at the Sangerties Mill, Ulster County,
New York. Orders will be promptly attended to if ad
dressed tothe Agent, WILLIAM BRADFORD, No. 10
Spruce street, New York.
HENRY BARCLAY, Proprietor.
Sept. 2. * 2*6
LOVES, SUSPEN DERS, .STOCKS, WOOLLEN
r SHIRTS, AND DRAWERS.? Wf have to-day
30 do*. Suspenders, best kind.
SO i'.o. superior Gloves.
50 do. .Stocks, best make.
50 pieces Silk Pocket Handkerchiefs.
50 doxen Gentlemen's Rilibed Woollen Drawers.
50 do. do. do. do. Shirts.
6 do. Raw Silk Shirts.
50 pieces Irish Linens.
200 do. Sea Island Cotton Shirtings.
BRADLEY At CATLETT
Sept. 8. 3taw2w8
THE MADISON IAN.
WASHINGTON CITY, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER SI, 1837. NO. 13.
STOVES! STOVES! AND GRATES.
I' HAVE juat (eceived from ||m North * *#ry large *up
ply of Stove*. 0rules, iuvd double Block Tin Ware?
Coffee BUm, Dre**ing Bozm, Ac. ! hsve Stoves of
itlitHMikair kinds, suitable for woml or eo*l. In ike drat
piaceTi hum the Rotary Cooking Store* of all the differ
cut iiih, No. 0, 1, % and 3. Tan Plate Stoves of all lb?
different si**?. Uxh <?>r ouoking aad plain. Franklin
Stoves of all the different aiaes. 1 kava eotne vary splen
did i'urlur Stoves tor burning wood or foam. Coal Stoves
of all sixes. Dr. Spoor's Coal Stoves, fancy and plain
tops, from No- I to 5- Coal Stovea of other kind*. Dr.
SjKHtr's Coal Stoves and the Globe Stores are moat suit
able for Public offices, large halls, churches, stores, ar.d
ateamtioats, or any apartment where you wish a strong
kaat. In fact I have Stoves that will haat any place, either
with wood or ooal. I have the laleal fashion Mantle
Grates, both low and high fronts, very cheap?und if I
have nut a pattern of Grate on hand that will suit, I can
make it at the shortest notice, to suit any fancy. I am
fully prepared to do any kind of Tin, Copper, Shfet Iron,
Stove, Grate, Lead or Zinc work, at tke shortest notice.
Any person or persona buying Stoves or Orates from the
subscriber, or any other thing in his line, will hare them
sent home in good order, free of any extra charge. Stores
will be put up ready far use, free of any extra charge.
All the above article* will be sold very low, and till or
ders thankfully received and punctually attended to, with
despatch, as 1 shall have a number of first rate workmen.
Fire doors East of. D. Clagett'* Dry Oood Store, next
door to N. Dyer'* Auction Store, Penti A v.
Sept. 9. (Intel, and Globe.) 3t8
BANK OF WASHINGTON.
29th Auuust, 1837.
AT the regular meeting of the Board tbw day, present,
the President and nine of tlm Directors, it was una
JitMolved, 1st. That on und after the first of September
nfrxt the notes of this Bank tie redeemed in specie.
2d. That all depositee remaining undrawn, (the tame
having ne:nly all lieen received since the suspension of
specie payment*,) and all future depositee, other than
such as may be made in specie, and be at the tune *o en
tered, be payable iu notes current in the District of Co
3d. That all collections for Danks and individuals, and
all curtails, be receired in notes current as aliove ; and
that all sums so collected be paid in like funds.
W. GUNTON, President.
JAS. ADAMS, Cashier. (Kendo
CCONGRESSIONAL DOCUMENTS, JOURNALS,
J LAWS, AND DEBATES?GEORtiE TEM
PLEMAN has for sain at hi* Book and Stationary Store,
opposite the General Post Office, all the Journals of Con
gress, from 1774 to 1HJ7. Gale* and Seaton'* American
State Paper.* in 21 folio vols., from the first to the 24th
Congress inclusive, or from 1789 to 1S23.
The Regular Series of Documents in royal 8 vo. vol
umes, as published each Session, from the 18th 'n the
24th Congress inclusive, or from 1823 to 1837. The Laws
of Congress, in 8 vols, containing the Laws from the first
to the -id Congress inclusive, or from 1789 to 4th of j
March, 1833 ; the series is made complete to the 4th of |
March, 1837, by the pamphlet Laws of the 23d and 24th
Congress. This is the edition used by Congress and the
Story's Laws of xhi United States, in 4 vol*, from 1789
to 4th of March, 1837. The 4th vol. contain* ail index to j
the four volumes.
The pamphlet or Session Laws of the United States
from the 5th to the 24th Conrgesa inclusive, or from 1797
to 1837. Any separate pamphlets can be furnished.
Gales and Scaton's Register of Deliates in Congress.
All Document* on Foreign Relation*; Finance, Com
merce, and Navigation ; Internal Improvement; Military
and Naral Affair* ; Indian Affairs ; Public Lands, andou
Claims of erery description can be furnished separately
Also, for sale as above, a large collection of files of j
Newspapers published in Washington, and some of the
principal cities in the United States.
Aug. 23. tft
1%/TRS. TAYLOR can accommodate Members of Con
1VX gress, or other gentlemen, either with or without
families, at her house, pleasantly situated, near the north
east corner of 10th and E street; being from thence an
agreeable walk to the Capital or to the public Depart
Aug. 30. t(3
HOUSE FURN18H1NG GOODS?We hare for
SO pieces ingrain carpeting, which we will sell low.
50 do Brusaela.
02 do 5-4, 0-4, 10-4, and 12-4 Linen Sheetings.
100 do 7-4, 8-4 Barnaly Diapers.
8-4, 10-4 and 20-4 fine Table Cloths.
Napkins to match.
1 bale Russia Diaper.
1 bale w ide Crash.
Also, 50 Marseilles Quilt*.
BRADLEY & CATLETT.
FOR SALE, OR BARTER, for property
in the city of New York, or lands in Illi
nois, the following valuable property in the
village of 0*wejro:
D7 The rapid growth of Oswego, it* un
surpassed advantages ana great prospects, are too well
ana too generally known to require a particular descrip
ttj" A very minute description of the property is deem
ed unnecessary as it is presumed that purchasers living
at a distance will come and see, before they conclude a
bargain. Suffice it to say, that it i* among the very best
in the place.
ID* None but lands of the first quality, with a perfectly
clear title, and free of incumbrance, wdl be taken in ex
IE7 Letters post paid, addressed to the subscriber, at
Oswego, will meet with prompt attention. An ample de
scription of the property offered in exchange is requested.
In East 0*wbco.?The Eagle Tavern and Store ad
joining, on First street, with a dwelling house and stables
on Second street, being original village lot no. 50, 60 feet
on First street, running east 200 feet to Second street.
The south ha^f, or original village lot no. 44, licing 33
feet on First street, runningea*t 200 feet to Second street,
w ith the buildiugs erected thereon.
The norlli-caat corner of First and Seneca (late Tau
rus) streets, being 99 feet on First, and 100 feet on Sene
castreets, with the buildings erected thereon?comprising
part of original village lots nos. 41 and 42.
Three lots, each with a dwelling, fronting Second street;
the lots are 23 feet wide by 100 deep, being part of original
village lot no. 41.
Lot, with dwelling house, [original village lot no. 26,]
being 60 feet on First street, runniug west about 250 feet,
across the canal into the river, so that it has four fronts.
In Wkkt Oswkoo.?Lot corncr of Fifth and Sencca
(late Taurus) streets, opposite the public square, being on
Seneca street 143, anil on Fifth street IDS feet, with dwell
ing, coach house, stabling, and garden. The latter is well
stocked with the best and rarest fruit, ornamental shrub
bf ry, flowers, &c.
A lot adjoining the above, being 78 feet on Fourth strcrt
by 58 feet in depth.
Six lots on First street, each 22 feet in-)
front, running cast 100 feet to Water j
street, with the liuildings thereon.
The Wharf and Ware houses on Wa- I original
ter street, opposite the foregoing, being S,, |()t8 nQ
132 leet on Water street, and running | Ji ?
east about 110 feet to the river. [This I
wharf has the deepest water in the inner
Lot corncr of Seneca and Second streets, lieing 24 fee'
on Sencca, ami 00 feet on Second streets. Five Lots ad"
joining the foregoing to the east, each being 22 feet on
Seneca street, by 66 feet in depth. The almve being part
of the original village lot no. 36.
The north half of block no. 63, being 200 feet on Utirn
[late Libra] street, by 198 feet on Third and Fourth
O.N Van Ilt uKN Trac t.?Lot no. 1, Montcalm street,
beinj 200 fcrt deep, and running north along Montcalm
street several hundred feet into the Lake.
Lots no. 2 and 3, Montcalm street, each 06 by 200 ft.
12 " 13
13, 14. and 15, being 345 ft. on Bmnson *t.
210 on Van Buren st.
300 on Eighth st.
North 3-lths of lot no. 25, corner of Van Buren
and Eighth streets, being 200 feet on Van Buren, and 148
feet on Eighth streets.
Lot 82, south-west corner of Cayuga and Eighth streets,
GOi by 198 feet.
Lots 8;?, 84, 85, 86, 87, on Cayuga st. 66 by 198 ft.
88, s. c. corner of Cayuga and Ontario streets, 198
by 104 feet.
89, s. w. corncr of do, 198 by 195 ft.
70, on Sencca St., 66 by 198 feet.
58, s. w. comer of Seneca and 8th sts., 66 by 198 ft.
50, n. e. corner of Ontario and Schuyler streets, 198
by 104 feet.
69. on Seneca street, 86 by 198 feet.
75, s. e. corner of Seneca and Ontario street*, 198
by 104 feet.
76, *. w. comer of do. 198 by 130 ft.
64, n. e. corner of do. 198 by 104 ft.
46, 47, 48,40, on Schuyler st., 66 liy 198 ft.
The incumbrances on the whole ofc tint property do not
exceed sixteen thousand dollars, which may either re
main, or if desired, can be cluarcd off.
C J. BURCKLE
Oswego, N. Y., Aug. 22, 1837. 9m6
THE SUBSCRIBER wiahe* to procure ? Lot of
ground of about 30 or 28 acre*, intended for Wheat
or Rye, this mm, a* near the Capitol aa possible; for
the purpoM of exhibiting duriua the present session of
Congress, hi* Patent ttevolviug Harrow, ice. Aa a proof
of the superiority of thia implement over the common drag
barrow for pulvori*inj the aoil, and the destruction of
weeds, he ? willuif to taVe one half of the field with three
gotsl hor?e?, to be worked abreast by one man, against aa
common drag harrowa, each two horaea and one man ; in
doing which, he pledge* himself, that tlie earth ahall be
put in aa good, if not better order in the same apace of
time, which uiay be required with the six common harrow a.
After tho work, is done, disinterested judges will ha se
lected on the apot to examine the same with a four pronged
fork or rake, to euabte them to decide correctly which of
the implements is Iwat calculated for preparing the aoil
for the reception of the grain. And a* a further proof of
the value and auperiority of hie Rotary Harrow, the train
will be turned in by it on one-half of the field, and the
other half in the usual way by the drag harrow. When the
grain is reaped, threshed and measured, he does not hesi
tate to insure an increase in tho crop of 10 per cent- over
that halt which may be cultivated liy the common harrow.
Where farmers are in the habit of ploughing in their grain,
be will take 3 pecks to the acre, and produce 10 per cent,
more by Rotary Harrow, than 6 peck* turned in with the
' * , JAMES D. WOOD9IDE,
Near the Weal Market.
Sept 10 Washington, D. C. ?
OWEN U CO., MERCHANT TAILORS,
? 7 Building*, and near Puller's Hotel, respectfully
beg leave to inform their friends and the public in general,
that they have lately fitted up, and just opened, the larj?e
store formerly occupied by James 6c Co., druggitts, for
the accommodation of their patrona in that purt of tag city
where thev have laid in a moat extensive stock of v ALL
and WINTER goods, consisting of thc.following choice
assortment of articles for gentlemen's wear : ^
For coats, superfine niece* of broadcloths, wool-dyed
blsck, blue, dahlia, Adeluide, invisible green, Polish do.,
claret, snd all tho favorite oo'ors of the day.
For pantaloons, superfine black casaimere, London
striped do., black ribbed do., gray mixed do., buff, V iotoria
striped buckskin, fancy do., See.
For vests, black silk velvet, fancy figured do., Genoa
do., woollen do., striped"rhalla gold tisane, black satin,
figured do., plain and figured silks.
E. O. A Co. have also received a lny?e collection of
stocks, plain, trimmed, and embossed, handkerchiefs,
opera ties, silk shirt* and drawers, buckskiu do., patent
merino do., shoulder braces, union do., (two excellent ar
ticle* for the support of tho buck and expansion of the
chest,)pum elastic suspenders, buckskin do., silk, kid, and
buckskin gloves, Ac. .. ?
Sept. U. ln>11
YITASHINOTON BRANCH RAILROAD?On and
W after Monday next, the 11 instant, the cars will leave
the depot in this city for Baltimore M 0 o'clock A. M., in
stead of 9 3-4 A. M., as heretofore.
The object of thi* alteration is to render certain the ar
rival of the train at Baltimore early enough to afford
ample time for passenger* going North to take the steam
Iwat, which now departs daily for Philadelphia, at half past
12 o'clock. . ? . ,
The afternoon train will, as heretofore, leave the depot
at a quarter after 5 o'clock, P. M.
(Globe, Native American, Alexandria Oaxette, and Po
WE have for sale, which we will have made up in the
20 piece* super, black Cloth*.
100 do rilibed and [dam Cassimeres
20 do plain and figured velvet Vesting*.
SO do colored and black Silk Vesting*.
BRADLEY & CATLETT.
WE HAVE FOR SALE?
100 piece* Black Silks, sunerior make
50 do Figured Blue Black do
150 do Colored Figured Silk*
100 do Plain do
The above will be sold low.
THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND.
THE SESSION OF THE MEDICAL DEPART
MENT of this Institution, will commence on the
last Monday of October next, and continue until the last
day of February.
THE FACULTY OF PHYSIC ARE,
H. Willis Baxlby, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and
Henry Howard, M. D , Professor of Obstetric*, and of
the Diseases of Women ami Children.
Michael A. Fixley, M. D, Professor of Pathology,
and of the Practice of Medicine.
Robert E. Dorsry, M. D., Professor of Materia Me
dic*, Therapeutic* .Hygiene, and Medical Junspni
! William R- Fisher, M. D., Profes*or of Chemistry
John Frederick May, M. D., Professor of the Prin
ciples and Practice of Surgery.
Elli* Hvohii, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy.
In making this annual announcement, the Tnistees re
sp*cifully stale, that, in addition to a Mcdical r acuity of
ureal ability, having high claim* to puUic confidence and
patronage, thia Department of the Lniversity of Maryland
offers other and peculiar advantages to Students for the
acquisition of Medical knowledge. Placed in the most
favorable climate for attending to dissections, and pos
sessing commodious rooms for that purpose, the Lniversi
ty of Maryland commands an unequalled supply of Mate
rial for the prosecution of the itudy of Practical Anatom
such, indeed, is the abundance of Subjects, that thi I .
feasor of Surgery will afford to the Student* an opportunity
of performing thrinirlvei, under his direction, nwjf Surgi
cal oprration :?a great practical advantage, not heretofore
furnished, in any of our Medical Schools
This University has also an Anatomical Museum,
founded on the extensive collection of the eelebtated Al
len Bums, which became its property by purchase, at
great expense ; and to this collection numerous additions
have been annually inado :?and, of late, many very valu
able preparations have been procured Irom r raucc and
Italy?which together afford ample means to make a great
variety of illustrations of heulthy and diseased structure.
The Baltimore Infirmary, long and favorably known as
an excellent school of praclicc, is connected with the Me
dical Department, and furnishes every class of disease for
the practical elucidation of the principles taught, by the
Professors of the Practice of Medicine and of Surgery?
who, besides their regular lectures, will impart Clinical
instruction, at the lufirmary, at staled periods, in each
week during the Session.
The Chemical and Philosopliicsl Apparatus of this
University, is of great extent and value, much of it having
been selected in Europe, l>y the late distinguished Pro
fessor De Butts. And to a Laboratory, provided with
every thing necessary for a Course of Chemical instruc
tion, are united the numerous and varied article* required
to illustrate the lectures on Pharmacy and Materia Me
Neither expense nor care has lieen spared to secure lor
the University of Maryland the facilities necessary for
the acquisition of a thorough Medical Education.
THE EXPENSES ARE:
the first connsK.
For attending the Lectures of six Professors,
each - " - - - ? 813 00
For attending the Dissector and Demonstrator, "
For attending Clinical Lectures and instruc
tion at the Infirmary, .... 5
THE SECOND COURSE.
For attendance on the Lectures of *ix Profes
sors, - J??
Graduation and Diploma, .... 20
The whole being only 213 dollars.
But Student* who have attended one course of Lec
tures in another respectable Medical School, may gradu
ate here after they have attended one full course in this
Lniversity?where the coursc of instruction is as com
plete as that of any other Medical School?each Profes
sor beinc, in this Institution, required to lecture every
day?anil where, from tho facility with which SUB
JECTS arc procured, Dissections can l>e prosecuted with
more ease, and at less expense, than at any other place :
?here too, good boarding can be engaged, on aa cheap
terms as in any other Atlantic City,
TUB OFFICERS ARE,
His Excellency Thorns* W. Vesxy, Governor of Ma
ryland, President of the Hoard of 'I ruatcea.
The Hon. Roger B. Taney, Provost.
THE BOARD or TRUSTEES.
Nathaniel William*, William Gw vnn,
"Vice President. Dr. Hanson Penn,
I John Nelson, Jame* W in. McCulloh,
Solomon Etting, Henry V. Somervillc,
Isaac McKim, Dr- Samuel McCulloh,
1 Dr. Dennis Claude, and
James Cox, J?kn G. Chapman.
JOSEPH B WILLIAMS, Secretary.
Baltimore, 20th August, >W7. twtlNS
The blowing billi. praaautad to the Seuato on ll?*
13th mat by Mr. WRIGHT tnm ihe Committee of
Finance, we?a prepared lor oar bat paper, but unavoida
bly crowded out.
A BILL to revolt* the charter* of each bank*, in the
District of Columbia, aa shall not resume .pacta pay
ments within ? limiud tuna, and to suppress the cir
culation of small notes therein.
Be it emitted by Ike Senate and Mouie of Refreeen
lahret of ike United State* of Ameru.a ?? Conrre?$ at
tembled, That all penalties imposed on the hanks in the
l>i*tri?t of Columbia, by their charter*, or otherwise,
for a anapenaion of epeeie payments, be remitted : f ro
tided, They resume apecie payuienta for all their btlla
under ten dollara within aitty day*, and of all other*
within all montha from the paa*ing of thia act: And
prtmded, alto. That the aaid bank*, within thirty dara
from the passing pf thia act, ahall ceaae to pay out the
no lea, btlla, or oMimliotia of any corporation, company,
or individual, which ahall not redeem tha same, on de
mand, in specie : Antt jirwtUd, farther, That the aaid
bank* ahall forthwith ceaae to receive in pavment, or on
depoaite, or to pay out, any note, bill, or obligation, is
sued by any other bank ?r l?y any corporation, company,
or individual, of ? leaa denomination than hve dollar*.
Sac. S. And be it furtktr enacted. That if any of
aaid banka ahall fail to comply with the ctfnditlooa spe
cified, in the foregoing section of thia act, the charter*
thereof ahall be revoked ; and it ahall lie tyc duty of
the Sccre,tary of the Treasury to ap|>oiut throe commis
sioners for liquidating and *ettling tlic accounts and *f
faira thereof, and auch prosecution* *l?all be instituted
by the District Attorney of thia District, for auy viola
|it ion of their obligation* to the Government and the
community, aa the facia and the law applicable to the
caae may render proper, beyond what la contained 10 the
proviaion* of their charter. and in thi* act: J roiidcd,
neeerthele**, That the rcmediea .gainst said banka, for
their liabilitiea and debts, given in their churtcra, ahall
remain in full force and eflect agunut the property, mo
ney, credit*, and effects thereof, in the hands of the
coinmikaiom'r* appoiuted to liquidate their affairs.
Sac. 3. And beit further enacted. That after the ex
piration of thirty days from the passage of this act, it
shall lie unlawful lor any individual, company, or cor
poration, to issue, pass, or to offer to nawi, withinthe.
District of Columbia, auy note, check, draft, bank bill,
or any other paper currency, of a leas denomination than
five dollar* ; and if any peraon or corporation shall vio
late the provisiona of thia section, the person so offend
ing, or incase of any corporation ao offending, the officer*
of any aucb corporation for the time being, ahall be lia
ble .to indictment by the grand jury of the county within
| the District where the offence shall have lieen com
mitted ; and the person so offending, or the officcra ol
the corporation ao offending, shsll, on conviction there
of, be fined in a sum not exceeding fifty dollars, at the
discretion of the court, for every offence : one-half of
said fine shall be paid 10 the prosecutor, the other ha I
shall he for the use of the county where the offence ahall
have heen committed ; and the person so offending and
the officer* of any corporation, shall al*o l>e liable to pay
the amount of any note, bill, check, draft, or other paper,
constituting part of such currency, to any holder thereof,
with all coata incident to the protest and legal collection
thereof, with fifty per cent, damages for non-payment on
demand, to be recovered by action summarily and with
out delay, and with a right of immediate discovery on
oath, in all cases where the defendant shall deny the is
ailiug, or passing, Or attempting to pass, the note, bill,
check, draft, or other paper in question ; and in ca*e o
judgment for the plaintiff, execution thereon ahall be liad
forthwith; and it shall bo the duty of tlic Diatrict Attorney
of the Diatrict of Columbia to commence prosecutions
against all person* and every 'corporation offending
. against this aection, of which he shall have knowledge or
probable infortnsiion ; and, in case of corporations, the
! prosecution shall Iks against the pre*ident,.or any direc
tor or cashier thereof, for the time being ; and it ahall be
the duty of the grand juroi* to piesciit all such otlences
of which they shall have knowledge or probable informa
I lion ; and that no member of a grand jury ahall lie igno
rant of hi* duty in this p*rticul*r, it *hall be the duty of
the court having cognizance of all offence* agamat tnia
soction to give the same in charge to toe grand juries at
the commencement of the firat tenn afler the paaaage o
' A BILL to authorize merchandise to be deposited in
the public stores, tnd for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and Haute of Repreten
tativei of the United Slatet of America in Congrett at
tembled, That from and after the passage of this act, all
goods, wares, and merchandise, imported into the uni
ted State*, (except fruits and other perishable articles,
which shall pav duties in caah at the time of entry,) may,
at the option of the importer, be entered, and the dutiea
' thereon tho, paid, or be debited, at the expense and
risk of the importer, in *uch public or other "'ore* a*
may lie .grted upon between the importer and the col
lector, or dBeer of inspection of the revenue for the
I port where said goods, wares, and merchandise may be
landed ; and it shsll be the duty of the collector or of
ficer, in all cases where goods, wares, or merchandise
are so deposited, to see that they be kept securely, and
! under the joint locks of the inspector and the importer ;
and no delitery ahall bo made of such goods, wares, or
merchandise without a permit m writing, under the
hand of the collector and naval officer of the port.
Sac. 2 And be it further enacted, 1 hat shall be
lawful for the importer, or hi* ..signeo, to withdraw, at
any time, any portion of goods, wares or ?"?^nd.se,
deposited as aforeaaid, upon payment of the * ll?? ,hLr?*
upon in cash, together with such storage and other ex
penses as may haVb accrued thereon.
Sue. 3. And be it further enacted, That .f the duties
on any goods, wares, or merchandise, deposited under
the provisions of this act, or which shall remain unclaim
ed in the public stores, shsll not have been paid in_ the
manner aforesaid, at the expiration of throe years from
the date ol importation, it shall be the duty of the collec
tor to cause so much of goods, wares, or merchandise,
a" may be necessary, to be .old at public auction; and
retaining the sum required for the payment of the duties
which have not been paid, together with the cxpenseaof
safe-keeping snd sale of such goods, ware*, or merchan
dise, shall return the overplus, if any, to*he owner, or
of this act, shall be embezzled, or fraudulently hid, or
removed from any store or placo wherein the same shall
have been deposited, they shall be forfeited, and the,per
son or persons so embezzling, hiding, or removing the
same, or aiding or assisting therein, shall be baWe to,the
same pains and penalties as if such goods, wares, or
merchandise had been fraudulently landed without pay
m SKc?f6 "Inrf he ii further enacted, That all good*,
wares, and merchandise deposited under the provisions
of this act, may be transported from the
houses, or such stores as may be occupied for public^use
in one district to those in another district, under sue
safe regulations as the Secretary of the treasury may
Se"1 And be it further enacted, That no good*,
wares, or merchandise deposited under this act, shsll Iks
taken or delivered from the public stores for
tion or for exportation, except upon due entry at i
custom house, and under care of some projier officer
lite customs, and upon payment of the full atno
duties, when not immediately exported :/
erer That goods may be taken out or delivered for the
purpose of transportation, from the public
Sne district to those of any other district, as a lloweiI inha
fifth section of this act, without the ,wyment of tl*diljy
.hereon at the lima of removal: Prmuded, alto, that, in
?|| such cases, twenty-four hour* previous notice shsll
1?. given in writing to the collector, with a specificd
SCtuition of the good, intended to be so transited ,
with the nam. of the vessel or vessel, in which they
**?? be it further enacted, That no drawback
of the duties shall bo allowed on the exportation of any .
2,3s wares, or merchandise, which may
posited under the provisions of this acl. in I
stores, and subsequently withdrawn therefrom, and tho
dut es then p.Kl? but tl.e owner, if desiring to I* re
fie ed from'tho payment of dut.**, must expo
goods at the time of their withdrawal from the public
stores, in the manner before provided.
Skc 8 And be it further enacted, Thst the ?
tarv ol Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized to
make such rules and regulation* a. msy bo necoasury ^
csriy this act into cffect; and that all set*, pa ?
sets, contr*ry to the provision* of Ihi* act, be, and j
?sine are hereby, repealed.
I A BILL imposing additional dutic. .? depoaitones, in
certain cases, on public officer*.
He H enacted by the Senate and Hovte of
! of the United State, of Amenra w.tongiete a^
! tcmbled, That tha Traaaurer of the Lmted hia ,
treMurcn of the Mint sod ,u benches, .11 collators of
snd surveyor* acting in that capacity, all
receivers of public money, and |wa,nsstoi s, U, wd lh.v
ar? luireby, required to keep a**.],, HlllK,ot ^ ?
?uing, all the public money collected by (hem, orotber
Z7M kr'Z^ "J 1.11 -he aaiut;
ia ordered by the prop*, department to be (referred ?f
SkJlT Cr'' the to"*? *?d paymwio !
?Ml bo fcithfulU made by tbau. a. directed, Lid all
other diilie* performed aa fi*.| .genu, which may bo
imposed by this or former acta o! Congress, or by anv
regulation of the Treasury Department made iu con
Skc. 2. And be iifwlktr enacted, Thai all inarahala,
di?tnet attorneya, and others having public money to
fTf petcnlees, wishing to make pavment to
W* United Stutea, may make die saute to the Tresaurer
in thia city, or to the Mint and ita branches, when near
or convenient; and, when not, may depoaitc the
with auch collector, receiver, or other deposi*
be morn conveniently ailuated, and n>
that purpose by the Secretary n' '
Stc 3 And be itfurther ..ienever
the public money in the po^. uefioaiiory. by
collect toil, transfer, or payment, a inconveniently
situated fur public oae,or shall accumulate so as to cxceed
tho amount of the existing bond of any such officer, any
part of it, fn the excess (aa the case uiay be) shall either
be drawn out for payments, or be transferred elsewhere
to soute other depository; or the Secretary of the Trea
sury shall require auch additional security aa mav be
considered proner and safe; and in the mean time,
bonds, new and suitable in their Idrms, shall in nil cases,
at aa early a day as possible after tlie jiassauc of this
act, be required of all depositories, in such sums snd
form aa may be deemed reasonable and secure by the i
? olicitor of the 1 reasury, for the performance of all the
duUea required under the same or any previous laws.
fesc. ?. And be it further enacted, That the aaid of
ncers, respectively, may be allowed any necessary addi
tional expenses for clerks, fire proof chests, or vaults,
or other necesssry expenses of safe-liMping, transferring
ami disbursing said money a; all auch expenses, of every
character, to be first expressly authorized by the Secre
tary of the Treasury, whose directions upon ail the
above subjects, by way of regulation and otherwise, are
to be strictly followed by all the said officers.
t l And bt " fMTtlu'' flatted, That the Secretary
of the Treasury shall lie, and he ia hereby, authorized to
cause examinations to be made of the books, accounts,
and money on hand, of the several officers charged by
this act with the safe-keeping, transfer, and disburse
ment of the public moneys; and for that purpose to ap
point special agents, as occasion may require, with such
reasonable compensation as he may allow, to be fixed
and declared at the time of each appointment; which
said examinations, in all casea where the sum on hand
usually exceeds three-fourths of the amount of the offi
cer s bond, shall not be made less frequently than once
m each year, and as much more frequently, in those and
all other cases, aa the Secretary, in his discretion, shall
direct. 1 lie agents selected to make these examina
tions shall be instructed to examine aa well the books,
accounts, and returns of the officer, as the nionev on
hand, and the manner of us being kept, to the end'that
uniformity and accuracy in the accounts, as well as
safety to the public moneys, may be secured thereby.
Site. G. And be it further enacted. That, in addition
to th<**jxaminatioua provided for in the last preceding
section, a* a further guard over the public moneys, it
shall lie the duty of each naval officer and surveyor, aa
a check upon the collector of the customs of their re
soective districts ; of each register of a land office, aa a
check upon the receiver of his land office; and of the
director and superintendent of each mint and branch
mint, as a check upou the treasurers, respectively, of the
said mints, at the close of each quarter of the year, and
as much more frequently as they shall be directed to do
?o by the Secretary of the Treasury, to examine the
books, accounts, returns, and money on hand, of the
collectors, receivers, and treasurers, and to make a full,
accurate, and faithful return to the Treasury Depart
ment of their condition. ?
Ssc. 7. And be it further enacted. That the Secretary
of the Treasury shall, with as touch expedition aa the
convenience of the public business and the aafety of the
public funds will permit, withdraw the balances remain
ing with the late and present depositories of the public
moneys, and confine the ssfc-keeping, transfer, snd dis
bursement of those moneys to the dejiositories establish
ed by this act.
S*e. 8. And be it further enacted. That, for the pay
ment of the expenses authorized by this sc?, a sufficient
I sum be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, to be paid
out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise spnro
| pristed. r
Sbc 9. And be it further enaded, That all officers
charged by this set with the safe-keeping, transfer, and
disbursement of the public money, are hereby required
to keep an accurate entry of each sum received, snd of
the kind of money in which it is received, and of each
payment or transfer, and of the kind of currency in
which they are made; and that if any one of the said
officers shall convcrt to his own use, in any way what
soever, or shall use by way of investment in any kind
of property or merchandise, or shall loan with or without
interest, any portion of the public moneys entrusted to
him for ssfe-keeping, disbursement, transfer, or for sny
other .purpose, every such act shall be deemed and ad
judged to be an embezzlement of so much of the said
moneys aa shall be thus taken, converted, invested, used
or loaned, which is hereby declared to be a high misde
meanor ; and any officer or person convicted thereof
before any court of the United States of competent
jurisdiction, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for a
term of not less than two, nor more than five, years, and
to a fine equal to the amount of the money embezzled.
In the House of Representatives, Mr. C amour leng,
from the Committee of \Vsys and Means, reported the
A BILL authorizing a further postponement of the pay
ment of doty bonds and lor other purposes.
Re it enacted by the Senate and House of Represent'
at ibm of the Untied Stale* -of America in Cong ret*
assembled, That tho Secretary of the Treasury be, and
he hereby is, authorized to grant such further extension
of credit upon sll bonds for duties now outstanding, as
shall msko the whole extension of credit upon each bond
six months from the time when the originsl bond be
came due and payable, making tho extension in each
? case to depend u|?on the same conditions as to additional
security, the payment of interest, and other terms, which
have been prescribed by the Treasury Department to
the extension of revenue bonds since May last: Pro
vided, That nothing herein contained shall be construed
to includo any existing bonds where tlic parties to tho
same have not, since tho>l>oiid* became payable, given
additional security, or made part payment, and are, by
the proper officers of the Government, considered in
solvent, or unsafe securities for the payment of their
Sue 2 And be it further enacted, That the additional
credit of six months, granted by the first section of this
act upon outstamling-iliity bonds, shall be upon the saino
terms and conditions granted upon all bonds for duties
which may be given during the period of one year from
and afier tho 1st day of October, in tho year one thou
sand eight hundred and thirty-seven.
Skc. 3. And be it further enacted, That where the
security in any bond which has been, or inay hereafter
be postponed, is entirely satisfactory, the principal or
sureties in the same shall not be disabled from being, in
the mean time, till the period of postponement pr >ided I
lor by this set expires, received as principal or sureties
in other bonds for duties, notwithstsndnig the bond first
given may not have been actually paid, discharged,
or extended, before, or oil the d*y it fell duo : Proridfd,
That such principal snd sureties shall lie found, in sll
other respects, safe and satisfactory security for the
bonds to which they insy be pro|>osed ss psrties.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That a credit of
one, two, and three months shsll lie allowed on the duty
on ail merchandise now remaining in the custody of the
customs upon which the duties are payable in cssh, snd
that the bonds received for such duties shsll be in equal
instalments bearing interest st the rate of six per cent.
|?er snnum, snd in the form sud upon the conditions pre
scribed by existing laws, and by this set : Provided,
I list the ssid merchandise shall be entered on or before
the fifteenth day of October next.
Sec. 6 And be it further enacted. That the operation
of all prior laws, and parts of Isws, so far as inconsist
ent with this set, he suspended in tho** particular* iu
which they may conflict with, or differ from, its pro
visions, until this act shsll ccase by its own limitation.
Bowtg Kmrxi --Tho legislature of Alabama have
passed a law providing that if any person with a Bowie
Knife, "Arkansas tooth pick," or snv wespon resem
bling the same, shall cut or stsb another, by reason of
which he dies, it shall be adjudged murder, snd the of
fender shsll suffer as if the killing had been by malice
aforethought. The set also imposes a penalty for the
sale of such weapons.
From Iht Onondaga Standard.
The Loco-Foco doctrine of anti-banking
means anti-farming. 'Ike reason that the
multiplication of baaka leads to the high price
of produce, is universally given by the Ix>co
foco paper*, for their hostility to banks.?
When money is plenty, the number of grain
buyers it increased; and in the competition
with one another, the tanner geta the highest
price fur hit) produce, and he obtains his pay
on the spot. When money ia scarce, that is,
when the banks are restricted in their issues,
the number of buyera ia limited, and a few
persons hsve it in their power to dep*
prices and control the markets. T**' ?
is obliged to sell low, or to lf
Such is the present coiu,: re
lation 10 every thii?" ;*rmer for
the market, - ibe high price
of that a to the fact, that the
tt>'- oU to be short; and even
?ji..' .?> . i?ring the price it would if pio
?? -j abundant. All the Loco-foco papers
ue ringing the changes against the banks and
the speculators, because the price of wheat
aiul flour is kept up. Now if the bauka are
instrumental in securing a good price for
wheat, hare our farmers, who raise that arti
cle for the market, any reason to complain ?
The answer is no; and if the banks help the
farming interest,' I hey are beneficial to the
whole community?always excepting the sha
vers, lawyers and sheriffs, who prosper n>oat
when the rest of innukind suffer: for the
prosperity of every other calling depends en
tirely upon the success of tbe farmer.
As an evidence of the feeling of the Ix?co
foco papers, we copy an article below from
the Ontario Messenger, a paper of that school,
and which has dcclarcd the question now be
fore the people to be " Banks or no Banks."
The Messenger is for the entire destruction
of all banks. The article is prefixed to a
statement from another print, that a Mr. Sin
clair had been robbed of some 60 thousand
dollars, which he had obtained in small sums
from several banks, and with which lie was
proceeding west for the purchase of wheat.?
The I joco-foco editor of the Messenger seems
to think, that the people will have but little
charity for the banks, in consequence of the
" exorbitant price of wheat and ffour for the
last 12 months;"?in other words, because
the banks have enabled the farmers to get
good prices for their crops. Now wc enter
tain entirely the contrary opinion. What
would the 1 joco-focos have the banks do with
tboir monev ? Would they have thein hoard
it awav, whilst the shavers and those who had
money independent of the banks were preying
upoa the whole community, and extorting the
produce of the country from the farmer at half
price ? That is the Loco-foco game undoubt
edly ; and they are such short-sighted simple
tons as to imagine, really, that they can enlist
the farmers in their wild scheme of ripping ^
up the geese that have been laying us golden
Great efforts have been made to excite the
prejudices of the .farmers against the bauks,
by the office-seekers and politicians of the
lioco-foco school, but we shall lay it down as
a principle to which we, shall embrace fre
quent occasion to recur, that no two classes
in the whole community have such a close
identity of interests as the banks and the
farmers. The farmers give the best circula
tion to the issuoa of tho banks, and lh? banks
furnish the means for the purchase of produce
at tho highest prices. The fact is about to
be tested. The revulsions in the commercial
world, and the restrictions imposed upon the
banks by tho suspension act, have reduced
the amount of bank circulation far below the
wants of the community. The consequences
are seen in the depression of prices for every
thing except wheat and flour. Wool is mere
ly nominal at half last year's rates. ? Barley
will bring, probably, 44 to 50 cents?oals 25
to 31 cents?corn a little better, because the
corn will not be heavy?butter, beef and pork,
much less than last year. As a natural con
sequence, farming lands will depreciate ; in
deed, there is no sale for farms at present, be
cause nobody has tho means to buy, and
owners of land are not willing to sell yet at a
sacrifice. All this, in a great measure, is to
be attributed to the want of bank circulation ;
and if the Loco-foco war against the banks is
to be waged with success, the consequence to
the whole farming interest would be frightful.
But we do not believe that the true tendency
of the doctrines of that party can be much
longer misunderstood. A little experience
will set us all right upon the subject; and
then the dark cloud of Loco-focoism, which
now lowers upon the land, will be dissipated,
and the bright beams of the sun of prosperity
will again gladden tho hearts of all who do
not thrive, or are elevated, by the distresses
of the mass of the people.
From the iVeu> York Timet.
Washington, Sept. 12th, 1837.
GentlemenDoth House# of Congrcs adjourned
this morning without discussing any measure of import
ance. I |>erceivc thai the correspondent of the Courier
and Enquirer, attributes to Mr. Bronaon, of our State,
an effort to indirectly further the election of Mr. Blair,
as Printer, by offering a resolution' to postpone I he con
sideration of the subject for a few days Those who
know tho course Mr. Branson has pursued, snd the in
dependent stand he has assumed in support of conserva
tive principles, need not be informed that he is the last
individual in the House, who would cover his real de
signs under any disguise whatever. The truth is, that
the friends of Messrs Blair and Rivea, inado an appeal
to the patriotism of the conservatives, suggesting that
the business of the session was likely to be delayed for
weeks by a protracted balloting for Printer, and tho
friends of Mr. Allen were willing to temporarily waive
the Consideration of the subject, if iu making the at
tempt, it was evident that time would thus be saved. In
pursuance of this praiseworthy concession Mr. Bronson
offered the resolution of postponement, but soon per
ceived tliat it was little calculated to expedite the public
business. When convinced of the fsct, Mr Bronson,
united with his friends in again urging the claims of the
% ' ior of the Msdisonian, wnich resulted in his election.
Tli# democratic party in New York, may real assured
that there ia little fear of the jtasssge of any new and
dsngeroua financial schemes, when such men as Bran
son, Clarke, Foster, and othera of our State ; Gadaus,
I'atten, and their conservative colleaguea from V irgiina;
May, and his democratic associates from Illinois; I*e
gsre of South Carolina, and tnany other democratic re
publicans from other |>ortion? of the Union, whosisseni
from the President as to the expediency of adopting the
Treasury scheme, at this inauspicious period, are at
The Prksiukmt's Mbssaob, which occupies a top*
portion of our paper to-day, for talent and ability, ia such
s one ss might be expected from the distinguished indt
ridusl whom the peojde have called to fill the Execu
tive Chair of the nation, and is certainly nol behind any
similsr document of his predecessors. The matters to
which he calls the attention of Congress, are discussed
in a forcible and lucid manner, and hie own views ex
pressed with a fearlessness which must command the
respect of tho* who do not agree with bim in all hie
propositions. Although in some of the measures re
commended he may differ in opinion with some of his
republican friends, yet wc doubt not tbey will award to
hnn the credit of honestly expressing bis opinions, snd
that they will give his recommendations the considera
tion to which their source entitles them ?Ottrtgo Fal