EDITOR 4MB P?or?IETO?.
The M4D..OKUH ? publ.^J Tri weekly during the
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rKICB or 1DV**TI?IN0.
Twelve lines, or less, three insertion*, . - 81 00
Each additional insertion, -
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A liberal discount made to those who advertise by
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banks. potUg* P*"t. ?' our fwl11 provided it ahall ap
pear by a postmaster's certificate, that such remittance
has been duly mailed. , ,
\ liberal discount will be made to companies ol five
or 'more transmitting their subscriptions together.
Postmaster*, and others authorized, acting a* our
??ents will be entitled to receive a copy of the paj?cr
tan, for every five .uUcribers or, at that rate per cent,
on subscription* generally ; the terms being fulfilled.
Letter* and communication* intended for the esta
blishment will not be received unle** the p?*tagt t*
Tit* MaDWONU* will be devoted to the support ol
the principles and doctrines of the democratic party, as
delineated by Mr Madison, and will aim to consummate
that iMjhtirai reform in the theory and practice of the
national government, which has been repeatedly indi
cated by the general sufferage, as asseiitml to the peace
and prosperity of the country, and to the perfection and
perpetuity of its free institutions At this time a singu
lar stale of affairs is presented, 'ihe commercial in
terests of the country are overwhelmed with embarrass
ment ; it* monetary concerns arc unusually disordered ;
every ramification of society is invaded by distress, and
the social edifice seems threatened w ith disorganization;
every eari?rftU?d with predictions of evil and the mur
muring# of despondency ; tho general government is
boldly?assailed by a large and respectable jiortion of the
people, as the direct cause of their difficulties; open
resistance to the laws is publicly encouraged, and a
spirit of insubordination is fostered, as a necessary
defence to the pretended usurpations of the party in
power; some, from whom belter things were hoped, are
making tho "contusion worse confounded," by ahead
long pursuit of extreme notion* and indefinite phantoms,
totally incompatible with a wholesome state of the
country. In the midst of all these difficulties and em
barrassments, it is feared that many ot the less firm of
the friends of the administration and supporters of
democratic principles are wavering in their confidence,
and beginning, without" just cause, to view with distrust
those men to whom they have been long attached, and
whose elevation they have laboured to promote from
honest and patriotic motive*. Exulting in the anticipa
tion of dismay and confusion amongst the supporters of
the administration as the consequence of these things,
the opposition are consoling themselves with the idea
that Mr. Van Buren's friends, as a national parly, are
verging to dissolution ; and they allow no opportunity to
pass unimproved to give eclat to their own doctrines.
They are, indeed, maturing plans for their own future
government of the country, with seeming confidence of
This confidence is increased by the fact, thst visionary
theories, and an unwise adherence to the plan for an
ticluitne metallic currency have unfortunately carried
some beyond the actual and true policy of the govern
ment ; and, by impairing public confidence in the credit
system, which ought to be preserved and regulated, but
not destroyed, have tended to increase the difficulties
under which the country is now labouring. All these
seem to indicate the necessity of a new organ at the
seat of government, to be established upon sound prin
ciples, and to represent faithfully, and not to dicta'e, the
real policy of the administration, and the true sentiments,
measures, and interests, of the great body of its sup
porters. The necessity also appears of the adoption of
more conservative principles than the conduct of those
seems to indicate who seek to femedy abuses' by de
stroying the institutions with which they are found con
nected. Indeed some measure of contribution is deemed
essential to the enhancement of our own self-respect at
home, and to the promotion of the honor and credit of
the nation abroad.
To meet these indications this undertaking has lieen
instituted, and it is hoped that it will produce the effect
of inspiring tho timid with courage, the desponding with
hope, and the whole country with confidence in the
administration of its government. In this view, this
journal will not seek to lead, or to follow any faction, or
to advocate the views of any particular detachment of
men.* It will aspire to accord a just measure of sup
port to each of the co-ordinate branches of the govern
ment, in tho lawful exercise of their constitutional
prerogatives. It will address itself to the understandings
of men, rather than appeal to any unworthy prejudices
or evil passions. It will rely Invariably upon the prin
ciple, that the strength and security of American insti
tutions depend upon the intelligence and virtue of the
The Madisoni'an will not, in any event, be made the
instrument of arraying the north and the south, the east
and the west, in hostile altitudes towards each other,
upon any subject of either general or local interest. It
will reflect only that spirit and those principles of mutual
concession, compromise, and reciprocal good-will, which
so eminently characterized the inception, formation, and
subsequent adoption, by the several States, of the con
stitution of the United States. Moreover, in the same
hallowed spirit that has, at all periods since the adoption
of that sacred instrument, characterized its defence
by the people, our press will hasten to its support at
every emergency that shall arise, from whatever quarter,
and under whatever guise of philanthropy, policy, or
principle, the antagonist power inay appear.
If, in this responsible undertaking, it shall be our
good fortune to succeed to any degree in promoting the
harmony and prosperity of tho country, or m conciliating
jealousies, and allaying the asperities of party warfare,
by demeaning ourself amicably towards ail; by indulg
ing personal animosities towards none; by conducting
ourself in the belief that it is perfectly practicable to
differ with other* in matters of principle and of expe
diency, wilhout a mixture of personal unkindness or loss
of reciprocal respect; and by " asking nothing that is
not clearly right, and submitting to nothing that is
wrong," then, and not otherwise, will the full measure
of its intention be accomplished, and our primary rule
for its guidance be sufficiently observed and satisfied.
This enterprize has not been undertaken without the
approbation, advisement, and pledged support of many
of the leading and soundest minds in the ranks of the
deinocractic republican party, in the extreme north and
in the extreme south, in the east and in the west. An
association of both political experience and talent of the
highest order will render it competent to carry forward
the principles by which it will be guided, and make it
useful as a political organ, and interesting as a journal
of news. Arrangements also have been made to fix the
establishment upon a substantial and permanent basis.
The subscriber, therefore, relies upon tho public for so
much of their confidence and encouragement only as the
fidelity of his press to their great national interests shall
prove itself entitled to rcceive.
Washington City, D. C. July, 1837
THE New York and Boston Illinois Land Company
will offer at public auction at their office in the town
of Ijuincy, Adams County. Illinois, on Monday the U7th
day of November next, 100,(XX) acres of their Lands situ
ated in the Military Tract in said State.
Lists of the lands may lie had at ihe office of said Com
pany in Qinncy and at 44 Wall Street, New York.
A minimum price will be affixed to each lot at tho time
it is offered.
JOHN TILLSON, Jr.
Agent for the N. Y At B. III. L Co.
Aug. 25, 1837.
PRINTING PAPER, with or without sizinir. of all
qualities, made at the Saugerties Mill, Ulster County,
New York. Orders will be promptly attended to if ad
dressed tothe Ajent. WILLIAM BRADFORD, No. 16
Spruce street, New York.
HENRY BARCLAY, Proprietor.
Sept. 2. 2w0
G1 LOVES, SUSPENDERS. STOCKS. WOOLLEN
T SHIRTS, AND DRAWERS. ? We have to-day
30 do*. Suspenders, liest kind.
50 <!o. superior Gloves.
SO (lb. Stocks, best make.
50 pieces Silk Pocket Handkerchiefs.
SO dozen Gentlemen'* Ribbed VVnotion Drawers.
50 do. ? do. do. do. Shirts.
6 do. Raw Silk Shirts.
50 pieces Irish Linens.
200 dp. Sea Island Cotton Shirtin**.
BRADLEY 6l CATI.ETT.
Sept. 8. 3taw2w8
THE MADISON IAN.
VOL.1. WASHINGTON CITY, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1837. NO. 18.
HTOVEH! STOVES I ANI) (iRATEN.
I HA VE just received from tho North a venr large sup
ply of Stow*, Gratea, and double Block Tin Ware?
(lofftw Biggins, Dressing Bmos, <Scu. 1 have Stove* of
almost nil kinds, suitable for mkxW or coal. In thr first
place, I l??ve the Rotary Cooking Sloven of all the differ
eat sises, No. 0, I, 8, and 3. Ten Plate Stove* of all the
different ami's, Loth lor cooking and plain. Franklin
Stoves of all the different ?ice*. I hate rami) very splen
did Parlor Su?vos for burning uwod or loam. Coal Stovca
of all sites. Dr. Spoor'* Coal Stove*, fancy and plain
top*, from No. 1 to 5. Coal Stove* of other kind*. Dr.
Spoor's Coal Stoves and the Globe Stoves-are most suit
able for Public offices, large hulls, churche*, stores, awl
steaintioals, or any apartment where you wish a strong
heat. In fact I have Stoves that will heat any place, either
with wood or coal. I have the latest fashion Mantle
Orate*, both low and lnuh fronts, very cheap?and if 1
have not a pattern of (irate on hand that will suit, I can
make it at the shortest notice, to suit any fancy. I am
fully prepared to do any kind of Tin, Copper, Sheet Iron,
Stove, Grate, Lead or Zinc work, at the shortest notice.
Any person or persons buying Stoves or Grates from the
subscriber, or any other thing in his line, will have them
sent home in good order, free of any extra charge. Stoves
will be put up ready for use, free of any extra charge.
All the aliove articles will be sold very low, and all or
ders thankfully received and punctually attended to, with
despatch, as I -"hall hive a numlicr of first rate workmen.
Five doors Enat of D. Clsirett's Dry Good Store, next
door to E. Dyer's Auction Store, Penn A v.
Sept. 0. (Intel, and Globe.) 3t8
BANK OF WA8H1NCJTON.
39th August, 1837.
AT the regular meeting of the lloanl this day, present,
the President and nine of the Directors, it was una
Kr?olved, 1st. That on and after the first of September
next the notes of this Bank be redeemed iu specie.
2d. That all deposites remaining undrawn, (the same
having nearly all been received since the suspension of
specie payments,) and all future deposit en, other than
such as may b? made in specie, and be at,the time so en
tered, lie payable iu notes current in the District of Co
3d. That all collections for Banks and individuals, and
all curtuils. be received in notes current as atiovo ; and
thut all sums so collected be paid in like funds.
W. GUNTON, President.
JAS. ADAMS, Cashier. Cteodfl
/CONGRESSIONAL DOCUMENTS, JOURNALS,
KJ LAWS, AND DEBATES.?GEORGE TEM
PLEMAN has for sale at his Book and Stationary Store,
opposite the General Post Office, all the Journals of Con
gress, from 1771 to 1 H;17. (inlc* and Seaton's American
State Papers in 21 folio vols , from the first to the 21th
Congress inclusive, or from 1789 to 1823.
The Regular Series of Documents in royal 8 vo. vol
umes, as published each Session, from the IHth to the
84th Congress inclusive, or from 1823 to 1837. The Laws
of Congress, in 8 vols, containing the Laws from the first
to the 22d Congress inclusive, or from 1789 to 4th ol
March, 1833 ; the seiies is made complete to the 4th of
March, 1837, by the namphlet Laws of the 23d and 24th
Congress. This is the edition used by Congress and the
Story's Laws of the United States, in 4 vols, from 1789
to 4th of March, 1837. The 4th vol. contains an index to
the four volumes.
The pamphlet or Session Laws of the United States
from the 5th to the 24th Conrgess inclusive, or from 1797
to 1837. Any separate pamphlets can be furnished.
Gales and Seaton's Register of Debates in Congress.
All Documents on Foreign Relations; Finance, Com
merce, and Navigation ; Internal Improvement; Military
and Naval Affairs ; Indian Affairs ; rublic Lands, and on
Claims of every description can be furnished separately
Also, for sale as above, a large collection of files >
Newspapers published in Washington, and some of tin
principal.cities in the United States.
Aug. 23. tf3
MRS. TAYLOR can accommodate Members of Con
gress, or other gentlemen, either with or without
families, at her house, pleasantly situated, near the north
east corner of 10th ami E street; being froin thence an
agreeable walk to the Capital or to the public Depart
Aug. 30. tf5
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS?We have for
50 pieces ingrain carpeting, which we will sell low.
50 do Brussels.
62 do 5-4, 6-4, 10-4, and 12-4 Linen Sheetings.
100 do , 7-4, 8-4 Barnsly Diapers.
8-4, 10-4 and 20-4 fine Table Clotlis.
Napkins to match.
1 bale Russia Diaper.
1 bale w ide Crash.
Also, 50 Marseilles Quilts.
BRADLEY & CATLETT.
WK have for sale, which we will have made up in the
20 pieces super, black Cloth*.
100 do ribbed and plain Cassimeres.
20 do plain and figured velvet Vestings.
50 do colored and black Silk Vestings.
BRADLEY & CATLETT.
E HAVE FOR SALE?
100 pieces tllack Silks, superior make
50 do Figured Blue Black do
150 do Colored Figured Silks
100 do Plain do
The aliove will be sold low.
SAMUEL HEINECKE informs his friends and the
public, that he has taken a room four doors north ol
Doctor Gunton's apothecary store, on ninth street, where
he w ill carry on hi* business. He feels confident, from
hi* lone; experience in cutting all kinds of garment*, that
general satisfaction will be given to such as may favor
nim with their custom. sep 23 3ta\v3w
PHRENOLOGY.?The subscriber has taken an office
for a few days, in Elliot's buildings, near the Native
American Hotel, where he will make examinations and
give instructions in the Science of Phrenology.
All who may wish to put this science, which tcaches
that the charactcr and talents of persons are indicated by
the form and size of the head, to the searching test of
practical experiment, or to obtain correct and minute de
scriptions of their own characters, are invited to cull.
Each examination will be accompanied by nn extensive
work upon the subject, presenting a full view of Phreno
logy and also preserving the description given.
K7lndividuals will lie waited upon at his office, and
select parties and families at their dwellings.
15 AL0N70 BARTLETT.
PENSION ET ECOLE FRANCAISE ET AN
GLAISE.?Madame DORM AN has re-open her
French anil English' Boarding anil Day School. She
teaches herself the French school, and a very competent
young lady from New York teuches the English school?
situate on loth street, four doors from the Avenue,
CONFERENCES AND CONVERSATIONS IN FRENCH.
Madame Dorhan will devote three hours in the even
ing to Conferences and Conversations in French, for the
improvement of I.idles of mature years, and of young
lauies who study or have studied this language, as it is the
best way to remove and prevent the objections that those
who have learned this language by study are seldom able
to converse it. At the North, Conferences and Conversa
tion rooms, such as Madame Dorman proposes, are always
crowded; this manner of instruction being both pleasing
Ladies wishing to attend them will please apply to
Sept. 12. 2aw3wll
THE 8UBSCRH1ER Wishes to procure a Lot-of
ground of about 20 or 25 acres, intended for Wheat
or Rye, this season, as near the Capitol as possible; for
the purjioso of exhibiting during the present session of
Congress, his Patent, Revolving Harrow, Ate. As a proof
of the superiority of this implement over the common drag
harrow lor pulverizing the soil, and the destruction of
weeds, he is willing to take one half of the field w ith three
good horses, to be worked abreast by one man,against six
common drag harrows, each two horses and one man ; in
doing which, ho pledges himself, that the earth shall lie
put in .as good, il not better order in the same space of
time, which may l?e required with the six common harrows.
After the work is done, disinterested judges will he se
lected on the spot to examine the same with a four pronged
fork or rake, to enable them to decide correctly which of
the implements is !>ost calculated for preparing the soil
for the reception of the vrain. And as a further proof of
the \altio and superiority of his Rotary Harrow, the grain
will lie turned in by it on one-half of the field, and the
other halt in the usual way by the drag harrow. "When the
grain is reaped, threshed and measured, he does not hesi
tate to insure an increase in the crop of 10 per ccnt., over
that halt w hich may be cultivated by the common harrow.
Where farmers arc in the habit of ploughing in their grain,
he will take 5 pecks to the acre, and produce 10 per cent,
more by Rotary'Harrow, than 6 pecks turned in with the
J.YME3 D WOODSIDE,
Near the West Market.
SeptlG Wafhinglon, D. C.
We have* seldom read a more interesting
account illustrative of the enterprise and de
termination which belongs to the Yankee
character, than is given in the following
From the Ptvria (IlUmnt) Rtfiilrr of Augtul 13.
OLD HAMit'HVIKTTI FOItKVER.
An immigrantfrom Massachusetts, of middle
age, and very respectable appearance, stepped
into our office accompanied by his son, about
nine years old, on Monday. We learned
from him that he had arrived in our country
about a month ago, after one of tho most ad
venturous overland journeys ever undertaken.
We hope to obtain from him a full account of
his tour, and in the mean time present our
readers with the following brief outline :
His name is Isaac II. Pratt, of Middle
borough, Plymouth county, Massachusetts,
and a ship carpenter by occupation. Having
a family of 6 or 8 children, dependant solely
upon his daily labor, and being with hundreds
of others, thrown out of employ by the pros
tration of business in New England, in May
he formed tho design of taking his two eldest
boys and setting olf for this country on foot.
With him to design was to execute. Placing
his wife and youngest children with a relation,
he started on tho 18th of May, with his sons,
one aged 9 and the other 6, without a cent of
money in his pocket, and no other avuilubles
than a knapsack of clothes and provisions,
and a carpenter's steel square.
The first day he entered Rhode Island,
where he sold his square for a quarter-dollar
and four-pence ha'penny, (31 cents) which
procured them something to eat and lodging.
The next day, alter reaching 25 miles by tho
middle of tho afternoon, they stopped at a
farm house, where Mr. I'ratt inquired if " they
didn't want some odd jobs of carpentering
done?shelves put up?windows tighten
ed or loose nod?doors hung or repaired
hen coops made?roof? mended?a?y thing
in his line to pay for staying over night ?"
" Certainly," was' the reply, " come in and
we'll sot you to work." ? So well satisfied
was tho farmer with his services, that on
parting early next morning, he filled his knap
sack with provisions to last through the day.
The afternoon ho stopped in like mai.ner and
met with the same reception?and thus he
continued all tho way to Buffalo on Lake
Erie.?Sometime, in rainy weather, he wonld
remain a day with his host, and on two or
three occasions received a few shillings
for his work ; but the whole amount added
to.n tii r of. the money that came into his
hands up to the time of his arrival at
Chicago, did not amount to five dollars On
reaching the Erio canal ho endeavored to
work a passage for his boys by driving the
horses himself; but finding that this would
not keep him in food, he left the canal, and
resumed tho pedestrian journey. On arriving
at Buffalo, his offer to work his passage to
Detroit was readily accepted ; and-upon land
ing at the latter place, each resumed his tramp
with great cheerfulness.
In passing over the prairies of Michigan,
they one day attracted the notice of a com
pany of stage passengers, who insisted upon
giving the bovs a lift, and accordingly took
them~on ten niiles to the dining house, where
they also gave them their dinner, and made
up for them a contribution of 02 1-2 ceiits.
Finding laborers in great demand in this
State, our accommodating pedestrian worked
one day in the prairies at mowing, for which
he got" one dollar and sixty cents, and on
another day, though anxious to " get on," he
stopped to lay a barn floor.?Yet all his re
ceipts up to his entering Chicago, as before
stated, did not amount to fivo dollars. At
Chicago he worked a week, by which his
purse was so far replenished as to enable him
to reach here much richer than he left Massa
He arrived at Peoria on the 15th of July,
having walked with his boys upwards of 1000
miles, without once appealing to the sympa
thies of the benevolent for a shilling, and
accepting nothing, save his acquiescence in
the stage contribution to his boys, without
rendering what was deemed a fair equivalent.
Like a genuine son of the pilgrims, he has
too much thrift to sponge, and too much in
dependence to ask or accept a favor. On tho
dav of .his arrival he was surprised to see in
our streets an old Middleborough townsman,
Mr. Brooks, of the firm of Brooks & Cogs
well, merchants. The latter, on hearing his
adventures, said " boys who had travelled so
well as they had done, deserved something,"
and taking them into his store, presented them
with a suit of clothes cach.
Soon after his arrival, Mr. Pratt said he
must go anil look at the country and take up
a claim. So he started olf, taking his boys
with him, for the Kickapoo track. Here he
acknowledges himself under many obligations
to Clarke 1). Powell, Esq. for his kindness
in showing him the country, and his advice
as to his future operations. He thinks, in
pursuance of his advice, of buying a claim
near Charleston, 16 miles west of here, and
another for his brother in the same neighbor
hood. lie is offered a quarter section of
prairie, with a quarter of timber half a mile
from it for one hundred dollars. He has
seven brothers, all of whom are inclined to
come here, and only wait for his report of the
country to make up their minds on the sub
ORIGIN OP YASKEK DOODLE.
From Judge Martin's History of North Ca
rolina, what follows is taken :
In tho attacks mado against the French
posts in America, in 1755, those against
Niagara and Frontenac, were made by CJo
vernor Shirly, of Massachusetts, and General
Johnson, of the State of New York.
Their army, during the summer, lay on the
eastern bank of the Hudson, a little South ol
the city of A lbany. 1 n the early part of June,
the troops of the easti rn provinces began to
pour in, company after company, and such
an assembly of men nc.ver before thronged
together on such nn occasion, unless an ex
ample may be found .in the ragged regiment
of Sir John Falstaff. It would have relaxed
the gravity of an anchorite to see the de
1 scendants of the Puritans marching through
the streets of that ancient city, and take their
station on tho left of tho British army, some
with long coats and others with no coats at
all, and with colors as various as the rainl>ow
?some with their hair cropped like the army
of Cromwell, and others with wigs, the locks
of which flouted with grace around their
shoulders. Their march, their accoutrements,
and the whole arrangement of the troops,
furnished matter of amusement to the British
army. The music played the airs ol two
centuries ago, and the lout enaemble, upon the
whole, exhibited a sight to the wondering
strangers, to whice they had been entirely
Among the club of wits that belonged to
the British army, there was a Doctor Shack
burn attached to the stall*, who combined with
hi* knowledge of surgery the skill and talents
of a musician. To please the new comers,
he composed a tuue, and with much gravity
recommended it to the officers, as one of the
most celebrated airs of martial music 1 lie
joke took, to the no small amusement of the
British. Brother Jonathan exclaimed it was
nation liue, and in a few days nothing was
heard in the provincial camp but the air of
Little did the author, in his composition,
then suppose that an air, made lor the pur
pose of levity and ridicule, should be marked
for such high destinies, in 20 years from
that time, the national march inspired the
heroes of Bunker's IIill, and in less than 30,
Lord Cornwallis and his army marched into
the American lines to the tune of Yankee
COIiOSSAL STEAM BOAT.
An immense steam boat upwards of 200
feet long, was lately launched at Bristol, for
plying between England and America; but
the one now building at Curling Si Co.'s
Lirnehouse, for the American Steam Naviga
tion company, surpasses any thing of the
kind hitherto made. She is to be named
after our Queen, the Victoria, will cost front
i,'NO,000, to ? 100,000, has about 150 men
now employed daily on her, and is expected
to be finished in November next. The ex
treme length is about 253 feet, but tfhe is
237 feet between the perpendiculars, 40 one
third feet beam between the paddle boxes,
and 27 feet 1 inch deep, from the floor to the
under side of the spar deck. The engines
are two of 250 horse power each, 0 feet 4
inch cylinders, and 7 leet stroke. 1 hey are
to be fitted with Hull's patent condensers, in
addition to the common ones. She displaces,
at 16 feet deep, 2740 tons of water; her
computed tonage is 1800 tons. At the water
line every additional inch displaces 18 1-2 tons.
The average speed is expected at 200 nauti
cal miles per day, and consumption of coal
30 tons. The best Welsh coal is to be used.
It is calculated she will make the outward
voyage to New York in 18 days, and the
homeward in 12, consuming 540 tons of coal
out, and 300 home. Expectation is on the
tiptoe for the first voyage of this gigantic
steam boat, along side of which other steam
boats look like little fishing boats.?Railway
EMIGRATION TO TEXAS.
According to a paragranh in the Memphis
(Tcnn.) Enquirer, emigration to Texas is
going forgard on a large scale. I he editor
says :?" There is scarce elbow-room left in
our streets and highways leading into town
on account of the constant pouring in of horses
and wagons, and the helter-skelter melee of
emigrating paraphanalia. Several hundred
families must have crossed the Mississippi at
I this point on their way to the promised land
within the last six weeks ; and the rush is
still onward. We almost fear for the popula
tion of East Tennessee; for not a waggon
passes but some dozen chiels belonging to it,
pok? their flaxen heads through the holes ol
From the York (Prnn.) Gazttte.
WALTER KRASKLIH, ESQ.
Tie friends of this gentleman?and wher
ever le is known, they are numerous indeed
fed the highest degree of gratification at
the urge majority ^vith which he was re
elected Clerk of the United States' House of
Representatives. The large number of votes
he received independent of those cast lor
him by his own party, affords honorable
testinony that in public life he is a talented
and efficient officer, as in private life he is
amiable, liberal and generous, and is richly
endowed with the social virtues that character
ise the zealous friend, the public spirited
citizen, and the true and open hearted gentle
The Duchess of St. Albans, originally Miss
Mel on, afterward Mrs. Coutts, has departed
this life. Her disorder was a paralysis ol the
limbs. She bequeathed to her lord, the duke,
10,(00 poonds per annum, and the bulk of
her property to the youngest daughter ol Sir
From a Rochester paper.
Wonderful Discovery.?The excavations for the
Gfinfcsscc Canal, in thin city, have unveiled aomc inte
resting animal remains, respecting which a friend hss
handtd us the following memorandum :
Remains of the Matladon have been discovered in
dimrina tile Rochester and Oleon Canal, in this city, at
the intersection of Canal and Caladonia streets, about
four feet Mow the surfaco of the ground? imbedcd in
? well defined deposit of diluvian, impregnated with
iron. The only remains preserved are two of the short
r,K about four feet long, a bone supposed to be one of
the lower bonea of a fore leg, and fragments of an im
mense tusk The workmen deseribe the tusk to have
been as large as a man's body, and some ten or twelve
feet long?it was mistaken by thotn for a log, and broken
to pieces?onW twelve or fourteen inches of the pom
escaped fracture?the rest was broken to picccs, and
most of it, together with other part* of the skeleton,
were thrown out and buried in the earth excavated from
the canal. The picccs of the tusk preserved, exhibit
the texture of ivory as distinctly as an ivory comb, and
retain their original whiteness. The ribs arc in a state
of porfect preservation.
Probably the entire skeleton was deposited in or near
the place where the remains were found, and more may
vet be discovered Geologists assign a remote origin
io these and similar remains, supposing them to have
been buried in their present situations by the universal
deluge, at which time the animals themselves are sup
posed to have become extinct.
K'F.r.PS?K?s"?Few things in this weary world arc so
delightful as keepsakes. Nor do they ever, to, m,heart,
ol least, nor my eyes, lose their tender, u i | . .
charms. How slight, how small, how tiny a
saves a beloved one from oblivion ; worn on th.t ger.
or close to the heart, especially if l?uchlove, o, b.
dead No thought is so insupportable as that ofentu?
total, blank forgctfulness, when the creature that on
laughed and sung, and wrpt with us close to ou-arte,
in our arms, ss if her smiles, her tears, her k s.es had
never been She and them arc swallowed up in the
dark nothingness of the dust.
The Madisonian, at Washington, professes to b? ?
supporter of the Administration, and yt ;?r?n
opposing the President s Message. Mow is this mcon
Mstency to be reconciled ??I trginw hrpu t
By reconciling the statement to tlie far/
POLITIC A L.
THE POLICY OP TUB ADMIMIHTHATIOW.
The " suspension law," passed by the legisla
ture of this state, had been so severely assail
ed by the loco focos, and by their aiders and
aliettors, and Governor Marcy, and every
other prominent individual who had either
assisted in, or approved the passage of that
law, had been so grossly abused by the same
enlightened aud consistent politicians, that it
was hardly to be expected that the general
administration would have pursued the same
wise vourse, if, as alleged, it was their inten
tion to uphold the wild notions of loco loco
ism. They have fully vindicated themselves
from even the suspicion of such an intention,
though so frequently imputed to them. The
honorable Silas Wright, who is looked upon
as doing nothing at variance with the policy
of the administration, has presented " a tSus
pension BtU" in the Senate, and Mr. Cambre
leng has introduced a similar bill in the
House of Representatives. The first and
second sections of the bill are given below.
The third and last section is to suppress the
circulation of small notes in the District ol
Columbia, and is not pertinent to the present
\ BII.L to revoke the charters of such hank*, in the
District of Columbia, as shall not resume spccie
payments within a limited liinc, and to suppress the
circulation of small notes therein.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives of the United States of America in Congress
assembled. That all penalties imjwscd on the banks in
the District of Columbia, by their charters, or other
wise, for a suspension of specie payments, be remitted :
Provided, They resume specie payments for all their
bills under ten dollars within sixty days, and of all others
within six months from the passing of this act: And
provided, also, That the said banks, within thirty days
from the passing of this act, shall cease to pay out the
notes, bills, or obligations of any corporation, company,
or individual, which shall not redeem the Mine, on de
mand, in specie : And provided, further, 1 hat the said
banks shall forthwith cease to receive in payment, or on
deposite, or to pay out, any note, hill, or obligation,
issued bv any other bank, or by any corporation, com
Kiny, or individual, of a less denomination than five dol
Sec 3. And be it further enacted, That if any of
said banks shall fail to comply with the conditions spe
cified in the foregoing scction of this act, tne chwWrs
thereof shall be revoked ; and it shall be the duty of the
Secretary of the Treasury to appoint three commission
ers for liquidating and settling the accounts and afla.rs
thereof, and such prosecutions shall be instituted by the
District Attorney of this District, for any violation of
their obligations to the government and the community,
as the facts and the law applicable to the case may ren
der proper, beyond what is contained in the provisions
less. That the remedies against said banks, fiwtoew
liabilities and debts, given in their charters, shall remain
in full force and effect against the property, money, cre
dits, and effects thereof, in the hands of the commis
sioners appointed to liquidate their affairs.
? A rose by any other name will smell as
sweet" And designate the foregoing bill as
you may?call it as Mr. Wright and Mr.
Cambreieng have done, " A bill to revoke the
charters of such bunks in the District of Co
lumbia as shall not resume specie payments
within a limited time,"?it is, and ever will
remain, " a suspension law" still. Its lead
ing features, and its fundamental principles
are identically the same with those
by the legislature of this state. Some of the
details of the latter differ from this bill, but
the principle involved is the continuation ol
the banks in existence after their charters
would have become forfeited by the suspen
sion of specie payments ; and it matter.not
so far as that has been called a violation of
principle, whether the continuation is for one
year, six months, one month, or even one day.
Hut even if it did, the expediency involved in
the time designated in each bill is much he
same The twelve months granted by the
state of New York in May, and the six
months proposed to be granted by Congress
in September, when the banks in both cases
suspended at the same period, makes the
time granted to each nearly the same. Ana
again, it postpones, in both instances, further
action in the matter until the respective legis
latures are again in session. Here isanother
opportunity for the loco focos, and then- aid
ers and abetters, to give vent to their ebulient
feelings of indignation, and to denounce the
general administration, as they have hereto
fore done the state authorities. Is stronger
cvidenco needed of the desire of the genera
administration for "a well regulatedI credi
system?" of their desire to loster and cherish .
-1" to preserve and regulate, but not destroy'
?and of their determination not to counte
nance the wild schemes of loco focoism which
are, first prostration, and then annihilation! ?
N. Y. Times.
A Question asked and answereo.?? rbc
following article appears in the 1 hiladelphi
United States Gazette.
" To Judge Cooper.
" Sometime since, appeared in several of
the newspapers, a statement said to have been
made by you to Alexander James Dallas, m
the correctness of which lie appeared to ac
quiesce, that a proposition had been made in
ihe Federal Convention, to engraft in the
Constitution, a clause empowering
to incorporate a bank (or banks) which had
been rejected. As this assertion ll general
ly credited, can scarcely fail to have a decided
influence on the decision of the ensuing Con
gress upon the measures to be adopted,
relieve the country from its present distress
in ?r situation, it ought, il correct, to be es
tablished to the public satisfaction, beyond all
doubt or controversy.
" You are therefore imperiously called
upon by duty to the public, either to state the
pUpJL. verbatim, if mch a
was made, referring to the page of the jour
nal ; if not, you are equally called upon to
acknowledge yotir error. X Y Z.
Editors of papers, friendly to the cause of
truth, are requested to copy the above for
The following extracts touch and answer
the oucstion : , .
<? \ power to grant charters of incorpora
tion was proposed in the General Conven
tion of 1787, and rejected.?Madison s speed
His known that the very power, now
proposed as a means, was rejected ^ ^
by the Convention which form* |o them
stitution. A proposition was m ^
,o authorize Congress to ^ ^ ^
an amendatory one to rcjectc(i . and
corporate. Hut the w in dehale wnB,
ZlV-oid"??'en have power to crect a
bank which would reader the great cities where
there were prejudice* and jealousies on that
subject adverse to the reception of the Con
stitution."?Jefferson * Official opinion in 1771.
Of the great meeting held at Tammany
Hall on Tuesday evening, the New York
It was, in all respects an overwhelming ex
pression of the views of the Democratic party
in this city. Every avenue to the old wig
wain was crowded with democrats anxious to
gain admittance ; and it is certain that several
thousand attended during the pendency of the
proceeding*. The resolutions, which will be
lound in our columns, were passed amid the
most animated cheering, and embody the
sentiments of the great majority of the old
fashioned democracy of this city.
Individuals who are only known as the
tools of demagogues and disorganize!*?who
are heard of only in times of internal coia
motion ?are unlit to legislate for a party
which they regard only as a stepping stone
on which they hope to mount into power.
11 nivcrsallv depending upon cabals for their
election, they uniformly act for their interests,
and in their eagerness u? serve them, lose
sight of the object for which thev are assem
bled, if indeed they ever had the power to
1 comprehend its importance. Under the
j guidance of such men, no party, however
strong in the outset, can long maintain its
ascendency?there is a deadly poison in their
very touch.?Eastern Argus.
From I he Ulster (>'. F.) Suit me 1.
The election in Maine, where a year ago, tho friends
' of the administration obtained a majority of about four
thousand, lias now goiit- in favor of ttie whigs Tho
whig candidates for Governor, Lieutenant Governor,
and two-thirds of the Legislature, arc elected by a de
To what is thu great change to be attributed ? The
pressure of the times has, undoubtedly, had its influence,
but the chief cause is?the countenance supposed to be
given by several highly distinguished republicans to loco
focoism Maine is a commercial state?her population
is enterprising and industrious?and her people have
hastily imbibed the impression, that the line is to bo
drawn between loco focoism (the bane ef trade and
commerce) and ichiuttm. And sooner than see their
business destroyed?their commerce ruined?their mer
chants bankrupted, many of them, from the belief that
things cannot be worse under a change of men, have
given their suffrages to the opposition.
We legret that any portion of republican* should
have done so. We regret that they should have acted
so precipitately?so unadvisedly. Locofocoism is bad
in the extreme ; and so is its opposite, whigism. Re
publicanism is not identified with either ol these ex
tremes. Loco focoism is founded upon nullification?
or rather upon destructive notions Whigiam has arisen
from consolidation doctrines; and has in view the
downfall of the state sovereignties, and the concentra
tion of all their powers ^n a strong national government.
Republicanism is based upon conservative principles,
and has for its object " the support of the state govern
ments in all their rights, as the most competent adminis
tration of our domestic concerns and " the preservation
of the general government in its whole constitutional vi
gor, as the sheet anchor of our peacc at home and safety
abroad." Republicans should ex^rt themselves to pre
serve the old and safe political landmarks?to sustain
state rights?to resist encroachments upon thein from
any quarter?to keep the powera of the general govern
ment within the present limits?and to check any inter
ference, either directly or tndtrtelly, with our state insti
tution*. This, they cannot do in the ranks of the whips,
any more than in the ranks of the loco focos. While
one of these parties would break down and destroy all
that is useful and valuable in our political system, tho
other would make it so strong that the democracy could
not govern it. While one would demolish credit, indus
try and enterprise, and convert their avails into com
mon stock for the benefit of the idle and the profligate,
tl.e other would cause all the blessings of government,
intended for the many, to flow to the advantage of the
few. While one would give the ascendancy in the
stale and union to ihe monocracy, the other would give
it to the aristocracy. While one has the entire destruc
tion of state banks, railroad and turnpike companies for
its end, the other has the creation of a monopolizing
national bank, if not a moneyed despotism, in view.?
Neither one of these extremes could prevail for any
length of time without the subjugation of the rights, the
interests and tho welfare of the great majority of the bu
siness men, the mechanics and farmers of the country.
Of these classes the republican party is mostly com
posed ; and to them we look for the maintenance of con
servative principles. They have heretofore held tho
destinies of the nation in their hands ; and although
they may occasionally, in tunes of excitement, lose a
portion of their power, they can regain it \vhenever they
chose with scarcely an effort.
Let republicans in New York and other States keep
the political ascendancy in their own hamls, and dis
countenance the doctrines of both the wings and the
loco focos. l?ct the great mass of the parly, whatever
ma\ be the errors of a few prominent men, pursue tho
old beaten track which has hitherto led them to prospe
rity? turning neither to the right hand nor to the left.?
And so long as our Legislative halls are tilled, as they
have been heretofore, with intelligent and patriotic men
from their ranks, no great permanent evil to the country
need be apprehended.
From the Water!nu n Eagle and Standard.
The Utica Democrat of the 29ih, throws oil' all dis
guise and boldly inculcates the doctrine that the posses
sion of property is attended with civil disabilities and
should operate as a bar to the right of citizenship. At
all events it assumes the position that those m posses
sion of a sncfiesof property?lands for instance?ought
not to hold any office, or have anv voice in the selection
of our public servants. This is genuine loco focoism.
Divest these new lights of their peculiar slang, bring
their principles to the touchstone of truth and they wifl
be found levellers?wanting the power only, to overturn
our civil and religious institutions and distribute the
spoils of industry and enterprise among their greedy ex
The immediate causo of the Democrat's breaking
cover, was the late republican convention at Hampton.
It has paraded the names of certain delegates with tho
amount or number of bank shares owned by each ; thus
laboring to throw odium ujion the delegates personally,
and to attach by implication, civil disabilities to the
owner* of bank stock. "Wo hold these truths to be
self evident," thut all property lawfully acquired, is
equally entitled to the protection of government, and
that in principle there is no difference, whether it con
sists in land, specie or bank stock.
Bv what authority do owners of real estate hold pos
session of their property, if not by law ! and in this re
spect what is the difference between a Deed for land or
Scrip for bank stock 1 Bank stock is created by the
solemn act of the legislature, and the possessor is pro
tected by law in his right",?as much so ss if he had
purchased lands directly from the state ; and in princi
ple the welfare against the right of individuals in in
corporated banks is as unjust as would be a warfare up
on our farmers for possessing farms. Tho faith of tho
state is pledged to protect all kinds of property equally,
and 110 property can be taken from individuals for any
purposes without the sanction of law. The loco focos
make no plea of public necessity ; they attack banks lie
cause their transactions are confined to money matters,
and because it is much easier to excite prejudice against
those 4ermed moneyed men, than against the cultivators
of the soil. But concede to them that banks are mo
nopolies because owned by s few, and they will next _
claim houses and lands because these are too extended
and those too large for individual possession In fact,
the warfare waged by the loco focos, is s war upon all
who constitute civilized society, i he principles they
advocate and the doctrines thev inculcate, are alike
dangerous to civil ?nd religious liberty and should be
What are 'he legitimate results Of loco foco doc
trines ? I<ct the flour mob at New York anawer the
question Was tho price of bread stuffs reduced in
conscqnence of a wanton destruction of some hundreds
of barrels sccumulated in a certain store house ' Were
the sufferings of the indigent in any respect diminished
in consequence of a practical demonstration of loco fo
coism ! Let common sense snswer the question. Wo
cannot forbear, however, to press upon our readers an
examination of the principles of these new lights?these
would-be reformers. Let every man who prizes Ameri
can liberty and American institutions, raise bis voice
against every attempt to icopwdize either, Let it be
borne in mind that those who war against property, are
prepared to war sgainat the civil power of the State
which guarantees its possession Of course such sre
revolutionists, enemies alike to the people, the go
vernment, and the principles of civil and religioua
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