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The Madisonian. (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1837-1845, November 10, 1837, Image 4

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We take the following urUcle from the Co
lumbia, (8. C.) Telescope, chiefly for the valuable
statistical information which it communicates.
I deny thai C<*gress has any auihorliy to legislate '
for or in favor of any distinct class in (he communi
ty, or to g>ve preferences and privileges to one por
tion of the community to the exclusion of the rest.
When the Constitution was passed, no one suspected
that the commerce of the country could or would be
embarrassed for want of a metallic currency suffi
cient to supply the public wants; nor did our ances
tors foresee the enormous extent of our domestic
and commercial dealings, which has forced upon the
public the "credit sysiem." and the paper negotia
tions inevitably springing lrom it. The liberal con
struction of the word currency, therefore, includes
the actual system which has been forced on the com
mercial world; and when Congress assumes the
constitutional power of regulating the currency, Ihey
must do so for the benefit of the whole people, and
not pass laws, which must necessarily in the actual
state of things, confer unjust and offensive privileges
on a favored few. How this is to be done our legis
lators must devise as well as they are able, it is a bu
siness they have undertaken, and which they are paid
for doing in the best way the circumstances will al
low. But they are the agents and servants of the
ptopU i convened to deviM remedies for the evils
under which the puliie labor. It is the people that
are sutler in# for want ol a currency sound and uni
form throughout the whole Union. Congress was
not called together to divide the currency of the coun
try into two parts, and to give cash to the officers of
Government, and suspicious paper to the people
whose labors are taxed to provide both the one and the
other.
The Administration has adopted and urges not
only tpe possibility but the necessity of conliuing the
currency to the precious metals. That many ol the
administration financiers way believe this possible I
am compelled toallow. Greatly respecting the prac
tical business talents of Mr. Van Buren, I can/wt bo
lleve it of him. Let us review some plain and well
known facts. 1
tJE.M2!P4*,' ,h? civil wars in Mex
ico nave diminished four-fifth? ol ihe supply of sil
rer ffcom that quarter. Silver was derived in ?nall
quantities flroa the refiners of lead in Europe, viz. in
fcngland, Germany, Hungary, Franre. But this sup
ply was comparatively very small, even adding Sibe
ria and the Ural mountains.
Gold, came from Africa, lrom Mexico, from Hun
gary, from the Ural mountains, and in minute quan
UUw Latterly from this country; a supply about to be
stopped, from the unproductiveness oft he mines in
point of expense.
For 30 years last past, the demand for cold and sil
ver has increased to a degree that at this moment
nearly absorbs the whole annual supply.
Silver forks and spoons, nnd dishes and covers,
and plates and table furniture and utensils. Mues
drinking cups plateaus, tea equipage. At a late'
dinner, the Duke of Wellington had filleen hundred
thousand dollars worth of plate on his table- plate
Grea"1Britain?" ofa'mast ever>' tradesman in
T,8,lvelr,,nd watches, and trinkets of all kinds
SiSltf cha?r'm""S' ""k'?s ?"??
Plated goods of all kinds, harness, horses' bitts,
stirrups, spurrs, &.c. drinking vessels, candlesticks,
ate. '
The silver forks and spoons alone in Frnncc have
f?st, al * reasonable calculation, 120 millions of dol
lar?.
But far beyond all this, is the increasing demand
ol the commercial world lor bullion as a basis ofeon
?ertibtlicv to support the paper ol the credit system
which when inconvertible is worthless
i.^and i,vU<?8in by the Bank of Eng
land 18 millions sterling permanently. The jo&t
ltoiindRnVale ^inks l^ue 7 million. To support
i?29* ? Pap?& they>ave at this moment,
!?. ?, f ^ SI,X mij,ions 0{ metallic coin in the
vaults of the Bank, and no more.
. la 'hi ? counirY- ?:ur b:ink circulation last year was
140 millions of dollars. We have at present in the
country, making allowances for the remittances of
the present year fifiy millipns of dollars at the ut
most. So that with all the anxious and incessant en
deavors of these two governments, most sedulously
employed, we cannot on this or on that side of the
Atlantic procure more than one dollar in coin for
And ,his i""p"r"??muM
ket^ndtkerf1 butlion far outru>u the supply both
pjaL.fr rfnlSj ?f forei?n commerce are a mere
Bagatelle. Our immense domestic trade rests confi
dently and almost exclusively on the credit system
We have now in the U. States, 15 millions of peo
S ? ,i T i.0ne are w?men and children who
do not lab:>r, the rest are men who with part of their
families lab >r to cam the money they spend
Riiim". averaffe of the citizens of the United
States, a man must earn '250 dollars per annum to
maintain himaelf and his wife, in clothin?, food fir
ing, and lodging. Multiply 74 millions by 250 'and
you will have near 2000 millions of dollars as the
circulating currency of our population. But that
currency is mutual credit; the confidence reposed by
man in man that each may be trusted. This credit
is settled by paper in some shape or other. Banish
Banks and paper currency, ani tell me where the
coin is to ba found which is to serve as a substitute
* * ? ? ? *
in kHI yvar*J,hedai,y Payments that took place
in New \ ork alone, were estimated to amount in
one year to 1500 millions of dollars. At present
2000 millions would be a moderate calculation.?
Where is the coin to be procured to effect these pay
COLQL'HOL'M OS CL'BRE.VCV.
AS yXTKACT.
"la 1810 46 of 71 bankers in London united and
exchanged their drafts and orders. nnd paid in the
difference only: which averaged 220,000/ a dav ?
'irK,nks *'ou,d,h;1ve ,eiJuircd lew
than j00,000<. The payments daily to the 46 banks
equalled 4,700,000/. It all the payments to all the
71 banks and to the Hank of England had b.-en paid
in coin, it would have required 50 to 80 millions of
pounds.
"Now,310 days of 500,000 is 15,000,000 a years?
jj 50.000,000only is-15,500,(W0,000. Tothis
SrSjCr and Joans 100,000ooo, makes
k>,(hju,i>uu,u(Hj(?all accomplished by 24,000,000/ of
rmintUshnmiiilf v"r1oci,y of paper circulation. To
count 5,000,000 guineas, at 60 a minute 19 hours a
day, would occupy a man 4 months. Then the in
terest on such an amount of coin, and the loss by
wear, &c. is immense. *
trn'nsmff Tvin p?' a friTnd o(. mine hn<I occasion to
transmit 1500 Rupees from Agra to Lorhor in the
East Indies. His Banyan procured a bag contain
ing that amount and which had passed unXned
backward and forward for many years, and sent it
bv a messenger unaccustomed to those errands _
Would not a bill of exchange by a regular post have
been more convenient 1 But they were birred with
ik ul(S!8 rd raone-v \vsterri at that time.
I he hard money system is a much more adven
turous experiment than Maria Monk or Animal
Magnetism, to asceriain how far public guUibUit?
SdofC^ri,ei!n,h'S mosl c'lghlenedof countries
meat. bul aco,n currency for the Govern
n,j establishing a series nf TREASURY BAXKS
for such is the sure tendency of the Sub-treasury of
INew ^ ork and the Custom House cities on the'At
lantic will be authorised to issue Treasury Orders
to pay the creditors of Government, whenever the
? ?lled/?r The "-ansmission of actual
coin is too hazardous, too cumbersome, too dilatory
exrns,v<!- '? never be attempted. These
orders Wcome Government bank paper, ?nder the
^?!1 k? t i tolhe,ftlvoritismof Ihe Executive
and his bank directors the Sub-treasurers. The dis
T U?du r ,he mspeetion and control of
the Executive and his appointees accountable to
him, and removable at his pleasure. And this is
the substitute for the evils of banking!
Pla" wi" "?al?e money dealers and brokers
of all the officers of Government, for Ihe temptation
to irregular transaction where so much is in their
power, will be too strong tobe always resisted Nor
Hon 1 resident find it easy to resist the tcmnt.-,
tinnal R^nnL- i scheme gradually into a ka
have nrt mnm U.n r hN own absolute control. I
have not room to enter into derails, but even- man
of bml?w will easily ncrccive the tendency of this
Sub-treasury .tchcuieuiK i oine what I have described
Then, in case of delinquencies of Sub-trM<ur
ers or other agents, how is the Government to he
w' . . "^.treasury scheme was tried un
rnmlwiii i ^ ash,"^on s Administration, and he was
compelled to Mibstuute banks. It was tried bv Mr
Dallas un(|er Mr Madison's administration, and the
,hc ,rcasury notes, w h ieh
sold at 20 per cent, discount. ' tn
WaI,nd,>f*^ in Virginia nnd
? ? ? f I u ^osr *Sl"'es, honorable nnd hon
est men found the kindness of their dispositions
w uP?n 10 ,heir own Ion; and in* both Slates
ihe plan vu abandoned A insecure, sad bank* re
mit ted to. Indeed can il be doubled, that any bank
in Soitih Carolina offers upon the whole a more am
ple security than any individual in South Caroli
(IH I
In the Pom Office returns H appeals that collecting
officer) are deficient 5*13,000 dollars t
^ from tJu Aim* Yf'l Timet.
Mejmkb Editors,
Several of the newspapers favorable to " a pure
metellic currency.1* have lately published and re
published an article from the writings of Benjamin
Franklin, in order to prove that ' that great philoao
pher, political economist, and honest democrat" vat
also Ijnco t>Ko. Will you do the favor to the public
to publish the following simple statement from Frank
lin's own pen.
Your obedient servant,
Jl'tTiCK.
Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, paget *5
and 27.
" About this lime (year 1729) there was a cry
amoug the people for more paper money, only ifteen
thousand pounds being extant in the proviuce, and
thai soon to be sunk.
" The wealthy inhabitants opposed any addition,
being against all paper curreucy, from the appre
hension that it would depreciate, as it had done in
New Kngland, to the injury of all creditors.
" We bad discussed this point in our junto, where
1 was on the side oi an addition, being persuaded
thai the first small mm, struck in 1723, had done
inuch good bu increasing the trade, employment, and
number of ifjmbitank w the province, since 1 no ir fair
all the old houses inhabited, and many >utc ones build
ing, whereas I remember well when I first walked
about the street* of Philadelphia [eating my rol!] I
saw many oi the houses in Walnut street, between
Second and Front streets, with bills on their doors,
'to be leti' aud many lik'nwse in Chesnul streel, and
oilier streets, which made me think the inhabitants
of the city were one after another deserting it. Our
debates possessed me so full of the subject, that I
wrote and printed an anonymous pamphlet on it,
entitled, " The nature and necessity of a Paper Cur
rency." It was well received by the common people
in general: but the rich men disliked it, for it in
creased ana strenethened the clamor for more money,
and they happened to have no writers among them
that were able to answer it, their opposition slacken
ed, and the point was carried by a majority in the
House. My friends there, who considered that I
hud been or some service, thought fit to reward tne,
bv employing me to print the money; a very profita
ble job, and a great help to me; this was another
advantage gained by my oMng able to write.
? ? ? ? * ?
The utility of this currency became, by time and
experience,soevident, that the principles upon which
it was founded, were never afterwards much dis
puted, so that it grew soon to fifty-five thousand
pounds ; and in 1739, to eighty thousand pounds;
trade, buildings and inhabitants all the white increas
ing : though 1 now think there are limits beyond
which the quantity may bs hurtful."
Political Bittrrnew is the caption of an excellent
artielc in the Baltimore Republican:
" There is a degree of bitterness frequently dis
played by some politicians in speaking of political
opponents, which cannot be otherwise than painful
and disgusting to every generous mind. That dif
ference of opinion will exist among men, is natural,
and to suppose men dishonest who happen to enter
tain views which mav be supposed to be incorrect,
is to suppose that 'there cannot be any honest
difference of opinion. That men who agree in
opinion should entertain a friendly feeling for each
other is perfectly ivaturnl, but to indulge a feeling
of hostility towards aa individual because he hap
pens to entertain views not entirely In accordance
with our views, displays an unwillingness to allow
to others the privilege which every man claims for
himself, which is that of thinking for himself. Yet
this is frequently the case; and It generally happens
that those who are loudest in their protestations
of a desire that every man should be left free
to exercise his own judgment, and to form his
own opinions, and wlio denounces the most bois
terously those whom they supposed attempted to
exercise an influence over others, and to control
their opinions, display the greatest degree of bitter
ness in sneaking of those who entertain opinions
different from their own."
The following beautiful eulogy on " the law" is
extracted from an article in the Southern Literary
Messenger:
" The spirit of the law is all equity and justice.?
In a government based on true principles the law is
the sole sovereign of a nation. It watches over its
subjects in their business, in their recreation, and
their sleep. It guards their fortunes, their lives, and
their honors. In the broad noonday, and the dark
midnight it ministers to their security. It accom
panies them to the altar and the festal board. It
watches over the ship of the merchant, though a
thousand leagues intervenes; over the seed of the
husbandman abandoned for a season to the earth ;
over the studies of the student, the labors of the me
chanic, the opinions of every man. None are high
enough to offend it with impunity, none so low that
it scorns to protcct them. It is throned with the
King, and sits in the seat of the republican Magis
trate; but it also hovers over the couch of the lovely,
and stands sentinel at the prison, scrupulously pre
serving to the felon whatever rights he has not for
feited. The light of the law illuminates the palace
and the hovel, and surrounds the cradle and the bier.
The strength of the law laughs wickedness to scorn,
and spurns the intrcnchments of iniquity. The
power of the law crushes the power of man, aud
strips wealth of unrighteous immunity. It is the
thread of Daedalus to guide us through the labyrinths
of cunning. It is the spear of Ithuriel to delect
falsehood and deceit. It is the faith of the inartvr
to shield us from the fires of persecution?it is the
Eood man's reliance?the wicked one's dread?the
ulwark of pie'.y?the upholder of morality?the
guardian of right?the distributer of justice?its
power is irresistablc?its dominion indisputable.
It is above us and around us, within us?we can
not fly from its protection?we caunot avert its ven
geance.
" Such is the law in its essence; such it should be
in its enactments; such, too, il would be, if none
aspired to its administration but those with pure
hearts, enlarged views, and cultivated minds."
INDIAN NAMES.
The new State of Michigan has passed one of the
most sensible laws that was ever cnacted by any
Legislature. lis object is to preserve the noble and
harmonious old Indian names, which have been
given to every river, and lake, and forest, and moun
tain in the country, and which by a most execrable
taste, have in many instances, been displaced by the
hackneyed names of European cities, or distinguish
ed men. The law provides that no town shall be
named after any other place or after any man, with
out first obtaining the consent of the Legislature.
The consequence is, that Michigan is destitute of
I London, Paris, and Amsterdam; unlike either of
her sister States, she boastsneither Thebes, Palmyra,
Carthage or Troy. No collection of log huts, with
half a dozen grocery stores, has been honored with
the appellation of Liverpool, nor has any embryo
city, with a college and academy, in contemplation,
received the appropriate name of Athens.
From the Nt*> Orleamt True American.
The Indians who have been encamped during the
summer at Pass Christian, have passed through the
city to the number of 1NOO, and have been embarked
on board of steamers for Aakansas. The removal
has been conducted by Lt. Sloane, of the United
States army, acting superintendent, with most re
markable order and quiet. The remainder of the
Indians, numbering about 1500, are expected here
to-day, and will also be immediately embarked.
Nine steamboats are engaged for their transporta
tion,
Statue or Washington.?Yesterday, in presence
of a crowd of gentl -men, not without any cerrmony
on the part of the Exchange and Banking Company,
the splendid statue, presented by John Hagan,Esq.,
to the company, was ele.vatcd to its lofty seat at the
back of the portico of the Exchauge Hotel, bv Mr.
Uallier, the architect of the building, in a safe and
most expeditious manner.
This statue of the - Father of his Country," is
the work of Carlo Itichi, of Carrara, of the marble
of which place it is made. It represents him seated
in Roman armor and the toga, supporting in his left
hand an entablature, on which is proposed to be in
scribed his farewell address, whilst his right hand is
raised in graceful gesticulation; his sword lies at
his feet. On either side of the pedostal are wreaths
of oak and laurels, and in the front, the arms of
Louisiana.?Ibid.
Svow.?The tops of the hills about Frank
lin, in Venango county, Pa., were completely
mantled with snow on the morning of Oct.
17. In some parts of the county it was two
inches deep, and did not disapp?ar for two
davs.
Frtm tkt Norfolk II, raid
ARRIVAL (MP THE PEACOCK.
The United State* ship Peacock, C. L. Stribbling,
Esq., commander, bearing the broad pendant of
Commodore Edmund P. Keunedy, 37 days from
Bahama, came into the Cape* of Virginia on Wed
nesday evening, and arrived in our haibor this
moraine.
The Peacock aailed from New York on the 23d
of April, 1835, and has circumnavigated the world,
touching at Rio Janeiro, Zanzibar, Muscat, Bom
bay, Ceylon, Java, Sychaiifc Island*, Siain, Cochin
China, and Macao, in China. 8he sailed thence,
June 33d, 1836, for the United States, via Cape Horn,
touching at the Bouin and Sandwich Islands, Mon
terey in Upper California; Mazatlun, San Bias, and
Acapulco in Mexico; Payta, Huucho, Cailao, and
Pisco in Peru; Juan Fernandez and Valparaiso; re
maining some months on the coast of South Ameri
ca, whence after the arrival of the North Carolina,
she sailed for Norfolk.
The Peacock has been absent two years and six
months, having b?en in that period &5M days at sea,
and has sailed 54,128 miles per log.
Though live different epidemics have passed
through the ship, and the number of siek nas at
times been very great, tbe deaths amongst the
crew have been only ten, and the health of the
officers and crew is now completely re-established.
The visit of the Peacock to these different coun
tries has no doubt been attended with considerable
benefits to the interests of our commerce, and we
trust that tbe attention of our Government having
been turned to this subject, the large amount of
American property in the eastern seas will not again
be left without the protection of our Navy. Twenty
distressed American seamen have been brought
from Rio Janeiro, as passengers, in addition to a
number shipped at different ports in the cruize.
List of officers belonging to the Peacock, Oct. 26,
1837:
Kdmtnd P. Kkwnedt, Esq., Commodore.
C. K. Stribbling, Esq., Commander, acting.
Lieutenants, Charles C. Turner, Murray Mason,
Richard L. Page, Sylvanus W. Godon, Thomas R.
Routes, acting,
Fleet Surgeon, W. S. W. Ruschenberger.
Assistant Surgeon, Wm. F. McCleaahan.
Acting Master, B. S. B. Darlington.
Commodore's Secretary, (Acting Purser) Edward
S. Whelen.
Midshipmen, James I. Forbes, Edward S. Hutter,
Charles M. Robinson, Charles Richardson, Wm. S.
Drayton, George W. Chapman, Wm. G. Benham,
Henry Cadwallader, R. Delancy Izard, Louis
McLane.
Captain's Clerk, John Clar.
Acting Boatswain, V. R. Hall.
Gunner, A. S. Lewis.
Acting Kail Maker, Jas. Ferguson.
Acting Carpenter, N. 8. Lee.
Passenger, Lieut. Chas. H. Duryee.
U. S. Sinr FAmriF.i.n, )
Rio de Janeiro, August 22d, 1837. J
The following is a list of the officers attached to
this ship:
Commander, Isaac Mayo.
1st Lieutenant, John E. Bispham; 2d do. William
S. Ogden: 3d do. E. G. Tilton; 4th do. O. S. Glis
son; 5th do. F. Hughes.
Master, William L. Herndon.
Surgeon, John F. Brooke.
Purser, A. J. Watson.
Midshipmen, H. Gansevoort, C. R. P. Rodgers,
A. Wier, Jr., William Whitfield, H. Rolando, John
L. Toomer, H. Rodgers.
Assistant Surgeon, S. R. Peckworth.
Captain's Clerk, Tyler.
Officers attached to the U. S. brig Dolphin :
Lieutenant Commandant, H. G. Purviance.
1st Lieut. J. W. Jarvis; 2d do. John Rodgers,
acting. ?
Purser, A. E. Watson.
Master. C. E. Griffith.
Stirgeon?S. Vaughan Smith.
Passed Midshipmen, S. Dodd, J. E. Morehead.
Midshipmen, William Wallace, C. R. Slade.
We observe that the National Intelligencer docs
the justice to the Secretary of War, Mr. Poinsett,
to set right a report originating with the St. Louis
Republican, which imputes to the Secretary a design
to impose on the Indians in regard to the pay to be
allowed while engaged in the public service. The
pretext for this disreputable attempt of the Missouri
paper, was a clericle mistake in the War Office,
explained and corrected as soon as perceived, and
known to be so by the print making the charge.?
Globe.
PROSPECTUS
or THB
NEW YOKK REVIEW
IKS
QUARTERLY CHURCH JOCKIAt.
THE pi on of this Publication embrace* extended re
view* of important works, and discussions of impo'r
tant subjects in every department of literature and think
ing, similar in form and manner of those which make up
the contents of Quarterly Reviews generally.
It pn>)>osc?, also, n brief analytical survey of the literary
productions of every current quarter, with short critical
indications of their character and value in their respective
departments.
It embraces, likewise, a register of the most important
events and facts in the literary and religious world, par
ticularly in reference to the slate and progress of the
Church.
The object of the whole work is to exhibit, as far as
possible, every thing most im|>ortaiit to ? just estimate of
the character of the times, and of the lutellectuul and
moral movement of society ; to promote the interests of
good literature, sound thinking, religion, and Christian
order. In this general tone and spirit, it will be con
formed to the principles of the Pr..tcstant Episcopal
Church. The convictiou of the truth and importance of
these principles, as they are held in the unity of the Church,
maintained in a free and uncompromising, yet lilieral,
candid and conciliating spirit, will constitute the unity of
the work.
Arrangements have liecn mndc to secure the aid of the
liest writers throughout the country ; and no pains or rx
pensewill be spared to make this publication a work of
the highest character.
Term#.?The work will contain an average of 2.10 pages
to each number; and will be furnished to Subscrilicr* at
Five Dollars a year, paysble on delivery of the first num
ber. Any person becoming responsible for fix copies,
shall receive the seventh copy gratis.
All communications on the business concerns of the
Review, to lie addressed to the Publisher, George Dear
born Co., 38 Gold st. New York. Other communica
tions to be addressed to the Editor, care of George Dear
born.
Oct. 5.
WASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD.?On and
after Monday next, the 11 instant, thecars will leare
the depot in this city for Baltimore at 0 o'clock A. M., in
stead of 0 3-4 A. M., as heretofore.
The object of this alteration is to render certain the ar
rival of the train at Haltimore early enough to afford
ample time for passengers going North to take the steam
l>oat, w hich now departs daily for Philadelphia, at half past
12 o'clock.
Tbe afternoon train will, ax heretofore, leave the depot
at a quarter after 5 o'clock, P. M.
89?dfitfcw tf.
(Globe, Native American, Alexandria Gaxette, and Po
tomac Advocate.)
NOTICE.
THE New York and Boston Illinois Land Company
w ill offer at public auction at their office in the town
of Qiiiney, Adams County, Illinois, on Monday the 27th
day of November next, UK),000 acres of their Lands situ
ated in the.Military Tract in said State.
Lists of the lands may be had at the office of said Com
pany in Quincy and at 44 Wall Street, "New York.
A minimum price will bo affixed to cach lot at the time
it is offered.
JOHN T1LLSON, Jr.
Agent for the N. Y. & B. 111. L Co.
Aug. 25, 1837.
1 awtNov?8
EOWEN At CO., MERCHANT TAILORS.
? 7 Buildings, and near Fuller's Hotel, respectfully
lieg leave to inform their friends and the pffblic in general,
that they have lately fitted up, and just opened, the lurge
store formerly occupied by James iV Co., druggists, for
the sccommodation of their patrons in that part of the city'
where they have laid in a most extensive stock of FALL
and WINTER goods, consisting of the following choice
assortment of articles for gentlemen's wear:
For coats, superfine pieces of brosdcloths, wool-dyed
black, blue, dahlia. Adelaide, invisible green, Polish do.,
claret, and all the favorite eo'nrs of the day.
For pantaloons, superfine black cas.nmere, I^mdon
stripeddo., black riblied do., gray mixed do., buff, Victoria
striped buckskin, fancy do., dec.
For vests, black silk velvet, fancy figured do., Genoa
do., woollen do., striped challa gold tissue, black satin,
figured do., plain and figured silks.
E. O. At Co. have also received a large collection of
stocks, plain, trimmed, and embossed, handkerchiefs,
opera ties, silk shirts and drawers, buckskin do., patent
menno do., shoulder braces, union do., (two excellent ar
ticles for the support of the back and expansion of the
cbest,)|cuai elastic suspenders, buckskin do., silk, kid, and
buckskin gMves, Ate.
Sept. 14. lrall
T
WINES, fe.-j. B. MORGAN * CO ?. '?
ceiving from the Robert Gordooand Pre.ldeut, a
Am ?Mortmrnt u< wine* *?., partly ?? :
tVinu ?/? tht Khint?Hocklieiiaer. viwUte* 1831, IW7,
ins ; RuSe.heimer Cabinet, 1834 ; JohMne-^yr, l?7.
|?34; Marcobruot'r, UW7, 1W34; ??M ?*10
berser, With ? number of Hock
th? cm**, u, b- u*
best brand of Champagnes imported,) Aacbor, Orape,
Biccbui. and Heart, brands. . _ ,
CtrliH?Cur***, Al?eynlbe, Stomach
Bitter, and other Cordial*.
Sherrur~V*lt Mid Browo, y?ij w^rk*
Madeira* From Blackburn <St Howard, March & Co.
Oturd's Hale Brandy, very aupertor.
London Porter, Brown 8tool, nod S?*?h Ale.
Sardines, truffles, anchovy pB?te, French mustard,
pickle., tic. 80,000 superior Hat ana Segarm.
We have about W.OUU bottles of old wmes, Madeiras
aud Sherries, moat of them very old ; with every variety
of wine* and liquors in wood.
All order* froin abroad punctually attended to, and no
X B UOBGAN i CO.
THE VNIVISRSIT Y OP MARYLAND.
UK SESSION OF THE MEDICAL DEPART
. MEM' of this Institution, will commence on the
laat Monday of October next, and continue until the la?l
day of February.
THE FACULTY OF PHYSIC ARE,
H. Willis BaxlSY, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and
Physiology.
flsMsr Howard, M. D , Profeaeorof Obrtctncs, and of
the Diseaaea of Wonu'ii anil Childrec.
Michael A. Fimlby, M. D., Professor of Pathology,
?nd of the Practice of Medicine.
Robbbt E. Dobsby, M. D., Professor of Materia Me
dica, Therapeutics .Hygiene, and Medical Junspruj
deuce.
William R. Fishbb, M. D., Professor of Chemistry
and Pharniuey. .
JoH!* Fbbdbbice May, M. D., Professor of the Pnn
ciples and Practice of Surgery.
Ellis Huombs, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy.
In mnking this annual announcement, the Trustees re
spectfully state, that, in additiou to a Medic*! faculty of
? rest ability, having high claims to public confidence anil
patronage, this Department of the University of Maryland
offers other aud peculiar advantages to Students for the
acquisition of Medical knowledge. Placed in the most
favorable climate for attending to disscdjons, and pos
sessing commodious rooms for that purpose, the Lniversi
tv of Maryland commands an unequalled supply ol Matt
rial for the prosecution of the study of Practical Anaton?
such, indeed, is the abundance of Subjects, that thi I ? j
feasor of Surgery will afford to the Students on tpportumry
of uerforming themselves, under hi* direction, every Surgi
cal operation ?a great practical advantage, not heretofore
furni?lied, in any of our Medical Schools
This University has also an Anatomical Museum,
founded on the extensive collection of the celeblaled Al
len Bums, which became its property by purchase, at
great expense; and to this collection numerous additions
have been annually made :?and, of late, many very Vl"u'
able preparations have been procured from France and
Um|y?which together afford ample means to make a great
variety of illustrations of healthy and diseased structure.
The Baltimore Infirmary, long and favorably known as
an excellent school of practice, is connected with the Me
dical Department, and furnishes every class of disease lor
the practical elucidation of the principles taught, by the
Professors of the Practice of Medicine and of Surgery?
who, besides their regular lectures, will impart Clinical
instruction, at the Infirmary, at stated periods, in cacti
week during the Session. .... r? j
The Chemical and Philosophical Apparatus of this
University, is of great extent and value, much of it having
been selected in Europe, by the late diatiiiguished Pro
fessor De Butts. And to a Laboratory, provided with
every thing necessary for a Course of Chemical instruc
tion, are united the numerous aad varied articles required
to illustrate the lectures on Pharmacy and Materia Me
Neither expense nor oare has been spared to secure for
the University of Maryland the facilities necessary for
the acquisition of a thorough Medical Education.
THE EXPENSES ARE:
THB FIBST COUBSB.
For attending the Lectures of six Professors,
each ? " ? ?15 "I
For attending the Dissector and Demonstrator, o
For attending Clinical Lectures and instruc
tion at the Infirmary, ... - 5
#103
THE SECOND COUBSB.
For attendance on the Lectures of aix Profes
* "
Graduation and Diploma, ... -
?110
The whole being only 213 dollars.
But Students who have attended one course of Lec
tures in another respectable Medical School, may gradu
ate here after they have attended one full course in this
University?where the course of instruction is a* com
plete as that of any other Medical Scliool?each Profes
sor being, in this Institution, required to lecture every
day?and where, from the facility with which SUB
JECTS are procured, Dissections can be prosecuted with
more case, and at less expense, than at any otf.er place :
?here too, good boarding can be engaged, on as cheap
terms as in any other Atlantic City.
thb orrtcEBs abb,
His Excellency Thomas W. Veazy, Governor of Ma
ryland, President of the Board of Trustees.
The Hon. Roger B. Taney, Provost.
THE BOABD Or TBCSTEES.
Nathaniel Williams,
Vice President.
John Nelson,
Solomon Etting,
Isaac McKim,
Dr. Dennis Claude,
James Cox,
By order,
JOSEPH B WILLIAMS, Secretary.
Baltimore, 26th August, 1837. twtlN5
William Gwvnn,
Dr. Hanson Penn,
James Wrn. McCulloh,
Henry V. Soinerville,
Dr. Samuel McCulloh,
and
John G. Chapman.
o
TENTH VOLUME OF THE
KNICKERBOCKER MAGAZINE.
N the first of July, 1837, commenced the tenth volume
v_V of the Knickerliocker, or New York Monthly Maga
zine. The publishers, mindful of the favor with which
their efforts have been received at the hands of the public,
would embrace the recurrence of a new starting point, as
a fit occasion to ?? look backward and forward at the past
and prospective character and course of their periodical.
Within trie brief space of a little more than two years and
a half, the number of copies issued of the Knickerbocker
has been increased from less than flee hundred to more
than four thousand, without other aid* than the acknow
ledged merits of the work?acknowledged, not more expli
citly by this unprecedented success, than by upward o!
three thousand highly favorable notices of the Magazine,
which, at different times, have appeared 111 the various
journals of the United States, embracing those of the first
and most discriminating elms in every section or the
Union Of many hundreds who dnaired specimen num
bers, and to whom they have been sent for examination,
previous to subscribing, not one but has found the work
worthy of immediate suliscriiition. A correct inference
in re sard to the interest or quality of the matter furnished
by the publishers, may be gathered from the foregoing
facts. In relation to the quantity given, it need only tie
said, that it has alwavs exceeded the maximum promised,
and in the numbers for the last year, by more than four
hundred pages. Of the clearness and beauty of the typo
graphical execution and material of the Knickerbocker,
and the character of its embellishments?which, although
not expected by its readers, nor promised by its propric
tors, have nevertheless ^een given?it is not deemed ne
cessary to speak. They will challenge comparison. It is
believed, w ith any similar periodical, at home or abroad.
It has lieen observed, that the constant aim or the edi
tor*, in the management of the Knickerbocker, has been
to make the work entertaining and agreeable, as well as
solid and useful. It is |.erhaps ow ing to the predominance
of these first named characteristics, that it has become so
widely hnown to the public. In addition to several well
known and popular series of number* such as the "CMds
and End* of a Pennya-Liner," " Ollapodiana, the 14 Pal
myra Letters," " An Actor's Alloquy/' "">?*?? from the
Biank Book of a Country Schoolmaster, " Wilson Con
worth," " Life in Florida," " Loafermna,' " T he Eclec
tic," " Passages from the Common-place Book of a Sep
tuagenarian," " Notes from Journals of Travels in Ameri
ca, and in various Foreign Countries," " Hie r ulael Pa
pers," dee.?liberal space has !>een devoted to interesting
Tales, illustrating American society, manners, the times,
&c., embracing, beside#, stories of the sea, and of pathos
and humor, upon a great variety of subjects, together with
biographies, legends, and essays, upon numerous and va
ried themes, interspersed w ith frequent articles of poetry,
of such a description as to secure for the Magaxine, in
this department, a gratifying pre-eminence and celebrity.
But neither the scientific, nor the learned, the solid nor
the useful, has been omitted, or lightly regarded. Origi
nal articles, from distinguished writers, (which have at
tracted much attention in this country, and several of
which have been copied and lauded abroad,) have appear
ed in the recent numbers of the work, upon the following
subject*:
Past and Present State of American Literature; South
American Antiquities; Inland Navigation; Geology and
Revealed Religion; Insanity aed Monomania; Liberty
versus Literature and the Fine Arts ; Early History of
the Country; Connexion of the Physical Sciences ; At
mospheric Electricity, a New Theory of Magnetism, and
Molecular Attraction; American rrmnle Character;
Pulmonary Consumption ; Pulpit Eloquence ; The Pros
pects and D itics of the Age ; Health of F.nrone and
America; Literary Protection and International Copy
Right; Poetry of the Inspired Writings; Chinese Na
tions and Languages ; Chemistry (Laboratory of Nature)
The Past, the Present, and the Future; Our Country,
with Comments on its Parties, Laws, Public Schools,
and Sketches of American Society, Men, Education,
Manners and Scenery ; Philosophy of the Rosicrucians ;
Intellectual Philosophy, Philoloey, Astronomy,^ Animal
and Vegetable Physiology, Astrology, Botany. Mineralo
gy. and Phrenology ; Progress of the Age, and of Modern
Liberty; Christiatuty in France; American Organic
?m,*a i Historical Recollection*, the Nylon of Co
?in I i Discussion un Scriptural Mirtclta; tteclionaJ 1 in
unction* ol the Umm ; Peace Uocirliea ; Htrudiciiy ot
Diaraari; Eaaaya 011 Music, Fine Writing, die.: toge
ther with many articles of a kindred description, which it
would exceed the LuniU of this advertiaeweul to euuuie
rata in detail.
To the foregoing particular*, the publi?ker? would on
ly add, that at no period iluec the work paaaed into tlieir
bund*?have ita literary capabilities and pruapecu been ao
iinple and auspicious aa at pre*?M ; an'l thai not only
?till the aaiue exertion* be continued, which have secured
to their subscription liat au unexampled increase, but their
claim upon the public favor will lw enhanced by every
uteana which increasing endeavors, enlarged facilities,
and I ha moat liberal expenditure, can command.
Back number* have been re-printed to supply Volume
i-line, and five thousand copies of Volume 1 en will be
priated, to meet the demand* of new subscriber*.
A few brief notice* of the Knickerbocker, from well
knowu journal* are subjoined :
? The prorress of the Knickerbocker i* Mill onward. It
! i* conducted with deeided ability, i* copious and varied
I in ita content*, and ia printed in a *uperiorstyle. At thi*
season we have little apace lor literary extracts,and cannot,
therefore, enable thoae of our reader* who may not aee
thia Magasine, to judge of ita merits, otherwise than upon
oar asauranoc that they are of a high order."?Ant 1 ark
American.
" We hare found in the Knickerbocker ao much to ad
mire and ao little to condemn, that we can hardly trust
ourselves to apeak of it from first impressions, as we could
not do ao wiliumt being *u*peeted of extravagant praise."
" It i* not surpa**ed by any of ita contemporaries at home
or abroad." " It auataina high ground in all the requisites
of a Magazine, and we are pleased to aee that it* merit*
are appreciated abroad as well aa at home.?Alb'y Argui
" Thia monthly periodical i* now ao well known that it
hardly need* commendation, having eatablished for itself
a character among the ablest and moet entertaining publi
cation* in the land."?N. Y. Journal Cam
"The Knickerbocker eecms to increase in attractions aa
it advance* in age. It exhibit* a monthly variety of con
tributiona unsurpassed in numlier or ability."?Sat Int.
" The work is ir. the highest degree creditable to the
literature of our country."? Wash. (Jlobe.
" We have read several number* of thia talented pe
riodical, and rejoice in them. They would do credit to
any country or to any elate of civilisation to which hu
manity baa yet arrived."?MartyalCt London Metropolitan
Magazine.
" We hope it will not be inferred, from our omission to
notice the several number* of the Knickerbocker a* they
have appeared, that we have there luet sight of its charac
ter anJ increasing excellence. It has bceooie decidedly
one of the beat Magaxinc* in America. The proprietor*
have aucceeded in procuring for ita pegea the first talent
of this country, as well aa valuable aid from distinguished
foreign source*."?New York Mirror.
" We lave on several occasion* adverted to the epiril
and lone of the article* contained in thia periodical, aa
being radically American, and as highly honorable to our
literature." " It aeizes the spirit ol the times, and dials
with it boldly and ably."?Baltimore American.
"There is no publication among the many we receive
from the old country, and from this continent, to Ike re
ceipt of which we Took forward with higher eifiecieiH".
than the Knickerbocker ; and it never disappoints our
ticipations."?Quebec Mercury.
" Its contents are of real excellence and variety. No
department is permitted to decline, or to appear in bed
contrast with another."?Pkiladelphia Inquirer.
"This American Magazine bids fair to rival some of
our best English monthlie*. it contains many very excel
lent articles."?London Atlas,
" Its contents are spirited, well conceived, and well
written."?U. 8. Gazette.
" In our humble opinion, thi* i* the beat literary publi
cation in the United State*, and deserves the extensive
patrouage it has received."?Columbia (S. C.) Telescope.
Tekms.?Five dollars per annum, in advance, or three
dollars for six months. Two volumes are completed with
in the year, commencing with the January ana July num
bers. Every Postmaster in the United States is autho
rized to receive subscriptions. Five copies forwarded for
twenty dollars. Address Clark <f- Edson, Proprietors, 161
Broadway.
TIIE AMERICAN ANTHOLOGY;
A Magazine of Poetry, Biography, and Criticism, to be pub
Inked Monthly, with splendid illustrations on Steel.
W'
rHILE nearly every country of the old world can
* ? boast of its collected liody of rfhtional Poetry, on
w hich the seal of a people's favorable judgment has been
set, and which exliibita to foreign nation* in the most
striking light the progress of civilization and literary re
finement among ila inhabitants ; while England, especial
ly, proudly displays to the world a corpus poetarum the
lustre of w hose immortal w reath has shed a brighter glory
upon her name than the most splendid triumphs which
her statesmen and her soldiery have achieved, our own
country seems destitute of poetic honor*. Appears, we
say, for although no full collection of the chef d entires ol
our writers has been made, yet there exist, and are occa
sionally to be met with productions of American poets
which will bear comparison with the noblest and most
polished efforts of European genius, and which claim for
America aa high a rank in the scale of literary elevation
as is now ceded to older and in some respect* more fa
vored land*.
Impressed with the eorrectne** of thi* judgment we
propose to issue ? monthly magazine which ihall contain
in a perfect unmutilaled form, the most meritorious and
beautiful effusions of the poets of America, of the past
and present time, with such introductory, critical, and
biographic notices aa shall be neceaaaryto a correct under
standing of the worka presented to the reader, and to add
interest to the publication. Those who imarine that
there exists a dearth of materials for such an undertaking,
who believe that the Aonian Maids have confined their
richest favors to our transatlantic brethren to the exclu
sion of native genius, will tie surprised to learn that we
are already in possession of more than two hundred vol
umes of the production of American harda, from about the
year 1630 to the present day. Nor is it from these source*
alone that materials may be drawn. There are but few
writers in our country who pursue authorship as a voca
tion, and whose works have been publiahed in a collected
form. Our poets, especially', have generally written for
particular occasion*, with the remembrance of which
their production* have gone to rest, or their effunon* have
been careleasly inserted in periodicals of slight merit and
limited circulation, where they were unlikely to attract
notice to themselves, or draw attention to their authors?
The grass of the field or flowers of the wilderness are
growing over the ashes of many of the highly gifted who,
through the wild and romantic regions of our republic,
have scattered poetry in "ingots bright from the mint ol
genius" and glowing w ith the impress of beauty and the
spirit of truth, in quantities sufficient, were it known and
appreciated as it would bo in other countries, to secure
to them an honorable reputntion throughout the world.?
Such were Harney, author of' Crystalina' and the ' Fever
Dream,' Sands, author of ' Yamoyden Wilcox, author
of tlie ' Age of Benevolence ;' Robinson, author of 'The
Savage Little, the sweet and tender poet of Christian
feeling, the lamented Brainard, and many beside, whose
writing* are almost unknown, save by their kindred asso
ciates and friends.
With the namea of those poets who within the last" few
yeara have extended the reputation of American lite
rature beyond the Atlantic, Bryant, Dana, Pereival,
Sprague, Sigourney, Whittier, Willis, &r. the public are
familiar ; and we can assure them that there exists, though
long forgotten and unknown, a mine of poetic wealth,
rich, varied and extensive, which will amply repay the la
bor of exploring it, and add undying lustre to the crown
which encircles the brow of American genius. In the puli
lication now proposed we sholl rescue from the oblivion
to which they have long U rn consigned, and embalm in a
bright and imperishable form the numlierless ' gems of
purest ray,' w ith which our researches into the literary an
tiquities ofourcountry have endowed us ; and we are con
fluent that every lover of his native land will regard our
enterprise as patriotic and deserving the support of the
citixens of the United State*, as tending to elevate the
character of that country in the scnle of nations, and as
sert its claims to the station to which its children entitles
it. With this conviction we ask the patronage of the com
munity to aid us in our undertaking, conscious thnt we
arc meriting its support by exhibiting to the world a proud
evidence that America, in the giant strength of her Hercu
lean childhood, is destined ere long to cope in the arena of
literature with those lands which for ccnturies have boast
ed their civilization and refinement, and justly exulted in
their triumph* of their cherished sons in the noble*t field
which heaven has opened to the human intellect.
The Amkmca* Anthoi.oo* will contain complete
work* of a portion of the following?the most popular of
our poetic writers?and of the others, the best jHieiua, and
such as are least generally known :
Adams, John Quincy Gould, Hannah F.
Allston, Washington Hallack, Fitz Greene
Barlier, Joseph Harney, John M.
Barlow, Joel Hillhouse, John A.
Benjamin, Park Hoffman, Charles F.
Bogart, Elizabeth Mellen, Grcnville
Brainerd, John G. C. Neal.John ,
Brooks, James G. Peabodv, B. W O.
Bryant, William C. ? Pereival, James G
Clark, Willi* G. Pierpont, John
Coffin, Robert 3. Pinckney, Edward C.
Dana, Richard H. Prentice, George D.
Doane, George W. Rockwell. J. O.
Drake, Joseph R. Sands, Robert C.
Dwight, Timothy Sigoun cy, Lydia H.
Ellet, Elizabeth F. Sprague. Charle*
Embury, EmmaC. Sutermris.er, J. R.
Everett, Edward Trumbull, John
Fairfield, Sumner L. Wetmore, Prosper M.
Frencau, Philip Whittier. John G.
Gallagher, William D. Willis, Nathaniel P.
In addition to the poem* of the above named authors,
selections, comprising the best productions of more than
four hundred other American writers, will lie given as the
work progresses.
The Amrrtran Anthology will be published on the first
Saturday of every month. Each numl>er will contain
?eventy-two royal octavo pages, printed in the mo*t beau
tiful manner on paper of auperior quality, and two or more
portrait* on steel, with other illustrations.
Price, Five dollars per annum, payable in advance.
The first numlier will lie published lit Deccmlier.
Subscriptions received in New-York, by Wiley & Put
nam, 181 Broadway, and GriswoJd Ac Oambreleng, 118
Fulton street. All letters to lie addressed. iwst paid, to
RUFUS W GRISWOLD,
Sst. -V. 1' Lot Antiquarian AvocuUion.
Congressional documents, journals.
LAWS, AND DEBATES.?GEORGE TEM
PLEMAN has for sal* at bis Bo??k and Stationary Store,
opposite the tieiteral Poat Office, all the Journals of Con
arena, from 1774 to IHJ7. Galea and Scalou's American
State Papers in 21 folio vol*., from the first to the 24th
Congress inclusive, or from 17% to 1823.
The Regular Scries of Document* in royal 8 vo. vol
umes, aa published each Session, from the IHth to the
24lh^ Congress inclusive, or from 1423 to 1837. The Law*
of Congress, in 8 vols, containing the Law* from the first
to the aid Congress inclusive, or froiu 1780 to 4th of
March, 1833; the aeue* is made complete to the 4th of
March, 1837, by tin pamphlet Laws of the 23d and ?24ih
Congress. This is the edition used by Congress and the
Public Offices.
Story's Laws of the United States, in 4 vols, from 1789
to 4th of March, 1837. Tlie 4th vol. contains an index to
the four volumes.
The pamphlet or Session Laws of the United States
from the 5lh to the 24th Courge** inclusive, or from 17U7
to 1837. Any separate pamphlets can be furnished.
Gnles and Heaton's Register of Debates in Cungresa.
All Documents on Foreign Relations; Finance, Com
inerce, and Navigation; Internal Improvement ; Military
and Naval Affairs ; Indian Affairs ; Public Lands, and on
Claims of every description can be furnished separately
in sheets.
Also, for sale as above, a large collection of files of
Newspapers published in Washington, and some of the
principal cities in the United Stales.
Aug. 23. tO
PROSPECTUS
TO THE
AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE,
Foil 1837.
rive DOLLARS PIl H Till.
ON the first of January was published the first number of
the ninth volume of the American Monthly Magazine.
This will commence the second year of " the New Sinn
of the American Monthly." One year has paused wince,
by the union of the New England Magaxme with thi?
well established periodical, the resources of a publication
which had previously a'isorbed those of the Aniericau
Monthly Review and of the United Slates Magaxuit,
were all concentrated in the American Monthly Mar*.
line ; giving at once so broad a basis to the work hi to
stamp its uational character and ensure its permanency.
The numlicr of pages, which have each month exceeded
one hundred, was at the same time increased, to make
room for an additional supply of original matter ; and ew-li
number of the work throughout the year has been orn?
mented with an engraving, executed by the first artiMs m
the country. How far the literary contents of the Maga
line have kept pace with these secondary improvement!,
the public are the best judges. The aun of the proprietor*
hits been from the first to establish a periodical winch
should have a tone and character of its own ; and which,
while rendered sufficiently amusing to ensure its ciicuU
lion, should ever keen for'its main object the promotion of
good taste, and sound, vigorous and fearless thinkine, up.
on whatever subiect it undertook to discuss ; which, in a
word, should make its way into public favor, and establish
its claims to consideration, rather by what should be
found in its pages than by any eclat which the name* of
popular contributors, or the dissemination of laudatory
paragraphs, could confer. Nor ha* the American Monthly
had any reason to regret having adopted and followed out
the course prescribed to itself from the first. It has in
, deed lost both contributors and suliscribers by the tone of
' so,ne of its papers ; but by the more enlightened who have
judged of the tendency of the work in the aggregate and
not by Us occasional difference of opinion w itli themselves
it has been sustained with spirit and liberality. It has
been enabled to merge from infancy and dependence upon
extrinsic circumstances; and the quickening power of
many minds, laboring succesaively or in uoi*on, has in
fused vitality into the creation while shaping it into lorm,
until now it has a living principle of its own. It has lie.
come something, it is hoped, which "theworld would not
willingly let die," .... , . . ? ,,
But though the subscription list of the American Monthly
nas enlarged with the publications of every numlwr during
the last year, it is not yet sufficiently full to justify the
publishers in carrying into effect their plan of liberally
compensating lioth the regular contributors and every wri
ter that furnishes a casual paper for the week. Nor till
literary labor in every department of a periodical is ade
quately thu? rewarded, can it fully sustain or merit the
character which an occasional article from a well paid
popular pen may give. ....
If these views be just, there is no impertinence in ap
pesling here to the public to assist in furthering them l.?
promoting the prosperity of the American Monthly Magi- '
The work which is under the editorial chagre of C I
Hoofman and Park Benjamin, Esq. will continue to he
published simultaneously on the first of every month, in
New York, by George Dearborn & Co., in Boston by Oti?,
Broader* & Co., communications received at the Office,
No. 38, Gold Street, New York.
PROSPECTUS OF THE
SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER,
THOMAS W. WHITE, EDITOR AMD PtOPEIETOR
This is a monthly magazine, devoid
chiefly to literature, but occasionally finding room
for articles that fall within the scope of Science ; and not
professing an entire disdain of tasteful select ><m*. though
its matter has been, as it will continue to be, in the main,
""Party politics and controversial theology, as far a* pos
sible, are jealously excluded. They are sometimes so
blended with discussions in literature or in moral science,
otherwise unobjectionable, a9 to gain admittance for the
aake of the more valuable matter to which ihey adhere
but whenever that happens, they are tncidenlal only , not
primary. They are dross, tolerated only because it can
not well be severed from ihe sterling ore wherewith it is
incorporated. .
Reviews and Critical Notices occupy their due spare
in the work.; and it is the editor's aim that they should
have a threefold tendency?to convey in a condensed
form, such valuable truths or interesting incidents as are
emliodied in the works reviewed,?to direct the reader a
attention to books that deserve to be read, and to warn
him against wasting time and money upon that large num
ber, which merit only to be burned. Jn this age of publi
cations, that by their variety and multitude distract ami
overwhelm every undiscnminating student, impartial
criticism, governed by the views just mentioned, is one of
the most inestimable and indispensable of auxiliaries, to
him who does wish to discriminate.
Essays and Tales, having in viewutility or amusement,
or both,?Historical Sketches,?and Reminiscences of
events too minute for history, yet elucidating it, and height
ening its interest,?may be regarded aa forming the stsp c
of the work. And of indigenous poetry, enough is pub
lished?sometimes of no mean strain?to manifest and to
cultivate the growing poetical taste and talents of our
country. , , . ,
The times appear, for several reasons, to demand stu h
a work?and not one alone, but many. The public mn d
is feverish and irritated stili, from recent political strifes.
The soft, assuasive influence of literature is needed, o
allay that fever, and soothe that irritation. > ice and fo; y
are rioting abroad : Thev should be driven by indignwit
rebuke, or lashed by ridicule, into their fitting haunt".
Ignorance lords it over an immense proportion of our
people. Every spring sliould lie set in motion, to aiwe
the enlightened, and to increase their number; so that the
great enemy of popular government may no longer brooit,
like a portentous cloud, over the destinies of our country.
And to accomplish all these ends, what more powerful
agent can l>e employed than a periodical, on Ihe plan ol
the Messenger; if that plan be but carried out in practice.
The South, peculiarly, requires such an agent. In sll
the Union, south of Washington, there are but two literary
periodicals ! Northward of that city, there are probably at
least twenty-five or thirty ! Is this contrast justified by
the wealth, ihe leisure, the native talent, or the ?<jjURl
literary taste of the Southern people, compared with those
of the Northern ! No; for iu wealth, talents, and taste,
wo may justly claim at least an equality with our bre
thren; and a domestic institution exclusively our own,
beyond all doubt affords us, if we choose, iwice the leisure
for reading and writing, which they enjoy.
It was from s deep sense of this local want, that
word SoCTHKtV was engrafted on the name ot tu*
periodical; and not with any de*i<n to nourish lor*' pre
judices, or to advocate supposed local interests, far from
any such thought, it is the editor's fervent wish to see the
North and South bound endearingly together forever, in
the silken bands of mutual kindness and affection far
from meditating hostility to the North, he has already
drawn, and he hopes hereafter to draw, much of hiscnoicesi
matter thence ; ano happy indeed will he deem himse
should his pages, by making each region know the other
better, contribute in any essential degree to dispel ti e
lowering clouds that now threaten the peace of both, *r<l
to brighten and strengthen the sacred ties of fraternal
The Southern Literary Messenger has now reached the
fifth No. of its third volume. How fsr it has acted out l. e
ideas heie uttered, it is not for the editor to sav. '?*
believes, however, that it falls not further short of them
than human weakness usually makes practice fall short ot
'^The Messenger is issued monthly. Each numUr of the
work contains 04 large super-royal panes, printed in th
very handsomest manner, on new type, sn<1 on psprr
equal at least to that on which any other periodical
printed in our country. . , , , . _,
No sulwcription w ill ?>e received for less than a vol" . ,
and must commence with the current one. The price i
*5 per volume, which must be paid in all cases at tl" <'
of subscribing. This is particularly adverted to no" t
avoid misapprehension. or future mismiderstandm
no order will hereafter be attended to unless accompanu
with the price of subscription.
The postage on the Messenger is ?'* cents onsny h
gle No. for all distances under lOOmiles-over 100 mm .
All communications or letters, re'?Uv'
ger, must he addressed to Thomas W W mite.
Southern Literary Messenger Office. Richmond.
THE MA 1)1 SON I AN.
The MiDisoMiA* i* published Tri-^eeklv
sittings of Congress, and Semi-weekly during
cess. T?i-weekly on Tuesdays, Tbursdsys. ?"?
Advertisements intended for the T"**^v
sliould be sent in esrlv on MomUy?thos' ^
Thursday p*p?r. r?rl>' on Wodne*kyf ?nd
turd ay piper, early on Friday.
OjEc*, E nsur Ttuih.

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