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The following reminiscence* of one of the
Massachusetts worthies of the Revolution, are furnished by the venerable editor of the Cincinnati Post; REMINISCENCES OF SAMUEL ADAMS. There arc but fews ubjrcts that afford us more satisfaction, than looking back upon our youth, aud searching the store-house of me mory, for thosi) facta then laid up in it for future use. In the pursuit of this object, we, some two years since, wrote reminiscences of John Hancock, which, we have the satis faction of knowing, were prized by his de scendants, aud read with avidity by many iu Massachusetts. Very recently, the news from the Sandwich Islands, recalled to me mory the circumstances which lead to the first intercourse had, by citizens of the United States, with those then interesiing savages ; now, a civilized and prosperous people. We have taken for our subject, on this occasion, our recollections of Samuel Adams, who, though not "a hero without example was " a patriot without reproach." In speak ing of circumstances so long passed, we shall speak only of what we know ; never having read "the biography of the signers of the Declarationol Independence," we know not what accounis may bo given of any of them. We never saw Mr. Adams until the year 1792, he was then far in the vale of years, with a constitution which was, judging from his appearance, naturally strong, but nearly worn out, not with toifbut care. He still continued to use all th*5 exercise his strength would admit, by visiting, almost daily, a Mr. Hughes, a constable, a respectable calling in Boston, in those days, whatever it may be now.? They had been friends from early life, and the same intimacy was common between their respective ladies. Mr. Adams was then lieutenant-governor, a place of honor, with but little profit, and 110 duty at all, except in case of the death of the governor, when ex-ojldo, the duties of the executive devolved upon the lieutenant. Mr. Adams lived in a large old fashioned frame house, on Winter st/^, which had once been painted yellow, buC like' its venerable owner, was a good deal the-worse for wear. He entertained little or no company, having neither means nor inclination to do it. He .was poor. On the death of Governor Han cock, he walked as chief mourner, preceded only by the Hancock piece of artillery. (It is proper here to remark, that the first cannon taken from the British, in the war of the He volution, were two brass four pounders, on one of which was engraved, by order of the State, the name of John Hancock, and on the other, Samuel Adams, with appropriate de vices.) Before the almost interminable pro cession had" reached State street, Mr. Adams' strength failed him and he retired. lie had then become ex-ojficio, Governor of the State, and at the next election was confirmed in his high office by the votes of the people. The then salary of the governor of Massa chusetts, if our memory serves, was a thou sand pounds currency, o'r $3,333?but a very small sum towards enabling the incumbent of the Gubernatorial chairto follow the example, in style and hospitality, set by Mr. Hancock, who lived and entertained like a prince. Mr. Adams possessed neither carriage nor horses, but he had been elected Governor but a few weeks, when some gentleman of Boston pre sented the venerable patriot with a new and handsome chariot, and a pair of as handsome * Use hp n? u efC 'n lhe citX- The first ??.j. - S? mired, seating himself beside his venerable lady, they drove to Constable Hughes, where the Governor allighted and handing Mrs. Hughes into the seat, the two old ladies drove y>ff together, whilst he stayed and lalked with his old friend, and we stood by devouring their discourse. In 1793, theatrical enter tainments were first intioduced into Boston, after the Revolution; they thought to avoid the penalty of the statute, by advertising their Play8 18 "moral lectures" for instance^there was the "moral lecture of George Barnwell," Richard the Third, &c., this passed for a very few nights, before Governor Hancock sent the High-sheriff, who made prisoner of the humpbacked tyrant, while in his robes upon the stage ; the audience became greatly in censed, and taking the portrait of the Gov ernor from the stage box, they trod it under foot. The next night they went armed with clubs to the theatre, but there was no more interference. A splendid theatre was built A vote of the town was taken on the question and it was carried in its favor. Application was made to the legislature, to repeal the law against theatrical performances, and it passed both houses; but Mr. Adams was then Gov ernor, and refused to sign it, and we doubt whether it has ever been repealed to this day. It is recorded of Mr. Adams, that a large sum was offered him by agents of the British government, to tak*. *ides with it against his nativo land; but it wi& indignantly spurned and on a subsequent occasion, when a simi lar circumstance was alluded to, ho exclaimed " they knew well that a guinea never glistened in my eyes." It was well for the country, and for mankind, that there were such men, in whose eyes guineas did not glisten: they appear to have been raised up for the occasion; and having accomplished the great work given them to do have disapj>eared from the face of the earth, and there have arisen in their stead, a race of men so unlike them, that it seems scarcely possible they can be the de scendants of such sires. The contrast is striking, and well calculated to make us trem ble for the future. MAN AND WOMAN. A PARALLEL. The following is a bad translation of a good article?it is from the German of G. Schil ling. * The young woman saves her treasures? innocence and virtue?only for ingratitude in this world. The young man throws his away like a heavy, useless burden. The young woman is destined for distress ?the young man distressing. The health of the young woman is impaired in proportion to the ripeness of her age ; that of the young man is increasing in the same proportion. Instinct awakens in the heart of the young woman, in spite of the remonstrances of her mother, the longings for love. She is afTected physically and morally. But how are the threads to which the good name of a young woman is attached ! She must be silent, and suppress her ardent feelings?she must seem cold when she is burning?she must step back when her wishes prompt her to go forward? she must practise dissimulation as a duty and a virtue ! If the young woman he pretty, she is made ? foolish egotist by flattery, that disturbef of the peaceful harmony of the female heart! If she be homely?envy and malevolence, and perhaps a vanity still more disgusting, will uiake her soul thie theatre of their strile ; one lesson of discontent will follow another, and a mortifying neglect will destroy in her the beautiful pearl of her sex?benignity. The youug man tinda every encouragement for the impetuosity of his nature. He kuocks passionately and is let in?complying arms are expanded to his sensuality. The open doors, even where he looked for locks and bars, teach him early to despise a sei, that exchanges its most sacred treasure* for gold, or yields thein to compassion or fervent en treaty. He comes to the unjust conclusion, that all around is deceived?that all around is ; deceiving? He now ranks all women alike?destroys with impumty the gem of in noceuce?ami remorseless, avails himself where he may, of the prerogative of his age J au*l of his sex. The young woman desires, wishes, trem- i bles! Wo to her if she follows her instinct! | The more and more spreading celibacy of man, opens to her, if she is not rich, tho dismal prospect of old maidenhood. She seldom has ' any choice?seldom may she possess whom she loves! The young man chooses?the young woman is the picture hung out among a hundred others waiting for a customer ; if, at last, she finds one, oh, she will often see herself forced out, of the favorite place, into some by-room for a new comer. The young man falls; " No matter !" says the world?-and lie is not esteemed the less by his contemporaries. The young woman falls; and by the fall she loses her better self ; she becomes impu dent and wicked; she leaves the sacred cir cle of morality for ever ; and dearly does she pay for the indelible blemish by hot tears and burning pains?by shame and by disgrace! The young man marries?he becomes mas ter and commander. The young woman is a housewife, subject to his humor, to his passions, to his peevish ness. The young man revels amidst the roses of enjoyment. The young woman, now a wife, ministers often without common enjoyment, to the sen sual intoxication of her master ; and is con tinually in danger of pains and death, or sick ness for life. The fruits of matrimony arc to the wife steps towards the grave. Nature, knowing her cruelty, gives to her in compen sation the indestructible feeling of love to wards her children ! Her husband becomes indifferent?in the full blossom of his age, he finds no more, in the person of his fading w ife, those undulating lines that charm sensuality. She perceives, with pain, that the spring only attracted him ; that the falling leaves of au tumn cannot give him joy. The more he compares, the more she loses. Morality teaches him how to act, but ho follows the voice of his insatiable heart! He is unrea sonable and whimsical. Her dutv bids her to love and be silent! If she is jcaious, hell is opened in her house ; and the world (called fitly enough, the bad,) laugh at her, pities her at the most, ard par dons the husband! She makes a false step; every one agTees with the husband if he throw her out of doors, without shoes, and clothes, and abandon her to misery and shame. He becomes an old man. Dignity and es teem attend on him; his confederates honor 1 ti'UWitv *V?/Vr nr tho grandfather of ftopetuT children ; the venera tion of his contemporaries accompanies liiin to the nigh grave. The wife becomcs a matron or?a widow ; who asks for her? In every society she isi seen as unwillingly and received as coldly as austere virtue. Who would not be a man ? Alas, who would be a woman! RUSSIAN SYSTEM OF CONSCRIPTION. A late Paris paper contains the following descrip tion of expedient resorted to by the Russian Autocr.it, to embellish, with a little appearance of romance, his half civilized system of military colonies: The camp of Woznesensk, in the government of Katerinoslaw, was chosen this year for the grand manoeuvres of the Russian cavalry. About this camp, the government has established military co lonies to cultivate the numerous farms, and the lands which belong to them, and it was desired that the colonies should be full of activity at the time of the arrival of the German Princes, who are to visit "VVoznescnsk. But these colonies were as yet in habited only by soldiers, and counted but few women. Consequently, an imperial order enjoined on the authorities of the government of Wolhynia, of Po dolia, and of Kilovia, to require of the administrators of the property, confiscated in consequencc of the revolution of IKK), to obtain from their country a levy of six hundred young girls for the service of the camp of Woznesensk. According to this order, the young girls were to be aged from sixteen to twenty, and as far as possible handsome and well formed. The administrators set aboutNexecuting this order, but as the news spread into several of the villages, the women and the young girls touk to flight, and sought refuge in the midst of the forests and the desert steppes. In other villages the peasantry de clared that they would oppose by force the execution of such an order, and that they would defend to the death theirdalighters,theirsisters, and theiraffianced ones. The officers, thinking that a resistance which was announced in so energetic a manner, might be of a nature to cause great disorder, addresseda re port to the government. In consequence of this, several detachments of troops were sent to enforce the execution of the orders. This was done, the peasants were trapped like wild beasts; the young girls were torn from the bosom of their families, and the soldiers, notwithstanding the orders of the offi cers, who, under these circumstances did all in their power to reconcile humanity and their duty, com mitted many acts of violence. The most deplorable scenes took place on the estates of Hnman, belonging to the Count Alexander Potocki, and on those of Zinkow, belonging to the Princess de Wu stern berg, born Princess of Czar toryska. At several places, the peasants, armed with scythes and clubs, maintained a furious contest with the soldiers, but they were finally forced to yield to numbers. Some were killed, others im prisoned and delivered up to justice! Already seve ral judgments have been given against them.? Twenty-two peasants have submitted to the punish ment of the lash. Eighteen, after having suffered the knout, have been sent to Siberia; others are still in prison. The imperial order was then executed. Six hundred young girls, taken by force from their country, from their families, were* despatched with a military escort to the camp of Woznesensk. On their arrival at the camp, they were, like the army recruits, subjected to a shameful examination, that any serious infirmities might be discovered. The prettiest, clothed in various costumes, dressed like Tyrolese, Spaniards, English women, were distributed among the different farms of the military colony. It was undoubtedly to offer to the 'German Princes and the illustrious strangers, whose pre sence was expected in the camp, somejpicttiresque and pastoral scenes which might relieve the ennui of the grand manoeuvres. As to the young girls who had not the requisite share of beauty, they were destined to become wash-women to the sol diers. The peasants have presented a petition to the Emperor that they may obtain the return of their unfortunate girls. This petition has bi-cn warmly supported by the marshals of their districts. It is not vet known what decision will be taken on it. It | is thought that these women will be compelled to inarry the colonized soldiers. It was in this manner, j that under the reign of Catharine II., Potemkin, j after the devastation of the steppes of the Crimea, j sent there numerous detachment* taken from the Ru?ian regiments, and to complete bin projects of colonisation, ordered a levy of young Kiru, who were brought from different province* and given as wives to the new colonists. Such are the facts which have just occurred?no commentary is neces sary. We add, &ays the Paris paper, in which the above appears, from one of its correspondents, the follow ing extract from the Polish journal, Wuuhrmaki Krajutrt i emigracijne, which confirms the truth of it: "Si* hundred girls, of a remarkable beauty, and of the tendered youth, have ken chosen from the con/iseated estates of Uie Poles, and have been sent to VV'oxnesensk, where the grand manoeuvres of the Russian cavalry are being made, that they may serve as an embellishment to the military colonies. There, alter having been attired as Swiss, Tyrolese, and English women, they have been placed in the farm houses of the colony, to charm the illustrious guests who honor with their presence the manoeu vres of Woznesensk. The relatives of these young girls wished to oppose this act of violence, and several resisted it with force. But the knout and Siberia have taught them to listen to reason." FOREIGN ITEMS. The Duke de Nemours and General Damrcmont, passed the Seyb<?use the 1st. It was calculated they would reach the walls of Constantine by the 6th. The Duchess of St. Leu, once Uueen Horten.se, and wife of Louis Bonaparte, ex King of Holland, is dead, at her seat in Switzerland. This is the mother of the young prince Napoleon Louis, who re cently returned froui this country iu consequcnce of her extreme illness. A place in tbepeerage has been offered to Messrs. de Sade and Tracy, but they have declined the honor. The Spanish Journals announce that the Cluecn has signed the treaty of peace and friendship with Mexico. By this treaty the crown of Spain abandons all pretentions to the sovereignty of that territory. An earthquake, Sept. jfcM at Angram in Austria, damaged all the houses. By accotints from Constantinople to Sept. 14, we learn that the Captain Pacha is directed to return immediately with his licet to that capital. The Duke and Duchess of Orleans were passing their time at Trianon, garden of Versailles. The marriage of L>uis Philippe's daughter Marie, with the Prince of Wurtemberjr. was to be celebrated in the Chateau of St. Cloud; where the King and ttueen of the Belgians would be present. When the authorities of classic Gottingen, recent ly gate King Ernest (the English Duke of Cumber land) the keys of the town, he replied with senten tious b ?iBtv?-"Mes fideles bourgeois, je voussouhaitc le b mjour!)" The Bishopof Nisines, died Sept. 29. A Ifcxtor Burdin has given 3000 francs to the Academy of Medicine, as a prize to the person who shall prove that somnambulists see by another mode than that of ordinary vision. It is reported now that the Grand Duke Michael, through tne intercession of his wife with the Auto crat, is Ui be inadi! Vice Regent of Poland. Many political arrests have recently taken place at Chainbery, and other towns of Savov. Pezso di Bort; > i? to retire from public life. According to a letter from Hwitxerland, in the Currier Francaise, Prince Louis Bonaparte, who re mains at Archenberg, has received from the Grand Duke of Baden a formal notice not to set foot within the Grand Duchy, nor even to pass through the town of Constance.?.V. Y Star. THIS TIMKH. Congress, instead of discussing the Sut>-1 reasury Hill, had passed a |aw requir ing the Secretary to receive and disburse the public moneys through such hanks us should in a given time, resume specie payments, con fidence would he speedily restored, and busi ness of every description would resume its wonted appearance. Whatever cause, whe ther-imaginary or real, which produces confidence will revive business. Hut busi ness can never revive until banks are used alike by the Government and people. The fact of either condemning them as unworthy confidence, is at once to make them dis trusted by both. It is in vain to say that this country can at once change its habits and transact its business without a larger propor tion of bills than specie; and whoever thinks t?hoJi!'-er.. :na!Ty,nR into ?P?ra,'?n the new cetreS ?Belfast (ffi'T'Tnt!? ?,? PR08PECTU8 or THK IV E W YOHK It E V I E W AND milj i , >lT CHCUCH J <( I' It \ A I. I itfc plan of this.Publication embrace* extended re umt i ""l>or,HnIl w,,rk"- u"d d,?cu?.io,,s ofimpor i? 2l?nn YCVCry department of literature and think the' content J of o m ,"?,nnrr of ,bo#? w,?c?> ?"??" "P Me contents of Quarterly Reviews gencrallv nroducC;/ ' " br,0f ""?'J"""'??rv..y of the literary iWationsnf,k I c"rrpnt ,1,,nr,er w,,h ,hort mural dSS ^1' UharaCU'r #nd va!up in lhpIr ev!msI,a.TCfan1likPW'.ke,r rp'ti*lorof tl,p most important ticularlv in r? ''terary and religious world, par Church reflrenCe lo the ?t?,c ""J progress of the I he object of the whole work is to exhibit as far a* rXsOTftf.r* """"i?;u " moral moveinpnt r cs' H'"d l''p intellectual and Z?l litTat, Z TT'V to Promolc 'he interests of nn,, Christian r th's general tone and spirit, it will be con Church The? pnnri'>lM <>f thc Protestant Kpiacopal n ircti. I hp conviction of the truth and imrsntancn of ,""d ???-5 SVSZg Il,free and uncompromising, vet lilieral the work." COnf"atln? "P,rit- Wlli constitute the unity of bertw*^?^" hrp lrn made to kcc"TC tho a''1 of the pensewdl^ie ?n?f ?U|' ??n'ry ; and no pains or ex the ?it cVfi* m ,h'S PUbl,Cat'?" a w"'k , lfn"s The work will contain an average of SJSOnaircs to each numlier; and will lie furnished to Subscribers at ?r Anar;,:sii,narpay",leonde,,v^??'& oer. Any p. rson becoming responsible for ?> comes shal receive the seventh copy gratis. 1 ' All communications on the business concerns of the Si1* &van* j?n..ob. Oct. 5. is? isS WAaft",M?d?N BRAKNCH RA'^OAD.-O?a?d .hp 1 . Monday next, the 11 instant, the cars w >11 leave .S.tew1a. t. " "?M ample time for passengers going North to take the steam 12 ovTock "?W I,art* d" 7 f?r at half past The afternoon train will, as heretofore, leave the denot at a quarter after 5 o'clock, P. M. 1 S!)?d6t?Vwtf. (Globe Native American, Alexandria Gazette, and Po tomac Advocate.) ' 1 ' NOTICE. T^?nr York"nd Boston Illinois Und Company X will offer at public auction at their office in the town ?f Qumey, Adams County, lllinms. on Mondav the 2^h day of November next, lt)0,000 acrcs of their Lands situ ?ted in the Military Tract in said State. "U Lists of the lands may he had at the office of said Com pany in Quincy and at 44 Wall Street, New York it t offered."1' ,,r,C? Wi" ^ '? rnch lot ll>- time JOHN TILLSON.Jr. Aug 25, 1837. for the N. Y. & U. 111. L Co. lawtNor?9 E MV * c;?-' merchant taTlorS" ,^f 7 Buddings, and near Fuller's Hotel, respectfully beg; leave to inform their friends and the public in generaf that they have lately fitted up, and just opened, the Urw store formerly occupied by James A Co., druggist, for the accommodation of their patrons in that part oftheci tv MdWN^T, i " n,0", P,l'n,,i?' ",0"k ?f KALI ^ortJcn, r (fofsls, cfuisisting of the following choice assortment of articles for gentlemen's wear ? l-orcoats surK-rfme p,eces of broadcloths, wool-dved Mark, blur, dahlia, Adelaide, invisible green P,ilmK claret, and all the favorite Colors of the dTy ' ror pantaloons, (ffiperfine black cassimere r^? i -trip.sJ.lo., black rib. J. do., gray mixedToXff, tZn, atnprd buckskin, fancy do., &c. ^wna For rJ*.s,s- black silk velvet, fancy figured do.. Genoa do., woollen do., striped challa gold tissue, black satin figured do , plain and figured silks. ' E. O. A Co. have also received a larire colteminn stocks, plain, trimmed, and emhosse<l. handkerchiefs opera ties, silk shirts and drawers, huekskin do merino do. shoulder braces, union do., (two excellent ar ehp?T \ ,hr, ""pport of and expansion of the w. ? "'f U Imll W' INKS. iu ?J B MORGAN * OP.,? ? I .. Lnm fn-? th. fafcw* * fine assortment of ????, *'?. P^T >1127 >tW? */ the KW-ItucklwMwr. ?.?!?s >?31. ^Z' |t?3 ; EtU'i-'iCilHiiH. lIN. J^**T^STbS' 1834 MareobftJSer, 18/7, IHMs *????'?. ??. ?**?? Urger, IIK7. With ? nuuriwr uf Utm-ynnd Hurh *"'T*; fikamp*gnet?Oi th? Cabinet, (this w 10 b?t bnETof Clmmp.,n?. Wr'?"' Bacchus, and Heart, brands. ??,fc L'trOuj*-**nsebwo. Cumeo*. Abseyuths, Stomsrb Hitler, and other Cordial*. ,SVrw*-P*le and Bww?,Trnr.uprn? Madam? From Blackburn At Howard, March Ot Co. Otard'* P?le Brandy, venr . London Porter, Brown rflout, and Scotch A?e. Sardine*. truffle*. anchovy p?fcW, French uiu.tard, nick tea. Ate. 'JO,000 superior Havana Segars. We have about JO.OOO bottle* of old wines, Madeira* and Sherries, moat of them very old; with every variety ?*?<?. "* - ch^Kk,ug J-B MOROAN * co THE UNIVER8ITY OF MARYLAND. The session of the medical depart ment of this Institution, will commence on the last Monday of October next, and continue until the laa day of February. THE FACULTY OF PHYSIC ARE, H. Willi* Bailby, M. D., Pr.fessor of Anatomy and Physiology. Henry Howtin, M D , Professor of Obstetrics, and of the Disease* of Women and Children. MlCHACI. A. FlNLBY, M. D . Professor of Pathology, and of the Practice of Medicine. ItoBKHT E DoBSBY, M. D-, Professor of Materia Me dica, Therapeutic* .Hygiene, and Medical Junspru. deuce. William R Fishbb, M. D., Prof?**or of Chemistry and Pharmacy. John Frederick May, M. D., Professor of the Prin ciple* and Practice of Surgery. Ellis Huuhes, M.D., Demonstrator of Anatomy. In making this annual announcement, the Trosteesre spcct fully state, that, in addition to a Medical faculty of great ability, having high claims ,"'j patronage, this Department of the University of Maryland offers other and peculiar advantages to Stmlenu fiiir the acquisition of Medical knowledge Placed in the most favorable climate for attending to dissections, ? P" sensing commodious rooms for that purpose, tt? Univem tv of Maryland commands an unequalled supply ot Matt nl/for the prosecution of the study of Practical Analom such, indeed, is the abundance of Subjects, that the 1 ?J feasor of Surgery will afford to the Student$ an opportunity of performing t he mt civet, under his direction, every ?urp ealoperatum -a great practical advantage, not heretofore furnished, in any of our Medical Schools This University has also an Anatomies Museum, founded on the extensive collection of the celebtated Al len Burns, which became its property by purchase, at ureal expense; and to this collection numerous addi.ions have been annually made and, of late, many very va li able preparations have been procured from t ranee an< [ta|y?which toitether afford ample means to make a great variety of illustrations of healthy and diseased structure. The Baltimore Infirmary, long and favorably known as an excellent school of practice, ..connected with tbe Me dical Department, and furnishes every class of di^asi 'or the practical elucidation of the principles taught, by tne Professor* of the Practice of Medicine and of buritery who, besides their rettular lectures, will impart Clinical instruction, at the Infirmary, at stated periods, in each week during the Session. .... . t ,w;. The Chemical and Philosophical Apparatus of this University, is of great extent and value, much of it having been selected in Europe, by the late distinguished Pro fessor De Butts. And to a Laboratory, provided with every thing necessary for a Course of Chemical instruc tion, are united the numerous and varied articles required to illustrate the lectures on Pharmacy and Materia Me '"Neither expense nor care has been spared to secure for the University of Maryland the facilities necessary for the acquisition of a thorough Medical Education. THE EXPENSES ARE: THE FIRST COURSE. For attending the Lcctures of six Professors, ^ For attending the Dissector and Demonstrator, For attending Clinical Lecture* and instruc Hon at the Infirmary, - - - - ?> 9103 THE SECOND COL'BSE. For attendance on the Lcctures of six Profcs- ^ sors, - Graduation and Diploma, - ~ $110 The whole being only 213 dollars. But Students who have attended one course of Lee lures in another respectable Medical School, may gradu ate here after they have attended one full course in this University?where the course of instruction is as com plete as that of any other Medical School?each Profes sor being, 111 this Institution, required to lecture every J t^CTS are procured, Dissections can tie prosecuted with more ease, and at less expense, than at any other place : ?here too, good boarding can be engaged, oil as cheap terms as in any other Atlantic City. THE OFFICERS ARE, His Excellency Thomas W. Veazy, Governor of Ma ryland. President of the Board of Trustees. The Hon. Roger B. Taney, Provost. THE DOARD OF TRUSTEES. Nathaniel Williams, Vice President. John Nelson, Solomon Etting, Isaac McKim, Dr. Dennis Claude, James Cox, By order, JOSEPH B WILLIAMS, Secretary. Baltimore, 20th August, 1837. twtlN5 TENTH VOLUME OF THE KNICKERBOCKER MAGAZINE. ON the first of July, 1837, commenced the tenth volume of the Knickerbocker, or New York Monthly Magn zine. The publishers, mindful of the favor w ith which their efforts have been received at the hands of the public, would embrace the recurrence of a new starting wint, as a fit occasion to " look backw ard and forw ard at the past ami prospective character and course of their periodical. Within the brief space of a little more than two years and a half, the numlier of copies issued of the Knickeibocker has been increased from less than five hundred to more than four thouiand, without other aids than the acknow ledged merit* of the work?acknowledged, not more expli citly by this unprecedented success, than by Upward of three thousand hiehly favorable notices of the Magazine, which, at different times, have appeared in the various journals of the United States, embracing those or the tirst and most discriminating elms in evenr scction ol the Union. Of many hundreds who desired specimen num lier*, and to whom they have been sent for examination, previous to subscribing, nrt one but has found the work worthy of immediate subscription. A correct inference in regard to the mferett or qtuudy of the matter furnished i by the publishers, may lw gathered from the foregoing I fact*. In relation to the quantity given, it need only be said, thiil it has always exceeded the maximum promised, and in the numbers for the last year, by more than four humlreil paget. Of the clearness and beauty of the typo graphical execution and material of the Kpieker tockcr, and the character of its emliellishmenls?which, although not expected by its readers, nor promised by its proprie tors, have nevertheless lieen given?it is not deemed ne cetsary to speak. They will challenge comparison, it is believed, with any similar periodical, at home or abroad. It has been ol .served, that the constant aim of the edi tor*, in the management of the Knickerbocker, has been to make the work cntcrtaininit and agreeable, as well as solid and useful. It is |**rhaps owing to the predominance of these first named characteristics, that it has become so widely hnown to the public. In addition to several well known ami popular series of numlier*?such as the "Odds and End* 1 myra Letter*,' . ? - ? ??,, r> Blank Book of a Country Schoolmaster, WjlaonjDoil I worth."" Life in Florida,'*" Loafcriana, "The Eclec ? tic," " Pasaaces from the Common-place Book of a Sep 1 tu? ;enarian," " Notes from Journals of Travels in Ameri ca, and in various Foreign Countries," " 1 he ridget r a pers," ftc.?liberal space has lieen devotei. to interesting | Tales, illustrating American society, manner*, the times, I iVc., embracing, besides, atone* of the sea, and of pathos ! and humor, upon a (treat variety of subjects, together with ! biographies, legends, and essay*, 11 (ton numerous and va ried themes, interspersed with frequent articles of poetry, of such a description as to secure for the Magazine, in this department, a gratifying pre-eminence and celebrity. But neither the scientific nor the learned, the solid nor the useful, has been omitted, or lightly regarded. Origi nal articles, from distinguished writer*, (which have at tracted much attention in this country, and several of which have lieen copied and lauded abroad,! ''8V? appear ed in the recent numlier* of the work, upon the following nuhjccta: Past and Present State of American Literature ; South American Antiquities ; Inland Navigation ; Geolosrv and Revealed Relition; Insanity ami Monomania; l.i!>erty vertut Literature and the Fine Art*; Early History of the Country ; Connexion of the Physical Sciences ; At mospheric Electricity, a New Theory of Magnetism, antl Molecular Attraction; American Female Character; Pulmonary Consumption ; Pi I pit Eloquence; I he I ros pect* ami Duties of the Age ; Health of Europe and America; Literary Protection and International Copy Right; Poetry of the Inspired Writings; Chinese .Na tions and Languages; Chemistry (Laboratory of Nature) The Past, the Present, and the Future; Our Country, with Comments on it* Parties, Laws, Public Schools, and Sketches of American Society, Men, Education, Manners and Scenery ; Philosophy of the Rosicnician* ; Intellectual Philosophy, PhiloUwy, Astronomy. Animal and Vegetable Physio|/>inr, Astro|,>rr, Botany. Mineralo gy, and Phrenology ; Progress of the Aise, and of Modern Ltlierty; Christianity in France ; American Organic William Gwynn, Dr. Hanson Penn, James Win, McCulloh, Henry V. Somerville, Dr. Samuel McCulloh, and John G. Chapman. id popular series of numlx'rs?such as the " Odds 1 of a Penny-a-Liner," "Ollapodiana," the " Pal ter*," "An Actor'* Alloqiiy, " leaves from the BrfuAiM . Historical Recollection*, th* Nature ?f Co Lhw*Vul,>n ?n Scriptural Miracle*; Sectional Dh 11 iirlirn- *1 tto Llniun ; rwc Societies > Periodicity of iJit-mooo , E***jr* on Miuic, Kin? Writing, Ate; toge ther mtli muy article* of ? kindred driertptMWi which It would ??r?ed lit* liutiU of Una ad?rrti*eu?*"'enuiu*' rale in detail To the (oregoin| pnrtieuUr*, the poMiabew would on ly add, that il do period mure tlte work paaaed into their hands, have It* literary capabilities and pru*pect* been ao ample and auspiciuua aa at preaent ; and thnt not only wdl the awn* eaertiona be coutiuut d, which have aecured to their ?iitjarnptioo liat an unexampled increase, but their rlaima upoo the public fa\oi will be enhanced by every Bieaua which increasing endeavor*, enlar?ed facilities, and tfce moat liberal expenditure, can command. Back number* have Men re-printed to auppljr Volume Nine, and live thousand copira of Volume leu will be printed, to meet the demand* of new subscriber*. A few brief notice* of the Knickerbocker, from well known journal* are subjoined : " The progress of the Kuickerl'orkcr is alill onward It la conducted with decided ability, la copioua and varied in ita contents, and is printed in a superior*tyle. At tins season we have little apare for literary e*tracta,nnd cannot, then-fore, enable those of our reader* who may not see this Mainline, to judge of its menu, otherwise than upon our assurance that they are of a high order. ?A etc 1 or* .4 merica*. , , " We have found in the Knickerbocker ao inuoh to ad mire and so little to condemn, that we can hanlly trust ourselves to sixak of it from first impressions, as we could not do so without being suspected of extravagant praise. It is not surpassed by any of ita contemporaries ul home or abroad." * It sustains high ground in all the requisites of a Magazine, and we are pleased to sec that itt merits are appreciated abroad a* w? II us at home.?Alb'y Argus. " This monthly periodical is now so welj known that it hardly ikkkIi Gofwwndiitiofi, having fitlbliilicd ?or itvlf a character among the ablest and most entertaining publi- , cations in the land."?.V. I. Journal of Com "Thr Knickerbocker se<'ms to increase in attractions as it advances in age. It exhibits a monthly variety of con Iribulioiis unsurpassed in number or ability."?A<U Int. " The work is ir. the highest degree creditable to the | literature of our country."? Wash. (Jlobe. ?'We have read several number* of this talented pe- I nodical, ami rejoice in them. They would do credit to , any country or to any state of civilization to which hu manity has yet arrived."?MarryM't l*mdu,i Mttrapvlitan Mngm is*. " We hope it will not be inferred, from our omission to notice the several uuratier* of the Knickerbocker 11* they have apiieared, that wi have there lost sight of its charac ter ana inc*ensing excellence. It has become decidedly one of the best Magazines in America. The proprietors have succeeded in procuring for its paxes the first talent of this country, as well a* valuable aid from distinguished foreign sources."?JV?e York Mirror. '! We have on several occasions adverted to the spirit . and tone of the articles contained in this periodical, as j tieing radically American, and as highly honorable to our literature." " It seizes the spirit of the times, and deals with it boldly and ably."? Baltimore American. "There is no publication among the many we receivc from the old country, and from this continent, to the re | ceipt of which we look forward with higher exudation than the Knickerbocker; *r.d it never disappoint* our an ticipations."?Quebec Mercury. " Its contents are of real excellence and variety. No department is permitted to decline, or to appear IB bad contrast with another."?Philadelphia Inifuirer. "This American Magazine bids fair to rival some of our best English monthlies. It contains many very excel lent articles."?London Atlas. " Its contents arc spirited, well conceived, and well written."?U. S. Gazelle. 1 " In our humble opinion, this is the best literary publi | cation in the United States, and deserves the extensive patronage it has received."?Columbia (S. C.) J tlctcope. Tkbms.?Five dollars per annum, in advance, or three dollars for six months. Two volumes arc completed with in the year, commencing with the January and July num bers. Everv Postmaster in the United States is autho rized to receive subscriptions. Five copies forwarded for i twenty dollars. Address Clark <J- Ed,on, Proprietors, 101 Broadway. TIIE AMERICAN ANTHOLOGY; A Magazine of Poetry, Biography, atul Criticitm.to be pub lished Monthly, with splendid illustrations on Steel. WHILE nearly every country of the old world can boast of its collected body of national Poetry, on which the seal of a people's favorable judgment has been set, and which exhibits to foreign nations in the most striking light the progress of civilization and literary re finement among its inhabitants ; while England, especial ly, proudly display* to the world a corpus poetarum the lustre of whose immortal wreath has shed a brighter ?'ory upon her name than the most splendid triumphs which her statesmen and her soldiery have, achieved, our own country seems destitute of poetic honors. Appears, wo. say, for although no full collection of the chef d mi, res of our w riters has been made, yet there exist, and are occa sionally to be met with productions of Amencan poets which w ill bear comparison with the noblest and most polished efforts of European genius, and which claim for America as high a rank in the scale of literary elevation as is now ceded to older and in some re^pccts more fa vored lands. . . , .. , ?-r j -with the correctness of this judgment we propose to issue a monthly magazine which shall contain in a perfect uninutilated form, the most meritorious and beautiful effusions of the poets of America, of the past and present time, with such introductory, critical, and biographic notices as shall l>e ???"essiirv to a correct under standing of the works presented to the render, and to add interest to the publication. Those who imnp, tliat there exists a dearth of materials for such an undertaking, who believe that the Aonian Maids have confined their richest favors to our transatlantic brethren to the exclu sion of native genius, will be surprised to learn that we are already in possession of more than two hundred vol umes of the production of American Imrds, from about the year 1030 to the present Hay. Nor is it from these sources alone that materials may be drawn. There are but few writers in our country whb pursue authorship as a voca tion, and whose works have l>ecn published in a collected form. Our poets, especially, have generally written for particular occasions, with the remembrance of which their productions have gone to rest, or their effusions have been carelessly inserted in periodicals of slight merit and limited circulation, where they were unlikely to attract notice to themselves, or draw attention to their authors? The grass of the field or flowers of the wilderness are growing over the ashes of many of the highly gifted who, through the wild and romantic regions of our republic, have scattered poetry in " ingots bright from the mint of genius" and glowing with the impress of beauty and the spirit of tnith, in quantities sufficient, were it known and appreciated as it would l?e in other countries, to secure to them an honorable reputation throughout the world.? Such were Harney, author of' Crystalina' and the ' Fever Dream,'Sands, author of ' Yamoyden Wilcox, author of the'Are of Benevolence;' Robinson, author of 'The Savage ;' Little, the sweet and tender poet of Christian feeling, the lamented Brainard, and many beside, whose w ritings arc almost unknown, save by their kindred asso ciates and friends. With the names of those poets w ho w ithin the last few years have extended the reputation of American lite rature beyond the Atlantic, Bryant, Dana, Percival, Sprague, Sigourney, Whittier, Willis, &r. the public are familiar; and we can assure them that there exists, though long forgotten and unknown, a mine of poetic wealth, rich, varied and extensive, which will amply repay the la borof exploring it, and add undying lustre to the crown w hich encircles the brow of American genius. In the pub lication now proposed we shall rescue from the oblivion to w hich they have long l?een consigned, and embalm in a bright and imperishable form the numberless ' gems of purest ray,' with which our researches into the literary an tiquities of our country have endowed us ; and we arc con fiflcnt that every lover of his native land w ill regard our enterprise as patriotic and deserving the support of the citizens of the United States, as tending to elevate the character of that country in the scale of nations, and as sert its claims to the station to w hich its children entitle* it. With this conviction we ask the patronage of the com munity to aid us in our undertaking, conscious that we are meriting its support by exhibiting to the world a iiroud evidence that America, in the giant strength of her Hercu lean childhood, is destined ere long to cope in the arena of literature with those lands which for centuries have (wast ed their civilization and refinement, and justly exulted in their triumphs of their cherished sons in the noblest field which heaven has opened to the human intellect. The American Anthoi.ooy will contain complete works of a portion of the follow in??the most popular of our poetic writers?and of the others, the l?est poems, and such as are least generally known : Adams, John Quiney Gould, Hannah F. Allston, Washington Hallack, Fitz Greene Barber, Joseph Harney, John M. Barlow. Joel Hillhousc, John A. Benjamin, Park Hoffman, Charles F. Bogart. Elizabeth Mcllcn, Orenville Braincrd, John G. C. Neal.John Brooks, James G. Peahody, B. W O. Bryant, William C. Percival, James G. Clark, Willis G. Pierpont, John Collin, Kol>ert 3. Pinckney, Edward C. Dana, Kichard H. Prentice, George D. Doane, George W. Rockwell, J. O. Drake, Joseph R. Sands, Roliert C. Dwifht, Timothy Stgoun ev. Lydia H. Ellet, Elixalieth F. Sprague. Charles Embury, Emma C. Suterm. is.er, J. K. Everett, Edward Trumbull, John Fairfield, Sumner L. Wetmore, Prosper M. Freneau. Philip Whittier. John G. Gallagher. William D. Willis, Nathaniel P. In addition to the poem* of the a!?ve named authors, selections, eomjinsing the best production* of more than four hundred other American writers, will he given as the work progresses. The American Anthology will be published on the first Saturday of every month. Each number will contain seventy-two royal octavo pages, printed in the most beau tiful manner on paper of superior quality, and two or more portraitson steel, with other illuatrations. Price, Five dollars per annum, payable in advance. The first numlwr w ill !*? published in Deeemlier. Sulmeriptions received in New-York, by Wilev Put nam. 1HI Broadway, and Griswold ft Cambrelenj, 118 Fulton street. All letters to l>e addressed, post paid, to RUFUS W. GRISWOLD, Sec. 1'. Lit Antiquarian Association rjOMGEESWOMAL DOCUMENTS, JOI'RNaI < Jlkman h AfND I ^l^-onouon Am ,k ?" ' ?? U h" bv"k *,mJ Hior< yt""1'" the General Post Office, ?|| the Journals of I KSfr1 77< ^ IW. Gate. and Heaton's Amerieaii <i|M*rs id 21 foiJO irolv , from the hr?i to ih* 24u Congrea. inclutir#, or fmm I78B u, 18*1. 4 " uinm!"?. .'I'lir' ^ Documtau in royal H vo ? ,!? "iVh r each Session, from the |*h u, tile ?f r or from 1823 u> 1837. Thr Law, to conUming the Uti from the fi,M M*rch nil T/V" ,ncl',,'rr,1 or 17BB <* ?' March' iho'iJ'ik*"** ,f.nu^e complete to the 4th of Vu U" Law, ?f lht. 23d and JMtl, I'utilic Offices U ?" U*d ',y ('""*re?* ?"d to4tWlte?f.j? ,n 4 roU from 1789 the four voluiai. 4 T?' co"U,u* *"?lud" ,u Thr pamphlet or Session Law. of the United 8t.tr, [7^ A to lhe ~Uh Coerxeas inclusive, or from 17V7 U> JW7. Any separate pamphlets can be furnished Gales and Seaton's Relator of Debates ln Congress All Documents on foreign Relations; Finance, Com mcrcc, and Navigation; Internal Improvement; .Military and Naval Affairs ; Indian Affairs ; Public Lauds, andou Claims of every description can "be furnished separate!, iti sheet*. r 7 Also, for sale as above, a large collection of flip, ?f Newspapers published in Washington, and some of tU principal cities in the United Slates. Au? '#? __ ID PROSPECTUS ?ro THE AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE, roa 1837. FIVE DOLLARS PEK YEAR. ON the first of January was published the fint number of the ninth volume of the American Monthly Maieaxihr This will commence the second year of "the New N ri.? of lhe American Monthly." One year has passed since by the union of the New England Magazine with ti, well established periodical, the resources of a publication which had previously absorbed those of the American Monthly Review and of the Tinted States Magazine were all concentrated in the American Monthly' Mana zine; giving at once so broad a basis to the work as u, stamp its national character and ensure its permanency. The number of pages, which have each month exceeded one hundred, was at the same time increased, to make room for an additional supply of original matter ,? and each number of the work throughout the year has been orna roe/ited with an engraving, executed by the first artist* jn the country. How far the literary contents of the Mac.,, zine have kept pace with these secondary improvement* the public are the best judges. The aim of the proprietors has lieen from the first to establish a periodical which should have a tone and character of its own ; and which while rendered sufficiently amusing to ensure its circula Hon, should ever keen for its main object the promotion of good taste, and sound, vigorous and fearless thinking up. on whatever subject it undertook to discuss ; which, in a word, should make its way into public favor, and establish its claims to consideration, rather" by what should be found in its pages than by any eclat which the names of popular contributors, or the dissemination of laudatory paragraphs, could confer. Nor has the American Monthly had any reason to regret having adopted and followed out the course prescribed to itself from the first. It has in deed lost both contributors and sutiseribeiu by the lone of some of its papers ; but by the more enlightened who have jridged of the tendency o! the work in the ageregate ami not by its occasional difference of opinion with themselves, it has been sustained with spirit and liberality. It has lieen enabled to merge from infancy and dependence upon extrinsic circumstances; and the quickening power of many minds, tailoring successively or in unison, lias in fused vitality into the creation while shaping it into form, until now it has a living principle of its own. It has Kr comc something, it is hoped, w hich " thp world would not willingly let die," But though the subscription list of lhe American Monthly has enlarged with the publications of every number durin> the last year, it is not yet sufficiently full to justify the publishers in carrying into effect their plan of Liberally compensating both the regular contributors and every w ri ter that furnishes a casual paper for the week. Nor till literary labor in every department of a periodical is ade quately thu* rewarded, can it fully sustain or merit the character which an occasional article from a well paul popular pen may give. If these views lie just, there is no impertinence in ap pealing here to the public to assist in furthering thern by promoting the prosperity of the American Monthly Maea zine. The work which is under the editorial chagre of C. F. Hoofinan and Park Benjamin, Esq. w ill continue to he published simultaneously on the first of every month, iti New York, by George Dearborn & Co., in Boston by (Mis, Broaders & Co., communications received at the Office, No. 38, Gold Street, New York. PROSPECTUS OF THE SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER, THOMAS w. white, editor and proprietor. This is a monthly magazine, devoid chiefly to literature, but occasionally finding room for articles that fall within the scope of Science ; anil not professing an entire disdain of tasteful selection*, though Us matter has been, as it will continue to be, in the main, original. Party politics and controversial theology, aa far as pos sible, are jealously excluded. They are sometimes so blended w ith discussions in literature or in moral science, otherw ise unobjectionable, as to gain admittance for the sake of the more valuable matter to which they adhere : but whenever that happens, they are incidental only ; not primary. They are dross, tolerated only because it can not well be severed from the sterling ore wherewith it is '???--do rated. ,k^lf*L"~' Qr'''c?l Notices occupy their due space Rework; ? -/He editor's aim that they should f.? I '' 11 tendency-w , (.on(i(?,?, torm, such valuable truths or interosnf.s incidents as ari embodied in the works reviewed,?to direct tin, ???der's attention to books that deserve to be read,?and to warn nun against wasting time and money upon that large nmn ber, which merit only to lie burned, ln this age of publi cations, that by their variety and multitude distract and overwhelm every undiscriminating student, impartial criticism, governed by the views just mentioned, is one of the most inestimable and indispensable of auxiliaries, to him who does wish to discriminate. Essays and Tales, having in view utility or amusement, or Iwtri, Historical Sketches,?and Reminiscences of events too minute for history, yet elucidating it, and height ening its interest,?may be regarded as forming the staple r 1 wo And of indigenous poetry, enough is pub ashed?sometimes of no mean strain?to manifest and to cultivate the growing poetical taste and talents of our country. 1 he times appear, for several reasons, to demand such a work?and not one alone, but many. The public mind is feverish and irritated stili, from recent political strifes The soft, assuasive influence of literature is needed, to allay that fever, and soothe that irritation. Vice and folly are rioting abroad : They should be driven by indignant rebuke, or lathed by ridicule, inlo their fitting haunts. Ignorance lords it over an immense proportion of our people. Every spring should be set in motion, to aroute the enlightened, and to increase their numlicr; so that the p-eat enemy of popular government may no loneer brood, like a portentous cloud, over the destinies of our country. And to accomplish all these ends, what more powerful aeent can l?o employed than a periodical, 011 the plan of the Messenger; if that plan be but carried out in practice. The South, peculiarly, requires such an aecnt. In all the 1 nion, south of W aahington, there are but two literary periodicals ! Northward of that city, there are probably at least twenty-five or thirty 1 Is this contrast justified Irv the wealth, the leisure, the native talent, or the actual literary taste of the Southern people, compared with those of the Northern ' No: for in wealth, talents, and taste, we inay justly claim at least an equality with our bre thren; and a domestic institution exclusively our own, beyond all doubt affords us, if we choose, twice the leisure for reading and writing, which thev enioy. It was from a deep sense of this local want, that the word .Southern was engrafted on the name of this periodical; and not w ith any design to nourish local t>re judices, or to advocate sup|mscd local interests. Far from imy such thought, it is the editor's fervent wish to see the North and Sooth Isuind endearingly together forever, in the silken bands of mutual kindness and affection Fur from meditating hostility to the North, he has alreailv draw n, and he hopes hereafter to draw , much of his choicest matter thence j ann happy indeed will he deem himself, should his pages, by making each reeion know the other better, contribute in any essential d?gree to dispel the lowerinir clouds that now threaten thr peace of U.ib, and to brighten and strengthen the sacred ties of fiaternil lore. The Southern Literary Messenger has now reached the fifth No. of its thinl volume. How far it has acted out the ideas here uttered, it is not for the editor to sav ll? believes, however, that it falls not further short of them than human weakness usually makes practice fall short o. theory 1 The Messenger is issued monthly. Each number of the work contains 64 large super-royal paces, printed in the very handsomest manner, on new type, and on p?per equal at least to that on which any other periodical n printed in our country. No SulSKTiption w ill lie received for less than a volume, and must commence with the enrrent one The price k ?5 |>er volume, which must he paid in all csaes st the tune of subscribing. This is particulsrly adverted U> now t.l avoid misapprehension, or future misunderstanding?as no order will hereafter lie slteiided to unless^arcomjMuiitsl with the price of subscription The postsxe on the Messenger is six cents on anr sin gle No. for all distances under 100miles?over 100 mil" ?, ten cents. All communications or letters, relative to the Messen ger, must Iw addressed to ThohasW Whit* Southern Literary Messenxer Office. Richmond, Va THE MADISONIAN. ThS*M wmsonian is published Tri-weekly during the sitting* of Congress, and Seini-weekly during the re cess. Tri-weckly on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Satur days. Advertisements intended for the Toesdsy psp^f should he sent in early on Mondsy?those for ths Thursday pspcr, early ^nSM^neadsy, and for the turdav pajier, csrly on Pndav. Offi E tkrett, vtar Ttnik.