The following reminiscence* of one of the
Massachusetts worthies of the Revolution,
are furnished by the venerable editor of the
REMINISCENCES OF SAMUEL ADAMS.
There arc but fews ubjrcts that afford us
more satisfaction, than looking back upon our
youth, aud searching the store-house of me
mory, for thosi) facta then laid up in it for
future use. In the pursuit of this object, we,
some two years since, wrote reminiscences
of John Hancock, which, we have the satis
faction of knowing, were prized by his de
scendants, aud read with avidity by many iu
Massachusetts. Very recently, the news
from the Sandwich Islands, recalled to me
mory the circumstances which lead to the first
intercourse had, by citizens of the United
States, with those then interesiing savages ;
now, a civilized and prosperous people.
We have taken for our subject, on this
occasion, our recollections of Samuel Adams,
who, though not "a hero without example
was " a patriot without reproach." In speak
ing of circumstances so long passed, we shall
speak only of what we know ; never having
read "the biography of the signers of the
Declarationol Independence," we know not
what accounis may bo given of any of them.
We never saw Mr. Adams until the year
1792, he was then far in the vale of years,
with a constitution which was, judging from
his appearance, naturally strong, but nearly
worn out, not with toifbut care. He still
continued to use all th*5 exercise his strength
would admit, by visiting, almost daily, a Mr.
Hughes, a constable, a respectable calling in
Boston, in those days, whatever it may be
now.? They had been friends from early life,
and the same intimacy was common between
their respective ladies.
Mr. Adams was then lieutenant-governor,
a place of honor, with but little profit, and 110
duty at all, except in case of the death of the
governor, when ex-ojldo, the duties of the
executive devolved upon the lieutenant. Mr.
Adams lived in a large old fashioned frame
house, on Winter st/^, which had once been
painted yellow, buC like' its venerable owner,
was a good deal the-worse for wear. He
entertained little or no company, having
neither means nor inclination to do it. He
.was poor. On the death of Governor Han
cock, he walked as chief mourner, preceded
only by the Hancock piece of artillery. (It
is proper here to remark, that the first cannon
taken from the British, in the war of the He
volution, were two brass four pounders, on
one of which was engraved, by order of the
State, the name of John Hancock, and on the
other, Samuel Adams, with appropriate de
vices.) Before the almost interminable pro
cession had" reached State street, Mr. Adams'
strength failed him and he retired. lie had
then become ex-ojficio, Governor of the State,
and at the next election was confirmed in his
high office by the votes of the people.
The then salary of the governor of Massa
chusetts, if our memory serves, was a thou
sand pounds currency, o'r $3,333?but a very
small sum towards enabling the incumbent of
the Gubernatorial chairto follow the example,
in style and hospitality, set by Mr. Hancock,
who lived and entertained like a prince. Mr.
Adams possessed neither carriage nor horses,
but he had been elected Governor but a few
weeks, when some gentleman of Boston pre
sented the venerable patriot with a new and
handsome chariot, and a pair of as handsome
* Use hp n? u efC 'n lhe citX- The first
??.j. - S?
mired, seating himself beside his venerable
lady, they drove to Constable Hughes, where
the Governor allighted and handing Mrs.
Hughes into the seat, the two old ladies drove
y>ff together, whilst he stayed and lalked with
his old friend, and we stood by devouring
their discourse. In 1793, theatrical enter
tainments were first intioduced into Boston,
after the Revolution; they thought to avoid
the penalty of the statute, by advertising their
Play8 18 "moral lectures" for instance^there
was the "moral lecture of George Barnwell,"
Richard the Third, &c., this passed for a very
few nights, before Governor Hancock sent
the High-sheriff, who made prisoner of the
humpbacked tyrant, while in his robes upon
the stage ; the audience became greatly in
censed, and taking the portrait of the Gov
ernor from the stage box, they trod it under
foot. The next night they went armed with
clubs to the theatre, but there was no more
interference. A splendid theatre was built
A vote of the town was taken on the question
and it was carried in its favor. Application
was made to the legislature, to repeal the law
against theatrical performances, and it passed
both houses; but Mr. Adams was then Gov
ernor, and refused to sign it, and we doubt
whether it has ever been repealed to this
It is recorded of Mr. Adams, that a large
sum was offered him by agents of the British
government, to tak*. *ides with it against his
nativo land; but it wi& indignantly spurned
and on a subsequent occasion, when a simi
lar circumstance was alluded to, ho exclaimed
" they knew well that a guinea never glistened
in my eyes." It was well for the country, and
for mankind, that there were such men, in
whose eyes guineas did not glisten: they
appear to have been raised up for the occasion;
and having accomplished the great work given
them to do have disapj>eared from the face
of the earth, and there have arisen in their
stead, a race of men so unlike them, that it
seems scarcely possible they can be the de
scendants of such sires. The contrast is
striking, and well calculated to make us trem
ble for the future.
MAN AND WOMAN.
The following is a bad translation of a good
article?it is from the German of G. Schil
The young woman saves her treasures?
innocence and virtue?only for ingratitude in
The young man throws his away like a
heavy, useless burden.
The young woman is destined for distress
?the young man distressing.
The health of the young woman is impaired
in proportion to the ripeness of her age ; that
of the young man is increasing in the same
Instinct awakens in the heart of the young
woman, in spite of the remonstrances of her
mother, the longings for love. She is afTected
physically and morally. But how are the
threads to which the good name of a young
woman is attached ! She must be silent, and
suppress her ardent feelings?she must seem
cold when she is burning?she must step back
when her wishes prompt her to go forward?
she must practise dissimulation as a duty and
a virtue !
If the young woman he pretty, she is made
? foolish egotist by flattery, that disturbef of
the peaceful harmony of the female heart! If
she be homely?envy and malevolence, and
perhaps a vanity still more disgusting, will
uiake her soul thie theatre of their strile ; one
lesson of discontent will follow another, and
a mortifying neglect will destroy in her the
beautiful pearl of her sex?benignity.
The youug man tinda every encouragement
for the impetuosity of his nature. He kuocks
passionately and is let in?complying arms
are expanded to his sensuality. The open
doors, even where he looked for locks and
bars, teach him early to despise a sei, that
exchanges its most sacred treasure* for gold,
or yields thein to compassion or fervent en
treaty. He comes to the unjust conclusion,
that all around is deceived?that all around is ;
deceiving? He now ranks all women
alike?destroys with impumty the gem of in
noceuce?ami remorseless, avails himself
where he may, of the prerogative of his age J
au*l of his sex.
The young woman desires, wishes, trem- i
bles! Wo to her if she follows her instinct! |
The more and more spreading celibacy of man,
opens to her, if she is not rich, tho dismal
prospect of old maidenhood. She seldom has '
any choice?seldom may she possess whom
she loves! The young man chooses?the
young woman is the picture hung out among
a hundred others waiting for a customer ; if,
at last, she finds one, oh, she will often see
herself forced out, of the favorite place, into
some by-room for a new comer.
The young man falls; " No matter !" says
the world?-and lie is not esteemed the less
by his contemporaries.
The young woman falls; and by the fall
she loses her better self ; she becomes impu
dent and wicked; she leaves the sacred cir
cle of morality for ever ; and dearly does she
pay for the indelible blemish by hot tears and
burning pains?by shame and by disgrace!
The young man marries?he becomes mas
ter and commander.
The young woman is a housewife, subject
to his humor, to his passions, to his peevish
The young man revels amidst the roses of
The young woman, now a wife, ministers
often without common enjoyment, to the sen
sual intoxication of her master ; and is con
tinually in danger of pains and death, or sick
ness for life. The fruits of matrimony arc to
the wife steps towards the grave. Nature,
knowing her cruelty, gives to her in compen
sation the indestructible feeling of love to
wards her children ! Her husband becomes
indifferent?in the full blossom of his age, he
finds no more, in the person of his fading w ife,
those undulating lines that charm sensuality.
She perceives, with pain, that the spring only
attracted him ; that the falling leaves of au
tumn cannot give him joy. The more he
compares, the more she loses. Morality
teaches him how to act, but ho follows the
voice of his insatiable heart! He is unrea
sonable and whimsical.
Her dutv bids her to love and be silent! If
she is jcaious, hell is opened in her house ;
and the world (called fitly enough, the bad,)
laugh at her, pities her at the most, ard par
dons the husband!
She makes a false step; every one agTees
with the husband if he throw her out of doors,
without shoes, and clothes, and abandon her
to misery and shame.
He becomes an old man. Dignity and es
teem attend on him; his confederates honor
1 ti'UWitv *V?/Vr nr tho
grandfather of ftopetuT children ; the venera
tion of his contemporaries accompanies liiin
to the nigh grave.
The wife becomcs a matron or?a widow ;
who asks for her? In every society she isi
seen as unwillingly and received as coldly as
Who would not be a man ? Alas, who
would be a woman!
RUSSIAN SYSTEM OF CONSCRIPTION.
A late Paris paper contains the following descrip
tion of expedient resorted to by the Russian Autocr.it,
to embellish, with a little appearance of romance,
his half civilized system of military colonies:
The camp of Woznesensk, in the government of
Katerinoslaw, was chosen this year for the grand
manoeuvres of the Russian cavalry. About this
camp, the government has established military co
lonies to cultivate the numerous farms, and the lands
which belong to them, and it was desired that the
colonies should be full of activity at the time of the
arrival of the German Princes, who are to visit
"VVoznescnsk. But these colonies were as yet in
habited only by soldiers, and counted but few women.
Consequently, an imperial order enjoined on the
authorities of the government of Wolhynia, of Po
dolia, and of Kilovia, to require of the administrators
of the property, confiscated in consequencc of the
revolution of IKK), to obtain from their country a
levy of six hundred young girls for the service of
the camp of Woznesensk. According to this order,
the young girls were to be aged from sixteen to
twenty, and as far as possible handsome and well
The administrators set aboutNexecuting this order,
but as the news spread into several of the villages,
the women and the young girls touk to flight, and
sought refuge in the midst of the forests and the
desert steppes. In other villages the peasantry de
clared that they would oppose by force the execution
of such an order, and that they would defend to the
death theirdalighters,theirsisters, and theiraffianced
ones. The officers, thinking that a resistance which
was announced in so energetic a manner, might be
of a nature to cause great disorder, addresseda re
port to the government. In consequence of this,
several detachments of troops were sent to enforce
the execution of the orders. This was done, the
peasants were trapped like wild beasts; the young
girls were torn from the bosom of their families, and
the soldiers, notwithstanding the orders of the offi
cers, who, under these circumstances did all in their
power to reconcile humanity and their duty, com
mitted many acts of violence.
The most deplorable scenes took place on the
estates of Hnman, belonging to the Count Alexander
Potocki, and on those of Zinkow, belonging to the
Princess de Wu stern berg, born Princess of Czar
toryska. At several places, the peasants, armed
with scythes and clubs, maintained a furious contest
with the soldiers, but they were finally forced to
yield to numbers. Some were killed, others im
prisoned and delivered up to justice! Already seve
ral judgments have been given against them.?
Twenty-two peasants have submitted to the punish
ment of the lash. Eighteen, after having suffered the
knout, have been sent to Siberia; others are still in
prison. The imperial order was then executed.
Six hundred young girls, taken by force from their
country, from their families, were* despatched with
a military escort to the camp of Woznesensk.
On their arrival at the camp, they were, like the
army recruits, subjected to a shameful examination,
that any serious infirmities might be discovered.
The prettiest, clothed in various costumes, dressed
like Tyrolese, Spaniards, English women, were
distributed among the different farms of the military
colony. It was undoubtedly to offer to the 'German
Princes and the illustrious strangers, whose pre
sence was expected in the camp, somejpicttiresque
and pastoral scenes which might relieve the ennui
of the grand manoeuvres. As to the young girls
who had not the requisite share of beauty, they
were destined to become wash-women to the sol
The peasants have presented a petition to the
Emperor that they may obtain the return of their
unfortunate girls. This petition has bi-cn warmly
supported by the marshals of their districts. It is
not vet known what decision will be taken on it. It |
is thought that these women will be compelled to
inarry the colonized soldiers. It was in this manner, j
that under the reign of Catharine II., Potemkin, j
after the devastation of the steppes of the Crimea, j
sent there numerous detachment* taken from the
Ru?ian regiments, and to complete bin projects of
colonisation, ordered a levy of young Kiru, who
were brought from different province* and given as
wives to the new colonists. Such are the facts
which have just occurred?no commentary is neces
We add, &ays the Paris paper, in which the above
appears, from one of its correspondents, the follow
ing extract from the Polish journal, Wuuhrmaki
Krajutrt i emigracijne, which confirms the truth of
"Si* hundred girls, of a remarkable beauty, and
of the tendered youth, have ken chosen from the
con/iseated estates of Uie Poles, and have been sent
to VV'oxnesensk, where the grand manoeuvres of the
Russian cavalry are being made, that they may
serve as an embellishment to the military colonies.
There, alter having been attired as Swiss, Tyrolese,
and English women, they have been placed in the
farm houses of the colony, to charm the illustrious
guests who honor with their presence the manoeu
vres of Woznesensk. The relatives of these young
girls wished to oppose this act of violence, and
several resisted it with force. But the knout and
Siberia have taught them to listen to reason."
The Duke de Nemours and General Damrcmont,
passed the Seyb<?use the 1st. It was calculated they
would reach the walls of Constantine by the 6th.
The Duchess of St. Leu, once Uueen Horten.se,
and wife of Louis Bonaparte, ex King of Holland,
is dead, at her seat in Switzerland. This is the
mother of the young prince Napoleon Louis, who re
cently returned froui this country iu consequcnce of
her extreme illness.
A place in tbepeerage has been offered to Messrs.
de Sade and Tracy, but they have declined the
The Spanish Journals announce that the Cluecn
has signed the treaty of peace and friendship with
Mexico. By this treaty the crown of Spain abandons
all pretentions to the sovereignty of that territory.
An earthquake, Sept. jfcM at Angram in Austria,
damaged all the houses.
By accotints from Constantinople to Sept. 14, we
learn that the Captain Pacha is directed to return
immediately with his licet to that capital.
The Duke and Duchess of Orleans were passing
their time at Trianon, garden of Versailles.
The marriage of L>uis Philippe's daughter Marie,
with the Prince of Wurtemberjr. was to be celebrated
in the Chateau of St. Cloud; where the King and
ttueen of the Belgians would be present.
When the authorities of classic Gottingen, recent
ly gate King Ernest (the English Duke of Cumber
land) the keys of the town, he replied with senten
tious b ?iBtv?-"Mes fideles bourgeois, je voussouhaitc
le b mjour!)"
The Bishopof Nisines, died Sept. 29.
A Ifcxtor Burdin has given 3000 francs to the
Academy of Medicine, as a prize to the person who
shall prove that somnambulists see by another mode
than that of ordinary vision.
It is reported now that the Grand Duke Michael,
through tne intercession of his wife with the Auto
crat, is Ui be inadi! Vice Regent of Poland.
Many political arrests have recently taken place
at Chainbery, and other towns of Savov.
Pezso di Bort; > i? to retire from public life.
According to a letter from Hwitxerland, in the
Currier Francaise, Prince Louis Bonaparte, who re
mains at Archenberg, has received from the Grand
Duke of Baden a formal notice not to set foot within
the Grand Duchy, nor even to pass through the town
of Constance.?.V. Y Star.
Congress, instead of discussing the
Sut>-1 reasury Hill, had passed a |aw requir
ing the Secretary to receive and disburse the
public moneys through such hanks us should
in a given time, resume specie payments, con
fidence would he speedily restored, and busi
ness of every description would resume its
wonted appearance. Whatever cause, whe
ther-imaginary or real, which produces
confidence will revive business. Hut busi
ness can never revive until banks are used
alike by the Government and people. The
fact of either condemning them as unworthy
confidence, is at once to make them dis
trusted by both. It is in vain to say that this
country can at once change its habits and
transact its business without a larger propor
tion of bills than specie; and whoever thinks
t?hoJi!'-er.. :na!Ty,nR into ?P?ra,'?n the new
cetreS ?Belfast (ffi'T'Tnt!? ?,?
IV E W YOHK It E V I E W
milj i , >lT CHCUCH J <( I' It \ A I.
I itfc plan of this.Publication embrace* extended re
umt i ""l>or,HnIl w,,rk"- u"d d,?cu?.io,,s ofimpor
i? 2l?nn YCVCry department of literature and think
the' content J of o m ,"?,nnrr of ,bo#? w,?c?> ?"??" "P
Me contents of Quarterly Reviews gencrallv
nroducC;/ ' " br,0f ""?'J"""'??rv..y of the literary
iWationsnf,k I c"rrpnt ,1,,nr,er w,,h ,hort mural
dSS ^1' UharaCU'r #nd va!up in lhpIr
ev!msI,a.TCfan1likPW'.ke,r rp'ti*lorof tl,p most important
ticularlv in r? ''terary and religious world, par
Church reflrenCe lo the ?t?,c ""J progress of the
I he object of the whole work is to exhibit as far a*
rXsOTftf.r* """"i?;u "
moral moveinpnt r cs' H'"d l''p intellectual and
Z?l litTat, Z TT'V to Promolc 'he interests of
r th's general tone and spirit, it will be con
Church The? pnnri'>lM <>f thc Protestant Kpiacopal
n ircti. I hp conviction of the truth and imrsntancn of
,""d ???-5 SVSZg
Il,free and uncompromising, vet lilieral
the work." COnf"atln? "P,rit- Wlli constitute the unity of
bertw*^?^" hrp lrn made to kcc"TC tho a''1 of the
pensewdl^ie ?n?f ?U|' ??n'ry ; and no pains or ex
the ?it cVfi* m ,h'S PUbl,Cat'?" a w"'k
, lfn"s The work will contain an average of SJSOnaircs
to each numlier; and will lie furnished to Subscribers at
oer. Any p. rson becoming responsible for ?> comes
shal receive the seventh copy gratis. 1 '
All communications on the business concerns of the
WAaft",M?d?N BRAKNCH RA'^OAD.-O?a?d
.hp 1 . Monday next, the 11 instant, the cars w >11 leave
.S.tew1a. t. " "?M
ample time for passengers going North to take the steam
12 ovTock "?W I,art* d" 7 f?r at half past
The afternoon train will, as heretofore, leave the denot
at a quarter after 5 o'clock, P. M. 1
(Globe Native American, Alexandria Gazette, and Po
tomac Advocate.) ' 1 '
T^?nr York"nd Boston Illinois Und Company
X will offer at public auction at their office in the town
?f Qumey, Adams County, lllinms. on Mondav the 2^h
day of November next, lt)0,000 acrcs of their Lands situ
?ted in the Military Tract in said State. "U
Lists of the lands may he had at the office of said Com
pany in Quincy and at 44 Wall Street, New York
it t offered."1' ,,r,C? Wi" ^ '? rnch lot ll>- time
Aug 25, 1837. for the N. Y. & U. 111. L Co.
E MV * c;?-' merchant taTlorS"
,^f 7 Buddings, and near Fuller's Hotel, respectfully
beg; leave to inform their friends and the public in generaf
that they have lately fitted up, and just opened, the Urw
store formerly occupied by James A Co., druggist, for
the accommodation of their patrons in that part oftheci tv
MdWN^T, i " n,0", P,l'n,,i?' ",0"k ?f KALI
^ortJcn, r (fofsls, cfuisisting of the following choice
assortment of articles for gentlemen's wear ?
l-orcoats surK-rfme p,eces of broadcloths, wool-dved
Mark, blur, dahlia, Adelaide, invisible green P,ilmK
claret, and all the favorite Colors of the dTy '
ror pantaloons, (ffiperfine black cassimere r^? i
-trip.sJ.lo., black rib. J. do., gray mixedToXff, tZn,
atnprd buckskin, fancy do., &c. ^wna
For rJ*.s,s- black silk velvet, fancy figured do.. Genoa
do., woollen do., striped challa gold tissue, black satin
figured do , plain and figured silks. '
E. O. A Co. have also received a larire colteminn
stocks, plain, trimmed, and emhosse<l. handkerchiefs
opera ties, silk shirts and drawers, huekskin do
merino do. shoulder braces, union do., (two excellent ar
ehp?T \ ,hr, ""pport of and expansion of the
"'f U Imll
INKS. iu ?J B MORGAN * OP.,? ? I
.. Lnm fn-? th. fafcw* *
fine assortment of ????, *'?. P^T >1127
>tW? */ the KW-ItucklwMwr. ?.?!?s >?31. ^Z'
|t?3 ; EtU'i-'iCilHiiH. lIN. J^**T^STbS'
1834 MareobftJSer, 18/7, IHMs *????'?. ??. ?**??
Urger, IIK7. With ? nuuriwr uf Utm-ynnd Hurh *"'T*;
fikamp*gnet?Oi th? Cabinet, (this w 10
b?t bnETof Clmmp.,n?. Wr'?"'
Bacchus, and Heart, brands. ??,fc
L'trOuj*-**nsebwo. Cumeo*. Abseyuths, Stomsrb
Hitler, and other Cordial*.
,SVrw*-P*le and Bww?,Trnr.uprn?
Madam? From Blackburn At Howard, March Ot Co.
Otard'* P?le Brandy, venr .
London Porter, Brown rflout, and Scotch A?e.
Sardine*. truffle*. anchovy p?fcW, French uiu.tard,
nick tea. Ate. 'JO,000 superior Havana Segars.
We have about JO.OOO bottle* of old wines, Madeira*
and Sherries, moat of them very old; with every variety
?*?<?. "* -
ch^Kk,ug J-B MOROAN * co
THE UNIVER8ITY OF MARYLAND.
The session of the medical depart
ment of this Institution, will commence on the
last Monday of October next, and continue until the laa
day of February.
THE FACULTY OF PHYSIC ARE,
H. Willi* Bailby, M. D., Pr.fessor of Anatomy and
Henry Howtin, M D , Professor of Obstetrics, and of
the Disease* of Women and Children.
MlCHACI. A. FlNLBY, M. D . Professor of Pathology,
and of the Practice of Medicine.
ItoBKHT E DoBSBY, M. D-, Professor of Materia Me
dica, Therapeutic* .Hygiene, and Medical Junspru.
William R Fishbb, M. D., Prof?**or of Chemistry
John Frederick May, M. D., Professor of the Prin
ciple* and Practice of Surgery.
Ellis Huuhes, M.D., Demonstrator of Anatomy.
In making this annual announcement, the Trosteesre
spcct fully state, that, in addition to a Medical faculty of
great ability, having high claims ,"'j
patronage, this Department of the University of Maryland
offers other and peculiar advantages to Stmlenu fiiir the
acquisition of Medical knowledge Placed in the most
favorable climate for attending to dissections, ? P"
sensing commodious rooms for that purpose, tt? Univem
tv of Maryland commands an unequalled supply ot Matt
nl/for the prosecution of the study of Practical Analom
such, indeed, is the abundance of Subjects, that the 1 ?J
feasor of Surgery will afford to the Student$ an opportunity
of performing t he mt civet, under his direction, every ?urp
ealoperatum -a great practical advantage, not heretofore
furnished, in any of our Medical Schools
This University has also an Anatomies Museum,
founded on the extensive collection of the celebtated Al
len Burns, which became its property by purchase, at
ureal expense; and to this collection numerous addi.ions
have been annually made and, of late, many very va li
able preparations have been procured from t ranee an<
[ta|y?which toitether afford ample means to make a great
variety of illustrations of healthy and diseased structure.
The Baltimore Infirmary, long and favorably known as
an excellent school of practice, ..connected with tbe Me
dical Department, and furnishes every class of di^asi 'or
the practical elucidation of the principles taught, by tne
Professor* of the Practice of Medicine and of buritery
who, besides their rettular lectures, will impart Clinical
instruction, at the Infirmary, at stated periods, in each
week during the Session. .... . t ,w;.
The Chemical and Philosophical Apparatus of this
University, is of great extent and value, much of it having
been selected in Europe, by the late distinguished Pro
fessor De Butts. And to a Laboratory, provided with
every thing necessary for a Course of Chemical instruc
tion, are united the numerous and varied articles required
to illustrate the lectures on Pharmacy and Materia Me
'"Neither expense nor care has been spared to secure for
the University of Maryland the facilities necessary for
the acquisition of a thorough Medical Education.
THE EXPENSES ARE:
THE FIRST COURSE.
For attending the Lcctures of six Professors, ^
For attending the Dissector and Demonstrator,
For attending Clinical Lecture* and instruc
Hon at the Infirmary, - - - - ?>
THE SECOND COL'BSE.
For attendance on the Lcctures of six Profcs- ^
Graduation and Diploma, - ~
The whole being only 213 dollars.
But Students who have attended one course of Lee
lures in another respectable Medical School, may gradu
ate here after they have attended one full course in this
University?where the course of instruction is as com
plete as that of any other Medical School?each Profes
sor being, 111 this Institution, required to lecture every
J t^CTS are procured, Dissections can tie prosecuted with
more ease, and at less expense, than at any other place :
?here too, good boarding can be engaged, oil as cheap
terms as in any other Atlantic City.
THE OFFICERS ARE,
His Excellency Thomas W. Veazy, Governor of Ma
ryland. President of the Board of Trustees.
The Hon. Roger B. Taney, Provost.
THE DOARD OF TRUSTEES.
Dr. Dennis Claude,
JOSEPH B WILLIAMS, Secretary.
Baltimore, 20th August, 1837. twtlN5
TENTH VOLUME OF THE
ON the first of July, 1837, commenced the tenth volume
of the Knickerbocker, or New York Monthly Magn
zine. The publishers, mindful of the favor w ith which
their efforts have been received at the hands of the public,
would embrace the recurrence of a new starting wint, as
a fit occasion to " look backw ard and forw ard at the past
ami prospective character and course of their periodical.
Within the brief space of a little more than two years and
a half, the numlier of copies issued of the Knickeibocker
has been increased from less than five hundred to more
than four thouiand, without other aids than the acknow
ledged merit* of the work?acknowledged, not more expli
citly by this unprecedented success, than by Upward of
three thousand hiehly favorable notices of the Magazine,
which, at different times, have appeared in the various
journals of the United States, embracing those or the tirst
and most discriminating elms in evenr scction ol the
Union. Of many hundreds who desired specimen num
lier*, and to whom they have been sent for examination,
previous to subscribing, nrt one but has found the work
worthy of immediate subscription. A correct inference
in regard to the mferett or qtuudy of the matter furnished
i by the publishers, may lw gathered from the foregoing
I fact*. In relation to the quantity given, it need only be
said, thiil it has always exceeded the maximum promised,
and in the numbers for the last year, by more than four
humlreil paget. Of the clearness and beauty of the typo
graphical execution and material of the Kpieker tockcr,
and the character of its emliellishmenls?which, although
not expected by its readers, nor promised by its proprie
tors, have nevertheless lieen given?it is not deemed ne
cetsary to speak. They will challenge comparison, it is
believed, with any similar periodical, at home or abroad.
It has been ol .served, that the constant aim of the edi
tor*, in the management of the Knickerbocker, has been
to make the work cntcrtaininit and agreeable, as well as
solid and useful. It is |**rhaps owing to the predominance
of these first named characteristics, that it has become so
widely hnown to the public. In addition to several well
known ami popular series of numlier*?such as the "Odds
and End* 1
myra Letter*,' . ? - ? ??,, r>
Blank Book of a Country Schoolmaster, WjlaonjDoil
I worth."" Life in Florida,'*" Loafcriana, "The Eclec
? tic," " Pasaaces from the Common-place Book of a Sep
1 tu? ;enarian," " Notes from Journals of Travels in Ameri
ca, and in various Foreign Countries," " 1 he ridget r a
pers," ftc.?liberal space has lieen devotei. to interesting
| Tales, illustrating American society, manner*, the times,
I iVc., embracing, besides, atone* of the sea, and of pathos
! and humor, upon a (treat variety of subjects, together with
! biographies, legends, and essay*, 11 (ton numerous and va
ried themes, interspersed with frequent articles of poetry,
of such a description as to secure for the Magazine, in
this department, a gratifying pre-eminence and celebrity.
But neither the scientific nor the learned, the solid nor
the useful, has been omitted, or lightly regarded. Origi
nal articles, from distinguished writer*, (which have at
tracted much attention in this country, and several of
which have lieen copied and lauded abroad,! ''8V? appear
ed in the recent numlier* of the work, upon the following
Past and Present State of American Literature ; South
American Antiquities ; Inland Navigation ; Geolosrv and
Revealed Relition; Insanity ami Monomania; l.i!>erty
vertut Literature and the Fine Art*; Early History of
the Country ; Connexion of the Physical Sciences ; At
mospheric Electricity, a New Theory of Magnetism, antl
Molecular Attraction; American Female Character;
Pulmonary Consumption ; Pi I pit Eloquence; I he I ros
pect* ami Duties of the Age ; Health of Europe and
America; Literary Protection and International Copy
Right; Poetry of the Inspired Writings; Chinese .Na
tions and Languages; Chemistry (Laboratory of Nature)
The Past, the Present, and the Future; Our Country,
with Comments on it* Parties, Laws, Public Schools,
and Sketches of American Society, Men, Education,
Manners and Scenery ; Philosophy of the Rosicnician* ;
Intellectual Philosophy, PhiloUwy, Astronomy. Animal
and Vegetable Physio|/>inr, Astro|,>rr, Botany. Mineralo
gy, and Phrenology ; Progress of the Aise, and of Modern
Ltlierty; Christianity in France ; American Organic
Dr. Hanson Penn,
James Win, McCulloh,
Henry V. Somerville,
Dr. Samuel McCulloh,
John G. Chapman.
id popular series of numlx'rs?such as the " Odds
1 of a Penny-a-Liner," "Ollapodiana," the " Pal
ter*," "An Actor'* Alloqiiy, " leaves from the
BrfuAiM . Historical Recollection*, th* Nature ?f Co
Lhw*Vul,>n ?n Scriptural Miracle*; Sectional Dh
11 iirlirn- *1 tto Llniun ; rwc Societies > Periodicity of
iJit-mooo , E***jr* on Miuic, Kin? Writing, Ate; toge
ther mtli muy article* of ? kindred driertptMWi which It
would ??r?ed lit* liutiU of Una ad?rrti*eu?*"'enuiu*'
rale in detail
To the (oregoin| pnrtieuUr*, the poMiabew would on
ly add, that il do period mure tlte work paaaed into their
hands, have It* literary capabilities and pru*pect* been ao
ample and auspiciuua aa at preaent ; and thnt not only
wdl the awn* eaertiona be coutiuut d, which have aecured
to their ?iitjarnptioo liat an unexampled increase, but their
rlaima upoo the public fa\oi will be enhanced by every
Bieaua which increasing endeavor*, enlar?ed facilities,
and tfce moat liberal expenditure, can command.
Back number* have Men re-printed to auppljr Volume
Nine, and live thousand copira of Volume leu will be
printed, to meet the demand* of new subscriber*.
A few brief notice* of the Knickerbocker, from well
known journal* are subjoined :
" The progress of the Kuickerl'orkcr is alill onward It
la conducted with decided ability, la copioua and varied
in ita contents, and is printed in a superior*tyle. At tins
season we have little apare for literary e*tracta,nnd cannot,
then-fore, enable those of our reader* who may not see
this Mainline, to judge of its menu, otherwise than upon
our assurance that they are of a high order. ?A etc 1 or*
.4 merica*. , ,
" We have found in the Knickerbocker ao inuoh to ad
mire and so little to condemn, that we can hanlly trust
ourselves to sixak of it from first impressions, as we could
not do so without being suspected of extravagant praise.
It is not surpassed by any of ita contemporaries ul home
or abroad." * It sustains high ground in all the requisites
of a Magazine, and we are pleased to sec that itt merits
are appreciated abroad a* w? II us at home.?Alb'y Argus.
" This monthly periodical is now so welj known that it
hardly ikkkIi Gofwwndiitiofi, having fitlbliilicd ?or itvlf
a character among the ablest and most entertaining publi- ,
cations in the land."?.V. I. Journal of Com
"Thr Knickerbocker se<'ms to increase in attractions as
it advances in age. It exhibits a monthly variety of con
Iribulioiis unsurpassed in number or ability."?A<U Int.
" The work is ir. the highest degree creditable to the |
literature of our country."? Wash. (Jlobe.
?'We have read several number* of this talented pe- I
nodical, ami rejoice in them. They would do credit to ,
any country or to any state of civilization to which hu
manity has yet arrived."?MarryM't l*mdu,i Mttrapvlitan
" We hope it will not be inferred, from our omission to
notice the several uuratier* of the Knickerbocker 11* they
have apiieared, that wi have there lost sight of its charac
ter ana inc*ensing excellence. It has become decidedly
one of the best Magazines in America. The proprietors
have succeeded in procuring for its paxes the first talent
of this country, as well a* valuable aid from distinguished
foreign sources."?JV?e York Mirror.
'! We have on several occasions adverted to the spirit .
and tone of the articles contained in this periodical, as j
tieing radically American, and as highly honorable to our
literature." " It seizes the spirit of the times, and deals
with it boldly and ably."? Baltimore American.
"There is no publication among the many we receivc
from the old country, and from this continent, to the re
| ceipt of which we look forward with higher exudation
than the Knickerbocker; *r.d it never disappoint* our an
" Its contents are of real excellence and variety. No
department is permitted to decline, or to appear IB bad
contrast with another."?Philadelphia Inifuirer.
"This American Magazine bids fair to rival some of
our best English monthlies. It contains many very excel
lent articles."?London Atlas.
" Its contents arc spirited, well conceived, and well
written."?U. S. Gazelle.
1 " In our humble opinion, this is the best literary publi
| cation in the United States, and deserves the extensive
patronage it has received."?Columbia (S. C.) J tlctcope.
Tkbms.?Five dollars per annum, in advance, or three
dollars for six months. Two volumes arc completed with
in the year, commencing with the January and July num
bers. Everv Postmaster in the United States is autho
rized to receive subscriptions. Five copies forwarded for
i twenty dollars. Address Clark <J- Ed,on, Proprietors, 101
TIIE AMERICAN ANTHOLOGY;
A Magazine of Poetry, Biography, atul Criticitm.to be pub
lished Monthly, with splendid illustrations on Steel.
WHILE nearly every country of the old world can
boast of its collected body of national Poetry, on
which the seal of a people's favorable judgment has been
set, and which exhibits to foreign nations in the most
striking light the progress of civilization and literary re
finement among its inhabitants ; while England, especial
ly, proudly display* to the world a corpus poetarum the
lustre of whose immortal wreath has shed a brighter ?'ory
upon her name than the most splendid triumphs which
her statesmen and her soldiery have, achieved, our own
country seems destitute of poetic honors. Appears, wo.
say, for although no full collection of the chef d mi, res of
our w riters has been made, yet there exist, and are occa
sionally to be met with productions of Amencan poets
which w ill bear comparison with the noblest and most
polished efforts of European genius, and which claim for
America as high a rank in the scale of literary elevation
as is now ceded to older and in some re^pccts more fa
vored lands. . . , .. ,
?-r j -with the correctness of this judgment we
propose to issue a monthly magazine which shall contain
in a perfect uninutilated form, the most meritorious and
beautiful effusions of the poets of America, of the past
and present time, with such introductory, critical, and
biographic notices as shall l>e ???"essiirv to a correct under
standing of the works presented to the render, and to add
interest to the publication. Those who imnp, tliat
there exists a dearth of materials for such an undertaking,
who believe that the Aonian Maids have confined their
richest favors to our transatlantic brethren to the exclu
sion of native genius, will be surprised to learn that we
are already in possession of more than two hundred vol
umes of the production of American Imrds, from about the
year 1030 to the present Hay. Nor is it from these sources
alone that materials may be drawn. There are but few
writers in our country whb pursue authorship as a voca
tion, and whose works have l>ecn published in a collected
form. Our poets, especially, have generally written for
particular occasions, with the remembrance of which
their productions have gone to rest, or their effusions have
been carelessly inserted in periodicals of slight merit and
limited circulation, where they were unlikely to attract
notice to themselves, or draw attention to their authors?
The grass of the field or flowers of the wilderness are
growing over the ashes of many of the highly gifted who,
through the wild and romantic regions of our republic,
have scattered poetry in " ingots bright from the mint of
genius" and glowing with the impress of beauty and the
spirit of tnith, in quantities sufficient, were it known and
appreciated as it would l?e in other countries, to secure
to them an honorable reputation throughout the world.?
Such were Harney, author of' Crystalina' and the ' Fever
Dream,'Sands, author of ' Yamoyden Wilcox, author
of the'Are of Benevolence;' Robinson, author of 'The
Savage ;' Little, the sweet and tender poet of Christian
feeling, the lamented Brainard, and many beside, whose
w ritings arc almost unknown, save by their kindred asso
ciates and friends.
With the names of those poets w ho w ithin the last few
years have extended the reputation of American lite
rature beyond the Atlantic, Bryant, Dana, Percival,
Sprague, Sigourney, Whittier, Willis, &r. the public are
familiar; and we can assure them that there exists, though
long forgotten and unknown, a mine of poetic wealth,
rich, varied and extensive, which will amply repay the la
borof exploring it, and add undying lustre to the crown
w hich encircles the brow of American genius. In the pub
lication now proposed we shall rescue from the oblivion
to w hich they have long l?een consigned, and embalm in a
bright and imperishable form the numberless ' gems of
purest ray,' with which our researches into the literary an
tiquities of our country have endowed us ; and we arc con
fiflcnt that every lover of his native land w ill regard our
enterprise as patriotic and deserving the support of the
citizens of the United States, as tending to elevate the
character of that country in the scale of nations, and as
sert its claims to the station to w hich its children entitle*
it. With this conviction we ask the patronage of the com
munity to aid us in our undertaking, conscious that we
are meriting its support by exhibiting to the world a iiroud
evidence that America, in the giant strength of her Hercu
lean childhood, is destined ere long to cope in the arena of
literature with those lands which for centuries have (wast
ed their civilization and refinement, and justly exulted in
their triumphs of their cherished sons in the noblest field
which heaven has opened to the human intellect.
The American Anthoi.ooy will contain complete
works of a portion of the follow in??the most popular of
our poetic writers?and of the others, the l?est poems, and
such as are least generally known :
Adams, John Quiney Gould, Hannah F.
Allston, Washington Hallack, Fitz Greene
Barber, Joseph Harney, John M.
Barlow. Joel Hillhousc, John A.
Benjamin, Park Hoffman, Charles F.
Bogart. Elizabeth Mcllcn, Orenville
Braincrd, John G. C. Neal.John
Brooks, James G. Peahody, B. W O.
Bryant, William C. Percival, James G.
Clark, Willis G. Pierpont, John
Collin, Kol>ert 3. Pinckney, Edward C.
Dana, Kichard H. Prentice, George D.
Doane, George W. Rockwell, J. O.
Drake, Joseph R. Sands, Roliert C.
Dwifht, Timothy Stgoun ev. Lydia H.
Ellet, Elixalieth F. Sprague. Charles
Embury, Emma C. Suterm. is.er, J. K.
Everett, Edward Trumbull, John
Fairfield, Sumner L. Wetmore, Prosper M.
Freneau. Philip Whittier. John G.
Gallagher. William D. Willis, Nathaniel P.
In addition to the poem* of the a!?ve named authors,
selections, eomjinsing the best production* of more than
four hundred other American writers, will he given as the
The American Anthology will be published on the first
Saturday of every month. Each number will contain
seventy-two royal octavo pages, printed in the most beau
tiful manner on paper of superior quality, and two or more
portraitson steel, with other illuatrations.
Price, Five dollars per annum, payable in advance.
The first numlwr w ill !*? published in Deeemlier.
Sulmeriptions received in New-York, by Wilev Put
nam. 1HI Broadway, and Griswold ft Cambrelenj, 118
Fulton street. All letters to l>e addressed, post paid, to
RUFUS W. GRISWOLD,
Sec. 1'. Lit Antiquarian Association
rjOMGEESWOMAL DOCUMENTS, JOI'RNaI <
Jlkman h AfND I ^l^-onouon Am
,k ?" ' ?? U h" bv"k *,mJ Hior<
yt""1'" the General Post Office, ?|| the Journals of I
KSfr1 77< ^ IW. Gate. and Heaton's Amerieaii
<i|M*rs id 21 foiJO irolv , from the hr?i to ih* 24u
Congrea. inclutir#, or fmm I78B u, 18*1. 4 "
uinm!"?. .'I'lir' ^ Documtau in royal H vo ? ,!?
"iVh r each Session, from the |*h u, tile
?f r or from 1823 u> 1837. Thr Law,
to conUming the Uti from the fi,M
M*rch nil T/V" ,ncl',,'rr,1 or 17BB <* ?'
March' iho'iJ'ik*"** ,f.nu^e complete to the 4th of
Vu U" Law, ?f lht. 23d and JMtl,
I'utilic Offices U ?" U*d ',y ('""*re?* ?"d
to4tWlte?f.j? ,n 4 roU from 1789
the four voluiai. 4 T?' co"U,u* *"?lud" ,u
Thr pamphlet or Session Law. of the United 8t.tr,
[7^ A to lhe ~Uh Coerxeas inclusive, or from 17V7
U> JW7. Any separate pamphlets can be furnished
Gales and Seaton's Relator of Debates ln Congress
All Documents on foreign Relations; Finance, Com
mcrcc, and Navigation; Internal Improvement; .Military
and Naval Affairs ; Indian Affairs ; Public Lauds, andou
Claims of every description can "be furnished separate!,
iti sheet*. r 7
Also, for sale as above, a large collection of flip, ?f
Newspapers published in Washington, and some of tU
principal cities in the United Slates.
Au? '#? __ ID
AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE,
FIVE DOLLARS PEK YEAR.
ON the first of January was published the fint number of
the ninth volume of the American Monthly Maieaxihr
This will commence the second year of "the New N ri.?
of lhe American Monthly." One year has passed since
by the union of the New England Magazine with ti,
well established periodical, the resources of a publication
which had previously absorbed those of the American
Monthly Review and of the Tinted States Magazine
were all concentrated in the American Monthly' Mana
zine; giving at once so broad a basis to the work as u,
stamp its national character and ensure its permanency.
The number of pages, which have each month exceeded
one hundred, was at the same time increased, to make
room for an additional supply of original matter ,? and each
number of the work throughout the year has been orna
roe/ited with an engraving, executed by the first artist* jn
the country. How far the literary contents of the Mac.,,
zine have kept pace with these secondary improvement*
the public are the best judges. The aim of the proprietors
has lieen from the first to establish a periodical which
should have a tone and character of its own ; and which
while rendered sufficiently amusing to ensure its circula
Hon, should ever keen for its main object the promotion of
good taste, and sound, vigorous and fearless thinking up.
on whatever subject it undertook to discuss ; which, in a
word, should make its way into public favor, and establish
its claims to consideration, rather" by what should be
found in its pages than by any eclat which the names of
popular contributors, or the dissemination of laudatory
paragraphs, could confer. Nor has the American Monthly
had any reason to regret having adopted and followed out
the course prescribed to itself from the first. It has in
deed lost both contributors and sutiseribeiu by the lone of
some of its papers ; but by the more enlightened who have
jridged of the tendency o! the work in the ageregate ami
not by its occasional difference of opinion with themselves,
it has been sustained with spirit and liberality. It has
lieen enabled to merge from infancy and dependence upon
extrinsic circumstances; and the quickening power of
many minds, tailoring successively or in unison, lias in
fused vitality into the creation while shaping it into form,
until now it has a living principle of its own. It has Kr
comc something, it is hoped, w hich " thp world would not
willingly let die,"
But though the subscription list of lhe American Monthly
has enlarged with the publications of every number durin>
the last year, it is not yet sufficiently full to justify the
publishers in carrying into effect their plan of Liberally
compensating both the regular contributors and every w ri
ter that furnishes a casual paper for the week. Nor till
literary labor in every department of a periodical is ade
quately thu* rewarded, can it fully sustain or merit the
character which an occasional article from a well paul
popular pen may give.
If these views lie just, there is no impertinence in ap
pealing here to the public to assist in furthering thern by
promoting the prosperity of the American Monthly Maea
The work which is under the editorial chagre of C. F.
Hoofinan and Park Benjamin, Esq. w ill continue to he
published simultaneously on the first of every month, iti
New York, by George Dearborn & Co., in Boston by (Mis,
Broaders & Co., communications received at the Office,
No. 38, Gold Street, New York.
PROSPECTUS OF THE
SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER,
THOMAS w. white, editor and proprietor.
This is a monthly magazine, devoid
chiefly to literature, but occasionally finding room
for articles that fall within the scope of Science ; anil not
professing an entire disdain of tasteful selection*, though
Us matter has been, as it will continue to be, in the main,
Party politics and controversial theology, aa far as pos
sible, are jealously excluded. They are sometimes so
blended w ith discussions in literature or in moral science,
otherw ise unobjectionable, as to gain admittance for the
sake of the more valuable matter to which they adhere :
but whenever that happens, they are incidental only ; not
primary. They are dross, tolerated only because it can
not well be severed from the sterling ore wherewith it is
,k^lf*L"~' Qr'''c?l Notices occupy their due space
Rework; ? -/He editor's aim that they should
f.? I '' 11 tendency-w , (.on(i(?,?,
torm, such valuable truths or interosnf.s incidents as ari
embodied in the works reviewed,?to direct tin, ???der's
attention to books that deserve to be read,?and to warn
nun against wasting time and money upon that large nmn
ber, which merit only to lie burned, ln this age of publi
cations, that by their variety and multitude distract and
overwhelm every undiscriminating student, impartial
criticism, governed by the views just mentioned, is one of
the most inestimable and indispensable of auxiliaries, to
him who does wish to discriminate.
Essays and Tales, having in view utility or amusement,
or Iwtri, Historical Sketches,?and Reminiscences of
events too minute for history, yet elucidating it, and height
ening its interest,?may be regarded as forming the staple
r 1 wo And of indigenous poetry, enough is pub
ashed?sometimes of no mean strain?to manifest and to
cultivate the growing poetical taste and talents of our
1 he times appear, for several reasons, to demand such
a work?and not one alone, but many. The public mind
is feverish and irritated stili, from recent political strifes
The soft, assuasive influence of literature is needed, to
allay that fever, and soothe that irritation. Vice and folly
are rioting abroad : They should be driven by indignant
rebuke, or lathed by ridicule, inlo their fitting haunts.
Ignorance lords it over an immense proportion of our
people. Every spring should be set in motion, to aroute
the enlightened, and to increase their numlicr; so that the
p-eat enemy of popular government may no loneer brood,
like a portentous cloud, over the destinies of our country.
And to accomplish all these ends, what more powerful
aeent can l?o employed than a periodical, 011 the plan of
the Messenger; if that plan be but carried out in practice.
The South, peculiarly, requires such an aecnt. In all
the 1 nion, south of W aahington, there are but two literary
periodicals ! Northward of that city, there are probably at
least twenty-five or thirty 1 Is this contrast justified Irv
the wealth, the leisure, the native talent, or the actual
literary taste of the Southern people, compared with those
of the Northern ' No: for in wealth, talents, and taste,
we inay justly claim at least an equality with our bre
thren; and a domestic institution exclusively our own,
beyond all doubt affords us, if we choose, twice the leisure
for reading and writing, which thev enioy.
It was from a deep sense of this local want, that the
word .Southern was engrafted on the name of this
periodical; and not w ith any design to nourish local t>re
judices, or to advocate sup|mscd local interests. Far from
imy such thought, it is the editor's fervent wish to see the
North and Sooth Isuind endearingly together forever, in
the silken bands of mutual kindness and affection Fur
from meditating hostility to the North, he has alreailv
draw n, and he hopes hereafter to draw , much of his choicest
matter thence j ann happy indeed will he deem himself,
should his pages, by making each reeion know the other
better, contribute in any essential d?gree to dispel the
lowerinir clouds that now threaten thr peace of U.ib, and
to brighten and strengthen the sacred ties of fiaternil
The Southern Literary Messenger has now reached the
fifth No. of its thinl volume. How far it has acted out the
ideas here uttered, it is not for the editor to sav ll?
believes, however, that it falls not further short of them
than human weakness usually makes practice fall short o.
The Messenger is issued monthly. Each number of the
work contains 64 large super-royal paces, printed in the
very handsomest manner, on new type, and on p?per
equal at least to that on which any other periodical n
printed in our country.
No SulSKTiption w ill lie received for less than a volume,
and must commence with the enrrent one The price k
?5 |>er volume, which must he paid in all csaes st the tune
of subscribing. This is particulsrly adverted U> now t.l
avoid misapprehension, or future misunderstanding?as
no order will hereafter lie slteiided to unless^arcomjMuiitsl
with the price of subscription
The postsxe on the Messenger is six cents on anr sin
gle No. for all distances under 100miles?over 100 mil" ?,
All communications or letters, relative to the Messen
ger, must Iw addressed to ThohasW Whit*
Southern Literary Messenxer Office. Richmond, Va
ThS*M wmsonian is published Tri-weekly during the
sitting* of Congress, and Seini-weekly during the re
cess. Tri-weckly on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Satur
Advertisements intended for the Toesdsy psp^f
should he sent in early on Mondsy?those for ths
Thursday pspcr, early ^nSM^neadsy, and for the
turdav pajier, csrly on Pndav.
Offi E tkrett, vtar Ttnik.
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