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The Madisonian. [volume] (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1837-1845, November 21, 1837, Image 4

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Dkath or Dh. Gaim*.?This long expected, and
in some respects gratifying even!, occurred this
morning, ?? about 4 o'clock. The venerable man, it is
known u> his friends generally, has long been on the
decline, having borne a wearisome and protracted
illness of hydratkorax with remarkable patience and
resignation. His numerous friends abroad, and the
friends and of the Christian church, of which he
has been for forty years so distinguished an orna
ment, will be ?gratified to learn that he died us he
lived, in the full faith of the gospel, without a mur
mur or a pang. It was in truth a glorious exit?a
death that such a man might be expected to die. And
those whose privilege it was to witness it might well
unite in the thanksgiving of the patient himself, on
a recent occasion, " that it is the privilege of good
men to die."
This is not the time or place for a full notice of
the life and labors of this eminent and eloquent
divine. That duty will be the appropriate work of
auother and abler hand. We can barely recur to
some chief incidents in his history.
Dr. Griffin was barn at East liaddam, Connecti
cut, the second son of George Griffin, an independent
farmer of that place, Jan. 6ih, 1770. He graduated
at Yal? College, in 1790, at the age of 20; and re
ceived his theological education under the 2d Presi
dent Edwards, at New Haven. He was ordained at
New Hartford, in June, 1795, and installed as Col
league of the Rev. Dr. McWhorter, then pastor of
the Presbyterian church in this place, in Oct. 1801.
The entire charge of the congregation soon devolved
upon him by the death of Dr. McWhorter in 1807.
About two years after he was invited to the profes
sorship of pulpit eloquence in the theological se
minary at Andover, and was inaugurated in 1800.
He resigned his station in favor of the Park street
church, Boston, in July, 1811.
In June, 1815, he returned to thi? city at the invi
tation of the 2d Presbyterian church, which had
been then but recently formed out . of the congrega
tion in which he had before presided with eminent
ability and success, He was again removed from
Newark, in the full maturity of his powers and use
fulness, by a call to the Presidency of Williams
College, Mass., in Novembei, 1831, having bocn in
augurated on the 14th of that month. This station
he was compelled to resign in August, 1830, after a
service of fifteen years, on account of ill health, and
finally returned to this city, and became a member
of the family of his son-in-law, Dr. L. A. Smitu, un
der whose skilful care he has since lived; and where
he has most happily terminated a life of distinguish
ed honor and usefulness. Mrs. G. it will be remem
bered, died in July last, having preceded her husband
about three months. Dr. G. leaves two children,
bath daughters, to inherit a name " which is better
than riches."
Thus has passed away one of the first of men:
such a man as this world seldom sees in the promi
nent characteristics of both his mind and person, as
well as in the peculiar qualities of his heart. He was
altogether of a more princely mould than even the
majority of the great men of his dav. As a preacher
he possessed a liberal portion of all the faculties and
qualities which fit men to subserve the great interests
of society upon a large scale.
Few ever excelled him in the pulpit. Asasjpeaker
and as a writer, he had singular power to enlighten
and persuade, tq please, to charm, to astonish. He
united the decorations that belong to fine talents to
the penetration and judgment that designate an acute
and solid mind. But this is not the place for an
analysis of his character. His praise is in all the
churches, and those who have enjoyed the benefit of
his rare abilities and impressive eloquence need no
other illustration.
Since he retired in a great measure from public
view, his days have been spent in languor of body,
with no prospect of returning health, but his last
days were in other respects emphatically his best
days, and notwithstanding his great bodily infirmi
ties, were passed in light and joy.
The funeral services will be attended in the 1st
church on Friday. The sermon will be preached,
we are happy to say, by the Rev. Dr. Spring, an
early friend of the deceased.?Newark Adv.
From the Montreal Hrrald.
Total roct op toe "Sons or Liberty."?Dur
ing the whole of Saturday last, considerable excite
ment existed in town, owing to a report having been
generally circulated that the " Sons of Liberty" in
tended to parade the streets on Monday, and that
there would likely be a collision between thern and
the members of the Doric Club. This excitement
was increased on Sunday, in consequence of the ma
gistrates having issued a proclamation, requesting
all persons to refrain from joining in any procession,
or assisting in any way to break the peace. Al
though it was'not known at what hour or place the
" Sons of Liberty" would meet, a placard was posted
on the walls on Monday morning, calling on the dif
ferent ward associations to assemble at half-past 12
o'clock, " to crush rebellion in the bud." Siill there
were no signs of the opposite party appearing, and it
was generally believed that they had abandoned their
absurd attempt.
About two o'clock they began to muster in the yard
of Bonacina's tavern, in front of the American Pres
byterian church, Great St. James street. The muster
attracted the attention of some Constitutionalists, who
remained to look on, when, all at once, the party in
side the yard, about 250 in number, rushed out and
made an indiscriminate attack with sticks and stones
on those outside. Two pistols were also fired off,
and a bill from one of them lodged in the sleeve of
Mr. Whitelaw, carpenter. A gentleman immedi
ately went up to Mr.T. S. Brown, (who was taking
a very active part in the affair,) and said he would
hold him responsible for the firing, on which Mr. B.
raised a stick to strike him, when the threatened
blow was warded off, and Mr. B. knocked down by
a Doric. ? ?
Mr. Iloofstettcr, who went up to separate the com
batants, and to protect" Mr. Brown, was severely
handled by the ' Sons of Liberty,'and had it not been
for the interference of Mr. /. C. Gundlack, Mr.
Brown might have suffered more severely. As it is,
his wounds are reported us as having been severe,
though not dangerous. The rebels then chased their
opponents along St. James street, breaking the win
dows of Dr. Robertson and other inhabitants in that
street, but the Doric Club and others reinforcing the
pursued, turned the tables on the enemy, who fled
pell mell up the main street of the St. Lawrence sub
urb, where they were pursued and conquered after a
short fight at the corner of Dorchester street. The
Loyalists then marched through portions of the town
and suburbs seeking the " Sons of Liberty" but in
vain. They seemed to have evaporated like ghosts
into thin air. On passing a house in Dorches:cr st.,
opposite the residence of Mr. E. Idler, it was stated
that the patriots were in the habit of drilling there,
and it was thereupon resolved that it should be exa
mined, when a seven-barrelled, a double-barrelled,
and a single-barrelled, in all three guns, a sword, and
the banner of the " Sons of Liberty" were found and
delivered over to the authorities.
Previous to this, while the crowd was passing
Joshua Bell's house in Notre Dame street, some
marks of disapprobation and some missiles thrown
against it testified the opinion entertained of the
turncoat, when he opened his window and presented
a gun which snapped twice. Early in the afternoon,
the Riot act was read, and th? Royal Regiment or
dered out to parade the streets, supported by the ar
tillery, neither of whom were required, as the Cana
dians were entirely routed before the military made
their appearance. This unprovoked riot raised by
the " Sons of Liberty" will, wc hope, teach them a
lesson, and give them a sample of what kind of ene
mies they have to deal with. It was not the least
amusing part of the scene to witness Messrs. Deare
viers and John Donegaui leading on the troops, at
which the indignation of the spectators was unequiv
ocally displayed.
At six o'clock, the Loyalists marched up Bense
coursstreet, and it was with greatditficuliy thai they
were restrained from attacking Mr. Papineau's
house. The Vindicator offi?c, however fared differ
ently?the types, paper and every thing having been
thrown into the street- These attacks on persons and
property are to be regretted, but they nre, to a cer
tain extent, the result of every outburst of popular in
dignation.
The Royal Regiment was repeatedly and vehe
mently cheered by the Loyalists.
We learn that the three magistrates with troops
under their command, were stationed last night, at
each of the following places: Stcllcr's Main street,
St. LawrenceSuberb; Boyd's Placc d'Armes, and
Russel'sQjiebec Suburb,besides an additional force
at the main guard, in case of any disturbance during
the night.
Ingenious mode of removing Congestion of
Brain, without loosing blooil, and also to
stop Hemorrhage.?Sir James Murray has
turned tlio dry cupping principle to a very
ingenious account. He presented an ingeni
ous contrivance, something like the slipper
bath, which had an air pump for exhausting
the air applied to it. The patient was placed
in it, and it was than made air-tight, leaving
him a breathing communication with the ex
ternal atmosphere. The air was then ex
haustcd from the interior, and atmospheric
pressure removed from the surface of the
body. About a pound of atmosphere being
exhausted, took off a ton of atmospheric
pressure. The consequence was, where the
body was before cold and enHajteed, the
vessels w ere immediately filled up and ren
dered turgid, while it did not at all interfere
with the process of respiration.
lie exhibited another application of the
saiuo contrivance of a long tin tube made
air tight, aud with a piece of wet bladder
round one end, which was open : at the other
end, which wus closed up, a small exhaust
ing air-pump was placed. A patient with a
paralytic wrist put up his arm into this, the
wet bladder was tightened around his arm at
tho top to make it air tight, and the atmos
phere was then pumped out of the tube by
the patient himself or any other person. The
atmospheric pressure being taken off, the
limb became turgid, tho circulation Was in
creased, and the part affected was soon cured.
There wis'anothcr adaptation of tho same
contrivance to draw off the effect of conges
tion of the brain. There was another appli
cation to stop haemorrhage in an injured hund,
limb, or other extremity. An exhausting
pump was fixed to the end of a bladder, tho
liiul) put into the bladder, and the neck then
tied round to make it air-tight. The air was
then completely exhausted by means of the
pump, which compressed the bladder so close
to tho skin as effectually to stop even the
pores of the skin. The samo contrivance of
a bladder and exhausting pump was also ap
plied for the cure of ulcerated legs, by pre
venting the evaporation of the ulcers, by
exhShsting the air, and making the collapsed
bladder adhere tightly all round. There
were several other ingenious contrivances
and aplications of the same invention, the
exhibition of which, and the inventor's happy
humor, elicited loud applause.
A vote of thanks was given to' Sir James
Murray for the very valuable instruction which
he had conveyed.?N. F. Star.
Berkshire Cattle Show arid Fair.?Tho
twenty-seventh anniversary of the Berkshire
(Ms.,) cattle ?how and fair, has recently been
celebrated with the accustomed spirit of
Pittsfield. The anniversary address was pro
nounced by the Hon. Jesse Buel, of Albany.
The Pittsfield papers remark of this address,
that it deserved the profound and unwearied
attention with which it was heard by the
audience. It was full of the practical fruits
of his large experience, and will soon be
published. What contributed most to the
interest of the occasion, however, was the
presence of tho venerable Elkanah Watson,
the founder of tho society. Mr. Watson re
sides at Port Kent, on the Western shore of
? Lake Champain. His head has been tinged
I with the frosts of eighty winters ; but he
nevertheless performed the journey to Pitts
field expressly to attend the anniversary;
and the part he*took gave groat satisfaction.
?N. Y. Corn. Advertiser.
Dissipation?the South.?Tho Mobile Ex
I amincr, in noticing the prevalence of yellow
j fever in that city, and the causes which con
tributed to its increase, gives the following
judicious advice to those who are wont to
lead the same dissipated life in a warm, that
they had in a nothern Climate. To the
sourco here ascribed, we have no doubt, may
be attributed the death of many young men,
who seek the South for employment:
" None but tho physically blind can avoid
the scenes of deep indulgence and general
dissipation which daily accelerate the passage
of some endearing friend to the silence and
decay of an early tomb.?And as a general
evil, we are fully persuaded that the supposed
predisposition of our climate to disease is
incomparably less fearful in ils consequences
than are those misspent hours and intermina
ble carousals which form a striking feature of
almost every southern community.
" The natural warmth and buoyancy of our
air, awakens congenial feelings in those who
respire it; and as if life had let loose all her
sweets at once, tho incautious victim of his
own imprudence, often lets fall and breaks the
golden bowl, while endeavoring to drain its
honyed contents at a draught. And thus it is,
that the evils resulting from a wrong use, or
rather abuse, of Heaven's richest blessings,
are but too frequently alleged to the imper
fection of those blessings themselves?as if
Heaven had intermingled her best gifts with
poison."
Portsmouth, Oct. 2.?Tho American frigate Inde
pendence, of 02 guns, Commodore Nicholson, sailed on
1'hursduy for Rio de Janeiro ; at the same moment the
Pique frigate, of 36 guns, Captain Boxer, got under
way to accompany her down the channel. It was blow
ing a fresh breeze, with smooth water at the time, and
it was beautiful to see how wonderfully the Pique ex
celled the Independence in sailing and quickness of
working; for when both ships got their anchors to the
bow, the Piquo was about half a mile-to tho leeward,
but in two short tarks she went to the windward of tho
| Independence, and as they got out of sight tho Ameri
| can frigate was at least three miles to leeward. With
| regard to working, the American, it should be observed,
| is a long heavy ship, but then she has a crew of 620
men ; and tho :gh the Pique i3 a shorter ship, and onlv
carries 36 guns, she has the mnnts and yards of the old
61, aud a compliment of only 280 men. On an average
ihe Pique was always two minutes and a half in stays,
while the Independence was always two minutes longer ;
of course, owing to this circumstance, in short tacks
she lost ground. Wo have no doubt that when these
ships put themselves before the wind tho Pique will lose
some of her advantage. In working out tho Indepen
dence was obliged to hand her royals, but tho Pique
carried on. The Pique is ordered to proceed with pro
visions and stores from Plymouth to Lord John llay's
spuudron oil' St. Sebastian.
[Notb. The English editor probably, was not aware,
| that the Independence is a 74 razeed, and of course,
i cannot be considered a fair specimen of tho sailing of
| our armed vessels.?Ed. Courier and Enquirer.]
OPORTO, Sept. 36.?" I presume the folks with
you would bo as much taken by surprise at the result
of the attempts to restore the charter of 183<? as they
were here. It came like a thunderbolt upon us, nnd
I never saw people more chapfallen. From what
wc ran learn here, it appears the Haron dc Seiria
had orders from Saidanha, &e., not to light until he
could join with his cbavalry. lie (Leiria) took up
a position at Ruivacs to wait for Saidanha, but it is
s ipposed he was pushed so hard by'the Viscount das
Antas (who was well aware of the advantage of at
tacking before Saidanha could join) that he could
not avoid fighting. It is said his troops repulsed the
attackers twice (on the 18th.) but were thrown into
disorder by the desertion ot Colonel Ootivea with
some 300 men to Antas's side, and some Cacadores
appearing in the rear completed the panic. It was
then save himself who could, the troops running in
all directions, the main b >dy on the road to Chaves.
?The evening Saidanha came up, but too late to do
any good. An armistice was requested, but they
were told to lay down their arms first. The rest you
are aware of. It is said nearly 300 officers and ma
ny soldiers refused to accept the amnesty, .and went
into Spain. I hink th* ntunb -rsare overrated how
ever. No doubt the Chiefs will publish a statement
of facts when they get to England. The above, how
ever, may bj relied on, ptruci nut is <>u menos..
The Globe must b'j hard run. It has to make
Quotations from the columns of the Baltimore Re
former, Richmond Whig, and Charleston Mercury,
three rank whig papers, to uphold the Sub-Treasury
scheme. Can't its editors find any thing in detno
tratic papers 1?
A we^ regulated system of credit which give* to the
poor equal privilege* with the rich roust meet the ap
probation of every man whoao mind ia uot chained with
sordidness not fettered by the love of power It roust
be admitted that, under the influence of our present m
atitutiona, our country haa prospered. and that now, by
a judicious rtfomulion in o^if banking coucfriis, that
ia, by the restoration of confidence in the holder* of
their bilk?wo can remove our existing embarrass
ments. We need not go into detail or dwell upon the
causes which have given riae to our preaent com i.ion.
We turn to the remedy for the evila which have btlall
en ua. We know that the agricultural, mechanical mid
commercial eotntnuniliea hsve alwaya found, in their
trauaartiona of business, a ?reat aerviee in the ?ystem
of credit?that ihey have derived much benefit from
hanka. There are some it ia true who would proatrate
nil bank* at a aingle blow?but wc aee that self-mte
re*t ia ihvir ruling pa*?ion. 1 hey are for tho "losves
and fiahea," while the poor inuat be drained of their mo
j ncy to futfd their avidity of gain. Hut look to the bu
sines* part of community?their intereat inu?t suffer,
becausc a sacrifice in the depreciation of property.?
Aud when auch a slate of things ia brought about, do
not the rich increase their wealth ! W ill tlicy not grasp
at every avenue to accumulate T
Look again, at those who are for an cxclusivc metal
lic currencv, and who urueour Government to have all
ita dues in'that form. Does not auch a course dimi
nish tho circulation of apecie among the people ! \N e
need only to look now about us for the truth of this
Well, then, if it diminish the circulation of specie and
forces u|K)n the people a* it must and haa done, a depio
ciated currency, does it not unquestionably reduce the
property of tho farmer 1 Does it not take away tliat
full reward for his labor, the hope of which, made "tho
sweat of his brow," and excited him to fatigue and toil 1
And inuat the mechanic find, after all his Ubor and in
doatry, that he has toiled for that which ia almost worih
Icsa! Must he return home with money which is not
worth its name?while he see* the lervanti of the peo
ple revelling in gladness, and growing rich over his los?
cs ! It doe* seein to ua there ia no equality here.
Tho question now is, shall auch a courae be maintain
ed ! Will the people beguiled by their 'ervanta1?
Will they reaist an infringement upon their liberties?
All |iowcr ia vested in the people?it bocomcs them to
look to their own interests. I*et tliein. remember that
sentiment of Jackson, " the blessings of Government,
like I ho dews of Heaven, should fall alike upon the rich
and the poor." The people muat remember they are
rulers, and ahould suffer dictation from no quarter.
Wc are glad to find that there are many coming over
to the causo of the people. The Conservative party
those who go for equal laws and equal rights arc gam
ing more and more. The people begin to find out the
false doctrines of Loco focoism. 'I hey see through the
covering of their acts and are beginning to warn the
party. L't them continue in their determination to jo
for the good of the country, and in tho end they will
have nothing with which to reproach themselves, h tdr
trick (Md.) Ttmet.
Mr. Chitty, tho celebrated author of En
glish I?iw Hooks, consigns the task of ma
king the index to his works to ono or more of
the students in his oflicc. " I had occasion,
said a friend of Mr. Chitty, " to look into
your new work this morning at the subject of
'Bail.'" Upon finding the title, I was thus
referred?'see Mr. Justice Best, page 270.'
Upon finding Mr. Justice Best, page 270, I
was thus referred, ' see great mind, page 340,
and upon finding ' great mind, page 340,' I
came at last to the end of my search, and
read thus?' The Bail being guilty of a con
tempt of court, Mr. Justice Best said he had
a great mind to commit him."1
PAUL H. BORLAND begs leave to inform his friends
and the public, that he has taken the store lately occu
pied by James Riehey, where he will, at all times, be
pleased to wait on customers.
A. W. DENHAM, manufacturer of Copper, Sheet-iron,
and Tin ware, will always be found at the above store,
ready to execute orders for any article in his line.
A large assortment of Stoves, Grates, Lamps, and Tin
ware, kept constantly ou hand. Zinc Roofing, Spouting
and Guttering done at the shortest notice.
Pennsylvania Avenue, 5 doors cast of 9tli street.
Nov. 10.
WE have for sale, which we will have made up in the
best manner?
20 pieces super, black Cloths.
100 do ribbed and plain Cassimere*.
20 do plain and figured velvet Vesting*.
?&0?(it)?etilorrtl nnd black Silk Vesting*.
BRADLEY fit CATLETT.
Sep 0?3tw2w8
~~ PROSPECTUS
or THtt
NEW YORK 11 E V I E W
AND
(tCARTEKtY CHURCH JOURNAL..
THE plan of this Publication embraces extended re
views of important works, and discussions ol impor
tant subjects in every department of literature and think
ing, similar in form and manner of those which make up
the contents of Quarterly Reviews generally.
It proposes, also, a brief analytical survey of the literary
productions of every currcnt quarter, with short critical
indications of their character and value in their respective
departments.
It embraces, likewise, a register of the most important
events and facts in the literary and religious world, par
ticularly in reference to the state and progress of the
Church.
The object of the whole work is to exhibit, as far as
possible, every thing most important to a just estimate of
the character of the times, and of the intellectual and
moral movement of society ; to promote the interests of
good literature, sound thinking, religion, and Christian
order, i In this general tone and spirit, it will be con
formed to the principles of the Protestant Episcopal
Church. The conviction of the truth and importance of
these principles^ as they are held in the unity of trie Church,
maintained in a free and uncompromising, yet liberal,
candid and conciliating spirit, will constitute the unity of
the work.
Ariangements have been made to secure the aid of the
l>est w riters throughout the country ; and no pains or ex
pensewill be spared to make this publication a work of
the highest character.
Terms.?The work will contain nn average of 250 page*
to each number; and will be furnished to Subscribers at
Five Dollars a year, payable on delivery of the first num
ber. Any person becoming responsible for ?i* copies,
shall receive the seventh copy gratis.
All communications on the business concerns of the
Review, to lie addressed to the Publisher, George Dear
liorn & Co., 38 Gold st. New York. Other communica
tions to be addressed to the Edilor, care of George Dear
born
Oct. 5.
WASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD.?On and
after Monday next, the 11 instant, the cars will leave
the depot in this city for Baltimore at 9 o'clock A. M., in
stead of 0 3-4 A. M., ua heretofore.
The object of this alteration is to render certain the ar
rival of the train at Baltimore early enough to afford
ample time for passengers going North to take the steam
boat, which now departs daily for Philadelphia, at half past
13 o'clock.
Tho afternoon train will, as heretofore, leave the depot
ut a quarter after 5 o'clock, P. M.
89? dlit&wtf.
(Globe, Native American, Alexandria Gazette, and Po
tomac Advocate.)
~"notick7~
THE New York and Boston Illinois Land Company
will offer at public auction at their office in the town
of Quincy, Adam* County, Illinois, on Monday the 2?th
day of November next, 100,000 acres of their Lands *itu
ated in the Military Tract in said Slate.
Lists of the lands may be had at the office of said Com
pany in Quiney and at It Wall Street, New York.
A minimum price will be affixed to each lot at the time
it is offered.
JOHN TILLSON, Jr.
Agent for the N. Y. & B. 111. L Co.
Aug. 25, 1837.
lawtNov?8
IOWEN & CO., MERCHANT TAlLolis",
j. 7 Building*, and near Fuller's Hotel, respectfully
beg leave to inform their friend* and the public in general,
that they have lately fitted up, arid just opened, the large
store fornar'v occupied by James fc Co., druggiMs, for
the accommodation of their patrons in that part of the city*
where they have laid in a most extensive stock of FALL
and WINTER good*, consisting of the follow ing choice
assortment of articles for gentlemen'* wear :
For coals, superfine niece* of broadcloths, wool-dyed
black, blue, dahlia, Adelaide, invisible green, Polish do.,
claret, and all the favorite co'ors of the day.
For pantaloons, superfine black cassimere, London
stri|>eddo., black ribbed do., gray mixed do., buff, Victoria
striped buckskin, fancy do., tic,.
For vest*, black silk velvet, fancy figured do., Genoa
do., woollen do., striped challa gold tissue, black satin,
figured do., plain ami figured *ilks.
F. O. Ar Co. have also received a Itinre collection of
stocks, plain, trimmed, ?nd embossed, handkerchief*,
opera ties, ailk shirt* and drawers, buckskin do., patent
merino do., shoulder braces, union do., (two exc-dlent ar
ticles for the support of the back and expansion of the
chest,)gum elastic suspender*, buckskin do., silk, kid, and
buckskin glove*, 6cc.
Sept. 14. Imll
WINES, 6cc.?J. B MORGAN A CO. are now re
c?ivinj| froiu tho KuUiit Gordou Mil President, a
fine assortment of wines, 4cp., partly an follows:
Wines uf the Rkinr?llocklii'tiucr, vintages 1031, 1827,
1835 ; Rudcshcimer Cabinet, 1H3I; Johannealiergtr, Ittt7,
1831; Marcobruner, 1IW7, 1834; Steinwein. 1831; Stein
berarr, 1S37. Wjih a numUr of low-priced Hock wiiu?.
Chnmpaanes? Of the Cabinet, (this is aaiil to I* the
lieat brand of Champagne* imported,) Anchor, Grape,
Bacchus, and Heart, brand*.
Cordials?Marischino, Curacoa, Ahseynthe, Stomach
Hitler, and other Cordials.
Sherries? Pale and Brown, very superior
MaJrirat?Frtnn Blackburn &l Howard, March & Co.
Otard's Pale Brandy, very superior.
London Porter, Blown Stout, and Scotch Ale.
Sardines, Unifies, anchovy pa^te, French mustard,
pickles, dtc. 20,000 superior Havana Segars.
We have about 20,000 bottles of old wines, Madeiras
snd Sherries, most of'them very old; with every variety
of w ines and liquors in wood.
All orders from abroad punctually attended to, and no
charge for parking.
sept 36-et J. B. MORGAN fit CO.
T1IELN1V15RSITY OF MARYI,ANI).
The session of the medical depart
MEST of ibis Institution, will commence on the
last Monday of October next, and continue until the last
day of February.
THE FACULTY OF PHYSIC ARE,
II. Willi* IUxlky, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and
Physiology.
IIknhv Howard. M. D, Professor nf fVistctrics, and of
tlie Diseases of Women and Children.
Michael A. Finley, M. D., Professor of Pathology,
and of the Practice of Medicine.
Robot E. Dorbey, M. D., Professor of Materia Me
dica, 'rhcrapcutics ,Hygiene, and Medical Jurispru
dence.
William R. Fisher, M. D., Professor of Chemistry
and Pharmacy.
John Fkkuerick May, M. D., Professor of the Prin
ciples and Practice of Surgery.
Ellis Hughes, M.D., Demonstrator of Anatomy.
In making this annual nnnoiincemeni, the Trustees re
spectfully state, thai, in addition lo a Medical Faculty of
great ability, having high claims lo public confidence and
patronage, this Department of the University of Maryland
offers oilier and peculiar advantages to Students for the
acquisition of Medical knowledge. Placed in the most
favorable climate for attendini! to dissections, and pos
sessing commodious rooms for that purpose, the Universi
ty of Maryland commands an unequalled supply of Mate
rial for the prosecution of the study of Practical Anatoip
such, indeed, is the abundance of Subjects, that the l'u
fessor of Surgery will afford to the Students an opportunity
of performing themselves, under his direction, every Surgi
cal operation :?a great prat tieal advantage, not heretofore
furnished, in any of our Medical Schools
This University has also an Anatomical Museum,
founded on the extensive collection of the celeb!ated Al
len Burns, which became its property by purchase, at
great expense; und to this collection numerous additions
. nave been annually made :?ami, of late, many very valu
able preparations have been procured from France and
Italy?wbieh together afford ample means to make a great
variety of illustrations of healthy and diseased structure.
The Baltimore Infirmary, long and favorably known as
an excellent school of practice, is connected w ith the Me
dical Department, and furnishes every class of disease for
the practical elucidation of the principles taught, by the
Professors of the Practice of Medicine and of Surgery?
who, besides their regular lectures, will impart Clinical
instruction, at the Infirmary, at stated periods, in each
week during the Session.
The Chemical and Philosophical Apparatus of this
University, is of great extent and value, much of il having
been selected in Europe, by the late distinguished Pro
fessor De Butts. And to a Laboratory, provided with
every thing necessary for a Course of Chemical instruc
tion, are united the numerous and varied articles required
to illustrate tho lectures on Pharmacy and Materia Me
dica.
Neither expense nor care has been spared to secure for
the University of Maryland the facilities necessary for
the acquisition of a thorough Medical Education.
THE EXPENSES ARE;
THE riRST COURSE.
For attending the Lectures of six Professors,
each ..... ?15 90
For attending the Disscctor and Demonstrator, 8
For attending Clinical Lectures and instruc
tion at the Infirmary, .... 5
$103
THE SECOND COURSE.
For attendance on the Lectures of six Profes
sors, ? ?" ?; ? ?00
Graduation and Diploma, .... 20
$110
The w hole being only 213 dollars.
But Students who have attended one course of Lec
tures in another respectable Medical School, may gradu
ate here after they nave attended one full course in this
University?where the course of instruction is as com
plete as that of any other Medical School?each Profes
sor being, in this Institution, required to lecture every
day?and where, from the facility with which SUB
JECTS ure procured, Dissections can be prosecuted with
more ease, and at less expense, than at any other place :
?here too, good boarding can be engaged, on as chcap
terms as in any other Atlantic City.
THE OFFICERS ARE,
His Excellency Thomas W. Veitzy, Governor of Ma
ryland, President of the Board of Trustees.
The Hon. Roger B. Taney, Provost.
THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES.
Nathaniel Williams, William Gwynn,
Vice President. Dr. Hanson Penn,
John Nelson, James Wm. McCulloh,
Solomon Ktting, Henry V. Somerville,
Isaac McKim, Dr. Samuel McCulloh,
Dr. Dennis Claude, nnd
James Cox, John G. Chapman.
Bv order,
JOSEPH B WILLIAMS, Secretary.
Baltimore, 26th August, 1837. twtlN'5
1 ENTH VOLUME OF THE
KNICKERBOCKER MAGAZINE.
ON the first of July, 1837, commenced the tenth volume
of the Knickerbocker, or New York Monthly Maga
i zine. The publishers, mindful of the favor with which
| their efforts have been received at the hands of the public,
would embrace the recurrence of a new starting point, as
a fit occasion to " look backward and forw ard" at the past
and prospective character ami course of their periodical.
Within the brief spare of a little more than two years and
a half, the number of copies issued of the Knickerbocker
has been increased from less than fit* hundred to more
than four thousand, without other aids than the acknow
ledged merits of the work?acknowledged, not more expli
citly by this unprecedented success, than by upward of
three thousand highly favorable notices of the Magazine,
which, at different times, have appeared in the various
journals of the United Slates, embracing those of the first
and most discriminating cluss in even- section of the
Union. Of many hundreds who desired specimen num
bers, and to whom they have been sent for examination,
previous to subscribing, not one but has found the work
worthy of immediate subscription. A correct inference
in regard to the interest or quality of the matter furnished
by the publishers, may be gathered from the foregoing
facts. In relation to tne quantity given, it need only be
said, that it has always exceeded the maximum promised,
and in the numbers lor the last year, by more than four
hundred pases. Of the clearness and beauty of the typo
graphical execution and material of the Knickerbocker,
and the character of its embellishments?which, although
not expected by its readers, nor promised by its proprie
tors, have neveitheless been given?it is not deemed ne
cessary to speak. They will challenge comparison, it is
believed, with any similar periodical, at home or abroad.
It has lieen observed, that the constant aim of the edi
tors, in tho management of the Knickerbocker, has been
to make the work entertaining and agreeable, as well as
solid and useful. It is perhaps ou ing lo the predominance
of these first named characteristics, that it has become so
widely hnown to the public. In addition to several well
known nnd popular series of numbers?such as tho " Odds
anil Ends of a Penny a-Lincjr," "Ollapodiana," the " Pal
myra Letters," " An Actor's Alloquy, " Leaves from the
Blank Book of a Country Schoolmaster," " Wilson Con
worth," " Life in Florida," " Loaferiana," " The Eclec
tic," "Passages from the Common-place Book of a Sep
tuagenarian," "Notes from Journals of Travels in Ameri
ca, and in various Foreign Countries," "The Fidget Pa
pers," &c.?liliernl space has been devoted to interesting
Tales, illustrating American society, manners, the times,
fitc., embracing, besides, stories of the sea, and of pathos
and humor, upon a great variety of subjects, together with
biographies, legends, and essays, upon numerous nnd va
ried themes, interspersed w ith frequent articles of poetry,
of such a description as to secure for the Magazine, in
this department, a gratifying pre-eminence and celebrity.
Hut neither the scientific nor the learned, the solid nor
the useful, has lieen omitted, or lightly regarded. Origi
nal nrticles, from distinguished writers, (which have at
tracted much attention in this country, and several of
which have lieen copied and lauded abroad,) have appear
ed in the recent numbers of the work, upon the following
subjects :
Past and Present State of American Literature ; South
American Antiquities; Inland Navigation; Geology and
Revealed Religion; Insanity and Monomania; Liberty
versus Literature and the Fine Arts; Early History of
tho Country; Connexion of the Physical Sciences ; At
mospheric Electricity, a New Theory of Magnetism, and
Molecular Attraction; American Female Character;
Pulmonary Consumption ; Pulpit Eloquence ; The Pros
pects ami Duties of the Age ; Health of Europe and
America ; Literary Protection aid International Copy
Rijht; Poetry of ihe Inspired Writings; Chinese Na
tions and Languages; Chemistry (I..-.boratorv of Nature)
The Past, the Present, and the Future; Our Country,
with Comments on its Parties, l-aws. Public Schools,
nnd Sketches of American Society, Men, Education,
Manners nnd Scenery ; Philosophy of th> Rosicruci:i(is ;
Intellectual Philosophy, Philology, Astronomy, Animal
and Vegetable Physiology, Astrology, Botany, Mineralo
gy. and Phrenolo :y ; Progress of the A?:e, and of Modern
Liberty; Christianity in France ; American Organic
Remain*; Historical Recollection*, lln Nature of Co
iiifta ; Discu*s?on on Scriptural Miracles; Sectional l)m
tinctiou* of the Union ; react Societies ; Periodicity of
Disease* ; E*?sy* <m Music, Fine Writing. Ate.; toge
ther with many article* of a kindred description, which it
would exceed the limit* of thia advertisement to enume
rate in detail.
To the foregoing particular*, the publishers would on
ly add, that at no period since tiie work passed into their
hand*, have it* literary capabilities and prospect* been so
ample and au*picious ua at preaent j and that not only
w ill the *nme exertion* be continued, which have secured
Ui their aubseription li*t an unexampled increaae, but their
claim* upon the public favor will 1* enhanced by every
?ueaua which mcreo?ing endeavors, enlarged facilities,
and the most liberal expenditure, can command.
Back numbers have been re-printed to supply volume
Nine, and fivo th<?u?arul copies of Volume leu will be
printed, to mefct the demand* of new subscribers.
A few brief notice* of the Knickerbocker, from well
known journals are subjoined :
'? The progress of the Knickerbocker is still onward It
is conducted with declfcd ability, is copious and varied
hi its contents, and i* limited in a superiorstyle. At tins
season we havelittle space for literary extract*,and cannot,
therefore, enable those of our readers who uiav not see
thia Magazine, to judije of its merits, otherw ise than upon
our hksiiranee that they arc of a hifeh order. ? jv?u> 1 ork
VVe have found in the Knickerbocker so much to ad
mire and so little to condemn, th*t we can hardly trust
ourselves to speak of It from first impression*, a* we could
not do so without being suspectedof extravagant praise.
?' It i* not surpassed by any of its contemporaries at home
or abroad." " It sustains high ground in all the requisites
of a Magazine, and we are pleased to see that It* merit*
are appreciated a!-road a* well as at home ? Alb y Argus.
"'Phis monthly periodical i* now so well known that it
hardly needs commendation, having established for itself
a character among the ablest and most entertaining puhll
eations in the land."? N. Y. Journal of Com
"The Knickerlnicker seem* to increase in attraction* as
it advance* in ape. It exhibit* a monthly variety of con
tributions unsurpassed in numlier or sbility. i\a/ tut.
" The work is ir. the highest degree creditable to the
literature of our country."? Wash. (Jlobe.
" We have read several numliers of this talented pe
riodical, and rejoice in them. They would do credit to
any country or to any state of civilization to which hu
manity has yet arrived."?Marryutt's Lorukm Metropolitan
Magazine.
" We hope it will not lie inferred, from our omission to
notice the several numbers of the Knickerbocker a* they
have appeared, that we have there lost sight of its charac
ter anil increasing excellence. It has becotnn decidedly
one of the best Magazines in America. The proprietors
have Huccccded iri procuring for itn pagrs the firHt talent
of this country, as well as valuable aid from distinguished
foreign sources."?New York Mirror.
? We have on several occasions adverted to the spirit
and tone of the articles contained in this periodical, a*
being radically Amtruan, and as highly honorable to our
literature." " It seizes the spirit of the times, and deals
with it boldly and aldy."? Baltimore American.
" There is no publication among the many w e receive
from the old country, and from this continent, to the re
ceipt of which we look forward with higher expectation
than the Knickerbocker ; ar.d it never disappoints our an
ticipations."?Quebec Mercury.
" Its contents are of real excellence and variety. No
department is permitted to decline, or to appear in bad
contrast with another."?Philadelphia Inquirer.
"This American Magazine bids fair to rival some of
our best English monthlies. It contains many very excel
lent articles."?London Atlaa.
" Its contents are spirited, well conceived, and well
written."?V. S. Gazette.
" In our humble opinion, this is the best literary publi
cation in the lTnited States, and deserves the extensive
patronage it has received."?Columbia (S. C.) I elescope.
Terms.?Five dollars per annum, in advance, or three
dollars for six months. Two volumes arc completed w ith
in the year, commencing Mith the January ana July num
bcrs. Every Postmaster in the United States is autho
rized to receive subscriptions. Five copies forwarded for
twenty dollars. Address Clark <Sf Kdson, Proprietors, 101
Broadway. '
TIIE AMERICAN ANTHOLOGY;
A Magazine of Poetry, Biography, and Criticism, to b, pub
lished Monthly, with splendid illustrations on Steel.
WHILE nearly every country of the old world can
boast of its collected body of national Poetry, on
which the seal of a people's favorable judgment has been
set, and which exhibits to foreign nations tn the most
striking light the progress of civilization and literary re
finement among its inhabitants ; while England, especial
ly, proudly displays to the world a corpus jmetarum the
l"ustrc of w hose immortal w reath has shed a brighter glorv
upon her name than the most splendid triumphs which
her statesmen and her soldiery have achieved, our own
country seems destitute of poetic honors. Appears, we
say, for although no full collection of the chef d trurres of
our writers has been made, yet there exist, and are occa
sionally to be met with productions of American poets
which will bear comparison mith the noblest and most
polished efforts of European genius, and which claim for
America as high a rank in the scale of literary elevation
as is now ceded to older and in some respects more fa
vored lands.
Impressed with the correctness of this judgment we
propose to issue a monthly magazine which shall contain
in a perfect unmutilated form, the most meritorious and
beautiful effusions of the poets of America, of the past
and present time, with such introductory, critical, and
biographic notices as shall be necessary to a correct under
standing of the works presented to the reader, and to add
interest to the publication. Those who imagine that
there exists a dearth of materials for such an undertaking,
who believe that the Aonian Maids have confined their
richest favors to our transatlantic brethren to the exclu
sion of native genius, will be surprised to learn that we
are already in possession of more than two hundred vol
umes of the production of American bards, from about the
year 1630 to the present day. Nor is it from these sources
alone that materials may i>e draw n." There are but few
writers in our country who pursue authorship as a voca
tion, and whose works have been published in a collected
form. Our poets, especially, have generally written for
particular occasions, with the remembrance of which
their productions have pone to rest, or their effusion* have
been carelessly inserted in periodicals of slight merit and
limited circulation, where they were unlikely to attract
notice to themselves, or draw attention to their authors
The grass of the field or flowers of the w ilderness are
grow ing over the ashes of many of the highly gifted w ho,
through the w ild and romantic regions of our republic,
have scattered poetry in "ingots bright from the mint of
genius" and glow ing with the impress of beauty and the
spirit of truth, in quantities sufficient, were it known and
appreciated as it would be in other countries, to secure
to them an honorable reputation throughout the world.?
Sueh were Harney, author of' Crystalina' and the ' Fever
Dream,'Sands, author of ' Yamoyden Wilcox, author
of the 'Age of Benevolence Robinson, author of 'The
Savage Little, the sweet and tender poet of Christian
feeling, the lamented Brainard, and many beside, w hose
writings are almost unknown, save by their kindred asso
ciates and friends. ...
With the names of those poets who w ithin the last few
years have extended the reputation of American lite
rature beyond tho Atlantic, Bryant, Dana, Pereival,
Sprague, Sigourney, W'hittier, Willis, Air. the public are
familiar ; and ye can assure them that there exists, though
long forgotten and unknown, a mine of noetic wealth,
rich, varied and extensive, which will amply repay the la
bor of exploring it, and add undying lustre to the crown
which encircles tho brow of American genius. In the pub
lication now proposed w e shall rescue from the oblivion
to which,they have long been consigned, and embalm in a
bright and imperishable form the numberless ' geins of
purest ray,' with which our researches into the literary an
tiquities of our country have endowed us ; and we arc con
fident that every lover of his native land will regard our
enterprise as patriotic and deserving the support of tho
citizens of the United States, as tending to elevate the
character of thnt country in the scale of nations, and as
sert its claims to the station to which its children entitles
it. With this conviction we ask the patronage of the com
munity to aid us in our undertaking, conscious that we
arc meriting its support by exhibiting to the world a nroud
evidence that America, in the giant strength of her Hercu
lean childhood, is destined ere long to co|>e in the arena of
literature with those lands which tor centuries have boast
ed their civilization and refinement, and justly exulted in
their triumphs of their cherished sons in the noblest field
which heaven has opened to the human intellect.
The Amkrh an Anthology will contain complete
works of a portion of the follow ing?the most popular of
our poetic writers?and of the others, the licst [loems, and
such as are least generally known :
Adams, John Quincy Gould, Hannah r.
All-ton, Washington Jlallack, Fit* Greene
Barber, Joseph Harney, John M.
Barlow. Joel Hillhouse, John A.
Benjamin. Park Hoffman. Charles H .
Bogart, Elizalieth Mellcn, (?rcnville
Brainerd, John G. C. Neal.John
Brooks, James G. Poabody, B. W O.
Bryant, William C. Pereival. Jamea U.
Clark, Willis G. Picrpont, John
Coffin, Robert 3. Pinckney, Edward I .
Dana, Richard H. Prentice. George I).
Dosne, George W. Rock well,,J. O. _
Drake, Joseph R. Sands. Roliert C.
Dw'utht, Timothy Sigoun er.Lydia If.
Ellet, Elizalicth F. Sprague. Charles
Embury, Emma C. Sntermcis.er, J. R.
Kverett, Edward T rumbulU John
Fairfield. Sumner L. Wetmnri!, } "?F*r M
Frencsn. Philip* ? *,,hn V ?
Gallagher. W illiam 1). W dbs, Nathaniel P.
In addition to the poems otitic almve named author*,
selections, comprising the best productions of more than
four hundred other American writers, will be given as tho
work pmjircMC*.
The American Anthology will lie published on the first
Saturday of every month. Each number will contain
seventy-two royal octavo pages, printed in the most beau
tiful manner on paper of superior quality, and twoormoro
portraitson steel, with other illustrations.
Price, Five dollars per annum, payable in advance.
The first nuin'ier will lie published in Decern! *r.
Snliscnptions received in New-York, by W iley iV Put
nam. 191 Broadway, and Griswold Ac Cambrelene, 119
Fulton street. All letters to lie addressed, post P**J,
RtTFUS W. GRISWOLD,
Sec. N. Y. Lit. Anii'[tiarilin Association'
pONGRESSFONAL DOCUMENTS, JOURNA 8
LAWS, AM) DERATES.?GEORGE | KM
rLEMAN has for salt at his Book and Stationary Store,
opposite the (ieneral Poat Office, all the Journal* of Ton
greas, froui'1774 to 1H.T7. Galea and Seaton's American
Statu Papers in 21 folio Tola., from the brat to tla: Up. ,
Congress inclusive, or from 1789 to 18*33.
I he Regular Series of Documents in royal H vo, vol.
umes, as published each Suasion, from the IHth to the
31th Congress inclusive, or from Hi t to 1837. The l,?,
ot Congress, In 8 vols. containing tlie Lawa from the first
to the 2id Congress inclusive, or frimi 17tW to 4tla of
March, 1833 ; the ?ri i<-? |? complete to lltr 4th of
March, 1837, by tin pamphlet Laws of the 23d and 24th
Congress. I hia is I lie edition used |?v Congress and the
Public ()ffiees.
Story's Law a of the United States, in 4 vols, from 17H!)
to 4th of March, 1837. 1 he 4th vol. contains an index to
the four volumes.
The pamphlet or Session Laws of the United States
from the 5th to the tilth Conrgess ineluaive, or from 17'J7
to 1837. Any separate pamphlets can lie furnished.
Gales and Seaton's Register of Debates in Congress
All Documents on Foreiim Relations; Finance, Cum
merce, and Navigation; Internal Improvement; Military
and Naval Affairs ; Indian Affairs ; Public Lands, and on
Claims of every description can he furnished separate))
in sheets.
Also, for sale as altove, a lar^e collection of liles
Newspapers published in Washington, and soon: ol t|?
principal cities in the United Slates.
A Of. 23. tfl
P110SPECTUS
TO THK
AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE,
Kot 1837.
rtVE DOLLARS PK B VKAR.
ON the first of January was published t lie first numtie'r of
the ninth volume of the American Monthly Mugazim
This will commence the second year of " the New S( rn >
of the American Monthly." One year has passed sinr,,
by the union of the New England Magazine with this
well established periodical, the resources of a publication
which had previously a'/soriicd tliose of the Amerinui
Monthly Review and of the United States Magazine,
were all concentrated in the American Monthly Ma.-:
zine ; giving at once so broad a basis to the work us to
stamp its national churacter and ensure its permanency
The number of pages, which have each month exceeded
one hundred, was at the same time increased, to make
room for an additional supply of original matter ; and < art,
number of the work throughout the year has been orna
mented with an engraving, executed by the first artists in
the country, llow far the literary contents of the Maga
zine have kept pace w ith these secondary improvement*,
the public are the best judges. The aim of the proprietors
has been from the first to establish a periodical which
should have a tone and character of its own ; and which,
while rendered sufficiently amusing to ensuro its circulu
tion, should ever keep for its main object the promotion ol
good taste, and sound, vigorous nnd fearless thinking, up
on whatever aubjeet it undertook to discuss ; which, in a
word, should make its way into public favor, and establish
its claims to consideration, rather by what should be
found in its pages than by any eclat which the names of
popular contributors, or the dissemination of laudatory
paragraphs, could confer. Nor has the American Monthly
had any reason to regret having adopted and followed out
the course prescribed to itself from the first. It has in
deed lost lx>th contributors and subscribers by the tone of
some of its pnpers ; but by the more enlightened w ho hut e
judged of the tendency of the work in the aggregate and
not by its occasional difference of opinion ?ith themselves,
it has been sustained with spirit and liberality. It has
been enabled to merge from infancy and dependance ujKin
extrinsic circumstances; and the quickening power of
many minds, laboring successively or in unison, has in- *
fused vitality into the creation while shaping it into form,
until now it has a living principle of its own. It has be
come something, it is hoped, w hich " the world would not
willingly let die,"
Rut though the subscription list of Ihe American Morith'v
has enlarged with the publications of every numi>er durii
the last year, it is not yet sufficiently full to justify the
publishers in carrying into effect their plan of lilierally
compensating both the regular contributors and every wri
ter that furnishes a casual paper for the week. Nor till
literary labor in every department of a periodical is ade
quately thu* rewarded, can it fully sustain or merit the
character which an occasional article from a well paid
popular pen may give.
if these views be just, there is no impertinence in ap
pealing here to the public to assist in furthering therri I \
promoting the prosperity of the American Monthly M.u I
zine.
The work which is under the editorial chagre of C. F
! Hoofinan and Park Benjamin, Esq. will continue to lie
j published simultaneously on the first of every month, in
New York, by George Dearborn & Co., in Moston by i Mis,
Rroaders & Co., communications received at the Office,
No. 38, Gold Street, New York.
PROSPECTUS OF THE
SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER,
THOMAS W. WHITE, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
This is a monthly magazine, devoid
chiefly to literature, but occasionally finding room
for articles that fall within the scope of Science ; and not
professing an entire disdain of tasteful *tlection*, though
its matter has been, as it w ill continue to be, in the main,
original.
Party politics and controversial .theology, as far as pos
sible, arc jealously excluded. They are sometimes so
blended w ith discussions 111 literature or in moral science,
otherwise unobjectionable, as to gain admittance for the
sake of the more valuable matter to which they adhere
but whenever that happens, they are mrulmtui only ; not
primary. They are dross, tolerated only because it can
not well be severed from the sterling ore wherewith it is
incorporated.
Reviews and Critical Notices occupy their due space
in the work; and it is the editor's aim that they should
have a threefold tendency?to convey in a condensed
form, such valuable truths or interesting incidents as are
embodied in the works reviewed,?to direct the reader's
attention to books that deserve to lie read,?and to warn
him against wasting time and money upon that large num
ber, which merit only to l? burned. In this age of publi
cations, that by their variety and multitude distract mid
overwhelm every undiscriinimiting student, impartial
criticism,-governed by the views just mentioned, is one of
the most inestimable and indispensable of auxiliaries, to
him who does wish to discriminate.
Essays and Tales, having in view utility or amusemen*.
or both,?Historical Sketches,?and Reminiscences of
events too minute for history, yet elucidating it, and height
ening its interest,?may be regarded as forming the staple
of the work. And of indigenous poelry, enough is put"
I lished?8(?,netimes of no mean strain?to manifest and to
cultivate the growing poetical taste and talents of our
cou ntry.
The limes appear, for several reasons, to demand such
a work?and not one alone, but many. The public mind
is feverish and irritated stili, from recent political strifes
The soft, assuasive influence of literature is needed, to
allay that fever, and soothe that irritation. Vice and folly
are rioting abroad : They should be driven by indignant
rebuke, or lashed by ridicule, into their fitting hauni>
Ignorancc lords it over nn immense proportion of our
people. Every' spring should lie set in motion, to arouse
the enlightened, and to increase their number; so that the
great enemy of popular government may no longer brood,
like a portentous cloud, over the destinies of our country.
And to accomplish all these ends, what more powerful
agent can lie employed than a periodical, on the plan of
the Messenger; if that plan be but carried out hi practice
The South, peculiarly, requires such an agent. In all
the Union, south of Washington, there are but two literary
periodicals! Northward of that city, there are probably ;.t
least twenty-five or thirty ! Is this contrast justified l>v
the wealth, the leisure, the native talent, or the actual
literary taste of the Southern people, compared w ith those
of the Northern ? No; for in wealth, talents, and tusti ,
we may justly claim at least an equality with our bre
thren; and a domestic institution exclusively our own,
beyond all doubt affords us, if w e choose, fw ice the leisure
for reading and writing, which they enioy.
It was from n deep sense of this local want, that the
won! Sot'THKRN was engrafted on the name of this
periodical; and not w ith any design to nourish l<>cal pn -
judiccs, or to advocate supposed local interests. Far Imm
any such thought, it is the editor's fervent wish to see th.
North and South liound endearingly together forever, m
the silken bands of mutual kindness and affection I u
from meditating hostility to the North, he has alremlv
drawn, nnd he hopes hereafter to draw, much of his chef -
matter thence ; ann happy indeed will he deem himsi
shoujd his pages, by making each reirion know the other
better, contribute in any essential degree to disprl tv
lowering clouds that now threaten the peace of both. icid
to brighten and strengthen the sacred ties of fraW rn.,1
love
The Southern Literary Messenger has now reached it"'
fifth No. of Us third volume. How far it has acted o it ti ?
ideas here uttered, it is not for the editor to sav II"
believes, however, that it falls not further short of then
than human weakness usually makes practice fall short ".
theory.
The Messenger is issued monthly. Each number of the
work contains 61 larife super-royal pages, printed in the
very handsomest manner, on new type, and on pup"
equal at least to that on which any other periodical m
printed in our country.
No sultscription will lie received for less than a volume
nnd must commence with the current one. T he price i?
&?"> per voljitne, which must lie paid in all cases at the tin"
of suliscribiiig. This is particularly adverted to now n
avoid misapprehension, or future misondcrstandinr s?
no order w ill hereafter be attended to unlcss.accouipani'l
with the price of sufiscription.
The postage on the Messenger is six cents on nnv sin
gle No. for all distances Under 100 miles?over 1<M> ini!<
ten cents.
All communications or letters, relative to the Messen
ger, must la' addressed to * Thomas W . \\ iiiti .
Southern Literary Messenger Office, Richmond, ? 1
THE MADISONUN.
The Mapisoxian is published Tri-weeklv during '?
sittings of Congress, and Seini-vvceklv during the '?
cesa. Tri-vvcekly on Tuesday*, Thursdays, and Satur
days.
Advertisements intended for the Tuesday p1!" *
should be sent in early nn Monday,?those for
Thursday paper, early on Wednesday, and for ihr v*'
lurdaV paper, early on Friday.
Offiet, E llrcet, near Trnih. ,

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