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The Madisonian. [volume] (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1837-1845, December 14, 1837, Image 3

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v- t- " WhM bmlw atf," bsjtb
lage banV*. whffl o earh ^her, tbey must
?oinc meMUr*l*.T? ith ihu standing of each other,
bjcomo acqu unieu ? disnosed" *tt,i ?** " to check
and will, of course, be dwpo*^^ T wjU ^
each others ?*"*' . e(|) eaeh other ever* credit,
likely (****** eacj, 0ne is isolated from ali
When, on the &c? **? ram
lbe rest,and no" the condilioii
iiMwr, wktl* Mrt n.|nraUv fesrful ol the solven
0f the others, ear i . ^ ^ ?hould
fr-.nttctioo* ot commerce require. And so it is
wXe multitude of isolated State bank, now^ex
isiinfr ?
Fob the Madibomian.
No. XV.
ii u nuite a clever production. Apart from that
It i. Qu'te g.jn- hls late recommendation to
Sub-TwiuS" it contains no expression
estabb-h s (( , hi repubHcan supporters will
opinionIromwbit^ms ^ny ,hey adinire.
The ?one of that portion of it, thoagrh quite slout, still
The toiieoi / writer of it deserves the praise
^V^Tr (Tiv b-.stowed on him, in the Speech he
inadt in t a JlMnocral. aDa the lenor
t h-' u h ile life shows that, whateverother divorces
h ma> ^foimend>e las', that he will desire will
kI n?e h-tween him and the people.
1 do not deem it Important to niake any other criti
? ,7 >n the message: 1 wish, however, the Presi
dent had thought it tit to frankly forsake and renounce
the unfortunate recommendation. plBUW.
And we hive a Pros, which is not only the safety
valve of the passions of evcrv patty, bat the great note
book uf the bxpmw?*t? of every hour?the homelv,
the invaluable lbocs of losses and gains. No ; tho
Motile who keep that ublet well, never can be bakb
acri!? UnwBB'a Kbnbst Maltbavkbs.
" The trait that 1 hava observed in you," added the
Frenchman with ? .mile, " most prejudicial to your
chances of distinction, is that you are too philosophical,
too sot to cai homo sll the exertions that interfere with
the indolence of coltiv.ied leisure. And you must not
suppose, Maltravcra,that sn active csre.r will be a path
of roses \t present you have no enemies ; but the
moment vou stlempt distinctions you will be sbnsed
calumniated, reviled. You will be shocked at the wrath
vou excite, snd sigh for your old obscurity, and con
fer as Franklin has ii, that 'you have paid loo dear
for vour whistle.' But in return fot iudmdual eiiem.es
what a noble recompense lo have made the public itself
your friend ; perhaps even posterity your familiar. Be
sides." added dc Montaigne, with almost a religious so
lemnity in his voice, " tlieie is a conscience of the head
as well as of the heart, and in old age we feel as much
remorse, if we have wasted our natural talents, as if
we have |ierverted our natural virtues. The profound
and exultant satisfaction with which a man feels that lie
has not lived in vain?that he his entailed on the
world an heirloom of instruction or delight?looks back
upon departed struggles as one of the happiest emotions
ot which tlie conscience can be capable. What indeed
are the |tclly faults we commit as individuals, affecting
but a narrow circle, ceasing with our own life, to the
incalculable and everlasting good we may produce, as
public men, by one book or one law. Depend ii|>on it
that the Almighty who sums up sll the good and all the
evil done bv Ins creatures in a just balance, will riot
judge the august benefactors of the world with the same
severity as those drones of society who have no great
services to show in the internal leger ss a set-off lo the
indulgence of their small vices These things rightly
considered, Maltravers. you will have every inducement
that can tempt a lofty mind and a pure ambition to
awaken from the voluptuous indolence of the literary
Stbarate?and contend worthily in the world's wide
Altis for a great prae.?Dtiliecr.
From the N. Y. Knickerbocker.
Wc depart for once from our uniform prac
tice of silence, in relation to newspaper com
ments upon articles which appear in the
Knickerbocker, to correct one or two errors of
the correspondent in question. In regard to
the honors received, and the studies pursued
by Mr. Russell, u Honestus" will perceive,
by reference to the article in our last number,
that the entire paragraph touching his person
al and musical history, is quoted from uu arti
cle in tho " New York Mirror," far more lau
datory and elaborate than the one which em
bodied it, as an extract. The onus, therefore,
in so far as these statements and tho remarks
which they elicited are concerned, rests not
with this Magazine. As to the remaining
charges of" Honestus," established, we shall
be found not less ready than himself to coun
sel one capable of such deception, to lose no
time in bringing down his pretensions to llie
level of his talents ; and farther, to commend
him to a serious reflex upon the folly of a
course so unworthy of his reputation. In the
mean time, however, let it not be forgotten,
that there are two sides to this matter, and
that Mr. Russell is extant, to reply for himself
to these anonymous accusations.
The opinions we expresssd of Mr. Rus
sell's singing, are entertained by the great
majority of those who have heard him ; and
our remarks in regard to the musical affecta
tions of the day were not lightly hazarded,
nor did they fail, as we have good reason to
know, to strike an answering chord in tho
hearts of our readers. Italian effeminacy,
elaborate ornament, (often known in musical
parlance by the terin " difficult execution,'')
interpolated upon the simplest airs, demand
ed reprehension. It was ridiculous imitation,
pressed by Fashion into service, and was la
mentably infectious, from the prima donna,
down to the tawdry damsels who flirt at the
tail of a chorus, and the piano-strumming miss
redolent of bread and butter. It would have
irked even \ristophanes, the quintessential, to
have heard, as wc have heard, some such
melody as "John Anderson my Joe" garnish
ed with attenuated and circumfused skeletons
or shades of noies, in endless progression
and recurrence, by your " difficult execution"
er, bent on wreaking all the tones of his voice
Upon a single word. Hells jangled out of
tune, and harsh, or " the spheres touched by
a raw ungel," would have the advantage, in
comparative execrability, over such refined
tiiikeringsof simple melody. It was this mis
placed ornament, (rendered for a period fa
shionable, by the alfected ecstasies of " gen
teel" young men without brains, and small tra
velled amateurs, who voted it " the thing,")
that we condemned, and not music, cultivated
and improved by the great masters of the
Trade with CJre\t Britain.?The following
paragraph, relating to the trade between America
and Great Britain, is from an English Periodical, the
Statistical Journal:
" The shipments of British produce and manu
factures,in the year 1S37, amounted, according to
the value declared by the shippers, to ?53,368.571,
of which stim America took i. Il],4-2.r>,603, or 23 ;!n
per rent.?The total shipments in 1835 amounted to
? 17,373,970, of, which America took ?IO,5(iH,455 or
31 per cent.; the difference between the two years
b ing on the total shipments, ?5,!>%,30l, ;,nd on the
shipments to America ?1,857,150. Without admit
ting or denying that these figures give evidence of
overtrading, I would venture so call your attention
to the circumstances of the two people?namely, that
the means of ol>:ainins{ the comforts of life are en
joyed by a larger proportion of them than is the case
with any other people; that the habi s and predilec
tions ot the citizens of the United States lead them
to civc a preference to British goods; that ours is the
cheapest market in which they can procure many
articles necessary for them; and that wc qre out of
iill pr.iporti n their b.^st customers for the raw pro
duce ot their *oi|; and I would then ask whether, if
the trad" of the two Countries were put upon a proper
? toting, and conducted with enlightened principles,
that amount ot traffic fhouhl b? considered excessive.
*'hieh gives annually to every citizen of ihe United
.a e>, ariteles of Biitlsh growth and manufacture
farthi T s'xl,:cn shillings and nine pensc three
orrici k iiiut, iitwuh ninth and tenth.
TiiiNoa chaeitv.?Augustm.
To the able, temperate, and irrefragable ar
gument* of our correapondeut, Valeriua Pub
litis, on the Special Deposite Scheme, we
respectfully invite the attention of the Presi
dent of the United States, and of Congress ;
also, of the Richmond Enquirer ; nay, not to
be partial in our invitation, we extend it to
Ihe great "Globe" itself
Yea, all which it inherit.
We also invite replies to our correspondent;
and hereby tender the use of our columns to
all temperate and argumentative communica
tions on this subject. Our sole object is truth;
our only aim, the public welfare ; and, in the
pursuit of these great ends, we shall neither
be intimidated nor diverted; neither pause,nor
faulter; but pursue our purpose
Like to the Pontic sea,
Whose icy current and compulsive course
Ne'er feels retiring ebb, but keeps due on
To the Proponiic, and the Hellespont.
The able and interesting Report of tho
Honorable Secretary of War, which wo spread
before our readers to-day, will command the
attention of all parties. It is a vigorous, dig
nified, statesman-like paper, and just such an
one a* was to have been expected from the
highly intelligent officer, who presides over
the Department of War.
To those wholly unacquainted with the
facts, it appears like an enigma, when they
hear it stated, that exchange on. London, is
at or near par, though quoted in the papers at
10 to 11 per cent, premium.
The facts are these. Tho currency in
England is based on gold. Foreign silver
and gold coin as well as bullion, are there
both mere articles of merchandize. The
standard of gold, as established in England,
is about ten per cent, above that now exist
ing in this country. Before the alteration,
which was made by Congress in 1831, reduc
ing the standard of gold about six per cent,
below what it was established at previously,
it was only about four per cent, below the
English standard of gold. Since that act has
been in operation, the comparative standard
value of gold and silver in this country have
been equal or nearly so.
It will be percieved, therefore, that a per
son shipping either gold or silver from this
country to England must sustain a loss on the
same of about ten per cent.; because, he
exchanges it for a currency so much more
valuable. Thus, if he ships one thousand
dollars either in gold or silver, he will receive
in the sale of it in London, only about nine
hundred dollars in gold of tho British stand
ard. It must therefore be apparent to any
one, that when a person wishes to make a
small remittance to London, can exchange
his specie in this country, for a bill on that
place payable in the standard currency of Eng
land at about ten per cent, premium, he will
not ship the specie. This will probably ex
plain fully to the understanding of many, that
which before might have appeared as a mys
Some of the most firm supporters of the
Republican party, deceived by the repeated
misrepresentations of our adversaries, have
been abused into the groundless belief, that
wa countenanced the formation of a " third
party" The columns of the Madisonian jus
tify no such inference. Wc have as steadily
adhered to the principles, the integrity, and
the preservation of tho Republican party, as
wc have constantly opposed the removal of
party land marks, and tho support of any ex
pedients considered as " disorganizing and
revolutionary," changing alike the policy of
tho government, and tho principles of the pat
If a "third" party should ever be formed,
it will be formed by those only, and of those
solely, who are now falsely charging the Ma
disonian with countenancing its formation.
Our correspondent " C." correctly under
stands us?wo wish some of our "Conserva
tive" cotemporaries would find it as easy to
discover tho meaning of language, and would
do us justice, as wc have done unto them, of
placing us in our true position in their co
lumns, as we have placed ourselves in our
own. Our adversaries have placed their own
construction upon our remarks to suit their
own purposes'^?when we have nnimadvertcd
upon them we hnvc placed them at length in
our columns as they exhibited themselves in
their own. Wo arc surprised that tho truth
should so much shock the minds of our co
temporaries as to arouse such blasts of thun
dering indignation as constantly fall upon our
heads. What have wo done ? Have we as
sailed any class of citizens?have we denied
our party faith?have we gone over to the
enemy?have we outraged justice, or commit
ted any wrong in the face of honorable men ?
Surely, it must be admitted tliat when tho
divided ranks of the old Republicans unite, it
will be upon Conservative principles, tho
primitive principles, and the only safe doc
trines of tho party. True Republicans lire
certainly conservators of truth, of justice, Of
order, of union, and of the constitution. This
surely can be no heresy?.'no " new light"
doctrine?no sudden discovery. We stand
upon original doctrines, and shall there con
tinue to stand, and wo flatter ourselves, that
the people of this conntry, too intelligent to be
duped, and too virtuous to be corrupted, will
come to the rescuc.
Our friend of the Onondaga Standard will
perceive that he hsu? misunderstood " the posi
tion" which he deems untenable?we should
regret sincerely if the able and Mgscioui edi
tor of that paper should regard our position at
untenable if he correctly understands it. lias
any objections been urged to the ere d we
have published to the world ? We have heard
none. Men's minds seem more employed in
the argumentum ad hominem?in investigating
our quo animo, than in discussing with ui the
doctrines we advocate.
We commend our fiiends to the rule of "do
ing as they would be done by." We beseech
them to " be just and frar not"?to seek the
true cause of their difficulties, and to exercise
a little more forbearance towards us. We ask
nothing that is not clearly right, and will sub
mit to nothing that is wrong.
Let them strive to tear off the poisoned
shirt from their defeated party, and in their
reviving strength they will find us less ob
noxious to their censure.
We expressed our regrets that the Message
should have condescended to treat of the
causes of the late defeats, and especially to
attribute them to the influence of banking cor
porations. This war upon the banks, it seems
to us as not only unjust and unnecessary in
itself, but as absolutely suicidal in those who
urge it on. The peoplo will not surely give
up their banks : they may modify the present ?
system, and all admit that a modification and
reform are necessary, but they would as soon
destroy their schools and colleges, which
disseminate learning, as those institutions
which break down the monopoly of associated
wealth, and give universality to capital.
It may strike us differently from others, but
we are astonished that men of sagacity and
experience cannot see that these assaults
upon the banking institutions of the country,
are direct attacks upon the people themselves, j
When the Government attempts to force the
banks to resume specie payments, they are, '
in fact, forcing the people to pay their debts.
Why, then, can it be expected, that the banks
will grind the faces of their customers, and
withdraw their circulation, while the Govern
ment maintains this threatening attitude ?
The people will not dispense with banks ;
it is not proper that they should dispenso with
them ? but they are not, nevertheless, liable to
the charge of subserviency to those institutions,
nor are they superior, or likely to be superior,
to the absolute control of the people. Bankers
have their money to protect, and husbandmen
their farms ; and one is as much entitled to
the forbearance and favor of Government as j
the other. An assertion that an election is
carried by bank influence, seems to lis a bold
and hazardous imputation upon the integrity
of the voters. This charge made upon the
peoplo of the State of New York, is not likely
to be borne with impunity.
Wo give the following from the Cayuga
Patriot, an Administration journal, as one in
dication, amongtt others wehave, of the state
of public feeling on this subject.
"We regret that the Globi has thought proper to
charge the result of the election in this State to the
inrtuei.ee of the B.mks. We infer from an tWe ar
ticle which we copy trom the Schcnectady demo
crat that the Glob; was led into the error by the N.
Y. Evening Post. We agree with the Democrat in
the opinion, that the Banks have stood aloof from the
contest. So (ar as the Banks in our villarge are
concerned, one of which is controlled by Republi
cans, altd the other by the Whigs, we have not heard
the slightest intimation from any quarter, that either
of them exerted any influence, or endeavored in the
least to control the result. There seems to ba a dis
position in some quarters, to charge all the evils past,
present or to come, upon the Banks. For our own
part, we think they have sins enough of their own to
answer for, without b.-ing made the scape-goats for
all the evils that may befall the country.?It appears
to u?, too much like the meat-axe disposition of the
Whigs, in charging all the calamities of the country
upon the Administration."
We give the remarks of the Richmond En
quirer in reply to our New York correspond
ent, We assure the able and patriotic editor
that we shall always strive to do him justice.
We never suspected that he had abandoned
his opposition to the Sub-treasury scheme
on the contrary, we are proud to say that the
Enquirer has constantly co-operated with us
in oposing that measure?that he will con
tinue to do so wehave no doubt, and we ha\e
as little doubt that he will oppose the modifi
cation of the Special Deposite scheme pro
posed in tho Message, which is only the
Sub-treasury scheme in another, and as the
sagacious editor has already perceived, more
odious form?leaving the public funds at the
"discretion" of the Executive. Shall we
not find the veteran editor battling against
that also, with the zeal which has always dis
tinguished his attachment to republican prin
ciples ? Tho Enquirer asks " is it nccessary
to have a distinct political organization," to
put down what he calls the " floating scum,"
" the rabble followers of the camp," or, tho
Loco-focos ? Wo answer, that the "rabble
followers of tho camp" stole into the "wig
warn" in New York and we were defeated.
And wo shall continue to be defeated un
til those " rabblo followers" are expelled
from the camp which they have polluted, and
tho lines be distinctly drawn betwen them
and us. Our organization must be "distinct"
from the Loco-focos?separate and apart, now
and forever. This is what wo mean by a
"distinct organization, and tho Enquirer can
not fail to understand us. We must be purg
ed of the "foaling scum," or we sink to rise
no more. The Enquirer says :
The Madisoniand and his Correspondent of New
York nre mistaken. We wish to put down the idea
of a third party. Doe* that desire indicate any dis
position " to yield and submit to the intolerant spirit
of Loco-Focoisin 1" We wish lo put down that spi
rit also?but for that purpose, is it necessary lo have
a distinct political organization?or to cashier Mr.
Van Buren 1 , ... '
The New York Correspondent does us still more
injustice byhis suspicions. We have not abandoned
our opposition to the Sub-Treasury scheme?and
still less arc " the most trusted sentinels on her watch
towers metamorphosed into political vanes, indi
cating alone the direction from which Executive
mandates are wafted." If the writer means our
selves, let him b at ease. We shall do nothing to
forfeit his good opinion. We suspect, that Mr. \ an
Buren himself will smile at his suspicion If going
for the SpecM l>rpos>t' bo goin? tor the SubTrea
surv why we have been heretic* from ihe com
mcncem?nt?even w hen our "trumpe<-'on*d appeals
(are said to h*??) revetbjrateJ throughout every
eornrr of the land. We ask a little utjre feibar
anco from our friend of the M^dUouiao, and hi*
friend*?3o favor* from any, but justice from all.
Fallible, we know we we are; weak too, we grant
you truly. The subject too is complicated, and puz
zles the bsst and wisest of us all. We try to do the
bast in our power. We b^ar and forbear as much
as we can. All that we ask it, that our course should
not bj misunderstood, our motives not misrepre
We are well aware that, with some of our
fellow-citizens, the voice of authority passes
as unheeded as the wind. But Franklin was
a patriot and philosopher, and his writings
are generally full of those truths which are
appreciated and acknowledged by the under
standings of practical men. It has been as
serted that he was an advocate of the hard
money policy, and the " accompanying" doc
trines, which some people are foolishly at
tempting to palm on the American people.
The following extract from psges 25 and 27 of tha
Autobiography of I)r. Franklin, will set at rest any
doubt which inav have arisen, from the apprehensioua of
any as to his opinions on tliia aubjcct:
" About thia time, (year 1729,) there was a cry among
the people of more paper money ; only ?15,000 being
extant in the province, and that soon to be aunk.
"The wealthy inhabitants opposed any addition, be
ing against all paper currency, from the apprehensions
that it would depreciate, aa it had done in New Eng
land, to the injury of all the creditora.
" We had discussed this point in our junto, where I
waa on the side of an addition, being persuaded that the
first amall aum, atruck in 1723 had done much good, by
increasing the trade, employment, and number of mliabi
tanta in the province; ainco I now aaw all the houses
inhabited, and many new ones building, whereas I re
membered well when I first walked about the streets-of
Philadelphia, (eating my roll) I saw many of the houaca
iu Walnut-street, between Second and Front-streets,
with lulls on their doors ' to be let:' and many likewise
ill Chcsnut-street, and other streets, which made me
think the inhabitanta of the city were, one after another
deserting it. Our debatea possessed me ao fully of the
auhject, that I wrote and printed an anonymous pam
phlet on it, entitled 'The Nature and Neccsaity of ?
Paper Currency.' Ft waa well received by the common
people in general; but the rich men disliked it, for it in
creased and strengthened the clamor for more money ;
and they happening to have no writers among them that
could answer it, their opposition slackened, and the
?it was carried in the House. My friends there, who
considered that I had been of some service, saw (it
to reward me by employing me in printing the money, a
very profitable job, and a great help to me; this was
another advantage gained by being able to write. *
* s ? ? The utility of this paper cur
rency became, by time and experience, so evident, that
the principles on which it Was founded, were never af
terward much disputed; so that it grew soon to ?55,000;
trade, buildings, and inhabitants, all the while increas
ing ; though I now think theie are limits beyond which
the quantity would be hurtful."
" Every reading man, of whatever party he may
b?, knows that it mas a favorite measure with Gen.
Jackson to exterminate the banks as fast as possible.?
He commenced with the parent as the head, and the
most capable of doing evil. He says, in one of his
messages, ' Banks conducted on the present princi
ples of binking in the United States, are anti-repub
liean in their tendencies and effects; and if the peo
ple of the States wish to b2 truly free, let them com
mence at the root, and stop not, until every branch is
lopped off' This evidently shows, that the hostility
of Gen. Jackson did not slop al Ike destruction of the
t'niled States Dank, biU tkat it extended to every bank
ing institution in the country."
We have taken the above from a paper
published at Quincy, Illinois. The reader
might suppose, from the language, that it was
from some blind whig paper?but on the con
trary it is from a regularly sworn supporter of
the " Divorce Hill," professing as the Globe
does, democracy with ils lips, and aspiring
to lead a district represented in the U. S.
Senate by the author of a letter recently pub
lished we understand in the Chicago Demo
crat, denouncing us as unworthy of the confi
dence of the " party." The above exlract is
from an article denouncing Mr. May for vot
ing to lay the Sub-treasury bill upon the table.
It is but letting the " cat out," and frankly
confessing the true designs of a portion of the
Sub-treasury party, in completing certain " un
finished business," which looks, it is confessed,
to the " destruction'of every banking institu
tion in the country." Goon gentlemen?your
standard of party faith is the " Divorce BiU"?
stand by it, and establish it?you cannot con
sistently abandon a measure for opposing
which you havo denounced us as " traitors."
Wo wish you to be tried by your own stand
ard?stretched upon your own bed, and all our
difficulties settled upon the issues you havo .
A paper published at Worcester, Mass.,
devoted to the principles of the Destructive
" The losses of the people's money by the Pet Banks,
during the three years of their connection with the go
vcrr.mcnt, have been in all probability, millions upon
millions. Take the case of the Agricultural Dank at
Natchez, the first bank that suspended specie payments.
It had i-iflated itself to such an extent that its liabilities
amounted to ten times its resources to meet them ; and
when it failed it owed the government 81,100,000, mo
ney deposited "
Now, we venture to assert that not one dol
lar will be lost to the government by its con
nection with the Stalo Banks during the last
four years ; not even ultimately by the Agri
cultural Bank referred to ; as unwisely and
injudiciously as the system was managed in
our opinion, after the passage of the act of
June, 1836, in the selection of new banks and
in many other respects, by the Department on
which that duty devolved.
It must be a poor cause which requires a
resort to misrepresentations to sustain it.
Wo find tho following in the Cincinnati
The Statesman says :
" During the whole of the late canvass in Ohio for
members of the Legislature, we had not only to stand
the fire of the regular federal opposition, biit column
after column was poured out upon us bv the Rich
mond Enquirer, the Madisonian, and the Cincinnati
Republican, as well as from several professed demo
cratic prints in New York."
So far as the Richmond Enquirer and this paper
are concerned, the charge is as unjust as it is gratui
tous and indefensible."
Wc may add that wo havo never seen the
Ohio Statesman until within a very recent
period?never wrote its name until the pre
sent moment, and never adverted to it in any
manner whatever.
"So far from losing ground, tho recommendstion of
the PttrsinRVT to redeem the Government from all de
pendence on banks, Stale or National, has, we believe,
gained strength in both branches of Congress.?Globe
of Tuetdny night.
We know not upon what grounds the Globe has
founced its "belief," but wc are inclined to believe,
that it is not terra firma. The Richmond Enquirer,
with wV-h the Glooe disputes the " ground," is not
likely to be seduced from it by the credulity of the
The Wutsrtown (S. Y.) Jeffersmtian (which has
j'ist cast off t!?3 name of " Eagle and Standard")
says in iu first nimib if.
"The Madisoni.tn. since (he election in this State,
ha* cotne out decidedly in oppositiun to Mr. Van Bu
ren, and the measures of his administration."
Lest this priat should carry this gross errour into
all its future numbers and calculations, we would
inform it, that the Madisonian, neither before nor
since the New York election, has come out either
decidcdly. or undecidedly, "against" either Mr. Van
Buren, or the measures of his Administratiou ; but
we have bath before and since the election, opposed
the " Expedient," and the expedience, of the Sub
Treat ury scheme; and, as at present advised, we
shall continue to oppose it, whether as en " Expedi
ent" or a " measure," till the official organ of the Ad
ministration shall convince us, that it Is neither
RY !"
The annual meeting of this Praiseworthy Society,
convened at the Capitol on Tuesdsy evening.
The Hon. Henry Clay having been elected Presi
dent of the association, since the decease, last year, of
of the illustrious Madison, (its former Preaident,) took
the ehair. The names of tho delegates from the various
Statca having Wen announced, the President delivered
a very sppropriate and eloquent discourse. The very
large and interesting audience was addressed by Dr.
Proudfit, Hon. H. A. Foster, Dr. D. M Reese, Rev.
Mr, Slicer, and the Hon. Mr. Mercer. Wo were much
interested by the severs! addresses. The proceedings
will be published hereafter.
The History ok Rome, from the German of
Schlosser, Wachsinuth, Heercn, &c. Philad-lphia:
Carey, Lea A Blanchard, (1 vol. 8vo. p. 4%,) 1837?
the same work was first published in London, in 2
vol*., as a part of Lardner's Cabinet Cycloptedia.
The typography of this volume is very neat; and
its arrangement into bjoks, chapters, a full table of
contents, an analytical and chronological table, a
copious index, and marginal dates, is excellent.?
Perhaps, at this day, it were superfluous to speak of
Roman History, a subject that few are unacquainted
with ; but we can say this of the present volume, that
the style is nervous, simple, and polished j that the
narrative is impartial j the reflections just; and that
the volume itself comes most opportunely at the pre
sent crisis, furnishing the American Republic every
thing for warnino, but nothing for imitation.
As a specimen both of style and admonition, we
will present the very first paragraph that the eye fell
upon when we opened the volume.
The main transaction, however, at the conference
of the three leaders was not so much the settlement
of the conditions of their union, which were m:ide
public immediately afterwards, as to concert the
manner of commencing hostilities against the Re
publican party. A reconciliation was impossible,
as had long b,*en clearly seen by the young Octaviu?,
whose early cunning, by which he was taught never,
to commit any unnecessary crime, nor toshrink from
anv which seemed necessarv, is an extraordinary
phenomenon in history. Extensive confiscations by
this time indispensable, to defray the expenses of
wars, as well as to enrich the soldiery. Extirpation,
besides, was the only way of getting rid of enemies,
and of many cowardly, we ik, ambiguous friends.
It was therefore resolved to annihilate the whole
aristocratical party by a proscription in the manner
of Sylla ; and lists were agreed upon by those who^e
lives were to be sacrificed, or whose property iras to
undtrgo confiscation. In all this the advanced age
and rapacityof Lepidus, whom Antony termed, in
derision, father, played a part in the last degree des
Sicable. Hisname, and whatever influence had bi-en
.?queathed him by Ca:sar. were made use of; he
was allowed to share the odium of the crimt-s of his
colleagues; bvitthey had no disposition to yield him
any part of their fruits. Antony, who was always
more concerned for the enjovinent of the moment,'
than for the prospect of anv (uture advantage, fol
lowed the bent of his unbridled inclimtions: and
Octavius alone, with craft which a prey-b*ard mi^ht
have envied, awaited the issue of the approaching
conflict, tosuit his measures to circumstances.
Tiif. Oi.n Commodore?By the author of " Rt'.lin
the Refer," &c. Philadelphia, Carey, Lea and Blan
chard?1 volj. 1837.
This is one of your oid fashioned romantic " yarns"
of ship and shore, full of love and loyalty, ending iu two
marriages ; and what is rather odd, we hope, tho ladies
both ruled their husbands.
For sale by Frank Taylor.
The laying* and dninst of Samuel Slick, of Slirk
tillei, from the same publishers. An amusing medley
of funny stories, about yankee "kuicknueksclock
pedlers and country courtships, very liko " Yankee
Hill" himself.
Illinois in 1837.?A sketch descrptive of the Si
tuation, Boundaries, Face of the Country, Prominent
Districts, Prairies, Rivers, Minerals, Animals, Agri
cultural Productions, Public Lands, Plans of Inter
nal Improvement, Manufactures, &c. Also, sugges
tions to Emigrants, Sketches of Counties, Cities, and
Principal Towns; Letter of Hon. H. L. Ellsworth
on the Catwater of the Prairies; and Letters of a
Rambler of the West. Philadelphia : Published by
Augustus Mitchell; and Grigs & Elliott; p. 1-11?
illustrated b; a map.
This is one of the best baolrs of the kind on the
Great West, that has ever fallen under our notice.
We have passed amidst the scenes it describes, and
we can commend it to the general reader as an inte
resting baok, and the emigrant as a guide. For sale
by Frank Taylor.
The Knickerbocker for December is received, and
still maintains a character, we might almost say, of
primus inter pares, the first among its peers. There
are so many fine articles in this number, that not
teing able to notice them all, we cannot particular
ize our favorites without doing injustice to other ar
ticles of equal merit. One of the articles (on music)
in reply to one we recently published from the Na
tional Gazette, will b.> found in our columns.
?, December 10th, 1837.
I have read with the strictest scrutiny the develop
ments of your creed, as lucidly pin forth in the 31th,
35th, and some subsequent Nos. of your paper. Your
correct views of the position of parties, have.been
strangely misunderstood by certain leading journals
which adhere to Conservative principles, but not with
that uncompromising and determined firmness and
sacred zeal which genuine resistance to the Ikstrue
lire doctrines in vigorous commotion, demands. ?
? ? * ? ? ? ? If
those leading journals which seem to have misunder
p stood your views, had re-published the leading and
short editorial in your paper of the 24:h of Novem
ber, (hey would justly have placed you in their co
lumns, as you have placed yourself in your own co
lumns, before the public. In fact, this they might
justly have done by re-publishing a single sentence
extracted from that editorial. That sentence reads
thus: "They, (the "Conservatives,") may, for a
season, stand in the minority, between those who op
pose their principles, and those who constitute the
great opposition party of the country; but whenever
the divided ranks of the old Republicans shall bi re
organized il will be upon Conservative principles?
the primitive principles of the parly." And such, I
understand to be the manifest meaning of the con
tinuous disclosures of your views respecting the po
sition of parties. That is, ii the split in the late ad
ministration party shall ever be healed, the re-union
will have the principles of the Conservatives for its
bjsis; for these will never give into the destructive
doctrines of those who have lately left the ranks of
the old Republicans. It is true you spoke of a dis
tinct organization. '' Distinct" from whom 1 Why,
clearly, from those who are maddened by the dreary
doctrines and "atrocious folly "'of loeo-focoicm.
Do I not correctly understand your views 1
With respect, yours, C.
Pennsylvania.?The Legislature assembled on
Tuesday last. Dr. Jesse Birden was chosen Speak
er of the Senate, and L. Dewaht, Esq. Speaker ol
' the House.
The Ball u rolling Upper Canada, infinitely m?r?
III jeopardy than Liwer Cauady, and inhabited by t dif
ferent cum of people, is m arina, aa tufl tie seen by lh?
following articles which ?? find in ? alrw fiaia the Al
bany Daily Advertiser?AT. Y Eoe St*r.
From the Daily Buffalo Journal?Extra.
, Wednesday, Oth Dec 6, P. M.
. e bava iiut received the following important
iitformsticm firinn ? gentleman of re*t.cctsbility at
announcing that the CITY OF TO
J,,n I'01"'"1"" of t lie PATRIOTS of the
Querneton, Dcc 6, 1837.
D?*a Sia?I write you in great b*e(e, to1 inform you
of what, at least to ua, ia interesting and linpert-ant.
'-apt. \\ hitney haa jn?t arrived fiom ToronWl, which
place lie atatea waa alUcked yeaterday by the radical*,
and taken.
1 lie Governor and all the officiate are pen! np in the
market house. Many buildings were burnt, some livea
lost, and many taken prisoners.
The captain waa sent here by tho Governor to dram
np volunteers, but he has succecdcd in gelling very
few. 1 he loyalists will not generally turn our, and
but little fighting will take place, at least this fall, in
Upper Canada.
The Patriota require from the Governor that he ahall
dismiss the Parliameut, allow the people to elect the
legislative Council, and that be ahould leave the coun
try within two weeks.
Youra, Ste.
The Daily Buffalo Journal of the 7th instant, con
firnu the above.
A correspondent of the Alton (111.) Spectator, who
has kept an account of the number of lives lost on
the Mi&usinpi, during the last summer, by the va
rious stcamb iat accident*, makes the numb?r seven
lit ndreo and forty-six! Murder enough lor one
Natiuvip.l Patten, Editor of the St. Charles
Clarion, Missouri, departed this life on Friday, the
24:h ult., in the 45.1i year of his age. Mr. P. was a
native of the city of iBoston. He came to Missouri
in 1819, and commenced the publication of the Mis
souri Intelligencer, at Franklin, being ihe first paper
printed north of the Missouri, and the second m the
" A letter received in this city from St. Augustine,
states that on Wednesday, the 2*2d ultimo, the chief
Wn.d Cat, with seventeen warriors and two squaws,
made their escape from the furl at that place."
The London papers state that the Directors of the
B ink of England are cbout to invest 12 or 14 mil
lions of dollars in the Bank of France, and the
United States Bink in Philadelphia, so as to pre
clude the necessity of transporting specie; and the
papers say, whatever amount of bullion the bank
may think it right to have, not more than one half
should bj in her coffe s, and the rest should b3 in
Pari*, or in New York, or in Philadelphia, to regu
late the exchange.
Ohio.?The Legislature of this State met on the
4'h inst-int; when G. J. Smith was elected Speaker
of the Senate, and Ciiaim.bs Anthony Speaker of the
House of Representatives. . Both these gentl men
are staunch Whigs.
Twenty-sixth Congress.?Stenhen A. Douglas,
of Stngimon, has b-*en nominated for the next Con
gress, by a Van B iren Convention held at Peoria,
Illinois, on the 20.h ult. The election takes place
next July.
Oswego, Dec. 7.?The schooner Wille', Captain
MeCiunbjr, has just come into our haib >r, l'rora
Bellville, Upp r Canadi. Capt. MuCumb>r slates
that a Gjvernment Express passed through Bell
ville yeslerdav, with intelligence that the Patriots
had assembled and were in arms in the vicinity of
Toronto, to the numb?r of 5,000, headed by Mc
Kenzie, Bidwell and Parker; full credit was given
to this intelligence at Bellville.?Com. Herald.
We understand that Commodor ? Jones has with
drawn from the South Sea Surveyingand Exploring
Expedition, end that his resignation of the com
mand, although declined by the Secretary of the
Navy when first tendered, has since bjen accept
ed. Whatever may have b;en the train of circum
stances, and the causes which, in the sequnl, have
induced the twice-chosen Commander to desire a
separation from this great national enterprise?an
enterprise, which his attainments, professional and
otherwise, united to a chivalrous and daring spirit,
so eminently qualify him to conduct, we mucn re
gret to learn that such is the impaired state of the
Commodore's heal.'h since his severe attack recent
ly in New York, if for no other reason, he could not
now, in the opinion of his physician, engage in any
arduous service without greai harzard to its restora
tion.?Nat. Int.
NEW NOVELS?By the aiithoi of Ratllin the Reefer,
The Old Commodore, in 2 vols.
Also, the Duke of Monmouth, liy the author of " The
Collegians," Sayings and Doings of Samuel Slick, of
Sliekville, 1 vol., are this day received, for anle by F.
TAYLOR, are for circulation among the subscribers to
the \\ averly Circulating Library, immediately east of
Gad shy'a Hotel. dec 12-tf
HISTORY OF ROME?TraiMhtled from the Ger
man of Ilecren and Schlosser, 1 vol. 8vo., is just
published and for sule by F. TAYLOR.
SO pieces very rich figured Silk*,
CO do do do plain Poult de Soie,
30 do do do plain white and col'd Satins
131 do superior black Silks,
50 Ho indrnss pattern, rich Shfllcy*,
50 do dark brown Enclish Merinoes.
<lecl2 3taw2w
Blankets, carpetinosj, &c.--bradle7?
CATLETT have on bmid
100 pieces Ingrain Carpeting*,
100 pairs large and heavy Blankets,
50 Marseilles Quilts,
? 300 pairs small size Blankets for single beda.
dccl2 3taw2w BRADLEY <V CATLETT.
WE have this day opened?100 pieces super Irish
Linens, very cheap,
20 pieces extra fine do.,
150 do. lonir Cloth Cotton Shirtings.
Also, 50 pieces 8-4, 0-4, and 10-4 Damask Diapers.
100 Damask Table Cloths, all sixes.
dee. 12-dtt
HAIR CI T PINO.? National Dressing Rooms, Gads
hy^Al Newton's Hotel, Sixth street, No. 2. S.
PARKER, the Hair Culler at the altove rooms, is now
prepared to give the most fashionable and fancy cut to
such gentlemen us will submit their locks to his disposal.
In his Shavivg Department he haa good, skilful, and care
ful workmen, who are always at hand
Gentlemen who shave themselves would find it to their
advantage to furnmh themselves from his stock of Soaps,
Shaving Brushes, &.'c? as he has been particular lo select
the best articles possible in his line. He has a few cases
of common looking English Razor*, which he knows to b#
first rate, which ihe purchaser can return if they do not
suit. Price, one dollar each. dec 12-dGt
With beautifully colored engravings, upwaids. of one
hundred in numlier.
THIS beautiful edition is this day received and for wis
by P. TAYLOR, alone with a farther supply of books
of Engravings, Illustrated Books, of various kinds. Sou
venirs, elegantly liound and ornamented editions of favo
rite authors, 6ic. ; for sale at the lo'sesl pricva, at the
Waverly Circulating Library, immediately east of Gads
bv's Hotel. dee 12-tf
CAREY on Wealth, Care* on Wage*,
President Wnyland's Political Economy,
McCullo^k's Statistics of Grrat Britain,
McCullock's edition of Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations,
Condy Rairuet's " Examiner." 2 vols.
New editions of Raymond's Political Economy.
Rue's Political Economy; are just published and for sale
Alonff with many other of the most valuable writer* on
Political Economy, Currency, Finance, Statistics, Inter
national I.aw, Aic., forminK the most complete collection
of this class of science la be found in the I'nited States,
dcc 12?<1
iIllinois in is.)7.
ASCETCH, descriptive of the situation, boundaries,
face of the country, prominent districts, prairies,
rivers, mineral*, animals, agricultural productions, public
lands, plans of internal improvement, manufacture", etc.,
of the State of Illinois; also, suggestion* to emigrants,
sketches of the counties, cities, and principal towns in
the State; together with a I'Mteron the cultivation of tho
prairies, by the Hon. H. L. Ellsworth : to w hich sre an
nexed the Letters from a Rambler in the West. It also
contains a fins rasp of the Stsle. Just received snd for
?ale by F.TAYLOR,
dss 14-tf immediately east of Gadsby'%.

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