Newspaper Page Text
THE MADISON IAN.
THOMAS ALLEN. io11o'l inu riorniTOi. Th* Mammhuk i* publi*hed Tri-weekly during th? lining* of Congre**, and Semi-weekly during the i? ce*a, at 96 par annum. Fur ais months, 94. No aubscription will bo taken for a term abort of ail montha ; nor unlaa* paid for in advance. rule* or ADVBKTUINO. Twelve linea, or leaa, three insertions, - . 91 00 E*ch additional insertion, ... 25 linger advertisements at proportionate rate*. A liberal discount made to those who advertise by the year. 117 Subacribers may remit by mail, in billa of aolvent bank*, postage paid, at our risk ; provided it shall ap pear by a postmaitcr'* certificate, that auch remittance has been duly mailed. A liberal discount will be made to companies of fice or more transmitting their subscriptions together. Postmasters, and others authorized, acting as our stents, will lie entitled to receive a copy of the paper grain for every five subscriber* or, at that rate per cent, on subscriptions generally ; the teitus being fulfilled. Letter* and communications intended for the esta blishment will not be received unless the postage u paid. PROSPECTUS. The Madisonun will be devoted to the support ol the principles and doctrines of the democratic party, aa delineated by Mr Madiron, and will aim to consummstc that political reform in the theory and practice of the national government, which haa been repeatedly indi cated by the general sufferage, as assentisl to the peace and prosperity of the country, and to the perfection and perpetuity of it* free institutions. At this time a singu lar stale of affairs is presented. The commercial in terests of the country are overwhelmed with embarrass ment ; its monetary concerns sre unusually disordered ; every rsmilicstion of society is invaded by distress, and the social edifice seems threatened with disorganization; every ear is tilled with predictions of evil and the mur muring* of despondency; tho general government is boldly assailed bv a large and respectable portion of the ? people, as the direct cause of their difficulties ; open resistance to the laws is publicly encouraged, and a spirit of insubordination is fostered, as a necessary defence to the pretended usurpations of the party in power; some, from whom better things wero hoped, are making the "confusion worse confounded," by ahead long pursuit of extreme notions and indefinite phantoms, totally incompatible with a wholesome atate of the country. In the midst of all these difficulties and em barrassments, it i* feared that many of the lesa firm of the friends of the administration and aupporters of democratic prmciples are wavering in their confidence, and beginning, without just cause, to view with distrust those men to whom they have been long attached, and whose elevation they have laboured to promote from honest and patriotic motives. Exulting in the anticipa tion of dismay and confusion amongst the supporters of the administration as the consequence of these things, tiie opposition are consoling themselves with tho idea that Mr. Van Buren's friends, as a national partv, are verging to dissolution ; and they allow no opportunity to pais unimproved to give eclat to their own doctrines, fliey are, indeed, maturing plans for their own future government of the country, with seeming confidence of certain success. This confidence is increased by the fact, that visionary theories, and an unwise adherence to the plan for an exclusive metallic currency have unfortunately carried some beyond the actual and true policy of the govern ment ; and, by impairing public confidence in the credit system, which ought to be preserved and regulated, but not destroyed, have tended to increase the difficulties under which the country is now labouring. All these seem to indicate the necessity of a new organ at the seat of government, to be established upon sound prin ciples, and to represent faithfully, and not to dictate, the real policy of the administration, and the true sentiments, measures, and interest*, of the great body of its sup porters. The necessity also appear* of the adoption of inore conservative principles than the conduct of those seems to indicate who seek to remedy abuses by de stroying the institutions with which they are found con nected Indeed some measure of contribution is deemed essential to the enhancement of our own seif-rcspect at home, and to the promotion of the honor and credit of the nation abroad. To meet these indications this undertaking has been instituted, and it is hoped thst it will produce the effect of inspiring the; timid with courage, tho desponding with hope, and the whole country with confidence in tho administration of its government. In this view, this journal will not seek to lead, or to follow any faction, or to advocate the views of any particular detachment of men. It will aspire to accord a just measure of sup port to each of the co-ordinate branches of the govern ment, in the lawful exercise of their constitutional prerogatives. It will address itself to the understanding* of men, rather than appeal to any unworthy prejudices or evil passions. It will rely invariably upon the prin ciple, that the strength and security of American insti tutions depend upon the intelligence and virtue of the people. The Madisoxiav will not, in any event, be made the instrument of arraying the north and the south, the east and the west, in hostile attitudes towards each other, upon any subject of either general or local interest. It will reflect only that spirit and those principles of mutual concession, compromise, and reciprocal good-will, which so eminently characterized the inception, formation, and subsequent adoption, by the several States, of tho con stitution of the United States. Moreover, in the same hallowed spirit that has, at all periods since the adoption of that sacred instrument, characterized its dkkk.nce bv the reoPLK, our press will hasten to its support at every emergency that shall arise, from whatever quarter, and under whatever guise of philanthropy, policy, or principle, the antagonist power may appear. If, in this responsible undertaking, it shall be our good fortune to succeed to any degree in promoting tho harinonv and prosperity of the country, or in conciliating jealousies, and allaying the asperities of party warfare, by demeaning onrself amicably towards all; by indulg ing personal animosities towards none; by conducting ourself in the belief that it is perfectly practicable to differ with others in matters of principle and of cxpe iency, without a mixture of personal uiikindness or loss reciprocal respect; and by " asking noLhing that is bo clearly right, and submitting to nothing that is wrong," then, and not otherwise, will the full measure it* intention be accomplished, and our primary rule for it* guidance be sufficiently observed and satisfied. This enterprise has not been undertaken without the approbation, advisement, and pledged support of many of the leading and soundest minds in the ranks of tho deinocractic republican party, in the extreme north and ' in the extreme sTxith, in the east and in the west. Ait association of both political experience and talent of the highest order will render it competent to carry forward the principles by which it will lie guided, ana make it useful as a political organ, and interesting as a journal of news. Arrangements also have beenmade to fix the establishment upon a substantial and permanent basis. The subscriber, therefore, relies upon the public for so much of iheir confidence and encouragement only as the fidelity of his pre** to their great national interest* shall prove itself entitled to receive. THOMAS ALLEN. Washington City. D. C. July, 1837. BANK ABSTRACT. We a re indebted to Mr. Bigelow, secretary of the Commonwealth, for a copy of the abstract from the return.-* of banks in Massachusetts, showing the state of those banks on the first Saturday of Ociebcr, 1837. The following is the aggregate account. The whole numb?tof banks is 1*29; capital stock paid in. $38, 'JHO.tXX); bills in circulation of five dollars and up wards, $7,654,366 46; bills in circulation less than five dollars, 8-2,618,75*2 '25; neit profits on hand $1,514,535 39; balances due to other banks, $5,731,-' 9u9 54; cash deposited, &c., not bearing interest $>8, 167,198 0*2 ? cash deposited, bearing interest, ?5 592,250 59; due from the b tiks, $69,860,128 45 ; gold, silver, &c. in banks,?1,517,994 02; real estate 8J. 155,7*22 96; bills of bulks in this state, 8*2,796 - 97<i 14; bills of banks elsewhere, $191,641 '28 bal ances due from other banks, #5,814,'2-21 04 due to the banks, excepting b ilames, $58,11 nWvj 39 ,olal resources of the banks, #69,910,019 83; amount of the las! semi-annual dividend $1,060,380: amount of reserved profits, 81,555,551 99 , deb s secured by pledge of stock 82 139 525 52; debts due and con sidered doubtful, $750,540 57; rale of semi-annual dividend on amount of capital of the banks, as ex isting when dividend was made, a fraction more thin 2 and 13-Hi of one per cent.?Huston Tran 1 Match for the Kentucky (,'iant?The Miysville ' '"u,or> nieiitiona n young I idy named Browning, rc su mg in I teming Countv, Kentucky, just seventeen u., "tf1"' w'w measures seven feet in height. ' 1' Kla,,t: '* ,0 seven feet and live inches in hi* stocking .feet. THE MADISONIAN. VOL.1. WASHINGTON CITY, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 81, 1837. NO. 48. A TRAGEDY OF THE AMERICAN WOODS, From ike London Metropolitan for October. Just as the shades of evening were begin ning to unahroud the deep valley that reposes at the foot ol the wild and lofty Pochono mountains, I approached a lone cottage which was inarked out on my travelling chart as the flare for me to pass the night in. Although had never been in that part of the country, yet tho building of squared logs or " blocks" that now presented itself, was in some mea sure an old acquaintance, since |>oor. and lone ly, and cheerless as it seemed it hud acquired a name in the history of that part of the coun try with which it was connected. Its wooden walls were blackoned with the tempests of half a century, and the traditionary tales con nected with it were fmniliar to every child in the distant settlement. A person of the name of Lanier had been induced to settle here before any of the valleys in the Southern dis trict of country (now full of people) contained one white inhabitant. What induced this hardy man to bury himself and a young family in tho wilderness so far from all the pale-fa ces, as the Indians called the white people in those days, is dilHcult to conceive. On his way to this secluded dell he must have passed through many a valley which presented a fertile soil and a more serene cli mate ; but induced by some feeling which must now forever remain a secret, Lamer, with a wife and four or five children, accom panied by a younger brother, took possession of the extreme head of a mountain valley, and there built the sombre-looking building now before me. It has been surmised by manv, that the contiguity to the adjoining mountain was his chief inducement to settle here, for he was u remarkably keen hunter. There certainly were more wolves and panthers in that vicinity than in any other part of the state, besides an abundance of elk and deer, with a great variety of game of smaller note. They did not devote their time exclusively to hunt ing ; for when they had resided here some hall'8core years, they had managed to clear away the forest trees from a few acres of land, sufficient to grow more grain than the family would consume. About this period they were waited on by two Indian warriors of the Six Indians, who informed the Larners, that, if they valued their own safety, they must imme diately fly from the abode they had so long inhabited. This piece of intelligence which was delivered with apparent sincerity, was at the time but little heeded, for although they had never before been actually threatened by the Indians who had occasionally visited them they had sometimes used a little caution when they suspected a party of Indians were any where in the vicinity. One day, shortly alter the visit of the two warriors, the younger of the brothers returned from an excursion on the mountain, with the somewhat startling intelligence that he had crossed, in his way down the trail of an Indian party ; and he should judge from its appear ance that the number was something conside rable. He farther stated, that he had, from the summit of the adjoining hill, carefully sur veyed the forests all around ; but no curling smoke rose above the green foliage (lor it was summer,) to denote their hunting tires, neither had he heard the report of fire arms during the whole day. To those acquainted with the subtlety of the Indian character, this report was somewhat alarming, and the lone family determined to be circumspect in all their movements. Their arms consisted of three rifles, one used by each of the brothers, and the remaining one by tho eldest son, a stout youth of nineteen. It was agreed that they should keep watch during the night?the bro thers and the son taking it by turns?and the fire was extinguished before it became quite dark. Some hours after midnight, and while the father of tho family was keeping watch, he thought he pcrceivcd a bright spark of fire advancing slowly across the small picco of meadow in the direction of the house, and as it came nearer he distinctly saw part of tho body of a naked Indian. There was no mis taking the intention of the incendiary ; and as all was parched and dry with the scorching suns of July, a fire once kindled against the time-seasoned log wails of their dwelling, the whole dwelling would be in a blazo in a few minutes. Lamer was in the upper 3tory in an opening in one end of the building ; but as the Indian came nearer he changed his course a little a3 if he intended to make his fire in the rear of the house. It was a moment of extreme anxiety with Lamer. If he permitted the villain to pass tho rear of the building, they were all in a short time to be burnt, and most probably massacred by the merciless beings, no doubt in ambush close by.' If he fired and shot him, retribution would certainly await them all, and in cither case he consider ed them a doomed family. But he did fire ; and long before the reverberations were silent in the adjoining mountains, the Indian had given one lolly bound and shrieked the shriek of death. The report of the rifle brought the l whole family to his side, and he related to them all that had taken place; and it seemed a matter of doubt whether the Indians would attack them under cover of the yet remaining darkness, or postpone their onset until the re turn of day. It seems they did wait for day light, and when it returned they commenced tiring at the different windows or openings, wherever they imagined they might reach the inmates. This plan, however, had not much effect. One of the younger chil Iren received its death wound ; but the rest escaped unharm ed for the present. As I before stated, in the bark part of these buildings there was no opening. The In dians finding the plan of firing at the windows not likely to produce much effect, determin ed upon making a circuit throujjh the neigh boring woods, and thereby gain the defence less rear of the dwelling. This plan, ho we- ; ver, was anticipated by the besieged; lor when the firing ceased, the Larncrs suspect ed they would make this movement. The two brothers, therefore, without much diffi culty contrived to make two small openings in the shingled roof ; and when the assailants emerged from the woods behind the building, the two leaders were instantly shot down.? The rest, unappalled, rushed forward, and before the brothers could re-load their pieces, there were a score of the savages under the shelter of tho building. The son, too, had not been idle ; for by thrusting one half of his person through the end window, he had been enabled to fire upon them as they rushed for the house, and he made one of then# bilethe dust. Yet, after all, what availed 11 . 1 he Indians would instantly set tire to the house, and they would all he burnt ahve. 1 be bro thers, therefore, resolved upon the family quitting the premises, and making for the woods. But this plan was nearly fatal to the whole party ; for before they had crossed the slight hollow in front of the, woods the two brothers and three of the children fell to rise no more. ... . l - <.11 The eldest son was singled out by a tall powerful Indian, who pursued him across the field of growing rye. They were each arm ed with a rifle, but neither of them Mopped to fire. Young Lanier perceived that the In dian gained rapidly upon Mm, for hw knee had been slightly injured by a ball, bethought himself of a stratagem which ultimately saved him. Some of the party near the house were yet occasionally firing at the fugitives that made for the woods, so young Unier, as i lie had received a death wound, fell amongst the taU grain. The Indian instantly squatted in the grain also, being apparently suspicious of some trick in his intended victim ; but in , a short time he raised himself upon his knees, in order to scrutinize where young Larner lav, when the youug fellow who bad been arranging his piecc for such an occasion, nred upon the Indian and shot him in the brain.? He did not wait to re-load, but, in spite ot the soreness of his knee, pushed for the woods, which were but a short distance. Once bo hind a sheltering tree, he re-loaded his rifle, and having done so, had the satisfaction to find that none ot the surviving Indians pur sued him ; there were many of them engaged in scalping his father and uncle, and a younger brother, and two sisters?while others were?in pursuit of his mother and eldest sis ter, who had succeeded in reaching the woods. . , For two nights lie continued to wander in the forest, but during the day ho remained hidden in some hollow iree. At last, hunger ed and weary, he reached a distant settlement on the river Delaware, the inhabitants of which immediately formed themselves into an armed party, and set off for the scene ol slaughter. On reaching the place they pre sently discovered the dead bodies of nine In dians, the two brothers, and the remainder of the family, except the eldest daughter and Mrs. L. The two last mentioned, it was evi dent, had been carried off by the surviving Indians, for their bodies were nowhere to be found. This party remained three or four days in the vicinity of these late scenes ol blood; but the mother and daughter returned not. From this period the place was desert ed for some years ; but the surviving young Larner marrving, he and his wile took posses sion of the lono and blood-stained-dwelling. The tribe of Indians had removed, far away to the vicinity of the Seneca and Ciaga lakes; so that there was no longer any danger to be apprehended from such rude and barbarous neighbors.?Years rolled on and brought with them a new generation of that devoted fami ly ? but more than twenty years passed away without any tidings of the missing females. \bout this period some settlers from the part of the country where the Larners originally resided, located themselves in the vicinity of the before mentioned lakes, where they lived in peace and good-will with their neighbors the Indians ; and from whom they learned the fate of the missing mother and daughter. They stated that they were pursued and soon captured in the wood*; and although thev would only submit to be dragged along by force, in that manner they proceeded for a portion of two days. But this mode of pro ceeding was found so inconvenient to the par ty that when they reached the caves in the Moose Mountain, a council was held on their prisoners, when they were adjudged to dio. They were then tomahawked according to the customs of those barbarians ; and they had j no doubt but their skeletons might be lound . there still. This information was some tune afterwards imparted to the son and brother ot the deceased, who, embracing the first oppor tunity, accompanied by their friends, repaired to Moose Mountain, sought out the caves that were almost entirely unknown to white men. and found two skeletons?in the very position they had fallen beneath the tomahawks ol j their murderers. They were then removed with much carc and labor to the residence of the son, who with true filial affection, interred them in the same grave with the mouldering bodies of their departed kindred. At the time 1 visited the lone dwelling, the son who had escaped the family massacre was still occupying it. He was now old and gTay headed but he still oc casionally took his rifle into the woods in pur- | suit of game. He, too, had been the father . of a family of sons and daughters, now all grown up, and all except one, I believe, mar ried and settled, one or two in his own dis trict but the others had been induced to wan der away to the far west. Ho is still looked upon with a sort of veneration ; and scarce a lone traveller ever visits him to whom he | does not relate the lamentable fate of his fa- , unity. The Lost Child.?A thrillino story.? In the county of Ulster, in the neighborhood of Pennsylvania, lived a man, whose name was Le Fever, he was the grandson of a French man, who was obliged to tly to this country at the revocation of tho edict of Nantes. He ' might well have been called the last of man- j kind, for he possessed a plantation on the ve ry verge of the valley towards the Blue Mountains, a place of refuge for animals of the deer kind. This man having a family of eleven chil dren, (a thing by no means uncommon in that country,) was greatly alarmed one morning at missing the youngest, who was about four years of age?he disappeared about ten o'clock. The distressed father sought him in the river, and in the fields, but to no pur pose. Terrified to an extreme degree, they united with their neighbors in quest of him. They entered the woods, which they beat Over with the most scrupulous attention. A thousand times they called him by name, and were answered only by tho echoes of the wilds. They then assembled themselves at the foot of the mountains of Chatagniers (or chesnut trees) without being able to bring the least intelligence of the child. After reposing , themselves for some minutes, they formed into different bands?and night coming on, the parenU in dispair refused to return home; for their fright constantly increased by the knowledge they had of mountain cats, an ani mal so rapacious, that the inhabitants cannot alwtys defend themselves against their at tacks. They then painted to their imagina tion the horrid idea of a wolf, or some other dreadful animal, devouring their darling child. " Derick, my poor little Derick ! where art thou?" frequently exclaimed tho mother in the oust poignant language?but all was of no avail. As Boon as daylight appeared, they renew ed their search, but as unsuccessfully as the preceding day. Fortunately an Indian laden with furs, coming from an adjacent village, called at the house of Le Fever, intending to rep<Be himself there as he usually did on his traveling through that part of the couuiry. He was much surprised to find no one at hoine but an old negress, kept there by her infirmities. " Where is my brother ?" said the Indian. "Alas !" replied the negro womaif "he lostyhis little Derick, and all the neighbor hood are employed in looking after him in the wools." It was then three o'clock in the af ternoon. " Sound the horn," said the Indian, " try and call ypur master hoine?I will find his thild." The horn was sounded ; and as soon as the father returned, the Indian asked him for the shoes and stockings that Derick had worn last. He then ordered his dog, which he brought with him to smell of them? and then taking the house for hi* centre, he described a circle of a"quarter of a mile, semi-diameter; ordering the dog to smell the earth wherever he led him. The circle was not completed when the sagacious animal began to bark. This sound brought some feeble ray of hope to the disconsolate parents. Tho dog followed the scent, and barked again, the party pursued hiin wiih all their speed, but so?n lost sight of l.-im iu the woods. Half an hour afterwards they heard him again, and saw him return. The countenance of the poor dog was visibly altered; an air of joy seemed to animate him, and his gestures seemed to indicate that his search had not been in vain. " I am sure he has found the cfiild!" ex claimed the Indian. But whether dead or alive, was at present the cruel suspense.? The Indian then followed him to the foot of a large tree where lay tho child in an en feebled state, nearly approaching death. He took it tenderly in his arms, and hastily carried it to the disconsolate parents. Hap pily, they were both in some measure pre pared to receive the child. Their joy was so great that it was more than a quarter of an hour before they could express*their gratitude to tho kind restorer of their child. Words cannot express the affecting scene. After they had bathed the face of the child with tears', they threw themselves on the neck of the Indian, whose heart in unision melted with tears. Their gratitude was then extend ed to the good dog?they caressed hiin with inexpressible delight as the animal who bv moans of his sagacity had found their off spring : and conceived that, like the rest of the group, he must now stand in need of re freshments, a plentiful repast was prepared for him, after which he and his master pur sued their journey, and the company mutually pleased with the happy event, returned to their respective habitations, highly delighted with the kind Indian and his wonderful dog. From the Army and Nary Chronicle. The following letter, written '"by Major Ge neral Jesup, to a friend in this city, explaining his motives 'for the seizure of Powell and other chiefs and warriors, and the measures which were adopted on the occasion, has been furnished for publication. It gives the details of a very interesting event in this protracted war, and we have thought it not only well worthy the space devoted to it, but as due to General Jesup that his motives should be known. However revolting the violation of a flag of truce may at first appear, yet when we reflect that the General was dealing with savages, who had onco forfeited their plighted faith, and deceived him?that the interview was sought by them, and probably with the worst of motives?it is believed that he will not only be justified by public opinion, on the expedi ency of the measure, but will be commended for it. Picoi.ata, Nov. 17, 1837. Dear Sir :?As I shall depart to-dav for the iiitericr, and, in the casualties of an active campaign, it in possi ble I may not return, 1 desire that the aetrure of Powell end other chiefs and warriora may he understood by my friends. Powell, Ooacoochcc, the two Hickses, and several other sub-chiefs, organized tho abduction of Mtcanopy and other hostages, ih June last. Coacoochee, John Cavallo, (the latter one of the hostages,) with several others, earned 'the hostages off, and with them their people. I then resolved to take all who were concern ed hi the measure, whenever the opportunity might pre sent. The capture of Philip, by Gen. Hernandez open ed the way to effect my object sooner than I had hoped. Coacoocho carried off Micanopy tiy force, and if he hud been a white man I would have executed him the mo ment he caine into my hands. His father, (Philip,) however, asked permission to send hiin out wiih messa ges to the chiefs and warriors. He returned with one of my hostages, John Cavallo, and with moat of the sub- i chiefs and warriora who were concerned in the abduc tion. I determined, at once, that they should be aiezed and held as hostugea for the conduct of the chiefs and warriors out. I gave Lieut. Peyton, commanding at Fort Peyton, a confidential order lo seize them if ihey should come into the fort. Late at night, however, I learned from General Hernandez that they could not tie induced to come into the fort, and the messenger whom they sent in, John Cat alio, iny hostage, desired the General to meet them at their camp, without an cscort, saying he would be perfectly safe among them without troops. I observed lo the General, that wherever John Cavallo was. foul play might be expected, and I had no doubt tho intention of the Indians was to seize a sufficient number of officers to exchange for Philip and the Eu chre chiefs, and I directed that he aliouki increase his escort. I requested him to call in the morning for final instructions, and 1 sent an express to Lieut. Peyton, with a note, informing him that he would have no oppor tunity to execute mv confidential order, and he muat not attempt it unless the whole force should place them selves within his power; but that he must trust to events. On the morning of the 21st, Gen. Hernandez called for final inatructiona. I then informed hiin that I was inclined not to permit the Indians to escape, and I gave hiin a memorandum of the heads of the conversation I desired him to hold with them, of which paper No. 2 is a copy. Tito General departed to Fort Peyton, accom- j pained by ? number of officers and citizens ; among the former were the gentlemen of my start. Without communicating my intention to any one, I' followed to the neighborhood of Fort Peyton, sent in for Lieutenant j Peyton, and aacertained from him the number and posi tion of the Indiana ; I directed him to go forward and ascertain whether the answers of the Indiana, to the Sn- j quiriea made by Gen Hernandez, teemed satiafactory. In the meantime I detached an aid, who had joined me, i with ordera to Gen. Hernandea lo aetze all the party if 1 the talk was not satisfactory. Lieut Peyton returned to Fort Peyton, whither I had gone, and related to me the substance of the answers given by the Indiana. Tbeir anawtrs were eveaive and unsaiisfeciory, and I Mint, by Dr. Fu.Uy, .n order of ; Which No 3 IS a copy, to miu them The measure , ?ll so promptly and judiciou.ly executed by Maior Aahhy of the 2d Dragoon., that the Indiana, though i their rilioa were loaded and primed, ready lor action, had not an opportunity to lire a aingle gun. 1 consider the force of the nation broken by thia , capture ; and though we may have a month or t vo of | haid service, 1 think the war rnual terminate early thia j winter. ' Moat respectfully and truly yours, TH. S. JESUP. [Co.NriWt.NTUL ] a, _ ? , ,St AuooaTixe. 20th October, should Powell and his warriors come within the fort, sieze him and hia whole parly. It la important that he.' ild Cat, John Cowagee, and Tuatenuggee, be ae cured. Hold tbein until you have my ordera in rela tion to them. TH S. JESUP, Lieut R. II. Pbttow, M"J Ge"' C<HnnUndlU? Fort Peyton. No. 2. (( Memorandum fur Gen. Hernandez. " Ascertain the object of the Indiana iu coming in at this time ; also their expectations. Are they prepared to deliver all the negroes taken from the citizens, at once? Why have thev nor surrendered them already, aa promised by Coa-Hajo, at Fort King? Have the chiefs of the nation held a council in relation to the aub jecte of the talk at Fort King ? "Whit chiefs attended that council, and what was their determination f Have ""'"J* ?*nt ? messenger with the decision of the council f Have the principal chiefs. Micanopy. Jumper, Cloud, and Alligator, sent a messenger ! and if so. what is their message 1 Why have not these chiefs come in thernaelvea f ? . THOMAS S JESUP. or. Auol'stinb, 21st Oct., 1837. No. 3. Fokt Peyton, 21st Oct., 1837. Ukneiul : Let the chiefs and warriors know that we nave been deceived l.v them long enough, and that we do not intend to be deceived again. Order the whole party directly lo town?you have force sufficient to com pel obedience, and they must move instantly. I have information of a recent murder by the Indians?they must be disarmed?they can talk in town and send any messages out they please. t vf u THOMAS S. JESUP. uert. J. M. Hervandkz. COMMITTEE OF WAYS AND MEANS AND THE HON. MR. FLETCHER. Below will be found a statement of the majority of the Committee of Ways and Means, repellir.g the state ment published in regard to their conduct during the last session, by the member from Boston. The undersigned have seen, with surprise, an attack made upon the majority of the Committee of Ways and Means, by tho Hon R.chard Fletcher, of Massa chusetts, a member of that Coinmittet at the late extra session. In a speech purporting to have been delivered in r anueil Hall, and published in the Atlas and other papers m Boston, the place of that member's residence, the following statement and charges are made, and have not, to their knowledge, been disavowed by him. He says ihat: " During the session, the business projects upon which the House were called to act, came almost en tirely from the Committee of Wrays and Means. There are nine members of thst committee, only two of whom arc understood lo be opposed lo the general policy of the administration. I suppose you would like to know the manner in which the business was arranged for the House. I will tell you the Hays?the Meant you will see in due lime. You doubtless suppose that this Committee or Ways and Means has some duty lo do; some ways to devise ; some means to find out, some plans to origi nate and mature for the anion of the House 'lie committee you imagine, look over the message; ?p0 what is recommended to be done for the benefit of the country ; consult together as lo the best measures, and lay the result of their delilierations before tho House. Is this your idea, Mr. President 1 Is thia what you think, fellow citizens! if it is, I am sorry to inform you, that you labor under a very great mistake. I once enter tained tho same ideas ; but I soon found my error. No such thing, sir?no such thing. The chairman of the committee steps up to the White House, and there re ceives from the President or the Secretary of the Trea sury such bills as they wish to have passed by the House 'i? chairman puts the bills into his pocket?takes them to the committee, without any examination?the majori ty of the committee approve them?the minority can do nothing?the bills are presented to the House, and re ceived ab the doings of the committee. " I aver to you that every important bill passed by the House, came to the House, ready drawn, from the Exo cutivo. The Representatives are mere machines. .Lvcry measure is an Executive measure. I mean by the Executive, the President, and the heads of Depart ments?the cabinet. They originate every thing, put every thing into the precise shapo they wish, word for word, letter,for letter, comma for comma; and the Executive majority iu the House pass each bill forth with without alteration?and so far as depends upon them, without debate; just as it couics from their mas ters at the White House." The member from Massachusetts alleges that the chairman of the committee "steps up to tho White House, and there receives from the President or the Secretary of ihe Treasury, such bills as they wished to have passed by the House. The chairman puts the bills into his pocket, takes them to the committee, without any examination tho majority of the committee approve them." ? I he chairman of the committee states in reply, that he had no consultation whatever with the President con cerning any ono of the bills reported by the committee, nor did he receive either of the bills, or any part of either, from him. 'I he usage from the commencement ol the government has been for the committee, through its chairman, to consult ihe head of the Department, in regard to such measures as he may recommcnd for the consideration of Congress ; for the Secretary lo attend on, and confer with, the committee if invited, and to furnish drafts of bills embracing his propositions, when requested to do so. This is but an act of courtesy to the officer who recommends a measure connected with the business of his department, and whose duty it is, when Ihe law is enacted, to construe and execute it. The chairman of the committee did consult the Se cretary of the Treasury about the bills referred to, and he did so with tho knowledge and assent of the commit tee. At Ins request, the Secretary of the Treasury transmitted to him drafts of most of the bills ; but the undersigned declare it to be utterly untrue that any one of them was adopted by the committee. The measures recommended in the Treasury report were duly con sidered by the committee, but not one of tho bills re ported cotrctpmidcd in form with any prepared by the Secretary, and most of them essentially differed in "prin ciple from the suggestions of that officer. i he member Iroin Massachusetts not only alleges that the majority of tho committee approved the bills "without any examination." but he "avers that every important bill passed by the House catne to the House, ready dratrn, from the Executive," and that " the Exe cutive majority in the House passed each hill forthwith, without alteration?and, so far as depends upon them, without debate." 'I he bills reported by both commit tees, differing as they do, and the proceedings of the two Houses upon them, prove these statements to be untrue T he two Houses had assembled at an extra session, and there was a general desire, without regard lo party, to make it a short ono. From its different or ganization, the Senate was enabled to appoint its com mittees on the 8th of September ; those of the House were not announced till the I lib of that month Before the Committee of "Ways and Means met on the 12th, the Committee on Finance of the Senate had been for some days employed in preparing their bills ; conse quently, the former had no opportunity to act upon them until after thev had been matured by the latter commit tee. Both Houses were anxious that all the bills should be reported without delay, and the Committee of Ways and Means were in session daily till the most important were submitted to the House In examining these bills, it will lie found that the majority of the Committee of W ays and Means not only differed with the Senate committee, but with the report of the Secretary, both ill principle and in detail. The bill of the Senate authorized Treasury notes to be issued bearing interest, die bill reported to U.e House directed them to be issu-d without mtereat The for mer proposed interest from the date, and for twelve months only, the latter provided that if they were not redeemed at the expiration of that term, the intereel ahould then commence. The details of the two bills were consequently essentially different. At the sug gestion of a member of the committee, an additional penal tectum waa introduced into the bill, wi'Jk the coo currence of the member from Maaaachuaetta. The Se cretary of the Treaaury, in hi* report, proposed an issue of Treasury notea of amall denoininationa ; the biH of the Coiniiuttee of Waya and Meana authorised none to be issued under one hundred dollara. '1'be former recommendtd that they ahould b? re-iaaued j the laUer contained no auch provision. The nest and uioat important bill, commonly called the " divorce bill" waa essentially amended. The bill reported to the Senate related wholly to the eafe-lteep ing of the public money, and.contained no provision aa to the medium m which it waa to tie collected. Th? Committee of Waya anj Meana added another aection providing for thia material point, and altered the title of the bill accordingly. The bill further postponing the payment of mer chants' bond*, aa reported to the Houae, contained an additional aection, giving a crcdil on the dutiea on mer chandise remaining in the public atorc* upon which the dutiea were payable in ca?h, a proviaion not suggested in the Treaaury Report, nor embraced in the senate bill. The Committee of Waya and Meana, subae quently, and unamtnoualy, instructed it* chairman to move to atrike out the 2d section of the Senate bill, which proposed to make the additional credit upon bonda applicable to importation, for one year from and after the let of October, and to inaert the aection lefcrred to, extending the credit to three and six month* on all mer chandise which was then in the public warehouses, or might arrive before the lat of November. Amendment* were also nude to other billa, but thoae mentioned were the moat material. The member from Maaaachuaetta ia still more parti cular in hia statementa about the origin and hiatory of theae lulls. He saya that the President and the Heada of the Departments " originate every thing, put every thing into the precise shajie they wiah, word for word, letter for letter, comma for comma, and the Executive majority in the Houae paaa each bill forthwith, without alteration?and so far as depends upon them without deflate?just aa it com?a Irom their inaater* at the While House." The undersigned, to ascertain whether these grave and extraordinary charges were founded in truth, have compared the drafts of the billa furnished to the chair man by the Secretary of the Treaaury, with the lulls re ported by the Committee of Ways and Means. No drafts were received of the billa relating lo the fourth instalment under the deposite act, the hanks in this District, or the warehousing of merchandise. 11 is pro per here to slate, that a warehousing lull wan leporied at a former session by the prcaeut chairman of the Com mittee of Ways and Means, and prior to ihe recommen dation of the Secretary were those for adjusting claims on the dt'|K>sllu hanks ; extending the merchants' bonds; making public officers ihe keepers of the public money, and authorizing Treasury uolcs to tie issued. The bill* relating lo the merchants' bonds, and the claims upon the banks reported by the Committee nf Ways and Means, differ both in language and principle from those prepared by the Secretary. Of the ten sections of the hill providing for the safe-keeping of the public money, but three correspond with those framed by that officer. Some of the provisions in tho Treasury note bills cor respond ; they are, however, generally such as are transcribed from the Treasury noie act of 1815. But lo prove how utterly unfounded are ihe statements of the member of Massachusetts, that the Secretary's drafts were adopted by tho Committee of Ways and Means " word for word, letter for letter, comma for comma," and as a specimen of the general resemblance of these bills, the undersigned present the thr :e first sections of the Secretary's draft, and of the bill reported by the Committee relating to Treasury notes. Draft of the Secretary o/| the Treasury. Be it enacted, &c. That whenever the available mo ney in the Treaaury appli cable to public purposes, and not on deposite with the Slates, shall be at any time hereafter less than five mil lions of dollars, the Presi dent nf the United States is hereby authorized to direct the issue of acknowledg ments of indebtedness, in the form of Treasury notes, whenever the public officers and creditors are willing toj receive the same at par in payment of their claims, or others are willing to ad vance money on them at par, to aid in accomplishing the same payment. 2. That the amount of said notes which may from tune to tune be issued shall not e<ceed the sum neces sary to defray the eatimated current demands on the Treasury durir<r the current year beyond the amount of the current receipts and the five millions aforesaid, to be kept in the Treasury to meet sudden contingencies, and render its operations prompt, easy, and useful. 3, That said notes may bo in their denominations Am reported by the Commit tee nf Ways and Meant. Be it enacted by the Se nate and House of Kepre Vent alt ves of the United States of America in Con gress assembled, That the President of the United States tie, and he is hereby, authorized to cauae Trea aury notes, not bearing in terest, for auch sum or sums as he may think expedient, hut not exceeding, in the whole amount of notea la aucd, the sum of twelve millions of dollars, and of denominations not less than one hundred-dollars for any one lute, to be prepared, signed, and issued in the inaruer hereinafter provid ed. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said Treasury notes, authorized o be issued by the first section of this act, shall be reimbursed and redeemed by the United States, at the 'I rcasury thereof, after the expiration of one year froin ihe datea of the said notea respectively. The reim bursement herein provided lor, shall be made Bt the Treasury of the United States to the holders of the said notes respectively, up on presentment; and in case of presentment and non payment of said note or notes, after they become due, tho holc'er or holders shall tie entitled to receive interest at the rate of five per cent, per annum from the date of demand of pay ment. And for this reim bursement, according lo the provisions of this act, the laith of the United Slates ia hereby solemnly pledged. Sec 3. And be it further enacted, That the said not less than twenty dollars, Treasi.ry notes shall he pre and in form running to the'pared under the direction of creditor, public oHicer, or ihe Secretary of the Trea purchaser, and order, or tosury, and shall be respcc bearer, redeemable at the lively signed, on behalf of jileasure ol the Government,jthe United States, by the and transferable by delivery Treasurer thereof, and coun and endorsement of the oi I- teraigned by the Register of ginal payer thereon when to,the Treasury; and that order. They shall, as checks iliose officers respectively oi each other, nnd for pub- ->h?ll, as checks upon each lie safety, be signed by the'oilier, and to secure the Treasurer and Register ol p blic safely, keep separate, the Treasury, and an accu rate account be kept by each of thein of the amount is sued and redeemed, tin Treasurer being charged and required to account quarterly for all delivered to linn by the Regiater for sig full, and accurate accounts of the number, date, de nomination, amount of all ihe notea signed and coun tersigned by them respec tively ; which said accouuta shall be carefully preserved and placed on file in the nature. They shall in allTreasury Department; and, cases lie receivable for dues^lso, similar accounts, kept of all kinds to the United [and preserved in the same States, and bear no interest.[manner, of all the said notes unless it In' found on trial.'redeemed, as the smie shall that a sufficiency of them tojhe returned and cancelled ; meet the public engage- and the Treasurer shall far metils will not be voluuta-jiher account quarterly for rily received by the public all such notes delivered to creditors and officers in him for signature or issue payment, or by others forlby the Register. TheTres specie, without interest; m surer and Register of the which case interest may be Treasury sre hereby au atipulated to be paid on thejthorised by and with the face of thcin not to exceed consent aud approbation of six per cent, per annum, the1 the Secretary of the Trrs ratc to be fixed by the Pre- stiry, lo employ such addi sidnnt ; and money may be lionsl temporary clerka aa raised thereon by ssle or(ihe duties enjoined upon de livery at not lesa than them by tlua aection may par, sufficient to meet the render necessary ; the coin current expenses as afore-|>ensaiion of each clerk so said. If any of said notesjeinployed to be fixed by the on interest be issued, the* Secretary. shall not be receivable for. public dues of any kind, unless otherwise directed by the President, until the Department i* ready to re deem them, and may then adopt that mode, or any other for auch purpose, un der auch regulations aa to their redemption, return, and cancelling, as may be deemed most safe and con venient.