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The Madisonian. [volume] (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1837-1845, December 23, 1837, Image 3

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contend again*!, bul I did nut hcoimie, ?od glorious
indeed has bstsn the result.
| Mood side br side with the gallant little band who
were determined u> haiard every thing for the sacred
cause of liberty?who were revived, at all hazards,
lo stay the further progress of Executive encroach
ments. We fought, we triumphed, and the echo of
the approving shout of multitude* has scarcely yei
died awa v upon the di'lent shore* of the Misusaippi.
It is glory enoitxk for me not to have served under
any pnrticular chieftain, but lo have been associated
with a band of true democrats, who at one of the
most critical and trying periods of our country's his
tory, successfully resisted the moist daring attempt
that has ever been made to consolidate all power in
the hands of the Federal Government. Scarcely a
day passes that does not bring from my immediate
constituents, the more than welcome plaudit of well
done good and faithful servant.
Tins, indeed, is a reward beyond all price, and
this shall animate me to a steady perseverance in the
course I have marked out for myself.
I a?k as an act of justice, without, however, much
expectation that the request will be complied with,
.l-. .,?r? which have published the proceed
The people will then oc enao.eu .o
what degree of justice, I am charged with a viola
tion of pledges, made prior to my election.
The plan I propose, having in view the present and
ihe fu ure, for the collecting and the keeping
of the national revenue, is this: Let the General
Government pe-sist in its requisitions of specie
as loug as the suspension of spccie payments by
tbc binlis, shall continue: Let the spe -ie thus re
ceived by the collecting officers bs placed by them,
(for safe-keeping, until it is needed for disburse
ment,) on special deposite with a few of the banks.
When the bmks shall have resumed, the resumption
promising to be stable, let their notes be made re
ceivable, by spccial enactment, in all collections of
the revenue, as heretofore, but under such new prac
ticable restrictions as experience hath shown to be
advisable and necessary; and let the revenue thus
collected in the notes of speeie paying banks, the
number to bj selected being very small in each Slate,
b , placed with them, as heretofore, but under all the
additional guards that may be deemed advisable, and
shown to be practicable, on general deposits.
Considering this plan defensible in all its parts, I
respectfully propose it, and as a ground on which
those of us of the consistent old republicans who
differ only about the practicability of "the special
deposite system"as a permanent plan, may meet, and
cordially re-unite, and move on with concert and
commanding energy.
I hare read with pleasure and profit the temperate
and able communications "supplied" by Valerius
Pub! ius. He has clearly enforced several objections
that have been taken to the special deposite scheme,
?which could have been presented in all their force,
and impregnably fortified, (as he has well done it,)
only by one intimately acquainted with all the per
tineut facts. But he has wholly omitted to indicate
what disposition should be made ol the collected re
venue, for safe-keeping, during the suspension of
specie payments by the banks. While 1 agree with
him that it will be wise and just to return to the late
" S:ate bank deposite system," when the banks shall
have returned to specie payments, 1 think that he, on
mature reflection, will agree with me that it will be
safer and better, in every sense, while the General
Government is exacting specie, according to the ex
isting laws, that the specie, thus received in payment
of dues be placed by the collecting officers on special
deposite with a few of the suspended banks, pursu
ant to the directions of a special and imperative en
actment on the subject; than that it be placed, as is
now done, by the collecting officers, on special de
posite with any bank that will so receive it, or, in
savings' instituiions, (as is the case, I understand, in
this town,) or, be kept by themselves, as the collect
ing officers choose, or may be capriciously directed
by the Secretary of the Treasury, or the Postmaster
General, or other chief of a department. There is
no system in this state of things?no method in this
madness?no safety in this uncertainty?no beauty
in this (it may b3, well ordered) confusion. There
is nothing in it that will challenge the respect of
thinking and sensible men?nothing that is lovely
and of good report. How long, 1 ask again, will it
bo before the conservators of the public morals and
the defenders of the public freedom will come forth
in active demonstrations of intelligence and virtue 1
It is quite certain that the banks, having resumed,
specie payments, would "expressly decline becoming
receivers of specie on special deposite from the Go
vernment. It would be to incur expense and take
trouble, without any prospect of a compensating ad
vantage. No commission which the Government
could properly offer or afford to pay, would be equi
valent to the expense and trouble, much less recon
cile them to the self-disparaging act. If the collec
tions of the revenue arc lo be confined exclusively to
specie, the establishment of Sub-Treasuries will be
come necessary, unless the collected revenues of the
nation are to continue to be kept, as they now are, as
we say in Virginia, " in no pnrticular place." But,
while the banks arc denying specie for their notes, why
should they " expressly decline" the receipt of specie
on special deposite from the Government 1 By their
own act of suspending specie payments, they have
acknowledged that their specie revenue is not large
enough to meet the demnnds of their depositors and
the holders of their notes. Having acknowledged
their inability to redeem their notes with specie,
while the community is hourly witnessing that ina
bility, and constantly subjected to the resulting in
convcnience, the banks will most clearly be derelict
to no additional act of disparagement, by consenting
to receive specie on deposite from the Government,
or from any other quarter. Needing, confessedly,
an enlargement of their specie funds, end it not
being presumable or reasonable that discredit will
or shall result to them from their receipt of specie
on special depo>ite, while their notes in circulation
are not exchangeable at par for spccie, an advantage
that will amply remunerate them for any expense or
trouble they may incur, may accrue to them from the
receipt of spccie on special deposite. Having the
collected revenue in specie, on special deposite, the
bank would pay it out, to order, to the public cre
ditor. The creditor, whenever the notes of the bank
would answer his purposes as well, which is fre
quently the case, receiving th'c money from his own
State's bank, in w hich he may be a stockholder, or
by which he may be accommodated, would not take
away the specie, when paid to him, but would leave
it with the bink and take away its notes instead.
Thus any "prudent" bank, by receipts of specie on
special deposite from the Government, while collec
tions of the revenue are confined to specie, during
the suspension of specie payments by the bants, without
resulting discredit or dishonor, may be enabled to
enlarge its spccic fund, from the gatherings of the
For special reasons, which need not to be assign-'
ed, 1 forbear to say any more at present.
Most respectfully informs ihe I, idics and Gentlemen of
>\ aahington, that the Theatre will open
On Monday Evening, January Ul, 1K33.
Mr W'ARnha* great pleasure in announcing that he has
effected an engagement with the highly talented and just
v celebrated Tragedian,
K >r Vivp. Njoiits oni.Y, which cannot possibly be ct
t< n li'd lipvmul thnt time, in conven ience of his numerous
eniaiicmenls cUowherc.
I ill ill* and advertisements will shortly be issued, an ?
nou-^ing t'.ve euicrUinmcnt* of the Opening Night. d23
1 THE M A J) 1S O N i AN .
orrics ? iitwiim ninth and tihth.
Next Monday being Christmas day,
our next paper will be issued on Mouday
iVI'be (tailor will tiud an interesting article on tbo
firat page, descriptive of lit* French Chamber of Depu
ties?sud tables lUtialrating the comparative condition
of Banks. A Report of the proceedings of the Bank
Convention will also be found iu this day's paper, for
which we are indebted to the New York American.
IE7 The communication of " Grey Beard" i* under
Valerius Publics.? We have been re
peatedly, and importunately asked, who our
correspondent Valerius Publius is T We can
only say lhat " VaUrius Publius was a cele
brated Roman, sur named Poplicola, who was
very active in assisting Brutus to expol the
Tarquins, and was the first that took an oath
to support the liberty and independence of
his country."
We call the attention of our readers to this
gentleman's communication, in our paper to
day, which, it will be seen, the Globe charac
teristically refused to publish, inasmuch as it
was in self-defence against a proceeding
which appeared in its own columns !
In the House yesterday, several impor
rant Bills of a public nature, were reported,
and several private bills were read a third
time, and that body adjourned over till Tues
In the Senate the Bill prohibiting the cir
culation of " shin plasters" in the District of
Columbia, passed to its 3d reading, by a vote
of 31 to 0?the opposition, we observed, be
ing generally absent. The Senate adjourn
ed over till Tuesday.
" Ajax has grown self-willed :
? ? ? ? ?
and aeta Thcrsitrs
(A slave, whose gall coins slander like a mint)
To match us in comparisons with dirt;
To weaken aud discredit our exposure."
Trotliu if Crestnlu.
Never, perhaps, in the whole course of our
existence, have we experienced more urgent
appeals to the charitable sympathies of our
nature, than we have now daily presented to
us in the columns of the Globe. The editor
of that paper has advocated various opinions
and various men for the many years he has
pursued his varying course, and entitled him
self to the consideration of his friends. These
valuable services, as well as the facility of sa
crificing the friendship of benefactors upon
the altar of the general good, should not fail
to meet the rewards due to so much excel
lence. The survivors of the revolution receive
pensions, and many of the savages annuities
?grateful indications of the bounty of those
whose interests they have served. The claims
of the Globe will not sufier in comparison
with those of the latter. Its claims, indeed,
modest, anti-monopoly, m they are, will bo
liquidated by merely the entire patronage of
the government. Never was an unkindar cut
performed than when the printing of the
House of Representatives was transferred
from the exclusive " patent democrats" of the
Globe, to a" masked enemy," " federal-whig,"
&c. like ourself, except when, there being an
overwhelming majority in 1835 in favor of the
administration, it was conferred upon the Na
tional Republicans, as can bo shown by " cer
tificates r A bounty commensurate with the
wants and expectations of the former, would
have left not a groat for others, and therefore
we can but regret that we needs must be re
minded every day that our circumnavigation
of the Globe, has opened new channels of
communication, likely to prove prejudicial to
the enemies of commerce. We can, however,
but express our acknowledgments to the Globe
and its affiliated presses, for the distinguished
notification which they have recently taken of
our labors, believing that they have procured
us the five hundred names we have added to
our subscription list in the last four weeks.
Considering these circumstances, we feel, at
times, quite inclined to share our bounty with
the Globe, especially considering also that
such a course might silence the crying com
plaints of its mortification and disappoint
Some matters, however, strike us as dc
serving of notice, lest the people should be
deceived in regard to the relative position of
the two prints, and the course and conduct of
the two divisions to which they are attached.
As to ourself, it is a matter of no public
moment, as to what name we may be called,
or however we may be used or abused. The
peoplo, although they may be, possibly, misled
for a time, will finally settle down upon the
truth, and thank no man for attempting t<5 de
ceive them.
The Globe, of Wednesday night, claims to
be the only paper in the District that sustains
the administration, and enumerates the Madi
sonian among those which " oppose it." This
is of a character with the usual exclusiveness
of that journal. But why was it not as mag
nanimous with us as it was with the late Mer
chant <fc Reformer, the most rabid opposition
paper in the country ? That paper, says the
Globe, opposed the administration " on every
question, save that of the separation of the
government and the banks," but the Madiso
nian is thrown into the general mass of entire
opposition. Have we ever opposed the ad
ministration in any measure save the " Divorce
Bill ?" We challenge the Globe, or any other
paper, to point out a single instance in which
we hare opposed the administration, except
iu the cm* alluded to. The Globe u called
upon hy every consideration of honor and
juatice to prore ita allegation?or to retract it,
or else to atand before the world, proven out
of their own moulha, to be baae and malicious
iibellera. The Globe the only paper that sus
tains the adminiatration T Where ia the ad
ministration auatained in ita " revolutionary
and disorganizing" scheme of " subverting the
entire practice of the government from 1789
down to this day V Doea the Globe auatain
it in Congress?in New York?in Maine,
Ohio, New Jeraoy, Tenneasee, Indiana,
Rhodo Island ! Any where except in the
Nullification-Whig-State of South Carolina,
which oppo8cs the administration on every
other question ? Sustained ? The adminis
tration Will be no where sustained as long as
the Globe is retained as an organ of the party.
Sustained by the Globe ? That paper has
done the administration more harm than all
the opposition papers in the country put toge
ther. Sustained? It can never be sustained
until that miserable ordure is cast oflf and re
moved beyond the bounds of. civilization,
where it may glut, without public injury, over
the remembrances of ruined commerce, bro
ken merchants, suspended banks, disordered
currency, and an outraged people, and the ne
farious agency of its own " revolutionary and
disorganizing" Ldoctrines. To be called by
that print, a " masked enemy," " bank esta
blished," " whig printer to Congress" is cha- j
racteristic of the authors of a recent letter
bearing an insult to us, stated to bo " by the
direction of the President of the United
States." We look upon all these things, how
ever, as pitiful attempts to gratify a miserable
spirit of revenge, excited by the mortification
of being defeated in the election of printer
for the second time in four years?and the
people, no doubt, will regard them in the
proper light. At least, they will know what
value to attach to a journal that never aspires
to the dignity of argument, but continually
substitutes nick-names in the place of reason
ing. We would only warn the country presses
against the folly of a similar habit, and to be
ware lest they are lost from the fold of the old
Republican party.
We have heard much of conciliation and
concession?we are now convinced that the
whole of it is hypocrisy and pretension. We
see in the organ " distinguished by the confi
dence and tavor of the administration," those
multitudes of Republicans who differ from the
President on the subject of the finances, stig
matized by the very gracious epithet of "cor
morant traitors." Does that look like con- J
ciliation ? The truth is there is no concilia- i
tion. The Globe party have chalked out an 1
independent course for themselves, and they ,
will form a third party of Loco-foco destruc
tivesr, and Calhoun nullifiers, and carry on ;
their predetermined war against all banks, ;
and continue their agitations until the federal
Treasury Bank is established, and all the mo
ney of the nation is wrested from the people
and placed in the hands of the Executive with
thp sword. With how much justice such a
party can lay claims to exclusive democracy,
their very designs explain. Their schemes
are only worthy the wildest projects of black
cockade federalism. We go for restraining
the power of the Executive and preserving
the powers and privileges of the people?that
is democratic doctrine. The Globe party go
for enlarging the power and privileges of the
Executive and keeping the people away from j
the government,as a matter in which they havo
no concern?that is federal doctrine. Mr. Jef- j
ferson said the federalists considered it their j
privilege to ride ono half of mankind with
saddles on their backs:?the Globe party now
have the saddles in their own hands?but are
the people willing to be ridden by these black
cockade federalists in boots and spurs ? Is
the Republican party any longer to be impos
ed upon by men whose urrogant dictation is
only equalled by their absurd pretensions and
affectation ? Havo not those-in authority sa
gacity to see that the course this faction is
pursuing is making wider and wider the
breach among the friends of the administra
tion, and hurling it to swift destruction, ni.d
tliHt without remedy ? We trust, the old Re
publicans of the country, will rally to the res
cue of their party, ere it is too late, and save
it from the disasters now impending over it
through the machinations of pretenders and
federalists in disguise.
For the Federal Government to have
thought it necessary, under any circumstan
ces, to have created a Hank of thirty-five mil
lions capital authorized to circulate seventy,
was a remedy for financial embarrassments
that would seem to call for a substitute ;
and, whenever discontinued after twenty
years convenience, connexion, and assimila
tion with the business habits of tho communi
ty, such discontinuance, under any circum
stances, was calculated, while tho communi
ty were its debtors to tho amount of nearly
seventy millions, to produce, certainly, em
barrassment, derangement, perplexity, and in
convenience, wheresoever that institution had
extended the influence of its benefits, or an
swered the objects of its creation.
Such is the genius of the American people,
such their resources, under adverse circum
stances, that the loss of the Federal Dank
was supplied by the creation of hundreds of
State Ranks, rising like Phamexes from its
ashes. Whatever might have been urged at
the expiration of the. Federal charter, in favor
of its renewal, we need not stop now to in
quire ; as circumstances, which alter all ca
ses, havo most essentially altered this,?for
hundreds of millions of banking capital, with
quadruple the amount of the specie in the
country, have taken the place, renewed tho
relations, and now occupy the position, per
form the duties, and are in possession of all
the dormant rights of the lul? National Bank,
while its very officer* and its name are trans
ferred to a new Institution, confined but to a
narrower orbit, as if Uke a burning glass, only
to increase its power.
Expedients become, in process of time, ne
cessities ; and habits, a second nature. The
renewal of the charter, whose loss produced
inconvenience, would create a far greater in
convenience ; it would be like a missing hus
band, whom the law had presumed dead,
coining back to an old spouse with a new
progeny, and vested rights. While, there
fore, institutions like every thing else, can
only have their day, let ua profit by the exam
ple Of the past, and never resort to expedients
or temporary measures, that are to affect the
whole iuterests of the community, and must,
of course, acquire a habit by use, which can
not bo charged without both violence and
grest inconvenience. The State Bsnks have
existed since the foundation of our Govern
ment ; and have continually, since that time,
been used as depositories of its revenue.
Why change the whole position of the Go
vernment, because the same thing has hap
pened to the banks, which has happened be
fore, but did not change the confidence or the
practice of the Government T
Any experiment with the rights, the habits,
the convenience, the interests, or the opinions
of a people?more especially a free people,?
is at all times doubtful and dangerous. Wo
bo to the experimenter if he fail. Though
success may consecrate crime, failure brings
it to tho scaffold. Beware of experiments!
While England taxes American ingenuity more than
FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS for the privilege of
taking out a Patent for an invention, that tnay benefit
the whole human raco, shall America, for one dollar,
and a few odil cenlt, grant t? Mutrcu Trollop, V anon,
Fiddler, Basel, Hall, Hainiltim, and all the rest of that
infamoua claas, (without omitting that deaf and subtle
adder, Martineau,) the privilege of libelling our whole
couutry, and outraging every principle of truth and de
cency ! And what ia more, make the public pay a hun
dred per cent, more, to imported bookseller*, who will
be sent acrosa tho Atlantic la retail loathsome and infa
moua manufactures of foreign libels !
Pretension : By Miss Strrak Stickney, authoress
of the " Poetry of Life." Philadelphia: E. L. Carey
6c A. Hart, 2 vols., 1837? illustrated by one of the
most exquisite and beautiful engravings?" The
Young Governess"?we have ever seen.
Miss Stickney, probably all know, is an English
lady, but her readers in this country, we trust, will
not find any thing in these delightful volumes, (touch
ingly and affectionately.dedicated to her father,) that
is foreign to them.
The subject which she has illustrated by fiction,
is the education of her own sex; and we cannot
commend her labors to the kind attention and pa
tronage of an enlightened public in any language
more beautiful and appropriate than her own:
" It is to woman, that I would appeal, to look into
the evidence of her own heart, to examine the result
of her own experience, and to ask of the secret coun
sels of her own bosom, whether her dignity, her use
fulness, and her peace of mind are not sacrificed by
that system of education, which substitutes the arti
ficial for the real, the glUlerin# for the substantial,
and the ornamental for the good."
Thursday, December 31.
Mr. McKEAN presented a petition from citizens of
Delaware county, Penn., against the annexation of Tex
as, Laid on tho table.
Mr. LUMPKIN presented tho petition of the Geor
gia Railroad Company, for return of duties on certain
spikes imported for the use of aaid road in 1832. Re
Mr. LINN presented memorials and petitions from
the Legislature of Missouri, and from the Assembly of
Wisconsin, for various purposes. Severally referred.
Petitions also presented-by Messrs. BLACK, RIVES,
TALLMADGE, and WALL; and severally referred.
Mr. PRESTON, on leave, introduced a bill explana
tory of the act regulating pay and emoluments of urevet |
Officers. Read twice and referred to the Committee on
Militarv Affairs. .
Mi. SEVIER reported a bill for the relief of James ;
Murphy. Read and ordered to a second reading.
Mr. TIPTON, froin the Committee on Railroads and
Canal*, reported a bill granting appropriations (amount
ing to about 81,100.000) for the extension of the Cum
berland road through 01no\ Indiana, and Illinois. Road
and ordered to a second reading.
Also, a bill for the relief of John H. Hall. Read and
ordered to be printed.
Mr. BLACK, on leave, introduced a bill giving effect
to the eiuhth article of the treaty of 1819. with Snain.
Read and referred to the Committee on Foreign Rela
Mr. YOUNG, from the Committee of Claims, report
ed a bill for the relief of Samuel Ferguson. Read and
ordered to a second reading.
Mr. ROBINSON gave notice that he should to-mor
row ask leave to introduce a bill for the relief of George
Davenport, of Rock Island.
Mr. CALHOUN, on loave, introduced a bill for tho
relief of Captain Samuol Wallace. Read and referred.
Bill for the relief of H. J. Pickering. Read a third
time and passed.
Bill authorizing Peter Warner to purchuse a certain
half section of land in Illinois. Read a third time and
Bill to restrain the issue of small notes in the District
of Columbia, csme up in speacial order.
Mr WRIGHT having explained tho object of the
bill, and suggested certain amendments,
Mr. CLAY, of Kentucky, moved a postponement of
further consideration till the second Monday in January,
which, on taking the question, was lost. Yeas 14, nays
Some discussion srose on certain proposed amend
ments, pending which the Senate
TnunsDAY, December 21.
Mr. PATTON of Virginia, asked the consent of
} the House to offer a resolution.
Mr. ADAMS objected.
Mr. PATTON moved a suspension of the Rules,
in order to enable hiin to offer ihe resolution.
Mr. CUSHMAN called for the yeas and nays;
which were ordered.
Mr. BIDDLE asked if ihe resolution was debata
ble I ? .
The CHAIR replied that, when introduced, it
I would become so, but was not so now.
i The vole for the suspension of the Rules, to enable
Mr. Paiton to make his motion, was decided by yeas
and nays. Yeas 135,, Nays <W.
So the Rules were suspended.
Mr. PATTON then offered the following resolu
tion: , .
"Resolved, That all petitions, memorials and pa
pers touching the abolition of slavery, or the buying,
; celling df transferring of slaves in any State, Div
i trict or Territory of ihe United States,be laid npon
i the table without being debated, printed, read, or re
I ferred, and that no further action whatever shall bs
; had thereon."
The resolution having been read, and the question
I upon it propounded frotn the Chair?
Mr. PATTON said that this resolution was of
l fered in the spirit of peace and harmony. It in
. volved, so far as he himself was concerned, and so
1 far as concerned some portion of the representatives
1 of slaveholding Stales, a concession which they neld
to b_* very considerable. He considered it however
as a timely saciifice to ihe peace .ind harmony of the
country. He hoped that the effect would be to allay,
not to exasperate and excite, agitaUon and angry
feeling. The de.ire of those with who.* concur
rence (bis resolution w.u> uttered, w?s, lo extinguish,
and no( to kindle the il-iine of discord and excite
ment in the country. In ??eh ? spirit, without a
word of comment, or giving utterance to one of those
emotions which were awetliug in hi? bosom, at the
recollections of the scenes of yesterday, he should
do on this that which h?t bad never done before,
since he had been a member of that House, move
the previous question.
Mr. ADAMH rose, and remarked that the gen
tleman from Virgiuia had b'en permitted to make
remarks, iu introducing his resolution, and?
[Here Mr. Adams was interrupted by loud cries
of order, and the Speaker pronouncing him out of
order, whilst a motkm fur the previous question
was depending ]
Resumed bis seat.
The call for the previous question was seconded
by a rote, by tellers: 144 ayes, noes not counted.
The ouestion then recurring, " Shall the main
question oe now pot I"
Mr. CALHOUN, of Massachusetts, asked for the
yeas snd nays, wluch were ordered, snd the question
decided in the affirmative. Yeas Its, nays S3.
[ When Mr. NVisc's name wss cslled, he rose, snd
said he preferred lo be excused from voting on this ques
tion at sli. He was in the Hall, and if not excused should
vote yea. And ihe chair decaled that be could not now
be excused, ss the request should have beeu made be
fore Ihe division was ordered. Mr. W. then answered
yba ]
Tbc main question, being thus ordered, wss put on
the sdoption of the resolution, snd was dccidtd iu the
affirinstive by the following vote ;
YEAS?Messrs. Andeiaon, Andrews, Atherton,
Destty, Beirne, Uicknell, UtrdsaU, Boon, liouldin, Brod
head, Bruyn, Unclianan, John Cslhoon, Cambreleng,
William B. Campbell, John Cantpbell, T. J. Carter,
Win U. Carter, Cssey, Chapman, Cheatham, Cilley,
Claiborne, Cleveland, Coles, Clowney, Craig, Crockett,
Cushinsn, Deberry, DeGrsff, Dennis, Dromgoole, Ed
wards, Fsrrtngton, FairlWld, Cry, J. Garland, J. Graham,
Grantiand, Graves, Hsininond, HsrUn, Harrisnp,
Hawes, Hawkins, Hsynes, Hulsey, Holt, Hopkins,
Howsrd, Hubley, W'm. H Hunter, Jabez Jackson,
Joseph Johnson, Win. C. Johnson, John W. Jones,
Kemblc, Klmgenstnilh, I<swler, Legsre, I<ogan, Looims,
I.yon, Msllory, James M. Mason, Martin, Maury,
Msy, McKay, Robert McClellan, A. McClellan, Mc
Clure, McKun, Mercer, Miller, Mootgoinery, Moore,
Morgan, S. W. Morris, Muhlenberg, Murray, Noble,
Palmer, Parker, Patton, Paynter, Pennybacker, l'e
trikeu, Phelps, Pope, Pratt, f'rentiss, Reily. Rencher,
Robertson, A. H. Sheppend, C. Shepard, Shields,
Snyder, Southgste, Spcncer, Stanly, Stewart, Stone,
Taliaferro, Taylor, Thompson, Titus, Turney, Under
wood, Vail, Wsgener, Week*, Jolin While, Thoinss
T. Whittlesey, Lewis Williams* Hberrod Williams,
Jsred W. W illiams, Joseph L. Williams, Christopher
H. Williams, Yell?122.
NAYS?Messrs. Alexander, Heman Allen, John W.
Allen, Biddle, Bond, Borden, llrigga, Bronson, William
B. Cslhoun, Chancy, Coffin, Corwin, Cianston, Curtis,
Cushnig, Darlington, Davies, Duncan, Dunn, Evsns,
Everett, Ewing, Richard Fletcher, Isaac Fletchcr, Fill
more, Foster, Goode, W. Graham, Grennell, Haley,
Hall, Haincr, Hastings, Henry. Herod, Hoffman, Ing
ham, Kilgore, Leadbetter Lincoln, Marvin, Ssinson
Msson, Maxwell, McKennan, Mllligan, Matthias Morris,
Calvary Morris, Nsylor, Noyes, Ogle, Parker, Parinen
ter, Patterson, Peck, Phillips, Polls, Pbtter, Randen,
Randolph, Reed, Kidgway, Russell, Sheffer, Sheplor,
Sibley, Slade, Smith, Stratton, Tillinghast, Toland,
Toucey, Webster, Albert S. White, Elislia Whittlesey,
So the resolution was agreed to.
When the roll was about being eallcd, Mr. DUN
CAN, of Ohio, asked if he would no in order to state
the reasons, at that time, for the vote he should give 1
The CHAIR responded in the negative.
When Mr Adams nsme was called, he arose, and,
amidst cries of order, insde the following statement :
" I hold the resolution to he a violation of the Con
stitution of the United States, of the right of my consti
tuents, and of the people of the United Slates to peti
tion, snd of my right to freedom of speech, as a member
of this House.
Mr SAWYER, of North Csrolina, ssked to be ex
cused from voting when his name was cslled.
The CHAIR decided that the request was not msde
in the proper lime.
Mr. WISE did not vote on the question at all, but
rose and remarked lliat he was here. He did not hold it
as a proper question for him, as the representative of
his coustitoents, to vole upon.
Mr ADAMS (sfierthe Clerk had read over the lint,)
remarked that he did not hesr his name recorded. He
asked lo have his answer recorded.
The SPEAKER ssid ihe only answer that could be
given to the call wss Ayt or No.
Mr. ADAMS moved ihst his answer be entered upon
the Journal as he gave it.
The CHAIR decided that such motion was not in
Mr ADAMS requested that his request and the
Speaker's decision be recorded ss s part of the Journal. ?
The debate on the resolutions of Mr. Haynes, of
Georgia, as proposed to bestnerided by Mr Cushing, of
Massachusetts, wss resumed in Committee of the
Whole, (Mr. Adams in the Chair,) and continued briefly
by Mr. Ewing, of Indiana, and at greater length by Mr.
Underwood, of Kentucky.
Mr. Underwood having concluded his remarks?
Mr. SAWYER, of North Carolina, addressed the
committee especially on the delays which hsd prevented
the sailing of the Exploring Expedition, and generally
on existing abuses in the Navy Department, which ho
represented ss going headlong to ruin, owing to the ut
ter incompetency snd mismanagement of the present
Secretary, whom ho accused of hostility to the increase
and prosperity of that branch of the national defence,
and of a system of favoritism which had disgusted our
naval officers, and threatened to drive them from the
scrvicc. Mr. S. indicated his intention of following up
this attsck, by hereafter introducing a resolution pro
posing a thorough inquiry into the condition and ma
nagement of the Navy.
The committee then rose, on motion of Mr. POT
TER. of Pennsylvania, who, of course, hss ihe floor for
The SPEAKER laid before the House a commu
nication from the Architect of the Public Buldings,
in relation to the plan of an edifice for the Depart
ment of Slate and the General Post Office; which,
on motion of Mr. LINCOLN, was referred to the
Committee on ihe Public Buildings.^
Also, a communication from the Secretary of the
Treasury, on the subject of insolvent debtors; which
was laid on the tabic, and ordered to be printed.
Sundry bills from the Sanate received their first
and second reading, and were appropriately re
On motion of Mr. GARLAND,
Retained, That the Committee on Revolutionary
Claims ba instructed to inquire into the expediency
of so amending the act of trie 5th of July, 183*2, "pro
viding for liquidating and paving certain claims of
the State of Virginia," as to embrace officers enti
tled to five vcars' full pay in lieu of half pay for life:
and the said committee be further instructed lo in
quire into the expediency of providing for the pay
ment of such judgments as have been, or may here
after b?, recovered against the Stale of Virginia, for
half pay.or commutation pay under the act of the
Legislature of Virginia of Mav, 1779.
On motion of Mr. GARLAND,
Rcsolred, Thai the Committee for Ihe District of
Columbia ba instructed to inquire into Ihe present
stale of the currency within said District, ana report
to this House such "measures as may ba necessary in
their opinion to improve Its condition.
Mr. SMITH, from the Committee on Commerce,
reported a resolution that ihe Clerk cause 5,000 co
pies of the designs for marine hospitals on the West
ern waters to ba lithographed; which was agreed to
by the House.
The resolution herelofore offered, calling on the
Postmaster General for returns in relation to the ex
press mail, newspapers, &c. was agreed to.
Mr. TAYLOR'S resolution to inquire into the ex
pediency of amending the pension laws, was also
taken up.
Mr. CUSHMAN offered an amendment thereto;
pending the consideration of which
The House adjou.ned.
Mr. POPE, of Kentucky, has been appointed to
fill the vacancy in Ihe Committee of Wavs and
Means, occasioned by ihe resignation of Mr. Fletch
er, followed by the declensions of Mr. Briggs and
Mr. Everett.
Fridav. Dec. 22.
Reports received from the Secretary of ihe Trea
sury relating lo proposed plans for the relief of cer
ain insolvent deb or* to the U. States.
Also?in obedience to a resolution of the 13th
inst. relative to the receipts of Ihe Land officers and
the claims for pre-emption rights.
Severally laid on the table and ordered to be
Mr. CLAY, of Kentucky, pres nted the petition
of tiro citizens of the District of Colnumbia, praying
remuneration for money lost by improper a dm is
mods of ihe Postmaster into the city poat offlce.
Refer red U? iU C\uniuiUec on Port office- ?
Mr. KliNQ |irwnt?l the petitions of R. H. Rott
ins<,m and others for relief. Referred.
Mr. ALLEN presented petition* of Ann Flynn,
also, of Daniel Germain, wvaraMjr for grants of land.
On motion of Mr. GRUNDY, the Committee
on.the Judiciary were discharged bom the further
consideration of the petition of C. Corning and the
same referred to the Committee on Patents.
Mr. GRUNDY froinihe same Committer report
ed a bill for the relief of Thomas A. Smith
Read and ordered to a second reading
Mr. R0BIN80N, ou leave, introduced a bill for
the relief of G<sorge Davenport, of Rock Island,
Missouri, ,
Read and referrei to Committee on Public
Lands. ? .
On motion of Mr. HUBBARD, the Committee
on Claims were discharged from ih? further con
sideration of the petition of Amos Jones and the
Referred to Committee on Prirate Land Claims.
Resolved, On motion of Mr. CLAY, of Kyn that
when the Senate adjourn, it be to Tuesday nesl
Mr. YOUNG from the Committee on Claims re
ported that the petition of Jno. Bronson, of Buffalo,
for remuneration for property destroyed by the ene
my, iu 1813, during the late war, be rejected.
Bill for the relief of Capt. Samuel Warren.
Read and ordered to be engrossed for a third read
1'he consideration of the bill to suppress the issue
of small notes in the District of Columbia, was then
resumed. _ , . .
An amendment offered by Mr. King was adopted.
After some remarks by Messrs. SMI 1H, ol Indi
ana, and MORRIS,
Mr. PRESTON moved a recommittal of the &11
to the Committee on the Dist. ol Columbia.
This motion was advocated bv Mr. CLAY, of
Ky., and opposed by Mr. BROWN, ROANE and
Friday, Dec. 22.
After the reading of the Journal,
Mr. ADAMS rose and said that he perceived in
the reading of the Journal, that his answer to the
call of his name, did not appear.
The SPEAKER said the gentleman did not *n
swer yea or nay to his name.
Mr. ADAMS, lurther remarked that he had re
quested his motion to insett the answer to be insert
ed, with the answer in the Journal; and this request
he renewed. . ,
Mr. A. reduced the motion and answer to writing
as follows r . ^
To insert after the yeas and nays, on the adoption
of the resolution relating to abolition petitions, the
follow ing : The name ol Mr. Adams neing called,
he answered,il I hold the resolution to b-i a violation
of the Constitution o? the United States, of the right
of my constituents, and of the People of the United
States to petition, and of my right to freedom of
.specch, as a member of this House."
On motion of
Mr. BOON, the motion to amend the Journal was
laid on the table. ,
Mr CAMBUELENG from the Committee of
Way." and Means, reported a bill making appropria
tions for certain fortifications in the United States
'"'Also, a bill making appropriations for the support
of the Artnv for 1H38.
Mr. CAMBRELENG from the same committee
reported the Senate bill to remit the duties on mer
chandise destroyed by fire in the city ol New York,
without amendment ; which was committed.
Mr. E WHITTLESEY from the Committee on
Claims, reported a Senate bill for the reliel ol pas
tus Fairbanks ; with various other private bills re
ported were committed.
Mr RUSSELL from the same committee, report
ed a bill for the relief of Nathaniel Gordon, and
01 M*r SMITH from the Committee on Commerce,
reported a bill lot the relief of Winthrop Pearce and
? Mr SMITH, from the same Committee, reported
a bill for the relief of Squirs Stern ; also,
A bill foi tl>*> reorganisation ol the Treasury Depart
ment; all which wan committed.
Mr. SMITH eiplained, that th?. last is the ssme bill
which waa reported previously in Congress end unacted
upon, and the same which the Secretary of the 1 ressu
rv, in hid annual report, recommends. He moved thai
it be made the special order for the 1st day, Wednes
day, of January, and that it have precedence of all other
business from that day. ,, ,
Mr 'WHITTLESEY hoped we should not embarrass
ourselves with any more s|*cisi orders.
Mr. SMITH withdrew the motion, and the bill ana
the accompanying documents were ordered to be printed.
Mr. SMITH, from the same Committee, reported a
bill providing for the employment of bovs in the N'?vsl
service of the United Slates ; read twice and committed.
Also, the Senate bill to allow a drawb^vk o?i hemp
and cordage mauulketured ; without amendment.
Also a resolution for the printing of 2,000 copies of
Porter's report on Weights and Measures.
Also a bill msking appropriations for the erection ot
a Marine Hospital at Portland Harbor, Maine.
Mr CUSHMAN, from the same committee, re
ported a bill for the relief of the owners of the
schooner Three Brothers, and a bill lor the relief of
Moses Merritt, which was twice read and com
'"Tgreat number of private bills were reported
further particulars of which will be given hereaf er.
On motion of Mr. BRONSON, it was ordered
that, when the House adjourns, il adjourn to meet
^MrSN^DER ob'.ained the following resolution,
W WMffirerf^^haf t'he memorials and resolutions of
the State of Illinois, heretofore presented to Con
gress, on the subject of the continuation and location
of the Cumberland rosd through Illinois, lu referred
to the Committee on Roads and Canals.
private bills.
On motion of Mr. E. WHITTLESEY, the House
went into committee of the whole on several private
blA number of prisate bills were reported, and or
dered to a third reading?an account of which will
b2 given hereafter. ,
The House then adjourned to Tuesday ?
The Rev. Henry Slicer, (Chaplain to the Senate,)
by Divine permission will preach in the Capitol to
EMS OF BEAU I Y,for 1838 - A splendid Souvenir
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