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The Madisonian. [volume] (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1837-1845, December 25, 1837, Image 3

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>-"*? 1 1 mmmb-o* killed by
naniM About 36 are ??'* Thebruial way the
w conciliate. The
Kv paper, ^^'SSSSJK
?Wewere gratified, nawsoo o< ?he 15th regi
v?a srijs& <*??-?
nient, r*?lu?* at l"* *f*J . quarter*?various
marehing UP.K,[J* t rifles, muskets and pilch forks.
lv armed with P'he*> mWen in arms and secured
2"h near 60cuJ-?h'-J> Z^y a boggard,
bv one long F???of vagabonds, fined lor evil deed*,
ill-looking crew u^ ga appearance of unfit
vet did some of them ?w rourder, and
utSS '?r,b?lraie sincerely tope from conlrit'on
wept bitterly ( . named were captured, being
The Pr,*'n'X fc??la of Montgomery's Tavern,
runaways from the " . da,e, a Yankee, and aon
Their cffi*** ^ for wh?we apprehension a re
in I'* 'pounds is offered. He seems
ward of ftve hundred poub^ These thieves and
perfectly aw'r hunted like mad dogs, & will no
murderers are now h ijklyHiaiany three
doub: every one b~na?en, h ? j { fleeing
of them are now findable Swere born, and their
-fttssj^aaassis-iv^
eral Genitor'' McMicking, Price
Thorburn, Prim Durand of Hamilton, oud some
,he attorney, Chas_UurThe belng poured
SSleeUon.
3SSd?Sb? laid by as winter provender for
%r^vTo??s
ada patriots' aUyconnecUon with tbe illegal
??? "> <"*,nd ,kl?r'y
D The Vuiunleer fore? ??
ry. BjII* are cas!f"t( ^oroached from Ihe Canada
Island is not easily _ PP ^ tha( si(Je parties are
shore, though it is nea Patriot cause from
;T.?d^T?erS ?d BrW.h. The Baff.k,
&i?il?' moral..*,
"A gentleman who left Fort tr e
? very busy, ?ndU.tr.ptook
"SS for .he patriots, M dlsapprovi-S
?fS^'c'S.'-i Eustaf he, i. appears brae
L< w?a canah* was*nearly destroyed.?
ff-ttrr; <%\ZT* have*! K
ri^hWfr5ofthe rovtlswere killed in the action. A
"PP"?1 to, 1s
Lnd Chen er U is assumed, are killed. The ?ene
nf havoc and murder is described as most revolting,
even'nthe letters of the royalists themselves.-??.
Star. 1
Correspondence of the New-York Daily Express.
Buffalo, Dec 16,1837, )
Half past 2 o'clock. )
T have this moment arrived from the Navy lsland.
n-n Van Renselaer, McKenzie,Gorhamand Rolph
% there. The force in this place is abmrt GOO pro
h.blv 630?with 4 piecca oi artillery, (3 bra^s. ix
Sers,' and 1 "nine pounder.) About 4 o'clock
this afternoon, 36 men, with a six pound brass field
piece mobiles of ball catridges one birrelofpow
Tr, and from 50 to 100 lbs , of shrf^ came from the
Government forccs near the Chiprewa. They say
that positive adviccs have reached Chippewa that
the iLtndjn District forces, to the humber of 100P,
nr.- on their march to join Rolph a''he ca"!??l"5?. ;
(>iir citizens for a day or two past, faultered in their
countenance to the Patriots, but tt^day
Cnntributions, men, &c. flow '9 th,e
McKenzie has established a provincial government
on Navy Island. The mail is just closing.
[ We have received the above from a
who gives us his name, but with whom we have not
the pleasure of an acquaintance.]?Eds
From tkt Courier and Enquirer.
LOWER CANADA.
We have Montreal dales to the 14th in?t. In the
Herald of that day we are presented with extracts from
the private correspondence found among the P*!*?0'
l)r Wolfrcd NeiUon at St. Denw. One of the letter
is from Papiseau, under date of the 7ih ult., and o
this we translate an extract, which may thown tome
light on the views and expectations of the iinsurgents
? The assitation commences in Upper Canada,
disocntrnt there is deeply seated The reformers are
persuaded that, although they are in a great numerical
'iidioritv, Ihc unequal distributions of a representation,
in ?h.c"h the small towns elect more representatives than
the large counties, and which thus enables the Lxecu
tive to purchase an apparent majority in the legislature
against the actual majority in the countrv, irritates them
so deeply that I should not be surprised if they should
rush into an earlier resistance than is generally anticipa
tor I see that with them, as with us, without conceit,
and without a comparison of views, iheir young men
are procuring arms, and accustoming themselves to
their use. The excitemeni is intense. They wish to
send a deputation of seven members to a convention, or
as thev call it a Congress of the t .vo provinces, in wt)'cn
they should prepare a project of a purely democratic
constitution,ind tell England that ih.s is what we mu.t
have under her administration, if we have justice?and
independently of her if she will not concede it. As
for myself, 1 am of opinion that our plan of non-con
?uinption and agitation, which will render the expenses
of the colonv more burdensome to England, by the ne
cessity of an increased military force, and the diminution
of her commerce, is by far the best policy to puraue for
the present. Continue to push it as vigorously as you
14 A letter to Dr. Nelson from his son, a lad or 14, a
pupil of St. Hyacinth College, d.ted the 21st of October,
Indicates that'the boy has been thoroughly imbued with
the doctrines of his father.
" I wish," he says, "that it will do well and without
anv noise, except with the other side which I hate very
much. I believe that the prediction by that man named
l!our<'coi, will be accomplished, which is that the pro
vince"would be all covered with blood and dead bodies.
On this the Herald remarks, that "deathon the scar
fold is the best example that such a rather can give to
such a child." This is a fair specimen of the temper
of the ultra Tory Canadian press; and if the punish
ment of the insurgeuts is followed up in the cold blood
ed policy which is recommended, there can be little
reason to doubt on which side the sympathies orcivilza
tion will ultimately attach.
PROCLAMATION.
Ihj WILLIAM L. MARL Y, Governor of Ike StaU
of New York.
Whereas information has been received that an
armed body of men is assembled at or near the city
"I Buffalo, with the avowed intention of taking part
in the disturbances which prevail in the neighboring
province of Upper Canada, and that similar move
ments are to be apprehended in other parts of the
S-ate adjoining the province of Lower Canada; and
whereas any attempt to set on foot such military ex
peditions or entcrprizes is in direct violation of the
laws of the land and of the relations of amity sub
siding between the Kingdom of Great Brita.n and
the United States:
I do hereby call upon the persons who may be as
sembled or who may design to assemble, as aforesaid,
to desist from their unlawful proceedings, and upon
the citizens of this State to co-operate with the offi
cers and magistrates of the United States in their ef
forts to suppress all such violations of law, and lo
bring the offender? to punishment. I do also enjoin
ujK>n the good people of this State to abstain from
all illegal interference with the domestic concerns
of the said Provinces, and they arc hereby cautioned
not to allow their feelings of sympathy for those
? ho, for political causes, have fled from other coun
tries and taken refuge in our own, to mislead them
into any infraction of the laws, or of those principles
of neutrality which it is the duty of the government
to maintain in relation to the dissensions, whether
external or domestic, of foreign states.
Given under my hand and the great seal of
IL S 1 theState.at Albany, this nineteenth day of
' December, one thousand eight hundred
and thirty-seven.
W.L. MARCY.
By the Governor,
J"tis A. Dix, Secretary of State.
Dituno.?The Pennsylvania Convention has
.adopted as a part or the Constitution, which they are
to lay b.'fore the people for their adoption, a clause
disfranchising all persons who may bj engaged in
dueling, cither as principals or seconds.
THE MADISONIAN.
WASHINGTON CITY.*
MONDAY. DECEMBER *4. 1837.
OrriO B SIBBET, IITWBIN NINTH AMU TBNTN.
In THOII THIN0* WMICB ABB BHBNTIAL, L8T THBSB
?B UNITY'?IN NON-BSSBNTUM, UBBBTT, AND IN AU
THINUI C NAB ITT.?Augutlxn.
CHRISTMAS.
Festivals, whether religious or political, hare at
all times, exerted vast influence over the moral* and
the destinies of nations. While ve continue to ce
lebrate the birth-day of our Independence, or the fes
tival of our Thanksgiving to God for (he bounties of
His Providence, ve shall remain a nation of free
men, and of Christians; and freedom wheresoever
it exists is but the handmaid of Christ Unity.
We shall not dole out a homily on this subject, but
simply make the passing remark that the two great
rival sects of Christians in this country keep this fes
tival in a different manner; while the one solem
nises it alone by religious services, the other, in ad
dition, celebrates it aAer the manner of the country
iYom which it was derived, in " edible and potable
ceremonies' which seem (to borrow the language of
an Englishauthor,) to have survived all the others, or
constitute the sole portions that are observed with
any of the ancient zeal."
The unnatural associations of religion and revel
ry, with which the nativity of our Saviour is thus
celebrated, strikes a sober and reflecting mind as a
little inconsistent; we could wish, that one or the
other might be dispensed with; or rather, we could
wish they were " divorced." As to the hilarity of
the festival, thus disconnected, we are tar from rais
ing any objection, though we think (without being
fastidious or invidious,) its foreign origin, (accord
ing to the same author we have quoted,) is not very
flattering to the people of our country, and furnishes
not a very cogent reason for continuingthe customs:
" Our old Christmas gambols and tumultuous revel
ries, (says the author,) like the Saturnalia from
which they were borrowed, were only destined to
reconcile the people U their habitual wretchedness and
dig rod alion by a short season of riot I They derived
their great attraction from the poverty and privation
of the inferior classes, who rarely tasted fresh meat
in summer, while in winter, their best fare was salt
ed ling and other coarse fish, which even in noble
men's families was the ordinary diet of the servants.
The greater the hardships and oppression of life
the more intense is the delight of their transient for
ge'.fulness, whether it proceed from the drunkenness
of the bowl, or the intoxication of the holyday
mirth."
We must not omit a passing reference to one of
the ancient rites of this festival, viz: that " on the
vigil, or preceding eve of Christmas, it was custom
ary to light up candles of an uncommon size, and
lay a log of wood upon the fire called "Yule-log,
to illuminate the house, and, as it were, turn night
into day." -.
We shall conclude our observance of the day by
the following bouquet, plucked from the " Hespe
rides" of our old friend Herrick.
CEREMONIES FOR CHRISTMAS.
Come bring with a noise, my merry, merry boys
A Christmas log to the firing,
For my good dame?she bids ye all go free,
And drink to your heart's desiring.
With the last years brand?light the new block, and
For good success in his spending
Our psaltries play?that sweet luck may
Come while the log is teending.
Drink now the strong beare, cut the white loaf here,
The while the meet is shredding,
For the rare mince-pie, and the plums stand by,
To fill the paste that's a kneeding.
THE STATES.
We have now received the messages of the
Governors of nine of tlte States, viz : of New
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio. Indiana, Ken
tucky, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and
Louisiana, 'l'hey are generally, characterized
by ability and spirit?all of them except one
defend the credit system, and but one of them
all approves of the measure of divorcing the
government from the batiks. The exception
is the Governor of Alabama, who also employs
an elaborate argument against the constitu
tionality of a National Bank. What a signal
illustration of the unpopularity of the Sub
treasury scheme !
We now predict, in the fullest confidence,
that when we shall receive returns from each
of the States at the approaching sessions of
the several legislatures, it will be found that
the Sub-treasury scheme is approved by the
Governors of but five States out of the twenty
six! Those five will be New Hampjhire,
Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi and Alaba
ma. The Governors of those States which
are counted on with much confidence by the
friends of the new scheme, to wit, Connec
ticut, New York, Illinois and Virginia, if not
Michigan, we feel prepared to say are also
opposed to it, and will doubtless express their
disapproving sentiments when the proper oc
casion arrives,
Are any moro indications wanting of the
unbounded and unprecedented unpopularity
of the Sub-treasury scheme T
NOTHING MARVELLOUS.
The Globe of the 20th inst. has furnished
much matter for speculation, though nothing
very marvellous, because characteristic. Is
not the reason why this Official is so much in
the secret of all the movements of the opposi
tion, that, before it took its present name and
shape, it belonged to, was in full communion
with, and a confidential adviser, nay the con
science-keeper, of one of the principal, and
now the most prominent, segment of that "pie
bald party ?"
If our historical reading have not grossly
misled us, the editor of the Gh?bc in
cludes within his "fifteen years service in the
cause of democracy," the support of Henry
Ci.at during his first presidential candida
ture,?a support not less warm and zealous,
than the supporter's simultaneous opposition to
nil Mr. Clays competitors, was bitter and fe
rocious, "calfulated to ulcerate the affections
of the West against them." But if the
Official ever surpassed himself in the charac
teristic attributes of his "rhetorick," it was af
ter the failure of his "court party," when he
turned the mace of authority against "John
CATILINE Calhoun," as he bitterly bapti
sed him. And now who is this same "John
Catiline Calhoun ?" and what is the identi
cal Henry Clay ? "Which is the thief, and
which the justice!"
Now the unnifuld question very naturally
armcs, whether Mr. Calhoun is th# incarnate,
which the "Organ" distinguished by the con
fidence and favour of the adminiatration haa
constantly (since it was first organized up to
September last,) described, exhibited, paint
ed, branded, drawn, quartered, and gibbetted,
"By Authority" on the scaffold of the Globe,
and wrapped in ita "dirty" winding sheet?"
I( he be the same "Great Deacribed and Pro
scribed" of the rhetoric of the Globe, cannot
the Adminiatration thus eaaily account for the
extensive "desertion" of "rank and file," upon
"Catiline's" espousing ita cause T When
Barnabas Bidwell joined the party, said Roan
oke, I quit it. But really, if the "Rhetori
cian'' has only been playing Saul of Tarsus
for no small portion of "fiiteen years" and per
secuting the immaculate "Catiline" even un
to political death, and nullification, should he
not now confess and renounce at least some
of his "errours of fact and opinion (doubtless
unintentional,") which he haa so long preach
ed to the world, more especially the Republi
can party,?as gospel-truths against this new
born idol, the Grand Lama, and the Golden
Calf of Democracy ?
In a word, to whom do the'unutterable vices
and crimes, attributed by the Globe to its
"Catiline," belong ? Must they not belong
either to the editor or the "conspirator V" If
they belong to the latter, is he a fit Joshua for
the Administration ? If to the former, is he
worthy of being "distinguished by its confi
dence and favor?" The tyrant Mexentius
lashed the living to the festering dead ; but is
not such a fate?if the columns of the Globe
be not apocryphal?far preferable to the alter
native that tlircatens the administration, of be
ing lashed the living Libeller, or political lep
er ? w;
BRIBERY AND CORRUPTION.
Those who charge the people with bribery
in the late elections, and the " Conservatives"
with collusion and corruption, will do well to
observe the moat in their own eye. We cau
tion the Sub-treasury sub-servatives in regard
to their present proceeding. We have a rod
in pickle which we would not use, if tempted
not?and therefore file this "noticeof set
off," refraining from furnishing a "bill of par
ticulars" until it is determined whether the
sub-tervoiives will enter a " discontinuance."
No " staving off." The docket of the " Court
of Errors" must be cleared !
The Eastern Arous of the 19th instant,
is unkind ; for though it has surrendered the
State to the Whigs, have ever reproached
it with " treachery ?" We charitably looked
upon it only as tho misfortune of its vast in
fluence! Dives warned his friends against
" emigrating" where he sojourned: the Argus
with like benevolence, under similar circum
stances, has given a like warning to the De
mocratic party. May it profit by the admo
nition !
Ejiract from the " Resources of the British Empire."
By John Bristed, 1811.
?? Perhap* it might be allow?bte to notice a mistake
respecting the condition of France, which is now
travelling pretty generally over the Union. The
American merchants and captains of vessels on their
return to this country from France uniformly report
that much specie but scarcely any paper money is in
circulation through the French Empire; and "there
fore " say the class of poliiicians whose opinions are
now under consideration, " since France has plenty
ot money and in coin and no paper, and since Bri
tain has no money in specie and large quantities of
paper currency, France is richer than Britain!
a E. D. . ?
But this very palpable non-xquilv r originates in an
extreme unacquaintance with the most obvious
truth* and the very fundamental principles of poli
tical economy. For the substitution of paper money
in the room of specie is one of those great improve
ments which necessarily takes place in a country
where credit and confidence are established by a
steady and equitable administration of justice; pro
tecting private property, and giving scope to com
mercial enterprize. It substitutes a cheap for a dear
instrument with which to carry on the operations of
trade; it leaves a large quantity of specie to he em
ployed in those branches of foreign commerce where
specie is absolutely necessary; it abridges time and
labor, and thus facilitates and quickens commercial
transactions; since a check for a hundred thousand
dollars may be signed in a minute; whereas it would
consume a whole day to count out that sum in spe
cie. See this subject fully explained in Dr. Smith's
" Wealth of Nations." Book 2d, chapter 3d.
Accordingly those nations which arc best govern
ed, which have the most internal liberty combined
with the most extensive commercial enterprise, use
the least quantity of specie, and the most paper cur
rency in their transactions. In Britain and in the
United Suites, the only two countries in the world
where there are any pretensions to a regular admi
nistration of justice, the merchants trade on credit,;
because they have sufficient confidence in each
other's integrity and in the laws of their respective
countries for enforcing the payment of just debts.
But among the French, Italians and Russians, there
is little or no commercial credit. But commercial
credit is the origin and support of paper money;
whence in Britain, where commercial credit stands
higher than any where else, specie is less frequently
seen in circulation, and paper money constitutes
nearly the whole medium of exchange in that coun
try. In the United States, where commerce, before
it was for a while destroyed, and at all events per
manently crippled by the emtirgo laid on in Decem
ber 1807, followed hard upon the lootsteps of British
trade in extent and importance; there was propor
tionally rather more specie in circulation than in
Britain ; but if the trade of this country shall ever
revive and be increased beyond its former ?ixe, spe
cie will be more and more withdrawn from the home
market, and paper currency will supply its place.
In the British dominions bordering on the Union,
namely, in Canada, Nova Scotia and New Bruns
wick before the American embargo had lulled to
sleep the commerce of the United States, gold and
silver were the common cuncncy, and little or no
paper money was to be seen ; but now, since the em
bargo has poured a vast and a continually increasing
flood of trade and wealth into those colonies has
quadrupled their annual exports, as the official docu
ments now before mc testify; banks tegin to be es
tablished and paper money to be substituted for spe
cie Will the politicians whose inferences are now
in question, conclude from these facts that the colo
nies were richer than these United Slates, because
before the embargo they had more specie than paper
money-and also that these colonies, since the em
bargo has so incalculably augmented their trade, ca
pital and productive industry, are poorer than Uiey
were before; because they have now less gold and
silver, and more paper money in circulation !
In Fiance at ihi, time, (:1m? clone of 1840) tbe
transfers oI money uic nuds cbit;fly in specie, very
little paper bdng seen in circulation j because credit
u utmost stifled in that country by the detpotism of the
Qovernaient which renders all private property iuse
mn- 'n Algiers alto, tbe government of which U
nearly a* oppressive as that of France, the medium
of exchange consists almost entirely of gold and sil
ver. The reason of this is obvious. H it beam*
despotism and credit art incompatible; for who will
voluntarily trust him whom no one can compel to pay
his debts 1 Hence the absurdity of supposing that an
old enslaved country can ever become extensively com
wcial. The rigours of despotism must be soAened
before ever the germ of sn extended trade can be
planted; before credit, which is the troe aliment of
commerce, can ripen, or even strike root Into tbe
soil.
In Russia the government has long endeavored to
create and foster an extensive commerce; but all the
attempts of the Muscovite monarchs, from the First
Peter down to the present Alexander, have been in
effectual; and a scanty trade, together with a circu
lation consisting chiejly of specie, continues to mock
Heir attempts to unite despotism with commercial cre
dit- In order to establish that mercantile confidence
which alone can substitute paper currency in the
room of specie, for the purpose of carrying on the
ordinary money trausactionsof that empire, the Rus
sian government must give a much greater security
to 'he life, liberty, and property of its people than
can possibly be found in the contents of a ukase, or
Imperial Decree, published by the uncontrolled will
of the Sovereign, or at the interested suggestion of
his courtiers. Bonaparte and Alexander may con
tinue/or a while to be great military powers, by con
tinuing to oppress their people, and to sacrifice the
happiness of their subjects to their own views of per
sonal ambition; but it is not in their power by all
their edicts and dfcress to enust commerce in the
SERVICE Or TYRANNY."
Many members of Congress have leA the city to
enjoy the Christmas holidays.
It will be perceived that many visiters present in
this city, are not much longer to be without amuse
ment. It is announced that the National Theatre
will open early in'January, with the appearance of
Mr. Vandtrhoff, who is well spolren of in the northern
papers.
Snow fell in this city, for the first time this season,
on Saturday night, to the depth of three or four
Inches. It makes our city bcll(e)s right merry.
The New York papers state that the command of
the Exploring Expedition has been tendered to and
accepted by Captain Luwrench Kearney.
A prosecution is pending in the New York courts
against a Thompsonian doctor, by the name of Frost.
The Star says Prosl's trial is likely to endure all
winter.
The wit of the Star enjoys a thaw.
The New York Daily News says it was quite
"boyish" in us "to get mad about the President's
Message."
It was very old womanish in the News to have
noticed it.
The Boston Post says "that not a Whig in all the
land is "jinuine," unless endorsed by James Watson
Webb."
So, there is not a democrat In all the land unless
endorsed by the editor of the Globe. But he don't
back us, although he has his saddle in hand.
Report says that a politician, after returning from
a laie and exciting debate in Congress, thrust his
head into the boot-jack and imagined he was draw
ing his boot!
The Portland (Mr.) Jeffersonian, an administra
tion paper, prefers a National Bank to the " Pet
Bank system."
It advocates an impossibility (the Sub-Treasury,)
to conceal, as many do, we mistrust, the real object
of its wishes.
Cot.. Ghdi.son of the House of Representatives,
from Mississippi, is we understand confined to his
room by indisposition.
If the Madisoniun had spent his time in
writing our name instead of writing against
our principles, he would have been much
better employed.?Ohio Statesman.
We never knew before that you had any
principles.
Fine sleighing at Erie, Pa., 16th inst.
A Salem (Mss.) paper calls us a "young
adventurer."
What sort of an argument is that against
the credit system ?
Petersburg, Dee. 22, 1837.
It has been, and still continues to be, as
sertcd that " the greatest inconvenience in the
recent system of depositing in the State
banks, was probably the overloading them
with funds, which should have been diffused
among a greater number of banks." Now, I
should like to hear or see the arguments by
which that assertion can bo made good. I
should like to hear or see the arguments and
factsby which it can be maintained that " the
recent system of depositing in the State
banks," would not have been far more offi?
cient, had the agency been confined to a
smaller number of banks. I should like to
hear or see the arguments and facts by which
it can be attempted to be maintained that the
State bank system, whether as the source of
currency or the instrument of conducting the
finances, would not be far more perfect and
cflicient, were the number of the Slate banks,
in each State, greatly reduced; wero the
practice, in nearly all the States, of establish
ing a new independent bank, on every justifi
ed or unjustified occasion of enlarging the
banking capital, abandoned ; were the num
ber reduced to one, and the system of branch
es, in each State, adopted, than it has hither
to been, or is likely to be in lime to come,
" with the multitude of them now existing."
Ditter experience fells that the State bank
system, with a large number of banks exist
ing in each State, is inadequate to the furnish
ing of a sound paper currency, and is liable
to frequent, deep, and protracted disturbances.
I have undertaken to show (by facts and argu
ments urged through the columns of this pa
per) the propriety and the necessity of re
ducing the number of the State banks, and
of adopting tho system of branches, instead
of creating isolated banks ; unless the State
bank system is to be abandoned, and some
other substituted. I flatter myself I have not
failed in my humble attempt to maintain my
position. I have already undertaken, either
in this paper, or formerly in the Richmond
Enquirer, to combat whatever (being worthy
of notice) I have any where seen put forth in
favor of the existence of " the multitude of
State banks now existing." I want some
thing new, and stronger, if it can be urged, to
go against. I respectfully invito its advocates
to set out (the rich feast, for I have a keen ap
petite for) the arguments and facts by which
they think themselves justified to continue to
support the existence of " the multitude of
State banks now existing." I respectfully in
vite those who have not reflected on or exam
ined the subject, to bestir their thoughts on it.
I respectfully invite to my propositions the
calm consideration of the press. It is highly
important that by it, the publie mind be agj
uted, in order that it be put right. And 1
want those who are in the habit ef making
assertions of similar import to that set out in
the beginning of this article, that assertion,
though not maintainable by argument, does
and will have its influence on the popular
opinion ; and that it i* of the first importance
on this subject to put right the popular opin
ion, by which alone the legislation of the
States can be controlled.
I beg leave to add that I have not now,
have never had, and never will have, any di
rect interest in any State bank. Right or
wrong, my views are n< t influenced by pecu>
niary interest in the matter. If I know my
self I am impelled by no consideration other
than the welfare of my country. C.
From ike Journal of Commerce.
Moss War upon Merchants.?The Legislature
of Mobile, by a vote of 79 to 96. have pawed a law
declaring the cotton commission business a franchise,
and prohibiting any person from exercising it with
out a license, accompanied by a bond of 890,000,
with at least two good sureties, for the faitbflil man
agement of his btisine&s. The act hascreated much
excitement in Mobile. It is to go into operation on
the 1st of February, at Tuscaloosa. A correspond
ent of the Mobile Advertiser says:?
This was an evil day for Mobile. The bill to
destroy the commission business of Mobile, passed
the House by a large majority. Every effort was
made to defeat it but in vain.
A grave question for the consideration of the citi
zens of Mobile presents it*elf upon a review of the
proceedings of the Legislature of Alabama upon
that bill. The first duty which we have to discharge
is to ourselves, and the next to our country?bo:h are
deeply involved in the consequences of tnat law in
tended as a restriction upon our trade, and the
grounds assigned for its passage in a grave debate in
the Halls of Legislation, call lor a response from a
free people. Mobile has been stigmatized by the
representatives of the sovereign people ol Alabama,
as the great workshop of corruption, and upon that
allegation is bxsed the restrictive measures presented
to the legislature as a steel trap in which tne rogues
are to be caught, while the friends of the proposition
hope to drive all honest men from a high and res
Sectable vocation called into existence and supported
y the planters of Alabama, the exercise of whose
voluntary patronage has been denied by the passage
of a bill of attainder in the House of Representatives
against the commission merchants of Mobile.
From, the (IV. Y.) Evening Star.
LATE FROM EUROPE.
By the packet ship Sheffield, Capt. Allen, we have
London papers to Nov. 7. and Liverpool to the 8th,
both inclusive.
Money Market, Nov. 6, Evening. Transactions
Consols unimportant, but the market firm. Closing
93 to 1-8, and for account 93 1-8 to J.
The elections were going on throughout France.
The friends of Lafitte, the banker, calculated on his
return.
Nothing from Don Carlos. The advanced guard
of Espartero is stated to have reached Pampcluna
on the 31st Oct.
LIVERPOOL, Monday, Nov. 6.?The cotton
market keeps up the same active spirit as last week,
and the prices of Saturday are fully supported. The
sales lo-aay are 5,000 bags.
Tuesday, Nov. 7.?The demand for cotton to-day
has been to a fair extent, with a steady market, and
a slight improvement on all descriptions of Ameri
can. The operations are estimated at 3,500 bags,
chiefly American, Gdto 7|d per lb.
The South America packet ship arrived at Liver
pool from New York, Nov. 6th.
No less than 2,000 tickets had been sold for the
dinner to bs given to O'Connell, Nov. 13th, at Stock
port. A gigantic tent has been ordered up from
London.
The Dowager Lady Exmouth is dead, aged 82,
having survived the gallant Admiral, her husband.
2" a lew years. We also see the death of Sir David
skine, son of the Earl of Buchan. He was a pro
fessor at Sandhurst.
Sheridan Knowlcs has taken his final farewell of
the stage. This occurred at Liverpool after playing
in his new piece, the Loce Ckasera.a6 was done, he
slates, at the advice of his friends, who wished him
to confine himself to his dramatic writings. The
house was crowded, and the greatest applause fol
lowed.
It is believed at Paris, that the toss of the Freuch
at Constantine has been much greater than has been
given. No fighting had taken plaee there since Oct.
13th. The Arab, outside the town daily come to
market. The Princes are living at the Bey's palaee.
The remains of Gen. Damremont, with the heavy
artillery, Ac. have arrived at Quelma. There have
been no cholera cases at Bona since Oct. 22.
The Queen of Portugal has yet been unable to
form a ministry.
The East India Company having learned that the
Marquis of Wellesley was in pecuniary difficulties,
presented him with ?90,000 as an additional tribute
for his services while Governor of India.
The Messrs. Stephenson, at Newcastle, have just
constructed a new locomotive engine, which runs
filly miles an hour, with fifty tons of burden* and
with the tender only, eiomty miles an hour! What
an Express Mail this?
A ludicrous scene occurred at the Haymarket, il
lustrative of the tenacity with which the British still
cling to the Trident of Neptune, now shared in part
bv their American offspring, la the scene in the
Pilot, where Long Tom Coffin is b;ing attacked by
British soldiers, a "sailor jumped out of the pit,
scaled the orchestra and drove the sergeant and his
platoon off the stage in no time. ?
No less than 60 professional lawyers have obtained
seats in parliament in the late elections in England.
The O'Connell Rent was to commence being col
lected on 19th Nov.
The Duke of Devonshire and his tenants carried
off the prize* at the Lismore Agricultural Exhibition.
No wonder as all the land nearly is his.
Fifteen men and boys were killed or dreadfully
mutilated, by a fire damp explosion near Metherton,
Worcestershire. ...
The Lohdon thieves now find the rail roads more
profitable than the steamers.
English hot-house grapes are sold in Covent Gar
den Market, London, at nine pence per pound.
The new three decker being built, is called the
Victoria, and is to be the largest in the navy.
The grand musical festival to take place at Vien
na, Nov. 5th, in honor of the anniversary of the
Society of Friends of Music, was to have 7 to 800
performers.
ENGLAND.
OUTRAGES UPOBI THBS
The most exciting incident of which we find any
mention, is ihe following "Gross outrage upon her
Majesty, by a new claimant to the throne.
On Saturday afternoon, the 4th of Nov. about three
o,clock, as her Majesty was passing in her open
carriage through the Birdcage-walk, St. James s, on
her way to Buckingham Palace, whither she was
proceeding from Brighton, a person in the garb of a
gentleman suddenly sprang to the side of the car
nage and holding up his fist in a threatening man
ner, made use of obscene language, and with an
oath designated her Majesty by the mast opprobri
ous epithet that cah be applied to a female, adding,
" and I'll have you off your throne, and your mother
too." He immediately ran off and effected his es
cape. Her Majesty did not appear tofeel any alarm,
and the carriage proceeded rapidly to Buckingham
Palace. Information of the outrage was immediate
ly forwarded to the commissioners of police, who
instructed two police constables, who nad been on
duty in the Birdcage-walk to track the offender.
It appears that they had some clue to him, for they
soon discovered his name and address. Under the
warrant of the Secretary of Slate they proceeded to
his lodgings, at the corner of the Regent Circus
where ihey lingered about the whole night in ex
pectation that he would return home. It appeared,
nowever, that he had arrived before them, and on
Sunday momingone of the constables knocked at the
door. On its being opened, they proceeded up stairs
and arrested the delinquent. His name is John
Good, late a captain in the 10th Hussars. He is des
cribed as a man ol gentlemanly appearance, and
about forty years of age. He wore a star upon his
breast, and dared the officers to lay hold on him, ex
claiming that he was their liege lord and king of
England, and that be would tear the Queen to pieces.
He made a vigorous resistance to the officer*, and
was with difficulty forced into a hackney coach, and
was driven to the Secretary of States office at White
hllOn the way he broke the windows of tbe coach,
and conducted himself in a most outrageous manner
This was at one o'clock on Sunday/Sir Frederic
Roe was in waiting at the Secretary of State ?
before whom tbe prisoner underwent an lamina
tion. The witnesses examined wera two ( o^en of
her majesty, ?he two police cofwuWwiUrMdy men
tioned, and ? German gentleman, whote name ?e
hare art beo able to ascertain, who heard the
prisoner apply the insulting and opprobious epithets
to her majcsiy. During the examination, the priso
ner continually Interrupted the witnesses, saying
" he did not care a d n what they said aboot
him; he was the King of England , King John the
Second, and thai the present waa the eighth year of
his reign." Mr. Phillips, the under Secretary of
State, was present during the examination, which
lasted for aoont an hour and a half, and one or fwo
of the ministen were in an adjoining apartment
waiting to hear the resalt. The evidence given waa
merely a recapitulation of the facts above slated,
and at the close Sir Frederick Roe determined to
remand the primmer lor farther examination on
Saturday next. He was then removed in custody to
the new prison, Westminster. There appaars to be
no doubt of the man's insanity.
Captain Good imagines himself to be the son of
George IV. and his ftueen Caroline. He had play
ed off some of his cantrip* before this affair, and
had been brought up two or three limes at various
I police offices?always asserting his royal birth and
| pretensions to the throne
Statt Drew ?/ the (Juetn Victoria.?We are in
formed thai the Queen's robes have been manufactured
st Hunter'a in Maddox street. There is a state robe
for state occasion*?that ia, tbe coronation, and that for
meeting the Parliament. The train consists of the
richest crimson velvet, eight yside long, lined with mi
never, with an immense cape to the same, bordered
round with minever ermine, and three borderings of
gold lace ; it is held up on each aide by three pages, or
ladies in waiting, tbe Duchess of Kent presiding at the
extreme end. The weight of this robe is, we under
stand 20 lbs. Tbe under stste robe is s robing of crim
son velvet lined with the nekest Persist! silk. The
skirt, body, stid hanging aleevea are trimmed round with
a narrow bordering of ermine, and three rich borders of
gold lace, narrower titan thst on the grand stste robe
The back of the body is beautifully embroidered in gold
(oak) leaves ; the sleeve in psrticulsr is curious, being
cut in the same fashion ss thst worn by Queen Anno
Boli-yn. Round the waist of lh* rohe is a flat mid
chain, in front of which are two long enda, fin ished by
splendid gold tsaaeli; this is worn over s rich white
satin dreas embroidered with gold. Tbe robe for the
order of the Bath?went en tbe ceremony of creating a
kriight of that order?is of rich crimson sstin, lined with
rich silk ; the stsr is worn on the left side, being em
broidered 011 the sstin ; this msnteau is looped up, in or
der to show the sleeve. But the robe for the ceremo
rnsl for creating s Knignt of the Garter is one of tha
uioat supeib ornaments ever designed : it consists of the
richeat dark purple velvet, lined with rich white silk ; it
i* made in the same form ss thst for the order of the
Bath, snd the stsr affixed in the ssme style; there is a
ainall round cape running round the top of this msntle ;
it is lined with white setin ; this is hooked on the top
of the low dress, which is worn undernesth the ribbon ;
paasea from the right shoulder and fastens st the wsist:
the garter with the motto, " Hunt toil qui mul y peine,"
clegantly,embroid?:red is worn upon the srm. The or
der* snd medals worn st the end of the ribbons belong
ing to the orders of the Baih and Garter, are now being
made amallor, as the weight of the former ones used
was found inconvenient to her Migesty at the late pro
rogation of Parliament. This State Kobe is slwsys
kept in a splendid crimson velvet bag, trimmed round
with a rich gold lace ; it is drawn by s most sumptuous
gold snd purple tSssel. The bsg is lined with white
?ilk. It is generally conveyed to the House of Lords
hi a state carriage, and under the care of three officera
of State. The nag, the crown, and the sceptre are ta
ken together. The precise height of her Majesty is 6
feet 2 niche* ; her shoulders are finely formed. The
I drcs*es seem, snd we think very justly, to have excited
her approbstion.
Cousin.?There's nothing like a cousin ; it is the
sweetest relstion in huinsn nature. There is no excite
ment in loving your sister, snd courting s lady in the
lace of a stranger require* the nerve of a msrtyr; but
your dear fainilisr cousin with her provokingly maidenly
reserve, with Iter bewitching freedoms, snd the romping
frolicks, snd the atolen tenderness over the skein of
silk that will got tsngled?snd then the long lete-a~tetea
which are nobody's business, snd the long letters which
nobody pays the postage?no, there is nothing like a
cousin?a young, gsy, beautiful witch of a cousin !
Native american association.?The
members sir requested to meet at tbe Theatre, on
Louisiana Avenue, on Tuesday evening next, the 26th
instant, at 6 o'clock, to receive the report of the commit
tee appointed to prepare a memorial to Congress for a re
peal ol the lawa of naturalization.
By order: T.D.JONES,
dec25 Secretary.
EW NOVELS.? _
Uentlcman Jack, a Naval atory,
Pretension, by Mias Stickricy,
The Old Commodore, by the author of Rattlin tha
Reefer, .
Samuel Slick, one volume,
The Duke of Monmouth, by the author of the "Col
legiana," and
The complete works of Charles Lamh, two volumes,
Are just received snd for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for
circulation among the subscriliers of the Waverly Circu
lating Library, immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel. d25
GEMS OF BEAUTY,for 1838.?A splendid Souvenir,
lsrge fiJi? size, just imported into New York, is this
day expected, for sale by
F. TAYLOR.
Also, The Authors of England,
Pesrls of the East,
Brockedon's Passes of the Alps,
Hofer's News of the Tyrol,
Winkle's Cathedral Churches,
Gems of Flora,
Illustrations of the Rhine,
Hardynge's Sketchea at Home and Abroad,
Shakspeare Gallery,
Byron Gallery,
Gallery of tbe Graces,
And many others too numerous for an advertiaement,
such as Ix'iiulifally illustrated editions of various favorite
authors in Poetry a.id Prose. Illustrated Books of Tra
vels. Books of Engravings. Drawing Books. Illustrated
Albums, and nineteen different kinds of Souvenir's, Eng
lish and American. All for aale at the lowest New York
and Philadelphia prices. dec23
LOCK AND KEY BLANK BOOK S.-A few just re
ceived from the first lot that has reached this country
from England. The lock is so sunk in the cavity of the
book as to present no incumbrance whatever. Useful to
tbe Merchant, the Banker, tbe Broker, tbe Diplomatiat,
or the Politician. For sale by
dec23 F. TAYLOR.
CHILDEN'S BOOKS several hundred varieties, Toy
Books, Dissceted Mans,Paint Boxes, Drawing Books,
Purses, Pocket Books, Penknives, Gold snd Silver Pen
cil Cases, Juvenile S?uv<nirs, Chess and Backgammon,
Buttledures, Bronze Inkstands,Card Racks, Fire Screens,
Albums, Books of Engravings, elegantly bound and illus
tralcd editions of favorite authors. Porcelain Slates, La
dies Work Boxes, Portfolios, Cologne and Cologne Bot
tles, Watch Stands, Motto Seals, Ivory and Shell Card
Cases, Children's Games, and a sreat variety of other ar
ticles suitable (or Christmas and New Year's gifts, just
received, and for sale at the lowest New York snd Phila
delphia prices by
F. TAYLOR, Bookseller.
drc23 Immediately east of Gadsby Hotel.
PRETENSION.?A Novel, by Miss Stickney, is just
received and for sale by
dec2l F. TAYLOR.
Beaver and milled cloths for over
coats.?
3 pieces Beaver Clotha, Brawn and Green
6 do Blue-black aad Royal ParpW
5 do Superfine Milled Clotha
110 do Bkie-bkek and Medley Cloth*.
AL*o.
50 do Blue-Mack mixed Cassimeres
100 do Velvet, ailk, and other vesting*
100 do Lambs Wool Drswers and Shirt*
50 dozen Woollen Socks for boot*.
Any of the above Cloth* or Caaaunere* will be made up
at the shorte*t notice by an experienced tailor.
Al*o,50doten gentlemen'* Rvening Glove*.
dcc21 3taW2w BRADLEY & CATLETT.
DANAS MINERALOGY in one octavo volume con
taining 400 engraving*, i* just published and for aale
by F. TAYLOR. Treslm* al*o on Chryatallopaphy;
the application of Chemi*try ?nd Mathematics to the asm*
subject, dcc.
AI*o, BOPWITH'S ISOMETRICAL DRAWING aa
applicable to Geological and Mining Plan*, by T. 8op
with. Mine Surveyor, I volume, engraving*.
Kaalman'* Topographical Drawing . .
Philip* Introduction to Mineralogy. edited by Allan.
Morton on Fo?*il Organie Remain*.
How to otiserve Geology, by Pe I* Baehe.
Grier's Mechanics and F"*meers' Pocket Dictionary,
and other works not enu?e|*,"l on the same subject.
A collection of valuable looks on Conrholoxy.now
on the way, are expected dec2l
HISTORl ROMBe-1Translated from the Ger
mhr of Heeren and Schloaaer, 1 vol. 8vo.. is just
published and for sale by F. TAYLOR
rOTIUS LATINITATia LEXICON ?In two quarto
volumes. Jacobi Facciolati et Egldu Forcellini, edit
ed by Bailey. London edition. A single copy of the
above is just received by F. TAYLOR, for sale at 25 per
cent below the usual price.
THE LOVE TOKEN, b* M>*s Sedgwick.?A tale for
published, pnee ? ?^ taYLOR

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