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W A8H1HOTON CITY. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1KW. UrriCK K ? IKKKT, BCTWKKN NINTH AMU TKNTU. In TlfO?K THINUI WHICH *KK HKNTUL, LICT THtHK ?K II NIT Y IN NON-KalKNTULI, LIBkKTV, AND IN ALL THINGS CHARITY ?Augutlin. "Let that man, ok that newspaper, which ATTEMPTS TO DISTURB THE PUBLIC CONFIDENCE IN THE bank*, OR IN THE MER CHANTS, BK MARKED AS AN enemy, AND treated ab such."?Albany Argut, Feb. 17, 1834. V=r SEE FIRST PAGE. MR. JEFFERSON'S Circular. Extract from Mr. Jefer ion's Circular, addressed to Office holders under himself. . " The President of the United Slates has seen with dissatisfaction, officers of the General Govern ment, taking, on various occasions, active parts in the elections ol public functionaries, whether of the General or Slate Government. Freedom of election being essential to the mutual independence of Go vernment, and of the different branches of the same Government, so vitally cherished by most of our constitutions, it is deemed improper jor officers depending on the Executive of the Union, to attempt to control or influence the free exercise ol the elec tive right. It is expected that no officer will attempt to influence the votes of other men, nor take any part in the business of electioneering?that being deemed inconsistent with the spirit of the constitu tion and his duties." GEN. JACKSON'S Inaugural Address. "The recent demonstrations of public sentiment inscribes on the list of executive duties, in characters too legible to be overlooked, the task of reform? which will require particularly the correction of those ABUSES TIIAT HAVE BROUGHT THE PATRONAGE OF THE FEDERAL GO VERNMENT INTO CONFLICT WITH THE FREEDOM OF ELECTIONS." ATTORNEY GENERAL GRUNDY'S Speech in " When I see an office holder interfering in elec tions it occurs to me that he is thinking of his salary and his bread, and is therefore AN UNFIT AD VISER OF THE PEOPLE." SENATOR BUCHANAN'S Speech in 1828. " When a man is once appointed to office, all the f selfish passions of his nature are enlisted for the Eurpose of retaining it. The office holders are the NLISTED SOLDIERS of that administration by which they are sustained. Their comfortable exist ence often depends upon the re-election of their patron. Nor aoes disappointment long rankle in the hearts of the disappointed. Hope is still left to them; and bearing disappointment with patience, they know, will present a new claim to office at a future time." SENATOR RIVES. That this distinguished statesman is as sailed by both parties, Whig and Loco-foco, is one of the best evidences of his virtue.? That he had rendered himself obnoxious to many of the friends of the administration, by a fearless expression of his unbiased opinions, we presumed, from the known rules of their party warfare. We expectud also thai, what ever course he might pursue, he would never command the support of some of the bigotted, illiberal and impracticable of the Whig party. Wo do not know that the'favor of either of such characters would be desirable, or even tolerable. Wc do know that they do not in the least affect the judgment of Mr. Rives, nor do they enter into his consideration in tho discharge of his duties to the country. Mr. Rives is not a brawling demagogue, nor a trimming politician, nor a huckstering parti san. He does not graduate his public course merely to suit the purposes of a party, nor to gain merely the momentary applause of the multitude. He asks no office?he desires not even to be a candidate?his highest ambition is to fulfil the duties imposed upon him for the best interests of the country and to the acceptance and approbation of the good anil his own conscience. By such motives has he heretofore been guided, and ho will pass through any and every political ordeal which he is yet to meet, with the same purity and clearness of conscience, und a moral in trepidity of character that will defy all cavil and challenge the envy of even the greatest and best of statesmen, lie is firm?be is consistent?he is honest?he is independent. W hat more is desired ot him ? Because a new occasion has developed a difference of opinion between himself and his recent party friends, is it expected that he is to abandon all the opinions he has cherished, all the principles ho has advocated, and rush with immoderate haste to join the clamor for Henry Clay and a National Bank] He who expects it must set a cheap estimate upon the dignity and character of an American statesman. No. The Whigs will find more profitable employ ment than carping at Mr. Rives because he does not chooso to scribble his name in every newspaper, and bawl upon every stump.. If the Lexington (Ky.) Reporter cannot oc cupy its columns better than by its contempti ble abuse of the Conservatives, the cause it advocates must be a most miserable and hope less one. The Richmond Enquirer and its correspondent must needs undertake to cate chise Mr. Rives, and the Richmond Whig thinks proper to interpose a column of cynical criticism. What have they all to do with Mr. Hives? The theatre of his action is in the Senate; and do they not understand tho part he there acted ? Have they any business with him now, except to discuss, if neccssary, his public conduct 1 If they mistrust that he has changed an opinion, or relaxed a nerve, or fal tered in a single step, they do him great in justice. Did they see him in that burst of eloquent indignation in which ho denounced Mr. Wright's proposition, to repeal the Depo Mte Law, an effort surpassing in beauty and effect any other that transpired during the session ? We tell them then to discard their suspicions, for he is there still. If any doubt the Conservatives of Virginia, lt t them look into their able and consistent "rtran and vindicator, the Charlolltnille Jrf- ; Jnsonian Republican. That paper clearly, i truly and fearlessly illustrates und defends their position. "STATES MIGHTS" IN SOUTH CARO LINA. The last few months have been prolific in South Carolina barbecues, speeches, toasts, letters, debates, and resolutions. One would think, from a survey of the heterogeneous mass, which we have collected before ua, that | the whole State had been but one living bar- . bacue the whole summer long. And the whole ia ao peculiar? One would almoat swear from the evidence, that South Carolina belonged not to the United Statea, but ?' its own place, and in itaelf," another world. IClse, we might suppose that South Carolina was in it self ihe United Statea, and that the United Statea consisted of but one or two families of men. It is all " Carolina's air," " Carolina's cause," "our institutions," "Southern interests," "Southern principles," "Independent Trea sury with the specie clause," Mr. Calhoun, the Khett8 and South Carolina forever. All but " Carolina's suns" are " traitors," " aboli tionists," " impostors," " white slaves," " fe deralists," and enemies, for whom to tread upon " Carolina's hallowed soil" is fire, in surrection, lynching, and hanging. She scarcely believes that the Constitution was made for any other State but South Carolina, and that it has oven failed to serve her pur poses. If any one disputes this, or denies that Carolina has a perfect right to trample contemptuously upon all federal laws, or doubts the infallibility of Mr. Calhoun, the notes of defiance and bravado will be bawled by more political parvenues than there were frogs in Egypt. Hut we feel great concern for South Carolina. Will ahe be "divorced" from the Union by her sister States, as the Globe long since thought she ought to be, or will she quietly withdraw from the Union, as the Globe more recently substantially advised she should ? These are questions of interest ing import. The " States Rights party'' have made a ludicrous figure in many places, in " owning the soft impeachments" of their late inveterate enemy, the Globe, and seizing by the skirts their newly discovered " northern man, tcilh southern principles." Some of them, with surprising independence, avow their devotion to the principles, but despiso the man. Others confess it is a bitter pill, but it must be swal lowed, Proclamation, Force Bill, Protest, Loco Focoism, and all. Some desire the " Independent Treasury," but dislike the " specie clause," without which Mr. Calhoun snys it is a J'arce. Others are willing to pre vent the banks from discounting on tho pub lic deposites, but reject all the machinery of Dr. Wright's bill. Some think that the whole matter can be adjusted by a judicious special depo?ite plan, and on the whole, there seems to be a marvellous contrariety of opinion under Mr. Cplhouu's "tattered and torn" banner. The Globe coaxes them all, most lovingly, to rally around their beloved friend, the Presi dent, whose inauguration so greatly disgusted Mr. Calhoun, and unite in his support with the loco-focos, and Mr. Picken's " white slaves" of the North. The Globe has proved doubtless to their entire satisfaction, that there is an exact equality and beautiful sympathy of interest and feeling, in the independent plant- | ers of the South, and the "rabble followers of the camp" in the North. The "present crisis" (we are always in a crisis) should be taken ad vantage of, according to Mr. Calhoun, and his " position to cover bis enemy," Mr. Van Bureti, by joining his standard, will form a prominent item amongbt the crow-nological phenomena of 183S. The " consequences of great magnitude which are to follow," will be, we think, the nomination of Mr. Calhoun for the Presidency. If, in that event, the election should be thrown upon the Housfc of Representatives, we may expect to see a coa lition preferring either Calhoun or Van Buren, to the candidate of the Opposition. But in no probable event will a Sub-treasury candidate bo likely to succeed. We expect to see the House of Representatives filled with a more decided majority against tho Sub-treasury than has yet appeared there. Besides, the Calhoun-Nullifiers exhibit symptoms of dis bandonment, if not of total dissolution. There are heart-burnings, bickerings, and differences among them, which must destroy all harmony and concert ; and, as Mr. Calhoun says, " they have no reason to confide" in tho " northern man, with southern principles" of this administration, so that we really do not see what grounds of hope the allied forces can reasonably cherish. We publish in our columns of to-day, letters of the two distinguished Senators of South Carolina, principally relating to the " present crisis." It is not a little surprising that such an intellect as Mr. Calhoun's should have but just discovered, that Madison, Crawford, Monroe, Dallas and Gallatin, and the whole experience of the Government, have all been unconstitutional, and that he alone has at last discovered, in conjunction with Mr. Gouge, the infallible construction. Such a wonderful revelation in political cconomy, is only equal led by the new light shed upon religion by the prophet Matthias, and the Mormon finder of the Golden Bible. We do not agree fully with all Mr. Preston's views. But his notions about the "specie feature," as it is termed, seem to be very sensible and correct, in which he has also the concurrence of Mr. M'Duffie. MR. BtltllANAK'H OPINION OF HANKS. At the late Democratic Harvest Home, held at New London Cross Roads, the follow ing toast from Senator Buchanan, who had been invited to attend the celebration, was drunk : " Slate Hanks of moderate capital : hicihly useful, to the people, when properly conducted. The Democ racy ok thk Country seeks not to destroy, but lo regulate tliem ; not to lessen their power to do good in their own appreciate sphere, but to prevent them from doing evil, by becoming corrupt and corrupting politi cal engines."' This is a very sensible toast, but ccttainly very much at variance with the resolutions of the meetings of the Philadelphia South Ward and other meetings of friends of the Sub treasury. Our cotcmporarv, the American Sentinel, states its belief that " the democrats of the country havo never entertained any hostility to well condnctcd banks." We fear this belief is founded on a wish in that behalf. The u country" partisans of the administra tion have, in repeated instances, undertaken to provt that it wan the ultimate aim of Geo. Jackson's policy to annihilate, totally, every bank in the country, and have shaped their political action to that end. This cannot be guinsayed, for wo can adduce the testimony. We have now before us an administration paper from Florida, expressly denounc ing tho banks as nefarious institutions, and invoking their extermination at the hands of the Legislature. We are very confident that this "hostility" has become the test of party faith in many parts of the "country." THE THUE POLICY. We commend for the consideration of the true hearted Democracy of the whole coun try, the eloquent vindication of their rights, and faithful proclamation of their wrongs, in the address to the Democratic citizens of Penn sylvania, to be found in our columns to-day. It breathes the spirit of the republican cham pions of '7ti, who swore upon the altar of their God, undying hostility to every species of tyranny over the mind of man. It exposes with the energy, fearlessness, and accuracy of truth and patriotism, the miserable practi ces of the " cockney nobility" of tho ruling dynasty, and their outrageous attempts to abridge the most sacred liberties of the peo ple. The address, unquestionably, takes the right ground in regard to the part to be enact ed by the Conservative Republicans of Penn sylvania, in the approaching all important election. "The cause of Mr. Porter is, manifestly the cause of the enemy. His success is the success of the sub-Treasury in Pennsylvania." Nothing can be clearer. It is impossible to reconcile the determination of some of the Anti-sub-Treasury party to support Mr. Porter, with any sensible under standing of consistency or propriety. It is in violation, certainly, of the rule of action which usually governs political parties. It is sup porting men merely, without any regard to principle. What would have been thought of a Republican of the olden time, with all his inexorable antipathies to the doctrine of the federalists, who should have been seen sup porting the federal candidates for office ?? Should we ever have achieved our indepen dence, if, while we resistsd oppressive mea sures, we had supported George the Third, his ministry, and his provincial governors, and continued in their hands the very pow er that bound us? We should have had to this day, and deservedly, all that long cata logue of grievances enumerated in the De claration, burdening our necks. And if the Conservatives or the Whigs givo any " aid or comfort" to the sub-Treasury candidates, they will act with the most absurd inconsis tency, and deserve to be visited with all the horrors of Loco-focoism, which they will themselves havo invoked. We trust that every man who can appre ciate the obligations of a citizen, and the in terests of tho country, will either vote against the sub-Treasury candidates, or vote not at all. Bank of the United States in New York.?We learn from the New York papers that, rooms at the corner of Wall and Hano ver streets, have been fitted up for the tempo rary accommodation of this institution, (esta blished under the General Banking Law,) and that it commenced business on Thursday last. Our correspondent informs us, that the insti tution will be assailed by all the ingenuity and malice of the loco focos ! This will be a most shocking instance of ingratitude and folly ; for independent of the bank's being a valuable aux iliary to the business of that town,the party as sailing him are actually indebted to Mr. Biddlo for salvation from poverty and disgrace! The Philadelphia Bank of the United States helped the Government out of its difficulties by ad vancing funds, and extending facilities now actually enjoyed ! Yet its President is still to be the victim of party prejudice, and the object of party malice! UNIVERSITIES. The commencement, for the Graduation of the j senior class of Columbia College, D. C., takes place j to-day. The exercises eommenqe at 11 o'clock in I the 1st Baptist Church, on 10th street. We have received the annual catalogue of the j officers and students, in " Pennsylvania College," at | Gettysburg, Pa. Rev. C. P. Krauth, D. D. is Presi- I dent, and there are eight professors and tutors. The total number of students connectrd with the Institu tion during the current year, is 138. New York University.?The article we recently penned in relation to this Institution, has had, wc believe, the one good effect of eliciting discussion and exciting inquiry amongst the New York public respecting the difficulties between the chancellor and its professors, and its affairs generally. A warm con troversy has been kept up in the New York papers, | the whole of which has but confirmed the opinions we before expressed. We see it intimated that the old Professors have been discharged, because they had the audacity to express a want of confidence in the chancellor! A new organization seems to have taken place and new professors elected. Some members of the council have resigned, and their places have been filled by friends of the chancellor. Thus the chancellor has triumphed, and the University of the city of New York, instead of fulfilling the exalted expectations and promises of its projectors, has sunk into the in significant persohificalion of chancellor Mathews! We fell into some errors in our first article in re gard to the pecuniary affairs of this Institution, which are corrected by a "shareholder," in the Journal of Commerce. Although the original subscription, as we stated, exceeded $100,000, " with all that has been added to it, up to the present year, the amount actually collected is $*+2,530. Wc stated that the University was mortgaged for 800,000, and had a floating debt of about $10,000. " The Committee ol Finance," says tlie "shareholder," "in their report (June 5, 1838,) state the whole debt of the University on the 1st of May last, to have been $170,583; of which $110,000 is secured by mortgages on the build ing and the individual bonds of several Trustees.? The balance, $00,583, which has since been in creased, is a floating debt, due in small sums to me chanics and others, who are urgently pressing their claims, making the whole debt of the University, at the present time, more than ?175,000." i We have no doubt that New York *ill, t? Ike course of lime, have a University worthy of herself, wid " commensurate with the wants of the age and couiury." The annual commencement of Princeton College took place last week. The senior or graduating class numbered seventy-five, the largest class, it is said, that was ever graduated at that venerable and ezcelleut Institution. The Modesty and Faime/s of a Loco Foco Book seller.?A law bookseller, in New Yoik, that we wot of, procured the compilation of a law book by the services in part ot a young lawyer who turned out to be a Conservative. The crime of Conservatism is sufficient to damn any man, in all respects, in the eyes of the faithful disciples of Fanny Wright. The consequence was that an original title page was de molished, and another name distinguished for its loco foco associations, was foisted into anew title page, and the book is now palmed upon the profes sion under the auspices of an authority that bore no part in the labor of its preparation! A caution to all "poor devil" Conservative authors, to beware o 1 ioco loco booksellers! Two children have been found shockingly man gled and murdered in Lincoln county, Mo. A ne gro woman is charged with the crime. The manner of extorting evidence in the case from a negro boy, by hanging him up, is about as atrocious and reprehensible as the commission of the murder itself. If the Sheriff of Lincoln county has revived the abomination of the dark ages, the extortion of testimony by torture, he ought to be transported tosonie heathen country where his barba rian code is less obnoxious to civilized reprobation. Perhaps, however, he already lives in a heathen country and is justified?a presumption well nigh confirmed by the recollection of other atrocities which have occurred in that region. The Canadas.?The news of the resignation of Lord Durham, stated in our last, is confirmed. The Canada papers state that he will probably remain in the country until his successor is appointed, and shall have arrived. Public meetings have been held in Montreal and Quebec, entreating his lordship to forego his determination to abdicate the governor ship. It will be, we think, the general opinion in the. United States, that the resignation of Lord Dur ham will prove a great detriment to England in her relations with the Canadas, and will no doubt tend to hasten the future independence of those pro vinces. The Quebec Gazette says: "We can state on competent authority that, notwithstanding it has been thought expedient to disallow Lord Durham's Amnesty Ordinance, Ilis Excellency has received letters from Viscount Melborne and Lord Glenelg expressing in the warmest terms their approbation of Ilis Lordship's measures in the administralion of this government and discharge of the important du ties of High Commissioner." We are informed that the loco focos of Pennsyl vania have discovered that Philadelphia county is the seat of war, and of more importance than the Go vernor of the Slate. That county election decides the complexion of the next Legislature of the Stale. That elects a new Senator, and may in one event instruct the other out of Congress. The Cincinnati Republican of the 27th ultimo informs us that Dr. Duncan, the Alias of the admi-( nistration, has become an abolitionist, and has ap pealed successfully to those friends of the Sub-Trea sury-Calhoun-Nullifiers, for support! Speed to the Union of ihe nullifiers and loco focos! Sylvester's lleporter.?A paltry attempt is making in New York to palm upon the public a new paper, of the above title, with the addition ot " nexr," in order to supplant the old and respectable Simon Pure, of the above nomenclature. The " Sylvester's Reporter" has been much improved, both in matter and appearance. It is a valuable paper, and deserves the continued encouragement of the business com munity. The New York Mirror, of last week, contains a very finely executed and spirited wood engraving of the late Sig. Da Ponte, accompanied by an interest ing biographical sketch. Mr. Sigovrnry takes occasion to deny the truth of the gossip, circulated by Mr. Willis, that his late residence at Hartford had been sacrificed to pay his debts. He states that Mrs. Sigourney has an in come which all the poets in Grub street might envy, and is as independent, though not quite so rich, as old Mr. Aslor. The Southern Literary Messenger, for October, is early upon our table. It opens with a " Memoir on Slavery," by Judge Harper, which is spoken well of. We have scarcely had time to peruse the num ber, but it contains the usual variety, and the editor's endorsement is a sufficient guaranty, that its contents are good. The Adventures of Nicholas Nicklcby, by " Boz," part 5, is published, and may be found at Taylor's. Tub Heightu or Dignity.?The " official organ" of one of the proudest governments of the world in cessantly snarling about its own bread and butter? the public printing?out of excess of jealousy. The Canada papers mention that forty deserters from the U. S. army at Plattsburg, had found their way to Montreal. The National Theatre opened last evening with Mr. Stanley, and the Wild Bedouin Arabs. Seven deaths have occurred at Alexandria by ma lignant fever; but the town is reported as quite healthy up to yesterday. A Mr. Wm. While was killed in an affray las1 week, on Kent Island, Queen Annes County, Md. Two persons implicated in his death have been ar rested, and lodged in the Cenlroville Jail. FROM FLORIDA. Bv the steamboat Poinsett. Capt. Peck, from Ga rev's Ferry, we have received the follow ing interest ing intelligence from an atteniive correspondent. Fort Kino, (E. F.) Sept. 19. Dear Sir: One hundred Tallehassee Indians are in at Tampa Bay, negotiating with General Taylor, in whom they nave the utmost confidence. The Mickasuckies have sent in a message to the com manding General, requesting him to grant them a "talk," and the result of which will, no doubt be, that thev will conscnt to emigrate. The Indians in the vicinity of Pease Creek, have also signified that thev are anxious for a talk ; and, in less than six months, we have reason to believe, all the hostileswill have left the country.?Savannah Georgian. DIED, At Fort Jesup. La., on the 3d of September last, after a short illness, Lieut. THOMAS CUTTS, 3d Infantry. The death of this young officer leaves an incon solable wife?two children?an affectionate parent in the Hon. Richard Cutty, and numerous relatives and friends to mourn his loss. The Fur Trade.?According to the St. Louis Ga zette, the value of skins and furs shipped from that ciiy during the past year, should be estimated at about $400,000. It is further stated that the number and price of each kind shipped will not vary mate rially from the following estimate: Buffalo robes, 50.Q00 at 4 dollars, $-.300,000 Beaver, 10,000 at fi dollars, ?i0,000 Otter, 5,000 at 6 dollars, 30,000 Deer skins, 100,000 at 75 cents, 75,000 Raccoon, 40,000 at 50 cents, '20,000 Muskrat, 100,000 at 1*2| cents, 1'2,500 8397,500 COMMUNICATIONS. FOR THE MADISONIAN. To the Washington Correspondent of the Baltimore v Democratic Jfcrald. In the Democratic Herald, of September 2H, you say you " admire the openness and honesty with which some.but not (he intolerance and boisterousne.ss with which many, in the departments at Washing ton, give vent and expression to their feelings against the administration of Mr. Van Buren." You have made a discovery in the latter part of your assertion which there are no facts to justify. There is no clerk in any office here, it is believed, who uses any intolerance or boisterousness in the expression of opposition to Mr. Van Buren's administration. The number is very small of those who express any ad verse opinions to Mr. Van Buren's administration. Wilh such strong recommendation as yours in favor of proscription, they might perhaps rue the expres sion of any such sentiments; certainly they would the expression of them in the manner you aver that they are expressed. Your hopes of the application of " the Democratic principle of rotation in office" would then probably be verified, at least, in reference to them. You hope, you say, that " when Mr. Van Buren shall apply the democratic principle of " ro tation in office" to some of those men, who he (i. e. the editor of the Whig says are Democrats, and who Mr. Bond, of Ohio, says are "sinecures,") that he will not reiterate the trickery of proscription for opinicn, or that they were dismissed, became they were opposed to Mr. Van Buren." There is very little danger of the application of the principle to them of rotation in office, if they are in favor of Mr. Van Buren. But then you would like them, as the tenor of your article indicates, to come out, and with boldness and fearlessness to express their opinions? in other words to take an active part in politics.? If they do not this, you seem to judge them necessa rily opponents of the administration. If they go along the way of life, mingling but Mtlle in the strife of politics, you deem them " on the fence." Perhaps they think that the safest position ; and probably you think it a position consistent to your views and hos tile to that gigantic patriotism of which you are a professor. I am sorry to be obliged to suspect you of less purity than you vaunt yourself to have; but when men are fighting iu the dark, their forms even are sometimes not visible, much less their propor tions. Unmask yourself, sir, and do not be afraid of the judgment of your fellow citizens?come forth under your proper name?and your true character and position will then be understood. Stand forth thou slanderer. You have put down men as federalists, who are better democrats than yourself. You have put down men as opposed to the administration, who, though not as intemperate as yourself in its behalf, would probably adhere to it longer. Others, whose opinions you have desig nated as in opposition to the administration, are no doubt so; but some of them are men whom the deli cacy of such a position restrains from all active op position, and of whom you cannot truly aver any such opposition. What benefit do you expect to de live to the administration from the effort to placc all these classes of men in false positions 1 What benefit will the administration derive from having so many men known to have been its friends ranked among its enemies 1 Will the posi tion be agreeable to them 1 Or do you expect them so to lose all sense of propriety and self respect as to come forth under their proper names to answer an anonymous scribbler 1 How many will you drive from their position on the fence 1 How many do you expect, by menaces, to induce to change their silent opposition into an expression of zeal as intem perate as your own; and which would probably, should they change under such circumstances, be of similar duration, that is to last as long and no longer than the power of the administration?perhaps not so long?pethaps not longer than they might expect promotion from it. If it did not come as fast as they looked for it, they might, probably, with the first convenience afforded by a misplaced letter, forget their warmth of heart and fire of patriotism in the great democratic cause, and deposite it safely in their pocket or their escrutoire, and hand it over for the injury of the man in whose cause they had shout ed with all the strength of their lungs. You say, you " have them before hand; you have their names and political opinions recorded." Why do you not produce, then, at least, the evi dence of your own word on this subject. Why do you not abide the shock of exposing your own nainel You have all the advantages on your side for doing so safely. You expose the names of others freely 1 Have you so little courage, so little manliness, that you cannot peep from behind your vizor 1 I say again, sir, unmask. Fair Play. CORRESPONDENCE. NEW YORK PRESS. New York, Sept. 29, 1838. Dear Sir : The Commercial Advertiser is one of the most ably conducted newspapers in the Union. Wm. L. Stone, Esq., its editor,although far from be ing an old man, has been known for many years as among the most pitpiant and successful writers con nected with the daily press. The Commercial Ad vertiser is published in the evening. Itscolumns are never made the vehicle of private slander, nor will the most fastidious moralist find aught to censure either in its editorial or selected matter. Perhaps among all the morning and evening dailies of the Commercial Emporium, there can scarcely be found one, which combines in so eminent a degree, a keen relish for the saiyrical and lively with so high a tone of morality as the Commercial Advertiser. Its politics are decidedly Whig, but it frequently differs with its contemporaries of thai party on matters of policy, nor will either threats or adulation induce it to disguise the real sentiments of its editor. Altho' the peculiar political tenets of the Commercial may be erroneous, yet I cannot but laud the independence which refuses to bow implicitly to the dictum of par ty. As a controversialist, the editor of the Com mercial is skillful and wary, and the antagonist who risks a tilt against him without looking well to his appointments, will inevitably retire from the field with mortification and defeat.. There are few wri ters connected with the press who embody so vast a fund of literary, scientifical, and miscellaneous in formation, or who are capable of imparting it in so attractive a manner as the editor of the Commercial. Its editorials are rarely of great length There are subjects, it is true, which, from their importance, merit and receive more mature conside ration than arc bestowed on the ephemera of the hour. In the discussion of such, the Commercial displays a closeness of reasoning and aptness of illustration, which is rarely equalled in thecolumnsof a diurnal. The editor of the Commercial is an author of established reputation?in a more dignified an ele vated sphere than appertains to the discu>sion ,of topics embraced in tlie fleeting paragraphs of a daily paper. Independent of several tales and sketches which have appeared in the Annuals and Magazines of the day, and which are marked with a rare union of talent and reflection, he is the author of an elabo rate history of the celebrated Indian Chief, Brandt, comprising a series of interesting occurrences con nected with the Indian wars in the valley of the Mohawk, and anecdotes illustrative of the promi nent traits of Indian character and manners. This is a work of great research, and embodies in an en during form, scenes and incidents which would otherwise soon be lost iff the twilight of tradition. He is also the author of a graphic skctch of the career of Matthias, the noted imposter, whose outre conduct in this quarter, attracted so much attention. As a collaboratcur, the editor display* fine taste.? His selectiuns are diatinguuhed by great tact and knowledge of the varied tastes of newspaper readers, and the merchant and man ol leisure are equally catered for. The circulation of the Commercial must be very large, and its advertising patronage ia, I should think, greater than any of its evening con temporaries. Mont of its permanent subscribers look with interest for its opinions on topics which arise; and, 1 presume, it wields a widely extended and pow erful influence. Although the editor is a professor of religion, he ia no bigot. In the celebrated controversy in relation to the notoiious yUirui Munk, he exhibited an inde pendence and candor which was no lev corumenda blo than rare, and the public voice has pronounced a nearly unanimous verdict in favor of the propriety and manliness of his course. The white of an egg, quickly swallowed after cor rosive sublimate, is said to be an eilectual antidote to the poison. North American Truat and Banking Company, No. 20 Wall Street. NEW-YORK, September21 at, 1839. THE Board of Directors have this day unanimously Resolved, and pledged the faith of the Board, to limit the amount of aiihscriptions to the Capital Stock of this Company to TEN MILLION8 OF DOLLARS, such limitation to he unalterable for FIVE YEARS, from the first day of January next, unleaa enlarged hy the written consent of three-fourths in amount of tne Stockholders of this Company. Of the ahove subscription not more than Five Millions shall he received in Bonds and Mortgage* on Fee Simple Heal Estate, the period for subscription to which ia limited to the FIFTEENTH DAY OF NO VEMBER NEXT, and the remaining Five Millions ahull be received either in Cash or in Public Stocks. By order of the Board of Directors. JOSEPH D. BEERS, President. Walter Mud, Cashier. oct 3-4t C^HINA, GLASS AND QUEENS WARE?The sub J scriber has just received and is now opening? 75 hbds. of white Stone CHINA, 38 do Bourbon Sprig do Comprising Din ner, Tea and Toilette W A RE, 22 do White and Gold Tea Ware 20 do Fine, Gold and Painted do 15 do do Fancy Stone Chins Dinner Ware 18 do do Toilette Ware 280 do Crates of fine Printed Ware 330 do do Enameled, col'd edg'd, &c. Ware 350 pkgs. of plain moulded and Cut Glass Ware. All of which will be repacked to order at pleasing pri ces for cash, or approved credit. Southern and Western Merchants are respectfully invited to call, whew they will find an assortment unrivalled in the country M08ES POTTER, oct 1-tf No. 46 South Charles St. Baltimore. POTII EC ARIES WARE?Turquoise, Verd An tique, Drab and Sage, colored covered Jars, Wedgewood Mortars, assorted sisea do Funnels do tk> Fine Earthen do do do Do do Paste Boxes Do do Bed Pans Constantly on hand and for sale by MOSES POTTER oct 3-tf No 4G South Charlea st. Baltimore. Modern practical surgery?a Synopsis of ? . , by a member of the Royal College of Sur geons, London; 1 vol. of 343 pages ; price 75 cents, is just received, for sale by F. TAYLOR. Larrey's Surgical Memoirs of the Campaigns in Russia, Germany and France, 1 octavo volume of 300 pages, with many plates; price 87 cents. Doctor Barton's " Flora of North America," 3 quarto volumes, filled with plates; price eight dollars, (original price $14. , And many other woiks of Medicine, Surgery, Chemis try, &c. & c. in all cases as low and sometimes below the lowest New York and Philadelphia prices. oct 3 C" HEAP BOOKS.?All the Novels and Select Works of Sinollet, complete in two volumes, each of 540 large octavo psges, closely printed, and neatly bound, containing also an engrsved Portrait, and Memoir of the Life and Writings of Sir Walter Scott; price for the set 3 dollars, for sale by f-TAVLOR. Also, the complete Novels and Select W orks of r leld ing, in 2 large volumes of the same size and got up in a similar style with the above, with an Essay on his Life and Genius, by Arthur Murphy ; and a Biogj-aphy of the author, hy Sir Walter Scott; Portrait, &c. &c. Price for the set 3dollars. oct 3 GIESLER'S BOOK OF ECCLESIASTICAL HIS TORY, in 3 octavo volumes?is for sale by F. TAYLOR, At 7 dollars per copy, the original puce being 10 dollars. oct 3 _ ____ MAUN I KICK NT LOTTERY, CAPITAL PRIZE, 8100,000! The most Brilliant Scheme ever drawn in the United States. ALEXANDRIA LOTTERY. Class A, for 1H38. To be positively drawn at Alexandria, D. C., Saturday the 17th November, 1838. 75 Number Lottery?12 Drawn Ballots. PRIZES. 1 Grand Prise of $100,000 1 Prize of 30,000 1 do 20,000 1 do 10,000 1 do 8,000 1 do " 7,500 1 do 6,000 I do 5,000 1 do 4,000 1 do 3,740 5 Prises of 2 500 10 do 2,000 50 do 1,000 GO do 800 85 do 500 Besides Prises of 8250, $200, $150, 8100, $80, $00, #60, $40, and lowest Prise $20. Tickets only $20, HaUcs $10, Quarters $5, Eighths $2 50. Certificstes of Packages of 25 Whole Tickets $260 00 do do 25 Half do 130 00 do do 25 Quarters do 65 00 do do 25 Eighths do 32 50 IC/* Orders for Tickets and Shares or Certificates of Packages in the alwive unrivalled Scheme, will receiva the most pronrpt attention, and those who order from us, may rely upon having the drawing gent them immediately after it is over. Send orders early and address I). S. GREGORY At CO. Managers, sept 29-2aw5w Washington City. D. C. WASHINGTON IR VINO'S WORKS in 12 volumes, price $6 50, former price 12 dollars. Is just received, for sale by F. TAYLOR, sept 29 WINES' HINTS ON EDUCATION, price 62 ota. Is just published and this day received, for sale by sept 29 F.TAYLOR. TEXAS.?Its History, Soil, Cfimate, Productions, Resources, Prospects, flee. &c. with Geographical, Topographical and Statistical accounts of the country, by the Rev. C. Newell, 1 volume, with an engraved map, price 87 cents?is just fpuhlished and this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR sept 20 HEALTH AND BEAUTY.?An explanation of the law s of grow th and exercise ; through which a pleas ing contour, symmetry of form, and graceful carriage of the body are acquired ;and the common deformities of the spine and chest prevented. By John Bell, M. D. One volume. The Bit O'Writin' and other Tales by the O'Hara Fa mily, in 2 vols. Are just received by F TAYLOR, sept 26 Immediately East of Gadsby's. SOUVENIRS FOR 1839 ?The 'Gift,' edited by Misa Leslie. The Violet, edited by Miss Leslie. Are just received, for sale by F. TAYLOR, Immediately East of Gadsby's. Also, just received, Napoleon and his Times, by Cau lineourt, the Duke of Vieensa, in 2 vols. Jorrocks's Jaunts and Jollities ; or the Hunting, Shoot ing, Racing, Sailing, Eating, Eccentric* and Extravagant Exploits of that renowned sporting eitixen, Mr. John Jorrocks, in 2 vols. sept 22 OTAPLE DRY GOODS.? We have to day openert? 341 pieces Satinets, made for ourselves, and very su perior, 25!) pieces English Merinos, 27 rases London snd Pans Prints, 370 pieces Flannels, some very supetior, 220 pairs French Blankets, 300 pieces Kerseys and Linsey*. sept l'J-2aw3w BRADLEY & CATLETT. ^RENCH GOODS.? We have to-day received. 20 pieces very fine French Merinos, SO do German do 100 figured and plain Rept Slips 50 pieces Italian Lustrings, very chsap 30 do Linen Cambrics 200 dozen Ladies' Gloves 100 French Cspes, very cheap, to close. sept 19 2aw3w BRADLEY At CATLETT.