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VOL 11?NO. 18. WASHINGTON CITY, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1838. WHOLE NO. 157. THE MADISON IAN. THOMAS ALLEN. iditoi and p*0r?i?T0?. TO TUB MPl'lHCAW ?* ?B l,*ITKU 8TATU(> A year has elapsed since we fir* issued our Pros pectus for the publication of the Madmowuw. f)ur W his eventful period we have been engaged in a levere conflict as interesting and important to the Republic as any that has transpired siuce its organi iatW The cause, and our course, have attached 10 us many interest which wi?l not permit us to re UA^rieodCC"PrK therefore, when it has be come necessary, in justice to ourself and the public, to indicate our course for the future. It j.s well remembered that the Madisonian was established in the conviction that the great character and interests of the country, as well as the success of the administration, required another organ at the seat of the National Government. Born in the Republi can faiih, and nurtured in Republican doctrines, we were desirous of seeing the leading principles of ihe party to which we were attached, preserved and car ried out, not only in theory, but in practice. We pledged ourself to sustain the principles and doc trines of the Republican party, as delineated by Mr. Madison, and came here in good faith to support the present administration upon the principles vhxch no turned the p*'ty which elected Mr. Van Buren, and upon the pledges by which that election teas secured. We have, throughout, strictly adheied to thoa? prin ciples Had the Executive of this nation done the same , had he received in the spirit in which it was offered the advice of his best Iriends, the continu ance oi this paper would not have been necessary, nor should we have beheld the distracted counsels by which he is governed, or have seen the disjointed and defeated party by which he is surrouuded. No Chief Magistrate, since the days of Washing ton, ever came to that high station under more favor able auspices than Mr. Van Buren. A combination of circumstances, which seldom transpire, clearly indicated the way to the affections of the people, and rave him the power to have disarmed opposition by uie very measures which would-have established his popularity. But, ill-omened and evil counsels pre vailed, and the hopes of that political millennium, which many Republicans cherished as the fulfilment of their creed were disappointed and postponed. Whilst the Madisonian and its friends were en deavoring to restore the prosperity of the country, the Executive and his advisers were urging forward measures directly calculated to destroy it?to keep the country convulsed and prostrate?measures, subversive .of the principles of Republican govern ment, and tending to the establishment of an unmit tieaied despotism. Accompanied as they were by a war upon tne credit system of the country, and an unusual spirit of intolerance, denunciation and proscription, justice could not have required nor Donesty expected any support from consistent RepuDli cans. In that spirit of independence and love of freedom which characterized the founders of our institutions, we resisted these nefarious attempts to depreciate and destroy them, with the best of our ability. The same spirit which prompted us to do this, finds no justification in supporting the men who made it necessary. It is an incontrovertible truth, that every prominent act of this administration has been an open, une quivocal violation of every principle and profession upon which Mr. Van Buren was elevated to the Chief Magistracy by the people. In his upholding ihe specie circular, which made discriminations unauthorized by law, and which had been twice condemned by Congress; In his recommending the Sub-Treasuay scheme, contemplating a union of the purse and the sword, and the subversion of the entire practice ol the go vernment, and still persisting in it, notwithstanding it has been f<rur times condemned by the Represen tatives of the people; In his recommendation of a Bankrupt law to be passed by Congress, applicable only to corporations, so that this government should possess an absolute control over all the State institutions, and be able to crush them all, at pleasure; and taking all jurisdic tion over them from the hands of the State tribunals ; In his breaking faTth with the Stales, by recom mending a repeal of the distribution law ; In his repeated recommendations of the issue of Treasury notes, to supply the place of legal mouey, recurring thus to the exploded and ruinous practice of depreciated government paper money, for a circu lating medium; thus exercising a power derived only from a loose construction of the Constitution, and repudiated by the best Republican authorities; In his attempt to establish a Treasury Bank with an irredeemable paper-money circulation; In his effort to overthrow the State Bank Deposit? system established by rresweui Jackauu, auif take the public moneys into his actual custody and con 1 In his attempt to divorce the government from the interests and sympathies of the people: In his attempt to create a " multitude of new offi ces, and to send swarms of officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance .... In his attempt to "take away our charters, abolish our most valuable laws, and alter, fundamentally, the powers of our governments;" In his display of sectional partiality; In his cold indifference to the interests and wants of the people during a period of extreme suffering; In his attempt to throw discredit upon, and even tually, to crush the Slate banks, through the revenue power of the government, and embarrass the re sumption of specie payments; In permitting the patronage of his office to come in conflict with the freedom of elections; In his open contempt of the will of the people as expressed through the ballot box ; In his attempt to cram obnoxious measures down the throats of dissenting brethren by means unbecom ing a magnanimous Chief Magistrate ; In his refusal to acquiesce in the decisions of the majority; and ? ,. . _ . . TT In the despotic attempt of his partisans in the U. S. Senate, on the 2d July, inst. to seize the public treasure, by abolishing all law for its custody and safekeeping. ? _ He has abandoned the principles by which hecame into power, and consequently, the duty which they prescribed ; and he has so obstinately persevered in his erroneous course as to preclude all reasonable hope of his retracing it. And finally, to this long catalogue of grievances, we may add, what may be considered a minor of fence, but certainly a very obnoxious one, that con trary to all preconceived opinions of his character, Mr Van Buren has rendered himself the most inaccessible, both to friends and adversaries, of all the Chief Magistrates that ever filled his station. And from all these considerations, to what conclu sion can the nation come, but that their Chief Magis trate is either wanting in integrity, or wanting in capacity? ? We heed not say that we expected different thing of a public servant, bound by his sacred pledges, to regard the national will as the supreme law of the Republic. That blind infatuation which has heeded not this rule of the American people, must and ought to meet its reward and sink in indiscriminate and everlasting overthrow. The financial policy of this Administration cannot be sustained upon any principle of necessity, expe diency, utility, practical philosophy, or sound econo my. Its plain object, the perpetuity of power, and its plain effect, the destruction of the banking system, require, of course, too great a sacrifice froin the American people to be, for a moment, tolerated. The grcatdesideratum, a sound, uniform, and con venient currency, and a system that will equalize,as nearly as practicable, the domestic exchanges, is de manded by the practical wants of the peon e and, sooner or later, in one form or another, will be ob tained by them. To accomplish this end, and to " preserve and regulate" the credit system of the country, which this administration has attempted to impair, will be one of the great objects for which we feel constrained to continue our labors. No Administration of this Government can pros per, none deserve to succeed, that is not Conserva tive, both in theory and practice. Enlightened im provements, and liberal practicable reforms may be permitted and encouraged in our system, but violent measures of destruction, ar.d unrestrained extremes of innovation, should not be suffered with impunity by those who wish to preserve unimpaired the most free and perfect form of government, yet devised for the enjoyment and protection of mankind. Political toleration should be as liberal and exten sive as religious toleration, which is guaranteed by the constitution.' Ultraism in whatever party or shape it may ap pear, should be repudiated and Sturdily opposed. The science of Government should not be permit ted to degenerate among us in a vulgar pursuit of party advantages, nor the lofty ambition ol real statesmen into a selfish and perpetual scramble for office. Lft the example and the fate of this admi nistration be a monument and a warning through all future lime. Our labors shall continue for the promotion of sound principles, and the general welfare of the coun try, rather than the selfish ends of personal or party ambition. The support of Republican principles, a? deline ated by the father of the constitution, would be in consistent with the support in any contingency of _ man whose whole course of measures has been but a continual violation of every sound tenet of Re publicanism, and one continued crusade against popular rights and national interests. At a proper time, the Madisonian will be prepared to sustain, for the highest offices in the government, such "honest and capable" candidates as public sentiment shall seem to indicate?such as shall seem best calculated to concentrate the greatest Dkmocka tic Rki'I'bucan support?to overthrow the measures which have, thus far, proved destructive to the best interests of the country, and at the same time to send into retirement the meu who have attempted to force them upon a reluctant and a resisting people.? Above all, such as shall be most likely to preserve the Constitution of the country to perpetuate its Union, and to transmit the public Iibciiies, unimpair ed to posterity. We constantly remember the name we have assumed ; and we shall be unworthy of it, whenever the preservation of the constitution ceas es to be our first and chief object. We are not to be understood, in any view, as for saking Democratic Rkplbi.ican principles. The merit of apostacy belongs to the Executive, and the mends, whose political fortunes he has involved. I hose principles, in any event, we shall firmly ad here to, and consistently and ardently support. In endeavoring to accomplish these great objects, there will undoubtedly be round acting in concert, many who have heretofore differed on other matters. 1 hat they have honestly differed, shonld be a suffi cient reason for not indulging in crimination nnd recrimination in relation to the past. Let former er rors, on all sides, be overlooked or forgotten, as the only means by which on* harmonious movement may be made to restore the Government to its an cient purity, and to redeem our republican institu tions from the spirit of radicalism, which threauns to subvert them. That small patriotic band, that have dared to sepa rate themselves from a party to serve their country, now occupy a position not less eminent than respon sible. They hold the Balance of Political Power. Let it not tremble in their hands! And as they hold it for their country, so may the Balance of Eternal Justice be holden for them! The Madisonian will continue to be published three times a week during the sittings of Congress, and twice a week during the recess, at $5 per annum, payable, invariably, in advance. A weekly edition is also published, at S3 per an num. Tri-weekly, for the term of six months, 83; and weekly, for six months, $2. No subscription will be received for any term short of six months. I3r Subrcribers may remit by mail, in bills of solvent banks, post paid, at our risk; provided it shall appear by a postmaster's certificate, that such remittance has been duly mailed. A liberal discount will be made to companies of <r? or more transmitting their subscriptions together. Postmasters, and others authorized, acting as our agents, will be entitled to receive a copy of the paper gratis for every five subscribers, or, at that rate per cent, on subscriptions generally. Advertisements will be inserted at the usual printers' rates. Letters and communications intended for the es tablishment will not be received unless the postage is paid. HEMORRHOIDS. Hay S LINIM*ENT.?No Fiction.?This extraordi nary chemical composition, the result of science and the invention of a celebrated medical man, the intro duction of which to the public was invented with the so lemnity of a death l>ed bequest, has since gained a repu tation unparalleled, fully sustaining the correctness of the lamented Dr. Gridley's last confession, that " he dared not die without giving to posterity the benefit of his know ledge on tkis subject," and he therefore bequeathed to his friend and attendant, Solomon Hays, the secret of his discovery. It is now used in the principal hospitals, and the private practice in our country, first and most certainly for the cure of the Piles, and aiso so extensively and effectually as to baffle credulity, unless where its effects are wit nessed. Externally in the following complaints : For Dropsy?Creating extraordinary absorption at once. All Swellings?Reducing them in a few hours. Rheumatism - Acute or Chronic, giving quick esse. Sore Throat?By cancers, ulcers, or colds. Croup and Hooping Cough?Externally, and over the chest. All Bruiser, Sprains, and Burns, curing in a few hours. Sores and Ulcers?Whether fresh or long standing, unit fever sores. Its operations upon adults and children in reducing rheumatic swellings, and loosening coughs and tightness of the chest by relaxation of the parts, has been surpris ing beyond conception. The common remark of those who have used it in the Piles, is " It acts like a charm." The Piles.?The price SI is refunded to anv person who will use a liottleof Hay's Liniment for the Piles, and return the empty bottle without being cured. These are the positive orders of the proprietor to the Agents ; and out of many thousands sold, not one has been unsuc cessful. We might insert certificates to any length, but prefer that those who sell the article, should exhibit the original to purchasers. Caution.?None can be genuine without a splendid engraved wrapper, on which is my name, and also that of the Agents. SOLOMON HAYS. Sold wholesale nnd retail by COM STOCK & CO., sole Agents, 2 Fletcher street, near Maiden lane, one door lie low Pearl street, New York, and by one Druggist inevery town in the Union. All Editors who will insert the above 6 months, in a weekly paper, shall be entitled to one dozen of the article. For sale hy J. L. PEABODY, may 19 Washington City. HEADACHE. A CERTAIN CURE FOR SICK HEADACHE, which has been used in families, every memlier of which has had sick headache from infancy, as a constitu tional family complaint, and has cured effectually in every instance yet known, amounting to many hundreds. It is not unpleasant to the taste, and does not prevent the daily avocations of one using it; it must be persevered in, and# the cure is gradual, but certain and permanent. Instances are constantly multiplying where this distressing com plaint is completely relieved and cured, although of years standing, by the use of Dr. Spohn's celebrated remedy.? One decidcd preference is its pleasantness, having none of the nauseating effect of common drugs. It is so perfectly satisfactory, that the proprietor has given directions for his agents to refund the price to any one who is not pleased with, and even cured by it. He hopes also that this may secure its great benefits to the distressed sufferers who are laboring under headache. E. Spohn, M. I), Inventor and Proprietor, 2 Fletcher street, near Maiden lane, 1 door below Pearl street, New York. All Editors who will insert the above one year, in a weekly paper, shall be entitled to one dozen the remedy. For sale in Washington by J. L. PEABODY. may 15-lawly Modern practical surgery ?a Synopsis of , by a member of the Royal College of Sur geons, London; 1 vol. of 343 pages; price 75 cents, is just.received, for sale by F. TAYLOR. ^ Larrey's Surgical Memoirs of the Campaigns in Russia, Germany and France, 1 octavo volume of 300 pages, with many platV-s ; price 87 Cents. Doctor Barton's " Flora of North America," 3 quarto volumes, filled with plates; price eight dollars, (original price $14. And many other woiks of Medicine, Snrgery, Chemis try, Ate. &c. in all cases as low and sometimes below the lowest New York and Philadelphia prices. oct 3 CHEAP BOOKS.?All the Novels and Select Works of Smollet, complete in two volumes, each of 540 large octavo pages, closely printed, and neatly bound, containing also nn engraved Portrait, and Memoir of the Life and Writings of Sir Walter Scott; price for the set 3 dollars, for sale by F. TAYLOR. Also, the complete Novels and Select Works of Field ing, in 2 Urge volumes of the same size and got up in a similar style with the above, with an Essay on his Life and Oenius, by Arthur Murphy ; and a Biography of the author, by Sir Walter Scott; Portrait, &c. &c. Price for the set 3 dollars. oct 3 GIEHLER'S BOOK OF ECCLESIASTICAL HIS TORY , in 3 octavo volumes?is for sale by F. TAYLOR. At 7 dollars per copy, the original price being 10 dollars, oct 3 AMERICAN ALMANAC for IH39 and'Repository of Useful Knowledge is received from Boston this morning and for sale by F. TAYLOR, ('oniainiiiji more than the usual amount of new and valu able Statistical, Commercial, Historical, Agricultural, Meteorological, Astronomical and Scientific information; price one dollar ; piit up in a form which can be readily transinittsd by mail opt UNIY ERSAL HISTORY, from the creation of the wwld to the beginning of the Eighteenth century, by fiord Woodhouselec, in 2 octavo volumes. Just published (1838) price #3 50. oc< 6 F. TAYLOR. The first number of the b'*tienth VOLUME OF THE NEW-YORK MIRROR ?u maued on the thirteenth day of June. It cjntaine a Portrait of Charles Sprn?ue, the American roet, en graved by Parker from a painting by Harding ; aid a Vig nette Titlepage ; theae will he succeeded by thrm coatly and magnificent Engraving* on Steel, by the heat Artiata, deaigned and engraved from original painting* lor the work. Etching* on Wood, by Adam*, Johnwn, and other*, will hI?o embellish the forthcomn g volume ; fce aidea fifty piecea of rare, beautiful, and popular Muaic, arranged for the Pianoforte, Guitar, Harp, etc. The new volume will conUin article* from #i? pena of well known and diatinguiahed writer*, upon ?very aub lect that can prove interesting to the general render, in cluding original Poetry?Tale* ami E?*aya, lumoroua and pathetick?Critical Notice*?Early and cjoice se lection* from the be*t new puldicaliona, both American und Engli*h?Scientick an.l Llterarv Iutellige?cc?txi piou* notice* of Foreign Countries, by Correspondent* engaged expressly and exclusively for thi* Jiurnal? Stricture* upon the various productions in the r ne *rts, that arc presented for the notice and approbation of the public?Elaborate and beautiful * pec i men* ofArt, fcn grstving*, Music, etc ?Notice* of the acted Dftma and other auiusemeiita?Tranalationa from the best n? w works in other languagea, French, German, Italian, Spanieh, etc.-and an infinite variety of miscellaneou* reading re lating to passing evenl*, remarkable individual*, discove rie* and improvement in Science, Art, Mechanic**. anu a series of original pa|Kir* from American wriUra of dia "a. only a limited number of copie* will be ia?*ed, those desirou* of commencing their sutwcnplions wilhthr rom mencemeet of the sixteenth volume can be .up^lied, by direxsUBf their communications, pool paid, to the editors, enclbiiDf the subscription price, five dollars, psystyf, m all casta, \t\ ndvmiff , ? . . The editoii.l conduct of the new volume will be nsder the charge of Ens Saeo?nt, and will contain, a* here tofore, contribution* from Messrs. Morn*, r V?*' , P" tain Marryat, Sheridan Knowles, Ininan, VV lUis, and a list of two hundred others, well known to the reading community. In the variety, interest, amuseswnt and in struction of its literary department, and the splendor of its embellishments, the beauty of its musick, and the ele gance of it* typography, it is intended to regider the new volume, in all respect*, equal, if not supejjor o . s decessors ; and it l* universally admitted that no work extant famishes such valuable equivalents for the trilling amount at which it is afforded per annum as the Mirror. In an advertisement like the present, il is not possible to state all our plan* for the new volume ; and, if it were, it w ould not be necessary for a journal fcat l* *o exten sively known, not only throughout the I rtted States and Great Britain, but wherever the Engl*h language is ?poken. Suffice it to *ay, that neither part*, lal>or, talent, industry, nor expense. sUl I* .pared to lender it a ight, graceful, and agreeable melons of polite, Mid elegant lite rature, a* well as an ornament to the periodical press of the United States?intended alike for ths perusal of our fair and gentle countrywomen, the secluded student, the man of business, and all of both sexes possessing a parti cle of taste or refinement?and while its pages nevi r will contain a single word or sentence that would e u"l pleasantly upon the ear of the most sensitive daughter of Eve, they will be rendered not the lesi acceptable to the opposite sex. CONDmoNs. The Mirror is published every Saturday, at No 1 Barclay-street, next door to Broadway. It ife elegantly printed in the extra super-royal qi?rto form, wi'b hre^ vier, minion, and nonpareil type, ltis embellished, once eve-y thiee months, with a splendid super-royalquarto Engraving, and every week with a popular piece of Mustek, arranged for the Pianofote, Harp, Ottltar, etc. For each volume an exquisitely arranged Vigiette Titlepage. andl a copious Index, are furnished. The term* are H V E dol lars per annum, payable, in all catei, in mdwttt. is for warded by the earliest mails to subscribers residing out of the city of New York. Communications, p-t Pmust lie addressed to the editor. No .ulwcnptions for a ess period than one year. New subscribers may be supplied from the beginning of the present volume. July M SCHOOL KOTICK. ISS ANGELICA GILBERT & Miss EDWARDS recommence their Boardirg School at New Haven on the 1st Oct. next. . , And to those who are seekiig information of Schools at this time, it may lie acceptable to learn, that they have been engaged in teaching young ladies more than twel years, and with the u.d of tw. AwiMant. carry th?-.r pu pils through the lower as well as higher liranches of fcng |lsh education -.-that those who study Natural Philoso phy and Chemistry, have here also the advantage of at tending the College Lectures on these sciences, at a ?mall additional expenae ; that the Masters in r rench and Drawing are those employed by the Faculty. Dancing is taught by a French Lady : Music, vocal and instru mental, by Miss Gilbert. Their establishment accom modates very conveniently about thirty boarders. Reference may be had to Parents and Guardians ot their scholar* from several distant as well as nearstate*. and by permission of a few friends, well known to the community ; nmonE the former especially the Rev Or. Hawkes,Caleb C. Woodhull, Leonard Kip. President Du erand William Cairres, Jun. Esqrs..A?r 1 ori ;Jacob Le Roy, of I.e Roy, Gme.ee ; Ernstus Sparrow /*#'/?. A H. Spooner of Ptterthurg, V* ,-James H. Southal .of tFc. ; James Sanford, MMe, Hon. OustMus Swan, of Columbu*, Oh 10; Reuben Booth, E*q., C*. . and among the latter to Governor Marcy and Je.tr BueJ. Esq. Alba"xi: as well as to the Rev. Dr. Crosweli and Profes sor Silliman, of New Haven. sept5-6w THE PUBLIC WORKS OF GREAT BRITAIN, practically illustrated by Sims, folio. Trudgold on the Steam Engine, qu?rto Transactions of the Institutions of British Architects, ^"professional Papers of the Corps of Royal Engineers, '"Railway Practice, by Breese, folio. Brown's Perspective, quarto. British Nautical Almanacs, for 1839, 1840 and 1841. W'ishaw's Analysis of Railways. Vicat. on Cements. . . Barlow, on Construction and the strength of Materials. Noble, on the Professional Practice of Architects. Freizi, on Rivers and Torrents, 1 vol. quarto. Hart, on Oblique Arches The almvc, together with many more, (too numerous for an advertisement) valuable works of cl***01 science, are this day received, by F. TA\ LOR. for sale, together with a large collection of works of a similar cha racter, previously on hand. oct ENGLISH BOOKS imported by F.TAYLOR. Will be opened this day by F. TAYLOR, (just received by the Wellington, Irom London,) a large collection ot some of the most valuable books ever brought to W ash ington, chiefly pract.cal scientific works, embracing all tha* is new in Great Britain on the subjects of Architec ture, Civil Engineeiing. Geology, Mineralogy, Naval and Military Science, <Vc. &c. &c. together with many of the older works on the same subjects, of established reputa tion ; as well as new and standard works in every class ot literature, illustrated books. &c. &c. too numerous for the limits of a newspaper advertisement. They will be shown to any one who may take an interest in examining them, (lieing imported direct) will Ik- so Id as low as they can possibly be afforded by any bookseller in the United States. HEALTH AND BEAUTY.?An explanation of the laws of growth and exercise ; through which a pleas ing contour, symmetry of form, and graceful carriage of the body are acquired; and the commondeformitie. of tie spine and chest prevented. By John Bell, M. D. Une The Bit O'Writin' and other Tales by the O'Hara fa mily, in 2 vols. Are just received by TAyl 0R sept 26 Immediately East of Gsdsby's. s OUVF.NIRS FOR 1830.?The 'Gift,'edited by Miss J Leslie. The Violet, edited by Miss Leslie. Are ] ust received, for sale by r. Immediately East of Gadsby s. Also, just received, Napoleon and his Times, by Cau lincourt, the Duke of Viccnia, in 2 vols. Jorrocks's Jaunts and Jollities ; or the Hunting, - hoot ing. Racing. Sailing. Eating, Eccentric, and Extravagant Exploits of that renowned sporting citixen, Mr. John Jorrocks, in 2 ^ "''1" a CHEAP BOOKS.?Don Quixotic, complete in four volumes, handsomely bound, price (for the .set) ?1 3 aV Marrvatt's Novels, handsomely printed in pocket volumes, and full bound in fancy-colored morocco, price 2.r> cents per volume, some of the novels being complete in one volume, and none of them taking up more than two. Sold singly or by the set at the above price. The Scottish Chiefs, complete in 3 volumes, price, lor the set, 75ccnta. _ oct 10 F. TAM.OR THEODORE SEDGEWICK'S Public and Private Economy, 2d part, is just published and this day re ceived, for sale by K1A1LUK. oct 10 I IFF. OF BRANDT, includirg Wats of the Ameri can Revolution, by W. L. Stone, in 2 vols octavo, with many engravings is this day received, for^alc by oct 6 ' LJALhiiir-. TEXAS?Its History, Soil, Climate, Productions, Resources, Prospects, &c. iVc. with Geographical, Topographtral and Statistical accounts of the country, by the Rev. C. Newell, 1 volume, with an engraved map. price 87 cents?is just published and this Toll lor sale hy F. TAYLOK aept 29 From the Knickerbocker. THE DYING GIRL. From the Pori-Polio of a Book-Worm. OR would she lit and look upon the sky, When rich clouds in the golden sunset lay Basking, and loved to hear the son winds sigh, That come like music at the close of day? Trembling among the orange blooms, and die As't were of very sweenies*. She was gay, Meekly and calmly gay, and then her gaze Was brighter than belongs to dying days. And on her young thin cheek a vivid flush, A clear transparent color, sat awhile ; 'Twas like, a bard would say, the morning's blush, And round her mouth there play'd a gentle smile, Which though at first it might your terrors hush, It could not, though it strove, at last beguile: And her hand shook, and then 'rose ihe blue vein, Branching about in all its windings plain. The girl was dying. Youth and beauty, all Men love or boast of, was decaying, And one by one life's finest flowers did fall Before the touch of Death, who seem'd delaying, As though he'd not the heart at once to call That maiden to her home. At last, arraying Himself in softest guise, he came : she sigh'd And smiling as though her lover whispered, died! He saw her where she lay, in silent state, Cold and as white as marble: and her eye, Whereon such bright and beaming beauty sate, Was, after the fashion of mortality, cinwxl up toi ever: fVfn the which late None could withstand, ?or? gone : and there did lie (For he had drawn aside the shrouding veil,) By her a helpless hand, waxen and pale. From the Metropolitan for September. ABSURDITIES OF HUMAN LIFE. To rise early on a cold morning when you have nothing to do. Not to go to bed when you are sleepy, be cause it is not a certain hour. To stand in water to your knees fishing for trout, when you can buy them in a clean dry market. Curates, younger brothers, &c., marrying I out of hand ; and when they find themselves i with a numerous progeny, lamenting the seve | rity of their lot, and abusing bishops, elder bro thers and patrons of all denominations for not providing for them. To suppose that every one likes to hear your child cry, and you talk nonsense to it. The perpetual struggle of affectation to pass for au oddity. Old men affecting the gaiety and gallantry of youth; young men assuming the gravity and sanctity of age. To the loss of time and money at the card ; table to add that of your temper. An honest thriving soap-boiler imagines he ! has a talent for public speaking, commences orator, and cannot comprehend, after many a speech, why the government does not become better,nor why his business has become worse. You have a dozen children with different dispositions and capacities, and you give them all the same education. To send your son to travel into foreign countries, ignorant of the history, manneis and language of his own. To tell a person from whom you solicit a loan of money that you are in want of it. You lie in bed till eleven, take a luxurious breakfast, lounge about your park, return to a I sumptuous board at seven, play at cards till midnight, eat heartily again at supper, and wonder that you do not enjoy a perfect elas ticity and health of mind and body. To call a man hospitable who indulges his vanity by displaying his service of plate to his rich neighbors frequently, but was never known to give a dinner to any one really in wunt of it. You indulge your child in an unlimited passion for fine clothes and good living, and are afterwards shocked at his being a coxcomb and a glutton. That any man should despair of success in any the most foolish undertaking, in a world so overstocked with fools. Such a man is indebted to you in a large sum of monoy, and has no means in posses sion or in prospect of paying you ; that it may be utterly impossible for him to earn it by his industry, you immure him in a prison for the remainder of his days. You make a very foolish match, and gravely ask a judicious friend his opinion of your choice. To suppose that all men in public life must be actuated by corrupt or interested motives. Two armies, who know not, even the cause of quarrel, previously indulging in the work of slaughter on the sound of a trumpet and on beat of a drum instantaneously stopping and reciprocally performing every act of kind ness. A man of superior talents and accomplish ments is always pronounced conceited by the clowns who cannot understand him. With all the experience of the vicissitudes of fortune and the decline of empires, to think our own immortal. To desire the chambermaid of an inn to air your sheets, or the ostler to feed your horse. To salute your most intimate friend when he is walking with any very great man. To think every one a man ot spirit who fights n duel. To doubt what travellers report, bccause it contradicts our own experience, or surpasses our own conceptions. To pronounce those the most pious who never absent themselves from church. To take offence at the address or carriage of any man, with whoso mind and conduct we are acquainted. Not to be profoundly deferential to a quar relsome man. To expect punctuality from an idle man. In a severe paroxysm of gout, you deter mine never to commit excess again. To laugh at the appearance or manners of foreigners, to whom we must appear equally ridiculous. To congratulate a hypochondriac on his good looks. To tell a confirmed beatify she looks much better than she did the last season. To occupy the attention of a large compa ny by the recital of an occurrence interesting to yourself alone. To ask advice of a man who has always mismanaged his own affairs. To indulge in all manner of excess and vice, and imagine yourself cunning enough to conceal it from the world. To subscribe to any indefatigable collector for public charities, who has no visible means of subsistence. To give any man wise in his own conceit, or superior to you in life, a candid opinion when he asks your advice. To give advice to, or argue with, a fool. , I 'rom Mrs. Sigourmey't iMlert. NEW ENGLAND INDUSTRY. I havo seen no class of people, among whom a more efficient system of industry and econo my of time was established, than the agricultu ral population of New England. Their pos sessions are not sufficiently large to allow waste of any description. Hence every arti cle seems to be carefully estimated and ap plied to its best use, Their mode of life is as (uvorable to cheerfulness and health as it is eminent in industry. The farmer rising with the dawn, attends to those employments which are necessary for the family?and proceeds early with his sons or assistants, to their departments of daily la ^or* 1 he birds enliven them with their songs, and lambs gambol, while the patient ox marks the deep furrow, or the grain is committed to the earth, or the tall grass, humbled beneath the scythe, or the stately corn freed from the intrusion of weeds. Fitting tasks are pro portioned to the younger ones, that no hand may be idle. In the interior of the house an equal dili gence prevails. The elder daughters take willing parts with the mother, in every domes tic ton. rtic itiiiitieu who are too small to be useful, proceed to school, kindly leading the littlo one who can scarcely walk. Per hups the aged grandmother, a welcome and honored inmate, amuses the ruddy infant, that she may relt'ase a stronger hand for toil. The sound ot the wheel, and the vigorous strokes of the loom are heard. The fleece of the sheep are wrought up amid the cheerful son^ of sisters. Remembering the fabrics which they produce, will guard those whom they love from the blasts of winter,the bloom deep ens on their cheek, with the pleasing con sciousness of useful industry. In the simple and abundant supply of a ta ble, Iroin their own resources, which shall re fresh those who return weary from the field, all are interested. I he boy who brings his mot'ier the fresh vegetables, selects a salad which his own hand cultivated, with some portion of the pride with which Dioclesian pointed to the cabbages which he had reared. The daughter, who ga- I thers treasures from the nests of the poultry that she feeds, delights to tell their history, and to number her young ducks as they swim forth boldly on the pond. The bees, whose hives range near the door, add a desert to their repast, and the cows feeding quietly on rich pastures, yield pure nutriment for the little ones. Now their bread they have "sown, and reaped, and gathered into barnsthe flesh is from their own flocks?the fruit and nuts from their own trees. The children know when the first berries ripen, and when the chcsnut will be in its thorny sheath in the forest. The happy farmer at his independent table, need not envy the luxury of kings. The active matron strives to lessen the ex penses of her husband and to increase his gains. She sends to market the wealth of her dairy, and the surplus produce of her loom. She instructs her daughters by their diligence to have a purse of their own from which to furnish the more delicate parts of their ward robe, and to relieve the poor. In the long evenings of winter, she plies her needle, or knits stockings with them, or maintains the quick music of the flax wheel, from whence linen is prepared for the family. She incites them never to eat the bread of idleness, and as they have been trained, so will they train others again; for tbe seeds of industry are perennial. J I he lather and brothers having recess from their toils of the busier seasons, read aloud such books as are procured from the public library and knowledge thus entering in with industry, arid domestic order forms a hallowed alliance. Ihe most sheltered corner by the ample fireside is reserved for the hoary grand parents, who in plenty and pious content, pass the eve of a well spent life. The sacred hymn and prayer, rising daily from such households is acceptable to Heaven. 1 o their humble scenery some of our wisest and most illustrious men, rulers of the people, sages and interpreters of the law ot God, look back tenderly as their birth place. They love to acknowledge that in the industry and disci pline of early years, was laid the foundation of their greatness. Heirs to the 1 hronk of France.?It is a singular fact that, including a pretender to the throne of France, who has for years, asserted himself to bo the Dauphin, son of Louis Sixteenth, who was supposed to have perished in the Temple during the revolution, I there are living five heirs to the throne of I r ranee. They are, the Duke of Orleans, ' son, and the Count of Paris, grandson, of Louis Phillippe; the Duke of Bordeaux, grandson of Charles X ; the souidisant Duke of Normandy; and Louis Napoleon Bona parte, nephew of the Emperor, and grandson by adoption, who claims as next in succession to the Duke of Reichstadt. Respecting the pretender above alluded to, the New \ ork Advertiser mentions that, though he has endeavored for twenty years, as yet he lias not succeeded in gaining his great object, an interview with or any notice from the Duchess D'Angouleme, (who, if he is really the son of Louis XVI, is his only 9ister,) although he has caused to bo publish ed numerous and minute details of events that took place in his childhood, and by which, as they could be known only to herself and bro ther, he maintains, that she must recognize him. He has applied in turn to half the monarchs in Lurope?not exactly for support, but for their influence with the Duchess, to gain for him a hearing ; and he declares that Napoleon was so satisfied with his identity, as secretly to grant him a liberal pension? instigated thereto by sympathy for his mis fortunes, and perhaps by some undefined no tion of using him, in some possible emergen cy, against his supposed uncle, Louis XVIII. Van Amburgh, the tiger tamer and lion qneller, has had a flare up among his four footed beastials. One of his tigers having manifested a disposition to take high English ground, after arriving upon the soil whose very touch is so instantaneous in imparting freedom to man, beast and bird, Van Amburgh had to fight for his own sovereignty. It has always been our expectation that this fellow's mancruverings would bring him to an untime ly end, some time or other, and it is still our belief that he will be eaten one of these days. Ho app rs, however, in this case to have settled the matter with that particular brute, without n great deal of trouble to himself.? The " John Bull" has the following account of the a flair.?A*. Y. Gazelle. Furious hIlack on Mr. Vmn Amburgh, of Aslley's Amphitheatre, by one of hit Tigert. ?Since Wednesday last the principal topic of conversation in the theatrical world has been the furious attack made on Mr. Von Am burgh, whose exhibition at Astley's Royal Amphitheatre of lions, tigers, leopards and other animals of the forest, in the grand zoological spectacle entitled the M Lion Con queror of Pompeii," has excited within these few duys past much public attention. Mr Van Amburgh has been atyled by the phUolo got of the above equestrian establishment as the brute tamer, and certainly the appellation is well applied, as the following daring' feat will prove, for never was the courage or the presence of mind of man put to a severer test From the information obtained by our reporter yesterday, from an authentic source, it appear* that on Wednesday last a rehearsal was goiag' on in the circus of the theatre, when Mr. Van Amburgh, wishing one of his tigers to perform a certain feat, which the animal was utterly unable or unwilling to accomplish, had re course to severe corporeal punishment, which chastisement he inflicted with a Targe horse whip. Smarting under the paiu of the lash, the animal became incensed, and suddenly sprang upon Mr. Van Amburgh, who instant | ly was hurled with violence to the ground, from the strength and weight of his incensed I- assailant. Mr. Van Amburgh, who is of Herculean case, and possessing extraordinary IllUftVUtat W VI f ftlMMSItt!J tWsfc tion of the animal, which waa that of tearing him to pieces, and with the courage and pre sence of mind which few men possess, seized his foe by the lip of the lower jaw, and thus pinioned hiin as a bull dog would an ox at a bait. A lor.g and fenrful struggle now ensued, in the course of which both the man and the tiger rolled over several times. At-length Mr. Van Amburgh got the better of his foe by throwing him on his bnck, at the same time kneeling on his stomach, and, with hie other hand, which was till now unengaged, com menced striking the prostrate animal with his clenched fist, the blows following in quick succession, over the head, face and particular ly the noso, until the blood flowed from the subdued animal, who here quivered under the grasp of his conqueror. At length Mn Van Ainburgh, pcrceiving that he had completely overcome him, released his hold, and the ani mal, finding himself at liberty, retired a short distance from his master, ana crouched down as if severely suffering from the punishment he had received. It may here be proper to mention that the performers (so we understood,) did not pay any attention to the struggle, considering that it was merely a rehearsal of the part to be played in the evening, until they saw him administering the severe chastisement, as be fore described, to the enraged animal, and its efforts to compel Mr. Van Amburgh to release his hold. This encounter did not' at all im pede the entertainments of the evening.? John Bull. .Vejr Points in the Theory of Vision.?At the eighth meeting of the British Association for the advancement of Scienee, a communi cation was made by Sir David Brewster, " On some Preparations of the Eye," by Wil liam C. Wallace, an Oculist of New York. As no paper accompanied these preparations, Sir David Brewster explained to the meeting their general nature, and their importance is the establishment of some interesting points in the theory of vision. We extract from the London Athenaeum an abstract of his remarks: " Mr. Wallace, he stated, considers that he has discovered the apparatus by whioh theeye is adjusted to different distances. This ad justment is, he conceives effected in two ways ?in eyes which have spherical lencea it is produced by a falciform, or hook-shaped mus cle attached only to one side of the lens, which by its construction brings the crystal line lens nearer the retina. In this case, it is obvious that the lens will have a slight mo tion of rotation, and that the diameter, which was in the axis of vision previous to the con traction of the muscle, will be moved out ot that axis niter the adjustment, so that at dif ferent distances of the lens from the retina different diameters of it will be placed in the axis of vision. As the diameters of a sphere arc all equal and similar, Mr. Wallace con sidered that vision would be equally perfect" along th^ different diameters of the lens, hiought by rotation into the axis of vision* Sir David Brewster, however, remarked that he had never found among his numerous ex aminations of the lenses of fishes any which> are perfectly spherical, as they were all either oblate or prolate speriods, so that along the different diameters of the solid lens the vision would not be similarly performed. But, inde pendent of this circumstunce, he stated that in every solid lens there was only one line or axis in which vision could be perfectly distinct,, namely, the axis of the optical figure, or se ries of positive and negative luminous sectors, which are seen by the analysis of polarized light. Along every other diameter the optical action of the lens is not symmetrical. When the lens is not a sphere, but lenticular, as in the human eye or in the eyes of most quadru peds, Mr. Wallace considers that the appara tus for adjustment is the ciliary processes, to which this office had been previously ascribed, though not on the same scientific grounds as those discovered by Mr. Wallace. One of the most important results of Mr. Wallace's dis sections is the discovery offibres in the retina. These fibres may be rendered distinctly visi ble. They diverge from the base of the optic nerve, and 9urround the foramen ovale of Soemmering at the extremity of the eye. Sir John Herschel had supposed such fibres to be requisite in the explanation of his theory of vision, and it is therefore doubly interesting to find that they hove actually been discovered. Sir David Brewster concluded his observa tions by expressing a hope that anatomists in this country would turn their attention to this' subject; and that w rth this view he would lace the preparations of Mr. Wallace in the Exhibition Kooms at Newcnstlc during th? week." ________ Old Isii" of Courtship.?Oct. 27, 1647,?the Ge neral Court cnact 'thai if any young roan attempt to address a young woman, wiihout the consent of her parents or of the County Courtt he shall be fined ?5 for the first offV-nce, ? 10 pounds for the second, and imprisonment for the third. Punifhmrnls.?Sept. 11, 1649.?Matthew Starley was tried for drawing the affections of John Tarbox s daughter without the consent of her parents. He was fined jC2?? fees 9s 6d, and 6s lor 3 days attend ance by her parents. In the same month, 3 married women wer? fined 5s a niece for scolding! Cluere. What would or should have been the penally for an unmarried wo man for the same offence.?Snkm (iazette. Awti-Bkd-Bi'o.?A late European paner inform* u? ' that a few drop* of ?weet nitre will effectually banish bed-bugs In some of our hotela and steamboat*, then, tweet nitre will make night sweeter.