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The Madisonian. [volume] (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1837-1845, October 20, 1838, Image 1

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...TO. A?P ??"""?
A year has elapsed since we first issued our Pros
pectus for the publication of the Madwonun. Pur
Wthis eventful period we have been
*vere conflict, ai interesting and impor ant to the
Renublic its any that ha* transpired since its organi
The cause and our course, have attached
ETiJy UXSi tud. .ill ?? permi. ?to r
"i"'sjsffithSJ; ?>??*?.??"??*
come necessary, in justice to ouraelf and the public,
to indicate our course for the future.
It is well remembered that the Madisonuw *ras
established in the conviction that the great character
gild interests of the country, as well as the success of
the administration, required another organ at the seat
of the National Government. Born in the Republi
can faith, and nurtured in Republican doctrines, we
were desirous of seeing the leading principles of the
party to which we were attached, preserved and car
ried out, not only in theory, but in practice. We j
pledged ourself to sustain the principles and doc- |
frines .?f the Republican party, as delineated by Mr. j
Madison, and came here in good faith to support the
present administration upon tke principles v/ucA go
verned the /tarty wkick elected Mr. fan Uuren, and
upon the pledges by wkiek that tUclion teas secured.
We have, throughout, strictly adhered to those prin
ciples. Had the Executive of this nation done the
same; had he received in the spirit in which it was
offered, the advice of his best friends, the continu
ance of this paper would not .have been necessary,
nor should we have beheld the distracted counsels by
which he is governed, or have seen the disjointed
and defeated parly by which he is surrounded.
No Chief Magistrate, since the days of Washing
ton, ever came to that high station under more favor
able auspices than Mr. Van Buren. A combination
of circumstances, which seldom transpire, clearly
indicated the way to the aflfections of the people, and i
gave him the power to have disarmed opposition by
the very measures which would have established his 1
popularity. But, ill-omened and evil counsels pre
vailed, and the hopes of that political millennium,
which many Republicans cherished as the fulfilment
of their creed were tUsappoiiUei aed purtpoMl.
Whilst the Madwoman and ito friends were en
deavoring to restore the prosperity of the country,
the Executive and his advisers were urging forward
measures directty calculated to destroy 11?to keep
the country convulsed and prostrate?measures,
subversive of the principles of Republican govern
ment, and tending to the establishment of an unmit
igated despotism. Accompanied as they were by a
war upon the credit system of the country, and an
unusual spirit of intolerance, denunciation and
proscription, justice could not have required nor
honesty expected any support from consistent Republi
cans. In that spirit of independence and love of
freedom which characterized the founders of our
institutions, we resisted these nefarious attempts to
depreciate and destroy them, with the best of our
ability. The same spirit which prompted us to do
this, finds no justification in supporting the men who
made it necessarv.
It is an incontrovertible truth, that every prominent
act of this administration has been an open, une
quivocal violation of every principle and profession
upon which Mr. Van Buren was elevated to the
Chief Magistracy by the people. j
In his upholding the specie circular, which made j
discriminations unauthorized by law, and which j
had been twice condemned by Congress;
In his recommending the Sub-Treasuay scheme, |
contemplating a union of the purse and the sword, .
and the subversion of the entire practice of the go- j
vernment, and still persisting in it, notwithstanding j
it has been four times condemned by the Represen
tatives of the people;
In his recommendation of a Bankrupt law to be
passed by Congress, applicable only to corporations,
so that til is government should possess an absolute
control over all the State institutions, and be able to
crush them all, at pleasure; and taking all jurisdic- :
tion over them from the hands of the State tribunals; ?
In his breaking faith with the States, by recom
mending a repeal of the distribution law;
In his repeated recommendations of the issue of
Treasury notes, to supply the place oflegal money,
recurring thus to the exploded and ruinous practice
of depreciated, government paper money, for a circu- <
lating medium; thus exercising a power derived ,
only from a loose construction of the Constitution,
and repudiated by the best Republican authorities;
In his attempt to establish a Treasury Bank with
an irredeemable paper-money circulation ;
In his effort to overthrow the State Bank Deposite
system established bv President Jackson, and take
the public moneys into his actual custody and con
tr?ln his attempt to divorce the government from the
interests and sympathies of the people :
In his attempt to create a " multitude of new offi
ces, and to send swarms of officers "to harrass our
people, and eat out their substance....
In his attempt to "take away our charters, abolish
our most valuable laws, and alter, fundamentally, the
powers of our governments;"
In his display of sectional partiality;
In his cold indifference to the interests and wants
of the people during a period of extreme suffering;
In his attempt to throw discredit upon, and even-,
tually, to crush the State banks, through the revenue
power of the government, and embarrass the re
sumption of specie payments; _
In permitting the patronage of his office to come
in conflict with the freedom of elections;
In his open contempt of the will of the people as
expressed through the ballot box ;
In his attempt to cram obnoxious measures down
the throats of dissenting brethren by means unbecom
ing a magnanimous Chief Magistrate ;
In his refusal to acquiesce in the decisions of
majority; and . , TT
In the despotic attempt of his partisans in the U.
S. Senate, on the 2d July, inst. to seise the public
treasure, by abolishing all law for its custody and
safe keeping. *
He has abandoned the principles by which became
into power, and consequently, the duty which they
prescribed; and he has so obstinately persevered in
his erroneous course as to preclude all reasonable
hope of his retracing it.
And finally, to this long catalogue of grievances,
we may add, what maybe considered a minor of
fence, but certainly a very obnoxious one, that con
trary to all preconceived opinions of his character,
Mr. Van Buren has rendered himself the most
inaccessible, both to friends and adversaries, of all the
Chief Magistrates that ever filled his station.
And from all these considerations, Jo what conclu
sion can the nation come, but that their Chief Magis
trate is either wanting in integrity, or wanting in
We need not say that we expected different thing
of a public servant, bound by his sacred pledges, to
regard the national will as the supreme law of the
Republic. That blind infatuation which.has heeded
not this rule of the American people, must and
ought to meet its reward and sink in indiscriminate
ana everlasting overthrow.
The financial policy ot this Administration cannot
be sustained upon any principle of necessity, expe
diency, utility, practical philosophy, or sound econo
my. Its plain object, the perpetuity of power, and
its plain effect, the destruction of the banktngsystem,
require, of course, too great a sacrifice from Ihe
American people to be, for a moment, tolerated.
The great desideratum, a sound, uniform, and con
venient currency, and a system that will equalize, as
nearly as practicable, the domestic exchanges, is de
manded by the practical wants of the people, ana,
sooner or later, in one form or another, will be ob
tained by them. To accomplish this end, and to
" preserve and regulate" the credit system of the
country, which this administration has attempted to
impair, will be one of the great objects for which
we feel constrained to continue our labors.
No Administration of this Government can pros
per, none deserve to succeed, that is not Conserva
tive, both in theory and practice. Enlightened im
provements, and liberal practicable reforms may lie
permitted and encouraged in our system, but violent
measures of destruction, ar.d unrestrained extremes
of innovation, should not be suffered with impunity
by those who wish to preserve unimpaired the most
free and perfect form of government, yet devised lor
the enjoyment and protection of mankind.
Political toleration should be as liberal and exten
sive as religious toleration, which is guaranteed by
the constitution.
lllraism in whatever party or shape it may ap
pear, should be repudiated ana sturdily opposed.
The science of Government should not be permit
ted to degenerate among us in a vulgar pursuit ot
party advantages, nor the lofty ambition of real
statesmen into a selfish 'and perpetual scramble for
office. Let the example and the fate of this admi
nistration be a monument and a warning through all
future lime.
Our labors shall continue for the promotion of
sound principles, and the general welfare of the coun
try, rather than the selfish ends of jiersonal or parly
The support of Republican principles, a? deline
ated by the father of the constitution, would be in
consistent with the support in any contingency of
a man whose whole course of measures has been
but a continual violatiou of every sound lenel of Re
publicanism, and one continued crusade against
popular rights and national interests.
At a proper time, the Madisonian will be prepared
to sustain, for the highest offices in the government,
such "honest and capable" candidates as public
sentiment shall seem to indicate?such as shall seem
best calculated to concentrate the greatest Democra
tic Ukpubijcan support? to overthrow the measures
which have, thus Jar, proved destructive to the best
interests of the country, and at the same time to send
into retirement the men who have attempted to force
them upon a reluctant and a resisting people.?
Above alt, such as shall be most likely to preserve
the Constitution of the country to perpetuate its
Union, and to transmit the public liberties, unimpair
ed to posterity. We constantly remember the name
we have assumed ; and we shall be unworthy of it,
whenever the preservation of the constitution ceas
es to be our first and chiof object.
We are not to be understood, in any view, as for
saking Democratic Rkpiblk an principles. The
merit of aposfacy belongs to the Executive, and the
friends, whose political fortunes he has involved.
Those principles, in any event, we shall firmly ad
here to, and consistently and ardently support.
In endeavoring to accomplish these great objects,
there will undoubtedly be found acting in concert,
many who have heretofore differed on other matters.
That they have honcstlv differed, should be a suffi
cient reason for not indulging in crimination and
recrimination in relation to the past. Let former er
rors, on all sides, be overlooked or forgotten, as the
only means by which one harmonious movement
may be made to restore the Government to Its an
cient purity, and to redeem our republican institu
tions from the spirit oi radicalism, which threatens
to subvert them.
That small patriotle band, that hare dared fo sepa
rate themselves from a forty to serve their country,
now occupy a position not less eminent than respon
sible. Tnev hold the Balance of Political Power.
Let it not tremble in their hands ! And as they hold
it for th?ir country, sa may the Balance of Eternal
Justice be holden for them!
The Madisonian will continue to be published
three times a week during the sittings of Congress,
and twice a week during the recess, at $5 per
annum, payable, invariably, in advance.
A weekly edition is also published, at S3 per an
Tri-weekly, for the term of six months, S3; and
weekly, for six months, S2.
No subscription will be received for any term short
of six months.
Cr Subscribers may remit by mail, in bills of
solvent banks, post paid, at our risk; provided it
shall appear by 9 postmaster's certificate, that such
remittance has been dnly mailed.
A liberal discount will be made to companies of
tive or more transmitting their subscriptions together.
Postmasters, and others authorized, acting as our
agents, will be entitled to receive a copy of the paper
gratis for every five subscribers, or, at that rate per
cent, on subscriptions generally.
Advertisements will be inserted at the usual
printers' rates.
Letters and communications intended for the es
tablishment will not be received unless the pontage
is paid.
HAY'S LINIMENT.?No Fiction.?This extraordi
nary chemical composition, the result of science
and the invention of a celebrated medical man, the intro- i
duction of which to the public was invested with the so- J
lemnity of a death bed bequest, has since gained a repu- j
tation unparalleled, fully sustaining the correctness of the ,
lamented Dr. Grulley's last confession, that " he dared
not die without giving to posterity the lienefitof his know- j
ledge on tkis subject," and he therefore bequeathed to his '
friend and attendant, Solomon Hays, the secret of his :
It is now used in the principal hospital", and the private j
practice in our country, first and most certainly for the
cure of the Piles, and also so extensively and effectually j
as to baffle credulity, unless where its effects are wit
nessed. Externally in the following complaints :
For Dropsy?Creating extraordinary absorption at once.
All Swellings?Reducing them in a few hours.
Rheumatism -Acute or Chronic, giving quick ease.
Sore Throat?By canccrs, ulcers, or colds.
Croup and Hooping Cough?Externally, and over the
All Bruises, Sprains, and Bums, curing ih a few hours.
Sores and Ulcers?Whether fresh or long standing, and
fever sores.
Its operations upon adults and children in reducing
rheumatic swellings, and loosening coughs and tightness
of the chest by relaxation of the parts, has been surpris
ing beyond conception. The common remark of those i
who have used it in the Piles, is " It acts like a charm." j
The Piles.?The price SI is refunded to any person
who will use a bottle of Hay's Liniment for the Piles, and j
return the empty bottle without being cured. These are |
tho positive order* of the proprietor to the Agents'; and
out of many thousands sold, not one has lieen unsuc
We might insert certificates to any length, but prefer
that those who sell the article, shouldexhibit the original
to purchasers. ,
Caution.?None can be genuine without a splendid
engraved wrapper, on which is my name, and also that
of the Agents.
Sold wholesale and retail by COMSTOCK & CO., sole
Agents, 2 Fletcher street, near Maiden lane, one door be
low Pearl street, New York, and by one Druggist inevery
town in the Union.
All Editors who will insert the above 6 months, in a
w eekly paper, shall be entitled to one dozen of the article.
For sale by J. L. PEABODY,
may 19 Washington City.
which has been used in families, every member of
which has had sick headache from infancy, as a constitu
tional family complaint, and has cured effectually in every
instance yet known, amounting to many hundreds. It is
not unpleasant to the taste, and does not prevent the daily
avocations of one using it; it must be persevered in. and
the cure is gradual, but certain and permanent. Instances
are constantly multiplying where this distressing com
plaint is completely relieved and cured, although of years
standing, by the use of Dr. Spohn's celebrated remedy.?
One decided preference is its pleasantness, having none
of the nauseating effect of common drugs.
It is so perfectly satisfactory, that the proprietor has
given directions for his agents 10 refund the price to any
one who is not pleased with, and even cured liy it. He
hopes also that this may secure its great lienefits to the
distressed sufferers who are laboring under headache.
E. Spohn. M. D , Inventor and Proprietor, 2 Fletcher
street, near Maiden lane, 1 door below Pearl street, New
All Editors who will insert the nliove one year, in a
weekly paper, shall be entitled to one dozen the remedy.
For sale in Washington by J. L. PEABODY.
may 15-lawly ?
of , by a member of the Royal College of Sur
geons, London ; 1 vol. of 343 pages ; price 75 cents, is
just received, for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Larrey's Surgical Memoirs of the Campaigns in Russia, '
Germany and France, 1 octavo volume of 360 pages, with j
many plates; price 87 cents.
Doctor Barton's " Flora of North America," 3 quarto j
volumes, filled with plates; price eight dollars, (original
price $14.
And many other woiks of Medicine, Surgery, Chemis
trv. &<' iVc. in all cases as low and sometimes below the
lowest New York and Philadelphia priccs. oct 3
CHEAP BOOKS.?All the Novels and Select Works
of Smollet, complete in two volumes, each of 540
large octavo pages, closely printed, and neatly bound,
containing also an engraved Portrait, and Memoir of the
Life anil Writings of Sir Walter Scott; price for the set
3 dollars, for sale by r. TAYLOR.
Also, the complete Novels and Select Works of Field
inn, in 2 large volumes of tho same size and got up in a
similar style with the above, with an Es*ay on his Life
and Genius, by Arthur Murphy; and a Biography of the
author, by Sir Walter Scott; Portrait, <Stc. &c. Puce
for the set 3 dollars. oct 3
TORY, in 3 octavo volumes?is for sale liy
At 7 dollars per copy, the original price being 10 dollars.
oct 3
AMERICAN ALMANAC for 1*39 and Repository
of Useful Knowledge is received from Boston this
morning and for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Containing more than the nsual amount of new and valu
able Statistical, Commercial, Historical, Agricultural,
Meteorological, Astronomical and Scientific information;
price one dollar; put up in a form which can be readily
transinittsd by mail. oet 6
UNIVERSAL HISTORY, from the creation of the
world to the beginning of the Eighteenth century., by
Lord Woodhouselec, in 2 octavo volumes,
Jus( published (IP38) price $3 SO.
oct 6 F. TAYLOR.
wa. lanued on the thirteenth day of Jun.. ll
a Portrait of Charles Sprague, the^Ainericn Poet. M
graved by Parker from a painting by Harding ; and a v ig
nette Titlepaae ; these will I* succeeded by three costly
and msgnilfcent Engravm*. on Bteel, by theie.t Artisis.
designed and engraved from original P?lnt1?*' ',r
work. Etching! on Wood, by Adam., Johnson, and
other., will al.o embelli.h the forUicomu g volume ; b.
.idea fifty piece, of rare, beautiful, and popular Muaic,
arranged for the Pianoforte, Guitar, Harp, etc.
The new volume will eonUin article, from ihepena o!
well know n and dutingui.hed writer., ???????? 1
ject that can prove intereating to the general reader,, in
ilu.li.iK original Poetrr-Tales and E?.ays,
and pathetiok?Critical Notices?Early
lection, from the liest new .mbll-ations, both American
and English?Scientick and Literary Intelligence?<.0
piou. none of Foreign Countries, by
engaged expreaaly and exclu.ively for tin. J0""'"'
Stricture, upon the various productions in the h ine'A .
that are presented for the notice and approbation of the
public-Elaborate and beautiful apecwMMM ofArt, fcn
.raving. Mu.ic, etc.? Notice. of the acted Drama and
other aniUiUMnent.?Translation, from the beat .
in other languages, French, German, Italian, Spanish,
etc.?and an Infinite variety of miscellan eou s re ading re"
luting to ixi.aing evenU, remarkable individuals, di.cove
rie. and improvement in Science, Art, Mechanic*., and
a aerie, of original paper, from American writer, of d?
11 "a.'only a limited numlier of copies will be '?ued th?.e
desirous of commencing their .ubacnption. with the om
menceniont of the sixteenth volume can be supplied, by
directing their communication., poet paid, to the
encloaing the ?ub?cription price, five dollar., payable, in
all case*, in advance. ... , ,
The editorial conduct of the new volume will be under
the charge of Era. Sargent, and will contain, " here
tofore, contribution. fmu.Mea.ra- Mom., Fay.Ow. Oa|^
tain Marryat, Sheridan Knowle., Inman, vV illw, and a
li.t of two hundred other., well known to the reading
community. In the variety, interest, am.i.ement and in
.truction of it. literary department, and the aplendor of
itaemlielli.hmei.ta, the beauty of it. muaick, wid tlie c e
tance of it. typography, it 1. intended to render the new
volume, in all equal, if not
dece.sors ; and it l. universally admitted that no w ork
extant furni.he. .uch valuable equivalent, for the trifling
amount at which it i. afforded per annum, aa the Mirror.
In an a(lverti?ement like the pre.ent, it i. notJ^"'l'le
to utatc all our plan, for the new volume ; and, ll it were,
\? would not hi necessary for a Journa th? .. jo exten
sivelv known, not only throughout the United State, and
Great Britain, but wherever the English language !.
spoken. Suffice it to .av, that neithsr pains, labor, talent,
industry, nor expense,.{.all be .pared to render it;a> ight,
graceful, and agreeable melange of polite, itnd elegant lite
ruture, a. w ell a. an ornament to the periodical Prc"
the United State.?intended alike for the perusal of our
fair and gentle countrywomen, the secluded ?tu<lerit,th
man of bfi.iness, and all of both ".?? ^
cle of taste or refinement-and while H. page.
contain a .ingle word or sentence th?t would J' ^ hu r of
pleasantly utH)n the ear of the most sensitive daugh or ol
feve, the y will be rendered not the lew acceptable to the
opposite.ex. CQNDrn0NS.
The Mirror i. published every.Saturday, alI No.. 1
Barclay-street, next door to Broadway. It is elegan y
printed in the extra super-royal quarto IJ5'*
vier minion, and nonpareil type. It is embellished, once
pve~y thiee months, with ? ?^ndW.,u^"^iuaick
Engraving, and every week * ' a popular piece of Mustek,
arranged for the Pianofote. Harn. duitar. etc. For each
volume an exquisitely arranged Vignette Titlepajie.an.U
copious Index', are furnished. The term, are II V F. . o -
lars ner nnnum, payable, in all eaiei, Mi advance ll I. tor
w aded by the earliest mail, to subscriber, res'dingout of
the city of New York. Communications, po*t j-aid, must
l?e addressed to the editor. No subscriptions for a less
period than one year. New sub.cril.erB may be .upplied
from the beginning of the present volume.
recommence their Boarding School at New Haven
on the 1st Oct. next. , q i
And to those who are seeking information of Schools
at this time, it may lie acceptable to learn,^at they ha
lH.ru engaged in teaching voting ladic* more 'hant*e
years, and with the aid of two Assistant, carry their m
nil. through the lower as well as higher of Eng
i?h education :-that those who study Natural I hito?_
nhy and Chemistry, have here also the advantage < I at
tending the College Lectures on these sciences, at a
small adilitional expense ; that [heMastcrsint rcnchand
Drawing are those employed by the Faculty. Uancing
is taught by a French liady : Music, vocal and instru
mental, by Miss Gilbert. Their establishment accom- |
modate. very conveniently about thirty boarders. |
Reference may be had to Parent, and Guanlians of
their scholar, from several distant a. ? .he
and by permission of a few friends, well known to the
community; among the former especially the Kev. L?r.
Hawkcs.CalcbC. Woo.ll.ull, Leonard Kip. 1 reside"t Du
erand William Cairrcs, Jun. Esqrs , Arte \ ork JacoO M
Rov Of Le Roy, Gmurr ; Erastus Sparrow, Bufffty A_ H.
Snoonerof Peter.b?rK, Va ; James it. Southall.of Hal.fas
sor Sillimaii. of Aw Haven. >iel't 5
The public works of great Britain,
practically illustrated by Siins, folio.
Tredgold on the Steam Engine, q?'arto
Transaction, of the Institutions of British Architects,
^"professional Papers of the Corps of Royal Engineers,
''"Railway Practice, by Breese, folio.
Brown's Perspective, quarto.
British Nautical Almanacs, for 1839, 1840 and 1
Wishaw's Analysis of Railways.
?g 'i?
Noble, on the Professional I racticc of Architects.
Frcixi, on River, and Torrents, 1 vol. quarto.
?"'"??'?'r r^"TAYwS"to.?if
racter, previously on hand.
NGLISH BOOKS imported by F. TAYLOR. Will
J., b, V. TAVLOB. <jm,|
tnre Civil Engineeiing. Geology, Mineralogy, Naval and
Mi Science, tic. &c. &c. together with many of the
older works on the same snbiccts, ol established reputa
tion ? as w ell as new and standard works in every class of
literature! illustrated books &e. dtc=. too f?
States. ??
l-a i tm aND BEAUTY ?An explanation of the
kw; of growth and exerce ; through which a pleaa
the body'are a'cqTmlTand ?oS
spine and chest prevented. By John Bell, M.
"T^Bit O'Writin' and other Tales by the O'Hara Fa
mily, in 2 vols. Are just received b^ taY, OR
grrt 26 Immediately East of Gadsby'.
O Ol: V EN IRS FOR 1839 ?The 'Gift,' edited by Miss
O Leslie. ..
The Violet, edited by Miss Leslie.
Are iust received, for sale by '? ' ' . , ,
Are just Immediately East of GaiWiys.
Also just received, Napoleon and his Times, >y au
Jorrocks, in 2 vols.
r^TrFAP BOOKS?Don Quixoitc, complete in four
C voiumes, liandsomely l?und, price (for the set) ?l
^ In M invait's Novels, handsomely printed in pocket
vohL., aKn^ind In fancy-colored morocco price
25 c. nt. per volume, some of the novels lieing complete in
volume, and none of them taking up more than two.
Sold singly or by the set at the above price.
The Scottish Chiefs, complete in 3 volumes, pru .
the set, 75 ccnts. p f^YLOR.
oet 10 '
TryHEODORE SEDGEWICK'S Public and Private
I Economy. 2d part, is just published and this day^rc
ceived, for wile hy
oct 10
I IFF. OF BRANDT, inclndirg Wars of the Ameri
can Revolution, b, w. L. Stone, in ^vo,
with many engraving is this day received. ^IM^
oct f> ?? ?
mEXAS.-lts History, Soil, <M.mate, Pro<lurtions
I Resonrces. Prospects, Arc. Afc with Geographical
Tvincigrspliii al and Statistical accounts of the country, by
? I... Ri-v ('. Newell, 1 volume, with an engraved map,
price 87 cents?is just publwhcd and tbia ^vLOr'
for sale by
sept 29
FV<nn the American Temperance Union.
"Msn's inhumanity to man,
Makes counties* thousands mourn."
I knew an only son, a boy of rare promise ;
he grew up strong, bold and active, full of
spirit and lull of enterprise. His parents were
opulent nnd intelligent; their views of life
with all its responsibilities were broad and
deep generous in thuiraffection, they min
gled extensively in society, which ivas enno
bled by their iufluence. They were rich in
their domestic joys; their son, their darling
sen, wus a source of the purest delight. There
seemed no cause for solicitude lor him; no
weak points to wntch over, to guard and sup
port ; he possessed a sound constitution ; his
intellect and his temper were as fair, free from
any defect as were his physical powers; the
leading object of his parents seemed to be to
give to every faculty its most vigorous growth,
and spread the whole character to its broadest
expanse. The youth pasaed through his col
legiate course honorably to himself and his
friends ; and being inclined to active life, he
oined a commercial house in one of our
cities. Here his prospects were full
of promise ; he was encircled by triends that
were in the full carecr of prosperity ; his na
tural temper was so fine?so pleasing was he
in his general intercourse with the world, that j
he not only had no enemies, but all his asso
ciates would have rejoiced in his greatest
prosperity. He tras prosperous ; and appa
rently forming for himself a permanent home.
All who had known him from his youth ex
pcctcd to see him standing foremost among
our rich and honorable merchants ; when,
suddenly, without any apparent cause, his
partnership was dissolved.
I he house to which he belonged continued
on in an honorable course of business till it
had amassed solid wealth; his partners, in no
qualification superior to himself, lived on in
luxury, pleasure, and all the charities of life;
embosomed in lriends, and eventually, in re
tired leisure to cultivate the higher powers of
their nature, while this young man, the hope
ol his parents, went away alone, a prey to the
ravages of alcohol;?the wine cup had ruined
him. He had strict integrity, he had a capa
city for all business, but he fell as a fortress
which has long been daily besieged till it is all
undermined ; a whole garrison on the ram
parts cannot save it, it falls headlong, and all
is buried in the common ruin. He went home
to his distressed parents, but he had too much
feeling left to be willing to witness the misery
he alone had caused ; he fled from his home,
arid-sought a solitude of his own, and there
yielded up all his hopes.
He took the dreadful poison till his powers
were all destroyed ; his memory was broken,
his affections were scorched and scathed as by
a stroke of lightning, and his reason?he
seemed to have none, but at some lucid inter
vals it would rise in its full strength, goaded on
by conscience, that worm that never dies;
and gladly would he have taken his hated life,
his hand was often arrested by the fear of
coming wrath ; he died alone, and the cloud of
oblivion settled over his memory. His parents
never utter his name ; they drank to the dregs
the cup of bitterness ; he passed away, and
no, trace is left behind him ;?deep furrows lie
hidden in a few hearts, untold to that world
which looks on and passed by on the other
side. jr
Or Ihe Sayings and Doings of Samuel Slick,
of Slickrille.
The folks at New Orleans put me in mind
of children playin' in a churchyard jumpin' over
the graves, hidin' behind the tombs, a larfin' at
the emblems of mortalily, and the queer old
rhymes un Jer 'em, all full ol life ond glccf and
fun above ground, while underneath it is a
charnel-house, full of winding sheets, skele
tons, and generations of departed citizens.
1 lint are place is built in a bar in a harbor;
made of snags, drift wood and chokes, heaped
up by the river, and then filled and covered
with the sediment and alluvial of the rich bot
toms above, brought down by the freshets.
It's peopled in the sarfie way. J he eddies and
tides of business of all that country centre
there, nnd the froth and scum are washed up
and settle at New Orleans. It's filled with nil
sorts of people, black, white and Indians, and
their different shades, French, Spanish, Por
tuguese and Dutch ; English, Irish and Scotch,
and then people from every State in the Union.
These last have all nicknames. There's the
hoosiers of Indians, the suckers of Illinoy, the
pukes of Missuri, the buckeyes of Ohio, the
red horses of Kentucky, the mudheads of
Tennessee, the wolverines of Michignn, the
eels of New England, nnd the corn crackers
of Y irginia. All these, with many others,
make up the population, which is mottled with
black and all its shades, 'most of all supplied
by emigration. It is a great caravansary filled
with strangers, disperate enough to make your
hair stand an eend, drinkin' all day, gamblin'
all night, and fightin' all the time. Death
pervades all natur' there; it breathes in the
air. and it floats in the water, and rises in the
vupors and exhalations, and rides on the whirl
wind and tempest; it dwells on the drought,
and also in the inundation. Above, below,
within, around, every where is death; but
who knows, or misses,or mourns the stranger ?
Dig a grave for him, and you plunge him in
the water?the worms eat the coflin, nnd the
crocodiles have the body. We have mills to
Rhode Island with sarculnr saws, and appara
tus for makin' packin'boxes. At one of these
factories they used to make 'em in the shape
of coffins, and then they served a double pur
pose ; they carried out onions to New Orleans,
and then carried out the dead to their graves.
That are city was made by the freshets. Its
a chance if it ain't carried awny by them. It
may yet be its fate to be swept clean off by
'em, to mingle oncc more with the stream
I that deposited it, and form new land further
: down the river. It may chancc to he a spot
to bo pointed out from the steamboats as the
place where n great city once stood, and a
great battle was oncc fought, in which the
genius and valor of the new world triumphed
over the best troops and tho best giueral of
Europe. That place is jist like a hot-bed, nnd
the folks like the plnnts in it. People do grow
rich fast, but they look kinder spindlin' nnd
weak, nnd they are e'en a 'most choked with
weeds nnd toadstools that grow every bit nnd
I gt'ain as fast?and twicc as natural.?pp. 181,
I 182.
Btntley't Mitcillany.
Pedlar?Have you been to (he Bowery
lately, neighbor?
Stranger?Not very lately.
Pedlar?What a first rate place that is for
Kentuck?Don't talk of York music. I have
I a horn as come from France that'ill turn all
[ the milk sour when you blow it hard.
I Pedlar?And I have a trumpet that will
throw a monkey into fits.
Kentuck?Why I can whistle better than
some of them common trumpets. I whistled
once a kind of sharp, and it gave a polecat a
Pedlar-?When I was last at the Bowery,
the musicioners played so strong that it tuk
two men to hold the leader of 'em in his seat;
and in one part he played so fast, six of the
others eould'nt overtake him, although they
all did their tightest.
Kentuck?It takes vie to sit some tunes as
I can play, and / can hardly. I played on an
old frying-pan once so powerful that it driv
away the mice.
Pedlar I hat was 'cause the frying-pan
tracked, and driv every thing m mad as
Kentuck?W ell I'll tell you a fact. There's
a fill! in Kentuck that once whistled so pierc
ing, that it bored a hole slick through the shin
Pedlar?Yes, that's true ; and there's a
drum at the Bowery that has to be played by
a leetle baby, for if a grown man was to try
it, it would go like thunder, and prehaps blow
the root off the house.
Farmer?I want to tell you two of a dream
I had the other night; I dremt as all the liars
was dead, and it's come true.
Kentuck?Yes, they're all dead.
Pedlar Except two, and they are fixed in
this part of the State.
Kentuck?1 ou've seen something, that's a
fact, though you are a leetle man. Where
were you raised ?
Pedlar?Why, I was raised, I cxpect, in
Connecticut. I'm four feet nothing and a half,
with one over when my boots are on. My
father lived on Birmingham, fourteen miles
li om Rome, and not far from Syracuse. My
father built the first house there, and named it
after a power of pans called Birmingham hard
ware, as wc had on hand from Boston.
Twelve new towns have been fixed since then
all around us. When they all join considera
ble, my father is going to call it Mount Olym
pus, and I calcylate it'll be the finest city in
this or any other country.
Eloquence of the Earl of Chatham.?All
accounts, however, concur in representing the
effects of his eloquence to have been pro
digious. The spirit and vehemence which
animated its greater passages, their perfect
application to the subject matter of debate,
the appositcness of his invective to the indi
vidual assailed, the boldness of the feats he
ventured upon, the grandeur of the ideas which
ho unfolded, the heart-stirring nature of his
appeals, are all confirmed by the united tes
timony of all his contemporaries; and the
fragments which remain bear out to a consid
erable extent such representations ; nor are
we likely to be misled by those fragments,
for the more striking persons were certainly
the ones least likely to be either forgotten or
fabricated. To these mighty attractions was
added the imposing, the animating, the com
manding power of the countenance singular- i
ly expressive ; an eye so piercing that hardly
any one could stand its glare ; and a manner
altogether singularly striking, original and
characteristic, notwithstanding a peculiar de
fective and even awkward action. Latterly,
indeed, his infirmities precluded all action ;
and he is described as standing in the House
of Lords, leaning upon his crutch, and speak
ing for ten minutes together in an under-tone
o vo,pe scarcely audible, but raising his notes
to their full pitch when he broke out into one
of his grand bursts of invective or exclama
tion. 13ut in his earlier time, his whole man
ner is represented to have been, beyond con
ception, animated and imposing. Indeed, the
things which he affected by it principally, 01
at least have made it possible to attempt al
most exceed belief. Some of these sallies
are, indeed, examples of that approach made
to the ludicrous by the sublime, which has
been charged upon him as a prevailing fault,
and represented under the name Charlatanerie
?a favorite phrase with his adversaries, as in
later times has been with the ignorant under
values of Lord Erskine. It is related, that
once in the House of Commons he began a
speech with the words, "Sugar, Mr. Speaker,"
and then observing a smile to prevail in the
audience ; he paused, looked fiorcly round,
and, with a loud voice, rising in its notes and
swelling into vehement anger, he is said to
have pronounced again the word " Sugar!"
three times, and having thus quelled the house
and extinguished every appearance of levity
or laughter, turned round and disdainfully
asked, " who will laugh at sugar now ?"
We have this anecdote upon good traditional
authority ; that it was believed by those who
had the best means of knowing Lord Chat
ham, is certain ; and this, of itself, shows
their sense of the extraordinary powers of
his manner, and the reach of his audacity in
trusting to those powers.?Edinburgh Review.
7he hey of Death.?In the collection of
curiosities preserved in the Arsenal at Venice,
there is a key, of which the following singu
lar tradition is related :
About the year 1690, one of those dange
rous men, in whom extraordinary talent is onlv
the fearful source of crime and wickedness be
yond that of ordinary men, came to establish
himself as n merchant or trader in Venice,
The stranger, whose name was Tebaldo, be
came enamored of the daughter of an ancient
house, already affianced to another. He de
manded her in marriage, and was of course
rejected. Enraged at this, he studied how to
be revenged. Profoundly skilled in the me
chanical arts, he allowed himsell no rest until
he had invented the most formidable weapon
which could be imagined. This was a key of
large size, the handle of which was so con
structed, that it could be turned round with lit
: tie (lifficulty. When turned, it discovered a
spring, which on pressure, launched from the
other end a needle or lancet of such subtle
firmness, that it entered into the flesh, and bu
ried itself there without leaving any external
trace. Tebaldo waited, in diguise. at the door
of the church in which the maiden whom ho
loved was about to receive the nuptial bene
diction. The assassin sent the slender steel,
unperceived, into the breast of the bridegroom.
The wounded man had no suapicion of injwty.
but, seized with sudden and sharp pain in the
midst of the ceremony, be fainted, and waa
carried to hia houae amid the lamentationsi ol
the hridal party. Vain waa tl?e skill ol tne
physicians, who could not divine the cause
of this strange illness, and in a few days be
died. ,
Tebaldo again demanded the band of the
maiden from her parents, and received a s?
cond refusal, They too perished miserably
in a few days. The alarm which these deaths,
which appeared almost miraculous, occa
sioned, excited the utmost vigilance ol the
magistrates, and when on close examination ol
the bodies, the small instrument was found in
the gangrened flesh, terror was universal :
every one feared for his own life. The mai
den, thus cruelly orphaned, had passed the
first months of her mourning in a eomrent,
when Tebaldo, hoping to bend her to bis will,
entreated to speak with ber at the gate, loo
face of the foreigner had ever been displeasing
to her, but, since the death of all those most
dear to her, it had become odious, (as though
she had a presentment of his guilt,) and her
reply was most decisive in the negative. 1 ?
baldo, beyond himself with rage, attempted to
wound her through the gate, and succeeded ;
the obscurity of the place prevented his move
ment from being observed. 9n.heLr retturn ?
her room the maiden felt a pain in her breast,
and uncovering it, she found it spotted witb a
single drop of blood. The pain increased;
the surgeons who hastened to her assistance,
taught by the past, wasted no time in conjec
ture, but cutting deep into the wounded part,
extracted the needle before any mortal mis
chief had commenced, and saved the Irle ot
the lady. The stale inquisition used every
means to discover the hand which dealt these
insidious and irresistible blows. Ihe visit ol
Tebaldo to the convent caused suspicion to
fall heavily upon him. His house was care
fully searched, the infamous invention disco
vered, and he perished on the gibbet.
An Autumnal VUw.?Mount the hill west
of our borough, says the Pottsville Journal,
look down the gorge of the Sharp mountain,
where the Schuylkill breaks through on its
southward course ; observe the varied foliage
of the trees, the busy life of the canal, and
the placid river in the distance, and it wilt
amply compensate you for a half hour s walk.
The extreme warm weather of the past sum
mer has made the diversity of tints more
varied than ever, and there is not a sweeter
view any where this side of Mahomet s par
adise. Beautiful and picturesque as is our
whole vicinity, this is the diamond gem of the
whole. Our town, like a panoramic view, rs at
our feet; here and there through the foliage ot
the sun lighted valley the crystal river is seen
peeping, and then bounding away to the south,
the towering mountains which overhang the
stream seem like the work of Titans, and
" The loose crags with threatening mass
Lay tottering o'er the hollowed pass,
As if an infant's touch could urge n
Their headlong passage down the verge.
The scenery of Schuykill county will in a
few short vears hold a conspicuous place in
the port folio of the artist, and the sketch
book of the tourist; every diversity of view
from the quiet domestic scenes of rural lite,
to the bold majestic grandeur of frowning
rocks and beetling mountains may attract the
The vile and abominable practice, so much
in vogue in Europe, of bribing servants to
attend to travellers?and which seems to be
gaining ground in this country, is rebuked by
a writer in the New York Gazette as follows:
?' Doceursto Servants.?This infamous sys
tem is carried to such an extent in England,
as not only to be a serious tax upon strangers,
but operates as a check and discouragement
to travellers. , . ,
? In some houses in this oity, a few land
lords have attempted to introduce this vile
svstem. It ought to be totally discounte
nanced, thero is no cause for it here. In
England and Europe generally servants are
badly paid. It is quite the reverse here;
they need no vails ; they are amply paid for
all they do. That class of servants who are
constantly watching the departure of stran*
gers to extort pay for services not rendered,
ought to bo immediately discharged and the
reason given. If ihe hotels alluded to do no
cause the practice to be discontinued, we shall
put them in a book we are compiling for the
use of the Bummer traveller, that the hotels
who encourage 'begging servants may be
The Everglades of Florida.?The few per
sons who have penetrated into the neighbor
hood of tliis region, have represented the
climato as most delightful; but from want of
actual observation, could not speak so confi
dently of the soil, though from the appearance
of surrounding vegetation, a portion of it must
be rich. Whenever the aborigines shall be
forced from their fastnesses, as they eventually
must be, the enterprising spirit of our country
men will very soon discover the sections best
ndnpted to cultivation, and the now barren or
unproductive everglades will be made to blos
som like a garden. It is the general impres
sion that these everglades arc uninhabitable
during the summer months, by reason of their
being overflowed by the abundant rains of that
season ; but if it should prove that their inun
dations are caused by obstructions to the na
turnl courses of the rivers, as outlets to the
numerous lakes, American industry will re
move those obstructions.
Antidote, for Arsenic.?The perioxide of
iron is said to be an efficient agent in coun
teracting the effect of arsenic when taken into
the stomach. In a recent case, in this city, it
was mlXTmJageously administered by Dr. R.
II. Thomas to a man named Kiddle, who had
in mistake .swallowed twenty grains of arsenic.
Thi! first dose given was half a fluid ounce of
the hydrate in the wet slate, about ihe consist
ence of cream, in a tumbler of water, which
was six hours afier the arsenic had been swal
lowed. At the same time a large dose of
magnesia was given which was repeated every
two hours. The doses of the hydrate were
repeated every ten or fifteen minutes in two
ounces of water. In the course of ten hours
Ihe patient was considered out of danger, hav
ing taken eight ounces of tho suspended hy
drate, and three or four doses of magnesia.?
Prov. Coitr.
Lake Michigan has fallen 4 to 6 inches since July.?
This ia welcome newa to the border land holders on the
Western lake* Not less than a million acres, we are
| told, at the tune of the highest water, had disappeared

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