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Prum tke Ptmgkkeeptu Journal STATE OF MEW YOKK. DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN COUNT* CON VENTION. At ? convention of the Democratic Republicans of lb* County of Dutches, opposed to the Sub treaaury echenie, and in favor of the unconditional repeal of the law* prohibiting the circektion of small bills, convened at the bouae of Thomaa Swift, in the town of Pleaaant Valley, on the 8th of October, 1838, porauant to a call of their eentral committee, the Hon. Stoddard Judd, of Union Vale, wia chosen President, and Meaare Henry D. SJeifht, of Lagranm ; Samuel Pugslev, of Amenia ; Alaneon Samaon, of Beekman j Oraon Davia, of Union Vale ; William Broaa, of Pougb keepaie ; John Holmes, of Dover, were chosen Vice Preaidenta ; and Meaera. Paraclete Porter, of Poughkeepaie ; Egbert Deloaf, of Beeknian ; John Aduance, of Fiahkill, were appointed Secretaries. Homer Wheaton, Eso , of Waabington, then moved the appointment by the Preaident, of a committee of six to prepare and report rcaolutiona for the conaideration of thia convention. The motion waa carried ; and the Preaident named aa auch committee: Homer Wheaton, of Waahington ; Theodore Allen, of Hydo Park ; Joaeph H. Jackaon, of Poughkeepaie ; George Brinkerhoof, of Fiahkill ; Carey Simpaon, of Union Vale, and Hiram Thomaa, of Beekinan. The convention waa ably and eloquently addressed by John Thoinpaon, Eaq , of Poughkeepaie, and by the Preaident, both of whom were listened to with an atten tion which ahowed that ?he entire audience were deeply senaibU of the importance of defeating the men and meaaurea of the party now in power. The committee on resolutions, by their chairman, reported the following, which were unanimously adopt ed : Reaolved, That the members of thia convention, en tertaining, aa they do, a auitablc aenaeof the importance of the queationa that now agitate the public mind, are unwilling to aeparato on the present occaaion without teatifying their abhorence of the leading meaaurea which mark the administration of Mr. Van Buren. Reaolved, That we claim, and arc proud to belong to, the party which ia called the Conaervattve party ; that we are in faror of making the Stale banka the de poaitoriea of the public revenue; and that we do not now, nor did we ever, regard their temporary auspenaion of apecie payments aa an evidence of their inability to continue tho aucteaaful fiscal agenta of the government ?nor aa juatifying, tn any ineaaure, the atrocioua at tempt of the admiatration to impair their credit and de atroy their usefulness. Reaolved, That cODvinecd of the correctneas of our views in relation to tho Sub-treaaury scheme, we cannot conscientiously support, and wc hereby pledge ourselves not to support, at the enauing election, any candidate for office who is not positively known to entertain, on these pointa, sentiments in accordance with our owu ; nor can we, for the same reason, regard with any favor the man who, like Governor Marcy, is a talking Con servative?but an nctxng Loco Foco ; and who, by hia vascillating courae, haa lost the respect of all partiea, and forfeited his claims to further confidence and sup port. Resolved, That we were the friends and supporters of Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, and tha'. in contributing our aid to elevate the Utter to the Chief Ma gistrate of the Union, we felt and believed that we were sustaining the principles of the Democratic party?the same principles which triumphed in the election of Jef ferson?and were more fully vindicated and illustrated in the election of Madiaon. Reaolved, That Mr. Van Buren has disappointed tho hopes thua confidently cherished ; and that in recom mending the bankrupt law applicable to corporations, and in urging upon Congress the adoption of the Sub treasury scheme, by all the force of the government patronage; and in making the acknowledged principles of the Iako Focoa tho basia of his policy, he haa disre garded the will of the people?attacked the most valued institutions of the States?and attempted to unite, in his own hands, the dominion of the purse and the a word. Reaolved, That we have witnessed with alarm the recent encroachment ol the Executive upon the Legis lative department of the government?and we fear that the. stability and permanency of our institutions will be thus greatly endangered. Resolved, That the elTortaof the President to seduce and intimidate the representatives of the people into the support of the Sub-treaaury project, have been carefully watched, and have received from the honest men of all parties the indignant reprobation they so richly deserve. Resolved, That in contemplating Mr. Van Buren before and after his election to the Presidency, we find a radical inconsistency in his political conduct?an in consistency so gross, and in relation to principles so important, as in our judgment to fix tho character with which he will go down to posterity. As Senator of the United States, he pronounced a bankrupt law uncon stitutional?aa President, he recommends its adoption to Congreas?as Senator, in 1826, he said, in tho lan guage of patriotic warning, &c.?" We must look for ward to the time ? ? ? ? ? when the nomi nation of the President can carry any man through the Senate, and his recommendation can carry any measure through both housea of Congress?when tho principle of public action will be open and avowed?the President wants my vote, and I want his patronage?I will vote as he wishes, and he will give me the office I wish for;" as Preaident in 1837--'8, that time has arrived?tho prophecy is fulfilled. Aa a candidate for the President, he placed himself on the ground of uncompromising hostility to a National Bantt, and of friendship to tho credit system, and the State banks as ita instruments? as President, ho recommends a measure which is only another name for a Treasury Bank, more dangerous than the one he opposed, and whose direct aim and ten dency would be to cripple and prostrate alike, tho sys tem of credit under which the country had prospered, and the institutions which sustain it. Resolved, That convinced of the reckless and anti republican policy of the present administration, deplor ing tho alarming atate of things to which we have ad verted, and. desirous of preventing its recurrence in all time to come, we most cordially concur in the propriety of auch alterations in the Constitution ff the United States as were recommended in the State Conservative Convention at Syracuse, and wo do hereby present the resolution there adopted on that subject, as expressing the views which we entertain. Reaolved, That we will support at the next election for the office of Senator, the Hon. EBENEZER LOUNSBERY, of Ulster county, nominated for that place, at a Conservative Convention, held on the 6th instant, at Kingston, and we commend him to the elec tors of thia Senatorial District as an undoviating Re publican?as a man of tried capacity and acknowledged worth. Reaolved, That in view of tho present position of parlies, the Conservatives cannot expect to elect a tick et of their own, and that as we are contending for prin ciples and not for men, we recommend to all, both here and elaewhere, who believe as we do, to support such men at the ensuing election, as arc unequivocally oppos to the Sub-treasury scheme. Unsolved, Thai for the purpose of ascertaining the opiniona of the several candidatea in this county in re lation to the Sub-treasury achcrne and the circulation of small bills, we instruct our Central Committee to ad dress the said candidatea, requeating them to slate their views in relation to those aubjecta, and when answers are obtained, to publish those answers, or the substance of them, in the Poughkeepaie Journal. Reaolved, That the Central Committee be authorized to prepare and publish an address to the electors of this county, setting forth the principles of the Conservatives ; and the line of conduct they intend to pursue. Resolved, That tho proceedings of this Convention be signed by ita officera, and published in the Madisonian the New York Times, the Poughkcepsie Journal, and tho Poughkeepaie Eagle. STODDARD JUDD, Preaident. Henry D. Slkioht, Samuel Plgslky, | Alansov Simpson, i v. n_ .. . Orson Davis, S Vice-Presidents. "William Broas, John Holmes, J Paraclete Potter, I Egbert Delong, > Secretaries. Jjhn Adriance, \ Gold CmMffe --The amount of gold remaining uncoined at the Mint, on the 31st of Aup.ist last, was Deposited in September: Foreign coins - - S51f>,693 do bullion - - 38,187 United States do - - 37,186 do coins (old standard) 1,022 Coined in September: In half eagles Remaining uncoincd Sept.30,1833 ?117,113 *103,03-2 577,013 S08O.O75 532,930 I Tl?e editor of the New York Herald, who hds re I turned from England in the Royal William. hw he ! following notice of mutter# on the o<l.er ?ido of me Atlantic, some of which were nol embraced in our seTectious from the English papers. Mexico.?The roost important Be*.' by thi? arri val are the latest accounts given of the disposition and movements of the government of France ana England relative to the blockade of Mexico, w e have private intelligence from Pari*, from our eo - respondent there, which i? particularly interc. g at this moment. . _. , T , In the early part of S^temhrir Prince- dc Join ville had sailed for Vera ? rut wtth a fleet otlhrce shiDs of the line, and two bomb vessels, for the pur mjse of reinforcing the French ?ee. before that city It is supposed in Paris, and in London, that the French government have the intention of possessing themselves of some point d'a/ipm, on the southern continent of America. At all events the Prince is expected to strike a blow, if the Mexicans do not yield, sufficient to permit the King to refer to it with ectat at the next opening of the Chambers. The French blockade of Mexico is creating a great sensation in England and Europe. We have received some important facta or tne views of the French, and the policy ol the Men Cainseeow that Mr. Henderson, the diplomatic agent from Texas, was in France in the month of Aueust or September. In Paris, we learn that he had ef fected a commercial treaty with England. As soon as this important point haJ been eilected in London, Mr Henderson proceeded to Paris to negociate a similar treaty there. While in Paris the news of the blockace of Mexico gave a new view lo the po sition of atrairs. It was supposed that if Mexico did not settle her differences with France, tha , bv some secret arrangement, the Texians wouldatlack Mexico by land simultaneously with the attack by the French fleet by sea. All that the government of Texas wanted to raise 10,000 men in the w-estern states was a sufficiency of money. This advance might be made by France on a secret treaty, giving cieal advantages to the Texans. On the other hand, uie diplomatic agents of the Mexican and Buenos Ayrean governments were not idle in lingland. II was currently stated In the best iniorn.ed circles in London, that preparations were made to attack French commerce by sea, as soon as the first intima tion that a gun had been fired on San Juan de Ulloa, or whenever Mexico had declared war against France. Swift sailing vessels were rapidly prepar ing on the Thames, on the Mersey, and at Bristol, ready to issue at any moment, and to act under let ters of marque from Mexico to Buenos Ayres. 1 be diplomatic agents of both these governments were very busy in perfecting these means of retaliation and it was believed in England, thflt in the event of an open rupture the French commerce on the Atlan tic would sufl'er very severely. Monty Market, if-c.?The next important point of interest to our readers, is the peculiar condition of the money, corn and cotton markets in London and Liverpool. We have annexed several important extracts from the circulars of leading houses, the Barings are among the number, iucluding also the views of our private correspondents. From these and other means of information, it will be seen that a most extraordinary contest has taken place in Lon don and Liverpool, respecting the value of Ameri can products and American securities. First, of cotton. Humphreys and Biddies, especially, with a few other houses, held large stocks of cotton?and, if possible, were determined to hold for the present prices. On the contrary, the Manchester spinners were very anxious for a reduction of the price?and to these efforts in reducing the price of cotton, were added the influence of all those houses who had dis posed of their stocks. Of this latter class, were the Barings, the Browns, Holford & Co., and many others of less importance. In this position stood the cotton markets in Liver pool at the last dates. In intimate connection with this subject, was the money and corn markets of London, but particularly American stocks. American securities of ccrtain kind had become exceedingly heavy. It is remark able, however, that during the last six months, pro bably more American State stocks had been nego ciated in London, than in the same period in any former year. It is estimated that during the present year, at least $10,000,000' of American State secu rities had been negociated in London. The latest negocialion of this kind, was the loan of $2,500,000 of the South Carolina Rail Road, and that of one half of the Florida loan by the banking house of Holford & Co. The latter portion amounted to 81,000,000. For the other half, the agent, Colunel Gamble, had proceeded to Amsterdam, but it was doubted in London whether he could cfleet anegocia tion, in consequence of the great opposition which had set in upon American stocks in London, and the movement which capital had taken in the corn trade. General McPuffie, of South Carolina, was at Liverpool, on the 20th ult., on his way to London, for the purpose of negociating a loan created by the city of Charleston, to rebuild thatMwrtion of the ciiy which was destroyed by the fire. This loan amount ed to $-2,000,000 or over. It was also doubted, how ever, whether, in the present state of feeling preva lent in London, it could be effected. We ourself are of opinion that it will be difficult if not impossible. Among the London capitalists a strong feeling has been generated against corporation stocks from the United States. Several attempts were made in Sep-' tember or August, to raise loans on the bonds of the new banks in New York, now organizing under the recent bank law. We saw several applications for such loans coming from New York, but little confi dence was reposecfin them. This want ol confidence arises from various causes?the influx of American securities causing a glut?the peculiar state 11 the cotton market in Liverpool?and, though last, not least, the position of the corn trade in Mark Lane, and throughout England. A great effort is making in London to throw ob stacles in the way of Mr. Jaudon, and to impede the operations of the United Slates Bank, for the pur pose ot compelling Humphreys & Biddle to throw their cotton into the market in Liverpool, and thus cause a fall in the price ol cotton. The spinners in Manchester are loud in the clamor that it is the bill brokers and money dealers of London, who, by their facilities to American parties, and on American se curities, enable the American holders of cotton in Liverpool lo keep up the present prices. In addition to this pressure upon the holders of cotton, the corn trade has a tendency to withdraw capital from that direction, and thus aid the Man chester policy. F?r the present position of the Eng lish corn trade, we refer our readers to our commer cial extracts. This branch of trade, for the first time in many years, has started into the highest impor tance to the United States. The high prices of grain in England will undoubtedly draw supplies from this country. Nor is this position a transient one, we are fully persuaded that it is permanent?that the population of Great Britain, under the stimulus of trade has begun lo outrun the means of production. If the \ resent rise in the corn trade springs from this cause and not a deficiency in the harvest then it will open a prospect for a new commercial treaty and fresh commercial relations with ihe United States. Wo are of opinion, from data personally collected in England,and from freguent interviews with highly intelligent dealers in Mark Lane, that such is the true solution of the rise of the prices of corn in England. Railroads, ?The extraordinary impulse caused by railroads and steam navigation, further strength ens these views of a highly important subject. On this matter we have numerous valuable facts. A few days before the sailing of the Royal William, the railroad from London to'Liverpool was opened throughout the whole distance. We ourself travelled I on it the second day after opening. We took break fast in London and had dinner in Liverpool. The effect of this, and other lines of communication, will be prodigious on trade, both internal and foreign. Steam Havigation.?\n conjunction with this, we may also refenothc state of Atlantic steam naviga tion. In a few months, we shall have three large steamers running between New York and the three leading ports in England?London, Liverpool and Bristol. On the 20th instant.the Liverpool, steamer, of nearly 1-200 tons, will be ready for sea. In a few weeks atter, the British duecn will be read)'. Already six large steam vessels arc building and preparing to be built?two in London, two in Bris tol, and two in Liverpool. In one year or eighteen months, we shall have eight English steamer.-- tra versing the Atlantic. But this is not all. Three or fonr companies in different parts of England are busily engaged in making experiments on the best and cheapest mode I of applying steam power to occan navigation. In ; London a vesssel is building, burden about ylO tons | which is to be propelled by screw p.iddles, with new ly invented fuel, capable of a speed of 1*2 knots per hour, with less cosi than the present mode. In Li verpool, a company is still engaged in making ex periments on the application of steam through the medium of quicksilver?and when we left Liver i pool the most sanguine hopes were indulged of its success. In other parts of Great Britain, other par I ties were busy in the same line. It was even sup posed that iron steamers, on the screw paddle system would in lime supercede all others for Atlantic na vigation. in short, the fermentations on these sub jeets in England, both among theoretical and practi cal men, was in a most extraordinary state of devel opment. Comm*r\cutl Emigration ? In the Royal Wilium a number of fresh commercial adventurer*, Koine of ibem with large capital*, have come out tolhiscoun inr, for the purpwe of establishing new or extending old houses. Among the moat important i* Mr. Hold lord, the fouuder ot the house of floldford &. Co., of London. Their hou.se has most extensive connec tions in Europe, having been long engaged in the continental yarn trade, with houses at Manchester, Liverpool, Amsterdam, Aamburgh, and St. Peters burgh. Mr. Uoldford, the head of the huusr, is a London merchant of graal ex per it nee, high re*pec lability, and immense capital. Last year, when ihe American honses fell to pieces, and the cotton trade of Liverpool was almost going to wreck, Mr. Hold ford stepped forward and became a purchaser to a large amount. In this re.^pect he took the same view, and pursued the same policy which actuated Mr. Biddle on this side of the water. This was Ihe origin of the branch in Wall street. Mr. Holdford's appearance in the United States is, however, to look about and extend his branches as far south as Mo bile and New Orleans, and as far north as Boston, It is also possible that he may visit Texas with the same view, as "that new country is just coming into the cottrn market of the world, pari passu with his Highness the Pacha of Egypt. In fact the change in the commercial relations between England and the United Slates is only beginning. Ha rings, Roths | childs, and many of the old houses, will in turn be entirely superseded by the new, and |ierhans no house will hereafter occupy a higher position than that of Holdford, Brancker & Co., with their chief house in London. Their operations in the cotton trade for the next year are expected to be very large. Theatricals are in a very low ebb in England.? Van Amburgh and the lions are carrying every thing before them in London. At AsUlev's, the house is crowded, every nignt?and many of Ihe fashion able people are ravenous to see the singular power Van possesses over his wild animals. Van is also' engagad to resucitate Drury Lane Theatre, and also to go lo Paris during the winter. Bv next summer, such is the wish lo see Van Ambnrgh and his Hons, it is supposed that Titus & Co. will make .?50,OUO or nearlyS200,000. A very convenient item in these GEN. HAMILTON?DANIEL O'CONNELL. 7u the Editor of the Richmond Enquirer. 'he letter I addressed to you, from Ix>ndon, on the 15th of August, enclosing a copy of the corres pondence which has just taken place between Mr. 0 Lonnell and Mr. Stevenson, I promised to investi pate the truth of the declaration of the former, that the Report of that part of the speech at tho anti-slavery meeting at Birmingham, in which a highly offensive alluvion was made to Mr. Stevenson, "teat not correct " 1 now proceed to redeem this pledge. I feel sensibly the very unenviable notoriety, humble as my name may be, in having it in any degree connect ed with that of the individual, with whose character I am about to deal, wiih a freedom which doubtless will entitle tnfe to a large share of his characteristic abuse. I am free to profess, that I should not have troubled my self with a matter comparatively so utterly worthless as the issue, whether Mr. O'Connell had, on a given occa sion, s|>oken the truth or the reverse, if as the public calumniator of America, it were not of some conse quence to fix the precise degree of value to bo attached to his authority, and to the weight of that moral judg ment, which he so insultingly and presumptuously pro nounces. 7 ' Before I proceed lo the discharge of this duty, allow me to explain tho circumstances under which my letter | to you of the 15th August, was written, as that letter, you are aware, has subjected me to censure for the tone of violence in which it was written. However just this sentence may be, I neverthelosa think I shall make it abundantly manifest, that there is no language, however insulting and acrimonious, which an American, with a proper sense of self-respect could use, that would not be amply justified by Mr. O'Connell's brutal attack on America, and her official Representative, at tho Court of his own Government. After Mr Stevenson had closed his correspondance with this individual, and I was preparing lo transmit it to you, just before the departure of tho mail for the Liverpool packet of tho l?th August, an American gentleman called on me, and remarked that he had read with much satisfaction Mr. Stevenson's correspondence with Mr. O Connell, but not wiihout some surprise, as he had arrived in Birmingham, the day after the rnemo r"b'e %??? of11,,h* ?vory bod, ibcrc .poke ol Mr U Connell * having used the very same language, in reference to Mr. Stevenson, which was to be found in the reported speech. But, that there was indeed one very material omission in the report in question, and that was, Mr. O'Connell'a gross sttack on the memory of W ashington That this man," to use the gentle man's own language, '? had endeavored to fix upon the memory of the father of our Country, the conjoint guilt of the basest avarice arid ihe most disgraceful hy pocrisy, by declaring, that even our boasted Washing ton was a slave-holder, who had purchased ihe chcsp renown of emancipating his slaves, but thst ho had not manumitted them until death, and the icant of progeny had rendered them of no further value to him " I then declared, that 1 regretted tliat I had not allowed Mr. Stevenson to push tho libeller to ihe wall, when some conjuncture might have arisen in which he might have been punished for this previously unknown outaage. It was under the excitement of this communication, I wrote my letter to you of the 15th of August. Altho' it was written With a hsste which precluded revision, I cannot but feel the humility of a seeming apology to any portion of my own countrymen, for the intempe rance of my language, provoked by the outrage of which this licensed calumniator had been guilty, on a name best associated with the glory of our country and most endeared to its affections. With these preliminary ob servations, I will now pass to the object of this com munication?and in order that the American public may understand what Mr. O'Connell has denied, I will show what he is reported to have uttered. He observed in the report of his speech to which I refer " \\ o have got more to do ; we are only begin ning the fight. V\ e have the power of British humanity on our side. How delighted havo I been at iho lan guage of our eloquent arid honored friend this even ing, ' (Dr. Lushington, who had indulged in a tissue of gross and abusive libels on the people of the United States.) "America, through her thousand villages, along her multitudinous streams, amid the roar of her waters, shall hear tho echo of his voice. She will hear t lat one of the most eloquent living orators of the British Parliament, one of the most successful profes sional men, one of the most highly gifted of our eccle siastical judges, has passed sentence of eternal infamy upon her. Oh yes! they are infamous! It was the judge who pronounced this sentence?but I want the verdict of a jury on the samo question As many of you as are of opinion that they are infamous, say aye ! (A loud shout of aye burst from the wholo as sembly.) " Aye, they ore infamous, infamous, slave holding America. I believe their very Ambassador is a slave hi cedcr; one of those beings who rear up slaves for the purposes of traffic. Is it possible that America would send here a man who traffics m blood, and is a disgrace to human nature 1 ] hope the assertion is un live ; but it is right to speak cm/." On Mr. Stevenson's demanding to know of Mr O' Connell whether the above was a correct report of what he did say on the occasion in question, in allusion to himself, he received, as you are aware, the following reply from Mr. O'Connell: No. 10, Pall Mall, August 10, 1838. Sir?In consequence of your letter of yesterday's date, I examined the report of my speech in the Specta tor of the 4th, and have no hesitation in saying, that the paragraph you have selected is not a correct report of what / said on the occasion. The very next sentence does, to my mind, show that this report could not have been correct, and having exa mined another report since, as well as from distinct re collection, I repeat that the report is not correct. I have the honor to be, sir, ^ our obdedient servant, Hon. Mr. Stevenson. O'Co^.u To thia note, you are aware, that Mr. Stevenson re plied as follows : " Presuming that you intended your reply as a denial of the offensive expressions in that part of your report ed speech, which had allusion to myself, I am satisfied with the answer you have given." *\|WvJoW <,"a.? n,anlfe,t among gentlemen, that af ter Mr. O Conncll's denial of the correctness of the re port of his remarks in relation to Mr Stevenson he was under the highest obligation of truth and honor to cor rect any erroneous inference which Mr. S might have made of his intention to wound his feelings Mr O'Con r.ell's silence, after Mr. Stevenson had announced' his intention to make their correspondence public, confirms and justifies Mr. Stevenson's deduction, and makes Mr O Connell'a dissvowal plenary and decisive. I must, however, confess, if we had any other an i tagomst to deal with, I should not havo seized on this point in the pleadings to drop the correspondence. If we hsd had a reasonable subject, or if it had been Mr Stevenson's fortune to have opened his correspondence with an individual who, entertaining scruples in relation to such obligations, (as they arc understood among gen tlemen,) but who, nevertheless, having perpeliated an unprovoked wrong against an individual, would have felt, by itself, tha moral obligation of making hun atone limit, I would have consented that Mi Stevenson should barr gone ? step further, and demanded of Mr O'Con nail an ?iplicil declaration of what be had aaid in rela tion to Mr 8. But I knew, from what I had heard of Mr. O'Connell'a character, ?uch an appeal would have beeu hopcleaa. Willi this view of the aulijuct, my friend. Capt. Perry, not only entirely concurred, but suggested (he courae that waa finally adopted. And wr believed that, aa every b<Miy waa aware of the extra ordinary accuracv of the strenogrspliers of England, the conclusion would be readily formed, that Mr. O'Con nell bad resorted to a disingenuous artifice, if not a pal pable untruth, to aneak out of the difficulty, and thia, after all, waa the only triumph which could be obtained over the reckless libeller of our country. That thia untruth waa uttered, I will now prove - About a fortnight or three week* after the correspon dence between Mr. C'Connell and Mr. Stevenson had been cloacd, buaiuea* carried me to Birmingham, where I met wiih aevcral individuate, who all concurred in de claring that the report in the Sun waa almoat, if not en tirely, verbatim what Mr. O'Connell had aaid in relation to the American Minister, in hie epeech of the let of August j yet, aa an unwillingneaa waa felt to give cer tificates of the very fact they at erred, from the atate of Eublic opinion, (I presume, on the slave question, in lirminglisin,) I wan, therefore, without thia testimony in an authentic shape, until 1 had the good fortune to meet with a highly re-spectablo gentleman, a resident of Birmingham, who, without ih-i slightest hesitation ad dressed to me tho followieg note, in reply to one which 1 wrote him, and whose authority I have to use it, as I inay deem proper. September 6, 1838. My dear Sir?I heard Mr- O'Connell deliver his cele brated anti-slavery speech at Birmingham on the lat ultimo. His alluaiona to the American Minister, re ported in the Sun and Spectator, were not only cor redly, substantially, but I believe Uttrally, what Mr. O'Connell uttered. He waa, likewise, guilty of the remarkable indccorum of making a fling at the memory of General Washing ton, by asserting that ho waa not only ? alave holder, but that he had never manumitted his alaves until hi* death, when they could be of no longer service to him. 1 remain, dear air, with much respcct, your obedient servant, Henry Vanwart. General Hamilton. I do not know that I have any thing more to do with Mr. O'Connell, unless by his own seeking. I have convicted hun of being a wanton and vulgar libeller, not only of my country, but of the most precioua memo ry embalmed in ita history. I have convicted hun of a pal pable untruth to avoid a just atonement towards a gen tleman, against whom he had been guilty of an unpro voked outrage ; a gentleman who never did hiin wrong and whose official, if not hia personal station, ought to have entitled him, not to the abuse, but to the protec tion and hospitality of every man in the Britiah nation. It is not my purpose, sir, to enter into the defence of American slavery in the abstract, or in its practical manifestations among ourselves, although I fully concur in the opinion expressed liy one of the inoat philosophi cal of our public writers, that American slavery had done inore to civilize the African, than all that the mis sionaries have been able to accomplish from the com mencement of the Christian dispensation to the picsent time, in the benighted regions of that vast continent. | Nor could I sustain this position with belter authority I than British authority, In the admirable journal of the expedition of Captain Owen on the Western coast of Africa in 1822, I find these just reflections, which I commend to the special notice of Mr. O'Connell and his great ecclesiastical judge : "The wild savage is the child of passion, unaided by a rav of religion and mo rality to direct his course ; in consequence of which, his existence is stained with every crime that can de base human nature to a level with the brute creation. Who can say that the slaves in our colonies are such t Are they not, by comparison with, their still savage brethren, enlightened beings! Is not the West India negro, therefore, greatly indebted to hia master for mak ing him what he la?for having raised him from a state of debasement in which he waa born, and placcd him in a scale of civilized society 1 The man who has seen the wild African roaming in hia native woods, and the well fed, happy-looking negro of the Wreet Indies, may be able to judge of their comparative happiness. The former, I strongly suspect, would be glad to exchange his state of boasted freedom, starvation and disease, and bccome the slave of sinners, and commiaseralion of aainta." I n.ight, on thia point, aay much. I might, with great truth, say, that habits of labor and industry were the first great lessons of civilization, which American slavery haa taught the African savage. I might, more over, show that, as it was the commercial avarico of Great Britain, (against their strong remonstrances,) which deluged the Colonies with imported slaves, at least it would be modest, if not just, after they have in creased, as it is alleged, to a fearful magnitude, to leave to us, who are now morally responsible for the institu tion, the disposition of its future destiny. But I havo no auch purpose?my task is performed, and what that object is, 1 do not know that [ can make more manifest, or conclude this communication more appropriately, than by speaking of Mr. O'Connell in the aaine language in which he was addressed by the intrepid acd talented Roebuck, in his letter to the Irish Agitator, on the 4th of August, in which hn convicted him of tho grossest in justice to Mr. Papineau and the rest of tho Canadian patriots and of servile truckling to the Ministry: " / write not to shuttle you; but to prove to my own coun trymen, hour wanting you are in truth, in justice, in generosity ; to mark for their instruction the worthltss ntss of your authority ; to hold you up to the scorn and contempt of the brave, the truth loving and the generous." I regret, sir, that I should have occupied so large a space in your paper, on a subject so essentially disgust ing. I remain, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, J. HAMILTON, of S. C. Titos. RlTCHtB, Esq. New York, Oct. 10th. P. S Since writing the above, I have seen Mr. O' Conncll's letter from Darrynane Abbey, Sent. 13th, to the Editor of the Morning Chronicle, which, so far from inducing me to qualify one syllable of what I have written, only affords fresh evidence of his meanness, duplicity, falsehood, and insolence. The contemptible quibble, by which he attempts to shelter hia untruth, on the ground (hat there was a difference between the re port of his allusions to Mr. Stevenson in the Spectator and Emancipator, is no doubt an afterthought got up, in consequence of his hearing that some efforts wore mak ing at Birmingham to establish his falsehood. His slandeis in relation to slave breeding in Virginia, are doubtless from the mintage of his own mendacious imagination, for which he is indebted to the thousaiid calumnies of the veritable "Tourists" in America.? Your readers at home know, that the story is as untrue, as the scandal is indecent and audacious. As to his social anathema, " that no slaveholder ought to be re ceived on a footing of equality, by any of the civilized inhabitants of Europe," we woujd, I believe, readily submit, if the proscription were to extend to our exclu sion from his society alone. The calamity, indeed, would not be an intollerable one. Bv this rule, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe, would have been unfit companions for Daniel O'Connell !!! From the W'cllsburg (Fa.) Transcript, Oct. 2. Fatal Casualty.?Mr. Nathaniel Carle, of the firm of Carle, Miller <V Carle, of this place, was precipitated from time into eternity in a sudden and most melan choly manner, on list Friday afternoon. H? w*8 en" gaged, with others, in attempting to cleanse the Facto ry well. It was soon ascertained' that tho yvell waa charged with foul air, probably carbonic acid gas. After the ordinary meana for its oxpulaion had been used, Mr. Clark, a well-digger, descended to tho bottom, about 45 feet, but he soon discovered that the well was still in fected with the noxious vapor, when he gave the alarm, and those at the windlass commenced hauling him up. When he had arrived within ten or fifteen feet of tho top, he waa observed to reel in the bucket, lost hia hold on the rope, and fell with his back against one aide of the well, and his feet in the bucket resting againat the other; in which position ho remained until Mr. Carle descended to render him assistance. The latter ap proached him, and was in the act of tying a rope around him, when ho himself inhaling the gas, lost his physical powers and fell to tho bottom. Mr. Clark was then drawn out, exhausted, arid apparently lifeless, but by tho application of friction, with medical aid, he was soon restored. The body of Mr. Carle, notwithstanding the most prompt and unremitting efforts, was not rescued from the well in less than one and a half or two hours, when ho was drawn up a corpse. Prompt and immediate ef forta were made to restore him, but life had been too long extinct to afford the fainlcat hope of success. Mr. Carle was in the prime of life, being about 40 years of age, and well esteemed by his friends and acquaintances. He has left a widow and a largo family of children to lament his melancholy end. Dahma*.?The London Morning Chronicle says that not fewer than ticilre hundred thousand dahlias wero exhibited at the late show of tho South London Floral Society, at the Surrey Zoological Garden* ! A Tailb roa rflBrrBLUNo Tiit Wumu -The fallowing is Dr. Adam Clarke'* famous table for foretelling the kind of weather throughout all the Luontinds ?( each year forever. If correct it will be an invaluable friend to the farmer?and indeed to persons of almost every occupation. Try it: TABLE. The table and the accompanying remarks are the result of many years actual observation, the whole being con* rue ted on a due consideration of the at traction of the sun and moon, in the several positions respecting the earth, and will, by a simple inspec tion, show the observer what kind of weather will most probably follow the entrance of the moon into any of its quarters, and that so near the truth as to be seldom or never found to fail. If the New Moon, the First Uuarter, the Full Moon, or the Last Quarter happens I* I r i JJg.: I ill i *1 sbi!"- | I ? I ? I mm fMllj'i i- & s lsl"' ? I 1 [ J I ? f 1 5? m S 5. s * g. sr CO a <j Id * 3 2 I Observations. I. The nearer the lime of the Moon's Change, First Uuarter, Full, and Last Uuar ter, are to be midnight, the fairer will the weather be during the seven days following. 2. The space for this calculation occupies from 10 at night till 2 next morning. 3. The nearer to Mid-day or Noon the phases of i the Moon happen,the more foul or wet weather may j be expected during the next seven days. 4. The space for this calculation occupies from 10 I in the forenoon to2 in the afternoon. These obser ! vations refer principally to the Summer, though they affect Spring and Autumn nearly in the same ratio. 5. The Moon's Change, First Uuarter, Full, and Last Uuarter, happening during six of the afternoon j hours, i. e. from four to ten, may be allowed by fair S weather; but this is mostly dependent on the wind, ; as noted in the table. ' 6. Though the weather, from a variety of irregu lar causes, is more uncertain in the latter part of autumn, the whole winter, and the beginning of spring, yet in the main, the above observations will apply to those periods also. 7. To prognosticate correctly especially in those cases where the wind is concerned the observer should be within sight of a good vane, where the four cardinal points of the heavens are correctly placed. With this precaution, he will scarcely ever be deceived in depending on the table. The Army and Navy Chronicle says that the pro motions consequent upon the death of Col. William Lindsay, of the 2d artillery, have been made, viz: Lieut. Col. James Bankhead, of the 4th artillery, and Colonel by brevet, to be Colonel of the 2d artil lery. Major A. C. W. Fanning, of the 4th artillery, and Lieut. Colonel by brevet, to be Lieut. Colonel of the 4th artillery. Captain F. S. Belton, of the 2d artillery, to be Major of the 4th artillery. First Lieut. Michael M. Clark to be Captain of the 2d artillery. NAVY ORDERS. Oct. 2?Commander R. F. Stockton, ship Ohio, Surgeon J. S. Wilv, Navy Yard, Pensacola. P. Mid. Q. Wickham, Depot of Charts, &c. Washington.' Mid C. Van Alstine, Naval School, Boston. 2?p. Mid. W. Craney, brie Consort. 5?Chaplain J. Wiltba'nk, Naval Asylum, Phil. Ass't Surgeons J. A. Guion and J. Howard Smith, squadron on the coast of Brazil. 8?P. Mid. W. P. Beverly, brig Contort. ORDERS RECEIVED AND DETACHED. Oct. 2?Surgeon S. Sharp, from Navy Yard, Pen sacola. 3?P. Mid, J. F. Armstrong, from ord. to brig Consort. 5?Lieuts. C. W. Chauncey, and J. L. Ball, from survey of stores, &c., at the Washing ton Navy Yard, under orders of Au gust 25. G?Mid. C. H. Piper, from ship Levant. APPOINTMENT. Oct. 3?Peter G. Clark, Chaplain. VESSELS REPORTED. Mediterranean Squadron..? Frigate United States, Wilkinson, at Marseilles, from Mahon, August 14. Ship Cyane, Percival, at Gibraltar, August 21, sailed from Tangier, Sept. 8, for Gibraltar. Revenue Cutters.?Hamilton, Sturgis, on light house survey, nut into New Bedford, from Newport, August 28, ana sailed next day. Movement of Troops.?Companies A, D, I, and K, of the 4th regimenf of artillery, under command of Lieut. Colonel Fanning, left New York on Friday dav last in the steam packet New York, for Florida. The officers who accompany this detachment are First Lieutenants E. C. Ross, F. E. Hunt, J. H. Miller, Adjutant, A. E. Shirts, and W. G. Free man; Second Lieutenants T. L. Brent, T. Williams, and T. L. Ringgold. The other six companies of the 4th artillery, (B, C, E, F, G and II,) left New York on Fiiday, at 12 o'clock, in the ship Westchester for Savannah, under the command of Captain J. Munroe. Officers, Cap tains P. II. Ga'.t and H. Brown ; First Lieutenants J. B. Scott, D. H. Tufts, A. U M. and A. C. S., J. P.J. O'Brien, J. W. Phelps and G. C. Thomas; Second Lieutenants E. Bradford, J. H. Bates, J. C. Pemberton, C. W. Woyster and J. R. Soley; Ass't Surgeons G. F. Turner and C. Noyes. The following officers of infantry accompanied these detachments on their wav to join their regi ments now in Florida: Second Lieutenants W. E. Prince and F. Coxe, of the 1st, T. Van Lieu and A. J. Field, oftheGth. Company K, 2d artil'ery, left New York on Thursday evening for Buffalo, under Lieutenants J. F. Roland and M. L. Shackleford. Second Lieutenants G. C. Westcott, A. T. Hoff man and E. W. Hardenbergh, of the 2d infantrj, remain at Fort Columbus, to join the detachments of that regiment on its way to Florida. Second Lieutenants A. S. Taylor, 4th infantry, assigned to Company K, at Fort Howard; N. B. Rossell, to Company H, at Fort Winnebago; and J. A. Whitall and G. Deas, to report to the Colonel at Fort Crawford. Revenue of Boston.?The amount of revenue that was secured, during the three first quarters of the year ending 1837, was First quarter 1837, $750,451 05 Second do do 627,844 HO Third do do 807,567 12 32,185,809 97 First quarter 1838, $480,300 59 S?cond do do 465,765 84 Third do do estimated at 991.487 00 Boston Post ] ft 1,937,553 43 Weight of the Human Body.?M. Chnussie dried n human body in nn oven, the original weight of which was 120 lbs. ; when dry, it was reduced to 12 lbs. ffcncc the solid mut ter of the body was to water as one to nine, or one-tenth. From this it will be seen how great a proportion the fluids of the body bear to the solids. Warning to Steamboat Oirneri.?The Ixxiisisna Advertiser says, the Steamboat Pilot, at Mobile, has been fined $500, and the William Wallace seized, for breaches of the late law of Congress, relative to Steam boats. October number of the North .\n.? m..?. Re view. October Number of the Democratic Review, do do Lady's Book, do do 1-aw Library. do do M ukcuin. Are just received at the- bookstore cf F. TAYLOR, where subscriptions are received, and (he works for warded, strongly enveloped, to any part of the U. State* oci 'JO COBB'S MANUAL for the growth of the Mulberry Tree and the Culture of Silk, with directions, 1 vol. of 68 pages, with colored engraving! ; price 25 cent* oct 20 F TAYLOR CHEAP BOOKS, for sale by F. TAYLuR. Cooper's " England, by an American, " 2 vols. in lull binding, price for the set 75 cent*. Cooper'a " France," 2 vola. price for the ret 75 cents. Cooper'a " Italy, by an American." 2 vola. 75 cent* Cooper'a " Switzerland," firat and aecondaenea?each in 2 vola. price 75 centa?the regular price of the above worka bung 91 75 each. Oct .7 Boston police reports, originally publish ed in the Boston Morning Post, 1 volume, price 37 centa. Thia day received by oc't 17 F. TAYLOR. CHEAP THEOLOGY.?Biahop Watson's Apology for the Bible. Mason's Conversations with a young traveller. Burgh'a Character of Christ. Historic Doubts relative to Napoleon Bonaparte. Leslie's .Short and Easy Method with the Deists. Essay on the Inspiration of the Scriptures, by Dick Jenyn's on the Internal Evtdencesof the Christian Re ligion. lx>rd Littleton on the'Conversion of St. Paul. Modern Infidelity, by Roliert Hall. The above works are all contained jn whole and per fect form in one octavo volume, published by the. Society for the Diffusion of Christian Knowlege, containing 410 closely printed large pages ; price 87 cents, oct 17 F. TAYLOR. NEW SOUVENIR.?The Christian Keepsake and Missionary Annual, edited by the Rev. John A Clarke. Also, Duty and Inclination, by Miss Landon. The Life of Hannah More, by 11. Thompson, M. A. with numerous letters never tiefore published.' Are just received by F TAYLOR, oct J7 Immediately east of Gadsby's. ICHOLAS NICKLEB Y and OLIVER TWIST.? New uumbers of each, just received by F. TAYLOR, immediately East ofGadsby's. Ai.so, The 4th and 5th Nos. Sketches by Box. Harry Austin, or Adventures in the British Army, by an officer, in 2 vols. oct 17 IT N OW TO OBSERVE.?Morals and Manners?by Miss Martincau, in 1 volume, Is just received by F TAYLOR, Im ? oct 17 Immediately East of Gadsby's. North American Trust and Hanking Company, No. 26 Wall Street. NEW-YORK, September21st, 1838. THE Board of Directors have this day unanimously Resolved, and pledged the faith of the Board, to limit the amount of suliscriptions to the Capital Stock of this Company to TEN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS, such limitation to be unalterable for FIVE YEARS, from the first day of January next, unless enlarged by ;he written consent of three-fourths in amount of tne Stockholders of this Company. Of the above subscription not more than Five Millions shall be received in Bonds and Mortgages on Fee Simple Real Estate, the period for subscription to which is limited to the FIFTEENTH DAY Of NO VEMBER NEXT, and the remaining Five Millions shall be received either in Cash or in Public Stocks. By order of the Board of Directors. JOSEPH D. BEERS, President Waltbr Mbad, Cashier. oct 3-tl5N CHINA, GLASS AND QUEENSWARE.?'The sub scriber has just received and is now opening? 75 hhds. of white Stone CHINA, 38 do Bourbon Sprig do Comprising Din ner, Tea ana Toilette W A RE, > 22 do White and Gold Tea Ware 29 do Fine, Gold and Painted do 15 do do Fancy Stone China Dinner Ware 18 do do Toilette Ware 280 do Crates of fine Printed Ware 330 do do Enameled, col'd edg'd, &c. Ware 350 pkgs. of plain moulded and Cut Glass Ware. All of which will be repacked to order at pleasing pri ces for cash, or approved credit. Southern and Western Merchants are respectfully invited to call, where they will find an assortment unrivalled in the country MOSES POTTER, oct 3-tf No. 46 South Charles st. Baltimore. APOTHECARIES WARE.?Turquoise, Vcrd An tique, Drab and Sage, colored covered Jarx Wedsewootl Mortars, assorted sixes do Funnels do do "Fine Earthen do do do Do do Paste Boxes Do do Bed Psns Constantly on hand and for sale by MOSES POTTER oct 3-tf No 4G South Charles st. Baltimore. STAPLE DRY -GOODS.?We have today opened? 341 pieces Satinets, made for ourselves, and very su perior, 259 pieces English Merinos, 27 cases London and Paris Prints, 370 pieces Flannels, some very supetior, 220 pairs French Blankets, 300 pieces Kerseys and Linseys. sept 19-2aw3w BRADLEY & CATLETT FRENCH GOODS.?We have to-day received. 20 pieces very fine French Merinos, 50 do German do 1(K) figured and plain Rept Slips 50 pieces Italian Lustrings, very chsap 30 do Linen Cambrics 200 doxen Ladies' Gloves lfK) French Capes, very cheap, to close. sept 19-2aw3w BRADLEY & CATLETT. POTATOES.?Just received, and for sale rhrap, 200 bushels Northern Potatoes, of a good quality, by J. B. MORGAN, oct 10-3t Store near 10th street, Penn. av. PLAYING CARDS? -F. TAYLOR is agent for the District of Columbia for Bartlett's, Cohen's and Ce hore's Playing Cards, a large supply of every variety o\ which is and will be kept constantly on hand. He is in structed to sell them to those who buy to sell again at the lowest wholesale manufactory prices, without advance for commission, freight, insurance, 6ic. Atc. which terms will be scrupulously adhered to. Apply at the Waverly Circulating Library immediately East of Gadsby's Hotel, oct 6 C"1HEAP BOOKS.?Aiken's Memoirs of the Court of J Charles the First in 2 octavo volumes; price $ 1 75, (usual price 4 dollars. oct (i F. TAYLOR. MAGNIFICKNT LOTTERY. CAPITAL PRIZE, 9100,000! The most Brilliant Scheme cvtr dravrn in the United States. ALEXANDRIA LOTTERY. Class A, for 1838. To be positively drawn at Alexandria, 1). C., Saturday the 17th November, 1838. 75 Number Lottery?12 Draxcn Ballots. PRIZES. 1 Grand Prise of #100,000 1 Prixe of 30,000 1 do 20,000 1 do 10,000 1 do 8,000 1 do 7,500 1 do 6,000 1 do 5,000 1 do 4,000 1 do 3,740 5 Prizes of 2 500 10 do 2,000 50 do 1,000 60 do 800 85 do 500 Besides Prizes of #250, #200, #150, #100, #80, #60, #50, #40, and lowest Prixe #20. Tickets only #20, llahes #10, Quarters #.r>, Eighths #2 50. Certificates of Packages of 25 Whole Tickets #260 0" do do 25 Half do 130 00 do do 25 Quarters do 65 00 do " do 25 Eighths do 32 50 IC7" Orders for Tickets and Shares or Certificates "f Packages in the above unrivalled Scheme, will recene the most pronpt attention, and those who order from i". may rely .upon having the drawing sent them immediately after it is over. Send orders csrly and address D S. GREGORY & CO. M:.na*crs. sept 29 2aw5w Washington City, D < NEW METALLIC PENS ?Warren's Constitution Pen, a new ami very superior Article, is this dav r< ce.ved, for sale by , F.TAYLOR ANo, blue and (frrrn Writing Fluid*, l?y * ?*rry# ' rr, ? Arnold, Henry and others. ? Very superior Holland Quills, Nos. <0 and 80, yelM . clear white, and opaque. , On hand, a large and complete collection of the >" " ' ' mestic and imported Stationery, to v hich additions ?n constantly making, at the I '*e*t prices.