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FRIDAY, APRIL 9, 1841. In THO?B THINUS WHICH ami imutui. UtT THUS ?? UNIT*?IH NON-BMBNTUUI, UUITY j AND IN ALI ruiNua cMauty.?Auguatin. Wc are authorized to nay, that under the pres sure of the public business, increased by recent events, as well as by the approach of an Extra Session of Congress, the President finds it in dispensable to make some arrangement for the employment of his time. He proposes, there fore, to see his fellow-citizens, who may wish to call on him, from ten to twelve o'clock, every day in the week, except Sunday. THE VUNEHAL. If, one month ago, the Inauguration oi Presi dent Harrison, was a scene which he, as the principal actor, might justly have deemed wor thy of the highest human ambition, the ceremo nies of Wednesday were a tribute to his memo ry of far superior value. In the former, the mo tives of some may have been suspected?in the latter, the multitude in their solemn and silent movements, and in their tearful eyes, expressed a feeling, so deep and holy and peculiar, that even hypocrisy could not affect it. To the one, the multitude came cheering the advent to pow er, and to participate, if possible, in the glories of the rising sun?in the other, the multitude came to follow to the tomb the corpse of a man, no longer possessing authority, but as un available to them as the dust under their feet.? To the one, they came with gorgeous banners and exulting voices?with music and with danc ing?to the other, they came dressed in the ha biliments of mourning, with banners furled? with muffled drums, and every insignia of grief. At the one, they crowned a head with the highest civic wreath?at the other, they cast Mowers upon a sepulchre. At the first, they saw the height of human grandeur and earthly glo ry?at the last, they were witnesses of the in stability and the vanity of the power and great ness of man, and the insufficiency of all earthly hopes. They furnished the proof however that no ordinary man had comeand departed. If the people vindicated justice and virtue in the eleva tion of General Harrison, they proved their sin cerity by their tears at his tomb. The day assigned for the funeral was as aus picious as could have been desired. At sun-rise a federal salute of 26 guns, fired at the several military stations in the vicinity of Washington, announced the beginning of the solemn ceremo nies at hand, As the day advanced the streets began to fill with the people and strangers, most of them wearing some badge of mourning. The stores and places of business were closed, and festoons of crape and black muslin were sus pended on the buildings throughout the main avenue. On one or two of the Engine houses the mourning dress was so tastefully arranged as to attract particular notice; and, in two places, we observed, the last words of the lamented President, printed in large letters, on a white ground, with deep margins of black. " Sib, 1 WISH YGC TO UN0ER8TAND THE TRt'E PRINCIPLES ok the Government. I wish them carrieo out. I ask nothing more." The whole avenue presented a scene of gloom such as we had never before conceived of. Emotions of sorrow which seemed to affect so many, through the natural sympathies of our nature, reached all. Early in the forenoon the military companies, associations, and delegations from the vicinity, began to congregate in front of the President's house, whither the marshals of the day had early repaired. At 11 o'clock the doors of the Executive mansion were opened for the admis sion of Heads of Departments, Foreign Minis ters, the Ex-Cabinet, ladies, and all those desig nated in the published programme "from civic procession, down to auditors and commissioners, inclusive." The corpse was placed in the cen tre of the East Room, and the mourners and members of the Cabinet, and a great number of other persons, took a last look of the departed hero, before the rooms became full. At about 11 o'clock the clergy of the District, of all de nominations, entered, and soon after, the rela tives of the family, President Tyler, and the Cabinet, and several members of the Ex-Cabi net, the pall-bearers, the foreign ministers, and their secretaries, in splendid uniform, and offi cers of the Government, members of Congress, and others, forming a large, numerous, and dis tinguished circle, mostly seated around the body of the deceased. The Rev. Mr. Hawley, ofSt. John's Church, performed the religious services( according to the usage of the Episcopal church, in which Gen. Harrison had been accustomed to worship, beginning with, " I am the resurrection and the life," &c. In the course of a few re marks made by Mr. Hawley, he noticed one or two things which, he said, were interesting to the Christian a< well as to the Patriot. The day after his inauguration he called at a book store, on the avenue, and purchased a bible and prayer book, which he placed in his bed-room, where he had since kept them for daily use. His practice was to read them, and to engage in prayer before retiring in the evening, and when he rose in the morning. He had expressed his regret, before his death, that he had not become ;i regular member (communicant) of the church. He attributed to the dccea ed a very excellent chancier. His death was resigned and peace ful. After the remarks and a prayer by the Rev_ Clergyman, the corpse was removed by a body of marines froin the east room, and placed on the funeral car outside. By this time the Execu tive mansion had become well filled with peo ple, the avenues in front were crowded with the military companies, associations, Ac. At. 12 o'clock the minute guns re-commenced their firing from the north of the President's square, and other places, the bells began to toll, and the procession began to move, in the order directed by the programme of the Adjutant General published in our last paper. The military escort at the head of the proces sion formed a most imposing sight. Their ban ners were furled, and dressed in mourning, their drums were muffled, and the music accompany ing them exchanged their martial notes for so lemn and plaintive airs. The U. S. Marines, in front, marched with remarkable order and regularity. They were followed by the volunteer compa nie?, from Baltimore, Annapolis and Washing (on, all of whom appeared in a manner to at tract the admiration of the multitude of behold en. The single fact that six companies were preaent from Baltimore, none of which, we be lieve, visited the Inauguration, will serve to show the depth of the general feeling. The Balti more companies were as follows: 1. General Association of Officers. 2. Eutaw Infantry. Capt. Keyser. Dress? blue. 3. National Guards. Capt. Prestman. Green coat and grey pantaloons. 4. Maryland Cadets. Capt. Newman. Dress? blue. 5. First Baltimore Invincibles. Bed coats. 0. Independent Greys. Capt. J. O. Law. There were also a detachment of the York Billemen, Captain Hay, and of the Washington Blues, Captain Baruitz, from York, Pennsylva nia, and, also the Annapolis Greys. From the Disirict, we observed several fine companies: L The National Light Infantry, Captain France. 2. The Potomac Dragoons, Capt. Mason. 3. Washington Blues, Capt. Middleton. 4. Columbia Artillery, Capt. Buckingham. The Division of United States Light Artille ry, from Fort McHenry, Capt. Binggold, made a noble appearance. We observed also the District fire companies in uniform.aud banners, and in moarning, with Dr. Magruder for their maruhal. Their appear ance was unique and striking. We subjoin a list of them: 1. Perseverance Fire Company. 2. Franklin do 3. Northern Liberties do 4. Western Star do 5. Union do 6. Vigilant do 7. Columbia do 8. Anacostia do 9. Island do 10. Apprentices do Then followed a considerable number of offi cers of the Army and Navy of the United States on foot, with their various uniforms. Then Major General Macomb, commander in-chief of the U. S. A., with his aids-de-camp, all on horseback, formed the rear of the military escort, thus reversing the order of inarch, which is customary, by posting the youngest in rank first, and the highest, last. The Clergy of the District, and of the vicinity formed a numerous and interesting group; all denominations being included, and nearly all be ing dressed in black gowns. Immediately after the Physicians followed THE FUNERAL CAH, bearing the corpse, and drawn by six beautiful white horses, attended by black grooms, dressed in white, with black sashes, and white turbans entwined with black crape. The car was an oblong platform, 12 feet long, by 7 wide, covered with black velvet, and eleva ted five feet from the ground on substantial wheels. On the platform was'a raised dais 8 feet long by 4 broad. From the cornice of the platform the velvet fell outside the wheels, to within a few inches of the ground. Black crape festoons, were pendant from rosettes at the corners of the car, midway down its four sides, and were loop ed in the centre of each side by large funeral wreathes of crape. The architrave and base of the curtains also in crape. The pall was of rich black velvet, lined with white silk, and bordered by deep black fringes, and bullion tassels at its corners. Over the pall, on the coffin, lay the 3Word of justice, and of Slate, crossed, surmounted by the scroll of the Constitution, over which was thrown a funeral wreath of yew and cypress.? Affectionate friends had also strewn flowers upon it. The body was enclosed in two lead coflins, encased in mahogany, which covered the whole with the exceptiou of the face, over which was placed a thick plate glass, tightly sealed. On the coffin was a silver plate inscribed, William Henhy Hahrison, President of the United States,?Born 9th February, 1773.? Died 4th April, 1841." The Pall Bearers marched two abreast on each side of the car, and consisted of the follow ing gentlemen, representing each State and ter ritory in the Union: For Maine?B. Cutts, Esq. New Hampshire?Hon. Jacob B. Moore. Massachusetts?Hon. C. Cushing. Bliode Island?M. St. C. Clarke, Esq. Connecticut?W. B. Lloyd, Esq. Vermont?Hon. Hiland Hall. New York?Gen. John Granger. New Jersey?Hon. Geo. C. Washington. Pennsylvania?M. Welling, Esq. Delaware?Hon. A. Naudain. Maryland?D. Hoffman, Esq. Virginia?Major Camp. North Carolina?Hon. E. D. White. South Carolina?John Carter, Esq. Georgia?Gen. D. L. Clinch. Kentucky?Thos. Crittenden, Esq. Tennessee?Col. Rogers. Louisiana?Mr. Durald. Mississippi?Maj. Anderson Miller. Alabama?Dr. Perrine. Arkansas?A. W. Lyon, Esq. Ohio?Mr. Graham. Indiana?Gen. It. Hanna. Illinois?D. Q. Gurnsey, Esq. Missouri?Major Russell. Michigan?Gen. Howard. Wiskonsan?Hon. J. D. Doty. Iowa?Hon. W. B. Carter. Florida?Hon. C. Downing. District of Columbia?R. Smith, Esq. Gov. James Barbour, of Virginia, and Gov. Sprigg, of Maryland, were, by order of the Se cretary of State, invited as pall bearers, but owing to the indisposition of the former, and the failure of the invitation to reach the latter, neither attended. Such of the family and relatives of the de ceased, as were here, followed in carriages. Im mediately after them, we observed Presioent Tyler, in a carriage with the Secretary of State; then the several other Heads of Depart ments, and the venerable Mr. J. (A. Adams.? Several members of the Jndiciary Department followed, and then all the Ministers of Foreign Governments, now present, or their Secretaries The carriage of the Russian Minister was no ticed by the brightness of its livery. The following gentlemen, members of the late Cabinet, were invited to attend the funeral, and t ppi ared accordingly in the procession, viz. Hon. John Forsyth, Hon. J. R. Poinsett, Hon. J. K. Paulding, Hon. H. D. Gilpin. MIMBEM or OQNQftasa. We observed the following members of Con gress in the fUuerul profession : Senators.?Mr. Tallmadoe, of N. Y.j Mr. Benton, of Mo.; Mr. Merrick, of Md.; Mr. Prentihij, of Vt.; Mr. Walker, of Mi.; Mr. Cutiirert, of Ga. Keihehentat'ive*.?Mr. Adamm, of Ms.; Mr. Saltoimtall, of Mi.; Gov. White, of La.; Mr. Cuhhinu, of Ms.; Gen. Carter, of Tenn.; Mr. Suerroo William*, of Ky.; Mr. Johnhon. of Md.; Mr. Doty, of Wmkonran ; Mr. Peck, of N. Y.j Col. Downing, of Florida; and Mr, Kemiile, of N. Y. The Maryland Legislature appeared in or ganization, with their several officers with their maces, &.e. (This patriotic body did not arrive in time to go into the President's Mansion, but the moment their arrival was known, a Mar shal was despatched to assign them a position in the procession.) The heads of Bureaux, and their clerks, ap peared also, forming a very considerable body in point of numbers. There were also a number of the officers and soldiers who served under the command of General Harriso.i during the last war, whose names we did not learn. There were also the corporate authorities of the several cities of the District.' The Enosinian Society of Columbian College, together with the Medi cal Department and Preparatory School. The Columbia Typographical Association. The Society of "Odd Fellows," with the handsome banner of "Alexandria Lodge, No. 8." The Catholic Total Abstinence Society, with its auxiliaries, with medals and banners. There may have been other associations whose names we did not learn* The concourse of citi zens and strangers from Baltimore, and ihe sur rounding country, was large and respectable. All moved in perfect order, harmony and decorum, evincing at every step the solemn sadness of the occasion, and betraying the sinserest affection for the memory of their late illustrious Chief Magistrate. Minute guns were firing, and the bells tolling during the whole progress of the Procession. The windows and doors of the dwellings along the darkened avenues, w^-re crowded with the faces of ladies and children, all appearing to par ticipate in the general sorrow. This metropolis has nevei witnessed a scene so solemn and im posing. The procession extended nearly two miles, reaching from the Capitol to the President's House, in sections of 8 to 30. The Military formed into lines on the square opposite the Congressional Burying Ground, and only a portion of the procession entered the yard. We observed at the tomb, beside the fa mily, President Tyler and the Cabinet, the Fo reign Ministers, Ex-President Adams, and seve ral of the late Cabinet. After the service, con tinued in the Episcopal form, by ltev. Mr. Haw ley, the corpse was deposited in the Public Tomb, where it was followed for a moment by Colonels Todd and Chambers, the relatives, President Tyler, the members of the Cabinet, Mr. Adams, Mr. Forsyth, and others. These last rites being over, the scene was closed by the firing of cannon, and several vollies of musketry. The immense throng then quietly dispersed, and a Federal Salute announced the setting of the sun, and the closing ceremony of the day. We heard of no indecorum?no serious incident. GENERAL HARRISON'S FAMILY. Mn*t ninriTfly do we mingle our condolences with this bereaved family. We know well, as all must, that the blow that has' lighted down upon them from the hand of the Almighty, is heavy and severe. But it must be one exceed ing consolation to them, that a nation weeps with them, and that a nation will revere the character, and cherish the memory, of one they loved so much and so worthily. The following relatives of Gen. Harrison were present in the city on the day of the funeral, viz: Mrs. Jane Harrison, of Ohio, [son's widow J and two sons. Mrs. Taylor, of Va., .[niece] a daughter and two sons. Pike Harrison, [grandson] son of J. C. S. Har rison and grandson of Gen. Pike. Mr. D. O. Coupeland, of Ohio, [nephew.] Mr. Benjamin Harrison, of Berkeley, [nephew.] Henry Harrison, [grand-nephew] son of the preceding, who has acted as confidential Secretary of the President. Dr. John Minge, cf Charles city, Va., [nephew] We may also add the name of Mrs. Findlay, of Ohio, who adopted Mrs. Jane Harrison as a daughter, and who almost invariably occu pied the right hand of the President at his table. The following are the surviving relations who were absent. Mrs. Harrison, the General's bereaved wife. John Scott Harrison, the only living son. Mrs. Judge Short, eldest daughter. Mrs. Dr. Thornton, daughter. Mrs. Taylor, daughter. All these are living at or near North Bend. Mr. Taylor and his wife and family were ex pected to become members of the President's family for the whole term of his service. The following are the names of the deceased members of the family: Lucy Harrison, a daughter, married Judge Este. J. C. S. Harrison, a son, married Miss Pike. Both dead. William H. Harrison, jr., married Miss Jane Irwin. His widow presided at the Presi dent's (able, and her personal graces have commended her to the affections of all who have had the pleasure to know her. Dr. Benjamin Harrison, a son. Died the last summer. Carter B. Harrison, a son, who was .i lawyer of fine talents, and accompanied General Har rison to Columbia. Died two years ago. All of the sons left children. In the night of Thursday before General Har rison's death, he repeated the following verse from Isaiah to one of his relations, at his side, remarking that it had made an impression on his mind, which he had never been able to efface, nor fully to comprehend: lxainh chap. 11 and verse*. " He calleth to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night 1 Watchman, what of the night V' The watchman said, the morning comcth, and also the night: if yc will inquire, inquire ye: return, come.' President Tyler w*a accompanied to the city by two of hi? son*. THE NEW PRESIDENT. John Tyler. now President of (he Mailed State* arrived in thi, cay OU Tueaday morning ? 5 *nd took lodging-, at Brown's Hotel. At 1 i o'clock the same day, the Head* of De partments (except,,,- the Secretary of the Navy, who is absent,) waited upon Mr. Tyler, to pay him their respects, personally and otiieially. The Intelligencer say.: He s.gmfied hi. deep feel ing of the ,,ub|,c calamity sustained l.y the death of 1 resident Hawuo*, ud e.pre^l bi. profound sen ?ItMtlty to the heavy responsibilities so suddenly de volved upon himself. Ha spoke of the present state o t nngs with great concern and seriousness, and made known hi. wishes that the several Heads of Uepailment* would continue to till the place* which they now restively occupy, and his confidence that t ey would aflord all the aid in their power to enable to carry on the adminirtration o: ihe Government successfully. The Phksidknt then took and subscribed the fol lowing oath of office I do solemnly swea, that I will faithfully execute .-.K fr"'d,nt of lhe United States, and will, >K>e*t o^u,y sbilily nreserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States April b, 1841, JOHN TYLER. Dibtmict o?- Columbia, 1 City and County of Ha.hington. J " Chief Judge of the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, certify that the J nwjied John Tti.ki; [H-rsonally appeared be fore me this day, and, although he deems himself qualified to perform the duties and eiercisethe powers mhI office of Prisident on the death of William Henky Harbison, late President of the United Slates without any other oath than that which he has taken ss Vice I lesident, yet, as doubts may arise, and for greater caution, took and subscribed the foregoing oath a '6 ^ ? W CRANCH. April b, 1841. JOHN TYLEK, PRESIDENT OF THE U. S. As, by the Providence of God, Mr. Tyler is now elevated to the highest political honor with in the reach of an American citizen, his life, history, and character, have become highly in teresting subjects of inquiry. I* or the satisfaction of our readers we will at tempt to furnish a general outline of President Tyler's history, which must necessarily be im perfect, from our want of dates and particulars. Mr. 1 yleh was born in Virginia, about the year 1786 or '87. He is therefore near 54 or 55 years of age. His father was an American pa triot of the revolution, serving as an officer in the cause of his country, during the whole period of the war. He was then judge of the Superior Courts of Va., and afterwards Governor of that State about the year 1S08. He was remarkable for his honesty and independence, and for the purity of his character. He belonged to the old Republican family of that State. John Tyler (now President) was graduated with honor at William and Mary College, in \ irginia. Soon after he reached the age of 21 he was chosen a delegate to the Legislature of the State. After haviug served several years in that body, he was elected a Representative in Congress. After a service, we think, of four years in the House of Representatives, he be came again a member of the Virginia Legisla ture, and was soon chosen governor of the State. VV hile Governor. Gen. Lafayette was on his visit lo this country, and Gov. Tyler welcomed him to the Old Dominion, in one of the most classic and eloquent addresses, delivered on similar occasions, in the Union. At the expiration of his constitutional term as Governor, Mr. Tyler was elected to the U. S. Senate, to serve from the 4th of March, 1827, in the place of the late John Randolph, of Roanoke, whom he beat. While a member of the Senate, viz: in 1828, he advocated the election of Gen. Jackson to the Presidency, and for some time thereafter was a supporter of his Administration. Having served out his term in the Senate of the United States, he was re-elected to that ele vated station in the winter of '32 -'33, and con tinued there until he received instructions from the Virginia Legislature, which he could not obey, and he then resigned his seat. This end ed his Senatorial career. While in the Senate, he was chosen, in the absence of the Vice Pre sident, on more than one occasion, if we mis take not, "President of the Senate." As chair man of the Committee on the District, the citi zens there have found him a kind and firm friend. He was alterwards again elected, we believe, a member of the Virginia Legislature, where he served two sessions. He was unanimously noirinated by the Na tional Convention at Harrisburg, (Dec. 1839) a candidate for the Vice Presidency of the United States, on the ticket with Gen. Harrison, and was elected to that high oflice by an over whelming vote. Mr. Tyler, has always been urbane and cour teous in his manners?moderate and self-con trolable in his passions?and possesses an ntuia ble and benevolent heart. To purity of inten tion, he also unites that spirit of independence, which distinguished his father. " Tyi.ek the Statesman honest and true," is a line familiar to those who have been accus tomed to hear the Tippecanoe songs of the coun try. In political faith, he is a Jelfersonian, Madi sonian Republican, and has always preferred moderation rather than partaken ofultraism. To his hands are the ?? powers and duties " of the office of Chief Magistrate of this mighty na tion, now committed. That he will exercise and discharge them with honor to himself, and glory to the country is our fervent wish, and confident hope. His known honesty and faithfulness is a guaranty that, if public affairs are not adminis tered in a manner to receive popular applause and support, it will not be his fault. The cannon fired at the Navy Yard on the day of the funeral, were charged on Satuiday week for re ceiving the President at the Yard, which he conlem plated visiting. Mar Yi.and Hanks.?Those banks in Maryland ' which were liable lo a penalty of 12 per cent for the non-payment of s|>ecie on their notes, have been re leased from the penalty until the year lN4!i, by a law which has just passed the Legislature. The Banks of Virginia suspended specie payments on Tuesday last. A Special Election is to Ik- held in the Carlisle I district, Pennsylvania, on the 4th of May, for a repre- \ I tentative in Congress, to supply the vacancy occa- j i Hioned by thedeath of the Hc>n William S. Ramsay. Oraham't Lady'* ami (imtleman'n Magazine.? | This beautiful monthly, produced by the consolidation ' <>f Burton's Magazine and the Casket, has been hand- j ed in bv the son of Mr Hamilton. the agent, for April. 1 The Lady'a Companion for April received from the I | same. GENERAL. HARRISON SAVED THE COUNTRY IN HIS LIFE, AND UNITES IT IN HIS DEATH. W e ilo not think it uecessary to undertake to prove the truth ol this first position, and if the second be true also, what a blessing may yet come out of this afflictive and astoundiug be reavement ? We will give some reasons for this hope ! Never was a nation's sorrow like our sorrow, in this event. It will subdue all minds. If will melt the soul of the nation into tender ness. Consequently, this immense and wide spread feeling will ally the hearts of the people to the memory of the Man, and carry along with it a respect for his principles. This is the natu ral operation of men's minds under such circum stances. I he American People retptcled Ge neral Harrison before. Go into their hearts now, and you will find that they love him, though dead, and becautr he is dead. They had no test of their love before. Now it comes home to them, and the action of their grief stirs up side by side with the veneration they feel, the sentiment of undying affection. Separate from such regard, the principles of the man who can. It cannot be done. They are sealed in the heart. We have arrived at a crisis, as a nation, in re-1 gard to those great measures most indispensable to our relief, which impels us forward in one direction, and only one. There is no alternative. It lies not within the scope of man's invention to devise one. And that path is the drift into which the nation has been forced within a twelve month past, with the name of Hahrihon before it. All events, in the mean time, have contributed to accelerate this movement, togive force to those opinions, and to bring down on the true interests of the nation the full blaze of the sun-light of experience.? 1 hey who doubted six or three months ago, or even one month, are vastly wiser now, than at either of these periods, recent as they are. The nation is absolutely ruined, if no redeeming measures can be found. Many of those who have opposed them, and who may yet oppose them for the sake of consistency, would come round, if they knew it were necessary to carry them. And we fully believe, that the time is not remote, that it is very near, lushing upon us, when there will be a greater unity and vigor of opinion in the Government, in Congress, and among the people, for redeeming and healing measures, than has for a long time characterized the history of the country. And the illumined path of the lamented Har hison will reflect its light on all faces, and at no point of his career does so much effulgence beam upon the nation, as when he steps from the stage of action here, and bi queathes to us his name, his character, and his principles. He has gone down to the grave ripe in wisdom, spotless in reputation, orthodox in his theo ry and views of our Government, known and read of the people, and as we trust?peace to his soul?in peace with his God. ' He will be seen lingering on that verge, so recently trodden by his footsteps, pointing the nation One Way. He cannot speak again, and there is no more advice. ho that witnessed that funeral train but Wednesday, winding its way up Capitol Hill, while its rear was still hanging on the angle at the Treasury building, did not see that the heart of the nation followed him? Who that cast his eye on that unbroken connexion of mourn ing festoons, which stretched along the Avenue nn the front nf iu walls, and who that observed the solemn stillness of the scene, the suspension of all other cares and thoughts, did not feel that the pulse of the republic was beating, with sor row ? The same sentiments that were felt here, will be felt everywhere ; the wave of affliction I that begun in this city, will roll over the land, I and immerse all hearts in its tide. Tell us, then, if it will not have to do with j opinion? Who can cast poison in this puri fying ocean, that shall kill those who drink ol it ? It was the hand of God that bereaved us and that same almighty agency has estab lished immutable laws in our hearts and minds, which, in given circumstances, lead invariably to known results. THE HECATOMB. " Thiii hecatomb of victimn who were atrurk down [ duting General Harrison'* illneaa, many of whiwe lamilirx are now turned out in a aort of orphanai;e on the world, must hnve been made in the apiril of heathen timea, when aacrifirea of unfortunate priaonera !>v cus tom attended the fall of an illmtlrioua chief." Globe. This passage refers to some halfdozen changes more or less, made in all the Departments in the course of last week?a sad "hecatomb of vic tims," indeed, if we contemplate the compara tive energy, promptitude, and wholesale opera tions of General Jackson. During the first week of his first term, Isaac Hill, who has lately fallen a " victim, brought to General Jackson 28 or .18 names we forget which?of Postmasters in New Hampshire, every one of which was strick en from the Blue Book, at the bidding of this worthy, in one half hour! Not one exception made, no inquiry instituted, no reason given, but, "he is not our man." Another gentleman from Indiana brought in his pocket a list of 36 names, all of which shared the same fate, in a like unceremonious way. And so it went through the land, when " Old Hickory" took the brooin, and they have had it pretty much to themselves ever since. " Surely, it " must have been done in the spirit of heathen times, when the sacrifices of unfortunate prisoners, by custom attended the fall," in this case the rise, "of an illustrious chief." If the present Administration are ambitious to rival these examples, there is a wide scope before them, and they must "bear a hand" with an energy, of which, as yet, we have had but a slen der earnest. General Jackson took off their heads by scores, and would have despised the slow and small work of which the Globe has the impudence to complain. The Globe, we presume, though somewhat tender for present distresses, falling immediately under its eye, has no tears for the "orphans" made so long ago, and but little commisseration for the decimation of the "Old Chief." It is the lawyer's bull that has gored the farmer's ox. It is pleasant, however, to observe, that times j nave improved, and that there is more conscience [ in these days. "Hceatombs of victims" though there be, they are not so frightful as in former years. Besides, like the old woman's eels, the people have got used to being skinned. j It may, perhaps, be consoling to our friends on the olfeer (id* ?o consider, that If olllcea art worth b?viDg, ihey have enjoyed it a pretty long term, and unless tbey insist on having* life lease, to the great scandal of the democratic principle of rotation, it it uo wore than fair to have tome such very moderate changes as are now being made. Even if they all go out, we are unable to see how a democratic nation is so much scan dalized as it would be if they were all kept 10. We are a little inclined, just now to the pr.ueiple of rotation on a reasonable scale, esptria ) a*> our predecessors have not been altogether imi.ia culate. ? Xrtn York correspondence. New Yohk, April 7, 1841. The NationsI calamity of which tidings were borne to our eats on Monday morning still engrosses nil thoughts and all hearts in our city. The regret olthe Opposition is hartlly lea* general than our own. < >ur Courts all adjourned over on Monday, to Thursday or Monday neit; and it is worthy of remark that the first motion made in the U 8. Court, by Oookm Hoff man as District Attorney was for paying this mark of respect to the memory of the venerated soldier and sagu by whom he was appointed, and that the motion was seconded by B. F. Butler. Our city authorities, in concert with those of Brook lyn, the military, Slc., to-day pay such funeral ho nors to the late President as can be >hown at such brief notice. At 13 o'clock, the hanks and nearly every place of business were closed, the bells tolled solemnly till '2, and a salute of minute gun* u" nounced that the lemaina of the President were pas sing to their long home. 1 have never known tho city more sombre than to-day. The skies are deeply shrouded, and a drizzling rain deepens the general gloom. The places of public amusement are closed and will not open this evening. To-morrow, in pur suance of general orders from Albany, the military will tire half-hour guns from the Batt^jf from sun rise to sunset. - f Gov. Skwahd announced the National bereavement to the Legislatuie in a brief and feeling Message on its receipt there, Tuesday morning. He s|>eaks ol the death of the President as "a trial through which the Constitution has never yet passed." The two Houses a|i|>oinled committees to suggest a proper manifesta tion of the general regret, and then immediately ad journed. A grand civic and military procession, in honor of the illustrious deceased, will take place in this city on Saturday. The heart uf the city is in it, and it will be a noble demonstration of sympathy. 1 trust no one abroad inistak* s the icy bearing and flippant disparagement of the "Evening Post' for an expression of the sentiment of its party on this oc casion. Such a supposition does gross injustice to that party. I believe it has even lost subscribers among i'.s friends from disapprobation of its course, as I am sure the "Journal of Commerce" has. 1 think those who have stopped the latter paper have acted precipitately. The Journal never professed any ad miration of Gen. Harrison?it is deadly in its hostility to the Whig party?and 1 should have detested the hypocrisy of dressing it in mourning. An open and manly opponent may shed a generous tear over our President's grave, but it should never bo poisoned by the crocodile effusions of treacherous en mity. Our Young Men's General Meeting, which was to have been held this evening, will be turned into a no party one to express the regrets ot our citizens and im mediately adjourn. I have little heart to speak of our Charter Election next Tuesday. ' Sufficient for the day is the evil thereof.' Our friends in Connecticut have nobly done their duty. Their State Ticket is elected entire by soi^o 6,OOt) majority ; all their six Members of Congress by Districts, and an increased majority in each branch ot the Legislature. And this, be it remarked, though the disheartening tidings of the President s death spread over two-thirds of the State while the election was proceeding. Will not Viroinu and th? West do likewise 7 Yours, Harold. $)h(latoelphfa Correspondence. Philadelphia, April 7, 1841. The death of Gen. Harrison produced a deep sen sation in this community, which has not yet subsided. All seemed to feel as if they had lost an old friend.? The sudden transition from the pageantry and tri umph of the Inauguration, to the silence of death, presents a most impressive admonition o! the vanity of teA)|K>ral fame, and of the mutability of life. The public services and pure character of Gen. Harrison, conjoined with his moderation of temper, and respect for the feelings of others, gained him the esteem of his friends and the confidence of his political opponents. No one doubted the sincerity or strength of his patri otism, and all respected him for his private virtuts ? A profound sorrow pervades us all for the loss of so good a.man. The Councils of the city have directed |heir cham bers to be dressed in black, and have invited Bishop Onderdonk to deliver a funeral sermon. During the last throe days the flags of the shipping, the public offi ces, and of the headquarters of both political parties^ half been hung at halfinast. The military companies paraded on Monday with cra|>ed standards and muf fled drums, and to-d?y, during the hours of the fune ral at Washington, the shops will remain closed, and the bells of all the churches be tolled. Cr Our readers may be curious to see in what terms the , editor of the Richmond Enquirer, who treated General Harrison with cruel injustice while living, speaks of him now that he is dead : From the Enquirer of TuetJaij. DEATH or THE PRESIDENT OF THE t'NITED HTATEH. A new and extraordinary event has come to darken the annals of our country The struggle is over, and William Henry Harrison, in the tWth year of his age, sleeps wilh his fsthers 1 Although this venerable msn, the President of the United States bjr a great majority, was not our choice, yet we respect him tor his military services?we respect him for his love of country?we esteem him for his kind heart and his social qualities His sudden loss comes unon the nation as a/i event, full of regret, full of profound themes for moralizing uiwn the instability of all human fortunes, and the worthlesstiess of the objects of human ambition As so often quoted fromBurke,itshowsus"whatshadows we are, and what shadows we pursue " But twelve months ago, suppose it had been predicted amidst Un contests of sn excited campaign, this man will ?'<? elected to one of the highest offices in the world and in one short month after his Inauguration, he will ?e gathered unto his fathers'-what heart would not ha.e shrunk within itself, at the idea ol passing so rapidly from a private life to the Presidential chair, and from that eminent station to the silent tomb 'nhonor of the Chief Magistrate of our common country thus elevated by the voice of the people, and thus suddenly struck down in the midst of hi. .ym,*thiz.ng country men we have shrouded our columns in mourning. Ii is'indeed a sudden, most uneipected, and extra orJmarv even, The'???federated republic of the United States ha. n-w l*en in operation for W years during which time it has seen nine President-elect ed in succession?most of them old men?five of them serving eight years each?snd yet not one of them has died during his Presidency, except the last He Ims been in office but one short month, from the 4th of March to the 4lh of April, when he breathed his last, atnid his payers for the success of the Irne |>rin ciples of lb* Constitution The four Virginia Pre sidents who were living in Virginia, (all serving out their eight years) survived till the end of theii terms, but now sre all no more. Three of the others are still living. ? It is more wonderful, indeed, that more of them have not perished in office, than thst Gen. Harrison should he the first to die. The regret at his desth comes, perhaps, with a more awful force, on account of its singularity.