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The Madisonian. (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1837-1845, June 24, 1841, Image 3

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Extract nf a ItHtr/rom a dittinruuktd gentleman qf
.Vie York, to kU friend in Congrtts.
New Yohk, June lb, 1841.
My Pear Sir: There are thousands here who feel
a strong, very .irony objection, to any j4an of relief
while the wounded, kick, and disabled soldiers in the
lasi war between the " old, Koinan und the monster"
remain unprovided with dressing lor their wounds, and
in a state of abaolule starvation.
What are hanks, diatribution bill*, tariff*, and all
other measures of relief for the rich and fortunate, pro
rulcd the unfortunate but honeat insolvent is ptevent
ed froui reaping any of ita advantages 1 To bun they
area mockery. They ure the " cup of Tantalua" It
is offered to hia lips; he witnesses thoae who are free
?that have spent no time in the service of their coun
try?enjoying the benefits of good laws?while the
cup is only placed to hi# lipa to be constantly with
Many feel a satisfaction in weeing others come to the
ground Willi then. I have never witnvw>ed such a
deep ami determined feeling in the ma?? on this sub
ject, aud if Congress?a Whig Congress?adjourn
without acting on this measure, lhey may calculate on
a vast falling off in the Whig vote here.
As aniious as you know I am for the success of
all the inejsures embraced in the catalogue of" Whig
Heforin," still 1 believe that a bankrupt law ia more
than Ihevi all. All together would not afford that re
lief, that heart-felt relief, .that would attend upon the
advent of such a just and philanthropic measure.
The cheer that would burst from the lips of the tens
of thousands of honest insolvents, their wives and
children, would lie a source df more true, honest-heart
ed pleasure than all the honors that can be won in the
public service.
Let me entreat you to urge this measure with that
zeal that is so becoming in a good cause. You know
how much patience and jierseverance will do?you
have tried it. Stand by this uieasure night and day,
in season and out of season, and success will crown
your efforts; and then we will ull truly and heartily
rejoice with you. The great victory is not well won,
until the wounded are provided for, and tho war should
not be considered as ended, until the prisoners are set
Set the unfortunate, innocent prisoners once more
at large, absolutely free, or send them home on a pa
role of honor?but, confine their limbs and minds no
1 am beset here every day. The city and country
are alive, and no measure of relief will meet with a
hearty response, if the unfortunate, honest insolvents
are to be deprived from enjoying its benefits. Legis
late for the poor as well as the rich !
There is no difference of opinion here between the
two jiarties on this subject. All are for setting the
prisoner free, to enjoy the benefit of good laws.
Yours, truly.
Astoundino Disci.oslrk?TheN. Y. Commercial
of Monday evening states that the editor has ascertain
ed by inquiry at the General Post Office that the fol
lowing statement is true to (he letter! But for this as
surance we should esteem it incredible, even in view
of the notorious iniquities and corruptions of those
whom the People have so righteously expelled from
power. The statement originally appeared in the
Louisville Journal, and is as follows:
When Mr. Barry was Postmaster General, a Com
mittee was uppointed by the United States Senate t?
investigate the affairs of the Post Office Department.
The inve^igation resulted in the very able report
made by Mr. Gwing, in which divers exira allowances
and other corruption were duly made known to the
people of the country.
'1 o parry the effects of that startling report, Mr
Barry, it may be remembered, published a pamphlet, a
vindication, so called, of his conduct. This pamphlet
was, of course, an individual and not an official docu
ment. Nevertheless, he agreed to pay to the Editors
of the Globe, Messrs. Blair & Rives, $1,500 for print
ing it, and charged the amount to the fiorernment !
When Amos Kendall succeeded Mr. Barry as
Postmaster General, he glanced ever the books of the
Department and saw this item of #1,500. Afraid that
another investigation would soon take place, and that
this extraordinary item would thus be brought to light,
he made Blair & Rive* refund the nionev ; at least he
entered it as refunded on the books. Thus the matter
remained till the 3d of March, 1841, the veiy last day
of Mr. Van Buren's Administration, when Mr. Niles,
the successor of Kemiall us Postmaster General, paid
back the $1,500/o Hlair if- Rites, and an entry iras
actually made in the books to that rjfect!
The Commercial further slutcs that, being out of
funds at the time, Mr. P. M. G. Niles drew on a Penn
sylvaniania Postmaster in favor of Blair for this
amount ; and Blair was so fearful that Mr. Granger
would discover the fraud and arrest it, that he pro
posed sending an express to the Postmaster for the
cash! Let these facts lie officially verified.
JjT The following preamble and resolutions were
unanimously adopted, at (he Second Clurterly Meeting
Conference of the Wesley Chapel Station for the pre
Bcnt year, held on the 7th day of June, 1841 :
Whereas, it has been ascertained that our beloved
brother, G. G. Cookman, who so lately labored among
us as a minister in holy things, and who, wo trust, has
hern many seals to his ministry, left this country on
the llih day of M jrch last, in the steamship Presi
dent, to pay a lilial visit to his native country, that
since his departure nothing definite hat been heard
from either him or the ship in which he sailed, and (hat
it is highly probable she, with all on board, hus, in the
dispensation of Providence, been lost: therefore,
Hcsulrcd, 1st. That, as in all probability our be
loved brother, G. G Cookman, has been taken from
us by an all-wise though inscrutable Providence, we
bow with humble submission to his holy will, who
giveth life and taketh it away, and whose holy name,
we feel bound to praise and adore ; though wu at the
same lime deeply lament that one so useful, so vigo
rous, so eloquent in the cause of God, should be among
us no more to call to "come up to the help of the
Lord, to the help of the Lord against the mighty," and
though his body sleeps beneath the surface of the
ocean, we trust his spirit it now redeemed, regenera
ted, and with his Saviour, in whose cause he so zeal
ously labored.
/Ictulrcd, 2nd. That we, as a body and as indivi
duals who well knew the worth ofoui beloved brother
and the ardent affection he entertained for his family,
ilo deeply and sincerely sympathise with that family
in their uflltction, and in llie irreparable loss they, in
all probability, have sustained.
Hesolred, 3rd. That we offer our most affectionate
condolence tn the family and friends of our beloved
late pastor, and pray fervently that the grace of God
may lie sufficient to sustain them under this deeply af
flictive dispensation?that all may work together for
their ultimate good, and that a happy meeting may be
in reservation for them in the kingdom of eternal
/i',iolr?/, 4th. That, while memory last*, we will
bear testimony to the faithful manner in which hedis
charged his duty as a pastor, while he labored among
us, and to the earnest and eloquent appeals he made to
sinners to " (lee the wrath to come.'
Uesolred, f?th. That, in testimony of pur sincerity
in what we have above expressed, we earnestly and
affectionately invite the co-o|>eration of his brethren
and friends elsewhere, in making provision foi the
pro|MT care anil nurture of his afflicted family.
Hi*olred, tith. 1 hat a copy of the above preamble
and resolutions be forwarded to sister Cookman and
to his father, anil that the same l>e published in the
piprrsof this citv, and in the Christian Advocate and
Journal of New Y ork
JOHN DAVIS, Pr. in charge
B K MORSELl., Secretary.
We have received " A|tC1TRU?," a New York
M uitlily Review of Books and Opinions, of apparent
ability and spirit. It professes to lie the medium of
"sound opinions in a cheerful frame." B G. Trevett,
publisher; price S*i |>er annum.
The rase of supposed piracy off the Balixe, near
New Oilcans, proves to have been an abandonment
of the ship Charles at sea, in consequence of a leak.{
Capt. Gorham has arrived at Charleston, where he
bat boen examined, and honorably acquitted.
CorrcipoudcMt of I he MkdlMKUIl.
PiTCHiBuau, Va., June 18, 1841.
Having exaui.ned the plan uf the Secretary of the
I rranury, of a f'itcal A/fent, recently submitted,
in compUtaoe with the cull of the Senate, I am
prepared to ?ay it ia lea* exceptionable than any
other I have hitherto aeen. It wan conceded by Mr
Van Buren, whose opinion I cite a* good authority
against thoae of hia friend* who way be inclined to op
pose the Secretary's |>l;in, that there wan no want of
power to establish a National Bank in the Diatiict of
Columbia. See hia letter to Sherrod Williaiua, in
1 am well pleased to aee, in the Secretary'* plan of
a Fiscal Agent, aeveral provision* suggested in correc
tion ol errora of legislation which have prevailed in all
the State*, in their creating of banks. I hail the ho
nor, through this paper, in a series of numbers pub
liahed in 1837 and '8, to suggest some of those correc
tions as being eminently proper to be made. For ex
ample : In 1837, 1 adviaed " that the same person* to
be director* of the Bank, shall enjoy only a short and
fixed term of connecutive year* of eligibility to the
office; that the director* be paid a moderate salary, to
be fixed by the charter of the Bank; that no director,
during hia term of service, shall borrow of the Bank,
in hia own name or that of another; that the indebt
edness or liabilities to the Bank of any body whatever,
whether an individual, or partneiahip, or chartered
company, for himaelf or iUelf, or for another, shall
not, at any one time, exceed a moderate amount, to be
fixed by the charter of the Bank ; that the loan* and
discounts of the mother Bank and branches shall he so
regulated as never to exceed twice the amount of the
capital atock actually paid in. And, notwithstanding,
they who are acquainted with the secrets of Bank ma
nagement, say little reliance is to be placed on the
statements of their affairs, I will add, that the charter
should be carefully framed to secure I he greatest pos
sible publicity in its management, and to forbid that
the Bank be conducted with a view to the largest pos
sible profit*. Its management should be such, within
the provisions of the charter, as to show it was estab
lished for the public good, and not for the exclusive
benefit of the stockholder*. The publicity of its man
agement *hould tell whenever and to what extent it
had ventured to transgress the limit* of its defined
1 trust it Will not be deemed obtrusive to suggest, for
reasons which are obvious, and which need not be
here specified, that it would be wise to incor|iorate in
the charter of the proposed Fiscal Agent a provision
interdicting the discount of any note or bill of which
any member of Congress is maker, drawer, endorser,
or acceptor. Keep those who are to control it out of
the way of temptation.
Nrtu Yortt Corrcsponiencr.
New York, June 22.
In the case of McLeod, the Supreme Court of this
State will pronounce it* judgment on the writ of
habeas corpus at its July term in Uticu. I have rea
son to t>clieve that the decision will he against the ap.
plication, and in favor of remanding McLeod for trial.
And, as I am led to believe that the recent debate in
the Senate, undue prominence was given to conside
rations and aspects of the case, which, however pro
perly to he regarded, are not those which will and
should immediately control the judgment of the Court
at this stage, 1 ask leave to indulge a few remarks on
the subject.
McLeod, it wiil be observed, stands properly in
dicted for the crime of murder committed within the
acknowledged jurisdiction of New York, and upon
the person of one of her citizens. The killing is es
tablished and admitted; the evidence that McLeod
was concerned in it is quite strong, consisting in fact
of his own boasting admissions. But he pleads in bar
of the prosecution, the orders of the British authori
ties and the subsequent distinct assumption of the re
sponsibility by the Queen's Government?But of what
act? Of the burning cf the Caroline. The killing
of Durfee is assumed to be a necessary incident of
that enterprise. But how is this essential point to be
established ? New York says it must be, if at all, by
a judicial investigation and the finding of a jury.?
Suppose it should appear on trial that Durfee was
shot by McLeod, and that wantonly, maliciously, and
in the satisfaction of a personal quarrel?would the
aegis of Britain then protect him ? Recollect, Durfee
was killed on the main land, and almost certainly af
ter the capture of the Caroline was complete. Sup
|?osc he had been chased a mile inland, and then shot
?would such a killing be a necessary incident of the
burning of the Caroline? It strikes us, here, that a
Court and Jury may very properly inquire : 1st. whe
ther McLeod was really concerned in the killing of
Durfee ; secondly, whether said killing was really
an act of public duty or of private malice. If
it were strictly a public duty, then it is clear to
ine that the individual agents of Great Britain have
incurred no proper responsibility to our laws ; but it
strikes me that this is a point to be established, not
taken for granted.
Let me make my |>oint clearer: Suppose I'rince
Albert were to come over here on a tour, and should
here^take the life of a citizen in a sudden melee, he
would of course lie arrested and held to trial the same
as any other offender. Now the Queen, anxious to
save his life, might very easily persuade her ministers
to assume his offence as a national act; but would
that make it so ? Clearly not. If a political immu
nity were set up, it must be proved on trial, in my
1 think this view of the case is strengthened by the
proceedings in the case of the Boston Massacre,
1770, and in many cases of homicides committed in
suppressing riots or insurrections in Great Britain ?
1 think, in no case of the kind, has the British law
considered the mere assumption, or even the positive
command of a superior authority, such a justification
of a military homicide as to entitle the offender to ac
quittance without trial. Is it not so } But I must
take leave of the subject.
There was a destructive fire in the village of Elmi
ra, Chemung county, in this State, on Thursday of
last week, by which over thirty dwellings and places
of business were consumed. The loss must l?e some
thing like $10,000 ; about halfinsured.
The Rocky Glen Factory in Fishkill, Dutchess
county, was burnt to the ground between 8 and 3
o'clock on Sumlay morning. Lo h $140,(MX), inclu
ding $1 if,,000 worth of machinery. The books and,
goods were saved. About 300 [?r*rsnn? are thrown out
of employ by this disaster, sesen-eighths of them fe
males. Insurauce $85,000. The owners are gene
rally wealthy. ?
Jamks Kino, Enq.( an eminent citizen of Albany,
and one of the Regents of the University, died on
Sund?y, as he was preparing for church. Ills age
was 51, I lis loss is profoundly deplored in Albany
The new county of Wyoming, formed from old
Genesee, elected county officers on the 15lh. The
Whig ticket prevailed entire over a coalition of the
Loce-Focos and Abolitionists. Majority 300. This
county is the residence of the renegade Darid Scott,
and the Locos were confident of success
Capt. Cooper of the British brig Emily, from Sierra
Leone, brings dates to the lltlf. It was very sickly
there when he sailed ; among the. recent victims of
fever was the Governor General, Sir John Jc remie.
There is little doing in Stocks to-day. U. S. Bank
closed at 18 l-'J, and there was a general decline.
Flour has improved in price Canal $f>,25; Ohio
$5,1* a 18; Michi n$.r>a5 12. In cotton no change.
Yours, Harold.
fftottttgtsJbrtoriUh Concrrss.
TuudaT, June 22, 1841.
The PRESIDENT protein, laid before the Senate
a in*'sage liroui the President of llie United States,
communicating the corr?s|iondence in relation to the
removal of the remain* of Gen Harrison lo North
Bend. Laid on the table and ordered to be printed.
Also, a communication I'rom ihe Secretiny of the
Treasury, in compliance wiili the resolution of the
17th instant, asking lor copies of the survey of the
Southern coaat, from Appalachicola b-iy lo the
numth of the Mississippi river.
Mr. HUNTING! ON presented the preamble and
resolution* of the Legislature of Connecticut in lela
tion to the repeal of the Sub-treasury and the estab
lishment of a National Hank. Mr. It. would not oiler
any remark* ut the present lime, but might on soine
appropriate oOCu?lon oiler his view*. He would now
barely observe (hat they met with hi* hearly approba
tion, ami he should feel it a pleasure a* it was a duty
to sustain them.
Also, in relation to the protective tarill ?stating that
Ixitli jubiice and sound |Hilicy require that discrimi
nating duties should be laid on sucli foreign commodi
ties as shall come into competition with like commodi
ties into our own couiitiy , and that a protective larill
dul nut require a very high rate of duties.
Also, in relation to the di*|iosal of the public land*
?stating that the public domain had been acquired by
the common sacrifices and treasures of the people ot
the several Slate*; i* the common property ol all ; and
that the proceeds should be distributed in proportion
to the population ; and that while they are willing to
extend all pro|ier indulgence to the honest and Luna
Jitle pre ciiipiiwners, yet they cannot recognise a prin
ciple that would throw the lands in the bunds of land
Also, in relation to such an amendment of the Con
stitution as will restrict the eligibility of the President
to a Mingle term.
Mr. 11. would move that the resolutions lie on the
table anil be printed ; which motion was adopted.
Mr. ALLEN desired to ask a single question in re
lation to that resolution which restricted llie eligibility
to one term j whether it was intended to embrace the
case of an individual who, not elected by the people,
hail Come to the Piesidency.
Mr. 11UNTINGTON said the irsolulion had gone
from his possession ; but if the Senator would have
the resolution read, he had no doubt hi* own astute
ness would enable him to give the proper construc
Mr ALLEN. I do not wish to embarrass the gentle
Mr ALLEN presented from citizens of Cincinnati
the proceeding* of a Democratic meeting ofthe citizens
of Ohio, remonstrating against the establishment of a
National Bank, a* calculated to cripple legitima'.ecom
merce, and representing it as unconstitutional, unwise,
anil inexpedient, calculated to plunder the people, ami
place them undci the dominion of u moneyed despot
Mr, Al.LBN moved to lay the pajier on the table, and
that it be printed, expressing Ins views a# favorable
to the sentiments contained in it, and In* determina
tion to resist all attempts at the establishment of a Bank
a* well in the Senate as at home.
Mr. CLAY, of Kentucky, briefly replied in sub
stance, that it was unfortunate that the gentleman had
not given notice that he had determined lo put down
the Ranks by violence, as ihe committee might have
been saved the trouble of a report on the subject, but
assured him, at the same lime, tli.it nothing would de
ter him from moving boldly lorwurd to the establish
mcnt of a measure which all exiierience had proved
salutary. He moved to lay the motion to print on the
table, as well us the paper.
Mr. ALLEN asked if the Senator would withdraw
the motion, to give him an opportunity to say a wotd ?
Mr. CLAY could not withdraw it.
Mr. ALLEN then demanded the yeas arid nays;
which were ordered.
And it was laid on the table, by the following vote '
YEAS.?Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Bates, Bayard1
Berrien, Choate, Clay, of Ky., Clayton. Dixon, Evans1
Graham, Henderson, Huntington, Kerr, MungUOi'
Merrick, Miller, Moreheail, Phelps, Porter, Preston'
Simmons, Smith, of. la., Southard, Tallinadge, White1
NAYS.?Messrs. Allen, Buchanan, Calhoun, Clay,
of Alabama, Fulton, King, Linn, McRobeits, Mou
ton, Nicholson, Pierce, Sevier, Smith, of Conn., Stur
geon, Tappan, Williams, Woodbury, Young?18.
. The following memorials ami petitions were pre
sented, and appropriately referred :
By Mr. TALLM ADGE From citizens of the city
of New York, for a general bankrupt law.
Also, from citizens of Plaltsburg, for a general bank
rupt law.
By Mr. PORTER : From citizens of New York, in
favor of a general bankrupt law.
By Mr. HENDERSON : From citizens of Missis
sippi, asking that ihe custom-house at Pearlington may
not be removed.
By Mr. WOODBRIDGE: From citizens of Mich
igan, in favor ol the establishment of a National Bank.
By Mr. BAYARD, from the Select Committee to
whom it wait referred, the bill from tlx* House making
an appropriation of twenty-five thousand dollars for
the family of Gen. Harmon, with an amendment?
which was, thai any moneys that might have been
received in payment of salaiy by the deceased be de
By Mr. CLAY, from the Committee on Finance
The Haute bill making appropnations for the present
session of Congress, Willi two amendments; one of
which was red in ing the item of printing lor the Se
nate from to jt?0,lKKl, which, Mr. c;. said,
carried out the spirit of retrenchment and reform, and
he hoped it would receive the sanction of the Senate.
This amendment, with the other, was adopted, and
the bill passed.
The resolution intioduced by Mr. Ci.ay, changing
the hour of meeting from twelve to ten in the morn
ing, was taken up; when a short debate ensued, in
which Messrs CLAY, BUCHANAN, LINN,
MANGUM, and others participated, and the resolu
tion was adopted.
Mr. Buchanan's resolution calling U|K)n the Presi
dent for the names of all persons in the employ iyenl
of the Government w ho had lieen removed Irom oilier
since the 4ih of March last, was taken up; when
\lr. MANGU.Vl expressed a wish that the Senator
from Pennsylvania would let the motion he on the ta
ble lor the present at least What had been done
haidly made the preface to the book ; when the work
was completed, he would join with that Senator in
calling lor the information. The Departments had
been so occupied in business relating to the extra ses
sion, that it was next to impossible lor them to hive
attended to othet matters Herealter lie would give
hi- aid to the Senator, not only in procuring a list of
the lernoval* made under the present Administration,
but also under the last, so that the gentleman might
see the names 111 parallel columns if lie so,desired.
Mr BUCHANAN said it was as he had expected
Whot had taken place was only a preface. But he
thought it as well to have the first volume no.v, and
he could call tor i he second alter the whole should
have been completed. As, however, the hour had ar
rived for I iking up the unfinished business of yester
day, Mr. B. would not debate the motion, but should
call up the resolution to-morrow. <
The Senate then proceeded to the discussion of the
bill to revive and extend the charters of the District
Banks?I he motion of Mr. Ai.i.kn, of Ohio, to ]?>st
pone the bill until the first Monday in December next
On this motion an animated discussion ensued. M*
ALLEN asked the yeas and nays, which, having l>ern
granted, there ap|>eurcd as follows:
YEAS? Messrs Allen, Benton, Buchanan, Cal
houn, Linn, Mouton, Nicholson, Pierce, Smith, of
Conn, Stuigcon, Tanpan, Williams, Woodbury,
Wright?I i
NAYS?Messrs Archer, Barrow, Bates, B.iyard,
Berrien, Choale,' 'lav, of Ala , < 'lay, of K v., Clayton,
Dixon, Evans, Fulton, Graham, Henderson, Hunting
Ion, Kerr, King. McKubcrts, Mangun, Merrick,
Morehead, Phelps, Porter. Prentiss, Sevier, Simmons,
Smith, of la., Southard, Tallmadgt, White, Wood
bridge, Young?3J.
The bill was then amended in several particulars, a
debate ansing on all the various propositions, in which '
Messrs. Merrick, Clay, of Alabama, Benton, Allen,
Bayard, Linn, Manguiu, Tappan, and others partici
A motion to amend the bill so as to include the fol
lowing provision was offered by Mr. BENTON
"That no bank should pay out or lay out the notes of
any sus|M'iideil bank, or any paper currency whatso
ever which is not xjuivalent to gold or siher " And
on this he asked the yeas and navs which, being
granted, ap|ieared as follows
YEAS?-Messrs. Allen, Archer, Bayard, Benton,
Beriien, Buchanan, Calhoun, Clioate, Clay, of Ala , j
Clay, of K v , Clayton, Dixon, Evans, Fulton, Graham,
Henderson, King. L.nn, McRoberts, Mangum, Mil
ler, Morehead, Mouton, Nicholson, Pierce, Prentiss,
Kives. Sevier, Smith,of Connecticut, Southard, Taj>
pan, While, Williams, Wcodbridge, Wright, Young
NAYS ?Messrs Barrow, Bates, Kert, Merrick,
Smith, of Indiana, Tallmadge?ii
The question having born taken on agreeing with
the committee in lite several amendments, it wu car
I he bill was then ordered to be engrossed for a third
1 he Senate then adjourned to meet at 10 o clock
A. M. to-morrow.
house of representatives,
Tikbdav, June 2"J, 1841.
'1 he SPEAKER railed for petitions and memorial-,
in the reverse order of the States and Territories,
and they were prevented by the following member* :
Atu> Jcruty.?Mr. RANDOLPH.
A'ew Yuri.?Messrs FLOYD and ROOSEVELT.
MasetuhusetU.?Messrs. I'AK.MENTKK and J. O
1 he committees were then culled in their order for
reports, but none were made.
I he following resolutions, which were ottered yes
terday, came u|> hi order and were adopted.
I he resolution ottered yesterday by Mr. RAN
DOI,I'll, to print 10,000 extra copies of the report
ot the Secretary of the Treasury, liy a vote of yeas
100, nays ?<j,
The resolution, offered by Mr. MeKAV, directing
the Secretary ol the Treasury to report to the
House a list ol tlii- appropriations unexpended and
outstanding on 4tli March last, and which will be re
quired for the service of the current year; and, also,
between the 1st June and ,'Jlst August next. And
also, the amount accounted for by disbursing agents
4u\ so as to exhibit as near as possible the amount of
expenditures between the days above mentioned, and
the amount in the hands of disbursing agents, and
unaccounted for ou the 15th June last. J
The following rc.oluliod ottered by Mr. KlNu, of]
HeMolted, That the surveys of Deboy and Lapelo
inlets, in the State of Georgia, with the reports on the
same, made by Lieut. Glynn, IJ. S.'Navy, 1840, be
published under the direction of the Navy Department.
After a debate by Messrs. Cave Johnson, King,
Saltonstall, Brigg?, Cushing, Holmes, Everett, Prof
lit, Wise, and Mallory, with regard to the importance
of the work, lor the security ot' the mariners, its ex
|iense, iVc., was referred to the Committee on Naval
Mr. W. C JOHNSON, from the Committee on
the Public Lands, by unanimous consent, reported a
bill to appropriate for a limited time the proceeds of
the sales of the public luntls of the United States, and
for granting lands to certain States.
The bill having been read twice by its title was re
ferred to the Committee of the Wl ole on the slate of
the Union, and ordered to be printed.
The resolution offered by Mr. CaMPBM.i,, ' instruct
ing the Committee of Ways and Means to inquire in
to the expediency of so amending the Sub-treasury
law, as to authorize duties, \c. accruing to the United
States to be paid in the legal currency of the United
States, or in Treasury notes, or in current bank notes
of specie-paying banks; and of repealing so much of
that law as makes it obligatory on the officers making
disbursements on account of the United States, or of
the General Post Office, to make all payments in gold
or silver coin only,' was taken up, and altera discus
sion by Messrs. Pessenden, Pickens, Davis, of K v ,
and Po|>e, on motion of the latter gentleman, was laid
on the table.
Mr.|POPE moved a reconsideration of the vote of
yesterday, by which the bill for the re|>eal of the Sub
Treasury was referred to the Committee of Ways and
Means, and that it be referred to the Select Committee
on the Cuirency.
After a lengthy debate, by Messrs. Pope, Sutlers,
Attains, Fillmore, Campbell, of N. Wise, Tilling
liast.Gen. Brown, of Pa., Alford, Everett, and Wat
terson, in which, in deviatiwn from the question, the
general subject of .the Sub-Treasury?its operations,?
the will of the people expressed on it, &c. w as entered
into, the vote w.,s reconsidered, by yeas 118, nays
?Ml. and the bill referred to the Select Committee.
The resolution offered by Mr. MERRI WETHER,
instructing the Secretary of the Treasury to report
whether any banks have been used as depositories of
the public money since the passage of the Sub-Trea
suty? and if so, What banks?and at what rates, tkc.,
was adopted.
The SPEAKER laid before the House the follow
ing message and corre?pondence from the President of
the U. S., which was.read, and afiet some conversation,
was referred, on the motion of Mr. PENDLETON,
to the select committee appointed on the 1st instant,
upon the subject ofthe death of William Henry Har
rison, late President ofthe United Stales.
Washington, Junf. 2-2, 1841.
To the Senate and House t,if Representative? of the
United Statis:
1 have the honor to submit the accompanying cor
respondence between myself and the Hon. J. Burnet,
J. C. Wright, and others, who arrived some days ago
in this city, as a committee on behalf of the |>eople of
Cincinnati for the purpose, with the assent of the fam
ily, of removing the remains of the late President of
the United States to North Bend, for interment. I
have thought it to be my duly tlius to apprize Con
cress of the contemplated proceedings.
Washington, June 1(5, 1841.
The president of the United Slates:
Deab Sin The undersigned were appointed by I ho
citizens nml the Cily Council of Cincinnati, and by
many of the surviving soldier* of the late war, to ap
ply to the willow and family of our distinguished tit -
low-citizen, the late President of the United States,
for permission to remove his remains from the city of
Washington to the State of Ohio, for interment.
They ha?e made the application directed, and have re
ceived permission to perform that sacred trust. They
have now the honoi of reporting to you their arrival in
this cily, and of asking your approbation of the mea
sure contemplated and your co-operation in carrying
it into effect.
We are fully aware of the high estimate you placed
on the talents and virtues of our lamented friend and
fellow-citizcii, the late Chief Magistrate of the I nioli,
whose friendship and confidence you possessed many
years We saw the tear fall from your eye and min
gle with the tears of the nation when the inscrutable
will of Heaven removed liiiu from us.
Knowing these things, we approach you with con
fidence, well as-tired that you "ill justly appreciate
our motives for undertaking the mournful duty we
have been deputed to perform, and that the same
kind feeling w liieh has marked your course through
life u ill prompt you on this occasion to atford us your
countenance, and, if necessary, your co-operation.
II' it meet your approbation, the committee will do
themselves the honor of waiting upon you at the Pre
sident's House, at any hour you may please to desig
nate. ,
With high respect, we are, your friends and fellow
Washington June 17, 1811.
Gentlemen Your letter of the I fith was duly
handed me, and I lone no time in rescinding to the
feelings and sentiments which you have expressed for
yourselves and those you represent, anil which you
have correctly ascribed to me in regard to the lament
ed death of the late Piesident. As a citizen I respect
ed him, as a patriot I honored him, as a friend lie was
near and dear In me, that the people of Cincinnati
should desire to keep watch over Ins remains by en
tombing them near their ntv, is both natural and lie
coming; that the entire West, where so many evi j
donees of his public usefulness are to be found, should ;
unite in the same wish, was to have tieen expected; |
and thai the surviving suldiers of his many battles, led j
on by him to victory and to glory, should sigh to per- j
form the last melancholy duties to the remains of llieir |
old commander, is fully in consonance with the prompt
ings of a noble and generous sympathy. 1 could not,
it I was authorized to do so, oppose myself to their
wishes I might tind something to urge on behalf of
his native Stale, in mv knowledge of his continued at
tachment to her through the whole period of his useful
life?in the claims of his relatives there, whose desire
it would bo that the mortal remains of the illustrious
son should sleep under the same turf with those of Ins
distinguished father, one of the signers of the Declara
tion of Independence?in the wish of the citizens of
his native county to claim all that is now left of him
for whom they so lately cast their almost unanimous
suffrage?lo say nothing of my own feelings, allied as
I am j blood, to many of his near relatives, and with
our names so closely associated in much connected
with the late exciting poliiical contest ?these considera
tions might present some reasonable ground for oppo
sing your wishes. But the assent which has been gi
ven by his respected widow and nearest relatives to the
request of the people of Cincinnati admits of no oppo
sition on my part neither in my individual nor official
I shall feci it to be my duty, however to (ubinit our
correspondence to the two Houses of Congress now
in session , but antici|wting no elTurt from that quar
ter to thwart the wiahea expressed by yourselves in
(MiKonani'i1 with those of till' widow ami neireat re
latives of the late President, I readily promise you my
co-operation towarda enabling you to lullil the sacred
tru-t which brought you to thia city.
1 tendei to eacli of you, gentlemen, my cordial aa
To J. Buhnktt , J. C. WwollT, and other* of the
And the hour of three having arrived the House
Wednesday, June 'SJ, 1841.
The Senate met at ten o'clock, A. M.
Mr WRIGHT presented a memorial from new
York city, asking for a bankrupt law , also a lemon
atrance from the same place, against the same; also a
remonstrance from Utica. , . .
Mr. BENTON preaenled a memorial lor a nana
'"'Mr WOODBRIDGE presented resolutions of the
Legislature of Michigan, in relation to demred alt.ra
tiona in the courae of proceedings in the U. S. courts
in that district. ? .
Mr. TAPPAN offered a reaolution of inquiry as
to the i'Miniated expense of the Senate printing, as
presented in the bill making appropriation* for Oon-j
ress He observed that the item of printing in the
enate was \rry nearly equal to that of the llouae.
Mr. CLAY aaid he would explain the circumstance
without the nee canity of paaaing the resolution. 1 he
estimates for the Senate are made out by the Secre
tary Mid referred to the Committee of finance,
who report ut?on examination. In this caw, though a
reduction of twenty per cent, had been maile on the
former prices of printing, there certainly was a great
proximity between the estimates of the two Houses.
There were many reasons for this , for it was manites
that the difference in the number ot members did not
make a correswnding difference in cost of printing
There certainly had been, for some years, a most wan
ton extravagance in this Uemof printing, which would
now be saved by the action of this body, in appointing
a new printer in March , and he was very glad to find
this spirit of economy manifesting itself in members on
the other side. They should have his most heurty co
0|Mr TAP PAN said he would not press his resolu
tion, as the information sought had lieen offered in ano
''"mr UC H A N A N'S resolutions, calling on the
President for a list of removals since the 4th ot March,
were taken up, and , after a few remark* lioni Messrs
Buchanan and Manguin, were laid over till lo-mor
r?The bill to revive and extend the charter* of the
Banks in the D.strict of Columbia, was read a third
l"Mr MOREHEAD moved to re-commit the bill,
with instructions to strike out the amendment adopted
yesterday, prohibiting the Banks from receiving or
paying out the paper of auspendded banks. He bus
lamed his motion with some remarks exhibiting he
teasons f..r his change of views since voting for the
al"2d'MEVRlCK advocated the recommitment, dis
playing at large the inutility of the recharter, with the
uffHunt restrictions. , .
Mr MANGUM was willing to vote tor the motion
to recommit, if the Senator trom Kentucky would
amend bv omitting instructions.
Mi. MERRICK urged the m.truct.ons The bill
might he reported back without delay, and the Senate
mlgld then act on it, without any new discussion^ He
was desirous to have the vote on the recommitmeht de
cisive of the sense of the Senate on the amendment.
Mr. YOUNG opposed the motion to amend, and
1"M;CStON spoke for more than an hour against
the whole proposition to recommit, and in favor ot the
restriction, ll finally launched into an attack on the
hanking system in general, Mr. Blddle's letters, &c.
Mr BARROW followed, in r-ply to Mr. Benton,
and in justification of his own vote yesterday, as one
of the six who opposed the amendment m que?-ion.
He condemned the remarks of the Senator from Mu
H?Mr.'aLLEN discoursed for a long time with great
violence Jiuftin-t Bunks in ffcnerftl* .
Mr. MOREHEAD replied to Messrs. Benton and
Allen, both on the immediate question, and on
history of the late war, on the currency in general. He
vigorously and eloquently exposed the voraauon
of the Liofoco party in their treatment of the State
Bank*? first cherishing and then devouring these,
their own offspring. Alluding to the ruined State
Banks so of,en triumphed over by Senators on the
other Side, he said-"The ghosts of thosernurW
institutions, when they rise up against the ?nno" turn
their ruin, and stalk aero* this Chamber, cannot,turn
to u, in condemnation! ye can not-ay we did .t. He
then enforced the arguments for his motion to wora
mil and concluded with adopting the amendment of
the'senator from North Carolina, omitting instructions
l? Mr BUcS'NAN replied against the proposed
"ICS? il'
the present restriction, the banks would n ,
aluv specie paying institutions; for they would ilea
al,!,yJsKu^ly,Iin.he depreciated paper of thenon
specie-paying corporations of Baltimore and g
Vie should vote against the bill, however, in whatever
shape it might come. 1 le was opposed to
old six hanks under anv circumstances. He thoiu.
t"dd be better for,he Uistnct tc.have entire^ new.
bank* either one bank in Washington, with two
branches in the other cities, or three new banks, one
in each city. He believed the large majority ot the
inhabitants of the District were in tavor of a system ol
new banks, rather than the revival ^'rtV^^id
He would also vote against any hank charter that uiu
not make sufficient provision
the note holders. He wished the stockholders to he
made per*onally liable for the payment of thenotes^
He was desirous to kill the present bill and as the
best way of doing that, he would vote lor the recom
miThenveas and nays were ordered, ?.n motion of Mr
CLAY, of Alabama; and the recommitment
then passed :
YEAS?Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Bates, Berrien,
Buchanan, Chuate, Clay, of Ky? Ui^n ^ans Gra
ham, Huntington, Kerr, Mangum Mer ick Md ?,
Morehead Phelps, Prentiss, Preston, R'w8> J5"1
mon*! Smith, of la., Southard, Tallmadge, Wood
l'rN AYS-Messrs. Allen, Bayard Benton, Calhoun,
Clav of Ala., Clayton, bulion, Henderson, Kir g,
Linn, Mr Roberts, Mouton, Nicholson, 1 leice, 1 or
ter Sevier. Smith, of Ct., Sturgeon, 1 appan, Walker,
White, Williams, Wright, Young?H.
Mr CLAY moved to proceed to the order* of the
dav, (the bill to charter the I iwai. Bane or tub
United States, now on its second reading )
wished that after the bill had been read over entire
according to form (if insisted on) it might lie read
again, section by section, being then open to amend
""\Ir WRIGHT assented to the mode proposed,but
alluding to the hour?(two o'clock) and ibe length ot
llio sitting, four hours-he thought it desirable toi e
'\lr cl^AY yielded t" the pro|K>sal, on condition
thai it should be taken up to-morrow without a formal
" Th* Senate then went into Executive session.
Wr.DNKsrUY, June 23, 1811.
Tins being the day for thai purpose, numerous reso
lutions wi re offered , many of which, as giving rise to
debute, &c., were, by the rule, laid over one day.
The following were adopted
Offered by Mr ADAMS;
/{molred, That so much of the message of the Pre
sident of the Uni(eU State* of the 1st inst. as relate*
to the African slave trade, be referred to the Commit
tee on Naval Affair*, with inntiuciions to rejmrttothe
HoUM such mea*ure* a* the highevt Consideration* of
public honor, a* well a* the strongest promptings of
humanity, require, for the KU|ipre?*ion of the trade.
Offered by Mr CALHOUN
Riiolrtd, That the Secretary of War be directed to
communicate to tin* House a copy of the report ?l the |
Inspector of Arsenals, iic , which was referred to in ;
the Secretary'* rejiort accomjmnying the President ?
Oftered by Mr BREWSTER
Urtohf.d, That the Committee on Commerce lie in
structed to inquire into ihe eijiediency of *o modifying
the revenue law* a* to allow drawback upon goods
transported inlantl in the original boxes and package*,
to foreign countries.
Offered by Mr. OOOQIN
H-tohed, That the Pre*id< nt of the United Slate*
be requested to communicate to thi? Home if not in
compatible Willi the public interest, any curwiioadtnrr
which inay have taken place between the Executive
and our niiiu?u ri ur amenta abroad, and others, rela
tive to the tobacco trade between this and foreign
countiies, since the last communication made to till*
House, 14th April, 1840.
Offered by Mr. E D. WHITE
HiMoht l, Th?t the Committee on Commeice lie di
rected to inquire into the expediency of reporting a
bill to extend the liuiita of the |M>rt of New Orleans
? In motion of Mr. FILLMORE, the Committee of
Way. and Mean* wan discharged iroiu the considers
lion of no much of the re|iort of the Secretary of War
u.i relate* to new fortifications already commenced ,
und the aubject wit referred to the Committee on Mili
tary A (Vairr
On motion of Mr WM. COST JOHNSON, the
bill, yesterday re|M>i ted from the Committoed on Pub
lic Lands ami re I erred to the Committee of the Whole
on tbc state ill the Union was withdrawn, and again
referred to the former committee.
Mr. RANDOLPH called up the letter and memo
rial ol J. K Lippincott, previously presented by him,
relative to the manufacture of iron and the operation
of the present tarill laws. The motion to print this
letter anil memorial was pending.
Mr. LEWIS \N ILLIA.MS binth opposed the print
Mr. BIDL.VK advocated it on the ground of
economy. It was a question of great interest, as af
fecting the iron trade of this country ; and document*
giving information on this subject ought to lie print ?<!
If they were not, many would desire to s|icak on the
subject, and it would be far less expense to print the
Mr. ADAMS regretted very much that the petition
presented some dajs since by the gentleman from
Pennsylvania, t Mr. Foks ani k,) relating to this sub
ject waylaid on the table, lie ho|M'd tins memorial
would be printed ; and he wished it was in the itower
of this House to reconsider the vote by w hich the |x -
titiou was thrown out of the consideration of tliia
House. lie hoped the subject of u tajlll Would be
considered at this session.
Mr. PICKKNS replied to the remarks of Mr.
Adam*. Alter the gentleman from Massachusetts
had called their attention to it, and desired the House
to come to an issue?the question between the Com
promise act and the Tarill for protection?he could
not consent to the printing of this memorial, con
sidering the grounds on which this motion now rose.
Mr KING, of Georgia, entered at some length
into the subject, investigating the operation of a Ta
riff and of the Corn Laws of England.
Mr. IK >\ IN called I mi to order. If he wait |ht
rnilted to proceed, others would desire to reply , and he
asked whether, on this motion to print, the whole sub
ject of the I'anll was thrown open lor discussion.
Mr. KING farther continued his remarks.
M. PENDLETON briefly replied.
Mi. AKNOLD said lie was one of those who voted
to lay on the table the memorial presented by the gen
tleman from Pennsylvania, because he thought it was
offered in bail iaith. Whenever a memorial was pre
sented to this ilouse in good faith, such as that of the
honorable gentleman from New Jersey, he was willing
to print it. He did not think the |ieople's money could
be better ex|iended than in printing these documents
containing useful information to the country, to en
lighten the people; for there they must go at last to
have the question settled. He alluded to remarks
made by the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mi.
Adams ; He had regretted exceedingly to witness,
during this session, tile avidity with which that guntle
man had taken up certain subjects. He equally re
gretted the course taken by the gentleman lrom Vir
ginio, (Mr. Wise.) He was sorry that there were
agitations on this floor. He opposed taking up this
subject at the present session, and desired their action
to be confined to the business for which they were
convened. He replied to the remarks of the gentle
man lrom South Carolina, (Mr. PickenB,) and the
gentleman from Georgia, (Mr. King.)
He entreated his friends to spend iheir time no
longer in the discussion of subjects other than those
for which they were convened, and declined that the
sooner this session was at an end the better, unless
they went forward to the transaction of their business.
(A message was received, during the day, from th?
Senate, that they had passed the bill making appro
priations for the present session of Congress.)
On motion of Mr. FILLMORE, by general con
sent, this was now taken up and the amendments ot
the Senate concurred in.
Mr. FILLMORE said that the Committee of Ways
and Means had some unfinished business before them,
and which it was neces-ary to bring to the House,
and to give the committee an opportunity to perlect
this, he moved that the House adjourn.
It was suggested to him, by a member, that the mem
bers of the committee might be absent from the House
without the necessity of an adjournment. He there
fore moved that the committee be allowed to sit duting
the sessions of Ihe Houseuntil olherwise ordered.
Mr. GILMER said he had no objection, as a mem
ber of that committee, to nerform any labor on it; but
he wished to be in the Ilouse during the debate on
this subject, in which he and his constituents felt a
deep interest.
Mr. FILLMORE then withdrew his motion.
The question now recurring on the motion to print,
Mr. IRWIN addressed the House, at some length,
upon the subject. He adv.iicated the printing, and,
also, should move the reference of the memorial to the
Committee on Manufactures.
Mr. BOTTS said he saw no practical use in this
debate. There was no business of any importance
before the Hoflse , but a vast deal before the Commit
tee of Ways and Means, Hi at might, in a few hours,
be prepared for the action ol the House to-morrow.
For the purpose of its preparation, he moved tin.
House adjourn. .
Before this motion was put, Mr. LEWIS intro
duced his colleague Mr. Hwston, Representative
elect from Alabama, who was qualified and took his
The Teas and nays were called and ordered on the
motim to adjourn.
Mr. B< >TTS said hp had made the motion for the
purpose of affording the committee time for the trans
action of their business, and rather than iqiend a halt
an hour in taking the yeas and nays, lie would with
draw the motion and move the previous question on
the motion to print.
This was refused by the House; affirmative 79, ne
I The debate was then further continued b^ Messrs.
FORNANCE, (in explanation,) and RHEI'T.
Mr. BR1GGS said that the whole discussion was
inopportune, if not strictly out of order. The Com
mittee of Ways and Means had business before them,
and for the purpose of giving an opisiriunity for its
transaction, he renewed the motion for adjournment.,
which was carried, and the House adjourned.
June 19, 1811
Mr RIDQWAY presented the prncwilin;! of a
meeting of citizen* of the northern townships of Frank
lin county, held at Worthington, in the Stale af Ohio,
recommending the immediate rep-nl of the *uh-Trea
sury 'uiv, the establishment of* National Hank.and a
distribution of the proceeds of the public land* among
the several States , a tariff on article* of import*, on
luxuries, &c.
Also, three |<etition* from inhabitant* of Columhu*,
in theStatenf I thio, praying for the |ia**age of a uni
form system of bankruptcy throughout the United
Suit apaivt Sichola* Hiddlr.?1 The Philadelphia
North American speaking of tin* suit aav*?"It i*
brought to recover nearly term hundred thou land
diillarn paid nut during hi* administration, for which
no voucher* can be found, of which sum more than
four hundred thuunand dullnri, it it u. serted.irere paid
tohi'n J"r }<u rjxne* unkuoirn, upon the check* of thu
Ca*hier. We mint *u*tain this arid every pro|>er el
fort to place the odiutn n<>w hea|>ed ii|*m our city in
general, upon the shoulder* of those to whom it be
long*. It is due to Philadelphia that discrimination
should he made bet ween the innocent and the guilty,
to the thousand* of her upwright ciOr.cn* who have
regardeil the appalling disclosures of fraud and wrong*
with an indignation exceeded in no .juarter of the
rpHE MONEYED MAN, a Novel, by Horace
X Smith, one ot the Authors of the "Rejected Ad
dresses," jii?t published ? and The Life and Literary
Remains of I. I' L , ~ vol*., receiveil thi* day by ^
TAYLOR, ami for the use of the 8ub*<'ri1>ers to
the w.verly Circulating Library. june 2-1
M TORN Amtru m Kdition? is now completed
by the publication of the tenth nuinlxT, and will be
found for the use of any resident of the U. S , much
mote full and complete than the English edition. For
sale at F TAYLOR'S Bookstore, where the Work
may be examined. june 2-1
NIZATION of the United State* By George
Bancroft Complete in two I'iino volume*
Ju*t published and thl* day received, for *aleby
may IN

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