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T11E M A 1)1 SOMAN. JONEa. PHKK or' lUVt .. Twelvelines, or less,three insertions, - $1 00 , _ Each Additional I OH, I |> 25 L . Eonger advertisements at proportionate rates. IAliberal discount made, to those who advertise by the yoar. (^Subscribers may remit by mail, in bills of solvent banks,postage paid, at our risk ; provided it shall appei r by a postmaster's certificate, that such renntanee has been duly mailed. S - , teums: J f)*tr,y per annum, (in advance,) - - - - $10 (K) For semi-weekly per annuui, - - - - f> oil For viz months, 3 00 Weekly, " 2 00 Fprtix months, ------- 11 125 IT*-.* All laffnrrt must bfl uddrcagpil f Fri'f nf ..ncln?.\ ~ v r-J-6'/ ty the editor. IVstmastera throughout the Union are requested to act; a our agents. Those who muy particularly exert themselves in extending the circulation of the paper jvill not only he allowed a^ liberul comniiseion on urns remitted, hut receive our Warmest thanKj>. 4?i???i???????? BLOWING HOT AND COLO. The other day the Globe assailed the Administration because we happened to give some I election returns from a Whig paper?all our . Democratic exchanges being mislaid by acci- , Ident. l<"or that act the Globe denounced the t President as designing to injure the Demo- ( cratic party, and charged him with favoring the ? Whigs. We shall expect to see it asserted < next, that Mr. Tylerjhad it specially in view to , promote Mr, Clay's election when he vetoed his < Bank bill. ( Such are the shifts to which the Globe now ( I finds it necessary to resort, to keep up an ap- ] * pearauce of fidelity to the party which has ac- | tually bestowed upon it a million of dollars.? Such is the argument it employs as an excuse for its unmeasured abuse of the man who, to ; save the Constitution from violation, and his ( principles from outrage, offered himsell a wil- * ling sacrifice to the bloodhounds of party, and , I by doing so, rescued the Democracy from the t adamantine thraldom which Mr. Clay had pre- 1 pared for it. And yet the Globe, without a \ blush, would impress upon its readers the ab- 1 surd and ridiculous idea that President Tyler is J gratified to witness the triumphs of the Whigs. Had the Democracy of the Union followed the * prudent and commendable example of New [ Jersey, tlie Whig pariy, as at present organized, i would never have raised the shout of victory ui 5 any of the States, and Henry Clay would never , have made head again. t Surely, surely, nothing but a full consciousness of the folly of its course for the last twelve t months, could have induced the Globe to resort r to so frivolous an expedient, as to cavil at the J Whig accounts of the election copied by us.? Why, for more than twelve months, the Globe 1 has been lit* rally teeming with unjustifiable vili- I, ficati.m of the President, copied from the Clay- f Whig journals. This is known to every man 1 in the country who has any knowledge of the ,j existence of such a print at Washington; for it t is nevir mentioned by friend or foe, without an i1 "expression of astonishment that a Democratic paper should continually fill its columns with r abusive extracts, from the Federal prints, aimed a at a Democratic President for vetoing a National Bank. It has sowed the wind, and now s we see the whirlwind?and shall it not reap it? After laboring with and for the Whigs, against the Administration, for many months, we ask if o it has the right to censure U3 for showing the p product of their combined labors, as we find it in a the Whig papers? The Globe has lauded the ( Clay-whig papers, and copied # their articles o written against President Tyler, and now, for- v sooth, it calls us to an account for merely copy- T inf the result of such a cour.-e, from the Whig t i if .I? i _i ' .l- ?? - ' impels ; it iiitr ij?3c cuargrn a^umsi me rri'M- 1 dent in the Whig papers, are sufficiently au- tl theniic in coming from such a s->urce to answer p the malignant purpose of the Globe, have we J not also the authority of that veracious journal b to accredit their accounts of their gains? Cer- d tainly. The Globe has quoted the Whig pa- 1 pers as good authority against the President? v we have only once (and of necessity,) quoted li them agaiust the Globe. The eh dice returns t to its lips. It sliall not blow hot and cold in the h same breath. p t hete lections 7 11 In Pennsylvania the Democrats, it is sup- 1 posed, have twelve of the twenty four members 11 of Congress. The .U. S. Gazette says only ? eleven ; whereas, some of the Demofcratic pa- ' pers think they have secured thirteen. We 1 think it will be twelve and twelve. Last year " the Whigs had 12 and the Democrats 1g.? ' Hence, so far as the Congressional election is v concerned, we must yield the victory to the '' Whigs. c . s AN UGLY PICTURE. e We were surprised to see in the Baltimore c } Patriot of yesterday an ugly cut representing a I conn crowing over a prostrate cock. We had 1 thought that the aversion long since expressed v to a repetition of the extravagant follies of 1840, (indulged in by too many,) would have prevailed on all parties to carry to the polls nothing but simple ballots?and on all tbe publishers, in r making up ihc returns, to u-c no thing but the r names of the candidates, and the plain figures tl necessary to express the result. c MR VAN BUR EN AM) THE TARIFF. The last Richmond Enquirer says: We hate a letter before us, sent to us by a friend, and addressed to hitn by Mr. Van Iluren, in which P Mr. Van Buren denounces and utterly disclaims the o present Tariff law. h Then, who, in the name of consistency, is to sustain Senators Wright, Buchanan, Sturgeon u and Williams? Why, ire must, if the Globe " continues to assail the President for signing the 1 bill. h f( Stv.a wsnir Princeton.?This noble war-steamer was to have weighed anchor this morning at 4 o'clock n on a trip 16 Stalen island, where she w ill receive on j beard the large Paixhan gun which has prosed so (j powerful an rn^me of wai hy late, cvp?-r i m ni at 11 < |( Hook. She will probably run up to New York.? ( and thrncr bark to this port where her equipment (j will be completed. Thia trip will afford Captain Stockton a fine opportunity t>> lest the speed of his ^ favorite ship, and we trust and believe his expecta- v tion will be fully realized.?Phil. U. S. Gazette. H Letter and cap paper ?w. fischer c has jnat received by the schooners L Sturgess J and Dodge from New York, 800 nam* of Letter and r < ap I apet,embracing every description of thase size's manufactured at intermediate prices from 41 .>0 to < |9 the ream. * - Also, Folio Post, Demy and Medium Writing Paper, with a complete assortment of every article in ' the Stationery line of the heat quality, constantly for 3 sale on the most reasonable terms at Stationers' Hall. ' ?7! ' ku m * . ..I . _ " _ sAftt , . Hfepn . VOL. VII.?NO. 20.] M JYot/i Ike Cincinnati Menage. JOHN TYLER. Some tune ago a letter of invitation, signe r>y upwards ol six hundred citizens 01 t incir nati and Hamilton County, was addressed t President Tyler, requesting him to visit ill city, so that our citizens might have an oppoi tunily of paying their respects to the Chief Ma gistrate of the Union, and interchanging op; nions with him.* It will be seen by the Presi dent's answer, which we publish below, that h was unable to comply with the wishes of thos who addressed him. Whatever difference of opinion may exist ii iheininds of men, as to the Administration c President Tyler, we are sure that the patrioti sentiments contained in his letter will he appre :iated by all true lovers of the country; am hat they will be responded to by all honest met jf all parties. We ask from our fellow-citizen ? candid perusal of the President's letter. Tin ilevated station of the writer entitles him to tin espectful attention of the public. The mor< Mevaieu aeniunoms winch ne expresses sllOUli lisarrii opposition to him personally, of tin ierceness which lias characterized it of late [four ourselves, we desire to see justice doni liin, and with that he will be satisfied. Washington, September 28, 1843. Gentlemen:?I received in due course of moil in invitation signed by nearly 600 of the citizens o Cincinnati and Hamilton county, to visit that city a ionic time during the present month. Your name icing upon the list, I take the liberty to c nvey througl tou, to the signers, my sincere thanks for this mani cstation of their respect. Be pleased to makt mown to them the deep regret which 1 have experi snced at my inability to avail myself of their politi nvitation to vi-it the " Queen City of the West," ani o shake each of them by the hand. Circumstance: >vcr which 1 have had hut little control, have deniet ne this great pleasure. 1 fully concur with them in the importance of e ree interchange of opinion between the Chief Ma ustrate and the people of all parts of our widely exended country. He would thereby acquire a more nlimatc knowledge of their wants, and would be en ibled to make their wishes the foundation of his :ourse of policy and at the same time so to aittniuiscr the Government as to reconcile all conflicting inerests and opinions. In a country so vast in extent, t is not to be expected hut that sectional differences vill sometimes arise. '1 hey can only be reconciled iy the adoption of moderate counsels which shall disegard all extreme opinions, and while yielding nohmgof principle, s'hall satisfy all by consulting the nterests of all. Each of us must feel more or less attachment to he Slate within whose limits we have been born and eared, but our chief boast is, and should he, that we re inhabitants of n country whose institutions are ormed on the principles of civil and religious libery, and the citizens of a Republic which lias attained o more importance than any other of ancient or moem times. The great and contrasting interest of hat country is union, and the chief glory of the Republic consists in the fact, that it consults "the greatst good of the greatest number." I tender to you, gentlemen,-assurances of my great espect, along with my best wishes for your health nd happiness. JOHN TYLER. if r> .1 At n Dl'KKE anu itiCUUIRE. From the .lnnnpulis (Democratic Star. Tlic recent elections show that the well being if the Democratic party depends upon unity o! mrpose and action in its members. Instead ol l united purpose to defeat the election of Henry ^lay to the Presidency," our friends are now en;aget! in a controversy about \tbo ought and vho shall be the nominee of the Democratic National Convention. In order to perpetuate he principles upon which the government should e a Iministered we have ever acknowledged he necessity of a well organized Democratic arty. That the only mode by which c.indiates to represent us in the government are to e selected, is by a Convention composed ol elegates coining immediately from the people. To that Convention every member ol the party vho will pledge himself to carry out its -stabshed principles and will abide the determinaion of the Convention, has a tight to submit is pretensions ; and all candidates before the eople in any other way will be looked upon and reated by us as political enemies. I'o our rinciples only will we nail our Hag. We have jo ntuch respect for the intelligence and wisdom f the members who shall compose the next )emocratic National Convention, to think lor a loment tliey could select any man who would tisrepreseni those principles. We beg our riend?, therefore, throughout the union, to unite villi us in striving to maintain those principle-, y defeating the election of Ilenry Clay. We ondemn the spirit which seems now to move ome of the Democratic journals in denouncing ither Ca?s, Van Buren, Tyler, Calhoun, Bubaoan, Johnson, or any body else who may be alked of as the nominee of the Convention. iVhatever may be the result of the Convention, ve are sure justice win no done. THE GERMAN DEMOCRATS. The following spontaneous manifestation of the espcct in which President Tjlcr and his manful oursc are held by the German voters of this cpunry, was mude at a mcctt.ng of the German Demoralic Association of the city of New Yoik, held on ^e 12th instant, when the following preamble and solutions were unanimously adopted : Whereat, the time has arrived when It appears proer and nceessary once more to proclaim publicly ur principles, and our firm resolve faithfully to adere to them ; and, Whtrcas, every Democrat has an indubitable and nlimited right, free and openly to declare his views 1 favor of any one candidate, whose principles are >emocratie, without incurring the danger of having is Democratic principles diawn into doubt; thereto be it Rctolred, That this association entirely approves of nd sanctions the following principles, to wit: No tank ; a Revenue Twiiir; a strict Interpretation of ie Constitution, as expounded by Jefferson ; no Pubc Debt; Personal Responsibility of Public Ofliceis; rcneral Suffrage, and a General System of Educalon. Resolved, That we will support, for the next Preidency, the candidate nominated by a National Concntiun which is composed of delegates chosen by istrie.ts, and none others. Retolvtd, That this association, without hesitation, ..rdially approves of the noble action of John Ty ?r, m imposing his veto upon the Rank bills pri scritd for his approbation. Resolved, That the Democracy of this Union will or ever remain indebted in gratitude to President lohn Tyler for having saved the country from the :iirse ol a Rank, which, at least for a long series of rears, would have cheeked again .the prosperity and inergy of this great nation. Resolved, T hat this association will congratulate pwjpt; fr WASHINGTON: TIIL'Rf itself, and has perhaps already reason to do 90, men, who never had a distinct idea of what are D , moo ratio principles, or who, from private intern 1 similate principles, of which their natural cupidi 1- knows nothing, keep away from the meetings ot tl 0 association, and occasion in it no further disturbanct e The following resolution (passed at a former inec r- i"g) was then again proposed and adopted : Kesolved, 1 hat tit la association considers itsell i independent body, whose Democratic principles on ally it with such, the principles of whom in vractk i- as well as theory agree with ours. We recognize i e oilier political authority than our own convictions ai such resolutions as shall be adopted by us after pr e per consideration. YVe therefore shall never perm ourselves to be dictated to or controlled 011 any su ri jecf by Tannuany Uall or other political organs, ai every bond, which apparently or in reality has co d nccted us with any other political organization v c hereby declare to be dissolved or not to exist. TEMPERANCE?MR. DRAYTON. ' Ms. Jones : I was at the Temperance meeting n Carusi's Saloon on Friday evening last, and was, s common with a very large and highly respectable a e ditory, much gratified and instructed by the address u delivered on the occasion by the Rev. Mr. Bulfinc e and Henry J. Drayton, Esq. Mr. Bultinch, as J chaste,-forcible, elegant and popular declaimcr, already well known to the public. His address c this occasion was one of the best, most appropriat and convincing that I ever listened to, and I ha> heard addresses on all popular topics in all sectioi of the country. Mr. Drnjton is a young man, i present a clerk in the Navy Department, but 1 ui ( derstnnd he is reading law preparatory to his ente i mg, uy auu oy, upon me uuues 01 me learneu pr< 1 fcssion. He has a fine, manly figure, and a ful J decp-toned, and at the same time a musical voice.What with these accomplishments, and the fund < 3 wit and tact which 1 know he possesses, and th hard study which his ambition will cause him to ut i dergo, 1 cannot doubt his future success as a lawyei 1 His address on Friday evening, though rather to s long for the occasion, was well conceived, and cor ' tained many strikiugly beautiful thoughts. It wa warmly received by the audience. As-a friend c 1 the glorious cause of Temperance, I thank Mr. Dray " ton for his effort and his example. May many of th ' young clerks in the Departments follow thatexamplt ; OBSERVER. From the (O.) .Miam'an. OUR DEFEAT?ITS CAUSES. Wo are beaten in Montgomery county and th i State. It is of no use to deny the fact, to mourn o to shed crocodile tears. It simply remains to inquir tr/uy we are defeated??to take lessons from the pas and learn how to meet the future. We do not propose, in the present number of th< Miamian, to undertake to assign, at length and mi i. nutely, a/J^he causes which have contributed to ou defeat. We will, however, simply and briefly allud to a few, and in future numbers enlarge and explaii mi/re fully. It is known to every man in the State, that mon than a year since a few dictators?a few selfish men demagogues and cxclusives, declared their own infal libility?expressed their choice?set up their standard constituted their otrn public opinion, and thereupon in pursuance of (heir ipsi dixit, proceeded to de nounce, proscribe and condemn?to "read out of th . parly"?and to consign to banishment and politico i death, every democrat who was unwilling to play tin part of a stool pigeon, or who refused to dance whei they piped, or mourn when they lamented ! Thcsi facts have contributed to our defeat. Medary, Brough, and others, too, thought it goot policy (!) to denounce the Administration and cursi every man who would not curse it, or who would ac cept office under it, or who would dare call it honest f and stand between it 'and its Clay-Bank revilcrs ! In stead of placing the responsibility of the non-fulfill mcnt of VVhig prom ses upon Clay and a Whig Con gress, they co-operated w ith the Clay Whigs in pla cing it upon the deserted and almost unprotected heai of the Administration. Tht&t facts, loo, have con Iriliiitprl In nnr rlnfoul ' The course of the last Legislature, also, contr buted to i ur defeat! Wc bad, the fall previous, promised the people that we would, in the event of a continuation of power, give them " a practical banking law !" Instead of which, two-thirds of the session was exhausted in quarrelling among ourselves! Thmt lact?, also, contributed to our defeat. The btate paper and its willing echoes have exhausted their ammunition, and spent their time, and money, and labor, during the year last past, to manufacture public opinion, in favor of Van Buren for the Presidency, and they have sought even, in the pursuit of this object, to " read out of the party" every man w ho dared to expre-s a preference for either ol the other Democratic candidates ! These facts have contributed to our defeat! We assign these reasons in no spirit of unk ndncss. Wc do so more in grief than in anger No man can seriously distrust, our motives or question our sincerity. Wc have fought during the campaign, through the press and on the stump, with all our power nml all our strength. We have done this from no othei reason or consideration than our love of Democratic principles and the Democratic party. Wo shall continue, as we have hitherto done, to maintain our independence?to discuss principles?to publish facts? to "speak the truth and shame the devil," and tc charge, home upon selfish men, upon demagogues ami extiusites. From the A". Y. Commercial Advertiser. A Botai. Wardrobe?It is rfe rigveur, as the French say, for the newspaper chroni Icrs cf royal movements and doing*, especially when the royalty is feminine, to describe minutely at least the outward and visible equipments of the royal person; the rot# the head-dress, the bonnet, the broad ribbon of the garter, the pearl necklace, the diamond stomacher, &c. &.c. Occasionally, too, it leaks out that certain large pack jges and trunks arc borne along in the roy ill train, filled with changes of raiment for the rota I lady; and, in short, divers intimations arc afforded that the maintenance of the royal wardrobe is a matter attended with much care, and probably no small amount of expenditure. Of course no loyal subject would venture to hint even at the royal establishment of more interior belongings?those untumeable garments which la lies wear but never mention ; and it is only by some chance indiscretion of a French marchandt dr modes that the newspaper-reading public gets a hint touching the material and fashion of royal petticoats, ?lc. &c- &.c. Itut in older times there was less mystery observed in regard to these matters ; a notable instance whereof we find in Miss Strickland's Life of Queen Elizabeth. It seems that when his daughter Mury wa.s horn to " bluff King Hal," a certain Lady Bryan was a, pointed governess to the child, and that the King's other children, as llicy came into the world, was likewise placed under her superintendence. But when Anna llolevn was put to death, her daughter Elizabeth was declared illegitimate, and, though con I u mica unacr ine marge ol L*ady Uryuti, she was no longer treated as a scion of royalty. It may easily be supposed, therefore, that her personal comfort were not very zealously attended to; and wc have evidence of the fact in a letter written by f^dy Itryan to Cromwell, Henry the Eighth's Minister, when Elizabeth was three years old. The extract is curious, as well in its exhibition of lack-linen poverty, as in its enumeration of the apparel then thought necessary for an infant. " Now it is so, my Lady Elizabeth is put from that degree she was afore; and what degree she is at (of) now, I know not hut hy hearsay. Therefore i know not how to order Iter, nor myself, nor none of hepthat I have the rule of?(that is, her women and grooms:) beseeching you to be good Lord to my Lady, and to all hers, and that she may have sonic raiment." "She has neither gown, nor kirtlc, (slip,) nor petticoat, nor no manner of linen, nor fursmocks, (day chemises,) nor kerchiefs, nor rails, (night dresses, ) nor body stitclus, (corsets,) nor handkerchiefs, nor sleeves, nor muflles, (mob caps,) nor biggens, (night caps.) All these her Grace must take. I have driven oil as long as I can, that by my troth I can drive it ell no longer, lieseeching you, my Lord, that ye will see that her Grace may have that which is nerdful for her, ua my trust is that ye will do." . ( J i f( A ! ~ i D*A V, OCTOBER 19? 18 i if I The^lywing are extract* from English papers re e eeive^^j last arrival: ^ j\ icii! mi Stockholm,or the 3d *a)s: "Yistcrl> day lhe?xTcution of a man named Breitfeldt took us place, |jpi murder, robbery, and incendiarism. Two !8, curioq.-|evfnU marked this punishment. In Sweden the pat# of death oonsists in decollation with an axe, and Mr tli? purpose the delinquent is placed on a block, beiore which a trench is dug, into which the i" head fulls. Ind wperc the body of the culprit is af- ' lerwards thrown, and then covered over with earth. c There exists amongst the common people u strange belief that the blood of a decapitated person taken | internally i# a sovereign cure for epilepsy, and the ' custom, nlbded down from times inimetiiorial, is to "l permit the spectators to tuke the blood. As soon as "" IJreilfi'ldt'sJbt.id had fallen, an elderly peasant woman u" rushed forward with a morsel of bread in her band n" to soi^ it ii> the sanguinary stream, spouting from the 'c trunk iskut just as she was stretching forth her hand one of-ijr Ills tei/.ed her, and she fell dead into the trenc^^ The other incident which marked the day was caused bi^a quarrel which arose between a porin ter and n oarpwlter. The former at last gave the in latter a b^w in the face, on which the other, slipping j u_ behind, sfnick him a violent blow with an axe, and ! split his sluil! to the^neck. The murderer was im- ( E9 mediately am-ted, and when interrogated before a it magnate '"-clared that the execution of the day had a suggested to iiiin Urn iduw of using Uw> lie was ptWfmjsly noted for his gooiPfconduct." 1 A bear-leader, nameJ Girout, having a few days , ago made his boar repeatedly perform bis antic dances e> to the inhabitants of a village near Pontarlier, in the re Doubs, without receiving what he conceived to be 1S an adequate compensation, turned as sulky as the animal itself, and left it to its own command. PurtaJ king of the dissatisfaction of his master, Bruin prowl- , : cJ-about till he fell in witli a young girl washing Jinr-1 en at a retired spot, and wreaked his first vengeance , 3_ upon her, rolling her in the mud, but was prevented j | from doing her any serious injury, until another wo- , ' man, hearing her erics, came to her assistance. Upon . ~ i her the brute turned his rage, and, with his irresisti- ( if ble hug, would probably have killed her, had not a | lC rural postman, going his rounds, come to her timely ( i assistance with a stout stake. The noise of the battle , that ensued aioused some quarrymcn, at work nigh , 1" at band, who, after reinforcing tbe postman, roused s ? ' the apathetic Orson from his sulks, ami forced him 1 } j to resume the command of his bear. This done, lie ; t ^i refused to make any compensation for the injury thai ( 1 tiad been done, and made off with his bear and dogs. " : The aggrieved parties, however, bad him followed to j 4 I Villeneuve d'Ainoiit and arrested. Both the women ( " i were severely torn, but neither is in danger. , On Friday evening between nine and ten o'clock, 1 a'cloud of butterflies, driven by the wind, that blew I with great force, fell suddenly on the Rue Royale, t and filled all the shops and houses from the Place de .1 e la Concoidc to the Madeliene, fluttering about the b r lamps and other lights, in which they half burnt them- n e selves, and then falling npon the ices, sherbets, and c t whatever happened to' he on the tables. Waiters a and servants were employed for nearly an hour in ll b i clearing them away ; and for the saine time the young r - people in the street amused themselves with catching ll r the poor volutiles thus brought out of their latitude, s' e Further excavations have been made in the Forest 1 of Brelonne, under the direction of Rl. Cliarlier. A batlung-rooin lias been uncovered, with all the pipes 55 e and furnaces necessary to beat it. The floor is in 0 ? mosaic, but almost entirely destroyed, except one 5 " part, where two ducks are represented most admira- ^ i I hly. Twenty paces from the bath-room, a vast cellar ^ > of a square form has been discovered, about nine feet 11 j deep. The vault of the staircase leading to this eel- p e | lar has not more than seventy-five to eighty centime- ' 1 ties of opening. This agrees with the size of the r s, vesecls used lor wine amongst the Romans, which 0 I were, generally speaking, small. A bronze axe was ' 8 found here and some pieees of mosaic; also, in dig- v ging near it, a bronze cup, two rings, and a bronze 1 ^ brooch, wiih a place for a cameo or mosaic. Con- ' 8 jectures were formed for a long time respecting seve- v ral kilogrammes of a light blue matter found in u i vase brokeu by a workman's pickaxe. It was origin- c " ally, to all appearance, in powder, but the moisture E - coagulated il^ On being analyzed, it was found to be ' *?tomposicobalt, mixed with carbonate of "t - lime, usc^gfcir fresco painting. Besides those disco 1 II vcries, many remains of walls have been found, as u well as b mes, pieces of pottery, oyster and muscle P I shells, &,c. a si 1 R'e.vico?The biig Petersburg arrived at IVcw H York on Sunday evening from Vera Cruz, whence g . she sailed on the 1 lb ultimo. She brings twenty S j thousand dolUrs in specie, being part of the second ii ! instalment of the Mexican indemnity. la The papers brought by this vessel are not so late t< as those previously icccived at New Orleans. Santa tl Anna is endeavoring to arouse' a spirit of improve- w ment among the people. A fair was to be held in a' the city of Mexico last month, at which liberal pre- li i miums would be awarded for the best specimens of C agricultural production. A school for the advance- ei r ment of arts and mechanism is to be established in ri ( the city of Mexico, under the direction of Govern- U incut, in which workmen will be trained and edura- p ted in the various industrious pursuits In connexion ui i with this school there is to bo another for instruction b in agriculture, which will be located upon a model p i 1 farm. ir Col. Richard M. Johnson arrived at Boston Thurs' day aitcrnoon. He attended the cattle show at War. center on Wednesday. Gov. Morton and other distinguished gentlemen were also present. The Colo- ( nel received a very cordial reception in Boston. He j)( , was nu t by a deputation of his friends at the junc- (i| I lion of the We?tern avenue and Charles street. A , procession termed under escort of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, which marched through the principal streets to the United Slates ( Hotel, wheir he is to remain while in that cily. I i ('Trtsponilrnrt rf the Hot ton fas/. 31 Jermtn Street, London, September 18, 1843. u Some person has forw arded to me the " Kmanci' pator," of the 31st August. I am enabled to identify , 1 the writer of the article on the subject of the Reciprocity Treaty, because he made similar declarations '* 1 in a speech at the "Crown and Anchor" in this city ; i .. ' hut it Mr. Leavitt, one of the delegates to the AntiSlavery Convention, w ere not the agent and organ of - a ' the Anti-Slavery Society in the United Stales, and ' were it not that the proceedings and objects of that 1 society, and the bearing which they may have on the ! rights and interests of the people of ihc United States , 1 1 d? serve the rrost serious consideration, i should leave J'1 Mr. Leavitt as I have left other", unnoticed. 1 will ' ( not now follow Ins example ; i will not handy epi. thets. He 83JS, "I believe it hat devolved upon me [' to keep the country advised concerning thi* (recipro- | " citv) Treaty project, by which l>?.th the agricultural and the manufacturing interests of the free States are ' to be sacrificed together to the grasping cupidity of the i slaveholder and the glory of the John Tyler admin- : istralinn. as Mr. Caleb Cushing called it. It shall not ' be my faiJ" if tins plot succeeds, Rpccnt develop- f ments shi^h^liat it is by no means abandoned." lie ' then briefly reviews so much of Ihc debate in Itie i ; House of Commons of the 28lli of July as refers to ai ibe American trade ; and after some speculation upon ' '! the position of Sir Ilobert Peel says, "On the other vv hand, a portion of his party arc evidently endeavor- *n ing to create the impression in England that all these ro advantages may be gained by concessions that shall J'* not involve any relaxation of the Corn Laws. In other words, Genl. DufT Green's seliemc is still kept " ' on the dorket, to lie taken up if circumstances should ^ favor." He then quotes from the London Morning " Ih rald as follows, "Wheat is a very minor article fu ttie exportable agricultural produce of Ihc United jJ Slates. What these men of commerce want n.ic s' greater facilities for the export of cotton, toh ceo, I rice, hemp, tLx, and other agricultural articles in 1 which Kuropc cannot rival them, oiki 11 i*or<i John lliissr.ll will consult with (icnl. Dull (irecn, now it, London, who represents those men of commerce, be '!' will discover that an alteration in our Cori, Laws is ' not so imli?|>ensahlr a confession on our part, to procure the reduction of the present high American Ta- ' riff." Mr. Leavitt then proceeds, "This is to be the ,r( argument, and by dint of n?-crtion and repetition, tho public mind of both countries is to be made to '!. believe that wheat is a very minor article in the ex- 1 portable agricultural produce of the United States V ery likely some such notion may be incorporated "" into President Tyler's annual message. I ask the people of the Northwest, to watch-arid see what class " j of public men fall in with this cry, and then to see 111 * ; ^ pv, - wm u. S 43. [WHOLE NO. 982. who will contradict and confute it. The humbuggcrj of the affair become* too gross when Genl. Green an I the London Herald include hemp and ilax among the articles of exports lor which the men of commerce in America are desirous of obtaining increased ' facilities, when it is well known that we import hemp 1 for our navy. The truth is, this is a scheme of the slaveholder; an 1 the Landocracy in England arc 1 williiif to i.tvnr tha iilf* thill fri'it liihnr nn h<?IH in fee simple cannot raise any tiling to export." He then quotes an extract from an article attributed to Mr. Gladstone, and a remark of Lord Monteagle's jnd concludes, "Is lliere then any agricultural inter- < sat of the Northwest which is worthy of the care ot our own government? That is the question. It there is, let the people of the Northwest look to it. On i another occasion 1 intend to show how the inilucuce < of the British Tory party is to be brought to bear ' upon this question in reference to our next Presiden- i lial election The evidence will command attention when it is presented." Before 1 proceed to speak of the part which Mr. Leavitt and his associates have been acting here, and of the inllucncc which it is to be lcarcd their treasonable purposes will have on the future destinies of Lhe United States and of the world, it may he proper first to explain the relation which I myself bear to lhe question of a treaty of reciprocity. Before visiting JOurope in the autumn of 1841, I obtained from Mr. John C. Rives, the printer, a copy of the Census I of. the United States, then in course of publication. 1 Upon reaching London, I prepared and published a scries of Kssajs upon iho subject of the. character, credit, and resources o? the United States. The in formation furnished by the Census, with my intimate knowledge of the progress of public aCiiTs, enabled 1 me to impart an interest to these l> tters which arrest- i ed public attention, and led to my becoming acquaint- I ed with gentlemen of character and influence here, 1 where so many are deeply interested in the subject- ' discussed. From London I went to Paris, where J 1 found our Minister, General Cass, engaged in the dis- 1 :ussion of the Quintuple Treaty. I there prepared uid published in the " Journal du Commerce" ano- s her series of letters bearing upon that subject, which, I I may venture to say, were not without their influ-!' ;nce. Here, too, 1 became acquainted with gentle * nen of great influence and respectability, arid among ! ithers with an enlightened and distinguished British jc itnteftman a.. , wini uir present go- j reriiment, nnd to whose kindness I was indebted for}' etters to several persons in London. Upon returning 1 o tltis place, I was requested by the editor of tiie 'j 'Times" to prepare a series of articles for that pa l' ier, and Sir Robert Peel having desired Mr. Mac 0 jregor, of the Board of Trade, to prepare a report ipon the American trade, that gentleman requested a lie to furnish him sundry details, which I was enailed to do, in consequence of having in my possession he returns of the Census of 1840. My letter to Mr. | ~~ ilacGregor, together with the memorandum and ta-! >' iles which 1 had prepared at his request, were sub- j ' riitled by him to Sir Robert I'eel, and by him to hi- J olleagucs. This led to an interview between myself i nd Lord Ripon, in which he asked my opinion as to j be practicability of making a Treaty, on terms of ^ eciprocity, with the United States. My reply was, | (| lat I did not conceive that a Treaty was at all neres- j., ary. That I believed Free Trade principles to be in j u le ascendant in the United Slates, and tliat our re-1 tT trictive system would soon die a natural death, j (| otne remarks which fell from Lord Ripon, and my j (j, wn subsequent reflection, induced me to believe that lt reat advantages might he secured to the United j.,| tates by a Treaty, and I, therefore, saw Lord Aber- i een upon the subject, who authorized me, upon re-; ri jrning to the United States, to assure the President a f the desire of this Government to make such a j ,a Veaty. 1 asked Lord Aberdeen what be m^arit by eciprocity. He said that as the head of the Foreign 1 tlice, the appointment of the person to make thej n Treaty would devolve on liirn, but that the details f, vould be prepared at the Board of Trade, and for ? hese be referred nic to l^ord Ripon, who being absent, p saw Mr. MacGrcgor, whose views were given to me i p ery much in detail. j Upon reaching the United States, 1 did communi- w ate with the President, and with several influential ? nenibers of Congress. For reasons not necessary ^ iere to detail, it was deemed best that the negntia- ' r, ion should be hrl.l rn London, and an effort was made, q hrougli a lending Democrat and a leading Whig, to s( blain an appropriation, whir.li, owing to the state of c arties in llie House, failed in committee. Being bout to return to Ixmdon in May last, I saw the Pre-' dent, and requested his permission to explain to Sir c, filbert Peel these facts, with a further permission to C( ivc an assurance that lie, the President of the United m tates, was desirous of adjusting all questions exist- g g between the two countries, so as to place their re- ,|, lions upon the most favorable basis, and disposed ar hi 01 mr monopolies in ?orn, sugar, coffee, Kr., |( d a modification of tlic oilier cutlom-hutnm duties ih< rcfercnrc to revenue alone. It was hop* J that tlii* I so / > cmcr u|iuii negotiations lor (hat purpo-e, should ^ lis Government send com i.issioners to Washington, cc hich, in consequence of the failure of the appropri- j r, lion, as before staled, and the magnitude of the qnes- j ons involved, had now become indispensable. The |a anada corn bill was under discussion when 1 reach* m J London, and parties were very much excited in (Jf dation thereto. Tlie Carlton Club, which regulates l(| ic action of the Tory parly, were debating the pro- 0f riety of denouncing ministers. Had they decided j,., gainst the bill it would have been rejected; had the lr ill been rejected, ministers would have been com- c9" elled to resign. Sir Robert I'eel called a large meet- 0f ig of his prominent friends at his own house, and r>) 'ith great difficulty prevailed upon them to sustain j W( te bill. 'What pledges or arrangements were here . ^ iven or made have not transpired. This, however, e, known?the hill was passed ; the Tories are jet in ^ [>wer?and there is great cause to fear that they arc ] w at disposed to inahe any further reduction oftlie duty i American corn. _ Cll I have deemed it necessary to give this explanation, show that the project of a reciprocity treaty did jj, it originate with me?that my relation to the subject .,r is resulted from the part which, as an American i -pi li/.cn, 1 have taken in vindicating the character, )( edit, and honor of my country?that 1 have not obmr..ir..n..l...-l > ' *' ........ ...jo. u..??u u|?>ii me iioiict oi inn novernent?and that it may he seen that 1 h ?vo not at- j| mptcd to represent or to prejudice any particular rl trrest or any particular section. The object of S( Ir Ivcavilt ami Ins associates is to charge that 1 am ic representative of the slaveholders. 'I hat one ob- t)] ct is to secure particular advantages for them at ,, ic expense of the grain-growing interests of the (r orthwest; and it would seem that Mr. J,cavitt will g, tempt to show that my purpose is to bring the influ- VV1 ice of ttie British Tory party to bear on this qucs- tir on, in reference to onr next Presidential election. ?f His words arc, " I* there, then, any agricultural in t|tl rest of the Northwest which is worthy the care o( pH jr own Government? That is the question, ll ,)j, ere. is, let the people of the Northwest look to it.? jf,, n another occasion I intend to show how the influ- 0ll ice of the British Tory party is to he brought to rt( ar upon this question, in reference to our next I'relentnl election. The evidence will command at- H0 ntion when it is presented." n,,l Before 1 explain the relation wliirh the " British p,, >ry l'arty," has to parties in the United Slates? ll|t id especially to the abolition party?it may lie ^ oper to say something of the relation of paitics ||lf re to each other. England has a redundant popu- |h? lion, starving for want of employment. Her in*u- ir<| r position and command of the ocean enabled her '| f, ring the late war to protect her manufactories, ,,it Idle those of the continent were destroyed by in- |,<t .ling armies. It was thus that she maintained her ,u) mmeree and multiplied her resources. With ace, however, came the arts of peace. The eon- pGi icntal states?who had been the great consumers? came rival manufacturers She soon saw the lie- : ssity foi opening her mat Lets tu supply the p are ot (hu ise she had lost, and her statesmen and political ,,n onomists, at an early day, turned their attention to trn lieriea, to Africa, and to Ash. l,'p to this lime the ,?r itish system had been a system of monopolies.? pni i long as they could levy upon other nations, in the ,,f ape oi profits upon their manufactures, the contri n,n lions which their system distributed among llieni- i Ives, the result was a continued inflowing of wealth (jll( d prosperity. But when the foreign market was I |j? ised by foreign competition, those who were no ,.0i lger able to derive tho same profits en their labor, yi Mated the payment of those contributions, which ,.(J e demanded by the aristocracy ?? the means ol Ui eping up their position in society. A powerful and 11|,, luenlial body arrayed themselves in laror of Free Vc. ade, and Mr. Hume obtained the appointment of :< ihi mmittcc, who ' made an able report, inibody ing a tn iss of information, and recommending an abtoga- Un t< 1' It Would induce ll-i U tn^s, l! . .1 in poWUI, I > .declare for Free Trade. But nothing brin^ said ! upon tiie subjet in the Queen's Speech, Mr. Hume -i u,- iiiji-ral and i'i n' Trade tneuo yMB >ers of Parliament, on the iiOth of February, 1841, where the following Resolutions were adooted, and received the approbation and signatures of 1*20 members of Parliament, all supporters of the Whig min " At a meeting ot the members of the House of Commons, held at the Thatched House Tavern, St. James's Street, on the tlOlh of February, 1811, Jose p'1 'IS I flume, Esq., M. P., in the Chair, the following Resolutions were agreed to. " Morerl by the Right Hon. Edward Eilice, M. P., and seconded by Peter Ainsworth, Esq , M. P. " First Rtso ulion.?That it is yhe opinion of this meeting, consisting of members representing many of the most important Commercial and Manulu'-turing Const tuencies of the United Kingdom, that the present restrictions and prohibitions in the Commercial i'ode of the Rritish Empire and its dependencies, and the operation of the existing Tariff of Import Duties, present the most serious obstacles to the extension ol the Trade of this country. " Moved by Jaines Morrison, Esq. M. P., and so onded by Archibald Ilastic, Esq. M. P. Second.?'That the report of the Committee of last ession on Import Duties, has strengthened the opilions previously entertained, with reference to the ^vils of the present restrictive system, and has shown hat, besides4he Taxes paid by the people for revenue purposes, they are charged an enhanced price upon many necessary articles of consumption, beyond that paid by the people of foreign countries; and that encouragement is thereby given to the establishment of rival manufacturing interests abroad. " Moved by Edward Strult, Esq. M. P., and seconded by Robert ilutton, Esq. M. P. " Third.?That notwithstanding the addition of a considerable per rentage to the existing Taxes, in the course of the lost session, the amount of revenue has decreased, whilst, during the same period, there las been a great increase in the public expenditure? that to meet this delle'iency one of the following al- *>? lernatives becomes necessary, cither to raise money by way of loan or new taxes, or to increase the revenue by a revision of the Imjiort Duties. By the former course, Trade will be impelled, and the burJens of Ihe people augmented?by the latter, Commerce will be extended, and the comforts of the people incicased :?Therefore it is the decided opiiion of this meeting, that the financial diflieulties of die country, and the wants of the consumer, will est he met by a general revision and reduction of he duties on Imports. "Moved by Benjamin Ilavvos, Jr. Esq. M. P. and icconded by Thomas Thornely, E-q. M. P. " fourth.?That a copy of these resolutions, signed >y the Chairman, be transmitted to Viscount Meltouriie. " Moved by Henry Warburlon, Esq. M. P. and. se:ondcd by Robert Stcuart, Esq. M. P. " Fifth.?That a coromitt-o be. appointed, to superntend the printing and circulation of these resold^ ions, to invite the co-operation of members of Parament of all parties, to call meetings, to report from me to time ; and, generally, to further the objce.ts f this meeting. "Moved by the Right Hon. Edward EI 1 ice, M. P , nd seconded by William Ewart, Esq. M. P. " Sixth.?That the committee consist of the foljwing members, with power to add to their number, -Joseph Hume, Esq. M. P. Mark Philips, Esq. M. P., 'd ward Strutt, Esq. M. P., Hon. C. P. Villiers, M. P., 'homas Thornely, Esq. M. t'., and Dcnjamiu Ilaives, r. Esq. M. P. "JOSEPH HUME, Chairman." The effect of this proceeding was, that the Whip Ministers, instead of adopting the recommendations of ie report of the Customs' Committee, introduced repositions for reducing the duty on foreign sugar nd a lived duty on corn. The consequence was, that mny ofthe liberal and Tree Trade members became isgustcd ; the wanl-of-confidcnce resolutions inlroueed by Sir Robert'Peel, prevailed, and the Minisis were compelled to resign. In vain did the Whi.'s >peal to the liberal and Free Trade districts. Tin y id failed to meet the public wishes, and many libciIs and Free Traders voting with the Tories, under belief that they could n?d fail to profit by a change, majority of ninety Tory members was returned to ie present Parliament. Sir Robert Peel's Tariff, making very important lodifications in favor of Free Trade?indeed, going ir beyond any tbing that could have been expected f Whig Ministers?is the fruit of this political revojtion. Whig Ministers were overthrown because hey were too late in being converted, and when so, id not go far enough in favor of Free Trade. But uch has been the force of the movement, as to alarm any of the supporters of Sir Robert Peel, and, it is a be feared, to arrest his further progress in that dicclion. And the dcmoufeU'aUyit* ui lav or of Frcu 'rade, and especially .'gbinst the flpfti Law*, are uch, as to induce a belief that the \fliig? may again ome into power, if they can secure trie cordial suport of the liberal and Free Trade party Hence great tforts have been made to consolidate all these inter>ts, with a view to give power to the Whigs upon uidition of their giving tree and unrestricted comerce to the country. Under these circumstances, ir Robert Peel finds himself compelled to conciliate ie different interests of which his party is composed, id especially the colonial and fanatical interests, e bearing of which upon the relations between this nintry and the United States I now proceed to dis1*8. In the debate in the House of Lords on the Corn ws, the Duke of Wellington said : " I am sure no an laments more than I do that commerce and manacturcs should be at all depressed ; but I believe if e Corn laws were repealed to-morrow, not a yard cloth, or a pound of iron more, would lie sold in any rt of Europe, or of the world, over which this couny did not exercise a conliol. My lords, the great- I t number of European nations, and of the nations the globe, have adopted measure* for the eneou genient of home manufactures. These, measures ere not, as stated by some, taken in consequence of e English Corn Laws; they are attributable to the .ample of this country. They had their ri*?- in thir ectacle which this country exhibited during the lute ar, and in the great ami noble exertions try which eir power and strength were displayed on every ocm'i' Thn*c who contemplated these exertion*, as ell a* those who were relieved and assisted by them, ough they might us well follow the example of our >wer, of our industry, and our system of commerce. mi hftffi f IIawfH finr itamnU ntirl I ainong?t themselves manufactures, arid given a imulus lo their commerce." Tin- 1 ><ik <?f Wellington is T-rvi-m | ? 11".< <! re is the essence of his political and commercial ced. I will not controvert the truth of his positions > far as thev relate to the Continent of Europe, but jlhing eould he more erroneous so far as they relate I!?. Ill '. III of following till' I \ntuple of England, id establishing manufactures becnuse of their influre upon her prosperity during the late war, her agesaions upon our commerce compelled ustodeolare ?r against her, and the encouragement and protec>n given to manufactures have In cn tin const-queue* that u ar and not of her example. Fust, to supply r deficiency occasioned thereby, and next, for the yninnt of the debt neceVlirilv incurred in the violation of our rights. That debt is now paid, nnd mi .-I s itv t r to -,h duties 1,0 lei r cxi-N. It r interest to be an agricultural rather than a niunti:turing people, and could we find a sale for our surfs agricultural products, cur labor nod capital >uld take that direction. The land in England is ; I 1 till- lit giving cmpli \ nient to In i i cdnod .i i , ulatiori. They must be e.mploycd ?*> manufac cs, or be fed upon charity. We c?ul I raise in at abundance, and to spare, the* which they want? v could produce in great abundance, and to spare, it which we need. Why should we not he permitto exchange upon terms of reciprocal advantage ? c ar.ument of the Duke of Wellington is, that all of the wo: I.I n I ynulrr lit it It rniifxi/, ring a -urplus agricultural produce, have likewise a plus of manufacture?, and that therefore a repeal Itritish duties would not enable them to sell a iiiid of iron or a yard of doth more in any other i declaration, that the Duke of Wellington believes, it the prosperity of the Dritish Empire de pends ypthe extension and pc pclunlion of her Colonial Sysn, and that all the measures of the British Gnveinwrr of the Colonies lo consume the manufactures the mother country, and around this opinion the nopolists and privileged classes rally. iVhcn I read Sir Robert Peel's able speech intro new far ill, Inuku g to the p. miliar iclans which the United Statis hear to the mother intry, and rspceially after my conversations with misters upon the subject of a Treaty, I was indueto hope, that the commercial relations between the 11 < 11 >l:it nil I. mil, Si. far as the products of ir respective labor i? concerned, might be placed in ry much the ?amc footing as those between the mor country and Iter Colonics. Is there any sulMnnI rea?on why it should rot be done? Would not inaement timolol* tn* inumt. ..r i^.n. it is obvioua that it would be ?o,and it i* not done, rre must be wme reason for the refusal to do Borne u'di'tior expectation. Let u? see what thia it.