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1,/t l'*?? i habitv.?Auguslin.
' No Bank?a Revenue Tariff?no Distribution?no Abolitionism?a strict'construction of thb Constitution, as by Jefferson? no Public Debt?an economical administration of Public Affairs?and Univehbal Suffrage with Universal Education. THE LATE ELECTIONS. Tiie Editor of the Globe Ins made a furious attack on us for giving false returns of elections calculated to injure the cause which we have so ardently espoused, and to operate in favor ol Henry Clay, the greatest personal and political enemy of President Tyler in the Union. We will not now^condescend to deny this charge. We have hud occasion to prove so many false statements and flagrant misrepresentations uttered dur ng ttae last eighteen months by the EJi;or. of the Globe, that we forbear in reference to this matte?. I" Destroy his fibs and sophistry in vain, The creature's at his dirty work again." Like the Editor of the Richmond inquirer, we frankly confess that we see no good reason in the present aspect of the Democratic party throughout the Union, as exhibited in the political confusion which now exists in most sec* tions of the country, or in the result of the recent elections, to occasion any constitutional Republican to rejoice. We give an extract from an eloquent and formal address put forth in the last Enquirer by the veteran Editor of that journal, expressive of his views on this subject. And we c. 11 particular attention to the strong and earnest language which the Mentor holds: " Was there ever a period when it was more necessary for the Republican press to declare its sentiments? Was there ever an era when we had more interests at stake, when we had more dangers to en j counter, so many energies to exert, and when so much depended upon the firmness, the discretion, the union of the party? The gallant ship may drift upon the breakers, unless the pilots are ever vigilant, and the crew pipe all hands to deck, to save her. We have ! a powerful and a desperate enemy to encounter, flushed with the success which he won in 1840, and rankling with disappointment for having the lruits ol his victory snatched from his grasp?an enemy, gifted with a long purse, strong in talent, backed by the power of our cities and their corporations, capable of every species of mummery and trick, and united upon one desperate champion, whilst we appear torn with dissensions, and threatened with divisions. Thus situated, we have every motive to rally our forces, to arouse our vigilance, to put forth all our energies. In this ccn.lition of our party, we come forward to address you, in a free tpirit, the words of " soberness and of truth. If there be any Stale in the Union in which Democracy has a right to feel confidmtof its power, it is in the State of Virginia?the S ate which has always been Republican, and which, although in favor of John Tyler as Vice Piesident, r? jected even General Harrison by 1,300 majority, on whose ticket the true State Rights Repub ican ran for the second office. We see it asserted that, even in the land of Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe, there never " was a crisis when we had more interests at stake, when we had more dangerslo encounter, so many energies to exert, and when so much depended on the Nirmness, the discretion?[mark the word, thou Jew, (thou art rich,) of the GlobeJ? he union of the party." The editor of the Enquirer continues to remark, "We have a powerful and desperate enemy to encounter, flushed with the sucI cess which he won in 1840, and rankling with disappointment for having the fruits of his victory snatched from his grasp," JLc., &.C. And here we have one qnes ion lo put to the editor " of the Enquirer. IVho is more fit?who more do honor and justice seem to point towards as the prop r individual lo end the batile,?and who has a better right to claim the fruits and the fame of the victory, than he who, amid dangers and perils tu his reputation and his hopes, ''snatched the fruits of victory from the grasp of the Federalists?" Who has a right to claim the veto thunder but John Tyler? or, who else can claim it? The noise, and heat, and smoke of a battle for the Constitution, in which the veto cannon are used, are not for ordinary nerves.? There are some few wen?Jackson and Tyler for instance?whose nerves have been found strong enough; whose skill and bravery have I been tried and proved. They deserve confidence, and should have it. We desire the edi tor* to reflect oo this point. But we have somewhat strayed from our purpose. The editor of the Globe would make it appear to the world that we are fa'se to the Democratic party, because we pubLi-h the truth.? Let him also attack the editor of the Richmond Enquirer. We again publi h the return* of the elections, ' and invite the candid, calm, and deliberate at- 1 y tention of the Democratic party to the result. i>' When the Democratic party rallied upon the ( vetoes of the President, given at the extra ses- * sion, there was one universal shout of Demo- ^ cratic victory throughout the country. But c the men who had contlucted the party to dr- " feat in 1340, by means of wire-pulling ?nd ' party tnacluntry, working themselves into ( it,. a0n?>.wl...^v ? ?I -J 1 f. ' ?"Ji "vjr, and arrogant, spurned the President and his friends?the Globe leading the onslaught?and, in the short space of one year, behold the result : GEORGIA Has elected every Congressman If/tig by some 4,000 majority. The Governor and Legislature also Whig?all gone. TENNESSEE Has elected a Governor Whig?a Legi*lature Whig?and two United States Senators, Whig, will be elected from that State. RHODE ISLAND Has elected a Whig Governor and a Whig Legislature. MARYLAND Has elected a Whig L'-gislature, and wil elect a Whig United States Senator; and Ral timore city, which, after the vetoes, gave a De mocratic majority of 1,062, now gives a Win) majority for Mayor of 362. PENNSYLVANIA . Has elected 12 II hig* to Congress and 1 Democrats?and one independent Democra pledged to the Tariff and the Whig doctrine o the public lands?partly by the management c the Globe and its friends in defeating McCully' lection in the first district?while one Demo cra?, (if no more) the Hon. Wm. Wilkins, wa * ' 'IP " inwi mm***. rnai ii partly elected by the friende of John Tyler. The Legislature aud Canal Commissioners? ihauks to the indepyudeul democracy of the old Keystone Stale of the interior, where the blight ing influence of the Globe was unknown?have been saved. OHIO Has elected 9 Whig* to Congress in a State which should not have sent 5 Federalists to the National LegMature?the peculiar friends of the Globe being ihe victims?while the popular branch of the Legislature, it seems, is \\hig. And some time since NORTH CAROLINA elected a Whig Governor by a large majority. Now we know that the Republican parly, properly organized, and on a proper basi", with honest editors, and fearless, though wise, champions, will be in a majority in most of the States of the Union. Yet we do not hesitate to state distinctly, that it is our impression that the Globe and its allies have now, as in 1840, by their folly and wickedness, led to those Democratic defeats we have enumerated. There is not, and will never be, a majority of the People of this country to approve the editorial course, ?>r subscribe 10 the professions of political policy and principles announced in the Globe. There are, at least, two redeeming spot-, in the recent election fields, Louisiana and NewJeksby. In these Stales the policy of the Globe has been distinctly repudiated, and tlie result lias been, that, as in the old times of the Veto, they have stood erect and covered tlietnselves with honor. In these States the Administration flag was kept flying; and wherever a meeting of Democrats was called together, a strong and emphatic shout was sent up for the rindicator oj the Constitution. New York "and Massachusetts have shortly to vole, and we await the result. The editor of the Globe possesses, exuberantly, a certain species of talents. His style is strong-, as is the odor of plants which grow in ditches and pools. Ilis conversation, as a politician, is selfish iu the extreme, and his public course rough and d ctatorial. In the late canvass the Democratic party has reaped all the evil of his editorial existence, without one redeeming panicle ol good. We do not think lie has stiuck one blow for any Democratic candidate (many for Clay and the Whig-) for any , office, in any State of the Union, with two or three exception*. We may be mistaken, but i we think he advocated the election of Mr. < Hutchinson as Sheriff in Philadelphia city and county, who was beaten 1,800 majority in a 1 district electing the rest of the Democratic ticket 1 I hy a majority averaging 1.500. His entire effort has been to detract, as far as practicable, j from the merits of the President and the Admin isirauon. ne uas leu no euori untrieu. ne ( bas wriiten billingsgate himself, and he con- , stanlly copied> it from the Federal papers, ut- , tered against John Ty ler?the " benefactoras he once pronounced him to be, of the Democraiic party. He has been looking to his own personal interests alone ; and we here hazard the prediction that, if he be not elected printer to Congress by Whig votes, at the coming session of Congress, the Globe is discontinued in a month after. CAPTAIN STOCKTON AND THE STEAM MAN-OF-WAR VESSEL, THE PRINCETON. We publish the official report made by Capt. Stockton to the Secretary of the Navy, of the trial of speed made between the Princeton and the British steamer Great Western. The result was such as to make it a proud day for Capt. Stockton, and (he country proud of Laving such a son. The Great Western has long been a favorite vessel on both sides of the At- y lantic, and took precedence with the public over all (he ocean steamers for speed, skilful command, &c. The act of challenging a vessel j with such an established character to a trial of powers with one which was still, in a measure, but an untried experiment, was an act of daring which few would have ventured on, and none .vho are not actuated by that noble spirit of chivalry, for which Captain Stockton is so eminently distinguished. There is not any thing whatever new, but only improvements in the arts, as applied to ship-building, machinery, and steam power.? Tito mrwlol iS I lio Prin/>ofnn ia aoid tn Kn o [x rfect as any thing that ever floated on the j water. Every one who sees her, is struck with J admiiation at her perfect symmetry and graceful appearance. The machinery is said to be ( of the most perfect character, in design as well ^ as in finish. The ship, the machinery, and ( every thing connected therewith, lias been ori- | ginated by, and constructed and executed under j the immediate superintendence of Captain ] Stockton. To him belongs all the credit of sue- , cess, and the renown which it sheds on the country, for these extraordinary improvements n the arts; as, in the event of a failure, he *roulil have been obliged to have borne all the idium consequent therec >. This, after the ex>ectalion of the public had been elevated to the lighest point, would not have been either light ?r measured. Captain Stockton's professional ] is well as scientific reputation was flaked in the | - ill of tlir rip- runenl. Thus far he has sue- < :eeded, and triumphed far beyond, it appears to ' what his most sanguine expectations could i have ever anticipated. In this he reaps a rich t reward. The co intry, which he has long gal 1 lantly served, deiives the benefits. ? This is not all. The aimament and its cha L racter are yet to be spoken of. Two wrought ^ iron guns of greater weight than history gives ^ any account of having ever before been forged. ^ 1 he ?maller one, thirteen or fourteen feet long, ^ and carrying a ball weighing 340 pounds?the ], larger, sixteen feet long, and carrying a greater t weight ol metal. These, also, the original in- c vention of ( aptain Stockton. The experiments i umi ii??c aircauy oeen made prove, we under- | s'and, thai these guns discharge a ball with the j accuracy of a rifle and with meal terrific effect, f The union of these tremendous engines of de s j struciion with steain power, by which the ship ' can be propelled, either backward or forward, and against wind, tide, or current, will lead to j lan enure change in the mode of naval warfare- ( A greater change in character w ll be -wrought before ten years shall have passed over, we feature to predict, than that produced in the ra A? 1 of travel since the application, fey ffml> t/ it steam power to propell ng n tives. ?f The naine of Stockton is destir.?-il, , , f. ture time, to adorn the pages of his'ory ? ? i- splendid contributor to the glory of his eounny, by the improvements in science and the art?, for IBIIIKIIUM which she is so eminently Indebted lo hispub lie spirit ?nd brilliant genius t that num. will ( also stand among the highest of those who now fe' are destined, hereafter, to occupy a niche in the temple of fame. Bra*e, prompt, energetic, generous, kind, henevoleul, and ehivalric, tin NJ country r-joice> in haviug.aad offers homage to N iUcb a son. ? ' J I . S. STlAWSIlie I'HtN* t I , j. Philadelphia October i? 1,"1843. ? Hon. D*?i0 IUxsuaw, _ N Secretary oj toe J\avy. I jq Sib : I have the honor to inform you that 1 left the i P? Delaware ou Tuesday, the 17lh instant, to try the " Princeton at sea, and returned to this place last night ^ to finish her equipment. The Princeton has per formed so well, uuder all circumstances, that tot S< much cannot be said in praise of htr. VV e arnveo j at Sandy Hook on Wednesday, in 2j} hours from j y Newcastle. We went up to the city of New York j p., to ihow ourselves and to give notice ?o the Captain A of the English Steamer Great Western that 1 tiesigned to have a trial of speed with that vessel. Oi. ^ Thursday the Western came out of the East river, O! and the trial took place, from the Battery to the sea,, In in which we gaiued a most glorious triumph, in the j^jj! presence of many thousands of our fellow citizens, assembled to witness the useful and exciting contest The following account, which waf made at tlie time by two gentlemen who came on board for that pur: pose, 1 prefer to send to you rather than to trust nay own pen on the subject. You will allow me, however, to add that the Princeton is now admitted to be !t the fastest ana most beautiful, as she will hereafter ^ be admitted to be the most formidable ship afloat: N At 33 minutes past 2 o'clock, P. M., whilst the f Princeton was lying in the North river, the Great C Western was seen passing the Battery, under a full head of steam, blowing off strong, and with her for? j and aft sails set, the wind blowing fresb from the west- ? ward. The Princeton immediately started her engine, ft gave chase and coming up astern of the Great Western Jj soon passed with no sails set, and the yards : quart. y The Western then set her square sails, and the C Princeton, fol'owing her example, made sail also, ^ and continued to widen the gap between the two res- ^ sels. When the Princeton had arrived at the Buoy ^ of the middle below the Narrows, she was more ft than a mile ahead of the Great Western. Here the ' j, latter ship, to make good the distance she had lost, ?took the "Swash Channel," which is three miles j. shorter than the ordinary ship channel which the II Princeton had taken before she was aware of the m- ^ tention of the Great Western. Notwithstanding the greater distance she had passed over, she met the Western again at the Black Buoy on the Outer Bar, sod there passed under her stern about two lengths distant, then hauled up on a line parallel to her. When coming alongside Captain Stockton wished Captain Hosken a pleasant passage, and the crew of the Princeton gave the Western three cheers. The Princeton then rapidly passed ahead of the Western, in two minutes crossed her bow, and then hauled up for the CaDes of the Delaware. "* 1 From the time that the Princeton passed Castle ba Garden till she finally left the Great Western was me hour and fifty-six minutes, during which time ^ the had beaten her three mile9. an The Princeton occupied one hour and thirty-one lai minutes in going from Castle Garden to Sandy Hook Point, a distance of more tban twenty-one miles ; thus showing her speed to have been more than four- an teen miles per hour, and that against the flood tide, sU and proving her to be the fastest sea-going steamer in JU! the world. The Great Western accomplished the distance to Vy the Bar in considerable less lime than she had ever done before, having been well prepared for the occatei The Princeton had her full compliment of coal in wi her bunkers, as also the greatest part of her water J1" and stores, and a quantity of coal on deck equal to . the weight of ber armament. an Your obedient and faithful servant, R. F. STOCKTOX. of ?- ?oj |l5"Several articles are "omitted to-day for ?e - fo want of room. an ?? en Discharge of Workmen.? i here were so ^ many rumors afloat on Friday and Saturday re- (a ative to the discharge of the workmen at the j!? Washington Navy Yard, that we were almost in doubt whether our version of the transaction, ti< as published on Saturday, was strictly correct. ^ From information since received,* which can be di relied on, we learn that all the workmen" at the *h Washington Yard, about 300 in number, inclu- le, ding " Whigs, Democrats and Tyler men," have fn been di-charged, and thai orders lor a general ^ suspension of work have also been sent to Boston, New York, and Philadelphia. By the pc Philadelphia papers of Saturday* we perceive JJ1 that the order has already gone into effect in ihat city, and there is no doubt but that our in- a formation is equally correct with regard toother cities The cause which led to the suspension, ,e it will be seen by our Washington letter, is that th af necessity ; all the navy appropriation fund 'jj having been expended, and the President hav- su ing no authority to appropriate other moneys to m [hat sp< cial object without the direct sanction of \ j Congress.?Halt. Sun. ?????- . t m From Tobasco.?The schooner Merchant, Captain ifc Ellerjr, arrived at New York on Saturday morning having left Tobasco on the 20th September. The U Courier learns that the Mexican schooner^lootezu- ^ ma was off that port from Vera Cruz, waiting for c| water to go in. She had on board $4S,000, to pay th the troops at Tobasco. She had scaled despatches on 01 board. The treaty had not been settled with Cam- * J* peachy or Yucatan. They were raising an army at Campeachy to invade Tobasco. U was reported at tj robasco, that Com- Moore was to take command of v i Navy now building at New York, of 2 steamers ind 2 frigates; and another that the ladiea at Louisi- y( ina had raised, by subscription, ?700,000, to build a g teamer for Commodore Moore, to take all the Mexi- ti :an navy?no one doubted this report, another, that ' te was still at Texas, up for the Presidency. Capt- ^ illcry states that it is very sickly at Tobaaco. 8eve- a al vessels had lost nearly all their crews, and num- c let* of the troops were dying daily.W Several vessels P iad touched for wood, but on account of the scarcity, w eft without cargoes. Logwood was 8 rials pcrquin- ij al, and none to be had at that, except small parcels oi oming down in canoes. U3??VVe understand that Major O. Tochtnan, of 'oland, will deliver two Lectures on the subject of ^ 'oland and Russia in Georgetown, at tbe Protestant jr dethodist Church, Congress street, on Monday, the ss !3d, and on Thursday the 26th instant, at 8 o'clock 'e n the evening. A Concxrt.?Mr. Rtrssxt.1., it will be perceived, :>y reference to our advertising columns, that this popular vocalist intends favor.ng the citizens of Washington with a soiree this (Monday) evening.? d' > r*m what we have heard of the delineation, in song, ar tvy " .(* gentleman, of some of the finest passages of ^ are and others, we may venture to anticipate Je oteruinment at once novel and delightful, V* ? dii m Hon. Caleb Cuahmg, Minister of the United / *t*s to the court of Ch.ua, left Gibraltar on tbe af- Hi Z7" 7,h **""*> . ?~ a ?f ?f. ... r.r.'r ""-.rt.d ?? ..p the >ttenut fteamer for Alexandria. tin ":'P i" %" Tm Vou ex *me Ti?inr flu.i,.?'The Journal of ? otuiuerce gives lb* following tables of (he voles 1 ivcn in tbo House of Representatives ou the Tarifl' , + *t KEeAPiTULVHON BY STATCS- | Stales Yea*. Na*s. Not Voting line, 3 2 3 ; ew Hampshire, 4 1 erinont, 5 lassaehusett*, 10 1 1* 11 ode Island, - ( onnecticut, . e ew York, 23 10 n ew Jursoy, b ? tl timayUruiiia, 20 </ claware, t j d aryland, 4 j \ irgmia, mf J ? p 01 ill (Carolina, 11 ~ 0 mlh Carolina, '' n ?orK'i>. ? tabama, * 1 e, isshsiipi, ' ? ouisiana, * t'l, nisns, ^ >'< issouri, R ' v> ini.qpsea,' 2 H fr erituckv, 4 ^ * K ' I ' 2 diana, ig ' o ino^s, 1 #' ichigan, 1 ft U? ft v m 105 103 34 i u IIECAI'ITI'LATION or rAliTirS. Whig votei. I km- votes. " Not Not gj ? Yeas. Nays. Vot'g. Yeas. Nays. Vot?. u H 3 - 1 - #- j ? i.Jfl. - - A- m 4 1 tl ft s - - . tl da-a. 1 *1 I ** O L I. 2 - - " - tl onn. 6 - - - " * I If/Y. 14 2 3 9 3 4 H f. J. 6 - - - - - , E enn. 10-3 10 - 5 ? >el. 1 Id. 4 1 1 9 a. 3 4 1 13 r. C. - 6 2 - 5-f I. C. - - 1 - 6 2 1 ia. 5 1 - 3 - F ila. - 4 1 a li. - - - - 2 - e a! 2 - - 1 - v irk. - 1 - ? |o - - - 2 - 1 'enn. 2 6 5 - 11 Ly. 4 G 1 - 2 - c. >hio, 9 12 G 1 1 . 3 2 1 1 - v II. 1 1 - - 1 - z lich. 1 P n 85 35 17 20 68 17 20 17 35 - r ? Not ? ,? y :as, 105 voting, 34 Nays, 103 "Vacancy. v ( Correspondence of the Bvffa'o Daily Gazette.) Washington, Oct 10, 1843. ? That the establishment of a ?\"ational Bank is one v the most promii ent articles in the creed of thepo- i ical friends uf Mr. Clay forming what is called the l Whig party proper," is a fact which no one, pro- J) bly, pretends to dispute. In defence of their continued attachment to, and e vocacy of a Bank of the United States, the friends of ii r. Clay appeal to the political revolution of 1840, r d assert that by the election of General Harrison, a f "ge majority of the people of the Union expressed smselves in favor of the re-charter of that institu- I in. o Let us refer back to the election of 1840, and ex- p tine whether the issues then made, and the circum- v mces under which the election was conducted, s stify such an inference ori the part of Mr. Clay or t > political friends. p General Harrison was not elected to the Presiden- a by the Whig parly, nor by the advocates of a United v ates Bank. The great opposition party, first ornized in 1838. and reaching the zenith of its power s 1840, was composed of various, and, to some ex- b nt, discordant materials. All who were dissatisfied c ith the existing state of things?all who, suffering der the embarrassments of the period, looked, and t >ked in vain, to the government for relief, joined ti ^ether, and rose together, to effect a change of men I d a change of policy. n A Democratic Administration had held the reins F power for a period of nearly twelve years. Dur- u 5 that lime the people had enjoyed what seemed to w unexampled prosperity, but which was speedily d Mowed by the necessary consequence of overtrading 8 id inflated paper currency, extreme depression and abarrassment. Those who suffered from the con- t quencts of mercantile or gambling speculations c nd few were not directly or indirectly to be num- ti red amone the victims^ looked to the government t r relief. 1 Such being the Btatc of feelings among a large por- s >n of the people, who eagerly sought for any change c hich might relieve them from the embarrassment uier which they labored, it was an easy task to inice a vast majority to rote for General Harrison as e candidate of the crcat orrosmow partt. To this we must add the generous enthusiasm which ads every warm hearted people to cast their suf ages in favor of one who has bravely fought the itlles of his country, and shed blood in the defence her liberties. This was the whole secret of the matter. The sople suffered and they wanted a change. Under e existing administration they found no relief, and ey determined to try a new one. The military ar>r of many was excited, and they resolved to choose hero for their President. But although the majority of the great opposition irty were not in favor of a government bank?a gmenl of that party?a segment too, which, though e least in numbers, appeared to rule the whole, and whose name the campaign was conducted?t'n . 'hig party proper?certainly was the advocate of ich an institution. What line of policy they deterined, or at least professed to pursue, can be best iccrtained by a reference to their great apostle? lenry Clay. When Mr. Clay brought forward his plan for a fifty illion Bank in the Senate, in 1838, he made use of le following language : * "I should regret to see a Bank established, unless teas clearly called for btj public opinion. I believe it now desired by a majority of the people of the U. . But of that there dots not exist perhaps any conluaive evidence. l\et 11* trail until demonstrations of letr trill shall be clearly given ; anil let us all submit, nd, for one, I shall most cheerfully, to their decision, halever it may be."?Reported in Nat. Intelligencer, lay 512, 1838. Mr. Clay here clearly agrees to postpone the ques>on o." a bank, until the people should gi/lft uneqpiocal demonstrations in its favor. 51 wpi'iroimrii jmiij, cuujjx^rn an 11 was 01 % ariotis elements, determined to select a candidate ' nr the Presidency, by a convention to which dele tes should be sent from all the Rtates. The Nalonal Convention was accordingly held at Harriaurg. Mr. Clay was the favorite candidate of the rbig* proper, or bank men. Foremost in the lists as 1e champion and defender of ihat institution during series of years?standing at the head of his partiular party?of great talents and distinguished reutation, he was of course the man of all others >ost calculated to advance the views of those who rere, like himself, committed to a National Bank, lut the advocates of a Bank, not forming a majority f the people, nor of the opposition parly, were of nurse in a minority at the Harrisburg Convention, nd Mr. Clay was consequently not nominated for the residency. The majority of the Convention, faithfully repre nling a I ?rge majority of the great opposition party 1 their aversion to a National Bank, found it necesiry to look elsewhere for their candidate ; and in secting General Harrison, they chose one whose often ipeated opinions against the constitutionality of a ank of the U. S. could leave no possible doubt of s future course on that subject, in the minds of the ell-informcd and intelligent gentlemen who com?sed the National Convention. On thi? branch of our subject it may be well to veil withsome particularity. And first I will quote I i extract from a manuscript letter now before mr, ' pied by Messrs. David Guiniu, J. C. Wright, O. M 1 writer, and Rnftu Hodgrt, dated Cincinnati, Feb. 15, 4 140, the original of which is at your service, Mrlitor, if the correctness of my quotation should be ' puled ; * "Your letter of the 26th ult., addressed to General t arrison has been placed in our possession with a ,, jw to an early answer. 8o numerous are the calls i on the General from erery section of theU. 8., it his reply in person has been rendered impracli- a 9 able. This duty, itierefoie, devolves upon bit eorespondinf, and we may add, confidential committee, ,? from thiaaource you will look upon this reply : and l ibe policy obaerved by the committee should not neet with yout^ciilire approbation, you will attribute be error father to ourselves arid hia immediate arlvi CI9, man m nu\ I'ujivjr tm? J nai %jmrul Ilairiaou make no Jurthei declaration if principles or the public eye, u^ilst occupying his present / osition "Suc}? a course has been recommended and adopted, iot for purposes of concealment, or to avoid all propel eapop>ib>Ut;; but under the impression that ti?e Jtueral's views with regard to all theriuipcrtfljtt and xciting questions of the day have heretofore been iven to the public, fully and explicitly; and that lie.se views, whether connected with constitutional unions or those of other general interest have uu < r*0|te neither change nor modification. " The committee are strengthened in regard to the roprlety < ! this policy, from the consideration that re Js'alionul Conventibp deemtd it impolitic at the present 11,13, to publish a general declaration of llu views of the hc vi opposition party, and at the same time, w ere ntireiy satisfied, at the close of their labors, that the oruination should be unanimous." The italics in the above quotation are uiy own, exept Jhe words " neither change nor modification," hich arc underscored in the manuscript letter bejre me. Now from the above letter, w hich was of course Jicial, the authors being the " confidential commitUcV f General Harrison, it appears that the General, i trug on the advice of his committee and immediate icnds, " made no further declaration of principles >r the public eye," because "tl his views i n all the uportant and exciting questions of the day had ilherto been fully given to the public ". And we re further assured that " those views, whether cPilected vvtlh eonstitiUional quest'ins or these of other eneral int< rest, had undergone neither change nor todification." Let us take, in connexion with these declarations, :?c following letter written by General Harrison to re citizens of Cincinnati, published in the Inquisitor f that city in thwfail of 1822, and it will beehcen fill be could not have signed a bill for a Bank of lie United States, without being guilty of an act of nconsistency to which his whole life would ti&ve iven the lie, and the possibility of which we have no ight to impute to him : To the Editor of the Inquisitor: Sir : In your last paper you recommend to the andidatesat the ensuing election to publish their poitical creeds, that the electois may have a fair op>ortunity of choosing those whose sentiments best iccord with their own. 1 have ever believed that very elector has a right to make this call upon those vho offer their services to the people, and that the andidates are bound to answer it. 1 might it is rue, avail myself of the kind of exception which you aake in favor of those who have bad an < pportunity if show ing their political opinions by their conduct, lut, as 1 have no reason to dread the most minute innf n,u or,,I thol f,. I l/,u.. ? i I i _ ? '"J "'J W.?. ;cns may be enabled lo compare my actions with my political creed?which you may publish if you think t worthy of a place in your paper. This measure is lecessary at this time, as some of my new friends lave very kindly, in various handbills and other anonmous papers, undertaken to make one for me? vhich (if 1 have a correct knowledge of what I myelf believe) is not a veiy exact likeness of that vhich 1 profess. I deem myself a Republican of what is called the ?ld Jeli'eison school, and believe in the correctness of hat interpretation of the Constitution which has been ;iven by the writings of that enlightened statesman vho was at the head of the p irty, and others belongng to it, particularly the celebrated resolutions of he Virginia Legislature during the Presidency of (lr. Adams. I deny, therefore, to the General Government, the xercise of any power that is not expressly given to t by the Constitution, or what is essentially necessay to carry the powers expressly giveu to it into efect. I believe that the charter given to the Bank of the Jnited States was unconstitutional, it being not one if those measures necessary to carry any of the exiressly. granted powers into effect; and whilst my otes in Congress will show that 1 will take any contitulional means to revoke the charter, ifty votes in he State Legislature will equally show that 1 am oplosed to those which are unconstitutional and violent, ind which will bring us into unnecessary collision vith the General Government. We may, therefore, safely assert that Gen. Harrion was nominated by the Harrisburg Convention, ecause, other things being equal, he was known lobe ipposed to the charter of a United States Bank. For the same reasons, Mr. Tyler was chosen by he same Convention, as the opposition candidate for he Vice Presidency, on the same ticket with General larrison. It was necessary lo select a Southern nan for the Vice Presidency?the candidate for the 'residency being of the North. Of Southern pnen, ot attached to the then administration, Mr. Tyler ras chosen, on account of his distinct and repeated eclaralions of opinions against a Bank of the United ilates. If Mr. Tyler's speech, in the House of Represenatives, in IB 19, on the motion made hy Mr. J. C Sprner, to issue a scire facias against the Bank, Wherein ic declared thai he believed the creation ot that cor(oration unconstitutional?if his vole in the Senate, in 83:1, against the recharter?if his reference to that ptech, and that vote, in his letter to the Henrico :ommittee in IB40, wherein he avers the same sentinents?if these facts be insufficient to show Mr. Ty er'a steadj and consistent opposition to a Bank, hear he testimony of art ttttmy, in his favor. In his speecli of Sept. 10th, 1841, as published in he Intelligencer, Mr. Butts declares that " he admited in its broadest sense ttiat, from Mr. Tyler's first mtrance into public life up to the date of his aplointment to the Harrisburg Convention, every senli ncnt oi his mind had been hostile to a Bank of the Jnited States." It is a common and sensible remark, that, although i majority of the party can nominate, it requires the vbole ol the party to elect. To have made open leclarations against the constitutionality or policy of i Wank, at the Harrisburg Contention, would have >een unuecessary, and only tended to alienate that i/gmenlof the great opposition party, known as the tVhig party proper, llence the policy which diclaed the Convention in declining any " general declaration of viewsand hence the reluctance of Gen. larrison and h s friends to " make any further declaion of principles for the public eye," while occupyng the position of candidate of the great opposition >arly for the Presidency of the United States. (See etter of the committee, above quoted.) On this policy the election of 1840 was conducted ?an election memorable as one of the most remarkibie in tne history of our country?a peaceful revolt! ion, ejecting results the magnitude and suddenness >f which would have deluged any country in Lurope n blood. In republishing Gen. Harrison's letter to the ciliicris of Cincinnati, quoted above, the Madi>onian of Vor. 3, 1812, makes the following remarks : "A paper, containing this letter, was forwarded by General Harrison to a distinguished member of Congress, in 1840, and by him transmitted to a friend in Virginia, in time for, and to operate upon, the elecion of Governor by the Legislature. It was used as inclusive evidence of General Harrison's opposition o a Bank ; and our readers, on reference to the delates which took place in the Virginia House of Assembly, will tind the very important consequence that was attached to it. 'I hos. W. Gilmef was elected k.. l>??l. 1 jru?ciiiui uj iiiui'uaiiH men, anu auTir Hit's Hi iiic lume time of General Harrison's election, on the ground that lie was opposed, strenuously and on connclion, to t e incorporation of a Hank And General lim-rison thus gave, in 1840, by this art, a new enlorscment to the principles avowed in 1822. We believe no real friend to the memory of that distinguished individual would now assert that the General, had ic lived, would have sanctioned by his signature either of the monstrous bills submitted to President ryler. To think so would be equally insulling to his good sense, and the honesty of his professions." I will now put it to the recollection and the candor jf those who ^vere active agents throughout the counIry in procuring the election of Ger.eral Harrison, whether they ever deemed it politic to make the issue >f" Bank or no Bank" with the Democratic party, uefore the people ? Whether, on the other hand, the Democrats did not endeavor to press that issue upon Lhem, while they (the opposition leaders) most carefully eluded it ? Whether the topic was not, by com non consent of the opposition party, tabooed, both in he press and on the stump, and all allusion to it most horoughly discountenanced? The partisan press of the period explicitly answers hese questions. I might make extracts, but they vould unduly lengthen this article?perhaps already oo long. rl he tiles of any reading-room will abunlaritly prove my assertions. The issue o( Bank or no Bank, was therefore never n?de before the people in 1840; and General Harrion and Mr. Tyler were elected as President and Mce President of the United States, in consequence if their being known, by previously expressed opinons, through a long series of years, to be hostile to he charter of a Bank. We now come to another branch of our subject, nd I propose, in another letter, to exhibit, to some A | I ..... i iuiii, the scheme* of the Whiij leader* to defraud ihe people and drive the President into their favorite measure ; ai d ?tll examine ii.e ijuisliun??? ho have | per formed tl.tii duty to the countrj- ihe bi& lead ^ Mb or the 1'iendejit and fit* constitutional advisers?" WlWmS^SSS^' UEMOC'KA I Ol Y\ < u;Ki\ . l WYKD. V One of the laiges) meetings qJT wmkufgtmen ever held in this Distii< i, look place on Friday -evening, die 20th Inst V in thd ''AnarrstVa Hall." 1 be meeting was organized by the election of Mr. W iluain HI and as Chairman, and of Mr. George W. Olaike a- Wecictaiy. The chair then stated the objects of the meeting to be the consideration of the recent order I from th? Navy fitpai tincnl, causing the dismissal of abgut 030 men from the several branches of business in this Nlavy Yard. He bad al o uudeistood, with regret, that similar orders bad been issued to all the Navy Yards in the United Slates. After avaiiety of sugg< stions and interchanges of opinion as to the most effectual mode of proceeding, it was finally agreed to appoint a coiituuiiee of one member from eat-h brtinch to represent the body before the President m the L. illicit States, and the Meet > lmy of the Navy. Whereupon,.Messrs. Greenfield, Newman^ Kasley, Garrett, Haiilett, Asbcrall, Mitchell, Phillips, i Nokes, were appointed said comn I tee. The following preamble and resolufions were then submitted to the consideration of the meeting, and unanimously adopted ; . ffl w , ?. "Whereus, an oider lias just emanated from tho Navy Department, requiring the immediate discharge of several hundred woikingmen Irom this N'avy Vard; therefore, be it resolved unanimously, that from what we have been informed, wo discover in suid order the ginger of necessity?tho appropriations for ijie ii crease and repairs of the Navy having been exhausted- We, therefore, attach no blame whatever to His Kxcellency, the President, or to the Hon. Secretary of the Navy. lit solve J, That we i egret to find that Congress, at its last session, reduced the appropriations fog such purposes to 1500,000 for the first half year of 1843 ; I (out of which some arrearages were to be paid) and to one million of dollars for the fiscul year, commencing on the first day of July*last; instead of tle allotcance of two millions of dollars per aunutn, as it did during several former ytart. lies I ltd. That We also Ofentv r?<rrcl I h allWmi ? r -j ? wv ? deemed it necessary to deny to tlic Navy Department j what is allowed to every other department, the pri- 1 vilege of making a Iran&ler Irom one head of appro- i priation to another. 1 Resolved, That this meeting is sensible of the deep I solicitude experienced by the President of the United 8 States, and also by the Secretary of the Navy in be- 8 half of the workmgmen, on this occasion ; and, it is 8 our firm belief that every etl'ort will be made by them 8 to obviate the difficulty?rescind the lata order, and B set us to work again, with as little delay as practica- h Resetted, That the committee already appointed to 1 communicate with the President and Secretary of I the Navy lay the true state of the case before them ; 8 thut a large majority of us have families entirely de- 8 pendent upon the labor of our hands for support?the fl rigors of winter, (when every expense is increased) I are rapidly approaching, that many of us are far from M our homes and families, and that loss of employment 8 at this juncture would intlict upon us evils almost in- fl calculable. 8 Resolved, That on a former occasion, and under sim- I ilar circumstances, President Tyler nobly "took the a risponsibility" of allowing the mechanics to prcsc- B ule their labors on the new Treasury and other puL- 8 lie buildings, on the faith of a future appropriation 8 by CongreWi Thai act w as fully sustained by Con gress. That act was approved at d admired by the 8 workingmen throughout the whole country Presi- 8 dent Tyler's prompt and energetic action on thut, and 8 several other occasions in behalf of the workingmen B has reflected high honor upon his name, which must I descend to his latest posterity. B Resolved, That we respectfully solicit them, if funds H cannot be commanded before the meeting of Con- Bj gress, to permit us to continue our labors in the pub- H lie employment and rely upon Congress to pass an ^B appropriation to remunerate us for the same. lVlr. Frederick W. South worth offered the follow- B ing resolution, which was unanimously adopted : 8 Resetted, That the workingmen of the Washington 8 Navy Yard tender their heartfelt thanks to Captain John H Aulick for his prompt and energetic exertions in our behalf in laying our case before the Hon. the Secretary of the Navy, and for his conduct 8 throughout as an officer and a gentleman. 8 Mr. Lemuel J. Townshend ofl'ered the following, 8 which was adopted : ^8 Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be B published in the Washington papers, and the bait. H tsun. | .niiu me meeting adjourned. WM. H. BLAND, Pendent. George W. Clarke, Secretary. Revolution in Greece?The Hibernia brings news of a successful revolution in Greece. The inhabitants, accompanied by the entire garrison, marched to the palace, and demanded a Constitution. The King acceded to the demands of the people. A new ministry has been formed, and it has been agreed tliat. a National Assembly should be called, within thirty dajs, for th$ purpose of drawing up, in concert writh the King, a new Constitution. It is said that the King yielded with bad grace, when lie found that all resistance on his part would be unavailing. It was II o'clock A. M. before his obstinacy was subdued. The military i>9nds were then playing the "Marsellaise" and the "I'arisiennc," which gave him cause to suppose that affairs might proceed to unpleasant extremities. On the 16ih, King Olho took his customary airing, and was saluted as he passed along the streets, with cries from the people and soldiers of " long live the Constitutional King 1" The Great Western.?This vessel, best known as the pioneer of the Atlantic steamers, returns again to England?and for the last time this season. Her quick trips render a passage in her desirable above most, if not all modes, as is evinced by her long list of passengers on every successive voyage. The lai i: iias uten n;uuuu vu^iiiu?a great consideration. jft Wheri are all tiie Picklocks ??The American jfl Bank Lock Company (Andrews) have placed an iron I safe at the Fair of the American Institute, in New H York, and have put 500 dollars in the hands of a H committee, with orders to pay it to any one who wi 1 8 open the lock. B New Article or Eiport.?The Boston Journal fl of Monday says Capt. Collegan, of the ba k Chusan, 9 which left Rio Janeiro on the 31st of?August, states IB that great preparations w ere then making for the re ceplion of the Empress, who was hourly expected ft from Europe. Among the articles of export brought S by the Chusan are 180,000 toothpicks for the Tremont S House. B JE35* Triumphant Succehs?The Ethiopian Serenades, at Appollo Hall, having met with ^B such liberal patronage from the elite o( the city, 9 respectfully announce to the ladies and gentle- 9 men of Washington that they will remain three 9 nights more, Monday, Tuesday, and lVednes- flft day, Oct. 23, 24, and 25, on which occasion an 9| entire change of performance will be given. ^fl For particulars see small bills. Tickets 25 cents ; children half price. B MR. H. ltUSSELL I RESPECTFULLY announces his intention of glf? 9 ing a VocAt. Entertainment, Tim Evening,Oc- :S i i n ' t , -i i \RUSrB SALOON.on whieh ocea- I sion he-will hate the honor of presenting to the pub- 9 lie several of his latest and most Popular Composi* ? tions?comprising the "The Ship on Fire"?"The 2 Dream or the Reveller"?"Tiir Gambler's S Wife"?" Newfocndland Dog"?"Our Native B Sono"?"I'm Afloat"?"A Life on the Ocean Wate"?"Ivt Green," jtc., 9 Single tickets 5(1 cents; tickets admitting a Lady 2 and Gentleman $1?to he obtained at the usual 1 places. To commence at 7 J o'clock. oct 23 K I" IFF. OF ANDRKW JACKSON-PRIVATE, I j MILITARY, AND CIVIL?Hy Amos Kendall I ?To be completed in fifteen numbers, with illustra- 1 tions?price 25 cents each. The first number of the I above work is this day received. .. . , oct 23 F.TAYLOR. J s