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The Madisonian. (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1837-1845, October 30, 1843, Image 1

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lumi remitted, hut receive our warmest thank*. vv
4MlOiSCIUPff?^" ?
Since we began to discuss tli^^bjt5cl o|' the - ^
** Annexation ot Tocas,?!- i|
Adams have proscribed our papThe loss of |j'
:Mii.ii, it abolition suhac^ets^sjiali pgr|p
deter us from tlie performance ' '""I. iOfijfrl!:
scientiouslv heli"ve to be our DtitfY. -<*?*. ^
MR. ADAMS AKp TEXAS. ., '* - 5
? - - J
Vv e auverieu #ui?e uajpi^rw?aKiH?vfl??|pMn
and treasonable a'ddrt as to "the" People of the
' i Tree States of the Union, putTorth in May last n
K by the Hon. -Johu Q^jotfy Adams, signed by ^
ni'.nself and twelve of his fellow-representatives 1
?congenial spirits?in the lute Congress. It ci
appears tflttt the address, shortly after its first ti
publication, received the signatures of eight si
other membejs of the same Congress; and pro- jt
bably additional names have since been affixed r<'
to it. * ti
The documj'nt is therefore of sonic import- hi
ance, partly from the fact that so many men I'
possesyng weight and influence in their respec- bi
tive sections of the country, have thus publicly 01
and solemnly pledged themselves to a dissolu- u
tion of the Union, in the event of the adoption ft
of a measure which they are pleased to condemn <t
in advance of any discussion of it; and partly t(
because Mr. Adams, the leader of this moveinent,
notwithstanding the doubts of his sanity P
occasionally expressed, rattier in jesi u.an seri- i'
ously, has still a large body of admirers, who k
entertain great reverence foHiis mental powers, n
and who believe that, however apparently ex- it
travagant he may be at limes, he never delihe- l'
rately assumes a position which is not logically b
an I legally unassailable. Q
We will recur, therefore, to the resolutions r<
offered by hiiu in the House of llepresenta- ti
lives on t'.e 28th of February last, whicb are in
the following words : a
44 Resolved, That by the Constitution of the United 0
States no power ia dgleguted to their Congress, or to N
any department or departments of their Government,
to affix to this Union any foreign State, or the people
j/ thereof.
Resolved, That any attempt of the Government of 3
m the United States by an act of Congress or by treaty, ^
ft to annex to this Union the Republic of Texas, or the
people thereof, would be a violation of the Constitu- ?
' i tion of the United States, null arid void, and to which ^
the free Stales of this Union and their people ought
*v \ not to submit."
rj
In the first of these resolutions, which we pre'
'^ sume were can fully worded by so great a preci ^
sion in .language, Mr. Adams lays down the (
^ proposi ion that it would be unconstitutional 14 to ' |
aflix to this Union any foreign State or the people
thereof." He does not atffrin that it would
? be unconstitutional to anutx lerritoiy to the 1
?' Union; which, indeed, would be asserted with k
an ill-grace by the man who negotia ed the 0
treaty annexing FioiiJa to the Union, aud would '
be equivalent to a confession that, in order to '
retain his post at the head of Mr. Monroe's Cab- r
inet, he became a willing and active instrument 1
in inflicting a most serious wound on the Con- i1
stitution. And a man who was in public life '
when the cession of Louisiaua took place, would 1
J find it difficult to convince the world that, at '
this la'e day, new lights had broken in upon him
respecting the constitutionality of annexing ler- (
j4 ritory to the Union. The question of constilu- s
tionality, as to annexing territory to the Union, j
lias Deen settieo uy preceuents wiucn are in (
their nature irreversible ; or which could be re- <
versed only by expelling Louisiana and Florida j
fr. m the Union. I
But it in unconstitutional, Mr. Adams says, to '
aflix any foreign State to the Union.
The answer to this is obvious. There is no ,
clause in ihe Constitution expressly permitting 1
the annexation of territory to the Union. It is '
altogether silent upon the subject, and therefore <
makes no distinction between Slate and Terri- '
tori/. Nor could any distinction well be made, j
or any limit or conditions imposed on ihe aoqui- i
silion of territory. If we have a right, under
? the Constitution, to affix a single acre of ground,
or a single square mile or territory to the Union, 1
we have the light to affix ten or (ifty thousand
square miles. If we have a right to purchase ,
an/ pottion of the territory of a foreign government,
wc have a right to purchase the major
Q portion, or the whole of it. We have as much
right to purchase, or acquire in any way, the 1
half, or three-fourths, or the whole of Texas, as
to purchase or acquire a single acre of it: and
circumstances might arise which would render
the acquisition of a part of it indisputable.
The second of these resolution* of Mr. Adams
is a corollary < i? practical application of the
first. It would be unconstitutional 41 to annex
to the Union the Republic of Texas, or the Peo
pie thereof."
It is plain, we think, that it would he quite as
constitutional to annex any part or the whole of
Texas to the Union ?9 it was to annex the
Florida* or Louisiana. If by annexing the Republic
of Texas to the Union is meant a perpetual
alliance offensive and defensive between
Texas and the United States, we can only express
a doubt whether nny one has dreamed ol
such annexation. But we could COnStitUtionallu
ni.nrv iKn wluil.i li.rrilr.ru nf Tense and n?i
10 the People of Texas we have as much right
to admit them into the Union as citizens as wc
had to admit the inhabitants of Louisiana
and Florida.
These propositions seein so plain arid indis.
putableas hardly to require argument, if it were
not evident that Mr. Adams in these resolutions |
seeks to draw a quibbling distinction between
affixing 44 a foreign State" and annexing territory.
The question of constitutionality, as to ana
?
jggg|?P? <-.W. amr'V
m
VOL. Ml.- NO. 23.! \Y
llWIBfflfeg. lift!
- xiiig territory to the (*n ton ft&s been ?b ittlicb f as
.'bated ajPl ns ab ffffcuially H in
out?! 'be [idle to atrcmpt WThe to
raeuce of aniwAiitjftii I),is been"V^Efti^iifd up
f the late -tr^eitj^f iWasfiiiigt'oilt''' Fy* Which a re
jttiun of oraupifil-by British? T
ibjerts. \va?i*^pk"ciH*fo tbb-Union.B^ ?<
Bur Mr. iti rtin. ad- it
ress to the Piifojflc 'of TO free States, that i! J'tn
;0Uld be uneorflllthitloihab to annex the t-rritory hjd
('Texas to flte tTh1biT,-bet::uise Texits is ami he
mutd be a slaveholdiug 8fate; '' It would he pu
viobiliori'opbujfnational c:mtpact, its object's, j\)
^pns, and the great eiemeMury principles vv
^TC^'^t^ereS'^tJio its formation/" Tile ?on- tui
was ''"adupft'd expressly to th
i^^^iK^^iessings r;/* libtitt-ij*' and" not the as
Tfffi^lSt''bt answer to this argu- M
i'Pf^p1?^l|^mfjrould have applied equally x'#!!
of Florida, in which Mr. le.so^
ooh'Spicuoas a pact. But .we in
>eini?rKf?ifst''hat the view here taken nj
f the ?or. Stituiiun, and its objects; is one whioh gr
o'American can countenance' without inviting
nd j isihying foreign interference in our affairs. |y
lie fratners of tlie Constitution were not a ieJ
H"^ J/1 fir! n . r? nr i? f li J
.'ill uc^/ii/^ufU'mu yui.. lit" u Wi*. w.. ... ulf
ilion framed by them even a democratic con- Qr
itution recognizing1 the principle that the ma- sjf
>iity should govern i.i all cases. The Decla M
ttiun of Independence was termed by an eccen- Ui
ic statesman 44 a fanfarronadc of abstractions:" be
ut the Constitution is quite a dilTerent thing.? an
is a cautiously worded, business-like compact tb
etween States previously independent of each ed
iher, by which, in order to form & ino-e efficient q'
nion, for national purposes, than the old con- tj,
:deracy, and after much and anxious delibera- ar
on, they hesitatingly eutrusted ceitain powers bj
) the General Government, and reserved cerlin
rights. The institution of slavery was ex- pa
ressly recognized, and its security carefully
rovided for: without such provisions it is well m
nown that there would have been no union and pe
o constitute n. Tbey form an essential part of w
. It is preposterous to assert that the annexa- OL
on of a slave-holding State or Territory is foridden
by the spirit of a Constitution which |)t
ever would Lave existed if it had not expres^y |,j
cognized and carefully provided for the instiiuon
of s'avery.
So far from being able to maintain that the er
nnexation of Texas would be a violation either w
f the terms or spirit of the national compact, (u
lr. Adams, we think, will require all his logic, 0I
rhen the question conirs to be debated, to de- jq
?nd himself from the charge of having b en in- ?
trumenlal, by the Treaty of Florida, in viola- ^
ing not only the Constitution, but the stipuitions
of a solemn treaty, as well as all the g(
ttaxiins of sound national polity, in alienating .|(
rum the Union the territory now occupied by j ^
Texas. | r,
The true question before the country would 1 C(
e, not the annexation of Texas, but the resti-j c
ution to'the Union of tlrat part of LoQi-ianai ^
ying between the Sabine and the Rio Grande. | g
The whole territory now occupied by the Rerub'ic
of Texas once belonged to the Unilt d;U
states. We presume that hardly any Arneri- in
an acquainted with the political history of bis ;
out; try w ill dispute this fact, and. least of all,
dr. Adams, who | roved our title to the territo- ti
v, even to the satisfaction of the mini-terof c
he foreign power which laid claim to it. Upon y
his subject, we sliall now merely quote the folowing
passage from Mr. Clay's speech on the
reaty negotiated by Mr. Adams, generally call- ^
:d the Flor da Treaty: / p,
.1 O- r>l..? tlittl ll,o incrhrlr wnnlil nnl ^
" 1*1 I . Vyiaj Jll CaUIIILU ?.!.??. mv C^VW.HW.? .. -M.- ..w.
>e presented of questioning, in this branch of the P
Liovernment, our title to Texas, which had been con- r
unfitly maintained by the Executive for more than "
ifteen years past, under three several administrations. '*
fie was at the same time ready and prepared to make c
lUt our title, if any one in the house were fearless t:
mough to controvert it. Me would, for the present, H
iriefly state, that the man who is most familiar with '
:he transactions of this Government, who largely
jarticipated in the formulion of our Constitution and 1
ill that has bocn done under it, who, besides tho emi- ,
lent services that he has rendered to his countty,
principally contributed to the acquisition of Louisiu- sl
ia, wtio must be supposed from his various opportu- 11
nines, best to know its limits, declared, liileen years
ago, that our title to the Rio del Norte was as well
Tounded as it was to thp island of New Orlea..s. n
(Here Mr. C. read an extract from a memoir pre- 11
iented in 1805, by Mr. Monroe and Mr. Finckney, to l(
Mr. Cevallos, proving that the boundary of Louisia- n
na extended eastward to the Ferdido, and westward
lo the Rio del Norte, in which they say,?'The facts "
and principles which justify this conclusion, are so ll
satisfactory to their government as to convince it that
ihe United States have not a brtler right to the island
of New Orleans, under the cession referred lo, than "
they have to the whole district of territory thus dc- s
scribed.') The title to the Perdido on the one side, .
and to the Rio del Norte on the other, rested on the ,,
sifiic principle?the priority of discovery and of occupation
by Prance. Spain had first discovered and I
made an establishment at Pensacola ; France atDau- j.
phiti island in the bay of Mobile, 'i he intermediate
m ace was unoccupied ; and the principle observed 11
among European nation* having contiguous settle- b
merits, being that the unoccupied space between them |
should he equally divided, was applied to it, and the
i'trdido thus became the common boundary. So,
west of the Mississippi, La, Salle, acting under
France, in lttij or 3, hrst discovered that river. In
16S3, he made an establishment on the bay of St. c
Bernard, west of the Colorado, emptying into it. h
The nearest Spanish settlement was Painuco, and the
Rio del Norte, about the midway line, became the
common boundary.'' b
Tne question arises, l.ow came this immense c
territoiy between the Sabine nod the Rio J
Grande, as large as New England and the mid- *
die S ates united, advan ageouvly located, and c
unrivalled in soil and climaie, 10 be exchanged
for the territory of Florida, and exchanged nol 1
on even terms, but i n the condition of paying to
Spain, (or on behalf of Spain) an enormous 1
bonus in money and other considerations 1
The answer is sufficiently humiliiling to na- n
lional pride. The Chief Magistrate of our na- 1
tion at i ha t time was as pure a pat riot as ever ,
breathed; but mild, confiding and unsuspicious t
in bis nature, and wholly free from sectional
feelings as he was from every sordid impulse. .
His Secretary of State, ihe head of his cabinet i
and mining, r of our foreign relations was Mr. ?
John Q,uincy Adams, a man who had spent so |
much of his life at the couris of Europe as to ]
have become an alien in feeling and thought to
his own country, and who was as celebrated
ihi n for his political and diplomatic abilities, his i
a si 11 I \ \ a O N D /
. * ? ' m # * -sj. * iss*' : ap'-:^aww-^p-- ? ? - - t tuieut
s-j cud tonight.~al*fi!ft f<i"r hi;'
irn-r and ?via?til' -.j uiiiniv;ily.-ri^-'hc South
d ltvho*. Mutton?. f *
Mi Adaftia riiii since dic'.arid l]S he , v;a.i a !
uciunt laBtruineftt tir- the negotiation ol to*:
r?aty of hluridahy whjeliitii** vdlotiblti terri$)l
rv in qu.atwn w;m ccJUJ ty.. ihow J
caujf to pjyss tha% as iwa(byi>tft*?|?*btn'Vt, and
in.igcrh f i), ... ;o!iaxiun h.^P^P^'i'>av<' h?i''
little iulluenee with Air/ IVj^-foe'iiapU if |
7 as a North' m mm, should Have been op ,
pc^to lit n suit of the which Lie 1
as the active inpuuiiieui in htiiigiuj; about,
hile Mr. Monroe, a Sortthewr ^ta^Was'i1 obsti-1
,(dy benu.rt concluding ^r_ba[f;aui in .which j
e interest*) of lys u\VJ|f^j^oQ(it> "-CQiinir*, i
well as thoae of -t^e wore !
holly lost sigl[t'y? is a iuy^Py*'w^'10!1 fIr- L
onroe no lotigerdivfea to explain. :-*of !
The ltruxiedfat|nctiise of ft bargain so thrift-1
?s and uuivise, aud so discreditable to the :
telligeiice art%l firmness of the Govern-!
eat, vthb aisertetl <n the floor of C'on- |
e?s by ..-"Mr. Clay lo be && i^rti inLufituu.
Cf"? rht*^*WrtKi" * rrtu?o which is now busiat
woik to prevent our rc-acquisition of the
ritory. The Russian Government interfered
behalf of Spain and expostulated with our
jvernment, mildly in language, but with a
jnilicant earnestness and pertinacity ; and
r. Adams, feeling perhaps a patriotic alarm at
e idea of being the means of subjecting his
loved country to the wrath of the Holy Allice,
of which Ru-sia was the head, and Spain
e nether member, temporized and compromis1
- - n ? - -* -i i
i us wfii us ;iia ciyiiau'u IIi rv".*) wuuiu jieruiii. |
hedifiV r nee in the style of the communiea-j
ins which passed between our Government I
id the Russian Minister is thus characterized
r Mr. Clay in his speech on the Treaty :
" If Count Nesselrode had never written another
irugraph, the extract from his despatch to Mr. Potica,
which has been transmitted to this House, will
irnonslrate that lie merited the confidence of his
aster. It is quite refreshing to read such state pairs,
after perusing those (lie was sorry to say it, he
ished there was a veil broad and thick enough to
nceal them forever) which this treaty had produced
i the part of our Government "
A few years afterwards Mr. Adams himsell
>came President?Mr. Clay occupying under
m, and by gilt from him, the station which he
;clared so publicly thai Mr. Adams had disaced
by his unmanly truckling to foreign pows.
Oae of the first impulses of Mr. Adams
as to endeavor to rectify the mistake made?
)t by himself?but by Mr. Monroe: and to set
l loot a negotiation for the recovery of 'Fix is.
ow far he was actuated in this by a wish io
fin po; ularily in the Sou h?a quarh r in which
e saw the cloud? gathering that finally buisi
pon him?is a problem which every one may
five Lr himself, not forgetting to consider
mong the data the striking contrast furnished
y Mr. Adams's present feelings and opinions
'spccting the annexation of Texas. There is j
ertainly to all app arancc, a glaring and irre
nncilable inconsistency in his course, to which ;
lr. Pre-ton thus allud d in his speech in the
enate April 24, 1638:
"Mr. Adams was not content to rest our title upon
lis imposing array of positive testimony, but examicd
and dissipated all the objections to it tak< n by 1
le Spanish Minister, and by a masterly refutation ot
le Spanish pretensions, satisfied (as.it has since
een understood) the Spanish negotiator himself so I
loroughly that he would have been willing to have I
haracterized the result of the negotiation a* 'a I
reat> for the exchange of territories&c., between
pain and America.
*
It is atrarge that a measure which hat been arued
for twelve years past, should now, for the first
me, be met by a tempest of opposition ; and it is
try strange that he should be found riding upon and
irccting the storm, who was the very first man to
ropose the annexation of Texas, as one of the very
arliest measures of his administration after he was
lade President. Yes, Mr. President, Mr. John
[uincy Adams had hardly ascended the Presidential
hair before he assiduously addressed himself to the
isk of repairing the injury indicted upon the coun y
by the treaty of 1819, in the making of which it
as since been understood, he was the reluctant agent.
,s Secretary of Stale, in 1819, he negotiated the
caty of transfer; as President of the U. States, in
H24, he instituted a negotiation for the re-annexation,
hrough his Secretary of State, Mr. Clay, the Prodent
instructed Mr. Poinsett, then minister at Mex:o,
to open at once and vigorously urge a ncgotiaon
for the re-acquisition of Texas, and the re-estab
shmcnt of the Southwest line of the United States
t the Rio Grant c del Norte. The Secretary urged
. upon the Envoy as a matter of the deepest interest
) the country, and the highest policy of the Govcrnicnt.
The advantages are elaborately and zealously
et forth, and although the country at that time laored
under a large debt, the Envoy was authorized
a ofTcr five millions fs>t the acquisition."
If Mr. Adams was sincere in this attempt, lie
nisi have known that the result would be to add
o much shivc-|u Iding territory, and as many
lavc-holding Slates as could be carved out of
I'exas, to the Union. Ilis present objection
hercfore on the score of the increase of slavery,
* a new-born objection, to which his eyes wote
lot opened, until mortification and defeated amItiun
had embittered Jim feelings towards the
'eople of the South.
We have alluded to one peculiar consideration
Heeling the constitutionality or legality of the
e?sion of the t< rrilory in question to Spain. It
ias been welT questioned whether our Government
has a right, under the Constitution, to <yde
y treaty any portion of our territory w ithout the
onsen! of Congress; hut in addition to this oh
ection, in the case of Trxas, was an express |
tipulation of the Convention by which that
otintry was ceded tons with the rest ot Louisitia.
The 3d article of the Convention of Paris
?f 1803 says:
" The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be
ncorporatcd into the Union of the United States,
md admitted as soon as possible, according to the
irinciples of the Federal Constitution, to the enjoyiwrit
of all the rights, advantages tnd immunities of eiliens
qf the United Stales; arid in the meantime they
hall be maintained and protected in the free enjoy
nent of their liberty, property and religion which
hey possess." <v v *' <! '
Now treaties arc, by the Constitution, the
lUpremc law of the land. It was therefore a
violation of the Constitution, as well as of a
solemn treaty stipulation, to plnce any of the
French inhabitants of Louisiana, or their property,
without the pale of the protection of the
Union.- U is immaterial how many, or how
lew such inhabitants were in occupation of the
territory cededf the principle would apply if
V ^WtJm4r jr ~~JM?T3f ^ , |
A Jr *
?... ..
1 $ \
iv, oi'TOBl u :<>, i/il
** ??* . ? ?. ~!
Wrfs bui a sotib&ry iu liviuuai,iii)l< ? hi?' ej
ass<-;if had Ijjctfn j riaally pi jcurnl. "But In Tact raj
'^El'y -ucii iu liju ti rrit ry wi->t ol toj
tile oal/ihC. .?' ci
; t' L., T ' - ' - - i.
recent > aii.ukks oe frue maii. at wuei-unq
have b fen Mgulafjy reported to thj; Department*: \\
hs'WYii by the ?'"UiriJciori th'fllselvi , us by the j ti\
ind( sfiuimediau a ,euH of ih< Rostma te| (kmc- i m
raf: ^ * 1 j ; vv
The contractors repyrieththut the failure1 on I to
(lie lSlli ''was caused f9>y l|e lajft start we got i dt
from Cuuiberhuul, in* const queuci fljf tin? chrs ' e>
oo^ieachiug (here ?t tin- usual hi ur, being near- j pc
ly one lu>ur late." , C
- state of the National Road is eucli that j of
,tii lay infeojiscqutuice of 'the late arrival ^ |y
tile ears, or any ac^tdi11A oil htlie'!$tuge jmrt'of w
route, ujusL mevitab'y cause a failure of |he gj
mail.-. A . to the state of thejroads, tvq, respect- jf
fully refer you to the following extract from the re
Agent of the^Rest Office Department, Doctor yc
Kennedy, to Mr, AchesorqtfuJei date October ur
23d ; L' Mv id.^ruatioiltof, roads st
satisfied me that you are g< ing to have much lit
difficulty io makinglitne this winter; and if the m
season should be a very opeu one, they will be-, Ih
come almost impassable." ih
The failure on i!ie 20th wh? caused, say the df
contractors, by delay east of Uniontown, i* in (s
consequence of breaking the wheel of the mail ev
coach, and having to go to Huddlesons, adis-! (a
lancc of four miles," for another coach."." ! |)r
The failure on the 23d instant was u by coach ut
breaking down, and having to send three miles ih
for another." The factihat the whole route be-' ha
tweeu Cumberland at>d Uniontown is passed ho
over in the night, adds v^ry much to the diffi- co
culty of transporting the mails at this season of 31
the year,.when the roads are very much cut up ; f0
by the heavy laden wagons passing over it after' ?
our late rains. ! lit
The failure on the 2-fth is thus explained : rn
Uniontown, October 24, 1843.
Sir: The first mail, due in Wheeling Ibis even- [f,
ing at 5 o'clock, will not, we presume, reach there in ca
time tw connect with the Ohio mail. The reason for j j
this is, that one mail coach was upset about 20 miles ^
east of this place, by one of the drivers of the Good Inlent
Company running our driver and team off the
road, when in the act of passing him, and throwing Bi
the couch over a bank 10 or 12 feet high. Our rt
driver immediately returned to Smilhfield (2 miles) frj
for another coach, upon which he loaded the mails: t.
but this coach also broke, near Mount Washington, 1
and he was compelled to unload and get another
coach.
We have anesled the driver of the Good Intentjcoach
for obstructing the United States Mail, as well as for
wilfully and maliciously running our team off the road. n.
Very respectfully, b(
L. W. STOCKTON. bl
P. S. At the time of the above occurrence, our ^
mail had six horses and postillion, and was pushing (r
to save the connection of the mails. p.
MR. BILLINGS. ~ u
Mr, A. Billings, of Nashville, Tennessee, a
Book and Periodical Agent, is at B'owos, and 11
will lake charge of any bu-iness in his line en-1 a<
.. .1 1. kl . 11. tj 1 1... r I *'
iu&icu iu iii?i tnrr, nr.jr. v. ou m ii iit r iruifi
Genera! Jackson, addressed to Mr. Kendall, of ^
very recent dale, which speaks iu the highest
terms of the bear? r, and by which we are glad i
to learn that tlie health of the lir.tto is improved. cr
Mr. B. is Mr. Kendall's agent to dispose of his w
'Life of Gt neral Jackson," in the We-i. Mr. pt
B. is also duly author Zrd to obtain and receipt hi
for new subscriptions to the Madisonian. hi
th
THE PROPER SPIRIT. D
Mr. Editor: Perceiving a coll in the Madi- e<
sonian of yesterday for a public meeting in lJ
Georgetown, to make the necessary arrangemenu
for the rect ptiorxpf the Hon. Alexander
Duncan, member elect to the T weuty-eighih ^
Congress, and to tender to him a public dionor (|
on behalf ot the Democrats of that f )la??V m;^(>y | y
Democrats of this City amended, and wrfc hignPy
graiilied at the feeling which seemed ij^pervade tl
the bosoms of those present, who wert^^nima- 0
ted alone lor the ultimate triumph of those prin- is
ciples which they believe to be c mcomitunt
w th the Constilutibft, the text book of their po- c<
litical creed. ci
Alter the tran^acfion of the necessary busi- sl
ness for wLicit they had been called together,
calls were made upon several gentlemen to ad- a
dress ihe meeting, and Mr. Danifx 11 atcxiffe,
of Virginia, rose and addressed the meeting in J
an eloquent and impressive manner; in which ()
he called upon every Democrat "n the Union to j
stand firm and erect in defence of those princi- ji
I pies which had so often crowned the Democrat- p
ic party with a triumph worthy cf the cause ol w
civil, religious, social, and political liberty, for h
which our fathers fought and died, and not, c
for the mere ephemeral triumph of men, lose 11
! Mght of their principles by quarrelling with one ^
| another about their personal favorites. He said, U
although he, like other menjrhad lug personal
favorite, yet he would support any man who (J
embodied the principles of the party to which w
he belonged?no matter who he was?because a
ihe Whig party?the common enemy, not only h
of the Democratic party, but of the popular in j c
stitutiong of-our common country, which alone a
should cheer them onward in the discharge of Sl
that duty?calculated to gain their ends, not by M
the populatily of (heir principles, but by a di'vi h
-ion ol the uemocratic parly. He impressed 1
upon hi* hearers, in the most vivid manner, the
absolute necessity of union and harmony?eve- c
ry thing fur the cause, nothing for men?thai
the \\ hig party may not only have the pleasure (
(if he should So express himself) of witnessing j
t party defeat but of their political annihilation |
! as the great ''Universal Whig party," whose |
principles (if they have any) are contend in j
Mr. Clay, whose extraordinary conduct, during n
the Extra Session, is a full exemplification. t
Ms* Uatclikfk said he had hut a short time '
I been a resident of the Di-trict, nnd did not, r
therefore, know their feelings sufficiently foi 1
him, at this time, to enter into a full discussion a
of the leading questions of ihe t\yo antagonistical
parties; but ? hen the proper time should r
arrive, he would bt found in the front rank- of (
the party battling with his adversaries. Hcfore
pmmmmmrnmtmmmmmm* 11 1II ,
iU 1
" * *'" t
L I WHOLE NO. 9K;>. I
- -?l - y
ll
mcluding, he said, let me admonish you as ^
embers^f the same great party to do justice |,
the man tjf the '^Vetoes" if he is not your r
mice. (lie took" his seat amidst great cheer- c
a
1'h.e netting then called upon ivir. jameh p
rilson, a young man of great promise, a na- l
re of Georgetown, who, in a most satirical 11
anncr, descanted at some length upon the un- ^
prtiiy manner in which the.Clay Club of Georgewn,
in their resolutions, had studiously cva- "
d the Taritf, the Land Distribution, and the li
tpunging lrym the Constitution of the Veto, "
>wer, the great conservative principle of the
otistitution, all of which are the components
Mr. Clay's political creed". He said, the on
tangible position assumed in the resolutions i,
as that m favor of a Dank of the United [
tales, which he should^ori another occasion, c
scus? more fully. Although, lie said, these p
solutions were juvenile in their conception, b
the could discover the imprint ol "Old"
ion them-y and b'ec.tuse J hn Tyh-r had nobly is
Bfed by tho Ccaistiutnoifnnd Vetoed their uar- e
lg measure, lie had been denounced in the C
ost unmeasured terms, not only by Mr. Clay, '
it by every insignificant satellite, who reflects 8
e sentiments of the Whig parly. lie lias been "
m unccd by them as a "dishonest man," but
aid Mr. Wilson) I here, in the presence of '
. , U
ery Democrat within the hearing of my voice, .
nd I know their are Whigs too in the room)
uuounce him an honest man !?because no
lierthan an honest man would have dared, in j,
e face of seventeen millions of freemen, to c
ive Vetoed the favorite measure of those who k
id elevated him to power, if he had not been i:
nscious that it was in derogation of that in- a
rument which he had sworn to protect and de- ai
nd. John Tyler was au honest man, and he. A
as always ready to defend his private and po- st
ical character against the assaults of the com- a'
on enemy?the Whig party. ^
He alluded to the disgraceful manner in which
' a
e Whigs of Georgetown had treated Dr. Dun- -j
n, after his defeat in 1840, by representing ?
m, on a transparency, laid out, with a bottle un- b
r his head, with the following inscription : f
" After life's fitful fever, Duncan sleeps well " c
ot thank God, (said Mr. Wilson) a political "
snrrection has taken place, and our Whig
* ( t ?
ends will have the pleasure of seeing him in
new beauty and vigor." I
SCRUTATOR, j J(
Correspondence of the, Mailisonlaii. tl
Eaton, O , October 1H, 1843. | -j
Dear Sir: The recent Ohio elections have tcrmi- ; 0
ited as 1 anticipated, and the result would have \ t
ien still more disastrous to the Demccractic party, t
at for tho diversion of Whig strength from their \ n
arty by the Abolition ticket. The defeat of the De- '
iccratic party forms a subject of interesting and protable
speculation. It is at once a striking comment
pon the insolence and proscription of party lea'1 is, j v
nd the virtue and love of principle and jn? ,ce by I ''
ic People. My own regard for the popuf . sag cry !
nd the popular judgment is daily It iraHti.,, at d ; ,
mounts to almost veneration ; and th> hot or: is and i
itriotic action of the Democratic party in the late > c
ecliou is new and gratifying evidence of its high re- j
ird for right and justice.
The singular spectacle was presented of a Demo- p
atic President sustaining Democratic measures, j
ho, by a patriotic and fearless exercise of the veto i |
iwer, had rescued the country from the fearful em- | r
'ace of a great money monster, and established for | f
msclf extraordinary claims upon the gratitude of '
ie nation and the confidence and affection of the ()
'cmocractic party?a follower, admirer, and the j|
ilogist of JcH'erson? submitting to the usages of the t
emorratic party, which his patriotism had saved
om a twenty years war against a United Slates
ank?denounced and vilified by some of the lead- c
is or the Democratic party, who, but a short time ''
^rc, hailed him as the saviour of the country and (>
icuistiuguishcd benefactor of the Democratic party. ,j
es, denounced and vilified, when his Democratic
haracter, principles, and measures exposed him to '
ie ceaseless aud unmeasured abuse and calumnies, .
r the secret and covert opposition of every Federal- ,
t in tho land ! t
Disheartened at this cruel injustice and glaring; in- '
onsislency, the Democratic parly, ever true to priniplts,
refused to obey the unreasonable and mon- \
.rous behests of It aders, and, in disgust, turned away <
om the contest, or fought with sickly courage and '
hated vigor. The contest seemed to them a mere
ontesl for men, and not for the high and eternal
rinciples of Democracy. They saw many of the 1
:aders, loud in professions of their Democracy, and
istinguished in former contests, now exercising a
espolism and proscription as selfish, wicktd, arid unlist,
as ever disgraced tho haughtiest days of Federal
ewer. Not only John Tyler, but every Democrat (
ras brutally assailed that dared to hold office under \
im, no matter, if cradled and nurtured in Dcmocray?no
mailer if every vote he ever cast had been in
ivor of Democracy?no matter if his talents, hiscf- <j
iris, his means, and his influence had all Iiccii devo ?
id to the great cause of Democracy?no matter if he '
as the constant friend of Jefferson, Madison, Mon- .
;?e, Jackson, Van Buren?no matter if he had en- fc
ured Federal persecution, if be had fought for and 1
rith the People in the darkest hours of the trials
nd struggles of the Democratic party?no matter ,
ow humble or how distinguished?yet if he accept c
d office under John Tyler, he was exposed to the *
nathemas or the dictotion and proscription of the '
elf-constituted high priests of Democracy, some of t
fliom, by the way, in days not long gone, were the
itterest revilersof Andrew Jackson and Martin Van I
luren, and the w hole Democratic family.
Look at the facts, the stubborn facts; In Belmont
ounty a larger Democratic vote was cast this fall t
ban was given for (iovcrnor Shannon, the favorite I
f the Belmont Democracy, as lie is of Ohio, and in '
lint Congressional district a heavier Democratic ma- |
nrilv than usual. Now mark, Governor Shannon: j
rhe Gazette, at St. Cluirsville, on able and efficient
democratic p iper, and the Democratic* leaden, did
usticc to John Tyler ; they approved his independent
idhercnce to the Republican faith of his fathers, and
hey were willing to acknowledge his character os o
democrat, and h.s claims upon the National Deinoralic
Convention for admission into it as a candidate
or the Presidency. Justice was done to John Tyler, 1
md the Democracy came from the contest proudh
victorious.
In the Jefferson district, the residence of SenaIm j
Tappan, which is to strongly Democratic, the Dcitio
'.ratic ticket was snrer] by the disunion of n portion
f the Whig strength of the Abolition ticket?" the
I
I
;lurious old CoIuuibtai:a, in which an inerca-? d m
I
I
nadc unusual ctlorts.and being disposfed to gi?f Jo*1" I
l > ! *" credit u? u Democrat av I
hicli otheis wrecked the party. ? **v^"=Wi?w4rJ^P^B
I
iul and uiicun<|U"ruble L> i I
?ij i* arurli . '''SmBHHHB
jura^ing and Jatal major.- y S
li >l.II is lim it d from Ins cm I
I. nls and Ins merits so well entitle him, aud a I
alist returned to ('ungress ill Ins ''' I
aster Eagle, and the abettors of it I
gainst John 'I') ler, arc the responsible arid the
arty. Col. Mediil suffered at the I I
rudent friends.' II they had not succeeded in idea- I
lying his views with theirs, he might HaVd' escaped I
lu the Chilicothu District, where
Lsides, not even his influence and his talents all I
irown in favor of the veterau Democrat, Governor - ' I
.ucas, could save him from the popular sentence. I
lov. hucys is a popular favorite, and under ordinary I
ircumstaneca could have been elected, but in an I
vil moment be announced publicly bis public! fffef- I
rence for Mr. Van lluren, (in opposition, it is said, I
j his private views) and de'eal lb
"'< iand .Mr W.-lh-i and i.thcr Democratic B
andidutes, lie had left that question alone and duim H
ubiio justice to the Administration, he w ould have ij^B
(ten elected. I
In Licking county, tbe Uttwl Democ ! majority I
lectcd by majority of DO!!! Now mark?"The '' I
ponstitutiooalist," a Democratic pape r, was violent JB I
a its abuse of the President, as was the clique that B
ave tone to it, disapproved as was its course by B
rany of the leading Democrats of the country. B
In Knox county, in the same Congressional Dis- B
rict, tne Democratic majority was increased. Now B
lark !?"The Banner," a Democratic paper, did jus- B
ce to Jolm Tyler, and Mr. McNulty, whose talents B
nd merits have secured him a long continued and B
icrcasing influence, in his stump speeches, a< know dgeil
by all to he powerful, not only recognized the
laims of John Ty ler as a Democrat, but constantly
ept in view i>nd directed his whole attention to the
isuc made up between Capt. Tyler and the Whigs
nd their coadjutors, in their attempt to head him,
nd that county saved Mr. Moore from defeat. Mr.
loore has cherished, and, it is believed, does cherish
ill correct and favorable views of the character
ad merits of "Old Veto." Unfortunately he was
iduced, through wrong views of policy, to drag into
ie contest some questions which were irrelevant
nd, in his printed address, animadverted upon the
Yeaty. His public position in relation to the Adlinistration
did him much injury, and he w as saved
y the vote of Knox county, where, by the by, his
riends would not allow his unfortunate addtcss to be
irculatcd at all, but marked it "suppressed domien4.i.v
In the Western Reserve is a Democratic gain, but "V
vidently the result of the abolition diversion.
In Montgomery county, w here some years since
?e Democratic ticket used to prevail, the Whig ma- *
irity is now several hundred. "The Empire" and
ic influence around it.were bitterly hostile to John
'yler, and perpetrated gross injustice against him.
"lie Demociatic Congressional candidate, conspicuus
in his opposition to Mr. Tyler, fell behind his j
icket, a.id the Democratic candidate for Fr< scouting
Attorney, well qualified for the duties of the oflice
nd one of the editors of the "Empire," was defeated
ii a county where several years ago he and the Dcnocratic
candidate fur Congress could have been
lected with much case.
In Cincinnati district, the great Van Buren meeting
Vas held, which lirst put in molhni the Van Hir :<
tall, and where, in the language of one of our most
hie and talented speakers, he had delivered " the
allot Van Buren sp. ech ever made in Cll.m." Th .t
aeeting and that sp' ec.n ny me Auuiiwi ufis?? ??? ?
ntended to open the ca:u| *ign. To that "tall speech"
tur own popular and talented member, Mr W < : r.
eplied, refuting the false positions against the Prcsilent.
. Two candidate* were then before tin Democratic.
larty, for Congressional nomination, Dr. Duncan and
dr. Faran, and at Hiat meeting Mr. Faran, a gentle- <
nan of talents and merit, w a- pl.t fin v. ?rd pr t .. < r.ty,
and Dr. Duncan kept bsft-k, thus marking Mr. Faan
as /A.- t:,p,irile of tlie tallest speech-maker and hi
fiends. This produced some disgust, and contribu- H
rd not a little to Faran's failure. Dr. Duncan was H
ominatcd. Ife had not and did not assail the Presi- H
ent, but was disposed to deal fairly with him. fie H
nvitrd an open and avowed friend of the President H
9 lake the slump for him, and in that canvass fre- H
uent, strong, and complimentary allusion was made H
) John Tylev by U?e friends < f i)r. Duncan. H
in our district Mr. Weller succeeded, by an in- H
reascd majority ; and it is well known what justice, H
nth in and OOt of < ItMgri M hu H
ent. A different course on the part of Mr. Weller, H
opular and strong us he is, would have produced h s H
H
I givo you these facts as subjects of useful and pro- H
itable reflection. If it were desirable, more might H
>e adduced. They furnish their own roinmcnl. H
"icfrssions of Democracy, no (natter how loud, will H
lot avail unless sustained by ronsi'trut practice. In H
his Republic, proscription and abuse will answer H
Lo good i od. AfUr all, simple justice and troth ere H
he great safe-guards of the.greal Democratic faith. Y
Vbandon them, and defeat and adversity are sure to H
>e visited upon us. As long as the Democratic lend rs
will adhere to these, the Demccracy will sustain
hem ; when they desert them, the People will forsake
I he leaders. I have great and increasing confidence.
in popular sagacity, intelligence, and virtue. I used
10 he dispr sod to think the old adage, " the voice of
the People is the voice of God," a vulgar supersli- H
lion; but erorr action of an enlightened
public mind sceins to confirm and sustain the adage.
Tin Ronawci oi MiTtmom - Mr. John M.
latchclder, of Saco, Maine, was recently married
0 Mrs. E. C. Bcardslcy, of New York The New
fork Bulletin, in giving place to the announcement,
ays H
Something like a year and a half ago Mr ihii< hel*
Icr, the groom aforesaid, was united in marriage lo
1 lady whose health was so delicate that they immeIinteiv
set sail for Vern Cruz, in the hope that the
I I I? kkteA.;.l ... I..r Tl.av r...
i-llow passenger* Mm. K Conslanlina Reardslejr, the
irhlc aforesaid who was accompanying tier then liua>and
to Vera Cruz for the improvement of hi* health.
tut fate had ordained a disappointment to both parha,
and Mrs. Hatch elder and Mr. Benrdsley both
vent " the way of all flesh." The bereaved widow- ir,
as soon us propriety would admit, addressed himelf
to the disconsolate widow, and proposed, as a
on sol a turn to their respective ufllictions, that they
hould supply to each other the places of their dear
leparted mates.
Hit Mr. Mrardsley, for some cau?c or other prlahly,?or,
as she is a tremm, perhaps from nocausef |H
-declined the proposal. Rut Mr. Batehclder was
Irtermmed nut to remain in his bereaved state, and
tonsequenlly made love to another lady, with whom
it was more successful, and w ho received him and
off! i o( in? heart arvd hand with .?11 the fas i
:ou)d desire. According to the rules and regulations
' down east," the forthcoming marriage of Mr.
Batcbeider artd his new flame n is duly 1
n the parish church," and all was going on
" Merrily as the marriage hells,"
when, on the Saturday preceding the Tuesday on
which the marriage was published lo take place, Mr.
Batchelder had the happiness to receive from the ielenting
widow Beardsley a letter in which she with- j^fl
drew her declination of his offer of marriage, ami acknowledged
herself ready to make him happy, if lie
\.M r - '? I DM. CI llir nil n niai m* nappinc-i couin mi
influenced hy her. Here was * n ? ?>" indeed, and
one well calculated lo puzzle nl nMI any man. Mow
Mr. /Jalchehler got out of hi? dilemuia is in purl told
i which ha? drawn from us this
tory j the w nlo/4 pait constat* in the interesting fart
iliat lie l.?d to pay the disappointed bride (hat was to
he two thousand one hundred dollars for a breach of
his promise to lit r. A* San* Weller says, " it takes '

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