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The Madisonian. (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1837-1845, October 30, 1843, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015015/1843-10-30/ed-1/seq-2/

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washington city.
jt|" i1 _
monday evening (xrioblr SO, i?4x
in those things which iti khkiitul lit theme
.%. >* 'rv'tit?in non essentials, liberty ; and in all
thing* cm*kir*.?vitigtuhii.
(sjgr^k No dank?a Revenue tahief?no dihtbihution?
jno ablh.itioni.am?a sthict consthuction
Of the CONSTITUTION, as BY Jerfebson?
n* public debt?an economical administhation
Of public affairs?anu universal sue
Hpl*j The store-ship Lexington, now at New York,
wilt 5-ail in a few davs, probably about the 3d
November, for the Mediterranean; and the storeship
Cons>rf, now at Boston, will sail about the
?>lh November fo' tbe Coast ot Africa; and a
store-ship will sail from Norfolk, for Rio, about
the loth November.
This notice is given that the friends of those
in the different squadrons may avail themselves
of it.
It is well known that the condition of the
ft poorer classes of the | opulation, in any part of
Europe, even the freest, is worse in every reBjL
spect than that of our negro slaves. In Great
f Biitain, where more freedom prevails, nominally
at least, than elsewhere in Europe, their
condition is even worse than in Russia,*under
I* ti}e most despotic Government; awl so it must
?vSs.iril^be,wherevera moneyed oligarchy has
sway, no matter by what name the Government
be called, or how free the institutions may be
in theory. It is not the phraseology of a Constitution
or laws which gives liberty or equality,
but the manner in which they are administered 5'
and if wealth influences the administration of
them, the poorer classes must necessarily be reil
nr?o/l In I \\ a r?nnr111 inn r\f t-1o wos ??/! i l>o f/>?
V.V.WM vv .?*V vv/uu 1? lull vi oiaitctj auu U1C UUIVI ~
ness of their slavery in a country of homogeneous
population, is aggravated by the reflec ion
that they are made of the same clay, of the same
hue and fashion, and endowed with the same
feelings and faculties as their more fortunate
oppressors. Nature has done nothing to reconcile
them to their condition, by showing them a
cause and nece-sity for it.
In the thickly settled parts of our non-slave
holding States, the condition of the poorer class
of population is fast assimilating itself to that
of the servile class in Europe. Already they
are but hewers of wood and drawers of water
to their wealthier brethren : they are employed
as menials and lacqueys, and sometimes' even
dressed in livery?wait behind chairs, clean
boot", and polish knives. Every newspaper
teems with evidences of the wretched condition
of this class of the population of both sexes, in
the densely peopled sections of the North. Accounts
of suicide from despair, and even of
death from want, are common ; and of women,
and delicate young girl?,laboring from daybieak
till midnight, for the bare means of sustenance,
grudgingly afforded them as a boon by tbeir |
wealthy neighbors or tyrannical employers. It
is true that in the eyes of the .law they are
free, and on an equality with the highest: and
Mr. Biddle's white valet de chambre, or Mr.
John Quincy Adams' Swiss body-guard, have
as many right*, in theory, as their " bosses."
So in England, the law is open to every man ;
I. ~ ?. II ! ? -?-. -?
uui 11 was weu repneo, inai 11 was open as me
London Tavern was?to those who could pay
for it.
Any man who has stood upon the levee at
New Orleans and been hustled about by the
brawny athletic negroes, wiih their merry faces,
and their loud deep laugh, chattering incessantly,
and with as little of slavery in their mien
and bearing as a Black-Foot of^lhe Saskatchawan,
rnunt have thought to himself that however
lamentable their condition might be in
theory, it agreed most admirably with them in
prac ice. Finer specimens of the physical man,
of the same race, could hardly be found on the
plains of Bambouk, or in the fo ests of Sangara
: and we doubt whether intercourse with the
whites has diminished the mental powers of the
But one who has beheld the uuhappy children
of poverty who infest the wharves of a
populous Northern city, haggard and spiritless,
watching deferentially the countenances of nabob
merchants or dandy clerks and supplicating
their fellow man for "leave to toil," must have
felt his cheek burn, and have thought that abolitionists
might find a w ide field for the exercise
of practical democracy and philanthropy, w ilhout
travelling to the South in search of it.
YVe have been led to these r< flections by accidentally
reading in a Northern print the follow
ing nonce 01 a recent occurrence, wnicn we
venture to asstrt cannot be paralleled by any
tbing in the annals of Southern slavery. We
think it becomes the people among whom such
things can occur, to be a little more moderate in
their invectives against slave-holders, and to
draw a little less frequently upon their imagination
for horrors in the South, when the reality
can furnish them such thrilling scenes of atrocity
at home:
Horrible Atrocitv.?We learn, from tbe Exeter
#, (N. H ) News Letter, that on Tuesday last, 17th instant,
Alfred Hill was arrested on a complaint against
him for the violation and murder of a child not 9
years old, whom, but a few weeks before, he had
takeq from the poor house in Newmarket, fie wns
carried before James H. Chapman, Esq., of Newmarket,
for examination. It appeared in evidence
that the deceased was 8 years old last March, and
was in good health and in the bloom of early youth
when she was taken into the family qf the respondent.
She soon began to fail and falter, and appeared
to be treated with great severity. Hill bad beer
seen to beat her with an ox goad, and her screami
were repeatedly heard by night and by day. She died
on Friday morning, the iWd ult. A post-mortem examination
took place fiom which it was evident thai
the. child had hern hrutallv violated in manner too
horrible to relate, and her body moat cruelly lacerated.
Although there wan no direct evidence against
Hill, the circumstances were so strong against him
that he was committed to jail to await the action ol
the grand jury in February next.?Phil. Chronicle.
A young and delicate girl, perhaps left an
orphan by unfortunate but rrsprctahle parents,
sent to the work-houae, and taken thence to serve
as a menial. A monster ''had been seen <o beat
her with an ox-goad, and her screams were re
pent''illy heard hi/ night and by (layyet nm
one practical philanthropist could be found to
hurry to her rescue, or even appeal to the laws
in her behalf!
II the abolitionists, with all their vigilance,
could find the *li. litc<o h.und.itmn i u f irt upon
which to charge a Southern slave-holder with
the commission of such infernal cruelty, they
would ring the changes upon it for a year, have
prints engraved represen'ing a child upon its
knee-, with its little hands U| lifted, and brute
' ? ? ?
r ?
\ iu humau fyrtu about to beat out its brains wuU M
an ox-goad] and probably a session of the
World'* Convention would be called iu London)
to take the matter into consideration: yet where
white slavery prevails, such occurrences are
hardly a utue day's wonder. * tin
It is in this wretched condition, <xpo>edto !>i
such outrages, that pretended philanthropists ad
and lovers of freedom, wouldjleave fellow being9 '
ot their own race, while they affect a tiypocriucal
zeal for ameliorating the condition4 of negro 80'
slave.-. Their philanthropy, like that of Mr. u,t
John Quincy Adams, is eager to precipitate the
country into the horrors ot a civil and servile
war; their love of freedom would remove the ,
negro from the place to which fate has destined
him, and Nature has admirably tilted him, and
compel the w hile man to fill the void. They
will pet and pamper negroes, as they would par- ')ri
rots or lap dogs, while they would have white *
men, standing behind their chairs, to run at su
their beck and bidding, and shrink from their
frown. They seek, in the name of Freedom, ^
aud even of Religion, to crush the spirit of Democracy,
in order that they may establish and
consolidate an Aristocracy. of
The Globe complains that our reader?, and y
many of the Democratic editors, believe what is t j
said of it in tiie Madisutiian. We asserted the
truth when we said th^yhe Globe was striving
to break down the Democratic p*Ny. Its con ^
tinued a-suults on the Administration -an Ad- irj
ministration Democratic in professions, in prac- ai
lice, and in purpose?and its prolonged refusal ^
to aim a single blow ut the common enemy ; its
dogged silence in reference to the haughty pretensions
of Mr. Clay, the acknowledged chainpion
of Federal Whiggery ; the pertinacity ^
of its attacks on all good and true Democrats
who accept'office from President Tyler; its
abuse of every distinguished member of the par- gti
... ?i--.l l~?.,nr EMilnr .
ly, wucuifi uvu^icasiuauj ^w.muw.j ? 7 ^
who espousts the can e of Mr. Tyler against ^
the Whigs?terming them "renegades" and nj(
" apostates;" in short its resolution, openly pro- ,h
claimed some time since, to " riJe over rough- ^
shod" and " drag to the slake" every Republi- ^
can who would not submit unconditionally to se
its arrogant dicta'ion, irresistibly produced the
conviction in our mind that Mr. Blair, having ^
made his fortune, was determined, before retiring
from the political field, to raise the old
' eri
Harry. fo.
Instead of "many Democratic editois," ^
would that all Democrats had believed us in ^
time to prevent the difficulties likely to be produced
by the intolerant course of the Glole.?
And why have they not all believed us? Has ^
not the Globe been rather courting than assatltiv
ing the common enemy for more than twelve
l r, n ' ( i 110
mouths? By waat stratagem, nay, by what ^
possibility, was the great Democrat.c party to
be bentfited, and theenemy injured, by abstaining
from attacks on the Whigs, aud by directing
hostile operations against an Adininistratiou
at war with Ike Whigs? We could see
nothing in such, a policy calculated to secure the >n
election of a Democratic President in 1844.?
And yet some of the Democratic editors, although
they could not see the advantages likely ^
to result from such a course, yet seemed to lack
the nerve to oppose it, or even to request an explanalion
of its object. Fur twelve years the
Globe had been in the habit of commauding, and a(
always with an Administration at its back to en- *(
force its orders. This habit had become a second CC
uature ; and when the sceptre had departed, its ,n
edicts still continued to be issued : and we have |n
been pained to see, in a few iustances, that the ^
habit of obeying had become a second nature,
too. Some half dozen journals have blindly followed
the Globe, without ever thinking, as we
have the charity to believe, it intended, in the
end, to raise the old Harry.
Now (he Globe i* throwing off the mask, and
we doubt not all the presses which have been
led astray, will come back again to the Demo- ^
cratic fold. The last abusive letter of Mr. Clay
was copied into the Globe of Saturday, and was
made the text for two columns of editorial asI
sault on President Tyler, for vetoing Mr. ?
Clay's Hank bill. The Globe now boldly joins
Mr. Clay in assailing the Democratic party. Is
this not raising the old Harry ?
The old " HARRY OF THE WEST" is
perhaps, the Globe's first choice for the Presiden- ^
cy. Mr. Blair resolved to raise the old Harry in
1844, as soon as it became apparent that his
old friend and connexion by marriage" would
be the candidate of the Whizs. How could it
be otherwise? Look at it. The blot in our political
history (which time can never efface) produced
by the ' bargain and sale" between Adams and j
Clay, and consummated by Mr. Blair, must,
of necessity, be held up to the People of the
United States by every Democratic press in the 81
Union, as a reason why an impassable gulf ^
should be placed between Mr. Clay and the '
Presidency. Can Mr. BLAIR denounce Mr.Clay "
for THAT disgraceful act ? Can the Globe lead
the assault against the Whig candidate for having ^
formed a corrnpt and debasing coalition with
the ' puritan of the North," when It is proven
on oath by a Kentucky Senator that its editor '
.vas the pander who paved the way for the unliolv
alliance ? Npver?Mr. Rlair cannot rtarc I '
not, assail Mr. Clay ; nor could (he Democratic
f presses generally as-ail him, if the Globe were *
the acknowledged organ of the party?which it n
i . _ . Si
I ,snot- _ p
There is an article in (he Richmond Enquirer (|
i of Friday which seems to us to be not a little (>
1 singular. An "Anti-Wise Man of Wise's Dis- ^
trict," undertakes to catechise Mr. If ite ami
t Mr. John Tyler for not having appointed Dr.
1 Mallory Minister to Constantinople. We have
t gr. at curiosity to know of Mr. Ritchie who is p
i the author of this extraordinary comrnunica- tl
tion, proceeding from an avowed enemy of Mr. '?
Wise, and, we presume, of Mr. John Tyler, and n
certainly no grpat friend of Doctor Mallory. <
Doctor Mallory, we do not doubt, as fully dis- ?
countenances the officiuusness of this interined- *
dlvr in his private a Hairs as any other person.
We have reason to know that Mr. Wise is the a
firm, unshaken and true friend of Dr. Mallory, h
and that nothing which f iendship could require *'
has been left undone by him. We are also *
equally well informed of (he high estimation in a
which the President holds I)r. Mallory. If "
the appointment to Constantinople has not bten
given to the Doctor, it has been for reasons k
which we doubt not would be fully satisfactory ^
to the Doctor. What right an "Anti*Wiae ?
M,in" hat to interfere in the matter, we shall la
better know when his name shall be given. c,
jy # ,~Wi* * *. ? - *\ " >;*?dEX
fun *t H ? ?.!? Po?T OCHCK,
October SITtb, 1843 ?mt
Sir : The mail 09 roufc 1J01, Pliila^cl^lua (ujia.1 cka
nore, due at this oflkept ti a m , arrive^ to tlay hfj flj ! 1
t in., falipt tMpnnii wub route No. J301, I'bil- ^ ,
Ijihia, to New Jtrunsi ick, New Jar; ?)'*? Cr rtU!l
A violent f.do which! prevailed thN toortijug ut oinr
out 3 o'clock, iupjeini the Caj.iam to \ o ld to thu v uU
icitationsof the pusM;age? to wait until the abate- '.'j
slit of the storin, is sakt to be the cau&a of the de- l iuc
r. .,.1 f KS
Very re?nt? tfiillt "T"l f that
J . , i ! the t
Your tubed ieut servant,
Ta the Tuiko Assistant '* t J earn
Postmaster lnfrtf'r<i{. i y"(l
j?a?i?~?- ? ??L? ? - iiici
The comi'letejcook, by j. m. Sanderson? dfua
ee 25 cents, This is certain^ a most vulu ( ^
le book fl^r housewives, ;uid hps* .ttids who de ,C4.,
e to see-their tables in u complete order," pret
ould put it in their hands. It mat be had of cia<
' 1 part
r. Franek Taylor, of this city peu,
m$naT~~' "*~T- ~ir i how
kjk'tlie madirionun. aclt
Mr. Jones: Having been reared in the school pro]
Jetfersoniau Democracy, arid ever been a C0Hl
. rats
m supporter of the doctrines ol that pure pu- oug
ot, as we|l as the administrations of Jackson, v;cl
an Lluren and Tyler, Oshall exercise the
ghj to think and judge for myself ai the choice1
candidate for the next Presidency, in spite
the dictatiotrof Mr. Blair and his conniving ij:a)
ics. In so doing, I hut exercise those rights ITci
tarantied by the Constitution to the People, Ul?
id alway ^ccedute* hy'^he Democratic party, awa
en should the immaculate Globe bestow its tyt
ilitical venom oti my devoted head, and read 810.1
is, t
e ' out of the party" as it has at tempted to do Con
ith many old Jeft'ersonians who were engaged side
tiling in the cause of Democracy when Mr.
air was the friend and champion of Mr. Clay, fore
The Globe, for the last eighteen months, in- "ia"
jad of supporting the Democratic cause which
professes to advocate, by argument and truth, then
e weapons of Democracy, lias been assailing cont
>sl of the prominent men of the party, because nelir
ey would not bow in humble submission to popi
e dictator's will?men wiio have always been ^
te to their tiusts?many of them old and tried
rvants?men who have grown grey in the ser ject
;e of their countiy?and who have spent their
ents and fortunes for the cause, while F. P. ltie|
air hiu been riauino- tin* snniU nf the Gov- evei
snrent printing. The journal which has been a,lU
<tereJ and nourished by the Democratic party ant[
im its commencement?a journal which was lan
e acknowledged organ of the party?has been
gaged in a relentless warfare on its henefac- lect
s, in rending asunder the ties that bound ot t
?m together, by imputing to them base moes
and sinister objects?in arraying one sec- den
n of the ci untry against anothei?in sowing 1'
i seeds of discord?indeed, in a word, in be- Uj( ,
>wtng its anathemas upon all who did not led<
ink with its editor and yield tin ir preferences
advance bis particular interests. Witness t(ie
e many chaste and classic epithets indulged fi
by Mr. Blair in sp aking of President Tyler Pj?
id the prominent men of his Administration?
llingsgate which has always characterized the to t
ederal press since the days of Alexander
Hamilton?the father of the principles?if any toei
ley have?now advocated by the Clay-whigs. kno
The Globe has, until the last few months, ^
lvocated the doctrine of 11 union, harmony, and
iIf-deniat, concession,? every thing for the Jusl
vise, nothing for men." Has not Mr. Blair,
stead of carrying out that Democratic senti- ^
ent, for which he pretended to battle, been ~ ^
isiiy engaged in advocating the reverse?
rhere are the concessions which he formeily p
vised his readers to make ? Where bis efforts s!ll
"union and harmony ?" Where uts ' ' self- wo,
nialV' Out upon such sycophancy. Has
i not driven?ay, driven, some of the best De- I
ocrats from the party by his low and dirty 20t
saults ? In line, has not the Globe, for the mis
it eighteen months, been an open enemy to pl?
i attempts by the Democracy at union" and <-io
rr int /alinn 7 TKp oKiikp if Kfie fiPnnpH 1*101
- - ? "v-rM .
ion President Tyler, instead of having the ofct
intended, will recoil upon its own head.? m '
as not Mr. Tyler proven himself worthy of
e confidence of the People by his manly firm- i(a
ss in vetoing Mr. Clay's two Bank bills, and
ereby saving the country from ihe curse of a ?
ooeyed aristocracy ? ^ Mr. Tyler has ever
en tbe avowed enemy of the Banking power, ^1,
well as a consistent statesman. Let those int<
ho doubt it, consult his speeches delivered Uo1
hile in the Legislature of his native State, and _
hen in the Senate of the United Stales. The of
inciplcs which are advocated by the De- pa|
ocratic party are the same which Mr. Tyler fn,(
., . j lef1
is so nobly sustained. j,y
The refusal of the Globe to abide by the deci- car
on of theNatioual Convention?its dictatorial tor
>ur?e of conduct?and its delight in creating e(j
ssensions and wrangling in the Democratic g<>j
nk?, have clearly proven that its editor was err
oi worthy to be trusted with the mantle of car
i l<- III.- I. I . 1 1 III*
'cmucracy. urn. i^yaii s iieianous cvnuuci nan ?
rawn down upon him (he scorn and contempt
F the leading Democratic presses in the coun- ^ 1
y. Thev have clearly proven him unworthy ^
?e name of Republican, and have successfully, ,fn
v proof, as strung as holy writ, " read him t?ut >n(
f ihejiarly." From all appearances, it uould ed
rem that the Globe and Clay presses are about tW(
tinning in raftnol,n. (at we Western folks rer
ay,) for the Congressional printing. With F. Yu
Blair, the ruling passion is self-interest. He of
as proven, by his unprincipled manoeuvres, p?
hat, to gain his s< iRsh ends, he would ?acri6ce p"
ilher the political or private character of the
est man in the nation. Yu
A Western Editor.
~~tj . sin
The Alexandria Ga/.ette says, " Many of the news- l|f>
O rutra n p? n/imi.lninin? n f n i./l >/\m ik f lli/irrt itKlloinrr
r-|rri- t / 111 j /1 a 111 111 g ul, ?iiu "v'iii<7 l/l s.iis-.iji ouu-i' ^ ^ ^
rte Postmaster General for endeavoring to cause the ^
ne to be enforced in regard to the transmission of
e wspapers out of the regular mail. The Postmaster ^
ieneral is right, whatever interested persons may an
ay to the contrary. He only does his duty, and for .
o doing he i ught to be commended and sustained."
The Funeral or Com. Cl ax ton took place to-day ml
t one o'clock, in Baltimore. He was at the time of
is death, in June, 1841, commander of the Pacific
quadron, and was buried at Valparaiso; but his body da
ras disinterred under the direction of Government, r(>'
nd conveyed to the place of his nativity fl# inter- g"
Courageous Women?A black man having bro- gn
en into the house of two young ladies, named
rnith, residing in Brooklyn, was caught in the act,
rid grappled by one sister, while the other held a ]
imp during the struggle. After a fight, the fellow I vei
leaped. lbs
wMr* \ mfjf. I
Register jijf |
he I'ltiladelphm American ?fetePt'QSl ol the 3d jJO,
I ! .* 1.0 j.osit.tot), III our Opinion,
rer, thanflhat no candidal ot tho democratic nu
i...s?i. ..... iKit,, i -, i, ,
>J ' > -1
list the will 0( President Tyl^r and his friends. .
o>i< ? shall in- the I n sciential i a- iidalc, will T
it ail the vol- that Mi V. u Hum; i; id in lt>4U, lid
i'y mom. The candidate will require the whole 1 ker
; Of the party, it is right that this matter should uuj
poked to in advance. It i- true, we ari-jipld, by j
gentlemen who lire pushitig Messrs Van Buren, *
hanan, Calhoun, Johnson, and Class, that they can 1 set
lifUy carry. IT they hoi lid poll no no-re votti
Mi Van Buren did in lb-JO, we would nut think
r success certain. {p. our opinion, it would bo tioi
iiII work, the whole way, to attempt to electa cru
iiaate, not warmly supported by the President
his friends all over tho Union. It isourjudg f ?
it that Mr. Ty ler ought Jo be the democratic can- iur;
de in 1844. nie
i ithuul stopping to cast any difficulties in the way ,
lie other geiitleuieii named by tho democracy, it
ua lo be an aet ol great injustice, to pass by the alii
>ent wburubent, who so recently Jilted the deino yj
y up lo its present prosperous condition. The
.y prior to the vetoes ol President Tyler, was sunk N
uulh the juggernaut . wheals of the Whigs lie, ct r
ever raised it, as if by a magic wand. Indeed he ^
id tin part of the true magician, and it is now
posed that he should liead "the party" in the wa
nng contest for the Presidency. Surely one who wa
I'd it from the mire and day in which it was stalled
ht in all justice, to be permitted to lead it on to
"ory. What other mode is thereof doing Mr. Gr
t-r justice?^ V?e know of none. Distinguished m(J
he other candidates are, there is no one who can
in to have done, so much, by a bravery and hero- r 1
unsurpassed lor the party, us President Tyler. l>u
one of the other candidates vetoed a United j)(
os Bank. In this particular, General Jackson and
sideiit Tyler, stund on the same level. Ami as
democracy awarded a re-election to General Jack tru
foi his -T%to, ought they not now to make the same
rd iti the shape of a /(nomination to President
Pr' Thei? ntu/Uutr riftrnflb-'ilffiy tl?e nomination tin
ild not be given to any other candidate, u.,d that ,
bat the nominee of the Democratic National
verition will run upon "the Bank question.'' Pre- ''u
nt Tyler is just Uie man who should run on this ho]
iientous issue. He raised it, and the whigs deuced
hiin for it. Why should he not be put be
me j/cupio uu mis, flu vwn, qucmuur juauucuuds
that he who sows should gather in the harvest 1
one should be permitted to wear Mr. Tyler's
s of triumph, when Mr. Tyler is able to wear
11 so victoriously through the coming Presidential r
est, himself. His di-t nguished competitors are ny,
mown, and well esteemed in their immediate ful
hborhood, but none of them have that universal ittg
ularity among the people that President Tyler has. ch<
or is this a matter of mere assertion, for the elf<
)f is at hand. We all remember, that when the Oli
ent Chief Magistrate of the nation, sent his ob- poi
ions against the Clay Bank bills to Congress, with wo
it hearty applause his vetoes were greeted by the the
loeracy all over the country. It was not here and for
e that the huzzas of the party were heard, but ths
ry where, on high ways and by ways, on the lakes est
rivers, in the cities, towns, and hamlets. In eve- in
100k and corder of the republic, cheers to Tyler tio
his vetoes were heard. Thus we see his popu- wh
ty with the party has been every where tested, acl
nomination it will thus be seen, would meet with nit
enthusiastic approbation of the people. In se- cai
ing a candidate for the Presidency, it is a matter pr;
he deepest concern, that we should name one Irl
l is well known to the people, and about whom to
re can be no doubt as to his popularity with the co
locratic family of the republic. ar'
a our judgment, President Tyler is that man, and cia
base our opinion upon the universal thanks sent As
to him by the democracy in every part of the con- cit
sracy, when he destroyed the Bank schemes of ihe ex
gs by annihilating them with his veto thunderi
which the Constitution so judiciously vested in im
Chief Magistrate of the nation.
l man runs best for a public station with the peowhose
deeds are so eminently conspicuous, that C11
) stand out in bold relief upon the popular mind. Jfi
is, if it be asked, what has President Tyler done s'?
intitle him to a nomination to the Presidency, we rei
e the same ready answer that was given when As
neral Jackson run a second time, viz :?"He ve- Pr
i the United States Bank"?and this deed is not
iwn to a few, but to every man, woman and child
he nation. General Jackson was re-elected triphantly
upon his veto, and the democratic rank
I hie, are anxiously waiting to render the same j
Lice to John Tyler.
<aukch of the Portsmouth ?On Monday, the
, this splendid vessel (being one of the largest of
class of sloops of war) was launched from the
cious new ship house, into the Piscataqua, at
tsmouth, accompanied with a salute of 13 guns.
: is a rare beauty, and a'fine specimen of the SI
rkmanship of our mechanics, says the Gazette.
mfortant from Mexico.?The N. O. Bee of the
h inst, says :?We alluded some days since to a
understanding which had arisen between the di- tio
matic agents of Great Britain and the Mexican to
vernment: but had not deemed it a subiect of se- fm
js consequence, until yesterday, when we were ir>(
dly allowed to copy an extract of a letter rcccircd th<
.his city, dated Mexico, September'29th, and for- wl
rded via Havana, by the British steam ship St- mi
n. It communicates the following intelligence of pr
rtling import: br
Mexico, Sept. 39th, 1843. lu
P. 3.?We regret to inform you that from some to
lunderctat.ding which has arisen between H. B.
Mission and the Government, Mr. Doyle, H. 11. ?P
s Charge d'Affaires, has suspended all diplomatic lb
ercourse with Mexico, until he receives instructs
from his Government" bl,
jAte raom Mexico and Havana?By the arrival
the brig Kurolas, from Havana, the New York ?1'
>er? have/lates from Vera Cruz to the 26th ult.,
1 Havana to the 12lh inst. By a gentleman who
t Vera Cruz on the 26th, they learn that an unhapoccurrence
had taken place on board the Amcrii
ship New York at Vera Cruz. The captain, by ^
ne accident or otherwise, had shot one of his mer. nu
ned William Hollv, for which he had been arrest- ra
by the American Consul. The aflair was under- J.e
ng an investigation before the Consul.
Phey have alto tome late enactments by the Gov- cr
iment of Mexico, affecting the interests of Ameri- t,r
i merchants in a great degree, and decidedly in
i face of late treaties.
* * Pi
F"rom Yucatan.?The brie hmoressario arrived at
w - r~
w Orleans on the 19th, bring* news from Caropea th
1 to the 10th inat. The Commissioners sent to Me*for
the purpose of entering into a treaty of peace t-(
i amity with that Government, had not yet return- m
It was thought that .another war between the ah
0 countries would be inevitable, as quite a belige- w'
it feeling had begun to manifest itself among the l)(
catecoes, In consequence of the tardy movements Nj
the Mexican Government in relation to the pro- h)
>sed treaty?which had been increased by a late Pr
>clatna(ion from the Mexican Government, closing pr
1 port of Laguna against all vessels belonging to to
icatan. Ei
? cc
A Caption to Tbaksportation Companies.?In a
t for damages against the Champlain Transportsn
CHyupany, in Washington county, N. Y., last w
:ek, caused by the sparks from one of their steam- le
ats setting fire to C. it W. W. Cook's ssw mill, a &
rdict was given for $7,485. The plaintiff* alleged ^
it the accident was owing to a want of proper care (;
d attention on the part of those who had the boat th
charge, and that the catastrophe might have been M
oided by lessening the fires, or keeping further out ^
.0 the channel?and so thought the jury. sf
- - Ir
Marshal Bertrand arrived in New York on Thura- ! '
y and was received with every demonstration of
ipect by the Mayor and Councils and the citizens (
SB th
Pardoned.?The Hon. Charles F. Mitchell, forger
d ex-member of Congress, has been pardoned by
>vernor Bouok, of New York. m
[t is said that there are already thirty-six steam g|
<sels in this country nnd in Canada, propelled bj p:
i Erricson Propeller. 11
)n Mouday last thi members ol the State jjgj
gislature begaiyo.pom luta oUr cityt with a
it of then evHaiitueuu f^r uflic.e.
ch an elbowing we lm\v seldom seen.
Jo Tuesday, the towh was alive stran- woi
, from every. i> irt of lie Stair, ll'ojh House's ".er
an tied at 3 o'clock ami appointed their Speasi'Ch'.ks^
and DoOikeepcrs,'"aVd adjourned G
il Wednesday morning. the
Jn Wednesday the Governor's message was
it in and a number of-pcuityns, principally of J
the subject of ihe revi tot* of the cpmtiiu-.; jtct
i. Tin Mibjrci of ihc ajipoittiim-nrjif Guy
ior seemed to abst^b all other^consideratious, the.
i<4'ialiy vvheti out of the Hotise, anu the
^e number of candidates made much excite 7
nt among thtfir dill' rent frieuds. ^a,]
L'he result of the whole mutter, hoxvever, wa-, liin!
er u tedious balloting until eleven o'clock, P. Jris
. If p
, on last gyening, thai Mr. Haines, of Sus- *
, received a majority over Mr. Green, ul'Mer- jng
. The voleijtooij at halt past IU o'clock?23 ton
Haines, 22 lor Gieen, 1 for a candidate that ^
s withdrawn, and I blank. The next vote the
s IJaiues 27. Green 20. ilii v * I"e
f || ^
Jur favorite candidate for the otlice was Mr. lni
ren, and we believe he, woul 1 have done ?
ire at this time to promote the harmony of the
inocratic party than any other individual. nat
t wo bow to the decision of the hgitimnte not
unociatic Tribunal, and shall sustain Mr.
noes with true .Democratic sinceiily. and rae
th. "lo
Of the means and combinations used to effect tj
i defeat of Mr. Green, we will hereafter speak nve
he bargains?the intrigues?the blunders, and Wl
diliberate falsehoods. Let not the guilty J
pe to escape exposure.? Trenton Emporium- " f
_! pei
I'he Irish Repeal Association of the City of Alba- nic
, the Capital of the State of New York, respect- the
ly invoke your co-operation in the project of hold- oil
; simultaneous meetinus throughout the world for the
soring onward the Irish Patriots in their glorious cor
arts to sever the bonds of tyranny by restoring to da;
d Ireland her ancient Parliament. The plan pro- Irir
sed for concentrating public opinion throughout the the
>rld in sustenance of ' Ireland and the Irish" against ma
s tyranny of the British Government, is shadowed for
th in the accompanying proceedings. It is hoped sw
it these proceedings will be submitled to the carlimeetings
of the Repeal and other Irish Societies of
eveiy city and tov/n through all the States and Na- be
ns to which copies may be sent. The society to to
iom this Appeal is addressed, will, it is hoped, take thi
.ion immediately upon it?such action as the dig- the
y and emergency of the cause may require,? am
jsing these proceedings to be published wherever Nit
icticable in some of the newspapers friendly to cai
sh freedom, for the purpose of reaching thousands me
whom information cannot otherwise be readily ?y
nveyed. Copies of the responses to this Appeal, P?1
e requested to be sent to the Irish National Asso- pei
ition of Dublin, and to the Albany Irish Repeal tur
sociation from which the Appeal emanates. In
ies or towns where there are no Irish Societies in for
islence, it is tioped that some of the Irish and other as
lends of Freedom will consider the expediency of the
mediately forming associations to co-operate in the of
jrious cause. th<
Hoping to be favored with an early answer to this J1"
cular, and also to hear a hearty response from the i'h
ish Societies in all parts of the world, the under- mi
;ned respectfully subscribe themselves as a Coriponding
Committee of the Albany Irish Repeal s'o
isociatiun for promoting the object of the anuexed f?'
oceedings of that society, ff-1
Yours in the cause of Liberty and Justice, * op
A i mwT Ortnlwp Qi Ifti'i by
- 1 " ? - "
___ ne;
At a meeting of the Albany Irish Repeal Associa- ln
n, on the 23d of October, 1843, when called upon ^
address the assemblage pursuant to request of a SOi
:mcr meeting, Henry O'Reilly offered the follow- rig
; preamble and resolutions as embodying some of ^
8 views which influenced his own opinions, and t|1(
iich he believed had influenced the actions of Itish- in<
Bn and the friends of Ireland generally, under the As
cser.t circumstances of Irish afTairs. After some
ief remarks from Mr. O'R. the preamble and reso- |rj
lions wi re read, unanimously adopted, and ordered thi
be published, for Hie purpose of inviting the co- ve
icration of the friends of freedom in all quarters of
eWorld: ^
1. IVhere as the people of Ireland are now peacea- Hi
y asserting their right to a restoration of their an- Ja
ent Parliament by urging a repeal of the iniquitous W
Act of Uuion," as a consummation of the arduous be
ruggle for the political franchises to which they are mi
dividually and nationally entitled under that Magna
larla of human rights stamped not with the seal of fr<
oyalty but with the signet of the Almighty God. ey
2 And whereas the " agitation" of this important <h
lestion is marked by circuinsiances of an extraordi- in
ry character?circumstances developing an unpaI
If led self-command in the millions of oppressed
t temperate Irishmen, and evincing admirable conitency
and perseverance in their indomitable lead?a
leader who is now fearlessly asserting the sen
Dents which he proclaimed nearly half a century
;o in denouncing thai aggressive policy whereby ^()
e Parliamentary independence of Ireland was merg-' ^-(
undet the accursed " Union" with the British ,
irliiment in 1800?a "Union" effected contrary to
pular rights and patriotic sentiment?effected by
e combined influences of corruption and violence ^ 1
iring the memorable Irish " Reign of Terror." '.o,
3 Jlnd whertat, the people of Irish origin, dena- (,.(|
nalizcd chiefly through the pernicious influence of f)^
isgoveriiment in their native land, and scattered j
road as exiles through all countries of the civilized ,
orld, cannot remain unconcerned spectators of the * \
ruggle for Irish rights, nor refrain from testifying .
eirsympathy with the gallant patriots of Ireland? ''
mpathy that has already been signally manifested
r the alacrity with which opinions have been cx ess.d
and money contributed to sustain the Irish
illions, firstly in their requirement for Catholic an
nanci, ation, and latterly in their demand for a res- ccl
ration of the Irish Parliament independent of the
nglish, as that Parliament formerly existed under a
immon British sovereign : de
4. .Ind whereat, It is understood that the Irish na-'
an, actuated by the sentiment that "Ireland can
st be governed in Ireland," will shortly be blest
ilh the patriotic counsels of an informal domestic
gislature, in the shape of a " National Preservative
acicly," to he organized in uie man capiiaiwncn nn
rer those " three hundred gentlemen" shall " acci- hr
into 11 j assemble, some fine morning, in College nn
reen"?ansemhl ng thus informally so as not to break ye
ie British laws against " illegal combinations,"?av
mbling for the patriotic purpose of devising tnea- N<
ires to repel oppression and govern the people by mi
oral suasion?thus promoting justice, while pre- fu
xving peare among the Irish without troubling tei
ish law-makers or magistrates, until the Irish Par- *'t
anient shall be publicly and solemnly re established Sc
i it formerly exis'.ed, and as local legislatures now re
list in nearly all the countries and provinces com- th
Ming the British empire throughout the world : pr
5. .Ind whereat, The spectacle now exhibited by lif
ie Irish nation is one of the noblest presented in the an
istory of mankind?a People depressed for centu- th
es through political tyranny ami sectarian intole- rc
inrr, backed by British bayonets, rising vow ninf.
ii.move strong, rising not merely to break the an
tains of slavery, but to accomplish the still more en
orious task of conquering their own appetites and pr
issions?practising temperance in their social hah- to
i, preserving peace towards their rulers and among to
r--r n ?
tusfllves, and avoiding litigation by settling their
wttyp^iibly ill ^j^tviiK*1Courts, rerusitly organ
! a* substitutes fqr Uie 'governuient tribunals?
iding l^luqdshed and violence, and sacredly proing
uidiVJnuui l ights while j,i. ..iiijing their na^^j^mHpKffiHmibltically
proving to tin
Id their capacity |"or self-government, in a ma entitling
them to rorfk among tin j.i. , n-i iw ?
is of the earth?" redeemed, regenerated, discn|U?mL"
And wlureas, The spectacle thus" presented by
Irish Nation is one that appeals to the holiest syuiwilh
thefoar of Cannon, hut with the solemnity
Hitrht iri/i iVlorat 'Iiiil It :tiul i'teiiml Jus
>?appealing not merely tp the occupants of tlie
h soil nor to the Irirhmen scattered in exile through
aign climes, but claiming ttoe admiration of philunopista'
wherever the Right* and Dignity of the Huii
Hum ui i prop' 11) appreciated in all quarters
the globe :
. ' lit, ii ihtrefurt Itesolved, As the sense of the A1iy
Irish Repeat Association, That eveBts and cirnstasces
thus remarkable in the History of Man<i
are worthy of univnsal commemoration among
hmen, wherever resident, in foreign lands or on
ir native soi'?circumstances worthy of far higher
i'?r than victories of the battle held " immortaliz- *
" some lucky commanders at the expense ofhecaibs
of their fellow-men- inasmuch as, in the lanige
of the illuslfipus Jefferson, " the care of hu-.
n life and happiness, and not their destruction, is
first and only legitimate object of good governnt,"
in preference to tethe trophic* obtained by
biootl-sl iified sword or the tattered flags of the
ted field."
! Jftid be it farther resolved, Tiiat, animated with
se sentiments, the said Association hereby recomnd
to Irishmen and 'he Friends of Ireland in all
ions of the world, to set apart one day for solemn
nmcmoratiort of events and circumstances thus
mo able in the progress of mankind; and that the
t ff'id esday tn Janmnj next he the day recomnded
lor the purpose of holding simultaneous meet<1
?f tlie Keneul nhd oilier Triah Koeieliea in every
d where there are Irish hearts that sympathize in
i sufferings and re elit. the wrongs of Ireland?
ctings In which doqbtles^ the People of Ireland
II cordially concur by assembling on that day in
sry Parish of their native Kingdom?especially as / , w
is hoped that the day aforesaid will furnish that )
inc morning" on which those " three hundred Healers"
will " accidentally assemble" in the shape of
1 National Preservative Society," as ipmporaiy
astitute for the ancient Irish Parliament. i
). And be it also resolved, That in addition to Adisses
on the History and Prospects of that longpressed
country, and to the interchange of opiins
and congratulations on the cheering aspect of
s cause of Humanity in Ireland, the day should be ?
terwise spent in considering means for promoting
! welfare of " Ireland and the Irish"?and that
itributions should be made and forwarded on that
1 from all quarters of the world to the " Loyal
>h National Repeal Association," togethSV with
i names of all Irishmen and friends of Ireland who
y unite in this Universal Testimonial of sympathy
the sufferings of the Irish Nation under British \
And be it further resolved, That, for the purpose
promoting this great object, a committee of seven
appointed to enclose copies of these proceedings
the various Repeal and other Irish Societies on
s Continent and in other lands?in the hope that
i proposed simultaneous movement of Irishmen
[1 friends of Irishmen in concentrating public ori>n
(and opinion is in these days more powerful than
anon) against the tyranny of the British Governut,
will have the salutary effect of rebuking tyran- *
everywhere, while chceriug onward the gallant
Iriots in Ireland who are contending fearlessly, yet
iceably, for the rights with which the God of nae
has endowed mankind. i
11. Resolved, also, That to aid in arranging matters
the projected " Simultaneous Meetings," so far
the assemblage of this Association is concerned on *
s proposed day of celebration, another committee
seven be appointed to invite speakers from among
5 prominent men of Ibis Republic, and to offer gold
:dals for the best Patriotic Ode and National Song
jstrative of the events which this universal cere- *
iniai is designed to commemorate.
12. And be it further resolv d, That in these expres- *lK'
ns of sympathy and assistance peaceably rendered ^
* peaceable purposes, (as we rely, and believe the
ipealers in Ireland also rely, upon the influence of
inion rather than upon steol and gunpowder,) we
not consider ourselves violating any dictate of
mmon justice or international law; for we send *
ither arms nor armed men to revolutionize Ireland, '
iturh hnth u ere sent from Gre.nl ttritnin tn South ?
?O" ? A H
nerica under Devereux and other leaders to aid in H
rolutionizing the colonies of a kingdom with which H
t British Government was professedly at peace? H
tile that Government is also directly or indirectly *
erfering, as she has for centuries been interfering,
secret corruption or open force, with the affairs of
arly every country, whether civilized or barbarous,
the face of the globe: and certainly no American,
to appreciates the service rendered by foreigners in
tiieving American Independence, and whorecollecU
: aid in men and arms and money sent from the i
tited States to succor the Patriots in Greece and
xas and other countries struggling for freedom, {
II condemn the free expression of opinion and conbution
of money from Irishnen in America toirds
the constitutional and peaceful purposes of the fy
pressed Irish nation?a nation which furnished * ? IH
:ne of the noblest volunteers in asserting American
;hts against4he former tyranny of England.
13. Andbt it resolotd, in conclusion, As further evinee
of the " sympathy" felt in this quarter, that
e sum of four hundred dollars collected at this
etii g be sent to the Loyal Irish National Repeal
isociation?which, with the sums .sent previously
thin the last four months, makes a total of eleven
ndred and fifty dollars forwarded by the Albany j, |H
sh Repeal Association " since intelligence reached
b American shores concerning Peel's threatened ,
ngeariee against the champions of Irish Freedom." A
The Chairman appointed the following Committee
Correspondence, "under the 10th resolution:?- -?
snry O'Reilly, Matthew Jordan, John T. Gough,
mes Maher, Edward Bulger, Peter Cagger, and
illiam Wall: and on motion of one of the memrs,
Thomas Gough and John Traccy-svere added? H|
iking a committee of nine instead of seven.
The meeting, sfter some spirit stirring remarks
on Col. Hrophy of Orange county, and Mr. Hick- flfl
of Albany, then adjourned, after three hearty
eers for Ireland, CConnel, and " the land we live
JOHN TRACEY, Chairman. H
Matthew Jordan, Recording Secretary. Hi
Three Slates have yet 16 hold their regular elec- rl
>ns. Michigan for Governor, three members of aB
>ngress, and members of the Legislature on the 9lh |H
ivember; Mississippi for Governor, four members
Congress, and members of the Legislature, on the
l and 7lh November ; Massachusetts for Governor,
mbers of the Legislature, and four Representatives a!
Congress to fill vacancies in the delegation, on the
in ; Maine lor lire members ol Congress, to fill vancias
in the delegation on the 13th ; and Vermont
the 14th for a member of Congress in the second y
inch There is also a vacancy in the Georgia deleLion,
occasioned by the death of Col. J ohm Millkm.
The election for members of the Legislature lakes
ice in New York on Tuesday the 7th ot Noreniln r.
The U. 8. ship Macedonian, Commander Perry,
d the U. 8. sloop-of-war Saratoga, were at St Vin- (
nt, on the 10th instant.
Snow fell iri Vermont on the 22J instant to the
plh of eight inches. It had not disappeared on the
th instant.
At Ononcock, Accomac county, Va., on the crbig
of Saturday the 15th instant, from congestive
.iin ferer, IIf.nrt Pearce, eldest son of Gideon
d Kliza Pearce,*of Georgetown, D. C., aged 23
In August, 1841, the deceased graduated at the
arwick University, Vermont, and in addition to the
trit of having received the regular diploma, was
rther distinguished by a spontaneous and gratifying
il imnnia I (r om the Prcsidpnt of the Inllilnlinh
hat he was entitled to the high characteristic of I tie fl
iholar, the Gentleman and the Soldier.' His pa- H
nts, relatives ami friends had good reason to cherish B
e fondest anticipations of his future success and B
ogressive usefulness in the varied scenes of this B
i md they - innot but deeply motirn an I B
i event that has so soon and unexpectedly blighted ^B
cir fair prospeeU ond pleasing hopes, that has he- IB
aved them o( a dutiful, affectionate and beloved B
n, a benevolent, generous and intelligent friend, . B
d deprived societj B
apiary and estimable young man, whose elevated ^B
mental talents and abilities aualiffod him
act well the part it might have pleased Provideno ^B
assign him in the great drama of human exiataud fil

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