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THE MAH1SONIAN. BY JOHN B. JOITEI. PBica or AOVEBTiaiNa. ^ Tw?l lined, or le??, three inoerUuim, - & 1 CMJ * Each additional iusertioii, - - 546 Longer adTertieementa at proportionate rate*. A liberal discount made to thoae who advertiae by the year. Subscribers may remit by mail, in billa of aol" ~ ?t.Z3T! 1,L~Ji? vent tjuulu,pontage paia. ui our ns?, --appear by a postmaster's certificate, that such rernitauce baa been duly mailed. TERMS: Dxir.r per annum, (in advance,) - - - $10 00 For semi-weekly per anuurn, - - * 5 00 Forrix months, - - - - " 3 00 Weekly, " 2 00 For six month*, -------- 1*25 nr ill leltera must be addressed (free of postage) to the editor. P<?tmasters throughout the Union are requested to act i s our ngenis. Those wiio may particularly exert themselves in extending the circulation of the paper will not only be allowed a liberal commission on sums remitted, but receive our warmest thanks. HOW DOES THE SLAVE LABOR OF THE SOUTH AFFECT THE FREE LABOR OF THE NORTH? t ? Having shown the Abolition fanatics?the self-styled philanthropists?that there was an ample field on which to exercise real benevolence?if, indeed, they have any?at home, among the poor and suffering class of their own color} we will now spexk, in a political point of view, of the necessity of the non-interference of one section of the Union with the domestic arrangements of another. L ' iflE xnnnni b?> Henied nr concealed that there is a set of men in ihe country who are always attempting to create a spirit of dissatisfaction amona the inhabitants of the different States, and who seem to be bent upon the accomplishment of the greatest possible mischief. One of the most fruitful themes on which they dwell, is that which stands at the head of this article. They are aware that the Constitution was designed to put at rest all disputes upon the subject of taxation and representation by settling it on the basis of what was considered a fair compromise; and knowing this, they seek to a;sail the whole structure; and thereby to break up the Union, by instilling unfounded and unreasonable prejudices in the minds of the People. Mr. Adams is the acknowledged leader in this work of contemplated destruction.; he raves most loudly at the representation of three-fifths of the labor of the South, while the whole labor of the North, without abatement, is represented. He talks at one moment of property being re presented at ihe South, and in the next he delivers an episode on the lights of man, and elevates the blacks to an equality with the whites. He would not abolish slavery in the District of Columbia, because he would not break the compact between the States ; and yet he does everything in his power to undermine that compact by enlisting a host of prejudices against it. But, as we have said, the most fruitful theme of invective is to be found in the injurious effect which is ascribed to the competition between the free labor of the North and the slave labor of the South. Now we cannot understand how this competition exists. The two classes of labor are directed to objects entirely different; and instead of coming in competition, they come in direct aid of each other. The North cannot raise sugar, cotton, rice, or, to any great extent, tobacco; these articles require for their production a fervid and glowing sun, which is given to thd South and denied to the North, and in their production there can exist no rivalry or competition. The North is chiefly dependant on manufactures and their carrying trade; am1 while the culture of the soil continues to be profitable, we fancy the slave-holding States can have no inducement to enter into competition with the North. No farmer would think of building ships, or manning them with his negroes to navigate distant regions of the earth ; and thus an absolute monopoly is given to the free States, as they art; called, in the most expensive carrying trade, that any other People, save those of Great Britain, ever possessed. The whole country South, as well as North, has come up 4o ibe task 01 protecting this great mo nopoly ; discriminations almost endless in their character, exist in favor of American shipping, which operate exclusively to the advantage ol the North. It is almost impossible to estimate the value of this great source of wealth to ?hc North. When Holland possessed but a tithe of it in magnitude, she was the most powerful nation in the world. England has attained her formidable position by means of her shipping interest?and the carrying trade of the North has enriched a steril soil, and caused smiling villages to spring up all over the face of the land. Where shall we go to shake hands with the millionarifs?where, but to the cities of the North ? A he labor of the South produces aliment for the labor of the North ; the very food on which it feeds, and the source of its prosperity and power. Let a permanent blight pass over the fields of the South, and the North would feel it in every d< partment ol her industry. The labor of the South in conflict wuh the labor of the North! The idea is perfectly ridiculous. No; there is no conflict, no rivalry. The South raises the material which the North either exports in the raw state, or manufactures for the supply of all nations. Thus the interests of both are advanced; and those fanatics who would attempt to raise up enmities between them are tmiton in disguise. The Union is necessary to both; and instead of encouracinir feuds and drawing geographical lines between them, the highest duty of the patriot is to cau?e them to look only to the glory of their great country, and to the perpetuity of the most noble Republic the world has ever known. DEFINING A POSITION. Our friend Si.amm, who was sojourning in our "city of. magnificent distances ' a few days ago, thus uniquely defines his position in a letter to his Plebeian: " The reader is not aware that this confounded Pfnnsylvania Avenue is of indescribable length, and its breadth so great as to require the aid of a telescope to distinguish a person walking on the other side. My friend being n Northern man with Southern principles, invariably walks on the sunny side, which aide, in the abstract, anil in any season, I do most emphatically abhor- 1 must not be understood as being , opposed to Southern principles?that is, that I am not an anti-bank man, an anti-tariff man, an antidistribution man, an anti-national debt man, and opposed to any interference with the just rights of the States?such understanding would be grossly unjust to me. I go all that, and more than that 5 the more aaaaralf and safe)/ to earry oat tha aotioas I antar _J VLUL- ? ? m VOL. VII.?NO. 24.] WA tain, I am a determined Van Buren man, submitting, ; as a matter of course, to the decision of the National | Convention, whoever may be its choice, be it Van j Buren, Calhoun, Tyler, Johnson, Cass, or any other I of the distinguished names whose merits and claims < are now being canvassed. Allow me to say paren- j tneticaliy, belore l commence a new paragrapn, c would be wise if our Democratic papers, instead of spending their force in detracting tne Democratic p candidates and abusing prominent Democruts, in and ' out of office, conjuring up gorgon's heads and chime- t ras dire, inventing excuses ana apologies that they t may evince a fatal spirit of anarchy and disorganiza- s tion with some show of cause, but really without rhyme or reason, I say it wou!d be well, if, instead of doing all this, they would nerve themselves eiect to meet the general foe and strike home in the very camp of the enemy,) a long parenthesis this, but I ( can't help it." WHIG HARMONY? (Continued.) J A few days since we adverted to the savage 1 abuse heaped upon Mr. Webster by the Rich- * mond Whig, and the Southern and Western C Clay journals generally. This abuse was in b response to the proposition of Col. Pluck, of the ^ New York Courier and Enquirer,, to run Mr. t Webster on Mr. Clay's ticket for Vice Pre- ^ sident. The Colonel, it would appear, howev- c a a ^ L - J i J L.. -1 1 I * trr, js uui iu ue ueierrcu uy auust*; auu lie iiui a only insists that all the dissenting Clay prints c must submit to his decree, but takes especial pains to give the Richmond Whig a most unconscionable lambasting, as the following ex- ^ tracts from his last paper will show : j From the ?Yetc York Courier and Enquirer. 1 DANIEL WEBSTER AND THE VICE PRES1- j| DENCY. j The Richmond lVhig, a paper always behind the d age in regard to the feelings, the opinions, and the b intentions of the people, has of late rendered itself c very ridiculous by indulging in language in relation rJ to Mr. Webster, which the most reckless Locofoco P press in the United States would shrink from apply- o ing to one who has rendered such s.gnal services to li his country. Such language from any other press h would excite as much regret as astonishment; but si the Whig can only be compared to a mad bull furi e ously rushing against any obstacle it imagines in its y way, and in imitation of that animal closing its eyes tt preparatory to its attack. * * * " S * We have since repeatedly C called upon that paper to do us justice for it3 un- S called for abuse ; but it never enters into the imagi- ci nation of the ignorant and the stupid, to discover c< their errors, or to acknowledge them when forced V upon their attention. tr In its wholesale denunciation of Mr. Webster, the p Whig, of course, throws its filth at us, hut which we 1 should not dream of noticing, if it had not finally f( ventured to fpublish what it knew to be a deliberate o untruth in relation to the suggestion by us that the ei nomination of Mr. Webster to the Vice Presidency, A would produce harmony, and insure united and effi- st cient action in the Whig party. * * * o * * We pretend to no w special friendship for Mr Webster; and inconsequence of our being compelled to censure his late p conduct, have not had an hour's conversation with him in three years ; and yet if the Whigs, as a party, are prepared to proscribe him and his friends under exciting circumstances, we no longer desire to be b considered one of them. Such a course would not ^ only be suicidal and destructive to the success of our .. cause, and certain to defeat the election of Henry Clay, but it would be so manifestly unjust, that every ' right-minded man in our ranks?every man of prin- J ciple in the United States?would rejoice in a defeat, j wnich in that event would be so richly merited. ^ So much for Col. Pluck, of the regular army. , F.very thing is now fixed to his satisfaction, and, as he says, without consulting Mr. WebsterJ Now for the United States Gazette. Brother t Chandler, not having the fear of mahogany T stocks before his eyes, thus gives his direct, v opinion: From the U. S. Gazette. " For ourself, we have to say that we go against j the nomination of Mr. Webster, m he now xlanils with the party, and only for him when the representatives of that party think it expedient to nominate him, and c state the grounds of their opinions. We go for the d old and faithful servants of the party, who have r turned to no right hand nor left hand reflections, nor followed after the enemies of the party as long as there was personal advantages to be derived." 91 Mr. "Webster is a tub that stands on its own " bottom. How would the -Gazette have him stand ? Under a millstone and be crushed, instead of treading on it ? That Mr. Webster is a man of some physical dimensions, as well as mental, is true ; but that only renders it the harder to turn him. v We will close this ''eventful history" by a P word Of so from Mr. Webster's own organ: Prom the Boston Couriei\ D "We know nothing of his views of the subject, but have no idea that he would consent under existing circumstances. Nor do we believe that his many " friends would be pleased with the nomination. They n consider him too great a man to play second fiddle to u Mr. Clay, or any body else. There is only one office within the gift of the people which he ought to ac- 91 cept, and that is the Presidency. Until this is tender- ~ cd to him, or a mission to England, he cannot do bet- li tcr than enjoy his otium cum dignitate. These are our T sentiments?whether they are Mr. Webster's or not, we cannot say." Now, when a Boston editor, of a diplomatic ^ bent, says ft we know nothing," or '' we cannot ' say." it may be taken for grunted he knows all about it, and says what is sure to he correct. i ? COMMUNICATED. 1 HOW DOES HE STAND AT HOME? I* There is no better proof of merit than when , the esteem of those among whom we have been ' b born and reared, grows with a man's growth, and | strengthens with his strength. Such has been j the case in an eminent degree with President J Tyler. What man, whose name is equally con- | spicuous in our political annals, has ever had ^ conferred upon him in more rapid and unbroken v succession than ho, the highest trusts in the I gift of the people of his native county and State ? o It is well known that the force of[his popularity ^ alone kept the friends of Mr. Van Buren from n nominating a candidate for the Vice Presidency :~ \t: n u: i ... 111 ? u^iiii.i. v>uiiii)iiii'ii |>ituy luuuciiuca, aci- a ing on the press, woul'J persuade the public that 01 he has lost ground with the people; but how h can that be possible with a son who, in all vicis- h situdes?in the highest places and when on the di full tide of prosperity as well as' in political ad- Cl versity, has never for a moment deserted the principle* oj Virginia! Faction nnd party it spirit may do their worst, but sooner or later ir the people will rise in their giant strength? A throw off the trammels of party spirit and do d justice to him who has had an eye constantly and exclusively to the good of his country.? tl Time, which tests all things, will ere long prove b the truth of the following from a Western paper: tl ? When recently in Virginia, a gentleman of close observation, whose opportunities of learning public | MDtimsat i? surpassed by no one, remarked to us in n )C jtlicl SHINGTON: THURSC * casual conversation, he had not a doubt, that the leople of Eastern Virginia, preferred Mr Ty le* to my other person, and the fact would have long si?ce ieen made manifest, but for the loaders of the democratic party. Sis months since, a gentleman, a citizen of Virginia, for many years a prominent politician, said to us in the city of Washington, 44 John Fyler is this day the strongest man in Eastern Virginia, and it will be made palpable in due time."? Were we permitted to make public the names of the ...A ?,.?<! KM - DU.L.:. 1.1 ikA Ue* mon ?vu ^CIJUUlllCU, 1V11. JVIICU1U WUIIIU UC WIV ""*? o withhold from them their just claims to high conideration." MORE PREACHING. Mr. Blair discourses thus in yesterday's j jrlobe: " If Mr. Clay had been the truly great man, and if, nstead of listening to his own selfish ambition, and ! laring to resent and resist, he had given his influence j o carry out the popular will, as expressed in regard o Geu. Jackson's elevation to the Presidency, he vould probably have been his successor. If John iuincy Adams had waived his claims, pronounced y the popular vote to be subordidate to Gen. Jackon's, and had bowed to the popular sovereignty, he vould not have been degraded, by the acquisition of he Presidency, into aq outcast from the' nation's j avor?a miserable factionist, seeking to save baBt? elf from the jgnomintbus bbScurfty to which he was ondemned, by the infamous notoriety of preaching an ibolilion crusade against the Constitution of his ountry!" J. DUDLEY'S STATEMENT. J. Dudley, Esq., a Senator, from Franklin and )wcn counties, being called upon, made the folowing statement on the floor of the Senate : One ay, in January, 1825, F. P. Blair came into he Senate Chamber, seated himself near me, and nquireu my opinion on me resuiuuun passeu requesing our members of Congress to vote for General, ackson as President of the United States. Mr. 13. esired that I would write letters requesting the members and particularly D. White, from this district, to onsult with Mr. Clay and vote as he might desire. Po this I objected, and gave my reasons therefor, dr. 13. appeared surprised that I should raise any bjections, particularly as I was opposed to the resoutions. He said that a number of members of both ouses, who voted for the resolutions, had written uch letters, and that 1 could do it with more proprity. He said if Mr. White could bo induced to ote for Mr. Adams he would obtain the vote of Kentcky, and with it the votes of most of the Western tates, which would elect him, in which case Mr. lay would obtain the appointment of Secretary of tate. I then inquired how that fact had been asertaincd? His answer was that letters had been reeived from gentlemen of undoubted veracity at Washington city, containing such information that 1 light rely with Confidence on that statement. I relied that, although I was opposed UJ the resolutions, had no doubt they contained the truth, and thereire I could not say one word to induce our members f Congress to believe otherwise. I further protestd against Mr. Clay's accenting any office under Mr. idams, whom I considered a Federalist of the Boston tamp in 1798 and 1800, and thenceforward an enemy f the West; you have it as ray opinion that if they rere united, they would sink together." ELECTION OF GOVERNOR IN NEW JERSEY. ! A friend (who knows) writes us as follows: ! " James S. Green, the friend of the President, was icat in caucus by one vote; after which the Conven-1 ion took a recess. Then a new combination was ! ormcd, and the scattering vote was concentrated on I laines, who is uncommitted, to any candidate for the! Presidency. General Wall, the out-and-out Van ' 3uren man, got but 6 votes ; and a friend of General lass, talked of before the Convention met, was not rated for at all.'' " The Mysteries of Paris," price 25 cents. | Mr. Franclc Taylor, of this city, has this celeiraled work. It is denounced as obscene in ilew Yotk ; but we cannot believe it is so. We vill read it, however, and see. INTERESTING CORRESPONDENCE. . B. Jokes, Esq. Dear Sir : I had the honor of receiving the acompanjitig letter, and know of no better mode of isposing of it, than transmitting it to you, with the equest that you publish it in the columns of tbe MadIonian. Its publication can do no harm and may do omc good. It will, at least, deter others from makag a like proposal. Very respectfully, yours, JOSIAII MELVIN, Foinnan JWaJisonian Office. Pittsburg, October S3, 1843. Dear Sir: In these times of competition and ri* airy in the family of the penny press, the duty imeratively devolves upon us to raise ourselves above ur neighbors. The Messago of President Tyler rill be looked for with much anxiety by "the Poole." I wish to publish it in this city before all the ther papers; or a few hours after the other papers, i this city, receive it. I will give you $20 if you rill forward me a copy of the Message after it is set p and corrected. You can accomplish it without uhjecting yourself to any censure. My friend, Mr. , will frank the document to the address " VVilftm Flinn, Editor Daily Aurora, Pittsburg, Pennsylania." 1 will speak to Mr. about the matjr before he leaves this city for Washington. Uncrstand me?I wish you to forward the Messago beare it is sent to the House?when I receive it, I will ot publish the Message until it is read in Congress, 1 nd received in this place by the other papers. 1 ! icrely wish to enjoy the pleasure of beating them U?and be ready?havo it all set up and corrected, nd issue it a few hours after it is received by the lh?*r papers. You will please let me know immediately?your rothcr craftsman, WM. FUNN, Editor Daily ,'lurrrra. To the Foreman Of the JMadisonian Office, Washington, D. C. I address " Foreman" not knowing your name?not nowing you to be the same Foreman when I left Vashington. W. F. } American Interests in L'hina.?The last number f the Chinese Re|?>sitory states that Commodore Icarney, of the U. S. frigate Constellation, has had lore offical intercourse with the Chinese officers lan has erer before been held by American officers Itogcthcr, and this intercourse has been conducted n terms of entire equality. Commodore Kearney as, we believe, obtained the objects sought for in is coming here, and if we are rightly informed, in cmnity for all losses sustained by Americans in Dc ember last is in a fair way of being obtained. We learn from the St. Louis New Era of the 19th isiant that a remarkable temperance movement i* i progress among the soldiers at Jefferson Barracks, i society has been formed and upwards of five hunred soldiers have signed tho pledge. The Mobile Register of tho 21st instant remarks ial the yellow fever is on the decline in that city, ut warns unacclimated persons not to return until 10 epidemic has entirely disappeared. In the morning think what thou hast to do, and at ight ask thysslf what thou hast don*. / bi?o itia )a y" totrm ber t, ? L " jj *A? Ciiui.iiiflti (<> 1 GREAT MKK'J l.\<; OE THE UEMUCMiaBitiS Cl?( 1NN ATI AN0 J! 4MTLTON ( 01 N ! At the Court-bouae ayJQctqbur, j Nominatioa of John Tyler rrvwilenty mi May, 1814. w About half past ti o'clock. oj\. h'st . v ih' I Democracy friendly to President Tyler began to assemble at the pourt-house and Idhg.before ' in1 appointed fur the assembling of the meeting,' the house wg.* filled to overflowing. ; The meeting was called to order by appointing William Burke, Chairman, and QAjalliaTu S* ? Pearce, Secretary, Judge Burke having explained the object of the meeting in a lucid and eloquent manner, on motion of' ThjarnasMc Guire, a committee of five were appointed to 'draft a preamble and resolutions expressive of the sense of the meeting. Jgjuji ? 5 The following named gentlemen were appointed?Thomas McGuire, C. C. Williams, Thomas Gay, Isaiah Wing, and Samuel Stokes. , The. committee then vritb-dTww and niter a I brief absence reported the following preamble I I sod resolutions, and after an able speech from I Mr. Thomas McGuire in support of them, and I iiilhe course of Mr. Tyler, they were adopted: Whereas, it is well known to the American Pepple, that John Tyler, did always act with I th<| Democracy, and filled many important oflies in the Commonwealth of Virginia, likeI wisp in the National Legislature, and in the year 1810, was elected by a majority of the I people for the office of Vice President ol the I United States with a full knowledge that he I was a Jeffersonian Democrat, hnr that nfK<?p nnt having any immediate connexion With the executive Department of the Government, his duties being defined as President of the Senate; placed, in that relation, he was entitled, in the event of certain contingencies, to exercise the office of President of the United States, as provided for in the Constitution. And whereas, he is constitutionally, and providentially, the President of these United i States, hnd in consideration of the course he j has pursued, in the administration of the Goveinrqent, we think it due to award to him, at least honesty of purpose, and a just regard for ' the Constitution, as a true Republican. And i wherfas, it is at this time, all important, that 1 the Democratic party should use every honor- , able ai^d judicious means to unite the entire Re- i publican strength at the approaching Presiden- j tial contest, and in order to accomplish this , great and important point, it would seem neces- i sary that all should unite to award to the several candidates, who may be presented to the Democratic National Convention, that courtesy and respect due to them for their long and distinguished services to their common country ; and we rest fully satisfied, that the Democratic Convention will, in their deliberate judgment, make such a nomination as will reconcile the friends of all the distinguished persona presented 10 them. -And we are prepared to say, that John Tyler and his friends will be the last to demur to the nomination, but will heartily unite to give their support to the nominee. And whereas, John Tyler has given assurance that should his name be presented to the Democratic National Convention, in conjunction with those distinguished gentlemen now before the people, that lie will abide (he decision and support the nominee. And whereas, this meeting have '?the most abiding confidence in the ability and determination of the President to maintain the Government on principles purely Republican." Therefore be it Resolved, That wc place the name of John Tyler in nomination, as a candidate for President of the United States, subject to the decision of the Democratic National Convention to be held in the city of Baltimore in May, 1844. Resolved, That this meeting recommend a State Convention, to be held in Columbus, Ohio, as soon as convenient, and that the Tyler Slate Central Committee appoint the time for the meeting of said Convention, by giving immediate notice in all the newspapers printed in the city of Columbus. Resolved, That wc will use all honorable means to place the name of John Tyler before the people, arid the National Convention, as a proper person, and worthy of their support, without invidious distinc- , lion. Resolved, That we recommend the friends of the i present administration, in the several counties of this < Slate, to call county meetings, and select their dele- I gates to the Slate Convention. I Risolved, That a committee of be appoint- i ed by this meeting, to be denominated the Executive i and Corresponding committee of Hamilton County, for the purpose of corresponding with similar committees, and the following named persons be that committee?Thomas McGuire, \\*. L. Pierce, J. M. Tudor, N. C. Lane. Rrsolvtd, That this meeting have the highest con- < fidence in tho private worth and public services of Wilson Shannon, Governor of the Stute of Ohio, and Governor Porter of the Stale of Pennsylvania. Resolved, That the tract of country bounded on the South by the 42d parallel of North latitude?on the I North by the 54th, 40ih, parallel of North latitude | on the West by the Pacific Ocean, and on the East bv the Hocky Mountains, and called the Oregon ( Territory, ot right unquestionably belongs to the ( United States, and that the surrender of a part of it, would be equivalent to an abandonment of the whole. Resolved, That we approve of the policy of Presi- ^ dent Tyler in relation to the just claim of the United ( ??i!il?a nnon thn Orefron T??rritnrv_ nn<t tvn h<M-?hu pledge ourselves, if it shall become necessary, to ! maintain our right with the blood and treasure of the ( nation. " < WILLIAM BURKE, Chairman. VV. J. Pierce, Secretary. A Frontier Difficulty.?We take the following i from a letter in the New York Express : " Kingston, (Canada,) Oct. 22, 1843. i " The agent of (he St. Regis Indians informs me ( that ho received a message from St. Regis, on Sntur- i day night, informing him that the American Indians , in the ' American Tillage' had declared that the whole , village of St Regis was ceded to tho United States / by tho Ashburton treaty, and, set on by certain de- ( signing men, they had gone on staking out and leas- , ing the lands to white men. Tho British Indians, in | their perplexity, were at a lo*s to determine what , course to take, and sent to the agent for instructions. , The agent, acting on the advice of Sir Charles Met- | calf, directed the British Indians to use whatever i force was necessary to dree the intruders from their i part of the village ; to arrest all engaged in the busi- . ness, and send them to Montreal jail, and if they are , not stiong enough of themselves, the aid of her ma- | jesty's forces will he promptly furnished them. The , whole business is, undoubtedly, the getting up of some designing men, who think they will be the gainers hy creating a disturbance. Tho boundary, according to | the Ashburton treaty, is distinctly marked through tho village, and is the line that always separates the j two divisions of the tribe?tho British and American , Indiana." I ' for V I & VB r^r J I "v * V +r H * lit - . -.? -serrer" 1 13. I WlfOJhE NO. <(8<t. " ! -?- ? auiHfr I JVoui fu A". 0 CotiimfjxMl HUIICUH [ It is with |'li aiure ti.at noi lu, our rt>!umr\? tb-an# thejJeciaed expression of op m ion of two <HstiAgiu?f?ed politwt.ns, and of two of the leuJo? polilnjaJ presses of thp ftoyjbt iji favor of Uie retoratioo^f |J'ei;as t6 the uyriffiry of the Uiqted "states ft Is ? ; th< ':on in rapidly acquiring Importance in the estlmalfjn of the country, uml will < ry sfoub^jjMHHift': and warmly dis.i < <rv>t! ^ and if the frieinds of annexation press it in the n lit spirit?moderate, but firm?we hare little I fSy ui the result. We attach the more importance to the declarations of Mr. Wise, because it is well understood that that ' gentleman is in the confidence ol the Administra- j lion, if he docs not, indeed, echo its sentiments ; and we mny infer from what Jie says, that the Executive | branch of the Government is probably already taking j the proper steps for the acoouipliahmenttuf the project. Perhaps, also, the declarations of Mr. Hunter, I responded to so warmly by the Charleston Jklcrcury,] acquire additional importance from the intimacy which exists between that gentleman and Mr. Cal-1 lioun. The question, however, is by no *;means a party I one; and we should deprecate the idea that it was to mingle to any great extent with other agitations ol j the day. But while wo should thus protest against the fate of the measure being made to depend upon j the fortunes of any party, or -cement ofJtparty., ill ought still to ne pressed so close upon the country that such timid or astute politicians as may endeavor to | blink or evade it, shall be compelled (to use a favorite figure of Mr. Ritchie) "to duylcy their hands." I From the Brooklyn Eagle. THE POST OFFICE WAR. Never did an unlucky squib, thrown by a mischievous urchin among a bevy of chickens, pr< <1 a greater shock, or raise a more fearful crown. screaming and cackling, than the late circular ol >? Postmaster General has done in the m.kt tf .c press. Even the Sagharbor Corrector, w ? u?? hitherto been content to expatiate upon the diflrr? i t varieties of whale, and the manner in which tio-y arc captured by the enterprising natives of that important mart, has awoke from its long repose, and opened a galling fire upon the devoted head of Mr. WickliH'c : nrifl nlmnat I'vprv iwnpr it* lot/. <"?? , j , "I' '"v Last and the West, from the North and South?has an elaborate essay upon the subject. Some of these place their objections to the circular upon very high ground?such as the true meaning and intent of the Constitution, which they suppose?and rightly, no doubt?to be opposed to any check upon the circulation of intelligence ; others argue all around and about the obnoxious provisions, and make it appear? to their own satisfaction, at least?that Mr. WicklilFe exceeds his authority in giving such an unpleasant construction as he does to certain acts of Congress ; but the majority seem inclined to reflect, in some way, upon the good faith and sagacity of the Postmaster. For ourselves, \vc have seen, as yet, no cause to change the opinion wc have heretofore expressed on the subject. General Jackson, it will be recollected, Look the responsibility of interpreting the Constitution?in cases where its meaning had not been set Lied by the recognised authority, at he understood it, and the people sustained him in that course. Why, then, may not the Postmaster General?who we believe is a lawyer of good repute?exercise the same ; freedom in regard to an act of CongressIf he is i wrong, the people, through their representatives, can i readily point out and correct his errors ; but if (as we | more than suspect) he is right, every one will see and feel the necessity of an immediate and searching reform in the Post Office laws. It is to this latter end, especially, that the attention of the people needs to be directed. As Mr. Kendall has well remarked, in a late number of his Expositor, " the circumstances of the country are so changed, since the law9 on this subject were passed, as to make them inadequate to the existing state of things-," and he suggests, that " the Press would be more properly and usefully employed in exposing the defects of Uie law, and suggesting proper remedies, than in assailing the Postmaster General." Such were the views put forth by this journal a fortnight or more ago, before the "war" proper had commenced ; and we are glad to find them backed up by such excellent authority as Mr. K. We do not believe in the fashionable method of allowing an odious law to become " obsolete."? It is only nipping oir the branches without disturbing the root of the tree; whereas it is evident that a sufficient remedy can alone be found in the destruction of both root and branch. And we have little doubt that if hundreds of arbitrary and unjust laws? which have outlived their nge and been cast into the ?ca of foritetfulness?were tried in the same wnv they would speedily be obliterated from the records. Hut the end of all this will undoubtedly be, a material diminution of (be rates of postage, and a transformation of what is now rapidly becoming a public nuisance into a very different sort of machine. To j J secure this, however, it is not necessary to abolish the i Post Office establishment; but simply to correct its abuses. Let us urge upon the attention of Congress an immediate and thorough revision of tho law?not , through the dull and sluggish medium of petitions, , w hich nobody reads, and are welcome only to the ( printers; but rather by direct and personal communication with the members elect?or, if preferred, by ' ( instructions emanating from public meetings. The evil is certainly one of sufiicicnt magnitude to war- . rant a movement of this kind. We can rally, by ' thousands, to hear a distinguished orator upon the ideal of a perfect state, or some other ineomprehen- ! sible theme?we can turn out en masse to receive a distinguished military or civic chieftain?wo can as- | rmldc in parks to witness the exhibitions of mountc-! hanks and listen to the "national air" of Jim along Josey ; and why, in a matter of so much interest to 1 the people generally as the cheap and speedy trans mission of intelligence, should we not adopt thesstnc course? It strikes us that a scries of public meetings throughout the country, held with express reference o the subject, would prove the most certain and con renient method of achieving this long-talked of and nnuch needed reform. MR. ALISON'S OPINIONS OF THE DESTINIES OF MEXICO. In the fifteenth number (the last of the Harpers' edition) of Mr. Alison's admirable history of Europe, he gives some speculations on Mexico, which will, doubtles*, be regarded in Texas and the contiguous States, as the words of an oracle, veritable predictions, the truth of which that infant Republic is desined, in the course of time, to accomplish : j "Mexico on the South, and the British Provin- , cs on the North, contain, within themselves, the | JIVHIV1IWI VI iiii^ihj ? ui|"iv.i, auu Hi u lieu iu | | ?pcii their capacious arms, for ages to come, to re- ;, .rive tho overflowing population of the old world. . t Humboldt has told us that he was never wearied ! with astonishment at the smallness of tho portion jf soil which, in Mexico would yield sustenance , o a family, lor a year, and that the same extent ' jf ground which in wheat would maintain onlj ' ;wo persons, would yield sustenance under the ha* \ lana to filty; though, in that favored region, the1' cturn of wheat is n?ver under seventy, sometimes is much as a hundred fold. If duo weight be given , :o these extraordinary facts, it will not appear ex:ravngant to assert that Mexico, with a territory 1 itnbracing seven times the whole area of France, may at some future, and possibly not remote period, r contain two hundred millions of inhabitants. Hut, . autirilhstamling nil their. advantages, it is more than , louhtful whether the Spanish rare ts destined to perpetu- , ite its descendants, or, at least, tetain the sovereignty of r .liat country. Compared With the adjoining provinces , of America or Canado, it appears struck with a so- | eial or political palsy. The recent successful settle- 1 mcnt ol a small body of British and American colo- I nists in Texas, a Mexican province, their easy victory aver the Mexican troops, and the rapid growth of ' iheir Republic, may well suggest a doubt, whether ? l>riorily of occupation and settlement will not in this * instance, as it has done in many others, yield to the ' superiority of race, religion, and political character, and ' chether to the eUicrndants of the Anglo Seuron settlers, is ' not ultimately destined the sceptre of the whole A'<nth ' American continent We learn from the Niagara Courier that a body of | Prussians, consisting of 86 families and nearly 400 acrsons, have purchased over J800 acres of land in he town of Wakf field, N. Y , on which they have ilready founded a le'tlement and commenced im>rovem?nta. ~ " 1 " BHSBBBS 1 ' is-., u This hcddio*. rtrAUje us II appears, is uot a fiction, as the mcredttleus may a?fejftam to ll.t.ir coiMj'Me satisfaction by a visit W? ' following account, furuisbdd us by an intelli " I have pleasure ia en'i W*QB96lVajPv6. ypQ aome a^cuunt of a musical I l>' ' 1 v? I'll 1 tuw I't belt ' su " iuci.j < Jfn ttbie. This 1,1 the S:ha|.t ot a - . .. . I 11 ?hly, t'.i sing it does rity. 1 tic Jiulo crratunOHM common itouso ?, of tfie muM r.-KptWben I heard him wwgvw aaw wpafici ui uiai i?rn was pun Ml. ] reel assured that do dt caption was (vactisi'd, fur by the aid ut 4 powerful which I purposely borrowed, i oould:o'??-( - c the Ut . u! -isness of the throat; and 1 a>.v-d tin. proprietor to retire from the room for at hieh ho aM, in order that I might convince uiy soil' that 1 ?/av not bemg made the dupe of ventriloquism- J thch placed my ear close to him, pod the rfiect wan still the same. No human being | could make hia piano passages. One circumstance places this beyond doubt- For sometimes parties have to wait a'considerable time before he will pipe. An instance of this kind happened recently at the I'alace, w here he was taken for the little Prince of Wales and the Princess to hear him. But 1 was informed that he fully made up lbr his silence by afterwards singing more lustily than he ever d.d before. He requires to be attentively observed and by so doing )Ou catch his variety. When quite still his notes aro Sip-passingly distinct, and have all that peculiarity of the notes of the canary when lie is singing himself to .*leep. While he was in motion, I tried the effect of MUtid Upon him by vibrating a tuning fork upon the table. This, although repeated several times, neither" deterred him from singing, nor in the slightest degree alarmed him. If 1 may hazard a conjecture, his pitch is more than an octave uhore that ol the bird ho imitates. It is very difficult to guess how tins faculty got into him ; for supposing that he listened to the canary from his hiding-place, the larynx is not % formed for such a purine. However. 1 must, leave TCITmduer to physiologists and modern Danes Harringtons, simply contenting myself with silent wonder, now and then exclaiming " prodigious !"?London Globe. Tleasiko Method or Teaching the Nike Parts or Hpekch.?I will collect a number of children, and will draw an imaginary picture. I will ask each of them, in succession, what will you have in the picture? One wiH say a cottage, others a mansion, a wood, a tree, a lake, a church, a lady, a gentleman. 1'hen I tell them that these things are nouns, which it the name of any thing, and Ihetefore, might as well have been called names instead of nouns. I would then ask, having got the objects for the picture, bow shall they be placod? I shall be told, the cottage by the wood ; the tree on the hill; the horse in the field ; the lady near the lake ; the gentleman beyond the church ; thus in making their choice, they would find out what constituted a preposition. I should then take up the adjective brush; us I would call it, and tell them, that, to give beauty to the picture, it was proper to express a quality, aud they would give their preference for a pretty cottage, a fme mansion, a young lady, a handsome church, and so forth, which would teach them the adjective. Then, in order to give life to the picture, 1 would tell them that the different objects must be doing something; and might be told?the horse should prance, the tree should wave, the centleman should study, the lady should sing, the lake should shine ; by . which would be explained the qualities of the verb. But I would add, the tree might wave, or the lady might sing very differently to what you intend, how should it be? "Why, sir, the tree shall wave gently ; the horse shall prance playfully ; and the lady shall sing sweetly thus I should obtain the adverb. "Now," 1 would ask one, "What would you do with the cottage ?" "Oh, sir, I should like to like in it." "In it, what do you mean?" "In the cottage." Thus 1 would, by repetition, illustrate the prorn.un. The conjunction they would learn because it could form no part of the picture; while the interjection, though called a part of speech, is not so in reality ; it is an exclamation only. Thus children might easily be collected to play at making pictures, and would be unconsciously instructed while they were innocently amused. A Steamer without a Chimney-?Sfromer Princeton?Much has been said by the New York press in favor of this new frigate. They consider her one of the swiftest vessels of her class ever upon the ocean. She has no paddles at the sides, but what is still more remarkable, she has no smoke pipe. In his most ardent praises of the importance and success of steamboat*, both upon lU civac* ami the seas, Fulton never even suggested that they would be built and used without a chimnoy. This is not only a new. but a most extraordinary improvement in the application of steam to the driving or ships through the deep.? As no particular account of the invention has yet been given to fhe public, it is greatly to be hoped that Captain Stockton will visit Boston harbor with his new and wonderful craft, and thus give our fellow-citizens an opportunity (o examine her and witness her speed.?Vorton .litas. To this paragraph the New York American replies : Our Boston friends will have a chance before long of having their wishes complied with. The interior of the Princeton is not yet finished. She came round here in the rough, as it were, to give the Western a trial : but when tier inside arrano-emenL* ar? rnmnlc. ted, the Bostonians will hare a chance of testing her ?pecd with the fastest of the Cunard steamers. A Noble Dog.?A Halifax paper states that a child was playing with a Newfoundland dog on Roach's wharf, Halifax, a short time since, and by some accident, slipped orcr tho end of the wharf into the water. The dog immediately sprang after the child, [who was only six years old,) and seizing the waist af his little frock, brought him into the dock where there was a stage, and by which the child held on, but was unable to get on top. The dor, seeing it was unable to pull the little fellow out of the water, ran up to a yard adjoining, and where a little girl of nine years of aje was hanging out clothes. He seized the girl by the frock, and notwithstanding her exertions to get away, he succeeded in dragging her to the spot where the child was still hanging by his hands to the stage. On tho girl's taking hold of the child, the dog assisted her in rescuing the little fellow from his perilous situation; and after licking the face of the infant it had thus saved, it took a leap oR the stage, and swam round to the end of the wharf, and immediately after returned with hit hat in his mouth. It is said that the father of the child?to whom tho dog belongs?when leaving the country where he formerly resided, rescued it from the hands of some persons who were about to execute the poor animal for killing a sbecp. Evangelical Lutheran Rtnod or Maryland.? VVe learn thut this respectable body of Christian divines closed its annual session, a few days since, at Westminster, Carroll county, Maryland. There were present a large number of miuisters, with their lay delegates, from various portions of the country mid from other State*. We arc gratified to learn that the English Lutheran congregation of our city a-as represented by its pastor and lay delegate, and hat the Synod will warmly co-operate in the perniaicnt establishment of the paator, and the prosperity if his growing and respectable congregation.?A?irmal Intelligencer. Dr. Ifawkes, the eloquent and learned divine, of Vew York, now Rector of St. Thomas' has detcrnined (says the Express,) to give up his present :harge, and to go to Holly Springs in the State of Mississippi, to take the pastoral care of a church here. He will he a great loss to his flock here, but i great gain to the cause of Protestantism in the iVest. In connexion with his clerical duties, he inends to pursue those of a teacher of youth. On Sunday evening last, Olho Snyder and Marga ct his wife, free negroes, who absconded from this dace some time since, arrived here in the custody of iflicer Freaner. They had taken refuge in Pennsylania, and being charged with facilitating the escape if fugitive slaves, upon the requisition of (Jov. Thonas, they were delivered into the hands of the Mjryinil authorities for trial. ? llajctrshncn .Vcvm. Darin*. Robbery.?As Mr. Bruce, a gentleman in 1 c employment, n? clerk, '?f John Jacob Astnr and ion, wan standing at the window of the Upper Post Hlicc, about 2 o'clock yesterday, his pantaloons locket was picked of a package of money containing ^>.000 in bills of the. North Hirer Bank. Mr. Bruce iad j o>t drawn the inonry from the bank. It c<>nlisted of the denomination of 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 20, and Jt">0 bills, all new emission, and wrapped un in a piece of yellow paper, sealed with red wax. He had the money in his pocket when he went to the window of the Post Office, and on turning round diseorcred that it was gone. He could obtain no trace of it, and maJe application Tor assistance at the Police Office, but wo believe, so far, without efleet?.V. T. Lxprmt.