HI ??IT?? ?
BY JOHN B. JOITEI.
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HOW DOES THE SLAVE LABOR OF THE
SOUTH AFFECT THE FREE LABOR OF
t ? Having shown the Abolition fanatics?the
self-styled philanthropists?that there was an
ample field on which to exercise real benevolence?if,
indeed, they have any?at home,
among the poor and suffering class of their own
color} we will now spexk, in a political point of
view, of the necessity of the non-interference
of one section of the Union with the domestic
arrangements of another.
L ' iflE xnnnni b?> Henied nr concealed that there is
a set of men in ihe country who are always attempting
to create a spirit of dissatisfaction
amona the inhabitants of the different States,
and who seem to be bent upon the accomplishment
of the greatest possible mischief. One
of the most fruitful themes on which they dwell,
is that which stands at the head of this article.
They are aware that the Constitution was designed
to put at rest all disputes upon the subject
of taxation and representation by settling
it on the basis of what was considered a fair
compromise; and knowing this, they seek to
a;sail the whole structure; and thereby to break
up the Union, by instilling unfounded and unreasonable
prejudices in the minds of the
Mr. Adams is the acknowledged leader in
this work of contemplated destruction.; he raves
most loudly at the representation of three-fifths
of the labor of the South, while the whole labor
of the North, without abatement, is represented.
He talks at one moment of property being re
presented at ihe South, and in the next he delivers
an episode on the lights of man, and elevates
the blacks to an equality with the whites.
He would not abolish slavery in the District of
Columbia, because he would not break the compact
between the States ; and yet he does everything
in his power to undermine that compact
by enlisting a host of prejudices against it.
But, as we have said, the most fruitful theme
of invective is to be found in the injurious effect
which is ascribed to the competition between
the free labor of the North and the slave labor
of the South. Now we cannot understand how
this competition exists. The two classes of
labor are directed to objects entirely different;
and instead of coming in competition, they
come in direct aid of each other. The North
cannot raise sugar, cotton, rice, or, to any great
extent, tobacco; these articles require for their
production a fervid and glowing sun, which is
given to thd South and denied to the North, and
in their production there can exist no rivalry or
competition. The North is chiefly dependant
on manufactures and their carrying trade; am1
while the culture of the soil continues to be profitable,
we fancy the slave-holding States can
have no inducement to enter into competition
with the North. No farmer would think of
building ships, or manning them with his negroes
to navigate distant regions of the earth ;
and thus an absolute monopoly is given to the
free States, as they art; called, in the most expensive
carrying trade, that any other People,
save those of Great Britain, ever possessed.
The whole country South, as well as North, has
come up 4o ibe task 01 protecting this great mo
nopoly ; discriminations almost endless in their
character, exist in favor of American shipping,
which operate exclusively to the advantage ol
the North. It is almost impossible to estimate
the value of this great source of wealth to ?hc
North. When Holland possessed but a tithe of
it in magnitude, she was the most powerful nation
in the world. England has attained her
formidable position by means of her shipping
interest?and the carrying trade of the North
has enriched a steril soil, and caused smiling
villages to spring up all over the face of the land.
Where shall we go to shake hands with the millionarifs?where,
but to the cities of the North ?
A he labor of the South produces aliment for
the labor of the North ; the very food on which
it feeds, and the source of its prosperity and
power. Let a permanent blight pass over the
fields of the South, and the North would feel it
in every d< partment ol her industry. The labor
of the South in conflict wuh the labor of the
North! The idea is perfectly ridiculous. No;
there is no conflict, no rivalry. The South
raises the material which the North either exports
in the raw state, or manufactures for the
supply of all nations. Thus the interests of
both are advanced; and those fanatics who
would attempt to raise up enmities between
them are tmiton in disguise. The Union is
necessary to both; and instead of encouracinir
feuds and drawing geographical lines between
them, the highest duty of the patriot is to cau?e
them to look only to the glory of their great
country, and to the perpetuity of the most noble
Republic the world has ever known.
DEFINING A POSITION.
Our friend Si.amm, who was sojourning in
our "city of. magnificent distances ' a few days
ago, thus uniquely defines his position in a letter
to his Plebeian:
" The reader is not aware that this confounded Pfnnsylvania
Avenue is of indescribable length, and its
breadth so great as to require the aid of a telescope
to distinguish a person walking on the other side.
My friend being n Northern man with Southern principles,
invariably walks on the sunny side, which
aide, in the abstract, anil in any season, I do most emphatically
abhor- 1 must not be understood as being
, opposed to Southern principles?that is, that I am
not an anti-bank man, an anti-tariff man, an antidistribution
man, an anti-national debt man, and opposed
to any interference with the just rights of the
States?such understanding would be grossly unjust
to me. I go all that, and more than that 5 the more
aaaaralf and safe)/ to earry oat tha aotioas I antar
_J VLUL- ? ?
VOL. VII.?NO. 24.] WA
tain, I am a determined Van Buren man, submitting, ;
as a matter of course, to the decision of the National |
Convention, whoever may be its choice, be it Van j
Buren, Calhoun, Tyler, Johnson, Cass, or any other I
of the distinguished names whose merits and claims <
are now being canvassed. Allow me to say paren- j
tneticaliy, belore l commence a new paragrapn, c
would be wise if our Democratic papers, instead of
spending their force in detracting tne Democratic p
candidates and abusing prominent Democruts, in and '
out of office, conjuring up gorgon's heads and chime- t
ras dire, inventing excuses ana apologies that they t
may evince a fatal spirit of anarchy and disorganiza- s
tion with some show of cause, but really without
rhyme or reason, I say it wou!d be well, if, instead
of doing all this, they would nerve themselves eiect
to meet the general foe and strike home in the very
camp of the enemy,) a long parenthesis this, but I (
can't help it."
WHIG HARMONY? (Continued.) J
A few days since we adverted to the savage 1
abuse heaped upon Mr. Webster by the Rich- *
mond Whig, and the Southern and Western C
Clay journals generally. This abuse was in b
response to the proposition of Col. Pluck, of the ^
New York Courier and Enquirer,, to run Mr. t
Webster on Mr. Clay's ticket for Vice Pre- ^
sident. The Colonel, it would appear, howev- c
a a ^ L - J i J L.. -1 1 I *
trr, js uui iu ue ueierrcu uy auust*; auu lie iiui a
only insists that all the dissenting Clay prints c
must submit to his decree, but takes especial
pains to give the Richmond Whig a most unconscionable
lambasting, as the following ex- ^
tracts from his last paper will show : j
From the ?Yetc York Courier and Enquirer. 1
DANIEL WEBSTER AND THE VICE PRES1- j|
The Richmond lVhig, a paper always behind the d
age in regard to the feelings, the opinions, and the b
intentions of the people, has of late rendered itself c
very ridiculous by indulging in language in relation rJ
to Mr. Webster, which the most reckless Locofoco P
press in the United States would shrink from apply- o
ing to one who has rendered such s.gnal services to li
his country. Such language from any other press h
would excite as much regret as astonishment; but si
the Whig can only be compared to a mad bull furi e
ously rushing against any obstacle it imagines in its y
way, and in imitation of that animal closing its eyes tt
preparatory to its attack. * * * " S
* We have since repeatedly C
called upon that paper to do us justice for it3 un- S
called for abuse ; but it never enters into the imagi- ci
nation of the ignorant and the stupid, to discover c<
their errors, or to acknowledge them when forced V
upon their attention. tr
In its wholesale denunciation of Mr. Webster, the p
Whig, of course, throws its filth at us, hut which we 1
should not dream of noticing, if it had not finally f(
ventured to fpublish what it knew to be a deliberate o
untruth in relation to the suggestion by us that the ei
nomination of Mr. Webster to the Vice Presidency, A
would produce harmony, and insure united and effi- st
cient action in the Whig party. * * * o
* * We pretend to no w
special friendship for Mr Webster; and inconsequence
of our being compelled to censure his late p
conduct, have not had an hour's conversation with
him in three years ; and yet if the Whigs, as a party,
are prepared to proscribe him and his friends under
exciting circumstances, we no longer desire to be b
considered one of them. Such a course would not ^
only be suicidal and destructive to the success of our ..
cause, and certain to defeat the election of Henry
Clay, but it would be so manifestly unjust, that every '
right-minded man in our ranks?every man of prin- J
ciple in the United States?would rejoice in a defeat, j
wnich in that event would be so richly merited. ^
So much for Col. Pluck, of the regular army. ,
F.very thing is now fixed to his satisfaction,
and, as he says, without consulting Mr. WebsterJ
Now for the United States Gazette. Brother t
Chandler, not having the fear of mahogany T
stocks before his eyes, thus gives his direct, v
From the U. S. Gazette.
" For ourself, we have to say that we go against j
the nomination of Mr. Webster, m he now xlanils with
the party, and only for him when the representatives
of that party think it expedient to nominate him, and c
state the grounds of their opinions. We go for the d
old and faithful servants of the party, who have r
turned to no right hand nor left hand reflections, nor
followed after the enemies of the party as long as
there was personal advantages to be derived." 91
Mr. "Webster is a tub that stands on its own "
bottom. How would the -Gazette have him
stand ? Under a millstone and be crushed, instead
of treading on it ? That Mr. Webster is a
man of some physical dimensions, as well as
mental, is true ; but that only renders it the
harder to turn him. v
We will close this ''eventful history" by a P
word Of so from Mr. Webster's own organ:
Prom the Boston Couriei\
"We know nothing of his views of the subject,
but have no idea that he would consent under existing
circumstances. Nor do we believe that his many "
friends would be pleased with the nomination. They n
consider him too great a man to play second fiddle to u
Mr. Clay, or any body else. There is only one office
within the gift of the people which he ought to ac- 91
cept, and that is the Presidency. Until this is tender- ~
cd to him, or a mission to England, he cannot do bet- li
tcr than enjoy his otium cum dignitate. These are our T
sentiments?whether they are Mr. Webster's or not,
we cannot say."
Now, when a Boston editor, of a diplomatic ^
bent, says ft we know nothing," or '' we cannot '
say." it may be taken for grunted he knows all
about it, and says what is sure to he correct.
HOW DOES HE STAND AT HOME? I*
There is no better proof of merit than when ,
the esteem of those among whom we have been ' b
born and reared, grows with a man's growth, and |
strengthens with his strength. Such has been j
the case in an eminent degree with President J
Tyler. What man, whose name is equally con- |
spicuous in our political annals, has ever had ^
conferred upon him in more rapid and unbroken v
succession than ho, the highest trusts in the I
gift of the people of his native county and State ? o
It is well known that the force of[his popularity ^
alone kept the friends of Mr. Van Buren from n
nominating a candidate for the Vice Presidency
:~ \t: n u: i ...
111 ? u^iiii.i. v>uiiii)iiii'ii |>ituy luuuciiuca, aci- a
ing on the press, woul'J persuade the public that 01
he has lost ground with the people; but how h
can that be possible with a son who, in all vicis- h
situdes?in the highest places and when on the di
full tide of prosperity as well as' in political ad- Cl
versity, has never for a moment deserted the
principle* oj Virginia! Faction nnd party it
spirit may do their worst, but sooner or later ir
the people will rise in their giant strength? A
throw off the trammels of party spirit and do d
justice to him who has had an eye constantly
and exclusively to the good of his country.? tl
Time, which tests all things, will ere long prove b
the truth of the following from a Western paper: tl
? When recently in Virginia, a gentleman of close
observation, whose opportunities of learning public
| MDtimsat i? surpassed by no one, remarked to us in n
* casual conversation, he had not a doubt, that the
leople of Eastern Virginia, preferred Mr Ty le* to
my other person, and the fact would have long si?ce
ieen made manifest, but for the loaders of the democratic
party. Sis months since, a gentleman, a citizen
of Virginia, for many years a prominent politician,
said to us in the city of Washington, 44 John
Fyler is this day the strongest man in Eastern Virginia,
and it will be made palpable in due time."?
Were we permitted to make public the names of the
...A ?,.?<! KM - DU.L.:. 1.1 ikA Ue* mon
?vu ^CIJUUlllCU, 1V11. JVIICU1U WUIIIU UC WIV ""*?
o withhold from them their just claims to high conideration."
Mr. Blair discourses thus in yesterday's j
" If Mr. Clay had been the truly great man, and if,
nstead of listening to his own selfish ambition, and !
laring to resent and resist, he had given his influence j
o carry out the popular will, as expressed in regard
o Geu. Jackson's elevation to the Presidency, he
vould probably have been his successor. If John
iuincy Adams had waived his claims, pronounced
y the popular vote to be subordidate to Gen. Jackon's,
and had bowed to the popular sovereignty, he
vould not have been degraded, by the acquisition of
he Presidency, into aq outcast from the' nation's j
avor?a miserable factionist, seeking to save baBt?
elf from the jgnomintbus bbScurfty to which he was
ondemned, by the infamous notoriety of preaching an
ibolilion crusade against the Constitution of his
J. DUDLEY'S STATEMENT.
J. Dudley, Esq., a Senator, from Franklin and
)wcn counties, being called upon, made the folowing
statement on the floor of the Senate : One
ay, in January, 1825, F. P. Blair came into
he Senate Chamber, seated himself near me, and
nquireu my opinion on me resuiuuun passeu requesing
our members of Congress to vote for General,
ackson as President of the United States. Mr. 13.
esired that I would write letters requesting the members
and particularly D. White, from this district, to
onsult with Mr. Clay and vote as he might desire.
Po this I objected, and gave my reasons therefor,
dr. 13. appeared surprised that I should raise any
bjections, particularly as I was opposed to the resoutions.
He said that a number of members of both
ouses, who voted for the resolutions, had written
uch letters, and that 1 could do it with more proprity.
He said if Mr. White could bo induced to
ote for Mr. Adams he would obtain the vote of Kentcky,
and with it the votes of most of the Western
tates, which would elect him, in which case Mr.
lay would obtain the appointment of Secretary of
tate. I then inquired how that fact had been asertaincd?
His answer was that letters had been reeived
from gentlemen of undoubted veracity at
Washington city, containing such information that 1
light rely with Confidence on that statement. I relied
that, although I was opposed UJ the resolutions,
had no doubt they contained the truth, and thereire
I could not say one word to induce our members
f Congress to believe otherwise. I further protestd
against Mr. Clay's accenting any office under Mr.
idams, whom I considered a Federalist of the Boston
tamp in 1798 and 1800, and thenceforward an enemy
f the West; you have it as ray opinion that if they
rere united, they would sink together."
ELECTION OF GOVERNOR IN NEW JERSEY. !
A friend (who knows) writes us as follows: !
" James S. Green, the friend of the President, was
icat in caucus by one vote; after which the Conven-1
ion took a recess. Then a new combination was !
ormcd, and the scattering vote was concentrated on I
laines, who is uncommitted, to any candidate for the!
Presidency. General Wall, the out-and-out Van '
3uren man, got but 6 votes ; and a friend of General
lass, talked of before the Convention met, was not
rated for at all.''
" The Mysteries of Paris," price 25 cents. |
Mr. Franclc Taylor, of this city, has this celeiraled
work. It is denounced as obscene in
ilew Yotk ; but we cannot believe it is so. We
vill read it, however, and see.
. B. Jokes, Esq.
Dear Sir : I had the honor of receiving the acompanjitig
letter, and know of no better mode of
isposing of it, than transmitting it to you, with the
equest that you publish it in the columns of tbe MadIonian.
Its publication can do no harm and may do
omc good. It will, at least, deter others from makag
a like proposal.
Very respectfully, yours,
Foinnan JWaJisonian Office.
Pittsburg, October S3, 1843.
Dear Sir: In these times of competition and ri*
airy in the family of the penny press, the duty imeratively
devolves upon us to raise ourselves above
ur neighbors. The Messago of President Tyler
rill be looked for with much anxiety by "the Poole."
I wish to publish it in this city before all the
ther papers; or a few hours after the other papers,
i this city, receive it. I will give you $20 if you
rill forward me a copy of the Message after it is set
p and corrected. You can accomplish it without
uhjecting yourself to any censure. My friend, Mr.
, will frank the document to the address " VVilftm
Flinn, Editor Daily Aurora, Pittsburg, Pennsylania."
1 will speak to Mr. about the matjr
before he leaves this city for Washington. Uncrstand
me?I wish you to forward the Messago beare
it is sent to the House?when I receive it, I will
ot publish the Message until it is read in Congress, 1
nd received in this place by the other papers. 1 !
icrely wish to enjoy the pleasure of beating them
U?and be ready?havo it all set up and corrected,
nd issue it a few hours after it is received by the
You will please let me know immediately?your
Editor Daily ,'lurrrra.
To the Foreman
Of the JMadisonian Office, Washington, D. C.
I address " Foreman" not knowing your name?not
nowing you to be the same Foreman when I left
Vashington. W. F. }
American Interests in L'hina.?The last number
f the Chinese Re|?>sitory states that Commodore
Icarney, of the U. S. frigate Constellation, has had
lore offical intercourse with the Chinese officers
lan has erer before been held by American officers
Itogcthcr, and this intercourse has been conducted
n terms of entire equality. Commodore Kearney
as, we believe, obtained the objects sought for in
is coming here, and if we are rightly informed, in
cmnity for all losses sustained by Americans in Dc
ember last is in a fair way of being obtained.
We learn from the St. Louis New Era of the 19th
isiant that a remarkable temperance movement i*
i progress among the soldiers at Jefferson Barracks,
i society has been formed and upwards of five hunred
soldiers have signed tho pledge.
The Mobile Register of tho 21st instant remarks
ial the yellow fever is on the decline in that city,
ut warns unacclimated persons not to return until
10 epidemic has entirely disappeared.
In the morning think what thou hast to do, and at
ight ask thysslf what thou hast don*.
)a y" totrm ber t, ?
L " jj
*A? Ciiui.iiiflti (<> 1
GREAT MKK'J l.\<; OE THE UEMUCMiaBitiS
Cl?( 1NN ATI AN0 J! 4MTLTON ( 01 N !
At the Court-bouae ayJQctqbur,
j Nominatioa of John Tyler rrvwilenty
mi May, 1814. w
About half past ti o'clock. oj\. h'st . v ih'
I Democracy friendly to President Tyler began to
assemble at the pourt-house and Idhg.before
' in1 appointed fur the assembling of the
meeting,' the house wg.* filled to overflowing.
; The meeting was called to order by appointing
William Burke, Chairman, and QAjalliaTu S* ?
Pearce, Secretary, Judge Burke having explained
the object of the meeting in a lucid and
eloquent manner, on motion of' ThjarnasMc
Guire, a committee of five were appointed to
'draft a preamble and resolutions expressive of
the sense of the meeting. Jgjuji ? 5
The following named gentlemen were appointed?Thomas
McGuire, C. C. Williams,
Thomas Gay, Isaiah Wing, and Samuel Stokes.
, The. committee then vritb-dTww and niter a
I brief absence reported the following preamble I
I sod resolutions, and after an able speech from
I Mr. Thomas McGuire in support of them, and
I iiilhe course of Mr. Tyler, they were adopted:
Whereas, it is well known to the American
Pepple, that John Tyler, did always act with
I th<| Democracy, and filled many important
oflies in the Commonwealth of Virginia, likeI
wisp in the National Legislature, and in the
year 1810, was elected by a majority of the
I people for the office of Vice President ol the
I United States with a full knowledge that he
I was a Jeffersonian Democrat, hnr that nfK<?p nnt
having any immediate connexion With the executive
Department of the Government, his duties
being defined as President of the Senate;
placed, in that relation, he was entitled, in the
event of certain contingencies, to exercise the
office of President of the United States, as provided
for in the Constitution.
And whereas, he is constitutionally, and providentially,
the President of these United i
States, hnd in consideration of the course he j
has pursued, in the administration of the Goveinrqent,
we think it due to award to him, at
least honesty of purpose, and a just regard for '
the Constitution, as a true Republican. And i
wherfas, it is at this time, all important, that 1
the Democratic party should use every honor- ,
able ai^d judicious means to unite the entire Re- i
publican strength at the approaching Presiden- j
tial contest, and in order to accomplish this ,
great and important point, it would seem neces- i
sary that all should unite to award to the several
candidates, who may be presented to the Democratic
National Convention, that courtesy
and respect due to them for their long and distinguished
services to their common country ;
and we rest fully satisfied, that the Democratic
Convention will, in their deliberate judgment,
make such a nomination as will reconcile the
friends of all the distinguished persona presented
10 them. -And we are prepared to say, that
John Tyler and his friends will be the last to
demur to the nomination, but will heartily unite
to give their support to the nominee.
And whereas, John Tyler has given assurance
that should his name be presented to the
Democratic National Convention, in conjunction
with those distinguished gentlemen now
before the people, that lie will abide (he decision
and support the nominee.
And whereas, this meeting have '?the most
abiding confidence in the ability and determination
of the President to maintain the Government
on principles purely Republican." Therefore
Resolved, That wc place the name of John Tyler
in nomination, as a candidate for President of the
United States, subject to the decision of the Democratic
National Convention to be held in the city of
Baltimore in May, 1844.
Resolved, That this meeting recommend a State
Convention, to be held in Columbus, Ohio, as soon as
convenient, and that the Tyler Slate Central Committee
appoint the time for the meeting of said Convention,
by giving immediate notice in all the newspapers
printed in the city of Columbus.
Resolved, That wc will use all honorable means to
place the name of John Tyler before the people, arid
the National Convention, as a proper person, and
worthy of their support, without invidious distinc- ,
Resolved, That we recommend the friends of the i
present administration, in the several counties of this <
Slate, to call county meetings, and select their dele- I
gates to the Slate Convention. I
Risolved, That a committee of be appoint- i
ed by this meeting, to be denominated the Executive i
and Corresponding committee of Hamilton County, for
the purpose of corresponding with similar committees,
and the following named persons be that committee?Thomas
McGuire, \\*. L. Pierce, J. M. Tudor,
N. C. Lane.
Rrsolvtd, That this meeting have the highest con- <
fidence in tho private worth and public services of
Wilson Shannon, Governor of the Stute of Ohio, and
Governor Porter of the Stale of Pennsylvania.
Resolved, That the tract of country bounded on the
South by the 42d parallel of North latitude?on the I
North by the 54th, 40ih, parallel of North latitude |
on the West by the Pacific Ocean, and on the East
bv the Hocky Mountains, and called the Oregon (
Territory, ot right unquestionably belongs to the (
United States, and that the surrender of a part of it,
would be equivalent to an abandonment of the whole.
Resolved, That we approve of the policy of Presi- ^
dent Tyler in relation to the just claim of the United (
??i!il?a nnon thn Orefron T??rritnrv_ nn<t tvn h<M-?hu
pledge ourselves, if it shall become necessary, to !
maintain our right with the blood and treasure of the (
nation. " <
WILLIAM BURKE, Chairman.
VV. J. Pierce, Secretary.
A Frontier Difficulty.?We take the following i
from a letter in the New York Express :
" Kingston, (Canada,) Oct. 22, 1843. i
" The agent of (he St. Regis Indians informs me (
that ho received a message from St. Regis, on Sntur- i
day night, informing him that the American Indians ,
in the ' American Tillage' had declared that the whole ,
village of St Regis was ceded to tho United States /
by tho Ashburton treaty, and, set on by certain de- (
signing men, they had gone on staking out and leas- ,
ing the lands to white men. Tho British Indians, in |
their perplexity, were at a lo*s to determine what ,
course to take, and sent to the agent for instructions. ,
The agent, acting on the advice of Sir Charles Met- |
calf, directed the British Indians to use whatever i
force was necessary to dree the intruders from their i
part of the village ; to arrest all engaged in the busi- .
ness, and send them to Montreal jail, and if they are ,
not stiong enough of themselves, the aid of her ma- |
jesty's forces will he promptly furnished them. The ,
whole business is, undoubtedly, the getting up of some
designing men, who think they will be the gainers hy
creating a disturbance. Tho boundary, according to |
the Ashburton treaty, is distinctly marked through
tho village, and is the line that always separates the j
two divisions of the tribe?tho British and American ,
' for V
I & VB r^r J
I "v *
V +r H *
- . -.? -serrer"
1 13. I WlfOJhE NO. <(8<t.
" ! -?- ? auiHfr
I JVoui fu A". 0 CotiimfjxMl HUIICUH
[ It is with |'li aiure ti.at noi lu, our
rt>!umr\? tb-an# thejJeciaed expression of op m ion of
two <HstiAgiu?f?ed politwt.ns, and of two of the leuJo?
polilnjaJ presses of thp ftoyjbt iji favor of Uie retoratioo^f
|J'ei;as t6 the uyriffiry of the Uiqted
"states ft Is ? ; th< ':on in rapidly acquiring
Importance in the estlmalfjn of the country,
uml will < ry sfoub^jjMHHift': and warmly dis.i
< <rv>t! ^ and if the frieinds of annexation press it in
the n lit spirit?moderate, but firm?we hare little I
fSy ui the result.
We attach the more importance to the declarations
of Mr. Wise, because it is well understood that that '
gentleman is in the confidence ol the Administra- j
lion, if he docs not, indeed, echo its sentiments ; and
we mny infer from what Jie says, that the Executive |
branch of the Government is probably already taking j
the proper steps for the acoouipliahmenttuf the project.
Perhaps, also, the declarations of Mr. Hunter, I
responded to so warmly by the Charleston Jklcrcury,]
acquire additional importance from the intimacy
which exists between that gentleman and Mr. Cal-1
The question, however, is by no *;means a party I
one; and we should deprecate the idea that it was to
mingle to any great extent with other agitations ol j
the day. But while wo should thus protest against
the fate of the measure being made to depend upon j
the fortunes of any party, or -cement ofJtparty., ill
ought still to ne pressed so close upon the country that
such timid or astute politicians as may endeavor to |
blink or evade it, shall be compelled (to use a favorite
figure of Mr. Ritchie) "to duylcy their hands." I
From the Brooklyn Eagle.
THE POST OFFICE WAR.
Never did an unlucky squib, thrown by a mischievous
urchin among a bevy of chickens, pr< <1
a greater shock, or raise a more fearful crown.
screaming and cackling, than the late circular ol >?
Postmaster General has done in the m.kt tf .c
press. Even the Sagharbor Corrector, w ? u??
hitherto been content to expatiate upon the diflrr? i t
varieties of whale, and the manner in which tio-y arc
captured by the enterprising natives of that important
mart, has awoke from its long repose, and opened
a galling fire upon the devoted head of Mr. WickliH'c
: nrifl nlmnat I'vprv iwnpr it* lot/. <"??
, j , "I' '"v
Last and the West, from the North and South?has
an elaborate essay upon the subject. Some of these
place their objections to the circular upon very high
ground?such as the true meaning and intent of
the Constitution, which they suppose?and rightly,
no doubt?to be opposed to any check upon the circulation
of intelligence ; others argue all around and
about the obnoxious provisions, and make it appear?
to their own satisfaction, at least?that Mr. WicklilFe
exceeds his authority in giving such an unpleasant
construction as he does to certain acts of Congress
; but the majority seem inclined to reflect, in
some way, upon the good faith and sagacity of the
For ourselves, \vc have seen, as yet, no cause to
change the opinion wc have heretofore expressed on
the subject. General Jackson, it will be recollected,
Look the responsibility of interpreting the Constitution?in
cases where its meaning had not been set
Lied by the recognised authority, at he understood it,
and the people sustained him in that course. Why,
then, may not the Postmaster General?who we believe
is a lawyer of good repute?exercise the same ;
freedom in regard to an act of CongressIf he is i
wrong, the people, through their representatives, can i
readily point out and correct his errors ; but if (as we |
more than suspect) he is right, every one will see and
feel the necessity of an immediate and searching reform
in the Post Office laws. It is to this latter end,
especially, that the attention of the people needs to
be directed. As Mr. Kendall has well remarked, in
a late number of his Expositor, " the circumstances
of the country are so changed, since the law9 on this
subject were passed, as to make them inadequate to
the existing state of things-," and he suggests, that
" the Press would be more properly and usefully employed
in exposing the defects of Uie law, and suggesting
proper remedies, than in assailing the Postmaster
General." Such were the views put forth
by this journal a fortnight or more ago, before the
"war" proper had commenced ; and we are glad to
find them backed up by such excellent authority as
Mr. K. We do not believe in the fashionable method
of allowing an odious law to become " obsolete."?
It is only nipping oir the branches without disturbing
the root of the tree; whereas it is evident that a
sufficient remedy can alone be found in the destruction
of both root and branch. And we have little
doubt that if hundreds of arbitrary and unjust laws?
which have outlived their nge and been cast into the
?ca of foritetfulness?were tried in the same wnv
they would speedily be obliterated from the records.
Hut the end of all this will undoubtedly be, a material
diminution of (be rates of postage, and a transformation
of what is now rapidly becoming a public
nuisance into a very different sort of machine. To j J
secure this, however, it is not necessary to abolish the i
Post Office establishment; but simply to correct its
abuses. Let us urge upon the attention of Congress
an immediate and thorough revision of tho law?not ,
through the dull and sluggish medium of petitions, ,
w hich nobody reads, and are welcome only to the (
printers; but rather by direct and personal communication
with the members elect?or, if preferred, by ' (
instructions emanating from public meetings. The
evil is certainly one of sufiicicnt magnitude to war- .
rant a movement of this kind. We can rally, by '
thousands, to hear a distinguished orator upon the
ideal of a perfect state, or some other ineomprehen- !
sible theme?we can turn out en masse to receive a
distinguished military or civic chieftain?wo can as- |
rmldc in parks to witness the exhibitions of mountc-!
hanks and listen to the "national air" of Jim along
Josey ; and why, in a matter of so much interest to 1
the people generally as the cheap and speedy trans
mission of intelligence, should we not adopt thesstnc
course? It strikes us that a scries of public meetings
throughout the country, held with express reference
o the subject, would prove the most certain and con
renient method of achieving this long-talked of and
nnuch needed reform.
MR. ALISON'S OPINIONS OF THE DESTINIES
In the fifteenth number (the last of the Harpers'
edition) of Mr. Alison's admirable history of Europe,
he gives some speculations on Mexico, which will,
doubtles*, be regarded in Texas and the contiguous
States, as the words of an oracle, veritable predictions,
the truth of which that infant Republic is desined,
in the course of time, to accomplish : j
"Mexico on the South, and the British Provin- ,
cs on the North, contain, within themselves, the |
JIVHIV1IWI VI iiii^ihj ? ui|"iv.i, auu Hi u lieu iu | |
?pcii their capacious arms, for ages to come, to re- ;,
.rive tho overflowing population of the old world. . t
Humboldt has told us that he was never wearied !
with astonishment at the smallness of tho portion
jf soil which, in Mexico would yield sustenance ,
o a family, lor a year, and that the same extent '
jf ground which in wheat would maintain onlj '
;wo persons, would yield sustenance under the ha* \
lana to filty; though, in that favored region, the1'
cturn of wheat is n?ver under seventy, sometimes
is much as a hundred fold. If duo weight be given ,
:o these extraordinary facts, it will not appear ex:ravngant
to assert that Mexico, with a territory 1
itnbracing seven times the whole area of France,
may at some future, and possibly not remote period, r
contain two hundred millions of inhabitants. Hut, .
autirilhstamling nil their. advantages, it is more than ,
louhtful whether the Spanish rare ts destined to perpetu- ,
ite its descendants, or, at least, tetain the sovereignty of r
.liat country. Compared With the adjoining provinces ,
of America or Canado, it appears struck with a so- |
eial or political palsy. The recent successful settle- 1
mcnt ol a small body of British and American colo- I
nists in Texas, a Mexican province, their easy victory
aver the Mexican troops, and the rapid growth of '
iheir Republic, may well suggest a doubt, whether ?
l>riorily of occupation and settlement will not in this *
instance, as it has done in many others, yield to the '
superiority of race, religion, and political character, and '
chether to the eUicrndants of the Anglo Seuron settlers, is '
not ultimately destined the sceptre of the whole A'<nth '
We learn from the Niagara Courier that a body of |
Prussians, consisting of 86 families and nearly 400
acrsons, have purchased over J800 acres of land in
he town of Wakf field, N. Y , on which they have
ilready founded a le'tlement and commenced im>rovem?nta.
~ " 1 " BHSBBBS
1 ' is-., u This hcddio*. rtrAUje us II
appears, is uot a fiction, as the mcredttleus may a?fejftam
to ll.t.ir coiMj'Me satisfaction by a visit W?
' following account, furuisbdd us by an intelli
" I have pleasure ia en'i
W*QB96lVajPv6. ypQ aome a^cuunt of a musical I
l>' ' 1 v? I'll 1 tuw I't belt
' su " iuci.j < Jfn ttbie. This
1,1 the S:ha|.t ot a - . .. . I
11 ?hly, t'.i sing it does
rity. 1 tic Jiulo crratunOHM common itouso
?, of tfie muM r.-KptWben I heard him
wwgvw aaw wpafici ui uiai i?rn was pun Ml. ] reel
assured that do dt caption was (vactisi'd, fur by the
aid ut 4 powerful which I purposely borrowed,
i oould:o'??-( - c the Ut . u! -isness of the throat; and
1 a>.v-d tin. proprietor to retire from the room
for at hieh ho aM, in order that I might
convince uiy soil' that 1 ?/av not bemg made the dupe
of ventriloquism- J thch placed my ear close to him,
pod the rfiect wan still the same. No human being
| could make hia piano passages. One circumstance
places this beyond doubt- For sometimes parties
have to wait a'considerable time before he will pipe.
An instance of this kind happened recently at the
I'alace, w here he was taken for the little Prince of
Wales and the Princess to hear him. But 1 was informed
that he fully made up lbr his silence by afterwards
singing more lustily than he ever d.d before.
He requires to be attentively observed and by so doing
)Ou catch his variety. When quite still his notes aro
Sip-passingly distinct, and have all that peculiarity of
the notes of the canary when lie is singing himself to
.*leep. While he was in motion, I tried the effect of
MUtid Upon him by vibrating a tuning fork upon the
table. This, although repeated several times, neither"
deterred him from singing, nor in the slightest degree
alarmed him. If 1 may hazard a conjecture, his
pitch is more than an octave uhore that ol the bird
ho imitates. It is very difficult to guess how tins faculty
got into him ; for supposing that he listened to
the canary from his hiding-place, the larynx is not %
formed for such a purine. However. 1 must, leave
TCITmduer to physiologists and modern Danes Harringtons,
simply contenting myself with silent wonder,
now and then exclaiming " prodigious !"?London
Tleasiko Method or Teaching the Nike Parts
or Hpekch.?I will collect a number of children, and
will draw an imaginary picture. I will ask each of
them, in succession, what will you have in the picture?
One wiH say a cottage, others a mansion, a
wood, a tree, a lake, a church, a lady, a gentleman.
1'hen I tell them that these things are nouns, which
it the name of any thing, and Ihetefore, might as
well have been called names instead of nouns. I
would then ask, having got the objects for the picture,
bow shall they be placod? I shall be told, the cottage
by the wood ; the tree on the hill; the horse in
the field ; the lady near the lake ; the gentleman beyond
the church ; thus in making their choice, they
would find out what constituted a preposition. I
should then take up the adjective brush; us I would
call it, and tell them, that, to give beauty to the picture,
it was proper to express a quality, aud they
would give their preference for a pretty cottage, a
fme mansion, a young lady, a handsome church, and
so forth, which would teach them the adjective.
Then, in order to give life to the picture, 1 would
tell them that the different objects must be doing
something; and might be told?the horse should
prance, the tree should wave, the centleman should
study, the lady should sing, the lake should shine ; by .
which would be explained the qualities of the verb.
But I would add, the tree might wave, or the lady
might sing very differently to what you intend, how
should it be? "Why, sir, the tree shall wave gently
; the horse shall prance playfully ; and the lady
shall sing sweetly thus I should obtain the adverb.
"Now," 1 would ask one, "What would you do with
the cottage ?" "Oh, sir, I should like to like in it."
"In it, what do you mean?" "In the cottage."
Thus 1 would, by repetition, illustrate the prorn.un.
The conjunction they would learn because it could
form no part of the picture; while the interjection,
though called a part of speech, is not so in reality ; it
is an exclamation only. Thus children might easily
be collected to play at making pictures, and would
be unconsciously instructed while they were innocently
A Steamer without a Chimney-?Sfromer Princeton?Much
has been said by the New York press in
favor of this new frigate. They consider her one of
the swiftest vessels of her class ever upon the ocean.
She has no paddles at the sides, but what is still more
remarkable, she has no smoke pipe. In his most ardent
praises of the importance and success of steamboat*,
both upon lU civac* ami the seas, Fulton never
even suggested that they would be built and used
without a chimnoy. This is not only a new. but a
most extraordinary improvement in the application
of steam to the driving or ships through the deep.?
As no particular account of the invention has yet
been given to fhe public, it is greatly to be hoped
that Captain Stockton will visit Boston harbor with
his new and wonderful craft, and thus give our fellow-citizens
an opportunity (o examine her and witness
her speed.?Vorton .litas.
To this paragraph the New York American replies
Our Boston friends will have a chance before long
of having their wishes complied with. The interior
of the Princeton is not yet finished. She came round
here in the rough, as it were, to give the Western a
trial : but when tier inside arrano-emenL* ar? rnmnlc.
ted, the Bostonians will hare a chance of testing her
?pecd with the fastest of the Cunard steamers.
A Noble Dog.?A Halifax paper states that a child
was playing with a Newfoundland dog on Roach's
wharf, Halifax, a short time since, and by some accident,
slipped orcr tho end of the wharf into the
water. The dog immediately sprang after the child,
[who was only six years old,) and seizing the waist
af his little frock, brought him into the dock where
there was a stage, and by which the child held on,
but was unable to get on top. The dor, seeing it
was unable to pull the little fellow out of the water,
ran up to a yard adjoining, and where a little girl of
nine years of aje was hanging out clothes.
He seized the girl by the frock, and notwithstanding
her exertions to get away, he succeeded in dragging
her to the spot where the child was still hanging
by his hands to the stage. On tho girl's taking
hold of the child, the dog assisted her in rescuing
the little fellow from his perilous situation; and after
licking the face of the infant it had thus saved,
it took a leap oR the stage, and swam round to the
end of the wharf, and immediately after returned
with hit hat in his mouth. It is said that the father
of the child?to whom tho dog belongs?when leaving
the country where he formerly resided, rescued
it from the hands of some persons who were about to
execute the poor animal for killing a sbecp.
Evangelical Lutheran Rtnod or Maryland.?
VVe learn thut this respectable body of Christian divines
closed its annual session, a few days since, at
Westminster, Carroll county, Maryland. There
were present a large number of miuisters, with their
lay delegates, from various portions of the country
mid from other State*. We arc gratified to learn
that the English Lutheran congregation of our city
a-as represented by its pastor and lay delegate, and
hat the Synod will warmly co-operate in the perniaicnt
establishment of the paator, and the prosperity
if his growing and respectable congregation.?A?irmal
Dr. Ifawkes, the eloquent and learned divine, of
Vew York, now Rector of St. Thomas' has detcrnined
(says the Express,) to give up his present
:harge, and to go to Holly Springs in the State of
Mississippi, to take the pastoral care of a church
here. He will he a great loss to his flock here, but
i great gain to the cause of Protestantism in the
iVest. In connexion with his clerical duties, he inends
to pursue those of a teacher of youth.
On Sunday evening last, Olho Snyder and Marga ct
his wife, free negroes, who absconded from this
dace some time since, arrived here in the custody of
iflicer Freaner. They had taken refuge in Pennsylania,
and being charged with facilitating the escape
if fugitive slaves, upon the requisition of (Jov. Thonas,
they were delivered into the hands of the Mjryinil
authorities for trial. ? llajctrshncn .Vcvm.
Darin*. Robbery.?As Mr. Bruce, a gentleman in
1 c employment, n? clerk, '?f John Jacob Astnr and
ion, wan standing at the window of the Upper Post
Hlicc, about 2 o'clock yesterday, his pantaloons
locket was picked of a package of money containing
^>.000 in bills of the. North Hirer Bank. Mr. Bruce
iad j o>t drawn the inonry from the bank. It c<>nlisted
of the denomination of 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 20, and
Jt">0 bills, all new emission, and wrapped un in a
piece of yellow paper, sealed with red wax. He had
the money in his pocket when he went to the window
of the Post Office, and on turning round diseorcred
that it was gone. He could obtain no trace of
it, and maJe application Tor assistance at the Police
Office, but wo believe, so far, without efleet?.V. T.
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