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The Madisonian. (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1837-1845, December 08, 1843, Image 1

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'THE MAD1HONIAN."
MY JOHir * JOMS.
PKICS or ADVKHTISINO.
Twelve lines, or less, three insertions, - . 81 00
Each additional insert ion, . 'Ji>
Longer ad vertiseuients at proportionate rates.
A liberal discount made to those who advertise by
the year.
Subscribers may remit by mail, in hills of so)veut
banks,po*lage paid, at our risk; provided it shtdl
appetir by a postmaster s certificate, that such remit*mn"?
haa h??n ilnlv mailed.
TERMS: I
Daii.t per annum, (in advance,) - - - - #'0 00
For tri-woekty per annum, .... o 00
For?ix Luoniha, '' 3 00
Weekly, ..." 200
For *ix month*, " 1 25
IV All letter* must be ?ddre**ed (free of postage)
to the editor.
Postmaster* throughout the Union are requeued to
actus our agent*. Those who may particularly exert
themaelve* in extending the circulation of the pa
per will not only he allowed a liberal commission on
aum* remitted, but receive our warmest thank*.
THE MADISONIAN.
THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER. 1
We are not aware that any formal complaint '
has yet been made to our Government by the 1
British Minister of the ' grossly iudelicate" '
conduct of this paper in venturing to hint a 1
doubt of ihe disinterestedness of the Mistress (
of the Seas." The National Intelligencer evi- '
dently thinks that such a complaint would be
| exceedingly proper, on account ofour"gros?" i
| and ' groundless" insinuations and most un- 1
I generous aspersions." If the complaint should '
be made, we trust that our punishment will be '
lighter even than that of Monsieur Peltier, when <
r complaioedof by e first Cnnsnl
aWiSch'15 we have never had the honor of be- I
log a subject of Her Britannic Majesty. We
have np fear, thank Heaven, of our types and i
presses being seized, Hnd our unfortunate per- '*
son disposed of by a lettre de cachet. That 1
would no doubt be considered the proper mode a
of punishing our audacity, by the editor of the ?
Intilligencer, who is not quite enough of a Jef- ^
' fersonian Democrat to think that ' error of opi- u
nion may safely be tolerated when reason is left
free to combat it." c
The language which we have used with re- b
ference to the unfriendly disposition of Great e
Britain is scarcely harsher than that which even h
I Mr. Webster felt bound to employ in his desf
patches in relation to the Creole ali'air ; the de- v
signs which we have imputed to it are those ^
proclaimed on the floor of Parliament by the s
I nnhlf T,ords" Brousham and Aberdeen : its wil- i.
Ilingness to overleap the law of nations, aud (he r,
regard due to friendly powers in the prosecution j.
of its designs, we find attested in the strongest q
and most unequivocal language by Peers of j
Great Britain, with " the Puke" at their head, w
in the repeated and solemn protests recorded 8I
against the act of Parliament authorizing the t|
search of our vesstls in lime of peace- a
Truly our nation would be in a pretty predica- v
ment just now, if, in addition to the unhappy t|
influence of party spirit in its affairs, the free ex- jj
pression of opinion on the part of our public j,
journals is to be checked on the score of '* in- j,
delicacy" to a foreign power, suspected ofmedi- j
tating a death-stroke to our Union, and ConI
gress is to be overawed in its deliberations by
the arrogant menaces of the " Napoleon of the I
' West." Nothing would be wanting, then, to ^
J ensure the triumph of abolitionism, but studied
I inisrepresen'ations in journals of 44 established !
ft reputation and (hat the Intelligencer is ready !
1 to supply its share of these, we find abundant
I proof in its editorial of yesterday. We cheer-1
I fully place before our readers the whole of what j 'j
I jt is pleased facetiously to term a summing up
I of our arguments on the Texas question :
I "That featu'e of the Message which will first at '
1 tract the a'lention of nine!y-nine out of a hundred ^
I leader* is that which brings IVxas arid her relations G
II l0 (he notice of Congress. Wuhin the lasi few days (j
II wc have had almost i fli ial intimation, through the
II Government paper, thu the long agony was nearly j 0
ovt", i?n I mui we mmiiu ?uou see wn.u proposi- aj
^ 1 tion" concerning Texas wan about to be pr pounded. (
^ 1 With a curiosity stimulated bjr the (msitive tone
HI of the Government | apt r of Friday lust, and the 11
^^ 1 gruffly indelicate B8uui|>lion in that paper of " a ir
project" on the part cf "the most powerlul GovHI
eminent of Europe" to "iuteifere with the most rt
di'licstfl and momentous intcicsts of our country," tl
an a ground of action, of some kind or otln r, by tj
this Government in legard to Texas, we look the
trouble to look over the file of the Mudiannian for f1
the preceding week or two. We found that the bur-| it
jen of it- story, through suae -ive cs-ays, was the, ,,
annexation of Texas" to ihe United Suics ; its ar-1
gument in favor f a prop>sition of such vit.il coflre- 'c
quence biing, in substance, that the (mi tea i in of j
Texas would b ' a convenience t > the Uni'ed Sta'es, | -]
that some person* hid aiippisrd, before the Treaty,
by which me Unifed Slates recognised the right ol
Spain to that lerrit- rv, th it what is now Texas form- '
e,| prop-ily a part of Louisiana; that, if the Un to?l
Stuli s does nut " annex" Texus, If,ere is some dangi r , I'
that slavery may be ulmlisbed in thai c>u. try; > hat
there is some reason to suppose that the Brit sh Gov- j
eminent is disposed to favor the abolition of ala , rt
very in Tri o; i n I that, if she has any intentions on
theSubj'Ct, lh y can only fl?w from a disposition to cl
interfere wrh slavery n* it exi-ts in the United States, j ;|
To all t* hieh it wool I have h"en ei.ough, had the
President's Mee-agu borne out the lor shad >w,ng ol j p
tbr Executive organ, to an-w<r, in few words, that .
the argument of convenience would with equal force c'
justify a proposition to "annex" Canada or New
Brunswick on th?' Northern frontier ns I exas on the'
Southern; that whatever any per*< n nny have sun- Cl
|.(.s'd, or pretende 1 to S0(>| ose, concerning ur Sou' b- (I
western geographical huundary (trior lothovrar Iwlf), ,,
the 1'reaty I itified in th.it y, ar between the United
Stairs and Spon forever concluded that question? v
the attempt to re Op< n winch, on the umo su()(>osi- p
tion or piet#i:ce, w s nut ?b'e for a moment to stand
the tevt ol Irutn in Ihe height ol the power of the
Jackson Administration: that, if the people of Texas
chuo-e to uhulish or txclude ?l,n, ry from their trr- |>
ritory, the Government of the Unit <1 State* h.,s no |
right to object lu it, n?>r any pPMMl I i even taking S
notice ol it; that the relations between Gte.it Br tain '*
ami I'exas are matters wb ch conr ern themselvea ai d | (f
net us,unles- upon the prcsump'ion that Great Bri- I
tain hr.d some *ueh nefarious design a* ihe Govern
Ill IVII? I fy*?-? /' ir?o JJII'U. uir Wijf, III ?'
fin .ate*; ?n<l thai there if not only no evidence of v
tny aur.h design on the pari ol (jreal Britain, but
that a 11 the credible le htnony on the subject is direct-'"
ly in lite teeth of mich an a??um|it on, ami that every I n
possible inference tr< m the r lation* which < rial be (|
tween the two cou trn;< stamps it ne a mim' ungenerous
esjierston of the faith at.d honor of a ftienJIy 'f
Power." e
We 'hall reply to these statements of the In- e
telligencer seriatim, and very bri fly. n
Wc are said to have argued " that the posses- '
sion of Texas would he a convenience to the '
United States." This is not Hue, literally or in''*
spirit. We endeavored to show the necessity?Is
h tbiabsolute?of the possession of Tex- c
H as, il there were good grounds for believing that
I fJrcat Britain entertained the de?igns ascribed t
to Iter. What is necessary must, of course, be '
I highly convenient : But the object of the Intelli- i
grnrrr was to pervert our meaning, as much as
H ? if it had accused us of dktirtBg TiSM as an or
nam en tal appendage a sort o| National pleasure
I ground.
I " Swine p<-r?ons had supposed that what it
I ill? - ? - I- - 1
VOL. VII ?NO. 35.]
.1 ??w?Mggg
now Texas formed properly a part ol Louisiana."
This, again, is a perversion ol the iruih.
l'k.1 *L. I aan Ipam I roill
1 uc cunur Ul IUC I1IIC111VCUI/CI vau ?v?.? ?
Mr. Adams, in a few minutes, if he please, that
our title to what is now called Texas was completely
made out?demonstrated as clearly as any
proposition in Euclid. It was no more a supposition
than it is a surmise that two and two
make four.
4( That there is some reason to suppose that
the B.tiisli Government is disposed, &c." The
reason for the supposition is the explicit avowal
made in Parliament by the British Minister
if Foreign Affairs, that the Government was not
inly so disposed, but was actually engaged,4' by
urging the negotiations, as well as by every j
jther means in its power," in endeavoring to
:arry its disposition into effect. Are we not to
:redit their own avowals of their earnest disposiion
?
Such, it appears, is "the substance" of our
irptiments: we think it would be convenient to
tn o r To*a*, because same person* had >onte
ison to suppose that rhe British Gorcrufue- t j
n o? disposed to propose; Ac d.c. Truly a very j
jatid'.i s'Minting up. . j
-WW 'lit- vWhBaWttf ""argun cn'?.
>cr cotttru of the Intelligencer.
41 The argument of convenience would with
;qual force justify a proposition to 4 annex' Cantda."
That is, our Southern States would be in
to more danger from a British colony of whites
ind ftee negroes in Texas, than our Northern
States are in from their vicinity to Canada.
Uid this is an argument addressed tothcgrownip
readers of the Intelligencer.
The treaty of 1819 between France and Spain
onveyed away our right to Texas. This may
e granted ; but the argument has nothing whatver
to do with the grounds upon which we
iave urged the re-acquisition of Texas.
''If the people of Texas choose to abolish slaery
in their territory, the Government of the
Jniled States has no right to object to it." We
hould have no right, perhips, under the strict
iw of nations; although, we should have infiitely
more right, as well as reason, than the
Iritish had to bombard Copenhagen, or the
Christian Powers of Europe to destroy the
'u ki*h fleet at Navariuo. The right to object
rhich we claim, rests upon the great law of
elf-prcservation. According to the views of
re Intelligencer, we have no right to object to
ny means which other Governments may deise
for compassing our destruction, provided
iat they keep within the limits of the law: and
' they should happen to transcend them, accordig
to the admission of their own statesmen and
trists, even then we must be very choice and
elicate in the language of our remonstrances.
" There is not only no evidence of any such
esign on the part of Great Britain, but all the
rediblc testimony on the subject is directly in
le teeth of such an assumption." Then why
ot produce all tin' evidence, with such cotnlenis
as may seem necessary, and enable its
fader* to draw their own conclusions 7 Why
ucte one part of an editorial article of a Texas
aper, and oniit another, which essentially moified
the meaning of it ? W hy make no alluion
whatever to an editorial article in the same i
aper, of a substquern date, confirming the!
rorst suspicions of the designs of i he British j
iorerninenl ? Why contine its prese nt qiioia- !
ons to a solitary New Orleans paper which
riginally circulated t!ie most aggravated charges
gainst President Houston, vouching in the
irongest manner for the intelligence ;.nd respecibility
of the authority upon which they were (
jade, and afterwards suddenly recan'ed them 1
nd belied its esteemed correspondent in Texas,
jus shewing that ii had but a doubiful claim to >
ie character of "a well informed und judicious '
apcr at New Orleans"? Certainly no " well j
jforrard and judicious paper" would more so j
recipitately in two opposite directions, like a
jcomotive on trial.
ro THE FRIENDS OF THE ADMINISTRATION,
Whom wc considir the true Constitutional
Lepublicans of this d.iy, we would lespectfully
Mnark. that however much their Chief may be
riled, and tin ir own fancied weakness ridi- j
liled, by the parli ans and presses whose hopes
nd prospects art lia->ed oil the success of deso'ic
political organizations; if a just G?od
1. .!,? .mnnl.D. nril,.,l>.,.,l. P.
UllllUI^ I lit UII|Mll3t3 Ul UIVIUUIIJ Ul Hi' k CW^/ll f
nd ii<-l i nly impels them in the end to vindiate
the right, but to condemn the wrong; then
lose who have espoused the cause of an lion
t and upright Pre aid ut, though the temporary 1
ictim of urimoasurr d obloquy, and " without a
arty," have no cause w hat rer to despond.
II the friends of the President be'ieve thai
icy advocate a just cause, (and il they did not
elieve it, the President would scorn their friend
hip,) ihey will stand fi-m, through all the trials
Inch can he devised by the ii tolerant dictators
f party. So far they have wiihsiood the cornmcd
thunderbolts of the ultra Whig advocates
f Mr. Clay, and the despotic clique which goerns
the Globe newspaper in this city. The
.st would lain put in operation all the Federal
leasures which have been so frequently con
emned by a majority of the People within the
i t twelve years?(hut their main de-ire is the i
leration of their leader)?and tlx* latter makes
mpty professions of Democratic principles, to1
lainitun an ascendency which wi 1 enable it to
iciate to the People a long line of Presidents.
If'e must icar against both. The defeat ol
ithc.r will be a triumph lor us, and one must
oon he overthrown?perhaps both?in the end,
erlainly both.
When the population of the American Colo
lies did not exceed 3,000,000, we succeeded in
i war of Independence against one of the
mightiest of nations, Then, as now, our cause
was just?now, as then, we may succeed. ' A
mere corporal's guard" of Republicans of ihr old
Revolutionary sta np, will do to begin with.?
And
" The war of freedom onco begun," Ac. Ac,
lit Jib
WASHINGTON: FRIO
?toentfi= Sfflhtfi eonsress.
FIRST SFSSIOy.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
wfconlslay, Dec. 6.
election of clf.hk.
At a late hour, on (notion of Mr. CAVE JOHPi
SON, the House proceeded, viva voce, to the electio
of a Clerk.
Mr. DAVIS, of Indiana, nominated Caleb J. Mc
A1 I'l^T 11 ?494*9 VI l/WIU.
And Mr. VANCE, of Ohio nominated the preset
incumbent, Matthew St. Clair Clarke, Esq
The SPEAKER appointed Messrs. Davis, of Indl
ana, Vance, of Ohio, and Cave Joiinson, of Tennei
Bee, a Committee of Tellers to count the votes.
And the members having voted, the tellers de
clared the result of the first ballot to lie as follows:
Whole number of votes, l'JO : necessary to a choice
9ti.
Of which Mr. McNi/ltv received 124.
<r And Mr. Matthew St. Clair Clarke 66.
So Mr. McNultv, having received a majority o
all the votes polled, was declared to be duly electee
Clerk of this House. The following was the vot^
For Caleb J. McNultt?Messrs. Arriugton, Atkinson,
Beardsley, Benton, Bidlack, Jas. Black, Ja^
A. Black, Blackwell, Bosier, Bower, Boyd, Jacol
Bfinkerhoef, Brodhaud, Wm J. Brown, Burke B irr
TVildirell, CW.pbdl, Jf. ? Curj, Cailio. A?'gm' "*Jji
Chapman, Clinton, Ganb, C'uBom,'
Ui'twla*.*, iJroaagvolc, Duncan, iHm'ap, Fpos-Fiita
Ice. Oj'-i
Haralson, fl'iVTi. tieiitny, Hirrtek, Holmes,
Zionkut*, Hccsion, Lubsrr*, Hubbell Hughe?,. UK*'
gerxord, James B. Hum, Charles J. liigersoii, Spuiv
son, Cave Johnson, Andrew Johnson, John W. Jonef,
Geo. W. Jones, Kennedy, Preston.King, Kirkpatrick,
Labranche. l^rinard. I.p.wis. Lucas I.iimnkin. Mc
Clellun, McClernand, McConnell, McDowell, McKay,
Mathews, Moore, Murphy, Norris, Owen, Parmenter,
Payne, Petit, Emery D. Potter, Pratt, Purdy,
Rathbun, Almon H. Read, David S. Reid, Reding,
Relfe, Ritter, Robinson, Russell, St. John, Saunders,
Thomas H Seymour, David L. Seymour, Simons,
Simpson, Slidell, John T. Smith, Thos. Smith, Robt.
Smith, Steenrod, Stetson, J. Stewart, Stiles, Stone,
Strong, Sykes, Taylor, Thompson, Tibbatts, Weller,
Wentworth, VVlieaton, Williams, Wilkins, Woodward,
Jos. A. Wright, Yost?124.
For Matthew St. Clair Clarke Messrs. Adams,
Ashe, Burringer, Barnard, Milton Brown, Jeremiah
Brown, BuiHngton, Carroll, Chu|p II, Chilton,
Clingman, Co'lamer, Cranston, Cros-<, Garr. tt Davis,
Deberry, Dellel, Dickey, Dickinson, Fish, Florence,
Foot, Frick, Giddings, Willis Green, Grinnell,
Grider, Hardin, Harper, Liudsn i, Washington Hunt,
J> seph R. Ingersoll, Ii vjn, feiiks, Perlcy B. Johnson,
Daniel P.King, Mclivaine, Marsh, Edward J, Morris,
Mo-eley, Nes<, Newton, Paliers?n, Peyton, Phcenil,
Elisha R. Potier, Ramsey, Charles M. Reed,
Rodmy, Rogers, Sample, Schenck, Senter, Albert
Smith, Andrew Stewart, Thon ason, Tdden, Tylei,
Vance, Vanineler, Vinton, White, Wintbrop, Wise,
William Wright?O'ti.
Mr. McNui.ty was conducted to the Clerk's table
by Matthew St. Clair Clarkk, Esq ,and the oaili
of office was administered by the Speak* r.
the fine.
Mr. C. J. INGERSOLL, in pursuance of notice
heretofore given, asked and obtained leave to introduce
a bill to refund the fine imposed on Gen. Andrew
Jackson.
The bill was read twice by its title;
And Mr. C. J. 1NGERSOLL moved that it be referred
to a Committee of the Whole House, made
the order of the day for to morrow, and that it be
printed.
Mr. WINTHROP. We have no rules for reading
or committing bills, or any thing else.
Mr. C. J. 1NGERSOLL. We have the Parliamentary
law, which is all the rule 1 want. 1 hope we
shall have no more.
i ne monon oi Air. 1. prevailed, and the hill was
committed accordingly.
Mr. VANCE moved that the House adj. urn?
which motion was rejected.
PUBLIC PRINTING.
Mr. Mt KAY, with some remarks in relation to the
expenditures on this branch o( the public service, offered
the following resolution .
Ri solved, That the House now proceed to tlie election
of pi inter of the House for the 28th Congress,
whose compensation shall be the same that was allowed
to the printer of this House of the 26th Congress,
subject to such alterations as may he made in
the joint resolution of the 3d March, 1819, dircrting
the manner in which the printing of Congress shall be
executed, fixing the prices thereof, and providing for
the appointment of a printer or printers.
Mr. GILMER oflercd the following amendment:
"That ihc printer who may be elected by this
House shall continue to serve until the close of the
present Coogres*, unless it shall, in the mean time,
be provided by law that the public patronage of the
Government shall be s parated from the political
press, i i which event the service shall cease."
Mr. WISE asked the yeas and nays thereon ; w hich
were ordered.
And pending this motion, at a late hour, the Housc
adjourncd.
SENATE.
Thursday, December 7, 1843.
A communication from the Treasury Department,
accompanied by the Post Office accounts, was read
and ordered to be laid on tin; table.
On motion of Mr. WHITE, leave was granted to
withdraw the pape is of Madame DcLusser.
Mr. BARROW gave notice of his intention to introduce
a bill to settle land titles in I^oui-iana.
Mr. BATES gave notice, (as well as could be
understood,) of his intenti n to introduce a bill for
the relief of some persons, whose name was inaudibi<
On motion, the S natc adjourned to Monday.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIV ES.
Thursday, l)cr. 7, 1843.
The House was called to order at 12 o'clock, and
after the reading of the. Journal,
Mr. BURKE, of New Hampshire, rose and inquired
if there was not a joint resolution on the Journal requiring
the appo ntincnt of a Joint Commit ee on the
Library on the part of this House >
The CHAIR re| lied in the affirmative, and the Resolution
of the Senate was concurred in.
Mr. NEWTON announced the intention of the
Hon Mr. Goggin to contest the election of the Hon
F VV. Gii mcr.
Mr. ADAMS rose and announced the intention of
J M. Botts to contest the election of ih? linn I
W. Jones; when the Cnnir was vacated by the
Speaker, and Mr. Bsardslkt, of New York, called
thereto. So soon as this was pa sed over, the Speaker
resumed the. Chair, and announced the unfinished business
of yesterday to be the order of the day.
Messrs II \ KN Mil), oi New York, and WHITE,
of Kentui ky, ohj-cted and contended that the unfinished
business of the day before had precedence.
The CHAIR decided that the last question befote
the House was the one that had the precedence..
Mr. WHITE, of Kentucky, contended that the
question of the amendment of the Journal was a
privileged question, and entitled to the precedence ;
and he appealed from the decision of the Chair, and
demanded the yeas ami nays upon his appeal; which
were ordered.
The f< llowuig h tho result?yeas 117, nays 55.
So the decision of the Chair was the judgment ol
the House.
Mr. C. J- frfGER80LL gave notice that he should
at an early day bring forward a hill in relation to ar
international copyright law.
Mr NEWTON moved the printing of the memo
rial of Mr Goggin, which was orderod.
f f? ? >
m **
> *
ebisoTiiii
.''4# " "~ -
A.Y, DECEMBER 8, 1813.
Mr. RAMiiAY moved ihe printing of 3,000 copies
. of the President'* Message in the Herman language;
which was laid over for future action.
On motion of Mr. CAVE JOHNSON, the House
proceeded to the unfinished business of yesterday?
the election of a Public Printer, being the following
resolution:
n .
Resolved, That the House now proceed to the elec..
tlon of Printer to the House for the '28lh Congress,
Whose compensation shall he the same that was al
ill 1? the l'rinter uf this House of the 2t>lh Confss,
subject to such alterations us muy be made in
joint resolution of the 3d March, 1819, direciiug
manner in which the printing of Congress shall
executed, fixing the prices thereof, aud providing
the appointment of a Priuter or Printers.
Mr. CAMPBELL, of South Carolina, spoke against
' tie operation of the resolution, and thought the Publie
Printers, whoever they may be, ought to be left
mitrammelled.
J" CROSS, of Arkansas, hoped the resolution
. would be adopted as it stood.
. ^JWr. DAVIS, of Indiana, hoped the gentleman from
, Eprtb Carolina (Mr. McKay) would modify his re^WhuUtO,
so that the reduction shou'd no* br 'on V ? .
*,: rywmat. i? oei??. Lt? .*#' for gbii>\' the
ft, 1 . cooipr:
f>*" n***' W,*j
" xi. * UUK *ty.hc *> ieu was a fair undemanding j
ittpot he' ibjt ' tl? it the. -- might ^ rio did": alty
. yju tins suoject; and he did not think that
i the rest lution of the gentleman from North Carolina
1 would io any injustice to the printers to be elected
should it be adopted j but he was in favor of separa- i
tion of'the printing from the political press.
Mr. fARMF-NTTPIt cnnW in fa?nPAf? mrwiifinn.
, -!? ? '* ? ? ? tion
of |he resolution.
Mr. DICKEY, of Penn., offered the following
amendment;
" That the Clerk bo authorized to c ontract with
the low eat bidder."
The CHAIR decided the motion to be out of order.
So the question was taken on tho amendment of
Mr. Gilmer, to separate the public printing from the (
political press; and the following wan the result?yeas
59, nays 121. '
So the amendment of Mr. Gilmer was lost. ,
Mr. Dicket's amendment was here announced to >
le in order by the Ciiair, when he demanded the !
yeas and nays.
Mr. CAVE JOHNSON Spoke in opposition to the j
amendment, because ho believed it would prove detri
mental to the public interest from the fact that in- ^
dividual* would bid who were not capable of execut- 1
ing the woi k.
Mr. DICKEY here rose and offered a modification t
to the original amendment to meet the objection ot
the gentleman from Tennessee, Mr. Cave Johnson. (
Mr. CAVE JOHNSON inquired if the Senate had
reduced the compensation of their Printer 1 1
Mr. DICKEY said that was an independent body, (
and he had nothing to do with the business of the
Senate.
Mr. BEARDSLEY here rose and made an inquiry
which was inaudible.
Mr. CAVE JOHNSON gave him a satisfactory
answer, as he nodded assent.
Mr. WISE said this subject had at the last
session, been referred to a committee, and it
was the opinion of every member of that
committee that the publjc printing could be
done with a saving to the Government of 33 1-3
per cent, by tlie establishment of a Government
olliee. He said there hod l>??n reported a bili to thic
effect at the last session ; and to remedy this difficulty
all the House had to do was to take up (hat bill,
pass it, and send it to the Senate and let it become a
law. He would tu sooner vote in favor of the Madi- j
sonian than for BLir it Itives; all he wanted was to re- j
medy the evil which exists under the present system
The question was here taken on the amendment of |
Mr.Dickey, as modified, by yeas and nays, and the fol ; ;
lowing is the result?Yeas 64, nays 110. j|
So the anuitiJment of Mr. Dickey, as modified, 1
was lost.
Mr CAMPBELL, of South Carolinu, offered as a 1 ,
modification to the resolu'ion of the gentleman front
North Carolina, Mr. McKay, to wit: "That the j
compensation of the printers shall be same us ihat of |
the last session." i
Mr. McKAY objected, and contended that the ,
gentleman from South Carolina would gain nothing j |
by his modification. He said that the printers of the J |
laM Congrc:-- had received "/orfy" thousand dollars j I
above what they had contracted to perform the woik '
for, for the House, and this was done, too, by a parly ]
just going out of its political existence, and the cry of (
J retrenchment by the way of contracting comes w ith
lather a bad grace from the other side of the House
Blair and Hives had performed the work under
iho same law, a d they had niver aeked for a
ie-toration < f the tvrrnly percent.; and his propositi.>n
was !o g vc thorn now the nine Coni|*nn.ition
that they had previously received ly a reduction of
the tw? nty |? r cent.
Mr. FRENCH fT* r???1 the following as a iiiodificaiion,
anil ho|xil it would be received by hi* fii?nd
f'f m North Carolina
Wc.ro/rrrf, Thnl a CommitU e i f ? members be ap
pointed, v.i h inairucti >ns t > inquire into, and ret>nrt
u?thi< II 'U-e, such ia'i* of couqiensciion to br paid
the publi prtnii w hereafter to be elee'e I, rs will
maintain a ju?t re unimy lor the Govt rornent, and an
adrquat compensation to the Printer." &c.
Mr. C WE JOHNSON moved ihr previous quettion.
I
Mr. BARNARD to-e aid inquired what would 1
be the consequence of the previous quistion ?
The SPEAKER said tl wi uld cut o(T all dilute,
and bring the M m p In a direct Tote.
Mr BARNARD dissented.
Mr. C AM PBELL rose and do natided the yea*
and n?y< m>on ti e main question, which resulted *
follows: Yea* lf?7, "ay* w4. !
So the I louse dreiiled that the main quest ion should
lie now put, which was the resolution of the gentle- I
man from North Carolina. I
Mr. WHITE, of Kentucky, rose to a point of or- 1
dei ; and differed with the opinion of the Chair, that i
the previous question cut off all debate, lie called
his attention to the Parliamentary law, which con
trolled the House until the Rules of the. House were
, adopted, which makes the previous question debateable
The < H MR said the gentleman could not discuss
the question unless he appealed from the decision of
the Chair.
Mr. PROMGOOHE rose and inquired if the
que-'ion before the House wa- not the main question,
being the resolution of the gentleman from North I
Carolina, (Mr. McKay.)
The ("HAIR answered affit matirely.
Mr ADAMS rose and inquired by what authority
| lie noted
Mr SAUNDERS rose and informed the gentleman
from Massachusetts-, that the derision of the Chair of
the last Congress was the authority.
[Hero was great confusion ]
The SPEAKER railed Mr. Adams to order.
Mr. WHITE appealed from the derision of the
Chair.
I The derision of the Ciiair was sustained by the
, House, and the. resolution of Mr MeKay, of North
Carolina was adopted. So ^hc. main question was
cairied
Mr. STRONG, of Now York, nominated Blair <fc
Ri*et.
/
m.
|
[WHOLE NO. 997.
Mr. VANCE nominated Gales U Scaton.
The On air appointed Messrs. Vance, Cobb, and
Johnson, tellers, aud the following is the result, the
vote being rira voct ,
fc'ni* III fir R it/wd lO<4 I
" Gules &l Scaton, - -62
" Jacob Gideon, 1 *
60 Blair &. Kiveb were declared duly elected prin- a
lets to the Twenty-eighth Congress.
A motion was made to go into an election of Sergeaut-at
Arms, which was carried.
Mr. BROWN, of Indiana, nominated Dr. Lane, of
Keutucky. 1
Mr. CHILTON, of Va., nominated Mr. Town- "
send. '
The House proceeded to vote rira voce, and the s
following is the result: c
For Dr. Newton Lane, ... 128 1
" Mr. E. M. Townsend, - 56 (
So Newton Laue was declared duly elected Scrgcant-at-Arms.
1
A motion was made to go into an election of Door- |
keeper by Mr. Murphy of New York. t
Mr. BARNARD inquired if the unfinished business f
of yesterday was not in order? a
The CHAIR decided it was. v
Mr.'CAVE JOHNSON moved to postpone the un- n
finished business, which was carried
Mr ' -mi u:i, n iuin'rMV M. J -e ' tl
E. L
Mi !.<:TflRO!' >. iiu.sststt * ! ' "an* ?t t<
l t "h procee < U to vtv; ,ce, snj ] r
1' " ' j .V ,1g jj (|i? ' ' ' ! W
(.'"or VIr /( ?- i1. Ijow - - !l>r "i
For .'ii. 1 c i. jec - - 52 aj
So Jesse E. Dow was declared duly elected doorkeeper
for the 28th Congress. 01
Mr. WELLER moved when the House adjourn it
would adjourn until Monday neit to allow the Speak- .
er time to appoint the standing committees, when P '
The SPEAKER rose and asked the indulgence of
1 he House for a few moments. He said that a me
uiunui uau oeen presented contesting bis seat, which
placed him in an embarrassing position, from which m'
he hoped to be relieved by the appointment of the
Committee of Elections by the House. "'l
Mr. McKAY said he thought the proper course Pa
would be to adopt the rules before the appointmcnt of a '
the committees. " 1
Mr. DRO.V1GOOLE hoped the House would not a'"(
adjourn over until Monday without adopting the
rules and leave them at sea without something to gov-1 c
crn them. ! s 8
Mr. WISE said the unfinished business had pre- scr
sedence, before any other business could be present- anJ
?d. The House had, by general consent, postponed , Ie'
die unfinished business to allow the House to go on t "?'
with the election of its officers, and not to proceed in ,
iny other business.
Mr. HOPKINS made a motion that the House uu
ihould proceed forthwith into the election of a Com- !
nittee of Elections.
This motion created an irregular debate, in which
Messrs. Gilmlr, Saindeiis Aoams, and Taompiov, ; ar;
>f Mississippi, participated. : op
A motion was made to adjourn?lost. i no
The question recurreJ upon Mr. Hopkins's mo- tio
ion. ry
Mr. WISE said the very reason given by the gen i ]
leman from Mississippi, Mr. Thompson, was sutli- int
;ieni without any other. j Th
A motion was made to adjourn ; which motion lirr
was lost Nu
A motion was then made as a substitute, that the thi
iair [Mr. Beardsley] appoint the committee. [Cries
of "Agreed, agreed." Here there was such a con- i en
fusion that it was impossible to tell which was the to
true question before the House, so many motions be- sli
teg made at the same time.] ' te
Mr. I)RO V1GOOLE objected to such a precedent | as
of throwing this responsibility upon an individual ot
member, because the Journal does not designate who in
is in the Chair. ; pi
The SPEAKER luid before the House s v?ral com- ti<
municaiioris, which were < rden d to be printed, except w
one from ihe Post Office Detriment, wliich was laid pi
upon the table. dt
Mr. ADAMS offered a resolution, directing thai bs
two Chaplain* of different denominations be appointed bj
tor the vJHtti Coign s*, to change wctk about with , ut
cacti other. If
This rrsolutii n ws* adopted. lb
And then the House adjourneJ at a quarter past en
five o'clock, la great contusion. an
sui
From the -V. I*. Errnriig }Ji>it.
THE BOOK PUBLISHERS ON COPYRIGHT. ; crt
The other dnv ue Tl ferret fr> the rar,l?m?nl ,.f the ml
J . ?v, ...V WVTVIUUIM VI ...?
American Copyright Club, composed chiefly of au- ( ry
.hors arid editors, in favor of the rights of literary mi
jropcrty. We are to-day enabled to show how that qu<
Movement has been seconded by a class of citizens, the
a hose interests have been supposed to conflict with me
.hose authors ; we mean, the publishers, whose me- tin
morial to Congress follows: He
ler
To Ike Honorable the Senate and I louse oj llepresenta- ^
t res of the United States in Congress assembled : ^
The undersigned, Publishers and Venders of Hooks nf
in the United States, respectfully represent to your
Honorable H dv.that deeply itHeres ed as they are, a s
not only as booksellers in particular, but also as Atne (ur
riean citizens in general, in the greatest possible difrusion
of knowledge and sound literature, they feel (1j,
fully convinced, by their ex}>ericnce as traders in \],
nooks, that the present law regulating literary pro- C/|l
perty is seriously injurious, both to the advancement i w|
jf American literature, arid to that very extensive
jranch of Ami ncan induitry which comprehends the m,
a hole mechanical department of book making It ,rr(
< alike injurious to the business of publishing, and to ,?|
he bc?t and truest interests of the people at large. (l(/,
Your memorialists, alter a careful and mature con- y ,
lideration of the important auhjert, are fully satisfied ?n
bat the great interest of know ledge and industry?of
hose who provide the community with reading, and jP
if the vast leading community itself?would be most T,|
essentially promoted by the passing of a law which pr
A-nuld secure to the, authors oi all nations the m
lole right to dispose of their compositions for publi- pr
cation in the United States, (whether they may be y?
published in f>reign rountric* or not,) provided, always,
the book tie printed in the United States with- an
in a certain time Mo be settled by law; alter its puh- fo
lirntion in a foreign com t y ; and provided, also, that an
Ihe copyright for this country shnll he transferable (j,,
from the author to American resident publisher* nly.
Your memorialists arc satisfied that this iquitahlr (p,,
protection would enable the puhlishora to furnish
.heir fellow-citizens both with foreign and American \
iteralure in such forms and at such pricca a* would de|
ruly meet the wants as well as the means of the peo- ! j0
ale, while the writer* of hocks would iecei?e the jual q,(j
:ompcnaation for their lahor and lalent wherever
heir woiks may be read. Your memorialists are of
.r.inntn thol ll?#? iiilnrn.li nf nnthnrt r?t i \ 11 it 11 r rv anil
purchasers, arc reciprocal, ?< those of thp producer a
?nd consumer always are. wp
Your memorialists w< ulil also refer to th? fart, that
no more than a measuri such n-1h< v r< ?i**ctfullj hit
urgently desire, i* Derrr'irjt in order in s?rure at once
Lo A i < ncan authors a copyrght f r the r b ok?in
Glrrat Britain.
Your memorialists, the.eforr, respectfully request "r
yont 11 nnribis Body lo lake into eonaidetalion (hi ^r
pre-ent law of copyright n he United States, and to i co
nacl such law as tn.n secure to the author* of h>reign P'1
nations, the riht to di*po?r i f Ih< ir works lo Ameri
can puhlisheis to ire jut iteil in this country, pro* tiling p,,
that ?U'"U r g it nha I ex end to the authors ot thosi
roun'rics only, who.-e govt rnnien's have granted or
may grant a reciprocal | rivilegr to our authors, and ' j
with such other provi- ons aa may secm to your wis
ilom to he de ir.ible arid ju- V . M<
And your n.e 'lonalisfe, Ac Ac.
It gji ra us pleasure to s'l.lc t .a'this application has do
been signed hy twenty-two of the principal booked- tin
Icrs ol B ston; thirty-six in the city of iNcw York pu
eighteen in I'll ladcl) h a; twenty in New Haven, CO
ilartfoid, ..nJ Salem ; htsnle* a !a ge number of othirsin
Utica, Buffalo, an l other cities and towna in hy
the interior of thee mntry. We see on it the names to
of fi'ins that may be suppled to do Ihree-fouitha, tl
not more, of all (be publirnii m that is done in the la
United Slates. th
The memorials, it will be seen, urge the necessity h;
of legislation to wa ore the i ights ol authors, both on sa
nic grounn ni ineir n* n imnirniair pnr'innry inierrM rt
in the rt form, and of the large interest* of the com- ft;
munitjr In a higher and better native literature.?
They recommend the pa?*age of a law establishing T
the note right of the writer* of all nation* to ditpow
of their composition*, wInch i* placing the mattei in 1'
tke best position. but we sqgret thot ceftaio luni- I
t?tions, as to transferring the right, fee., are coupled v I
with this rccootuMtndaUoe ; i| would bave been bet- I
tcr U> rest the thing on the broadest grounds. I
I \\ e shall uol, however, quarrel with the booksel- I
lers for this slight departure from what we consider I
I true policy on the subject. We are rejoiced so much I
to sec their eyes at last opcucd to a perception of jus- I
tice, that we rau tiud only words of gratulation and I
approval in our vocabulary. Their testimony is in I
the highest degree valuable. They are practical I
men ; they are engaged in that part of the book busi- I
ness which makes them familiar with its details ; and I
they are the inoet capable of any class of society I
of forming an opinion as h> the probable ueaiwtion of I
any piospeclive law, on the pecuniary affairs of the I
trade. Heretofore, it has been supposed, that the I
better regulation of literary property would only
inure to the benefit of book-writers; but we are now I
told, that publishers would share in the advantage.
At the same tune, we learn that the wants ol read- I
'rs, and the cause of advancing knowledge, would
ufl'cr uo injury from the change I
From the Olive Branch |
uov. shannon, I
VVith feelings of no ordinary character we publish I
his murniiig a letter from our distinguished Gover
lor, Ohio's favorite son. Time and again has I
Vilson {Shannon led the Democracy of our noble I
Statu to victory when it was thought no other man I
ould. Ilis name has proved a tower of strength in
lie hour of need, and no man in Ohio, or elsewhere, I
lands more deservedly high in the ranks of Demo- I
racy than does Gov. {Shannon. I
In the campaign of 1842 the Republicans of Ohio, I
leaded by Shannon, did honor and ample justice to I
>resident Tyler. They supported him in his eudeav- I
irs to administer the Government on democratic I
irincides: we all pulled sweetly together then, and I
btained a splendid victory - As soon as that victory was * I
/on, Medary, and other ultra heartless demagogues, I
arned round and commenced abusing President Ty- I
and needs without stint, reading him and I
cr. v hundreds, out of the party \ nod lo, the re- I
Itt! . nii'i- thosehollow-hearted would-be Diat*~ I
. vuv -iitnnon stands fast in his integrity, and
i or.to whom honor is due. He cannot see |
i. r. ihc noi to De seen, to wit, any Uimg in Bre
dc.t by i s Administration but what deserves the I
['probation and support of Democrats. I
But to his letter. We cannot too earnestly urge
ir friends to read, and read it carefully. He wields
i energetic and independent pen. His words ring I
te the clang of Vulcan's anvil. He has no honied I
rases for any kind of political ultras. Like an I
nest politician he speaks as he feels, and he feels I
;e an upright man. He despises whatever is false, I
:acherous, tyrannous ; and loieu that which is true, I
tenuous, fair and liberal. I
In all this he differs widely as the poles from the I
rrow-minded, short-sighted, illiberal leaders of the I
i ty hereabouts, who are unable to comprehend how I
nan can support the present Administration, which I
purely republican in all its fundamental measures, I
i still he a Democrat. Poor fellows! I
Gen. Jackson, Gov. Porter, Gov. Shannon, Amos I
indall, and thousands of others of the brightest
rs of Democracy, consider this Administration e?- I
itially democratic, yet there are not wanting H
ong us those who, from purely selfish motives, are H
tfd questioning Julin Tyler's democracy, and de- H
Hieing those who sup(K>rt him as traitors to the H
rty. How utterly contemptible and puerile their H
orts. They merit the pity and scorn of community, H
il they are suro to get it?no mistake. H
From the Old School Democrat.
TREASURY NOTES.
Having answered, in our last four r.umhers, all the
pjinents which we have seen urged by those who
pose the recent issue of Treasury notes, we propose
w to advert to the real MM and cause of opposin
to the plan adopted by the administration to carout
the views of Congress.
For years past the country has been diviled
o two parties on the question of the currency.?
e one claims for the General Government an unlited
power over this subject, and insists that a
itu.nal Bank is tin' only proper means of regulating
j currency.
The other party denies the power of Congress to
rate a Nationaf Bank, or by any direct legislation H
regulate the currency. For brevity's sake we
all style ihem the bank and anti-bank parlies. For
n y ears past the anti-bank party have been in llie
cendant. A majority of the Whigs of 1840 were
the hank parly : but that question was not in issue
the coniest of that year. The Harrison and Tyler
irty triumphed by the aid of the States rights porms
of the two great rival parties, denominated
higs and democrats. The result of that contest
aeed a Stales' rights, anti-bank whig, in the prr?i- ^
:ncy, The leaders of both the great antagonist
ink and anti-bank partu s were defeated ; the one,
r fiMing to gel the nomination of his party, and tinher
wi tmur trial of strength before the p* opie.?
jth the defeated leaders became equally hostile t
e i'resident, and each girded on his armor for t!
suing contest. An is*ue was created, upon wliic.i
other fight was to be made. "Bank or JSub-Trcary"
is now, by consent of these rival leaders, the
ues agreed up n.
In this contest, the States I ights wings and <d"mo
its can have but little sympathy and feel but little
erest. The leaders of the Bank and Sub-Treasuparties
are hostile to all such as would adopt any
ddlc ground of compromise, and adjust this vexed
." tion of the currency. They have olhtr airnt than
: repose of the country. They see in the adjustnt
of this question, the termination of their polial
lives?the prostration of their ambitious hopes,
nee their combined opp -ition to President Ty\
several propositions. There never has b? en and
re never will be any satisfactory reason assigned,
y Mr. Clay so scornfully rejected the amendment
Mr. Rives, to the. first Bank bill which parsed the
nate, at the extra session. But there w as a reason,
Iroog and most powerful reason, op rating upon
n. Had th<il amendment been adopted, U icould hare
en the credit of srttliryr the currency <,ur?:ien, to the
ministration, and sealed the J ate of Mr (lay forever'
r. Clay knew thi?. and hence he defeated it. Nor
n there be any sound and sen-iblc reason given
iy ttie Exchequer should not have been adopted ?
was no corporation?it had no power?it was tiy
mster?it was entirely under the control of Con;ss?it
was amendable and regulable at the pleare
of Congress, lint Itad thill plan hern adopt, d, the
nimstratinn would hatt been cridtted trilh giring r,ir
to the nation. This would have laid tioth Clay
d Van Buren upon the shelf. Hence both opposed it.
And note, when the. Secretary of the Treasury, unr
the advice and sanction of the President, and in
rtue of laws pas?cd by Congress, has adopted a plain
acticahlc, sensible, and legitimate mode of transaclg
the business operationsol the Treasury, there aro
esses and politicians found in the country, whose
rtyism leads them to condemn it, simply because it
ride tally afford* important facilities to exchange,
d incidentally supplies the people with a safe and
nvertible paper circulation ! ! Hut what is the truo
d only ground of their condemnation ? Why, if
y sanction and approve it, thrj deprive their
idrr of the hobby upon which he hopes to ride into
Presidency ! A Clay press must not approve it,
'ause it would defeat .vir. Clay's (failing scheme!
Van Buren pre-* must not approve it, because it
prives \ an of In* hobby ! And thus the country is
he kept in a state of agitation, confusion and disict,
for the sole benefit of these rival leaders '
Ha* patriotism lied the country'
Wc shall pay our compliments to the Clobe to>rrow,
on thi? question, and present that print with
few r * tract* from its own column* in 1H41 and
iich show its utter destitution of principle.
I r,m the 0. Republican.
MEXICO.
The ship New York, Captain Huckling, arrived
re on Haturday last, in seven days from Vera
uz Tapers of the 11th have been received. They
nlain little news of importance in addition to that
r\ iousIj received.
Santa Anna has been elrc.led President of the Rebin
General Ricon and General Musquis were
long his competitors He recently paid a visit to
ra Cruz, arriving: there on the Mh inst. and leaving
r his hacienda on the 14th
The restrictive policy recently adopted hy the
rxiean Government towards all resident foreigners
s hern the subject of much diplomatic eorrcspoiinee
It is, as has been before remarked, in viola- ?
n of all the treaties which exist between that Reblio
and those nations having commercial interurse.
with her.
I he wild lands in Tunaulipas have l>een granted
official decree to Ah zander De Grot, with a view
the colonization of that province.
Mr. Lafargue, who had been apjiointed hy the Junto
pronounce the usual discourse on the, Alemeda,
e day brfnrc the fete of Septembei 27th, is said to
ivc Ivecn arrested, on account of matter in his speech
id to re licet upon the honor of the nation and (?ov nment
Other arrests had taken place, supposed
>r political offences
Senor Don Ignacio Alas, Minister of the Oanvral
rrr tth:wth ,nnt
7th for 1'"* r?ri on the

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