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1 H B MADISONIAN. ^ fweaty?Bgiith CwigwOy
h B,,-i,ONE" /I La itl\vm<9<vnt^tv ----I # 4 Cfr Suhecribera may remit by mail,in bill* of sol- B I I I 1/ p I I J\1 III 1 I I I I I ^\l I I SENA IE. w Teat bank.i p,.tag e paid it our ruk; provided it ehull II > f I I I I II I / II I ? I I III I Saturuav, Feb. 8, 1845. I S appear by thepoeluiaater acertifacate, that eucb reiuil- ^ M I # Uuee baa been duly mailed. W r A communication was received from the Poet Of| f TERMS: * flea Department, in reply to a resolution of the Senate I I Diii,v per aunuui, (in advance,) - - - fllOOO " - - = ?f the 28th ull., relating to the failure of the uiaiN FoV."t."rh.,,'|,""num'.V SiS VOL. VIII.?NO. 51.] WASHINGTON: TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1845. [WHOLE NO. 2028. I I Weekly, ... 2 00 c?U"ly, FeilllsylVallia, praying ll?e Senate to reject I I ??i''i -? >??' - *? ?* nil nreooaitioaa tor ibe inMiitioo ol Twn S T /vii iriuTB must ue aaurnrtnt'ii^iree ui to t h? editor. Postmasters throughout ike Union are requested to act an our ageuls. Those who inuy particularly e*ert themselves i u extending the circulation of this paper, will not only be allowed a liberal commission on sums remitted, but receive our warmest thanks. The following article was published the day 011 which the President elect left Nashville for Washington ; and we have good reason to believe that it indicates very truly the course he has resolved?at all hazards?to pursue. Applicants for office should, above all other times, abstain from personal importunity immediately following the inauguration of a new President. , At such a time,when there are so many thousand strangers in the city, should a simultaneous rush he made, they would overwhelm the Presii' dent like an Alpine avalanche! Indeed, we doubt whether those who apply in person will W Z31UIIU lilC UC31 ui ouv/vvac. jg from I/k Jfaihvillt Union. THE DEMOCRATIC POLK ADMINISTRA| TION. fe The new President leaves this city to-day for i Washington, to enter up^n the discharge of his du* |t tied. Rumor and conjecture have been busy in ministering to the eager curiosity of the country as to the probable course of policy to be adopted byjhira. We have heretofore endeavored to deduce from our fit knowledge of the true character of the President, the line of conduct most 1 kely to be pursued in hi-t Administration. Mr. Polk will enter upon the Presidency under circumstances of a character peculiar, and, in many respects, embarrassing. Being younger than any other President at the time of being chosen, his political reputation may not be as extensive as that of some of his predecessors, and on that account his true political character is not so well understood, particularly by his opponents. In reference to his talents, great misrepresentations have characterized the discussions of the late canvass. He will have no cause in the end, however, to regret this ciicumstance. When he shall have filled the Executive chair for a short period, the country will become fully satisfied of the injustice done him in this respect. His abilities will be found fully adequate to the discharge of his high duties in such manner as will put to shame his reckless assailants in the late canvass, whilst his Democratic friends will have , abundant cause to congratulate themselves on his success. If he commences his administration with ? less of political reputation than some of his predejt cessors, we venture to predict that he will terminate * it with a standing on the same platform with the most honored fathers of the Republic. I In his administration we look to Mr. Polk for a ' display of wisdom, of deliberation, firmness of purL pose, independence of action, and energy of execuR tion, which will command the admiration, and win W, the confidence of the country. These will be found I to be the prominent characteristics of his adminislra I live policy, if we have understood aright his past % political history. If it be true, as we fear, that the ' V Democratic party is in danger oi being divided into cliques in reference to the succession, we shall be W disappointed if the new President does not take his E position high above all such movements, and make it his business firmly and promptly to rebuke all attempts to introduce into his Administration the influence of any clique. " Measures an I not men," has long been a favorite molio with Mr. Polk, and it is fair to presume thai he will adhere to it in the Executive Chair. His first and leading object will be, 10 carry out faithfully the doctrines promulgated by the Kallimore Convention. To effect this great purpose he will feel the necessity of calling around him counsellors and advisers imbued with the same spirit of devotion to measures with himself, and hence he will not commit the suicidal act of permitting the harmony of his councils, or the singleness of his purpose, to b" obsirucled by influences looking to tlie ' gratification of individual aspirations, s The people have cast upon Mr. Polk the heavy re( tponsibilitie* of the Presidency?from these re*p?>nM sibilities he will never shrink, but will expect to bear P all the odium, if any there shall be, growing out of * hi* policy ; and on the other hand, he will claim the I, honor, il any there shall he, fIn g from the. suc[ cess of his administration. To hear the responsibili! ties of his station and to be entitled t > the resulting honors, he must be Ihr Prrndenl in fad, and this grrat fad muit be distinctly prominent. Me must portant movement in the Senate, tit-day, on the ?ubjecl of Texaa, by introducing a hill tor it* annexation totally different in character from the joint resolution paused by the House, to which it will prove a complete counter check. The Whigs consider themselves saved by Colonel Benton- No doubt they will have bonfires and illuminations in honor of him. THE PRESIDENT ELECT. We received the following letter last night from the publisher of the Nashville Union. We apprehend that the severe cold weather which has intervened, will compel the President elect to travel by land through Ohio. Nashville, (Tenn.) January 31, 1845. J. li. Jones, Kstj: My Dear Sik: The President elect will leave the city to-morrow morning on the steamer China for Washington City. He will proceed via Louisville, Cincinnati, and perhaps Pittsburgh, without going out of the direct route from Nashville to Washington. At Louisville he will take the steamer Pike, which the Democracy of that city have prepared for him on his arrival there, and which will carry him as far as he goes on the Ohio river. Very respectfully, yours, &c. P. S. 1 will see you in a few days. We trust that several of our contemporaries who denounced the President so precipitately for appointing Col. W. H. Polk, &c., &c., to office, will, when they perceive what is the sentiment in the West, reconsider the matter. From the .Yashville Union. COL. W. H. POLK'S APPOINTMENT. We have seen with some surprise and regret, a paragraph in the Richmond Enquirer in reference to the appointment of Col. W.H. Polk, in which the editor casts censure upon him lor applying for an office to Mr. Tyler, if iie did make such application. The Enquirer makes a singular objection to Col. Polk's appointment. He is the brother of the President elect, and therefore should not accept an office from Mr. Tyler, lest it might be suspected that the Presi dent elect had solicited it and had thereby brought himself under obligations to return the favor. It would be time for the Enquirer to fall into the Whig slang on this subject, when the new President is ascertained either to have solicited Mr. Tyler to appoint his brother, or that he has laid ground for the suspicion by appointing some of Mr. Tyler's family. Col. Polk is well qualified for the station?and surely the fact that he is the brother of the President eltct should not disqualify him for ollice either under Mr. Tyler or his own brother! But there is no reason for any fears or suspicions connected with this matter. The President elect has had nothing to do with procuring the appointment of Col. W. H. Polk?and he is under no sort of obligations to return the favor to any of Mr. Tyler's friends. Mr. Tyler would scorn any such arrangements for the benefit of himself or any of his family. He appointed Col. P. because he believed hirn well qualified, and in that he was not mistaken, and that is the whole affair. As to the suspicions and conjectures of Whig letter-writers, they are as groundless as the ten thousand other rumors and slanders which they are bu-ily propagating from Washington. COUNTING THE VOTES FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE PRESIDENT. The following joint resolution was passed yesterday by the Senate and House of Representatives : Uetolrtd, That the two Houses will assemble in the chamber ol the House of Representative* on Wednesday, the 12th day of February, 1H45, at 12 o'clock, that one (ifiion be .-q [Minted teller on the part of the Senate, and two pe/son* tie appointed tellers on the fart of the House, to make a list of the soles foi President and Vice President of the United Stales, as they shall he declared ; thai the result be delivered to the President of the Senate, who will announce to the two Houses, assembled as aforesaid, ifie stair of the vote, and the [tersnn or persons elected, it it shall ap)x-ar thai a choice hath been made agreeably to the Constitution of the United Stales; which annunciation shall be deemed a sufficient declaration iha norsoti ,.r i ,f? r ins j? lor? 11? H rwl thai lfw> a. ft id " ? r-- - - [i in ifdinKK, together with a list ,.l the voles, be enteied on the journal* of ihe two House*. Mr. Walker was appointed the teller on the part of the Senate, and Messrs. Burke and J. II. Ingersoll tellers on that of the House. From the Afiinonri Reporter. INSTRUCTIONS OF MISSOURIATCHISON AM) BENTON. On the 20th instant, Col. Benton presented to the United States Senate the resolutions of the Missouri legislature on the Texas question, and made a few remarks thereon, indicating a disposition on his part to trample upon the sovereign will of this State, although he pii'posel) avoided committing himself directly on any point He harps on the compromise resolution, as if the primary obj ct of the Legislature was to instruct him to compromise away the sentiments and wishes of his constituents, instead of making ev< ry possible exertion to carry the measure m accordance with their expressed opinions. He again prates of " the pe;ice anil harmony of the Union," as if any of the friends of annexation were desirous of sacrificing tl.em The second resolution of the legislature he commends, inasmuch as it merely declsies the Texan revolution to have been honorable to the young Republic ; and the first is endorsed by him, in which reannexation is pronounced a 'great national measure, demanded by a large ma j.irity of the people of this Stale," "at the earliest practicable period " He makes no comment on Ihr third, fourth and fifth of the scries?the resolution* which instruct him to abandon his bill, and go for immediate annexation. His side blows at the advocate* of immediate annexation, v.hilst dwelling on the ne cessily of compromise*, the nationality, not " sccliona and partisan ' rharacier of the measure, the |SMf lance ol our trade with Mexico, and hi* entire >>ilencr ! about asking the pi evious consent of the Mexicar I Government, dividing the territory with the nboli r tionists, insisting upon the Nueee* desert at a bourn ilary, Ac., are ominous <1 hit determined oppositior ' to tne will of Missouri He seems to think that the Legislature of this Statr . instructed him to do just what he pleased on this sub I jeet; that the compromise resolution relates to th< whole series; that tie is to abandon the Missour 1 view of the subject at his option?in a word, that hi1 I course has been fully endorsed. We have read ovei his remarks carefully, and can arrive at no other con elusion. With an earnest desire to have him eeasi Iiis opj>osition to this great American men-ure a once, and before " the golden moment" is passed tor p ever, and expecting from the rumors prevailing lirri and at W ?xhirigton,that he had determined to obey hi constituents, we opened the Globe received by yes " terday's mail, not doubting that we could publish t( * our readers this morning the pleasing intelligence thn no Senator from Missouri would longer be tound bat s ilingonlhe Itrnish and Abolition side of this ques tion ; hut we have been disappointed We may mis construe his remarks, but we ran g ither from then nothing but distinct mlimstion that tie stand no* I* just where be did when be introduced his bill, abou know the emba rrassments which encompass bun? and he will not fail to see that there is but one course for him.to pursue ?and that is, to have a Democratic Polk Administration. If any aspirant lor the succession, or the friends of any aspirant, have calculated upon obtaining the ascendency in his counsels, with the view of steering his administration to a given port, let them look to his wisdom, firmness, in, dependence and energy, as displayed under le-s tryM ing circumstances, and they will abandon all such hopes. If we are right in the leading attributes which we hive ascribed to Mr. Polk's political character, it I may be easily inferred that his positions will be taken ; with caution and deliberation, and when taken, that they will be maintained with firmness and energy.? From this we think it probable that some disappointment may be felt in consequence of the failure of the President to carry on the work of proscription as indiscriminately and as rapidly as might be desired by some, ff'r feel jiutified in pri dieting thai .Mr. folk will exercut his power of removal from off re with markrn prudence and caution ; examining with cara into the pretensions of applicants, and deciding, after tnk >ng full time, to act advisedly and satisfactorily. If the ci y of Washington shall be crowded with thousand! of patriotic Democrats desiring to lie connected wit! the administration at the day of inauguration, they ought to consider the importance of this delicate duty of the President, and come easily to the conclusior that he must have time and opportuniiy to dischargr it for the interest of the country. If their claims art not imwtiliately decided, they should not be disap. pointed. Perhaps, however, it is useless to pursue these conjectures further. They are based, as al we have ever said on the subject has been, on oui knowledge of the character of the new President.? We may have been wide of the mark in our sugges tions, hut whether so or not will be very soon set tied. Together with the whole country, we shal J look anxiously for the Inaugural Address, and thei for the Cabinet until then, further conjectures wil be unnecessary. IMPORTANT ITEMS. Lit We clip iIi<* following front the Raltimon Patriot: t(:x)5i- A letter fmm ? distinguished source ii Washington, says: " Texas, I think, is dead for thi cMion And the following from the United State Oatttte: Wasiiinctom, Ftb r?, 1815. J. R. CKtWDL-Eit, Ka<|.?Mi. Bentoo made an mi I I which he utters not a word. Why did lie not refer to the three resolutions which give character to the whole series?the three which condemned his course ? and say whether he would conform his action to them, or not ? The language of Gen. Atchison is in uiurked contrast with that of his colleague. He speaks directly to the point, declares that neither Mexico, nor any other third power ought to be consulted; that the territory ought not to be divided with the abolitionists? ... * ikot 1.0 f.... ?r ii.u Ko Ill aiUMi, 1IIUI lit. 13 JII IUTUI Ul Ullin: AdllUII till Mit/ si? of the rejected treaty. Such is the way a Missouri Senator should speak; and Gen. Atchison has shown that he is a Democrat worthy of the confidence of a generous and patriotic constituency. The members of the Legislature can now see the propriety and necessity of giving the Colonel instructions which he cannot misinterpret. Gen. Atchison has put the correct construction on the resolutions? the only one which a sensible or honest man would think ol giving them?and it becomes the Legislature to declare bluntly whether it meant to endorse Col. Benion's bill, or to condemn it. The fewer the words in which its sentiments are made known, the better. From the Savannah Republican VIENNA-THE CHURCHES, AND THE PALACES, The Capitol of Austria is situated on a plain about two miles from the Danube. Its appearance is striking. It is divided into the city and suburbs. l)f its 400,000 inhabitants, by far the greater part reside in the suburbs, which are separated from the city proper, by the ditch and glacis of the fortification which runs quite around it. This glacis is now in part levelled off, und is not less than 800 or 1,000 feet in width. It is planted with trees?a substantial bridge crosses the ditch at each gate, and it offers a most charming and easily accessible promenade for the Viennese, while the bad air of ihe metropolis is expelled. and fresh air received through this large area. 1 he Praeter is justly celebrated as an extensive and lovely ground lor a drive. It is on the side of the town towards the Danube, and is several miles in extent. Good roads lead to the Royal Palaces of Schonbrun and Laxenbourgh, where the people resort at their pleasure. In the city and on the glacis, and every where in the country, are little tables, where ices, coffees, &c., are furnished of the best description. Fine T heatres are open nearly all the lime. Music floats on every breeze that comes from a place of public resort, and those who visit Vienna will soon decide that in the variety of amusements and entertainments offered, it is scarcely second to Paris. Vienna has been twice besieged by the Turks, viz: in 1529 and 1083. From the first invasion, it was relieved by the Emperor Charles V ? from the second,when on ihe very point of falling into the hands of the infidels, by John Sobicski, whose banners were descried from the lofty tower of St Stephen's Cathedral, when the citizens were reduced to the last extremity. How changed is now the fate of Empires! Turkey is ready to fall a prey to the rapacity of Russia and Austria, while Poland, wnose independence Austria snouia nave guaranteed against the world in arms, has been dismembered, Austria being, it is now pretended, a reluctant participator with Russia in the transaction. Vienna is well provided with public institutions of various descriptions, which are built on a scale of magnificence seldom equalled. Berlin is spoken of i as a city built for efi'ect, but this place is more splendid in the ratio of three to one. All the public edi ' fices, the private palaces, and even houses, are built < in a stale of mussiveriess and yet elegance, that 1 ; have no where seen surpassed, hardly equalled.? | The whole city is built of brick, the buildings being I afterwards rough cast, and plastered in a most permanent style and painted of a cream color. In the " city" the houses are very high, toe streets narrow, | with no aide walks, and the walking is absolutely distressing to those who are 011 foot, for the cabmen seein to be under no regulation. They dash through the streets to the imminent danger of passers by, and charge their own prices. Of course they have to pay dearly to Government for their privih ge ; but in turn, strangers are mulcted pretiy soundly by them ; and hack hire hire is more than twice as expensive a* in London, and 1110s' cities of Europe. VViihin the walls is the royal palace, that of the Archduke Charles, who still survives, being about as old as the Duke of Wellington; two palaces of Prince Litch' tenstem, one of Prince Ksterhazy, and others of l> ss note, while both the last named nobles arid many others have magnificent palaces in the suburbs. 1 he palace 01 the Archduke Charles is elegant but on a very unpretending scale. Some choice pictures adorn the wal.s, and 1 venture to say, that m< st of us republicans wouiu preler a wider bed than the one be sleeps on. Alter going through the rooms, a pannel 111 the dining ball, in front of which stood a statue of Apollo with 11 lyre, was opened, and an instrument placed 111 the wall then played some delightful.wa;tzes. The sound was exactly that of a complete band, and approaching it, I observed that it was Maelzel's "J'unlusmi nicnn," peihaps (be same tie exhibited in our Ni i thci 11 cities. It was furnished with clarionet, flutes, trumpets, i^c., \c. The royal palace is generally furnished and finished in a style of simple and unostentatious elegance, Ihough some of ttie rooms are very richly decoruted. Among these the bed loom if Maria I heresa may be name I Her bed, which remains as she left 11, is not unlike Uueen Anne's at Windsor Castle. The most superh apartment, however, has its walls decorated with some 70 |?erlect pictures in Florentine Mosaic. The stones which are inlaid are so perfectly shaped and shnd-d, that at a short distance it is dilticull to distinguish the work I rum painting. I he w hole cost $200,000, and it would take much more than that to buy thrm. Indeed they are beyond all price. Seveial good family and other pictures, decorate the wjlls of the palace In one room near a picture of Maria Theresa in a picture ol a knight ofleriiig his horse to a priest on which to cross a brook. . his conveys the history of ; the origin of the Mouse of Mapsburg, the sons of which lor i* ar years, were Kropcrors of Germany, and the la-t member ol which was Maria 'I heresa, the proud and haughty enemy of Frederic the Great, she being the only female that swayed the sceptre. A poor count in the Swiss Tyrol, who was very pious, gave his horse to a priest who was on somcerranuof m< rcy Tins priest was afterwards Archbishop ol Maintz, and hen g called upon in coin pany with two of the archbishop* and lour sovereigns to select an emperor, succeeded by his eloquence in procuring the election nt the count, who had thus befriended nim, over the king of Bohemia, who had the highest pretensions, with an army of 2(10,000 men to : enlorce them. T he picture in itself did not ailract iny attention, but the history give it a new interest. The cathedral church of St Stephen's combines all the characteristics ol gloomy, venerable gothic grandeur. It stands in the square ol the same name, and this i-the entre ol the spider's web fn in which the | streets radiate. Its tow<r is 185 lect high. I ascended with much difliculty. So tapering ho light, airy ' and open, i? the structure, that my sensations were by no mean* agreeable, particularly with the knowledge I that some years s.t.ce aliout 80 leet of the tow er that began to loiter was taken down and rebuilt The ( high altar of the church, as well as those, of many of i the chapels, are profusely decorated. Go in at what , hour you please, and you will find some peisons at i their devotions, but it must be confessed that the I wealthy and the great arc seldom seen there. The tower of St. Stephen if a most r >n?picuotis object ,i from all ihe region lying around Vienna; and there i m a peculiar *o.emru.y arid br inty when it is observ! ed m a starlight night?it alnn st seems to pierce the fretted dome of the heavens, Vast catacombs extend , entirely under the church. They coma n the bodies of 40,(MM) persons who died some centuries since ol . the plague. They are said to present a hideous spectacle, looking nearly as they did when first thrown in. These vaults were open to the inspection of the run j ous o*ly a few years since, but they are now closed. , Prince Eugene, > f bavoy, is buried in St. Stephens. r In the vaults of the chapel ot the Capuchins, aie . (lejxiaiteil the remains 01 the r yal family?i.e. all ex, cept the lieaits, which, in obedience to ancient usage, I are deposited m the church ot the AugtMines, and . I the entrails, which are placed in St Stephen's. I'here , are in all 71 coffins hearing the royal arms, t o ol , them 4il*er. '1 he most su^icrb one is that in whieh Marin I'hen sa and her huatiand are interred legc> j ther. It is of great size, supported on a Inige petles( tal, and most elaborately taorked- One piece ot the . carving represents (" the ruling pacsion strong in . oeaih'1) the empress wnh the cr< wn and sreptie , and . the figure of her husband, who you know was not , ernpetor, is seen stipporling her arm. The coffin r which is viewed with the most interest, is that of the ^ yuung Napoleon, which is a atopic one, and n pla ceil near that of his gi and father, Francis, who was very fond ol him. Un it are inscribed the words? " .X'upoteonis (iullitx, hnperatoris Filiua," " Son of Napoleon, Emperor of France." How little could Napoleon have imagined, when he entered these very vaults in 1*09, that his own son was to be placed there! It is sirigulur, too, that the young Napoleon should have died in the same room in the Palace at Schoribrun, where his father slept. The coffins of earlier date in these vaults can only be seen by torch light and it is like searching in the darkness of antiuuity to leave the more recent ones by the light of Jay, uiid explore the gloomy recesses. A brother of the order acts as your guide, and as he passed a small altar, on his way down, two old women kneeling there, seized his hand and kissed it with great tniprcsscment. The Church of the Augustine* contains one of the lineit, and many say the liuest work of Canova. It is the monument of -the Arch Duchess Christina of Saxe Te-chen. It consists of a pyramid of grey marble, towards the open door of which two melancholy gioups are proceeoing. In the first is a figure of virite, noiun.g hi an urn die astie* 01 me deceased, and by her side iwu beautiful twin girls bearing torches to illumine the gloom of the i-epulchre. Behind this group is Benevolence, supporting an infirm old man who seems to totter and quiver under the infirmity Of" years. This lust figure is matchless and the best of the whole composition, wliich is throughout as just and as free as possible from constraint, in a place of resort called the Vulkgarten, is another fine piece of Cunova's sculpture, ' Theaeus killing !lie Centaur.' It was ordered by Napoleon to decorate the arch of the Simplon at Milan, but fell into the hands of the Austrians in 1814. A very superb structure called the Belvidere, contains the national gallery. The average merit of the picture is considerable, but it boasts no very superior pictures, except some of the best of Albrecht, Uurer, and two by Reubens, which far excel any others 1 have seen by that artist. The modern pictures by artists of Vienna, are among the best in the collection. The gallery of Prince Lichtenstein contains the choicest specimens of art in Vienna. The gem of his collection is a Correggio, " Venus stealing Cupid's arrow." Ari admirable picture, a portrait of Wallenstcin, looks just as the original ought to have looked. Speaking of this hero, 1 am leminded that we passed one of the castles of his lineal descendants where he formerly resided near Toeplitz. it is u notable fact that the present possessor of the name has sued for the recovery of estates, which were confiscated when the great Wallenstein was killed, and he supports his claim by proof that no treasonable designs were mediiated. To return to the gallery of Prince Lichtenstein. The collection is said to have cost the 1'rince some ?>H00,00U. As great as is the meri: of many of the pictures, lam inclined to think ttiat one of the best is by a modern artist at Vienna ?" f'entis ruing from the sea." The artist has evident ly studied Correggio to some purpose. This gallery is rith in the wuiks of Franceschine of tbe Bolognese school. The castle in wtiich the pictures are contained is one of ninety-nine!!! belonging to this wealthy nobleman (more he cannot have?the Emperor alone can transcend the limits.) The entrance hall is the must magnificent 1 have yet seen. It is approiched by a superb marble stairway, probably fourteen feet wide, and when you enter, you see an arched ceiling el immense height, filled in the middle with a Iresco of Jupit?r and the gods, and above the spring of the arch are the twelve labors of Hercules, also in fresco This ceiling re-ts upon Ionic s> mi-columns of red marble, the panels between which are tided with paintings. The entrance hall ol Warwick Castle is inferior to this, though 1 always call it to mind with renewed pleasure. The gallery of Prince Eslerhazy, (the magnificent, I aiay call him,) contains some fine paiuiings, the Ik s of which, a wonderful picture, is Pilate washing hn h.n.l. I... ...... ? I .... 1.1.....I O il... a- .... raJO| i an. IIIUUIUIIUI v.lc I'lwv '? just person?see ye to it." It is one of ihe noblest pic lures 1 ever saw. The figure of the Saviour is in I stiong light?those of the other seven figures in ; shade more or lees deep, except Pilate, whose face ex pie.-ses at the same iiniepity, wonder, and a dispositioi ' to believe It is by Keinbiaiidt, who has seldom paint ed groups of any size. There are no less than fiv< itiTaior piinur. s of iV4un(l? (dp ii.inh) in this collsc ; lion. The owner ofihein all is the name Prince fclsier hazy, who was formerly ambassador to Loudon He i* the pors ssor of immense estates in Hungary Th.rc is a very good anecdote illustrating the extern j "f his landed interests. Some of mv readers may fiavt seen it in one of the British U.uur erlirs. An Englisf: nobleman at whose house lite Prince was *|>ei ding some tunc in the country, minted to a hill side on hi> j estate, where 2,500 sheep were feeding. "1 have ! more shepherds than you have sheep,'1 was the reply I of Kiticrhazy. This is almost strictly true, or so neat the tru h as to jusufv the repartee. Ami yet as imnt. nse as lit* revenues tire, he is dicply in debt. On of trie ilothschilds, 1 am informed, has assumed his ih his on condition of bring allow. (j the i icome and management of his . stab s for ihirty years, at the end of which lime they revert to the Prince, who can select any one of his casths for a residence during Ihat period. T his is all very well for (tie Prince, onu very baJ for the poor fieasants, who will doubtless sutler by the arrangement. The Hungaiian? boast of their freedom, which consists in busing no inXes lu pay. This freed m, h wever, does not apply to the |Oor. r clas-es. A Hungarian accosted an American acquaintance of n ine the other e* ening, and was delighted to see, for the first time, one of oar country mm. The Hungarian lirst e|>oke in German, in which the American was not well versed. I le then changed to Italian and Prench, winch he spokp with greal fluency, and ob! in rvrd thai his most u-ual language was ihe Lvtin. And in fici the Latin is s<ilI much spoken by the educated Hungarians. In the Diet of Hungary it was I the only language used. ! VERY DESTIU CTIVE PIKE AT NEW YORK The Tiibune Offve and a'ljfining Building* /)e*troyed.? We regret to learn by the New York Herald, received last ?vening, and the first paper for two days from beyond Trenton, that about 4 o'clock on Wednesday morning a terrible fire was discovered to he raging in the block ot buil.nngs occupied as the Tribune establishment, corner of gpruce and Nassau streets. Every effort whs made by the fire-companies to master the rag rig element, but to no purpose, and in the couise of a couple of hours after the fir^t no, ti. e of the blaze, the I ributie newspaper concern, j the periodical depot of Mr. Ii. Graham, the bookseller and stationers1 establishment of Janson and j Bell; the liquor store occupied by Mr. Kennedy, aria Uir. Iirrn Jin ?:*i siiiiMiiueiii ?n mr i 'cuw nr Sohnellpntt, a Germ <n journal published in Uiat city for the last three y?art, with a large *t<H k of bonks, 6lc. were totally commmed, with all they contained. Mr Graham lost not only his stock, hut J?4(K) in cash, and hit g Id watch, and narrowly escaped with his life by leaping out of an elevated window upon the deep tnow beneath. A t?oy employed by him, who was B?leep m the room below, followed Mr. G , but fell on hit head and was severely hurt. Just before retiring to bed. Mr. G. had taken $4"o and h s gold watcti Irom hit drawer, and placeu them under his pillow, where they were destroyed. Mr. G. t.sii males hit lotul lots at about $'2,500, and wat not in tured. The Tribune lot! all th* ir type, materials, Ar. w itli a large quantity ot paper?a great number of luxkr ot their own publication, he-id. a their valuable press. e? in the basement. Meatra Greely A M< Kirath wrrt insured for & 10,000, partly in the W dlinmthurgh and parly in the Trust Corniariv of that city. The pre--e* alone in the basement cost upwards ot $y,(XK) and the amount of their losa, over and above insu' ranee, is estnnaied at #10,000. 'J here were several officed in the sarne building, among ihem that of V. B. Palmer, General Newspajier Agency, and Kn sign's Map Kngraving Ktiahlishment, and in no casr was anything saved Mr. Palmer's books and priori w.irr in a sale, but fiom the s|>ecimcn ol itk waving power*, ;.s exhibited soon uf er the lire, it must have proved of liilie service. The Hermans, who had a hall in Tammany Hall, which adjoined the burned building* in the rear, w< re al.tinted in the midst of their revelry. Old Tainmuny got a sevete scorching. Some insurance is eflTecitd upon th?we building*, hot nothing like the actual lies. Kennttlv had no insurance, and the Driilhrltr Schnrllpiml very little. Jam-en & Bell's los* is over $10,000; Gteely and McKlrath at least as much. The origin ot the fi'e is attributed to the negligence of a ln>v, who, in kindling a lite in one of the rooms II,. .i.,l. . I nvi U II... ,,l a . .... . ' |?er t<> prom the draught, *h?< h not only took fire, ' but took winjr to Home other apartment, and aet fire in a uum) of papers, and a? the partition wails iu the iq 1 terior were composed of wood, the progress of th flames was lapid in the extreme. The press men were at work in the basement, anil o being informed by the boy of the tire, rushed up staii with water in buckets, but the flames had made the so inuch progress that they could do nothing. Owin to the great quantity of snow in the streets, the er gines were long in reaching the fire, and by ttie tim they commenced working tlie w tiole building was i flarues. The building on the corner of Spruce street, occc pied by Mr. Kennedy, was not burned down, bu crushed by the large wall of the Tribune buildin fulling upon ii. The basement of No. 3, on Spruce street, was or cupied by an Irish family, named (ireely, and in th same building, a small German paper, called th Scknellpost, was published. In the lower story of Nt 5, in addition to Haves1 boukbindry, was the office c Mr. Toler. machinist, whose loss was small, and th True Wesleyan Office, loss about one hundred dollar: The upper stories of No. b were occupied respective lv, by Mr. Fraetus, job printer, and Gaylord At Ales ander, bookbinders. The buildings are owned b Mr. Thompson Price, and are partially insured in th Jefferson Insurance Office. The kitchen ofTammti ny tlall was sliglitly injured. From the. *V Y. Courier if Enquirer. LATE AND IMPORTANT FROM MEXICC We are indebted to Captain Kingsbury, of the bri Ramon de Zaldo, arrived yesteiday from Vera Crui which port he left on the 14th of January, for intell gence to that date. Gen Sania Anna, af er havin made five different at'acks on tfie city of Puebla, ha been repulsed on each attack with some considerabl loss, had been obliged to decamp with all his troo|>i amounting to about four thousand men, and accort mg 10 the latest news from Jalapa, he is on his wa to Vera Cruz, but must first pass a defile fifti en milt fiom Jalapa, which is well fortified, and communde by General Jose Rimeon in person. If Santa Anna should be successful here, he wi meet with obstacles from troops stationed at Pueblt after passing which place, there will be nothing t Ere vent his coming to within three miles of Vera Crui lere the tortifications, although not complete, ar sufficient to prevent his taking the city, but probabl he may be able to effect his escape on board of a English frigate stationed at Sacrificios, wi'h order as report says, to receive him, arid protect his persoi Should he, however, determine to beseige the placi Generals Bravo and Paredes, who left Puebla on th 10th inst, with 10,000 cavalry and infantry, will sou be on his rear, and determine his fate. If taken pr soner, as he is enormously rich, having more tha twelve millions of dollars in England, it is more tha probable that by using this money tie may be able I purchase his own and the lives of his officers, althoup oy his own more than brutal conduct in Puebla. I has forfeited all claim to the indulgence of eithi Mexicans or foreigners. The officers commanding the city are Gens. Morr and Hernandez. The Castle is under the commai of Gen. Juan Loto, a brave and able officer, and c inveterate enemy of Santa Anna. In the course < the night previous to sailing, the Captain says new was received by an express from Jalapa, that Ban Anna had commenced besieging Perote, and that ne ther Bravo nor Paredes, had left Puebla on ihe lsitl and that even among the most sanguine of the frieni of the movement against Santa Anna, a belief In arisen that there was an intrigue going i n to save hi and his officers ; if true, it is thought this will be tl J. forerunner, of a iresh outbreak, that will cost an it meiise deal of bloodshed. We are inuebted to Mr. Zaldo, the owner of t I brig, for some additional information of high impc tance, to wit: that Santa Anna had sent in his tu mission to the new Government, and had placed hit self and his troops at their disposal This was tl report at Vera Cruz, and if it shall prove true, tl war may be considered at an end. The Diario the Uih announces it as a fact. Tiie Late Snow-storm at New York.? Incidei and jIlcuUiUs ? I he tremendous snow-storm, the ? teds of which have, for the last two or ttuee da completely shut off all communication between Nf York and Philadelphia, is described by the Ne York papers as the severest snow-storm that has v iled that city for years. It opened upon them abo 4 o'clock on Tuesday morning. The extreme co weather of the previous da)* had prepared the grout lor it, so that every fldke that fell was of use in f lirig up the streets. The snow was accompanied I a gale of wind from the E. N E, which blew t plenty ot drifts, and made the walking horribly do greeable. Throughout the entire day the snow fillt the air so completely, that no one could see to tl distance of two rods. Broadway, it is said, w pretty well blocked up with snow-hanks, to the dep i of 3 or 4 feet in some places. It is siated that on Long Island snow Iijs fallen the depth of two feet, and drifted very much. I i New York it was about 18 inches deep, on a level, i three o'clock on Tuesday night. At an early hot on Wednesday morning, as we learn from the II . iaid, the wind changed to W. N \V., the clout broke away, and the sun came out, making all loc happy again on the face of New York, alter a slori unequalled in aeverii). The gale must have been severe on the coast. W learn Irom the offirersof the vessels that arrived ye terday that it was a per feci hurricane The I 8 steam shio Princeton was b arded c Tuesday morning, of! the Tavern House, and a pil< put i n hoard. VV'hen last seen, she had all her sat furled, and was standing off shore, ri|ght in the leet of the gale, under s earn. Thia shows the great vail of the submerged propellers to all vessels in storm esjtecially when the* are on a lee shore. I'he t rin< eton, from a cruise, went to the assi* ance of the schooner John Hill, which was total dis.i,as ed in the gale, w hile at anchor in the lowi May, and was towed to town. The Princeton hi all of her topgallant masts down. The old packet ship Sheffield is below, said to I safe. She was in a dangerous position in the gale. The New York Sun of Thursday thus allude* i an accident mentioned in their papei of VVednesda which has not yet come to hand : The accident in 26th street, to w hich we alludf yesterday, is more disastrous thon at first suppose! The number of houses partially blown down is abot twenty three. Commodore L)e Kay is the owner.The houses had only their fiont* and two sides u the rear wall not having yet been commenced, whic caused the disaster. The wind had full sweep upo the front and sole w all* a* U|iori the sails of a ship. The workmen verv fortunately had left the huih # " ' ' w ~~ ? ings at dinner lime, and had not returned, finding too cold to work. from the I'hi/tuielplkia Inquirer. A Rill.i' ?A da* or two ago " an oak wan ci down at n short distance from Harnsborg, (and near a old rev.,luminary relic, known ? ' Ps Ton's Church, which, upon counting the growths, proved to I* nei fnur hundred year? old, and |>erlertly embedded in at a height of near thirty feel from the ground, wi ( noil a well atiaped ?l me motlar and pi stir, and ? i instrument very tnurh resembling our aie, thoug i much smaller in ?i/.e. They had evidently bien pi red in the crotch of the tree, which had grown tog ther ovi r tin in, and from an eiamination of the sc< lmn, it i? perfectly tiiantfe?t ihat they must have Iwr there at least 3(11 years. They are very hard fiini atone, and in their finish exhibit much skill." They should have ' spared that tree." SI PRKMK COURT I'M 1 F.I) STATUS. Friday, February 7, 1845 ()n motion of Mr Reverdy Johnson, TmLir Wn t.i a sis, Jr. K?q , of Virginia, was admitted an Alto ney and Counsellor of this court. No. 165. Hnrriet I,. Oatrhings, r.t. the Unit* Stiles, el nl Appeal from the Circuit Court, U ! tor the Southern District of Mississippi. On inotu of Mr Attorney General this appeal was dorketr and dismissed. No. 58 The State of Maryland use of Washingtc county, plaintiff in error, r%. the llaltimore am J Ohr Railroad Company. The argument of this eau-e wi continued by Mr. Sperieer for the plantifTin error, an by Mr. Nelson (Attorney General, I H.) forth d' fi ndsnt in error. | Adjourned till Monday, II o'clock, A. M. e Mr HUN TINGTON from the Committee on Comt merre, asked that it be discharged from the further n consideration of ibe memorial of certain citizens ot .J s New Ctstle county, Delaware, lor an appropriation I n for the erection of a Court House in that place, which I g was agreed to. I i Mr. ARCHER presented a petition from citizens I e of Pennsylvania, praying for a change in th# natu- I n ralizalion laws. ' Mr. H ANN KG AN called up the joint resolution for i- the relief of S-*th M. Leuveuwoilh, which was rtad a it third lime and passed. g The trill reducing the rates of postage, etc., /as 1 passed by the following vote, vix: i* VEAS?Messrs. Allen, Archer, Ashley, Atherton, e Borrow, Bales, Biya'd, Benton, Beirien, Ureese, Bue chanan, Choale, Crittenden, Dayton, Dickinson, Dix, >. Evuns, Futrlield, Foster, Francis, Hendeison, Hun>f tington. Jainagin, Johnson, Mertick, Miller, Mooree head, Niles, Porter, Rives, Simmons, Sturgeon, Tap- j 5. pan, Upliaui, Walker, VVlnle, Woodbridge, Woodbury?38. NAYS?Messrs. Bagby, Clayton, Colquitt, Hany ni'^an, Haywood, Huger, .Lewis, Mcllullie, Mane gum, Phelps, Semple, Sevier?1*2. j i- The Senate then went into an Executive session. HOUSE OK REPRESENTATIVES. I Saturday, Feb. 8, 1845. >. On motion of Mr. Leonard, the Committee of the Whole on the stuie of the Union were discharged y from the further consideration of the bill from the j] Senute, authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to compromise with the sureties of Samuel Swartwout, jj late collector cf the customs lor the port of New ' York. s Mr. FARM ENTER asked the general consent of l' the House to take up the joint resolution of the Senale, suspending the operation of a section of the act ^ of September 11, 1841, which provides that no pub(j lie money shall be expended for the purchase of sites for armories, arsenals, navy yards, custom-houses, II etc. in any State, unless the consent of the Legislature of the same shall ti.-st be obtained. This reso' lulion suspended the operation of law so far as rela' ted to the site lor a naval depot in Memphis, Tennes' see. The Legislature met biennially, and, were they to wait until its next session, a long time must neces-V sarily elapse. From the knowledge of the Committee on Naval Affairs, the members of the Legislature ' individually, and the people, were decidedly in favor ' of a naval depot at Memphis; and now it was merely intended to appropriate the money in advance, and then obtain the consent of the Legislature, of which there could be no doubt; and this would facilitate ^ the object in view. n The resolution was read a third time, and passed. Mr. BLACK, of Pennsylvania, presented the pe ^ tition ot Samuel Fisher, praying that a special law ' may be passed enabling him to procure a patent for his invention for retarding wagons and carriages; which was referred to the Committee on Patents. The House proceeded to dispose of the private 23 bills reported yesterday from the Committee of the . Whole; among the large number passed were m The bill further to extend the lime (to 1852) for loeating Virginia military land warrants, and for the "s return of surveys thereon to the General Land Ofla fice ; i,_ The resolution authorizing the Secretary of War 1 ? to pay any balance that may be due the bhawnee In*'s dians who served in the Florida war; The bill for the relief of the Bank of the Metrom polls ; The bill for the relief of the president, directors, n" and Company, of the Dismal Swamp Canal; and The bill to pay Captain John B. Crozier's company of mounted volunteers, Tennessee militia. ,r* The aci authorizing the Secrttary of the the Treasury to compromise with the sureties of Samuel n* Swartwout, was taken up. A debate ensued as to the policy of such a proceeding, at the termination of ^,e which, ?' Mr. CALDWELL moved to lay the billon the table ; and the motion prevailed?yeas 9C, nays 58. A motion was made to reconsider the vote ; but its the question was postponed until Monday next. f- The remainder of the day was consumed in the ^ ys consideration of private business. : w , w " advertisement! I#3d K?-Observe CIL1Rl.ES WILLMER has NO conttd nection whatever with Messrs. Willmer and Smith, ami all orders and communications for CHARLES WILLMER, must be addressed in full to the. ? TRANSATLANTIC NEWSPAPER OFFICE, :(j 5, SOUTH JOHN S 1'REET, lAtrrpool. is NEWS! NEWS! NEWS! lh TRANS ATLANTIC NEWSPAPER OFFICE, 5, SOUTH JOII.Y STREET, Uxtrpool. al charles willmer, jr e- .Vetr*}>aptr, l-'urtranting, and <ieneral Is Agent. /'CONTINUES to supply to order, with greater m V J promptitude and regularity than any other house, and on ihe ino.t reasonable terms, (a London ' Daily Paper for -ff> UK sterling per annum,) NEW'SPAPERS, PRICES CURRENTS, SHIPPINGLISTS, MAGAZINES, BOOKS, and STATION111 ERV, TYPE, PRINTERS' and BINDERS' MAjt TER1ALS, and Merchandise ??f every description, to all parts ot the UN 11 El) STATES, CAN A DA, NOVA SCOTIA, NEW BRUNSWICK, and ,P NEWFOl NDLANl), by the Maii. Staawlrs, sails' ing on the 4th and IDth of each month from Livkrro?i., and to all the WEST INDIAN ISLANDS, ' MEXICO, and TEXAS, by the Royai. Maii. ') Stkamkrs, sailing cveiy fortnight from SouthampEr on u\ CHARLES VMLLMER'S * AMERICAN NEWS LETTER, IS published for transmission by every Hiram Ship l0 -niling from hngland for America, and it* leading feature is to give, at a fiance, an account of every important event that ha* occurred in Great Britain, Europe, or A?ia, in the interval between the nailing ,j of each Steam Ship, whether in politic* or r< mmrrce I ?a correct and comprehensive Shipping List, in Jt which will he found a faithful record of the arrival _ and deparlure of American vessel* at and from all p the British, European, and Asiatic ports, with no I, tice?of such casualties or disaster* as may tromtime ,n t >time occur?a complete Prices Current, in which the greatest care is taken to give the latent rej>ort* of j. )he markets for the various descriptions of American Produce, from the u osi unquestionable sources thus combining in one sheet, a .Veirtpaper, a Skijijhng Lot, and a Prices Current. Annual Subscription, payable in advance, 12s. 6d. Sterling. ul All orders must be accompanied with a remittanee m or reference in England for payment. " NOTICE. " All communications must be post paid, and addressed " CHARLES WILLMER, ;h TH A MS ATI. ANTIC NEWSPAPER OFFICE, ** 5, South John Street, Liverpool. n Or they will not rrarh CHARLES VV'illmer's ty ? Office. tyxo connexion with Messrs. Wii.lmer RSwith KKKOKS CQRREC 1'h.U. TN THE PROPOSALS for carrying the mail in 1 Maine. Route No. 37, Maine, it should read from Patten, I'enobscot county by I mcolcns, Masardis and Aroostook to Fort Kent, 91 mile*. &o. Route No. 3."> Maine, 3nl line insert Parkman in r* l eu of Omlford. tn route. No. 4, in Maine advertise merit, read " siune*' instead of " nrx/," so that it will read arrive ^ at Portland, ">?' day by 2 p m. ,n Route N<> 247, N. II. insert 3 P. M. instead of y\ M m return trip. ' Feb. 3?lawtl5A " pNCYCLOf'.V.DIA A MKRICAN A-Ch. yp-13 0 Hi volumes octavo, l?te?t and best edition, (not o( ||,e kind designed for auction) full bound in leather, " with marbled edges, in best style?complete for 18 e (I,dims, (published at fc.! it) per volume unbound ) Kor sale (twocopies only at that price) |,y jiAU Id F. TAYLOR.