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The Madisonian. (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1837-1845, February 18, 1845, Image 1

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1 - ? _ J_ I ?-*- - " - ?-] |l|fcl
I ?? - - - - ticns of their legislature ; and That, a* Denioereta,
i the madison ian. - - I they are no more bound try amJt taairuclion* than ere
A / ^ the Wbiga, who pay no regard 10 auch a doctrine}
f . ? . J I I a m II I ? ^ ? a. a a . and who have always refused to be bound by umdtt
juatus. # i ^B .jair I ^v^T'^BhT instruction* The raaolatioo was ordered to btplv
nr Subscribers may remit by mail.in bills of sol- ^Ll I I I j I ~ I II I #n| III 7l I I I I I I I I Mr. JOHNSON presented a petition town Penuveat
buik*,po*ttig4paid,ii our risk; provided it shall I . I JA/* ^J M.\y , /B. B / J^^B B B/?yivania, preying thai foreigners may uothe admitted
appear by the po*tuia*|er'aeerliticale,t hat such remit- B 00 *^9^ 4 ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ to the right* t|f citizenship under a period ef tweutylaaca
haa been duly mailed, J v v ^ <,(,? ypu?' residence in this country.
FKRM8 : ? _? .. ..? if Mr ASlfLfc! Y pr? eoted a petition from citizen*
v..:: *>tz vol. vhi.-no. 52.1 Washington . Tuesday, febri iry is. ih-o. [whole no. ?080.
For an uien'ha. "... 3 (K) J Mr. UlCKlNfiSON preaented a petition from ciliV\
<<a?k I u _ _ - 2 (II) ! .. ik.. u?..g. r. V?.?. V,.?lr free* 4 Kei etmofutinrft
I r All lrtl?r> roust be addressed (free of poalage)
to I he editor.
fVatmaater* throughout the Union are requested to
rt a* our agent*. Those who may particularly exert
themselves in extending the circulation ot this
p*p-r, will not uulv be allowed a liberal commission
on lum* remitted, but receive our warmest thunks.
TilT MA I) I SO.MAN."
hA ri ttDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 15, 1815.
A "COMPROMISE "
It has b en a matter of oHtonisliment and regrn
among the sincere friends of the irumediaie
re aruuisition of the territory of Texas, to wit
A in u I) Iti tillr ?a? I ri'ii.- ii |..iv inl In Mi
](mini) in the Senate ; and now we have the
mortification of seeing the t?iol>e once more
| standing in (lie wav o| ilie final consummation
of the measure !
< ol. Benton's Ditli u!tv must he lak* n a? on
nllui " compromise." The ?il11??r is ?uie that
if 'the proposition of the II hip tornihcr'' be,
repudiated, and Col. Benton'* Difficulty be ?uhIstituied
in it* plaec, there are *oine twentyseven
New York and New Kn gland item rat*
who voted agaiu?t the former, would *upporl
the latter. No douhl of It. No doubt they
would *uppur( the Difficulty with g eat pertmanty.
Bat would the Southern iu?inbei? who
have been compi"initril qu te ?noii?b already,'
go for it t W e doubt it. After surrendering
their original | Ian, and afrr being dnounnd
at * buzzards" by Col I'i on, w. d> u wlo
ttier they would IgM harm<<m. u*ly and p
ably on " Cul. Benton1* hi." I'p to t hi* time
they have yielded everything that ha* hi < n re
quired of them : let u? not demand any lurtlo r
sacrifice*.
It t* our solemn cowvictt n ihat upon tin- fa'of
the Joint II solution no * b? lur? tin >< i ,?ir
reala (lie la'e of Texas. It it should |? *?? ,\
nexatmn will he ell Tied il ii ?houtd l>?
we shall lose Tex ts. And the man <rpn-.
which slidF throw any ob-iaele m lie wm* i
its pa-sage, will mriir a feailul r> *| < *.?,I. ii?
Thb a Uf'tiiiian. ? tlie li'sl line r ?i.
new nimitJ|JPhfc made it* app? <ra> < e |i r>
tains w* It printed page*, and r s o
terestmg article*. It is edited by I l? I o."
K*f|., who ran easily, and no d ubl as ill t r a n
|y. procure the productions ot our ?hh st and
most experienced writei* to give v?lt, t? us
J(iu A>I> Kl.oRMi* Thr Krimir, yr.?r
clay, rcfertrd lo thr i Mi r cm >?, 1 ?j 1 4
ry, til** lull fr?>"l "?r H<>U*r <>| Kfpcr*fauiifr?
|,.r Hie adini?'>i"i> ol Mm Man * ul loo a and
Florida ioio the
Tba MfW York Amarirao. ?bii h ha* U~* m ?i
(rno? iwanty y.a ? 11 ' v^tb
thr C.uiifr ant Enquire on Mo Jay i*it
I
ne%s ihe unsteady course of the Globe during
(lie l??t lew days, and while the faie of the
measure it actually trembling in the balance.
v\ hen the measure was lirsi seriously agitated,
and before the sad occurrence on the Princeton,
the (ilol>e maintained an unbroken silence for
serer.il we? Its, and seemed lo desire to remain
uncommitted ou tin* subject, until it was generally
known that negotiations were in progress,
and that a treaty of Annexation would be subunited
lo the Senate before the adjournment of
(. ongresi. It was afcer the able and now celebrated
letter ol Mr. Walker bad been publishIeJ,
and subsequent to the lamented death ol'
Mr. Upshur, when the presses and ihe people in
all section* were discussing the subject, that me
< J lobe boldly declared itsell to be in favor of
Annexation, and in one or two pertinent and
able articles gave a new and mighty impulse to
the great question which was so soon destined
to crush its chief opponents in Us resistless
progress. Hut in a very few weeks the much
regretted letter of Mr. Van lluren appeared,
and to the surprise of every body, the Globe
announced, that in consequence of the discovery
of the existence of an " armistice,"
und the illness of the editor, the paper had prematurely
pronounced in favor of the measure.
It was hi favor of mediate in contradistinction
to im mediate Annexation. It approved of the
bill which had in (lie meantime been introduced
by Col. Benton.
After the nomination of Mr. Polk, an im-mediatist,
the Globe said as little on the subject as
ptis?ihlc, and what i' did say was in violent denunciation
ol the rejected treaty, and its negotiators.
It published Mr. Denton's Missouri
speeches in villifiratton of all the advocates ol
the immediate acquisition of the "lone star'"
territory?and publish* d tliem in the heat of the
Presidential contest, when the negotiators of
the t/eaty were exerting their personal inlluence
in favor of the nominee of the Baltimore
/? ? ' 0??# i?hon it u'ao asAijrtainn/1 lliuf
' . UII Yt'llllCII. I'Ul "iii.il ii n a a u tvvi iu.mvm
| i Mr.Pnlk had been successful, and it was apparent
, / (tint (be Republican press, with entire unanimiiy,
declared thai 'immediate" Annexation was
one of tbe cliief measures on which (he election
had turned, the Globe again became an able and
zealous advocate of die measure.
This continued after the assembling of the
present session of Congress. Indeed the editor
of the Globe, but a few weeks ago, suggested
the following summary form of Annexation:
" Resolved that (Texas agreeing)
the territory of Texas be, and hereby i?, annexed
to die IT. Slate*."1 To promote line good spirit,
the origiual advocates yielded their favorite
plan of consummating the measure, and accepted
Mr. 15 rown'a Joint Resolution as a " compromise."
All must remember, none can ever
lorget, the zeal and apparent satisfaction and
earnestness with which the Globe advocated
lln? measure of compromise. The treaty plan
bad been ahamloni d ; the woik of tin' obnoxious
negotiators had bten relinquished; and the
friends of Annexation, to prove iheir desire that
# it should not he " a party question" rallied in
kUp|>orl of a proposition coining from a W fug
When the Joint II(solution passed tin House,
the Globe heralded its adoption in such i nthuaiastic
terms of approbation, that every body was
led t.i suppose there wa? no possibility |,,r any
new ditlieuliy to arise, which could dampen die
editoi's patriotic ardor, and divert him Irom Ins
course. But every body was, it sceuis, mistaken.
THE PRESIDENT AND VICE PRES1
DENT ELECT.
The joint committee appointed by the Senate
and House of Representatives?the Hon. R. J.
Walker, 011 the part of one branch, and the Hon.
Edmund Rurke and the lion. Linn Boyd on
that of the other?wailed upon the Hon. James
K. Polk, of Tennessee, yesterday, at Coleman's
I lotel, and informed him of his election to
the office of President of the United States for
the term of four years, from and after the third
day of March, 1845.
The President elect signified Ins acceptance
nf tko 1,0 I. ..... ..I.. .... I.?
tlit* People, and expressed his deep sense ofgratitude
to them for the confidence which they
had reposed in him, and requested the committee
to convey to the two Houses of Congress
assurances that, in executing the responsible
duties which would devolve upon him, it would
be his anxious desire to maintain the honorand
promote the welfare of his country.
The committee likewise informed the IJon.
George M. Dallas of his election to the olficeof
y President of the United Slates; and that
gentleman, in signifying his acceptance of the
office to wh-bh he had been chosen, expressed
his profound gratitude to them, and declared
that, drawn unexpectedly by the generous suffrages
of his fellow-citizens from the shades of
private life into the full glare of official station,
it was difficult to repress the solicitude that he
might not be equal to the exigencies of so sudden
a change, but that, swayed by an ardent
devotion to the high honor, true interest, and
fast union of the American States, he would
enter with zeal upon the duties assigned to him,
in the hope of at least partially realizing the
expectations ot those by whose confidence he
had been honored.
Piu.siiient Tyler.?It is said this gentleman will
retire from office richer than he entered it
If this be true he is the first man who has made
money as President of the United States. Van Buren
and John Q Adams retired without loss, and the eider
Adams perhaps did the same, but with these exceptions,
all the distinguished men who have filled the .
Presidential chair, have done so at a great?generally
luinous?pecuniary sacrifice. They have successively
retired 10 private life poor men. The expense
i f maintaining creditably the charities and hospitalities
of the national mansion is very great, and, we
would suppose it impossible that a gentleman of Mr.
Tyler's small piivate fortune could have laid aside
lis ice the amount of his < flicial income every year of
his administration.?A*. F. Sun.
The above statement, or insinuation, as regards
the President, 1 pronounce false in its
conception? base in its motives, and infamous
in its objects. JOHN TYLER, Jr.
Correspondence of the Madisonian.
Philadelphia, February 1 It, 1845.
Sik : The all-absorbing question wiih us is still
Annexation, immediate Annexation. The thousand
newspapers converging daily at this point, tiem with
ultimate hopes and apprehensions; but Pennsylvania
docs not, should not, and will not doubt a favorable
result in the Senaie. She has an advocate there;
she has two, hut one especially whose experience,
ability, and fertility m noble expedients, leaves her
hut little reason to fear the fate of a measure, marked
no less by its importance, than by the continuous
fneads hip which her favorite sen has manifested toil
ards it from its incipiency to the present moment. 1
The resolutions from the House, may he said to be
two-thirds perfected. The House of Representatives
has passed them, without a doubt as to an
equally favorable result in the White House. This
of course gives the plan which they propose a virtue
which no other, at the present critical period, can (
boast, h irst and foremost, then, as the real friends j
of Texas, we look to these ; lut wc are not prepared
to say, " Brown's resolutions or nothing." So far
Irorn it, I candidly believe, there is scarcely a conceivable
plan which would not be eagerly embraced
by every true fiiend of the measure, if at alljust
and prarlic >ble With this feeling, and the embarrassment
threatened by Mr. Benton's amendment, ,
)i U need not be surprised w hen I repeat that Pennsylvania
looks to James Buchanan for a bold and gallant
Mai d in favor of Texas any bow. lie is now
in the battle-field. For lielter or for worse, he is
our main irliance. From the nature of things, wc
are oompelUd to loc k to his judgment, to his estimate
of the sarious opportunities which may occur
for getting in an efficient stroke. The stroke like-!
wise should be left to the head which conceives, us ,
well as to the hand which dirirls. Should Mr. |
iin w i. ir?oiuuorts lout r neneniri me specious ana
somewhat plausible plan of Mr. Benton, Pennsylvania
w ill-nil look to Mr. Buchanan. Nor will she
I* clour in h< r confidence from Maine to the Rio
Grande every State, territory, and fiirnd to Bepubliran
principles, will lock to Mr. Bu< lianan. Before,
yr?, lonj ere (lie fornidabe voice of a hundred and
hlty tin uennd m <j<?n y, resounded for Texas and iiu
d> lay, the Senator from Pennsylvania, yes, the Senator
friuii north of Mason's and Ihion * line, alood
loith in .lelrnee ot Anoeiation Though brought
forwaid by a " I'resident without a parly," and of
eourse w ittiont the |Miwer to direr I (tie success ?m, he
embraced it for itself, and no unprejudic, d observer
Can i kpaet In a to desert it now, to long as even the
name remains as a nor I, us (or an exfwdieiit exj?edieat.
|t?*?p?<ial pleading of Mr Archer, of counsel
lor (be t.pposition has I as?or? you, enkindled a new
and a brighter trope m the bosom ?f every friend of
immediate Anne latum His idea of a w?ntof power
in the I'eopk to instruct Congress by a n?aji rily
merely, is eoii.ct rnougti as |*i as M goes, otl? i w i?? 1
Now lorknngM nullity am half a d< cell of the
s i. a Iter Htaiea Our I iiwa, a Government no grot- |
ru, we al know e<m tempi a lea just >u much Itrpubli- .
cracn as is omsisUnt with the equal sovereignly ol 1
all the Kt.tes A majority, literature, belore it can
lie saint as m?lrur>?m. miM tw attended with the additional
feet of its having been given kj a mujirily
of ll?e fctales. Whan au >mnUd, I should like to ;
a a to w I. .1 sirane. <i. outset hi r Am lirr it.nM
1*4* aa l< * mi ail hand* here (liat |
I (ha n?.?r oaten** m?i.??( ?! in rW? ting a PlwMant hi
I a majority t*Hb of Uw I'mpto and ?t the Male*, if
lew i?f li 'hat ^"Culiar t?? wtni h, w lar front
?M?h ii jt raluiaa ll># vary ground winch Mr. ArI
< hrf ? >? It ?<miM mil, rt ru*iM not b? urged
I a* a row hi*i?a jf|MW ?| m fin* of unmrdiale an '
that a l'rr?i. ( hid > imply bran ?lei led ;
aiU a rat in that abject A ('resident may br
alerted w ilb ar ail' ?ut a majority of liir Mate* lie '
may b? e We tad villi or without a majority of the |
People ,. be may be lartad lib a majority of thai
People Wit Saul a maj Iflly of lha Mala* , I It bar of I
whir b ineianea* w . kl ?u.tai? M Archer'? poaition. .
J Bi)?, Co " ?I J'oik, l>if Ttt
as candidate, lias been elected, not [in either ?f these j
wuy?, but by a conclusive uiujority, both of the l'eo-1
pie and of the States, which necessarily constitutes a
I
species of instruction as little uain to that so confidently
urged by the Chairman of the Committee of j
Foreign A (fairs, us it is liable to invalidation from .
the arguments of Federalism. But 1 tire you. |
A safe arrival, a warm reception, and good health j
to our estimable President and bis unliable lady.? i
May their sojourn in Washington crown the nation j
with blessings, a^l leave their heaits without a care, j
their biows without u shade, and their heads without!
a gray hair. 11.
1 RETENTION OF THE L.XPL08ION OF fcTFAMHOAT I a
Boii.eiis.? Wo have witli great pleasure read the , i
report made on the 7 h of February, by Mr. Simp-, *
son, from the Committee on Naval Affairs, on tlijs '
subject. It is there slated that the history of the fa-1 t
tal effects of explosion by steam, shows that, from ; '
1830 to 1810, eighty vessels have been lost by explo- I 1
sions, seven hundred and eighty persons killed, and |
two hundred and ninety six wounded ; and by fire,!
twenty-five vessels lost, and two hundred and fifty- j
five killed. The true causes of explosions, it is tho | ^
opinion of the committee, are but two : want of wa- r
ter in the boiler, and incrusiation from sediment or! *
salt. The law of Congress requires that all boilers ! J
should be made to bear, by hydrostatic pressure,! i
three hundred pounds to the square inch ; then to
have "a valve put on, and weighted down so [as to ^
open when the pressure rises to a hundred pounds? J
yet many, thus prepared, have burst. This can be j
accounted for on no other principle than that some t
part of the boiler has been healed red-hot, and be- |
come so weak us to burst with a pressure of less than t
a hundred pounds. Hence the great de^deratum is 1
to secure boilers against this red heat. This is done t
effectually by keeping the water in the boiler above J
the line where the fire is applied. This and the other (
cause of bursting?when salt or sediment settle in the : i
bottom of the boiler, and prevents the water from con-!
tact w ith the metal?ure both removed by the applica- ! '
tion of Kaub's and Barnum's self-acting safety valves, ,
which will, according to a large mass of evidence 1 ,
from nractical and scientific men. etfectuallv nrevent i
explosions of steam boilers and the extinguishment J (
of tires, bo fully impressed with this fact was the (
Committee on Naval Affairs, that they directed a bill |
to be reported on the 7th instant appropriating the , i
sum of five thousand dollars, for the purpose of at- i '
lathing the valves and fire-extinguisher to the boilers j
of five of the public steamships of the United States. t
The Secretary of the Navy fs required by the bill to t
report to Congress, as soon as may be, their efficiency '
in preventing explosions and burning of ships.
We trust this appropriation will be made?the 1 ,
amount is very,.very small, compared with the great |
ends at which the invention aims.
| <
FIVE DAYS LATER FROM FRANCE.
The Havre packet ship Zurich, at New |York, (
brings dates to the Gth tilt. The news is unliupor- ,
taut. We are indebted to the Herald for the follow- j
ing. | !
Cotton maintains its [price firmly in the Havre i
market.
The committee on thp King's address, which we *
receivtcJ by the iasi steamer, in both houses, held 1
their meetings on the ltd. The committee of the 1
Chamber of Deputies resolved thai the Government
should be required to lay before them all documents 1
and information relating to the several questions ad
verted to in the King's speech ; and thai the Mini.-- 1
icrs should be requested 'o attend before tlieui and '
give sucli explanation as they might require.
Accounts from Madrid to ihc Itilh ot December
were, that Atid-el Kadcr had not quitted the rnoun- t
lairis beyond the Mai tiia, to whicu he retired alter I
the battle of 1-ly. t
A great robbery had been effected upon the Ro h">-: t
chdds ; seven ca-es of Spanish piastres, containing
to the amount of 110,(K)0 francs, were stolen from ,,
the traiis|H)riation wjgon somewhere between London
and Paris. t
The Police of Patis had effect,cd the arrest of forty f
persons in one night?part of the bands who have v
lor some, time infested tha' city by night, committing
robberies which were olten attended by brutal vn>- :
lencr and in s me instances by murder.
Accounts from Madrid were ilint on the 'J-hh of k
December nineteen members of the Spanish Clinrn- >
ber of D< puttee gave in their resignations jn conseqtter.ee
ot ihc Minister of Finance having made use
ot some derogatory expressions .in debate, imputing (
censurable inoii?e? t ? the opposition.
The Mmist.r humbled himself before thiin, lint in (
vain ; notwithstanding liin explanation* ami apologies
they adhered to their put|io*e.
The aecedera w'cie he only representative* in ?h< i
Chamber of the Progressist and old monarchical par
ttoi *
The President of the Council, Naivarz, in reply to t
the question what he proposed to do, said that he re- p
gretted very deeply the offence and withdrawal of the e
opposition depu les, hut that the G iveriimeiil would i
trv to get on without Ihe.m.
The atf.iii caused much excitement.
A letter from Tahiti .states, that of MX! men composing
ilie Fiench garrison, It7 have been killid ,
or wounded in the different conflicts with the native*.
The Fatrie states that Gen. Delarne, who hnsjust
returned to Algeria, is charged With the mi-*ioii of
tiling the limits of the fronticra of Algeria ant) Morocco.
Tlir Brussels journals announce the arrival in that
city of liaron Aiexundei de ilumboldi, on hi* way ^
10 Parts.
The French fond* opent d with an advance, on the v
I h. ! o
n
Admiral I)ii|etit 1 houars had arrived at Paris (|
from Brest. 0
OBITUARY. ?
_ tl
From Ihr Richmond F.nqiwrer.
Dejiarted tins life, on the 15th day of January, j"|
|N45, at her residence in the county of Charlotte,
Mrs. Joanna Bot i.ntN, the widow of Major Wood
Hon dm, deceased, in the 93d year of her age.
A short family history tor the present, I presume, ^
will be excusable. Major Wood Bouldin, Iter bus- '
liaiid, who died many years since, was an ofheer in f
Hi. Virginia line on continental establishment in the tj
war of the Revolution, and was distinguished for Ins ,,
r.ill.tiilry on the, fields of Brandywiue, Germantown,
,na oinrr places c-oionci l nomas iwiinum, tli<- 1.1 - j r
Ihcrol the said VV. Uouldin, came from the State of j ,f
Maryland and settled in Charlotte county in the year
1771 Me held the rank ol Colonel under the Colo-1 n
ma I (iovernnient. j t|
Mr? Joanni Itnuldin was the daughter of John 1 t|
i % t*>r K?q.,ol Juines City county, State of Virginia, u
who mas altaelnd to the "Admiralty Office'' under r
the Colonial Government, ami liven for a while on
what i? called the "J. I*. Kstate," about three miles ,,
Irum Williamsburg. ?
Mr?. Itou Itl in was the sister of John Tyler, former- i ^
|y Governor ol Virginia, who was the father of his | ?
. scrllenry John Tyler, now the President of the ,.
I niled Slates She was tho mother id the Hon |,
i lion 1 .* T. lloiildin, now deceased, a Judge id the ^
(iiiiiiml ('ourt ot Virginia, and member of < '(ingress
(rom the Charlotte district; ol the Hon. J a me-. W. [
Itjuldin, formerly a member of Congress ; and ol ^
I Anns C. Boiildin, for many years a worthy and dis- |
nnguistied member of the Senate of Virgin a? 1
Where is there a mother who has raised such a ninn- t
tier ol distinguished sons? In short, she was connected
w ith many of the very best families in Virgi- ,
ma and m the lun ed Slate*. I ,
Mr* Bouldin hail three aons only, who have been ?
named above, arid li>e daughters, tw.i of whom died I
in rarly life, and the three remaining weie with hot I
^mmmmm
,o the last, using unremitting ixertions for her ease
uid Comfort. For many ye.us before her death, site
aab confined to her room. Wom down at last by old
ige and boddy infirmities, she passed o(V the stage ot
{listener without a struggle. She stood under her
(Mictions with great patience and Christian fortitude.
Mis. Bouhliu was a mtiuher of the Protestant
episcopal Church ; and at her burial, the neighbors
n general attended, and the last services were performed
by the Reverend Mr. Christian ot' the Episc ul
Church. She lies bv the side of iter husband,
Vlajor \V. Houldin ; and in the same ground is buried
Joloiiel Thomas Bouldtn and his wife and two
laughters, and Hon. Thomas T. Bouldin.
Airs. Bou din was well educated for the times in
fhich she lived. None excelled tier in the accotu>iishuient8
of tlte tlay. Bhe wus taught music hv
irammer, uttd played well on thespinnet, the fushtontble
instrument ot her day; she delighted mostly i?
IIIUML intil e * 111 palllllll^ *IIIU uianiiig,
>iio wmh instructed by tbe celebrated Gilbert Stewart,
she vvus a lady of remaikable intelligence, and tbml
>t cheerful company ; beloved by all her friends and
ici|uuintaiiceH ; utTeCiionate to her children, by whom
ihe was almost adored ; a kind, gentle, anil indulgent
ntstrufcS. In abort, no one perhaps ever lived so long
ind pansi d cO blameless a life.
PARIS POLICE.
There are troubles in Paris, as well as in other
daces, and not every man in that beautiful city is
tonsidered entirely honest. A correspondent of ihe
'rfurier des Etuis Unis sets forth the difficulties of the
upiial of Prance in such strong colors, that we tee I
lisposed to translate apart of his letter, dated Paris,
10th December, 1844.
The resources ol the police no longer suffice to
ceep in check the robbers that stain w ith blood the.
ireets of Paris at night; all that has ever been nar ated
by the chronicles of the Forest of Bondy, and
.he Black Forest, is nothing in comparison with what
akes place in the bosom of the most flourishing citv
n Europe. The forests have been purged of the
jundilti that infested them, hut Paris carefully prei^rves
her own, which every year increases in num?cr
and audacity. Instead of going and stationing
hcmselvcs upon ihe highway, and waiting the doublul
approach of unarmed travellers, the honorable
Yaternity of robbers find it much more convenient to
;xercise their industry in the city. This permits
hem to labor upon a much more extensive scale ?
They do a much handsomer business, their profits
ire surer and greater, and they lead a more comfortihle
life altogether.
Passengers, after seven o'clock in the evening, are
tow no safer iri the streets of Paris, than they were
in the time of Boilcau, notwithstanding the progress
jf light. The police officers, the gas, and the watch,
:an do nothing.
A formidable girdle of fortifications has been made:
ligh walls, deep pitches, detached citadels?nothing
s left undone. Paris is perfectly detenrled against
he Prussians and the Cossacks, who, without doubt,
mil not be caught there again. But Paris is without
lefence against a herd of villains, who every year
.ake the city by assault. Every year some of these
jandiili are taken, and the public officer takes care
:<> announce that an incalculable number yet remain
it large.
You are informed, "It is all that can be done for
;ou. Now take your measures to avoid the signal
>eril. Do not tarry too late In the. streets. Return
mine before dark ; you will gain thereby every w ay.
V u will taste the charms of domestic life, and tlie
lelicacies of the lire-side circle."
"Rut there are some people who are obliged to go
jut of an evening !"
"Very well, let them take a cab; carnages are
-arely stopped."
" Rut suppose their income will not admit of such
in expense?"
" Why, if they are poor, if they really have no
noni'y, they need not be ufiaid of robbers."
Rut the robbers commence by knocking a man down
ilid then search his pockets, when lie is stretched
lpon the pavement. Fourrier told the story the other
lay m the Ciiiiiinal Court.
* is it possible," said one of the Judges, with great
ndigoation, " that you killed a inan for thirty cents.-"
" 'Fori my word," said the robber," " when 1 killd
him, 1 did not know that he had'nt more than thiry
cents. I w as most disagreeably surprised in lindng
only tl at small sum in his pocket."
And then the amiable scoundrel added, in ati under
one, arid with a snnle,
" 'N on see, therefore, that I ought not to suffer for
he deceased, for it is really 1 who have been robbed,
inderall eirrumstancrs ; really 1 fare the worst."
This Fourrier was the chief of the hand of strangers.
We have, also, some real stabbcrs, those who kill
vith a Rowie knife; some maulers, wh i use a gteat
dub; and finally, wc have a new species, the stiflers,
vho clap upon your face a mask daubed with pitch.
Is it not strange that the police, pow erless to put
lown banditti, forbid citizens to go armed, and absoutely
prohibit the !>caring of pistols, or sword canes,
o rhat n respectable man, convicted of having used
veapons to defend himself against these avsio-ins,
nay legally be dragged before the Criminal Court,
ind be made to undergo line and impti-onmenl? Rut
letween two evils, people choose the least, and so
nany excellent citizens arm themselves to the teeth,
f they go out after nightfall.
A young painter of my acquaintance, who resided
n the faubourg ot St. (Jerniain, and passed his evenr,i-s
on the ni noMte side, hit unon a nb a-rint exnedi.
tit to rentier' himself secure from both robbers nml
he lnw. He armed himself with two or three guns,
lowder and shot, with pistols in his pocket, and when
hallenged by the, watch, declared that he hud been
nlo the country to shoot birds.
Twenty-Eighth Congress.
SECOXD SESStO.Y.
SENA I E
Saturday, February 15, 1815.
Mr- FRANCIS prtscnletl the credentials of the
Jon. Albert G. Green, to -ervr rs a Senator from the
ita'e of Conneclicut, ful six years from the 4ili of
darih nest.
Mr. 1)1X presented the credi ntiaT of the Hon. Daiil
S. Pickin on, t > serve as a Senator from the State
f New Yoik, torsi* years fioin the 11li of March
ext. Ho also presinted a petition from citixena of
he State ol New York, against the annexation '
fTrxas.
Mr. AltOHER pr>s. nteda memorial from citizens
f Monroe county, Slate of Missouri, for a change in
he naturahzaui li laws. _
Mr. PORTER presented a memoial from Michtan
ajj.iinst tne annexation of Texas, and praying
hat if Tolas be admttid into the Union, tbat <Janda
be admitted into it at the same time.
Mr. IMCKiNSON preeenud a petition from Allehany
County, State lit' New York, again't the anexation
of Texas.
Mr. RA YARD from the Committee on Naval Afrir?,
to whom was referred a petition of Josiah Fos
;r, rt-jHji icu ?a> ? nuiiuui amenumrni, and recoinicndmg
it* passage. Also, n report from the same
otnmittee to whom wa referred a resolution to purhase
iiOOtl copies of Levy's chart of the gulf of Mei o,
adverse to the passage of the tesolmion.
Mr. WALKKK made a report that he had, a* the
ornrnittee on the part of the Senate, announced to
1C President and Vice President of the United Stales
?e result of the vote as counted hy the House of
LepresentativiS. lie said the President elect had
onsented to serve and promised to perforin the dues
of that high office with a due regard to the
lterests -of the entire country, and in accordance
nth the obliga ions of the Constitution of the United
itates He said that the committee had also waited
pon the Vice President, who declared Ins acccp,nrc
of the i ffire to which the I'cnple had elected
in, and who promised to lullil the important obliatiiiti
which ii has devolved upon him.
Mr. BUCHANAN presented a memorial from the
lar of Philadelphia, asking for a distribution of the
erisions ul the Supreme Court of the United State* |
l'he bill for this object having passed the Senate,
dr. B. moved that the memorial l>c laid upon the
able.
Mr. J \ RNAGIN offered a resolution calling upon
ho President ot the United States tor inforiuaiivii .is
o who ate the owners ol the bug (it neral Aimtrong.
Mr. B AGHY asked the Ri nste to take up the re?ouiion,
which he uflVfed a day or two ago, rtquiring
^ m*\ i im^?
tlx- iSenale to meet for the transaction of business
hereafter at It o'clock, when
Mr. BERRIEN i-aid thai, una number of the Conn
in it tee on the Judiciary, it woulit be impossible for
him to attend to the dunes of it it he wore coin|iell*d
to meet sooner than the hour of 1'2 o'clock- lie theti
moved ttiai the consideration ol I lie resolution he
posip died until Wednesday next.
iV.r. ALLEN said that there never wio ? gr?mu-r
necessity for acting, as at tins late period of the .session,
there were now hut ahoul fifteen days to pass
some ol the most important measures, and it this resolution
was not adopted seme ofthose mci.sure* would
have lo tie neglected, lie hoped then thai the resolution
woii'd he adopted.
Mr. BAGBY said that his friend from Ohio was
mistaken in supposing there were lifteen days to truiioaet
the business of the Senate in ; there were but
twelve days, and he lelf the necessity of pasting the
resolution.
Mr. WALKER said that he did not see why the
committees of the Senate did not discharge their duties
in as short a time tu? the c iinuiitteesol" the House of
Representatives, and he would suggest if it would not
In- bettor lor die senate to meet at as early un Hour
possible.
Mr. WOODBIUDGE thought that they ooght to
pay nil respect lu the bill that rauie from that very
J'jrtunate House. Ji requires that we should take lime
to look into the bill which they have bent to the Senate,
ami he concurred with the gentleman from Mississippi
in the necessity of having lime to consider that
subject.
iVlr. .CRITTENDEN piesented tho jietiiion of J.
F. Wil.iams, lor an amount of inte jest due on certain
claims id' Ins. Referred tc> ttie Committee on
Cluirns, I
Mr. ASHLEY asked and was granted leave to
introduce a resolution authorizing the Secretary of
the Treasury to issue certain land patents for lunds
in the State of Aikansas.
Mr BREESE offeied a resolution calling upun the
Prefi dent of the United States for information as to
what kind of public lands are reserved in the Slate
of Illinois, and by what act of Congress such lands
are reserved.
Mr. ARCHER moved the consideration ol the hill
making compensation for French spoliations prior to
the year 1N03.
Mr. McDUFFlE said he would not let the bill
pass without giving it his opposition. He would
submit a question to the Senate as to whether it
should be considered now, when public expectation
was centered upon another subject. He therefore
should say little in reference to it himself. As to the
gentleman who had to address the Senate to-dav, he
would like to see if he would consent to that question
being postponed.
Mr. ARCHER said he was anxious to let this hill
he acted upon in order that it may go to the other
House in time, hut if it was not agreeable to gentlemen
lie would Jet it lay over. The consideration of
it was then postponed
fhe question then coming up on the postponement
of Mr. IJagby's resolution to meet at 11 o'clock, the
ayes and nays having been called on its passage, resulted
as follows:
V EAS.?Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Bates, Bayard,
Berrien, Choate, Clayton, Crittenden, Dayton, Evans,
Foster, Francis, Huntington, Jarnagin, Johnson, .Mangum,
Miller, >Morehead, Phelps, 1'orter, Simmons,
U|ham, While and Woodbridge?v24.
MAYS?Messrs. Allen, Ashley, Atchison, Atherton,
Bugby, Breese, Buchanan, Dickinson, D x,
Fairfield, Hunnegau, Henderson, Le\Vi?, McDuflie,
Merrick, Miles, Semple, Sevier, Sturgeon, Tappan,
Walker, and Woodbury?22.
Mr. RIVES, who was entitled to the Iloor this
morning on the Texas question, entered the Senate
about 1 o'clock, and commenced his remarks in 0|r
posilmn lo the principle of admitting Texas into the
Union by joint resolution. His argument, up to the
lime when our repotter left, consisted in ritmg
numerous authorities showing that such was not
the mode of admitting new States into the Confederacy.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Sati hdav, February 15, 1845.
[ APier our paper was put to pre-* yesterday, the
House passed the hills making appropriation for
Navy l'ensions, and for the support of the Military
Academy at West Point ]
'1 he bill, introduced uy Mr. Kr.vvtDr, of Maryland,
(making an upprop'latiou lor the erection of
marine lio.-pitals on the western risers and lakes, and
for the purchase of a site at lialtioiere, was referred
tithe Committee ol the Whole on the stale of the
Union.
By general consent, the rules were suspended, and
committees were r.alled for reports.
Mr. McKAY, from ihc Commuter; ol Ways and
Means, reported a joint resolution to the r Hoct that
whenever any State shall have n? en or may be in default
for the payment of interest or puincipal on investments
in its stock, or bonds held by the United
Slates in trust, it shall be. the duly of the Secretary
of the Treasury to retain the whole or so mtie.ii
thereof as may be necessary ol' the per centum 10
winch each Stale may he entitled ol tin; proceeds of
the kales of Ihc public lands within lis limits, and apply
the same to the payment ol said interest or
piincipal, or to the reimburse') ent of any sums of
money expended by the United States for that purpose.
Mr. STEWART, of Pennsylvania, propo-ed an
amendment?that the Secretary ol t.ie i'reaaury be
directed to pay to the several Stales, according to the
act of iKRi, the sum due??'.! 23JI 85.1 'J'.t, Ising the
lourlli instalment, but which was pnsiponed for want
of turiils. If their be a surplus in the Treasury, the
same shall be paid in July next; it not, so much as
shall he on band.
Mr. McKAY raised a question of order the amendment
being entirely different tiom tnc subject-matter
of the resolution.
Mr. STEWART. Not at all.
The SPEAKER decided the amendment^to he out
of order.
The resolution was again read, when
Mr. HARDIN remarked that he was decidedly o,r
pnsed to it, as it would seriously atlrrt ihr live p<fr
rent fund ret apart for school or edurution.il purposes,
and belonging to children.
The resolution was laid over for the pre.-ent?as it
required the general consent of the House lor it* recond
reading, and w hich was denied.
Mr. Ill SsEI.L, from the Committee on Patents,
reported a punt res. In I ion to provide for the printing
ol models of patent . wl ich was ie.nl twice and releiied
to ihe Oommitiee ol the Whole < n the state of
the Union.
Mr. IMJRKE, from the joint committee npp.o nted
for the purpose, reported that tbev bad waiterl upon
J.imes K. I'olk and (Jeorge M. Dallas, and informed
them of iheir election to the Presidency and Vice
Presidency of the. United States, irom and after the
third dav of Marrh en-uing ; and the report was ordered
to he entered on the journal.
A large number of reports was made from the
various committees; and the House then resolved
itself into a Committee of the Whole on the state of
the. Union, and proceeded to the consideration ot the
t ill making appropriation for the support of the.
Army.
SENATE,
Monday, February 17, lb45.
A communication was reoeived from the. War l)epartment,
in answer to a resolution of the Senate,
asking for information in relation to the mineral regions
of Lake Sin erior
Mr WOODHKIDUF s,id that as that com muni'
ration related to a matter of great importance?the
whole mineial region of the United States?the com
munieation ought to be printed, and for that reason
he moved that It (Ml copies be prinnteJ; which was
agreed to.
Mr. Dl\ presented a petition praying for the rcdue
tion of the rates ot postage. Also, one praying that
Texas may not b> annexe I to. the IJ States. One also
for the. abolition ot slavery in the Poind ol Columbia.
Also one from Joshua A. Speneer, pr tying that
the decisions of the Supreme Court ot the United
States he distributed among the members ol the
Rar.
Mr. EVANS presented a memorial against the annexation
of I VI
Mr HUNTINGTON presented a similar memorial
Irom tl e town ol Uii mingbain, Connecticut.
Mr TAPPAN presented ? resolution from citizens
of Perry county, Ohio, declaring thst, in then
opinion, then Senators and Representatives in Con
gret" ought not to obey or b? bound by the IMtfQQ
/.rill in uiu mutt cii ?ivn i vm, iv.
uf Canada.
Mr. VV 111 I'C, lroni the Committee on Indiiii Affui
s, was instructed to report to lb<i Senate a bill in
relation to l)ie arrears due tli<- Indian tribes.
Mr I?AVAK1), from the Committee on Naval Affairs,
to who in was referred the petition of Mary
AJcNally, praying for u pension, made an adverse report,
and hegned that the committee he di-charge?l
from the further consideration ol the subject; which
was agreed to.
feii U'A I It l-'l I't II i.fTi.rwil i i i'tnlnliiin which was
adopted, calling upon trie Piesident of the U States
for information asked hy lite Senate in relation 10 the
hrig General Armstrong.
Senate bill No. 1 -i7, authorizing the South Carolina
Railroad Company to import certain pipes and
machinery free of duly, was engrossed and ordered
to be read a thild lime.
A bill to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury
to ref und certain duties under protest.
Mr. J'APPAN moved that Senate bill No. 117,
granting to the county of Wyandot, in the State ol"
Ohio, certain lots in the town of Upper Sandusky,
be taken up ; which was not agreed to.
.Mr. LEWIS moved that the libeity of tbe Senate
Chamber he granted to the ex President of Texas,
General Lamar ; which was agreed to.
An aot was passed making appropriations for naval
pensions for the year 1846.
An act making appropriations for supposing the.
Military Academy.
Mr. CHOATl^ called, up tire bill making compensation
fur French spoliations prior to the year 1600;
which was being considered, when
Mr. McDUFFlE rose and said that this
hill had passed the Senate without any discussion
at all, exempt by a speech from his friend from
M as.-a? huseils. He saidthat it will he neces?ary, in
order that the Senate may be aide to approach to a
correct understanding of the subject, to remember
that not more than one half of these claims were made
in 1602. The first application for ihese claims was
made in 1602. The claims came before both Houses
of Congress then. The next application was made
in 1816, and reported against in the House of Representatives
; again in l->22, again in 1821; and in all
these instances the claimants were reported against.
Mr. McDUFFlE was proceeding to oppose the
passage of the bill, when
Mr. ARCHER arose and begged the gentleman to
suspend his remarks until alter the disposition of the
special order, which was the joint resolution of the
annexation of Texas.
Mr. McDUFFlE having given way,
Mr. WOODBURY proceeded to speak in favor of
the admission of Texas into the Union, when our Reporter
left.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Monday, February 17, 1845.
The SPEAKER laid before the House several
Executive communications in reply to resolutions
caPing for information, heretofore adopted.
1 he bill from the Senate, to restrict and grant
pensions in certain cases, after being amended, was
read a third tune arid passed.
'1 he joint resolution from the Seriate, to di-tribuie
the narrative of the Exploring Expedition, coming
up, amendments were made, to include Texts and
China in the list of the Governments to be presented
with a copy of the work.
Mr. KENNEDY, of Maryland, proposed an
amendment, to give a copy to each of the commission!
d ntiicer* and members of the scientific corps,
and a copy of the octavo edition to each of the sailors,
master-, and midshipmen. ,
Mr. BURKE remarked that there were hut a hundred
copies to be disposed of; and if the amendment
should be adopted, the entire number would he consumed.
Mr. KENNEDY, of Maryland, had understood
i that tlicie ware about thirteen commissioned officers
attached to ilie expedition, and many of them had
I performed services truly meritorious. As an instance.
Lieutenant Walker, who roinniHiided tile Flvinv
Fish, went farther South than either of the other
| commanders, und, as a consequence, encountered
greater perils. The publishers oi the work had prwtcil
one hundred copies for the Government, and had
struck i fT two hundred and fifty copies for themselves
These might as jwell he purchased, as it
would involve but a *niall expense.
Mr. KENNEDY, of Maryland, niodilicd his
anundmcut, hut fifty additional copies ot the larger,
and as many ol the smaller edition of the work as
' may be necessary, he purchased by the Library Comj
nntlee
Mr McKAY moved the previous question ; which
was seconded.
And the amendment of Mr. Kennedy was rejected?
jw tij, nays Hl4.
The resolution was thru read a third time and passed.
The Senate bill, authorizing the Attorney General
to contract for the printing ol the laws and rreutn a
of the I nited Stab*, was committed to the Committee
of the Whole on the state of tlie Union.
Mr. Mi DOWKI.L th tight the sailors should not
he overlooked. It w as, in a great measure, ow ing to
their skill, in their peculiar vocation, that the obj.-cta
of the expediti TH wore accomplished; and rertainly
they were as murfi mulled to copies as the midshipmen.
Mr. SCHENCK ?i?l thai Jack T?r would wonder
a- he turnrd hi* quid in his inoulh, and looked at
the book, "what the devil he should do with the
thing."
A in tinn w; - tn.ide to reronsder the vote hv which,
several days ago, the hill for the construction ol a
| bridi'c arris- the i'otoinac was lanJ on ihe tfcli!e.
Mr. McKAY moved t.< lay ilic m >ti< n on the table :
1 and the vea- and nay* being taken, this question v?a*
decided in the ktlirmaiive?yeas ill, nays 73:
The (SPEAKER announced ilie hii-ines* next in
| order to he the motion to roc nsider the vote by wh ch
I the llou-r laid on the 'able the h II troiu the Senate
] aiithori/inj the Secretary of the Treasury t r eonr;
prumi-e with the surtties if Samuel Swnrtwoui,
' lute Collector i t the jsvit of New York.
The yeas and nays wi re taken, and the House refused
lo reconsider he voie?jeas 71, nays 77.
The bill to regulate the |ayofihe. army, and lor
other pufO'es, coming upon Us passage,
Mr. ADAMS gave his reas.ins why he should
vole for it, and took occasion to advert to the questions
of Oregon, Texas, and Slavery in connexion
with the subject before the Home.
Mr. RAYMIR ?|>oke ugainA the reduction of the
army; and bad not not concluded his remai ks when
..... I..,, ,1.. _, |?_L.
T
Divmi?'i\<; a Lovr.it.? A Mr. Hazard, a you:i(j
merchant,' ill New Vork, wtto ha? been paying hm
addresses In a yonnj lady in that city, a* an accepted
lover, wa* di- ovcred to br a married man, with
a wife and ( rn ly in another city. At one of his vi
>-it? recently he wit ordered ottt of the hotine, and
without remnik he retraced his steps, hut before he
liad fmrly cleared the door a rude grasp wa? laid
upon his coat collar, and in an instant hi* arm* were
pinioned behind him by sturdy hand*, while blown
fell thick and fast from an instrument probably invented
for tbat specific purpose?a green cowhide,
whit h w as in the hand* of a third pnrty?the brother
of the young lady alluded 10. The lover has not
paid a visit to that house since.
Ki.tu < tion or Fa si. 1 hi travelling public penrrally
will be gratified to learn that "he lull reducing
'the rale of tare on ihe li.iltimnre and Washington
Rail Road to one d.iflsr and a half was on Wednesday
passed by Ihe Senate It wan previously pnnsed
by the House, ami is now therefore a law. Th a
incisure had frequently been urged by the Directors
( f the Company on the Legi-laHire, a* one required
alike by the in>erv?t* of ihe .State and the Company.
We htivt no d< ubt that u wid secure both.?Bolttmorr
W...i
A Dn i?iok -I' been decided in Ihr N. York
Supreme f'ourt tt.^t .1 hoarding house keeper is not
responsible for nrtrr p. hrloremp to lioarders, stolen
from the house, except they las specially' left in the
eare of the keeper.
(tgokgk R (ii.iddvn, lv*q , who, a year ago, so
highly delighted and eddied our citizens with hi? lerluie-:
on Kgypt, has rointnenred a course in Baltimore.
NS e understand that he will probably visit
Washington for the same purpose.
Nf.w Jersey I sited States Senator ?Win. I,.
Dayton w as on 1 u<-*day appmned Senator of the
lTn.teil Slate* fiom New Jer?ry, for ?ii year* from
the fih March. Mr Dsv?on rwretwd the whole
, wgta g vote The democratic vote w?sdivided between
1 Mr rbonpiul,of PrincMI) ul M( Van Ar dale,
I of Ncark
_ J

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