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The examiner. (Louisville, Ky.) 1847-1849, June 19, 1847, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015050/1847-06-19/ed-1/seq-2/

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.t. C. VM CHlli. EHTei.
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SLL:::;:::;:: 19, 1847.
of ur paper to such pfrwii
- n i . i
ta lo nejiere vui uecoiue n ic
3uwtiy requested that those to
jfiut ill at one signify their w ish
Tr canUna&nce or "discontinuance. If
Tny itf-'ito it coatinaea", let them forward the
aahscriplien ; if thej wish it discoatinued, Hip
mur i),id1! La Biuit hack, with, the name aud
the post oOe to which it ru addressed marked
apoa it. Th post office regalatiom provide for
the tending Lark of all uch patera free of uA-
The Legislature f Kentucky, last winter, by
act, Called upon lb people of the State lo ay
whether they would have a Coxvintio to es
tablish a new Constitution.
Tha holding of a convention, nlwava import
ant, is especially ae mow. for it iavolve the
coMideration and aettlenient of quest ion of vast
magnitude ; -questions which ought to rcccife
and which will receive, doubtleati, the beat
thought and closest exarainLtioa ot ahich our
' whole community are capable.
There can be, legally, no limit to the discus
ton of theee questions, thus authoritatively and
solemrJy broached by the highest authority,
. J .1 . - 1 1 1 . ... . - 1 - 1 ... ....
in 'may quarter, to hedge in the liUrty of the
pre, or txaroel epeech, w hile these privilege
are exercised with a just regard to th peace i f
the community, and the iategrity of the law.
Lren that moat tutncult problem ol all rmaa'i
pattern may be fully and fearlessly presents!,
if ita advocates be thus gvtarded : for uu riplit
is mora sacred, ia Kentucky, than that iualkn
able and fundamental rij.it, which secure to
every citizen "the liberty to know, to utter, to
argue according to ctiuacieuce."
Nor could aay doubt -cxuit, on this poiut, were
it not for those causes, external and internal
which, -lc the last few years. Lave, arrested
the discussion f alnwy t y the prcus over the
State. These are :
I. The violence widi Luh the subject of
slavery has been agitated f of the slave Stat?
There has been no form of exaggerated speech
no laiiguaga iu which wrath could be clothed
which has uot been used ugaiust those ho live
ainid aiavsrj :. T"he characteristics of too ina IV
i of the Drofeased adrocates of freedom, liv
ing fas, aa-ay from tha evil which the) drec-d,
have been, vehemence, and excex. They have
made no silowaace for tint education an t
iaga of a aUveholding couunaarty.' The great
juwkux if "emancipation, therefore hi--h
ahoald always be presented without passion, and
urged In a spirit of love, and generous good a ill,
has been involved in a stoma of fierce oonrlia'f ,
and people hsva been lwildored by exejie
uient, or fired by passion, as not to se or Vaow
the truth, -or, at least, lots to utter it. ik-iety,
anacstiocaiilyhen stagnant, uee Isa wh ill
wind blast to purify it, and to as. .liut where
there is virtue and intelJjrertyX enough to
hear and coualoer tmthvTtrr'rtue anger of t'te
Ftorai without, will ouly rntindie a ruder anger
within. Violence, 'iuvsrialdv. begets violence.
and all that the best of u cau do, at such times,
is,. to watch the excitenteut as it wears aw) ;
and then, to Sabor and to w it.
" 2. The altraism with a hi. h slavery has ben
pheld ia tha slave States.
The perpetua!Ut cspexually thoe led ly
'the alIf men of fhe Caretittii s. lioof- lis ve hr
ever in extreme. They have drinanded of all
persons and parties unqaslitied obedience to
their dogmas. Jltav C'txi , because he refused
assent to these, was denouaced by them asau
abo'.itioniat ; for the sajne txsson ilas Wsk.kt
isaa much execrated uow as James (. Biaxtv.
Their olject has been and it to deepoa the pro
sUvery exciieiuent, so that t!iy may baud sll
the slave States iu one itolittca unionfand thus
win power and secure it ; an i, for this end, they
appeal coustautly and ably to tu piide, puKioit,
ectioaal prejudice, av&rico, aud fots of tints'
flare States. N u!liia!.oa, the iUu..d of tlje
t:ht of eUtion, the bitt r auiTstcadf.uit nppoKi
tion lm free labor, the manner iu which Tex.ia
ft-as aaaexed, last, though not least Mr. Cal
hoaa's wre-brand" resulotions, as Senator
Baatoa cesif nstes them all these things show
this to be their aim, and they show, in sedition.
that it is fheir parpose, by this action, to vex
and fret the North, to drive the people there to
excess, to madden them and make theiu as ultra
en. eaa side as these perpeluajiats are ou the
other. How indeed could they gala a-cendem y
la the South, w ere it not fur the cteation and
extension of fanaticism at the North T The
stormier it becomes, the brighter and surer their
political prospects. They hare done as much t
extend abolitionism by their excess, as lias been
done try any instrumentality. As to their maiu
object, the union of the South apon pro-slavery
grounds, the pcrpetualiats have f liled ; but, ow-
: . - 1 I:..: f 1 !.- Jit.
Ceullj which exists amler t.iese circumstance
of tpeakinj the truth on a vexed question, they
hare not fill in ntakiug pahlic opinion more
stringent, and arresting by the press the fre
diacawioa of emancipation, and subjects con
nee led therewith, throughout the slave h'tatns.
Noiwithstanoiagthe operation of thesecauw.
however, (iistinguished t'outier men have uot
besitatni to utter plainly their bentiimats.--Wiluam
Gktron, of Nortli Carolina, a little
while befare Li pure spirit pasted away.i-pec
the yoang men of that State, iu a public address,
la ssaennh sabjacj X slavery lhair study, and
fa see if they could not, in their day, do some
thing to eradicate the great curse " of society.
Senator LTurtooD and other able Kentuck
tans, ia years gone by, have spoken with per
ruasire eloquence In a like tone ; ud onl y a f.-w
months since. Judge Bcllock, of this city, a-ith
signal ability, proved that th iiiilitutiou imixt
tiiS oat from nataral causes, and that it is th
part of a wise forecast to prepare for such a re-
c suit. Ncr should any citizen hesitate to s.x .ik
out hi Kind a freely. It is hard, indeed, to
conceive tnat ottence could tx given by I tin ex
ercise of a common liberty, uud, especially, if.
lika the individuals named, all who u. it,
act apoa tbeae admitted principles :
1. That this State alone Las exclusive juris
diction aver the whole subject within its teni
lory. ' -
Klarery la a domestic institution. Neither
tha National Government, nor any aiter Rtat.,
has the right, legally, U touxh it. It U for
Kentsciy, and Kentucky aine, to asy when
and how her bond ahall h t free, or whether
they ahU be set iree at all.
2. That the Free alone ahall be addressed"
,( ,i 11 1 pos.I10B peon" 'J '
ad;7,jt-.nd everywhere. That Uing is a demon,
nA re il.ft hlackeat infauiT. who would seek.
in any manser, to ana man agaiasl matter. No
more fLeno-hke condact can ha imagined. It
would receive tha universal aiccratioa of eartbj
as it irould be nr4 to meet die indignant pun,
ishun pi of heaven. r '
To our view, indeed, there ia but one cowrie
mapped out for him, who labours earnnUy and
Lcneat) 1 benefit an. Weas nun. It U, at oae
mt anbority has said, to speak' the truth alraya
in Live. JtpeciaIJy, al.ould they pursue this
c earn, who are n2tvorij 1 ffect iJ4l re-
t-!'- i', t -- :r "T r"i-,r
frmis, to thauj; oij ait;! flitie-wont Tahiti ajd
liaa. Thcr must unJrtud prejudu-'wantl py
pre pel regard t.i t!jin J kaow oil perilsand
ward thtii off; weigh each Ititorest, and bejuwt ;
aad violate no tight iaTcmoj lnj; a trraag. - It
is often thought euough that the truth bespok
en! but it is as Important, almost, to spetik It
rightly. When tittered lu hurh term, clothed
iu the garSt of bigotry, or enforced lit an indo
lent or overbearing manner, in a spirit exclusive,
oue-sided or rabid, 11 will be reswted, often, an a
. The advocates of. truth tuunt ri: up to the
level of its o n tiguity. 1 l ey must be pure in
heart, and t ruh all f.t liug of aiyr and ha
tred, ere they cau be fit to def u it, or eufoice
any great claim of humauity.
We shall write and argue iu the I.aminer,iu
this spirit, aud temper, giving no just cause of
offi uce to a siugle humiu U-ing, yet free, alike,
froiu thut liiuiJUy, which would cringe U fore
error, or that violeuce, vihich a'ould battle with
it iu auger.
'1 he necessity of iui-h a per as the l'.xami
Iter Meeiiis clear enough to our frieud.i. UecaUMe,
V apart from other weighty reasou,)
Int. Oi" the extcut of anti-slavery seutimeut
iu Kentucky.
There ueter was a period hcu our people
did uot feci it. At the formatiou of the Con
stitution, the Convention came within a ft-w
votes of inserting iu it a grudual fmaia-lpatiou
cUuhc, and la If'J'i public opiniou was almost
ripe for such a step. This f -cling is uot, appa
reuily, as strong now. It U still, however, in
its out-poken fonu au energetic element, aud if
all causes of restraint were removed, we believe
it would be'overa t'rlming iu It acliiHi. sUwll
this sentiment have uo organ Is it just or
generous to deny it the meaus of speech? Let
it be heard! Let it have full freedom to speak
out ita thoughts! I-et all jwrties.asthey grapple
with each other in manly argument or tnotulef-
fort, prove their loyalty to liberty by the lurgest
toleration, aud thus rear up our BociaWabric on
a granite foundation, :oload in ..Uturc and
streugth, and alike majestic uud Uuutilul lu
2. The welfare of the Stat
ho thinks slavery ableisg What boJy
of men iu the church so.gard it? What num
ber of cilizeus, out of the ctur-h, so hold ! If
slavery were unknown among u, aud it intro
duction were proposed, the voice of the people
would pour ftseh out, iu oue ctmcoutrated p'al,
for universal freinloin. Thuun who are for
euianclpalioD, indeed, on aay tenns. believe,
that ahile luls measure u deferred or tlefeated,
neither they nor their children cau be truly
blessed ; .that litbor, t'.tf meaus of individual sue
cse or social growth, must be degraded ; and
that iV ttat ninut lar behlici her sorter Mat.':)
iu pvrmauent prosperity and rower. Shall they
no'- siy so? May they iut do all, within their
il fliM'liee. lo euforce thexe views (Moriout
John Milton, amU revolu)ioi:iry tiiur in
England, made an addri sH on Liberty of Se h,
aud took, for hi motto, whii'h miih.h up tne
m hcl artruiia ut, the ;iritrd vi ur.U of a bold
(rrcixn poet:
1 hM Ulrue lilisrty, !. frc Uitn men,
HavlBf to ailvtse tlie su'ilir. ar fire
V iitru h w bo can. aj ill. deMitri ii(li prnix-
Whs Heiltier ran, nr w.ll. iksv Itout hi --t.r
Wbat ess tie jusier in a taie than lhw"
The object of the Kxaminer will he to repre
sent the anti-slavery siil:iii'ii. of Keutuiky,
and, as far as it can. t e tend .1 to iuiuir in
to and discuss all rt-torm meai ires aud to ad
rorhte, to the tt ( its ahili:v. every Lao it of
Iiiimaiiity. As tu name importf, iu hiu t will
be a wide oue, and we shall aim to inake it, with
the iid of friends, a welcome i isilor uhke to the
man of thought, and the family circle.
We hav lieeu solicited by uunierou iadi
viduala ia Virginia anJ North Carolina, ani by
a large circle of friend iu Kentucky, to occupy
ourjireut pot. We wi re known to ail of them
to have been born and brought up in South
Caroliua, aad hre,! a slaveholder, and, therefore,
supposed to In acquainted with the prejudice,
interests and right of slaved alders, and thus
fitted to dicuss tlie question of slavery; lo be
a Whig, yet no partiaaa. and hence not likely
to introduce or inc. Idle with parly pol.tics, or
with panic of any character in or out of the
Slate. We Khali !a!r to meet their wishes and
fullil 'heir expectations. Of Mr. F. Consv who
i s-vk uted with uh. we need hardly sav a
a orJ. lie Irrail.) hi ow.i Mil; Louisville i hi
rfative home. He tiring to the lask he ban un
dertaken a clear head, enl a resoiinioii to labor
earnestly for th reai, bsllnjr a-i-ll-bein; cf hi.
native state and city.
We send the Ltimn.tr, a itli this brief outline
of its prnpowd course and of our views, to its
friends aad the public. We beg no oue for help.
But, as the erunlary independence of such a
journal is all-important, we ask those who
support the cause, and those who are wiling
to cousider it, lo take the paper, and to extend
its circulation. We ask for their earnest sym
pathy, aad yet more for their cordial union.
Our friends must unite, if they woull Lave
their strength felt. If a single person labor by
himself, the power which consists in union, is
wanting. A drop of rain will proluce no moist
ure ou the dry clod ; but when it is united with
other drops, the copious showrr revives tl e dy
ing plants and gladdens the whole f ice of nature.
If tha we are united, we shul' make Kentucky
the home of the free, as well as of the brave,
and awaken in our sister states of the South, a
spirit which will not tire, until crowned with the
glory of universal emancipation.
A .Tleslel auto.
"A s lik-5 to hear of State in this Union doing
their whole duty in a spirit of enlarged w isdom,
and to know (hit uunf hut tlie very best conse
qucuee, notially aud mornlly, flow from it.
We want sui h i xampl.-s. Other States tuny be
alow to follow iu the path so brightly trod; but
they will do ;t. j tiio only one
which can lead to a sure progress and a perma
nent prosperity. " ,
M 4SH4ciicHiL-rTS, a report of whose financial
condition lies before us, is certainly the model
Stati of tlii Union. Sh.J U before all others in
uuivcrnaliiy of edu.atioa, and the power of
disciplined, well-directed, aud intelligent mor
al euergy. She i.i unequalled in modern days,
cottsideriag her few natural resources, in tlie
might of her physical itrengtli and iuvt ntive
genii, the general comfort aud ludcpcnduice
of lir people, aud her self-made pecuniary
What is there, indi)e I, for whii,h Maas:hu
setU is not re.iiarkabls? II?r soil is lined with
railro uls. Her ships dot every sea. There in
no .State that tloea not f el the spriag of her
commercial activity, no clime that tloe.i not
know her enterprise. While she competes with
Grnnt IlriUin ia manufacture at Calcutta, sIiq
buys and ro-buildsa railroad in Michigan, or
loans money to the Ohioaas to complete the
iron link between their great river aad greater
lake. There is ao market, home or foreign, iu
whkh her capilalirf not felt; no State where
her men and womeu are not at work in shop or
on farm, in pulpit, platform, or pretw, doing
sonnthiiig to make the country and the world
better and richer. ,. . . ,1 :-
Whenee haaahe acquired this eminence?
How haa she atlained this gTowtlTand power"
Oae of her own sons says of her: '' , .-. '
. Sbe has spent, and la still loendinir. Was anu
of money for tint establishment and uiportof
usr nouie cnariuiuio lasututiona. Mid baa lib
erally endowed ud Ude4 ir echoobj and col
leges.' -She' his yielded her countenance, and
credit U vetrloutt public calerpriaca wltltia her
; " . t
hor.Icr. t.;i." has pemutted no gross point ia
the policy of au eulightened itate to be over
looked, B-crn aay nurraw-iniudei pVaraliiiony ;
nor, on, the other ftaud, Uas sue tuvergoJ tato
thnt path of wild and profligate etpriUliture
which huLd otiirrStutes to the depths ef bank
ruptcy and repudiation. She owes uo Debt that
Is not aiimlv uroviued for. Her ordinary annu
al Income is abundantly suflicieut & mnet her
annual expenses; aud thin, too, withoat the Im
position of any State tax upon tlie people, ana
Wltliout tlie ucctfsmiy ci resorting to any new
Aud, doubtless, her greatness and growth re
sult, wholly, from this .wise and liberal State
policy. Aud thus will it ever be with any State
which makes education universal, and males it
to what it snouid tie: w e
cauuot educate the mind, without giving to the
muscle a new vigor. We cannot make a peo
ple intelligent, un.i thereby inventive, withoat
adding teufold to their resources. We cannot
give universal moral insight without ensuring
to humauity a lof.ier progress, and a more ele
vated character. Let Kentucky spend Ur'j
sums far charitable institutions, let her eudow
aud aid schools, let her permit no great poiut of
policy to overlooked, from timidity or any
narrow-minded parsimouy, while the "avoids
profligate expenditure, aud wild ornudi schemes,
and she, the central State of the Union, would
be to the West what MasHachuNetta Is to the
arerdaus in lite Mosul.
The courts iu the slave Slates, as a general
rule, do thiir duty, whenever the freedom of the
colored man is concerned, and planters invaria
bly sustain them in it.
We are uot sure that the following statement
is correct; but out conviction is, that it U so,
A negro, some years ago, was delivered up in,
and taken from, Ohio, as a slave, without diffi
culty, and carried into Louisiuua. When there,
he,j-rWMi story, interested slave-holders in his
behalf, ilued for his freedom, and obtained it!
The wong that was tolerated in Ohio, would
not be submitted to iu Luuiaiauu.
Auother instaure of a like nobleness of con
duct in defence of liberty has occurred in Lou-
ihiana. Ou the 1Mb ult., a case involving the
freedom of a woman and h Tr five children came
up in one of the courts of that State, aud, after
trial, they were all lilrated. The Rrd River
Republican remarks thereupon'-.
" It is only iu a case of this nature that a slave
can be a party to a suit iu our court, and con
siderable interest was f-lt iu it. Though slave
holders, our citizens ar as adverse to holding iu
bondage any one legally entitled to freedom as
would be the veriest Abolitionist in the .North,
and hence tlie most summary justice was ad
ministered in the case.
" It was the first casr tried; and thcevldewv,
which was taken tnainiv with a view to eualsV
the holder of the negro, Ut indemnify himself
iiyfaiiiNt the.r vendor, being; rlearly lu tlieus.tr,
was submitted to the jury without argument,
ivho nt ouce gave them a vcrCict.
"The woman and her rhildrvu were, in KlT,
tl.ives in Kentucky, from which State they were
taken lo the Territory of Indiana, where thev
were indentured to serve twenty years the law
of the territory prohibiting slavery for a longer
'Subsequently they were sold, and their new
i-wiirr bronglit tln in to Miwissippi. and auin
sold them as idavrs for lit lo the f ther of the
resviit, or, more properly, late owner here.
"Oue of the family ;a bov) was left behind
ia Kentucky, uud sued for and recovered his
freedom some year ago, since which time he
lia beeu runuioi; as u steward ou a boat
Not long since, while at our Uudiug, he (A
into conversation with a Key belonging here,
whom he soon (uncovered to be his brother. He
informed him of the Oct of the family beiii
fv.aiutat once took steps that have eventna
t'vl in estaM liing It. One or two highly re
s;)ei'tHhlecilixetis f.om Lx.i ma were here us wit
urwi ia the case."
The ground of this ih-cwiurt. w e learu. w.o,
thrgood old civil law rulr nct fitfltrayt fttr.
1'hese ueprues had beeu takeii by their owner
into Indiana. That act gave them their free
dom, and no earthly powerrould rob them of it.
Honor to hlave-holding judfr.e, and the judiciary
of a skive Stiite, that thus stand out, man fid ly,
in defence of liberty!
And that "steward" of tlie boat ought to be
rememlwred. He was a true von and brother.
He (ii.l his duty well, aud there U not a planter
who would not tell him so, and honor him, too,
fir his heroism.
1 ke Dead.
'nly a few months ao, and Col. McKrr, Lt.
lo!. Ci.av, Adjutant Vak.hx, Capts. Wilms
aud I.icoi., Lieut. Pow 1 1 L, ami I'rivate II.
Ts.tth, nere amoug ti in fill 1 if.. All that
remains of hem now is hushed iu death, and
we ihsll meet soon to hear the last sad words
spoken over these (leparl.il ones ere liiey are
put in their earthly lsd.
What a sad change ! When they left us, fife
and drum, and the roar of cannon and the shout
of the multitude, announced their departure, as
if they were going to a merry-making. They
are brought buck to us cold, and lifeless.and the
loll of the bell, and the sorrowing of friends,
and the silence of the gathered throng, and the
deep.deep grief of the relatives, tell us now ouly
of deth, aud its stern aud harsh reality !
Oh ! war! How unnatural art thou! How
wrong ! 'Tin when strict of garish show, and
outward rplendor, that we know thee! 'Tis
when bending over the torn and mangled corpse
of relative, or friend, or even foe, who fell fight
ing for their flag, that we see thy brutality, thy
inhuman devastation ! Let us as we bend the
knee over our brave dead, or lift our voice to
lies veil in prayer for tliein, emember, that
man was mnde to lore his fellows, aud that God
will bless that people most who, in peaee, act
out this love.
A rcf .rieosara, er a fels t u Ml.
Hie waters of the ludian Oceau and the Me
diterranean are to meet aud mingle iu one. The
ship canal across the Isthmus of Sunt ia de
termined upon, and the condition of the con
tract are srt forth thus -
Egypt to "'and in the relation of a neutral
power; Prussia, Kussiu, and the United States
are invited to respect this neutrality guarantied
by the Porte, France, Kngtand.and Austria, the
contracting parties. The last three are to charge
themselves with the construction of the canal,
au I are to receive a tonnage duty until they are
completely reimbursed for all theif expense.
The exeeotiou of this work is not to be inter
rupted, even if mar should break out between
tlie contracting parties.' Austria U also to un
dertake tlie work of making the Nile Navigable
for large vessels as far up as Daraietta, which is
hfitined to beeomx a great port. England is to
tura her attention especially to Suer., and to
make excavations there similar to those at D
iHietta, and w itli l'rutice is to construct the cu
ual. '
Suppose wc slioulJ lurn our attention, iu like
spirit, to cutting a ship-way across the Isthmus
of Darien! We could have a little rivalry as to
thai! Let the west ec If it cannot outdo theeast
iu making a ship-canal! Thbi certainly would be
better than throat -cutting, liombardmcut, blow-lng-up
on aea or laud, and that wholesale
butchery which war ever causes.
, - Well Hal.
., lMtd Morpeth at the York Diocesan National
Education Society, observed:
" L will not aay a rillago school-master is a
more important pereenags jn tlie state than lie
who is peculiarly entrusted, with the Prince of
yal.?s, though I think be fct; he le a far more
important pcrstaage than the highewt state offi
cer ia the King's household. .The material he
haa to deal with ia wian, and, 1 think it ahoald
be rather harsh ti venture te limit hi rang In
. Jerr just . Let. aunk sentiment prevail,
ana we ahajl hare uu difficulty. Our progrei
illl ba'sars ; the cveiQ of. knowledge and liber
ty m onwards
A 1 here ls risjieav,.;-.
Of all things It i most dealnibl). hi know the
exact truth w Uh. je gwdt Cla rery. ' There haa
been so much of mere antgism generally, en
the lubject, that most mei hare been somewhat
at a loss what U aay or vhat to believe. VVe
have hail.lu conseqafnee, much of eirggeration,
on one side, and as much of extenuation en the
other.; The lime has eene, wetrat, whea the
whole truth may bo iiscloaod, uud all purtiea
benefitted thereby. , .
The first general raoiark w umke is, that the
condition of the alar La both materially Im
proved within the Isjeen" years all over the
It ia uot neceNsury, perhap, to go. into a coa
siderutioa of the canc whivh have produced
this result. They are rarlous, aad spring from
influence arming wVu and without the slave
Suti-s. The f s:t of t!iis beaeficlal change must
be self-evident to every e undid observer who
may have lived in, o visited Le South within
the last fifteen eaw Go to'ouL-iiaiia or to
Alabama, aud we sha$ find, both on aagr aud
cotU'U plantations, as a general rule, far greater
attention paid to Ufa comsrt ifhe Ne;.o.
Their houses are is better order; they are
allowed to keep and work ptitrlie of ground
whereon they raay rtiae article of their own,
for home use or forule- ia conequeucethe
negroes are better tl and clad, and are making,
imperceptibly, Tenter progress in various kind
of useful knowldg' All social progress attest
the fact, that physical iinpiovement must pre
cede spiritual attainment, and that the mind
cannot be well UirpTpved until the body is well
cared for. In tbl,ipert we caauot easily tx
aggerae the lflip,T."a-nf krWs;-tk bo4iiy
couditiou of the slave improved. But in addi
tion to this chuage, there has been, aud is, a
growing dispoWtiouon the part of the religious
portion of the South, to increase in every way
the religion opportunities cf the slaves. True,
this disposition dee not manifitt itself always
in the riglrt way, erMn the trucft forms ; but it
exists, thereby acknowledging on the part of
slave owners in tlie most pro-slavery regions of
the Svuth not only that the negro ia made by
the sstne common father, but that he is cspable
of liiing the life which a Cominnu Saviour died
to teach. Hence missionaries, -and prearjiiejfs,
and sahlialh-schools have been muki&hed fiftv
fld throughout the plantation ;-lv1iin the last
Hfteen yeart.. -a-,!
1 he second graeral rerark aTT'ave te niake
t, that Kentucky ia iiiudvanceY all the South
ern .-fate on this sojecf"
Slavery exists hrfP'fa its mildest form. There
are those, unquestionably, who maltreet their
ueroes. But, s a general rule, they are better
fd. U tter clitj d, aud in every way better
tr"atv1,eo f we have le.-n able to judge,
than iu nny f the puutiig Sutes of the South
Hard driving, cruelty, scanty feiJrl are evils,
comparativelyspraking, unknown in Keatuc-ky ;
and that nia.it would le outlawed by public opin
ion who shodd venture thus to outrage the
common dictates of humauity. Tin) physical
c ndition, ineVed, of the negroes of Kentuck v, is
so far advanced that if they were set free they
would lie better able to take care of themselves
in a state of freedom than nuy body ef bonds
men we hav eyer kuown. Aud what is U tU-r
still, is, that Iheir religious instruction has kept
jirtce with their physical improvemeut. J Iu
South ("aruiiaa tlie law forbids the emancipation
of the slave. In Kentucky any man who chooses
may give freedom to Lis bond, and large nam
tiers are daily giving theiu tln ir liberty. In
South t'arolina no free negro U permitted to
enter the State except under a penalty of a f ir
f.dlure of hoi freedom. In Kentucky Bo man
is allowed to add to tlie number of slaves here
by briii'efrrjfferm'frotri oilier Stwte la Simih
Carolina noejiiieii iu or out ef the pulpit, dare
declare, whatever may le his opinion, that the
slave should br taiighl to read tin word of Cod.
In Kentucky able divines and scores of worthr
citizen assert openly, that ia no ether way-
can ne perform our duty truly to ourselves or
the black nua, or to tho comcioa l'ather of
both. And the casual observer, puined though
he may be by the terrible evils which How from
slavery lu its best estate, cannot fail to observe
that there is, ia Kentucky geurrnllv, a determin
ation on the pirt of iiiaMer to extend rather
than rurt.iil the privileges of the slave, aud an
unwavering resolution on the part of the
public everywhere to euforce such humanity.
The first exclusion we draw from this state
of things is, that the puHic mind all over the
South i Is ing grudually draa n toward eman
cipation. So long as the negro wa regarded as
a mere idave a chattel and nothing more,
there could Is- but lit'le hoe for master or man.
In this state if things it was not murder in
South Caroliitv for a white citizen to kill a
negro ; the laV doomed him simply to pay hi
value in dollars, a though he were a bullock
that f"d on grass. Hut society advanced, aud
even iu that stern pro-slavery region, the slave
is now held to be a jiian.aml he who kills him a
murderer. Iu the former stage, emancipation
could not lie dreamed of; it would he an impos
sibility in the very nature of thiug. In the
latter it w ill Is) thought ; for tlm moment the
miud recognisr the negro as aWn, endowed
with like faculties as ourselves! and destined
hereiifter, to lire, like us, forever, that moment
new responsibilities ariw and are felt in the
master's boson, aud in the public mind, until
another advance is made, when freedom hall
be talktd sasadlkeesM'iitial to w hite and black.
And he it ivinemherod that this progress has
been made, while Carolina perpctualist have
been exerting themselves to tighten every pro-
sluvery prejudice, and strengthen every pro
slavery iutenrtl Uow well and forcibly does
this prove 4. eloquent declarations made by
Ilcmtr Clay, in hi speech delivered before the
Colonization Society at Washington, January
20, 127, whea replving to these same peroet-
If they would repress all tendencies towards
liberty and ul.imnto emancipation, they must do
more tluiu put down the benevolent effort of
this society. I hey must go back to the rra of
our liberty aad independence, and inaxxL' tha
cannon which thunders it aunual return. They
must revive t rave trade with all its truia of
attrocitlcs. They must suppress the workings
of British philanthropy, Heekiii to ameliorate
the rotdition of the unfortunate West India
slaves., They mutt arrewt the career of South
American deliverance from thraldom. They
must Uow out the moral lights around usan'd
extinguish that greatest torch of all which
America presents lo a heuiglited world, polntiug
the way lo their rights, their liberty aud their
happiuw. And vvtieu they have achieved all
these purposes, their work will be yet iucoiu
phwe. They must penetrate the human soul and
erai'icats tlie light of reason and the love of lib
erty. Then, aud not till then, when universal
darkness and despnir prevail, can you perpetu
ate slavery and repreaa all sympathies, and all
humane and benevolent etTorta among freemen,
in behalf-syf the unhappy portion of our rs.ee
doomed te bandage.
The second conclusion wc draw-ia thut, Ken
tueky, of till the lave State, is the ripest for
Although, from tlie .first, disturbed by this
greatest of hnman curses, yet from the first hare
her people been roost mindful of the improve
ment of the aegrooe. A bold spirit of liberty
haa ever been their characteristic. Not here, as
In South Carolina and the other planting Staton,
coo id a roit borangh system be established to
sustain sUrcrv., Tha White basis has always
prevailed, and whe par constitution, wu form'
ed, the convention came within a few To tea ef
Nor haa this pa '0se erer been abandoned.
True, from extraneo is cause It lust been defkat
ed : hat notwithMaadUz this, anti-alavar r l-
menl ilia been ta k lug draper am deeper rotjr
oil. The advanced condition of the ilavei hi
Kentucky jjfbe far to prort thut fact,'Tlu;
number ef those emancipated yearly esUiUwhs
it almost beyond the power of contradiction. So
that it needa nly that the genereua aad hu
mane among slaveholders and non-shirehoLl-
era should ex pre themselves should take-the
lead in the great and good work to-relieve them
selves from ' ills which no human power ran
gu ige, and the State from an ineubns which 110
human energy can sustain. ' ' '
Royalty is at a low ebb in Portugal
It can-
not defend itself, or make head-way agiinst a
rebel force.
But this promise well both for monarch and
people. There 1 now a prtptct of peace, which
could not be, while the Court had power to
hiaintain it position. Out of the weakness of
the King, grow the strength of the people.
At the last accounts, (w suppose all our
reader know that for aome time Portugal has
been rent by internal broil) the Royalit, by ad
vice of the King, had determined to settle all
home difficulties without further bloodshed.
This is well. The Northern insurgent were
triumphant had seized the ouly stuamer be
longing t the Qneen and, without foreign aid,
would have beaten the Royal family of Por
tugal. Hut the ttrmt of this settlement that will
be the difficulty. The Queen w ill grant all she
can, withber notions; the people may demand
byi thasr Foreign power, thiuk is just. Vs
suppose, however, that John Hull, through f!ie
grand seguiour, will arrange matters very much
as he pleases.
King 0:ho is a puppet. He dances as Grecian
general direct, or when foreign power or"er
A poorer slave there does not exist, on earthf
than King itho of (ireece.
Greece is now a sort of battle-field for France
ajet'ngland. The Soul has the advantage in
influence. The Englishman own the mouey
power. Kiug Otho wishes to do what France
say; England says lo him, pay what thou
owest, and he is obliges! to heed her. This be
ing in debt is a bad business even with royal
But France has relieved the King, by agree
ing to pay the interest due England, and thus
this difficulty will be surmounted. Ouly, how
ever, to make way for auother, and another,
aud yet another. The fact U, Greece is most
wretchedly governed. Nor would Otho be able
to stand a moment, were it not that this laud is
considered a sort of out-post of the East. This
makes French or English upremacy so impor
tant in Greece.
Wait, say the Quid-aunce 'til the Paclia and
Louis Phillippe die. Then we shall have rare
work. The struggle will be for Eastern empire
in Europe, and with it wars, long and bloody.
We hope not ; but we shall see.
.riMeter 4 4ilia Bvaclaa".
F'agland groan just now under a monied
paralyais. What is the cause? Rail-way
speculation, bank speculation, drains for foreign
grain, reatufeur a an old policy, Ac, Ac., all
these are saiu to operate. We dare say they do.
We ilare say all of them have helped to cause
"a pressure in moaey." Kut this famine will
be of ah srt of duration, aud. a full crop, a hiiti
I promised, will are England throued aiiu iu
her monied power, aad as prosperous as ever
We only hope, when that prosperity returns
that she will do justice t i Ireland, aud t her
own lahoriag poor.
Krr at H era.
Aye ! all the time. There is no balm like it
for the wouuded or grieved spirit ; uo shield so
impenetrable against assault from within or
Tlie old hard says:
- Turk- I be arm4 woo bath hi qwarrel jut.
Verv true; but ao justice can be secured or
dune no virtue won uo progress made with
out work. That is the talisman of all virtuous
i i.t i i i
success; uie means, ami me oiuy means, wiwreuv
noble thoughts may Im converted into a aob'er
action f arful doubt changed to fearless resolu
tion, and the man himself put where the world'
spite, and fortune's ills cannot hurt him. Would
you break the rancor of a high swollen hate
would you sever opposition knit together in ni
anger would you heave of!" clogging burden
which fret the body and make guilty the soul-
work, work honestly, work Itravely, and you
may frame the season for your own harre.-t."
Well doe one of our own poets aiag:
Doss a BMuatala oa ytm (row a
Keep at work :
You may aadersaln ta yet ;
If yon staad ni thump il base,
Sorry bruise yoa avay gel.
Ikies Miss fortune's fare look vur
Keep at work :
"he oiay (mil aaln some day ;
If yoa pall jrasir hair ans fr,
Kest assures she'll bar her m y.
Keep at wotk.
Are you r ensured by yoar fries T
Ksep al work :
Whether they are wroag er riajbi.
May be yoa must "bide your lime.
If far victory yoa Ashl.
Keep at work.
If th devil growls al you,
Ksep at work :
Thai' lb best wsy to mist ;
If yoa hnlsl sa arguateat.
Yon nay fsel his Iroa fist.
Kep at wo-1.
Ar your talents villi fled ?
Keep at work :
lire iter aA than yoa are hated ;
If you're right. Ihen go ahead
tinl will h apprsruued.
Keep al work.
Everything I dona by Labor :
Keep at work.
If you would lmlrov your station :
Tby bare help from Providrnr
Who work out their owa salvatiou.
Keep al work. '
u.Tllasl yaar Talk."
Come, young laoUes. a word with you, if you
please. It will not do to-loret you, or allow a
week to pass without offering you a "little ad
vice, i
"0 pshaw! we hear some fair sue exclaim,
"what do we want with 'advice?" A rn't Fa
ther or il other, or Aunt Betsry or 1'ncle Thomas,
always giving u pleuty of it? Vou may as
well keep It to yourself ws don't want any
of IU"
Well, that plain enough. Eut we shan't he
foiled; so the advice you must hear. But mind
ye, young ladies, it is not our alter all; it is
that of a good man, a eery good man; aud you
may imagine him ever so young, ever so hand
some, and withal, a minister! New what aay
"Oh! if that be so," lot of lasses answer,
" we will hear what hi has to say."
Yen will, eh! Now out of very spite we
hare half a notion to say, we wsn'l give it
But that' a tit for tat principle which is not
right; If Carried out, it woul l act the girls to
putting hair, aad the boy at omrthing wane
than knocking chrpe off each other shoulder;
and ao we must e'en let you hare the advice,
given, certainly, by a very good nun, who in a
we iw, might
.tana every ene of vou. 1
WelT then do you uso tuggTnh. txtrmf-
af forma of spech? ThJt inomeni.i t
. t ..1.1
ta ia a very umtatUjul practice.
fThe mint I
r aay so, anl you and I kaL
p y an ask I
Pim to pecify ? He 4oe o
"Are yen in the haWt of ayl"? a-
LVt, aemoM lor irua, ir. iov--,
C. J. a, mmnrndm f..r .n auour more than
-,.-v l..M
J - 1 -
4, 1
, I
"Well, I CO declare." WhtT Wk7 xhx
iu have niaoe a great si -"-"
t,y you ao. fur young folk'- ' " cr
fThat Tonn? ininisi., th it ban.laon.e yoang
minister, haa reasons to rive, J you nau a-i- 1
. .1.1
" near wm D,'Ior' J0" MOr M I
!l--.. ...Um,.fr.n W1I. 1 do declare.
a "a . - ....
ft hear, and think orly oa he say :
I "Were It write down, for ne day, thecoa
L.ii..a r una. r.n n it Indie of my acqaaia-
. .,! then to Inlerurrt it Uterally. it would
rr..i- iht withisi the eoinaass of twelve er
fourteen hours, they had met w ith more war-
Ills' V " -- 1
fellou adreuturea and hair-breadth escapes, nau
I k.....h mnn nialrMSIDZ ri eirm-f,
nsdseen more imposing spectace-, had endured
ri. .n.t -..u.veJ 1 sore rapture, tha a
iu i uieut - j j -
u To:- i.ir - .l.,w cuaimoa lives. 1
W0UIU BUlia.e IUI m
i. i- .it.tl with many ineonveni-
jj UI" itaii - - -
It iU,ritf yen tk initial
eI,rr,.,u., wktH ,0. nttd lc. H y "
.l .... 11 .1.. .!..... ,...twwU- .adersUnds or oe-
Ueves you w hen you use them i earnest. ou
:.. ',u ....... ...tira.neUt with the OOV who
tic 1 a a- psMtn. r
cried wolf o often when there was no
nobody would go to his relief when the aolf
7 , kabU l sse ay r, 4W "wraf lring.
Our words have afeilex influence upon our
.v, F-4irerated ieech make ene eare-
Tr-si -ori?-frutb. The h.bit oi using worn.
thout regard to their ahtfdl weaning, oiw-
Uada sue to distort fact, lo iniafeport conversa
tions, and to magnify statement", in w"'"
which the literal truth is important te be told.
You can never trust the testimony of one who
in common conversation is indirKreut to the
import, and regardlea of the power, of wcn.s.
I .in ai ouainted with persons, whose represen
tation of fts alwavs need translation and cor
rection, and who have utu rly lost their repuU
tiou for veracity, solely through this hah.t of
ovr rstrained and extravagant speech, rheyao
. i;.. I...t thev have aoialeet of their
.-a K, - hieh words bear an entirely dirten nt
KDH from that given them in the daily inter
course of aecret and oler people."
u-k. I- v-a nuA sweet furl, "there is
mre in that than I thought"' "Ther- isdaugh
ter " we know he would reply, "and 1 am gld
W hear you aay so. for thes. word luai'iuricent.
.lendid, grand. AvC are naed pretty lre.lv
among ui " Then come the resolve, we are
sure: "I will follow the minister's, the young
minister' advice. Pa." And o will more of
oar young friends, and be all the better h-r it.
We don't know this minister, aor where he
lives; but if he, and those who writ- like him,
will only eiid u their addresses, or errmoiis,
we will try and tnrn them to good account.
llea-ra fa Ibe Psssr.
Start not, n adei '. T.'ii is no trifling matter,
no mere scheme at which jon may turn up tour
nose in contempt. In Great Britain, the subject
of building houses for the laboring classes ia the
eiti.- or ne;r them, occupies a large portion of
tlie public p-e, ami has. through the hunianH
e:fort of Lord Morpeth, been brought before
Parliament. And well may this be so ! Only
think of fortv-five thous-ind people in Liverpool
living in cell irs of fifty-seven per cent, of the
population of Manchester, because they fire no
better, dying before tlie age of f.ve years. of
oniv two nnni;reu auj nuriy-riui vui i si
hundred and fourteen who iiad enlisted in Bir
mingham, being approved, from the same cause,
aisd of nearly the whole race of operative at
Spittatield ' being in a staU of decay."
Nor art ?r cities exempt from like trouble.
New York, Boston. Philadelphia, Cincinnati.
and all the larger cities, have thousands of la
boring poor who falter and die for want of lriug
well-housed, well-fed, and well-clad. And we
rejoice to say, that good rran ia all tiese cities
are examining the subject With a view of finding
out, aud applying the proper corrective. Mr.
tephen Perkins, of Boston, and Daniel Mui-
turu, of New York, and other kindred spirits,
with a wise benevolence worthy of all praise
and iiiiitataiu, have already begun the work u
theteCitic- Success be with them. and all sncli !
The ill of society would quickly disappear if
tboe who have, would only labor wisely aud
generously fwf those who hive not.
Tne fact i clearly established that ao pro
gress ran be made where the physical wants of
man are unattended te or neglected. Let the
home of tiie artiian be squalid, and nnthm raa
siv him or his. No im-ssionary no SaShttth
school no occasional or regular b uevoience
can uplift those who live amid filth, who knoar
not the blessing of pure air or pure wafer, who
breathe ia evermore the taint ef a murky atmos
phere, or wallow amid crime aud impurity of every
sort. I he body must he cleansed ere the sool
can be purified. The physical wants must tie
properly supplied ere a spiritual progress can be
ecared. And so well satisfied are the clergy
and public of I-ondon, and the larger cities of
England, of this f vet, that very little doabt rs 1
main of W. B. Moffat's plan being carri d fully
into effect. That i as follows :
To establish an association, where shares sh.dl
be divided into five pounds, to attain no mere
than 6; per cent, upon the capital. 1 ' of which
is te be et aside as a reserved fund for repairs.
and for the benefit of distressed widows and
orphans ; to call for ten shillings only on the
hare, receiving ma!l monthly payments for the
balance, so as to allow industrious workmen to
purchase themselves a freehold. And out of tlie
capital so raise!, to build along the line of the
different railroads, leading to Iondon, villa";''
containing some fire thousand cottages, giving
houar-rouni for a population ef some thirty-five
thousand souls. Connected with these cottag -s
are to be lecture rooms, haliw, libraries. &c.; the
cottages to be of three cl.uwea the first to con
tain six room, with a yearly rental of $l'itl,
tha second, four and five rooms, at $'0, and the
third, four, five and six, at less than a dollar a
week these rent securing free passage to and
from London by rail-way.
This is the spirit that should prevail in large
cities; and it a-u'I prevail for when such indi
viduals as wehave named in England, and in this
country, lead ia this great enterprise, backed as
they are by the laboring elxssvs, it cannot help
prevailing. Why should the poorer artizan be
taxed as they are in our crowded marts T Why-
should hit o ring men in London or New York.
be forced, a they are forced, to pay from fifteen
to twenty per cent, more than any other chws
for house-rent? Why do this at every moral
sacrifice at the sacrifice of lifj Itself? Go
!nto the lanea and allies of crowded cities. See
how their inmate are dwarfed in body and made
callous ia heart, and in every way degraded.
Tlie peat ef the places they lire In. stand out
upon theiu, and covers them over with a leprous
distinctness. And ia it right that this should be,
that man should so degrade his follows anywhere
and more especially, that a cold-blooded ava
rice, should he the cause of such oppression
But as we have said, a new era ia dawning
upon labor and the laboring man. Men are
rising up who will defend their rights, and pro
claim t ) them their dntlea. True, ia England,
as here, there are court moralist, reverend lip
comforters that once a Wfek prorlaj how
biased are the poor, and tell ta, all in well.
But the manse know better; the educated know
better; the generou and humane of every claae
Jnister, ad 'who, for angU 1
know better; and by their comUaod :T. -
they will show whatabrotherheod feinrei,'4
to austaia UrKr, and elevate. In the soe'.l aca.
1 l-4-..
Jel U ail 1011 i nau-u vm ne ra.,, r; f
There are sign enough, that the ;--,t aaUr
I of the Continent of Europe are not m tbs v.Si
psMaible coooitioa to avoid eoul'.ir!, ,.r ta
Uin hre.itarr power. Last year it - laar-u 4
of the Spaalsh priucea were ail th la i F ,M
triumphed. She beat tlie Eng'.ish, aad, ajj,i
rentlv, b4 everything her own way in u)(. j
plonuxtie Hue. But suceeaa has not i row oe.--
I with honor, or added ta her strength; :
...thnritv roav be crlitei.'. .V, K ... ...
rificeJ the former, and weakened U Uuer.
Certain It is. that she ha etfajB)-! A"- 1T
and alarnv-d the Pope, a far-sighti . s'i.
man, and, therehy.givea new vigor to u i
maiii object ef anxiety to England, .-" '
t'ovr man mats vf the Continent,
m . . ,
I has gumed aothiu- iu Spam.
I coneqUeB-jj are, or have been,
amoar uie powe-s mat or ia carsj.
. 1 . . I V f
fortunately, do nt often ead toop-. a r.
ti!l they keep m-tlied lh pulV
tend, in oce way, lo eh-ek. lhf
view and a f.--r jolicy. It is c.n
serted now, for instance, thatAanna r
with Rome, tha' Cracow -as 4 '!-d 4
England and i nne we.u I;Vio,
of speech and the press will not.,ta c j
I rraBted by the Pope to ilyv. ie iA
But tnese cvii.s, we snyuia wujyxx, y.
. . i -i i . -i i
temporary. Russia -j the goverwa. i
dreaded. This wi'l tend to brvig ajl C s
Powers closer together, as ia no etinr
they check her amtitioa ar arret hej
tng inarch- The EngfHIiroaa Wj S-.r,
hate to France; the Frenchrime hi pj ,e
England; and 1h P;usn rid hints.-:.
distrust towards both, if th. r by t.-ltu Eta J
he held at hey. He Willi lothe n it:.,!! of
rope a baud of union, crsni'e cl a.: a.aa -causes
of quj-rel. .'
The King of Prusau, e ideoth V ' fk
give more nationality t hut people, stc r P'j
to meet. 111 pan, ti i-;r tiii-n;; l-.r 3
tlM government, ha granted to'tl ,-"
stitutiou. TLisiaiiueu nmve; in soma
a wonderful one. True, tlrs colka5;a"
not comport wi'.li vur io s of wbat tai u
truinriit should rw, norwiii it prove sot j
to th1 libera! f rri:-.j. Put it w t.he 1
sUp; it paves the vij for a -:o"i, a . .
fur a third; until drspviism shall be1i'.rY
power, and beaten b.tcx as a thiag tf ' -even
ia this land of unlimited ro af y.
The gr-at result f'om this tfp. theis
the estahli'hinentbl constitutional gov-:
in their frse sense, ever a.l '-rr
German mind it weil iiformei. iu
aad art, in information it ha.s adr-iuer..
tlie boldest of the human funiiiv.
popular rights, let it ffl as th- H.ij'. !.
feels make it, as in America, p irt a i jj
giivernment. its l.fe an i lighl. anJ (-.
would soon become tiie very een?r if
xation as truly great as any yet devetot--:
our glols-.
Aad besides, this is the v-ry ;K!.r
tlie Clar to restnin all iutern J tv ran u
anhdae all externa! oppr'i.n Tro-s i
leans upon a hired Mihl erv t. -t nee
standing army, created by furc. md
ed at enormous enpnse. npholds rv a !'.
the people, and snstaii.s Uith ae-jinst
Turn thin hired hind of noc-prex usr. -r .
ducers, make every rilizra fiee iu h. he
that le Lis c vstle. sf alike aj-ii'.st rc
and man. ait he will love it. and fi-z.t f
no paid soldier can d-. This si-irit of ti
pie, thus created, is ever the savivUT of L 1
p!e. It wiil be as a rock ajaiust a.'I fre m
presion, breaking threatening wave j
dash again-t it witU a stunninj. ue.i. eu. .
tlirow. A people, indeed, thu free, eou...
st-yid the shock of a world ia a.-;. is.
The tierniao, owing entirr;y to the te
character cf his government, hast oat, sa.
not have, ihe srfire rjuahties of man '
devrlojied. In Pru- V. cau read and
the scholar are aide, tau divutes el.. .
the statesmen knowii a'id hr--wd. a? -people
at Urge are eutfiusiuitt.c aad ear:. ' '
thtwe suSj-cLs whkh are open for ail to di.- -!
... - W ... K . ...... k i... .1
changes; no spirit of invention; no genia - . ,
to seize new truths, or mitke r.e w applun,
old ones; they tread the path their father- :
and he is ueemed a bod citizen by lh"au!h - -and
looked npou as a poor manager by tie-;
lie, who would venture to act far Ukns-
tart out oa untried pias . to hazard ura r 'p
rimcnLs, to build up fortune or f-uulv b
aelioa unknown to all around him. -
In England, anu especially ia the l a
Stalea, the act ire qualities predominate.
American may not know how to redd and :.'
but he cannot be forced in bis religion, chev.
ina bargain, or foiled in hi. plans of I: .
long deceived in bis politic. He act for a.;'
elf in all these tiling. Ii government -c
rates him to this, and the epirit of the pep '
arouati make hint, il.-slte h is ignorance, a !
cessfu!, often a troa man. Ha is, ince. :;
ahead of tUc well-trai.ie.'. well-iaslructew F'J
sian iu lw qualiU-s of iuteiU-.t whaa jf
vigor l .i.i h'. and practical power to hj'-t-actiou-
..J it in ail (lemiany there wvre
tddislxvi consiitattons. if even lis.
there were g overnment in wkkh the p-
pie eoul.l he justly represented; an.1 if, nn
such government, freedom to think audio -.'i?.' t
according to conscience were tolerated, a spr-f r
would be given to the German mind, a po" f
implanted ia th Germaa heart, which o
q'lh aiv luaae a l.(iua thaavoUa wl 4
Briten, aot alone in literature aad art a be af
is, but ia every branch of hamaa in.isstry, an. I
especially in that energy an.1 enterprise
on sea or land, ia shop or farm, in count. r f
roomer maauf irturing establisar.x-u!, "-nJ-
the Englishman so inventive. sui'i easf-i. '
so thriving, aad which, with our free .u.'..'
tioas, have nule a ef the Cait-! State
we are.
Among all the important event whict
occurred, then, since Luther's day. we k
Bone oa continental Furope which ae i
consider more iniortn: Ihau the gnntjig of'
constitution by FaKorx-ca Wi.lus, K.t;
Prussia, te his people. Il Ut a gr it eveat. Uu
aij was startle! by if. rid th. moii.f h mt
auule it had to apologise to tii Czar, and
Austria, for haxaniing s hold a step. It i tai
en, and cannot be recalled. Let tin roa'.es
the lovers of human freedom everywhere! F'
ia it is contained the germ of banian progrsa
and. In a more genial day it will burl 3
ripen, making the home of.all (lennan father
land fr-, and happy aud virtaons as weil a
free; the law, a made by the people' repie
seittiiiives. hrin their true niaietv, and dei
best defence the Intelligence aud vi'.r
ewn mind and heart.
Ties lea al Wsnr.
There is no thought ef peace ju.-t no
Mexico. Every indication from our ',r
pablic Indicates a uc termination to ti oa
tlut eanaMuenewa what thev maV. "T""'liT
of Mexico k aot Meiico; '
of a"
leaden; "mi will IU capture be a ubjuff'"
Mexico, while there U a raomntaia trtreS "
hand te defend it. Mexicans axe yt . 4
have tJl a eoaatry." .
irttLoz QMt of the evil.
! jrtji-.sK. s.. a. ,s,., -...
";r .......
s :

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