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"prove all things; hold fast that which is good." VOLUME I. THE EXAMINER; rWbt4 Wee kit . Jeter oof " la n rm oarc TKHMH. ik... . ... n uum. ia eaVsare, or Tmrkk , . V rwww - , ir.unm AD THE LOWLAND KHKKP WHO WENT TO W T THK rUSTaMOM OK OU U. In a country not so remote that it cannot e reached by tlic moral of our fable, there , had been, from time immemorial, a feuJ be- . tveen iu Highland and its Lowland races sheep, which came to a collision when )tr 4Um1 wherever Uiey met oil the borders J their feeding grounds, which neither llit-ii -pective shepherds, nor their irtesiietiivc p, could prevent, appease, or lt down. J oru-e tlieir Mond were uj. It va Peking to mutton-eating men to hear ol ia perpetual petty warfare, aiwl the ruinoi general riinz of both of tliese bellije Sot parties, to briti tlieir quarrel to a een Jral oattle, and abide the issue ; but this their Jonfc and master would not hear oi lor a moment, and contrived as uiucn as possi ble to keep the rival clans atart, driving tbeni to higher fTound on the one side, and lower ground on the other, w as to leave a good broad neutral line ot land lietween. The main bodies of lth armies In-in thus kept encamped at sui h i tspctful distances, the war between them was, for a long time, little more than an atftir of tHitjiosis, a pick itif out of pickets, and serving diem out, s we say, or driving them in, as lurii-itiiiiury express it. The neutral ground was rtn ky and mountainous, and pretty well covered with forests of tine and ash and larch, and such like wood, and was in the joint uccu- e j t . t it pauou ol eagi-s 01 large growtn, aim oar ing, audaciously dicing characters now lifting a lamb, and, when lamb was out ol season, a young shepherd in his swaddling cloua; and of a pack of wolves, gaunt, Iw ny, and grim, w hose reputations were just as bad as the eagles', and Iwtli w ould haug tlieiu in any court in Christendom. A nice i.eu tral country this for strong-headed, w rong headed, and stupid sheep to straggle through, when their blonds were up, to have a brush with the enemy: and a ni set of neutral, indifferent spectators these wolves and eagle were truly, to stand by, and see fair play, when Greek met Greek, and came the tug of war! The ean of juarrel wa aNiut as good a these r wises are even among wiser crea tures. !rn and bred in one common coun try, it was a war of castes, or clans : a fend a difference about blood, which was the purest ; and an intolerance to hatred of each other's religion, though their faith was in essentials the same, and their modes of wor ship not greatly at variance, Mood bad blood ill blood and that that thought it self the purest, really the foulest and black est was at the bottom and top of this de sire to destroy each other. The Highland sheep despised the Lowland sheep as an in ferior race as sleek, well-fed, rmc-woolcd, slavish, cowardly, and shut up in folds and pastures fat and warm ; and not wiry, sin ewy, ahs-gey, courageous, strong, free, and wanderinff at their ow n wild will over moun tains and erpnsed moors and ruck-strewn valleys, as hardy as the heather they roved among. Their animosity originated partly iu a religious prejudice. In the ear of a Highlander it was horrible, and like blas phemy, to mark the drawlinz nasal Baa (long) of these Lowlanders. which they pro nounced Baa, (short and crisp as their scant herbage, ) and believed to le orthodontal, and the other accent to be irreverent, inde cent, hetepxloxical. and a scandalous depar ture from the simplicity of the natural piety of she n. They would not have minded it so much, if they had kept their heterodoxy to themselves ; hut when they forwarded a set of sleek, meek fellows, in wool as white as snow, and combed very straight, as mis sionaries to the heathens iu the Highlands, who dared to call their hills, which get the first and list of die sun when the mist will allow them, a dark and benighted neighbor hood, and presumed to preach against idola trous bending of the knee to stock and stone flesh and blood at anv rate. Highland - . y fleih and blood could not bear it, would not bear it. Besides, though fewer in num ber, they were their masters for strength and courage, and they knew it; and so did the Lowlanders, who avoided diem as much as they could, as soon as they saw their mis sionaries sent back with broken beads and horns, -t4 k the evea tenor of tbeir way " to themselves. But sometimes the young moods ol the respective races, in their bor der wanderings, fell in with one another, and fell out as soon as they met, Baa ( short ) and oan. ( long, ) die old sign and countersign, vxm setting them by the ears. It was early in the. day after one of these lodiisa encounters, when y rallai pMlMu A IP 1 1 . " me Highlanders havinr the best of the bat tle as usual, ululc the Wolves stood look. ing on, and not interfering, that the moun taineers were astonished to tl. rn verier. able Wolves, silvery white with age, emerge from the forest, and wend their way very deliberately, and somewhat infirmly, into heir camp among the hills. They could hardly believe their eyes that they were olves, and thought they must be the ghosts of old shepherds' dogs, who could not rest in their graves for Toe foul dtedn 4.mic ia iheir ir f !." the sins they had committed in their hot youth in sheep-biting. But then again they wineo too large lor the ghosts of departed vw- in't however, miriit be an exag geration of the morning mist, made to frieht tn them, so suneratitioiLslv inclined, hut as these venerable strangers came nearer and nearer, tney saw they were no ghosts of dogs, but veritable Wolves in the flesh. Thev did not fear thein much, for they looked too yi lornnschiel; but safe b nd. safe find it was as well to have a care of them : for it is your old grinders that love to indulee in your young meats, as tenderest and moat tjwwome. The pack of which they were the reverend representatives was now so few m number, and had met with such rough ItCeptlOnS from ram. .tinkA,J. tthey had learned to keep themseln a good deal to thmii? m..k I . 1.0, iiiuui IIIUIC UW1I uy had been wont to do; but experience make a few fools, here and there, the weriorthetr education. As soon as it was that thaae Nestora of Nomantland war ery Wolves, there was a mustering and marshalling of the Highlanders, and even- care taken to keep the weak to the. wall ; and while the sturdy fathers of the flock six in number, but twelve in prowest and their sons nine fine young fellows, in the flush of tlieir second summer advanced to the front, the ewes formed a hollow triangle iu the rear, with their little ones in the midst. This admirable manoeuvre was made so is- pidly, and with such precision, that Field- th pre of 1u marshal the Duke of Limbs, fas the sheu. . . ... i iierus caueu nun, ne looked so like a lain on wilts,) who directed it, expressed his ap probation afterwards in a sliort general order. Where, in what school, do birds and beasts learn their tacties of flight and self-defence, and who is iheir teacher His name is Wonderful ! As the ancient enemies to their race came nearer and nearer, and stood at last face to face silly Sheep to wily Wolf not farther apart than a wolf inieht lean eiisilv. and a i. ..h i i' i i i . lanib get over at two houiuU, there was a dn sid, dread silen- (like the hush of the I-jiglis'i line ol battle in presence of the French, whith is so shocking to tliat sus ceptible Ntople.) unbroken even by the prenv bleating of a yearling luiuh in e playfulness. If a drop of dew had fallen it would have been heard, the silence was so intense. Ihe liighland lads were od enough to observe that, though old, these venerable visitors had lost none of tlieir teeth, and but little of that gloating glare ol the eyes winch makes their gaze so terrible to the timid. I hough molest, moderate, and amiable fr wolves there was a cer t.iin something now not prepossessing in dk'ir looks. The om-ning lines of the no. em led you to think you should not like the rest. She pare not treat Lava:crs in their wav, but thev are wise enounh to know that iese Wolves looked bland, but not benign shy, but not sheepislily sliv calm, but ilot easy friendly, but nut to be tnisted further iau a strong man can move a hill at ohce. 'hoy hung their heads a little down a simi of shyness, though it might 1 a sign only I old ae. a weakening stnne. and marine abits of mind. Thev clamed, too, not boldly, but furtively, at the front rank ol rains, steady in their strength. In short, to any other than these simpler sav3gos. with out mile themselves, and not susnectins' it icrefore where it Is. they looked the ver ncture of three sikI old scoundrels with wicked designs in their heiiL ; and too well token and civil by half for Wolves! Ihe most digninm of the three, as a sign f amity, and to show that he contemplated no violence, none of the old leaping and tearing in the fold, laid himself down on the rass, quite at his ease, his companions doing ikewise, and preserving this attitude ol gracetul repose, w hen their superior, slow I v rising, advanced a little in front of the line f rams, as if to address tlicui ; upon which icre was u movement among them of one step to the tear, and Uien a halt, and eves ight as before. And now, after a little phthisical cough- ng. the venerable stranger said, no: in the sweetest tones certain I v shepherds dogs would have been shocked to hear such bark ing : " lt5 under no apprehennon, my g'Xid friends. You have nothing to fear from us! le was aiued bv acclamation, that High- anders knew not liar, so he proceeded : "I come an ambassador Iroui uiv trile ol peace to you, of war only to the Lowland ers." There was immediatelv vociferous dealing, which did not subside till he cried : ' Hear me, (or I w ill speak ! " There was then a general call for silence, those who most demanded it and commanded it making the most n)ise, when he proceeded ; "My people I si all not lie believed, it rnay lie, w hen I say it my ptple, of gentler natures than shepherds say they are, and more le- nevolent my jieople have .wu with stir, row, shaking their head at it as sat1 to see, the perpetual petty war waging between the lighland and the lowland races of sheep a wasting war a useless war a war with out the honors, though it has all the horrors of war a war without end or aim, still le- ginning, and never ending. As a neutral nation between the high and low contending parties, it is a cause of continual disquiet to us, who love to live at peace. Ay, I see how incredulously you hear me talk ol peace ; but Wolves are not what they were: we are a changed people and, let me say it, changed lor the better since a patriarch among our tribes, dying, prophesied that, if we quitted rot our predatory habits, lived harmless lives, left - CUwring I a 114 4r, nd following th roe," and took to salad-eating, as of old, ever' man's hand would ultimately be against us, and our ancient race be utterly extinct and extirpated from the face of the earth. It was tune to look about us. W e attended to his warning voice for what the dying say is true counselled together conservative ly, eschewed venison, and took to a vegeta le diet and temperate water from the brook. n lieu of beating, fever-breeding meats arid drinks ; and beliold how well this abstinence agrees with m ! " And here there was a buz of something not unlike satisfaction: it might be to hear that wolves had eschewed meats, which in cluded, mutton, ol course; out there was no congratulations on this change no one was glad to see them looking so well not one among all his auditors crieo, "ixing live King Kichard: 1 he bad odour ol v olves was not to be so soon lorgotten and forgiven, even by simple Sheep. He missed tliose encouraging signs that be was making an impression, for he had set this clap-trap for them- but no matter. wolf can get on without them. He began again lamenting tliis little warfare, which resulted in nothing but the los3 ol a horn or two, and sometimes a hot-headed partizan - - - m met. on eillier aiae. "it was oniy iwo .a . . w . i a days aince," ho said, when he was act right - m . . a by one of his companions it was oniy yesterday: he said it made no difference, but it did. all the difference a glorious good dinner yesterday, if they hail had nothing worth mentioning to-day. "It was oniy yesterday," he resumed, "that our troop were out eerly in the grey ol the morning, iora ging for a favorite food with us since wc have taken to a vegetable diet solely a sort of rock mow or lichen, which is very fat- tening and strengthening, and conducive to longevity when we were, it not norror nfnk-k. sorrow-struck, to see too fine, full grown rama of the rival races locked horn and horn together, and dead, in a gap into which thev rolled over the rock in the death struggle." The Highlanders looked sadly ia each other 'a faces, and hang their LOUISVILLE, heads in sorrow. This accounted for the Joss of one of their comrades the bravest of the brave who had died ungaiwetted; but he had fallen gloriously in a good cause, and had dealt destruction to one of die en emy, and therefore not long they mourned nun. i ne v on waueii awhile, and then continued: "The Lowl-uidor was fat and fleshy: the Highlander in rood condition a noiJi. r lellow never wore horns! Both were tender " here there was a start ing and a startling movement among hii auditory, which he siw, and said quickly, " in years, I meant to say too tender, t jo young to die!" He paused, and, cast ing his eyes upwards in good canting style, looked as much as he could like a wolf who would be very particular in paying such rites, and said. "We, mourning to see so sud a spectacle, as shocking to mortality, put them out of sight as soon as possible, and ' oiiilull Did cover them Willi Imre.' He did not say of what sort, we could and if we would: but see John Hunter passim in rcrbum "Makim.hs." True to the old liking, not forgotten since yesterday, his companion licked their litis, and with longing, lingering looks fix ed their wateriug eyes on two lambs Iun cheons for two who would come in front; and hoped they might never meet so sad a fate. The hypocrites ! "This loss of valuable lives this little war the deaths in dribbling detail," die grey Wolf continued, "must lie brought to a conclusion in ome way or other; or you sheep, like us wolves, will hear the awful voice of a prophet among you, crying 'Be ware, the time is coming when every man's hand jhall be against you, unless ye repent and forsake the evil of your ways!' " And here there was a strong sensation among these simple ones, much consternation, and strange looking into one another's faces, as who should say, "May not . this le so ? Speaks he not like a soothsayer ? or like a seer among our shepherds gifted with second nir nen tney turned to him again Iroui communing together, he observed thai iey looked upon him Willi a more respect ful reverence than sheep had ever shown to wolves la-fore; he rcsum-d accordimdv: There are but two ways to avert this dire calanntv to th- woikl the extirpation of lu-ep as dislurliers of the peace of societv: for tliis land was not made for sheep alone, nor for wolves, who have lieeii warned in god time to remember this, and make themselves agreeable to their fellow-mortals, and be at peace with them. There are two wavs to bring this war between our races to a conclusion, and loth are honoiable. The one is a proposition, tole made by you, for a general peace " He was silenced by a burst of bleating which seemed to shake the very hills in their scats, le purport of which was, when translated, ,o, no: wo won t hear a word of peace; so don't mention it! War to the death with the Iwlandei! The Highlanders will never sue for peace!" and such like clamors. Poor ovine nature, like human nature, il is pride stdl pride evermore ride ! When their clamoious baa baaine was out of breath, and ceased, he finished is sentence: " or a general war!" and e uproar now was deafening. It wa some minutes before he could obtain a hear- ng to add, "Not a little war a war ol utposts but a great and general war, which should bring these Lowlanders, nu merous as they are, ami insolent as they are, to lieg for peace ution tlieir bended s!" And here there was another burst of bleating, accompanied by dancing and ungainly capering, as if the victory was al ready won, and they were wild with joy and exultation. What a time this would have la-en for anib," whispered one of the wired Wolves to his companion who was thinking so too if we had not forsworn flesh meats for the nonce!" And. unobserved, a 'ain thev icked their longing lijw. When this try before they were out of the wood was over. Hypocrite the first went on with his palavering, like one who meant, as we sav, to go in and win. rsot onlv ambs, but wolves looked up, and saw no end of good eating, like a lord-mayor on us inunction. ou nave nan great provo cations, I believe," he said, "from this sleek, smug, snug, petty, pusillanimous race. Ah, you have endured more miuries from these Iwlanders than you are conscious or thoughtful of! We have observed, you have not, that there never was an instance known of one of your race who went south ever returning ever coming back again to hi native wilds, to tell the tale of his travels!" They looked foolishly in each other's faces: it had never struck them: this was indeed the first time it had struck them, and it struck them dumb. "What becomes of them," be continued, "it is not for me to sav. But one of our tribe, caught, when a little, heedless, foolish rub, and sold into captivity, travelled through their country in Cage, till lie enenpod nntl lound hi way back to the forest: he tells us, and I believe the words of his mouth, though travellers are said to see and say strange things, that he has not only seen several of our skins, which these liarltarians set great store by," and he seemed much affected for a moment, "but hundreds of the skins you wear, and which so well lecouie you. carried out of the markets, a cart-load at time, with no more life in them no more flesh and blood and bone than there is under the lichen on one of theae rocks lying around us ! Here he was interrupted by irrepressible murmurs of horror and a proper question to be put by the Duke of Limbs in his place how did he know mat tney were iitgn land integuments? "By the wool not to be mistaken, he wag answered. "Yes; these Lowlanders look sleek, and tat, and fleshy, and well they may, when they feed as they do, the canni no; I will not utter die diseusting. word ! Learn this from me, and you will think worse of shepherds than you do: in some parts of the world there are shepherds who prey on shepherds, and think them good eating when baketl with yams under them, and esteem them so done a dish tor a king, or Ilia black MtndinfO m-jtf' wUU atlaUer of Maul Do you wonder, then, when sheep feed on sheep Lowlanders latten on lean nigh landers?" To rage of these Highland Hotspurs was terrible to look upon. They were for an immediate descent upon these wretches, now while then indignation was at biocUoeat, KY. SATURDAY, : 1 11 1 Ridiculous!" said the grey wolf. Ra.sh ness ! marines: now many 01 ve are n mm . there w ho can be called fighting rams ! Aye, it sounds well to hear young and old among ye cry Alll whether Iambs or rams ; but how few there are in this flock fitted for the strife ! Not more than a dozen. at the most ; while these Low landers in crease and multiply so fast in their fat folds. they can bring their thousands into the field and eat ye up, and lick their plates, not half satisfied with such a snack! But they should gather, the Highlanders said, as they rushed down, like, an avalanche from the mountain-top in winter, and sweep. shattet, and scatter these softhearted, soft. (leaded, soft-homed, craven creatures, a shame to the simple name of Sheep, like snow before the wind. No, no, he advised them as an admiring friend. Let them nurse and their w rath, and keep it as warm as hey could, let the sun go dowa upon it, till winter came, and it was coming anon, and the first fall of snow was down . then they might, unseen in die thick mists of the Ioiil' night, and unheard in tha ioQt silence, of covered ground, rush on them in dieir separate folds, too far apart for warn ing ami alarm, and crush them in detail. By that time the fine young fellows he had in his eye an honor to the Highland race would lie fitter to fight by their father's side. and show the foe the mettle of their moun tain-breeding. And here, casting his wick- ed eyes up to heaven, the canting old scoun. rel lor a woll said, that grey hairs and great xiterience had made him a seer aiuontr his tribe ; and he foresaw the coming shortly of a set r among sheep, who would descend from the farther 's alps, with such an array of rams mighty iu war, the gathering of alpine clans they had never heard of, as should sweep these Lowlanders from the face of re earth, and give them tlieir lands for an nheritance Wait, he entreated them, w ait 11 the hoary winter and the grey seer de scend together from their snow rrnu-n.O heights, and then fall upon the foe as sud- nly as you please. By that time the ichen ou which his people lived would be scanty in the mountains, and thev would have migrated and moved down io ih otxls in the low country, to feed on the acorns, chesnuts, and beech-nut which every last that blows showers iijhiii the ground, 11 spring calls them up to their old haunts again : so that his people would le at hand to nd ise and succour them, and be a friend- y power, or. whom they might fall back, if they failed ir. theii enterprise, if that wen- wssible. Would the Wolves make common cause with them as allies, inquired a young ram, with a diplomatic turn of mind;' but lie was lamoured down directly. No. however much thev must sympathize with the Hi Mi. and race, as Highlander's themselves, the quarrel wa no quarrel of theirs ; they had sufferer! no insults and endured r,o injuries from the Liwland-rs. He consulted a ma ment with his companions, and then said ml he could promi.se them so much aid as this, if they would accept it : that, as wolves were notoriously skill in the healing art, and had performed wonders in the cure oi wounds indeed, one lick of a wolf's tongue was a cure of all complaints of that ind in oxen and horses and asses some f die most skillful of these Hunters should follow both armies indifferently, and attend on the maimed on eitlici side, as a work of mercy and good hospital practice. He could promise no more than tliis assistance, at tliis present w ritinr. lVrham it would be as w ell to settle now w hat should be the password on the Highland side when the time came for their assistance ; for it would be dangerous to the wounded, and unhand some treatment of their medical attendants, when two or more were met bearing some bleeding hero from the field to the rear, if iey were challenged and arrcsu-d in their benevolent work. It was soon arranged that " Baa,'' short, should lie the password on the one sale ; ol course, " Uaa, long. would be that of the other. So far, so good, said the grey Wolf to his oadjutors, giving the slightest perceptible turn ol his tongue in his chin k. hen ichen failed, there was every likelihood of a glut of lools ; and, by a beautiful provis- ion oi mature, me more loousn me mrd, the better the fowl of gustation. Thus, while the craftier kind of creatures are not easily taken, such as wolves, foxes, and the like, and are not worth taking, because they are bad eating, geese, and sheep, and such small deer, simple $ouls! are as gullible as they are good. Lnotigh, said the gaunt olfe, with a smile such a smile ! at the success of lis embassy. " Be wise, be secret, let not your shepherds know a tittle of your do. signs, and possess yourselves with patience till the hour and the leader come. Ihe grey mist of the morning melts away, and shows these aged eyes, not so good as they were, hut still far-seeing, the long shadows of two stalwart shepherds, and about the same number of dogs, faithful followers! stalking this way from the Eastern hills. w e mast not De Bern, urvuKu m mercy, or something injurious to us and you ni .1 t. ' ji i win oe suspectea. it is ascanaaious worm. Give a wolf an ill name, and you may spare yourself the trouble for life of thinking wel of him. Farewell, good friends, farewell till we meet again in the Lowlands, fare- well J" And after a few hurried civilities on both aides, these reverend Kambassadors went offin an opposite direction to the shep herds : at first, slowly, rravely, and digni- fiedly as aldermen enter our Guildhall when dinner is announced to be on the table : in creasing their pace as they proceed from a alow movement to a quick step, 'and then a rush in, Ai fool, nub in, wbM aagala buu trawl." For, whether the early morning mountain air was cold, and it was sipping anS an aaar air ; or whether it was past their time for break fast, from a good walking pace they got into a trot, and, as they shook oil the stillness ol age, into a headlong gallop down hill the devil take the hindmost; and this they kept up with great spirit, good speed, and good wind for old wolves, till they disappeared in the dense forest on the neutral ground. Early in the winter, when the snow lay unusually deep in the windy Highlands, and in the sheltered Lowlands deeper and deep er and deeper still, the promised seer came down from the Alps in the grey of the even- uir-i lonfc. lank, flat aided, ungainly, un muttonly rani to look , at a sheep who could not look sheep in the face. And he JULY 17, 1847. came not .alone ; for he was accompanied by from five to six hundred followers; some as shy, sly, ami unhandsome as himself; (there were, doubtless, specimens of the Al pine sheep they had never heard of, and they did not admire the breed) but the greater number of tliis gathering of many elans were fine, strapping fellows, fit for anything M The fi OMt raiiM, air, that wtr evar fed oo hay or grass, gorse, and green things! The ewes admired them vastly; and there was not a little coquetting among some of Ui pretty spinsters of the flock as thev looked upon these gallants. But Uiey came to hate, and not to love, and paid little atten tion to the fair. After a short parlev witli our simple friends, they took an affectionate farewell or their families, and fell in, and the seer led them that night upon the enemy. Not to lie tedious, an hour before day, to the inspiring cry of "Death to the Low landers!" the onslaught was made, while the foe were in their beds, if not their bed gowns, they were so taken by surprise. The baule was hot and bloody, and many brave fellows fell on both sides but most on the lowland side, they were so unnrenared but they fought gallantly, and gave no quar ter, and asked for none. Victory, in no long time, proclaimed that the hardiest, not the most numerous, host had won the night. ior ii was hoi nay; ami such ol the Low landers as had not fiUen, fled. The Wolves looker! well aft.-r the wounded. they said they would. No sooner was a ram on his back, toes upwards, than two of them seized him by the thoulders, and drew iun off the ground at a gallop, that his fall might not dispirit his brothers in arms. If, e was only wounded, away with him to the hospital in the woods at once, where the skilled in healing would wait upon him, and if they could not give him another horn, amputated the stump. They looked not sf ter die enemy only, they were as attentive to their friends, bearing, Uim, nay, tearin" them off the field as well, before the fight or the life was half out of them. Tl. Ut ho fell, was the leader of the Highlanders, ounded in fiont, honorably, by a stout iwiana torn. 1 he skilled in the healine art as scamping, ramping, raffuJi a set as ever danced a polka, or chanted in chorus nigger melody in the dissecting, room of Guy's ran up to his assistance; but un urtunatcly, not fast enough to hide him from uj garish eye of his gallant friends." who running up first, found the erev seer wound ed to the death, with his woolen waistcoat. we may so call it, ripped open fioni top to Iwttom. They could not believe their eyes when they saw what they saw the surgeons could and wished they had not been called in at that autopsy. It was a wolf in sheep's clothing the Rambassador The Highlanders blated out "Wc are be trayed ! Wolves are among us in disguise ! Save yourselves!" A nanic seized the con. uerors, and they fled, leaving the field in possession ot the Wolves inst what thev an toil. The day was dawning, but thev neeu not nurry tnemseives ; so, calling a . . i t. . i ... camp-council, they soon settled w hat was to be done with the killed and wounded ; they ate the killed at once, and carried off the wounded to their dens in the forest, to be died as they were wanted during the win ter, and there was no more scratching up the ground for lichens and frost-hitten acorns while there was any mutton in the larder. And thus ended the irreconciable an tips iv of tl.e Highland and the Lowland sheep. who went to war, at the instigation of Wolves. Having found, a day too late. that both had been made dupes bv the de signing, to rrve their own turns, thev soon greed to five in amity with cf.ch odier make a solemn league and covenant against he Wolves only, as the onlv infidels and sink dieir own small religious differences a non-essential: for, after all, the learned doc tors among them discovered that their te nets were the same ; and whether they pro- noiuiced Uaa short or Baa long was a mat ter of indifference, even their shepherds said- f thev meant it not irreverentlv. Dour- las JtrroWs Magazine. The Qcees or Spaij. A London coi respondent of the National Intelligencer says there are strange matters passing in Madrid, but how can we relate them r How translate into decent language stories which arc not so : 1 ne young yueen is charged with having suffered her affections to strav in favor of a young omccr, uen. JSerrano; she wished to place him at the head of a new administration. I his, however, she md been defeated in. The King objects to he irregularities of his wife, and jointly with the Ministry used liis endeavors te remove .Vrrano from Madrid, by ottering him the ice-royalty of Navarre. 1 his arrangement ihe Queen refused to agree to, a scene of un usual violence is said to have taken place at the palace, leading to a meeting of the Min isters, and a decision that Serrano should instantly start for Fampeluna or leave the country entirely. The thing moat to be dreaded is, that in the present state of affairs in Spain, means may ne taacu io ntrwn the Queen, and that her sister, the Duchess of Montpensier, (Louis rhilippe s daughter in-law,) should ascend the 5-panish throne reviving all the old discussions about th balance of power, die breach of the treaty of Utrecht, and other rtally non-essenua figments, but which too often move the piv ots upon which the peace of the world is made to hang. Coi'ST uosrALOxisii s Accocxt or in? iMriisosMEST. 1 am an oia man . .ir now : yet by fifteen years my soul is young er than my body ! Fifteen years I existed, for I did not live, it was not life in the self same dungeon ten feet square ! During six of those years I had a companion ; du- rine nine. I was alone ! I never could nghl ly distinguish the face of him who shared my captivity in the eternal twilight of our cell. The first year we talked incessantly together ; we related our past lives, our joys forever gone, over and over again. The next, we communicated to each other our thoughts and ideas on all subjects. The third year we had no ideas to communicate we were beginning to lose the power oi re flection ! The fourth, at the interval of s . . . . . . pvtnth or so. we would open our lips to ask each other if it were indeed possible that the world still went on as gay and bustling as when we formed a portion of mankind. The fifth, we were silent. The sixth, ha was taken awav. I never knew where, execution or to liberty; hot 1 was f tad when he was gone ; even solitude was bet ter than the dim vision of that pale vacai.1 face ! After that 1 was left alone, only one event Droke in upon my nine years vacan cy. One day, it must have been a year oi two after my companion left wc, tins dun geon door was operovl, and a voice whence proceeding I knew not utteied the words: "By order of his imperial majesty. I intimate to you that your wife died a year ago." Then the door was shut, and heard no more; Uiey had but flung thi great agony in upon uie, and left me alone wiUi it again. A EjiOUSH GeSTLXMAX STATE Or DcrxsDcscE. A French cook dresses Lis dinner for him, and a Swiss valet dresses him for liis dinner. He Lands down his lady, decked in pearls that never mrew in the shell of a British oyster, and her waving plume of Ostrich feathers certainly never formed the tail of a barn door fowl. The viands of his table are from all countries of the world ; his wines are from the tanks of the Rhine and Rhone. In his conserva tory he regales his sight with the blossoms of South America flowers. Iu his smoking room he gratifies his scent with the w eed c f isorth America. His favorite horse is of Aralaan blood ; his pet doz of St. Bernard breed. His nallerv of tticturea frr.ni tlie Flemish Schools, and statutes from Greece. For his amusement he goes i hear Italian singers warble German music, followed hv Irench ballet. If he rises to indicia. honors, the ermine that decorates Lis shoul ers u a production that wat never lcfore On a linttsh animal. His verv mind is not English in iu attainment ; it is a lare pic ic flf foreign contributions. His poetry and philosophy are from ancient Greece anil Kome ; his Geometry from Alexandria ; Lis arithmetic from Arabia : and his relirion rom Palestine. In his cradle, in Lis infan cy, he rubbed his gums with coral from ori ental oceans : and w hen Le dies, his monu ment will be sculptured in marble from the quarries of Carrara. And yet this is the man who savs : " Oh let us be indepen dent of foreigners." Mr. C. J. For. YALttai.t KiowuxjM.r. Profewur Gi1.ler,i. aaya ia hi book on Koari : "A tlraight ro:n n u uneven and hilly rounlrv may. at first irw, w hen merely art linos the man. be pro- nouarpd a bad rontl; for the atraiphtnena must Dare been obtaine-1 either by ml.initting to Hteep alorwa ia aareuding the hilU, and linaYiil- ! ing into the vailiea, or thrao Batumi oWUK-le . tuuat have been overcome by incurring a gn-at na anneeemary e prne in making dep rui ng and tilling. "A good rod ahould wind aronnd these hilU inUrad of running over them, and this it may often do without at all increasing iu length. or ii a neminiaere ftueh a a ba!f a bullet) he luced o an to redt upon it laue bate, th halve of great circle which join two opposite poiut of Uiia baao are all equid, whether UVy pam horizontally or vertically. Or l.-t an egg be laiJ upon a Ubte, an! it will be een that if level line be traced anon it fromon end to the other, it will be no longer than the line traced between the ame point, but passing over the top. Precisely so may the curving road around hill bo often no longer than a straight one over it; for the latter road ia straight ouly w ith relerence to trie vertical plane which passe throur h it, and is curved with rtfereuc to a hor izontal plane; while the former level road. though curved as to the vertical plane, is straight to a horizontal one. Both line thus curve. as we call the Utter one straight in preference uly because its t -rtrcal curvature is lea ap parent to our eyes. 1 he difft-renc in lenrtU between a atrairut road and one which 1 slightly curved la rr small. If a road between two place, ten mile part, were made to curve so ta.it nowhere the eyo eould see further than quarter of a mile of it at once, Us length would exceed that of s perfectly straight rood between the same points ty only about one hundred and fafly yard. -ttul even 11 the level and curved roads wen- very much longer th.tn the straight and steep one, it would aliiiot always be belter to adopt the former; for on it a horse could safely and rapidly draw his full load. whiW on the other he could curry only part of his load ap the hill, and must diminish his speed in descending it- As a general rule, the horizontal length of a road may be advantagiouly increased, to avoid au arent by at least twenty times the perpendicular height bKb is thus to be saved: that in, to esrape a hill a baud red feet high, it would be proper for the road to make such a circuit as would in crease its length two thousand fe.M. The math, ematical axiom that " a straight Hue is the short est distance between two points," U thus seen to be au unsafe guide in road making, and les appropriate than the paradoxical proverb, that Ihe lonrest way around w the hortet wav home." M Tho genUy carving road, beside it substan tial advantages, is also much more pleasant to the traveller uooa it, for hn is not fatigued bv the tedious prospect of a long might stretch of road to bo travelled, and is met at eacn, curve by a constantly varied view." Vm TsrbeMli' Travel la rrra LADIES or IIM1. Far superior to the men, both physically and intellectually, are Uie women of Lima. Nature has lavislilv endowed them with many of her choicest gifts. In figure they are uaiallv slender and rather tall, and they are especially remarkaUe for niall elegantly formed feet. Their fair fiicts, from which the elowinz orcath of the tropics banishes every trace of bloom, are anima ted by large, bright, dark eyes. Their features are pleaauur the nose peine well formed, though in general not mail Uie 4l Mnkljr arlauTWvl With tWO TOWS of brilliant white teeth,t and their long black hair, arranged in plaits, falls gracefully over Uie bosom and shoulders. Akt to at this a captivating grace of manner and de portment, joined to an exceeding aegree oi gentleness and amiability, and it will be readily admitted mat tr.e Lomena is a nome specimen of female loveliness. At home, especially in Uie summer sea son, the ladies of Lima dress lightly and even negligently, t or visiting, or going to the theatres, they adopt the French fashion. hen walkir g in Uie streets, attending church, roimiiX religious processions, Cue they appear in a very singular costume, pe culiar to Lima, and consisting of two gar- ments called Uie Sava and the Mania. Of the aava there are two kinds. The one called the Saya ajustada, was formerly in general use, but is now seldom seen, It consists of a petticoat, or siun oi mien sua silk, plaeled ai top and bottom, in smai fluted folds, drawn very close together at the waist and widening towards the ankles, beivaih which the saya does not descend. It is tiaht to the form, the outline of which it perfectly displays, and its closeness to the limbs naairslly impedes rapid move. ment. When wearing the Saya ajustada. the ladies find it no very easy task to knee down at church, and at the tsrminauon of tTha wemaa of Lhna elewa tketr teeth ml timon a asrrertth the Mot called stews Se dim lea (literally reel - Aesta.) af which they Keen a siemeeaasastnj bs wen r NUMBER I Z every ge nuflexion, tl.ey are ofcltd tc twist and twirl about for a corsldertble tice be. fore they can again stand on U-tii feet.. The odier description cf saya is called the Saya cvleca or the Saya daf'egidi. It ia plaited clone at the waist, acd Hem thence downwards it stents out Lie a Looped petticoat. This sort of saya is itzde by fir3t being plaited both at top acd bo: caz like the Saya ajusfada; but, afieivrtc?, the lower plaits are undone ?o foia the Sapit duple gida. Tfce saya is a wcys mad of some dark-colortd silk, black, green, bin, or cinnamon color. The Matito is a veil of thick black a:'fc fastened by a band at the back of the raisr. where it joirw the saya. Fiora tleue it is brought over die shoulders and fcced. erd diawn over the face so c!r.se!7 that only a "mall triangular space, msfScien: for one ?yo to peep through, ii bft uncovered. A rich shawl thrown over the shoulders cencea's Uie whole of tl.e une'er taraurr, 'except tl e sleet e. One of the small, ccatly glevtd hands, conhnes the folds of tie ir.ev,ot whilst the other holds a richly eitbiwldcxtd uockethandkerchief. At flr!t si ehi this cosiuaie Las a very sin gular effect, and it is Ion j before tie eye cf a lordlier bwoiiie.., rtioi;t..ed to it. Ho narrow ay& is by no nrrana csaceful; ihe wide saya, on the oi itr har.d, is very hc roming, and -ts o.T lo peat a?van:ef3 a pnxl fiaure and t Want deportment. VThen I first arrived in Litua ei.d saw the leJ.ta Iot-ly inuCIed up in t!.-u men-'es, and car. ivinij embroidered laaibrio handkerchief and nuseeay in their hamj's, it suuck xna that the nun tnj.yid giea:er ficedcrn in that rountiy U,an iu any other part cf tire vorld. After tsoei. that is to say heif rat ven in the evening, the pollco rftu ntiors prohibit any woman ficm eppeai i;ii in the streets dred in the ara. As Uiis garmeu may be worn over a dress of ihe ordinary kind, it ' found to be very convenient, inasmuch as it sates the trouble of a careful toilette. Eurir? short vi.-its the ladie do not take vS tbe ya; but when inaLima- -vasrts -they usually lay it aide. Th? Saya y Mai. to ate found to be very iwful auxiliaries .n the numerous intrgucs ;r. which the lunienos frequently eneae. A Tapadai indoles in a vast deal of freedom whi n in the trret9, end scrcples not to make aatoiu al ite-rvailcnj cn ecy. body or anything that suikes her as a::5rj or ludicrous. The veil, or manut is n cied. and should a man aucrrpt to rc move it by force, he would run the i".ek of being severely handled by ihe lace. It is rvlated that, curing the war cf iafoen e'ence. when Lima w as alternately la pos:so.t of the Patriot and th pnniar:s", a ptrty tf tha latter, in order to ascertain the spirit cf ;lb l! Bifuix, diguied tkuumlve s FauUt .'.. inarched to the vlciaity cf the tswa. t-tir approach becoming koown. e gie.it nuircf persons proceeded from Callao to the A ;. to meet them. Anwiii those wha went f-r i io welcome the supposed patriots were & L Jiai.r cf women drratd in the ni-'rov toyn alsva dertcribed. When the iised Spniri hai advanced within a iltiUdwiaac of the iecei.ed multitude thev bepan to attacA ttcai. Taemra saved tbemsolvea by flight; bat tiie wcs;a, wtee saya impeded Uieir motion, were unaKe to escape, and were almost ail ki.ied. A TaprnJn is a latfy !oe'r eosse-i!eJ be neath the fold of her veil or manto. Tise tra icrived from the veib injar, to cover r can real. T-fhir$t tmtdi r;, Ii cf a ltdy when shedraw her maato ever her fee.'oa to 1-eve only en evf cr rather tie half efta ye uncovered. T. Ths. Length or D. At Terlij era Loa- doa. the longest dav has i.zteea sad a h 'fhour. t Stockholm and l'ivl, the loot et n.ie cirri- teen and a half hours. At iIu.Lnrr. Dtuls nd Siottio, the longest day has leventa LilO1, nd the hortet erven. At St. ret"rlcrr sni Tobolsk, the longest h aine'een and tlid si.orU et live hour. At Torns.j.ln Finhnl. ine !o-ej-et day ha twenty-one hoars an a h. f, sn i tne shortest two end a ha! At vvjnierbi.,l:i ;;0r wav, the day lat fro-n IU-1it ef Msy ta rie ihiaof July, without int 'rrnption: sairt Sl'.s hergen. the longent thre arwi a ha'f mouta. Iiraisoivrir or Avctics Orricsr.t a? am. t aptmn lartrr. r.f tnebark Xl-lvr, wLi.a arrivi yrtrday frorr. Hiraiia,rrporl:;ir tha ship Alia from Nrw York, bound loVeraCrnz. with troon. was lying cn the More 6U iuc..u. an J that a Iw days j-rrv local y fotir dear cf ne I. . i. armv went antiere for tr.e sursw ct purchasing; a few small ltoret; that they were allowed te paae hat the city y the sentiutls as,i other c it v othrers, aoi that af:er thev Cad t-r haoJ what thv wanted, ariii returcir-zte t.io ship they were arrest.!; that two cf them had paui a tine of twe er three uanreC collars raca antl were released; aai that the ether two were nil ia rujtody and it was ihougut thai they would be imprisoned on lh 01 u Car?. Cirr ronld not learn whether thev had gives HT (.tfenre. f.V. O. BL,J't 3. Wvrt R ! o the TtixciTLS. or th Rlmd. A feasible aud obvious sppllcil.'oa tf Harvey grand dirYcry cf the ue of valve in ralsinr the blood thtoori the veia. hsi been sug?td bv a cerresooauent vf the tLoados) Mechanic .Madeline; namely, tne railing ct water from the ara, by the lash cf tne Wjt through valved tube Into reservoirs en a ht;a level for tbe acquisition, of course, ef aa an limited supply of w ater-power, to be turned tm any requisite porpone. The inventor proposes to test the practicability er mis kidj ci tvaur- Kam on onth-ea tivaco, (.nglasj. Copper has bee; a a te arrive frca the Bint!'; region, witb tno opeuluf or aavigv.iou. v notice that the Napoleon bad reaches the Ss i'.t with a load of 23 tona ef Copper from the CiS Aliae oiuf mattes or .im wciaui, bmij pure metal. Mrs relinquish aacieat habits slowly, end ith reluctance. They are avers to new ex periments, and venture apon iaea J kiitv. T Bv Statx. Some toy er two since in. S AAAauuAtfAea aa a "i T1 a genuemaa wane w - ether, epoke dertatrely ef the State of Machu sett. and characuriied It as -the State. It ee happened that the eae with whota he was conversing-, was an adialrer ef tits ell rtgrfca ComnwawealUi, aad he ImmeUUul rerwl thus: Year werd.myeaeertrg meaa.q'o . . he K f ble Comaonw - doa'.ly frWw-. -;- Ufonns bs - ef the higaert tiCetloajaes: belaid -y V?" atlenS. (wh. w-JeuaUMUsU coua tasuact- ef what their t-aet. were) IjI hTpl-oanUy asswerei thai. - tbjj'-l STtie leet BUheprkka aad DemaerieS ta Zg Uad.' ' " . Xe Xtaiv erwwy Jteaaisw aeeseleerUI mwv Uas reem-, 8e Beitunere ralxwt, aad it ausswev i 57?