v . . - - r
Jl'IA 1 , 117. J
' . in
Persona desiruua of prcacttu- file of tue
Examiner, caa be oupplnl ith the back Niia- j
bora. by early application (or then.. ;
Accident will occur in the best regulated I'-
BlU foe ; aad ew families, espcri-dl v. are liiible
Wo sent last week a article ou a partkular j
subject, as we aapposed, for the first pagr ; but
lo! when the paper 1 issued, two other of a
different character appear. How the titi-ukf
occurred, we dou't know. We suppose, how
erer, that it aroee from the eopf containing
these article on the reverae aide, or our neglect
to dash the pen through them.
Louisville, with ber fine Southern bonis, has
broken op, almost, the passenger travel from
Cincinnati to New Orient. The new steamer
lal'din; at the Queen City re mainly for
freight. Il ia useless now to compete, fU l
teropt it, w ith our splendid New Orleans pack
et, and, therefore, they are turning the passen
ger room to good account. This ia doing some
thing. A like enterpnte will enable us to cotu
poto with our great and growing sister city in
many other way. Let' try. There in nothing
We are charged with being hired by Clerk vf
Courts, to preveel the Convention question
being carried, by the publication of the Flam
wer. Verily, we ahall hardly know what we
ro, or w here we rtniiii. if we credit oar opp
Beau. We care aay they have, heard of Bently . lie
u a wac. thouch a not. But he would never
drink in public, and wa always sober at couvi
Tial feacta. His neighbor detenniued to "catch
bimi ao they concealed themselves in hi room;
aad when he tu pouriug the liquor down hi
throat, seiied him, with the spiteful taunt, "Ah!
Beatly, have we caught you at last." But he
was not to be trapped. With the most imper
tarbablo gravity, he replied: "Gentlemen, my
urn ia not Beutly."
What other alternative have we? We shall
hare aooa to deny our name and vocation. Per
haps, however, the safer plan would be to turn
orcr all enquirer to the Editor of the Baptist
Banner and Pioneer!
It is difficult to ascertain the exact number of
sVOn-alavehobieni ia ICentaeky.
The whole population of the Slate, in 14H,
was 7T3,-00 ; of theee, I2,2i'i were slaves.
Tho fret population is then, 6'j72. Sup-
pcslng 150,j) of these (and this we suppose to
ba a Uir, i not a very large allowauce) to le iu
terested in Slavery, and we have left 4I7.M'
who hold no slaves.
There is yet another, and sairr test. Th.
PresidsnCsl election ia 141 wa the hottest w e
hare had these many years. We polled then, say
ne hundred and tweuty-five thousand voter.
These votes represeut, what may be called, the
set ice population iA Kentucky. Suppose we
at down twentytive thousand of them, again a
fair, if not a very large allowance, a fciave-hold-
rs. We hate, them, one hundred thousand
voters in Kentucky who have no slaves.
Let us ask, with these general facts before u:
1. Who are these noa-laveholder
2. What is their interest ?
3. How ran they best advance their interest '
We would say, before answering these question,
that we are obliged on these aud kindred ul-
JOCtS to speak gaaerally. WecannoJ Mop to notice
txcptit We know that there are among our
mechanics many day laborers, mho escape,
amid rlavcry, all its ills, as there are slaveholder
who rise above the influence of class, and the
institution itself. But for one who of the form
cr who escapes these ills, hundreds fall or suffer,
asd for one of the latter who does his duty, I. 'in
dreda say " let n alone, we are routeut a we
are" So again a to public opinion, as to Ijouis-
tr Je it mav be al! right, or nearly ao. tier voice
i for labor, and for every encouragement to la
bor. Vet the whole effect of Slavery may be fa
tally injurious over the State, so injurious as to
produce ssd results here. All that we ran do t
to notice these general results ; the txctjtimiu
the intelligent reader w ill make for himwlf. We
1. Who are these non-slaveholders.
They are laborers. They work for theirdaily
bread. St. Paul said, " this we commanded
you, that if any man would not work, neither
should be eat." This law they recognize and
obey. Some of them are, doubtless, idler ;
many of them, from causes they do not control,
waste their energy, and squander their mean.
But, generally, they labor ; labor hard ; look
to labor a their only means of support ; are de
pendent upon it wholly for what they are, and
what they hope to be and to get. This is the
condition, of four hundred and forty-seven thou
and, ve hundred and twenty-eight persons,
at of five hundred aad ninety-se'Ven thousand,
five hundred and twenty-eight, of our whole
free population, or of one hundred thousand, out
f one hundred and twenty-five thousand, of the
disc men of Kentucky.
2- What is their interest ?
There cannot be a doubt here. Make any
Slaveholder judge, and take for this end the mot
ahre, and w shall hare but nt answer to this
question. It is to remove slavery. That fet
ters them. That cramps their energy and
crashes their hopes. That makes labor ditrrp
uUbU, and, ia this one curse, involves home,
ttsd all that U dear to theiu. No matter what
their let la, whether artisan day laborer, or hod-
arrssrs. kjr U . w,
'Tts Liberty aloue that gives the flower
Of fleeting life, its lustre and perfume.
And wo are weeds without iL
They sever can be, as a class, what they
should be, without It. Yet, we may as well at
tsmpt to put a bar between the waves of the
am, and sever their fellowship, as endeavor lo
remove the ignominy which follows labor amid
erritade. Slavery ia the doom of the free
worker, and darkens all his hopes. It is a liv
ing scowl pen labor. Nor caa laboring men
frM themselves from it, or lift themselves above
It, or bo what the heart covets, without freedom.
Then ia no interest, then, religious, social, men
tal, or pecuniary, which does not appeal to
as9B-alavehelders against slavery, which does
not erg them to Oppose it ia every legal form.
which U not earnest, eloquent heart-searching
la Its appeal to them ia behalf of freedom.
3. How shall they answer this appeal T How
draace their Interest T
There is a plain general answer to this question-Lot
thorn be true to themselves and to dMy.
1st. Tkrj mutt Umm U tprk ut t Tfcey do
not do thin. Perhaps they cannot. Certain !t
la that neither politician, nor planter regard
their opposition to Slavery, aa of serious rn
naaat Suppose any exhorbitant exaction were
as ads wpon the growth of tobacco, or ia the
caltivaUoa of hemp, think you, we should hoar
aoUuBf of it T Think yoa the prase would be
aaVaai, tb politicians qaiet, th LespatUaro
tomb! Why, the whols StaU would rlag oat
it sturdy rules of d&aac against this tyranny.
And yet, not more, at farthest, than twenty
fir thousand e-f ear voting citixeus are Intnree
ted eitlir in the g rvwth of hemp, or tbacco!
How rmu it, then, that the hundred thorn
1 fund tWrrs of the Stair, ia matter which COB-
rrrin them so dnply, and dircly, should
ciusc scarce rulllf upou tle soci-d stream
break ul a wave upou ine political water
'Tin Ib-ir f.iult. Did they speak .ut. did they
tell their grievauc.es. did they proclaim what
they euiiureii, trie exaction ion ea upon mem
by law, would be. by law, declnred void, and
they left free lo do, aud lo will, interest and
duty might dictate !
2d. Thtw a Uur Is peok it aiCMTLV
The wrong they ufTVr are not ephemeral
Thev epriug out of au institution acknowledged
bv the constitution of the land, and the laws of
our State. No rude hand iiin-t be laid upou
it. No ioleu e dune to overthrow il. It ex
ist hv law. ami. bv law . muxl it be
teriuiuate't : temiiutttid, too, without iujury ti
luaMer. ut hurt tu iiixu ; termiiintotl iu a way
to benetil loth. And tki may le done, if
the uoii-xlavt-luddcr of the Stale, if the one
humlred thousand voter speak out, ami Y
aiuum ! WhH i to prevent Thev are in
the majority. They have the power to ay
what slnll, and what Khali not be done, c
cvnliug to law. Supo, theu. at the ballot
box, thev declare, that slavery must have attend
that niaMers rhall suffer no harm, but that
the evil which troubles all classes, aud hurts,
more or le... every eiugle individual iu each
the evil which eat up our sustenance aud vigor
shall die out who can way, nay Who sue
cearfully resist. If nou-lveholder choose to
speak out, and to speak rigUly, EMcirTiON is
a certain as that we trend the e.rth we lire
3d. Emancipation canuot br carried unless
non-slaveholder do this unless they act.
1 1 i all idle to flatter slaveholders, a a cla
or to rely ujton them.
L'otii the wild a bray iu the midst of grass?
Or loweth the ok over hi fodder
Slaveholders enjoy eae, and possess station
and will do nothing to disturb the one, or sac
rilW the other. Brave and generous spirits
among thsru, the truly religious and patriotic,
those who think and see the wrong, will forget
both, and sacrifice both, a a goKsamer, to ad
vance the common weal, and add to the commo
happiness. Aye, an many will do this anion
slaveholder, as would be found iu auy eta, in
any section of the country, when called upon
to surrender tune-held power, or old admitted
monopoly. M il these, Im they large or small
iu point cf nuiubsr. can accompluih uolhiug
comparatively, unless sustained; aud lone are
they to be sutaiued, except by the non-slave
holders of Kei.tucky They must move. It
their work. They mut stand by the cause,
This U tneir duty, l-t h will fuller, they
Iet u not Is? mijuudenitood- We go against
all class interests. We make no appeals to
clause as such. Providence, in our belief, min
gle iu every interest, and mo mixes up all gra
dations of society, so that none can suffer, or be
happy, none be degraded or elevated, without all
feeling it, and being injured, or benefitted there
by. If, therefore, it could be so ordered, as
may Is, ia the struggle for emancipation, that
slaveholder should lead, and non-slaveholders
back them, as masf be, if the latter do their du
ty. or that uon-slaveholder alone should accom
plish the glorious work why. th blessings se
cured ill be common, as the light of day. ami
like it, warm and gladden every heart.
But enough, for the prrseut. We mean this
as an introductory, merely. We shall have full
a much to say to non-slaveholders, as to slave
holders. Their interest is tiie same, in fact
They do not always view it o. But it i$, aud
we shall seek to prove it, to prove that there is
UO hone for either srifhAnf emsnsipsttsa, to
prove that slaveholder cannot truly flourish
without freedom, and that social death, com
paratively. must be the doom of nou-slavehnld
eis if liberty be not the common lot of all.
Tat OI4 Coaassioslores mm the Itesr.
We all remember w hat ha been said of the
man who added to agriculture a blade of new
grass. Why should uot they, who speed inter
course between place and place aud multiply
the mean of quick transportation. I entitled
to the eame gratitude
STaaDFa Aj. GoauAM, these many years ever
since have had control of the steam packets be
tween Iuiiville and Cincinnati. How they
have beeu managed, the public know full well.
Not an accident, scarcely, happened to them,
and no traveller, that we have ever met, has hes
itated about Mying that they were well officered
aad well manned. And at last, the old Commo
dores have sold out. Gosmax, ever attentive to
business, quiet yet energetic, aud Jacos Stra
itr.a, resolute iu enterprise, aud full of a true
sailor's generosity, have yieided their places to
younger men Thanks to them, say the united
traveling public, for the care, comfort, speed,
aud safety which they have secured to it !
Pence and happiness be with the old commo
dores, and those who retire with them, as under
a geutle press of sail, and with abundance in
the locker, they float dow n the stream of time,
sharing, they pass on, with the poor and
needy, and helping up the worthy and enter
And now for the new Commodores ! They
are well known to the public, and will du thtir
duty by it. We have not a more enterprising
set of men, or officers that w ill take more pains
to ensure speed and safety. Capts. Rogers, Bar
ker, AushuU, Summons, &c. the new proprietors
have skill and capacity, aud they have under
them as good clerks, engineers, pilots, &c., aa
can be found on the river. Success be with
them ' As good success to the new Commo
dores, as th eld ver enjoyed !
Marshal Btigeaud's course in this land serins
to be marked bv a savssr f"",''r "
carsion to the Kabyl mountains, he ordered Til
lages to be devastated, and their inhabitants to
be put to the sword. At one town, containing
over 6X0 people, the work of murder was car
ried on with fiendish cruelty. Amid the shock
and confusion of indiscriminate slaughter aad
plunder, by the soldiery, a Kabyl chief rushed
up to the French commander, and, with prayer,
entreated him to stay his bloody hand. The
Marhal relented. Pillage was stopped, and the
lives of the wild African spared. Bugeand loves
to glut his spirit iu blood. He regretted, it is
said, that tlie Kabyl had not offered a stouter
resistance, "that he might have inflicted upon
them a severer lesson!"
A Noiix Act. Alderman Kelly, of N. York
on the 3d iast sent to the Superintendent of
the Alms House, a box containing 1400 cakes,
and 400 butter crackers, to be divided among
the poor children In the nurseries en Black
well's Island. He say, in a note accompany
ing the present. "If the little I have sent should
cause one happy thought to the fatherless and
motherless boys and girls, I will thus add to my
own happiness on the 4th of July."
AiTMoaetiir asp Rmjgio. The great Cha
tesahrand is near his last day. In a letter to a
poet who had addressed some verses to him, he
thus (ires hut footings up of his estimate of
work, done lor man ana for Uod: " wish to
reply to the questions contained in your cloning
stanzas: if I could begin my life anew, I shoald
not write a single line, and wo aid wish to die
anknown: but I ahall ever bo a Christian, aa I
alwaya hare been, aad even more than I ever
was. All things considered, there ia bat one
thing ia life: Religion! It ia religion that rirea
order aad liberty to the world, and aftor Ufa a
better existence' -
W oecvpy a difficult position. On e,slly
oeklitf on. or silting sngly in otSco or p-trlvr,
nay exclaim. "Oh. I could do this, or I should
not do that I would say ao, or I fho!d not y
so. I could easily avoid this OitRcolty, and use
this advantage, and thus succeed." I,et him try.
He will soon know the reality "f practice ami
the foil v of theory, lie sill quickly tiud that
he has resonibilitie to meet hich stagger hi
courage, and duties to perform which more thau
test hi bet wisdom aud highest purity,
The truth ia a demand is loado oa poor mor
tality wheu culled to high aud difficult duty.
which only the complete man can rightly fulfil
We can tolerate no slip iu one iu this position
We look to see him armed iu proof-mail. 11-
must hoar a spotless shield. We all drmmml
thix. and nothing less will satisfy us. And if
such r pirit could Is found, if earth could pro
duce oue such mau, unitiug the firmness of Lu
ther, with the love of Melauc.thon, exhibiting
the pluck of the brave old Taylor, when h said,
"come aud lake ine," or when resting oil the
battle-field, he exchuiud "we will feel thsir
pulse in the morning," combiued with the lofty
and unswerving purity and inildue ofa Chan-
uiur or a Grimke, what a summon lie would
have, i.nd how would the world meet uud greet
hint ! But where shall we find sucli a being
Who unites, here aud now, these great qualitiv
Who can say, ' I am ready for the summon ?'
Looking over a budget of letters, which the
publication of our pajs-r has called forth, (some
of which come from the Carolina and Georgia)
we have felt, more deeply than we ran express
th$ immense difficulties we have to encounter
and the entire singleness of purpose, we must
possess, or seek to possess, if we would do the
duty set bsfore us, faithfully. The most oppo
site view are suggested iu thsm. Priucipl
aa contradictory as may be, are pressed as the
only principles which can gain our uJ, or giv
the meed we seek. We have only to aay, will
the kindliest feeling, loone aud all, " We thank
yon deeply for your sympathy : we shall con
sider carefully your views; listen with respect
to every suggestion made ; bat, al the sani
time, we mut consult oar own conscience, ami
abide iu decree." Can we do more T Would
any just man have us do Ut f
Passing from these general considerations let
us notice, and answer, if we can, some of th'
Criticisms aud objection, which are made to ou
1 . It is said, we make concession to slave hold
ers. Concessions ! W heroin and how T W
shall be jntt to thcni. But never do we mea
to yield up for them, or for anybody else, prin
eiple, right. True, we declared we should, iu
all that we might do or say, pay a proper regard
to their prejudices, seek to ward off all peril
which might beset them, weigh their interests
and be just, aud violate no right in attempting
to remove a wrong. But thi we consider prin
ciple, right christian principle, and we shall al
ways endeavor to act upon it. Are we, there'
fore, railed upon to wink at wrong, to cease
proving to the quick, error, to push cautiorraud
silence to insincerity, to do injustice, not bv
mhat we say, but by what we do not say ! Far
from it. We are free, and feel all the readier
aud stronger to battle every evil and siu aud
wrong from acting on this principle.
2. It U objoc.ted, again, that we are apologist
of slavery. Strange thi ! It is surely a mis
take. We may deceive ourselves ; perhaps do ;
hut such a purpose or thought has not even
crossed our mind. Apologists of Slavery ! No
freeman. North or South, should apologize to
any human being for the assertion, in it broad
est form, of liberty of speech. No Southern
man should stand bareheaded before Southern
men, and ak, as of superiors, whether he should
discuss slavery. The wrong and wretchedness
of the slave system are before us. We are dis
cunsing ilieiu Wr snail continue to discuss
them fearlessly. But we shall do it in a way to
gain the largest Southern audieuce ; to reach
the greatest number of master and uou-slave-hotder
: aud this, too, uot upou grounds of ex
pediency, but of principle, of that principle
which while it yields nothing, is careful to give
no just cause of offence or alarm, which concili
ates, but never compromises.
3. It is declared, betides, that we are opposed
to the anti-slavery inovemeut- Not iu any
form or haM ! Why on this we rest all our
hope. It is, a it has been, the true leaven of
liberty. God teaches us, through history, and
in all social movements, that even fanaticism iu
It worst form la made productive of good doe
advauce society, and elevate man. Who was
the Ana-Baptist T A fanatic, yet he helped to
gain lilvrly for Europe. Who the Puritan
A bigot, yet hi bigotry enabled us to win our
freedom. Be it, then, that the conduct of Anti
ISavery men has been full f error, still we
should uot he blind to their virtues, or the good
they have doue. We should never assail the
spirit-mover of reform. We, certainly, could
not condemn the first full declarers of the rights
of man, even by implication. We trust the
day may never be, wheu we shall deny the debt
of gratitude we owe them.
Let it be borne iu mind ( if it be we shall be
saved some trouble, aud much misnpprehensioul
that we speak to aud for Kentucky, and, a far
a we cau, to and for the South. This is our
field. We know that those who occupy it, must
plant themselves on the broad principle of right.
We shall try to do so. But we must not quit
this field, and if we have the strength to carry
out our plan, nothing shall force us from it.
We see in naked reality the trial position we oc
cupy. And we shudder at tho responsibilities it
involves ; but we shall strive to forget these, to
forget friendly cheer or hostile assault, to forget
every thing, as we ask, how shall we win free
dom for Kentucky and struggle, with all the
manhood God and Nature have given us, for
tills glorious consummation.
Tbe sjaow Ml arm.
AnaouareS r all Uw (ranpett of lb k
Arrives the snow, and, trivial o's tlx flehU.
Msens nowhere to lurbt: ttst w titled air
Hides hills and woods, the river and the heaven.
Aad veil trie lann tiouat st lbs gsnlen's end.
Tb steed and traveller slopped, tn crow set's fen
lielsyed. all friend that out, tlie hnuseniate sit
Around Ih radiant fir place, earksvj
la the tumultuous privacy of storm.
-Coast est the aortb-wlnd aiaaoary ,
Oat of an unseea quarry evermore
FaraisheeVwilh tile, th fierce artificer
Carve bis white bastions wiih project: not
Roaad every wind ward take,or Iree.or door
Hseedinc tb aiyrtad -handed, hi wild mark
Bofanciftil.ss , nought care h
Tor aumher or proportion. Mockingly
Oa coop or kenael h riant Tartan wreath ;
A waa like forai Invests list Mdsss storm
Fill up I be rarater lane from wall to wall,
Maufr th (aratcr nijrlis ; and al th (sie,
A tapering turret overtops the a ork.
Aad when his hour are nuralerd.and the world
It all bi owa, miliar, at be were sot,
Ieares, when the sun appear, astanMnnt Art
Ts mimic Im slow structures, stone by stone
Bsiltia an are, the mad wind s night work,
The frolte aicbiiecture of the snow.
YiaoiNiA and thi Nobth. The emigration
of the Fairfax county. Vs., from the northern
States still continues. Several farms have late
ly been sold to the new comers, and the march
of improvement ia onward. We trust the new
settler will carry with them that hatred to op
pression of every kind, which should always
hare a home in the hearts of freemen.
ScABcrrr or TosmAOE- On the western riv
en aa well as the lakes great complaint, are ma
king of the scarcity of tonnare. The number
of steamers that cleared from St Louis, since
the first of the present month, with cargoes,
How ll Worms! .'"
Fav-tte eoenty is one of the riclieet counties
In 1? 9 the first block house was huiHsl Lei-
ugtou. . OH u tract its history from that tune.
and see what eflect "Jarery has had upon it.
That year Kentucky had 9,814 voters; of
these Fayette eouuty had 900
In 1798 the couvention question was voted
for. Fayette gave then 2,2 IS votes. The leg
islature in 179i was composed of twenty-five
senators, aad sixty representatives. The ratio
was oue representative to fee kumdrid voters. .
Faystte had oue Senator, and ear represen
tatives, or nearly one fftrettlh of the power of
Iu 1 "13, the ratio was, one representative to
ix kuadrtd voters. The Houe had sixty three
members. Fayette, then, had one senator uud
three representatives or one f irvnry tkirJ of
the power of the State.
Iu llf, the House bad eighty one member.
The ratio, was, oue member to Arse a kuudrtd
voters, ravrtte had one senator and three rep
resentative, or one twentv seventh f the
In lf i, the House had oue hundred members,
ratio, one representative to every rigkl hundred
aud thirty four. Fayette had oue seuator and
three representative, or on' ihirt third of the
power of the State.
Iu 1-13, the House had oue hundred mem
brra. 1 lie ratio was one representative to ear
thd Itrt kttndrtd mmd jiftf sax voter. Fay
ette had Iwo representatives, or tnr Sftietk of
the power of tho Plate.
Iu '99, then, Fayette had 2,217 voters; iu '43,
2,600! Or to put dowu her history, and show
her gradual loss of influence we present her po
litical progress thus:
In 1796 Fayette had 1 -16th of the power
In 151J " l-23d
Iu 1S16 " l-27th
lu 12- l-33d
In 143 " I -50th "
And how ha thi happened! Iu the usual
way. At first a band of small farmers settled
there. They grew, and the country grew w ith
them. But slaves began to increase; these small
tinner to diminish; the large families to multi
ply. Individuals grew wealthier, the country
poorer, and i liO we have this result.
H kilts. Slrti. Ft, Clert4.
Males. 5,533 Males. 5,693 Male. 2!H
Kennies. 4,330 Female 5,017 Females. 301
Total 9,63 Total 10,710 Total 5,99
Thus the total of blacks, ia eleven thousand
seven hundred and uine, or a difference against
the whites, and In favor of the blacks, of one
THOCSANO, EIGHT Ht'NftatD and riPTV-SlX.
Nor can any other result happen according to
the fixed law of God. No lands are more
choice thau the lands of Fayette. But they are
owned by those who till them with slave labor
The free laborer has been expelled, from this
land. Hi energy could find no room amid such
competition; his social desire no gratification
He emigrated, therefore; and hi class einigra
ted, as they will continue to do under similar
circumstance, from all our counties; proving
with unvarying certainty, that if no remedy be
I provided, thr Stmte will lose thereby it politieml
potter, until it become really
abroad, aud helpless at home.
ClXCINMATl, Jl'LV 14, lf4
.Htssaa r.niToas: l lie weatner here is so
warm at present that you must excuse me if
do not say any thing which shall interest either
yourself or your reader. Every one complains
of nothing but the heat. No sleep, uo rest,
t f course in such weather no one feels any
thing like collecting local new, and il happens
very luckily that we have nothing to relate
The usual amount of thieves, of course, have
nc-eu detected aud arrested- About so many
drunkards have beeu seen lying in the street
but nothing that cau he of interest out of the
tow u ha transpire,) for some week past
Such being the case, perhaps, I cannot do
better than to write upou the subject of the Art
I'niou recently established here, and the effect
which it seem to have produced upon the pnli
lie taste. It has always seemed to me, despite
what may be said by some of our Utilitarian
Philosophers, that the cultivation of Artistic
skill and taste, wa a thing both desirable and
useful. Some one has well said, that it was
sure sign of a happy family, when flowers and
vines were to be seen in the yard, and cluster
Ing over the house, in which they lived. W
are so constituted that the sight of beautiful
things, and the hearing of sweet music has an
effect to soften our hearts, to unbind our minds,
aa it were, and amid all the dust and the noise of
this battle of life, to produce flowers, and bird
song iu our heart' garden. So in society, when
we see in any society a love for the beautiful
thing of art, we are assured that it is capable of
higher things than the mere strife for gain. It has
arisen one step nearer perfection. It has often
happened that this has been the only redeeming
trait of an age otherwise unworthy, and utterly
contemptible, but il ha ofteuer been the rase,
that the age which has seen tlie highest in art,
has seen the greatest in religion aud morals.
The same age saw Michael Angelo and Luther.
The same age saw Thideas aud Socrates, Shak
speare and Bacon were co temporaries. It is for
thi reason that we have been glad to see iu this
city, a new iuterest for art. Our ArtsUuiou estab
lished some six month ago, has brought out all
the talent of the city, aud lias likewise called
public attention to the slate of the arts The
public taste is improving. The rooms of the
Art Union are much frequented by all clause,
and amongst all the hurry of business, and
amid all the efforts consequent upon the creed
of gain, a thought of something higher and bet
ter than these, is generated in the bosoms of
many. In my future; letter, aa I may have oc
casion. I win y swiMcihing more respecting
our artists, and their peculiar styles, believing
that if I shall in any way be instrumental in
cultivating in any one a taste fur these things.
or in introducing to the public, to those who
may be your readers, the names of some who
may yet be famous. I shall have done good
service. Yours, W. J. S.
An exchange paper states that a pretty child
a charming little three year old was not long
ago presented with a nursery kitten saved from
the nsyade that awaited the birth of its brothers
and sisters. A short time afterwards the child's
mamma added two members to the family circle,
in the shape of twins. On being taken into the
nursery to see them, she looked from one to the
other with much curiosity. Then, patting one
of their little cheeks with her rosy finger, she
said: " I think we will keep thi one, papa!"
The American Union ia now composed of
twenty-nine btates. lie number of delegate
in Congress ia 2t6.
The Hon. Hemst Clat was baptized on the
22d of Jane, in one of the beautiful ponds on
his own estate, near Lexington. He united with
the Episcopal Church, but demanded immersion.
The Pittsburgh papers announce the death of
me lion, kicmaba Hiddlx, or that city. He
was a brother of Nicholas Biddle, and of Com
The new and extensive Flouring Mill and
Distillery of Mr. Eira W. Smith, at Terre
Haute, la., was destroyed by fire on the morn
ing of the 4th inst Loos $10 or $12,000 no
B. B. Fsiitcit, Clerk of the Hons of Repre
sentatives, ban been elected President of the
New York and Waablngton Telerraohie Com
pany, in place of the Hon. Amos Kendall, resigned.
We bear fron all pert of Keiiti'ky that ti-
1 more ftr'hn". ef " emancipation by ill,"
ing en. In almost every county in Hie Sfcttej In !
one direction, aa many as rVrJec hundred are
stated lo be thus set free. Will sous one con
versant with the subject, or friends iu the differ-
snt eonntiesT Inform us fully and iu detail, as t
tbl kind of -tiou,iii their neighborhood, or
We are safsried that few dream of the num
ber of slave tautaciputed by w ill ever the South.
It i chiefly d-tne by jvlignu men who think
slavery wronj. and li. ar-- uuwilliug to meet
their Cod w lliout fir-l making, according lo
their view, their souls guillb therein. But
emancipation is uot coufiiied to them. Very
many moral and kind-hearted people, from a
variety of motive, but t-tdl through fear that
the holding of human beiug may involve them
ill misery hereafter, set their slaves free, before
Nor is emancipation couiiued to auy Slate.
It is made in all. Even iu those where the law
forbid it, a method is devised, practically, to
give the bond freedom. True, the free blacks
are lessening in uuiiiImt in ihe more ultra pro-
clavery States; but this arises from the severe
laws w hich have been pussed agaiutt them. No
free negro, for instance, that leaves South Cum
I iiia. can return, without being sold as a flare.
The followiug, taken from a New ttrleans
paper, will r-how thai the emuueipatiou r-pirit
COUNCIL OF MUNICIPALITY No. I.
"Ertn Sitting of Maw 2n, lf47.
" KnA.srtrATio.il Fiasr Reawxg.
The following petition were read, and re
ferred to the Judiciarv Committee:
"Amenaid Carrere, f. w. c, praying for the
emancipation of her slaves Maria Joseph, alias
Julia, uged thiity yeas, u-J hsr Iwo children
Jules, aped iiine vears, aud Pauline.
"Henrv Leauiuont, testamentary executor of
the late Marie Michelle r raucoise Legras, widow
Iieaumonl, praying for the emancipation of the
slave Cora, about thirty-live vears ot age.
"Louis Elieuue Jamet. f. w. c, widow of
lleuri Piuta, i raying for the emancipation of her
slave Krline, aged lorty-two years.
"Mary Andersou, f. w. c, prayiug for the
emancipation of her slave Eady.aged about for
"Pierre Pujos, praying for the emancipation
of his slave J-muiic, aged about thirty-live years,
and her child 1 terre, six months old.
"Paul lecroix, praying for the emauripatlo
of hi slave Margaret.
"Jacques Ii.it-tieu, to emancipate hi slave Aim
Marguerite, aied ahout forty-tive vears.
"Jean Uewrtliies, aguiit for Francois Seignou
ret, to emancipate the slave Pauliue, aged about
fifty years, aaJ Mary, aged about forty years,
and her chik , aged ahoul hve years.
"r.ugenie lacrosse, f. w. c, to emancipate
her slave r tederick, aged about it vears.
" Marie K ie Arcueil, f. w. c, to emancipate
her slave KoNaiie, aged about forty-six years.
"Julie Mariauue Conaut, f. c. I., to einauci
wte her shive Josephine, aged abont twenty
"C. TiWier, to emancipate his slave Heuriette,
in ulat tress, ad about twenty -eight year.
"Joseph Yito.lo emancipate his slave Suzette,
aliout thirty-five ye;ir of ae.
" Mister Jeremiah, f. w. c, to emancipate her
mulatto slave Eliza, aged about forty-two year.
"T. R. Hyde, to emancipate his slave Jordan,
aged fifty years.
" Mrs. I'ati-y Hay lies, widow of Oeorge Shall,
for the emancipation of her mulattress slave
Margaret, ng"d thirty-one yean.
"J. B. Kathboue, to emancipate his slave Wil
liam, aged about thirtv-three years."
On opening the People' Journal theolhrr day,
we saw lots of uotice of school books, Boy
Books, aud oig for the Nursery. We like
this. It is a gjod sign wheu ttn-demaud for lit
tle uffair for little folks is active aud increasing.
Wheu the boy and girl love to r-ad, the man
and woman will he sure to think.
But in this connection we saw sometk ing for
the Father aaJ Mother. It wa in the Si-ot-tishdilaect,iuurt,yet
iutdligible enough for the
English reader- And it is so good that we can
not help priuting it. Who the piece is written
by, we don't know. That don't matter. It gives
parent good lulvice, under the lo ad of "Prece pt
and Example," and we dou't think they cau d o
better, if they have a spare inomeut, than study-
Lit precept and example
Aye hand iu hand be seen.
For gude advice is plenty.
And uuco easy gi'eu :
And buirnit-a iu the uptak'
Ye ken are seldom slow.
So aye, whate'er advice ye gi'e,
A glide example show.
They're gleg at imitation.
As ilka a ne may ken :
The lasie a' would women, he
The laddies would be men ;
So leat'i them kindly by the hand
The road that they should go.
And aye, whate'er at viee ye gi'e,
A gude example show.
And should you promise aught to them.
Aye keep your promise true.
For truth a precious lesson is
That they inaiiu learn frae you;
And ne'er reprove a naughty word
Wi hasty word or blow.
But aye, whate'er advise ye gi'e.
A glide example show.
And so to home-horn-trutii and love
Ye'll win ilk bonuie bairn.
For as they hear the old cock craw.
The young are sure to learn :
They'll spurn at mean hypocrisy,
WY honest pride they'll glowj
And bless the parents' watchfu rare,
"h gude example show.
But on looking close, we saw something more
which we thought wor'H noticing. It was a
dissertation on managing children. These little
imp puxzle us. They are all of thenr phrenolo
gist, niesmerizers, sharp discerners. "A gude
example show." There is no other alternative.
If w e pretend to be very wise, they will make
us feel our folly ; if we affect to be oue of them,
they will be sure to unmask oar hypocrisy ;if we he
aught else than truthful, natural beings, we can
not esx-ape their exposure. This is the wisdom of
the heart. They judge by wine sort of instinct
as to what we are, and what we are about, and
what we mean to do, and they judge rightly.
Believing in this theory, Mas. Howirr iu re-
Tietring Nav-wry Rhyssss, Children's Hooks,
Boys Books, Aic, Ac, say:
Singleness of heart, love, and just a much
learning as will keep yon in advance of the
child, while you go hand in hand with it, tire
the true reqnidte in writing for children; and if
you have a spice of fun in you all the better;
for while children love a piithetic story, they
love still better to be made cheerful and happy .
Above all things, in a child' book, do we es
chew too much talk about religion; a child ia
not a sectarian, nor a polemic at the same time
no human beings are so title,! tu receive and un
derstand the true spirit of unpretending real re
ligion as littl.i children. The beautiful, thinking-no-evil
life of a loving, innocent, happy
child is a perpetual hymn to the Almighty; tlie
child praises him in its single-minded joyous
ness, iu the flowers it plants in its little garden,
in the birds it feeds with the crumbs that fall
from the table, in its ready pity for the poor and
the distressed, in the confidence and faith it has
in the word of its mother, and in its tenderness
for its younger brothers and ilers. Alas that
the environment of ill-regulated tempera, thinly
disguised falsehood, many a petty weakness, and
many a master vice, should so soon sully the
brightness of the young spirit which comes to
us with more affinity to good than evil; which
comes to us, as Wordsworth says, trailingrloud
of glory, from God which is its home.
Bat, however, to return to our books: the tru
est way to tca:h a child religion is not through
books, but to encourage it own genuine love of
all which is lovely, and pure, and good; to let it
find happiness in works of love and goodness,
and let il feel and know that by these it proves
its great and glorious kinship to God. For the
rest, make the child aa happy as yon can; let its
books be cheerful rather than learned; let them
have a pure, loving, healthy spirit, for then th-y
are full of the spirit of the child, and fear not,
anxious mother, who wouldst that thy child
ahould be a prodigy of erudition and piety the
spirit of the teucber will be In the books, though
neither thou nor the child miy be at the mo
ment aware of it.
The'- W one, whatever mry be br speett
htne be f, ebf H tvrt rfdtint, that no'lui'g
can make a man truly great, or a nation truly
happy, unless possessed of a religious spirit 1 1
lis si tU, root af all durable asveess. Il is the
only b'tsis of au enduring social growth.
'And yet there are few, very few, evea of
those who profjs religion, who act out this
spirit, in their daily walk and life. In trade,
politics, and business of I if-, it fat measurably
forgotten or trodden uuder foot ; aud ia the
Llghc concerns of the soul, it is too often used
as a cloak lo shield our selfishness from our
selves, or hide it from the world.
Were we asked, therefore, what il was, that
uio-l created skepticism or unbelief, we should
y, unhesitatingly, the practical infidelity of
tliose who profess to lie religious uiea. It is
tuir faltering which causes so utaay lo stum
ble. It is their impiety iu doing, or as doing.
hich make the giddy throng impious.
We never look upon a city from Ih distance
aud f-ee its tall spires looniiug up towards hea
ven, a if poiuting the way thither, or hear tlie
loll of their bells, as Ibey fall sweetly upou the
ear, inviting all to come to the house of prayer.
that we do uot feel au abiding faith iu the safe
progress of Ihe human family. The Bible is
there held up as the only standard. Oo"d men
are sppointed to explain it truth, and enforce
them. And if this be done, how caa Ihe hu
man heart f til lo receive, or the human family
forget lo practice them '
But enter that house of Ood. and listen, day
after day, to those who teach there. You hear
of wars around you. He who died to save, gave
a his command, lure ye sac mnuther. And
they who fill our pulpits, or they who occupy
the pew around them, seek lo enforce this
command Arr miuiin-r aud people uick to
seize every opportunity by which they may per
suade men, as their master did, to lore each oth
er1 A few brave preachers may do this. A
few brave congregations may demand of their
minister this fidelity. But, wherever war is
popular, aud the shout goes up from the multi
tude for victories won in it, the pulpit is loo of
ten silent, and its religious upirrers too often
f.tithless. Thy dan- uot grapple, with the
mighty vice, because it seems so mighty. They
dar? not wrestle with it, because they fear they
will be overthrown- The war, consequently,
careers onward in triumphant success, and the
very boys ujwn our knee are taught to look
upou human butchery as a great display of hu
Again, you know that slavery, au evil of
dreadful magnitude, and fearful complexion, is
fastened upon u w ith an iron grip, needing the
religious might and wisdom of all to snap it
asunder, and rid us of it. In the church, if any
where, you would naturally look for the exist
ence and exertion of this combined powr. Bui
a you wait day after day, aud, listen for the
wotd of counsel, strong ia its spirit, or tlie
wold of reproof, made keener by its kiuduesi.
you will find, only as exception, a few minis
ters with the courage to speak, or meet only a
few cougregatiou, with the courage to hear,
thi counsel or thi reproof. The evil is wide
spread. It is fixed iu every household. And
there it is rooted deeper, and stronger, because
the men of God dare not open their lip; aud
hence our very children, as we teach them the
d.x-tnue of doing unto others m thev would he
done by, believe slavery lo be all right.
Rut there is a truer feeling, at th-- bottom, in
the community, than most of u suppose. Th
religious spirit of the country ha enlighten!
men consciences. They know the right, whe
ther they pursue it or not. Imagine, then, a
young man, ingenuous, earnest, true, atteuding
every Sablmth day at one of our churches where
nothing is said of populur sius imagine oue of
maturer are, aud stronger intellect, yet alike
good, silling thus under Ood'a alluf aud hearing
not a word uttered against the monster evils of
the day, aud ask, thou lover of religiou. what
muM be their feelings, thoughts, determiua
tionsT lio one step further, and look at those
who throng holy pluces, because thev fear to
stay away, and would be, yet know uot how to
become, religious. They see the minister falter
when he should speak out; they know his con
gregation sympathize with bim, because they
would not be troubled; and yet they- hear it
proclaimed by both, that God's law is irrevoca
ble, and must be obeyed by all. What must
they think, say, do ' This want of fidelity to
truth, more than any thing else, we f -ar, turns
awavjthese rlasees from th- gospel, and makes
doubters, skeptics, unbeliever! Aud who is at
fault? Before t'.ie Kir of Heaven, who will be
held blameless? We judge not. Our prayer is
for the fallen, iu or out of the church.
Iel us not be misunderstood. We do not
w ih to hear from the pulpit invective, denun
ciation, or violence of any kiud. We ask from
it simply, fidelity to truth. IVe any one say,
it ranuot always be practised ? Then cast away
the Bible! For that book tells u that he wbo
puts hi trust in God cannot fall or fail II may
be hard to practice this fidelity; it may require
self-sacrifice; but what of that? He is ao
christian warrior who does not staud ready,
whenever called upoj, for truth's sake, to make
it. But then it will be rare, indeed, in a com
munity like ours, where men are dispose,! to
reverence holy places, and to hear patiently ind
consider calmly, the won! f iithfully spoken in
them, that such self-sacrifice will be required.
Honesty wear a winning look. Truth, when
spoken rightly, falls upon the ear and heart, as
a friendly voice, even if it startle and ehok. It
will not do, then, for minister or congregation,
when they err thus, to speak of danger, er plead
in their defence, their loss of influence. This
cannot shield them, or save the multitude they
have led astray, even if there were threatening
so angry a to bode their destruction.
We trust no one will suppose that we wish to
lessen ministerial influence, or weaken the bind
ing force of the religions spirit upon the Uad.
We would extend the one, and deepen the other,
when faithfully exerted, or religiously acted
upon, until it should away every heart. For
this reason, we speak plainly. Suppose that
every pulpit ia ear laud altered truly the word
suppose each minister, in our State, sinking
bis allegiance to man in his fealty to God,
should, plainly, but ia love, i a form hi congre
gation what he thought on prevailing or popular
sins, snd how, aa christians, they should act
with reference to them. Suppose pastor and
people, quitting Tague generalizations, and
empty common place, should make religion vi
tal by doing what it taught, aad acting out
what they believe can they, can any oue doubt,
a to the results? Will not our very unregea
erate hearts tell as, that, aader this christian
conduct, man would love hie neighbor as him
self; and banish wars from the earth; that he
would do unto others as he would have them do
to him; and thus make human freedom uoiver
s:d ? Are we not sure, as if informed by uner
ring instinct, that this fidelity to truth would
convert doubters into believers, skeptics, into
followers, aud unbeliever, into worshippers, of
Ihe living God ? Wo pray ministers and pro
fessing men to think seriously ef these thing.
For the common well-being here, we pray it,
and for theirs hereafter.
SMEauiS once declined te walk with a lady
on account of unpleasant weather. The lady
afterward discovered him going out alone.
" It s cleared up, I es, Mr. Sheridan." " Ye,
madam, it has clear ed up enough fot one."
A Hear tar Java.
(lw-.v. Jin 3, 1947, -Here
I am. Bat where- I am to sleep, or how,
I caa't say. 1 wish 1 was a horse for the none
then I could nap it standing.
Chicago im a jim. Yoa caa't g-l a room aay
wiser, and as far qaiet M le eat ef th qwesttoa.
Chatter! chatter? tramp! tramp! Mea' tanruc
are going like a mill-race, aad herseo are dash
ing about aa if ia a fret, and steamers awfiag1
Why, I have bee trying for the last hours
Iwo lo find pea, ink and paper, aad a place U
write upou, so that I might dot dowa events aa
they pass. Bui it 'a no go. I caa't get aay
thing oa, using my hat for a desk, aad say
peuril for a fm. I take hrsslh t. lell yau I am
I'll try lo-inorrow and " arrange." I't try
the "siller," if all else fails. But it looks nw
as if oue-haif the people here could not ba ac-
coiiiiuoUateti. ioou Higrn. I wu.ii bad year
saug bed at Louisville.
Jilt 4. The cry is, still they esme
battle host tliey look, errtaialT tnat at.
through a asM-lir vision. Every Stats ieprj
sen ted. iu ftct, nt this Convention, away V?f
one corner of the I'aion! Hot lifj XkM,
Western improvements! To sudden. aai
hoi! But I am for church lo-dar. aad a-
matler of diitt and holy thought. Sola!
write no more. Good bye. '
Jt tr 5. Now we are in State! Lnaglx
under the rauopy of au overspreading tent,
vided with every convenience for th Cear
tiou. anj pitched iu a public aquare! Eeaer
this, inert the River and Harbor Coareatiea
And il is
u imposiug body. Nk tubers jV.
I cau 'l see a miVhtv throBff al
men, without being moved; the trait-throb of
tlis nmltitnd net upon me like rlortricttY.
" Fee, Faw, Funi,
I smell the Wood of an Englishnaa."
That is to say, I smell politician all arouud me.
aud know them at a glance Rare sport aheat:!
Rivers ill be cleaned out for uieu K swim in.
if they ran effVt it. But thi is a kig crowd;
too big for business; too big even fr your
-I L Il : .l ,l:. .
we shall see!
new. sun a 'il'1 lntort; t.
of Ihe New York Tribune, t'acMwtLi. of
41k-....- I,,u Tui-,lr.u. tVrv-.. .1 ,k. AIL.
av Evening Journal. TIT. St Louis PkIak
era" And Uien. a to member of locgrew, and
ex-member, juJge and ex-judge, little grctt
men and great little men, why, they a-e thick an
blackberries in a blackberry patch! But then,
this show what the people think about improv
ing Western w.tter, and this a.i;iity boy wUJ
settle forever tie qucstioc, whether they !..:
Ie improved. The North-Wet i now umtee
The East and mid-East if m iTh u. Tu
South-West give us her haa ! Who shall as
Nay ' w ho oppose '
The Whig -ve rtop Democrat in number.
Neither BrT. Wbicht. t", Hr:,.
Bar.iLsr, nor oth--r ilistinguUhed leader ar S-rr.
But the first Iw t have w ritten abie letters.
But it is 1.'. A. M-, aud th Convent.oa ;
assembling in the Convention tent. J-j. ,iica.
for a look! Away with fun while 1 lten:
1'2 oVum K, AMD aULr rT The urlsga-ei
fill the mighty teut! The outside n.a.- sUr,;
and sweat, anc no help f.,r it. Xr Ji
Ct btis, mayor f th rity. wi-lcoi.W m- ,lr.
gates iu a neat address, to ti.e hjsp t.:i-. o4
Chicago. Well said, aud well intents.: Bi
they had not be.l enough lo do that. J,! L
BtBTO. of Buffalo, wa ealied to Ihe rh?..r. A
B. I Httim, oi t. Loai, and Ho I .xht.
of Wisconsin, appointed Secretrmev Af'-r
. , . i
prs)i-r, ine urzanizaTKB o ins ..nv ,r,.,3
made a follows:
1. That each delegation furat-n a r i.-i
of the names si all the deiegar. .
2. The appointment of a Comnuittr of oa.
from each State and Territory, to r-.rt a pia-a
of permanent organization aiid v ?a.u.
3. That the votes in the t'env. auo... he cj,i
by State, according to their ratio of I 'ien!
Representation riving four vote-, t.. r- i. Ter
ritory. 4. That the delegation from e..cn Snt- aa
Territory, appoint a Commit ue of ue of ?
number, to respond for il npon all division
These propositions aero put lo the t"..Lf:
tion separ-itly, when r,s first tr pns-e saaa
imouslv. An amendment to the third was otf.-r-M U
Mr. Field, of New York, to the effect t!u: ir.'e
vote in each delegation be taken bv aye and nav.
and the majoriry given, in order to a.erta ..
ore accurately. Th resolution, as aiuao-.:.
was adopted with but f-w di-seastieats.
The fourth proposition was tneu a:oii--i
The Slate ami Territories were railed i l:i
Seeretary alphabetically for .lames au ' r
res of delegate in attendance.
John A- H ocb well was selected bv the I ou
necticnt delegation; John G. Camp, by tnat ot
Florida; Saiuus. f. Sample, by Indiana; M A
Chandler, by Mcine; John Bi.idle, hv .Michifraa
Thomas Hurler -vinr. by tseorgia; Albert Jack
son, by Missouri: Francis S. risk, by New
Hampshire; I.it leton hirkpatrick, by New Jei
sey; John C. .vpeucer. bv New York; Rsbert
r. Scheaww; by Ohio; A'. G. Rullst.iB, Penn
sylvania; Edward C. G rave, bv Khede Island:
Judge Strong, by Wiscousia; J." II. i. Coon, b
North Carolina; Abraham Lincolu. bv IU
A. I- Stout, by Iowa; Artemis le," bv Mj
SHchusetts; as representatives of tSeir respective
delegation. The Convention then adjourned
until 4 o'clock, P. in order le giv tune to
prepare for the permanent ortniza'.iciu cf the
Moiotv, I o'ctova., I. M
Speaking! speaking! American have the
gift of gab; they must talk, or be talked tot
The- Key. lr. At-tr.., of Massachusetts. pok
first; his subject, tho relation of Psntamso! to
the prosperity of the West. Queer this, a bra
the Convention was for Rivers and Harbors: but
let a Yauker alo:. We Lad a strong speech; a
good speech; ons that had matter In it; aad the
delegates thought so. thouch they did not like,
exactly, the meaner of U
Dr. Ai-lem e the ball in motie-u. It rould
not be (topped. So the coaceat-nled vow t
Convention and multitude rang out, like a thaa
der peal, Coaui! Coawt!! Cos wit!!! He
held back. Rut BO denial wsald ba taken.
And out he came, amki the deafening sheet oi
welcome! His -speech, who conld describe it '
Funny, vitty, queer, comical, logical! Think
of a dissertation on the relatione of the consti
tution to freth and omit water! He woald hsv
relaxed the iron feature ef Mr. Calhoun. 11
close wa eloquent; stirringly so. "We rr.t
have harmony," said ho. "Let the hugle -t
party sound a trice here!"
HoaACi G axiitT was called ant aex t. He w
a favorite, evidently, with the Convention. A-
ranks were aaxinua lo see him, and front ail h
received a hearty wrlc.i.ie. He is bold; awk
ward In manner; a poor speaker; bat y&uthis!
ia countenance, and sensible and" direct. On'
farmer noar me, railed him the Mhenet-hea:te4
man." "He alu'l," said be, "s-i gtib as Cot
win, but Corwia e aa't dig en paper like Gree
ley." Tho fever was over. To business! To busi
ness! The bey- had sees the lU-as, aad heard
thcui roar, and " now, let's l work!" wa th
general cry. So the Convention was orgaaueJ.
by adopting the report of the appropriate Cvov
mittee, offered through Major Himhi. of M
gan which rept-rt declared :
EDWARD BATES, of Mimeuri.
For Vtce PrtoidtnU.
Johm H. RoTXwtix, ef Connects? at,
Jo G. Cam, ef Florida.
T. Benin Kwo, ef Georgia, 4
' Elliot Caisso, of Pennsylvania
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