Newspaper Page Text
.- . ti .
-v , '.VI ViL Vg - 3 -r . i r THE' M life j " " -J. - - - .' t ' ' J u..... ... "n; - I ' - - . X , ( I -.. . ' ' - . . ; . ' - - . - . - - v .- i .--Y'W , 1 4 I VOLUME 1. THE EXAMINER; . - a. ...i 4oar Lit on J Tse if not psd three aioailis. . n ... . r l.ttrurtln Slarei: bv Ur. J. G. Bute. J'wr trrA, &ufA, GtoTgttcncn, Kv., dtltr. SI Sa&M trtnmg, August 23d, MG. net every " Uu ow".!hi".nt the things of others, fhultf ((OSCUBtB-) Jir duty-', Bec.m se thet aie xvksr, bound to obey their w.. ,Ql things. In the iustrutuMe of divine providence, wiuidui liny nf our own. ihev have Deen torown our protection, and made ubjx:t to rr control. I ih" o' uiaic uv V . 1 - 1 I I ,(T..rtA Cr till the reasons wnicu nave i- uu allotment. We find ourselves in tircum stances involving peculiar and weighty re snonsibilities, and it is worse than folly to pause and theorise, when we ought to be honestlv inquiring "Lord, vhat wilt thtu hart me to do'" Many are satisfied when their srrvants have toilM faidfully to niin ister to their weal A or pleasure, as if the obligations were all on the side ol the ser- ant. Tliev clodie and feed them, and see tliey are provided for when afflicted U provision enough for the annual not for the uiau ; they have moral wants, hit h it is tlie duty ot Uiose whom Uiey W to provide for "Mastrrs, give vnto Our vr rami that tckirh is just and eipial, Vmnrbig that uc also hare a Masttr in htann:" t'ol. iv. 1. Thu is the rule Xhkh CtoA has eiveu ; this is ibe measure of your Jtry "that which is just and equal" to your senaiiLs as fellow beines, living . under the ?ame economy of grace, and ac countable at the same tribimal for their eon diict; aiiJ it is eiifoaed by the high consid eration that you "also here a Master in luartn '" tiod requires every man to bring up his children "in tlie nurture and adinon. Lon of the LoiJ." Eplis. vi. 4, Lterally, in the insiruction and discipline of the Lord: "AnJ these words which I command Ac? this day s'.iall le in thine heart: and thou shall dilgently teath them unto thy children, and siudt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou valLest by tlie way. aud when tliou liest down, ami when thiu risest up:" Deut. vi. 7. Slavcrv d("?trov to a ereat etent, if liot eruirely. the family relations of servants, and iLvt-sts the slave father of those duties which naturally belong to die relation c pareiit and child, as it places him in a situ ation her the dist harg? of ihem is iiupos sihle. In diese circiuntances, is tlie child to be left a prey to ignorance, without the ben. f ti of religious instruction? In my cs t.titatioii, tlie n-sjMnsbilities of tlie father in such n ilevohe upon tlie master bind ing him t-i the performance of ever)' duty, which, in ihi regaid, naturally belong to th" father. I 'nd-r tlie patriarchal dispen. ia'uon. iii;isti-r.- w ere obliged to have their servants rircunn ised, lb that is horu in thy liouse, ami that is bought with thy money, must ne?ds be circuincLsed;" Gen. xvii. I.'?, and the same law obtained under the Mosaic economy for circiuncLsion was not of M.s, but of die fathers and when it was ui oroiaurd into his instituies, it wasi uLhi in ail its original latitude; as this, rite admitted thera into the Church and malt- th' iu pany to the covenant, it tliows tit an ohiieation was created upon the niasu r to do for his servants those thinp which by nature, properly belonged to the fadier. Religious instruction became neces sary to all who were circumcised, in order to their performing acceptably the various acts of Jewish worship; and that instruc ts u was to be given by the head of the family. Ex. 2, J't , Jodma iv. 7. And 'an we suppose that under a better difpen Miiou where every duty has higher sanc tions, drawa from the clearer revelations of future state, the responsibiliues of masters are diminished: "o. niv brethren. Tn w ho.n i much pven, of him will men re J w quire more. Tnder such weighty obliga tioas mn may well tremble, and they have the high trusts committi-d to thtm. I it a s:ntJl niauer that they should spend tlieir lives in our service, and furnish us the means to live in pleasure, to fare wmptimisly ever- day, and to clothe our selves in purple and fine linen; and we iiiake no direct exertions to give thein the hr-ad of lifeto secure to them garments that wax not old and to teach them how tp7 may lay up for themsel ves treasures in the heavens? To a narrow selfishness it may beto hiin who is intent alnr lo ho " m tin world, and regards hi servants wy as so much active capital, it may so PP : Uii to t.im m-hose mind is imbued just sense of his relations who sees tlie imnortancenr rIimniMln. fon-the knowledge of God, to the happi s ol man, and who expects to nJ with ervants before the jiKlgmcnt seat of ii is mr otherwise. if ... . nat re should hark them. Ther , 0,11(1 h3Ve sufficient knowledge of let. ts to read the bible. A. nrotnt ChH .t hold that every man has the right examine, and determine upon the etching, of that book for himself; nay, SSWj that God requires all am fttrcr'l!ie senptures and one ol complaints against Rome is, that not allow her members, indiscrimi "wy. to do so. But we are involved in condemnation, and in pronounc- nnnn , , "r'n nome we pronounce it T J IT' For we tave taken away S Jt$ f kiroWg" from the slave and notbT :. W1031 ignorance of letters ; aom raciment, Dut common COO, sort ol uc,t agreement. With consistency can we accuse Rome ol -rising dominion over the conscier, ! tad denying to them the right of pri we mterpretauon : A.c fj n u.e verv hnonm r p,.-. . A tiv bu vui r.i w iiiiflitn 4 ,i ' , v m. ivicnaiu VllUrCO- mere are tK.-uKj- . l , "" m swne in- - - 1-ji.uce: iet us cease to crimi "at Koim . . , nle vv i "tn auer oer exam- etpenofuSeBible,ofthe But. v, . r wra 1 w 1 er itwiUoot do to bam than V pns . J 1 I . I m . I . . . -' ' ' it J- - . . sources ol in formation on other subjects than that of re ligionmake them restless, and render it much more dillicult to control tltem. Tlie first of these objections is. no doubt, true, but the others 1 deny. The beat servants I Lave ever known were capable of read, ing the Bible ; and facu w ill sustain my position. But suppose what you affirm to be true, the question comes up: Have we the right to keep thera in ignorance of the perfect, law ol God to imolve them in thick darkness that we may the more easi ly control them for our own profit? If so, where is our authority? Who gave us the high prerogative? Let the warrant be pro duced, for nothing less can justify such a procedure. "Ixxk not every man on his own things, but every man on the things of others." Look upon tlie eternal interests of the slave, and labor to secure them. 1 hesitate not to say, on the plainest principles of morals, that any system, which, for mere secular purposes, for woildly gain, shuts out the light of God'a truth from any living soul, is wbosc. You object, they have the public ministry of the word which is aufli cient to make them wise unto salvation allow it still tlie obligation to qualify them to read the Bible is not diminished, amfe God commands us to both hear and read his word. You urge it will require the sacri fice of much time, and cost much labor thus to instruct them. I admit it. Many an hour now given to pleasure will be use fully employed in giving sight to the blind, and causing the 44ears of the deaf to hear the words of the Iiook." But afterward, there will spring up in the heart the purest pleasures known to earth those which arise from a consciousness that we have ful filled our duty. 2. There ought to be established in trery family a system of Catechetical in. strvction. So form of instruction is belter adapted to children than this, and none re quites les labor on the part of the teacher. Any one w ho is capable of reading, can, with the catecl.Uua in bis hand, be a success ful teacher. Maxy who are not convinced of the propriety of learning their servant to read, are perfectly willing for them to re ceive oral instruction in this form, if any one sees proper to give it to them. In this I rejoice, but insist that every master ouiit to see that this instruction is given. If in structions are given to them in the Church let him see that, they atieixl upon them; and when unable to avail himself of this means, let an hour each Sabbath morning, or afternoon, as may best suit his conve nience, he set apart for catechising them at home. In this w;iy they will obtain a knowledge of the most important truths and may be saved from -death. This kind of insuuetion is becoming very common in the South. All die Churches are Incoming deeply interested in it ; and I noticed recent ly in a report on the subject, that the Rec. tor of Charles City, County, Va., had bap tised abont forty colored persons in one household, who were instructed in the doc trines and duties of religion by their mis tress. What must have lieen the joy of that mistress, when wie saw forty of her own servants under the influence of her in structions, present themselves at lite baptis mal font! How profound was her satisfac tion! as site saw that liarvest being gathered into tin; Church of die living Cod! If you would know her bliss, imitate her ex. t ample. 3. Masters ouehl to set that their ser vants attend regularly the stalfd tnrans oj grace. "The SabbaJi was made for man" for the whole race and in giving the aw, its privileges were benevolently secured to servants by positive enactment. Exodus xx. 9, 11. While this law is of binding obligation, and masters generally, so far field to it, as not to require of their servants upon this holy day any services, except those necessary things which cannot lie omitted, they ought to go further, and see that they attend upon those means of grace, which the Sabbath is more especially de- aimed to afford. The arrangements of the Family should foe made with reference to t ia t is -J. - . V cnem, as well as yourselves ; an unneces sary cooking, etc., should be scrupulously avoided every thine that infringes utton their rrivilees should bo disijenaed with. that they may have no excuse for absence rom tlie house of God. They should be taught the importance of hearing the gospel ; or like tlie rest of mankind, their foolish leans are, by nature, dark, "deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked ;" in clined to turn away from the paths of peace, and forget God; and without instruction we cannot expect them to either discharge the duties or enjoy the privileges of the Chris tian Sabbath. If they are controlled six days in the week for our good, surely we have the right to control them on the sev enth for their own good. We cannot ex- pect to reap where we do not sow, nor gather where we have not scattered abroad. t we tan to instruct uiem in tneir outy, it is unreasonable u expert them to conform to the law of uod, and walk in the way ol his commandments. I have observed among them generally, a disinclination to auend upon services not specially designed (or them ; why, I do not know ; but believe that their objections, whatever they are, might be overcome, by suitable efforts on tlie Dart of the masters. Mr own opinion is, that they ought not to be allowed to hold meetings among themselves, but that always rhen they conduct the services, some judi cious white man should be present to super intend them. "Let all things be done dis creetly and in order. 4. Where the forms of social and do mestic worship are obstrved by the master, the servants should, whenever it is vracti. cable, be vresent at those sercves. These forms of worship are intended lor the lami ly ior the whole Umily ol which servants are a part. The father and master, being th while officiating high priest, offering up spiritual sacrifices to lod nothing ran ex ert upon servants a more kindly influence, than such services properly conducted while exclusion from them must do mischief. There is a distinguished gentleman of my acquaint ance who. tboozh no professor of religion, is so deeply convinced of the utility of these ser vices, that every night he has all his servants called in, and reads to tliem a chapter from die Old and another from the Itew lenta- ments, sines a hymn, and then dismisses tlu:m. Where men do not Dray, let them imitate this intelligent genUcman; if they am not prepared to do aft that they should do,' let them do what they can; and the " PROVE ALL LOUISVILLE, KY. S A TU1 ftfc ft; uessinz on them and theiil sen ants Kah nf vvi kniU .f rm:i:. I - .v., .... uu.z im aiiiiura. proleasors of religion, have said, "as for me I iA I ;, ...... . . .. fcee to it, Uiat your sen-ants serve with you at the family almr. Mv Christ an hmiKrn irt , :. ed tiiis word of exhoruuion earnestly and affectionately I urge these things upon your attention. Sav not. "tlwv UmrA t.r;nn who can bear them?" For if I know mv neaii i would nut lay upon vou burthens that I atn uawilline to bear. If I have apprehended the teachings of the Bible, I rove aked ol von nmh nir u-h;,-!, U W.Imuiuer wiuiewes uie esiaoiiauiiieriipi new not make your duty. If mistaken, show tlie error, and I will correct it. But if God has enjoined upon you these things, see that ye do them. To vour sen anta I nreaeh - J vbbib. ww tmi. mm mm, utvd I obedience to your commands, fitlelily to all your interests to vou. a generous, iust nal welfare; and if the soul of your ser-1 vanU as well aji vnnr rhIMron nm;i I , Mil- tod to you care, how will you answer it to VOUT conscienrea nnd nntn lvt if Mnl" o. cuuci bc. 4 mmmmm j neglect to teach them the fear of the Lord? We are hastening away! The grave opens to receive us! The relations which now exist between us, will soon be broken up! 1 he servant will be free from his mas- ter. and all of lis stand in thn nmwni nf if ... . . . r I, i urn witn wnom there is no respect of per- sons! In that hour it will 1m, of L . portance whether we have Un masters or servants whether we have lived in ease or ,:i.if i.-it..... . .. .... ioiwi ior our uuiiy oreaa out it will le ol infmiM imnnrinX. iA k. a:u ,k- . -.-. v v v. uiavuwEiu lliC I auues appertaimng to our several stations in i i. ami t mw u' uu nrn. . . I -vw. wu.1,ca,,,car. probation of God. May we all be prepared for that solemn hour, and in heaven find an everlasting rest tluou-h the infinite merit of Jesus Christ, to whom be glory forever Ames. i i T-. . . I viitiit a ouuiiic.il moral JVJiewi. I there must be a recognition of one scheme, tne original source ol Deiinr. aut horitv. andlK...:r..l . .u .1...11 .1 . , - , . . v- j. is ioai, uuiy 10 wuom includes. Harmonizes 1 . 11 , . . , Hivl lltltui Ikiailmrr oil i.tl.a. .1..... i I . . . .L. I VyT. V. , v9' ,u .ii uc cuDiun oi uuueA lenuenng wnue uncertain, variable and inconsistent, loesiaoiisusuiiicientmoiaipnncipMiiere ... .. 1 : ... ,i. I ...m. wun. io uu ngui, tun-10 vim ing die mind and controlling the heart. superior at all times and in all circumstan ces over cveiy possible motive to do wrong To direct in moral mnAurl ilwro tnimi K exhibition, by actual ezamvle. of the hie-hest w r.w a v ms- I moral perfection. 411 rw foimrl I onlv in Christianity. H-nre u-. .Xmmhif ihongh Uieie are some auuliarv means, the Disi.E 13 innaamentaiiy essential to the pro-1 per training of the yoim. Kvery attempt If i" 1 .It i I to NinM a soimd education, eicept upon evangelical truths, will lie a failure. For, I besides that the Holv Scripture i:i a library I of itself, containing the lutwt ancient, au-1 theiilic ;uid satislactory arvount of things ui their caiues, narrative the most simple aixl impressiye, In'oeraphy the most honest and nst'iiii, eiiMinfurr tne most iMiueriui ana per-1 1... . 1 .1 1",1 I suasive, poHn' the nwt suhlime and Wna - r i .. uiui. ariniment the clo.-st aiul most uro I found, politic the jitkiest and niiMt liberal, grand mothers. The birds of heaven wer now remains in this count0 to see what and religion pure f.oni the throne oT (Jotl; the ininstreU. anil the glad skv flung iu ,l " 'l)Ilf for 1 W'ot. Miissachu it .done lea. he morak nlfh .ri..t r.,.. liol.i. inmn ih. O.ia ir,t.,T ..Iwu.i 'lts has taken the lead iii tins philanthropic thority, motive, and exanmk the author itv of (io.1. the motives of eternity, and the ei. aiillile fil Jesna 1 .hrit (n.l in rnnn lkiia I .. . . "I we inn!, thiit in exact proportion as the Bible is read, useful knowledire, civil liberty aial soiuh! morals prevails. Dr. Bethune. The Cur i Christian is a reproach to tis, if we estrange ourielves from Mini after whom we are de-l r, .-I noininaieu. i ne name oi jesus is not to I . 1 T1 I ..I be to us like the Allah of Mohammedans, a talisman or an amulet to be worn on the arm, as an external b;iriire merely, and symbol of our profession ; but it is to be engraved deep. v "in" - iiit-ir iiiit-ii uy me uu- immensity tne ouier, mat every atom may ger of (iod himself in everlasting characters, harbor the tribes and families of a busy pop It is our title, known and understood, to prcs- ulation. The one shows us-the iasignih- qu ly upon me neart, mere wntten Dy the no- ent peace and future glory. The assurance I which it conveys of n bright reversion, will lighten the burdens and alleviate die sorrows! oi uie, ana in some Happier moments it r i r l i win i.npan to us soinewriai oi mat miincss oi joy w men is niuoas rigm nana, cnatiung us to join even here in the heavenly hosan- na, "Worthy is the Lamb." Blessing ana nonor anu glory and power be unto turn that sitteth upon the throne and unto the Lamb forever." Wdbcrforct't Practical Victr. uiut rikivu. uiiuu mc unuiiv biiu uiiio me i Lrfutiu lorever. wiuktiotccs rracncai Time Lost. One of Uie sands in the hour-glass of time is, beyond comparison. more precious than gold. In nothin isPIorp tne,e may waste mora ruinmut nr mm- mir to hrinr unavailing regrets. Better to throw awav money than moments: for time is much more than money. As we lose our days, we incur an increasing risk of losing our souls. The life-blood of Uie soul runs out in wasted time." The years which have winged their flight have gone to the record- lug angels; and What IStne-ieiiwi H7 K.. in Ko..nr. I " W 1 1 t ha mvH .. c. c . :o. .-kn t tii.nn. ItTOUlF IV ua vi HKOiiink w wv aav ia mBV hiiviiv b of the Son of Man shall be set, and the bonks shn.ll be nmeneA t T1KKKKM If.. . - Tir.itf.tt4ifi i liKrETUiT. ur ni';iib mtMuvti t . .u:. lift. .k-.nfh.,m-n 'rn. fl xM Tn actions. fhe.r influence never die& In ever-wiucning circle 11 reacn erave. Death removes us trom this to an - V . ... . a I I BBS I other world time determines what shall be our condition in that world. Every morn ing when we go forth, we lay the moulding I hand on our destiny, and every evening when we have done, we have left a death- Imm imnreasion nr.on our character. We , . f . . . . ..r -f- .. .. lOUCn not a Wire BUI VlUiaiCJ ill wiij not a voice but reports at the throne of " . ' . i ..... . , , God. Let youth, especially, think ot mese thines. Mr Snclinatlo. toelearnea. of coacepUo. is - "j ."""...-1 ..wft, ith mv desire to engaKcu " r'r" give myself up I. the warmth rJcJ- now i wouia giau.y l.J I ana moat a COBtTBOiCllon oi my" self when I obey only the ardent impulses of )" ,B -TltZrZl, Hence. I ofioa advance opinion. The worship of the fceauufal-where'er tb-poandleBsneBsofwhichlm How SK da I vy toose lm irhomaa ivetiv. lmHla.ti.i hide. the thonghU which warm, ana inspire u, . . I.w tit. Mt,r rfiZ!STiiKM3ta. cool reason away wiui u. i .."I these flignt. oi lancy mos aa - company of otneni; una 1 . rTil." Zh7t T w mr0L' X Z . YetTl aaa no 1 GO 101 HITOWi J . . LuaiBa iaw intal I OQ IML aillaaT awaaBBM aaaa-ai wsasi yFV- , wi THINGS ; . HOLD PAST TOAT WHICH IS GOOD." Tub Swimmixo Schools of Hiri i r .i .. -i nmnnn in r inn iimum m nil ih riimi .t . . i . mwww th constant attendants. IA Paris letter mus uesenrxs mem i , . . , , If " othiag, it would seem, can MtfWie intrepidity oi the lair sex, whenever in on- Portunit)r ' afforded of engaging ii i new Pjur. ,rUilarly if it mrtakfe V the character ef a masculine exercise w hile the men WBre httfing aboutnierinr "'c "aicI Vl u,c "'er U1C ,BU,CS lgone in rluteIy- These swimmingjeAiools are becoming more numerous, iuJleath . 1 I oneiu ,nJ,Jed the Jtne is becotoiig so erowd, with them, that there is icccly roolQ for tlw 00613 w raxhte; arJ khero 'euiains hardly tho room ijecetaary those t'18'011 ho take a fancy to pripjtate themselves from the top of a bridge fcr'the purpose of terminaung their 1 , .. , , t,UCKI13r however, there is a pn natural right which, declares the flow alike ft,r 8,1 ejwji.ijaj, " There are many swimming schools for ladies solely, and this is- the class w hich have increased the most. These are crowd ed from mornine to niiht by the dramatic lionnerie, arid by the amazons of th? Quar. . . tur lirtda and of oite Rone lj- . l t..j .f ""f ?YU,, "" ' "i swimming, and they pass at tlie cold bath of time they can gain from u,e,r ,nore ;nou3 .purmws. in tne aiur- ,l..rw.n nur M.lar 1 .1. t I " r v. opulent actresses, are crowded around ie . - . I " , , in mis a:iviuui. interutcted to the nro-i.. ..,j.i.; :n j ' etra-unlesH the waiters of the bath die r ... i .1 i the. hatheis unfold all the elegance of fl Prrauns mipnsonuieir Dtau- una nair ui a cap, arm, enveloped in iol v .ivMi, imuiviuiini voLuiu.ir, uiry uiwi- n.-ul nrt un. tho r -.... ,). mroiiixl- Jefyin- Cach other as to wlKf taVes the uiJm mauuiui ri" ..o Btiui reumui 111 iul, ,,a ;.., .,;,.t. u.v, n im.il inn , . - plunge Uiemselves, noaUng Uke so many si reiw. o ieavine the bath, a class of Mi deira or Jamaica mm invigorates them, aad tK4.v tU;T .-t- ..r,,;i ,k k.... . Q . ... departure ainves The Fisst Wedouc Major Noah dius nleasantlv and nhilosoohicallv dis. li (.J -.u; if.,'..-.. .T. UVVU "- IllOt W 111. .71 V O . I I We like short cntirLxhins and in hU ,U,n I rnvl r.L a wnuhlo .ftn h fli nJ.erk n 1 hnrhlor anA a'Al trt l.;mair ned man. He appears to have popped the . . " " " I qiH-stion almost immediately alter meeting Miss Eve, and she without flirtation or shy- ness rave him a kiss and herself. Of (hat first kiss in the world we have Iiad, rowev- er. our own thoudiLs. and sometimes, in a poetical mood wisheil we were the man what dnl it. lint, the dt-e.1 is done the chance was Adam's, and lie improved it. We like the notion of getting married in 1 At a ranieii. 'Auoms was private. o t-s no croakin? oU I vioas beaux were there I.. . maids : no crutiinz annus aiHl mintuc u.ul m-.intim I the first wedding brines oueer dJnus to m in soite of its si rintural tmth. Adam and hm u.fo vi-rti rnilior i-nimir tit tu iti.nrri.vl- ' " I some two or three davs ohl aeconlint; to the Ugest elder ; witliout experience, widiout a hoa. a pot or kettle ; nothing but love ani I Eden ' The Telescope aso Micboscope. While th iflr m to tut a .v. . I. r . 7. ' a . . . tm m ovrv iir ih mirnvawu imrll tn us a world in every atom. The one in- structs us that this mighty globe, with the whole burthen nf it tvnnU and roimtn is but a grain of sand in the vast field of immensity the other, that every atom may cance of the woild we inhabit the other redeems it from all its insignificance, for it tdla us that in the leaves of even foresl. in . . . - . the flowers of every garden, in the watersof every nvulet, there are worlds teeming with uie, and numberless as the starj ol the firmament. The one suggests to us that above and beyond all that is visible to msn, there may be regions of creation which sweep immeasurably along, and carry t impress, of tlie Almighty's hand to the raotest scenes of the universe the otli aween immejiaiiraniv a ion it. ana carry me unnress ol tli Almirtitv's hand to there- Other within and beneath all that minuteness nich wded eJ'e man 19 abl t0 - there may be a world of invisible I beings ; and that, could he draw aside the I mysterioua veil which shrouds it from our h608 miSht behold a theatre of as lY wonders as astronomy can untold a univerae wiuun me compass 01 a point, so ",H,i" s w C1UU'3 MW F"c'a ' microacope, but wlre the Almighty Kulet " in,ns aaaa room 101 mt v" ' J -we-- - t ran raise, unnuw I lUCCUOUlWH ui wuuua, aw ui I mate them an wun mo eviuences oi nis glory 'Mtr A ivIBCSSBia LkSPV, saricnea irvtu iiuuis uj mm r i i . . 1 ..i-fj C. i mr. xv., wnea ia Asia miu, nu r""" that munificent natron of American Art. Janirt I Robb, Esq., of New Orleans, Is replete with the ' 0maI. The drapery which exwence. inole ofl Mrttat lo lon - . . . 1 hand raised to hold It, lest the cnarms u nwes U.,1,1 k. mvmU hv xmui nasains- breeze aau the full lanruid eve. are so many gems, set in chaste yet vivid coloring. It is rivalled by a scene in valoauresa. trial nowing vaie near Florence, whose bounties have been so onea sang by the poets. A Shepherdess, clad in the garb ef the fifleeath eeatury, la reclining in ' . . ' I 7 . " , : , I till. MUUIUI KRH. II fir DOCK MmV. SHU 1 guWly watches the Dues OI uepaneu uay. cnase each ither aero the flowery U .uu . korwi that the eominr r . - Irons to rest all emblematical of this lovely i i . Uad. wbfcb. ttoof ow in lorcea repose. o"" ."" " - - " I hop that they may again rank among tne great 'ple of thJ KeUo to, B.queeUo.- ablv. one of tho chosen few" permitted lo 7 . . U: UUJ XA: r,r.m ' I tm mil mmm aArukua saint Bhiaefl aratind. MUi.U..rtdVh....(r Ik...iiM. t. k..w that the mat secret , . " w" T u thU-sver suffer v.ar en I IrtoLaU. The old adate. of "too ma, av Irons lathe Bre,- eo.veys aaabomiaable lie. I i e, atAbaa til a aaawl i all keep them all going Vr. K. V. Waww. a a . ' AUGUST ;21r 1847. About a year ago, a resolve was nassed by tlie Legislature of t Massachusetts ap pointing Commissioners to inquire into the condition ol the idiots of this Common- wealth, their number, and the probability mat anything can be done tor their relief. 1 oat commission made a report, in part, to the Legislature, at its late session, of their progress in these investigations. They have addressed circulars to. the clerks of each town in the State, and have obtained much val. uable information respecting this unfortu nate class of our fellow-beings. In 171 towns, containing an aggregate population of 345,285, there are found to be 593 idiots 201 males and 389 females. If there is a proportionate number in tho towns from which no returns have been re ceived, the aggregate in the State will be more than 1,000. It has also been ascer tained that the condition of these unfortu nate persons is very materially affected by thos3 who have the (are of them. ' Many of thern are given over to the most filthy and disgusting habits, in consequence of their being under the- care of persons who are themselves ignorant and idle. But where they are in charge 'of more intelli gent persons, they present different specta- Jcles, and are comparatively cleanly.healthy. su am. iuuu.-M.iiou.-. oome oi n vrrr low rrtMie f :nrenccfuai ranaritv &te. ftt "j. ,5 WU1 WH01- uc Vnm r, .. .. , uit iwumisiuii u.a tni3 Vrrv natural and iust inference "If 0 natural ana just mierencc. li, rtPV env Mtorriia hat ing Anlu rmntiwin sfn.se and common huma.7v. but without . , line oovaniacc oi experience or stialv, can " fP'Ve ?OI,J,uon idiots, how ni'n iinsiir v iMiiu w nunc uiwaius irAicnu tlie minds of this unfortunate class roin the waste and desolation in which tliev now lie ! ' The subject will doubtless continue to be pro, tited till an institution, like some in Europe, i established for the Ixnefu of tho' wlm are afflicted with idiocy. Schools for the physical, intellectual and moral benefits of idiots have alreodv been established in France, Prussia and Switzerland. The report of the commis sion contain a lon and valuable letter from Mr. George Summer, an American gentleman, resident in Paris, which des- Ul.c pwfiM which has been made in urope developing the mental and moral powers of thi unforiimate class of human beings. o uosuact ol Mr. Kimner s letter can g've any adequate view of its contents ,,,ce 11 . ha'' 11131 Ml' 5e1Ul" in ure d'hVkl tat I C i irl l rl S raat hod CilnaAf.tf I ? noi at ii i e tie. in r ranee, has succmkti in toacuini; uliou 10 otxain control over 1 . a their muscular-powers, so as to walk reu- laily, and to see correctly; to secure the control of their nerroas systems, so as to compose their minds, and fit tliem for study, and lias then carried them through all tlie elementary branches ot education, such as reading, spelling, writing, ari'Jimetic, g)m- naUcs, music and grammtir. eience has al'a,' doi" n,1,u:,,1-. ry nnrh, for the deaf UH "'" I'llIKi .UK. l.lllilll' , IHI II "wvement; ik1 it is hopeil that it will he wllowed up oy tlie Ienevolence and il- 'fl U. .:!-.- .1.. ! -..1 . 4 "e . " . '."" ve7 ,arSe' the,r rpnJV0" n min!,rw rn "gaweu as more nopeiess I lui.cnoiuuuii iru ill. u. uiai ui inc i.t- I sane or the blind. It is one of the noblest 1 triiunphs of Christianity that she employs I Science to do its apnrooriate work in the I si . rwa . . . '. . rw... I zreat catLse ol human imnrovrment. this. as Kobert Hall would say, is one of those "numerous and incidental blessings which Christianity scatters bv the way. in her snb- hme march to immortality. Beactifcl Answer. v hat wonderful urstions children often ask. and what equally wonderful answers do they some- dnics give. What can be more touching than the fullowiner anecdote which we find . v- in the ew ork Urgan: A flit.IHi of ours hile dressing v,rv Vomi child a few davs aeo said m ralner an impatient tone 'You are L,, a llunp Gf achild, it is impossible t0 niat.e any flt you!' The lips of the child quivered, and looking up, it said in a deprecating tone '(iod made me Our friend was rebuked ; and the little lump was kissed a dozen times. " God made me! Had the wise men of the world pondered on a fitting answer to such a careless remark lor a century, mey could not have found a better than floweo naturally and spontaneously from wounacd heart of the child. "God matie nie nioUicr ; it is not my lauit mat M am whnt you thus seem not to iiKe mcil a iuic iump." Blessings on thy in nocent heart, sweet child of such is the The First Step. Beware of the first step in vice. It may he the commence ment of a career that wilt prove your tuin A little deviation from the path of rectitude i . .. t i..t . i i . is a invaiiiiuiK, wo kuow, uui u lias ura- troyed scores of as well meaning, ami as driest men as vou are. When the first r ' . . , . , . . ' ana U1U3 uie uwurnurai vuuui m uuii.ru v,h I till he becomes a proficient in vice. Be on Qas -uard, and resist the appearance of ., a f .. ami i iria rnnrkur inini TiNir masci a ' ri' j . " V I drawer, one falsehood, one hour in the den 1 0f the gambler, one glass of cordial, may L . I . I I U . . .n. Attn DC U1C SICU UI lUlIl. uw rauvwiw . -!,,,-.,. M h-n rou I first lelt thn narental root. Uould VOU re- r . . . I . i . r. i wuu uicaika a v a t iivui uutu wWu fl. t rf . T I . .. i. l "r w I utrcueuon zrom tne paw ui iwumw. I c-.. . r-..e A mt..! eirL remarkable I . . r . . I for her fearlxe dispoMUoa, laid a wager that she woald go ialo a charaeJ-hooae at wudaight with . . . . , . .i j i . i a iienx. ana muv uwni umn m tkull. Acct-rdiagly, at the appelated time, she wrnmt. hat the aeraoa with whoaa aha had aaade the bat had goo before aad hid himself ia the alaee. Waea he herd her deseead aad take ap llheakall. ha railed ant. ia a hallow, dmnal -yk-ir- T.ro: a oflnW aad teak a. aaother: man which the - lice related.-Ive me T head !" Bat the hWale riri. .hesrvlM it was (be asme voice that bad called before, aiuWerod, in herowneoaatry U.L.s mdlkT-. aavss. MAa Baas I r . r. " r kaaoBr-Zaooa fayer. Tsimost IIorsK, - ) 'New Yobk. Aarnst 6. 1847. i Wosnrr Caaos.: Day befora yaaterday I agmia TiallM that maanisa hm of mhry, the i vniiMi, wiin a if mm from LoniMetirut, mad to day I paid it another viail with a ge.Uenaaa from MaatachiMrtU. I went ia with two mea fron Rhodo Ialaad lb other day, aad all a Bit in tho opiaioa that tho aiiaery cxtetio- thoro eieeed aar nnR ney over aaw bofore. Oa tho first mentioned visit, I noticed a acw net of "bto day orUoaorm," abont fiftT ia a um ber. I entered tho Mcook " room, and', ia look ing Broaad,obaetTed a maa ia aa adjoining room who Beeuied very buay ia aailin ap a bos, I directed my coarse toward tho door, and judged from tho caroleo, indifferent manner ia which ho worked, that bo was boxing ap aosae sort of rubbish to bo coaTeyed oat of tho priaoa. Pro voked at something, ho seized hold of the cover aad ripped it off, exposing the ttekenig,$irud Um M a mum, who had bat a few hoars prei tooaiy died of aWirinw rreateas .' 1 was told that this was the second death that had occarrea ia priaoa that morning from JIam. All of tho "five day comers BtonUoaod above, wore ia for draakeaaoaa. - What ia mors aad than) to see a boy ia prison? A lad but twelve years ef ago, living in a land of school bouses and churches, yet a Beared for, drive to Crimea ' Made venial by the eeeaaion," for which ' he shares a felon's cell. That fittest earthly type of hell Manv such bova are is mates ef tho Tomha. I conversed with a Utile follow. vestenUv. shot up in his close stone room and surrooaded by huge high walls. He was abont 10 years old. He saii he had" been from Ireland about sis months. Tliere, h never writ to school, be cause his father could not nay the school ta. lie came here ignorant, and wiln ignorant pa rent fell among bad boys, and thns got ia pnton. Iiad masters drive kovs into crime. White standing in the Police t'ourt the other may, a maa eame in with his apprentice: he wished to complaiu of him as beinjr anrulr. lie r onl ine need by saying. " tkrrt is m Jrrtl ( j HrU, U is IAI fcey.'" He received a scorchini' reprimand from the Judge, aud ws told Irsly that he was wore than the hoy, and unfit to have voaUt under his care. What most shock ed uie yesterday was, to observe oar girl brought into court, who 1 was told were all charge-J with licentiousness! The oldest vm only IS the others gave in their ages to be 'i years! The eldest had been ia the daily hal.it of seeking out little girl, ami for a few shil!ins dooming them to shame. Fiend " Infected with that leprosy ef Iut V ntch Utiatsthe hoariest years of vieiaus men. are found so 1 jst to honor's voice as lo rob in nocent children of their virtue! it m hoped that a nest of ruiLins will be molested, who have been in the habit of vetting these little eirls en snared. One of the younger girls is an sa-a siser to the leader of the foul play. Besides those on eaawiuation, there were $ix ever ia prison for the same offeuce, and quite aa young. wno were troogut in me mgtit previoa. Yeeterday morning I went ti.reegh the Fe male Department with Mr. EJinond. the kee; er. There were over one hundred females im prisoned, most of whom were under 5 yeir of aire. 1 saw a womaa wBo was Drought in the Uiirbt previous rliarged with the mnraer of her own child. In this department there are sep erate room. for those who mav wish in retrace their downward course and reform. They are, under the charge of a natron, who seems a very bcneToleut woman. In the whole prion, oa my l3t visit, tuere were kbont X. prisoner. They are coming and going continually. even-eighths of ail that are imprkwayed ia the Tombs, are there direr tly or indirectly by means intemperance. I am indebted fur many importint facta to ol. t.. I hnow, the t lerk or the I'olice I ourt. and a distinguished advocate of pareCerbituate and C rotou. whose voice has many times rone u for total abtinenre in the old "Cradle of Liberty." lie says as near asean be estimated, there are about 10,1100 groceries in I Gotham, half of which are licensed. Some of those shops in the lomrtr rraJei mav average in re ceipts three or four dollars per day while the rttpecUblt aud more gaudy, crimson-curtained and gAthic-windowed saloons, where maidens with voices "sweet and musical As bright Apollo's lute," are heard to sing, probablv receive at their mar ble counters from one to two hundred dollars a day. Hut to iiiake a small estimate, sunpo each shop receives Ci INI per day from tlie drink ing portion of the community, multiply that by .tut and yoa have aear fsvay-riee aiiUiea dollars, that are yearly espenoed for what' right or wrung f ' Let the citizens of the "Km pi re City" answer! Where and ia what, does this immense cxcainge ol capital end. Ibe Tombs, Blackwcll's Island, Sing Sing.the Alms house, and the Grave, will answer the nestion. I he yearly cost of the l eniteetiary is about lOO.OOil ; the Almshouse about the same. The Police and City Prison, all of which owe their existence to drnnkennem, and must and will exist while rani rules, come bear an aaaoal cost of !. IXKMHIO. Here are dollars and cents. not life ; the thousands that die, no one can es- timate. Pope says ... . , "Man isa very worm bj t. I.i ; yet. arie dare estimate his worth: Vt hers is Uie sympatny oi tne puoiie on mis great question of ram or mo rumr I might answer, buried ap in selfish nese and avarice The whole count ry wept, and every breeze was big with sympathy, wncn tne news was spreau that $1S,000,MN worth of srsscrfy was de- troyed by fire. A fire was then raging, aad has been burning ever since not ot property, but mea, reMca and ekildrrm! Yet where 's the fireman to put it ontT Where b the sympathy of tlie people ? Money before men, ia their motto. Sound the tocsin, men of the press. and call tip l.iose wno are ever prmjrmwimg, out m,. Jo. Work ia what humanity needs, and let the worker's motto be Uaio. iloiom is .Yea l'src I Uivrry, in order that tlm equilibrium uiay al ia mi mint tire, and a pretty large miniature at wave continue hetweeu the free and slive States; that. Respectfully yours, S. P. II. The Nsw York AGI, a SP.cy wrtai;, edited by Henry P. Grattan, W. Corbyn and - . Ii. f onstahl. hu mommm mf t p- rics such little taps as the following: cons cut s caiETH ron xexct ! 'Hold, hold, dear age," Cornelius cries. With trembling lips and tearful eves; Spare me, I pray.be merciful ! oh! 'one ef Vm;' " . . at .- . . . ... Spare my inanities oh, don t make ion oi em. With ascents mild, his terror to assuage, Thns to the "Puner" answercth the Age" "The thing. Impossible, yoti precious noodle, Fun ean't bo made of Yaakeo Hoodie! Bosto Brx. "Plra A'efice." Query. How doth the llttla Boston Bee Improve Its weekly power. T aewerW ly tkt "Agt.n By taking without owning it. Whole paragraph, of "ours." AacHrrecToaAi. Joee.-H.w rapidly they . . . . .. , . ,. . - ..w bnild honaes now," a.U Camalina (Matthew. of the Yaakee Doodle) to -Wq-a.-Uacjs. bb he pointed to neat two atory he.a.;they commenced that baUdlng oaly last wo. and uieyareaireaoy P"""jF.'B VLT" v ,v.. -Yea," reiolned hi. friend, "next week they wiU pat in the haer." Cornelias made a mem of this "righta merrie ieata," aad iatends ta insert it as his awn in n J ... s awxtonftiMiwora. It ieapart ef a woman's daty to be oauy and becomingly dreamed according ta her Bastion ia life; and a clever womaa wno neyrt duty, proves that her mind haa been imperfect- lyeaUrvafd. A waH-known political eooaoanUt nays: " We pay best, first, those who destroy aa, generaU ; ft- Sjr. 5wtUCSt i til.; 1 -.4 J ' NTOIBER 10. Jk Vreawai flew f The following article was IraaslateJ bv tka Xw York Eveaiaf Post from the Pari Joar aal dea Debate, of Jane 22. Thia traaslajiea is made "not only oa account of the high rank that print holds, bat because it centaiae the first expression of opiaioa that we hire aeea froaa F ranee, which at this time Intensely ahsorba tho public mind ia thia country: Tint rrrc Ststks, Mexico, , tbb Wil awr Pioyiso. The war hetw. .k- i' . States aad Mexico ban resulted the complete sueeeaa of the Anglo-Americana. Wo never had a doubt that sach woald he ih. .. ti. coafederation of the North ia a powerful aatioa. raU of energy aad courage. Mexico, oa the contrary, hi aieorranized. hr m...i. k.. elasticity; they retrograde, instead of maklnr progress. The Tailed Uteemay henceforth os regarded as the masters of that coanrrv. They will aet take peosesaioa of the whole at that time, nor hardly the larzer aar t: but the die- membenueat already commenced by the annex ation of Texao will be followed by thalef Cali fornia, New Mexico, aad perh.pa.oaao am of tho northern provinces, which m rh ia silver miaee. ooa the spirit or Connest which ani mates democratic America will fiudor create a aew pretext, and thns by degrees a march will be commenced that will stop only at the isthmus of Panama." What weiikl be the cenaeqeeuree if mm mm. grandizement accouiDlished and by means, upon the Ceasutatioa of the Uni ted States, or npoa the balance ef power ia the world, we cannot aow stop to consider. Suffice ' it to stale, that the imiaense conquests alreadv made or at haad. have already excited ia the minds of the most eminent citizens, a juU ap prehenkioa for the libercies of the country They tared the eucroachmeuu tf a milliarv spirit, which isv biucharounrii by threeTcnL. Hence a resolution providing against the arqoi Vition ef any new territorv in ran-nnnr ,.t tlie wur. was rejected by the htton;ret, witii aa uuuosinr uiiaoritv ia iu .mr Ii mky astouieiiis); to ieara one ef the most im- pcriiiut etlects ot such an extension cf the ter ritory ef the I nion; all t!.e new country atUU dtethe eonftdentiou would by e saurh exteiMl the donia.a el' inaverv. It is a Im t. un happily ai'knowle.:e.i ia thepublM- u'iscuMtion. that the rral motive of the War. uitd.-r:ktu against the advice of riliens who were th uost distinsaiebed for intelligence and eubiic services, was solely to spri-ad that iiuruurtl aad odious institution whicli di?igr:rrs eiriiirition and forces her to act aaiast bersel. tin of the most distinjraishedantlrhiildct citizens of the country, who was himself a principal actor in this achievement, and who was Secretary of . Slate whea the absorptioa ef Texas was con- tununated, has admitted that Ibis wu the mo tive oa the floor of Conereas, and has not hesi tated to justify it aad to nuke it the bais of pa- tnoiism. Toa ards the dose of the session, the House of Representatives, oa a motion of one of their members, Mr. Wilmot, Inserted, ia a bill appro priating three million dollars to secret service connected with the war, a provision thftt a ave- Lry shoald never be aalhonied i.i any territory which might be acquired of Mexico. Ia the House it produced a very excited debate, and ia the ienate it became an occe-ion for Mr. Cal houa, the prominent speaker frorfl the ouih.to produce a manifesto which it is painful to read. Throughout Europe it sheuld bean a ae easing subject for astonishment that, in a country of liberty aad eqnality, men truly distinguished can alter such sentiments, and that they can tinj an audience to listen to them without being moved to indignation. Mr. I alhoun sees not ia this Wilmot proviso that which all Europe sees that which a majority of the citixens of th -ortnera Mates see a resolution tout is an honor to the American I'niou. and vhich forces . us to applaud her progress, and to regard her usurpations npoa her neighbors, however anjust they might be, as the roaiei.l cf civilisation over barbarism. la the eyes of Mr. Calhoau it U viewsJ as a conspiracy against the South, an outrage apoa the rights of Southern eitiiea, and a violation of the Constitution. There are in the confed eration, said he, twenty-eight States, of which fourteen are called slaveholding aud fourteen non-slavebolding States, and one ef the former ( Delaware) is about to rank he me If with the lat ter. The twenty-ninth State (Iowa) without slaves, is already admitted into the Union. Wisconsin, whose admission will be presently made, is likewise a aon-sUvebolding State. Hence, in the Senate, where each tale has tw represntatives. the Sonth in reduced to a minor ity. I a the Ilease of Representatives, where each State is represented according to its Impu tation, the aon-slaveholding States have one hundred and thirty-eight, and the slave States ninety. In the electoral college, which choose tlie President, the free States have one huadred and sixty-eight votes, and the slave Stairs one hundred aad eighteen. Besides, the country is extending ea every side; the regions of the .Northwest, Oregon and rxorthern lexis, are sufficient to form a doiea new State. If. then. the Wilmot proviso becomes a law, Ihd slave States, even in the Senate, will be outnumbered by four Stata. The most calm and liberal minded mast come to the conclusion that at some dav the slave I Mates will be so completely hemmed in ry the I free Stales, that they shall be induced to cleanse I themselves from the leprosy ef slavery which consumes ,hcm: at the same time it shoU be. I considered that they have all necessary time to prepare for thechauge. At the worst they caa I exist ia a minority without peril. They should I Bot therefore be violeul- They have merely to I yield to the pressure of external opiaioa. and i that opinion, if it would attaia its object, sossii i I be indulgent. If the slave Stales sliouid desim I u, they could by division niainUin their eqnality i q the Senate. Uat this course would not mis- I fv Mr. Calhoun, lie would have the si;iv- States equal the free State. ia number hereafter, I aa wrtl as at present, and to each he would as- in M extent of limits sufficient for an empire. i M omer worus, II is necessary mat I h0nld co twiner new territory expressly to spread I consequently, if the free States should spread overall that nart of .North America whicn is . n.hla.-rr .T.n to Csdo Horn, that the balance might not be disturbed. Mr. Calhoun has a tte for theeriea. H 1 rsut-lrurtml eae for tins occtmoa, aa-i ha has has based it even npoa the Constitution ef the Un ion- Washington, Jettersoa, aa Hamilton never dreamed that their labors would be applied to soch an end. He baa drafted some incredible resolutions into this new system. He has spoken not of the prosperity of the slaves, but even of the freedom they possess, and the extension of slavery into those regions which the Mexicans, while independent, purged of it, is pat apen in right that all toe a poesuos to emigrate wiin raetr The theorv aad the resolutions ef I Mr. Calhoaa met with poor suet poor sBceese in the Sen ate. Mr. itenton called for tao previous qaea UoB,aayiag that there were important Blatters to be acted npoa, and that u was noi oeatraoia to lay them aside for ease rmctimnm. That word keen. However, the majority of the seaate rejected the Wilmot Proviso. Tho bill waa re taraed ta the House of Repreeeatativee, which body, after much hesitation, and with n very ill grace, finally assented to the amendment, chief ly because the close of the sessioa waa at hand. I 1 . I Z. 7 iTZVJ -7'll Slue 01 Ar. vaiuvMH ,su uim vmju. tlQ .ticiPaf that the kepe. of tho ,f ryju be raatoaaC ft'a ba- V?" wiU ..tbe. Th-r will anawer wsil Mrit eoantrv a. in the path af territori- al aggrandiiement, but they will gain a ". - m ... .... ' 4to,1? t . . ConVaeata. As wee amid by eae ef the aiost clequeat mea that North Aaeriea haa 1 produced, lector vnaaniag, wu . I . a a saw 111 ika aaal UlxVsa 1 !w " f 7 J,7JT1 " k k--- peawime w tnw. -' 1 A .I..... mm mm atssB thai watora of the I . .. ir ,.. to H i. an al I u Ujas whica MT be longer at shorter' ton tea or twenty years, .North America wiu u U ciTiliXMi ceeatry la which slavery wHlMiat. Can it U poaailiU that aba wlolwa ta tmnr,m t, m .rivisegel .!... r A fool waa haa Baado a fartmaq ia very aawck ia ... . : s.-.v. a ' i I K I, 1