Newspaper Page Text
; THE EMilBi
PROVE ALL THINGS: HOLD FAS THAT Wmrii u'r.AAn "
, Jefferson St.. tiet door but en
, M ie vrdimt-
r m 7.
la ihe ll -" u' t,ltl'"aiweuf
iv i-l in ihc National Intel licenser on
kiiihof t!ie ju-.'m I"?". U,,'re uie 8ev
I i u Liiii. belore tney become
rrai nil"-- -- - -.
t r ! " siidiild coi reeled, lueae
-Ucu . , - ,
funi s I llWicJl.u- m-i ui. .viicviiuu ui
ilie of ihrtii. ,
. .i ... ;.-j ,.t" AiJK'h. 1 u coinmit-
Ve.Wii Iarva,t ami Mr,
P. ' ,r in,.J. Island, submiticd tii
p.wiiuwii-l :hf Western territory:
C .1... I . .
, ii f wu;jiorarv joveruiuein u w.kjih
Territory lwaSrw',tJ ,," fjlloi"Z resolu-
" tfrwivi. Tli a t"-' territory cedeil or to be
re.'ed 1V inivi.iul Mate to the I'nited States,
alienwvertiie u:ii- shall have been iurcliaed
of the lieii" inhabitant and offered fur aide by
tue I nil.'. Nat'. " f"ri"'d iuto addition
al Stal-. l'oaiiiii in liie follo iiij mauuer, aa
jrv mi; Ii c-ion will admit; that U to
fi ' jartl.warj'.y aud oiuh ardl y by parallel
ef Utita :'-'. tiit e-h State iliall comprehend,
trom wulii m rtli. two liegree of latitude, be
rinuiaj ti"'"""1 ,ro"' theroinpletiou of thirty
u ce'-Nvs nortli of the equator; but any terri
tory northwar.ily of th forty-eeventh d'gree
i.'i:! uiAc .irt i1 tne State next below. .nd
raitairuly aj etwardly they ahall be Itound
eJ ti' '" ''''' M inwiiji by tiiat river on oue
WiW tn, i.iri iiii ol the lowe.t point of the
n?! of fx ,,!'i' on the other; and thoae a.!
loinm i'U tii' -as(. by ttie name meridiaa on
their ei'l'-rn i..e.aiiJ ou their eastern by the
Bi'ri-ini of 'i'1" wi'Itii t ape ot" tlie mouth of
tii r-at Ktn.nv!iM. And the territory et
atraof i: : l- meri :ian. between the Ohio,
je l'r:e. .'. i i'eiui lvani.i, till le one
Taal tiie .-Ili'T h i'.iiiu the territory o to be
puri-tii-" o:Fereil for sle whall, either oa
ttiiron petision or on tiie order of Centre,
r,vpit.-ii'lion:v from tin-iii. with appointment
u( tune pi e. fr their free male of ful' age
to nieel U;eilier for the purpose of eKtahliiihiug
tem;vr.irv oieriinieut. t acit'pt the eouaUtu
Uja snJ u of any one of these tate, no
:lit U'"U ' nevertiielew hail beubjet !
t.:rj'.u ii i' tiieir ur..iiury lopi-ilature, and to
T t. uNect t. a like alteration, countiee or
uwashi;- fertile eli-ction of niemlior for their
iej .!'. if
Tas! -arh temporary goveruuient shall only
taintinu in f r'e in au St.tt uutit it rhalt have
acijuir.: twenty ti.ousauJ free inhabitant. when,
g.Tiu; cut proof t!.ere-f to fonjresn.they hall
we.efrj::i tiiein authority, with appointuieola
of tim aui pine, to a!l a tenveutien of rej
rrfala'ive to e!a!!i-h a permanent constitu
tion iuu government fur thrmaelve.
Prornl'J, Tliat l.o!h the temporary and rer
nuu'iit fovf'nmcun le etahli!ihel on theee
prin".;!e as t.'ioir !ais: I
I. 'i r.at tliy sha'l forever remain a part of
tij I'uiteu tate of Ameriea.
2 Tt.itiutlieirpernoi.il, pro)erty, and terri
Urv, thev t;a'l be ulijevt to the Government of
lUt I'nitej t.iteii iu t'ongr- assembled, and i
Ui the Arn-le of Confederation in all thoae i
li-en :n winch the original State liall be oub-
3. Till! tilrV -ha'l be fubjert to pay a part of
tt. fejerai :e:.i. eoiitrscted or to be contracted,
t be apportion,; uu them by Conjjren according
to t;;f amecor:i:iijn rule anJ measure hy whi' ti
ppo.i Iiiien! ihereuf chall be luaile on tne
4. Tti.i! tlie.r re,ective f oernim-m natt te
.o repuu.iCaii form", and ftill a imit no person
to be a rAnt a who held any bereriitarv title.
j. That after tiie year IMtof the Chrietian
era ti.'re nail ie- neither slavery nor involunta
ry wr .tJ.i iu any of the said State, other ie
tuan in ptimotitiient f crime, whereof he par
ty tin!! have been :uly ruuvicted to have ben
'I hit: wlie!iurver any f the eai "lalea ahall
lijvr.of free iuhabitaut". a many aa ahall then
i in any o:ie af the eat nunieroua of the
tiurteea uriinul Slate, ii h State (hall be ad
j;ttc by it. tieiejate into the Concreee of the
1 o.!(: Mate on an equal fuorinf with the c aid
crigiual State, after which the aavent of two
ttnr: of tiie I aitd State, in CougreM am
iir!. t,ail lie rejuiite iu all t!ioe caw wherein,
tiy ti. i o!ife,;,-ration. ttie aent of nine State
nt.w requirr.!, provi ied the coneent of niuo
'taTr t ,iirh aiiuiion may le obtained etc-
e,r.:mj In th eleventh of the article of COB
leiierutiuu I util ueh adtniision by their dele
Jtten into '.nre, any f the ai i State, afler
the et mlihiiient of their temporary ROTerB
lueot, fclu.l have authority to keep a aittiuj
nieuiber in oneref. witli a ripht of dcltating,
but act of votinj.
I bat tl,e t-rritory northward of the forty
lifth ie?.ee. tlasat i to Mr, of the completion of
frty-t.re rt-jrreeafrfini the eouatornd extending
to tii Lk ..ft he Wood, shall be called Sylrmn-
; tint .f the territory under the fortv-fifih and
forty-fourth Hejrree , that which liea'aveatward
f Uk M,ehi;n hallbe called Mickiftnii;
audtlut wliieh i, eastward thereof, within tiie
ruiusnl termed bv the lakes and water of
Ii-hiT3B.H.irou. St. Clair, ami Urie. ahall be
called Wr,r., and shall include any part of
peiim aia men mav extend above the forty
tifih dejree. t tf the territory nnder the forty
th.rd an: f.rty-eron.i d'greei, that to the weat
ard, tliroiitTti which tiie Aeuieipi or Ho k
river rua.iia!IU called iteaiisia ; and that
t the e,str.t, in which are the fountain, of
tli Muskinjrmn. the two Miumie of Ohio, the
W a-iasli, t:,e IliiuoN, the Miami of ilia Lake,
"ttiesan-'ufky river, hll iecalled Mrlro
Jftam. if t rri,orv whir.h lie. nnder the
J-rty-tirrt and f .rtieth ieCre, the weitern,
wiroojrh rlnrh the river Illiuoi ran, ahall U
iled ,.,- tUat adjoining, to the east-Vr"-,Sr'V;
and that between thi last and
renn.vn.tu4. and extendinZ from the Ohio to
f-ri. hail be called ;ktagfn. Of the
writory whirl, lies under the thirty-ninth and
iiiirtv-eiirht derr,,. to wliieh shall b- added to
Okie f '.'"V0"" of wi'l.inthe fork of the
"no and .Miwusiopi a lie under the thirty
ventn degree, that to the went ard, within and
Mjarent to which are the confluence of the
u'I'm Uh' ?ihi'w"nw'' Tanisee, Ohio, Illi
oi, Mim..j;,pi, .nd.Mifaouri, shall be called
wtfmi;aBd t hut to the eastward, farther
Hluetlhio. otherwi.,. called the 1'eli.ipi, shall
b called l'tlllip,t. 1
That all the preening article shall be form-
r,:irt''r or compact, shall be duly exe
cuieu by t(, 1're.ideot of the Uni'ed States, it
ougre .mhiH, under hi hand aud the seal
.1.1 "i'"1 Su,. "ball be promulgated and
ai sund as fundamental condition between
"e lU.rterB original Stale and those newly de-
the I- ""4:"r1,1: by the joint convent cf
il.. - ,' "lr"'",lonresaseintiled, andtf
'" rticular state within which .uchaltcration
- riupoMMi to be made.
i nn report wM recommiited to the same com.
Hiiltee .u ll,. l-.i. .it ,
...! .Marcn, and a new one was
uWnit.ed o. the Jd of the same month. The
ond report airreed Iu nl..ino- .u. r..
The principal difference w the omission of the
paragraph giving ,,, ,0 ,he ,o forn-
- ut of the Vt(.rn Trrrio ,t WM ak
Bn f,.r : I . '
" orlU0u by Congress on the 19th of
'. on which day, ,l,e moiiom of Mr
r-i'", oi Aorth Carolina, the following clans
s Zr iti-i Uf U'il,"'r '""y involun-
M .1 j " miu o?iais. oilier-
l: ; 1-uuUhn.ent of crimes whereof
be: , "ve, duly convicted to bar
r m.iij gouty."
ed . PT W" furt'""-WerJ.ad amend
H"V MdSlH. O. the 23d itwa.
-w tea Stale, vol.ng mnd on. a.
r.w...u...uK slavery and in
rniuw auer m year I SOU. On
question to agree l the report, after the i.ro
l.:l.:i..... .1 .... .
uiuH was niruck out, the yea and
nays were required by Mr. Brresford. The
.V v Hump$kirt
Mr. Fouler, aye.
Mr. Ulanchard, aye.
Mr. Gerry, aye.
Mr. Cartridge, aye.
Mr. Howell, aye.
Mr. Sherman, ays.
Mr. Hewitt, ayo.
Mr. 1'ayue, aye.
Mr. Deatty, aye.
Mr. Dick, ayo.
Mr. Montgomery, ave
.Mr. Hand, aye.
Mr. SStoue, aye.
Mr Chase, aye.
Mr. Jefferson, aye.
Mr. Mercer, aye.
Mr. Monroe, aye.
Mr. Williamsou, ave.
Mr. Spaiht, aye.
Mr. Read, no.
Mr. lierefiford, no.
A'vr 'a CarWiaa
Thus the reuort of Mr. JetTeraoa for the tem
porary government of the Western Territory,
without any rrstrU-tiou whatever as to slavery.
received the vote of every Stato present eacejit
South Carolina, ll did not "lay on the table of
Congress during the three years from 171 to
't." Murine; these three years it was the la
of the Uud. It wti reiiealed ia
N curly a year after the first plan was adopted,
the clause originally offered by Mr. Jefferson, as
a part of the ckrtr tompaet aaame
tl tonituutitnt between the thirteen original
States and the new State to ba forinsd ia the
etu-rn Territory, prohibiting slavery and in
voluntary servitude, was again submitted to
Congress, omitting the time uained "after the
ear I-IKI of tha Christian era."
On the it.th of March, ITeCt.
"A motion was made by Mr. Kiug. seconded
by Mr. F.llery, that the follow in j proposition Im
I'hat there shall be neither slavery nor iu-
voluntary senitude in auy of the 5tate des
cribed in the resolve of t'ougre of the t!3d of
April, 1 S4, otherwise than in the punishment
of crime, whereof the party shall have beeu
personally guilty; and that this regulation shall
be an article of compact, and remain a funda
mental priuciple of the constitution between
the thirteen original State and eah of the
late described in the said resolve of the v.td of
April, ITM "
The motion w as, 'that the following propo
sition be committed" that is, committed to a
Comiuittc of the Whole House: it was not "in
the uttursof an instruction to the Committee
on tiie Western Territory." At that time there
as no tuth committee. It was a asperate, in
dependent proposition. The very terms of it
show that it was offered aa an addition to the
resolve of April 23, lt4, w ith the intention of
restoring to that resolve a clause that, hid origi
nally formed part of it.
Mr. King's motiou to commit was a reed to
eight Sutca (New Hampshire, Mastadiusetis,
Khode Istand, Connecticut, Nw York. N'
Jersey. Pennsylvania, and Maryland I oted in
the affirmative, and three Su.tes i. Virginia.
North Carolina, aud South Carolina) ia the
negative. Neither Delaware nor Oeorgia was
After the commitment of this proposition it
was neithsr called up in Congress nor noticed
bv any of tha committee who subsequently re
ported plan for the govirument of the West
The subject was not laid over from this time
till September, I . It is noticed as being be
fore CongrsHson the '24th of March, lbs lllth of
May, the 13th of July, aud the Qlth of August
cf that year.
On the 21th cf March, liPti, a report w as
made by the graud committee of th House, to
whom bad been referred a motion of Mr. Man
roe upon the subject of the Western Terri
tory. On the 10th of May, l-6, a report was made
by another committee, consisting of Mr. Mon
roe, of Virginia, Mr. Johnson of Connecticut,
Mr- King of Massachusetts, Mr. Keau, of South
Carolina, and Mr. Pinckney, of South Caroli
na, to whom a motion of Mr. Dane, for consid
ering and reporting tne form oi a xemporary
government for the Western Territory was re
ferred. Tbi report, after amendment, wa re
committed on the 13tu of July following.
On the 21th of August, 16, the Secretary
of Congress was directed to inform the inhabi
tants of Kaskaskiaa "that Congre have under
their consideration the plan of a temporary gov
ernment for the said district, and that it adop
tion will be no longer protracted than tha impor
tance of the subject and a due regard to their
interest may require."
Ou the lth of September, 17r-(, a committee.
consisting of Mr. Johnson, of Connecticut,
Mr. Fickuey, of South Carolina, Mr. Smith, of
New York, Mr. Dane, of Massachusetts, and
Mr. Henry, of Maryland, appointed to prepare
a "plan of temporary government for such Dis-
1.1.1, mr mow m hall l I-id -nt by tlie
United States upon tha principles cf the ac ts of
cession from individual States, and admitted into
the Confederacy," made a report, which wai
taken up for consideration ou tlie'i!th; and, af
ter some discussion and several motions to
amend, the further consideration was post
Ou the 2fth of April, 177, the same com
mittee (Mr. Johnson, Mr. Fickney, Mr. Smith,
Mr. Dane, and Mr. Henry) reported "Au Ordi
nance for the government of the Western Ter
ritory. It was read a second time and amend'
ed on the 9th of May, when the next day was
assigned for the third reading. On the lUlh, the
order of the day for the third reading was called
for by tha State of .Massachusetts, and was post
poned. On the 9th and 10th of May, Massa
chusetts w a. represented by Mr. Gorham, Mr.
King, and Mr. Dane. The proposition which,
on Mr. King's motion, was "committed" on the
ICth of March of the preceding yar, was not
in the ordinance, aa reported by the committee
uor was any motion made ia the Congres to in
sert it as an amendment.
The following is a copy of tha ordinance as
amended and ordered to a third reading:
ia OrJimmce fer tke Government tf iht UVWera
It i hereby ordained by tha United States in
vongreso assembled, that there shall ba appoint
ed, from time to time, a Governor, whoa com
mission ahall continue in -force for the tnrm of
three years, antes sooner revoked bv Congress.
There shall be appointed br Conrreaa, from
lime t time, a Secretary, whose commission
WlllloilI tne rlau. nrnl.M. ::... -I
shnll continue in force for four vaar. mil
aooner revoked by Congress, h .hall be his
doty to keep and preserve the acts and laws
passed by tha Oenerul Aaseiubli anil nuhlie
records of the district, and of the proceedings of
the (iovrrnor in his executive department, aud
..mi auuicuuc copies or such act and pro
ceedings every six mouths to the Secretary of
Filers .hall ulso be appointed a court, to con
siet of three jutlpes, any two of whom shall form
a court, who shall have a common law jurisdic
liou, whoso couiiiiisaiuns sli .ll ...;...,.. f . ......
And, to secure the rights of personal liberty
. . ..viiimiuI IN IWI1V
chasers in ihe said district, it is hereby ordain
ed Unit the inhabitants of such district, .ball .1.
l-v,iriiT IU I1IO 1UIIUDIIMIII talk.! fttliAP
way be entitled to the beuefits of the act of
Aaoeeii turpmt aud of the trial hy jury.
The governor and judges, or a majority of
ueiu, auail suoui SUU OUbluill ill tha i tr eta
such laws ol tlie original Stute. rrimin.l an
civil, us may be necessary and best suited to th
circumstance, of the district, aud report them
to Congress from time to time, which shall pre
vail iu said district unlil His ornniiilinn of iK
(eneral Assembly, unless disapproved of by
Congress; but afterwards the General Assem
bly shall have authority to alter them a they
.hail think fit; provided, however, that said Aa
senibly shall have no power to create perpetui
ties. r '
The (Joveruor for the time bsiuir shall be
commander-in-chief of the militia, and appoint
uu ivuiiiiisiMuu an omcera in in same below
Ihe raak of geuerai officer; all officers of that
raak shall be appointed aud couimisHionsd kv
Frsviousto the organization of the Oenerul
Assembly, the Governor shall appoint such ma
gistrate and other civil officer in each county
or tow nship as be shall find uecossary for the
preservation of peace aud good order in the
ame. After the General Assembly shall be or
ganized, the powers and duties of magistrates
aud other civil officers shall be regulated uud de
li tied by the said Assembly; but all magistrates
aud oUier civil officers, not heroin otherwise di
rected, shall, during the continuance of this
temporary Government, be appointed by the
Th; Governor shall, as soon a may be. pro-
eed to lav out the district into counties and
townships, subject, however, to such alterations
as may thereafter be made by the Legislature,
so soon as there shall be rive thousand free male
inhabitants, of full age, within the said district,
'pon giviug due proof thereof to the Governor,
they shall receive authority, with time and
place, to elect representatives from tbir coun
ties or townships as aforesaid, to represeut them
iu Geueral Assembly: provided, that for every
live hundred free mnle Inhabitant there shall be
one representative, and so on progressively with
tlie number or Tree male inhabitants shall the
right of representation increase, uutil the num
ber of representatives amount to twenty-five;
afler which the number aud proportion of re
presentatives shall t-e regulated by the Legisla
ture: provided, thai no person shall ba eligible
or qualified to act as a representative uuless he
hall be a citizeu of on of the I'nited State, or
have redded within such district three years,
and .hall likewise hold, in his own right, in fee
fiuijile, two hundred acre of laud within the
same: provided, also, a freehold or life estate iu
fifty acre of laud in the Mid district, if a citi
zeu of any of the I'nited States, and two year'
residence, if a foreigner, in addition, ahall be
necessary to qualify a mau a elector for the
1 he representatives thus elected shall serve
for the term of two years, aud, in ease of the
death of a representative, or removal from office.
the Governor s.iall Uu a writ to the couuty or
towuship for which he wa a uieaiber to elect
another in hi stead, to serve for the residue of
The General Assembly shall cousist of the I
ioveruor, a legislative Council, to consist of
five members, to be appointed by the I'uited I
States iu Conprrs assembled, to continue in of- j
lice daring pleasure, auy three of whom to be
a quorum, and a House of Kepresculalives, w ho
.hull have a legislative authority complete iu all
ca.es for tlie good "ovcrnuieiit of sal. I ai-it.
provided, K aw a t or uie sai.t tenerai .as
emllv shall Im) consLrued to affect auy lauds the
property of the I'nited Slates: and provided,
further, tiial tlie laud ot tlie uou-resuiciit pro
prietors shall in no instance be taxed higher
than tiie land of resideuts.
All bills shall originate inditiereutly either iu
the Couucil or House of Kepteseulalive, aud,
liavinir been parsed by a majority in both Houses,
shall be referred to tie Govern or for hi assent,
after obUinuif w hich they shall be complete
and valid; but no bill or legislative act whatever
shell be valid or of any force w ithout his assent.
I'he Governor nhall have power to convene,
prorogue, and dissolve the General Assembly
when in hi opinion it. snail inexpedient.
Tlie said inhabitant or settlers shall be sub
ject to pay a part of tlie Federal debt, contract
ed or to he contracted, ana to near a proportional
part of the burden of the Government, to be
apportioned on them t y Congre, according to
the fame common rule and measure by which
apportionments thereof shall be made on the
The Governor. Judges, legislative Couucil,
Secretary, and such .ther hVers as Congress
hall at any time thiuk proper to appoint in such
district, sliall take an onth or affirmation of
6lelity; th Governor before the Fresideut of
Congress, and all other officers before the Gov
ernor, prescribed on the !7th day of January,
I7., to the Secretary nl ar, mufofis mareaaia.
Whensoever any of the snid States shall have
of free inhabitants as many as are equal in num
ber to the one-thirteenth part of the citizens of
the original States, to ae computed from the last
enumeration, uch State sliall be admitted by it
delegate into the Congress of the United Stales:
on an equal footing witii the said original States:
provided the couseut of so many Mates in t on
erern is first obtsiued as may at that time be
competent to such admission.
KrtolrtJ, That tlie resolutions ot me .mi oi
April, l'Sl, ami the Mine are hereby annulled
Such was tlie ordiuanee for the government of
the Western Territory when it waa ordered to a
third reading on the 10th of May, 17e". It
had then made no further progress in the de
velopment of those great principles for which it
has since been distinguished aa "one of the
greatest monuments of civil jurisprudence."
It made no provision for the equal distribution
of estates. It said nothing of extending the
fundamental principles of civil aud religious
liberty nothing of the rights of conscience,
knowledge, or education. It did not contain the
article of compact, which were to remain un
altered forever, unless ty common consent.
We uow come to the time when these great
principles were first brought forward.
On the 9th of July, 1 17, the ordinance waa
again referred. The committee now consisted
of Mr. Carringtori. of Virginia, Mr. Dane, of
Massachusetts, Mr. R. H. Lee, of Virginia, Mr
Kean, of South Carolina, and Mr. Smith, of
New York. Mr. Carrington, Mr. Lee, and Mr.
Kean, the new member, were a majority.
Thio committee did uot "merely revise tlie or
dinance;" they prepare! and reported the great
Bill or Rights for the territory northwest of
The quention ia here presented, why waa Mr.
Carrington, a new mo ruber of the committee,
placed at the head of it, so the excluaion of Mr.
Daueand Mr.Smith, wbohad served previously?
In the absence of positive evidence, there ap
pears to be but one answer to this question.
The opinion of all the member were known in
Coiiereee. In the course of debate new views
had been presented, which must have been re
ceived with general approbation. A majority
of the committee were the advocate of these
viows, aud the member by whom they were
presented to the House was selected as the chair
man. There is nothing Improbable or out of the
usual course of proceeding in this. Indeed the
prompt action of the committee and of the Con
gress goes very far to coohrm it.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER OmJl
On the llth of July, (two dVyiafterthe refer-
1 t ; . . . 4
.; .-rriugioii reported tne ordinance
for the Government of the errilory of this
I'uited State northwest of e river Ohio
litis ordinance was read, second time
ou tlio lJth, (and amended, as stated below;)
and on the 1.1th it was read a third time, and
pa-ssed by tlie uoauiinous vote of the sight
State present in the Congress.
n the passage, the yeaa anuuays (heiug re
quired by Mr. Yates) were aa fjlows:
AVw llumpihirr (Atseut.j
.V.iaeaef Mr. Molten, aye. 1
Ma". Dine, aye.
Rhode hlaml (Absit.)
Nrte Yrl Mr. Smith, aye.
Mr.K anng, aye.
Mr. Tates, aye.
Sett Jmey Mr. Clarke, aye.
DAavMirt Mr. Kearuey, aye
Mr. Mitchell, aye.
' Mr. CSraysou, ay.
Mr.K. H. Lee, aye.
Ma Carrington, aye.
. wf". Woun,, aye.
Mr Hawkins, aye!
Mr. Kean, ay.
.Mr. Higer, aye.
Mr. Few, aye.
.Vr. Tierce, aye.
It appear, theu, that, insteid of having "this
ordinance under deliberation and revision for
three years aud six months," iu Se tfeys it was
passed through all the forms of legislation the
reference, the action of the roiumittee, the re
port, the three several readjigs, the discussion
and amendment by Coiigr, and the final
On the 12th of July, (as above stated.) Mr'
Daua offered the following amendment, which
was adopted as the sixth of the articles of the
"Article ike Sixtk. There shall be neither
slavery uor iuvoluutary servi'ude iu the said
territory, otherwise than iu the puuishmeut of
crime whereof the party ahall have been duly
convicted: I'rtndrd airsM. That anv oer-
on escaping iuto the fame, from w hom labor or
service ia claimed in any of ihe original States,
such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed aud
conveyed to the person claming his or her labor
or service, as atoresaid.
This had, in part, been presnuted by Mr. Jef
ferson in 1784, and again by Mr. King in 17S5.
The assertion that this clatse, "a it now exists
n the ordinance," was "proposed and carried bv
Mr. Kiuc, when neither Jefferson nor Dane was
present, is singularly Incorrect. Inthepropo-
itiou submitted by Mr. King iu 17?.', iwhich
was never afterwards called bp iu Congress.)
there was uo provision for reclaiming fugitives;
ud without such a provuiou t could uot have
been carried at all; besides, ike clause, "as it
now exists in the ordinance," waa proposed by-
Mr. Dane on the l'?th of July, 17-7, aud carried
by theunauimoua vote of Congress when Mr.
King waa not present.
Mr. King was a member of the Convention
for framing the Federal Constitution. He was
present aud voted in the C'oiiveuliou ou the 12lh
July, I7s7. The whole of that day waa occu
pied iu settling the proportion of representation
and direc t taxation, which was then determined
aa il now stands mine Cwusiautioii, u. i.
dding to the w hole niim.W of free persons, iu
luding those bound to service for a term of
years, and excluding Iudiaus, not taxed, Are.
rift hi of mil other ftnon$."
I'he Congress and the Convention were both
11 session at the same tune in I mladelphia.
riierewa of course free intercourse aud iuter-
chiinge of opinion between the member of the
two bodies. To this may be attributed the adop
tion ou the name day of the clause iu the ordi
nance and the clause in the Constitution.
The accompanying copy of the ordinance
show the unit-ndmciiL made in Congress ou the
I2lh of July to Mr. Cairiugtou'. report of tlie
llth. All that wa struck out is priuted in
italiet. w hat was inserted is in aai.i. criTta.
The reader ou comparing this w ilh the plans pre
viously reported by M r. Jefferson and by Mr.
Johnson, wilt ee that most of the principles on
which "its wisdom and fame rests" were first
presented by Mr. Carrington.
Wahigtom, August 20, 117.
teleellesis ler Kewaisrra.
Most persons think the selection of suit
able matter for a newspaper the easiest part
of the business. How treat an error ! It
is by all means the most ditlicult. To look
over and over hundreds of exchange papers
every week Iroui which to select enoudi for
one, especially when the question is. not
what shall, but what shall not be selected,
is indeed "no easy task.'' If every person
who reads a newspaper, could have edited
it, we should hear less complaints. Not
unfrequently is it tlie case that au . editor
looks over all his exchanges for something
interesting, and can absolutely tind nothing.
Every paper is dryer than a contribution
box ; and yet something must be had his
paper must have something in it, and he
does tlie best he can. To an editor who
has the least care about what he selects, the
writing that he does is the easiest part of his
laboi. A papci whrn vviiipleiftl SflOUld be
one that the editor would be willing to read
to his wife, his mother, his sister, or his
daughter ; and if he do that, if he get such
a paper, he will find his labor a most dif
ficult one. Every subscriber thinks the pa
per is printed for his especiil benefit, and if
there is nothing in it that suits Aim it must
be stopped, it is good for nothing. Some
people look over the deaths and marriages,
and actually complain of the editor, if but
few people in the vicinity have been so ua
fortunate as to die, or so fortunate as to get
married the previous week. An editor
should have such things in his paper wheth
er they occur or not. Just s many sub-
scriliers as an editor may have just so many
different tastes he has to consult. One
wants stories and poetry ; another ab
hors all this. The politician wants noth
ing but politics. One must have something
sound. One likes anecdotes, fun and frol
ic, and a next door neighbor wonders that a
man of sense will put such stuff in his pa
per. Something spicy comes out and the
editor is a blackguard. Next conies some
thing argumentative, and the editor is a dul
fool. And so between them all, you see
the iwor fellow gets roughly handled. Anil
yet, to ninety-nine out of a hundred, these
things never occur. I hey never re
fleet that what does not please them, may
please the next man, but they insist that if
the paper does not suit Intm, it is good for
f siveBBSsaita bim Health.
'Die causes" tf diistabe, which are liig
investigated so exlensively at the piesent
time, are soiiietinica traced to the luout re-
uiot origin, it wouM enter the minds of
lew that pavements, which are constructed
merely for the convenience of transit in
crowded citiea, are preventive to ill health ;
but such has recently been proved. Tlie
corporation of Liverpool having recently
paved the cooru and alleys of that town, it
it ha been observed that the health of the
people residing in them has wonderfully im
proved, and that deaths were less frequent.
This led to further . inquiry, and attention
was directed to six of the word courts in
Liverpool. Of them Sir. Carr, of the
southern dispensary, remarks that they wete
fonnerly so notoriously unhealthy that the
medical attendant was hardly ever out of
them, arid when any epidemics visited the
town these places exhibited their results in
perfection ; the surface being in a most din-
graceful state, coveted to some depth with
putrid mud, so that the inhabitants were
compelled to place large stones at intervals
to enable them to reach their houses by step
ping Iroui one to another. It is also stated
by Air. Samuel Holme that in Freemason's
tow he found about two years ago a court
of houses, the floors of which were below
the public street, and the area of the whole
court was a floating mass of put lifted ani
mal and vegetable matter, so dreadfully of
fensive that he was obliged to make a pre
cipitate retieat ; jet the whole of the houses
were inhabited. Since these s:nks of iiwa
lubrity have been paved the change in the
health of die inhabitants has been more re
markable than what may have been antici
pated. In one place, (Bridport court,)
w hich contains eighteen houses, the rases of
sickness were eighteen befoie to four after
the flags were laid down. In another alley
(Oak court) the proportion is five coses now
to twenty-eight in former years: and, so far
as observation has been extended, which it
has been to fifty-seven of the houses, tlie
fronts of which have been paved, to eighty-
five cases of sickness which occurred be
fore paving, only siiteen have taken place
since. 1 he obvious ettects ol smoothing
causeways, by means of flags or other pa
ving materials, is to do away with such ine
qualities at form receptacles for the stag
nant water left bv ram, and the onau of
food with which the poor are apt to strew
the fronts of their residences. The malaria I
thus produced is productive of agues and
other painful and fatal disease. It is there
fore the duty ol all oihcial tierson who
iave the charge of the.e matters in towns.
not only to see th.it their sli eels are well
aed for the convenience of pedestrians,
but for the health of the public .-
. . .
rr Minburg Journal.
lie bass ics.
W't i.evcr hear the remaik mad of a I
man ' that he has enemies,' without feelinsi
lesirou ot tus acquaintance, vv e aie sure
f i - - . i - -
to find him in many rebels a sterling char
acter. A man who plots along in the same
track of his forefathers who never breaks
auav fioin the traces ol expediency, and
who thinks and w iitcs with the Mine pen,
and from the same mode that his jrrandfaiher
J, l.l... :f t-Ins mi i-iieiitv. Kut
te who thinks for himself, is something ot a
i i l i a
genius, aiMl his talents ol a lnrfi orovr. is
sure to find enemies at every coiner. A
truthful paragraph that he m written, dar
ing vice thai he has denounced, or sense
even of his superiority over themselves, iia-
hicc many to say severe things of him and
linn his poxt name in contempt. hen
ived the energetic, active, talented man, j
who had no enemies . Even perfection it-i
sell in the lite ot i.tmsi was rHiicmeo, spv
ken ariiini. nbuied. suit nnon mid cast
A man who has enemies need not relax j
lis efforts "or presume that he is the woistj
person that ever lived. If he is upright in
..... . . '.I
ua drain nrs mid benevolent in us disiaisi.
tion, obliging and accommodating to all
classes, he must have the approbation ol a;
good conscience, and his sleep will be re !
W e would not give a farthing for the man
who has no enemies who panders to the
depraved appetite of the bad, and pretends
to uncommon sanctity among the religious:
who never denounces sin for fear of a I
frown, or expresses himself as a friend to
viitue le3t he be ridiculed. No give us
the faithful individual who sustains the right
at fearful odds, and speaks out boldly when
vice comes in like a flood. Such a man is
honored and approved by Heaven, and we
will always extend to him the right hand of
fellowship. I hila. Saturday Lourur.
Hairs for Iksr Jasaraev Life.
The following rules, from the papers of
Dr. West, were, according to his memo
randum, thrown together as general way.
marks in the journey of life:
Never to ridicule sacred thtnes, or what
others may esteem such; however absurd
they may appear to be.
Never to show levity when the people are
professedly engaged in worship.
ever to resent a supposed injury nil i
ItsMvr U vtswna mA nssiiM vf ihc outlivi
of it. Nor on any occasion to retaliate.
Never to judge a person's character by
Always to take the part of an absent per
son who is censured in company, so far as
truth and propriety will allow.
Never to think the worse of another on
account of his differing from ine in political
or religious opinions.
Not to dispute with a man more than U
years of age, nor with a woman, nor an en
thusiast. Not to effect to be witty, or to jest, so as
to wound the feelings of another.
To say as little as possible of myself, and
those who are near to me.
To aim at cheerfulness without levity.
Not to obtrude my advice unasked.
Never to court the favor of the rich by
flattering either their vanity or their vices.
To spoak with calmness and deliberation,
on all occasions ; especially in circumstan
ces which tend to irritate.
Frequently to review my conduct ttlie
note my failings.
On all occasions to have in pros pec and
end of life and a future state.
Sensibility is like the stars; they can
lead only when the sky is clear. Reason
is the magnetic needle which guides the
ship when the stars are wrapt in darkness
It betrays a greater soul to answer a satire
with patience, than with wit.
The Iuuuirer of Aug. 7, quotes a writer who
says that iu eight dioceses, where aa average of
.!, nun bad been ex pen led on episcopal res!
deuces, there w ere Ki livings under M a year,
and that the whole sum applied in angnienta
tion of these livings wa X5,j77, which i !
-ith part of what had beeu applied to the build
ing of palaces for the bishops. It Cost more to
lodne tfiree prelates like the bishop of Loudon,
tnuu lias been krnl out by the KcelcainsticaJ
Commissioners ia pecuniary residences for b!
clergymen, and iu improving the miserable in
comes 01 b.ll livings. 1 ;ie influence and pop
ularity of the Church of Euglaud,aud its du
ration among the establishments of the country
will depend aot ou the splendor ia which it set
a few its prelates and others but on it pow
er to make men wiser, better, happier.
(ESKa.tt. AocirioM or New Yoaa. This
body held its annual meeting at Clinton, X. V.,
Aug. 111. The Rev. E. Perkins was chosen
Mocerator, and the Kev.T. N. Benedict, Scribe.
The Rev. Mr. Perkins preached the aasueiwtioa-
al sermon from Ezk. 21: -7. In the course of
the meeting, the Committee of Overture, re
ported the following question: 1 it net prac
ticable, aud would il not be useful te form by
means of the local associations, or iu some way,
a General Congregational I'nioa or Convention
in aid of truth aud piety in our land?'" No
final action, however, was taken on tiie ques
tion. A committee wilt report neil year. The
next meeting of the General Association was
appointed to be held at Madieva, I neida Co.,
the Rev. R. R. Storra, of Brooklyn, te preach
. th Rev. L. L. Radclilfe. beino- bis
(Udiiatiom. Mr. J. C. Shaw, son of Robert
G. Shaw. Ksq., of this city, waa ordained a
priest of the Catholic Church at the Cathedral
in Franklin street last week, together with a Mr.
U'Donuell, a native of Ireland. The services
were quite imposing in their character, and the
ordination sermon of Rev. lr. Ryder, of Wor
cester, was most lucid and eloquent, as well as
sound in its exposition of the doctrines of Catho
licity. Ihe congregation was quite large, and
we noticed among them many of the immedi
ate relatives of Mr. Shaw. Ckritim M'orW.
Dr. Henry V. Ondenlonk, who resigned the
Episcopate of Pennsylvania a few years ago.
aud who was suspended from the exercise of his
functions, ou a charge of too freely iudulgiug
iu the use of anient spirits, will, we understand,
be most likely restored to his bishopric by tha
Convention about to sit; the evidence being
that he has entirely abstained curing the inter
vening time. We hear, farther, that a church
will be. erected for him. by some o the r.pisco
pajian of Philadelphia.
DiruxTtc Rr.L.TiOM with Roar.. A cor
respondent of the Time, enumerates some diffi
culties iu the way of the interposition of En
gland for the support of Pius IX. t'p to this
hour Queen Victoria ia not recognized by Koine
as lawful Queen of Knland. I p to this hour
the sentences if excommunicatiou against the
( England and all her adherent, and
the anathema again! Queen, nobles and peo
ple are unrevoked, which Paul V. appointed to
be renewed yearly.
I'.oviiMx. m tmi; Pihib. The iVeieaf i AJ
rerttter say that Mr. lavo, the benevoleul Jrr-
sev Quaker, returned to Uurlmgton from ew
York on Friday evening, accompanied fcvtwen-
tv i.j.kr nnii.li lit. m'H.1111 tm 111. hlM mm
self to obtain comfortable homes. Tlie num
ber whom he has already Liken uuiier hi- pro
tecting caxo is tw o hundred.
li :si Comthi. The itr-tiur.l an
nual convention of the liocee of New l or.,
w ill assemble iu St. John's Chapel, in that city,
on Wednesday, Hh September, at oVI.M'k
A. M- The next Ceneral Convention meets in
.New York en the first Wednesday in Mols-r.
Aaaivyl. o' Mii.iik... Nathan Ward.
M. I)., and his w if", who have for the l.iM four
teen years been couuecteU with the Ceylon mis
siou. arrived in this city on the I'tih iut.. w ith
tlu-ir rlaiblrrc. ami a son of Mr. K. S. Minor, of
tlie same moMioa. A 1' t !,,,,;.
'lINUClG ATIOS 1.1M I.N NltV oKK.
The Orihalo Congregational iaiion
iu N. V., was held at Clinton, N. V.. An
gut -'. Present IT niciuU'i, i iMctrate
Iroui loieiirn bodies, .' niciuN ii cvof'icio,
mid 1 1 invited corresponding uieiii!crs
committee was app-iiit-d to piepa.e a plan
w 1 won cither a union lv lo al A-wocia-
mn, ui a ovnri.u vuiii;,iii"ii i iuu m
: 'onvention in aid of tiiilh and pietv in
our land. The committee reported, but as
there was not time to eons'der th. subject,
it was laid ou the ta.'de. This meeting of
I the Cieneral Association of -New oik.
would seem to indicate quite an advance Oi
CVingiegationalisin in tlie intdt of tlie field
nunerto occupied ny trie i lestiytrrnnis.
What C'iiristiamtv Teaches. Chris-
lianity teaches us not to set our hearts on
rartblv possessions awl earhlv honors: and
thereby provides for our really loving, or
even cordially loi giving those w ho have been
mote successful than ourselves in die attain
ment of them, or w ho have even designedly
thwarted us in the pursuit. Let the rich,"
says the apostle, "rejoice in that he is
brought low." How can he who means
to attempt, in any degree, to obey this pre
cept, be irreconcilably hostile towaids one
who may have been instrumental in his de
pression. Christianity also teaches us not to prue
human estimation at a very high rate : and
thereby provides for the practice of her in
junction, to love from Uie heart thoee w ho,
justly or unjustly, may have attacked our
reputation or wounded our character. ?he
commands not the show but the reality of
meekness and gentleness ; and by thus ta
king away the ailment of anger and the
fomentcrs of discord, she provides for the
maintenance of peace and the restoration of
good temper among men.
It ia uivtlici upiial vavrilruvv of Chris
tianity, that she values moral attainments at
a far higher rate than intellectual acquisi
tions, and proposes to conduct her follow
ers to the heights of virtue rather than of
knowledge. Wilhtr force.
To be nameless in worthy deeds exceeds
an infamous history. The Canaanitish
woman lives more happily without a name,
than llerodiat widi one. And who had
not rather have been the good thief, than
Pilate? Sir Thomts Rrotrn.
Oblivion is not to be hired. The great,
er part must be content to be as though
they had not been, to be found in the regis
ter of C.od, not in the record of man. lb.
Tis all one to lie in St. Innocent's
Church-yard, as iu tlie sawls of Egypt.
Ready to be any thing, in the ecstacy of be
ing ever, and as content with six foot as
the mo!e3 of Andrian. Ih.
Who knows whether the best of men be
known ? or whether there be not more re
markable persons forgot, than any that stand
remembered in the known account of
time f lb.
Sincerity does not consist in speaking
your mind on all occasions, but in doing it
when silence would be censurable, and lalse
hood excusable. Bartlett.
Every evil is an occasion, and a teacher
of resolution. Every disagreeable emotion
is proof that I have been faithless to my
A Vtmmm) mm TeaB est anew
W e do not often aiklre. our. readers on
this subject, for we are aware that lite man
of diem may fairly be divided into two classes;
those who think tbey do not netJ anything
we might say on the subject, since they do
noi drink ; and those who do not want to
hear, and pretty surely will not read, what
they expect iu to jay. Vet this brief arti
cle is addressed to those who are opposed to
us to temperate drinkers (as they consider
themselves) of intoxicating fluids; and e
w ih barely to a.-k Uiein to out therme Ives
in the position of the friends of Total Absti
nence, and judge in our r ae rcflaf are ovelt
I nquestionabiy there has been inoie liuuor
sold and drank in our State since, than tor
six months before the repeal of die late
ciw Law; unquestionably, the Whiskey
traffic u more openly and fearlessly prose
cuted everywhere than it was while con
demned by law ; unquestionably Intemper
ance is rife among us, and every day mi
king new victims. hat ought we to do '
Tbeae daily victims of Intoxicating beve
rages are th relatives, the parents, brothers
awl children of many of us Temperacce
Men ; they are all souttbodu't relatives, awl
their reputation, conduct, prosperity and life
of each is dear to many. At tne worst, each
a mem her of the Human Faasvily. and his '
weltare ought to be cherished by ail ma
brethren of that family.
liut throw aside all benevolence and Lu-
mane interest as cant and sickly sentimen
tality, and look at the matter in aiiother
ight : All of us are in some sort lax paver :
awl all know that half the cost of our Court",
hus-l louses. Prisons, is rendered necessary
by Intoxicating drinks ; and d.e coal of dieae.
now fearfully large, is becoming more and
more intolerable. We know-well that the
stream cannot be diminished so long aa the
fountain continues to supply it : many if not
mot of us are called 10 contiibute of our
uieans to die support of relatives or frienda
rendered destitute by Intemperance; all
know that a great part of the beggary which
is so rapidly increasing among us has ihe
same source. What ought we to do f
Moial Suasion, did we hear some of you
mumble .' Go to the five Points or the
Hook, where groggeries most abound, mid
try you the experiment of 'Moral Suasion.'
Tell the first hundred keepers of brothels
you meet tha. selling liquor is a bad busi
uess, and leads to all manner of immorality
awl evil : anJ see how their ears will be
opened, then consciencics pricked, aniTtheir
jugs emptied into the streets! Cio to that
keepei ol a receiving-den for stolen goods,
this graduate of the State Prison, awl that
teacher of 'the manly ait of selfdefence,"
awl try toimrf them of the naughtiness ol
liouor-selling ! How pi ompt will be their
; answer, ( if they dein to give you auy,)
j that this church-inemlsrr distils ihe liquoi
they buy, that magistrate or other dignity
wholesales il, w hile Col. S. sells "u at a first
class hotel, and any quantity of legislators
awl jiiiisla dunk it daily, awl love it like
mother smilk. lieside, iherr is the License'
the License What did they pay the City
ten ilollars for .' If tlie business wa3 a lau
daMe one, why was a man fined in advance
fin pursuing it ' As die City has granted
the indulgence on full payment therefor in
aii, why should they be railtdat for using
ihe privilege thev have Uius bought ? It
there is any question of conscience about it.
ought noi die City to look to :hai .' Wha;
was the money exacted for .'
Candid adversaries ! what ought we Tom
J ; iterance men to k
What ihj- fidelity to
j rxir convictions demand of im ' All aronwi
us men awl hrctlnen are ret ling cursing,
falling, dying, from the effects of Liquor :
hall around us are beggar v. famishing, idle
ness, vice, lewdness, theft, brawling, awl
murder, the palpable fruits of Intemperance,
all around us children are growing up foie
dxued to the wretchedness, th crimes and
tin: fate of their drunken piogeniiors. Mm
awl brethren ! jwlge for ns' What ought
we to do .' A. 1'. Tribunt. '
"tiive me," says a recent vigorous writer,
"ihe money that has been spent in war, and
I will purchase every loot of land upon die
Clobe; I will clothe every man, woman,
and thild in an attire thai kings and queens
would lie proud of: I will build a school
house upon every hill side and in every val
ley over the whole habitable earth ; I will
supply that sc hool house with a competent
teacher; I will build an academy in every
town, and fill il with able professors: I will
crown every hill with a church consecrated
to the promulgation of the gospel of peace ; I
will support in its pulpit an able teacher oi
righteousness, that on every Sabbath
morning the chime on another, around the
earth's broad circumference ; and the voice
of praver and the song of praise should aa-
cend like a universal noiocausi to uravru.
ClUUl b P.iAlilW.
Look udoii every day as the whole ol"
life, not merely as a section ; and enjoy the
present without wishing to spring on to an
other section that lies befoie thee.
Do not wait for extraordinary opponu-
a I r
nmes lor good actions, but inane use oi
common situations. A long continued
walk is better than a slsort flight.
Do not expect more esteem from otheis
because you deserve more, but reflect that
they will expect still niore merit in your
Do not seek to justify all thy action.
Value nothing merely because il is thy
own, and look not always upon thyself.
If thou wouldst be free, joyful, and calm.
take the only means that cannot be affected
by accident virtue.
So one would praise you in a beggar s
frock ; be not proud of the esteem that is
given to your coat.
An evil vanishes, if I do uot ask after it.
Think of a worse situation than that in
which thou art.
Vanity, insensibility, and custoiti, uwke
one steadfast. Wherefore not virtue sull
Never say, if you had not lAeje sorrows,
that you would bear others better.
What ia sixty . years' pain to usmitjr?
Necessity, if it cannot be altered, bexxxwae
Most men judge so miserably; why
would you be praised by a child ?
Not to the evil, but to myselC do I
my pain. Epictetus was not unhappy !
Never act in the boat of emotion- It
reason answer first.
1 . r