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U TROVE ALLi THINGS j HOLD FAST THAT WHICH IS GOOD. TJLUME I. LOUISVILLE, KY.: SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1848. THE EXAMINER; .. ivaaklr. 8l- aHr ,,Bi " i it rest oinrt. TWO pol.l.AM TKR AMM. IN ADVANCE. PAlJL SEYMOUR. i iw government U in want of money. The time of nd is already arrived; the It Is but right that Northern mn should be hear! in rxprewing thMr views of the politi cal eueci oi invert.and it la rirtl..t r tlM fouth pliould consider nhain. It I. ..... euough for any of us to guy, ihoV or 'uon sniwe" te thin or that areruiiier.t: hut ). .n;. bl men sjieak ;iJ srx-ak strongly, too'.iu one see lion the seusille men of another !tion should note well what they say.' The following con denied view of the political ehVt of slavery upon tlie isortli, by a Northern man of great power, should te reud, therefore, by all of us 'by the Constitution of me United - J.ni nrovision is to be made lor it i -. upiwiionmeni oi representa of tlie moat urgent of the dav, yet it is l!v- 8 ' Congiess, live slaves count the same as three freemen. This is a provision i- .t Oilier in ilirt innrnnU nr ttlxn. "r'' The pay of the troops we htve re- unknown in former national codes, resting the cot of die munitions of war, 0,1 principle un-ocaiocratic, tutrmiental to i nf'nrarwioiM transported for their use I liberty, and hitherto unheard of; the piinci ih increased exuenses of our P of allowing parts of a naton political val armaments, and those of our civil gov- 1W in proportion to the number of men ... - i,;- h mate of war has called lueh they hold in bonda.ee. It would 'L. tiraoidinaiy activity, are demands up- hav,J astonished the Heathen Democracy of which atd not to be set aside Athens long centuries nco. By this ar Vil w " "... . el ling about ran-ment from 17SJ to 1712, the South in the first i . l..l.a nr niairu r in-1-1 rv w i c .. --.f the wai. or the nolicv which Ka"'l seven representatives .h- wvcinuieul ought to pursue in legard to Uw-Rresa : from 17U5 to 1313 fourteen ; the govtiruit c Y e from 1813to 1S23 ninctien; f.om 1S23 u. I, ,!.e oublic faiuS nledead. and it 10 l-twsnty-two; h.oni 1S33 10 1S13 mltbe redeemed; here ar'e debts legiti- wV-we. J Iat epnortionment ol whicnl " " . " " miws wltile we ara looking at them, a ttiev must be paid. Th nation will have nocud fr ths plea of an empty treasury, auJ UfJy pajuiems. while its commerce is nfOipeis beyond all experience, its manu lacwiies in full activity and bringing in priiK'eiv profiis, its grauaiies stored with an abundant harvest (ot which the markets are siting, and the country, iu every roped, ririier in resoun es and in the objects which form die wealth of a community, than it ever was before . i .l. . f I " ... i ' .1 k. 1 II 1 1 1 .( .1 111. UJD .IIIVUII. VB "11IV.II I M . . . . f uiht - i ,o.i)(i Iree men. or a nr-Mvrtinniit nmn no , ' , , v. ... " cr oi btaves. uy una arraneement, in a lloi'.so ol only zib memrx-rs, the South 1,'aiis twenty representatives on account of her slaves more than one twelfth part of me w tioie At present the North hat 13S representa live for souls ; or .727y3 frsa men ; oiie represnntaiive f jt each 70,192 fVtie men. The South hat 87 repress i ita- Uves. Iheio are within tins slave States 1,!? IS.tOj fre mm ; they have one repre ersonti. lection or die Ciallicians in comparison with the ScLavoniana, enjoy a marked immunity. For thorough prevention the metropolis would need a thorough reconstruction of its drainage ; but without waiting for any plans so tedious, the commissioners suggest imme diate steps to improve existing arrangements, to cleanse out sewers, ami augment the drought of water. Tbey do not recom mend any renewed use of cholera hospitals, bit suggtst the much more effective meas ure of providing effectual medical attend ance at the houses of patients. The very destitute can be taken to the fever-ward of the union work-houses. The non-contagion which is established on very strong ev idence, is most important for iu moral con sequences; on the former visitation of the cholera, the abandonment of the sick was common, fear of infection being the mo tive. The admitted absence of contagion greatly facilitates the treatment of the sick in every way. It will be desirable, as no doubt it will be provided, to give the medi cal officers authority to enforce the needful ar.atory regulations on all places that coma within their observation. It is to be ob served that the regulations and improvements, here indicated, will not ba useless, even should the cholera disappoint the general fear and spare this land ; the samo plans will be of the greatest and most direct utili ty in counteracting fever and other general ailments induced by bad atmosphere. Spectator. the CiMtua I'rrcba aal I la Vurm. Among the novelties of the present age is lh gutta pert ha. It is no leu curious in its physical qualities than valuable, because of die uses to which it can ba readily a p. plied. It possesses all the tenacity of caout chouc with great firmness and resiliency. Something was wanted that would combine all the valuable properties of the best tanned leather, and yet tiexible as the Indian gum, , . . , .1 "... f ocmouir lui uuv.it tiv, (J Hire I I Tin last considerauon, tire prosperity ol , , n ' i 1 . .1 1 .... f .1 L - I HI IUC US XI. ICMIJLUH f. Uie Country. SUsesis uie tiuiy ui moor are W decide ujwn the ways and means supplying the government with money, iust administration of the government ' , i , - i i postpone to Uie utuie a Duracnwiucn canoe 1, is t) Uie fact that in the South M'iia way catarrh from wet feet is more there ore sv,-ial small S ates. Hut twentv effectually prevnnted than by an Indian eta toral vote are given by the South, on rubber slip)er. A sole of any thickness I Will liAVt tflikfi-irti! vittai- k. laixi the euttanercha anoears to aunnlv that I desideratum. The eutta pertha is not a vote for each 62, 570 free men ; the South sulwtitute for leather, but a far better mate- r. I. Ii ,; i.l- l-iT I rial a.inallu L.ikln .n,l far nAm .ImoKU I Olie 1UI mail 'll.ljl, 1 Oil III UlU Ulliei. I '--""J mi.ah.ji., Uiu il uviu uuiuwic. LOlieM. Lli Ituvc lilt; irsuuii.13 ui in. ni.il . , , 11 I '"wpi'ii 1111.11. 19 mi lo .siSU I , , ' ,. . ... on wny rHiuuiern iegroi siiouia ne repw borne now. 1 lie luture must nave its own rxiiCencies and wants, far more urgent than lie piesent oik, ami it a wimj as veil ail . r i . ; , , c . , srrouiit of her nro'prtv I v.i.t i.k . fha' IV4..lllt'l 111 II.' lit!! I II. ttKJ I IV OV, a. v n ' V. a,aib amvwB..v v ... gLQeiaiion a l.ule iuipaiied and exhaa- ss pociUe. Tht-te uiaiiius have ben adopted by the detuocraji of .New Voik in tlieir State pol iey. We regatd it here as a political wrong, to lay upon the next generation the obliga tion of paying whatever debts we may take a fancy to contract, and so distrustful have we shown ourselves of the discretion of our hi sUi vrs. But if I innT made to adhere so closely to the en:ed in Cx)ngrc more than the Spindles ol the Noith. 'lut the South pays chVe t taxes for her sbv-e in the sanje nivixirtior. A direct tax Las been resorted ti) onlv four time siuce 1M' Py the lieiicral (.loiernmcnt. vi.: in 17iS, ISIS, It 11, ajid IS 10. The whole amount ass&.-ed is 8l4.iHiO.OoO. leathern sole as to defy any agent but fire for its removal; and being perfectly and abso lutely impervious to water, no better protec tion can be needed. In fact, there is no purpose which either leather in any form, or caoutchouc, is applicable, that is not far bet. lei consulted by the preference of the gutta percha, with this additional advantage, that uiiuiy thin us can be made from it far belter answering the intention than if t idier were legislature, in this lespect, that we have lied Qf .i . o 19740.000 uas' actuallf employed. up their hands by die new constitution from -j illl0 thf Ueaj.lirr cf tlc TJnit. d States. i'lping uay be made of gutta percha. nwrtgajing resources which properly Wong .i parl ;n dej"iecistHl currency. Of Its use for many surgical purposes, is most to posterity, l tie doctrine, however, is uy tl!U iie South paid for her slave?. . if the beauulul. Uuiia percha may be rolled out ... . ..... i! . i. i . r . i I ' . . 1 . . I.i- .i iii i- . no weans ieculiar to the ilemocrats ol this Situ, it has long been insisted upon by tlie U-acliers of democracy in this country from JttTnn to the present day. We may fairlv exrx'Cl, therefore, that m . I.I I 111. . . - corumtation te correct, onlv SI 'J"r.o5.. minner man goiu-ueaier s skiii to any size ' In 1S37 the wirrdus revenue of the M various articles of dress, cape. leggings, Ur-ion, amomitineto ?37, 1 S, V. 07, was umbrellas, and other defences against rain. dls ii!xi:ed n none the fcrvernl Elates in nro. hat-cascs, drinking cuiw. bat k for hair arrl mution to ticir electoral voies. B the! clothes-bpislies, buckets for fire en tines, are whoever rises in Congress to propose any I ,.,.ns. 0f 130 the North had 7 008 4)1 1 a ew of iu various applications. In the addition to me puinic dent, anv use oi trie wrn and the South but 3 s'23 2.h0 ornamental arts, its use in pook-tnnding is public credit to obtain money lor the public I yu. fr,,p StraM r-reived 1 4M 777 1 I bccounn2 common. Mouldings of all poa- accompany it with a plan lor I ,i lave States flO Ool Os2 85. 1 S1'le intricacy, from ceiling mouldings down Ea:h free man of the North received but the W of a coin, can be constructed as 3 0", while each free man (.f ;he SouUi I mnhrully of the gutta percha as though the .-i.;v:,l 1 20 in that division. py were made in 1'laster 1'aris, with tin At that '.ime the South had one hun- uillerencc, that the plaster will break, and dretl and twenty-six electonl votes, of t!ial nouung out a heavy hammer, or a red- aln.h twer.tv-five were on ar count of her hot liro, can deface the other; air, acids, and s!ave-repre'ntation. She, the. efore, receiv. ihe ordinary chemical agencies, having no ed by lhat arrangement e:,lfl,127 ;0 on a l'lor "l"n ,l- Cricket-balls, whips, pic n-nimt cf the renresentation of her slaves, 're frames, fancy boxe ink-stand.s and raising money, since its principal burden I pr5rn that if wo deduct the ? 1,250,55S I fl'xii-clothi, are some ef its forms. The Clls upon dioe w ho are most able to bear I ra-j .. icr M direct taxes' on her slaves, I quantity imported into this country ia as yet it and the mot honest mode, since it in. th,.e :a icf. Sl.Q20.o74 iO. as the bonus forms the people to what extent they are wtr(;ch &t jsouti, has received from the taxed. There never was a belter PDortu-1 ro. w f (Ka NTifirto ftm iarriint rt trim a a ii n.iii v ua a.iit. a uliuii ria ui.i.oiit v njty of lesoning to a method of obtaining rtraJrtu nf skrfs 5vu;hein nronertv as forming r. .i 7 r . i-i T "l " . l.i. i.i .i . j , u.uc7 mr me use oi government, v nicn so reiMeser.ted in Concress. To this we must 'ai axe paruy in wear; uui oesraea mis, lm- ,xp,uslon i not to be limited to the confiuea of many wise men have commended, as tlie ! 357 which the Soutii received in I mense quantities of shoes are now manufac-1 a continent. Itefore iu bewildering light the . l I . t VTI I ' I . 1 C . I 1 -1 1 1 1 1 I MliAPirf tliM A Tit a OAll lllrar ruldl .i.i ,. Iwl iiiusi rfiu iar Jinn imr mrnnr rv u'Mi l r a. i r i i iinriii oi u'iik n mi ani in fniirtiv nnn ni. i v w-nwi weiwu : . . ir - u,1.a Ule.nie m. I'11 ",JU " " : :Z .:: A. " . wy; ud before it every inferior ph of civl ..v.. ... ucuc. Nuiauuu 10 oeai a uu.ci (;ouut of hfr 8,aVe8 t), 8um , el;,a7t. icui, w o. u.c puiui 8iutu Hz,tioll wh,ch u encounter., mint be trodden tax ; the money is wanted, and the resour- r.n Mr Plm Urv rirht when or stuck on to tlie welt and insole by a pe- down, or rained tin to Ha own level: and can ces of indirect taxation are cither exhausted 1 1, . ;.i ,i, t,,,- wer nnt bad for the I culiar solution made for the purpose, and that I Mexico aland till in her imWility, aud Igno want, will iui.netLate or earlv re-oaynient. The lion est, straightforward, democratic policy of ccompanyiiig a proposition to make a deot with tie proposal of 1 tax to pay it, is what we have a jight to expect from a democrat ic nieuiber. But w hat sort of tax would he propose ? A direct tax without doubt, the fairest kind of taxation tlie most equal mode of I I4w leta f m Cffrat All things aie great or small by compari son. I ho lot-Owing anecdote, besides hav ing the merit of being true, afford a new standard of gieatncsa: A aheep-farmer in the Highlands, remarkable lor the amount of his stock and sides, whilst boasting one night over his cups, of his doings at Falkirk, and the vast number or his nocks, was interrup ted by one of his companions with the re mark : " V hy, you are making yourself as great a man aa the Duke of Wellington." "The Dukeol Wellington! replied tlie oilier, with a look of astonishment, not un linctured with pity."1 " It was easy for Uie Duke of Wellington to nut down his men at Waterloo, seme men here and some there, up and down tlie fields; but let him try to put down ten thousand sheep, forbye black cattle, atFalk'uk Tryst, and it's my opinion he'll make a very confused business of it." Stirling Journal. ; - PaorEssiostL Coy(ESKT. "Which are the kyneaa and wlm h are the monkeys?" inquired a child of a showman. ichever you please, my dear; you ve paid for your admission, and have a right to choose." Chronotypt. 'lillcal lev Wilson county, Tennessee, en the Whig aide ia for Henry Clay. Gov. Jouea addressed the people, and Bald: "His ear had recently eanghl tlie tones of an old and familiar voice, as tbey were wafted in breezes or patriotism from the plains of Ken tucky h waa aroused froai his lothargy! What Whig ever heard that voice unmoved? It was ths voice of hia old Captain ander whom he had served the Young Hickory Wars that voire had never yet gave an uncertain sound never alarmed when there wae safety, nor peace when danger waa approaching, lie glorified in rallying undr audi a veteran commander where was one of the old nig Guard who did not? No where is such an one to be found. Let us but hear the trumpet tones of that pa triotic voiee at the head of the eolninn, and catch but a glance of the sparkling eye of our Captain, and eviry bosom awella with ecttatie rupture; every heart boats higher with patrio tism. Yes, follow-citizena.he continued, when ever I see that suine Old Whig liauuer unfurled by Ileury Clay! displaying the aaine long cherished principles to it I must and will rally; though I itood solitary and alone, under that banner 1 intend to battle, and, if 1 fall, may its folds be my winding sheet.' (Cheers.) The Taylor meeting at Cincinnati raine near having a fatal termination The floor of the Hall gave way. The dense crowd ruahed out. weeping on or over whoever stood ia their ay. Fortunately no lives were lost or limbs broken, though hats, cloak, watches, Ac, di appeared wonderfully in tht crowd. A committee appointed prepared a set of reso lutions; J. W.Taylor (Democrat) offered a sub. titute. Amid the applause, the floor gave way, and the mseting adjourned to the ustt evening. February 3d. The Whig of Congrex held a meeting or caucus, Senator llemea in the Chair, (and Senators Corwiu, Webster, Mangum, A.C., A.C., being present) aud determined to hold a Na tional Couveut.ou. Time, place, A.C, were to be settled lat eek. The Whig counties of Virginia are nomina ting delegates to the State Whig Convention, and declaring tlieir preference for the Presiden cy. Many of them are for Clay; Culpepper, Wythe, UoochlunJ, Frauklin. Roauoke, Jeffer son, and Augusta for Taylor. Gov. Johnson, of La., ha seat a long message to the Legislature. He is for the war; say it will remodel f ie institutions of Mexico upon the great principles of human progress. The reason he amigns for the war is the incapacity of Mexico to assert the dignity of human na ture, and that, therefore, her renovation is fated to be brought about by seed sown by the hand ef violence. Hear him: what is the matter with them. They continue I what you cau spare, and then take the rest, and daily to pour downdrafls of liquid fire, reducing) ssnd a home missionary to the seat of your aa- meir iiiiuus 10 uiiocy anu ineir Doaiesio putre-1 tionai government to proclaim la tne ears ef faction, and still they are inquiring, what is the matter t They have coughs and colda, fevers and agues, but they are most sadly at a loss to know the cause. It has atruck me that the situation of the United States at the present moment is not en tirely unlike that condition. Oar reeourcesand our credit are being exhausted, our fair tame ia being withered, eur hopes Mas lad, and the keen eat vision cannot discern ia the distant future the day star ef hope, and yet our wisest states men are looking tither and thither to know what is the cause of it. One assigned this reason, another that, fer the war, yet the cause of It waa apparent to ail. Oae difficulty waa that we did not leek at this subject in the light of iaAoisW duty? We threw the blame en Government Where is lhatT What ia it? It is "Trial kirvlila fjtlAeaul M n.lAa aV..nl. S !. ... . . 1 1 1 r I aw Bfeiaaj iuivivm "'IMV rm iiiiuri W II Ilia UIV lltraiy SUIIlCieni 10 meet me UemanU IOr 111 elements of cwil aud religious liberty were in- C . .11.1 II t I. . - ir.anuiactnre. Already the public are be-1 troduced into North America, have been stimu- connnc kauihar with it at least in London lale? imo restless ami resistless acting, -as forming the additional sole for Aon ? ADJi, .rJ!.!.Sc"'1rTn' V' , over- ose march i constandy onward, and whose capability of . 1 1? , 1.. wi unpopular. 11 we increase the duties on 1 South imported goods, if we put an additional tax ..ci .Vt oif. ilia fri-omcn frnni lndil.a. on the iiianufactuies of Euroi. we shall be Lry ft0l(l Science, from Letters and the Ele sure to lessen the revenue derived from the 2ant Arls tt M M1(i to qualify him customs. We have obtained a larger in- fof p0l;tjCs. As political, matters have come t.y diminishing these duties, and ir we ,nanael ia the United Stales in this go Lack to the high duties we go back tocenlury the remark se.errs justified by the moll 1'L. I l . . . ' r ...n-cijiia. 1 ne proposal 10 lay a omy r ... K tct 0n arc not at-CHlcnt defies any separation. I'hc I'aitrailaira aai4 Ibe I' When the allied armv were in possession of Tans it was no unusual thing for the JLui- r-erors of ltussta and Austria and the King cf Prussia to walk out incoc. In one of Qf-I thew rambles they were accosted by a coun- - " B s I lUld - 1 V. L.a.iwssa us .-r, . . . r .1 1 1 1 1 on the principal articles now imported Presidents elected in the nine- HT" ?' I T " uu e'LWM wiinoutatax. namely nn tea unit si , I s2..,i eo mciu 10 ooiuiou; uie v. ay 10 uie luuvr ,. , j - 1 teenun i:eniurv , ni win in iuc uvum 1. , . r , - , , so little Bccemaa e. thrmrS It r t- mn.t . -u r a'' .1.. - c.., v.. v-i. liaa, to which the reply was, that they were , . j o 1 ti.iitireii ui uie iimc iwiaics. 'o .luiuKiu 1 ... jliiu 1 1 e 1 reanab aof' all indirect taxes, that we mon has Ver twice tcen clee,el to the 88 f and should be glad of hi. ear it will not rw Ia ,1 f.TI- r ,.c. . . . ...... .e.i.. 1 .r...:i fmrany. 1 ne laminnr tone oi conversa with the lart Congress, and it has a much worse chance with the present. Tlie only alternative, it appears to us. is direct taxa tion, and the occasion seems offered eiprew- 7 ior us inuouucUon. II direct taxation was once introduced unuer such lavorsble auspices, u ini6u & ranee, and demoralization, and hoite to remain an obstruction to tire principles of the are which in every direction are widening the do minion or religious aud political freedom! Slavery, or its introduction into Uie Mexican question, he considers irrelevant. He denies the right of Cong-ess to meddle with it, under any circumstances. He says the South will act with union, with firmness, without a timid calcula tiou of consequences. Yet he is for the exten sion of slsvery! Howf Congress cannot insti lute it ia a new territory nor can it exist there without the sanction of positive law. Who I, to make itf Secretary Walker has answered ,uTt appears in the a?1ointmr nt of import- - 1 th" V-i-h. i. no power to force ...very ant officer? by the l'resideat tninsell. r. ' , , , r there. 1 he governor says From 17S0. to 1S15, one hundred anxl '" " C ' , V "It U again pretended, however, that Con , : m.P f mm... ',u5' M,B "" gress has power to annex aa a condition te the aiaHiiiuiiaw -v.w ...-wv v. V.nnnror of Russia." This aeern nr to stsr. Ulmiaaion of territory into th. Ifnin. -I..,-. UTS and charges to foretgn JK wers; 01 these, , - prohibitory of slavery. Such a condition I hold letter and spirit ntncty-iwo noui uicoou.u. n tit- seeming the I the privilege of organizing their institutions as out into a loud I lo l'""n eem best calculated to promote 1 k V I l,IBr "appinrse auu prunperuy. i ne question wnen tne im- nt .!.,... 1.. anv .i,n. u ... ., whinh ide bysidUdT Mran Uussi. begge;! he would tell them Congress',. ,ot invested with th. 11 seventy-eight were filled from the n nf tv.ru.il nmn ilir iiini.li. Of ili a permanent footing in the country, and be-1 r,r miiiiatfra i-ilnirw Jpntiarr vnt tO C.U- rnm...l L.L....H-, i .. .V . r .1 r'-'"V , ., v iwn-ui uie estauiisneu mooe 01 raia ng money to carry on the government u evenu it would remain, for I am the Kin? of Prussia!" This rope belore WIO, Jmiy-three ,r1"! climax of absurdity, he burst uve stales. tucre : ". '"M laugh mid was going sway, irOlU Uie JUUUi. " .. 1 . fk"..:,l U. I .m lU I l),i..il. nml.r .ii. rlrrnm.li.iu.. ll-Cnu. M LIO w WOO. vur paiui n', . Mill .11 1 - - - - j i j -. - Emperor of China!" and then walked quick. ca? !mi'ose the restriction In advance of the ac- brs-i ... ... . ii ii i ail a. i u a a wrr iurii 11 im niuaiiT. uv iiib which should anoear to be best for th. com- " !! Zw,fj::SmS:t. Out J wty. evidently under the impression that lta. tselciM of ,rbilArT o(num. munitv Kost . . . 7 i ,' l.i be.wu " not 10 be outdone." Uourrttr bers, ref use to admit that territory into the mrrai nr.r.l. 1 1 I t 1 I o ' . the neonlernnU , ... .k. ..jr.;l . e ... . A . "1 l.. I... r"' ho lui was, Vi AB .la .1 1 1 .1.1 me two mooes, and choose trial t mas E 11 bv Northern men. lourteen most w lost worthy to be adopted by a people L Speaker from the North, 'tueh administers its own affaira bv iw. L -r r. i.:t arrl. :. .1 Ii ... 7. . (. . inu- . 1 j 7 "'lCLUi ana '"sirurtfl, nu wnicn twe 0f is3uthern men to w'ouid therefore know when it parts with Btr.;r. nf mrrir. These are sig- fiiow the . apti- the po- deV Europe. Union as a State with slavee and mules as property, even though soil, climate, production and Uie habits and interests of the population manage There are I discourse as plainly as possible; for 1 "nit8 ln h Llosire that the commonest neonle. that chil-l Slave, and mules aa property! If C.urrei . . 4 imvui " I - 1" money. I intm rnT r-r ,.,,9.1,,.. IMots also onlv trust-1 ,lrn. thnt servants should understand what can create slavery, then it can subvert it The for the immediate necessities of the cov. led in a Storm." 1 I say. It is not for tho learned we go up argument of Gov. Johnson gives up the whole eminent, while preparations were making I I into the pulpit : they have their books. J I question. It the South say Congress can in to co.'lect tlie taxlaid.au auihority niitrtitl t'hie. I preach the plain language to the plain un-l stitute slavery in new and free territory, and It CranteJ to issue treasury notes. The ex. Tha First renort of the Sanatory Com- learned people, and that pleases all parties, establishes t'-io doctrine that Congress can re- Ptit of a loan we hope will not be re-1 missioners, published, Dec, relates more I There is nothing more agreeable and more move It in aay territory. The Institution stands, "rted to. A lo.n is a device to obtain a especially to the measures for the prevention useful to the common people than to preach and stand alone, under the positive law of the long crediL Wl,Pn a rnvernmont founds ,.C W.-m,. rlinli-m a snlncct which was re- to them tho law and plain eiamples. Dis- SUte. That puU it under the exclusive control deht, it most generally makes it a debt to be ferred to the commission for its earliest at- nnisilions upon grace, and upon the articles I f the State. But reverse this, as Gov. Johnson Pid by posterity : it stacks UP its pecuniary tenlion : but the measures ir rested necea- of iustificntion, however good in themselves, does by his argument, and Congress has entire a.i ." . ' . ' 1 . . nr 1 1 r. . u " 1 ... . "UllCailOns n. fn a .imHnr. hn III In lool nnA 1 ..r ir hoirn a I n r to arvmo I lift OtllCiai IC-l aiiind COlll BHU UIllIlieieBUIlK IOSUI.11 cats DOWSr OVOr in. insutuiion u . saw est net uwmii w imitt iiidi. ujiu I rui 1 i y iuL u i (i i uw I" I P'W them among the institutions of the country, like the national debt of Creat Britain, which is likely to endure lontrcr Uian iu church establishment. A treasury note is the expedient of the day; it contemplates an early r-i payment, r an early absorption of tlie note into the enue, and is, therefore, beat suited to that Phey which, when it contracts n debt, pro TKes the means of its seasonable extin-JJJ-TOrt. Treasury notes, also being is in comparatively small amounts, do wait for the good pleasure of the large P'tahsts, but aie taken by persons of mod rate meant, as a convenient, though tempo y investment. AT. E ' nort will not nuoereede furllier scientific .n- quiry into tlie nature of tho disease and the mode of its propagation ; tmt lor iminecu. ate pmctical purposes, the document seems to establish the following data as the basis of practical and practuMc measures. Cholera is not contagious; its progress co incide with the line of rivers and water courses;' in towns it prevails most in Uie damriest and Doorest neichborhoods ; . hu mid nnd impure air, are its greatest prodis posinr causes, low diet and other depressing influences probabl aiding the predisposi tion. Tli ereat nrevenuves. of a broad - - " o r .. . I ami epiieunl nainre. are -ventuatipn ana cleansing. Cleanly people, as Uie Dutch, Luther's Table-talk. There has been a great Taylor demonstration ia New Orloaas. ' i Senator Hai.k made an address lat week to the people ef Boston al the cloae of the Liberty Convention. He said j ' It has always struck my mind that when a physical and moral ev'l Is to be encountered, our lint laquiry sneuia re iaio tn. cnaracur pcrMltlaai mm Its Vrwias. The following cct of ignorant supcrstiUon was comraittod a few days ago at Arnster dain. A country girl in the service ol a haker had loinod the sect called ''1'ictistes, some cf the members of which assured her i.i i.i...: . . j i . ... .. thnt she DOSSesaeu uie "iiviuo essence, ohm land cans, ci in. evil. i .k...r..a una mwnlnerable. Fully belie v. G. Into snv of the slreets and lanes, and by UICIVIVIO wmw a. a . . S I . -a . Lea A. t anw f Ik. I no this herself she asserted it to her lellow- f-'- "."tZl ZIJ.'Y servants, and, to convince them, thrust ner find ,B M those places the miserable victims .f riclit band into the blazing . oven, but in a I intemperance. Fhysi(&, mental, and moral de r .. -..,1 k.. Karut wm an apvrrelv hnrnt I cay are in full operadtn upon them: dUease in law BCLOJiua J " I , "Kii. ,1.. !, A i. lhat ebe will be deprived of the use of it for Ln,(ji.t,hUi.iZednpok them; and lheyar.w.lk- ihe ret Ol her me. uaijgjiuni. i iog about, a living detth; but they don't know hat th. popular sentiment makes it. Government is exactly aa good a the people, and no better as had, no worse. It is the consent, will, purpose, of th. people that gives force, vitality, and energy te the action of Government. Tlie responsibility lies with Ike people, mn'i the Government do just exactly what the people want them to do. Have they sent their armies to Mexic.T Uav. they bombarded her cities, and when th. defenceless women and children of those citissdsepairiag of help from aay earth ly arm, thronged the temples of th. Mast High, have they aent their Christian bomb shells into those temples, painting their wall, with the bleod of women and children? - Who has doae it I Why, my friends too have don. it- When the tune comes when the popular sentiment shall be so renovated that your taste will not sustain this, then, and not till then, will these public exhibitions cease. Inculcate right opinions and right action ! Thi is the remedy. Passing resolutions will not answer. What do they amount to T When you send them to South Carolina, what effect do they produce ? Just aa much as if you bad aent them last year's almanac ! Allow me now to take np the question which I proposed to treat upen, What produ ced this War? The answer must bo anticipa ted by everybody. It was Slavery. "Another ab olition lecture" says some one. Perhaps to, but when we learn that elavery at tho present mo ment is taxing the people beyond all former pre cedent, when we know that wo are spending this year nearly three time, as much as was spent in the last war to maintain freedom upon the seas, in another war to maintain slavery up on the land,ie it not time to speak oat T I know that there have been prophet upon th. moun tains that have foreseen the dark cloud and have sounded the alarm, but the people said. Not yet. The cloud has extended in dimensions, and set tled in thick night upon us, and th. alarm has been again sounded, but thedull sleepers say, Not yet. And now the whole horizon is overcast, and the tempest isaboutus ; ths moral Indignation of earth, and the judgments of lou coma ia thick succession upon us, but yet it is not time; "Not yet," they say. When will it be time 1 Where is the moral guage to measure the length, breadth and depth of our degradation before It will be time for us to wake up. 1 would like lor these raeu to descend to the bottomless pit. and see it tney can nna any guage to measure that depth to which we must sink before it will be tune te wake up and arouse. "ou hear, great deal said at the North about their dough-faced representative. You have got them, true enough, but what is the rea son of it t It is because they bar. got more dough-faced constituents behiud them. When the people are right upon this suliject when ... r.rni.1 n h.irln. im IK. Fiifhl vtluj.. Ih.n Mi friends, vou will have right sptnt ia the rep resentatives you send. Let me ask yen, has there ever been a time in the hintory of New Lncland, when a Representative could have gone and stood up faithfully, declared the truth upon this subject, and seen sustained by his constituency T lias there been a tune wnen tne church itself would have sustained suchamaaT Then, in heayen'a name, don't complain of your Representatives ; because the Representa tive is the Representative of the people, and is not the Representative of something better than tlie people, lhat fault is found with him." The cause of tho war was slsvery. Annexa tion, the first step. Were a mm to take np the eorrespeadeace of tho Government from 184.1 to 1844, he would suppose the great inter ests of the country to be slave-breeding and stave-holding. Tho extension and perpetuation of slavery was the cause of the war. "The rVcretary of State, writing to Mr. Marphv.our Charge in Texas, on Jan. 16, 1844. aays, speaking of slavery : "'1 will only add. that if Texts should not be attached to the I'nited States, she cannot maintain that institution ten years, and proba bly not bail last time. " there was the proposition. If we only let Texas alone ; if we attend to our own business), slavery would die out, and liberty would sue ceed in five years. That was Ihe attitude in which we were placed. There was th. Ameri can nation, a bumble republic, bringing into ex istence tho bumble announcement, that "All men are born equal, not content with the an nouncement, of it. bat appealing to th. God of Heaven to attest th. ndelity with which they made the announcement, and ths interrity with which they would sustain it ; and .re that gen eration had eatirely passed from tho stage, we find it carrying on a crusade in foreign lands, and stretching out robber bands to take home tha provinces of a aUter republic, lest the boon of freedom should be enjoyed by their bond' men, and the withering aurse of slavery should die out of their midst. That is tho position in which oir government placed as, and tney hare said this, in no equivocal terms, over and over again." The Sretary of State also declared that the establishment of a Government prohibiting the existence of elavery there, woald be one of the 1 greatest calamities which could befall the coun try. Some of yon may say that thin doe. not belong to Massachusetts. "It may be very good talk for your New Hampshire Locofocos, but , ... WH. . a 44... O..M.MW.I of the U ailed State, and th. Execativ. have declared that that was the policy they followed, that was the reason they laid down aa influenc ing their conduct. And the whole country fol lowed, the whole resource, of tre country have been pledged; the arms, the men, the force, of the nation are being employed to-day to carry out theoe very principle, and measures. Your Massachusetts regiment have gon. there to car ry out these doctrines and to prevent tho cap lamity of n free nation. Our Government pledged themselves that they would not allow it to succeed without tne most strenuous elorts to prevent It; and what efforts more strenuous than sending men to hght th. battles .f slave ry and paying their expensest My friends, it is a national policy; and tho whol. nation are responsible for IU W. are like passengers embarked aboard one common ship, ir tn. voyag to prosperous. if the gules of heaven blow propitiously upon us, we all share in the prosperity and in the hap piness. But If, on the other hand, storms and disasters overtake us, oae ruin will Involve as all together, and wo cannot separate .nr lot. on. from another. Una welfare or one rum is our lot; and a eonuuoav. destiny ia onr Inheri tance. That these transactions might not b. wanting in atrocity, H was all in th. nam. of freedom. It was to extend tho are. or freedom, to extend our free institutions; because we were a free and Christian people. Aye, and we are sending our missionaries abroad, and 1 suppose yon have ia this city societies which ask that yon will give of vour abundance or vour oenurv to send the gospel off to heathen lands that have not got aay free institutions. I would ask wh.ro they propose to senat tho missionaries? What place so loot and reprobate as te require such a gospel as ours? Have they lound an island in the soli tudes . of tho ocean. mountain la the bosom of Asia. or a rock in tho deeert of Africa, in habited by a nation or tribe so forgetful of God, so lost to every high,' ard generous, and honora ble impulse of humanity, that they are stretcn- Ing out their bands to extend the empire of chaise and slavery T If they bay. got such a place as that, give them something; bat see to It that yon do not give them more than half of your national rulers, the first principleo ef thai religion which is to send "deliverance to the captive, and the opening of tho prison doors to them that are bound." The war was commenced and is carried on in behalf of slavery. Have the people then no Interest in the matter? Are the free States con tent to be qniet? Do the citizens of Massachusetts .we noth ing to themselves, to the fame of better days, to th. memory of your fathers, nor to th. plighted faith you have written upon your ConslituUon? If they can see their national character prostra ted, the national energies, weelth. and resource. all pledged to such a purpose as this, and do not wake ap, let me ask you what wiiZdo itf What new purposee must they disclose to wake the dormant patriotism and sleeping energies of those who baliev. it is not quite time to arouse? 1 confess that I do not know, I cannot see any thing Iu the future darker than tho present which now envelopes ns; aad if the measures now publicly avowed bo not enough to roase the people ef the free Stale, to a sense of their daager aud degradation, 1 confess that I have not oiitica which wtii sm oWp ancagW into tho pit ef infamy to reach the point wbera tlrar- will wake up. I know that the doctrine prevails exteasinelv that sets it down as treason to make iaqoiry be cause we ar. engaged in a w ar. It ia admitted, that in time of peace you may acrutinizs with the greatest severity, and thfre is no fanlt to bo found, but it is maintained lhat ia time of war, a different rule of morals prevails. Then tho voice of opposition should be paralysed, then mere should be no voices but pa-ana of praise, no note, but shouts of ho nna. I do not so understand our duty. I hare not so read his tory; because I read that in tha days whoa the country from which our ancestor emanated. wagxl a war upon our fathers, the I richtest and purest patriots ef English hltory found ths path of duty leading them to the denunciation of a war hostile to liberty, and these name, will live. sacred and dear in the memory and hearts of pa triots as long as the love or liberty fanUe a rest ing plane in tho human boocni. The name, ef those distinguished men who plead the cnuso of freedom and of justice, agair at the hand of pow er in tho British Parliament, have not yet been held np aa traitors to their eountry, or enemies to liberty; and so long as civil liberty shall find an advocate, so long shall Chatham, and those that stood by his side, be held in esteem. 1 am at a loan to know bow a different rule has ever been established. If an administration has been guilty of minor nigrancy, and would wash themselves clean of Uie pollution, they have only to baptise the land in blood and they are clean. It seems to me that the condemna tion of each a scale of morals cannot bo too load or too severe. It seems to mo that the present is tlie time for it, aud that Massachusetts ia em phatically the place. Why, I wonder that Bunk er Hill Monument, with ail ii ponderous weight, can keep the bone, of our Revolutionary fathers quiet la their resUog places while such senti ments are uttered. This is still going on. More men and mere money is the cry. Ibave bteaamusedatsoeing the attempts to throw tho responsibility from one party to the other. 1 have heard it serious ly stated that if the Congress of tho United states had only promptly voted the volunteers who were wanted, we should have had peace ia six weeks. Aad 1 conld not help admiring the answer. "Sir, have we not voted every man and every dollar that the President wauled ?" And it turned out to be true that he had eotsv erything he had aiked, and has been at work two years to conquer a peace," and has not conquered it yet, and now he calls for more men. Were it not too serious for a joke, 1 might illustrate it by an incident. I knew a fond fath er aud ..foolish son w hom tho father trusted with money and it rained him. When the father was bewaiiiug the result, tho son said, "Sir, the only fault waa that you didn't give me money enough- I had enough just to ruin me; a little more woald have made a genUemaa of me." It is not necessary for me to state my policy. for I have stated it again and again, i bei leva tho war to be wrong, totally wrong, wrong in its inception, wrong in its purpose, wrong in its object, wrong in its aim, all wrong, everything wrong. i am at n loss to conceive how patriot ism or duty, requires any man who believes this war to be wrong in all its phases, to vote money to carry it on ; 1 am still more at a lees to know how any man can vote to furnish the mean, to the administration, and avoid tho responsibility of carrying on a wrong and unjust war. To my mind it is aa palpable aa if i saw an assassin aud should give him a dagger, and should say. Mind, 1 throw tho responsibility upon you. It is a principle of law and good sense too, that ia murder there are no accessaries before the fact. They are all principals, those that strike the blow, those that aid aaa abet, and these that furnish the means, before tlie deed, all aro principals. I am aware that I shall bo accused of fanati cism. I know that 11 is said lo bo abaurd to at- NUMBER 35. MTmrntrnmr Vowf A writar la tho Christian Watchman. Bestea th as refers U Kentucky: Keotoekiaa. are fame., every where for lov- I ap-king of it as the Fd. of the world. A nd eeTLInly Vm." ld m that tlier. i. much th.ro. thafi. woShyU be evou It aa iatareeting ,nt of one's lif. r-uieat with autumnal hue-, e.hibiting a, iyF d,Utlr...d beaut, of 4 Eaglma nark. 'Who. Kentucky shall be come a free Stale, intersected b teeming throughout with thosesignsof pnerrees and I improvement, and tho spirit of onienTrnw. which disungulsh tho present age, no portioa f this coantry will be mora inviti.. .i.-. ist, or do more to gratify th. pri4l. of A lean heart. That day is hastening fast. Not only has tho morning star appeared, bt it -m becoming loot in tho radiance which break. f.. .i.- sua of freedom. The friends of emancipation are iacronsi.g ia wiodom, strength, deterniina tiea, and in numbere. Pera. of almost every class aro Joining them, although with various degree. . k..wledge, boldnee. and decis,oa. A very .nien geai K.ntuckia.,. ,loM advocate of thi. cans., observed to n that a was eotav- Ea?rie7& U Wla U h' th.T naenc. or hituMia, r statesmen, mri.r. ..1 ethers, but thai tho clergy seem, to be moot unpervmusoi an lo the force of argument ea this subject, aad that those of my ew a denomi nauoa furnWi no eiceptioa to thi. remark. 1 be spirit of nr informant nanrMkaaPAsw tan ken. sskU.1 aad candid, aad I was sorry to be anahie to re- u-e r moony nis teetimoay. Ala.: it is too J miBi,tr" of Christ have hereby placed themoslvee la n false poaitioa in the .ight of mankind; for haviag omc.mm oee.p with the discussion of the Question .r i;. gicaUg, and ia efforts to prove that it is not ae-e-sswrily a sin Intelligent laymen who have bee. looking at that question in Ihe lights of philo sophy and political eeeaomy. have gntren far in advance of their religious teachers, and where human freedom te the theme, humanity eoars above Christianity. What eay ear ehristaia friends.' Is th. state ment true? Can it U that tho lay me. f the Church are before tho teacher, ef tho Church I it possible that they make "humanity sear above Chrl.tian.ty V So say. a fluumgu shod member ef the Baptist Church on. not given to wild vagaries, or extravagance, or madness f speech. Oh! that th men of God would ro.se them selves, snd prove true, ia this particular, to tho lunching, .f God! Oh! that th. Church would speak an tho Presbyterian Church spoke ia 13. - 1 - I .1 . anu, ax toast oemaac unitedly and earntstly ifo- eiand that slave, aheuld know the word ef God, that it shenld bo put into their hands, and taey b. tanght to read it, that their married life ahouid bo behi see rod and binding, an.l ii... ..... mwmw should ever force families asunder: Literary .!. Some editor we know not who has riven tho sumo received by jrra for his poems, ic .11 first he refused to write for pay, and satir ized those who did. A change came ever tho spirit of kio dream. Tho total of his eoov- rights amounts to a good round sum: Child. Harold, Cantos 1 and 2, biio 3. - 17i ,.. " " - a.iw (.laeur, ..... Bride of Abydos, ... jjj V0"' Mi '"r . ; Piege of Corinth. ... 5 rariaina, - 50 Lament of Taase, ... 34 Manfred, - 3li " PP. 3Ji Don Juax, Cantos I nod 3. - lyi Poge of Venice, ... - Sardaaapalus, Cam and Fosesri. 1,100 Mazeppa, - j2j Chillou, 503 Various Poems, - X13.4M Tho whole .annual equalling ia ourearrene ri-fy-e IAe.W, eight humirtd mnd eiii dallmre mmJ fertm rears.' RELIGIOUS LNTELLJGE-CX. StrneiBO vou Fixti. France has, for centarieo, been stroggliag to throw off the yoke of civil aad religious despotism; now exulting ia the prospect of deliverance and again plonget ia deeper dephu of intolerance. The republi can apirit which has repeatedly tUtteaed her soil with the blood of her eons, seems to be gather ing strength for a new contest. The "reform banquet, nnd other movements show, that tempt i. appiy vnrisi an merais to national poi- , ,Qiher revoi.tion may be expected If.... 1 .... , .. ... .Km. k . te. VI 1 . ... I promulgated Hie command, " 1 hoa shall do no murder," lis meant lhat you shoulu not kill one man, but might kill n thousand ; when he said "Thou shall not steal," He meant that yoa shculd not pick oae man's pocket, hut it Joe. not apply to robbing nations of thir territory, or men of their manhood ! Oh, no, thia i. f. aatrciaai of tho worst kind. It is absurd and ridiculous, a narrow and contracted view of things, to undertake to measure objects of na tional concern by such narrow and fanatical Ideas as these ! I am willing te be a fanatic op en thi. subject. I believe, my friends, that while tho tiod of Justice aits on tho throne ef Eternity, it is no more safe for nations than for individuals to violate this law. 1 am willing to go further than this. 1 am willing to subject myself to all th. odi am nnd opprobrium of avowing before the American people, that I had rather take my lot wun ine r rencn a insists, ana oeny ino e lis le nee of n Uod and a berearier, thaa te believe thnt there is a God that will permit our nation to pursue its present career and prosper. I'n less nil history, the light end sxperience of the pait, ia a delusion, the end of our career ia nei ther distant nor doubtful. We must stop ; we tnna teitrarn amp alerts, or ela l. ni im before ns cannot be mistaken. It require, ne very vivid imaginati.n to fancy that w. can hsar th. geniue ef departed nation, all eryi.g out to ns from tho depth, in which they are buried, and telling ns to beware that wo sau not upon the course where they have found peril aad dentractioa. T carry oat tho simile, I would call .pen yoa who are quietly sleeping ia th. hold, to wake from y.ur slumbers, to look out and see if yon do not toe th. breakers theud. And are w. so mad, so stupid, so blind to the past and heedless of the present and the future. aa to thiak w. can go on and find safety aad peace where all that hav. gon. before ne have found peril and deetructioa Let mo ask you, therefore, t. rive thi. matter your personal attenuen. W ear. told that "Lter nal vigilance is tho price of liberty. Wake ap and us. this vigilance. Every day ia big with events. Wo are writing our history. Wears impressing with footstepeas indellibls as aay of tne imprints 01 1 ime, mat little space that we occupy between th. eternities ef th. past and rut.ro. vy o aro wo(kiag oat to-day tho great problem whether man at capbl. f eel govera- meat. Wear, lo solve for ourselves aad for those after n. th. great question whether, .a tli. whole, liberty bo desirable, or whether it shall degenerate Into licentiousness, aad onr free iaatil.tion. shall but remove these restraints which hav. chscked man from becoming ths Victim of his lower passions When tho pilrriia ei future ages and ether lands shall visit tho places bow vocal with our souiis, shall ho there nnd the purling streams of Liberty, .r shall ke ealy wander by tho aaeaameute of a liberty that is dead, .1 a patriotism that has departed I Let me, then commend this subject t. y.ur earnest and individual attention. I d. not speak to parties; I am done with them; but I wJl peak to men and woman- Go to your party loader, aad they will giv. ysu a difforoat lesson. They will teach yoa to snv. th. party and let tho party sav. th. coantry, that's it. Party first, and country afterwards. I tell you, friends, let parties taks car. of themaelves; lot tho dead pool k.rr tho past, bat 1st tho liviBa? see lo it that tha inhoritanc. they hav. received a. th. trie I The Dee- pie, disappoiated of liberties for which they bargained, when they placed Louis Phillippeen tho throne, feel, painfully, the weight that op presses them. Boots roa Fia Txadiis. The Sea me a 'a Chaplain at the Sandwich Islands, req nesting from the American Tract Society a supply of boa in Gernfan. French. Span ia. Partu;.eae. I' an is h and Swedish, relates th. iateresting cir cumstance, of a visit of a Raseiaa vresei en gaged in the fur trade, the supercargo of which, an officer of the Itnsaiaa far cutupaay, saani fested a deep interest in religion, and asked for German aad English books. Giving hua Ibe Pilgrim's Progress, ia English, it. next day ex pressed great delight with tho book, aad ia- " quired for others, whea ho proceeded lo select the moat strictly evaarebcal books, to tho amount of t'JO. Tut SaasaTH. There hi one steamboat, save the Now York Evangelist, running between S. Orleans and St. Louis, which doc not violate tho Lord's day. Tho captain owns tho boat which he commands, as wear Informed, aad determined to stop before Yi o'clock Sat- arday night, aad remain till after 12 o'clock ea Sunday night. He allows no ardent spirits, or even wins 10 be sold .a hi. boat; whence the traveller la sure 01 aa orderly company aad good treatment. CoLroa-txcas ron Mix 100 The Amariaaa Messenger eaye : Besides th. generous donations previously aa- noanced. an aoayne.a contributor haeoeat to th treasury aad aa "Episcopaliaa" (a lady) has seat $1j0, "to aid ia sending colpor teurs to .Mexico, or 10 aay destitute portioa of tho United States." The great Jesuit College at tho e.tv of Fri- bonrg, where hundred, of French yooth were recatviag instruction, a as been abolished ! Henceforward those Freachmea who deeir to have their sons educated at a Jesuit inotitalioa; not having sn. la Pwitxerland, or in their ewa coaatry, will bo aader th necessity of sending lh eta to Belgium, .r Italy. Disstrrvas 1 Evuiuvd, A meeting of de puties ef th "Three Densniatioaa," (Inde pendents, Presbyterians and Baptists) has bee a held la London. Tho report staled that, through their exertions, there were at present not lea. thaa sixty-two. Msmbersef Parliament who were oppoeed to all grants of piblie money for reli- gioos endowments. EhKBkAsa aaon Taut Cinoura-Th St- axeur, a religious paper ef Pais, give, s statisti cal lame, snowing tuat la ma of the Mates ol a.arop, there ha. been n diminution of no lee than bS5,000 Romish priests, moak. or nans. within fifty years. Schools t vara Sasowiea Islam no. Re. Mr. Richards, Minister .f Jastructiea, reports 16,644 pupils ia the schools at tho aaadwica I stands. There nr. also, besides Catholic priests, i ordained clergymen, aad 7 native, are licen sed to preach th. GospeL A e.svsnO.a f th friend of th Sabbam, has beea called te meet ia Cbaaaborsoargh, Pa. Several clergymen of emiaeac ar expected to be press at among tbean Prof. Alloa, of Pick- Insoa tvoUeg, aad lfr. ifeumacker. .... . Jarajtaac Tvm. A font of this typo has of their tether, blood b net wrenched from I bee eat by Mr. S. W . WUliaaas, of th mssaOa - i V r f I!