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J. C. TACGRAX. Eorroa. F. COfBY, AauTin Emtm. LOUISVILLE: :FEB. 12, ISiS. Ma far Awtfi It to said, there U a good deal ef antl-alavery feeling ia Texaa, aad that lien. Houston had to respect it to retain his present position. We doubt the letter assertioa ; the format we auppoae to Im Irna. Non-slaveholders in Ar kansas, aa wall aa Texaa, ara hoatila to tlia in atitatioa, and, a majority would mora against it. If they knew their strength ar had a Wader. Aa old friend of ara, aad a aative of South Carolina, write ta aa from this State : 'I are by a Mobile paper which brother eent we that yoa are for amaacipation, aa I am, and 1 hope yoa will aaceeed, aa I believe it weald be for God's glory, aad roaa's welfare, to nave il Col. I' . aad J. -M , or Uancas- Ur, Utiak wo will ret abut af it and if wa ran Arkanaaa will be a rreat State far it ia abun dant ia fertile aoil aad grata laada, aad iron, which will be of no accoaat while slavery holds a." Aad what State ia there, whera thousands would not oay the eame thing t What one whera nen-elaveholdcre would not go for free dom t Jell Bight. A sober, intelligent farmer, of the interior, wrltee as a letter of the right sort, and what ia mora sends us soma subscriber. Ha says: I believe there is no harm ia making honest confession, and I will aay to you, that at firat I read your paper, sent me by Key. , with distrust, and from a kind of compulsory feeling. I look for it now as my best friend; I know of rT -II mml mUUJ I. SUM!, If we could get it generally circulated, I am aa eonndent aa wa lire that wo could carry am an cipatioa." " If wa could get it generally circulated ! And cannot this be done? If wa bad a sob acriptioa list that would warrant it, we would not only send the paper into every coanty in the State, but wa would distribute emancipation tracts ia every neighborhood, ia every coanty Give us five thousand subscribers, frknds of free dom, and this shall be done. Who will help? hat number of good mea and true will lend the cause thus a brave and cheering word T Err ft. A frieud, says: "I wish yoa had a eociety in Kentucky for distributing tracts short and pithy articles addressee to slave-holders aad non-slave-hold-ers. 1 coald distribute a thousand ia this coun ty, and I would agree to pick out from the Ex aminer, articles which would be read, and which would awakea a new spirit in those who did read them can this sot be doue ? " Aye. But we must have roeana. If our aa-ti-elavery friends were leagued together if their means were concentrated we would undertake to circulate through this tats through East Tennessee, West-North Carolina, and West Virginia these silent, but powerful messengers of truth. Nor would it take a large aum. But wa must wait, and labor an, until wa can ac complish tliia desirable, aad really great object Ha J The following communication is from a prominent man, and a large Slaveholder. "I thank you moat sincerely for your remarks ia the review of Mr. Parker's letter. That I have not seen. But yoa hare done ua, as a clasa, no more tnaa justice ia what you have said, and, as a class, we should acknowledge it. Your paper is uui taken iu this neighborhood; but we ail see anJ read it If 1 must confess the truth, a part of us, have had the Examiner every Sabbath, and we have scanned it closely ; and with uo friendly eye. But oa reading that article, with one exception, we came to the con clusion, not only that you were ready to do alsveholdera justice, but that you were determin ed that no oue should do them injustice. it were a vain pretence if I did not admit, that your principles go to the rout of the evil for I must admit slavery to bean evil, and that yea bare Used spade and axe iu tiiggiug it up, with much courtesy, with surh a christian spirit as to disarm malevolence, and quiet opposition. At first, I was ready to go to any extreme against yea. I proposed violent measures. My illa tion wax not seconded, and I rejoice at it not that friend did uot concur a ith me, but that they thought the measures I proposed inexpe dient, and calculated to increase, rather than de crease, anti-slavery feeling. Sines then I hsve thought, aa I read vour -i . i -i . . - f paper, inai wing me oniy emancipation jour nal 1 see over the wnole subject, and tnourh 1 am not prepared to take open ground, which 1 may do soon, yet, I confess, I see nothing left to Kentucky, bat to resort to emancipation. I coald get along, and do well. I have a place ia society. But 1 know that the poor white man have ao chauee that they are leaviag as that sons ara coming m and that, as a community or State we caa never nourish, while this state of things exists. Shall I look to myself ? That were selfish and mean. Aad if I did, what will ay boy and girls do, for I cannot laava them a large estate, if they are left to scramble for themselves? I shudder at lbs thought. If 1 look ta them, if I look to myself, taking a prop arriewof aelf interest, 1 caa only aay, let us emancipate the sooner, the better. The nearer a tnaa comas to conviction, the more apt he ia to be mad, and irritable, and , felt this oa the subject of slavery without know lag the cause. I think I anderatand it now. have abased yoa denounced the Ezaminer, and my abuse and denunciation was more bitter, as 1 was approaching the point, which enabled tne ta see my own error and sin. I have passed it at J atl. A nd at the proper time, though not no a, yoa will find me ranged along-side with you, and with yoa ready to do full justice to the alare aad act righteously towards the while. I write this for yoa not for the Examiner, and will snake good what I aay, aa I believe your cause ta be fouaded oa principle, and yoar arguments iust- 1 be man that caa do justice to as, (slave lolders) ia prepared to de justice to all. Thanks, friend, for what yea aay! Were joice that yea see the light. We rejoice still more, that you are determined to make others aee it. There will be no difficulty in this mood of mind and temper of the soul, te know the truth, aad kaowiug to defend or diffuse it. But since the subject is broached, we ask this gener ous slaveholder, aak all jeet aad generous alava h eiders, ta look at soma of thoae , I ado pendent of the wrong itaelf, which forces Mr. Parker which forces honest men everywhere te look with horror apoa the Institution to regard it aa a black and damning curse. 1. This day fortnight we elood oa oar wharf. It was a bright and beautiful day. The air was balmy, and all nature seemed in sweetest bar tnony. Hundreds were out enjoying the scene, and the man of business, all engaged aa be was, seemed disposed ta forget its call, and partake of Its pleas area. Yet at this moment it was near mid-day a gang of negroes, manacled, and linked together by an. iron chain, a white man la front, and another ia the rear, was driven along, attracting all eyas ! A cold ehadder ran through the crowd. It was a sight which start led and shocked all. Now aappose an Intelli gent stranger visiting as bad witnessed this eight suppose him to have kaown nothing of slavery except what its friends aver what would be have thought what have said whea be reached his free borne f Bitter words would leap to hie tongue. Hot feelings of indignation would burn ia his heart. He could not forget this sight, nor could be ever after help speaking f slavery as the darkest of hnmaa wrongs. Yet this display may be witnessed in all our com mercial marts aad at our very capital ! 1. Farther. Pappose a man every way well disposed towards as, and ready to do as full jus tice, ta all respects should, for the first time, at tend a aale of negroes. Nona of as like ta do It. MI never could," aaid aa intelligent slave holder to as the other dsy, "stand by aad wit ness their sale, as if they were oxea." And each, we believe, is the general feeling. Well, the stranger goes to the auction. He sees a woman oa the block- Many persons surrouad Iter, wishing te bay, and be hears questions as to hercge, her habits, hersouudueee. Not con tent with this, be sees one redely feeling her muscles, to be certain that she is strong and healthful ! As a man, as a ciliten, unaccustom ed te each scenes, never remixing that such things could be, must he not be shocked T Will not the blood rush from his heart, and tingle in his veins, as if It were all on fire T Yet there Is ao slavs State, uo partof any'slave Slate, which is not forced to witness, scenes as sad aa this ! 3. Nay, as to that, a darker picture remains to be unfolded. In that auclioa room are many slaves. The old and the young are there. Fath ers auJ mother, husbands and wives, brothers a ixl sisters, set side by side, fearing everything, yet knowing not what they fear. Aro these family ties heeded T As the father Ascends the block, does his wife aecompany him, do their chiltlrea gather round them end do we heur the slave-seller say, "this Is oue family, they can not be separated ? Alas, it is not so ! Th father stauds alone. The wail of his wife may be heard the agonizing sobs of the children may ring in our ears, it is of no avail ; the sale goes oa, the holiest ties are rudely enapt mid der, and they whom God had ordained should love each other, and live together, forcibly and forever separated ! Tell ua, friend, tell us hu mane slave-holder, if any stranger could wit ness a sight like this, or read, or hear of it, and aot denounce the institution as accursed T Can we expect, do we aak, that mea afar off should deal gently with it, write or speak kitdly of it, when it concentrates within itself terror which shocked the heathen, and which, if narrated to us of any other people, would make our very blood boil with indignation T 4. And now imagine that tha stranger ai these things should turn to c ur statute books, and look closely at our slave laws ! Here, the freeman may be sold into slavery forever, if he be enable to pay a trifling fine. There, it is a criminal offence to teach the slave to read the word of God that word which we are com manded to study and know that word which the Savior died to teach. In one State, mania grse are not allowed ; the law making the off spring of any anion among slaves illegitimate Ia none are tkey legalized. Everywhere is pub lic opinion in advance of our slave code. Eve ry where are slave owners really more humane aad christian than the law. That, in spirit, is vindictive, cruel, irreligious ; no barbarian code is so bad. YetitisfJu, and that alone by which the great majority of the people of the world judge ua, by which they judge the institution of slavery. Is it strange, that they should judge harshly ? They were more or less than men if they did otherwise. This being so, what should those slave-hold- ers do, who are resolved to defend the liiatitu tiou to the last ? What these other slave-holders, who, like oar friend are ready for emanci pation ? Demand instantly a change of these barbarous laws demand that alaves, Ignorant and despised though they be, shall have and be taught te read the word of God, and know of Him who died for all ; demand that their mar riages shall be held sacred, that no home or family tiee shall again be rudely broken. Thla is what slave-holders should do Instantly, in justice to themselves, iu justice to the blacks, ia justice te their country, and their God. Art lata at The artists had quite a celebntliou at Rome on the 2'th Dec. The British Hall, as usual, was the place in which the festival was held. The venerable 'rear, witty and full of laughter, mak ing mirth, presided. Their banqueting was merry as merry could lie. Wit, song, humorous speech, spicy humor, racy anecdote, theee marked the artist's festival. The following song waschaunted, when Pius' health was propoted Otd Tyher rose from bis oozy bed, Aad his ears grew erect with wonder; ror, let Borne be free!" was the word that waa aaid. And her chains fell, snapt asnnder! Aad the gun boomed loud from old Adrian's mole With a roar of joy, that us .er The ribs of death might create n eoul, To exult in freedom's thunder! Iu Hie Vatican, when each Kouian man Saw enthroned his liberator, Tas if Peter's word had to life restored Home's -Dying Gladiator!" Or if he a horn the asp in a marble grasp Kept coiled and for ages strangled. Got loose from the hold of each serpent fold. And exulted, disentangled! What gloriona and divine forethought In that bext of pictsre's fitness. Where the prophet band of Raphael wrought The blessed scene we witnest! Look down 'tis the rage of a Roman youth, rty aicmon powers Deieaguerii: Look ap 'ti the reign of Right and Truth; Tie Home but Rome Transfigured! Ijaalsvllle aaa C'iaclaaatl Fireasesw Our Firemen presented en Thursday week a splendid trampet to the Independent Fire Com pany of Cincinnati. The ceremonies took place, we learn, at the Meiodeoa. Mr. D. S. Hardin presented the trampet en the part of Louisville, and Mr. C. H. Sergeant received it on behalf of the Independents. Judge Walker then addressed the audience ia aa appropriate and eloquent manner. The ceremony waa, we are told, imposing and interesting, and every thing passed o.f pleasantly. Our firemen were warmly greeted! How could it be otherwise? A more generous set off fellows, no city can boast. A sumptuous repast closed the evening Amid song and wit and good fellowship, the Independents regaled their Louisville brethren! Let it ever be thus. There should be between the citizens of the two cities naught but friend ly sympathy, and generous companionship, fflarla I The wife of Bonaparte is dead, and Parma, Placoatia, and Guaatalla are transferred to the Duke of Lucca. He sold his dukedom, not long since, ta the Duke of Tuscany, for a pension. For money, he will part, we dare say, wi th his new acquisitions. Maria Louisa married a eocond time, and "displayed neither the devotedaeea of a wife, nor the affection of a mother. All AeleesB? A whole medical staff at Taunton Hospital, England, was put into the insensible slate by the nurse letting a bottlecontainlng Chloroform fall, while a patient was undergoing amputation. What a scene for a painter! Important Decision. It has been decided by the War Departmeat, that the Florida vol unteers, called out te defend Florida against the attack of the Indiana, ara entitled to the bounty under the act of 13th May, 1841 Death or the U. S. Consul, at BeLrirr. The English papers announce the sudden aad uaexpecled death of Thomas W. Gilpia, Esq., the Uaited Statea Ceasul at Belfast. The conquest of Fan Bias, Acapulco, and Te- buantepec in upper California is resolved upon. Gayamaa aad Mazatlaa have surrendered. Mexica very soon will not have a port on either ocean. U. S. Ship Brandywine, all well, was at Rio de Jaaiero, Dec. 7th the Ohio, ship of the line, waa te aall thence, ia a few days, for Cali fornia. Rankin killed Miller, his nephew, at Wil- lismsbnrgh, ia this State, by cutting bin throat Both ware drank. Black Law la Ohio. ,--'- The Legislature of Ohio bat refused to i.nual or mend her black lawe. Not one of the members of that body, would hesitate about denouncing Slavery generally. Very few of them who de not eondemn the South for holding on to the Institution. Yet they deny justice to the negro, and refuse to take Ilia tes timony, In any of their courts. There are hundreds of planters In thin State who refuse to emancipate their alaves and who oppose emancipation because of free State Leg islation of this character. They ask "what ..-a. . - ,. . can the wave Do, II be tx set tree t v nore can he go?" Anf fearing tliat lie may be woroe off, they conclude to do the best they can with him, aud for him ! Most of the fre Stiles deal shamefully in this matter. The majority of the Ohio legis lature, certainly, merit a severe rebuke for their inhumanity In sustaining lawa which a Ken tucky Statesman calls "atrocious," aud most men admit to be disgraceful. siwaes s"o)ctry Christian Andersen is an enthusiastic lover of nature, and bis translator Mary Howilt knows how to sympathize with him. What could be more touching than his verses on the dyiog ckdd? Many a parent will weep, aa the recollection of his parting from the loved and loot ccmos freshly up to the mind with softened sadness ef feeling, while he reads them: Mother, I'm tired, and I would fain be sleeping; Let me repot upon lay bosom seek: But promise me that thou wilt leave off weep ing. Because thy tears fall hot upon my cheek. Here it ia cold: the tempest raveth madly; But iu my creams all ia so wond'rous bright; I see the angei children smiling gladly. When from my a ear)- eyes I ehut out tight Mother, oue stands beside me now! and l:tn! Dost thou not heKr the music's sweet accord? Aee now bie while vingw beautifully glisten Surely thoae wings were given him by our Green, gold and red are floating all around Die: 1 hey are the Bowers the angel scattereth. Shsll 1 have also wings whilst life has bound me? Or, twiner, are they given alone iu death T Why dott thoa clasp me as if I were going? Why dost thou press thy cheek thus unto mine: Thychetk is hot, and yet thy tears are flowing I win, dear mother, will be alaays thine! Do not sigh it marretb my reposing; And, if thou weep, then I must weep with thee! Oh, I am tired my weary eyee are closing! Look, mother look! the angel kiaoeth me! a st, it yaw fas. Here's a sum worth working up, men of Lou isville, if you will but do it and follow it up by right action when it is done. Salem, Massachusetts, waa absorbed com me r dally by Boston and the town lost its impor- lanes. But it would uot slay down. So It turned to manufacturing bg ilfa,u Newbury port has done, aa Hartford, Connecticut, is do ing. It has the largest cotton mill in the coun trya mill containing 27,000 spindles, employ ing 575 hands, and having a capital of $600,000 and, consequently. Sale si is looking up not only holding its own but turning its capital to good account, and agaia increasing iu wealth Now suppose we had aimilar establishments Would they not give a spur to our industry a new start to our city ? We know there ar dif ficulties tu tha way. Mechaaics, especially married ones, do not like to come here, because they can uot live as rhe.ply, nor obtain water and other mailers, as they can in Cincinnati New Albany even, etc. But we can remedy this. e may have omit works, that will ren der the street pumps unnecessary, aud thus en able the women to obtain water as they may want it, aad so lessou expense, aiid remove one serious difficulty. We cm beeides, employ frrt Hibor, and say by our action that we want ao other and, ia Ibis way, reach the source of all our dime bl ties T Who, that is for the prosperity of Louisvil'.e, says nay ? Where the capitalist, where th mechanic, who will not heartily dechire, let this be dene? Come, then, frienda of the city, o eoininrrci.il prospriity, of jual.cn, exert your selves, aud labor for this result. Tha Weae-lla Kilns I. Talking with a friend, a few days sgo. business matters, be remarked that he had pur chased a let of iroa from an East Tenneatenn which wss made some thirty miles from the Virginia line. The folio ring conversation oc curved between Buyer aad Seller: B. Why, this iron has traveled a long way. S. Yes, upwarJs of sixteen hundred miles. Wa have to follow the Tennessee and its branch. B. I suppose you employ slave labor In the manufacture of this iron. a. No. Not a single slave. Slaves don't pay la East Tennessee. We employ only white labor In our establishment. It is some three hundred miles by land from LouiMviile to East Tennessee as fine a miaer al region as the sun ever ehoae upon and If we had rail-roads connecting the internal por tions of the South, it would be one of the great est manufacturing sections in the West And they will be made. But the outlet will be from Knox villa through Virginia to the seaboard not to the Ohio unless wt move with more de cision and rapidity. Toaae ee-lateraal lsnprevearau. The Tennessee Legislature h is chartered the East Tennessee and Virgiaia rail-road. This is to run from Knoxvillo to tbe Virginia liue. An "earnest," too, has been given by the State! The following eumshave been appro priated for rail-roads by the Legislature: Knoxvillo and Virginia railway, $01 8,00) Naihville aad Chattanooga, " 40ft,inn Ohie and Mobile, " 14,01)0 Let our Legislators look at this! Let our CeDltiJista thlnlr !" Wa must give of our moans if we would meet ether States, and be equal with them, la a well devise! judicious outlay fur Internal improve ments. Palish Prfieaaere The King of Prussia has commuted the sen tence ef death into imprisonment for life. Eat since thut, they have been claimed by Ruaia. They have appealed ta the Court, and are a(nla in prison awaiting the resuU of their appeal. Goveennent FiaAMCES During the last three months, the receipts iuto the V. States Treasury, amounted to $3,307,790 30, and the expenditures to $9,305,911 9s, of which $V 860,367 waa oa account of tha army and navy. The Arkansas papers announce Die death of Jts. McKiesack, Uaited States agent for the Cberokeee. He died at Fort Gibson, on the 12ih alt. The Pa. Legislature haa appropriated two'rail- lions for the payment of tha February and Aa gust interest. Amount of flour received at Detroit from Sept 21st, 1646, to Jan. 16,1849, was, 503,- 162 bbls. . Largs numbers of emigrants l re arriving at New York infected with ahlp fever. In crowd ed parte of the city it ie very bad. Thomas M. Key, Esq., a native af Mason county, Ky., has been elected Judge of tne Com mercial Court of Cincinnati. The American Tract Society hna collected $2,300 nt Hartford $1 ,200 at New Haven , Coe- aecticut , Oa,Osi I A mau never knows his power, until lie triee what he caa do! One aays, "I have no iufluence," and down he aits, stagnant iu feeling, n laggard in ac tion. Another declares, "I would, If I could but have no iulluence," and time wears on only to witness htm, false to bie duty, and a slave to his fears a cork on the waters, borne hither and yon, aa the wiuts blow or the waves roll. The true man, poor or not, learned or not, de termines to do his best. He works. He battles away amid all sorts of difficulties, and lives, and rises as he lives, In goodness anJ greatness, ma king his mark upon his day aud generation. Who would not be the true man? Now Vera HeBtacky The value of the property of this State for 1847 is thus set dowi In the returns. Real EsUte $509,496,855 Personal property 121.162.201 Total . . - - $30,659,056 The State and County taxes amount to $3,740,389, and yield enough to meet all the wants of the people of New York. The public debt of New York is immense upwards of twenty-two millions Yst she pays over m millitn of dollars for universal education, hae railroads and canals traversing her State, and Is the great Slate of the Union being ia population and power equal to one eighth of tba whole nation. Now turn to Kentucky, and making allow aiice for tha difference of population, ask what we might do, for education, for internal ini preveinents, for the developemsnt of man, and our State, The question may be solved in an arithmetical way. Thus: If six hundred and thirty millions, the value of the property of New York, can produce ouch an amount of general good what ought two hundred aad forty two millions the estimate ef the value of the property of Kentucky te do? Yet for educa tion, we have done nothing! For internal Im provements, next to nothing! And our simple boast is, that ws are out of debt! What makes the matter worse, too, as rsgards education is, that we have, considering the dif ference in population, a larger educational cap ital than New York. Now why ia this? An swer, mechanic! Tell us, slave-holder! Is there aay other cause but slavery? Is it not labor glorious, and manly free labor which makes the difference? Freatoal Trial. This long matter ia at aa end ! And moat readers, will respond, heartily, glad of it !j Col. Fremont's defence is caustic, and strong. It deals with Gen. Kearney's testimony with in tense severity, aud on the main point, mutiny attempts to show tbit the charge is improbable on ite face, and self-evidently unworthy of cred it discredited by Gen. K's. conduct invalida ted by the croMe-exami nation, aad disproved by facts and witnesses. Ae to the charge that he had asked General Kearney for the Governorship of California, Col. F. pleads, the entire tenor of his own life and producee a private letter of his, stating that both Gen. K. and Commodore Stockton had of fered him that office. v In eoucluaioa, he avers that Brig. Gen. K., in relation to the Governorship has borne false witness that he endeavored to seduce hiiu throurh this office ; failing to do so, he has raised this false accusation against him, and sworn to it And so averring. Col. Fremout eloses in these words : Mr. President : The length of this defence preclude the necmaity of recapitulation. omit it, and go to the rourlusion with a few brief reflections, as pertinent, 1 trust, as they are true. I consider these difficulties in California to be a comedy (very near being a tragedy,) of three errors : fret, in the faulty orders sent out from this place ; next, in the unjustifiable pretensions of Gen. Kearney ; tkirillg, iu thecouductof the tfoveriituent in sustaining these pretentions. And tne last of these errors I consider the great est of the three. Certainly the difficulties iu California ough to bo inquired into. But how ? Not by prose. cutiug the subordinate, but the principals ; not by prosecuting him who prevented, bul him who would have made civil war. If it waa a crime In me to accept the governorship from Commo dore Stockton, it was a crime iu him to havs bestowed it ; and, crime or not, the Govern meut which knew of his iatealion to appoint me, and did not forbid it, has lost Ihe right of prosecuting either of us. My acts in California were all with high mo tives, and a desire for the public service. My scientific labors did something to open Califor nia to the knowledge of my countrymen : its geography had been a sealed book. My military operations were conquests without bloodshed ; my civil administration was for the public good. I offer California, durisg my adminiKtrutlon, for comparison with the nasi tranquil portions of the United Sutes. I sffer it in contrast to the condition of New Mexico during the same time. I prevented a civil war against Gov. Stockton by refusing to join Gen. Kearney against him ; 1 arrested civil war agiinst myself by consent ing to be deposed offering at the same time, to resign my place of lieutenant colonel In the army. 1 have been brought as a prisoner and crim inal from thai country; I could return to it, af ter this trial is over, without rsnk or guards, and without meleelatisn from the people, ex cept to be Importuned for the money which the Government owes them. I am now ready to receive the sentence of the Court. The judgment of the Court haa not come to hand. Pic at Baal Kxalasleaa. The Committee of Cincianati appointed to examine the causes of the explosion of the steam er A. N. Johnson report, in effect, that the disas ter was caused by the ignorance or incapacity of the Engineer. What's the remedy ? This to directly the cause of most of the acci dents of this kind which occur. Recklesenea racing sometimes '- a team hnat disas ters; bet not often. But for one or both, what remedy haa the public 1 None at all none whatever, to guard life against the dangers of incapacity. And can we have none 7 Certainly we can. Let all river craft be brought within the jurisdiction of tho United States Courts, and, with a little amendment of the law, we venture to affirm no wholesale mur ders will be committed on our water-courses. We hope some Western member of Congress will examine this subject, and see to it, that a law be proposed, which shall look a little to the eafety of the traveling public. Tbera we ara Here's a table for 1847 worth conning! Tax payers, and moral citizens should study it, and learn what degradea ao many, and makes taxes ee honvy 1847 Liqaor Stores in New York - - - 2,919 Persons arraigned befsre Police Court 1 4,381 Think of it! One person in every twenty. six or the entire population or INew York ar rested aa an offender against the laws. Ram, first; taxation next; Rum, the cause, crime, dis ease, immorality of every kind, the effect The 3a aaa at a KcsMNrky Keglasrala. Wa regret to see Ly the following, which we extract from tha cerwspondence of Ihe fica vaae, dated Mexieo, Jan. 12th, that the health of the Kentucky Regknent ia so bad: "I regret to aay there is a great deal of sick ness among the four lolsntcer regiments from Kentucky, Tennessee and Indiana, which Gen. Uutler commanded to this city. The measles. the mumps and Uie drarihaea are the prevailing diseases, and on an average one-half the men in ihe four regiments are until for duty;. New Territory. ri.n.ir Al.-heaon presented a memorial of ttliswi the General ArsemWy of Missouri, ainK ior the organization of a Territory wet of Mia . . . . i i aouri. . The memorial states that this territory lying .r il.. Slate of Missouri, eiienumr iroin the territory occupied by the Cberokeee to the northern liue ot tne oiaie, nuu Plains, ia now occupied by some miriy wou- sand Indians. If organized into a lerniory, and opened to aettlement by the wnite man, it would Iu five years rank in wealth and popula tion among the first States in the Union. In one county iu the Platte purchase, organized ia Kttfl, with not nioro man twenty una in its limits, there is now a populaUon of fif teen thousand. How much more is that county worth tu the Union than the entire territories occupied by the Indians. Also, joint resolutions OI mo same, res1""" ing their Representatives to vote in accordance with tha Bth section of the act of Conrreea "to authorize the people of Missouri to form a Con stitution aud State Government, and for the ad mlssioa of such State iuto the Union on aa equal footing with the original States, and to prohibit slavery la certain lerniories. Tko "larch. Shall It be onward, or backward T This is the qnestion which we of Kentucky, which all the frontier slave States, have to ask, whether they ill or no. We published an article last week, "on the ef fects of slavery upon industry," full ef Instruc tion, and so forcibly, clearly written, that no answer can be made to it Did you read it 7 If not get the paper, and do so It will repay you the trouble. The article answers, for us, the question put. Slaves are non-producers. They may add to individual wealth; but they bring no help to town, or city, or country ; they diminish the wealth of the State. What poor white will eome and settle down where they exist T What poor white mechanic will stay among them if he can get away T Yet their nerves, necessi ties, invention, energy, make cities and coun tries grow and prosper, and intelligent, and noth ing else ean. Some slave-holders eneer at this, and say, "it is all moonshine." Think. Put yourself if you can in the poor man's condition. He i you at leisure always; neither touching plough nor handling spade ; ordering alavea to do what you wish, and as you wish. He cannot labor freely, vigorously. He feels that a stain reefs upon toil, and be, a freeman, shrinks from it Suppose be has heroism enough to master these feelinp. He haa boys ; their hearts beat aa no bly as any man's eons'; they aspire aa nobly ; they are as well knit together, and as capable. lie lotee them. Can he, under the burning eun, or amid the basts of winter, drive them to la bor to do that which ia held to be a slave's work? Hectnuot Could you gsarreas siaee koliUr' The poor white man, therefore, will not come here ; he will not stay here. Are any in id enough to aay, "let him go We answer. If this be carried out, that there ia no hope for the State it must lose power, pop uUlion, weal-Ji, day by day, uatil ita vitality shall all vanish. Can we hope for Industry when the spring which gives it life ie gone? Caa we expect enterprise and ita fruits, when the motive which imparts to it all its means of suc cess is wanting ? It is not aloae that slaves are non-producers ; this of course adds to, deepens extends our difficulties ; but it is that elavery degrade labor, relaxes the muscles of the white man, disheartens, destroys him. These causes combined will ruin any State. How different matter are iu the free States. Every man Iu Indian i, for inslanse, ia a consumer ; he makes to tell ; he sells to buy. Each is a help, a slim ulux to tba other; all sorts of manufactures flourish, consequently ; all trades, all labor, day-handicraft, the arts, whet is produced by muscle or mind. Every village, town, or cily tu Indiana baa Iu own market its home place of sale for whatever is made or grown. No young man who cannot find employment. No young man whe cannot thrive. The State there fore, flourishes ; each succeeding year telle of a greater increase than the laat : and what is bet ler each year brings greatsr improvements, greater comforts, greater intelligence, greater wealth. Why, taking the lowest and coldest view of the matter, (which we have presented before, the dollar and cent one, every man must knew, at a glance, that the cott of feeding our slaves, alone, must weaken us continually. The valne of slave capital is thus set down by our inlelli gent Auditor, Mr. Page : Number of Slaves in Ky. 189,569 Aggregate value, ... $59,115,984 Average value of each elave, - $306 Suppose now the cost of supporting a fami ly of six nlaves to be $300 per annnm; the interest on each is $18 36 for the family $110 16. At thil rate, the slaves of Kentucky cost more than thirteen millions ! Five per cent on tne wnole capital or me Mate : XSow aappose we had, Instead of these slaves, one h o ndred and eighty-nine thousand, five hundred aad sixty nine freemen. They would support themselves. More than this they would stimulate each olh er, aud thrive, and in turn make the Slate thrive and gro?. The eight thousand slavee of Jaffer son county, for instance, do not trade so as to benefit hatter, grocer, carpenter, or merchant they want no wares; they need no furniture they encourage no one business. This, in the nature oi tnings, they cannot do. But 11 we had in their stead eight thousand freemen, each man among them would live comfortably. Each man would have thinge to sell, and things to bay. Each man's wife would have things to sell and buy. Not a shop-keeper, or merchant. or vender, or maker of goods, or manufacturer of wares, or mechanic, of any description, that would not feel the benefit; nay, thia addition, if slavery were absent, would add to the popula tion by increase of trade, by stimulus to enter prize, by the success, IndeDendaae. IntMlliaenm oi iree Industry, at least ten thousand people ! W e aee Una result before usf we see it in the decay of towns in the slave, and the increase of towns in the free States; we see it ia the great difference between the States themselves. And we know the cause. Go to New Albany, and ask the married mechanic why ha does not work in Louisville. Go there and ask the master manufacturer why he avoids as. Go te oar own hard toiling eons, and enquire why they leave their native hearth-stene, and seek la a free Statu new homes. From one and from all yoa hear the eama response: " we can't labor where lalior Is degraded: we are freemen aad have not the heart to do it will not do it; we have families, and we cannot disgrace them; nothing can drive ae to de that; therefore, we go away; therefore, we emigrate." Is all this pronounced "moonshine," also? If so, let us consider facts; those stubborn things which fancy may not twist, nor ingenuity eubvert to determine fair ly the truth on thia important point. Let us, for this end, contrast Virginia and New York. "Virginia, says Mr. Parker, "contains more than 64,0)0 square miles, or 13,370 more than England. The climate ia delightful. The State is intersected by the finest bay in the world; watered by long and abundant rivers, this, invi ting navigation, aud allowing numerous aud easy communications with the interior; that, wailing te turn the wheele of the manufactu rer to weave and spin. The aoil to rich la miner als. Iron, lead, limestone aro abundant Nitre ia fou nd in her caverns. Salt abouada oa the Great Kaaawlia. Fields of coal, anthracite aud bituminous, are numerous, rich, and easy of access. - The soil to fertile, the sky genial, the air salubrious. She to the oldest State in llio Union: long the most Important in wealth, population, and political power. Abundantly blessed with bays, harbors, rivers, mi nee so State had ouch natural tdvantagea aa Virginia In 1790." HadT Those advantagee ara here bow. Yet where ia she? What use haa she made of them? What ase is she making ef them? Let aa apply oar author'e figaee, and In part his reasoning. In answer to theae ques tions, and la application to our Immediate sub ject: 1790 . 110 Virginia had 743,343 souls, 1 ,839,797 souls. NswYork. 340,120 " 2,42821 Mark tha difference! Virginia haa not oubled her population, while New York haa increased more than oar-fold. With her start, Willi nil the advantages of her position, climate, il, resources, the population ef Virginia ia now diminishing, and many ef her counties are only restored by Ntrtiur frt labor ! Bat look at another table: Virginia. New York- Houses &. Lands In 179 valued $71,225,000 211,930,53; $100,380,707 430,751,273 In 1&9. Annual earnlnga In lb4U 76,769,032 193,806,433 Scholars at schools. colleges, iu:., 1640 57,303 n 1&44 at common schools, 709,156 See how the free Slate careers ahead, not In ene, but In a!l respects. Observe, too! " ir giaia had 59,787 adult free whitea unable to read and write 1,41 more than tha entire number of her children at school or college New York 44,453 Illiterate adulta." New York had 709,- 156 children in 1844 between four and sixteen at her common schools. Virginia luu.uiw white children who attended in 1840 no school Virginia to behind in every thing; the annual earnings of New York are three times greater than here. "Tha effect," truly doee tha wise man say, "follows the cause. A man loose half his manhood by slavery, says Homer, and it to as true of a State as a man." The march of the free Statee ia bravely for ward. The causea of thia, all admit The march of the slave Slates ie backward. Why, we all know. Shall ate, thea, go down and down, sinking lower and lower, or heaving off the incubus which preeaee Kentucky to the earth, be rxxa, and over-top the proudest of them all? OblaUer rablte Works. We have received the eleventh annual Report of tha Public Worka of Ohio. Would that every voter In Kentucky could read it ! It em bodies a mass of useful information, aad shews too clearly to be misunderstood what free labor can accomplish. The two great worka of Ohio are, the Ohio and Miami Canals, tapping the lakes at Cleve land and Toledo, and nailing with tha river at Portsmouth and Cincinnati. And see what they have accomplished : Original cost ef the Canals, $5,732,755 Revenues, excluding expenses, in 1847, 409,802 A right "stiff" income! And a sure one, too ! "Yes, but her debt is a heavy one," eays one. So it is. Nor ia this all. Ohio haa made apparently, not really, mistakes that to, she haa unproductive worke, as we learn from the following table : Cost cf Miami extension. Walhond- ing and Muakingum, - - $-k"9,717 Revenue, excluding expeusee for lt4T. 137,293 What was land worth along theee Improve ments fteere they were begun ? A eong What waa the price of wheat ? From twenty- five to tliirty-eeven and a half cents per bushel Produce was low merchandize and everything to be boucht hieh. for want of facilities ef transportation. And how has it been since? Land commands a steady value ; produce brings as much aa it doee in any part of Ohio ; while articles brought into the country are aa cheap. Really, then, theee unproductive canals even have added, and are adding, largely tethe wealth of Ohio. But look at the results aloag the Miami aad Ohio! Ia 1825, ttfor the iuternal improve mentsceininenced, wheat was twenty-five cents per bushel now it is tevsaty ! Flour ia a little higher in New York ; not enough so te make anything like thie difference. And aa for land why, it requires a small ierluue to buy a good farm now, when before theee works were com menced, the best soil could be bad for a email sum. Says the Cincinnati Chronicle : "If we allow an advance of fifteen cents per bushel on account of advanced prices at New York, It will be full aa much, as the facta will justify. It follows thea, that the public works of Ohio have advanced the price of wheat to the Farmers, full tteentf-Jtvo era per outkel ea sa eecref e. New let as see what thie to : Wheal transported on the Public Works, - 8,000,000 bushels. 25 cento per bushel, to $2,900,000 Intereet on the Debt for Canals, ... $900,000 Interest per cent, - - b per cent Increase paid by tha increas ed value of wheat - 13lg per cent Here then to a demonstration, that the Canals of Ohio, have increaeed the value of the eingle article of wheat, permanently, eo that, thia in crease to the farmer would pay all the Interest on the Public Debt, and seven and a half per cent over ! It would in ten years, pay both Interest and Principal on the Public Debt ! !' Here, then, we see the benefit of public works! We aee what a State can do when labor to free, and avery facility afforded it to secure a reward for ita industry. Wa see how greatness to woa, and a stable power gained and made permanent. Shall It be so with Kentucky? Voters, yoa may make our State, what Ohio to, if here and now, yen say: "Slavery, the white man's bit terest curse, a wrong to the black, an injustice to all, shall be no more." Tka I est ley. Alfred Tennyson to out with a new work the Princeee, a Medley. What we have read of it to beautiful, fervid, true. But the critic asks. "why should Mr. Tennyson have thrown all thia into a medley? He had something serious te eay why graft it on the OarUtqutl Some modesty, there may be, but there to also some eense of weakness, and neither in Mr. Tennyson were called for." Here "are some special beaa ties culled from among the star-like clusters, that sparkle through" the Medley : a maracr woaaa. "Not learned, save ia gracious household ways, riot perfect, nay, bat run or tender waata. No Angel, bat a dearer being, all dipt Ia Angul instincts, breathing Paradise, Interpreter between the Goda and men. Who look'd all native to her place, and yet On tiptoe aeem'd to touch upon a sphere Too gross to tread, and all male minde perforce sway d to bar from tneir orbits as they moved And girdled her with music-" 10 CHAMED ST LOVE. "From mine arms aha roee. ulowlng all ever noble sname; aae mil Her falser self sliptfrsra her like a robe, And left her woman, lovelier in her mood Than In her mould that other, when she came From barren deeps to conquer all with love. Aad down the streaming crystal dropt, and aha, t ar-fleeted by the purple Island sides. Naked, a double light ia air and wave, For worship without end; nor end ef mine. Stateliest, for thee?" A FINE SIMILE. "Down thro'iber limbs a drooping languor wept: Her head a little bent; aaa! ea Aer mania A doubtful omilt AwoUhkt cloudtd meea InothU tsafer." A WIS! FOB THE TIM a. "I would the old God of war himself were dead. Forgotten, rusting an his iron hdls. Rotting on eome wild shore with ribe of wreck, Or like an old-world mammoth bulk'd in ice, Not to be molten out" LOVE'S TEACMIHa. "I learnt more from her in a flash, Than if ray brainpan were an empty hall. And every Muse tumbled a science in." A few months since, en a beaatiful eamnter day, ma ay ladies and gsatlemea were aasn wending their way to a church, to listen to ike gradialing exercises ef n class ef yea ag smb. who were then aad there to bid farewell to their Alum Mater ; tha oldest aaiversity in ear laad Before the appointed hoar, the build.ag u filled, to Ua almost capacity, with eager and ia telligeBt aaditore. Wllh a a wearied alteaUoa, hour after hoar, the immense multitude listened' to the classical addressee which at tec ted, at osce, the unsurpassed advantagee enjoyed in that time-honored university, aad the fidelity aad diligence of the young men, who for the prece ding four years, bad enjoyed theee advantages. All leu mat it waa a proad day for Harvard that she waa pronouncing her benedict. oa ea a Boblo band, aad sending forth lute the world representatives, of whom she need sever be ashamed. Among those who engaged in the exercises ef the occaaioa, no ene waa listened to with deepr intereet than the young man, to whom the de sing address, the meet honorable part, had lesa assigned. Whea he stepped upon the stags every eye waa fastened upon him, aad as sca le nee after sentence, fell from his lips, rick in thought, and beautiful in form, tha hearts of the audience were drawn tewarda bun ia pride and eflecuoB, aa tba heart of ana maa. The dew of early morn rested in all ite freshness. apon bis mind, and yet that mind seemed ta have reached tha maturity of age. Who waa the young stadsnt, whe, thus con ferred honor en the aaiversity, which beaorsd herself in honoring him? Whence came he? From a home of wealth T From the circles ef favor and fashion T Had he enjoyed private ia- s traction and tha meana of rapid mental der sl op man t, which afllaence may afford ? No, be belonged to an hamble coaditioa. Uakaewata the world and tame, ara his parents, and the on ly educational privilegea enjoyed by him, vera such as ara offered to every child of his aative city , the privileges of csisnaea ecAsWs. It was ins ceatMsnscaeeiin Boston, that his edacatioa com menced in eetamen acaeei waa it continued, till he was prepared to enter a University, which certainly, in scholarship, yields to none la ear land. It waa the mental discipline acquired im a ceaaatea seises and the thoreagh kaewl eJge obtained there, which enabled him, while connected with that university, to engage in honorable competition with the meat favored sons ef opulence, and, "primes later pares. to bear off her proudest honors. To maay in ear State, where aafortuaatoly, ideas of Inferiority and social degradatioa are connected with public schools, such facts as we have presented will seem strange, almost in credible. They will be ready to exclaim that the common schools, which prodace such re sults, mnst be very aacommoa schools. Tbsy are uncommon, it to true, uncommon in their excellence, for scarcely a private school ia the Union can compare with them for thorough ness of instruction, and yet they are, ia the strictest sense, seamen scaaW. They are epea to all. They make edacatioa free as the air ef Heaven. Ia them the humblest laborer's child stands on an equality of privilege with the son of the millionaire. Wa must confess that oar admiration ef the common school system amounts almost te en thusiasm. As Americana, aa republicans, as christians, aa men, wo feel the deepest interest in it As Americans, for in common with all ear fellow-citizens, we regard our country with pride aad indulge in maay fond aepiralioas for her welfare and glory. W a yield to aooe ia the spirit ef national ambition, for we would gladly have oar eeaa try aland first among the co an tries of the werld; first, not ia military fame, but in Use dietiae tioa, as the home ef the best educated, most virtuous, happiest popalatioa of earth. Hera we would, if possible, have society present ita lovskesl features, aa a family, and a family, too, where no unhappy inequaliliea and painful alienations are kaewa, but where tha weakest. humbleat child may feel that he enjoya every privilege and is aa object of tendered solicitude. Let common schools be every whera established, let litem offer opportunities of mental improve ment to every child, and thia happy recall will, in great degrea, be obtained, aad every Ameri can heart, as the image of ite aative land rises before It, will throb with reverence aad filia love. As republicans, we desire tha nniversal es tablish meat ef common schools, for ia them and in them aloae caa claas-distiactioas, sad thsir miserable attendants of pride and aliena tion, be done away with. There children, aa ia freedom they meet from day to day, aacoa scloasly learn tha lesson, which should be tha first lesson of every American, the lesooa ef social equality aad "social responsibilities, of equal rights and equal duties. Upon the estab lishment or non-establishment ot common schools depends, in oar opinion, the solution of our great national problem. Universal educa tion alone can render universal suffrage safe er desirable. As christians, we love the common school system, for the light of ear religion shines, in full brilliancy, only on minds irradiated with in telligence. It to by the anion of the rays ef spiritual and intellectual light, that the flame ie produced, whose brilliancy dispels all darkness, and illumines the earth with the para radiaace of Heavea. As men, we desire the establishment of the common school system, for, regarding all men aa children of the same Father, aa ear brothers, we wonld discern in every brother's form n brother's mind, and that brother's mind wo would have developed in intelligence, as we would have his heart developed la love. The number of Paupers last year In Maae were 18,797. Theee belonging to the State, were 9,005, front Englaad, aad Irelaad, 683. The nnmber'of paupers who nave come Into the State within tha year to 201. The aaaoaat of ex pense in relieving them waa $347,41 1 19. The proportion ef pan pars made ao by Intemperance ia 8,703! The exports ef bread-staffs to Great Britain 4 and Ireland from the United Statoa, from Ihe 1st of September last to tha 22nd alt., were 11 V 167 bbls. f Flour. 54,636 bbls. of Cora Meal. 171,105 bushele of Wheat, aad 712.165 bushcla of Corn. Of thia quantity there were slipped from the port of New York 107,216 bjU. f Flour, 22,268 bbls. ef Corn Mee 133,457 bushele of Wheat, and 511,1130 tubals ef Cera. The exports to Franco de u,. Mm4 Uma were 2,126 bbls. of n.-Wr, 3,593 bushele ef Wheat, and 10,58$ brhela of Onto. Tha Telegraph Poets are np, and eyee in them from Charleston, S. C, to New Orlcana. Very soon tba wires will bo stretched aloag aad through them. The Dorr case, er rather a caee iavelviag the Dorr matter, haa been ander iaveetigatioa in the Supreme Court of tha U.S. Mr. Webster sppeared for Rhode Island. It la said that tha c bargee against Gen. Scott are, n want of proper respect to tha Secretary ef War, tha non-fulfillment ef hie duty in corres ponding with the department Senator Johnson and Mr. Brent have settled their personal diflScnltiea witheat a resort to tha duello.