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The examiner. [volume] (Louisville, Ky.) 1847-1849, February 12, 1848, Image 2

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THE EXAMINER.
J. C. TACGRAX. Eorroa.
F. COfBY, AauTin Emtm.
LOUISVILLE:
:FEB. 12, ISiS.
Ma far Awtfi
It to said, there U a good deal ef antl-alavery
feeling ia Texaa, aad that lien. Houston had to
respect it to retain his present position.
We doubt the letter assertioa ; the format we
auppoae to Im Irna. Non-slaveholders in Ar
kansas, aa wall aa Texaa, ara hoatila to tlia in
atitatioa, and, a majority would mora against it.
If they knew their strength ar had a Wader.
Aa old friend of ara, aad a aative of South
Carolina, write ta aa from this State :
'I are by a Mobile paper which brother
eent we that yoa are for amaacipation, aa I am,
and 1 hope yoa will aaceeed, aa I believe it
weald be for God's glory, aad roaa's welfare, to
nave il Col. I' . aad J. -M , or Uancas-
Ur, Utiak wo will ret abut af it and if wa ran
Arkanaaa will be a rreat State far it ia abun
dant ia fertile aoil aad grata laada, aad iron,
which will be of no accoaat while slavery holds
a."
Aad what State ia there, whera thousands
would not oay the eame thing t What one
whera nen-elaveholdcre would not go for free
dom t
Jell Bight.
A sober, intelligent farmer, of the interior,
wrltee as a letter of the right sort, and what ia
mora sends us soma subscriber. Ha says:
I believe there is no harm ia making honest
confession, and I will aay to you, that at firat I
read your paper, sent me by Key. , with
distrust, and from a kind of compulsory feeling.
I look for it now as my best friend; I know of
rT -II mml mUUJ I. SUM!, If
we could get it generally circulated, I am aa
eonndent aa wa lire that wo could carry am an
cipatioa."
" If wa could get it generally circulated !
And cannot this be done? If wa bad a sob
acriptioa list that would warrant it, we would
not only send the paper into every coanty in
the State, but wa would distribute emancipation
tracts ia every neighborhood, ia every coanty
Give us five thousand subscribers, frknds of free
dom, and this shall be done. Who will help?
hat number of good mea and true will lend the
cause thus a brave and cheering word T
Err ft.
A frieud, says:
"I wish yoa had a eociety in Kentucky for
distributing tracts short and pithy articles
addressee to slave-holders aad non-slave-hold-ers.
1 coald distribute a thousand ia this coun
ty, and I would agree to pick out from the Ex
aminer, articles which would be read, and which
would awakea a new spirit in those who did
read them can this sot be doue ? "
Aye. But we must have roeana. If our aa-ti-elavery
friends were leagued together if their
means were concentrated we would undertake
to circulate through this tats through East
Tennessee, West-North Carolina, and West
Virginia these silent, but powerful messengers
of truth. Nor would it take a large aum. But
wa must wait, and labor an, until wa can ac
complish tliia desirable, aad really great object
Ha J
The following communication is from a
prominent man, and a large Slaveholder.
"I thank you moat sincerely for your remarks
ia the review of Mr. Parker's letter. That I
have not seen. But yoa hare done ua, as a clasa,
no more tnaa justice ia what you have said,
and, as a class, we should acknowledge it.
Your paper is uui taken iu this neighborhood;
but we ail see anJ read it If 1 must confess
the truth, a part of us, have had the Examiner
every Sabbath, and we have scanned it closely ;
and with uo friendly eye. But oa reading that
article, with one exception, we came to the con
clusion, not only that you were ready to do
alsveholdera justice, but that you were determin
ed that no oue should do them injustice.
it were a vain pretence if I did not admit, that
your principles go to the rout of the evil for I
must admit slavery to bean evil, and that yea bare
Used spade and axe iu tiiggiug it up, with
much courtesy, with surh a christian spirit as to
disarm malevolence, and quiet opposition. At
first, I was ready to go to any extreme against
yea. I proposed violent measures. My illa
tion wax not seconded, and I rejoice at it not
that friend did uot concur a ith me, but that
they thought the measures I proposed inexpe
dient, and calculated to increase, rather than de
crease, anti-slavery feeling.
Sines then I hsve thought, aa I read vour
-i . i -i . . - f
paper, inai wing me oniy emancipation jour
nal 1 see over the wnole subject, and tnourh 1
am not prepared to take open ground, which 1
may do soon, yet, I confess, I see nothing left
to Kentucky, bat to resort to emancipation. I
coald get along, and do well. I have a place ia
society. But 1 know that the poor white man
have ao chauee that they are leaviag as that
sons ara coming m and that, as a community
or State we caa never nourish, while this state
of things exists. Shall I look to myself ? That
were selfish and mean. Aad if I did, what will
ay boy and girls do, for I cannot laava them a
large estate, if they are left to scramble for
themselves? I shudder at lbs thought. If 1
look ta them, if I look to myself, taking a prop
arriewof aelf interest, 1 caa only aay, let us
emancipate the sooner, the better.
The nearer a tnaa comas to conviction, the
more apt he ia to be mad, and irritable, and ,
felt this oa the subject of slavery without know
lag the cause. I think I anderatand it now.
have abased yoa denounced the Ezaminer, and
my abuse and denunciation was more bitter, as
1 was approaching the point, which enabled tne
ta see my own error and sin. I have passed it at
J atl. A nd at the proper time, though not no a,
yoa will find me ranged along-side with you,
and with yoa ready to do full justice to the alare
aad act righteously towards the while. I write
this for yoa not for the Examiner, and will
snake good what I aay, aa I believe your cause
ta be fouaded oa principle, and yoar arguments
iust- 1 be man that caa do justice to as, (slave
lolders) ia prepared to de justice to all.
Thanks, friend, for what yea aay! Were
joice that yea see the light. We rejoice still
more, that you are determined to make others
aee it. There will be no difficulty in this mood
of mind and temper of the soul, te know the
truth, aad kaowiug to defend or diffuse it. But
since the subject is broached, we ask this gener
ous slaveholder, aak all jeet aad generous alava
h eiders, ta look at soma of thoae , I ado
pendent of the wrong itaelf, which forces Mr.
Parker which forces honest men everywhere
te look with horror apoa the Institution to
regard it aa a black and damning curse.
1. This day fortnight we elood oa oar wharf.
It was a bright and beautiful day. The air was
balmy, and all nature seemed in sweetest bar
tnony. Hundreds were out enjoying the scene,
and the man of business, all engaged aa be was,
seemed disposed ta forget its call, and partake of
Its pleas area. Yet at this moment it was near
mid-day a gang of negroes, manacled, and
linked together by an. iron chain, a white man
la front, and another ia the rear, was driven
along, attracting all eyas ! A cold ehadder ran
through the crowd. It was a sight which start
led and shocked all. Now aappose an Intelli
gent stranger visiting as bad witnessed this
eight suppose him to have kaown nothing of
slavery except what its friends aver what
would be have thought what have said whea
be reached his free borne f Bitter words would
leap to hie tongue. Hot feelings of indignation
would burn ia his heart. He could not forget
this sight, nor could be ever after help speaking
f slavery as the darkest of hnmaa wrongs. Yet
this display may be witnessed in all our com
mercial marts aad at our very capital !
1. Farther. Pappose a man every way well
disposed towards as, and ready to do as full jus
tice, ta all respects should, for the first time, at
tend a aale of negroes. Nona of as like ta do
It. MI never could," aaid aa intelligent slave
holder to as the other dsy, "stand by aad wit
ness their sale, as if they were oxea." And
each, we believe, is the general feeling. Well,
the stranger goes to the auction. He sees a
woman oa the block- Many persons surrouad
Iter, wishing te bay, and be hears questions as
to hercge, her habits, hersouudueee. Not con
tent with this, be sees one redely feeling her
muscles, to be certain that she is strong and
healthful ! As a man, as a ciliten, unaccustom
ed te each scenes, never remixing that such
things could be, must he not be shocked T Will
not the blood rush from his heart, and tingle in
his veins, as if It were all on fire T Yet there Is
ao slavs State, uo partof any'slave Slate, which
is not forced to witness, scenes as sad aa this !
3. Nay, as to that, a darker picture remains
to be unfolded. In that auclioa room are many
slaves. The old and the young are there. Fath
ers auJ mother, husbands and wives, brothers
a ixl sisters, set side by side, fearing everything,
yet knowing not what they fear. Aro these
family ties heeded T As the father Ascends the
block, does his wife aecompany him, do their
chiltlrea gather round them end do we heur the
slave-seller say, "this Is oue family, they can
not be separated ? Alas, it is not so ! Th
father stauds alone. The wail of his wife may
be heard the agonizing sobs of the children
may ring in our ears, it is of no avail ; the sale
goes oa, the holiest ties are rudely enapt mid
der, and they whom God had ordained should
love each other, and live together, forcibly and
forever separated ! Tell ua, friend, tell us hu
mane slave-holder, if any stranger could wit
ness a sight like this, or read, or hear of it, and
aot denounce the institution as accursed T Can
we expect, do we aak, that mea afar off should
deal gently with it, write or speak kitdly of it,
when it concentrates within itself terror which
shocked the heathen, and which, if narrated to
us of any other people, would make our very
blood boil with indignation T
4. And now imagine that tha stranger ai
these things should turn to c ur statute books,
and look closely at our slave laws ! Here, the
freeman may be sold into slavery forever, if he
be enable to pay a trifling fine. There, it is a
criminal offence to teach the slave to read the
word of God that word which we are com
manded to study and know that word which
the Savior died to teach. In one State, mania
grse are not allowed ; the law making the off
spring of any anion among slaves illegitimate
Ia none are tkey legalized. Everywhere is pub
lic opinion in advance of our slave code. Eve
ry where are slave owners really more humane
aad christian than the law. That, in spirit, is
vindictive, cruel, irreligious ; no barbarian code
is so bad. YetitisfJu, and that alone by which
the great majority of the people of the world
judge ua, by which they judge the institution
of slavery. Is it strange, that they should
judge harshly ? They were more or less than
men if they did otherwise.
This being so, what should those slave-hold-
ers do, who are resolved to defend the liiatitu
tiou to the last ? What these other slave-holders,
who, like oar friend are ready for emanci
pation ? Demand instantly a change of these
barbarous laws demand that alaves, Ignorant
and despised though they be, shall have and be
taught te read the word of God, and know of
Him who died for all ; demand that their mar
riages shall be held sacred, that no home or
family tiee shall again be rudely broken. Thla
is what slave-holders should do Instantly, in
justice to themselves, iu justice to the blacks,
ia justice te their country, and their God.
Art lata at
The artists had quite a celebntliou at Rome on
the 2'th Dec. The British Hall, as usual, was
the place in which the festival was held. The
venerable 'rear, witty and full of laughter, mak
ing mirth, presided. Their banqueting was
merry as merry could lie. Wit, song, humorous
speech, spicy humor, racy anecdote, theee
marked the artist's festival. The following song
waschaunted, when Pius' health was propoted
Otd Tyher rose from bis oozy bed,
Aad his ears grew erect with wonder;
ror, let Borne be free!" was the word that
waa aaid.
And her chains fell, snapt asnnder!
Aad the gun boomed loud from old Adrian's
mole
With a roar of joy, that us .er
The ribs of death might create n eoul,
To exult in freedom's thunder!
Iu Hie Vatican, when each Kouian man
Saw enthroned his liberator,
Tas if Peter's word had to life restored
Home's -Dying Gladiator!"
Or if he a horn the asp in a marble grasp
Kept coiled and for ages strangled.
Got loose from the hold of each serpent fold.
And exulted, disentangled!
What gloriona and divine forethought
In that bext of pictsre's fitness.
Where the prophet band of Raphael wrought
The blessed scene we witnest!
Look down 'tis the rage of a Roman youth,
rty aicmon powers Deieaguerii:
Look ap 'ti the reign of Right and Truth;
Tie Home but Rome Transfigured!
Ijaalsvllle aaa C'iaclaaatl Fireasesw
Our Firemen presented en Thursday week a
splendid trampet to the Independent Fire Com
pany of Cincinnati.
The ceremonies took place, we learn, at the
Meiodeoa.
Mr. D. S. Hardin presented the trampet en
the part of Louisville, and Mr. C. H. Sergeant
received it on behalf of the Independents.
Judge Walker then addressed the audience ia
aa appropriate and eloquent manner.
The ceremony waa, we are told, imposing
and interesting, and every thing passed o.f
pleasantly. Our firemen were warmly greeted!
How could it be otherwise? A more generous
set off fellows, no city can boast.
A sumptuous repast closed the evening
Amid song and wit and good fellowship, the
Independents regaled their Louisville brethren!
Let it ever be thus. There should be between
the citizens of the two cities naught but friend
ly sympathy, and generous companionship,
fflarla I
The wife of Bonaparte is dead, and Parma,
Placoatia, and Guaatalla are transferred to the
Duke of Lucca. He sold his dukedom, not long
since, ta the Duke of Tuscany, for a pension.
For money, he will part, we dare say, wi th his
new acquisitions.
Maria Louisa married a eocond time, and
"displayed neither the devotedaeea of a wife,
nor the affection of a mother.
All AeleesB?
A whole medical staff at Taunton Hospital,
England, was put into the insensible slate by
the nurse letting a bottlecontainlng Chloroform
fall, while a patient was undergoing amputation.
What a scene for a painter!
Important Decision. It has been decided
by the War Departmeat, that the Florida vol
unteers, called out te defend Florida against
the attack of the Indiana, ara entitled to the
bounty under the act of 13th May, 1841
Death or the U. S. Consul, at BeLrirr.
The English papers announce the sudden aad
uaexpecled death of Thomas W. Gilpia, Esq.,
the Uaited Statea Ceasul at Belfast.
The conquest of Fan Bias, Acapulco, and Te-
buantepec in upper California is resolved upon.
Gayamaa aad Mazatlaa have surrendered.
Mexica very soon will not have a port on either
ocean.
U. S. Ship Brandywine, all well, was at Rio
de Jaaiero, Dec. 7th the Ohio, ship of the
line, waa te aall thence, ia a few days, for Cali
fornia. Rankin killed Miller, his nephew, at Wil-
lismsbnrgh, ia this State, by cutting bin throat
Both ware drank.
Black Law la Ohio. ,--'-
The Legislature of Ohio bat refused to i.nual
or mend her black lawe.
Not one of the members of that body, would
hesitate about denouncing Slavery generally.
Very few of them who de not eondemn the South
for holding on to the Institution. Yet they deny
justice to the negro, and refuse to take Ilia tes
timony, In any of their courts.
There are hundreds of planters In thin State
who refuse to emancipate their alaves and who
oppose emancipation because of free State Leg
islation of this character. They ask "what
..-a. . - ,. .
can the wave Do, II be tx set tree t v nore can
he go?" Anf fearing tliat lie may be woroe off,
they conclude to do the best they can with him,
aud for him !
Most of the fre Stiles deal shamefully in
this matter. The majority of the Ohio legis
lature, certainly, merit a severe rebuke for their
inhumanity In sustaining lawa which a Ken
tucky Statesman calls "atrocious," aud most
men admit to be disgraceful.
siwaes s"o)ctry
Christian Andersen is an enthusiastic lover
of nature, and bis translator Mary Howilt
knows how to sympathize with him. What
could be more touching than his verses on the
dyiog ckdd? Many a parent will weep, aa the
recollection of his parting from the loved and
loot ccmos freshly up to the mind with softened
sadness ef feeling, while he reads them:
Mother, I'm tired, and I would fain be sleeping;
Let me repot upon lay bosom seek:
But promise me that thou wilt leave off weep
ing.
Because thy tears fall hot upon my cheek.
Here it ia cold: the tempest raveth madly;
But iu my creams all ia so wond'rous bright;
I see the angei children smiling gladly.
When from my a ear)- eyes I ehut out tight
Mother, oue stands beside me now! and l:tn!
Dost thou not heKr the music's sweet accord?
Aee now bie while vingw beautifully glisten
Surely thoae wings were given him by our
Green, gold and red are floating all around Die:
1 hey are the Bowers the angel scattereth.
Shsll 1 have also wings whilst life has bound me?
Or, twiner, are they given alone iu death T
Why dott thoa clasp me as if I were going?
Why dost thou press thy cheek thus unto
mine:
Thychetk is hot, and yet thy tears are flowing
I win, dear mother, will be alaays thine!
Do not sigh it marretb my reposing;
And, if thou weep, then I must weep with
thee!
Oh, I am tired my weary eyee are closing!
Look, mother look! the angel kiaoeth me!
a st, it yaw fas.
Here's a sum worth working up, men of Lou
isville, if you will but do it and follow it up by
right action when it is done.
Salem, Massachusetts, waa absorbed com me r
dally by Boston and the town lost its impor-
lanes. But it would uot slay down. So It
turned to manufacturing bg ilfa,u Newbury
port has done, aa Hartford, Connecticut, is do
ing. It has the largest cotton mill in the coun
trya mill containing 27,000 spindles, employ
ing 575 hands, and having a capital of $600,000
and, consequently. Sale si is looking up not
only holding its own but turning its capital to
good account, and agaia increasing iu wealth
Now suppose we had aimilar establishments
Would they not give a spur to our industry a
new start to our city ? We know there ar dif
ficulties tu tha way. Mechaaics, especially
married ones, do not like to come here, because
they can uot live as rhe.ply, nor obtain water
and other mailers, as they can in Cincinnati
New Albany even, etc. But we can remedy
this. e may have omit works, that will ren
der the street pumps unnecessary, aud thus en
able the women to obtain water as they may
want it, aad so lessou expense, aiid remove one
serious difficulty. We cm beeides, employ frrt
Hibor, and say by our action that we want ao
other and, ia Ibis way, reach the source of all
our dime bl ties T
Who, that is for the prosperity of Louisvil'.e,
says nay ? Where the capitalist, where th
mechanic, who will not heartily dechire, let this
be dene? Come, then, frienda of the city, o
eoininrrci.il prospriity, of jual.cn, exert your
selves, aud labor for this result.
Tha Weae-lla Kilns I.
Talking with a friend, a few days sgo.
business matters, be remarked that he had pur
chased a let of iroa from an East Tenneatenn
which wss made some thirty miles from the
Virginia line. The folio ring conversation oc
curved between Buyer aad Seller:
B. Why, this iron has traveled a long way.
S. Yes, upwarJs of sixteen hundred miles.
Wa have to follow the Tennessee and its
branch.
B. I suppose you employ slave labor In the
manufacture of this iron.
a. No. Not a single slave. Slaves don't
pay la East Tennessee. We employ only white
labor In our establishment.
It is some three hundred miles by land from
LouiMviile to East Tennessee as fine a miaer
al region as the sun ever ehoae upon and If
we had rail-roads connecting the internal por
tions of the South, it would be one of the great
est manufacturing sections in the West And
they will be made. But the outlet will be from
Knox villa through Virginia to the seaboard
not to the Ohio unless wt move with more de
cision and rapidity.
Toaae ee-lateraal lsnprevearau.
The Tennessee Legislature h is chartered the
East Tennessee and Virgiaia rail-road. This is
to run from Knoxvillo to tbe Virginia liue.
An "earnest," too, has been given by the
State! The following eumshave been appro
priated for rail-roads by the Legislature:
Knoxvillo and Virginia railway, $01 8,00)
Naihville aad Chattanooga, " 40ft,inn
Ohie and Mobile, " 14,01)0
Let our Legislators look at this! Let our
CeDltiJista thlnlr !" Wa
must give of our moans if we would meet
ether States, and be equal with them, la a well
devise! judicious outlay fur Internal improve
ments. Palish Prfieaaere
The King of Prussia has commuted the sen
tence ef death into imprisonment for life. Eat
since thut, they have been claimed by Ruaia.
They have appealed ta the Court, and are a(nla
in prison awaiting the resuU of their appeal.
Goveennent FiaAMCES During the last
three months, the receipts iuto the V. States
Treasury, amounted to $3,307,790 30, and the
expenditures to $9,305,911 9s, of which $V
860,367 waa oa account of tha army and navy.
The Arkansas papers announce Die death
of Jts. McKiesack, Uaited States agent for the
Cberokeee. He died at Fort Gibson, on the
12ih alt.
The Pa. Legislature haa appropriated two'rail-
lions for the payment of tha February and Aa
gust interest.
Amount of flour received at Detroit from
Sept 21st, 1646, to Jan. 16,1849, was, 503,-
162 bbls. .
Largs numbers of emigrants l re arriving at
New York infected with ahlp fever. In crowd
ed parte of the city it ie very bad.
Thomas M. Key, Esq., a native af Mason
county, Ky., has been elected Judge of tne Com
mercial Court of Cincinnati.
The American Tract Society hna collected
$2,300 nt Hartford $1 ,200 at New Haven , Coe-
aecticut ,
Oa,Osi I
A mau never knows his power, until lie triee
what he caa do!
One aays, "I have no iufluence," and down
he aits, stagnant iu feeling, n laggard in ac
tion. Another declares, "I would, If I could but
have no iulluence," and time wears on only
to witness htm, false to bie duty, and a slave to
his fears a cork on the waters, borne hither
and yon, aa the wiuts blow or the waves roll.
The true man, poor or not, learned or not, de
termines to do his best. He works. He battles
away amid all sorts of difficulties, and lives, and
rises as he lives, In goodness anJ greatness, ma
king his mark upon his day aud generation.
Who would not be the true man?
Now Vera HeBtacky
The value of the property of this State for
1847 is thus set dowi In the returns.
Real EsUte $509,496,855
Personal property 121.162.201
Total . . - - $30,659,056
The State and County taxes amount to
$3,740,389, and yield enough to meet all the
wants of the people of New York.
The public debt of New York is immense
upwards of twenty-two millions Yst she pays
over m millitn of dollars for universal education,
hae railroads and canals traversing her State,
and Is the great Slate of the Union being ia
population and power equal to one eighth of
tba whole nation.
Now turn to Kentucky, and making allow
aiice for tha difference of population, ask what
we might do, for education, for internal ini
preveinents, for the developemsnt of man, and
our State, The question may be solved in an
arithmetical way. Thus: If six hundred and
thirty millions, the value of the property of
New York, can produce ouch an amount of
general good what ought two hundred aad forty
two millions the estimate ef the value of the
property of Kentucky te do? Yet for educa
tion, we have done nothing! For internal Im
provements, next to nothing! And our simple
boast is, that ws are out of debt!
What makes the matter worse, too, as rsgards
education is, that we have, considering the dif
ference in population, a larger educational cap
ital than New York. Now why ia this? An
swer, mechanic! Tell us, slave-holder! Is there
aay other cause but slavery? Is it not labor
glorious, and manly free labor which makes the
difference?
Freatoal Trial.
This long matter ia at aa end ! And moat
readers, will respond, heartily, glad of it !j
Col. Fremont's defence is caustic, and strong.
It deals with Gen. Kearney's testimony with in
tense severity, aud on the main point, mutiny
attempts to show tbit the charge is improbable
on ite face, and self-evidently unworthy of cred
it discredited by Gen. K's. conduct invalida
ted by the croMe-exami nation, aad disproved by
facts and witnesses.
Ae to the charge that he had asked General
Kearney for the Governorship of California,
Col. F. pleads, the entire tenor of his own life
and producee a private letter of his, stating that
both Gen. K. and Commodore Stockton had of
fered him that office. v
In eoucluaioa, he avers that Brig. Gen. K., in
relation to the Governorship has borne false
witness that he endeavored to seduce hiiu
throurh this office ; failing to do so, he has
raised this false accusation against him, and
sworn to it And so averring. Col. Fremout
eloses in these words :
Mr. President : The length of this defence
preclude the necmaity of recapitulation.
omit it, and go to the rourlusion with a few
brief reflections, as pertinent, 1 trust, as they
are true.
I consider these difficulties in California to be
a comedy (very near being a tragedy,) of three
errors : fret, in the faulty orders sent out from
this place ; next, in the unjustifiable pretensions
of Gen. Kearney ; tkirillg, iu thecouductof the
tfoveriituent in sustaining these pretentions.
And tne last of these errors I consider the great
est of the three.
Certainly the difficulties iu California ough
to bo inquired into. But how ? Not by prose.
cutiug the subordinate, but the principals ; not
by prosecuting him who prevented, bul him who
would have made civil war. If it waa a crime
In me to accept the governorship from Commo
dore Stockton, it was a crime iu him to havs
bestowed it ; and, crime or not, the Govern
meut which knew of his iatealion to appoint
me, and did not forbid it, has lost Ihe right of
prosecuting either of us.
My acts in California were all with high mo
tives, and a desire for the public service. My
scientific labors did something to open Califor
nia to the knowledge of my countrymen : its
geography had been a sealed book. My military
operations were conquests without bloodshed ;
my civil administration was for the public good.
I offer California, durisg my adminiKtrutlon, for
comparison with the nasi tranquil portions of
the United Sutes. I sffer it in contrast to the
condition of New Mexico during the same time.
I prevented a civil war against Gov. Stockton
by refusing to join Gen. Kearney against him ;
1 arrested civil war agiinst myself by consent
ing to be deposed offering at the same time,
to resign my place of lieutenant colonel In the
army.
1 have been brought as a prisoner and crim
inal from thai country; I could return to it, af
ter this trial is over, without rsnk or guards,
and without meleelatisn from the people, ex
cept to be Importuned for the money which the
Government owes them.
I am now ready to receive the sentence of the
Court.
The judgment of the Court haa not come to
hand.
Pic at Baal Kxalasleaa.
The Committee of Cincianati appointed to
examine the causes of the explosion of the steam
er A. N. Johnson report, in effect, that the disas
ter was caused by the ignorance or incapacity of
the Engineer.
What's the remedy ?
This to directly the cause of most of the acci
dents of this kind which occur. Recklesenea
racing sometimes '- a team hnat disas
ters; bet not often. But for one or both, what
remedy haa the public 1 None at all none
whatever, to guard life against the dangers of
incapacity.
And can we have none 7
Certainly we can. Let all river craft be
brought within the jurisdiction of tho United
States Courts, and, with a little amendment of
the law, we venture to affirm no wholesale mur
ders will be committed on our water-courses.
We hope some Western member of Congress
will examine this subject, and see to it, that a
law be proposed, which shall look a little to the
eafety of the traveling public.
Tbera we ara
Here's a table for 1847 worth conning! Tax
payers, and moral citizens should study it, and
learn what degradea ao many, and makes taxes
ee honvy
1847
Liqaor Stores in New York - - - 2,919
Persons arraigned befsre Police Court 1 4,381
Think of it! One person in every twenty.
six or the entire population or INew York ar
rested aa an offender against the laws. Ram,
first; taxation next; Rum, the cause, crime, dis
ease, immorality of every kind, the effect
The 3a aaa at a KcsMNrky Keglasrala.
Wa regret to see Ly the following, which we
extract from tha cerwspondence of Ihe fica
vaae, dated Mexieo, Jan. 12th, that the health
of the Kentucky Regknent ia so bad:
"I regret to aay there is a great deal of sick
ness among the four lolsntcer regiments from
Kentucky, Tennessee and Indiana, which Gen.
Uutler commanded to this city. The measles.
the mumps and Uie drarihaea are the prevailing
diseases, and on an average one-half the men in
ihe four regiments are until for duty;.
New Territory.
ri.n.ir Al.-heaon presented a
memorial of
ttliswi
the General ArsemWy of Missouri, ainK ior
the organization of a Territory wet of Mia
. . . . i i
aouri.
. The memorial states that this territory lying
.r il.. Slate of Missouri, eiienumr iroin
the territory occupied by the Cberokeee to the
northern liue ot tne oiaie, nuu
Plains, ia now occupied by some miriy wou-
sand Indians. If organized into a lerniory,
and opened to aettlement by the wnite man, it
would Iu five years rank in wealth and popula
tion among the first States in the Union. In
one county iu the Platte purchase, organized ia
Kttfl, with not nioro man twenty una
in its limits, there is now a populaUon of fif
teen thousand. How much more is that county
worth tu the Union than the entire territories
occupied by the Indians.
Also, joint resolutions OI mo same, res1"""
ing their Representatives to vote in accordance
with tha Bth section of the act of Conrreea "to
authorize the people of Missouri to form a Con
stitution aud State Government, and for the ad
mlssioa of such State iuto the Union on aa
equal footing with the original States, and to
prohibit slavery la certain lerniories.
Tko "larch.
Shall It be onward, or backward T This is the
qnestion which we of Kentucky, which all the
frontier slave States, have to ask, whether they
ill or no.
We published an article last week, "on the ef
fects of slavery upon industry," full ef Instruc
tion, and so forcibly, clearly written, that no
answer can be made to it Did you read it 7 If
not get the paper, and do so It will repay you
the trouble. The article answers, for us, the
question put.
Slaves are non-producers. They may add to
individual wealth; but they bring no help to
town, or city, or country ; they diminish the
wealth of the State. What poor white will
eome and settle down where they exist T What
poor white mechanic will stay among them if
he can get away T Yet their nerves, necessi
ties, invention, energy, make cities and coun
tries grow and prosper, and intelligent, and noth
ing else ean.
Some slave-holders eneer at this, and say, "it
is all moonshine." Think. Put yourself if
you can in the poor man's condition. He i
you at leisure always; neither touching plough
nor handling spade ; ordering alavea to do what
you wish, and as you wish. He cannot labor
freely, vigorously. He feels that a stain reefs
upon toil, and be, a freeman, shrinks from it
Suppose be has heroism enough to master these
feelinp. He haa boys ; their hearts beat aa no
bly as any man's eons'; they aspire aa nobly ;
they are as well knit together, and as capable.
lie lotee them. Can he, under the burning eun,
or amid the basts of winter, drive them to la
bor to do that which ia held to be a slave's
work? Hectnuot Could you gsarreas siaee
koliUr' The poor white man, therefore, will
not come here ; he will not stay here.
Are any in id enough to aay, "let him go
We answer. If this be carried out, that there ia
no hope for the State it must lose power, pop
uUlion, weal-Ji, day by day, uatil ita vitality
shall all vanish. Can we hope for Industry
when the spring which gives it life ie gone? Caa
we expect enterprise and ita fruits, when the
motive which imparts to it all its means of suc
cess is wanting ? It is not aloae that slaves are
non-producers ; this of course adds to, deepens
extends our difficulties ; but it is that elavery
degrade labor, relaxes the muscles of the white
man, disheartens, destroys him. These causes
combined will ruin any State. How different
matter are iu the free States. Every man Iu
Indian i, for inslanse, ia a consumer ; he makes
to tell ; he sells to buy. Each is a help, a slim
ulux to tba other; all sorts of manufactures
flourish, consequently ; all trades, all labor,
day-handicraft, the arts, whet is produced by
muscle or mind. Every village, town, or cily
tu Indiana baa Iu own market its home place
of sale for whatever is made or grown. No
young man who cannot find employment. No
young man whe cannot thrive. The State there
fore, flourishes ; each succeeding year telle of a
greater increase than the laat : and what is bet
ler each year brings greatsr improvements,
greater comforts, greater intelligence, greater
wealth.
Why, taking the lowest and coldest view of
the matter, (which we have presented before,
the dollar and cent one, every man must knew,
at a glance, that the cott of feeding our slaves,
alone, must weaken us continually. The valne
of slave capital is thus set down by our inlelli
gent Auditor, Mr. Page :
Number of Slaves in Ky. 189,569
Aggregate value, ... $59,115,984
Average value of each elave, - $306
Suppose now the cost of supporting a fami
ly of six nlaves to be $300 per annnm; the
interest on each is $18 36 for the family $110
16. At thil rate, the slaves of Kentucky cost
more than thirteen millions ! Five per cent on
tne wnole capital or me Mate : XSow aappose
we had, Instead of these slaves, one h o ndred and
eighty-nine thousand, five hundred aad sixty
nine freemen. They would support themselves.
More than this they would stimulate each olh
er, aud thrive, and in turn make the Slate thrive
and gro?. The eight thousand slavee of Jaffer
son county, for instance, do not trade so as to
benefit hatter, grocer, carpenter, or merchant
they want no wares; they need no furniture
they encourage no one business. This, in the
nature oi tnings, they cannot do. But 11 we
had in their stead eight thousand freemen, each
man among them would live comfortably.
Each man would have thinge to sell, and things
to bay. Each man's wife would have things to
sell and buy. Not a shop-keeper, or merchant.
or vender, or maker of goods, or manufacturer of
wares, or mechanic, of any description, that
would not feel the benefit; nay, thia addition, if
slavery were absent, would add to the popula
tion by increase of trade, by stimulus to enter
prize, by the success, IndeDendaae. IntMlliaenm
oi iree Industry, at least ten thousand people !
W e aee Una result before usf we see it in the
decay of towns in the slave, and the increase of
towns in the free States; we see it ia the great
difference between the States themselves. And
we know the cause. Go to New Albany, and
ask the married mechanic why ha does not work
in Louisville. Go there and ask the master
manufacturer why he avoids as. Go te oar
own hard toiling eons, and enquire why they
leave their native hearth-stene, and seek la a
free Statu new homes. From one and from all
yoa hear the eama response: " we can't labor
where lalior Is degraded: we are freemen aad have
not the heart to do it will not do it; we have
families, and we cannot disgrace them; nothing
can drive ae to de that; therefore, we go away;
therefore, we emigrate." Is all this pronounced
"moonshine," also? If so, let us consider facts;
those stubborn things which fancy may not
twist, nor ingenuity eubvert to determine fair
ly the truth on thia important point. Let us,
for this end, contrast Virginia and New York.
"Virginia, says Mr. Parker, "contains more
than 64,0)0 square miles, or 13,370 more than
England. The climate ia delightful. The State
is intersected by the finest bay in the world;
watered by long and abundant rivers, this, invi
ting navigation, aud allowing numerous aud
easy communications with the interior; that,
wailing te turn the wheele of the manufactu
rer to weave and spin. The aoil to rich la miner
als. Iron, lead, limestone aro abundant Nitre
ia fou nd in her caverns. Salt abouada oa the
Great Kaaawlia. Fields of coal, anthracite
aud bituminous, are numerous, rich, and easy
of access. - The soil to fertile, the sky genial,
the air salubrious. She to the oldest State in
llio Union: long the most Important in wealth,
population, and political power. Abundantly
blessed with bays, harbors, rivers, mi nee so
State had ouch natural tdvantagea aa Virginia
In 1790." HadT Those advantagee ara here
bow. Yet where ia she? What use haa she
made of them? What ase is she making ef
them? Let aa apply oar author'e figaee, and
In part his reasoning. In answer to theae ques
tions, and la application to our Immediate sub
ject: 1790 . 110
Virginia had 743,343 souls, 1 ,839,797 souls.
NswYork. 340,120 " 2,42821
Mark tha difference! Virginia haa not
oubled her population, while New York haa
increased more than oar-fold. With her start,
Willi nil the advantages of her position, climate,
il, resources, the population ef Virginia ia
now diminishing, and many ef her counties
are only restored by Ntrtiur frt labor ! Bat
look at another table:
Virginia. New York-
Houses &. Lands In
179 valued
$71,225,000
211,930,53;
$100,380,707
430,751,273
In 1&9.
Annual earnlnga
In lb4U
76,769,032 193,806,433
Scholars at schools.
colleges, iu:., 1640
57,303
n 1&44 at common schools, 709,156
See how the free Slate careers ahead, not In
ene, but In a!l respects. Observe, too! " ir
giaia had 59,787 adult free whitea unable to read
and write 1,41 more than tha entire number
of her children at school or college New York
44,453 Illiterate adulta." New York had 709,-
156 children in 1844 between four and sixteen
at her common schools. Virginia luu.uiw
white children who attended in 1840 no school
Virginia to behind in every thing; the annual
earnings of New York are three times greater
than here. "Tha effect," truly doee tha wise
man say, "follows the cause. A man loose half
his manhood by slavery, says Homer, and it to
as true of a State as a man."
The march of the free Statee ia bravely for
ward. The causea of thia, all admit The
march of the slave Slates ie backward. Why,
we all know. Shall ate, thea, go down and
down, sinking lower and lower, or heaving off
the incubus which preeaee Kentucky to the
earth, be rxxa, and over-top the proudest of
them all?
OblaUer rablte Works.
We have received the eleventh annual Report
of tha Public Worka of Ohio. Would that
every voter In Kentucky could read it ! It em
bodies a mass of useful information, aad shews
too clearly to be misunderstood what free labor
can accomplish.
The two great worka of Ohio are, the Ohio
and Miami Canals, tapping the lakes at Cleve
land and Toledo, and nailing with tha river at
Portsmouth and Cincinnati. And see what
they have accomplished :
Original cost ef the Canals, $5,732,755
Revenues, excluding expenses, in
1847, 409,802
A right "stiff" income! And a sure one,
too ! "Yes, but her debt is a heavy one," eays
one. So it is. Nor ia this all. Ohio haa made
apparently, not really, mistakes that to, she
haa unproductive worke, as we learn from the
following table :
Cost cf Miami extension. Walhond-
ing and Muakingum, - - $-k"9,717
Revenue, excluding expeusee for
lt4T. 137,293
What was land worth along theee Improve
ments fteere they were begun ? A eong
What waa the price of wheat ? From twenty-
five to tliirty-eeven and a half cents per bushel
Produce was low merchandize and everything
to be boucht hieh. for want of facilities ef
transportation. And how has it been since?
Land commands a steady value ; produce brings
as much aa it doee in any part of Ohio ; while
articles brought into the country are aa cheap.
Really, then, theee unproductive canals even
have added, and are adding, largely tethe wealth
of Ohio.
But look at the results aloag the Miami aad
Ohio! Ia 1825, ttfor the iuternal improve
mentsceininenced, wheat was twenty-five cents
per bushel now it is tevsaty ! Flour ia a little
higher in New York ; not enough so te make
anything like thie difference. And aa for land
why, it requires a small ierluue to buy a good
farm now, when before theee works were com
menced, the best soil could be bad for a email
sum.
Says the Cincinnati Chronicle :
"If we allow an advance of fifteen cents per
bushel on account of advanced prices at New
York, It will be full aa much, as the facta will
justify. It follows thea, that the public works
of Ohio have advanced the price of wheat to
the Farmers, full tteentf-Jtvo era per outkel ea
sa eecref e. New let as see what thie to :
Wheal transported on the
Public Works, - 8,000,000 bushels.
25 cento per bushel, to $2,900,000
Intereet on the Debt for
Canals, ... $900,000
Interest per cent, - - b per cent
Increase paid by tha increas
ed value of wheat - 13lg per cent
Here then to a demonstration, that the Canals
of Ohio, have increaeed the value of the eingle
article of wheat, permanently, eo that, thia in
crease to the farmer would pay all the Interest
on the Public Debt, and seven and a half per
cent over ! It would in ten years, pay both
Interest and Principal on the Public Debt ! !'
Here, then, we see the benefit of public works!
We aee what a State can do when labor to free,
and avery facility afforded it to secure a reward
for ita industry. Wa see how greatness to woa,
and a stable power gained and made permanent.
Shall It be so with Kentucky? Voters, yoa
may make our State, what Ohio to, if here and
now, yen say: "Slavery, the white man's bit
terest curse, a wrong to the black, an injustice
to all, shall be no more."
Tka I est ley.
Alfred Tennyson to out with a new work
the Princeee, a Medley. What we have read of
it to beautiful, fervid, true. But the critic asks.
"why should Mr. Tennyson have thrown all
thia into a medley? He had something serious
te eay why graft it on the OarUtqutl Some
modesty, there may be, but there to also some
eense of weakness, and neither in Mr. Tennyson
were called for." Here "are some special beaa
ties culled from among the star-like clusters,
that sparkle through" the Medley :
a maracr woaaa.
"Not learned, save ia gracious household ways,
riot perfect, nay, bat run or tender waata.
No Angel, bat a dearer being, all dipt
Ia Angul instincts, breathing Paradise,
Interpreter between the Goda and men.
Who look'd all native to her place, and yet
On tiptoe aeem'd to touch upon a sphere
Too gross to tread, and all male minde perforce
sway d to bar from tneir orbits as they moved
And girdled her with music-"
10 CHAMED ST LOVE.
"From mine arms aha roee.
ulowlng all ever noble sname; aae mil
Her falser self sliptfrsra her like a robe,
And left her woman, lovelier in her mood
Than In her mould that other, when she came
From barren deeps to conquer all with love.
Aad down the streaming crystal dropt, and aha,
t ar-fleeted by the purple Island sides.
Naked, a double light ia air and wave,
For worship without end; nor end ef mine.
Stateliest, for thee?"
A FINE SIMILE.
"Down thro'iber limbs a drooping languor wept:
Her head a little bent; aaa! ea Aer mania
A doubtful omilt AwoUhkt cloudtd meea
InothU tsafer."
A WIS! FOB THE TIM a.
"I would the old God of war himself were dead.
Forgotten, rusting an his iron hdls.
Rotting on eome wild shore with ribe of wreck,
Or like an old-world mammoth bulk'd in ice,
Not to be molten out"
LOVE'S TEACMIHa.
"I learnt more from her in a flash,
Than if ray brainpan were an empty hall.
And every Muse tumbled a science in."
A few months since, en a beaatiful eamnter
day, ma ay ladies and gsatlemea were aasn
wending their way to a church, to listen to ike
gradialing exercises ef n class ef yea ag smb.
who were then aad there to bid farewell to their
Alum Mater ; tha oldest aaiversity in ear laad
Before the appointed hoar, the build.ag u
filled, to Ua almost capacity, with eager and ia
telligeBt aaditore. Wllh a a wearied alteaUoa,
hour after hoar, the immense multitude listened'
to the classical addressee which at tec ted, at osce,
the unsurpassed advantagee enjoyed in that
time-honored university, aad the fidelity aad
diligence of the young men, who for the prece
ding four years, bad enjoyed theee advantages.
All leu mat it waa a proad day for Harvard
that she waa pronouncing her benedict. oa ea a
Boblo band, aad sending forth lute the world
representatives, of whom she need sever be
ashamed.
Among those who engaged in the exercises ef
the occaaioa, no ene waa listened to with deepr
intereet than the young man, to whom the de
sing address, the meet honorable part, had lesa
assigned. Whea he stepped upon the stags
every eye waa fastened upon him, aad as sca
le nee after sentence, fell from his lips, rick in
thought, and beautiful in form, tha hearts of
the audience were drawn tewarda bun ia pride
and eflecuoB, aa tba heart of ana maa. The
dew of early morn rested in all ite freshness.
apon bis mind, and yet that mind seemed ta
have reached tha maturity of age.
Who waa the young stadsnt, whe, thus con
ferred honor en the aaiversity, which beaorsd
herself in honoring him? Whence came he?
From a home of wealth T From the circles ef
favor and fashion T Had he enjoyed private ia-
s traction and tha meana of rapid mental der sl
op man t, which afllaence may afford ? No, be
belonged to an hamble coaditioa. Uakaewata
the world and tame, ara his parents, and the on
ly educational privilegea enjoyed by him, vera
such as ara offered to every child of his aative
city , the privileges of csisnaea ecAsWs. It was ins
ceatMsnscaeeiin Boston, that his edacatioa com
menced in eetamen acaeei waa it continued,
till he was prepared to enter a University, which
certainly, in scholarship, yields to none la ear
land. It waa the mental discipline acquired
im a ceaaatea seises and the thoreagh kaewl
eJge obtained there, which enabled him, while
connected with that university, to engage in
honorable competition with the meat favored
sons ef opulence, and, "primes later pares. to
bear off her proudest honors.
To maay in ear State, where aafortuaatoly,
ideas of Inferiority and social degradatioa are
connected with public schools, such facts as we
have presented will seem strange, almost in
credible. They will be ready to exclaim that
the common schools, which prodace such re
sults, mnst be very aacommoa schools. Tbsy
are uncommon, it to true, uncommon in their
excellence, for scarcely a private school ia the
Union can compare with them for thorough
ness of instruction, and yet they are, ia the
strictest sense, seamen scaaW. They are epea
to all. They make edacatioa free as the air ef
Heaven. Ia them the humblest laborer's child
stands on an equality of privilege with the son
of the millionaire.
Wa must confess that oar admiration ef the
common school system amounts almost te en
thusiasm. As Americana, aa republicans, as
christians, aa men, wo feel the deepest interest
in it As Americans, for in common with all
ear fellow-citizens, we regard our country
with pride aad indulge in maay fond aepiralioas
for her welfare and glory.
W a yield to aooe ia the spirit ef national
ambition, for we would gladly have oar eeaa
try aland first among the co an tries of the werld;
first, not ia military fame, but in Use dietiae
tioa, as the home ef the best educated, most
virtuous, happiest popalatioa of earth. Hera
we would, if possible, have society present ita
lovskesl features, aa a family, and a family, too,
where no unhappy inequaliliea and painful
alienations are kaewa, but where tha weakest.
humbleat child may feel that he enjoya every
privilege and is aa object of tendered solicitude.
Let common schools be every whera established,
let litem offer opportunities of mental improve
ment to every child, and thia happy recall will,
in great degrea, be obtained, aad every Ameri
can heart, as the image of ite aative land rises
before It, will throb with reverence aad filia
love.
As republicans, we desire tha nniversal es
tablish meat ef common schools, for ia them
and in them aloae caa claas-distiactioas, sad
thsir miserable attendants of pride and aliena
tion, be done away with. There children, aa ia
freedom they meet from day to day, aacoa
scloasly learn tha lesson, which should be tha
first lesson of every American, the lesooa ef
social equality aad "social responsibilities, of
equal rights and equal duties. Upon the estab
lishment or non-establishment ot common
schools depends, in oar opinion, the solution of
our great national problem. Universal educa
tion alone can render universal suffrage safe er
desirable.
As christians, we love the common school
system, for the light of ear religion shines, in
full brilliancy, only on minds irradiated with in
telligence. It to by the anion of the rays ef
spiritual and intellectual light, that the flame ie
produced, whose brilliancy dispels all darkness,
and illumines the earth with the para radiaace
of Heavea.
As men, we desire the establishment of the
common school system, for, regarding all men
aa children of the same Father, aa ear brothers,
we wonld discern in every brother's form n
brother's mind, and that brother's mind wo
would have developed in intelligence, as we
would have his heart developed la love.
The number of Paupers last year In Maae
were 18,797. Theee belonging to the State, were
9,005, front Englaad, aad Irelaad, 683. The
nnmber'of paupers who nave come Into the State
within tha year to 201. The aaaoaat of ex
pense in relieving them waa $347,41 1 19. The
proportion ef pan pars made ao by Intemperance
ia 8,703!
The exports ef bread-staffs to Great Britain 4
and Ireland from the United Statoa, from Ihe 1st
of September last to tha 22nd alt., were 11 V
167 bbls. f Flour. 54,636 bbls. of Cora Meal.
171,105 bushele of Wheat, aad 712.165 bushcla
of Corn. Of thia quantity there were slipped
from the port of New York 107,216 bjU. f
Flour, 22,268 bbls. ef Corn Mee 133,457
bushele of Wheat, and 511,1130 tubals ef Cera.
The exports to Franco de u,. Mm4 Uma
were 2,126 bbls. of n.-Wr, 3,593 bushele ef
Wheat, and 10,58$ brhela of Onto.
Tha Telegraph Poets are np, and eyee in them
from Charleston, S. C, to New Orlcana. Very
soon tba wires will bo stretched aloag aad
through them.
The Dorr case, er rather a caee iavelviag the
Dorr matter, haa been ander iaveetigatioa in
the Supreme Court of tha U.S. Mr. Webster
sppeared for Rhode Island.
It la said that tha c bargee against Gen. Scott
are, n want of proper respect to tha Secretary ef
War, tha non-fulfillment ef hie duty in corres
ponding with the department
Senator Johnson and Mr. Brent have settled
their personal diflScnltiea witheat a resort to tha
duello.

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