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11 Li . Ed A A M 1 IN JCi I 6iriBtUigenteoiTpondattto those who own I' EulTOKS. F. COSBY, JOHN IL HEY WOOD, NuliLE BL1LEB, J. C. VA.LGHA.Jf, Ceyvosposdt-g 4itor. L0U1SVILLE::::::::JUNE 24. 1813. CT W tni, commonaUy, nvwifcrr of A xubib to umi :e art not nbtcribtn, in tk hop, that by a perusal of it, they may b in- a tier a tm tiilcru. Tb Rochester American, la a letter from Aw gta,Ga., give th following nobl instance of maa struggling to bo free. "Th talk of the town te-day la the departure of Frank bbadwkk,a Btdf-emsnclpated live, hi wife aad cbildrea, to eeek a moro congenial noma Is tho SUU of Pear-svlvaaia. This alave, who U a ullTt of thia beautiful city, began hie work of emancipation by porchaainf hi lima from year to year, at a boot f IU0 por aaaam tbo ai oal hiro for a food servant. Posaessiag great energy and mack toteillgeatca, with perfect Integrity, ba could bo la oversee other slsvee and labor well himself, sad Tory jsatly commanded bta wage. - Hi surplus earnings aooa bought htm bore aad dreys, and enabled him to bira rood aemota of auch aa Lad them to a para. The established la baainess. ia tba coaree of 15 years be baa made money enough to buy himself at about $1,000, to pay a larger earn for bta wife and children, and tako to llarriaburf three or foar tbeeeaad dollar besides. Some tea or twelve of tho firet men in Augusta united la riving him a letter of high commendation. It waa with pain and reluctance that Frank left fcle troop of friendaand the sceue of childhood. Tbe only motive waa the lawful education of DM children aa advantage denied them by the law ef txeorgia. I Dta late reeling incident eaaees both pleasing and painful reflectioDa. It ia gratifying to the reelect paid to genuine manhood in the niidat of a alave-holding community. Here ia a col' red man, and ana who bad been a slave, but who had manifested energy, intelligence, and Integrity. The degrading color ia overlooked bia former servitude ia forgotlon, or remember ad only to increase respect for the eelf emend pated. All unite in whole-aonled expression of eeteem for tie men. This tribute to genuine manhood ia beautiful indeed; but how painful the thought that a man and such a man, one whose manliness had com manded admiration, should be obliged to leave one of the States of our Union, and obliged to leave for a cause, too, which gives him additional cairn to esteem. Crowds of friends was he sur rounded by, friend endeared by years of ac cuaintance; dear to him were the scenes of his childhood, but all must be abandoned, He is father, desires the true welfare of his children. He cannot bear the thought that the minds en trusted to his care, should grope through life in the darkneaa of ignorance. He therefore leaves fcu native State, which, through her laws, de clares that the light kindled by the Creator shall not shine, and seeks a home in a distant portion of the country; where a father does not become a violator of law, for seeking to educate and im prove his children. We regret, for Georgia's sake, her loss of auch a man, and we trust that in Pennsylvania he will find auch cordiality of reception, and auch aid in accomplishing his noble plans for the edu cation of Lis children, as will leave him no cause to lament his departure from lis native soil. BtrapaataiMlille a 91 Tbe following paragraphs are extracts from a latter written by a noble-hearted Kentuckian, a resided la the sourthern part of the State, whose aoul glows with the love of freedom- We aak attention to bia earnest words. After speaking of tbe vice common among the blacks, and especially of licentiousness, in regard to the prevalence of which ba snakes some startling sUlemeats, bo iaqaires: Mia Ctzictisa fsm'Maa erne to reepvaarbl foresee recalls, the slave-mother or tbo master? Pa rents are commsndsd 'to bring up their children ia the nurture aud admonition of the Lord.' To do thia, they must Lave some lima to teach them virtuous habits; to give them some educa Hon; to teach them to read the Bible, that they may leant the will of God and have bis fear be fore their eyes." "As the master has the entire control of the alave's time, who ia responsible for tba proper raising of the slave-children? Soma slaves bave time, bat from ignorance, continued from generation to generation, they are incapable of giving the proper information." It U a fearfal responsibility to be the master of a rising generation of humaa beings. What would any intelligent master ia tbe land take as aa inducement to raise bia owa children ia Ig norance, and its natural associate, vice 7 If Christiana, masters, would think mora on I bia subject, the Eible would not be, ao geaerally.to the alave a aealed book. I hold that the church ahonld see to It, that tbe Bible ahoald be pat in to the handa of every man, and that all ahoald ba taught to read it" Th as apeak a aa aarneat ma a. Ilia words de mand earnest consideration. That vice, and especially the vioa of lice a - liooanese, exist to aa appalling exteat among the colored population, bo man can doobt. Ev scaacas, too plaia aad toe painful, aracontlnn ally forced Bpoa ns. Aa no one can doubt tbe prevalence of rice among the stares, so aa one can doubt that, for ita prevalence, there ia reaponaibility somewhere. WTurtt That ia a question worth considering. Ia it aaid that tho responsibility rests with the lave parents? Can it rest with them T Moral responsibility Implies moral fitness ability to discharge the duty for which aae is responsible. How, then, can tbe parent bo responsible Are they not themselves ignorant, degraded, and many of them vicious! Asa class, are they aot destitute of those moral qualiii cello as, with oat which one cannot ba in vested with mora' responsibilities? Eat will yon ssy that nature arompta even vicioee parent, to esasr the welfare of their children? Alas, hare we see ear of the most deplorable consequence of the ayi4em of slave ry. SUzx areata Save aa children. Ia the ye of this system, their cbildrea are not their own. Never ehall wa forget the Impression made upon our minds by the worda of a colored woman, who was remoastrated with because of owelty to ber cbildrea. A br-alander sail ta Bar, "yoa colored people da aot seem to tiara tba asms afiectioa for yoar children, that wa white people bars for ears." Trne," was the answer, 'but why? Wa dare not lore ourchil dren, for they are not ear to love; and wa fear to fix our affections npon them, for at any mo ment they aaay ba tarn from as." Thus slave ry thrasts itself between aatare aad her holi est, teadereet affections. Wo do not ssy that elavery la Invariably followed by each results; for the instancee are many, ( which wa fied at tachment stronger than death existing between slave parent aad their children; bat these are instance in which the bamauity of mas tats baa modified the eyatam, and which Hluatrate its character only by contrast, aa aiceptioas illus trate a rala. But, however modified the system may be in special, or in nameroas Instances, its inhsrent nature ia oachangod, Its legitimate ten dency still remains; and that tendency ia to blant the affections, to Unbrate the mind, to dull the acacteace. Ia one word, tho system, by rendering the slsva Incapable of moral diecrim juation, divests him of moral responsibility. But hat becomes of this responsibility? It must eiit aomew-here. Moral responsibility City be transferred, bat never caa be deatrpyed. To whom then doe it attach itaelf f To whom the tuno of. the slave, and Lave the ordering of his lot in life? The system of elavery, by ita very nature take Die ttsporuubility from Uie slave, to whom it naturally belongs, and places it upon the master, who unnaturally ia compel led to bear it - There ia nothing in the relation of the master to his slave, which would cause us to shrink with more dread from assuming thin relation, than the necessity which it iovolvia of asbuminethia responsibility ska. It seems ensugh for us to bear tbe burden of our own aina and imperfections, without becoming responsible for the sins and imperfections of others, and spe cially of those who, by their condition in life, are exposed to deep degradation and grass cor ruption. It is the consciousness of this tremen dous responsibility, which now w eigha heavily upon very many humane masters, and cauaea them to aik with earnest solicitude, how they may get rid of it? To us there seems but one answer to this ques tion, one mode of relief. The bunleu can be removed only by transferring it to those to whom by nature, it belongs. Do you ak, how it can be transferred? Make your colored population capable of moral discrimination and moral tion, and, instantly, the responsibility piisnea from you to them. Do you say that thia can ba done only by giving them freedom? Well, would you not prefer that the blacks should be free, if their emancipation would also emancipate you from a responsibility which hangs like a :ju11 stone around your neck, than that they should continue slaves, and, by continuing alavoa. should perpetuate your own bondage, a boinUce which you abhor? We admit that only by freedom couU aa entire transfer of responsibility be made. But much can be done even now, at once, to make the col ored population morally responsible beings. leu Let marriagea box legalised amoug tba blacks. Thein'ueaca of aechameaeare weald be incalculable. Whea yoa throw tho sanctity of religioa and law around tho marriage rla tion, yoa atrike at the root of tho eoaeabluage system, yon do away with the licentiousness wliich is the greatest curse under which the blacks labor, and, at once inspire them with a sense of character, a love of virtue. Thea pa' rents, prizing character for themaelvea, will ba equally desirous of securing it to their c hil dren 2nd. Let the separation of families bo pro- vented. Then you give aecarity for tha indulgence of natural affection. Parents no longer dreading separation from their children, will earnest ly labor for tha cultivation of tha moral qua! itiea, which will make their children more wor thy of affection 3d. Let whole-souled efforts be made for the religious and intellectual improvement of all, but, especially, of tha young. Never has tha christian church had a batter field for the exercise of its benevolence, then ia presented among the colored population of onr State. Whatever motives of duty and usefuln can influence tha missionary who consecrates himself to tho cauae of Chriat in foreign landa, ahould apply with peculiar force ts tha christian at home. Hera ia a Urge population, many of whom are saak in deeper ignorance and groe- aer degradation than soma of tha heathen, for wboee aalvation tha noblest heralds of tha crosa have lived aad died. This populaUoa ia ia oar midst, throws immediately upon car care and ea titled to demand of aa aarneat, anceasiiig ef forts far iu moral and spirit sal regeneration Let then, every church determine, by tha ea taUishmeat of Sabbath acheola, aad other in strumentalities, to provide for tha Migiouaand mental improvement of all tha colored people withia iu reach, By earnest, faithful, parse vering labor on tba part of all tha churches In oar ComBBOBwoalth, a vary abort lima wauld be Boeded ta saabls tba great Bnajerlsy of also btweats to road the Bible, and to read it with gratitude aad profit By tha various means which wa have pointed oat, the moral aala re of tha colored people would ba developed, aad, ia proportioa aa they become capable of moral action, weald thay become iaveated with the responsibility which rightfully belongs to theia. t .. . i....:o reraarxeq mat uie true ocr. f -Hiifctl consists "in not suffering trifles to tx uue, and in cultivating an under growth f small pleasures, aa vary few great pleasurea are let on long leasee." It very frequently happeae that they a ho have bo real troubles are prone to afflict them selves with such a are purely imaginary This couiaa is utterly unphlloaopblcaL A clear eoaacienceand a cheerful spirit will make an Edea of uuy a lie's heart. ' Tito groat blonder which people commit ia in look luff for bappi Ma nrec aelr where it ia not to boToBnd. If oaa caaat find tho 'rose of enjoyment' la bia own boson, it la very csrtaia bo will find Both- lug bnt thorns iu chasing tha phaatoma of hope" that spring op in the path before him. Nooaeerrr discovered aa Lden by running abeat ia search of it. If eunahlae doea aot dwell wlthla oar own brerta, the world without will be aerate ba darkened withcleede. This Is a tratt. confirmed by universal e-tperiaucei and yet, it the face of it, the majority of persons are la tba habit of repeating the sad old bluadet of pursuiog happiasNs in haunts where her di vine preatee waa sever aeon. Trus Lira. By a lata arrival at New Orleaaa Information ia brought that the Auditor and Comptroller of Texaa have leaned notice la acct rdnnce with the proviiiens of the law to provide for asuer taialag tha debt of the late Republic of Texas, ta all parsons having claims or demand for mouoy against tha lute Republic of Texas, to proeent ti aaioe ta the A editor and Comptrol ler of Pullic accounts, on or before the second Monday la Novemlter, 1 649, or they will be postponed. Ureal Fire la Awe-folk. A firs o ecu red in Norfolk, Va.,011 Wednesday night. 4th insl, which destroyed a considerable portion of tbo city. Seventy houses including tha Bethel Church, 'era consumsd. Tha lost is esti ui&tod at three hundred thou sand dollura. VaUssa Asaua.' A paralytio stroke it la now stated, will com pel this great Apostle of Temperance to defer yet longer, aad per Laps abaadoa forever, bis contemplated visit to tha Uaited S la tee. This Intelligence will ba read with general and great regret. 50J per cent 10 ' 2 2k, " Weasera Hirati ta. The laat number of Embree'e Wes.tn Boatman contains a list cf steamboats built on the western rivers up to the cioae of the year 183i According to thia lst, the whole number of steamboats built on these rivers up to that pe riod w as six hundred and eighty four, with an ag gtegate tonnage of I06.l3etons. Ofthesebocts there were 344 worn cat or abandoned, 23 anagged or otherwise sank, 6o Burnt, - 1? lct by collisions, 17 explosions, . The average duration of the boats worn (Hit or abandoned was nearly five years. Since the yearlS36, the number of boats caf all kinds employed in navigating the western nrers baa gTeatly increased. The number cf steamboats now afloat on these riven is greater than tbe entire number built prior to 1836. There has not only been a vast increase in the number of boats on the western waters, but their average tonnage ia much larger than than that of the old boats. In anlt-ndor. magnificence - a and comfort, there has also been an immense improvement There are iw boats on which travelers can enjoy more of the comforts of hoane than on ours. lacUeaial AeWsusiagra Ballrewas. Among tbo ia cidental advantages which laay result from tha opening of ndlroads into tha in tsrior, is tha discovery of valuable kinds of stone auJ minerals. Thus, ia ctitUns tbroaarh the billa of Canterbury, N. II. r the Concord and Montreal Railroad, tha workmen bave discover ed soap-stone of tha beat quality, aad appaiaat- ly of considerable extent, which is of readyaaJe at $00 a ton. A correspondent La tha Cucord 2,000,000 cubic feet, or 166.CB6 tons; which, at t'- a tea, weald amoaat to tks snog little sum of more than f 3,000,000. 1a Ltjtm Waawtlr. Mr. Edmund Lafayette has been appointed Secretary of the ational Assembly d Prance. The family of tho friend of Washington, occupy a large share in the National Representation. Among them are Meatsra. Geonje, Edmond, ard Oscar Lafayette, son and graxdsoa of the man whose memory is revered in bh worlds; Julia Lasteyrie, another grandson; Corcellea and Ro- murat, relatives of Md'me de Lajtcyiie, his daughter, and Mr. de Tracy, brother-in-law of George Lafayette. A atsr PreaMesittel Catavdiwale. TheAework Tribune aays: "Wo have a re port that the Hon. Martin Van Buren has con sented to accept a nomination for President at the hands of tho Free Soil Democracy. If he does, he will probably poll a large vote in several of tli a free States." aswaialiBwral oT aVewia PfcUlia-pe. The French National Assembly decreed the eitle of the family of the deposed monarch, ac cording to a correspondent of the N. Y. Courier, by a vote of 632 to 3 majority 639. UaaabliBs; ass We are happy to see that CapL Ed. Montgom ery of the well-known steamer Pike No. 7, has put a atop to all betting at cards on his boat aa example worthy to be tbUowed, aid we hope wiHbc,by aU steamboat captain. V - ' Piscwaalaai f SUmver i. On tha 13th instant, tha question of adjourn ment was under consideration ia tha United States Senate. Mr. Calhoun waa opposed to fix ing a day, for tha reason that ha wished to bare a thorough discussion of tha quettion of sla very. All obetrvera of political even ia during tho laat ten yoira, must have noticed the very re markable i hangs in tho position of Southern men in relition to the discussion of slavery. A few years ago, members of Congtess fro in tha South denonnced all discussion of tbe subject. They denied that Congress could legitimately entertain it. They threatened a ciaaolutioa of the Union if Northern men persisted in intro ducing it , into debate. Now, however, behold the Changs which haa come over them ! They take the lead ia such discussions. During the preeent session of Congress, more speeches have been made la vindication of elavery than in op position to it. Now, w list doea thia change la the bearing of tha pro-alarery mtta argas? Tint they bave become cot vinced that the more li)ht which is shed ob th' subject of tdavery, tba ttaa revolting it will Beets . By ao means. They resisted dis cussion aa long aa poteuble. So ling as they hoped to bf swbest the advocate cf liberty into sthince, that was thiHr policy. Thity have as certained Uiat it ia impossible to dike out tha ocean of opposition, which iaheavisgand sarj(. iag Bp sgdiast theiant tutionof slaiery. .Tbty have been forced to bead tha tendencies of thw public sentiment of Uie world, and have resolv ed oa defeace as tha only means htfl them of perpetuating a syatum whose advocitee are de creasing every day. Can they auccied by using all the weapons of rhetoric, denunciation, and sophistry , ixi beatinj; buck the enemies of slav ery? Thoai who truly aad sincerely reflect the sentiments tat forth Jn the great chaj-ter of free doin, our DscIaratUa of Iadepaadtnce? The progress of civillzatsoa and intelligence ia an favorable to the suotaae of tha advooktea of, and apologiata for slavery. Trath la too surely ea trenched ia her faetiteasea to be overir helmed by error. Iter cbampi its cannot ba defeated ta their appealf to tha reason and conscience of a christian world. Tits old aad worm-eatea des potisms of Europe k ive rtcently reeled and fall ea before the friends of liberty, and awry sys tem la this coantr; which is oppasedtothe progressive spirit of tba age, niustabte fall Wore the IrresistabU force of public opinion. To sup. pose that while emancipation from old syttema of thraldom l advancing rapidly tiroiijrhout other portions of the world, tho people thia ceuntry will tally to tka insintenanca of slit very, is to suppose aa absurdity hostile to the diuigas of Providence, which clearly foresliadir the advance of issnkind towards a condition of Btiiversal freedom. ' Tba conduct of the southern membairs of Coa gross daring tha present ssasioa, canitot full ta pnvoko a thorough discission of all subjects directly connected with the ssbject of si a vet y, Tltey cannot nxpect the opponents of ilaery to malntaia silence while thuy tbMnselvei ar atriv, ing to prove that tha insUtutlon is eviry where snrroandod with a wholesome atmoHoliers. and that Ita introiuction into territorU where it do sot bow axiat, will be followed by aa ex- haiistleaa eatalorua of bleaaimrs. Wa am rUd mat they bave made op their minds in favorf "JUtlon. Let tha arena be open to all can- didites for fortnaic honors. Ve are la favor of a "free fight" oa thia subject Heretofore the pro-slavery ehiunpionsof the Salh hit ve felt sat- WuhI to exprat scorn, dcrisioa, and conteinpt tor tboanu-slarery nisa. They have regarded is.ttllii, bsaswl;f asapoly. which their ri(;ht waa exclushe. It aras a pet suUtto be talked of only ia t teiulo rest y by planters thenseives. l wan a theraa too sa cre for tha tosgues of ontaidoi s s darling sab ject, to be fondlsd, patted and dtDtUadky alwraw boldtra aloaa. 13ut they have n w tlir a a down tha gaga at tint feet of Northn mn, aad if thee Northenai inks it up, arJ, as tho politi cians say, "carry the war lntJnj,M 3lx, CaJhoaa and hbi friends cannot complain. ; V 0 anticipaU a thorough d acuasioaof the powtir of Congiena over tenitoriea dnrling the presnut session of Congress. Messrs. Yuloe, Bayly, Woodwa-d, and others have gives various Scwthora consb'oclions of that, power. Thoy ut esrtaiuly la met ty man from tli fr as wU as from slave States, whs do not believe that all tha legislation of Cougrens la rslsOos'so territsries ap to iiU time, las beta in oppoaiUcn to tt ConaulatlJii. ? : Eree af Mia eery sas lla Valwe m One situated as we are cannot help repeat er. It ia tiretaorae b us ami doubtlees it w more so to many of oui readers.. ' We do not know bow often we have made la bor our theme, nor how much we bave written upon it. No matter. It is, in the anti-slavery field., (As great theme, and must be pressed, and dwelt upon, until it ia-thoroughly understood and properly eppreciated by the votea of the Static Ttat a thousand men in a state of slavery will not ioduce aa much talu$ from their' labor, in th course of a year, as a thousand fieemen toil- inr for their own interest, Is a proposition which needs no proof. Every one will admit it We know very well that there are serious drawbacks from the value of entirely free labor in every rivUixed community. For example. If min are free to seek their own advantage, they are free also to injure others by competition, to indulge their vices. And no small number of thatu, unfortunately, suffer fiom these causes in frt communities; are habitually idle, intemper ate and vicious; and of course their expends turen are to be deducted from the w hole value of laV)i in these communities. We know, too, on the other hand, that the alave may be more easi ly restrained inhis vices, and induced to become industrious an4 temperate. Some advantage, doubtless, ia gaaied in this way. But by fat the greatest benefit, in thia aspect of the case, aiises from the fact that gangs of slaves may be made to work tysttmatiiaUy. Bat granting all the evils on one side, and all the benefits claims! on the other, there can be no thinking, intelligent man, at all ac acquainted wUh thembject, who believes, that one hundred slaves, wul produce Uie same value. from their labor, that ai hundred freemen would. If there bo any who think so, we are sure that a very slight examination will aatisfy them ef their error. Thia examination we propose to make somewhat in detail. Slaves, it will be admitted, are better adapted to agriculture than any thet employment. Nor will any one dispute tl fact that our State as regards the condition of the negro, ia a most fa vurablo one for such t comparison of results, Suppose, then, by way f test wa take a county in the interior of Kenticky, and one in Ohio, similarly situated, witlout any large town, and see how their agriculural products compare, The two are before us. Madimn county, (Ken tucky,) and Clinton cosnty, (Ohio,) have just about the same populaion, and both are wholly agricultural. Let it bf borne in mind however that tha Ohio county wm settled at a much later date, and is compaiati'ely new -that Madison has 6,100 slaves, Clinton none and that the laUer contains about 7)0 leas population than thn former. Let us are how tho comparison stiJlJs: 1 const antly swelling stream which flows on in ita majestio current to the far North-west! He member that in five years Itiaraafa, ouly now a State, has received a population equal to one half the white rjooulation of Kentucky! That in five yaaia more she w ill Ixt ahead of us ia number and in prosperity. Taiaa, citixens of Kentucky, tbibb long and well upon these and kindred matters, and act promptly, wisely, just ly, while it is yet in your pow er to remedy the past, and provide for the future. - 40,491 2,674 3717 Tba Cewcert la tba rreabyieriaai awarcw. Wa regret that in the notice of thia Concert in a lata numooi oi our papc-i, iujusu. thought to be done to some of the performers in it. In the publication of the notice, we were ac tuated solely by a desire to aid in elevating ina standard of taste among us in thw beautiful art. aud had no idea that our correspondent had not with the true diacriininatioa of an artist, award ed the fullest measure af praine to singers and performer. Having only a slight acquaintance with music as a science, but loving it with all our hearts, we felt grateful to our friend for sup- plying our deficiency and published hia commu nication unhesitatingly. We are incapable oi doing wilful wrong, and especially to those who coutributo gratuitously tha talent and skill ac quired by long and painful atudy to the gratifica tion and improvement of the public. Of Mrs. Webster, the widowed wife of an excellent mu sician, and most amiable man, we would apeak only in terms of praise, not from motives of mere delicacy to her sex, and lympathy for her bereavement, but because as a singer and per former she possesses rare and undoubted merit, and is wiibal, aa unpretending and lady-like as a woman, as she is gifted and accomplished aa an artiat. Tba Iloewa .ImimI. The volume just begun ef thia spirited journal will doubtless prove worthy of Its predecessors; and will eon tin na to aupply ita leaders (wo hope their name ia legion) with article, original and selected, as racy, piquant, and iaetracUve, as genisa, scholarship, and Industry can make thsru Number of persons employed la) navigating the ocean la thesevso free titatea, N amber of same ialhtsix alave Stales, . - . Difference in favar of free States, The forogotag facs wars taken from the Uai ted State eensas for 1840, The entire commerce connected with tha whale fishery, or at least Blnety-nlne hssdredtha of it, ia carried aa by tha free Statea. I will here make a short extract from aa able report submitted to Congreee daring ita preeeat sioa. bv J. Better Kiar. from tha Co nun It ts af Naval Affairs, which will rive some Idea of the magnitude of thia branch of oar commerce. It ia also worthy af note, as beiag illustrative af the daring enterprise, and the Indomitable per severaaco of tho free me a ef tho North, aa coa basted with the eplrit which prevail ia tha Southern Atlantic Statea: Tha whale fishery is. at preeeat. tha moat imnArtaat and extensive, tha least protected aad aaweosrared branch of ear commerce ob tha disparity between, tba free aad tha alave States "7 PWi. Why ,he mere oi ma uw uotnimoa alone, is sot . . a av a are w wQttil to thatef tha Empire State.' Could have bnen made to believe a handred years mat wa mere nan is or tnia westers world, and i ntsniecay ana i assesses in nsrticaUr. wa at thia day, purchase their gooda in Nw York and Philadelphia, aad aot ia Norfolk. Vira-iuu . I r l I . T T-i a " wu " m ft. sienaer ot V irgini,peB Listen to him, ye apologists for slsvery : "Th morthera people derive much of iK, wealth from commerce sad hiuDlu .... .. slave Stale era mora deficient ia these u,. that are in manufacture. Th .,' J couob and tobacco for Northern men aad f ignore to buy and ship. We b. ,,," in general terms, tbo excellent facil.t,, sar Mate posse ea for commercial ... . Wo msy say, that her bey td twe-riv,,, make oaa great bavea, 500 mdee lusir M,U11: midway between the Northers ana ...... i. extreme of oar Atlaatic coast. Norfolk ,. ,k natural centre ef tha foreign eossuas tr . tba L'a.Ud Sutee. It e.gtu ta Ut, 'couTnta dad the trade of North Ceruiiaa, of ail the coa m.. m, B.wm, .w It uugui is Bave been tK- Pacific. ScatUrad, thousands of mile, from tba I Mcond, v M( th. nrst, cuisoaercial tit ,7 role, from tbe snores oi uai- I U.jted S la lea. ' ftMwey'a lwdr'a Book. Go.ley'a Lady 'a Book for Jaly haa baas re ceived. One featnre ia this magaxina which ploasta as very ranch, la tha plan of presenting "mods! cottages." Thia will have a tendency to Improve tho taste of the public. Ia thia num ber, titer are twa engravings rep reseating differ ent views of a very beautiful cottage. Population, ( nurses,. Livestock , ...-r,., .& Co., Ay. C(i'aa Co. I . v. IK ls.4 Si.VM (.Swine, ...4,lt J.i rw:i! Al.bu-2 SU.tM Ceneal Graiua, Oats, .....2I7 la3M'J (.tstiiaa .ora,.6&i.Mi tui.n-j Pomdsofwool. A t,3U tH.iM KuUwlsof r-otates.........Jb,s w.a Totsof Hsy II.IjJ rVlndsof Iooaico,.....i...l2i,2s3 Value at aairr prwlucta, l.77ii 87rtl of aootainatla sooO,... Vim UAH Thus the two counaea stand. Now, to get a: thiir exact and relate position, suppose wo re duce all these products to equivalent values it money. We can,fot all practical purposes, fil th prices sufficients hear: ssy horses, $30, CatUe ?20, Sheep Sl,Swine f 3 per head, Whei 75 cts., oats 25 eta., com 25 ctx., potstoea 2fi cts. per bushel, hay $3per ton. Tobacco 8 eta. pel pound. Thus proceeding, the result of the cotiparuaonof values in the two counties U: Midi ton Ca. As. C limit m (s. O. (, I K aVaesa aiasat asaalaruasaa raw tSteeass. alearallaai at" tba Tbaa(hllal. I ptopoaa ia thia articla to present tha reader with a few facU drawn from tha census for I M0, which will enable hiai to form some idea I ili comparative amoaat of commercial buai- uea traBaactsd ia tka seven free aad tha six slsva States, constituting together the original thirteen States of tha Uaiea. Aad here at tha oateet w wauld again call attention to ear fixed facts,, which it is vary desirable tha reader ahoald not forget, while ha reade what folio wa: So. Milee. Total am of tho aforesaid aix slave Statea ia square mil. Total area, of tha aforesaid sevaa free State la equare mile, fil 1,000 133,134 OiUaraaca in favor of alave Statea ia square miles, 7,376 t ron ice to tho arctic cir ifursla and Oreiroa to those of Japaa aad Berth era Chiaa. amonc the FotyaeeiaB aad Saadwicb ktlaads, it kas baea allowed to follow IU periloas parsuit with vary little festering care or protec tion from tho Government Our enterpriaiag capital lata have aant forth, to tba remotest parts sf eceena and seas bat little kaowa. their ahipa navigated by oar la trap id aad hardy mariners, with scarcely a hope of riving to owner or friaad intelligence of their progress, or receiv er information from homo daring tho long Tears ef their ardaoaa voyaree. L'sdaraacb diacoBraa-lar clrcumitaacee. it is remarkable that thia branch af commerce ahould have at tained each magnltnde and valee. According I tba beat information tbo a amber af ahipa en raged in tho whale fishery, in Jaaaary, 1346, waa i JO, oi M,ll tons, employing ww r fieers and seamen, aad amoantioc la value ta .440.000. Moat of thee vessel craisa is the north Pacific and are aba at from three ta foar years: aad. a mil tba establishment af tha line of steamers to Oreroa.a means hsd baea adopt ed by (ieverameat to commanicaU with thia imnortant branch of oar commerce, umcar have bean known to retara from a whaling vey age, aad learn, for tha first tints, that their wivaa ar owners had been dead for year. Tha annual prodact of the whale fishery is estimated at about tea m alio as si aouara. Wa may safely calculate that alna-Unths of this commerce belongs to the seven free States, whoa commerce wa have had aader eoaaidera- Uoa Of the vsa Slates, Massachusetts, Rhode Islaad and Coaaecticat, are tha moat extensive ly engaged la thia branch of commerce. The aggregate value of tbo annaal product of tho whale fishery, to thoee three Stales, is not leee than 16.000,000. Now tho territory of Soath Carolina ia about twice tho exteat af that af tha three Statea mentioned, aad tho cotton and rice her principal eourceo of wealth, aanually raised bv her. are estimated to be worth a boat $6,000,000. It is hoped that oar friend. Gen. Quattlebum, will take not of theaa Interesting facta. They are very aignificaat, and ahoald bo well pondered by him and by other chivalrous knights of oratorical celebrity A fw mors facta will gtva as results still more astonishing, if poaaibU, than anything wa have arrived at yet. N amber of commercial hoaaea ia foreira trade in th free State of New York, ... - 469 N amber af commercial hoaaea ia foreign trade in the six slave States: Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, N. Carolina, S. Caro lina, aad Georgia, - Horses tat tie, ............. Hbeep, ti wise, ..... Vvo.il,.. Potatoes, aVfTa-a , Tobacco. Dairy, lioau mad goods,, XV best. Oau, lailikaCoru, Total. 11113 4.sri 6,V!5 st.tvn.' .ir -4- 33.1M H1.7W 271 4t,a". 48 123.1167 (lSOHU t763Jit i It appears, thm, thattje total value of Pro duce and Live Stock, in ?he county of Clinton, Ohio, with 700 inhabitant le&s, isy per cent. Mora than in tha county of Madison. Kentucky. Nciilierpossossaj any considerable mechanical or maitufacturin? industry. The comparison is fair, and the result ia before us. And would not a ccmpaiisoa of the futire State produce the same striking difeience against us! Docs nU an houest comparison between the w eaiih ol the free and alave &UteH always show the sans result? Will Virginia with all her commercial adviinlagcs, her rich Talliea, her mountains of minerals, her old scUlcratnts, and her great po Uticul influence, compare any better with ket young neighbor, Ohiof ; How happens it, that in lesn than half a century from tjio time Uat neighbor set up for herself, as a member of the couftxlciacy, thia old, mother r'of Statea and statesmen dwindles and grow, old in the prra- enc oi neraiaiwan ana towering nvair The answer to ail these qurstionaia given in the figures above. Under tye most favoralde circumstances labor is not, and can never be, as profitable, in ltive as in fre$ States.. Nor should we deceive ourselves It is not merely tha l:ilorof the t Javo which' is to be calculated. It UtUtJfict of lattery vpo all clout of lulot. This is the causa of the graft t comparative depre ciation of labor in Kentucky and Virginia. It weakens the energy of fee slave owner, and dnven away the free labsrer. Tula, however, to the tfcjurea again, and let us examine them in anotheT light. ' Tho greater part of the value of live stock may be called "capital," and not income or produiio. Let us deduct this, via: the value of cattle, sheep, horses, aHl swine from the aggro- gate or produce, and tee to what the annual crops come, including grain, wool, and dairy products. Thia is tlid result. -' ' '. Total population af tha aforesaid atx alave states, at toe tuna tlio firet census waa taksa, la 179, 1 206 Total population of the aforesaid seven ire stales at Ine time in a first census waa takes, la 1790, 1.7S6.499 Difference ia favor of slave SUtna. 66,007 -Wits, ib.i sisi lnisdsaatsgasiat Utaj jxl thj slave States, theaa Statea commenced their race soma sixty years since. Lt na aea saw where. we shall find them ob the track of commercial glory. Namber of commercial hoaaea la. foreira trade in tha aforesaid seven fres State ia 1840. . . 978 1 Number of commercial hoaaea la foreign trade la tha aforesaid aix alav Slate ia 1840, Popalation. DiSUnmM j, Uw of N,w yMkt Namber af commercial hoaaea ia the free State ef New York, - Namber af commercial hoaaea Lb the six slav Sutaa- Different la favor of New York, 319 1,044 694 . Total ci.pitai invested la forsiga. somrrtj'rcial. aad ia eaaiuiiisw -houses in tu teas btata of New York. ..... S id 3,001 Total capital inveatal la foreign eoainieretsl. and la cammlsaios hoaaea ia tha six slays States, - 14,0760 Diflersnce U favor of New York, 435,506,631 .Vaitiaoa county, Kestucky,. CllMoa eouul j, OIui . 47i,IJ Arrlvwls JUcautra,ee1 HvtalinrK. At ew Orleans, on the I21h init, bip Sut ut, 226 discliarged acldi(;rs; per ship Ante); ican, J90 soldieri; per bark Root., Morris. 13S dischaijed soldiers. f . tion. Abbot Lawrence ' rlvea to Harvard Ualveraity, a no iter sam if 50,(IO0 fat tbe uwi ofUis Scientific School at Carcbrtdga, trbkli bear hat name. , 4 Oa. lbs 9tlt. iaatant, Henry Dod(ril and J, Tho annual crop of tha Ohio county ia worth double that of the Kentucky county. Each soul in Clinton county produces 30 worth of agri cultural "products ' Each aoul in Madison only 1 1 5 67. It may be aaid that the land ia Clinton ia better; aupposeft to bo so; still that is no re ply to the main question; for, if land be poor, then labor should be diverted, at in New ng- lana, to mechanical employments. Yet we fiud bo such results iif; Madison ooui ty. Nor can it be so diverted. Slave labor, wi;h very few ex ceptiona, can only.be applied to agriculture ith any tolerable profit. Mecha nical and man- ufacturiig emptoymants, of all descriptions of industry, most require ingenuity i jnd care. Now what is th condition of alavaiyf Ignorance How, thi n, can slaves be fitted for nice and skil ful employments? And failing to be profitable in the buMness of agriculture, what can masters dof Let them thi nk of thia. B ut as rega rds tha soil of Madison, if'any thing, it U richcrthan that of Clinton, so that tho supposed objection noes not lie. Thus with equal advaatagoa and greater-population, then, the ar falls fax below the r. And so must it continue to l. Professor Tvcaxa, of Virginia, gives up the point. Ia a very able article he adults, that the time will tome, when allalave later, out of the sugar re gion must cease to be profitable. For Kentucky that period haa arrived already. Can wo reverse itf If not, ia it hot our interest to emancipate the slaves, and be free ourselves! Look at the Difference in favor of tree States, Number of commission houses ia th sevn free Statea, Number of earn ia the aix alave Statea, - - - - Difference is favor of free States, 150 "aw 1,429 350 1.0 Total capital invested la foreign commercial, aad eommissioa business, la tha so Tea free States, 111 J. 65,679 Total of the same laths six slave Slates, .... 14,076,350 Balance ia favor of free Slates, 57 ,069,329 Namber af retail groceries and stores la the sevea free Statea, K amber of same la the atx alave States, . Difference ia favor of free States, Total capital iaveated la retail gro ceries and stores in taa seven free States, ... Total of tha same In the aix alave States. - - - 27,505 9.6C2 17.843 1106,796,033 45,991,742 Balance ia favor of free State, S60.804.091 Namber of lumber yarda la the aevea free States, Number of same la the aix alave S la lea, .... Diffsrenca la favor of free States, Total upital invested in lumber yards ia tha sevaa free Statea, Total of the same la the six slave Statea, , 1.023 171 857 17,090,465 725,530 - 20.83S 4,655 13.983 tr.11:.. ... . 1 I .!...., ,1 . . .. vj iue ijerui:a:ra Slli),.,n.v,' 4i,.t i i i i u m asv 1 1 waxxxuoaB ugor Joiagaia at the Balance ta favor of free State, - $S,364,945 f ea Namber ef men employed ia lum ... bar. hns .a s faslaay saswa is- Sutes, ... - - . Number of same ia the aix alave States, - . . . DuTerance la favor of free States, Number of men employed la in ternal transpertutsa la the as ran free Statea. . - . . . Namber of asm lathe sU slave Difference In favor of free Stale, Butcher. Packers, &c, namber of men employed lit the sevaa free States, - . - Namber ef earns la the six slsvs Statea, . . Difference la favor of free Stale. Total capital iaveated is the two last earned branches of business La the aevea free Statea. Toud of th same la the six slavs State. . . . . . 11,429 1,589 - 9.840 1.977 407 1,570 4,461,751 27 84 45 Balance ia favor of free Stat, 94,183,606 Number ef persons employed la commerce ia the aix alave Statae Number of same ia the six slave States, . . . . Difference in favor of free State. Namber ef persons amplsyed in aavigaung caaaia, lakes, and riv ers in tha aavaa fres States. Number of same ia th six sieve Statea, Difference is favor of fro State, 59,622 16,197 43,425 16,972 5,735 1U87 Namber ef retail Groceries and Stores ia tbe free State of New York Namber ef retail Groceries and Stores la tho six slsvs Sutes, - Difference la favor of Now York, Total capital in vested la retail Groceries sad Stereo ia the aix alav Statea, . Total capital invested ia retail Groceries sad Stores ia tha free State ef New York, 9.662 245 $45,991,742 42435,795 Differs ace la favor of alave Statea, fj,755,947 ! Namber ef Lam ber yards la the free State ef New York. - Namber ef Lambor yarda ia the aix slave Statea, Difference In favor of Now York. Total capital Uvea ted ia Lumber yarda is. th free State ef Now York Total capital Iaveated ia Lambor yarda ia the six slavs Stats. - 414 171 243 S3.694J70 725,520 Norfolk I sa aaciost boroerh. n.i stood ia the first ranks ef American seaoun. I... it. J.i: i i. , " " sl a stand, and nothing but a public Navy Varft nan east it ap. Meanwhile, ISorthers towit have frowa ap to cities, sad Northera euir, is great and wealthy emporiums; until our Vir giaia seaport, once their equal, wouU cuts pow hgure among their aubnrU. Oh, that Norfuia were as pruvperoas aa ner ciiuens ars kisl s4 bospitubla! 1 bis sketch of tbe natural adrsnu? .,f v... folk, compared with its coaiiition. m or..i dex of the commercial history of Virginia. la iocs we commerce ei oar eiu alaye-ealen Cum moa wealth, has decayed snd dwindled aw.wil a mere pittance la lb general mass of An-ri- caa trad. Th valee ef her experts, which Iwentv-tU. or thirty years ago, averaged four or live m.;. lions el dollars a year, shrank by 1-40, u -.' B-20,000 dollars, and by l;4t, to g.loo.Msi. ' tier Import (rem foreiaa coautrira wrn the year 1765, valued at ap wares of J.inmi inm dollars: ia 17!1. they had sunk to J' . la 1521 thsy hsd fallen to a little ovrr oue mil' lioa;ialS27.tbey bad eomeoow a to about ba f thia sam; aad in 1M3, to the half of in is agilu or about ene quarter ef a million; aud nrr- UiCr have stood over since at next to nuiiiiu So ear great Vlrriaia. with all hrr oamr.i f. eilitiee for trade, bring to ber port aooat o.. nve-naaoredtn part oi tbo gootia, wares merchandise, imported into the L'mieu Mau. shall wa be told that tbe eaue ef th.. t. cline of Virginia commerce, istherroatn oi .Northern cities; wbicb by mesne of tncircsba.s sad railroade, and vast capital, craw fcf uis trade from smaller ports iu' theuiwirr' what thea T The cause assigned is itsrjf th. .f. feet of a prior caaae. We would auk Uioae fcu take this superficial view ef the maitrr: U by ahoald tba great commercial ports be ail bstsioe of Virginia, and near or ia the free States 'Why ahoald every commercial iniproveoieDl, trrrj wheel that speeds the movement of trade, ten bat to carry away front the slavs sutes, mors and more of their wealth, for the benefit of th greet Northern cilieeT The only cause that c. beaaaigaed ia, that where slavery prmiU, com merce and navigation cannot doirih, and com mercial tow as cannot compete w th tuow in a free Sutee. They are merely place of ii-p0it, for each coa a try produce, aa cannot be ctrriru directly to tbo Northern markets. Here .Norm era sad foreiga ship com to carry as ay these products of alave labor and this con.uuirs nearly all the trade of Southern ports. No State haa greater convenience for ship navigation and ship baildiug, than Virginia. Yet on all her fine tide waters, she has Im.s shipping: and what aha has, ia composed aioost wholly of small bay craft aad a few coasi.af schooner. Tbo tonnage of Virfiuia tliat is, the number of tone thai ber veaaeia will carry, u shamefully small, compared with tlial of Uie maratime free States. Maine and .Machu setts, with about aa e)ual population, hac atuut , fifteen times aa mach; little Rhode llnj hu ceaaiderably more; New York has st Wa-t twelve times ss much; Pennsylvania, wnti brr ene aea port, has more than twice as much, au4 so haa half-alaveholding Maryland. Aa to ahip building, Virginia, that oo.l, with her smiaent advantages for the busiuCT. to baild aa maay ships a any Slate in the Uaiea doea las st it thaa tit leaat of thi ir Stat. All that ah bailds ia a year oa her ka( forest-girt shores, would carry only eight ut aiae hundred tons that is, sooul aa mucn a one good packet ahip of tha North. .Maine ana Massachusetts build thirty-five times ss much, little Rhode Island builda twice as mach; Vw York twenty times es much; Pnu)ivan. twelve times ss mach; aad Maryland sews times aa much; snd what woaid astonish us if WS did aot k sow so maay like facts. Ik, thai mach of the ship timber used in th Nortii. u actually carried ia ship from our Soothers fur eels; where it might rot before Southern wro weald aae it for say such porpt-se. V e io sot blame tha Southera people for abstaining from all sin ploy meat of thia kiad. What eouiJ it.ey do? Set their aegroes to building ships' Vi ever iuaaiaed each aa abeardilt but coula they not hire white men to do such thiug '. No, for in tbe first place. Southern white mm hiv bo skill ia auch matters; snd in the aecoai place, Northera workmen eaauot be birra in the South, without receiving a heavy premium for warkiug ia a slave Slate." Thaa suith tha Doctor. Ia our next we ai.l agaia apeak to our old friend who solves all our mysteries, removes ail oar diificulties. aun.hi latee ail ear facts, and answers ail onr argu ments, with hia agricultural wand. And, my dear air, we weald suggest to yoa beforehaada the propriety of your procuring a new waa.! Csra. Difference la favor of New York. SI ,968,650 Total aambar of man employed ia Lambor yarda ia the free State of New York. Total aambar of men employed ia Lumber yarda in the six slave Statea, ..... Difference la favor cf Now York. Number of mea employed ia ia ternal trass porta ties la th free Stat ef New York, . N ember ef mea employed ia la teral! tntaapertalioa la the aix alave fttalea, .... Difference ia flavor ef New York, Butchsr sad Packere, namber of I men esaployed U the free State si ntw a ors. - . . Batch ars and Packere, number ef mea employed la the six sieve States, ... Differaao la favar of New York, Total capital iaveated la tha two last sained b ranch ea ef beeiaeae la the Ire State ef New York. Total capital invested ia the Iwe Uat nam ad branches af kusiasse la the six slave Sutee, 9.592 4,855 4,737 7.593 Bssssi Bbsit't asssceib The musical eatertaiament given by Mauani Bishop ea Wednesday evening, a as sttrnded by a large audience, aolwilhstaneiag the raia.aad all seemed to be highly delighted. MadawO B haa a voice of moat extraordiaary coin ss ana flexibility. Whoa she haa reached shut seenis the highest possible sole, she surprise nhj going higher still with the' same ficdity . "Asa stasias; sua Sues auar, aad soariag ever Mr r " Ia trilling, her voice seems like a fine piece oi elastic metal, which vibrate of itself sfier it has been once touched. The fightiiing, which play ed while oho was singing, Sid aot Hash apoa the eye more brilliant thaa did some af her antes sp aa the ear. ase 407 497 123316 273J45 28,468 16,197 Diffarsnce la favor ef New York, $sV555,?71 Namber of persons employed la commerce la in nee state of New York. .... Namber of persons smoloTed la eemmeree ta the aix slave States, Difference la favor of Now York. Total a aan tier ef pereoae employ- u us aavigaung me ocean, la the free Stale ef New York. . Total number of pereoae employ ee iu aavigaung tne ocean ia the aix alave Sutee, Dlnereaee la favor of New York, Total a amber ef pereoae employ w a aai ignting canals, lakes, aad river,, la toe free State ef New York. .... Total aambisr ef peraeaa employ. ia aa vi gstag caaaia, lakes, aad riven, la the aix alave States, . . 5.5H 2,674 2,837 10J 67 aaes ee Cssss. IsjUr. The pertail ef Ge serai TarLoa. by William C Allan, is aew la ear city, end tbe citizen bar beea goinr ia crowds to visit iu All -proas themealvee highly delighted. Tbe verdict of New Orleans haa beea eeafiraoed by thai of LoBiaviUe, aad thia has been proaonnced a if with e'as voice the best portrait ef General Tay lor that has yet beea painted. It i aot a mere eullloe ef the feet arse, soxlt ss may be made by aay see who has mechanical dexterity enough to handle a braah. It ahewe ttseu to be tbe work of aa artist, It displays ckmrmeUr. Ob. Taylor ta aealed epeu hie white harae, overlook ing the field ef Boeaa Vleto. II loeka, a w have as doubt he efiaf leek la the aaxiety ef that terrible bettle. The picture tolls the tale of the conflict. Leek apea the c oaa la nance of the Commander, aad the imagination easily supplies real the mastering eoosdrons, the charge, the nash, nod peel ef tbe "red artillery tbo sbeats of the liviag. the grooaa ef the dying Tke atssvesi niiisaea Lmb. Tbe dispoaition of the Government loan causes a better feeling in monetary affair. The proposals of said loan were opened Mtui- dsy. Messrs' Corcoran oi E rzs fee Baring X Bros., London, took $14,300,01 JU aad Cuuk at Co. H.UUO.OUl. Corcoran dt Bxiggs bid lor the who! amount. Two millions of lh loan wss taken oa foteifn aeocmnt, An arrangement waa effected by twen eapitaliata to take e large amount from Corcoraa Biggs ia pledge at i per cent, 5.785 -3fla Difference in favor ef Jfsw York: Now the qiweUoa atala arises, wkeoee tk nichtr eeatiasts7 Whsace the aatoalnhin " The longest day in Great Britain is 2 hours i and 12 minutes longer thaa our longest day in tbe United Sutes, and the shortest day in the Uai ted Statea ia one hour and fifty minute a lor.r ttua the shortest day in Great Entaia.