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; . , "PROVE ALL THINGS; HOLD FAST FUAT WHICH IS GOOD."- 1 -Vk-.-. os .. . 4 ' ' t " .. . . . ' ' ; ; - . , . . " i '" -"-- - -- - - ; VOLUME II THE EXAMINER; ' PAUL SEYMOUB, ;0MMUN1CAT10T. .i.UM oa laeal4m Weahall ia this argainrnt Uy aiida all eoa .,Jraiioa of h.manity, of rlht. of the poeml w,irra, and t the particular UU.t of non j.r.hol. -h prat tha c,aeetioa of .veemaacipatio. la K.utucky 'ff Iom and fi to the IndiTl dual aUreaoldera. V. e ,WI only wm one ff U nain.iy: that the .vrholier U al lanholdfr 4t awaor el towa propwiy. Perhape we atht taeappoe that hta ral prirty i or may her.afUr pe a t.luaWe a hiariaw propiy. Centrally lare kotan hare a eiaidemhly greater Jnteree: ia Ui.J tliaa ia davee. Y ben diia i l Ce our .numeat will ipp' ' tU iU vpiioal tJJMa! Uw would add more to tha alae J tha alane oldra, Unde thai it woaH take frota the value .r ttuHr alarea . - I At a lasie of our reaeoouig, let u euppoae J that iherere 200.0X alavee and 25 iniUiona of crr o' Uad ia Kentucky; that thi alavea are lt aow worth, aa property, 250 dollars each, or &u millions of dollars, ana max ui ibjui w " oa the arerag-e ait dollars per acre or 150 anll lioas of dollars. Now, we have to consider, rt, how moch a law emancipation the chil dren of the slaves at 21 aad 25 ) tare of age, would take from the value of the aUveholdere' property and aerond, whether ouch a law would compensate them by enhancing the vtlue f tlieir Unda. Au the first point, we observe that tha pro- . r i) . l.tM ! b at the criterion bv .... .i . .ii a 1. L .;.,. ,1.- i...hMr. lo. 0.c w- ... - - " , w 1jkm rom the proposed emancipatioa law. Large " u r v . . deductions must be made oa two accouats: . n. .r I- i. uioi I from the State to avoid the operation of the emancipation law. The tendency of that Uw would be to miuce the value of alavee ia Kea tucky, bat the price ia the South w ould not be affTtrd. Hence would arise a strong induce, meat to eiport alavea to the eettoa-growing utr. Many of theirchdiiren, en titled by law to emancipation, would be aarightooaaly car ried away and sold. When wa coasider bow wort mea are influenced by tha love of gain, we may reasonably expect that the aamber which the law would succeed la amaacipatiag, would scarcely amount to half the present aam kcrof alavee. Let as, then, suppose that 100, 0K) would be ultimately emancipated, what would be their aggregate value, if they were re laiaed ia alarerv? Autrj vhi weiiueraica iui prime oi i life, they would be worth 400 or 509 dollars each. .lf.. la. .n . R,i il, I. r., .U.. . i. .f .k.i 1 , could a sold for a slaves, w be a the Urn oil their na.c.pelion riionld come. vc ii uiv vtwuoa j me taw w tuuiiuvi I ..I t. ,1 a .1 f . .-I I : t OI I l'. t. .U. I t . ! I , .. ... j,.... .i OTv.i...Mu. ........ 10 25 j-ears from tfie ds.'cf C fee. tor flie I bora the first year after it psaasga to roach the I ' ' I- sg of frendom. Iboee bora tbe year before weald still be sieves, aad it woald aot be aatil their children cams of sge, thet the process ef emancipatioa would be complete, so that a con- tiaBallydecreaaing number would be going oat ireeuuring a period of Ml or W j.ars. At ths rad of lb present century there woald alill be slave ia the country, anleee Individ aaU shoald choose to emancipate theru all at aa earlier laU. What thea will be the probable value of slave at a period varying from 27 to HO years from ua n. supposing tn uw l b paaaed a or 3 i yaaranencer i nere can be no resaoaable doubt I inai wiuia years the valae or slaves will be ally baaishl, tha fret popalatica presssUy ds greaUy raduced. It U th Soathera market cuBM, th sUvea iscreaas, a general Inogoar .uai now aeep Bp ine price. Slav labor i bow, WU9lt' unprohUble ia the northera iv Stat. The comparatively anproeperont ceaoiuoa or theee Mate la evidence of the fact Th profits of the cottoa aad eagar cultar I hav kept op the demand for alave Ubor. But I tbea prohu ar decliaiog. The prodacUoa of I Cottoa Sfld SUvareUaut ranninv fk..m.nl- I tbeaumber af .lava increases ia the cotton I ruwiaa Siai. .k -r r., ,., . a iiwvi ii per giai ia iv I ...... . L . .... I. rwuo do ugi.r crop iacrease near-1 ly si the sam rat. Th demand doe aot ia-1 creaa o fL Th soils culUvated by slave are I rapidly exhausted, whr it U possible to x-1 htust them. Consequent! V tha nrofila of alava I labor oo and mnat J.i:.. ...i t.u i .u.l. "vvu.,, . Willi IIICHI IOT alu. of .l.,e. I The portentoualy rapid iBcrease of the sUve I ls the cotton growior Slat, moat ef itaell I -.arm me while popuUtion, and make them de sirous to check the multiplicaUoa of tho no froe. among them. Ia a few yeara the coin try will be so 114 with thm, that th white will begia to be pressed eat, or at least be pre nied from increasing la th aamber which " "froe multiply unchecked. With theee circumstances in view, muat we not belUvetbat I th valu of slaves, now for yeara past declin- I X will conlinu to decline until It ahall be re- I need to noniinri rocn it ntmem. f things in a progreaaivo state of aociety. I Aitb popalatfoa of a country increases and I laierior soil ar taken into cultivation, or what I amount to the aaaie thlag, old aoil ara ax I hautted by bad kaibandry, the coat of sabsia-1 tone increases, sgricnltaral labor becomes lea 1 produeUvs, a more skilful industry and a mora I parsimonious economy are nrcesssry to enable I the laboring elas to live. A Uvee axe nata-1 'ally and notoriously lea productive aa laborers, and more wasteful as consumers, than free sre a period mast arrive ia tha history of I rro wing con ntrv. wh. .!.. i.k. k..mM I wholly anprofiubl, and th alavea become a burdea npoa Uielrowaers. Thea. em.nein.tio. -essariy takes place. i How long it a,., be befwr lbli Ik-i. rrivointhl. coaBtrr. we caaaot toll bat coantrr, w caaaot tell but ao spid ia Uie growth of our populaUoa, that not- wimaiaading the great sxtsat of oar vacant tor- ruory, the older parte of tho coantrr are eoa- nuy advancing towards Uie condition in which slavery eaa a longer exist. ' r Wtat af Braw.. A... I.. ! . . i most tirilbablv akna. Ik. a.-.l. .L.. .1. ' r"n"v" wsaaaaa. art bi Mai(ftw HaVt . v .uo nam, lull Ull BV- rag vain, aa ,iMi of th, Beffroe, Mi gTmi. i ",B-Mi-rvs-a would be 250 dollars. Thea IIW.OOO wonU be worth 25 millloa. f dollar, 9.al.nt to dolUr for every acre of land ths SUto, or to eaa sixth part of Uie preeeat of these lands. , f. New h remala, to enqalro wh.ther an ein.n CIpaUoa Uw, uch a. w b.T. deacribed, would . thaUna, of K.ntuck- to r.I... sufficiaaUy ta iademalfy thi alavehslden for . - - ;t '.... . . ...4 : tbe redectio? a th vaue of their bUvo proper ty, ceatteqaeat apoa th clmut the Tha ttata of th qutuitlon U lhtr woulJ lh enactment o( a prpclive emancipation taw, whoM prmoUoal effiict ttkoaUi bgia i iii to 25 yean, and tlten pned fidatlf xi-iaft fifty jrears mere, eaaae an. iorreate ia the of laaJ, eoinmenauraie Ul time aad auunnl wito tao cflminatioa wUielt Uwoald.caaM ia the aiu of alaTe propartyY ! " The folio wiog coaaideratioiia may nerve to how, that the enaatwxut ef Mich a Uw would hare aa almoet linuieJlate efTeet apen Uie value of our lauda, aad would contain lo enhance tha ralaa of them,, until the fai froo thia ource far aaoeaded the loea iararred j the l.tveholdnt froin Uie operation of the law. , la the first place we might look with car Ulnty for a conaiderahle ioeteasd of popula tioa frora the enactment of aa eouaetpttioa law. , v ' ; ' - Experience han plainly derniitratA that ala rery check th lacmaai af Kpu)atlo la a SutcJ aa ooa aa lie rhehie laatle hat feea eupiud, and alaTO UUr hat had tiaiiU jredee iut-fleet apn the eotlaf h wr.;4r M the UfctwWof iJreTIr xBUB7.f9,eita aMiaed for tha alow growth of kaurucky. Ui cooiparteoa with kr f.ee aetfibore eathe op- uoeite aide of the Ohio, ao aoou aa a aroua- cip,lio fcw condom a alurery toexUac utn aaij c a rapid removal of alavea from - gutee, the reat obiUcra to Uie tnilax of la- durtrlo araijrauU, aad the rraat eauee of the entigratioa of iaduelrioua froiuneB from the State, will have heea in a (real nMuoure re moved, and "an accelerated increatia oif popula tioa may be expactnd. Aa iacreuaed demand for Kentucky Undi, aad an iacreaaed kome con aumption of agricaltaral prodacw, woald aa eeeaarily fbilow and eaaae a riae ia the value of these land. . Secondly, wa may notice tha striking fact that a much larger proportion of the population, ia ongaged la manufactarea aad commerce in the free Statea lhaa in the alaveholdinir Blates. It . . , I chiefly this diflVrence, tn the employments of 1 ' ' people. Utat givea U tha free StaUa their a.i- r ..J r ...j..i . . . afacturea and trada have never floariahed ia a laTeWding Ftate. To this fact we must at- tribute, in great part, the inferior valu. of their landa. The ciliea, towns, aad anaaatacturing establishment of a country, afford the bet market lor Uie produce or the land a Mr tneui, and add greatly to the value of thee lander This fact U so well known that we may take It for granted. Whatever meaauro, therefore, shall tend to increase the capital and popultUm em ployed ia manufacture aad commerce, will tend in the same degree to iiicreaae the value ef lands ia the country. N very comes to abstract cial aad maaafacla doing so ta obvious sod indisputable. An et&aa- rn.at inn laar arauM twtria trnmuiil! I, lihil. i . . sy this etwtracUoa, aad to op a tho way for incmaaa of tha traJina aiul ma.ar.rl.irin. I miii (. F.rw .un.i.M.,..IJu.a tuJ . , . I uie aanontei toe cnang ia ibe increased value I f hU produca, aad co.an.nUy of hU l.ad. Wn.tltM t, . I J II . t . . J 1 iuiu.j, . mm e Mm aau wo it evCTnieea .a.. It..! I M ,1 . 'i, . fact, that agricaltur itself Is not so wall tea i.i ja .. vt'iwi daclattt ttacUdta a e!awwBatwaid.aMtSatMlJiia.'i3 tad wholly " ' ' w T "fc -aaay Ilv l. frm l..r Tkt 1. nk 1 . ' ' .t ,..r. . ably to two caueea: fiiat, to th unskilful and aluggUh way ia whlck lvea coinmonl labor, combined with tho indolent bablta which slavary aerate ia a Urge rortioa of tho whist posb- aw n eaiii maaA n iwr wn wnm iinarii nil ana i UtioB. Md, fondly, to ttie want of' a home oket. io.t aouced. which la onjaneUa with tbe unfitness of slaves for any business requir ing skill, care, aad good economy, compels the cultivators to confine their operations to a few staple product that caa be exported to distaat market sack aa benip. cottea. tobao:o. and liye - .tock"; wh.ia such ia the case, the Und.ncv m ulaife farms, aad aa exhaust ng sys- tnm of tillage. Thus small farmera nis grada crwpt w the connlry, and the eoil U impov ri.hed; first, where naturally thia sods aretub- jecud to hard tillage, and, finally, even wher deen aoil are employed a stock farms. Atri ealtare being tka. ea the whole, 1m skilfully conducted and leaa profitable lhaa in State, aad tending alae to a decline; tho Unda ti,:. .A..i M. w.in.M. Aa ama.r.- 1 I pation law would too give a different tare to :,.... l i.J. V A,.-,: .1.. ikumim ijnbi j . j i..i.m m.m. ....... .t f . bar ot slave, ana iBiruaoor g tne more proui bU system of tha country ity and valu coaaLlarahla i i - .r....i..r... .,i.i k. k.ri.. eei iwa. mv-m ,iuaaviiiw.a m na w J-- v-JJ.a.- Er. th, Um. tb. lorovad .vatom of cultivation by free Ubor would lave made coa . ' Iderable progrese aorthc ra farmers would have come lata every neighborhood with their whit laborers, and aaany elaveholders would have wholly or partially adeptod thsir system. Fourthly, tho valae of land ia th aUvo Stale U kept down by the want of cheap trans portation by roads and canals. Ths si sve State are far behind tha frea Slate la the Internal Improvement. The reason is, that they are far behind in popalatioa and wealth and we may eatorprise to bfgln, and ikifl to conduct H - lautrovsmenU. ..Mwl if ' w6rki of tbi Mrt BOW exiating in tlte) iMrjntJiern Kutea, y'e'd or 110 profit to Uw jtoclholder. The reason ia obvioas a canal or railroad will coat th aame to make it aad to keep it ap, whether the business upoi it be ranch or little, But th baslnee opou it will b tccordlng to the amount of popalatioa and wsallli la ths eoun- try that it ia designed to accommodate. Sup- Po tbat a railroad vequlrw a cap tal of two millions of dollars to make It and koep It ap xhl u eqaivalent to ene handrid aad twenty thensand dollar a year. Ssppoe,sliM,Uiat th coantrr throueh which It run will afford it eaoogh to yield aa Inconi of only slghty thousand dollars a yaw. TtU will be onlj fr per cent oa Uie capital a lota to the stockholder. If they rais their charge for J I "Sights aad lares, peopl win aot employ weir &! ... .. . . it i ro,d n if tht7 do the eoUBty win ieTir9 B b"nt Irom lu I New euppoae that the pop ulatlea aad bus I Id ess of thi ama country kt doubled thea tha I road will, by moderate charge, yiad one huB 1 JJ J .U .alj.ll........ .1.1 1 I wtivsaa aaus miij waa wwpw.au a we- m w f wa wv -e per cent .a th. capital-, pritobl. lav.me.il . . . . .ii. . a . . r . a . . L lor tn iocanoiar una a great iwbcui uw uie i i.k.k:...... fu-i. .i i. ..i... r.. ikr..1 - rrr. f reasons: let, they sell their produce at a great-ir profit, by mean of a cheaper UaasjwrUtioa- r ' I oj .i i j . i . ...... tv...aaa. aiavi. aaaa w v.. .wa. rw w. v. - they are brought to thera at leas ccat and 3rd, cheapaeas aad speed if iatereoaran by th raJ- read aa expoa la traveling aial Imf-rev the convenience if a residnace la til country "Hence aa iroaacipaUeii law, by promoting ow. It matter not Low eta. . . . , , V " " aing., wa. ueeuneu io pnn out into a circle oi jtr. Mann new eruerea . i ii&creaaott vaiu oi uieir lauua. lor auy mmi i Den en is. oroaa and acaitow tdved ilia varv I ..j i the iiicreaae of timn.tr. - . ...i... " i . I 4 -I c.-.iTJ.. r.;,. ""i't" "1 'u rl to. tl .J it. .. . . ... , ' mav not be anloterestina towlste-and wa wUh "" "ua P". of the free Sutra. Thus the lands pronto or lit larmer, aua ia me vaiae 01 1 members, rootliold was lalned. The erperi- pect them and Mnor meir auiaors. - ijw miai atiarooi territory, aowovor waia m aoaaoarive 1 -. hrolTI a.. woald be Improved both iaqaal- snd. - , 'T"" a. Tha alo in thia wa vvonld ha I Aa ia th. nroRt multinir from economy or I . .. . , I. ., . , j l I ,r " ,.. n I , ..j. .u. v:ku .l.i. i I a rtmUeman beloflfing to south tsruxaa. I . ... .l .1 I j . i. .ir.i ik. I . 1 rr i . . j I . '.-. .. v : i. i k. u". it. - .1 i v i ... J a i I meet ll wtiiq u MtKmeDU oi anouirr aen. - a i - i" e - i in eaianiiaiiea oraor n iniin. lavoreu ov i nnncmie 01 aciiKuvriuiucni. 1 suuvai uui nrwiai wumiun n u aieu... .". 1 - - - . LOUISVILLE, KY. SATURDAY, AUGUST 19, 1848. population and wealth, would promote Internal improvements aa l thus increase tha -eralao of our lands. - . . . ; Finally, improved habits of industry and economy ia the white population, woald be a virtual additioa to the vuiae of the laade; for they woeld diminish the coot and tha inereeee the profits of farming. Jt U to theee kabits that we are to impute in part tha auperior value of landa ia the free States. It U a remarkable faet that, generally apeak lag, the landa ef the free Statfa eel! for twice as much aa those ef aimil ir quality la thealave States. Where thia is not the ease, the exception le owing to local caueea, and not to any superior or equal profiti ef alave labor. Near Louisville, for example, the su perior valua of Kentucky landa ever those on the Indiana aide U owing evidently to the posi tion of the city, aad ia part to the cultivation of gardens by the Uduetrioaa German popula tion. The inevitable tendency of elavery li to relax Induetry, to lacreeee the number of idle persons la tan community, and produce habit ef waste ful consumption aad profuse expenditure (Iosco the fr eqeeacy ef gradually aceapuUUng 4kh(s front wvrt of (-r'oaoiuy', aad Jjiation or eaute iy uue ueun even oeiore tbtj'oiue io the InherlUace. Aa emeaelpatioa law would first check, aad thea gradually eate thi tendea-' ey towasds theee unthrifty aad often raiaoas habits ia a slaveholdlnr commaaiirr. And ! would not thU be a virtual aad very Important addition to the value of our lands? Suppooej the market value of a man's ham be thirty dol lars aa aero, and then by some means it ahould riae to forty dollars the rise woulJ be nothing to him while he kept the land, enleaa hi netl profit iucreaeed with the increase of the Market value j aud if hi nett profit iacreaaed, it would matter nothing whether or not the market value iacreaaed, aaleas be wanted to sell his land. Now, if slavery lndaeee unthrifty habits, by which even abundant produce avail nothing to a maa'a comfort and prosperity and aa eman cipatioa law tends to correct this ovil aad to make what a man has more conducive to bis own, and hia childron'a welfare; is not this a real aad important addition to his fortune? A man 'a wealth does not consist so much in the amount of hia income, aa ia Uie amount of pre sent and future eniovmoBt which his good economy makes it yield. If roan have 3,000 L.Ji.r. . TMr. .nj , mviHi a, minnanare- ment the half of it le wasted, he ia no better off tliaa the good economist who lias 1,500 dol lar a year. For the reasoas now stated, and other reasons that might be mentioned, such as the better ia of sustaining schools ia a free Stato w a. ! J l.av .mH aAiMMAitaalavl law lhaa means may enoao to 0Bd theLr aiavcaaatoi ua Biaie wben ...a .... r.. I I . i . . i ii. I j, ,w wfm paaeed, or at any am wnn ini law I .n0 - (a i. )... would softer no lcaa of aroier- . . .. . . ... .L ... . . tr at an. ana trie im.wvea vaiuoti mair lanua i ' ... wouiu DO civar raiu. i I . ... . , I . "7." ETL "r fi ? J , . ,.r.n, iv,.M k. 1 . . . . . . . i wa ll .,t I... Wm . t.mm. mm r ' m. f vaV afaua I " ' 1 . . ... f ' 1 property froas the aehni of graJual eropaaei- I tT a . aiara nronariT vo en ili srvouwu ratner a"j wvi vuiuiwuiiti j j r r m- w awiw t potion. I Now it doea aot reqiire a larjre Increase of j vaioo ia we prouace oi una, to ms tne vaiae ei in land iieeii eaa axtn. uti a auppo tbat now a farmer sells produce ai anally to ths amount of 1,500 dollars, and that f00 dollar of tbia sum is nett profit, after paying all tha ex rnsee of cultivation. Oa sixth ef this aett profit U 100 dollar. If, thea, by aay meaas b ... ... t enn i. a .r l rjv jAn. A. kt. '- " """" . 1. 1". ,k. .M . ...a1 ... Mm. in. ih. .ivp, wui. mi vv. r.w.vv -1 ama. r if ha eaa rad act th coat of prodaclag .v.. v- urn ji!. ik.. ku .. """"'""I' "J v.r.- wdl be Increased one sixth, and his laad will bo iacreaaed one sixth ia valae. It b aot th gross Drodne of Uad ia ouanlitv ar ia value that, rwirnlBlM f ha a.lMA Af and- hD I thai HAII frt rrgulatee in value oi uno out tnenupro - . . m, m a a. .a . mm . . J JsJ l.J tl.. ..II doea after all cost ar deducted. Aad tie aett produce may bo iacreaaed ta Varioaa way by " U,r..uJ nraeellAn from tha aama rreand with I ths same expense of Ubor by Increased market I ' Bptomber, ended hia nsrtai life and glorioua I nea, it ia asked, have uw made lor Uiem oy I ded to the I won uisswsippt, Aiacsma. iuis S free I J I ,.th.r. an.l antarJ into hia raat. Ilia I niharf Nr.! It ia anti-dflmocratie. monarcht I aniiri. Arkansas. Louisiana. Floriila. and Texas: value or in crop wnea prooaio at a eoriaia expsoce by Improved economy of labor, and of a m a consumpUoa oa the faro &c. H comparatively .mall Improvement la anv of those Dartico ara. r I m.L . . JiIT.mh.. a.r alvtk In tha mall I i.j ..l... .r k. Knt to baoarlne la thai I Ml . v . . .i -a.liil.- of th. oee.oant ir i It ia trus that la all countrie and sUtee of , ,k..-.fii. a,rknlnaaa wllldeoead much aociety, the profita of bueineee Will oepoBO mBcn oa the ptrsoaal qualities of Individual men. But here to the eonaideratioa that beare oa tho oroeent ubiect different habiU spring from : . :.,,,:. tai.v.rv tmnarates different social institutions. Slavery jenarsiee hnblu and oustom and aentiments anSavorabi to Industry, economy, and the profiuble man- .eamant of busines cenerallv. and especially of gemeat of buslnoM tT'! J. agricultura In which the alavea are commoaly employed. Ia tha alava Butea tgricultaral la- bor U ascertained to be much lea productive tnaniuuiafii-u ftiii. ir-mrt-'y ta attar. ket value of laade li mach inferior. Remove .very and yo- will rer-ovo It. effects. By im- proving the business habiU of th country, the economy, the management of th landowner! you will rsUe the value of their Uads by ma- king them produce more at a leaa coat This ef fect of removing slavery added to Ut ethers double the value of Kentucky lands, Instead '"B'- j ----------- - -- - ftre. moot probably double the valoieflb landed inhuritanc of their children end grand .li tl J aaaa. a la- a-a SO 1 1 n ItWaW all p. frfkfl. ITIO D v... , , , , tttaarM If it be objected that ia the preceding elate - M.i. kav. IneorrecUv aasamad that all th 1. ... . . , . . . 1 1 i.nrfa ar iiia .TaTa are oar naa uw iiifanaimra 1. we answer that tha objector may roak whatev er allowaa-se he can reasonably make for this error, and hi will scarcely weakaa oar argument stall. H- R Mmu-a OcraaaB Off TBI V. S. ABB BbITISB S0Vv 1 . . ' . TT- n f. (L. IT c aeo til. I . C f. f a.l -ad ika aaf KskAaTlw. me OA insu, tu a. rwiw-i, i., -.o . w- aul at Tabasco, and Uie British Consul were at t.rked bv a oairv of intoxicated Mexican soldiers, .. .. .oinmiuinr outraeea oa aoms Mexican women whom they supposed favorable to the 1 a M. t.w.a. ramnnatratita with ihem. I Araericann. wmvi . ; . when they furiously attacked boll, him and hia companion, with knives and bayonet. Being well mounted they escaped from tha desperadoes, mr. P., mads comp sint to ueo. oruno, iaa wa.. - . . r-- -j, .. ... .. , HWHUMUVl . " - , " 1 .a Y . I TIM ..a J .1 ...1.1:... m Toraaaa-n an haai theml',ru ordered the soldiers 4o. Tobasco, and had them .1 punished. IV. U. burning auuma. rreale annual report of the Methodist Episcopal Chifch, gouth. .This Society has been doiug a go4 work among the colored population, aa wlii U seen by , the ex tracts which we vreeent from e resort: - : . -r . -, . Originally brought from IeaUra Africa, a porlioa of the heathen worl brooded In aa ig. oorance of God deeper anrf darker than that wntcn covered all the nsal or 1'afinUm he aide; degrad! by suuersliiiLafeara that bled before thw tradition of I devil, aad bowed te the uppoee.j authority of ritchcraft and the fotisch; the plantation a-io, for the firs generation or two, muat havived in gross, not losay entire ignorance of rrl f ous truth. Kvea after the lapse of sevea ganeatioaa ws find that at the present day, where U bodice of them have been brought ap oa i er deltas or see islands, aad by necessary eo quence shutout from the ordinary opportub ice of hearing the gospel, Uie most dep .orabl i aoruuee prevaiU ; aad, aa a matter of course, ih ir moral condition is bad enough. Idleness, iaimoerance, lying, stealing, disaolateae, are e dark shades ia the character of the neglected African. We freely admit that ia towns, tillage, aad country-places, where the alare'oopalatioa mixes freely with the whites ; charchea are opea ta them ; where eh a public opinion reachee them ; aad tha cosrvatiaa aad exam ple f rl'fjloja ru t-ri VUAttsncs tha. ntwr aeeHiiiSewis'MKjr mhiL-rirpirA.' e . . a ' "The Methodart . ChunHviauarticBlar teek ap this subject earnestly, sn, In tea years after the introduction ef Methodima into the colonies nearly seven thousand ciinrcb luambera were reported ia iu statistical returav. Ia liOO there were 1J,40 colored ntenibrrs -ia connection with the M. L. Church. Tsese however were found in the regular stations and lircuit. where the white and colored popaltioa were thrown togetner, and wtinre colore; societies were al ways connected with white, auder the same discipline end patitorai eversit There was still a large negro population b the rica-rleld nrgioa, where the malaria of Uw river-all a viona found to be deetmeUrelW the health and life of the white population! ind which ia the summer seasoa U baadonedpy the proprietors, and left to the care of evetetrs. The blacks thus circumstanced ia soaui Carolina alone. amount in round numbers tdWftoet 70,000 souls. It ia evident that if theee wW to receive reli gious lttHtructlon, It must beiliroovh the agen cy of some machinery dirTojett from the ordi nary and established mudea f kceleeiasticet op eration. In a word, it w emphatically mi $ionmry grnnd. V 1 he honor of having tfginated the 5 rat regular Diiseioa to the blaekt of theee planta tions, belongs to the Methodhi . Church. At the eentmenoenient of the yjot the Hoalii Carolina Conference at its stolen ia the city of Charleeton eatabliahed twi aiieion to the blacks one south of AshlevRlver, the oilier on Santee and Tee Dee Rives: Tbe Rev. Dr. now Bishop Capers, was spanned Superinten dent ef this enterprise. A taailiaiaa by birth, tne son of a revolauonart olioer, himself a slave-holder, kaowa axtamtelr and most favor- ably to the public from hi, yvatli. Dr. Capers wa pre-eminently the perinto take the lead ' - r m n IHUf.m . M.-. V it.- rh.i. .s i... I ... . . .. . I an Historical name la tne jbh oi noulh taro-1 tina called on Dr. Caper in the autumn of ltffc. to know if be could rraroeid a Metho- I .,.. e j.. . u I mo, w iv u oa couiu riraiaiuciau a tueiau- I i.m.vii Huiytiu.H.w. ri w.--w . na. Santa. I.tlni. llul kl.klt.ni;.. h.il ku I ..nj t tha r.iin... i..rt-rti.n f hia naonla hmMWMim ki. triA. I 11. .... rl k n.-tar L1A Mr J u l. j?...- .ri. A;li- I W FJBWWW-T T1IW1 WWmW aawaTtia,! IIIT VlUir IU WTi TT3 I 1. iiu that w av : bat tkiit VT.aTttiiU ailow Mm! U.makaan ann Itatioa t tliEiaha .J of Managers of tha Miaieaary Soidaty, at tho ar.Draahia aeasioa of Ikaaaiinal canfmiM. I a Munin'. for whoa eharater ha araald mark. I ho.w WB hi a a miioaary. Thia waa accordingly doii at th earnest r- quest of Air. Hackney, tiortly afterward a similar reqaest was mads li Cot. Law la MorrU, of ronton, la which he wis joial by Charles Baring, Eq., of th sain SctnHy. These throe gentleines, tho earliest pa tons of a movement embarrassed at that time vith no small anion at I of difficulty, have rsmainetever sines the warm oi uuucuii l.mA .lv aunnortara of I . . . . . . i Meihodist mia- iious, tnouga aitacnea to different religion eommaaioa. I I - ThB hrst Misslonar.ee irere the Rev. John 1 I . D. r.,..II M ,W. mtr utmg tppoiaui by ihop McKsadree le I piutation aoulh of diley River, th lat- ter to Ltvoee oa San lee. A if to trv tha faith I W Ik. 'hwaalm aJ a t a hAwaS s f uir. uuawa . .... Xa. .1 I Ul WI1-1IVH sUU Sjara. it LTwW.I VI TJli-aSwV a a I i . ,. : ...l wl i s UVft lUf AVI lliva Vft umav wasiwaaaxi saw. muivwkm . .. . . . ,1 .n(i ,,? ,.m,f,j. took tha hillota r.var throoirh mdo- I 'f - v ' ' 1 r I .nr. la ik. awamna af h.. CaU ef labor, and. . f ndoubtodlv a aadific to hi work, but ha eouslderod it well-beetdved. nd iovfullv ro- I . k r .X . i. 1lL.i. J .1.. 1 signal it la tno service eiunn-w anu ,Ur wj. -"' "''f' P--""- I VODl Of SalVBtioa I e I. Thetperaiioaa of the first eamlaman who want fortlrd in tha movement I a . ... . war In advaaco of theiJumo, aud could but l Tnal that thev had aaaumfl a heavv rerDOllsiDil - ity ia endorsing for tho bAeficial reaalu of inch I . . . . I . . . ... sa aaderiaaing. ui courte tney waicaru ui a i j (n(U AifarMtt w,ei,u,e first year. It was p,rfectly satisfactory. " ho second year, the membership oa theee U missions more than doablsd itself. ; I acred ib - small, however, waa i Mi1JT,.r s-i.i I nm . 4..,; , .. J.i ,ka annual Conference, as Uie aggrade of Uie collection for tho year 1S30. The Allowing year, another of u,. Jmuter. of the cAiferenc. wa. wddtl to bot br,r, fork1 bopfc Th oral in- iUfltUojl th, jittj nToe by catechism waa 1 commenced i0 of thea were place under 1 tli ear of the mlweien j ;. nj 973 church- meu,oerw.re or. , ' " - . " nieinber, 0f ta lniMI0 family, I 95 aoul. and 490 children were regularly eatechioed. Th x - periment had been goinf oa roar , yeara. 111s uieory 01 religious luiTuovkoa mui uiatas had been put to practical teat ; had been watch d ia it matter-of-fact tndeuciea; had borne of tlnct promise of tho coung harvest. Aa infla pianutloa or hi own, ue acceesiui reauii oi eligi0lli in.tructioncoiTmunlcated through the - roe.ii, of the niiwtonafy erganlxatioa, sent a 9 comullmenunr letUr tolUie Miseionsry Board, - m iteluMon ta Uiialf of a number of hi HethetiWl MixUaoie le it . ' ' f tbmi We have received the thi . - --. - " : . -7" -I .. 7 . . .uli.nt nr hosl of intel!nrent witnesses a a.no. ama nv B1..W .. . jirui ib.ot.uiib kd- i i a m . ir.i ua uiHiiuaLnm. .u anciiiuu m u,c , . u. i. aw . .u. ...uub, . . at . ... ...... , . ... . . . - .a i t till friend iu rJeaufort, nut missionaries snouia 1 sent to tliotn. A reapeoiat.ie meung ei piaai tn wss held la tt tukf s psrwn, oa ins suojeci 1 ui iu, iviikiv.. ,aa. 1 . iu teicni.M. (MBiM.aii.n nr th. i aw k a , ann i. ... j . i j . j . 1 th missionary ytm was tarowiw uu aop The Um for enlargement com. ' JfiMteiu imitg ik PtopU Color. Ml-aa Mmm. Hmmmmuum. W.Ma C.IU. Cta. CI, mm . StUuU 1 1 ....! i.ou.TiUe 4 8 .iti...3 aa.. Virfinla.. ..... t . ....4.... .....WS. ..3 J";" Teanessse.. . J7. . ..... IS.. .. .......Sf). , .1..... 1!.. A.a. 1 1 140..... arwuiie......-.. " Ml.,St...,XUW.. 39 .1".. 3....I00.. i KuMBippt.,.,13 - 1 Liiiaa.....ll. 13.,-.... .M...WJ.. .!.... -WW-. .....10....1.-S...4-..J i0.. .....19......-3l..6.Vi..lO low.. ...,.90 SI..37JI..17.... Jltll.. ooorsi. 20. AlaJtuia. 20 J""- I mUUla..... 8. Carolia...i7...,.-3 i3i..y;ea..n....uis.. J....3-rt........iw...-....i 130 439 SfiSUt l ma' i i " mr ton. aaia an suecuonaie niwuin hi u.i whaw.in. abort time to b aiar - ' vou are celtinr am." 'tea, mother, replied. "I am; and I expect that yoa will ahortly at my n.". Baewch ( Uaawee Bfawa ike alia re ' Ma. CsatBMAvr I have listened with inter est, both yesterday aad to-day, to speeches on u.'titta called the. "xreideatial quaaUm." J propoae to duc4ua a question of far greater mag' ilrtiule the question of the age one, whtaa eonaeqaerice will not end -with tha ensoiEg lour yeara, but wia reach forward to tha setting el the sua of time. - . Sir, our poeitioa ia this: The United States unoa lUeif the owner of a vsst region ol ooantxy st the West, now almaat vacant of inhabit arrta. I' art of thia region axe saluahoua and fertile. We have reason to seppow that, ia additioa to thetreasuicQ of wealth which industry may gath er i ruin us aurtace, there are mineral treseure beneath it, riches entered up of old ia sublet- lancan caamDera, ana out awaitins: the aDDu cauoa of intelligence aad skill ta be converted ibto the means of human improvement and hap- piaees. u.e legions, ti u true, ue iemote from our place of residence. Their shores are washed ry another aes, and it is no ficura of sjieecn to any mat another aky benda oei them. t4 remote are they , liiat theu hours are not aa out hour, not thir day aa our day; and yet, such are the wondeiAit improvement ia ait, in modern timea, a to make it aoxraah aatiaipaUon that before thia century shall have ekwed, Uie in habitant on. the Atlantic kboree will be able to visit theu brcthtca on the f aciac ra H-t davi: and thai intelligence will be tranamiUed aad re turnca, -bevwerift. tn i. astern -aad 'western oct an.. in riniylll'j l"bt couuiry, -Uiere- "i "w w Japiu.y litxi, auu wo inan DS brought into intubate relations with it; and not. withstanding iu UinUBce, into proaimrty to rt Now, ta the providence of God, it has fallen to our lot to kKuuate for this unoccuDied. or but partially occupied expanse. Ita great future nangs upon our tfeciston. Not only degrees of latitude or longitude, but vast tracta of time sgea and centuries seem at our dieposaL As sre the institution which we form and establish thet e, so w ill be the men whom these institutions in inrir turn will form. -Nature works by fixed lawa; but we can brinr this or tbat combination of circumstance under the operation of her lawa, and thus determine results, llexe springs up our lesponaibility. One clsas of iuatitutiona will gather there, one class of men who w ill de velop one set ot characterUtica: another class of institutions w ill gather there, another class of men wtto ul detelop other characterises. Hence, their futurity t to depend upon our preoeut course. Hence, the acts we are toper, form, seem to partake of the nature of ereaUoa, rather than of legibUUon. . Standing upon the elevation which we now occupy, and looking over into that empty world, "vet void." h not "without form," but soon to be filled with multitudinous life, and reflecting upon oar powet to give form aad character to that life, ani aunobt to fore-ordain what it shall be, 1 i M umiiu n wwiiu w w iiicTcicnce to I compareoui condition to that of the Creator be- fore he fashioned the "lord" of thia lower world; I tor we, like Him, can engratt one act of attnb-1 ntes, or another set of attributes, upon a whole race of men. In approaching this subiect. therefore, I feel a sense of responsibility corres ponding to the infinite I speak literally the in Jimiu interests which it embraces. As far aa the tune allowed me will permit, I propose to discues two question; the first is, I it I into a masterly argu-1 inltituda Of facta, auota-1 show tbat so far aa the uniform practice of sixty years can ami a doabt- a.i e. ,v 9 lnrislatine rwer tha tmitnru tiat hn 1,1,. I, , ... I r f A..t .);i. " ,,wul w ujiu- th K.i.f .kr.ttUJ.l ri i. I s - I Ta, .11 )!..( rkl. T.:... I ..." . .... ... W ' V' ' T .V,- . t,.l. . t , -;-!..; .. . . .1 J .A. a - - a 11 aJ.l.A at iL I ' w . . . Vi Mr. Mann tten pnweded aa Whiwa; I . But all thia isf tedious and superfluous. I have roue into UlB uetBU Decause l unaenuoa UC fenUemaa iroui i lrcinia. l.ur. caviVl Ul nav denied this adoption and thee raoignilionsof the ordinance. I haxaid nothing ia saying that the owinance ot naa neea expreHsiy leieireu wistatea votea unanimously s gainst it Had but as valid, or expressly or impliedly re-enacted a dozen umea Dytne lyungtessot tne c nttea aiaiea; and, in the bUte IXKiru ot unto, Illinois, lou-1 i-uana, Mississippi, and Missouri it haa been ad- judgexi to oe ooaatiiuuonai. now, men, w u possible for any mind amenable to legal rules for the deciaion of legal quentions, to ssy that rViaxr.. rlnnnl n. a nr hia nnt Imn.llTKl (except once or twice inadvertantly.) on th sub-1 icct of slavery in the Territories.- n.lk.o.A lK..,m.t Il,...n.l. a concluding remark to submit The position 1 am contesting sfTinns generally that Congress cannot legislate on the subject of alaveiy ia the 1 'I'nnitWiac -l-taeW 1 n STrkeBl latl nW WaV U laolu BTITW . ivh a . r a i a A rl 1 1 aa.! ivc. A uo iut.avwauv j w-a ov avajM.a r..-v... ..i ti Vik.JUmwt iv,.?.. .. rZ i m tlUbUtri urw-tawf a .v , WMn n -wa nu(r,nt ln iwocratie Drincinl.w to debar the Inhahitanta of the Terntoriea ftom roveniiiM I " thrmaelveft. Must the fre me of th TenltO - caL intolerable. All men have the riirht of self- irovernment: and thw pnncrnlea holda true with B a . Ik. l.V.kil . T.val A . , rryaru vo ine .nu.uu.,. . c.,,, . aa the inhabitants of States. I Now, if thee declarations were a sincere and I hir. it ia the most Dainful aarject of this wraole . p - . cae, that the very object and purpose of chum- 1 infrthesa amnici.na novereifu lucals Km lua ui habitant of the Territones, is, Uist they may 1 . .. .. e . v -. r,i t. . I.. i aenyovi ngnis io aporuon ot weir leimw-omiga j a i rf the territorial siloil Aad whyf- That Uiey may abolish all lighU for a whole class of hu- man beings. Tbia cUim, then, ia not rasd for the purpose of making freemen more free, but r. ' t ,T.i.. mhlI.t n m I t,Ain m rinm. tha mmri tolerudat for tbe Territories, is the fesr that Congress will pre- ,orit slavcty m tliem. The icsaou for clairamg lhe uprcm. right oT lcgUl.tion for the territorial inhabitants, is he hope that they will esUbliah slavery within their borders. Muat not that De- 1 mocrscy be false, which begets aiavery a its natural otfcpringf . j If.th.snowbc.ad TemtoTpn; to consider Uie next question. it tif- 1 rfnt t itrrfudesarery rem Mf . Here, on thethreslioiu, we areeonriouiru wiui 1 claim thai me gate anau o " orHn to the admission of aiavery into thi broad 1 Veatem world; because, otherwise, the South Mn nr S ave State would be debarred front en - joying then share of the common property of the l ,ne.t thi claim with a eoanterlaira- If, I Araaaasa, ieaiMsaa, ..."l. c fmdom wm exclude the elaveholders ef thel thetiiuotho-coiwpromUeoof Ui CasUtatioa c ... ., ., . tk. i... hasdJhat ware attired lato, aot sa if th parties sop- ... .' . wUI xclad the oe - . nM,n .rth- Narth. Wo. at the North,kaow ill -jwv;vi w.iww " 4 - jmuom. of woi rldly prtreperity II tha source of r volantarily to . k.DDlMws we koow to wall a anil moral well i . . . . . aor.ial and moral welfare, ever bland aur fortunee with those of a eommaatty where slavery U tolerated free terrltorv.' theo. sxclide mand for alavi tsrritery exdndee la av hand red of th ireemoa oi ua nena 1 7, .. i.k. vi. f.mile aad rilhmf ..UrritorTwhere -Tv ;7r.r.f V.nCUl th- ea- .i..M.F h. roa af hahit ltd indurmUoa jkould pa- into that : c.noa. a.S wsm , - . . . wnre eoauaaoa arm win ue no Tiln.iiili. fullw nf fnnTia '-'"vl V 7 " har ef territory, Uoagh all the resUa si taia ,,. wild go by aorthera .waa. wh Slr' U "Tr Dr-w.VY.: ceaUaent vet into th C.loa. andw JtUtm mrstorti Urewtat. aae.. writtaa la iphj yjar. -"J wora to beeom, la th. taia. language if tto JTJT laVfraJ iar ewa waton aad Mriy age ai aia.tosa. to Uvl foreas tto-a MM-bM Kpwhllc . fwAaWia, to th aeare. ef ea wtster. ia Richmond V...aa a tato, lai i private jaml- u Mtm ad f. ITpTch a aosaU Jhm 1. heir jy. WhiU there, to wrwsaa Uttor. af wbioh ,f uvery, aa a taaaow why aew-torw rj?S jra. & X U.ZuUb.x.mptad&.y-.t .Irfcw . A- presses aie. . It issinarry. Ihiaaloa would preveat ma from ever settling ia Virfiaia. Laagaafacaaaat si prose ray dateaUtioa at it. Maate aad alave! Nature never made eaea a distinction or established such a relalioa. Mm, whoa forced to substitute the wilt of another for his ewa, ceases to bo a moral agent; hU title w wa aaaaa at aaaa ta exuagaatfMd ; aa aoeeaaei a mar aeacaiae la the hand ef hia esoraasor. No empire le oa valaabU aa Lb empire of oae'a sea. xsa rtgnt ie sa ineeparahl from humani ty, and aa accessary ta the improvemeat of oar speciee, aa Lb right of exerting the powers waiaa aatara aa givea as ia tee parsuit ef an v aad of every good which wo eaa obtaia with out doing Injury to ethers. Should ysa deeir it, 1 will give yew same idea of tha eitaatioa aad character ef the aefroee ia Virginia. It U a enbject eo degrading to hamaaity. that 1 cannot dwell oa U with pleasure. I shoald be obliged to show yea every vice, heightened- by every mssaassa, aad added to every misery. The iaflaeaee ef aiavory aa the whites, i al most a fatal aa ea the black taeniaeiveo." Thia was writ tea fifty yeara tzo, bv a venae maa front New Earlaad, aalf aiaeteea veare eld. 1 know that, ea aj aaujecu af phdaa thropy aad ethics, Dr. Cbeaauig waa half a (eatery ia advance of kia age. Bat tlte see ti ns at he expaaand aa thia subiect, at the does of tha last ee story, are bow the provalat,deew seated feeiinga at North era aiea, exeepUag, perhapa, a tew eases, wasre theee footings bate heea corrnptUy IntereaL. . , . I repeat, thee, tnt tne Asrtli cannot shat t taeaulb fsa4 . aeW terriUnea by a law wf racHsdifff aaVsexrraWUaWBifyweMaav; W4 aoath will ahat eeaia North bv the ate t of Introducing !avrv.' Even admittinr. tkea. that tbe law ia oqaai for both North aad South, I will show that all the eoaira ia ea tbe aid of the Norths - - . - . - Sir, from the eslabiiah stent of oar Lndepend- ence by the treaty of 1 783, to the time of the adottion of the Constitution, and for years af terwards, no trace is to be found of an intention to enlarge the bounds of our Republic; and it is well known that the treaty of 1UU3, tor acquiring Louisiana, was acknowledged by Ml JeJIerson, who made it, to be unconstitutional. In 1787, the Magna Charts of perpetual freedom wa-j se cured to the Northwest Territory. But the arti cle excluding slavery from it had aa earlier date than '87. On the 1st of March, 1784, Congrete, votea to accept a ceiou from the State of Vir ginia of her claim to the temtory northwest of the Ohio nvea The subject of providing a go eminent for tins aud other teriitory, was tetcr redto a eoiamattee, consisting of Mr. JerTeixon, Mr. Chasej of Maryland, and Mr. Howell, of Rhode Island. On the 19th of Apnl, 1781. their report was considered. That report contained the following ever-memorable clause: "That after the ytar ISO, of the christ.an era, t.'ieie hall be neither alaTcrv nor invofuutarv eetvi- tudein any of the said States, (they were cpok- en ot aa atatea. buiuaa. it wa , in -. tcuipUted to erect the tcmtor.ea into States ! otherwise than in miuuhnient of crimen whereof the party tdiall have been convicted to hael een pemmallv railtv Sir, we bear much said ia our day of the Wil. mutprovino sgainat alaveiy. In former )eara, ;rcat credit has bct-n given to Mr. Nathan Dane, ef MawachujrftU, for originating the f.th article, Ugainst slavery,) in the ordinance of 1,87. Sir, m a Biibnorner to call tnu restrictive clause the Wilmot proviso." It is tbmJtfenom mwim. aad Mr. Jedcrson should have tha honor of it: nd would to Heaven, that our Southern friends, kneel so devouuy si ns anrine, could tean- tor tha nghta of man, which alone can make the place of tLetr devotion aacud. But what ia moat niatenal to be observed here, , that thepran of joveioment reported by Mr. Jefferson, and: acted upon by the Congress at uuuiin.cBuriccii an iu - i tw-iu icmu ry ;" it eiobtaced all th "territory ceded or t b -...f K in.',v.,lnl KfiloatlK I Sti- Sm Jmnii nf nnimru. Anni m. itri If tiMjit H iUr.r ,- i..Ai ir .,J OL1 LtTW. IS lUIklaUm. UW yG mf SXitlOVU wmJl Wlj, Uj lc WW neg T7 nrikym-nf RYrr; itaaii un-i, them w .,.tm nt,. n,l onivnl a r- - - - w - -- - - - --v- 'j - - I against it Yee so singulsrly wrcra thee ven I votea Hisrnbtt&l. and an Hiite a wiaiontv of Lhl I Mite, did it Tenure to dim an act. tbat it wa I lost The whole of the representation from seven I States, voted for it unanimously. Only two I on of Mr. Jetfer-ion's colleague voted with him. i ana haa Mr. Spaight of orJi Carolina, voted tor it, (only nine out or twenty-three.i the re- atxicuve clause in the report would have atood. i aul a minority oi seven irom tne aisvc-nokiing I States controlled a majority of sixteen from the I ftee State, ominous even at that early day of I a Tata, that K nav r. an . Miruiul na . "I . ... . . suxly years. I The vote was certain.y no more tliaa a is it I ,,.., rJ .S. fal.n. cJ iUm r.i,tT again aiavery, at that tune. It waa with Mich I a feeling that tbe''oon.proirase of the Ccnstitu- I tion." as they are called, were entered into. s a s a l i ... , .rw.1W V raSilBi I V 41 VWa m Urn I Ski I naa P1I S-fl U in IU I vwJ uivawt'i w "vwiu k. it. th... .-rUtia tim.t t a aiarvi; w weave 9 behold it- airpresaive march. Beaides Kentucky I and Ttnaeaat. which 1 omit for reasoua before I . . l intimated, seven new slave StatCB have been Sd- the last five out of temtory not belonging to ue I at th adoDtien of the Constitution: while only I . t Ca.t. t K . -. kaan aAlvl .ll.r.r.9 ' 1 . " . " "7";.. ' I this time, out of such newly acquired territory. I But there U another fact, which shows that I lowiai six persons to a Cam Uy, thi number I , , , - . . . L waaM reprat a white popalatioa of e.ghtea - 1 Bunarea tBeaaaaa I Mr. Gayle.of Alabama, laterrapted aad seal: I fa a 1 a r t . m, - k .. kaui. i n wie x""'" - - tofeemed that th .amber f alaveholder is aaly 300.000, thea I will tell him his informa- tioa i atterly fala. Mr. afeaa. Will the geatlemaa tell me hew asaay thor areT Jf r. Cr. Tan times as maay. I Ur.Munn. T a tune a maay. laalunee 300,000 ie 3,000,000 ,snd allowing six peraoa to each family, thia wwuld giv a ppaiaua 01 I8,(K)0,000i dinctij ca.tl lag; whil Uie wboto.fr popaUUoa of tl South, ia If l, waa considerably lee than five 1 . I Mr. JfeaJ-V VirglaU, hoe UUrpod aad 6iaily. I uTirtTtf 7- i--a grow, aad j the yoang, there ar about 3,000,orHi iatereaied I la alave property- 1 .Mr. JUaaa rasaroec. .ny ttiiitss mi.pv 1 iwr uiu ws an av- j million; bat, at Ui tlmaef the adoplioa ef the - 1 Ceaalita tioa, tha aatnbor direcUy ewaaected - 1 with elaveholdisg must hav beea leaa thaa aae aillllea. Yet thia aa wiillioa haa eJrwady sa saclad Ul powd that we awald aver aoaair torritory h w.k i... I wood the limit. Aal thi haa beea doaa for I" yoaa th benefit (If H to a baaafit) f that on md- lion of Slaveholders, adest what U aew a rrei popaUtiea f f ftosa Hdltoaa. Aad, la addt- t , - 1 wher caa thi aa-aUvhoidra af the slave- hoUingStaU. igrUatoT Are they aot Jo tot to tto rig of ail th. for sack to Um elaliat No. air, I say that, . l.i a. auual or aaliUcu avu. TetLaBC r'. to iTrii mi i.aUc. aad Vaaity, i . . j;.: iK.r.ll i ueaioiaw, it ia w ee ci r I er.amay ef whom are to laxy to aad a or- If ear deeaaad tor ataveaotaiag popatauea oi e awve k er r,p.r th lance to prvtoet taatr them, thair do-1 as direct aad loop aa laiereei aay p. w t frSR, Ui ..hbarlag tok, aetaally aap- bs. Hit obi I country, adverse i in axvaaasaa bU-4 iU u. ad broeaa haaul. WHOLE jVUIJBER C2. let ma treat ef Ma Mawiieai or aaaaeMk aa j. " ateowdTy, af Ua ntarai aapeela. - -. Thoagh aiavea ara aaid ta aa aeoawttv. Umw ar tha preventers, tha wasters, th satagoaieti. sr property. So fas frora facilitating tha jft. evfcaoo of iadivldaal er aatioaal wealth, al.verv Olhe, thlag. Uiag a..!, frw palpla .W, thrive aad prosper, ha a am worldly aa.. mora than a f, divided lata aaaaieraaid1 aamvea. Watw w ea eoaetitataa aa to car fr ' aothing. to asplrw to aothlng. beyond asar Um- poral well-beuig. th weibaLng woald cm ami ua to abvlwh aiavery whrwver it exiata, aad to repel iu pproach wherever it threataaa. EaaUta a maa, aad yoa deotrey kia asslMtioa, hi eatorpriae, kia caoacitr. Ia ih aw.. tioa af ha maa aatare, th deeira af bil.... one s coaditiAa ia th aiaiaapring or effort TJi flrt touch f slavery sMp in is spring Tli slave dee ao participate ia th vaiae of Lk4 wealth ha create. All he earaa utW seize. A fre maa Ubora, a at only ta laspre hh. own condition, bat to batter the eeadttioa of bja ehildraa. The mighty iaipala ef pa reatal afieetioa repays for dUigeae. aad anala exertioa aweat. Tha elava'a heart aevet baata with thia high ssnotioa. However iadiMtrtou aad frugal a may be. ha haa aothiag to ba qaeath to hi ehildraa v aothlag save th avi soade ha aimawif haa waa. t ea aaar aaaa ' " r'r aavav. hmi kt mve hi Urdy limbe, it is beeaaa af th safaris: tl. J - Li . ...a r"u vom oeniaa, aa4 aot (Mm Lh Vight aeaapeet that berkoa bias forward m mw ntr 4h "ai aaiak.' oua a com to .aaaaackaMia, aad bW an. a tarmer sets apoa a aiiwd maa, eaU ia a aar geoa, aad cat onT all the 8Ma. ..(,, r ku armaaadUts? Ida4aaa whalk wowMihial: of hi hamaaity, bal what woald ha think uissnitj7 e th plaatet doea mora lhaa thia whoa aa makeaaaoaa a alava. IU u deeper than th maael; he deatroya the spirit la all age of tha werld. tnuit all aaiiaa.. wherever Lb earaiags of th laborer aava Wu stolea away from him, kia Brgie have goa with hlaearaiap. Under th viUeiaago syeteat of Eoglaad.th vUUiaa war a low, Idle, apinl leea race; dead to napoaaidility; grovelling la lanrswairca; reateiaat of laboe; Wkthaat ittw- prise; without foreairhL Th srlociol ia bow exemplified ia the Uadlord aad teaaat systaai ef IreUnd. If a tenant i to be aa hatter aff far IB improvaseatB a aaakea aa aa aatata, 1m will not uiake the improvements. Look at Lb eeigwiria ef New York th aaU-raataMatncta a they are now called every niaa acqaaiated with Ih aab,eet kaw that both peopl aad husbandry ar half a century bah i ad th cob- ditioa of catigaow ree-ninpl propriotorahipa. .Ml history illustrate the principle, that when property ia iaaecare, it will aot b earaed. If a despot eaa seixo and coaSseala the property of a aujci at pieaaare, iu aaoject WU1 aot ae quire property, and thereby give to himself that eoaapicaoaaaaaa that invite lb plaader. Aad ii tnia oeso.wnea property ia merely Usee sre. what sawat a ta effect whea a anan aa a property whatever ia hia eeraing? Who doea aot know that a alava, wh eaa ralioaally bo to parchaa hi freedom, will do all tha wark be ever did brfere, aad eara hia freedora-naoaey aes idea? Slavery, tharafora, thoagh claiaviag la be a kind ef property, 1 the baa af proper ty; aad tho more alavea there ara foaad la tha inventory of a aalioa'a wealth, the lea La value will the aggregate af that iaveatory be. This as eae af th reaea why slave Ubor m aa mack leea cfkieat thaa fro Ubor. The former caa aever coaapela with tha Utter; aad. while ih greater asrvic i performed with cheerful aeos, the ernalUr is extorted by fear. Jest e eertaia aa that tha locoasatlve caa eatraa tha hone, aad lb lightaiag eatepeed ta UeSB Uvo, just so certain ia it that a wh ia anima ted by the hope aad th reward af freedom will outstrip the disheartened sad fsar-drivea aUv. meat. A scanty sabalsteaca, a squalid garb, a saoaa aaddilapidatad hewei. piadaiat Uva rf-r- daUaa of ia alave. Tha alava Stalaa eaia aui. 1 -v-- ' Sk, ''awJ "oia. nilTaUOISU.a mmn food, eloUnug and aaeiter, of wiica the aUte- a . ... sr sabjeeieo; aad yet they grow rich leoa rapW 'J Jw" ""- inuiiwee eeiwe wv I """J "'I""""1 ' u -"" aew nnnr ace of tha laborer. Mora ia loat la aredacttoa tbaa i gained by privatioa. A universal concomitant of slavtry ia, tkst it makes wait Ubor disreputable, ileing diarepu. table, it is shunned. Th pecuniary ka result ing froo this is incaiculaU. Dry i.p the my na.l head-(ringa of th Mississippi, and wbeie would be Ui mighty vohun of watrn which now bear aavi oa their oacai, and lui , 1 w lTW " , I uwimiuic wui; ailwa UKW WHW va weelth. which eouaist ia the personal industry of every maa, and of each member of every man's family, and that wale-spread thrift and compe tence and elegance, which are both the reward and the Umuius of labor, will be axilished w.th them. Forego the meana, and you forfeit th a ani You must use the instrument, if you B vxawe . . . . , -a- . a. . I would have th product Nothing but the feel- "I mdependeuce, the conscious security i working Cot one's self and one's faoxi.y, wul, ua IeV. . , -ar ak. . . I m v wvawvl. uic l""1" - ' '"""i r ,v liable. I know it has beea recenUy said, ia this cap ita by high authority, that, w ith tbe exception, of menial services, it is not disreputable at the South for a white maa to labor. There are t ao ways, each independent of the other, to disprove Uiu assertion One of them o.nmai ia the tea se -:h va- fioni wid le- man belonging to tha same State. 1 refer to Jit William Gregg, of Charleston, a gentleman who is extensively acquainted with tha social condi tion of men, toth North and South. In that State-, aecoaling to the last eensua, there were abcut 1 30,000 free whites, ever heWer ymr MOr this clasa, says Mr. Gre, 'fifty thoueand are aou prorfucera." I appor South Carolina to be as thnfty a alave State as there u perhajw excepting Geotr.a. Yet bete one tin id part of the population, aid enough k work aai able to work, who ar id. aad ot course vicious; aoa-producers, but the worst, kind of cow-wweia. Another an-two to the above aaeeitioa a, tha. if white labor were reputable at Uie South, aad white men wits unhbtnoas thi whoi country would b a gaidea, a Urreatisal paradae, ao far as nentnews ibuitdance, and beauty ue roa- eazvned. Wkrm mr Ua icvlts a tAU TmftvUi ad lfiTl s-Siie Jt ' la a ouatry wtere few etneasew ai aeceraary to ward fT th rg- ors of wtBter; w hen the hcheat stapiea of th world are produced; whcie-catxle and flocks aeed but hUle sJielter, if any; if maa anperadded hw industry to the bounties of a a tor, want wowld be wholly aiknown; exmpetcr.ci would giv place to opulence, and the highest decora Viae of it would mingle witi tbe glowing beautit ot nature. But hear Ml. Greg: "My recast vital t theaerthera Statos haa fully saliafied bm that la tns aeeret f dlf kcaltiea liee a thi wait if laaurgy aa th part af ar aapitoliata,aad igaoraae aad Uxlaeea a Ui part ef thaa whi eait to Ubor. VVe aed aevwrloofc ft thrift whitow panait ios aena ttmbw feraats, grant to oaairiea, aad Uwm taU ,hingl &-. hr by th Uxw dog af tto Narth; ah. wf- vw(M4Va, CMatry farwi- mlae to 1 idle; aad apply oreaivea witn 1 .ucaiaraa. rwaaa, oxs my ua wwewa. r . v.. rr.mrvah.ra aad MasaachuMtu- to "w wtoT.W-- cfal frtoLu. th. V U d haad-apiks. ankeee. Evaa ar boat- oar aad haadpikea for railing Up. ar Jor aiahed, iWy-ma-ie, I t haad." Vc I add. to farther axataplify iaaaivi iad- iaaca. that tha Charlsaton aaaraa m mmrr, 0