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7 1 1 A it. A "prove am. things; hold fast that which is good." iIfMIIHL; - ! ' VOLUME II. ... .u- a at IVPI). .... v,....JBV.S fll,MllJoll"M ' nine r.t ut. . . .n atnTII. IN APVAKI T. X' . li 4.1. i- PAUL SEYMOUR. r the riaie. .sii i tin" Mulf trcf ech s,a," 1 . .. .. , i-,.!, al Klcctioti t . ,11 Ik-in. V tlu 4 3.71 ilk) 3I.37S 11,311 17.N-0 y.NI '.V.,770 - ,-- S.7-29 tr.!"''. 5J.S-40 4.M-7 14,73 ?.I55 '2.WI ',NS :3.4-' 5,105 C.33"2 f4, 3S.31S 8?3 It".' o:i' 5.671 j:,o:o 4.5.l 41.117 6,-.':s 2S7 3.305 S.94 ,77 M itr.'- 0iv!; l L- 43,232 42,1(0 C.047 37.7' ! 3.782 vt.i7 IH. 177 4I.HVI 51.VSS 27,703 7",1M 2C.t'l 11.050 13,nv1 00,030 1 5-5,057 31,-V.i 1.-2V. 21.237 ;T.s"7 l'VJOO 4-,52n CM 113 5,940 ',27C Triurc.', tl'.i .'. M..'in. in.:. i'. I..1U1 1-. 10,11? 3.1W 2,314 a,-' 12,3'M 4.010 25,r2; V"..".' ...... . elector by I-eg lative :"u., a,..:... ...rvote.M.- IVIW, .. .all.. , . OM. IV Ml- Sill y.iu', r llsiiijcli::'', WiiilM.t, V Jer-c, i !iiu, -l:i.Uii, - the iiceMaie as i..t.o - 1.S30 5,1 CI 3.951 li,30 1.913 15.M2 131 3,1 3S .k-,0.50 2.10.; 3,570 :.f.T2 T . , 02,203 T7i, rat!'' number ot vntccsl n I Ml, for k cy Biin-v anJ Scn.'rincr, in all Ide .-.v. . ifni Ji'-i ,r..liiu, s ft 2,700,- T!U.;rlillllCiJS.UV,UH. IT!n H' Thfc ISITtW Mlll No. of Votes. i.si 130 l?:i - 2.702, W J '2,402,C58 1. 20,498 1.1C2.41S Voir. Mi Mi. an of Faectura 04 174 97 17U 95 d,;..,,, j.i r.nn-ii, ill 1M0, n ':y. j.i.t.-tur A.laiu. in l, Kr.-,'.'.ulti "n i vote in 1S44. Vt'tui .; over Clay, clu-ic of vwirt; i a .il,ii. 3S.9.12 , ! r" , auJ Uimey o el C'Uy, l'.'l ,255 .4.,' oi t'.aj tuJ hiIUe)oVel Polk, 23,2.1 Pmi lm!.il Election ol 1S43. Re mm) f f tde ti:atfs of our I'nmn s h -v TtiStTstP "f the United States is corn- jw-l . Srnstor: and 2 Kere-iita-.-t.v.jie. in lf5, will lie entitU d to a I'io.viciiUn. L..rnl vote, e;ual totlie number .Uirhtui- and KeiirerrKii-in Ongrevt. Tt-eeinui; vte U the Staler ill I as Ij.io 4 0 111 4 0 o ! 17 II 36 26 3 i HI henturlv. 12 n 23 6 ; 12 9 3 r. 3 4 4 4 Sr Hii,i;-' 1lvJ't,nyV-, Vr!li.,l.l, U.WllJ, .(TillK, Nuiifi r.;:j5, Nc Vr.-y, r'ranM.uun, lr.ir-, Orgffit, I fiiiicii.'.ce. ino, L jumiaiii, Mi'tiinipiM, lii.'ianii, Illinois, A laSama, Miit-iiii. Mii'tiieau, r lurid. IflWJ. U i-KUlltlll. 290 Xrce-.ry to a c Loire 1 40. Liwtu.it Lv the People. In the eetit uf iiu choice by the Electoral 'ife-, the Hjum' of Kenesentativen, upon liiti the eirt.,.,n nuld then devolve, would ' il.Viji i ! Iiu,. H ii.; Venn, nt, Maachitst-tti, Connecti-cat.Ne-Vi.rk, New Jerf-v, reunsylvania, IXd Maniiiid, X. 4 'arolma, Florida, I lino, ki-jiuicky 1 2. Z mj. . jr. M.-iine, Virginia, South Carolina, A-!aiui, MixisMppi, liuisiana, Tea, Ar-kltii-. Tennensee, Indiana, lllinot.-, ilicht- All imn, loua, Vieonsm 15. TtJSr llaiiiliiie, Uhode I-Jand, Geor- ? 4 3. SUtht fttrt. awfttali.liraf Ike Itt.lrk t mf l'laailia Ihe fullowir.i presents a view of the hee hnJ Jave population at the periods de-1 t.?nated Vn-t Slave. Total. U,M9 "3,210 14,193 1S.B21 5,345 24,022 2fi,f.C2 0,377 33,039 31,915 6,113 40,034 3y,'lS 4.6J4 43,712 l.-n l'Jll lMIt It Will he o!erv "Urn neaily doubled itself in the first l'ity years (from 1800 to 1820.) Du- H'' lli llrll lln fpnrj If rama!.,a.l al.imvf - - " - 1 .J , . IIIIIUIIIIU .y. but during the dtcennial peaicKl IIIUIIIXU wiuiwi 1JO. I I in lMi(t ;ie various classes of popula ere Ui.w distributed. WaiTF.S. Mai-. Female. 483 3,010 2.S34 bCl 8,047 n,"Jr' C.ty 2.74S Ji'rtun n 1- 2,290 ?.,,'if'A County, l,o8 1 llltlgUJ, Cty, ' 14,122 13,835 30.657 mre roi ostn. Total. I Ain.lr,t (VwntT, AlmiMl,,, Cut, . W-'etunn, ' rlon County, Hs!iiiiionC,tv, Males. Females. 110 125 903 Sll 147 2.859 2:i5 604 5S9 141 1,949 1,627 1.-103 a . - v . 288 4,808 3,453 si.Tr.$. Males. 173 444 4,903 8,301 An Females. 127 630 458 357 1.C64 Total. . " ' ill . ttiid, c,t. ' eutgeto n, j.--hmgum County, Hhi'i:ion C.tv, I iiltnl,. 1,074 300 327 405 64J Tunis, 2,058 2,636 a r.ii I If) the wiiitA nn.1.i:.. . L .r r fcv- f"tuiaiiiMi. iiic pice's ui i Kmaies over males was 1,013; in the color- ; --u33, This difference is to be exnlain- e suppose, by the sale of a greater uoiSer of colored males than females to r utn- i he county and city of Alexandria, since census was taken, have ben reti-nred. . 10 hginia. The population of Georee - wn and Washington (country and city) cTkr 1CHU 23,926; free coloed.of the United Stales enjoy the same health T' ,Iave 320. e have no means of estimating ihe laOUnt rS . .. .. - vi uw wooie popuiauon At thu Dut the returns of the assessors fur. nish suflicient reason for believin? thai t! number of slaves has leen steadily tlocroa. ins. The following interesting statistic-, com piled fiom the assessor s list ol IS 1j, fu iLshinittou have lieen tiamh-u to us hy an intelligent fiiend: On iieni of Tble yet tUves. brtwecH 14 A la. M 101 119 171 '250 19 30 Ji 50 i V 305 C20 Pi rat ward, Second ward, Third wan!, Fourth ward, Filth ward. Sixth waid, Total, The ossessors are bound ly law, in their returns, to discriminate between those w ho hold slaves for life and those who hold them only for a term of years; but wc are in formed that this duty has been neglects! Hie number given alcove of persona owning slaves, ol course, emoraoes innri triose classes. " It ni.iT therefore te fairly asMinied iliat the number of real slave owners id not greater than t2'0, and of these some are mi nors and many are women; so that the slave-holding males of Washington t'onsii- ttiie a very minute fraction of the whole number of whiles in the city of W aching ton. probably not one twenty-fifth part. It w ill lie recollected that the vote cast at. '.he last municipal election, (the fust vo;e un der the f j stem of free iuflVage) was litnrly L000. It is iinjKjssil.le to estimate exactly the niitniier ot slaves Irom the data lunii.vlied, but, as a general rule, it may 1k a.sunnd that about one half of the whole population of the l'istrict is embraced within the two vriods, 15 and 1. The fair estimate then is, 1,1' 10 as the total number of slaves for the city of Washington in 181.). l'.ut, in bit), they amounted to l,il. the de- rease, therefore, in five years, was ITS. or at the rate of 2 tier cent. The slave population of the rest of what is now the district, Georgetown and Wash ington, (country,) was 1,007 in 18-10. Ap plying to it the same ratio of decrease, tt must have fallen in 1S15 to 1,174. If the process of deciease continue at the sf me rate, the slaves in 1S,"0 will number- In Washington, .... :K; In the ie.-l ol the Ihtntt, - - S07 Total, 1.703 Averaging all the slavea in Washington in 18-15, at 6300 each, (quite a liberal al- owance.) the total value of the slave inter est in this city did not reach & llX),OO0, scarcely more than one third of the value of the property of the 1'einocratic eandi- ale for the Presidency. And yet this iniuitx r of slaves, ii)igti!f.- cant as it is, is laige enough to keep down le spirit of enterprise, and check the flow f capital and immigration into the Dis trict. Were the few slaveholder here to meet to?ether and unite in a scheme of emanci pation, to be submitted to Congress they ould rid the District of the evil with very itile inconvenience, and in so doing would i give an impulse to trade, manuinctuies, and agriculture, which would soon crowd it with tn industrious, a thrifty, and an intel- igent population; to say nothing of the real moral bearings of the net, the Mot they iti r i would inereoy w ipe out iiom our naucnai escutcheon, and the resulting harmony in our Federal councils. .Vaf. Era. A ralilraia Ncwaaaacr. We have received the California Star, weekly paper, published nt San Francis co, of the date of March 25th. The mat. ter it contains we supjiose is news ; and what an idea docs the fact not impress ot the immense extent of our Kcpublii: ! This paper contains much interesting in formation relative to our new iiossessions n that part of the world. Ihe following extract may serve as a specimen : "bu LCHl'K AND CA LTPETK E, vV C. 1 here s lo be no end, we shall presently con clude, to the developments nien are every day making, in the wealh of Alia Califor nia. Two immense caves are known to exist in the vicinity of Clear Lake, north of this Hay, and about 110 miles fr. ui the town of Sonoma, one containing inexhaus tible quantities of sametre, the other abounding in sulphur, both said to be of the purest quality. ' ho knows w hat may be in l ie very ettt.h w hereon we daily tread ? A good move it weuld be for all property-holders in the place, who have no very settled pur pose of improving the town, and d,stant ideas of rare chances at speculation, to employ upon their unoccupied lands some few of our liquor-house idlers nd in the process of ploughing, harrowing, hoeing, and jlanti?ig, it is not idle to believe some hidden treasure would be brought out. Some iirer viines are wanted in this vi- I.. .at t 1 -.1 '"' COU:d Defn ,,a w,inot' lieilClllg II IC 111 rili l U lUliKDIIIK III too nun. r .. l- 11 :..i OI uieir oiscovrry. iviunrercy, uui cai u.n, rests on a bed of quicksilver, so say the cute and knowing. e say if we can di. Total. rover ourselves upon a bed of silver, kc, 973 for our single self, shall straightway throw 7M up the pen, ai.d cry aloud, with Hood s.fG apSckaje.oraapade:'" . The Star is decidedly opposed to tho in- traduction of slavery into California, and, in fact, regards it an impossibility. It I nuotes with approbation the letter of Mr. Buchanan, who says that the esuiblisl inent of slavery in California, south of .0 dee - . ..... . 30 nun., is a moral impossibility, and sa 's : "Every sound-minded man in California will endorse the sentiments of Mr. Utwhan an. They are sensible and just, anJ will commend themselves to universal approba tion on tins side of the Rocky Mountains. Nowhere could there be less pretext for the I introduction of slavery than in California The country is well known to to reinarka- bly healthy. Small portions of tlte St. Jaannin simI SiTumeran vnlleva nre the nnti sfMniinnt in lhi crpnprnl ohaprvntinn For few weeks in the autumnal months, mild intermittent fever prevails in parts of ... ...... ... . those valleys, but it is known to be much I more manageable, and less severe, than the I same disease in our Western States. It is believed that no portion of the United States, I at the same period of its settlement, could 1 boast a climate as healthy as Californi I now possesses. The natives of all jiortions I here as on their own soil, and we are capa- I hie of enduring the same hardships and f... lvr.w. ,. .. I laugues. ueuavo houuijk ui crettoj mvh- loess, and nothing to call tor a class of la LOUISVILLE, KY.: SATURDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1848. borers forming unfortunate caste in society of a color unlike that of the proprietor of lite soil. At present, there is not a stay- in California, and the power of the Govern ment is inadequate, it is believed, to their general introduction. 1 hose who a'templ ihe transfer of their slaves from the nut 10 the west of the Rocky Mountains, wi meet with the inevitable loss of their prom r ty. They might as well altempt to remove them to rvew Lngland or to Canada 'While we sincerely entertain these views, and value the union with the United States as highly as we should, tho simple recognition of slavery here ou!d be look etl upon 08 a greater misfortune to the ter niory, than though Calilonna hail lemam ed in itc former slate, or were at the present crisis abandoned to its late. e have hoth the power and tie will to maintain Culifor nia independent of Mexico, but we believe, though siavery could not be generally in tiodiicrd, that its recognition would blast the prospects cf the country. It would make it disreputable fur the white man to labor for his biead, and it would thus diive oil' to other homes the only class of emi grants California wishes lo see the solier and industrious middle class of ociety, We w ould, therefore, on the part of ninety nine hundrethha of the population of thii country, most solemnly protest against th introduction ol tins oiigiit upon the pros perity of lite home of our adoption. We chotilJ look upon it as an unneccssaiy uioral, intellectual, and social curse, upon ourselves and posterity " I he assertion in the paragraph above, quoted from the letter of Mr. Buchanan, that every facility would be auorded to thu slave to escape from his master, is a tiue one. let a single glance be cast at the serious evilx entailed upon an entire popu- auon by fugitive slaves and lawless abet tors, of oilier classes, at large, over an ex tent of wild uninhabited country, and in festing the highways and mountain pases, and it will show the absurdity of every ar gument in support of their introduction, and the ignorance of thesuppoiters of the meas uie. That slaves cannot be held in bondage leie, eveiy one who has traveled from the Siena Nevada of the north, to the scaort Hies of the southern counuy, will mliiat. Our contemporary, the Californian, in treating upon this subject says: 'It would be the greatest calamity the power of the nited Stares could inflict upon California, and such a calamity (Congress has no riht to bequeath to us, contrary to the wishes of ie ji.ople of tins country. 'I h Star acknowledges the receipt of ttelligence from Oiegon, via the Sandwich daiid.t. It has various extracts from the lonolulu papers, relative to the outrages in Oregon last December. erily, the.epco- le must live 'the other side of sunset. i - - r ... ataare f I.lfe. lady of Stockport died a few months ago, leaving a great number of legacies to relatives and friends, ami amongst them was one to a woman named Smith, a daugh ter of a person of that name who was, IN or 20 years ago, a sergeant in the 3Hd Keg- iment. I lie executors had punctually dis- harged all the duties imposed upon them by the will of the deceased except that of aymg tins legacy, and they gave up that as a matter almost too wtia ana impinciica- ble to be thought of, inasmuch as it seemed so little likely they could ever properly trace out the legatee, for the lady w ho had eft the legacy had left no address of the party, had herselfnevcr seen her, and when she did hear of her it was eighteen years ud a half Ago, and only eighteen months after the child's birth! There seemed to lie little hope of success by applying to the regiment, for Serjeant muli was dead, died in the regiment eighteen years ago; and it might le more than possible that, even his name might be buried in the memories of his companions in arms, if not in their coffins, for they hail seen foreign service, and part of the regi ment had but lately come from Canada. The 33d Kegiment of 18 IS might be anoth er generation of men to that serving in 828, after hard foreign service in the af fairs of Ct bul or amongst the agues and fevers of Canada! But, even if remem bered, what of his widow and child? Would ihev have continued followers to the ''tent- ed field?" Nothing was more unlikely, especially when it was recollected that Smith wan degraded from his rank 01 oer- eant for ionic breach of discipline a short time before his death, and his widow might be supjKisjd to have lost even sympathy with llioso who had treated him, to her mind, perhaps, harshly, and have been too glad to cuit and forget them, liesides, Smith wns a common name. I low many a.Ties Smiths, and even Serjeant James Smiths, might there not have been in the service? What more likely than that the mother, too, should be dead? It seeired almost chimerical to pursue such an investigation, and so thought the executors. One of these gentlemen, Mr. I. Wheeler, the news-agent of Manches ter, a few weeks ago was with a party at Southport, when, taking up a Manchester paper, he read or the movement ol troops in various directions about the country in consequence of the apprehended disturb- nnces, and amongst other things perceived that a few companies of the 33d Hegiment ad come to Manchester, and were gone to encamp on iveran-moor. ii 'Now or never, thought re; 'there is . but little probability of success, but we ought not to lose such an opportunity at al events. So. taking "the rail," he went to Man Chester, and took an eaily opportunity to visit the moor. He advanced towards the camp, but was held at bay by the sentinel The sentinel, he perceived, was 01 tne .-ci Regiment, but was a young man, however; so lie inquired from him if there was an of ficer with these companies who had Deen in the regiment twenty years! "Yes. said the sentinel, promptly, "that gentleman you see coming that way, the Captain (Captain uough) has Deen 111 ine regiment more than twenty years." Mr. Wheeh r advanced to meet the Cap. tain, and communicated as briefly as posst ble. the object of his visit, exhibiting at the same time two letters, the last Serjeant Smith had written to the testatrix. "Serjeant Smith?" repeated the Captain, musing, "Serjeant Smith? Ves; 1 recol lect him very well, and his widow is in the regiment yet." Here was encouragement, thought Mr, Wheeler. "But," continued the captain, "she has 1 V uiarrieu ugutn. "And could you give mo the name ol her present husband?" was the next inquiry. "Why," rejoined the captain, smiling, "he's Seijeant Smith too; but they aie not here; they are in Canada. "Well," said Mr. Wheeler,' "it is not the mother I want, but the r child. the daughter." ' "O! the daughter. Well, wc have the daughter too. She's on the moor: but she's married. "And married also into the regiment, as well as the mother? inquired Mr. Wheeler "Manied into the regiment, also." re joined the Captain, laughing; "and she, al so, is married to a Senreant. The facts seemed so striking 'and the co incidences so unlikely, that the inquirer might have heen excused a liti.cfncredulity had he not been talking to one not likely to romance, and on a less serious subject but so true were they, that in a mi.11 ter of an hour Iiom his airival on the moor, Mr. W heeler was in the presence of the legatee herself; was next day in ttosscssion of doc uments from the register of the regiment. by the courtesy of Captain dough, showing when Serjeant Smith enlisted, when his daughter was born, her name, when the Sergeant died, when the widow was re married, and registeiirg nl.-o the marriage of the daughter, with every other particular important to give the child a legal title to a egacy left her by a iicrson she could never tave known, had never heard of, and, more singular still, whose name she had never so much ns heard mentioned, even by her mother! Wt have only to add, that the xecutors, rejoiced at bung so unexpectedly enabled to complete the task inqHtsed iifon them, ost no time in. fulfilling the refinements of the law, and something moit than a week ago paid over the legacy. Lirtrpool Albion. Mr. Ilaadla, lac Magfe In a. The most extraordinary professot of ihau- maturgics who ha ever yet appeared, at east 10 modem mortals, since Oe cibihs- lic mysteries of necromancy and .he blai k ait were succeeded by the more tangible wonders of mechanism, will peifcnn at the Liver i heatre this week, and if tie people of Liverpool are as wide awake lo the mi raculous as their friends of Londou and their titighbois of Manchester, they may pre pare themselves for ustonishment, mystifica tion and peiplextty. 1 he celebrated "lioi- le coiijiuoi' of yore promised a impossi bility which he did not perform: but Iloudin is a conjuror of another complexion, and, I he does not jump into a boiile, he con trives to bring something out of it, and tat in such quantity as to till all spectators with aiiKizement. Superior to ihe necro- ancer in the Dialle. Jioiteux. he impris-1 ons not only one spirit, but many, and the pints thus ' unprisoTtrd,- hw 4ywri forth again in sight of his audience in such pro lusion as to puzle scepticism, and make credulity stare in willing, but still perplex ed, assent lo the axiom that "seeing is be- leving. 1 he Manchester pntcrs have. one and all, borne loud testimony of the wonderful doings of this exiraoidinnry per former. The following is on-! of the no tices which appeared in the Manchester Guardian: "Of all the conjurors, necromancers, wizards, magicians, (or by whatever name the professors of the black art may be call ed) who have been permitted to walk this earth from the time of U izari inglehy, who held his audience spellbound with awe and admiration some thirty years ago,) own to the present, Robert Iloudin is the most powerful w hom we have seen. He is ither the devil or lr. rnusttit about that there can be no doubt. But we must restrain our passion for speculation, and just call the readers attention to a few plain lacts and mlerenees, vith a view to ndnce him to go nnd see tic very ingeni ous individual who has derated legerdc main into n branch of the fire arts. "The entertainments of Robeit Iloudin, which are so peculiar and novel, have du ring the season been given at lie St. James's Theatre, London, alternately with the rench plays, and have attracted lirge nnd admiring audiences. He gne his first per formance here last night; but we feel quite nadequate to the task of giving our readers even an idea of its marvellous character. Those tricks which depend tiainly upon manipulative dexterity are geserally man- aged with a neatness and skil. which uely the quickest eye to detect the modus oje randi, and they are performet' with an air wc had almost said with an easy grace which is quite as pleasing ss the tricks themselves. Not to mention the long catalogue of clever sleight-of-hand tricks, au inexhausti ble stock are drawn from fin empty silk landkerchief; and fans and cannon-balls, and such like light materials, are dropped romahat borro wed from somebody in the pit in numbers to amaze, if not alarm. The cabalistic clock is simply a eiock-iace 01 glass, suspended by cords tc the Iront cen tre of the stage, without any apparent may we say possible? means ol communica tion, which marks any honr named ry any of the spectators, while 8 bell, suspended . . .. . 1 below, strikes any nuniVr at any speed which may be suggested. ' I he inexhausti ble bottle, a veritable ami ordinary-sized wine-bottle, yields forth class after glass ol liqueur or cognac, at the pleasure ot the sueclators who propose to drink it, with a prolific liberality which makes one aimosi feci certain that the Evil One himself is in . .. 1. side. This far exceeds any trick we have ever seen. "Clairvoyance is exhibited by an inter esting youth, son of the wizard himself and to crown this long catalogue of mar vels. a younger son, some ten years old, a quiet, gentle child, is suspended in almost a horizontal position, 'tnrougn ine action m concentrated ether.' his only support beini his wrist restinz on a crutch or pole. There is surely no trick here. The child inhales . - . . i. i-i. the ether, and consciousness is iosi, wnue the face assumes and retains the most placid expression, ine nmrjs oecomo ng.u, a. support after support is removed, until one could really imagine that specific gravity itself is abstracted. This closed the series of wonderful performances, and almost im mediately the child appeared before the curtain, at the enthusiastic call of tho au. dience, arid his quiet smile told that I was none the worse for his extraordinary exiuoiiion. -ivooeri t toiKiin s liberal gallantry we must notice, as fans. . bounuets. fruit, and ton bans (to lay nothing of the numberless glasses of the mysterious liqutun) are showered upon pit and dress circle with even prolus-jly bountiful hand." Linr pool Albion. PaUllral Ciatrttra-Ta Nw fllML Marrast shows a more intimate acquaint ance with the temper of the people than any of his confreres, and is gaining favour and popularity every day, because he speaks :.. .1 ii 1 1 . . ... uui ui iuo vuaniuer, oe writes not long ar ticles irr the National, he discourses not, but gives dinner, balls, and parties, and thus conciliates the favor of the ladies, by far the most influential portion of the republic. ns mey were, w the monarchy, the consul ate. and tho ttmnire. Relv ution it Mar. - a J - a - rast has destined himself to be President of tho Republic, and is preparing the way for nis election oy me means which never lail with the I'arisuma. While his rivals offer, in long solemn discourses, to lay down for the service or the country their fortunes, their talents, their energies, their very lives; ie is content to bestow good music wax ights- flowers Straus' band, and pretty women, lo those who know Tans, there chii be but little doubt as to Vhich argu ment has ihe better chance of persuasion. The soirees at the Nouvtlle 1 'residence are already as eagerly sought after as were thoae el the Tuilerie in the days of Louis Phil- pe. Ltiqueite is far more strictly observ. ed, however, in these assemblies; and M. Marrast fully justifies, by the strict courtesy and amenity of his manners, free from all democratic taint, the expression, full of nairtte, of the Duchess of L-, who, while endeavoring to recollect where she had heard the name, suddeuly exclaimed, "Oh yes, I remember now Marrast, Marrast is not he that republican who washes his handi?" These pretensions to aristocratic refinement on the part of Marrast are look, ed upon by his brother republicans with a jealous eye, and they ill-naturedly declare that in the distribution of the insignia of the new republic, while Ledru Rollin placed ihe red nightcap upon his head, Ltmartine the red rosette at his button-hole, Cavaig nac the broad reJ ribbon round his neck, nothing remained for Marrast but the red heels of the ancient Marquis de la Iiegence, which he immediately donned of course, in spite of the danger of tripping which every true republican must find who en deavors to wear them. Meanwhile the public gains by these refined tastes of the resident, and, though his political enemies may sneer, their wives wish not for a hange. 1 011 would be surprised at the simplicity and innocence displayed of late in our factions and habits, f he ladies are 11 robed a la bcrgcre, the gentlemen wear coats a la Celadon. A couple of polka dancers at the Nouvelle Presidence look as if "tot ortf a picture- by Watteau, or as if dessus de porte by Boucher had stepped down to join the company. Parts Cor. of the Atlas. lar Aaale Ulrl. Day after day, with the regularity of a lock, a girl of fourteen, shabbily dressed, and not over clean, has brought apples for sale into our office. She was here a half hour ago, and on going out a moment since, we found her seated on the floor in the entry by a win- ow, lost in the pages of a book which she was eagerly devouring. 'Where did you get that book?' v.e inquired. I bought it at a stand, sir.' 'What is it?' 'A Fairy book. We smiled and walked on; think- ng longer of the incident than might at fust be supposed. She is leading a laborious ife of itoverty, compared with which, all our trials and troubles seem but small, and yet in the midst of labor, perhaps of deeper anxiety than we ever experienced, she pau ses and dreams the old dreams of Fairy and, which we in our boyhood, and our fathers and their fathers, in young days, have revelled in. Forgetting the sounds of Wall street, the war of carts and engines, she reads fanciful tales of Ouphes and Sprites, and on the floor of our entry makes a 'mag ic circle for vjueen Mab. v hat matters to her the exchange of millions of money or the gigantic transactions of the street? What if ships are laden and unladen; for tunes made and lost? What if newspapers are to be published; what if the prices of the auction room disappoint the sellers, or cotton and grain have fallen, or a steamer is below with news of wars and revoluuons? She has no thought or care for all this. She is far removed from any effect of changes in the stock-market: the storms that shake thrones are in an atmosphere she does not aspire to; and the thunderbolts which over turn nations, strike on mountain peaks too rich to be felt or heard by her. Her life is in the valley, yet she leaves it, and lives another life among the beautiful creations of fancy. God has made none of us too low to dream, and none too high. The same book which occupies that girl s mind on the lloor. has once been the companion of the hours of some wealthy child, as its gilded lives and rich covers (now stained arid soiled) in dicate. The lounger in a rich lauteuil or on r-costly sofa, had the identical pleasure. no more or less keenly, than this poor read erof fanciful stories. And what after all is the great difference between her and us? We all dream dreams continually, and our ambitions are too Often schoolboy fancies, that we lorget not in our lives. We grasp ot bubbles which break in our hands, we pursue phantoms that fly K.foie us and vanish only in the graveyard! The girl is sitting there still, but her book h ilronned in her lap. her head has fallen azainst the -wall, one hand is on the book nnd the other on the floor, her bonnet is crowded somewhat over her face, but the is farther off than be 'ore from all care, for she is sound asleep. Journal of Comment. Slavery has recently been abolished in in Cayenne. Great fears were entertained as to the result die whites that they would be massacred by the blacks, and the blacks that they would be slaughtered by the whites. Dut the Governor issued his proc lamation abolishing slavery; little by little confidence was restored, and shortly thous ands of blacks repaired to the Governor's mansion, thanked him for his proclamation, and then proceed! to church to thank God lot giving them liberty. atalraanSlaar-r Wcaarasliy af a I.mmmm. When the Spaniards first settled in Buenfta Ayre?, in 1635, it became necessary to forbid any one going beyond the settle ment, on pain of death, in consequence of the savages murdering all who came into their hands. A Spanish woman, named Maldonota, however, eluded the vigilance of tho guards, and made her escape. I lav ing wandered through unfrequented roads, she entered a cave to repose herself, where, to her horror, she encountered a lioness but her terror soon changed to surprise when the lormidable animal, approaching her. caress! and licked her with mournful tries, rather calculated to excite compassion than a aa.a.. -"S . dread. Maldonota soon perceived that the lioness was with whelp, and that her groans were the complaints of a dam seeking to get rid of her burthen. Inspired with cour- age, Maldonota assisted the effort of nature in that awful moment when she seems re luctant to give life to beings which parents are to enjoy lor so short a time Hie lioness being safely delivered, soon went in nuest cf nrovijion. which she brought and laid at the feet of her lienefac tress, which the latter shared with the little whelps who were brought into life by her assistance, and, bred up with her, seemed, by their playful and harmless biles, to ac knowledge their obligation. But, in the course of time, the family dispersed, and the lioness, no longer calh-d by maternal kindness to the cave, disappeaied also. lunger again forced Maldonota to go in start h of food, w hen she was arrested by the Spanish soldiers, and conveyed back to the commandant, who ordered her to be tied to a tree in the middle of the wood, and to be left there, the food of beasts. Two days afterwards the soldiers found her alive, sur rounded by hungry tigers, eager to devour her, but who were kept at a distance by uoness, who, with her whelps, were ly ing at her feet. When the lioness saw the soldiers she w-itlidrew to enable them to un bind her benefactsess; but when they took ler away, the lioness and her whelps fol- owed her footsteps, showing all the marks r regret and ahection that a disconsolate imily could for the departure of a dear and near relative. 1 he commandant, informed of the whole adventuie, suffered the woman to live who had been so visibly protec ted by heaven. 'S caaperaaca Mlaliatira. A correspondent has communicated to us some rather startling facts regarding the re stive consumption of intoxicating liquors and biead in Edinburgh, which he has culled from the Post -office Directory. We observe from his statement that in this city lere are 2iH spirit-dealers, 360 irrocers and spirit-deilers, 4'C hotels, 51 taverns and coffee-houses, 18 wine-merchants, and 98 wine and spirit merchants making !02 concen s in all. .Assuming that at each ol these places an average of JL'." a week is realized from the sales, the amount realized would be 1,10 per week, and no less a sum than 234,520 a year ? Turning to another page, we find that the number of bakers in the rity is about 200, the amount of whose sales, at JtT3o a week, would amount to Jt'312,0o0 or only about iTTT,- 180 more than the amount annually ex pended on intoxicating liquors ! Scottish Vress. lar trracb Mr lag Marbne. The inventor of this machine is an humble artisan, who has a gi eat mechani cal genius, and who has heonrngtgtd for . . .1 .- L" . Unity vears in the pericct.on oi nis inven tion, lie received a patent for it in France a few years ag ami it is said that f. r more than tw enty-five years," he sought in vain to make it work, and that ihe thought dash ed all at once upon his mind regarding its true and penm principle. Ine machine was introduced into London some time last year, and has attracted much atten tion in that city. It is very cheap; some are s. kl for twenty dollars, ami the price varies from that to thirty. The machine is fixed on a table, and in a very small box. It is worked by a treadle, and every move ment of the foot produces a corresponding action in the needle; so that three hundred stiehes can easily be made in a minute. The hands are merely used to guide the material being sown, and by turning a screw, the stitch is instantly varied. The machine will sew, stich, and form cords and plaits. The such is the tambour or crotchet stich. The whole value of the invention consists in making machinery do what was hitherto done by the finger', and thus resolving a problem supposed imprac ticable. The beauty of this maclane is, that it can work bution-holes and enibroid- tr. M. .Magnin, who cxniouen u in ijoii- don. wore an entire suit worked by if, con sisting of coat, vest, pants, and all their nppuiteiiances. To r ranee belongs the credit of this invention. M. Thiinonnier U the name of the inventor, and his fame will co down to posterity with that of Jacquard. daenttjic American. Am BaHler'a U(c. A gentleman of distinguished attain ments, who formerly conducted a weekly paper with much ability and success, but who is now travelling in Europe, writes to a friend in this country, who has recently assumed the charge of a daily paper, as fol- lov: "You must live in, and for the paper. There is no escape from this voluntary, and yet life-long slavery. I or now nearly ten years, 1 have known the willing, vol untary, unbroken service which the true servant of a free press must render. My weekly charge has been more than I can tear; and often, like the slave described with such pathetic ehxiuence by Job, I have "longed for Ute shadow" which tells the hour of rest- Feeling thus with re. spect to the weekly press, how can I but fear for you, my btothcr, my friend, when vou bind vourseif in six-lold bonus? no little does me maioriiy oi reauers vi news- . ... c i c . papers, know of the expenditures of thought, ot ine laoor oi uie neau. ana brain, and hands, which goes to make up that which ministers to their highest wants and also, kow many truths thought out with brain-throe, pass unnoted, unobser ved, even if not received with relentless hostility! Nevertheless, the true max must work, too, in tlte martyr spirit; con tending even with tha thought tltat bis mere relics, when he ha laid him down in the duct, will constitute a kind of super structure, and basement upon which the glorious and eternal temple of truth shall WHOLE NUMBER 70. RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. RimL Imuut4f---4M of th et?ar Uur. .f lha America T.a.1 Soctel;,. n, i . Ila County, k.alueky, wr.te, iUo itb f SepUmUr as follo-: "T)a jri, u. ltmm pour.aj oat 1U Uemiog my firU r "fy L report. Mor lha la htoUrei and ally prin bav made prt.fr-ioj, .f i. Iigion, and joined tliedifiVrrnt Lurches. .M.ay hva attributed their reavemou tw reading ih publiralioa of lh Sh-iy. Danuf lha Iim Ihrea nioath I hv vliitej 34'7 limine., u4 found 37 them deMtitut U tl.e Kita.-. -.A1 one huudred and la-raty-iurea 4.dUta wutth f evsjigetirai book, awl urrala-fj -My uiaam and tracts gr-ttuiluu'ly." Another eolitorteur. wriiiu.? c... r...... Georgia, nnder date f Septe.iJwr lt. iya: "Revival ar U progress in vvrl church ea my new. la oaa, 12 have brea adtied. muA th aauMaumUr ne jviard auoikef cbtmb. Fia trarted inoetiiiga bave hreu beld tu tai.ti.ar congregation, and between 20 auu 1;0 wer bopefuljr roavertad ou eacb ssiun " A third Tract ealiwrleur. a ritiua fro, sl Co., South Carwltua, early iusiepi. mUr.kye: "I find free arms t all -laea r t,.,i.l., my viaitaar received ith era! It a. If. 1 L.v. reaaen to believe that two families h-r. who have enited with th thur. h.am tha Iru.i .lm. labor, and also one other hupeful y luuiferteu. Others are aarakeued, and Ihere are tviJeucee f improvement in tho nuiuUr whoat!ru.l r-li- gious worship. W are maeh eneuamrfd. look ing for victory thiuiigli oar Lord Jrvua Cb'rlai." A forth colporteur at I'imhiu.h l,L. .,lt.. that he has recrull v section in Indiana, where hefcriiwiU eire .:!a a large number of volumes and ir.iot .iLiu a- tions. "He inform me," ajs the eoiurimr. "that not less than 31 0 were hbprluiiv . onvoxi ed daring a reial there, whuh ui i'r.i i K,o after my visit. Thin was in a r-ei.)., a uera there were no villages, but l,ie e,uury was rauter thickly sellled. This tlefgyu:, .y, that much of this work can Le i-r.i.. , t.. t.- bleesing of tiod on the renJiog i i;... . ...t.grl- cal publications which had been crouUted in that neighborhood," Ibehfiii colooruar writing er!v m tim ber from Shelbvviiiti. T "There are several exlea.o rrnl . ... ;.i..r- on my field, of a more euiluriujr elur.ict-r li.au were ever before known in tin- strt.ou of tii conntry. They hhire occurred pnei.K.a.ly 1a ictuilies where 1 lave Noeut Inott I. .nr. ant rcuhiled the largest number of i.nMic jtion. So far as I have beu able to a- -;l...n. inor than O0 hopeful eonverniona 1 are Uieu iUc a Bedford and M-ri-hall couuties wnlun thw last four weeks, and the work i tiil t r . irrese- Ing." ' ' Chet Kiiiul i:i Tdi MkTHuuiNt t li, A protracted meelinz ha been iu uurir- ..rr dav in the MetAodit Church ot O i- p!ce, con dueled bv tbe Ker. Mr. kbi,i, watt o ciouai siM-Uice. We Ui Jerlitud tl.al l..j i ..,r. t,i been attended with ihe hki Ujulv ii-. tp hae been aJJeJ to the Church !rea.lv, m ihe wota otiekivai is atill uat:el Vie l.aa li.e lea-one ol li-lennir t.j a iiotiiuu u!;., -.-n., e,.r' IviiJav night. IIV hntr l'i .ci.ii t . Routs Csthoiic. Th Poie hi a. c-L.ieJ th nomiuntioa if M. S.bour Ij iti Arch bishopric of Paris; a step whi.-h i renlej a decisive a to the future relation of ine Kepub- m; with th Papal Court. AGRICULTURAL. SHKLTCaiHu Ksim LiMi The practice, ai inoat everywhere prevaiiiug iu the C. State, of reiuoviug every tree from the groan.). In clear iug new land.abows that the importance of al lordiug shelter to farm exposed U high wind and bilmg blasts, in not sotticienlly appreciated. Whea laarrpersHd Wrta strips or asaase af plantation, aol oaly are such itm'.s rendered more congenial to the growth ol crass and strain, and the health of pasturing ammuls, but III local clonals is thus improved. The tact that the rlimate may be thas improved, has in many instances teeu satficieutly established. ll i, indeed, astonishing how much belter cat tle thrive iurieldievru but moderalrly shelier ed, than they do in au open, eipoeed country, la the breediug f catlie, a shelttred Him, ui sheltered eoruer ia a farm, is a thing msch prized, as, by affording them protection from tit keen wind of spring and autumn, ll.ey uni formly feed with more Ireedom, auj 4uJ. l1 bel ter, than if it were exi.osed. I tie operation of creea planMtions. otMervoa Marshall, ia not merely thatol img .ilic-r to theaniinais lodgi jg beuealh tlteta. but. likewise. n breaking the uniform current of the mui.i shattering the culling blosts.and llirow iu; them ulo eddies; thus meliorating the air to some u la- la oce from them. I.iviug trees conuiiuiiM-ale a degree of actual warmth lo th air wuica en velopes them. Where there is 1.1 there is warmth, not only in auimal but iu vegetable nature. The severest front rarelv aaVtt tha sap of the tree. Hence it appears, that trees nd shrubs, proiwrly disposed iu a blsak ilua- ioa, tend to uujrovs the lauds so situated lit a three-fold way, for the purpose of agriculture, namely, by giving shelter to stock; bv breaking thecarrsnts of winds; and by comrnunicaung a degree of waratlh, or aoftues-, to the a.r ta calmer weather. Nor ought it to be altogether kept out of iew, that the n-laining, and judiciously arrsog- ing, a portion 01 growing timber on a farm. confer richaeas nnd pic (arenas beauly on th landscape. Vv bav smea some liujs, oa which nothing was sought for but urofit or shel ter, where the greatest beauty was produced by adopting this system. Where, however, trees for shade may be ret)uisite for agricultural par poeea,they shoilld be sullicirutiy opeu to autait. a free circulation of air. Per this purpose, trees ith lofty stein anJ lar-' beads, pruned to single stems, are preferable. To shelter live stock, th screen should be open at tha bottom. Otherwise it is injurious rather than beneficial The blast not only acquires additional current. but snow is liable to be blow n through, ami lo be lodged in drills to the leeward auie, to th annoyance and danger of sheep that have re paired thither for shelter. Amtr. far. DlSEA-tl aMoMo HIKr 11 F.,.LAX r. A Ut letter from London, in tho National Intelligen cer, any: "There has been much alarm lately, and un fortunately thrr ha rusted sufficient causa for it, through Ihe appearance ef a very formidable disease among sheep, designated by the veterina ry surgeous as aerie sets. 1 his di-was has been imported from the continent, wher it has been long known and dreaded. In Ilertford shir th Martjiiis of Salisbury has lost nearly two thousand sheep from this disorder, and ono of his tenant has lost his entire flock. In Nor folk tho disease has been very general, many In fected sheep having been sold in Norwich mar ket, and th infection thu widely distributed through tho district. So great ha been th dread of communicating this Infection among atainted flocks, that aiach of th ordinary mode of sell ng sheep, by bringing them to market, has bean avoided, and the srller have invited tho buyer to inspect th sheep on thair own farms. Tho object has, vry properly, ea gaged th attention ot the Government, and Mr. Laboucher haa brought two bills lot Parlia ment intended to prevent th in trod action and spread of contagions and Infectious disease among lheatu and sheep of this country." Soar-Son. Th finest peach aad apricot tree that we have ever en, received a weekly or anoathly wash of soap-suds, after tho clothe of tho family had boea daly cleansed. A backet fall to a trsw. Using I hem ia rotation, answer a capital parpoa to destroy tho egg of Insect and anpply potash where It is mach needed. Never waste in a sewer, era at tho kisehaa, a fcrtilioar a valuable a soap ada. Rasrstauns. After they hae doao bearing. tho old ranesj should bo cat away and the new oa for neat year s baariag ti4 aeatiy to stakoa, aad th ground kept ia good order, back nllanUan ao lata woaM provsat asaca s iaw Urronnuaa case plained of by poepl. who allow tho natpbrrrle to fans a cosapaef thick ofsackera. Tho fVanewnid i a fiao fx nil aad vary hardy Th Ftmtmf i alo fa; bat wo have yt well norhlag wodl aaportor u th real Xeef af WkiU Jaftatea.