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F. COSBY. JOHN H. UFA WOOD, NOBLE BLTLER, EoiTOBS. LOUISVILLE. :DEC. 2, 1813. CT We tend, occasionally, m number of Jht BxaMinsato ntroono xko ore not ouboerilrt,in (lie kpe, tUt ly a permml of it, they may be in dueod tooubocribe. To BabirlBicrs. Many of our subscribers have failed to send s their first year's sobecription. We eeraeetly reeeeet Uose la arrears for the first and eocond year, to forward the amoant due to at, wlUout farther delay. OpIiiM mf at tavshelaer. A reepected eorreepondeat In the Interior of the State, eaya: "I wu Informed lately by an in telligent eiUzen of St. Louts, that In a conver- Mtion with an old gentleman In the Northern part of Mieeonrl, the old man aaid to him, 'I own about ten thousand acre of land In the territory that U la dispute between Iowa and Misuari; and, if I can got the line to ran be tween these States aa to throw my land on the Iowa side, lata willing, to effect it, to set free nil my negroes about thirty in number and isv 1 10.000 in cash! The old man was of the opinion that his land in a free State would be immediately worth (19,000 more than it would be worth ia a slave State." la usssssste tm ah AfHcaua Kaer, la another column will lie found a communi cation wvct Uesigaature "iIoM." The writer ia opposed to emancipation, an J deeirea to give seme of hut reasons for opposition through the luedium of.. Ike Sm linear atcerfWy and gladly wiil weinaecthia aiticlea, e-aurid, aa are, that titty will never be found wanting in cuuxtony. Vv' welcome discussion. Truth, ia our aim. and troth we value InJtu haiever quarU-r it may come. . If wc ate wion, we desire tol-e eet riht,- and if our ccrrepondent is wrong, we shall be happy to act h m right We presume that "Moses," will not ubj:t to our making com two ta upon hia articles, provided, our com raenU arc, as we hope they always will be, in a courteous and candid spirit. In rev a rd to the communication before us. we have but a word or two to offer. Muses asserted without qualification that the law of the African race in it own country, is to hurt and hill and devour one another, or to way lay and seize and Bell into bond ago. Will he gie us authority for this assertion? That enor mities are perpetrated in Afnca, and by negroes upou mgroee, is undoubtedly true; but that eru rlty and cannibalism are universally prevalent and universally characteristic of the race, we have yet to learn. Again. We would inquire of Moses since he considers "waylaying and selling into bond age," a sign of barbarity, and a proof of the fit ness uf the persons guilty of this barbarity, for tiavcrv, what he w ill do with the white lace, who, if w e mistake not, have done a very fai there both of waylaying and selling into bond age. Will he have them enslaved also? We would ak, again, if our correspondent Hunks Ue African slave trade has been undei the special patronage and sanction of Heaven? Moses pcks of the negroes as eajoying go rHlpri.lt;g ia America. If we read the New .3Uii:s;t aright, it sanction the marriage 10 - laUo.Do slavery, Americas slavery, acgard inarrua Cacreur Are hoslands and wives never aepaiated ' And, tudiy, we vuuhl like proof of the as sertion '-Uud lite negRxa in ttw United KtaUs, uniformly retrograde and ceaso to Ve ntdusiri- oua." It u ail-uciKiflacl that facte la facts. jkaareas Ik trjrtcrtwaw m KeatOHrky, We finish to-day the publication of this admi- rable address. It is long, but we have too man) assurances of the interest with which it has Invu read, t) allow us to bcLevc that any of our subscribers have lamented its length. We stated last week that the copy from w hich we printed tae address; was published in lbll, but it will be seen from a communication in an other column, to which we call attention, that the address originally appeared autnc years since. We cannot md the publication of this pceu- l.ar!y interes ting end valuable document, w itli out giving utuiancc to home of the thoughts and emotions which its perusal has awakened. We have said '.hat it is an admirable address. Karnly, if yet, have we nut with an essay or appeal combining so ninny excellencies c mat Ut aud wans. Tne style is clear, forcible, aud tmxutnA; the ih.mghts, striking and strong; come fnrth and glowinj (rum an active, rmt- ful, chrwtiaa miiuL The first lloug, w kich impresses one ia read ing the auJieis; it the plain, faithful Trpresenla tujei which it ma ice of the essential nature H slavery. It goes atoace, and without eieuinh cution to the bottom of the matter. It preecLs not the adjuncts, favorable or unfavorable, of slavery, but slavery itself which ia eihibited as the deprivation, without any crime on the part of ite unfottunate aubjecta, for life and their pos terity aftec them, of the riht to property, of the right to liberty, and of the right to pco.ua -c-cunty. These odious fcatuias," the writer go on to sty, "are not lha excreacenses upon the system they are tk tynttm UtlJ-bty are its rwsential constituent part. And can any man believe that such thing as this is not sinful, that it is not haled by God and ought not to be abhor red and abolished by ma of" We commend these thoughts to the consideration of the 'minis ters of the prevent lay, to vhoce enlightened ruiuds the Word tf God has revealed slavery aa a divine institution.' We commend tbemalso in the time-hallowed system no violation f Christ's golden rule, but only t satisfactory and interesting illustration of the practicability and beauty of doing utto utheu as V would have Uiem do auto us. After exhibiting slavery ia its essential na ture, the writer of the ail J reus p roc eeb topi e ent some of the necessary effects of the system. Thi, as well as the previous portion of the ad dress, i characterised by great power, and equally great discrimination. The writer mates no loose assertions, indulges in no vague decla mation, but, in all calcinoss and fainies holds tij to view the evils, w hich lesson declares must necessarily attend,- and w hich observation shows ! actually do attefid, the w orkings of the system. I We cannot dwell upon these various evi!s, but there are two lucoented, upon which we cannot help uttering a few worl, evils, as it seems to us, of each magnitude, that we know not how any patriotic or cloutian mind can regard them ticept with intense anxiety. The one evil is that "slavery dooms thousands of human beings to hopeless ignorance." "Slavery doom them." Doom$; that ia the ntting word. The slave is not by ace'dent or carelessness left in ignorance, but is dumd by the very nature of the system, its iron decree, to wpelaaa ignorance. Let. the man of letievc- hrnee think of this rull; three million of his fellow-btint-s denied the right to know ledge and Mni-uupcoven-j4 the christian thnk of thu exult; fhfee taillions, whom God created and Chrirf would save, ternly forbidden even thai deareeof menial cultivation, which would enable tunas to lead God's Wotd. Let the states- inaa and political economist think of this result. All obeervatioa. teaches that the w chare of a community demands intelligent laborer, un enlightened labor is always wasteful and unpiof- itabiic; but here are three millions in our uinlst loomed by slavery to hopeletm tgnoranie, U nied the right, the opportunity, even the paisibility of beccwing intelligent, Uocful laborers. . . So great is this evil, so at parent the wrong, that uiauy In our Suite, who oppose all schemes of Emancipation aud defeud slavery as right, yet mlmit that the alavea slionld.be ecucated. This admiHsion dees credit to their humanity, but does not, we imagine, strengthen the cause they advocate. Slavery and IWucation! The two things do not perfectly harmonise. Slavery, by iu very- nature, forbid Education. Educate your slave and they will cease to be slaves. Intelligence is the great Emancipator. There are only two consistent alternatives before you. Slavery with Ignorance, Freedom with Education. The oilier evil to which we alluded, as pre senud w 'th almost startling vividness in the address, is that 4 'slavery produces general licen tioauness among the slaves; marriage, aa a civil ordinance, they cannot enjoy." The existence and magnitude of this evil are so prominent that very maty pro-slavery men are willing and desirous, that our legislature should throw the sanctity cf law around the marriage relation among slaves as well as among the free. We rejoice at such indications of humanity and right feeling, and we hope that our citizens will demaud of the legislature at its approach in 2 stMsiou, the enactment of a law, which shall recognise the validity aud permanence of the marriage ordinsuee among the blac ks equal' ly a among the whites. lint, we mast con fess that although we can eM and admire the humanity which would prompt pre-elaverjmen to ail La iYetiiig the passage of each a law discern tlieir consistency. If yea acU the marriage relation, yon must neeesv aarihf fur bid the eeparwUou ef haaband and wife, and thus materially affect the valae of slave property. Bat the genniae pro-sltvry maaaays yua nave no right to interfere with his slave property, more than with any other property; the men, women and children ting, as he asserts, as traly aud entirely his, ns the oxen and hogs owned by him. Besides the prac ticsl difficulties growing out of the interference Willi property, the idea of throwing the sanctity of matrimony areuad jroftrlg strikes oae as very novel and peculiar. Imagine a marring ceremony in which the idea should be carried out The partie stand before the minister, who speaks as follows: "You, John, being a piece of property, prom iae to take the piece of property, Ann, whom. or rather which, you hold by the hand, to be your lawful wife, and promise to love aud honor it." This oeeisje absurd enough; but whence urines the absurdity T Simply from the fact that bu man beings are held aa property, men and o men made chattels of. In troth, marriage and slavery have no more congeniality than Education and Slavery. Con sistency requires thai we take either freedom with the marriage relation, er slavery with licentious ness; i. e. freedom and obedience to God's laws, or shivery and contempt of God's laws. Such is the alternative presented to the cilueni, the enlightened. Christian eitizeueof Kentucky The address which has suggested this train of remarks, gives rute to many ether thoughts, but tine -and spac foehid the expression of s-sy mors, lurlh -r remarks we defer to another time. BVeTcli'e IllMUmtiMw tttekspewie. WImmx visiting a few days age, a place, whi' we always visit ni th plwrare, both on account of the anifersa courtesy toast Ifiwted to VMiUra ad tlse intellectual gratification afforded by its admirably selected books, tbeekters of V W. Preacett, Esq., ewratteatiaa was arreeUd lij the work whose title are have given above. borne time since we alloded to this truly msg nlfieent work, which is destined, we beiiev. t exert very great Influence a pen taste and art. not ea!y la America, bat wherever it may to known. Itseeaus to as that the publieatifw ef this werk mast nsark aa era la the. history f the fine arts, for we see net how any ene can study these truly splendid UluiuxaUoas ef tlie master-mind, thess visible, almost living embed intents of Shskspearee grand thoughts, with out having hia own thoughts eauebled, and his tasU purified ana refiaed. We rejoice that this work is placed before our ftllow-ciliaeni, not only for the pleasure which it will give, but for the elevating moral Influence which it must exert. Refinement of taste is not virtue, 1st It eertaiily prepares the way for virtue. W State- NcSMl STaimcHag Hie tieexwry eTtlse CBU.fc) SstCNiia;. This work, abridged from J?t. Webster's AroerbMB D.cUonary by his S4, William G WeUt.fr, in well ad xpted to ll.s purpose (or which it was mteaiu.. Ilia a small bwtl, bit so con densed that it contains a great amsus t ef nisi ter. It is such a book as is aLd;. in high schools. A very important ieaiuis of the JjjJ coasisu "iu (lis reoaa);j, wrnlarie of geegrapnicu names, auU r UrtK jnd Lalii proper usms. Many persons ;ua ii and ta, laia through life, sn incorrect roaniilloB v toint vary common names. Kor issUt, ona piacs ins accent npen tiis aute-peiiUt of Arcl-i niedes sad Aristidea; whereas they should phict it upon the penult. We have laleli sime Irlg sBsasioa f a Urge number of pl:es, and we eaght, at loast, to Warn the proa mention y their names. ' For sale at the new bookstore ef J. V, Can N ag, coraer of Fourth and Main. cwBBlta mm Zausstt's tuKa aerirs. Messrs. Lea St lilsnchsrd, of rhilsdetuhis are repoblislilDg the series of Latin Clanks ed ited by the iiatin?o!h arhalsra, r pnhmiti anff ZOmpThe object of the yablisLers hi to. furaish at a low prase, the Lstia works whUh are asaslly rsad ia schools. Messrs. L. and B- bave kindly sent ns the two volamseontaininf the works of Virgil aid Satinet. They are puV iisbee- In very neat style, aad centals many ju dicious notes. neee sooas are sold ay Mr. Beckwith Ut the "Maxwell Dookitore," and ly F. W. Pres- eott. - Oae Iaair4 aaa lea Herace aa twe Ilia res Killeee 4stre4 ky Fire. The citeuMTe sUge edifices of J. 6l M. Mnr phy, corner of Tweali-seveuth street and 3d ave nue, New York, were totally destroyed by fire about Ho duck on SmanUy night of last week 1 10 horses perished ut Ut conflagration. . Some 26 stages, 33 tJeigbs, and 20 tons cf hay, were also destroyed, occasioning a loss which is estimated ( high as IKi.OfJO or $50,000. Tie tuildings arc believed to bave been set on fire intentionally. Tlie flames communicated from the stables to tlie Twenty-seventh wreet (Hose Hill Methodist Episcopal) chnrch, under the pastoral cue of Bev. Mr. Slratlon, and to the parsonage adjoining, and owing to the failure of the Croton water, from a deficiency hi the lower resorvoiror other cause,' were consumed. Tlie property was valued at 10,000, and was insured to the extent of 14,000. SC Barnabas' ehureh, building of no great val ue, snd seveml frame tenements adjoining, on Twenty -eerealh street, aud others on the 3d ave nue, were destroyed; alee, the two-story brick buhlh.g, public school No, 15, valued at aboni ! fOrtXU. j Mr. CJtay. The Lexington Obemer says that Mr. Clay's health continues to improve. lie was still confines to hia room however, and coulinued quite fee ble. II las PievrsilleBi Belsrr lhaw A'wie. It istlie fashion noa'-a-days for every writer to commence his essay or article with an an nunciation' of the distinguishing characteris tics of the p'reseut age. The number of lh-ee characteristics is truly formidable, for every writer atMlgns a special characteristic, and, strange to nay, every characteristic is the very trail, and tie only trait, by which the ttge Is reully distinguished. We have sometimes wish ed that su artist would Uk4 these various rep- reiutalioiis aud according to them portray the age upju canvass. What the picture would bo, we caunot conjecture, but oue thing we are sure of thtt the age, as it looked upon its own image, would ssk with unconscious simplicity, what queer and nondescript thing Is thai? and wheu informed that it was a likeness of itself, its consternation would be appalling Like ell other writers, we think ourselves bound to discover and present the prominent tmit by which the niueteenth century is char acterised. With the modesty peculiar to this century, we therefore declare that we have dis covered that trait and now proceed to presrnt'it And what Is it? Activity of mind? No. Universal philosophy? No. What then? Sim ply this: practical wisdom, the wisdom which finds its expoueut in the old and homely pro verb, "tin ounce of prevention is better thau a pound of care;" iu other words, good common sense. in an seriousness, we do flunk this a promi nent fetiture of the present age. It is to com mon sense, that every-dsy wisdom which studies the connexion between cause aud effect, that we owe all the conveniences, the physical improve ments, nud uany of the grent moral movements which render the age remarkable. It is to coiiimoa sense Unit we owe the great and beneficial change everywhere apparent, by which men are led to study and conform to the laws of h sal Hi, and thus prevent disease, raiher than depend upon medical skill for the remova' of disease. And it is to CD mm on sauiw tlint we owe the greit and huppy change which is ap parent, not everywhere, but in many places, in regard to the treatment of crime. Heretofore the one groat end has been the onnidimeut tf crime when committed; but now common seuse is teaching the wisdom of preventing the com mission of crime. It is common sense which takes Christianity from the region of abstractions and brings its sublime principles Into society, making them ef fective in every department of life lo common sense, directed and enlightened by the spirit of Christianity, we owe the wisest and noblest reforms which give true aud lasting glory to the sge. Of these reforms no one commends itself more warmly to patriotism and religion, than that which seeks to snatch childhood and youth from moral exposure, anJ, by surrounding it with right influences, train it to virtuous and religious manhood We have recently met with an account of an institution to which this spirit of reform has given birth, and which, under Providence, will be instruments! of ineslinishle an J imperlshuble good. Could similar institutions be established ia every State, thousands of the young would be saved from ruin. They are demanded by 11 Lenlighteiied political economy, by humanity end by Christianity, which would doom none, aud least of all, childhood, even vicious cliilJhood, to hopeless degradation. We subjoin the account, which we take from the valuable periodical , of which, ia a previous number, we spoke in terms of warm coiniiu'a- nation, "The frisoner'a Friend.' Tbxatmcit or JrvxNar Oi retorts. This sabjiict isnov occupying tha attention of mauy of the most distinguished philanthropists, both m iDwtuuaw y uu in uia oiu skm. 11 ia one which deserves the most serious consideration, and we are glad to see it occupying the promi nent place wnich it so eminent! v deserves. We believe in this grtwt werhainssartissmto-si now Isadiug the way. lies larw. school aud her institatioB for jn.ulle efleaders is a sstficienl eviuence! me cecp interest or her citizens iu this great s work. Aad it tWre were no other evidence, the Institution now building at West norougn would be suuicieut. This village is about thirty miles from Boston. To carrv on this great object one individual rave 10,000. snu uwa onsreo siu.uuu more, provided the State would appropriate as much, which, w Deiieve, nas since been granted. But we cannot do better titan to givean account now before s, which will falter show the necessity of such sn institution, than any words of oar own. We believe in presenting this s abject in the verv tint aumbtr of our monlhtv, we are coiuir so eminently practical work. In visiting prisons, we nave ioi,g 101 1 me aecessuy or such aa insti tution, and we trust the work will go on till every Mate stall hsve its institution for juven ile offenders. We want to see the time when government slmll do what is now doinir bv irl vate benevcleuce. Why should not government mate as siwyte provision lor reforming crlmin ais, as ror any omer purpose? It was a bean tiiui idea or Uyruond ia bis Eassvs. that tlia Government should consider itself as n parent. Taking this ground, w e earn readily see bow the whole principle of rovernment would he changed, but we esaaot withhold the article before us. The necessity of such aa institoUos may be appreciated, when we call to uuud the fact that la the first nine moaths ofbut year. Biaeiy-uTs laus, nuv-six oi wiiom were arrest ed for larceny,, were committed to prison, whore insy were exposed te ali the contaminatine in flaences of hardened convicts. Wa eive au x tract from the history of thia institution now in progress, and hereafter shsll follow ap the wvis proueeus i 11s cempuuon: ' -tunvru, i?4o, uiree Vommissiowers wtm appoiated, by the Governor and Council, to se lect as patcnase aa eiiKiUe site for a State Manna) Ubor bchooj, and lo procure nlaas and estimates iiersaitable buildings thereon eeid lot or lau i ic consist ef nc-t less than hfty acn; -." -..sw.s.s wjv. uiu uui fi I Ik AnatetSKsJ aaslTaiaMs m. i a - I rtl era I fttlal at A BUSSAMkliaU iUl L1S 1 . - . .. IX Foitsr pf Worcester, and Mr. 1'omerovof Fituntld.la the course of thu year, selectod the I torn of Wastboioujflt ts, on the whole, the most eugijue piacs iut vne prosesea acaoei." ! 1 . I . " Jji.Si t ,. ,. r j Mrtwla's raiMK RlefsaJae, fsrJss'r., IS 19. W e have receirsd the first uaxrvber of this eld friend, liven U coined Its New Year's dress; and VlHf d. VyiBtjaejwy Jts'eld altlta. we mast say, that sww ft is, sd fas ai external are conorned, "ahead of all competion.' s. . I "I hen lltAFairv inaitt.v la a.All --M. JjfI -..,w WJ ..hu,. il's editors and proprietors will, as we doubt not tbsy cat, furnkh forth a monthly feast of such exquisite relish, there are few so hypercritical aa not to feel that the baaqnet is worth the money it costs. The embellishments strike ns as being alto gether superior to any oiagatjae engravings we bave sees. , . We Inks tint following froiq the prospectus "The public art already aware that the Union Magaxine ban chaugod residence, as well changed handu, aince lbs publication ef the De cember number, Messrs. Hurtaia fc Kioanuker having parchased U of the former proprietors, ana transferred s piece or publication from New York to Philadelphia. In addition, also, to the eerr ions of Mrs. KrafcTANn, who will con tinne, as heretofore, te contribute to its pages, tle proprietors have rugagid, as aa SMecutte Ediior, frofessor Jons . Hast, of I'liiladU- Tians-Oaecopyof the Miigazlne, and one of the I'remlams. . : ' . 41 nn Two Copies, ' -. - . 5 00 r ive copies f the Magazmu and one of ; the Premiums, and a copy iif the Mae-. arine extra to the Areot. - . ifl (Ui Mingle Copies, f. . , . . , '? . , . 35 HJThfl money mast aceonmsnv naph Ne letters taken front the not! oflice nnleaa ih posisge is paid., ,. 1( ; Address -. Jsh.v Sabtiis it. P-' . , . . 1 - ' ' : r Third St., opposite Merehaats' xchauge, lliia. GoDir's Lames' JtUeaziaK, fob Jabuabv, 1643, is on our desk, and, as is its went, is full rtaagbt with various aad excellent reading for a sitlnlue'e etlalil eawltldala mLa u 11. IS. . . eet notn net- v,r mum waesr ... -u ,alBHufc, wtW ,U ilorea. la entailment, ar? of a high order of merit, Bj improve With each socceodiar number. For the Fxaml ter. 'IbeaKhis Sirsdnal KswasiclpnlloM. No niranemeut of Providence is more won- lerful than, that, in H e long run, the wrong-l(M r ia the sulferer, howeter great, for the time be- mi,', may ti the MillVnngs of IIkmc lo whom the wrong is done. Whs can'iead the touching ac counU of the protraeted suiTcnnip of the meek and gentle Louis th XVIth, when the iron en tered into his soul, or the still more afllicting narrative of the blow martyrdom of his almost infant &on, but must feel solrmniwd by profound reflections upon tint awful law, which visits "the bins of the fatier upon the children to the third and fourth feneration." How guiltless were these sutlerer, compared with tire Ion line of their dissolute, treacherous, und tyrannical ancestors! and yet, how bitter their sufferings! and how much mors bitter than the sufferings of most of the n yriadiwho had been undone by tlio wrongs of thei predecesaors! Surely,' the living race of sluvsholders are little to blame, compared with thtwc o( their forefathers, who were consenting or instrumental to the introduc tion of the enormois evil upon this continent. But who, that haj lived for years under the bad system, but is made constantly to feel, that physical are the chief evils inflicted upon the slave, whilst mniL are the evils by which he is avenged upon hit master If called to plare a finger "exactly where the shoe pinches," wtat careful observer would not at oncedesiguatc.the effect of the system upon the young men of Kentucky ? There, where the political economist, the enlightened christian, ami the anxious ptrent, look with the deepest solicitut'e for signs of encouragement and hope lor the Republic, 11 time to come there espe cially, and there sophaticolly the enormity ol the evil, stands out yii gieatest prominence! A gool many yeus ago, the writer was be mgiited upon a rather obscure road, in a some what distant and retired county of the State. His traveling comainion pioposed applying for hospitality at the net rest dwelling, with some of whoso inmates ho led been acquainted. It was the abode of a wiJsw of good substance, whore husbund had fallcra victim to the hardships of opening a new ftihn. At tlie time of the fath er's death, her olJlst son was about fourteen, Iu the absence o( the cruel system which op presses the noble ieart of our country, that son would havo riseuas thousands of others under similar circumstances, in the free Status, have done, to be the head of the farm, a Hither to hi fatherless brothers and sisters, and the comfort and stay of his widowed mother's heart, Dut alas I There was a trusty old family servant up ths farm. Ho usurped the place of a dutiful and heroic son, and tlot son, of course, grew up idle, dissolute, wandering in hi.i -tastes and habits; and inflicting fei more anguish upon bu (nior mother's heart, than all.her other cam and sorrows Hit together. It mutt be admitted that sucii a case might hart happened anywhere. A the same time, it must he confessed that our in stitutions hold out a kittd of bonus for such base wortlilcssiiess. What kind of material for the most pail has old Kentucky sent to Mexico, iu tho late war, for the cannon and dirascf The sons chiefly of small slaveholders, (and some ot large!) whooc extra leisure had long been em ployed, in cultivating tastes and -habits in compatible with peaceful and useful pursuits. In what fiee State aru there so many loungers amongst the young men, upon the pavements of our chief inland villager!" Where else, at mid I day, and in Luy heasoj, can grown tipj-oung men bo found, practicing tl:o suljinie art of chucking marblcsf "krte does a harder pro portion of thene growing into manhood, utterly disappoint tlie hopes of their anxious parent?! It was to relieve tht4 from hard work it wa to lay ud fur them mors snmle patrimonial es tates, that slaves were at first purchased. Andllntrena, favoring Gradual E'a$,ipation aad moet rigbteotW hut hiot Umtje KtribuCon T III ColoBisaUea, nad appointed a committee t sre- is upon Mo that the "iftise of idleness UmJ curse of the allowanco ot' soendine-mocev tlie curse of pampered. "V unbridled passions his chiefly fallen! Nor ctn the curse be removed a. a w till they are again restbrod to the trub d;rtdfied and exalted employmtint of the ploek and the scythe,' t A. O -n. . For the tnrtacr. Peeaibitilie mt jKrlal Ravin Um. In judging of these, It is forgotten that all the balloons which have been constructed are to possihlo balloons, like t cock-boat to a seventy. four. Who could fairly judge of the fioseibil. tties of navigating the ocean with steamships, by the adventuros of Father Apneas and hi companions, creeping along tlie Ionian coasts? It is believed that the eot-t of the most expensive balloon, and much of that for paltry ornamental trappings, has never t xcteded 26 or $30,1)00. Why night ntu one, by a great Balloon Coiapa ny, be built for $500,000? The main difficulties to be overcome, are, the formation of gasacs and the shaping a course and making head-way, whilst unmet! in the surrounding medium. But when gasses can be made cheap enough, as they soon w ill be, a con stant supply can be kept up, to compensate for formation. Or some light tissue may hereafter be discovered, an exception to taia wonderful law, ' Or descents can be contriwd, at certain stiigCH, (other than over oceans) whers the mixed eas can be discharged, and the pure suH'lied. As to shaping a course could not the difficul ty of; rotary motion be overcome, ly adopting nearly the shape of a bird or a finh, instead of a noady globular formf May not currents, and countcr-curreiifci be discov ered at different eleva- to.'. .-1 A . .a. iwua, ejkuvtBiAro . 01 Miatn eoCJ4 mi Ukouin I a'inJ ort the same principle ipon which an eajjladoo it aoheautifullyf Catnot a one-horse power, or even a one-nan power, employed in metely changtag tlie angle of etormoua wings. precisely as by aa alBKKt uncotcious exertion of power, or sleight of wing,, tlie eagle "turn- t ctn itself about whithersoevft it listcth?" so s.ito guide and propel the noet ciioaxooa balloon? iAIi. .ujimni -ooxaa. come, when ateani-puwer, ox Umi eloctro-mag- a" a a . . ni'tir nnwar. ITiA V rtaVrttllae ex lietil- anil ts.4.T.U -' w s.jv.se --s wituir, I a a ri m. . 1- v.. 11 ; ... w aysj LalltCU UU UT ' UAUUUI1K. IU na til urM I incm lorwara by wheels or proncIrt.r ? It soems to me this U the next desideratum. When a nation can vote il a day, and Ue result ovci a vast continent, be known ut half the time, it seems to me it is a repmach to humanity that our electors must creep to the scuta of Govern inent, and their messengers to Washington, at tlie poor rate of 20 or SO miles an hour, over the froien surface of the earth whilst tlie broad ex. pante of heaven hi wide open, for serial steam- vessels to nibh to their destination upon the wines or tho wind, or vie with tho lightning in carry- ingmcn, as welt as man's thought and feelings! A. C n. JlrlekV lairy mt Kmfmo. This volume belongs Is the series of "Prl msry School lliftories," published by the en torprisinghrm ef Morton Sc Gr is wo Id. A more interesting book of history we believe wu never I comprised In an equal aamber ef psgsa. When I we looked at the little volume, and thought of I the immense extent ef time and space which tie I author had to pans over, we considered Itimpos- j sibie for i nil to mak a a work interesting to chil-1 dren- Bat he hai made so judicious a selection j from the tnaterhds before him, that children I will be highly delighted in reading this work,! sad at the same lime gain considerable knowl-M0' edga of the history of Europe. Ibis work contains a lanre number of wood I engravings much superior to those usually found I. I m hool books. The cuts freqaenUy give a I r0j of eondiuoa f h, C00Btrr, pr .,, l0 lh, , Mnl itrlk trmitt of cb. I.e. - r I Kor Hie Examiner, stwtaie Farm iu llrfercsice ts ibe African Hare, ft. I. It is a fact proven by all history, and not con tradicted by a single instauce bn record, that the negro race hss always and everywhere existed under one of two conditions when free, they are, and have always been barbarous, not even semi-civilised, as -many of the heathen uatious are; when, civilised and christianised, they have become so alvays and everywhere, in a state of slavery.. Liberia, iu Africa, cannot be consid ered an exception to this rule; for the civilised part of that community went from the United States, and the better and more intelligent por tion of them from the slave States. It hi a fact, that the Almighty Ruler of the Universe, wh, In his hidden wisdom aud won derful purpos-w, has never allowed the black man to raise kimttlf from the level of the beastai to become a worshiper of him; who has, as per fectly ealipsed tho soul of the negro in his na tive country from the light of his blessed Gos pel, as he has his skin from tlie rays of tho light of the sun; has ordained that a great number of this race should be removed from Africa to North America. He has transplanted them from a land where there is uo knowledge and no light. where the law of their nature and of their rac is to hunt, aad kill, and devour one another, or to waylay, and seixe and sell into bondage, to a land and country where the light of the ever lasting Gospel, which mukelh wise unto salva tion, shines more brightly and more clearly than upon nny othitr portion of thia Earth; to a laud and country where the principles of good gov ernment and of civil liberty are understood aud practiced, as they never were understood and practiced any where else on the face of the earth. from the birth of Noah to the present dsy. These negroes were not sent here peaceably; they did not come here aa emigrants seeking a better home, iar from it. They were brought here in degraiation and in chains they were slsves Since they reached our shores they have be come civilised they have lost their savage na ture and disposition; from being lazy and indo lent, they have become more capable of fatigue and of continued labor than white men; from being a moody, miserable race, they have be come the nioiit cheerful, contented, and happy peasantry in tlie known world; from being heath en idolators, thousanda of them have become pious chrisliass, ready to give a reason for the faith that is la them. Thus never did God treat them before, or anywhere else. And lest we iu our folly shou d think that he has departed from his foreordained purposes, and that now, these last days, "ail mea are created free and equal," he ban caused as to see that whenever and wherever, in tats ear ess airy, it has ap peared to some in tktir wisdom and la tkeir philanthropy rigat to set these negroes free, they have always and uniformly begun forthwith to retrograde aad fall back Into their African life and habits, as far as the condition aad circam stances of the country will allow them. Free negroes In communities in the United Stales cease to be Industrious, they cease to be cheerful aad contents; ; and they become moody and gloomy, idle and Indigent they bask ia the sun shine or huddle ia the ashes in rsgs and pover ty- - JQohksI jrr 9 Examiner, niessrs. e.urT 1 r-, a you are .... . . puwiahtng a document y . - Address of tne siynod of iventurf Kentucky," o I the sn 'J your editorial remarks, Vv V terinns o 'S'nd from - uA be . ... 1 . -it 1 eu 10 inier ins.i 11 was a , V- simple statement ef the tvrj I"-will correct that lmpreasidh.""4 or lf31 , Wore modern abolit.c v &' rise tne fynod of Jientacky paused' vo of ,pre an address to tlieir churches in that auh. ject. The chairman ef this committee drew up tlie sdi'r e yea are now publishia;, aad pah- lUhed it la the papers of that day Ufore it was submuted to U e riynod. If I am net misuikea it never was adopted by the iyaod, and many of the mcmbei-a ef that body at the time d ented from soma ef its positions, end express ed a regret tnal the committee did not submit it to lbs body before publishing It The docu menl was iasaea at least seventeen years since. aad was not th n aa address of the Synod, sdoo- i.ll -a a . ieu oy mem, ni by a committee of their nuru oer, some 01 wnom bave assured me they did not see It until it was In print. So fares my Knowledge extends, the Fresbyteriana of Ken lucky are genorally favorable to a system of uradual Emancipation, connected with remova' from the Stats, but a pretty large number of them would not now, nor at any former period aaopt ail me sentiments of that address. A TRESBYTERIAN Okie la ArrtrsFrlacesr Ukrsmlts. in oepieniber last, we announced that an of. fe of $2000 hal been made, by a benevolent gentleman of Ciacinnati, for the purchase lands In Africa to form a arte Cebay of Colon J feasts from the Western free Stales. The a ire a n t lk. PnlAMt..!. O t . . At - vivwv owvkij iur v;nio, Mr. David CitusTT, to whom the offer was made, en com manicating the :ht to the Society at Washinir ton City, was Informed, we learn, that the pur chase wouia be Bind on condition that fire la irti rmigronto nan be raised to take immediate possesion of the territory. This number beine present en the oast, it U believed, would repel v f siave uauers siea taua break up the traffic. la order to con ply with this eoadiUoa. Mr. C applied to the ft lends of the caase iu Indians and they will etrdially wait In the scheme. The colored population of Ohio, Indiana, aud Illinois, being timllarly situated, and able to concentrate with equal ease at any point on the Ohio river, a wise policy will dictate, that tliey a. 1 a . - ' snonia combine, as proposed, in eniiifintins- to their new homes, to form a Republic for th..m- eives. , , . -- . The territory between Sieir Leone and LU bena, oat of which it was proposed by tlie So 'iciciy.w miKLi parcbaM. einbncM Twt . , . - - 200 miles of co-ist, and contains some of tlie darkest dens ef tie slave trade. Ib 137. Da- Pedro Blanco shipped from the Gallinas. one of the points ia this territory, more slaves than were captured by all the British eraisersoa the coast. The traflie is still actively carried an Kon lhU .eo"V f"' " Gr,aJ CP Meant, ujuiuiug liiniia. lot prooaoie eoet of the latter district is entimated at $3000, and the tor. mer at a larger aeioant. The Gallinas, howev er, possess very great advantages for commerce. and will be an invaluable acquisition. These facts being communicated te the above mentioned donor of the $2000, he at once res. ponded to Mr. Christy, authorising him to In. struct the Society to take the necessary steps for ine parcnase 01 the whole two hundred miles and that, unless lira price demanded should ha exorbitant, toouli mt omee edeewee Me ft ml say for if.' Such an act as is here contemplated Is worth living for. It will jot only drive all the traffiek- er la koaian flesh from that coast, but at once emancipate many tena of thousanda ef slaves at present held in bondage by the kian and head mea of that region. It is a free-wUTofforing to tn cause of hamanity, affording additional ev- dence ef the powsr possessed by the wealthy accomplishing great good to the world, I W oUcwlln ?lasure, the progress of this noble enterprise, to call the attention mt imt.111 it colored men to It, and te ask of the press . sT' " currency Ciis. Goatttt. ?J'"m . 5. . .Dffd nnd Scothusd nearly . The good si nse, excellent taste, and right feel ing of the following admirable coininaaicativn to the Lexington A Has, will cemmend it to eve ry intelligent reader, ta every christian patriot within our borders: msMterwllees. Ma. Fixsiix: I beg to ssy a word, suggest ed by an article in your paper ef the 21lh, signed "A Slaveholder," which, it may be pos sible, may be takea in good part and if so, may not be a word spoken ia vain. Your correspondent denominates a certain party amongst ns "The Abolitionists ef Ken tucky" he calls a certain scheme which he supposes to be in agitation, 'tXit wielrd omJ rn tlutUoory tckme,' aad he asserts thst 'tie de otruetiom of tkt State aJ of the faiea' will re sult, if the party he alludes to are not effectu ally resisted. AH this may be true; I do not address yon to coutrorert it. But it seems to me, that the par ty alluded to by 4 A Slaveholder' is not likely to take such expressions more quietly thsa their opponents would take abuse from them; and that, therefore. If at this early day, the canvase about the new constitution, ia to be opened with such a temper and the columns of our news papers are ready for all that any imprudent per son, may say on either side; we shall certain ly bave hot work before the business is settled. At present, I will only say for myself, that along with all my fellow-citizens, I feel the deepest interest, in the matter te which your cor respondent alludes; as a native Kentuckian, as a slaveholder, and as the head of a large family, I feel entitled, and I feel bound, to do ny part in this business; how, or on which side, is of no consequence now. But I do respectfully sug gest to all who will permit a word of caution. that every dictate of prudence and wisdom, re quires all concerned, to cultivate Wrrafiea,in act, speech, and opinion, touching the great matter, which we have before us. The magni tude and difficulty of the subject, tlie deep and lasting importance of the results, the exciting character of the whole matter, the nnquestion able patriotism of all parties, ne matter how they will differ ia opinion, and the absolute cer tainty that violence will change no man's prin ciples, nor secure any man's vote, nor deter any man from doing what he believes to be his duty; all these considerations I do suppoee, nnd many others like them, warn ns all to preserve a wise moderation The question of slavery must be decided by the convention about to be called; it must, there fore; be considered by the people and to that end, must be a subject of discussion. There is a great diversity of opinion, throughout the State, on the whole subject; and the matter is capable of being decided, at least, in a greut va riety cf ways. Things may remain exactly as they are; or slavery may be more firmly fixed ia this State, and If so, this may occur by various modifications of the constitution aa it exists; or slavery may be mitigated la various ways, and still be continued as a permanent institution; or it rrfly be determined by the people, not to allow it to be perretnal, and thia end may be accom plished, In many ways, and upon precisely op posite principles. Now, ia it concierable, that such a question ought to be, or can be decided. by violence, or denunciation? Is it not man! feet, that what we want, ia each a decision as will be best for ns all, and for our children? And is it not certain, that a calm, temperate, thorough, and honest comparison of views, opia Ion, principles and facts, is the most likely wsy to get at a result, satisfactory to wise, consider ate, and patriotic men? ' Of Bet know who 'A Slaveholder is, and I mean no disrespect to him; indeed, I weald hope 10 nave nia concurrence, whoever he may be, is the suggestions I hsve msde. if be a ill calmly ponder the matter. But If the voice ef aa old man, w he loves the State, and has a ceep inter est in it, may be heard hy way ef respectful wvraiag.t viltoia, printers, sod speakers, be would say, this la a subject, not for passion, but for reason not for violence, bat for mutual forbearance not for extreme opinions, any wsy, but for moderation, aad if possible, for compro mise. - Farx-mr, CauiBoroust axo Cuolxba.-A London corres pondent of the N. Y. Commercial says thai among the multifarious remedies employed, chloroform has just been tested by oae London practitioner, wdo reports baring used it in 12 cases, in 10 ol which it was attended by perfect success, w hile as regards the remaining two, which proved fatal, the chlcTOtorin was not resorted to until the pa tients were both sinking. The sufferer ia kept under the influer.ee hy in halation as king aa the bad symptoms reenr. In some instances he will sleep for twenty minutes or half aa hour, in others for several hours, and en awaking will again be seized. One of the eases required Ihe use oi the chloroform at intervals hr 04 hours. Although, however, these trials ot chloroform seem satisfactory and hopef il, it wUI not do lo be very sanguine regarding them. I.imi merable other remedies on their first trial tu this disotdei have been reported npon as equally sue eessiul, and in the coarse of a short time have been found aa inefficient as those which they were to displace. AWIitt mC tmo tUmw Trmmm Itrmsil. The following spirited aad well written article, Is from a Brazilian paper, publish- ed In Rio de Janeiro. eatitW n V.....I. isfe." It shows that the liberal sentiments which have reached all lands, are fell and boldly uttered ia the Brazilian Empire, and thut soon the accursed slave-traders will k. v. . temptation to panne their horrid traffic. t TaABSLATIOM. i'awisjve mt ATracstaa. The promise of the Ministry to take ineaanr. to preveut the Introduction ef Africans, Intro duced la spite of morality, of law and the ohli. gatioae of (treaties, has just been redeemed Hoaor to the Ministry and honor ta ih couot de Barbecena, (the President of tlie Prov ince 01 iuo Janeiro) for taking each effectual measaree to accomplish the end. Th- n..... glers begins V "-1 t , y tw it titeir latacnows commerce has arrived, aot becaase men wish it, bat because'the Surer of Providence has marked the mssat h.. til most march forward te the tlorioae future to which, she is destined as the fifth Empire. . it ia Impossible fer man to oppose effectaa! barriers te progress. These who carried away by a vUe interest, think ta Afrlesaias a to work her rain, are snistakca. Th. lans already know their lateralis n.i ..ii ded to oppoom themselves strongly to the demor alising ud anti-religious principle whfch bee ""'J w laiare nope and happiness. AllheUfh the sioue-'aradialnr tk. .K.. la opposition to their rue UteresU, the do! era tee most devoted to the OoverameutarepernwJliu,.. they will not he able to ak ay imrresswn en the sensible part of the aaLii. Tul . eraWe sophi-m. are slowly frlii.g beiorethe ogw of Vulh and justice. The Gevemaeent U taking sastrgetie measures to save as; ant treat, with eentesr.pt Ue trafficker. i4 hum. lUii. The tears ef the stave fttralie. the fertility ef thesoil, nnd hie sighs snoe.t te Ueeu and cry for van rtnce. Let the Gdi.im.ui ' - Nvfluiuwnnii, v.i . , . The reaerveire where theaa vieiin. .r Interest art crowded together, are net hlddesw Liberate them, and thus giv Ue lie to the n uobs of Lnrope. who cham ns , . derfoot by these andacioae wnugl., t. open day, u the acs the Falw. of enr Me" arch, and. with shame we say it, th), eoa. aivance, nerhape.ef seane of ih .-.i......: dare to carry ea saeh a criminal eesasaseee. ' OeaUemen ef Ue Goverament the road ia a glorious ene, ia spite ef the difficulties it in Be- 7 aoeji on. Keiy apos) the ssa.iki. aafortnnate. aivl ... . ; ' irew oi Ileavea: ww" "ly. spea u. hatred ef the Wicked. Illla4a Laklattr. Accotdinf to Ue new toiifctitutionthe turewill horeafter convene on Ue fir.t ia January, instead of December, M formerly. Te'll aa aw NVe are indebted ts Mr W rT' copy of a beautiful pie. of uue,whtch waspablished by ki ago- Itia a delirhtfal .IJ J....T '""year. beauty caanot U imPBird K. wl. Th, irromrunvin. ,1.- . ' aiosic wera "rts Haskin, Esq. 1 ' "tea ky j Oh brightly .bine, the bonnes., I'pon th. IJ. .f M,y. And blithely eemes the mor,iBf lL, IntoSt .Aadrsw's bay. 1 Tliea apgudeman, Ue bre -m f . Andap.mybraw-braaUrse-There's g.wd In ,obJ ' That sail, so well Ue ae. When, tempests leas. U. rtn.. ; Whe. billow. Wssthsr C When torrent, climb .p Uw We'Ugo to.B0lll0M I never liked Ue Iasdsroa'. lf Tlie earth is aye the same; Give me the ocean for my i'omvt My vessel for my hame; Give me field Uat ne luan pOWi The farm that pays no fee Giv. me the beanie life we lead. See glsdly e'er the ses. When soils h.ng flapplDC ..' As Uroagh the waves toor When in a calm wa re tempest-tonw We'll go to sea ao more. Tlie sua ie up, and round Inch Keua Tlie breezee softly blaw ; The gudeman baa tie lines on board- Awa', my bairns, awe': And we'll be back at gloamisg gry. And bright Ue fire will glow. And ia our soup aad tales w.'U How weel the boat ye row. When life's last saa gang, feiy d When death comee at eur doer. Whea a' Ue world's a dream to b, We'll go to sea no more. Uberia. An extra from the office of the Colonist- Ileraki, contains a leUer. adUreed It Gerx j Ralston, Esq., to Elliot Creeon, E. which it ia announced Uat the Governme-j v both England and France, hate acknoa:!). Ue iudeind nce of Libtna. The letter cc. eludes thus: October 12, im-Preident Robert, k,f turned trom Faru, where he effected a Ui ' French Government all he desired the tu ."' complete acknowledgment of the indr'n.W. and sovereignty of the Republic of L'e-. This act was done Ly the French Govemme'v"! the most complimentary al liberal manner onlers bave bein given to the French nava' e. marxlt r on the coat t.f Africa to put at f - dent Roberts' dt-posal two ot Uree sL. w r,f whenever he wants to go upon an expedit to put down banacoons and break up slave-tia-hsf parties, and oUierw ise promote the interesuoi humanity upon the coast of Afnca. It ls ?m wonderful how successful Mr. Robert, ha The most skilful diplomatist would have c.Tnmjl erol himself fortunate, under ordinary circLm stances, in etlecting in sit or ei,j!it rrsontU wtat Mr. Roberta has accomplished in a, u.taj 1T. He says, Mr. George V. Lafavttre, ,n of the old general, was mot inlet"at:eaMe aad ince sent in his edorts to serve him; snd it is iea.uIt owing to him Uat he succeeded ao fuy as J early. Ever atTectionatey, vo!!, GERARD RALSTON. Bala's Telegraph. T rona Ue following, it appears that a petsat has been granted to Mr. Bain, and that .Vr. B's. lasuamenta are to be introduced forthwith Sy Mr. O'Reilly la Ue working of his Soathera. line. Of course we are aaabie te say wkuW Jadge Monroe's iajanction w Jl or will aot prs eiaJe the use of Mr. B's. lnstmnieats. Look ing only to thd interests of the public. v are Inclined to hope Uat both Morse's palsat aaa Baia'a can be ased wiUeat say vajhuioB sf law : To XzrD:Prtotut ondT. S. Btl Kentucky Crporotort of .Veto Orltoo Ttlegropk: I write yon to report completion of litssa first December, and Uat a patented Teletrapi will he sent yea for working iht line. Taua ileavea justice has triumphed in givic Baia a patent after extraordi aary diihcnlty. on kaov well Uat I never meant to Infringe patents or violate injunctions, nnd I well know yen nl aot infringe any. Mr. Baia will take eat sev eral instrument, to Ue West. IL O'REILLY. rati The Prairie da Chiea Patriot, of Ue 1st No vember, says; The election ia St. Croix, took place ea Monday last, for Delegate to Cosgrs. From all accounts we have, Ike electioa wu closely co steeled by Ue friends of the twe op posing candidate., Messrs. Sibley aad Rice, sad Ue vote will run cloex. We have aot heard the res a It. The people weald be well represeal ed by either of the twe named gea Heroes. leaiU We learn Uat 230 coal boats are at Pittsburg ready to start as soon as a sutEcient rise Uke place. Many of these boats wdl remain at ports above, while Ue larger number will supply ports below thu, as far as New Orlears. More thsa half the number w ill not go out on less than i feet water in Ue channel, and none bad lei'. Pittsburgh. eBBwasBW-aaaaa aMSBBBaBaBBBaBBBaaBBkKWBHaMak frmmm t. JeSta, . . The St. John's Courier of Ue 13th contains a notice from the Sheriff's office, Ui.it the a hole of Ue city property, lands, islands, gaol, orpl.aa asylum, market house, flavor's offer, engine house, and everyUing else held by Ue city, w Jl be sold on Saturday next, to satisfy sn esccutioa iafiued out of the Supreme Court by certain cred itors to whom all Uis propertyhad been trior: ja- ged foe about $ 500,00a Tcaawto mt Jrra.alnai. The Sultan of Turkey has given permisM'BU the Jews of Ue ll.dy City to erect a magnificent Temple or Synagogue, aad a iue?ena(et has ar rived in New York, charged with making coHtt Uoni for tkaA imp.HTim slijl, ftrmg the first reg alar and splendid place of worship which the Jews have been permitted U) erect for 1300 yeau in Zioau " The WaahingtoR Correspondent of the Buti moro 5tt( says Uat Stephen J. Dallas, Esq., is appointed Postmaatet at San Francisco, Califor nia, vice S. Yorke Atlee. reigned. . . -t nievTwassia at Hassle. The steamer United Statea left New Orleans on Ue evening of UeJSU uiL, lot New Yaik with 1SO.CH O on board. ' Ne The election ef Gen. Taylor te Ue Preside" ey will net eccasioa vacaaey is Ue regular line mt the army, aa Ue law watch created the alike ef major general, wlUib he new kolJs, abolishee it la the event ef death, resigns tie a ev dieaiiasaf. - -' - XVa esawaxa egassilasa. a)eiises1. Dr. Hare, ia the September aamber ef SiMi man's Jearaal, says Uat saltpetre will explode. when melted wit sag, ne IS probably was st the great New York fire. ' tsrranasMsnss tow VmH The N. Y. Courier an J Eas,airer says: The N'avy Depart mest aad the Poetasaster GeaersI, have provided the mesas for enabling eareoaa try me a to correspond with ear fellow-eitiiea. ia California aad Oregea. Mail, are to be dis patched la the Falcoa, frees New York, ea the 1st; trora Charleston and Ssvaaaah en Ue 3d; aad from New Orleaa. ea Ue l?lh Deeessser. So state, aa of&cial sdvsrtuessent. C.a. Persifer F. Smith, has seen sppeiaUd Governor ef California, in place ef General Ms son recalled.